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Companies Act 2006

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Changes and effects yet to be applied to Part 15:

Changes and effects yet to be applied to the whole Act associated Parts and Chapters:

  • Act amendment to earlier affecting provision S.I. 2008/373 reg. 11(1) by S.I. 2013/1971 reg. 9(a) (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. Amending Regulations revoked (1.10.2013) without ever being in force by S.I. 2013/2224, reg. 2)
  • Act amendment to earlier affecting provision S.I. 2008/373 reg. 3(4) by S.I. 2013/1971 reg. 4 (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. Amending Regulations revoked (1.10.2013) without ever being in force by S.I. 2013/2224, reg. 2)

Whole provisions yet to be inserted into this Act (including any effects on those provisions):

Part 15U.K.Accounts and reports

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 15 applied (with modifications) (8.12.2017) by The Risk Transformation Regulations 2017 (S.I. 2017/1212), regs. 1(2), 162, 163 (with reg. 189)

C3Pt. 15 applied (with modifications) (6.4.2008) by The Partnerships (Accounts) Regulations 2008 (S.I. 2008/569), regs. 4, 7, Sch. Pt. 1

C4Pt. 15 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 16 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

Chapter 1U.K.Introduction

GeneralU.K.

380Scheme of this PartU.K.

(1)The requirements of this Part as to accounts and reports apply in relation to each financial year of a company.

(2)In certain respects different provisions apply to different kinds of company.

F1(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F1(4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F1S. 380(3)(4) omitted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by virtue of The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 4(2) (with reg. 3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

Companies subject to the small companies regimeU.K.

381Companies subject to the small companies regimeU.K.

The small companies regime F2. . . applies to a company for a financial year in relation to which the company—

(a)qualifies as small (see sections 382 and 383), and

(b)is not excluded from the regime (see section 384).

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C8Ss. 381-384 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2008) by The Limited Liability Partnerships (Accounts and Audit) (Application of Companies Act 2006) Regulations 2008 (S.I. 2008/1911), reg. 5 (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(2) of the amending S.I.) by S.I. 2013/2005, regs. 1(1), 3(2) (with reg. 1(5)(6)) and as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Limited Liability Partnerships, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/575), regs. 2(1), 5)

382Companies qualifying as small: generalU.K.

(1)A company qualifies as small in relation to its first financial year if the qualifying conditions are met in that year.

[F3(1A)Subject to subsection (2), a company qualifies as small in relation to a subsequent financial year if the qualifying conditions are met in that year.]

[F4(2)In relation to a subsequent financial year, where on its balance sheet date a company meets or ceases to meet the qualifying conditions, that affects its qualification as a small company only if it occurs in two consecutive financial years.]

(3)The qualifying conditions are met by a company in a year in which it satisfies two or more of the following requirements—

1. Turnover[F5Not more than £10.2 million]
2. Balance sheet total[F6Not more than 5.1 million]
3. Number of employeesNot more than 50

(4)For a period that is a company's financial year but not in fact a year the maximum figures for turnover must be proportionately adjusted.

(5)The balance sheet total means the aggregate of the amounts shown as assets in the company's balance sheet.

(6)The number of employees means the average number of persons employed by the company in the year, determined as follows—

(a)find for each month in the financial year the number of persons employed under contracts of service by the company in that month (whether throughout the month or not),

(b)add together the monthly totals, and

(c)divide by the number of months in the financial year.

(7)This section is subject to section 383 (companies qualifying as small: parent companies).

Textual Amendments

F3S. 382(1A) inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2) of the amending S.I.) by The Small Companies (Micro-Entities' Accounts) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/3008), regs. 2(1), 4(2)(a) (with reg. 3)

F4S. 382(2) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2) of the amending S.I.) by The Small Companies (Micro-Entities' Accounts) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/3008), regs. 2(1), 4(2)(b) (with reg. 3)

F5Words in s. 382(3) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 4(3)(a) (with reg. 3)

F6Words in s. 382(3) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 4(3)(b) (with reg. 3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C9Ss. 381-384 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2008) by The Limited Liability Partnerships (Accounts and Audit) (Application of Companies Act 2006) Regulations 2008 (S.I. 2008/1911), reg. 5 (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(2) of the amending S.I.) by S.I. 2013/2005, regs. 1(1), 3(2) (with reg. 1(5)(6)) and as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Limited Liability Partnerships, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/575), regs. 2(1), 5)

383Companies qualifying as small: parent companiesU.K.

(1)A parent company qualifies as a small company in relation to a financial year only if the group headed by it qualifies as a small group.

(2)A group qualifies as small in relation to the parent company's first financial year if the qualifying conditions are met in that year.

[F7(2A)Subject to subsection (3), a group qualifies as small in relation to a subsequent financial year of the parent company if the qualifying conditions are met in that year.]

[F8(3)In relation to a subsequent financial year of the parent company, where on the parent company’s balance sheet date the group meets or ceases to meet the qualifying conditions, that affects the group’s qualification as a small group only if it occurs in two consecutive financial years.]

(4)The qualifying conditions are met by a group in a year in which it satisfies two or more of the following requirements—

1. Aggregate turnover[F9Not more than £10.2 million net (or £12.2 million gross)]
2. Aggregate balance sheet total[F10Not more than £5.1 million net (or £6.1 million gross)]
3. Aggregate number of employeesNot more than 50

(5)The aggregate figures are ascertained by aggregating the relevant figures determined in accordance with section 382 for each member of the group.

(6)In relation to the aggregate figures for turnover and balance sheet total—

  • net” means after any set-offs and other adjustments made to eliminate group transactions—

    (a)

    in the case of Companies Act accounts, in accordance with regulations under section 404,

    (b)

    in the case of IAS accounts, in accordance with international accounting standards; and

  • gross” means without those set-offs and other adjustments.

A company may satisfy any relevant requirement on the basis of either the net or the gross figure.

(7)The figures for each subsidiary undertaking shall be those included in its individual accounts for the relevant financial year, that is—

(a)if its financial year ends with that of the parent company, that financial year, and

(b)if not, its financial year ending last before the end of the financial year of the parent company.

If those figures cannot be obtained without disproportionate expense or undue delay, the latest available figures shall be taken.

Textual Amendments

F7S. 383(2A) inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2) of the amending S.I.) by The Small Companies (Micro-Entities' Accounts) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/3008), regs. 2(1), 4(3)(a) (with reg. 3)

F8S. 383(3) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2) of the amending S.I.) by The Small Companies (Micro-Entities' Accounts) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/3008), regs. 2(1), 4(3)(b) (with reg. 3)

F9Words in s. 383(4) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 4(4)(a) (with reg. 3)

F10Words in s. 383(4) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 4(4)(b) (with reg. 3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C10Ss. 381-384 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2008) by The Limited Liability Partnerships (Accounts and Audit) (Application of Companies Act 2006) Regulations 2008 (S.I. 2008/1911), reg. 5 (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(2) of the amending S.I.) by S.I. 2013/2005, regs. 1(1), 3(2) (with reg. 1(5)(6)) and as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Limited Liability Partnerships, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/575), regs. 2(1), 5)

384Companies excluded from the small companies regimeU.K.

(1)The small companies regime does not apply to a company that F11... was at any time within the financial year to which the accounts relate—

(a)a public company,

(b)a company that—

(i)is an authorised insurance company, a banking company, an e-money issuer, [F12a MiFID investment firm] or a UCITS management company, [F13or]

(ii)carries on insurance market activity, or

[F14(iii)is a scheme funder of a Master Trust scheme within the meanings given by section 39(1) of the Pension Schemes Act 2017 (interpretation of Part 1), or]

(c)a member of an ineligible group.

(2)A group is ineligible if any of its members is—

[F15(a)a traded company,]

(b)a body corporate (other than a company) whose shares are admitted to trading on a regulated market in an EEA State,

(c)a person (other than a small company) who has permission under Part 4 of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (c. 8) to carry on a regulated activity,

[F16(ca)an e-money issuer,]

(d)a small company that is an authorised insurance company, a banking company, F17. . . [F18a MiFID investment firm] or a UCITS management company, [F19or]

(e)a person who carries on insurance market activity [F20or]

[F21(f)a scheme funder of a Master Trust scheme within the meanings given by section 39(1) of the Pension Schemes Act 2017 (interpretation of Part 1).]

(3)A company is a small company for the purposes of subsection (2) if it qualified as small in relation to its last financial year ending on or before the end of the financial year to which the accounts relate.

Textual Amendments

F11Words in s. 384(1) omitted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by virtue of The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 4(5)(a) (with reg. 3)

F15S. 384(2)(a) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 4(5)(b) (with reg. 3)

F16S. 384(2)(c) inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(2) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies and Partnerships (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/2005), regs. 1(1), 2(2)(a) (with reg. 1(5)(6))

F17Words in s. 384(2)(d) omitted (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(2) of the amending S.I.) by virtue of The Companies and Partnerships (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/2005), regs. 1(1), 2(2)(b) (with reg. 1(5)(6))

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C11S. 384 amendment to earlier affecting provision S.I. 2008/1911, reg. 5 (E.W.S.) (1.10.2018) by The Occupational Pension Schemes (Master Trusts) Regulations 2018 (S.I. 2018/1030), regs. 1(2), 31(2)

C12Ss. 381-384 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2008) by The Limited Liability Partnerships (Accounts and Audit) (Application of Companies Act 2006) Regulations 2008 (S.I. 2008/1911), reg. 5 (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(2) of the amending S.I.) by S.I. 2013/2005, regs. 1(1), 3(2) (with reg. 1(5)(6)) and as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Limited Liability Partnerships, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/575), regs. 2(1), 5)

[F22 384A Companies qualifying as micro-entitiesU.K.

(1)A company qualifies as a micro-entity in relation to its first financial year if the qualifying conditions are met in that year.

(2)Subject to subsection (3), a company qualifies as a micro-entity in relation to a subsequent financial year if the qualifying conditions are met in that year.

(3)In relation to a subsequent financial year, where on its balance sheet date a company meets or ceases to meet the qualifying conditions, that affects its qualification as a micro-entity only if it occurs in two consecutive financial years.

(4)The qualifying conditions are met by a company in a year in which it satisfies two or more of the following requirements—

1. TurnoverNot more than £632,000
2. Balance sheet totalNot more than £316,000
3. Number of employeesNot more than 10

(5)For a period that is a company’s financial year but not in fact a year the maximum figures for turnover must be proportionately adjusted.

(6)The balance sheet total means the aggregate of the amounts shown as assets in the company’s balance sheet.

(7)The number of employees means the average number of persons employed by the company in the year, determined as follows—

(a)find for each month in the financial year the number of persons employed under contracts of service by the company in that month (whether throughout the month or not),

(b)add together the monthly totals, and

(c)divide by the number of months in the financial year.

(8)In the case of a company which is a parent company, the company qualifies as a micro-entity in relation to a financial year only if—

(a)the company qualifies as a micro-entity in relation to that year, as determined by subsections (1) to (7), and

(b)the group headed by the company qualifies as a small group, as determined by section 383(2) to (7).

Textual Amendments

F22Ss. 384A , 384B inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2) of the amending S.I.) by The Small Companies (Micro-Entities' Accounts) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/3008), regs. 2(1), 4(4) (with reg. 3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C13S. 384A applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2008/1911, reg. 5A (as inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Limited Liability Partnerships, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/575), regs. 2(1), 6)

384B Companies excluded from being treated as micro-entitiesU.K.

(1)The micro-entity provisions do not apply in relation to a company’s accounts for a particular financial year if the company was at any time within that year—

(a)a company excluded from the small companies regime by virtue of section 384,

(b) an investment undertaking as defined in Article 2(14) of Directive 2013/34/ EU of 26 June 2013 on the annual financial statements etc. of certain types of undertakings,

(c)a financial holding undertaking as defined in Article 2(15) of that Directive,

[F23(d)a credit institution within the meaning given by Article 4(1)(1) of Regulation (EU) No. 575/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council, other than one listed in Article 2 of Directive 2013/36/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on access to the activity of credit institutions and investment firms,]

(e) an insurance undertaking as defined in Article 2(1) of Council Directive 91/674/EEC of 19 December 1991 on the annual accounts of insurance undertakings, or

(f)a charity.

(2)The micro-entity provisions also do not apply in relation to a company’s accounts for a financial year if —

(a)the company is a parent company which prepares group accounts for that year as permitted by section [F24399(4)], or

(b)the company is not a parent company but its accounts are included in consolidated group accounts for that year.]

Textual Amendments

F22Ss. 384A , 384B inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2) of the amending S.I.) by The Small Companies (Micro-Entities' Accounts) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/3008), regs. 2(1), 4(4) (with reg. 3)

F24Word in s. 384B(2)(a) substituted (with application in accordance with reg. 1(2) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Non-Financial Reporting) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/1245), regs. 1(1), 3(1)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C14S. 384B applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2008/1911, reg. 5A (as inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Limited Liability Partnerships, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/575), regs. 2(1), 6); (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(5)(b) of the amending S.I.) by The Statutory Auditors Regulations 2017 (S.I. 2017/1164), reg. 1(2)(3), Sch. 3 para. 2 (with reg. 2(6)(7))

C15S. 384B amendment to earlier affecting legislation S.I. 2008/1911, reg. 5A (6.2.2019) by The Accounts and Reports (Amendment) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019 (S.I. 2019/145), reg. 1(2)(a), Sch. 1 para. 3

Quoted and unquoted companiesU.K.

385Quoted and unquoted companiesU.K.

(1)For the purposes of this Part a company is a quoted company in relation to a financial year if it is a quoted company immediately before the end of the accounting reference period by reference to which that financial year was determined.

(2)A “quoted company” means a company whose equity share capital—

(a)has been included in the official list in accordance with the provisions of Part 6 of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (c. 8), or

(b)is officially listed in an EEA State, or

(c)is admitted to dealing on either the New York Stock Exchange or the exchange known as Nasdaq.

In paragraph (a) “the official list” has the meaning given by section 103(1) of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000.

(3)An “unquoted company” means a company that is not a quoted company.

(4)The Secretary of State may by regulations amend or replace the provisions of subsections (1) to (2) so as to limit or extend the application of some or all of the provisions of this Part that are expressed to apply to quoted companies.

(5)Regulations under this section extending the application of any such provision of this Part are subject to affirmative resolution procedure.

(6)Any other regulations under this section are subject to negative resolution procedure.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C17Ss. 380-416 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

Commencement Information

I1S. 385 wholly in force at 6.4.2008; s. 385 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 1300; s. 385 in force for specified purposes at 20.1.2007 by S.I. 2006/3428, art. 3(3) (subject to art. 5, Sch. 1 and with arts. 6, 8, Sch. 5); s. 385 in force for certain purposes at 1.10.2007 by S.I. 2007/2194, art. 2(3)(b) (with saving in art. 12); s. 385 in force in so far as not already in force at 6.4.2008 by S.I. 2007/3495, art. 3(1)(d) (with savings in arts. 7, 12, Sch. 4 paras. 6-8)

Chapter 2U.K.Accounting records

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C18Pt. 15 Ch. 2 applied (with modifications) (31.7.2015) by The European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/1493), regs. 1(2), 7(1) (with reg. 11)

386Duty to keep accounting recordsU.K.

(1)Every company must keep adequate accounting records.

(2)Adequate accounting records means records that are sufficient—

(a)to show and explain the company's transactions,

(b)to disclose with reasonable accuracy, at any time, the financial position of the company at that time, and

(c)to enable the directors to ensure that any accounts required to be prepared comply with the requirements of this Act (and, where applicable, of Article 4 of the IAS Regulation).

(3)Accounting records must, in particular, contain—

(a)entries from day to day of all sums of money received and expended by the company and the matters in respect of which the receipt and expenditure takes place, and

(b)a record of the assets and liabilities of the company.

(4)If the company's business involves dealing in goods, the accounting records must contain—

(a)statements of stock held by the company at the end of each financial year of the company,

(b)all statements of stocktakings from which any statement of stock as is mentioned in paragraph (a) has been or is to be prepared, and

(c)except in the case of goods sold by way of ordinary retail trade, statements of all goods sold and purchased, showing the goods and the buyers and sellers in sufficient detail to enable all these to be identified.

(5)A parent company that has a subsidiary undertaking in relation to which the above requirements do not apply must take reasonable steps to secure that the undertaking keeps such accounting records as to enable the directors of the parent company to ensure that any accounts required to be prepared under this Part comply with the requirements of this Act (and, where applicable, of Article 4 of the IAS Regulation).

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C20Ss. 380-416 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

387Duty to keep accounting records: offenceU.K.

(1)If a company fails to comply with any provision of section 386 (duty to keep accounting records), an offence is committed by every officer of the company who is in default.

(2)It is a defence for a person charged with such an offence to show that he acted honestly and that in the circumstances in which the company's business was carried on the default was excusable.

(3)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable—

(a)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or a fine (or both);

(b)on summary conviction—

(i)in England and Wales, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding twelve months or to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum (or both);

(ii)in Scotland or Northern Ireland, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months, or to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum (or both).

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C22Ss. 380-416 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

388Where and for how long records to be keptU.K.

(1)A company's accounting records—

(a)must be kept at its registered office or such other place as the directors think fit, and

(b)must at all times be open to inspection by the company's officers.

(2)If accounting records are kept at a place outside the United Kingdom, accounts and returns with respect to the business dealt with in the accounting records so kept must be sent to, and kept at, a place in the United Kingdom, and must at all times be open to such inspection.

(3)The accounts and returns to be sent to the United Kingdom must be such as to—

(a)disclose with reasonable accuracy the financial position of the business in question at intervals of not more than six months, and

(b)enable the directors to ensure that the accounts required to be prepared under this Part comply with the requirements of this Act (and, where applicable, of Article 4 of the IAS Regulation).

(4)Accounting records that a company is required by section 386 to keep must be preserved by it—

(a)in the case of a private company, for three years from the date on which they are made;

(b)in the case of a public company, for six years from the date on which they are made.

(5)Subsection (4) is subject to any provision contained in rules made under section 411 of the Insolvency Act 1986 (c. 45) (company insolvency rules) or Article 359 of the Insolvency (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 (S.I. 1989/2405 (N.I. 19)).

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C24Ss. 380-416 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

389Where and for how long records to be kept: offencesU.K.

(1)If a company fails to comply with any provision of subsections (1) to (3) of section 388 (requirements as to keeping of accounting records), an offence is committed by every officer of the company who is in default.

(2)It is a defence for a person charged with such an offence to show that he acted honestly and that in the circumstances in which the company's business was carried on the default was excusable.

(3)An officer of a company commits an offence if he—

(a)fails to take all reasonable steps for securing compliance by the company with subsection (4) of that section (period for which records to be preserved), or

(b)intentionally causes any default by the company under that subsection.

(4)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable—

(a)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or a fine (or both);

(b)on summary conviction—

(i)in England and Wales, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding twelve months or to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum (or both);

(ii)in Scotland or Northern Ireland, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months, or to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum (or both).

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C27Ss. 380-416 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

Chapter 3U.K.A company's financial year

390A company's financial yearU.K.

(1)A company's financial year is determined as follows.

(2)Its first financial year—

(a)begins with the first day of its first accounting reference period, and

(b)ends with the last day of that period or such other date, not more than seven days before or after the end of that period, as the directors may determine.

(3)Subsequent financial years—

(a)begin with the day immediately following the end of the company's previous financial year, and

(b)end with the last day of its next accounting reference period or such other date, not more than seven days before or after the end of that period, as the directors may determine.

(4)In relation to an undertaking that is not a company, references in this Act to its financial year are to any period in respect of which a profit and loss account of the undertaking is required to be made up (by its constitution or by the law under which it is established), whether that period is a year or not.

(5)The directors of a parent company must secure that, except where in their opinion there are good reasons against it, the financial year of each of its subsidiary undertakings coincides with the company's own financial year.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C30Ss. 390-392 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), {reg. 37} (with Sch. 8)

C31Ss. 390-392 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), reg. 52 (with Sch. 8)

C32Ss. 380-416 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

391Accounting reference periods and accounting reference dateU.K.

(1)A company's accounting reference periods are determined according to its accounting reference date in each calendar year.

(2)The accounting reference date of a company incorporated in Great Britain before 1st April 1996 is—

(a)the date specified by notice to the registrar in accordance with section 224(2) of the Companies Act 1985 (c. 6) (notice specifying accounting reference date given within nine months of incorporation), or

(b)failing such notice—

(i)in the case of a company incorporated before 1st April 1990, 31st March, and

(ii)in the case of a company incorporated on or after 1st April 1990, the last day of the month in which the anniversary of its incorporation falls.

(3)The accounting reference date of a company incorporated in Northern Ireland before 22nd August 1997 is—

(a)the date specified by notice to the registrar in accordance with article 232(2) of the Companies (Northern Ireland) Order 1986 (S.I. 1986/1032 (N.I. 6)) (notice specifying accounting reference date given within nine months of incorporation), or

(b)failing such notice—

(i)in the case of a company incorporated before the coming into operation of Article 5 of the Companies (Northern Ireland) Order 1990 (S.I. 1990/593 (N.I. 5)), 31st March, and

(ii)in the case of a company incorporated after the coming into operation of that Article, the last day of the month in which the anniversary of its incorporation falls.

(4)The accounting reference date of a company incorporated—

(a)in Great Britain on or after 1st April 1996 and before the commencement of this Act,

(b)in Northern Ireland on or after 22nd August 1997 and before the commencement of this Act, or

(c)after the commencement of this Act,

is the last day of the month in which the anniversary of its incorporation falls.

(5)A company's first accounting reference period is the period of more than six months, but not more than 18 months, beginning with the date of its incorporation and ending with its accounting reference date.

(6)Its subsequent accounting reference periods are successive periods of twelve months beginning immediately after the end of the previous accounting reference period and ending with its accounting reference date.

(7)This section has effect subject to the provisions of section 392 (alteration of accounting reference date).

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C36Ss. 390-392 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), {reg. 37} (with Sch. 8)

C37Ss. 390-392 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), reg. 52 (with Sch. 8)

C38Ss. 380-416 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

392Alteration of accounting reference dateU.K.

(1)A company may by notice given to the registrar specify a new accounting reference date having effect in relation to—

(a)the company's current accounting reference period and subsequent periods, or

(b)the company's previous accounting reference period and subsequent periods.

A company's “previous accounting reference period” means the one immediately preceding its current accounting reference period.

(2)The notice must state whether the current or previous accounting reference period—

(a)is to be shortened, so as to come to an end on the first occasion on which the new accounting reference date falls or fell after the beginning of the period, or

(b)is to be extended, so as to come to an end on the second occasion on which that date falls or fell after the beginning of the period.

(3)A notice extending a company's current or previous accounting reference period is not effective if given less than five years after the end of an earlier accounting reference period of the company that was extended under this section.

This does not apply—

(a)to a notice given by a company that is a subsidiary undertaking or parent undertaking of another EEA undertaking if the new accounting reference date coincides with that of the other EEA undertaking or, where that undertaking is not a company, with the last day of its financial year, or

(b)where the company is in administration under Part 2 of the Insolvency Act 1986 (c. 45) or Part 3 of the Insolvency (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 (S.I. 1989/2405 (N.I. 19)), or

(c)where the Secretary of State directs that it should not apply, which he may do with respect to a notice that has been given or that may be given.

(4)A notice under this section may not be given in respect of a previous accounting reference period if the period for filing accounts and reports for the financial year determined by reference to that accounting reference period has already expired.

(5)An accounting reference period may not be extended so as to exceed 18 months and a notice under this section is ineffective if the current or previous accounting reference period as extended in accordance with the notice would exceed that limit.

This does not apply where the company is in administration under Part 2 of the Insolvency Act 1986 (c. 45) or Part 3 of the Insolvency (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 (S.I. 1989/2405 (N.I. 19)).

(6)In this section “EEA undertaking” means an undertaking established under the law of any part of the United Kingdom or the law of any other EEA State.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C42Ss. 390-392 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), {reg. 37} (with Sch. 8)

C43Ss. 390-392 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), reg. 52 (with Sch. 8)

C44Ss. 380-416 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

Chapter 4U.K.Annual accounts

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C46Pt. 15 Ch. 4 applied (with modifications) (31.7.2015) by The European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/1493), regs. 1(2), 7(1) (with reg. 11)

C47Pt. 15 Ch. 4 applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2008/565, reg. 3 (as substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(4) of the amending S.I.) by The Statutory Auditors Regulations 2017 (S.I. 2017/1164), reg. 1(2)(3), Sch. 2 para. 3 (with reg. 2(6)(7)))

C48Pt. 16 Ch. 1 applied (with modifications) (E.W.S.) (1.10.2018) by The Occupational Pension Schemes (Master Trusts) Regulations 2018 (S.I. 2018/1030), regs. 1(2), 9(4)-(8)

GeneralU.K.

393Accounts to give true and fair viewU.K.

(1)The directors of a company must not approve accounts for the purposes of this Chapter unless they are satisfied that they give a true and fair view of the assets, liabilities, financial position and profit or loss—

(a)in the case of the company's individual accounts, of the company;

(b)in the case of the company's group accounts, of the undertakings included in the consolidation as a whole, so far as concerns members of the company.

(2)The auditor of a company in carrying out his functions under this Act in relation to the company's annual accounts must have regard to the directors' duty under subsection (1).

[F25(1A)The following provisions apply to the directors of a company which qualifies as a micro-entity in relation to a financial year (see sections 384A and 384B) in their consideration of whether the Companies Act individual accounts of the company for that year give a true and fair view as required by subsection (1)(a)—

(a)where the accounts comprise only micro-entity minimum accounting items, the directors must disregard any provision of an accounting standard which would require the accounts to contain information additional to those items,

(b)in relation to a micro-entity minimum accounting item contained in the accounts, the directors must disregard any provision of an accounting standard which would require the accounts to contain further information in relation to that item, and

(c)where the accounts contain an item of information additional to the micro-entity minimum accounting items, the directors must have regard to any provision of an accounting standard which relates to that item.]

Textual Amendments

F25S. 393(1A) inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2) of the amending S.I.) by The Small Companies (Micro-Entities' Accounts) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/3008), regs. 2(1), 5(2) (with reg. 3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

Individual accountsU.K.

394Duty to prepare individual accountsU.K.

The directors of every company must prepare accounts for the company for each of its financial years [F26unless the company is exempt from that requirement under section 394A].

Those accounts are referred to as the company's “individual accounts”.

Textual Amendments

F26Words in s. 394 inserted (1.10.2012 with application in accordance with reg. 2 of the amending S.I.) by The Companies and Limited Liability Partnerships (Accounts and Audit Exemptions and Change of Accounting Framework) Regulations 2012 (S.I. 2012/2301), regs. 1, 8

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C52Ss. 394-397 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), reg. 38 (with Sch. 8)

C53Ss. 394-397 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), reg. 53 (with Sch. 8)

C54Ss. 394-397 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2008) by The Limited Liability Partnerships (Accounts and Audit) (Application of Companies Act 2006) Regulations 2008 (S.I. 2008/1911), reg. 9 (as amended (1.10.2012 with application in accordance with reg. 2 of the amending S.I.) by S.I. 2012/2301, regs. 1, 20(5)(a) as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Limited Liability Partnerships, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/575), regs. 2(1), 8)

C55Ss. 394-397 amendment to earlier affecting provision S.I. 2009/1801, reg. 38 (E.W.S.) (1.10.2018) by The Occupational Pension Schemes (Master Trusts) Regulations 2018 (S.I. 2018/1030), regs. 1(2), 32(2)

[F27394A Individual accounts: exemption for dormant subsidiariesU.K.

(1)A company is exempt from the requirement to prepare individual accounts for a financial year if—

(a)it is itself a subsidiary undertaking,

(b)it has been dormant throughout the whole of that year, and

(c) its parent undertaking is established under the law of an EEA State.

(2)Exemption is conditional upon compliance with all of the following conditions—

(a)all members of the company must agree to the exemption in respect of the financial year in question,

(b)the parent undertaking must give a guarantee under section 394C in respect of that year,

(c)the company must be included in the consolidated accounts drawn up for that year or to an earlier date in that year by the parent undertaking in accordance with—

[F28(i) the provisions of Directive 2013/34/ EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on the annual financial statements, consolidated financial statements and related reports of certain types of undertakings, or ]

(ii)international accounting standards,

(d)the parent undertaking must disclose in the notes to the consolidated accounts that the company is exempt from the requirement to prepare individual accounts by virtue of this section, and

(e)the directors of the company must deliver to the registrar within the period for filing the company's accounts and reports for that year—

(i)a written notice of the agreement referred to in subsection (2)(a),

(ii)the statement referred to in section 394C(1),

(iii)a copy of the consolidated accounts referred to in subsection (2)(c),

(iv)a copy of the auditor's report on those accounts, and

(v)a copy of the consolidated annual report drawn up by the parent undertaking.

Textual Amendments

F28S. 394A(2)(c)(i) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(2) (with reg. 3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C55Ss. 394-397 amendment to earlier affecting provision S.I. 2009/1801, reg. 38 (E.W.S.) (1.10.2018) by The Occupational Pension Schemes (Master Trusts) Regulations 2018 (S.I. 2018/1030), regs. 1(2), 32(2)

C56Ss. 394A, 394B, 394C applied (with modifications) by The Limited Liability Partnerships (Accounts and Audit) (Application of Companies Act 2006) Regulations 2008 (S.I. 2008/1911), reg. 9 (as amended (1.10.2012 with application in accordance with reg. 2 of the amending S.I.) by S.I. 2012/2301, regs. 1, 20(5)(b)) and as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Limited Liability Partnerships, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/575), regs. 2(1), 8)

394B Companies excluded from the dormant subsidiaries exemptionU.K.

A company is not entitled to the exemption conferred by section 394A (dormant subsidiaries) if it was at any time within the financial year in question—

[F29(a)a traded company,]

(b)a company that—

(i) is an authorised insurance company, a banking company, an e-money issuer, a MiFID investment firm or a UCITS management company, or

(ii)carries on insurance market activity, or

(c) a special register body as defined in section 117(1) of the Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992 (c 52) or an employers' association as defined in section 122 of that Act or Article 4 of the Industrial Relations (Northern Ireland) Order 1992 ( S.I. 1992/807) ( NI 5).

Textual Amendments

F29S. 394B(a) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(3) (with reg. 3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C55Ss. 394-397 amendment to earlier affecting provision S.I. 2009/1801, reg. 38 (E.W.S.) (1.10.2018) by The Occupational Pension Schemes (Master Trusts) Regulations 2018 (S.I. 2018/1030), regs. 1(2), 32(2)

C57Ss. 394A, 394B, 394C applied (with modifications) by The Limited Liability Partnerships (Accounts and Audit) (Application of Companies Act 2006) Regulations 2008 (S.I. 2008/1911), reg. 9 (as amended (1.10.2012 with application in accordance with reg. 2 of the amending S.I.) by S.I. 2012/2301, regs. 1, 20(5)(b)) and as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Limited Liability Partnerships, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/575), regs. 2(1), 8)

394C Dormant subsidiaries exemption: parent undertaking declaration of guaranteeU.K.

(1)A guarantee is given by a parent undertaking under this section when the directors of the subsidiary company deliver to the registrar a statement by the parent undertaking that it guarantees the subsidiary company under this section.

(2)The statement under subsection (1) must be authenticated by the parent undertaking and must specify—

(a)the name of the parent undertaking,

(b)if the parent undertaking is incorporated in the United Kingdom, its registered number (if any),

(c)if the parent undertaking is incorporated outside the United Kingdom and registered in the country in which it is incorporated, the identity of the register on which it is registered and the number with which it is so registered,

(d)the name and registered number of the subsidiary company in respect of which the guarantee is being given,

(e)the date of the statement, and

(f)the financial year to which the guarantee relates.

(3)A guarantee given under this section has the effect that—

(a)the parent undertaking guarantees all outstanding liabilities to which the subsidiary company is subject at the end of the financial year to which the guarantee relates, until they are satisfied in full, and

(b)the guarantee is enforceable against the parent undertaking by any person to whom the subsidiary company is liable in respect of those liabilities.]

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C55Ss. 394-397 amendment to earlier affecting provision S.I. 2009/1801, reg. 38 (E.W.S.) (1.10.2018) by The Occupational Pension Schemes (Master Trusts) Regulations 2018 (S.I. 2018/1030), regs. 1(2), 32(2)

C58Ss. 394A, 394B, 394C applied (with modifications) by The Limited Liability Partnerships (Accounts and Audit) (Application of Companies Act 2006) Regulations 2008 (S.I. 2008/1911), reg. 9 (as amended (1.10.2012 with application in accordance with reg. 2 of the amending S.I.) by S.I. 2012/2301, regs. 1, 20(5)(b)) and as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Limited Liability Partnerships, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/575), regs. 2(1), 8)

395Individual accounts: applicable accounting frameworkU.K.

(1)A company's individual accounts may be prepared—

(a)in accordance with section 396 (“Companies Act individual accounts”), or

(b)in accordance with international accounting standards (“IAS individual accounts”).

This is subject to the following provisions of this section and to section 407 (consistency of financial reporting within group).

(2)The individual accounts of a company that is a charity must be Companies Act individual accounts.

(3)After the first financial year in which the directors of a company prepare IAS individual accounts (“the first IAS year”), all subsequent individual accounts of the company must be prepared in accordance with international accounting standards unless there is a relevant change of circumstance. [F30This is subject to subsection (4A).]

(4)There is a relevant change of circumstance if, at any time during or after the first IAS year—

(a)the company becomes a subsidiary undertaking of another undertaking that does not prepare IAS individual accounts,

[F31(aa)the company ceases to be a subsidiary undertaking,]

(b)the company ceases to be a company with securities admitted to trading on a regulated market in an EEA State, or

(c)a parent undertaking of the company ceases to be an undertaking with securities admitted to trading on a regulated market in an EEA State.

[F32(4A) After a financial year in which the directors of a company prepare IAS individual accounts for the company, the directors may change to preparing Companies Act individual accounts for a reason other than a relevant change of circumstance provided they have not changed to Companies Act individual accounts in the period of five years preceding the first day of that financial year.

(4B)In calculating the five year period for the purpose of subsection (4A), no account should be taken of a change due to a relevant change of circumstance.]

(5)If, having changed to preparing Companies Act individual accounts F33. . . , the directors again prepare IAS individual accounts for the company, subsections (3) and (4) apply again as if the first financial year for which such accounts are again prepared were the first IAS year.

Textual Amendments

F30Words in s. 395(3) inserted (1.10.2012 with application in accordance with reg. 2 of the amending S.I.) by The Companies and Limited Liability Partnerships (Accounts and Audit Exemptions and Change of Accounting Framework) Regulations 2012 (S.I. 2012/2301), regs. 1, 12

F33Words in s. 395(5) omitted (1.10.2012 with application in accordance with reg. 2 of the amending S.I.) by virtue of The Companies and Limited Liability Partnerships (Accounts and Audit Exemptions and Change of Accounting Framework) Regulations 2012 (S.I. 2012/2301), regs. 1, 14

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C55Ss. 394-397 amendment to earlier affecting provision S.I. 2009/1801, reg. 38 (E.W.S.) (1.10.2018) by The Occupational Pension Schemes (Master Trusts) Regulations 2018 (S.I. 2018/1030), regs. 1(2), 32(2)

C59Ss. 394-397 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), {reg. 38} (with Sch. 8)

C60Ss. 394-397 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), reg. 53 (with Sch. 8)

C61Ss. 394-397 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2008) by The Limited Liability Partnerships (Accounts and Audit) (Application of Companies Act 2006) Regulations 2008 (S.I. 2008/1911), reg. 9 (as amended (1.10.2012 with application in accordance with reg. 2 of the amending S.I.) by S.I. 2012/2301, regs. 1, 20(5)(a) and as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Limited Liability Partnerships, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/575), regs. 2(1), 8)

396Companies Act individual accountsU.K.

[F34(A1)Companies Act individual accounts must state—

(a)the part of the United Kingdom in which the company is registered,

(b)the company’s registered number,

(c)whether the company is a public or a private company and whether it is limited by shares or by guarantee,

(d)the address of the company’s registered office, and

(e)where appropriate, the fact that the company is being wound-up.]

(1)Companies Act individual accounts must comprise—

(a)a balance sheet as at the last day of the financial year, and

(b)a profit and loss account.

(2)The accounts must—

(a)in the case of the balance sheet, give a true and fair view of the state of affairs of the company as at the end of the financial year, and

(b)in the case of the profit and loss account, give a true and fair view of the profit or loss of the company for the financial year.

[F35(2A)In the case of the individual accounts of a company which qualifies as a micro-entity in relation to the financial year (see sections 384A and 384B), the micro-entity minimum accounting items included in the company’s accounts for the year are presumed to give the true and fair view required by subsection (2).]

(3)The accounts must comply with provision made by the Secretary of State by regulations as to—

(a)the form and content of the balance sheet and profit and loss account, and

(b)additional information to be provided by way of notes to the accounts.

(4)If compliance with the regulations, and any other provision made by or under this Act as to the matters to be included in a company's individual accounts or in notes to those accounts, would not be sufficient to give a true and fair view, the necessary additional information must be given in the accounts or in a note to them.

(5)If in special circumstances compliance with any of those provisions is inconsistent with the requirement to give a true and fair view, the directors must depart from that provision to the extent necessary to give a true and fair view.

Particulars of any such departure, the reasons for it and its effect must be given in a note to the accounts.

[F36(6)Subsections (4) and (5) do not apply in relation to the micro-entity minimum accounting items included in the individual accounts of a company for a financial year in relation to which the company qualifies as a micro-entity.]

Textual Amendments

F34S. 396(A1) inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(4) (with reg. 3)

F35S. 396(2A) inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2) of the amending S.I.) by The Small Companies (Micro-Entities' Accounts) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/3008), regs. 2(1), 5(3)(a) (with reg. 3)

F36S. 396(6) inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2) of the amending S.I.) by The Small Companies (Micro-Entities' Accounts) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/3008), regs. 2(1), 5(3)(b) (with reg. 3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C55Ss. 394-397 amendment to earlier affecting provision S.I. 2009/1801, reg. 38 (E.W.S.) (1.10.2018) by The Occupational Pension Schemes (Master Trusts) Regulations 2018 (S.I. 2018/1030), regs. 1(2), 32(2)

C62Ss. 394-397 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), {reg. 38} (with Sch. 8)

C63Ss. 394-397 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), reg. 53 (with Sch. 8)

C64Ss. 394-397 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2008) by The Limited Liability Partnerships (Accounts and Audit) (Application of Companies Act 2006) Regulations 2008 (S.I. 2008/1911), reg. 9 (as amended (1.10.2012 with application in accordance with reg. 2 of the amending S.I.) by S.I. 2012/2301, regs. 1, 20(5)(a) as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Limited Liability Partnerships, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/575), regs. 2(1), 8)

Commencement Information

I2S. 396 wholly in force at 6.4.2008; s. 396 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 1300; s. 396 in force for specified purposes at 20.1.2007 by S.I. 2006/3428, art. 3(3) (subject to art. 5, Sch. 1 and with arts. 6, 8, Sch. 5); s. 396 in force at 6.4.2008 by S.I. 2007/3495, art. 3(1)(d) (with arts. 7, 12, Sch. 4 paras. 6-8)

[F37397. IAS individual accountsU.K.

(1)IAS individual accounts must state—

(a)the part of the United Kingdom in which the company is registered,

(b)the company’s registered number,

(c)whether the company is a public or a private company and whether it is limited by shares or by guarantee,

(d)the address of the company’s registered office, and

(e)where appropriate, the fact that the company is being wound-up.

(2)The notes to the accounts must state that the accounts have been prepared in accordance with international accounting standards.]

Textual Amendments

F37S. 397 substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(5) (with reg. 3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C55Ss. 394-397 amendment to earlier affecting provision S.I. 2009/1801, reg. 38 (E.W.S.) (1.10.2018) by The Occupational Pension Schemes (Master Trusts) Regulations 2018 (S.I. 2018/1030), regs. 1(2), 32(2)

F38...U.K.

Textual Amendments

F38S. 398 cross-heading omitted (with application in accordance with reg. 1(2) of the amending S.I.) by virtue of The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Non-Financial Reporting) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/1245), regs. 1(1), 3(2)(b)

F39398Option to prepare group accountsU.K.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F39S. 398 omitted (with application in accordance with reg. 1(2) of the amending S.I.) by virtue of The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Non-Financial Reporting) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/1245), regs. 1(1), 3(2)(a)

Group accounts F40...U.K.

Textual Amendments

F40Words in s. 399 cross-heading omitted (with application in accordance with reg. 1(2) of the amending S.I.) by virtue of The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Non-Financial Reporting) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/1245), regs. 1(1), 3(3)

399Duty to prepare group accountsU.K.

F41(1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(2)If at the end of a financial year [F42a company] is a parent company the directors, as well as preparing individual accounts for the year, must prepare group accounts for the year unless the company is exempt from that requirement.

[F43(2A)A company is exempt from the requirement to prepare group accounts if—

(a)at the end of the financial year, the company—

(i)is subject to the small companies regime, or

(ii)would be subject to the small companies regime but for being a public company, and

(b)is not a member of a group which, at any time during the financial year, has an undertaking falling within subsection (2B) as a member.

(2B)An undertaking falls within this subsection if—

(a)it is established under the law of an EEA State,

(b)it has to prepare accounts in accordance with Directive 2013/34/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on the annual financial statements, consolidated financial statements and related reports of certain types of undertakings, and

(c)it is—

(i)an undertaking which has been designated by an EEA State as a public-interest entity under that Directive,

(ii)an undertaking whose transferable securities are admitted to trading on a regulated market in an EEA State,

(iii)a credit institution within the meaning given by Article 4(1)(1) of Regulation (EU) No. 575/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council, other than one listed in Article 2 of Directive 2013/36/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on access to the activity of credit institutions and investment firms, or

(iv)an insurance undertaking within the meaning given by Article 2(1) of Council Directive 91/674/EEC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the annual accounts of insurance undertakings.]

(3)There are [F44further] exemptions under–

  • section 400 (company included in EEA accounts of larger group),

  • section 401 (company included in non-EEA accounts of larger group), and

  • section 402 (company none of whose subsidiary undertakings need be included in the consolidation).

(4)A company F45... which is exempt from the requirement to prepare group accounts, may do so.

Textual Amendments

F41S. 399(1) omitted (with application in accordance with reg. 1(2) of the amending S.I.) by virtue of The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Non-Financial Reporting) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/1245), regs. 1(1), 3(4)(a)

F42Words in s. 399(2) substituted (with application in accordance with reg. 1(2) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Non-Financial Reporting) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/1245), regs. 1(1), 3(4)(b)

F43S. 399(2A)(2B) substituted for s. 399(2A) (with application in accordance with reg. 1(2) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Non-Financial Reporting) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/1245), regs. 1(1), 3(4)(c)

F44Word in s. 399(3) inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(6)(b) (with reg. 3)

F45Words in s. 399(4) omitted (with application in accordance with reg. 1(2) of the amending S.I.) by virtue of The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Non-Financial Reporting) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/1245), regs. 1(1), 3(4)(d)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C66S. 399 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), reg. 38 (with Sch. 8)

C67S. 399 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), reg. 53 (with Sch. 8)

C68Ss. 398-408 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2008) by The Limited Liability Partnerships (Accounts and Audit) (Application of Companies Act 2006) Regulations 2008 (S.I. 2008/1911), reg. 10 (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Limited Liability Partnerships, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/575), regs. 2(1), 9); (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(5)(b) of the amending S.I.) by The Statutory Auditors Regulations 2017 (S.I. 2017/1164), reg. 1(2)(3), Sch. 3 para. 3 (with reg. 2(6)(7))

400Exemption for company included in EEA group accounts of larger groupU.K.

(1)A company is exempt from the requirement to prepare group accounts if it is itself a subsidiary undertaking and its immediate parent undertaking is established under the law of an EEA State, in the following cases—

(a)where the company is a wholly-owned subsidiary of that parent undertaking;

[F46(b)where that parent undertaking holds 90% or more of the allotted shares in the company and the remaining shareholders have approved the exemption;

(c)where that parent undertaking holds more than 50% (but less than 90%) of the allotted shares in the company and notice requesting the preparation of group accounts has not been served on the company by the shareholders holding in aggregate at least 5% of the allotted shares in the company.

Such notice must be served at least six months before the end of the financial year to which it relates.]

(2)Exemption is conditional upon compliance with all of the following conditions—

(a)the company must be included in consolidated accounts for a larger group drawn up to the same date, or to an earlier date in the same financial year, by a parent undertaking established under the law of an EEA State;

(b)those accounts must be drawn up and audited, and that parent undertaking's annual report must be drawn up, according to that law—

[F47(i) in accordance with the provisions of Directive 2013/34/ EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on the annual financial statements, consolidated financial statements and related reports of certain types of undertakings, or ]

(ii)in accordance with international accounting standards;

(c)the company must disclose in [F48the notes to] its individual accounts that it is exempt from the obligation to prepare and deliver group accounts;

(d)the company must state in its individual accounts the name of the parent undertaking that draws up the group accounts referred to above and—

[F49(i)the address of the undertaking’s registered office (whether in or outside the United Kingdom), or]

(ii)if it is unincorporated, the address of its principal place of business;

(e)the company must deliver to the registrar, within the period for filing its accounts and reports for the financial year in question, copies of—

(i)those group accounts, and

(ii)the parent undertaking's annual report,

together with the auditor's report on them;

(f)any requirement of Part 35 of this Act as to the delivery to the registrar of a certified translation into English must be met in relation to any document comprised in the accounts and reports delivered in accordance with paragraph (e).

(3)For the purposes of subsection (1)(b) [F50and (c)] shares held by a wholly-owned subsidiary of the parent undertaking, or held on behalf of the parent undertaking or a wholly-owned subsidiary, shall be attributed to the parent undertaking.

(4)The exemption does not apply to a company [F51which is a traded company.]

(5)Shares held by directors of a company for the purpose of complying with any share qualification requirement shall be disregarded in determining for the purposes of this section whether the company is a wholly-owned subsidiary.

F52(6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F46S. 400(1)(b)(c) substituted for s. 400(1)(b) (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(7)(a) (with reg. 3)

F47S. 400(2)(b)(i) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(7)(b)(i) (with reg. 3)

F48Words in s. 400(2)(c) inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(7)(b)(ii) (with reg. 3)

F49S. 400(2)(d)(i) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(7)(b)(iii) (with reg. 3)

F50Words in s. 400(3) inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(7)(c) (with reg. 3)

F51Words in s. 400(4) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(7)(d) (with reg. 3)

F52S. 400(6) omitted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by virtue of The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(7)(e) (with reg. 3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C69Ss. 398-408 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2008) by The Limited Liability Partnerships (Accounts and Audit) (Application of Companies Act 2006) Regulations 2008 (S.I. 2008/1911), reg. 10 (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Limited Liability Partnerships, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/575), regs. 2(1), 9); (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(5)(b) of the amending S.I.) by The Statutory Auditors Regulations 2017 (S.I. 2017/1164), reg. 1(2)(3), Sch. 3 para. 3 (with reg. 2(6)(7))

401Exemption for company included in non-EEA group accounts of larger groupU.K.

(1)A company is exempt from the requirement to prepare group accounts if it is itself a subsidiary undertaking and its parent undertaking is not established under the law of an EEA State, in the following cases—

(a)where the company is a wholly-owned subsidiary of that parent undertaking;

[F53(b)where that parent undertaking holds 90% or more of the allotted shares in the company and the remaining shareholders have approved the exemption; or

(c)where that parent undertaking holds more than 50% (but less than 90%) of the allotted shares in the company and notice requesting the preparation of group accounts has not been served on the company by the shareholders holding in aggregate at least 5% of the allotted shares in the company.

Such notice must be served at least six months before the end of the financial year to which it relates.]

(2)Exemption is conditional upon compliance with all of the following conditions—

(a)the company and all of its subsidiary undertakings must be included in consolidated accounts for a larger group drawn up to the same date, or to an earlier date in the same financial year, by a parent undertaking;

[F54(b)those accounts and, where appropriate, the group’s annual report, must be drawn up—

(i) in accordance with the provisions of Directive 2013/34/ EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 on the annual financial statements, consolidated financial statements and related reports of certain types of undertakings,

(ii)in a manner equivalent to consolidated accounts and consolidated reports so drawn up,

(iii) in accordance with international accounting standards adopted pursuant to the IAS Regulation, or

(iv) in accordance with accounting standards which are equivalent to such international accounting standards, as determined pursuant to Commission Regulation (EC) No. 1569/2007 of 21 December 2007 establishing a mechanism for the determination of equivalence of accounting standards applied by third country issuers of securities pursuant to Directives 2003/71/ EC and 2004/109/ EC of the European Parliament and of the Council; ]  

(c)the group accounts must be audited by one or more persons authorised to audit accounts under the law under which the parent undertaking which draws them up is established;

(d)the company must disclose in its individual accounts that it is exempt from the obligation to prepare and deliver group accounts;

(e)the company must state in its individual accounts the name of the parent undertaking which draws up the group accounts referred to above and—

[F55(i)the address of the undertaking’s registered office (whether in or outside the United Kingdom), or;]

(ii)if it is unincorporated, the address of its principal place of business;

(f)the company must deliver to the registrar, within the period for filing its accounts and reports for the financial year in question, copies of—

(i)the group accounts, and

(ii)where appropriate, the consolidated annual report,

together with the auditor's report on them;

(g)any requirement of Part 35 of this Act as to the delivery to the registrar of a certified translation into English must be met in relation to any document comprised in the accounts and reports delivered in accordance with paragraph (f).

(3)For the purposes of subsection (1)(b) [F56and (c)], shares held by a wholly-owned subsidiary of the parent undertaking, or held on behalf of the parent undertaking or a wholly-owned subsidiary, are attributed to the parent undertaking.

(4)The exemption does not apply to a company [F57which is a traded company].

(5)Shares held by directors of a company for the purpose of complying with any share qualification requirement shall be disregarded in determining for the purposes of this section whether the company is a wholly-owned subsidiary.

F58(6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F53S. 401(1)(b)(c) substituted for s. 401(1)(b) (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(8)(a) (with reg. 3)

F54S. 401(2)(b) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(8)(b) (with reg. 3)

F55S. 401(2)(e)(i) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(8)(c) (with reg. 3)

F56Words in s. 401(3) inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(8)(d) (with reg. 3)

F57Words in s. 401(4) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(8)(e) (with reg. 3)

F58S. 401(6) omitted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by virtue of The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(8)(f) (with reg. 3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C70Ss. 398-408 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2008) by The Limited Liability Partnerships (Accounts and Audit) (Application of Companies Act 2006) Regulations 2008 (S.I. 2008/1911), reg. 10 (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Limited Liability Partnerships, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/575), regs. 2(1), 9); (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(5)(b) of the amending S.I.) by The Statutory Auditors Regulations 2017 (S.I. 2017/1164), reg. 1(2)(3), Sch. 3 para. 3 (with reg. 2(6)(7))

402Exemption if no subsidiary undertakings need be included in the consolidationU.K.

A parent company is exempt from the requirement to prepare group accounts if under section 405 all of its subsidiary undertakings could be excluded from consolidation in Companies Act group accounts.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C71Ss. 402-406 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), reg. 38 (with Sch. 8)

C72Ss. 402-406 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), reg. 53 (with Sch. 8)

C73Ss. 398-408 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2008) by The Limited Liability Partnerships (Accounts and Audit) (Application of Companies Act 2006) Regulations 2008 (S.I. 2008/1911), reg. 10 (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Limited Liability Partnerships, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/575), regs. 2(1), 9); (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(5)(b) of the amending S.I.) by The Statutory Auditors Regulations 2017 (S.I. 2017/1164), reg. 1(2)(3), Sch. 3 para. 3 (with reg. 2(6)(7))

Group accounts: generalU.K.

403Group accounts: applicable accounting frameworkU.K.

(1)The group accounts of certain parent companies are required by Article 4 of the IAS Regulation to be prepared in accordance with international accounting standards (“IAS group accounts”).

(2)The group accounts of other companies may be prepared—

(a)in accordance with section 404 (“Companies Act group accounts”), or

(b)in accordance with international accounting standards (“IAS group accounts”).

This is subject to the following provisions of this section.

(3)The group accounts of a parent company that is a charity must be Companies Act group accounts.

(4)After the first financial year in which the directors of a parent company prepare IAS group accounts (“the first IAS year”), all subsequent group accounts of the company must be prepared in accordance with international accounting standards unless there is a relevant change of circumstance. [F59This is subject to subsection (5A).]

(5)There is a relevant change of circumstance if, at any time during or after the first IAS year—

(a)the company becomes a subsidiary undertaking of another undertaking that does not prepare IAS group accounts,

(b)the company ceases to be a company with securities admitted to trading on a regulated market in an EEA State, or

(c)a parent undertaking of the company ceases to be an undertaking with securities admitted to trading on a regulated market in an EEA State.

[F60(5A) After a financial year in which the directors of a parent company prepare IAS group accounts for the company, the directors may change to preparing Companies Act group accounts for a reason other than a relevant change of circumstance provided they have not changed to Companies Act group accounts in the period of five years preceding the first day of that financial year.

(5B)In calculating the five year period for the purpose of subsection (5A), no account should be taken of a change due to a relevant change of circumstance.]

(6)If, having changed to preparing Companies Act group accounts F61. . . , the directors again prepare IAS group accounts for the company, subsections (4) and (5) apply again as if the first financial year for which such accounts are again prepared were the first IAS year.

Textual Amendments

F59Words in s. 403(4) inserted (1.10.2012 with application in accordance with reg. 2 of the amending S.I.) by The Companies and Limited Liability Partnerships (Accounts and Audit Exemptions and Change of Accounting Framework) Regulations 2012 (S.I. 2012/2301), regs. 1, 15

F61Words in s. 403(6) omitted (1.10.2012 with application in accordance with reg. 2 of the amending S.I.) by virtue of The Companies and Limited Liability Partnerships (Accounts and Audit Exemptions and Change of Accounting Framework) Regulations 2012 (S.I. 2012/2301), regs. 1, 17

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C74Ss. 402-406 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), reg. 38 (with Sch. 8)

C75Ss. 402-406 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), reg. 53 (with Sch. 8)

C76Ss. 398-408 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2008) by The Limited Liability Partnerships (Accounts and Audit) (Application of Companies Act 2006) Regulations 2008 (S.I. 2008/1911), reg. 10 (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Limited Liability Partnerships, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/575), regs. 2(1), 9); (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(5)(b) of the amending S.I.) by The Statutory Auditors Regulations 2017 (S.I. 2017/1164), reg. 1(2)(3), Sch. 3 para. 3 (with reg. 2(6)(7))

404Companies Act group accountsU.K.

[F62(A1)Companies Act group accounts must state, in respect of the parent company—

(a)the part of the United Kingdom in which the company is registered,

(b)the company’s registered number,

(c)whether the company is a public or a private company and whether it is limited by shares or by guarantee,

(d)the address of the company’s registered office, and

(e)where appropriate, the fact that the company is being wound-up.]

(1)Companies Act group accounts must comprise—

(a)a consolidated balance sheet dealing with the state of affairs of the parent company and its subsidiary undertakings, and

(b)a consolidated profit and loss account dealing with the profit or loss of the parent company and its subsidiary undertakings.

(2)The accounts must give a true and fair view of the state of affairs as at the end of the financial year, and the profit or loss for the financial year, of the undertakings included in the consolidation as a whole, so far as concerns members of the company.

(3)The accounts must comply with provision made by the Secretary of State by regulations as to—

(a)the form and content of the consolidated balance sheet and consolidated profit and loss account, and

(b)additional information to be provided by way of notes to the accounts.

(4)If compliance with the regulations, and any other provision made by or under this Act as to the matters to be included in a company's group accounts or in notes to those accounts, would not be sufficient to give a true and fair view, the necessary additional information must be given in the accounts or in a note to them.

(5)If in special circumstances compliance with any of those provisions is inconsistent with the requirement to give a true and fair view, the directors must depart from that provision to the extent necessary to give a true and fair view.

Particulars of any such departure, the reasons for it and its effect must be given in a note to the accounts.

Textual Amendments

F62S. 404(A1) inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(9) (with reg. 3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C78Ss. 402-406 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), reg. 38 (with Sch. 8)

C79Ss. 402-406 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), reg. 53 (with Sch. 8)

C80Ss. 398-408 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2008) by The Limited Liability Partnerships (Accounts and Audit) (Application of Companies Act 2006) Regulations 2008 (S.I. 2008/1911), reg. 10 (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Limited Liability Partnerships, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/575), regs. 2(1), 9); (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(5)(b) of the amending S.I.) by The Statutory Auditors Regulations 2017 (S.I. 2017/1164), reg. 1(2)(3), Sch. 3 para. 3 (with reg. 2(6)(7))

Commencement Information

I3S. 404 wholly in force at 6.4.2008; s. 404 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 1300; s. 404 in force for specified purposes at 20.1.2007 by S.I. 2006/3428, art. 3(3) (subject to art. 5, Sch. 1 and with arts. 6, 8, Sch. 5); s. 404 in force at 6.4.2008 by S.I. 2007/3495, art. 3(1)(d) (with arts. 7, 12, Sch. 4 paras. 6-8)

405Companies Act group accounts: subsidiary undertakings included in the consolidationU.K.

(1)Where a parent company prepares Companies Act group accounts, all the subsidiary undertakings of the company must be included in the consolidation, subject to the following exceptions.

(2)A subsidiary undertaking may be excluded from consolidation if its inclusion is not material for the purpose of giving a true and fair view (but two or more undertakings may be excluded only if they are not material taken together).

(3)A subsidiary undertaking may be excluded from consolidation where—

(a)severe long-term restrictions substantially hinder the exercise of the rights of the parent company over the assets or management of that undertaking, or

(b)[F63extremely rare circumstances mean that] the information necessary for the preparation of group accounts cannot be obtained without disproportionate expense or undue delay, or

(c)the interest of the parent company is held exclusively with a view to subsequent resale.

(4)The reference in subsection (3)(a) to the rights of the parent company and the reference in subsection (3)(c) to the interest of the parent company are, respectively, to rights and interests held by or attributed to the company for the purposes of the definition of “parent undertaking” (see section 1162) in the absence of which it would not be the parent company.

Textual Amendments

F63Words in s. 405(3)(b) inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(10) (with reg. 3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C81Ss. 402-406 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), reg. 38 (with Sch. 8)

C82Ss. 402-406 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), reg. 53 (with Sch. 8)

C83Ss. 398-408 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2008) by The Limited Liability Partnerships (Accounts and Audit) (Application of Companies Act 2006) Regulations 2008 (S.I. 2008/1911), reg. 10 (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Limited Liability Partnerships, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/575), regs. 2(1), 9); (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(5)(b) of the amending S.I.) by The Statutory Auditors Regulations 2017 (S.I. 2017/1164), reg. 1(2)(3), Sch. 3 para. 3 (with reg. 2(6)(7))

[F64 406 . IAS group accountsU.K.

(1)IAS group accounts must state—

(a)the part of the United Kingdom in which the company is registered,

(b)the company’s registered number,

(c)whether the company is a public or a private company and whether it is limited by shares or by guarantee,

(d)the address of the company’s registered office, and

(e)where appropriate, the fact that the company is being wound-up.

(2)The notes to the accounts must state that the accounts have been prepared in accordance with international accounting standards.]

Textual Amendments

F64S. 406 substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(11) (with reg. 3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C81Ss. 402-406 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), reg. 38 (with Sch. 8)

C82Ss. 402-406 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), reg. 53 (with Sch. 8)

C83Ss. 398-408 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2008) by The Limited Liability Partnerships (Accounts and Audit) (Application of Companies Act 2006) Regulations 2008 (S.I. 2008/1911), reg. 10 (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Limited Liability Partnerships, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/575), regs. 2(1), 9); (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(5)(b) of the amending S.I.) by The Statutory Auditors Regulations 2017 (S.I. 2017/1164), reg. 1(2)(3), Sch. 3 para. 3 (with reg. 2(6)(7))

407Consistency of financial reporting within groupU.K.

(1)The directors of a parent company must secure that the individual accounts of—

(a)the parent company, and

(b)each of its subsidiary undertakings,

are all prepared using the same financial reporting framework, except to the extent that in their opinion there are good reasons for not doing so.

(2)Subsection (1) does not apply if the directors do not prepare group accounts for the parent company.

(3)Subsection (1) only applies to accounts of subsidiary undertakings that are required to be prepared under this Part.

(4)Subsection (1) does not require accounts of undertakings that are charities to be prepared using the same financial reporting framework as accounts of undertakings which are not charities.

(5)Subsection (1)(a) does not apply where the directors of a parent company prepare IAS group accounts and IAS individual accounts.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C81Ss. 402-406 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), reg. 38 (with Sch. 8)

C82Ss. 402-406 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), reg. 53 (with Sch. 8)

C84Ss. 398-408 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2008) by The Limited Liability Partnerships (Accounts and Audit) (Application of Companies Act 2006) Regulations 2008 (S.I. 2008/1911), reg. 10 (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Limited Liability Partnerships, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/575), regs. 2(1), 9); (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(5)(b) of the amending S.I.) by The Statutory Auditors Regulations 2017 (S.I. 2017/1164), reg. 1(2)(3), Sch. 3 para. 3 (with reg. 2(6)(7))

408Individual profit and loss account where group accounts preparedU.K.

(1)This section applies where—

(a)a company prepares group accounts in accordance with this Act, and

[F65(b)the company’s individual balance sheet shows the company’s profit and loss for the financial year determined in accordance with this Act.]

F66(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(3)The company's individual profit and loss account must be approved in accordance with section 414(1) (approval by directors) but may be omitted from the company's annual accounts for the purposes of the other provisions of the Companies Acts.

(4)The exemption conferred by this section is conditional upon its being disclosed in the company's annual accounts that the exemption applies.

Textual Amendments

F65S. 408(1)(b) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(12)(a) (with reg. 3)

F66S. 408(2) omitted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by virtue of The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(12)(b) (with reg. 3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C81Ss. 402-406 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), reg. 38 (with Sch. 8)

C82Ss. 402-406 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), reg. 53 (with Sch. 8)

C85Ss. 398-408 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2008) by The Limited Liability Partnerships (Accounts and Audit) (Application of Companies Act 2006) Regulations 2008 (S.I. 2008/1911), reg. 10 (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Limited Liability Partnerships, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/575), regs. 2(1), 9); (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(5)(b) of the amending S.I.) by The Statutory Auditors Regulations 2017 (S.I. 2017/1164), reg. 1(2)(3), Sch. 3 para. 3 (with reg. 2(6)(7))

Information to be given in notes to the accountsU.K.

409Information about related undertakingsU.K.

(1)The Secretary of State may make provision by regulations requiring information about related undertakings to be given in notes to a company's annual accounts.

(2)The regulations—

(a)may make different provision according to whether or not the company prepares group accounts, and

(b)may specify the descriptions of undertaking in relation to which they apply, and make different provision in relation to different descriptions of related undertaking.

(3)The regulations may provide that information need not be disclosed with respect to an undertaking that—

(a)is established under the law of a country outside the United Kingdom, or

(b)carries on business outside the United Kingdom,

if the following conditions are met.

(4)The conditions are—

(a)that in the opinion of the directors of the company the disclosure would be seriously prejudicial to the business of—

(i)that undertaking,

(ii)the company,

(iii)any of the company's subsidiary undertakings, or

(iv)any other undertaking which is included in the consolidation;

(b)that the Secretary of State agrees that the information need not be disclosed.

(5)Where advantage is taken of any such exemption, that fact must be stated in a note to the company's annual accounts.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C86Ss. 380-416 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

Commencement Information

I4S. 409 wholly in force at 6.4.2008; s. 409 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 1300; s. 409 in force for specified purposes at 20.1.2007 by S.I. 2006/3428, art. 3(3) (subject to art. 5, Sch. 1 and with arts. 6, 8, Sch. 5); s. 409 in force at 6.4.2008 by S.I. 2007/3495, art. 3(1)(d) (with arts. 7, 12, Sch. 4 paras. 6-8)

F67410Information about related undertakings: alternative complianceU.K.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F67S. 410 omitted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by virtue of The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(13) (with reg. 3)

[F68 410A Information about off-balance sheet arrangementsU.K.

[F69(1)If in any financial year—

(a)a company is or has been party to arrangements that are not reflected in its balance sheet, and

(b)at the balance sheet date the risks or benefits arising from those arrangements are material,

the information required by this section must be given in the notes to the company’s annual accounts.]

(2)The information required is—

(a)the nature and business purpose of the arrangements, and

(b)the financial impact of the arrangements on the company.

(3)The information need only be given to the extent necessary for enabling the financial position of the company to be assessed.

[F70(4)If the company is subject to the small companies regime in relation to the financial year (see section 381), it need not comply with subsection (2)(b).]

(5)This section applies in relation to group accounts as if the undertakings included in the consolidation were a single company.]

Textual Amendments

F69S. 410A(1) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(14)(a) (with reg. 3)

F70S. 410A(4) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(14)(b) (with reg. 3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C88Ss. 380-416 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

411Information about employee numbers and costsU.K.

[F71(1)The notes to a company’s annual accounts must disclose the average number of persons employed by the company in the financial year.

(1A)In the case of a company not subject to the small companies regime, the notes to the company’s accounts must also disclose the average number of persons within each category of persons so employed.]

(2)The categories by reference to which the number required to be disclosed by [F72subsection (1A)] is to be determined must be such as the directors may select having regard to the manner in which the company's activities are organised.

(3)The average number required by [F73subsection (1) or (1A)] is determined by dividing the relevant annual number by the number of months in the financial year.

(4)The relevant annual number is determined by ascertaining for each month in the financial year—

(a)for the purposes of [F74subsection (1)], the number of persons employed under contracts of service by the company in that month (whether throughout the month or not);

(b)for the purposes of [F75subsection (1A)], the number of persons in the category in question of persons so employed;

and adding together all the monthly numbers.

[F76(5)Except in the case of a company subject to the small companies regime, the notes to the company’s annual accounts or the profit and loss account must disclose, with reference to all persons employed by the company during the financial year, the total staff costs of the company relating to the financial year broken down between—

(a)wages and salaries paid or payable in respect of that year to those persons,

(b)social security costs incurred by the company on their behalf, and

(c)other pension costs so incurred.]

(6)In subsection (5)—

  • pension costs” includes any costs incurred by the company in respect of—

    (a)

    any pension scheme established for the purpose of providing pensions for persons currently or formerly employed by the company,

    (b)

    any sums set aside for the future payment of pensions directly by the company to current or former employees, and

    (c)

    any pensions paid directly to such persons without having first been set aside;

  • social security costs” means any contributions by the company to any state social security or pension scheme, fund or arrangement.

[F77(7)This section applies in relation to group accounts as if the undertakings included in the consolidation were a single company.]

Textual Amendments

F71S. 411(1)(1A) substituted for s. 411(1) (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(15)(a) (with reg. 3)

F72Words in s. 411(2) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(15)(b) (with reg. 3)

F73Words in s. 411(3) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(15)(c) (with reg. 3)

F74Words in s. 411(4)(a) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(15)(d)(i) (with reg. 3)

F75Words in s. 411(4)(b) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(15)(d)(ii) (with reg. 3)

F76S. 411(5) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(15)(e) (with reg. 3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C91Ss. 380-416 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

412Information about directors' benefits: remunerationU.K.

(1)The Secretary of State may make provision by regulations requiring information to be given in notes to a company's annual accounts about directors' remuneration.

(2)The matters about which information may be required include—

(a)gains made by directors on the exercise of share options;

(b)benefits received or receivable by directors under long-term incentive schemes;

(c)payments for loss of office (as defined in section 215);

(d)benefits receivable, and contributions for the purpose of providing benefits, in respect of past services of a person as director or in any other capacity while director;

(e)consideration paid to or receivable by third parties for making available the services of a person as director or in any other capacity while director.

(3)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), regulations under this section may make any such provision as was made immediately before the commencement of this Part by Part 1 of Schedule 6 to the Companies Act 1985 (c. 6).

(4)For the purposes of this section, and regulations made under it, amounts paid to or receivable by—

(a)a person connected with a director, or

(b)a body corporate controlled by a director,

are treated as paid to or receivable by the director.

The expressions “connected with” and “controlled by” in this subsection have the same meaning as in Part 10 (company directors).

(5)It is the duty of—

(a)any director of a company, and

(b)any person who is or has at any time in the preceding five years been a director of the company,

to give notice to the company of such matters relating to himself as may be necessary for the purposes of regulations under this section.

(6)A person who makes default in complying with subsection (5) commits an offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C92Ss. 380-416 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

Commencement Information

I5S. 412 wholly in force at 6.4.2008; s. 412 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 1300; s. 412 in force for specified purposes at 20.1.2007 by S.I. 2006/3428, art. 3(3) (subject to art. 5, Sch. 1 and with arts. 6, 8, Sch. 5); s. 412 in force at 6.4.2008 by S.I. 2007/3495, art. 3(1)(d) (with arts. 7, 12, Sch. 4 paras. 6-8)

413Information about directors' benefits: advances, credit and guaranteesU.K.

(1)In the case of a company that does not prepare group accounts, details of—

(a)advances and credits granted by the company to its directors, and

(b)guarantees of any kind entered into by the company on behalf of its directors,

must be shown in the notes to its individual accounts.

(2)In the case of a parent company that prepares group accounts, details of—

(a)advances and credits granted to the directors of the parent company, by that company or by any of its subsidiary undertakings, and

(b)guarantees of any kind entered into on behalf of the directors of the parent company, by that company or by any of its subsidiary undertakings,

must be shown in the notes to the group accounts.

(3)The details required of an advance or credit are—

(a)its amount,

(b)an indication of the interest rate,

(c)its main conditions, F78...

(d)any amounts repaid.

[F79(e)any amounts written off, and

(f)any amounts waived.]

(4)The details required of a guarantee are—

(a)its main terms,

(b)the amount of the maximum liability that may be incurred by the company (or its subsidiary), and

(c)any amount paid and any liability incurred by the company (or its subsidiary) for the purpose of fulfilling the guarantee (including any loss incurred by reason of enforcement of the guarantee).

(5)There must also be stated in the notes to the accounts the totals—

(a)of amounts stated under subsection (3)(a),

(b)of amounts stated under subsection (3)(d),

[F80(ba)of amounts stated under subsection 3(e),

(bb)of amounts stated under subsection 3(f),]

(c)of amounts stated under subsection (4)(b), and

(d)of amounts stated under subsection (4)(c).

(6)References in this section to the directors of a company are to the persons who were [F81directors] at any time in the financial year to which the accounts relate.

(7)The requirements of this section apply in relation to every advance, credit or guarantee subsisting at any time in the financial year to which the accounts relate—

(a)whenever it was entered into,

(b)whether or not the person concerned was a director of the company in question at the time it was entered into, and

(c)in the case of an advance, credit or guarantee involving a subsidiary undertaking of that company, whether or not that undertaking was such a subsidiary undertaking at the time it was entered into.

(8)Banking companies and the holding companies of credit institutions need only state the details required by [F82subsection (5)(a) and (c)].

Textual Amendments

F78Word in s. 413(3)(c) omitted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by virtue of The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(16)(a)(i) (with reg. 3)

F79S. 413(3)(e)(f) inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(16)(a)(ii) (with reg. 3)

F80S. 413(5)(ba)(bb) inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(16)(b) (with reg. 3)

F81Word in s. 413(6) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 5(16)(c) (with reg. 3)

F82Words in s. 413(8) substituted (23.12.2009) by The Companies Act 2006 (Amendment of Section 413) Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/3022), reg. 2 (with application as mentioned in reg. 1(2))

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C93Ss. 380-416 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

Approval and signing of accountsU.K.

414Approval and signing of accountsU.K.

(1)A company's annual accounts must be approved by the board of directors and signed on behalf of the board by a director of the company.

(2)The signature must be on the company's balance sheet.

[F83(3)If the accounts are prepared in accordance with the small companies regime, the balance sheet must contain, in a prominent position above the signature—

(a)in the case of individual accounts prepared in accordance with the micro-entity provisions, a statement to that effect, or

(b)in the case of accounts not prepared as mentioned in paragraph (a), a statement to the effect that the accounts have been prepared in accordance with the provisions applicable to companies subject to the small companies regime.]

(4)If annual accounts are approved that do not comply with the requirements of this Act (and, where applicable, of Article 4 of the IAS Regulation), every director of the company who—

(a)knew that they did not comply, or was reckless as to whether they complied, and

(b)failed to take reasonable steps to secure compliance with those requirements or, as the case may be, to prevent the accounts from being approved,

commits an offence.

(5)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable—

(a)on conviction on indictment, to a fine;

(b)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum.

Textual Amendments

F83S. 414(3) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2) of the amending S.I.) by The Small Companies (Micro-Entities' Accounts) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/3008), regs. 2(1), 5(4) (with reg. 3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 380-414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C95S. 414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), reg. 39 (with Sch. 8)

C96S. 414 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), reg. 54 (with Sch. 8)

[F84 CHAPTER   4A U.K.STRATEGIC REPORT

Textual Amendments

F84Pt. 15 Ch. 4A inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(4) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies Act 2006 (Strategic Report and Directors' Report) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1970), regs. 1(2)(3),3

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C98Pt. 15 Ch. 4A applied in part (with modifications) by S.I. 2008/565, reg. 3 (as substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(4) of the amending S.I.) by The Statutory Auditors Regulations 2017 (S.I. 2017/1164), reg. 1(2)(3), Sch. 2 para. 3 (with reg. 2(6)(7)))

414ADuty to prepare strategic reportU.K.

(1)The directors of a company must prepare a strategic report for each financial year of the company.

(2)Subsection (1) does not apply if the company is entitled to the small companies exemption.

(3)For a financial year in which—

(a)the company is a parent company, and

(b)the directors of the company prepare group accounts,

the strategic report must be a consolidated report (a “group strategic report”) relating to the undertakings included in the consolidation.

(4)A group strategic report may, where appropriate, give greater emphasis to the matters that are significant to the undertakings included in the consolidation, taken as a whole.

(5)In the case of failure to comply with the requirement to prepare a strategic report, an offence is committed by every person who—

(a)was a director of the company immediately before the end of the period for filing accounts and reports for the financial year in question, and

(b)failed to take all reasonable steps for securing compliance with that requirement.

(6)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable—

(a)on conviction on indictment, to a fine;

(b)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C99S. 414A applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2008/1911, reg. 12A (as inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(5)(a) of the amending S.I.) by The Statutory Auditors Regulations 2017 (S.I. 2017/1164), reg. 1(2)(3), Sch. 3 para. 4 (with reg. 2(6)(7)))

414BStrategic report: small companies exemptionU.K.

A company is entitled to [F85the] small companies exemption in relation to the strategic report for a financial year if—

(a)it is entitled to prepare accounts for the year in accordance with the small companies regime, or

(b)it would be so entitled but for being or having been a member of an ineligible group.

Textual Amendments

F85Word in s. 414B inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 6 (with reg. 3)

414CContents of strategic reportU.K.

(1)The purpose of the strategic report is to inform members of the company and help them assess how the directors have performed their duty under section 172 (duty to promote the success of the company).

(2)The strategic report must contain—

(a)a fair review of the company’s business, and

(b)a description of the principal risks and uncertainties facing the company.

[F86Section 414CZA (section 172(1) statement) and sections 414CA and 414CB (non-financial information statement) make further provision about the contents of a strategic report.]

(3)The review required is a balanced and comprehensive analysis of—

(a)the development and performance of the company’s business during the financial year, and

(b)the position of the company’s business at the end of that year,

consistent with the size and complexity of the business.

(4)The review must, to the extent necessary for an understanding of the development, performance or position of the company’s business, include—

(a)analysis using financial key performance indicators, and

(b)where appropriate, analysis using other key performance indicators, including information relating to environmental matters and employee matters.

(5)In subsection (4), “key performance indicators” means factors by reference to which the development, performance or position of the company’s business can be measured effectively.

(6)Where a company qualifies as medium-sized in relation to a financial year (see sections 465 to 467), the review for the year need not comply with the requirements of subsection (4) so far as they relate to non-financial information.

(7)In the case of a quoted company the strategic report must, to the extent necessary for an understanding of the development, performance or position of the company’s business, include—

(a)the main trends and factors likely to affect the future development, performance and position of the company’s business, and

(b)information about—

(i)environmental matters (including the impact of the company’s business on the environment),

(ii)the company’s employees, and

(iii)social, community and human rights issues,

including information about any policies of the company in relation to those matters and the effectiveness of those policies.

If the report does not contain information of each kind mentioned in paragraphs (b)(i), (ii) and (iii), it must state which of those kinds of information it does not contain.

(8)In the case of a quoted company the strategic report must include—

(a)a description of the company’s strategy,

(b)a description of the company’s business model,

(c)a breakdown showing at the end of the financial year—

(i)the number of persons of each sex who were directors of the company;

(ii)the number of persons of each sex who were senior managers of the company (other than persons falling within sub-paragraph (i)); and

(iii)the number of persons of each sex who were employees of the company.

(9)In subsection (8), “senior manager” means a person who—

(a)has responsibility for planning, directing or controlling the activities of the company, or a strategically significant part of the company, and

(b)is an employee of the company.

(10)In relation to a group strategic report—

(a)the reference to the company in subsection (8)(c)(i) is to the parent company; and

(b)the breakdown required by subsection (8)(c)(ii) must include the number of persons of each sex who were the directors of the undertakings included in the consolidation.

(11)The strategic report may also contain such of the matters otherwise required by regulations made under section 416(4) to be disclosed in the directors’ report as the directors consider are of strategic importance to the company.

(12)The report must, where appropriate, include references to, and additional explanations of, amounts included in the company’s annual accounts.

(13)Subject to paragraph (10), in relation to a group strategic report this section has effect as if the references to the company were references to the undertakings included in the consolidation.

(14)Nothing in this section requires the disclosure of information about impending developments or matters in the course of negotiation if the disclosure would, in the opinion of the directors, be seriously prejudicial to the interests of the company.

Textual Amendments

F86Words in s. 414C(2) inserted (with application in accordance with reg. 1(4) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies (Miscellaneous Reporting) Regulations 2018 (S.I. 2018/860), regs. 1(1), 3

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C100S. 414C applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2008/1911, reg. 12A (as inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(5)(a) of the amending S.I.) by The Statutory Auditors Regulations 2017 (S.I. 2017/1164), reg. 1(2)(3), Sch. 3 para. 4 (with reg. 2(6)(7)))

[F87414CZA.Section 172(1) statementU.K.

(1)A strategic report for a financial year of a company must include a statement (a “section 172(1) statement”) which describes how the directors have had regard to the matters set out in section 172(1)(a) to (f) when performing their duty under section 172.

(2)Subsection (1) does not apply if the company qualifies as medium-sized in relation to that financial year (see sections 465 to 467).]

Textual Amendments

F87S. 414CZA inserted (with application in accordance with reg. 1(4) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies (Miscellaneous Reporting) Regulations 2018 (S.I. 2018/860), regs. 1(1), 4

[F88414CANon-financial information statementU.K.

(1)A strategic report of a company must include a non-financial information statement if the company was at any time within the financial year to which the report relates—

(a)a traded company,

(b)a banking company,

(c)an authorised insurance company, or

(d)a company carrying on insurance market activity.

(2)If the company’s strategic report is a group strategic report, the non-financial information statement to be included in the report under subsection (1) must be a consolidated statement (a “group non-financial information statement”) relating to the undertakings included in the consolidation.

(3)Subsection (1) does not apply if—

(a)the company is subject to the small companies regime in relation to that financial year (see sections 382 to 384), or

(b)the company qualifies as medium-sized in relation to that financial year (see sections 465 to 467).

(4)Subsection (1) does not apply if—

(a)where the company was not a parent company in that financial year, the company had no more than 500 employees in that financial year, or

(b)where the company was a parent company at any time within that financial year, the aggregate number of employees for a group headed by that company in that financial year was no more than 500.

(5)The number of employees means the average number of persons employed by the company in the year, determined as follows—

(a)find for each month in the financial year the number of persons employed under contracts of service by the company in that month (whether throughout the month or not),

(b)add together the monthly totals, and

(c)divide by the number of months in the financial year.

(6)The aggregate number of employees for a group is ascertained by aggregating the relevant figures determined in accordance with subsection (5) for each member of the group.

(7)Subsection (1) does not apply if the company is a subsidiary undertaking at the end of that financial year and is included in—

(a)a group strategic report of a parent undertaking of the company that satisfies the requirements in subsection (8), or

(b)a report that satisfies the requirements in subsection (9).

(8)The requirements in this subsection are that—

(a)the group strategic report relates to undertakings that include the company and its subsidiary undertakings (if any),

(b)the report is prepared for a financial year of the parent undertaking that ends at the same time as, or before the end of, the company’s financial year, and

(c)the report includes a group non-financial information statement in respect of all the undertakings included in the consolidation.

(9)The requirements in this subsection are that—

(a)the report is—

(i)a consolidated management report under Article 29 of Directive 2013/34/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on the annual financial statements, consolidated financial statements and related reports of certain types of undertakings, or

(ii)such separate report as is referred to in Article 19a(3) or 29a(3) of that Directive,

(b)the report is the report of a parent undertaking of the company established under the law of an EEA State,

(c)the report relates to undertakings that include the company and its subsidiary undertakings (if any), and

(d)the report includes such information as is required by Article 19a (non-financial statement) or Article 29a (consolidated non-financial statement), as the case may be.

(10)A company to which subsection (1) does not apply may include a non-financial information statement in its strategic report or, as the case may be, a group non-financial information statement in its group strategic report.

Textual Amendments

F88Ss. 414CA, 414CB inserted (with application in accordance with reg. 1(2) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Non-Financial Reporting) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/1245), regs. 1(1), 4

414CBContents of non-financial information statementU.K.

(1)The non-financial information statement must contain information, to the extent necessary for an understanding of the company’s development, performance and position and the impact of its activity, relating to, as a minimum—

(a)environmental matters (including the impact of the company’s business on the environment),

(b)the company’s employees,

(c)social matters,

(d)respect for human rights, and

(e)anti-corruption and anti-bribery matters.

(2)The information must include—

(a)a brief description of the company’s business model,

(b)a description of the policies pursued by the company in relation to the matters mentioned in subsection (1)(a) to (e) and any due diligence processes implemented by the company in pursuance of those policies,

(c)a description of the outcome of those policies,

(d)a description of the principal risks relating to the matters mentioned in subsection (1)(a) to (e) arising in connection with the company’s operations and, where relevant and proportionate—

(i)a description of its business relationships, products and services which are likely to cause adverse impacts in those areas of risk, and

(ii)a description of how it manages the principal risks, and

(e)a description of the non-financial key performance indicators relevant to the company’s business.

(3)In subsection (2)(e), “key performance indicators” means factors by reference to which the development, performance or position of the company’s business, or the impact of the company’s activity, can be measured effectively.

(4)If the company does not pursue policies in relation to one or more of the matters mentioned in subsection (1)(a) to (e), the statement must provide a clear and reasoned explanation for the company’s not doing so.

(5)The statement must, where appropriate, include references to, and additional explanations of, amounts included in the company’s annual accounts.

(6)If information required by subsections (1) to (5) to be included in the statement is published by the company by means of a national, EU-based or international reporting framework, the statement must specify the framework or frameworks used, instead of including that information.

(7)If a non-financial information statement complies with subsections (1) to (6), the strategic report of which it is part is to be treated as complying with the requirements in—

(a)section 414C(4)(b),

(b)section 414C(7), except as it relates to community issues,

(c)section 414C(8)(b), and

(d)section 414C(12), so far as relating to the provisions mentioned in paragraphs (a) to (c).

(8)In relation to a group non-financial information statement, this section has effect as if the references to the company were references to the undertakings included in the consolidation.

(9)Nothing in this section requires the disclosure of information about impending developments or matters in the course of negotiation if the disclosure would, in the opinion of the directors, be seriously prejudicial to the commercial interests of the company, provided that the non-disclosure does not prevent a fair and balanced understanding of the company’s development, performance or position or the impact of the company’s activity.]

Textual Amendments

F88Ss. 414CA, 414CB inserted (with application in accordance with reg. 1(2) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Non-Financial Reporting) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/1245), regs. 1(1), 4

414DApproval and signing of strategic reportU.K.

(1)The strategic report must be approved by the board of directors and signed on behalf of the board by a director or the secretary of the company.

(2)If a strategic report is approved that does not comply with the requirements of this Act, every director of the company who—

(a)knew that it did not comply, or was reckless as to whether it complied, and

(b)failed to take reasonable steps to secure compliance with those requirements or, as the case may be, to prevent the report from being approved,

commits an offence.

(3)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable—

(a)on conviction on indictment, to a fine;

(b)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum.]

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C101S. 414D applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2008/1911, reg. 12A (as inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(5)(a) of the amending S.I.) by The Statutory Auditors Regulations 2017 (S.I. 2017/1164), reg. 1(2)(3), Sch. 3 para. 4 (with reg. 2(6)(7)))

Chapter 5U.K.Directors' report

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C103Pt. 15 Ch. 5 applied (with modifications) (31.7.2015) by The European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/1493), regs. 1(2), 7(1) (with reg. 11)

C104Pt. 15 Ch. 5 applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2008/565, reg. 3 (as substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(4) of the amending S.I.) by The Statutory Auditors Regulations 2017 (S.I. 2017/1164), reg. 1(2)(3), Sch. 2 para. 3 (with reg. 2(6)(7)))

Directors' reportU.K.

415Duty to prepare directors' reportU.K.

(1)The directors of a company must prepare a directors' report for each financial year of the company.

[F89(1A)Subsection (1) does not apply if the company qualifies as a micro-entity (see sections 384A and 384B).]

(2)For a financial year in which—

(a)the company is a parent company, and

(b)the directors of the company prepare group accounts,

the directors' report must be a consolidated report (a “group directors' report”) relating to the undertakings included in the consolidation.

(3)A group directors' report may, where appropriate, give greater emphasis to the matters that are significant to the undertakings included in the consolidation, taken as a whole.

(4)In the case of failure to comply with the requirement to prepare a directors' report, an offence is committed by every person who—

(a)was a director of the company immediately before the end of the period for filing accounts and reports for the financial year in question, and

(b)failed to take all reasonable steps for securing compliance with that requirement.

(5)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable—

(a)on conviction on indictment, to a fine;

(b)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum.

Textual Amendments

F89S. 415(1A) inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 7 (with reg. 3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C105Ss. 380-416 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

C106Ss. 415-416 applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2009/2436, Sch 1 para. 10 (as amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C107S. 415 applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2008/1911, reg. 12B (as inserted (1.4.2019) by The Companies (Directors Report) and Limited Liability Partnerships (Energy and Carbon Report) Regulations 2018 (S.I. 2018/1155), regs. 2, 10)

[F90 415A Directors' report: small companies exemptionU.K.

(1)A company is entitled to small companies exemption in relation to the directors' report for a financial year if—

(a)it is entitled to prepare accounts for the year in accordance with the small companies regime, or

(b)it would be so entitled but for being or having been a member of an ineligible group.

(2)The exemption is relevant to—

  • section 416(3) (contents of report: statement of amount recommended by way of dividend),[F91and]

  • F92 ...

  • sections 444 to 446 (filing obligations of different descriptions of company).]

Textual Amendments

F91Word in s. 415A(2) inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(4) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies Act 2006 (Strategic Report and Directors' Report) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1970), reg. 1(2)(3)4(a)

F92Words in s. 415A(2) omitted (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(4) of the amending S.I.) by virtue of The Companies Act 2006 (Strategic Report and Directors' Report) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1970), reg. 1(2)(3)4(b)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C106Ss. 415-416 applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2009/2436, Sch 1 para. 10 (as amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C108Ss. 380-416 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

C109S. 415A applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2008/1911, reg. 12B (as inserted (1.4.2019) by The Companies (Directors Report) and Limited Liability Partnerships (Energy and Carbon Report) Regulations 2018 (S.I. 2018/1155), regs. 2, 10)

416Contents of directors' report: generalU.K.

(1)The directors' report for a financial year must state—

(a)the names of the persons who, at any time during the financial year, were directors of the company, and

F93(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F94(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(3)Except in the case of a company [F95entitled to the small companies exemption], the report must state the amount (if any) that the directors recommend should be paid by way of dividend.

(4)The Secretary of State may make provision by regulations as to other matters that must be disclosed in a directors' report.

Without prejudice to the generality of this power, the regulations may make any such provision as was formerly made by Schedule 7 to the Companies Act 1985.

Textual Amendments

F93S. 416(1)(b) omitted (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(4) of the amending S.I.) by virtue of The Companies Act 2006 (Strategic Report and Directors' Report) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1970), reg. 1(2)(3)6(2)

F94S. 416(2) omitted (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(4) of the amending S.I.) by virtue of The Companies Act 2006 (Strategic Report and Directors' Report) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1970), reg. 1(2)(3)6(3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C106Ss. 415-416 applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2009/2436, Sch 1 para. 10 (as amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C110Ss. 380-416 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

C111S. 416 applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2008/1911, reg. 12B (as inserted (1.4.2019) by The Companies (Directors Report) and Limited Liability Partnerships (Energy and Carbon Report) Regulations 2018 (S.I. 2018/1155), regs. 2, 10)

Commencement Information

I6S. 416 wholly in force at 6.4.2008; s. 416 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 1300; s. 416 in force for specified purposes at 20.1.2007 by S.I. 2006/3428, art. 3(3) (subject to art. 5, Sch. 1 and with arts. 6, 8, Sch. 5); s. 416 in force at 6.4.2008 by S.I. 2007/3495, art. 3(1)(d) (with arts. 7, 12, Sch. 4 paras. 6-8)

F96417Contents of directors' report: business reviewU.K.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F96S. 417 omitted (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(4) of the amending S.I.) by virtue of The Companies Act 2006 (Strategic Report and Directors' Report) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1970), reg. 1(2)(3)5

418Contents of directors' report: statement as to disclosure to auditorsU.K.

(1)This section applies to a company unless—

(a)it is exempt for the financial year in question from the requirements of Part 16 as to audit of accounts, and

(b)the directors take advantage of that exemption.

(2)The directors' report must contain a statement to the effect that, in the case of each of the persons who are directors at the time the report is approved—

(a)so far as the director is aware, there is no relevant audit information of which the company's auditor is unaware, and

(b)he has taken all the steps that he ought to have taken as a director in order to make himself aware of any relevant audit information and to establish that the company's auditor is aware of that information.

(3)Relevant audit information” means information needed by the company's auditor in connection with preparing his report.

(4)A director is regarded as having taken all the steps that he ought to have taken as a director in order to do the things mentioned in subsection (2)(b) if he has—

(a)made such enquiries of his fellow directors and of the company's auditors for that purpose, and

(b)taken such other steps (if any) for that purpose,

as are required by his duty as a director of the company to exercise reasonable care, skill and diligence.

(5)Where a directors' report containing the statement required by this section is approved but the statement is false, every director of the company who—

(a)knew that the statement was false, or was reckless as to whether it was false, and

(b)failed to take reasonable steps to prevent the report from being approved,

commits an offence.

(6)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (5) is liable—

(a)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or a fine (or both);

(b)on summary conviction—

(i)in England and Wales, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding twelve months or to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum (or both);

(ii)in Scotland or Northern Ireland, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months, or to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum (or both).

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C112Ss. 418-469 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

C113Ss. 418-419A applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2009/2436, Sch 1 para. 10 (as amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

419Approval and signing of directors' reportU.K.

(1)The directors' report must be approved by the board of directors and signed on behalf of the board by a director or the secretary of the company.

(2)[F97If in preparing the report advantage is taken of the small companies exemption,], it must contain a statement to that effect in a prominent position above the signature.

(3)If a directors' report is approved that does not comply with the requirements of this Act, every director of the company who—

(a)knew that it did not comply, or was reckless as to whether it complied, and

(b)failed to take reasonable steps to secure compliance with those requirements or, as the case may be, to prevent the report from being approved,

commits an offence.

(4)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable—

(a)on conviction on indictment, to a fine;

(b)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum.

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C113Ss. 418-419A applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2009/2436, Sch 1 para. 10 (as amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C116Ss. 418-469 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

C117S. 419 applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2008/1911, reg. 12B (as inserted (1.4.2019) by The Companies (Directors Report) and Limited Liability Partnerships (Energy and Carbon Report) Regulations 2018 (S.I. 2018/1155), regs. 2, 10)

[F98 419A Approval and signing of separate corporate governance statementU.K.

Any separate corporate governance statement must be approved by the board of directors and signed on behalf of the board by a director or the secretary of the company.]

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C113Ss. 418-419A applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2009/2436, Sch 1 para. 10 (as amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C118Ss. 418-469 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

Chapter 6U.K.Quoted companies [F99and traded companies]: directors' remuneration report

420Duty to prepare directors' remuneration reportU.K.

(1)The directors of a quoted company[F100, or of a traded company (as defined by section 360C) that is not a quoted company,] must prepare a directors' remuneration report for each financial year of the company.

(2)In the case of failure to comply with the requirement to prepare a directors' remuneration report, every person who—

(a)was a director of the company immediately before the end of the period for filing accounts and reports for the financial year in question, and

(b)failed to take all reasonable steps for securing compliance with that requirement,

commits an offence.

(3)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable—

(a)on conviction on indictment, to a fine;

(b)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum.

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C119Ss. 418-469 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

421Contents of directors' remuneration reportU.K.

(1)The Secretary of State may make provision by regulations as to—

(a)the information that must be contained in a directors' remuneration report,

(b)how information is to be set out in the report, and

(c)what is to be the auditable part of the report.

(2)Without prejudice to the generality of this power, the regulations may make any such provision as was made, immediately before the commencement of this Part, by Schedule 7A to the Companies Act 1985 (c. 6).

F101 [F102( 2A )The regulations must provide that any information required to be included in the report as to the policy of the company with respect to the making of remuneration payments and payments for loss of office (within the meaning of Chapter 4A of Part 10) is to be set out in a separate part of the report.]

(3)It is the duty of—

(a)any director of a company, and

(b)any person who is or has at any time in the preceding five years been a director of the company,

to give notice to the company of such matters relating to himself as may be necessary for the purposes of regulations under this section.

(4)A person who makes default in complying with subsection (3) commits an offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

Textual Amendments

F101S. 421(2A) inserted (25.4.2013 for specified purposes, 1.10.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Enterprise and Regulatory Reform Act 2013 (c. 24), ss. 79(1), 103(1)(i), (3); S.I. 2013/2227, art. 2(h)

F102S. 421(2A) inserted (25.4.2013 for specified purposes) by Enterprise and Regulatory Reform Act 2013 (c. 24), ss. 79(1), 103(1)(i)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C120Ss. 418-469 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

Commencement Information

I7S. 421 wholly in force at 6.4.2008; s. 421 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 1300; s. 421 in force for specified purposes at 20.1.2007 by S.I. 2006/3428, art. 3(3) (subject to art. 5, Sch. 1 and with arts. 6, 8, Sch. 5); s. 421 in force at 6.4.2008 by S.I. 2007/3495, art. 3(1)(d) (with arts. 7, 12, Sch. 4 paras. 6-8)

422Approval and signing of directors' remuneration reportU.K.

(1)The directors' remuneration report must be approved by the board of directors and signed on behalf of the board by a director or the secretary of the company.

(2)If a directors' remuneration report is approved that does not comply with the requirements of this Act, every director of the company who—

(a)knew that it did not comply, or was reckless as to whether it complied, and

(b)failed to take reasonable steps to secure compliance with those requirements or, as the case may be, to prevent the report from being approved,

commits an offence.

(3)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable—

(a)on conviction on indictment, to a fine;

(b)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C122Ss. 418-469 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

F104[F103 422A Revisions to directors' remuneration policyU.K.

(1)The directors' remuneration policy contained in a company's directors' remuneration report may be revised.

(2)Any such revision must be approved by the board of directors.

(3)The policy as so revised must be set out in a document signed on behalf of the board by a director or the secretary of the company.

(4)Regulations under section 421(1) may make provision as to—

(a)the information that must be contained in a document setting out a revised directors' remuneration policy, and

(b)how information is to be set out in the document.

(5)Sections 422(2) and (3), 454, 456 and 463 apply in relation to such a document as they apply in relation to a directors' remuneration report.

(6)In this section, “directors' remuneration policy” means the policy of a company with respect to the matters mentioned in section 421(2A).]

Textual Amendments

F103S. 422A inserted (25.4.2013 for specified purposes) by Enterprise and Regulatory Reform Act 2013 (c. 24), ss. 79(2), 103(1)(i)

F104S. 422A inserted (25.4.2013 for specified purposes, 1.10.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Enterprise and Regulatory Reform Act 2013 (c. 24), ss. 79(2), 103(1)(i), (3); S.I. 2013/2227, art. 2(h)

Chapter 7U.K.Publication of accounts and reports

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C123Pt. 15 Ch. 7 applied (with modifications) (31.7.2015) by The European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/1493), regs. 1(2), 7(1) (with reg. 11)

Duty to circulate copies of accounts and reportsU.K.

423Duty to circulate copies of annual accounts and reportsU.K.

(1)Every company must send a copy of its annual accounts and reports for each financial year to—

(a)every member of the company,

(b)every holder of the company's debentures, and

(c)every person who is entitled to receive notice of general meetings.

(2)Copies need not be sent to a person for whom the company does not have a current address.

(3)A company has a “current address” for a person if—

(a)an address has been notified to the company by the person as one at which documents may be sent to him, and

(b)the company has no reason to believe that documents sent to him at that address will not reach him.

(4)In the case of a company not having a share capital, copies need not be sent to anyone who is not entitled to receive notices of general meetings of the company.

(5)Where copies are sent out over a period of days, references in the Companies Acts to the day on which copies are sent out shall be read as references to the last day of that period.

(6)This section has effect subject to section 426 (option to provide [F105strategic report with supplementary material]).

Textual Amendments

F105Words in s. 423(6) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(4) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies Act 2006 (Strategic Report and Directors' Report) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1970), reg. 1(2)(3), Sch. para. 3

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C124Ss. 423-425 applied (with modifications) (1.4.2010) by Housing and Regeneration Act 2008 (c. 17), ss. 132(1)(2), 325; S.I. 2010/862, art 2 (with Sch.)

C126Ss. 423-425 applied (with modifications) (6.4.2008) by 1996 c. 52, Sch. 1 para. 16D (as substituted by The Companies Act 2006 (Consequential Amendments etc) Order 2008 (S.I. 2008/948), art. 3(1), Sch. 1 para. 202(3) (with arts. 6, 11, 12))

C128Ss. 418-469 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

C129Ss. 423-425 applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2009/2436, Sch 1 para. 10 (as amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

424Time allowed for sending out copies of accounts and reportsU.K.

(1)The time allowed for sending out copies of the company's annual accounts and reports is as follows.

(2)A private company must comply with section 423 not later than—

(a)the end of the period for filing accounts and reports, or

(b)if earlier, the date on which it actually delivers its accounts and reports to the registrar.

(3)A public company must comply with section 423 at least 21 days before the date of the relevant accounts meeting.

(4)If in the case of a public company copies are sent out later than is required by subsection (3), they shall, despite that, be deemed to have been duly sent if it is so agreed by all the members entitled to attend and vote at the relevant accounts meeting.

(5)Whether the time allowed is that for a private company or a public company is determined by reference to the company's status immediately before the end of the accounting reference period by reference to which the financial year for the accounts in question was determined.

(6)In this section the “relevant accounts meeting” means the accounts meeting of the company at which the accounts and reports in question are to be laid.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C129Ss. 423-425 applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2009/2436, Sch 1 para. 10 (as amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C132Ss. 423-425 applied (with modifications) (1.4.2010) by Housing and Regeneration Act 2008 (c. 17), ss. 132(1)(2), 325; S.I. 2010/862, art. 2 (with Sch.)

C134Ss. 423-425 applied (with modifications) (6.4.2008) by 1996 c. 52, Sch. 1 para. 16D (as substituted by The Companies Act 2006 (Consequential Amendments etc) Order 2008 (S.I. 2008/948), art. 3(1), Sch. 1 para. 202(3) (with arts. 6, 11, 12))

C135Ss. 418-469 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

425Default in sending out copies of accounts and reports: offencesU.K.

(1)If default is made in complying with section 423 or 424, an offence is committed by—

(a)the company, and

(b)every officer of the company who is in default.

(2)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable—

(a)on conviction on indictment, to a fine;

(b)on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C129Ss. 423-425 applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2009/2436, Sch 1 para. 10 (as amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C138Ss. 423-425 applied (with modifications) (6.4.2008) by 1996 c. 52, Sch. 1 para. 16D (as substituted by The Companies Act 2006 (Consequential Amendments etc) Order 2008 (S.I. 2008/948), art. 3(1), Sch. 1 para. 202(3) (with arts. 6, 11, 12))

C139Ss. 423-425 applied (with modifications) (1.4.2010) by Housing and Regeneration Act 2008 (c. 17), ss. 132(1)(2), 325; S.I. 2010/862, art. 2 (with Sch.)

C140Ss. 418-469 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

Option to provide [F106strategic report with supplementary material]U.K.

Textual Amendments

F106Words in s. 426 cross-heading substituted (6.8.2013 for specified purposes and otherwise with effect in accordance with reg. 1(4) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies Act 2006 (Strategic Report and Directors' Report) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1970), regs. 1(2)(3), 10(2)

426Option to provide [F107strategic report with supplementary material]U.K.

F108(1)A company may—

(a)in such cases as may be specified by regulations made by the Secretary of State, and

(b)provided any conditions so specified are complied with,

provide a [F109copy of the strategic report together with the supplementary material described in section 426A] instead of copies of the accounts and reports required to be sent out in accordance with section 423.

(2)Copies of those accounts and reports must, however, be sent to any person entitled to be sent them in accordance with that section and who wishes to receive them.

(3)The Secretary of State may make provision by regulations as to the manner in which it is to be ascertained, whether before or after a person becomes entitled to be sent a copy of those accounts and reports, whether he wishes to receive them.

F110(4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(5)This section applies to copies of accounts and reports required to be sent out by virtue of section 146 to a person nominated to enjoy information rights as it applies to copies of accounts and reports required to be sent out in accordance with section 423 to a member of the company.

(6)Regulations under this section are subject to negative resolution procedure.

Textual Amendments

F107Words in s. 426 heading substituted (6.8.2013 for specified purposes and otherwise with effect in accordance with reg. 1(4) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies Act 2006 (Strategic Report and Directors' Report) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1970), regs. 1(2)(3), 10(2)

F108Words in s. 426(1) substituted (6.8.2013 for specified purposes, with effect in accordance with reg. 1(4) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies Act 2006 (Strategic Report and Directors' Report) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1970), reg. 1(2)(3)10(3)

F109Words in s. 426(1) substituted (6.8.2013 for specified purposes and otherwise with effect in accordance with reg. 1(4) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies Act 2006 (Strategic Report and Directors' Report) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1970), regs. 1(2)(3), 10(3)

F110S. 426(4) omitted (6.8.2013 for specified purposes, with effect in accordance with reg. 1(4) of the amending S.I.) by virtue of The Companies Act 2006 (Strategic Report and Directors' Report) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1970), reg. 1(2)(3)10(4)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C142Ss. 418-469 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

Commencement Information

I8S. 426 wholly in force at 6.4.2008; s. 426 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 1300; s. 426 in force for specified purposes at 20.1.2007 by S.I. 2006/3428, art. 3(3) (subject to art. 5, Sch. 1 and with arts. 6, 8, Sch. 5); s. 426 in force at 6.4.2008 by S.I. 2007/3495, art. 3(1)(d) (with arts. 7, 12, Sch. 4 paras. 6-8)

[F111426ASupplementary materialU.K.

(1)The supplementary material referred to in section 426 must be prepared in accordance with this section.

(2)The supplementary material must—

(a)contain a statement that the strategic report is only part of the company’s annual accounts and reports;

(b)state how a person entitled to them can obtain a full copy of the company’s annual accounts and reports;

(c)state whether the auditor’s report on the annual accounts was unqualified or qualified and, if it was qualified, set out the report in full together with any further material needed to understand the qualification;

(d)state whether, in that report, the auditor’s statement under section 496 (whether strategic report and directors’ report consistent with the accounts) was unqualified or qualified and, if it was qualified, set out the qualified statement in full together with any further material needed to understand the qualification;

(e) in the case of a quoted company [F112or of a traded company (as defined by section 360C) that is not a quoted company], contain a copy of that part of the directors’ remuneration report which sets out the single total figure table in respect of the company’s directors’ remuneration in accordance with the requirements of Schedule 8 to the Large and Medium-sized Companies (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2008 ( S.I. 2008/410 ). ]

[F113Section 172(1) statement: requirements as to website publicationU.K.

Textual Amendments

F113S. 426B and cross-heading inserted (with application in accordance with reg. 1(4) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies (Miscellaneous Reporting) Regulations 2018 (S.I. 2018/860), regs. 1(1), 5

426B.Section 172(1) statement to be made available on websiteU.K.

(1)This section applies if—

(a)a company is required by section 414CZA to include a section 172(1) statement in its strategic report for a financial year, and

(b)the company is an unquoted company in relation to that financial year.

(2)The company must ensure that the section 172(1) statement—

(a)is made available on a website, and

(b)remains so available until—

(i)the section 172(1) statement for the company’s next financial year is made available in accordance with this section, or

(ii)if the obligation under this section to make a section 172(1) statement available does not arise in relation to the company’s next financial year, the end of the company’s next financial year.

(3)The section 172(1) statement must be made available on a website that—

(a)is maintained by or on behalf of the company, and

(b)identifies the company in question.

(4)Access to the section 172(1) statement made available on the website under subsection (2), and the ability to obtain a hard copy of the statement from the website, must not be—

(a)conditional on the payment of a fee, or

(b)otherwise restricted, except so far as necessary to comply with any enactment or regulatory requirement (in the United Kingdom or elsewhere).

(5)The section 172(1) statement—

(a)must be made available on a website as soon as reasonably practicable, and

(b)must be kept available throughout the period specified in subsection (2)(b)(i) or (as the case may be) (ii).

(6)A failure to make the section 172(1) statement available on a website throughout the period specified in subsection (2)(b)(i) or (as the case may be) (ii) is disregarded if—

(a)the statement is made available on the website for part of that period, and

(b)the failure is wholly attributable to circumstances that it would not be reasonable to have expected the company to prevent or avoid.

(7)In the event of default in complying with this section, an offence is committed by every officer of the company who is in default.

(8)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (7) is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.]

F114427Form and contents of summary financial statement: unquoted companiesU.K.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F114S. 427 omitted (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(4) of the amending S.I.) by virtue of The Companies Act 2006 (Strategic Report and Directors' Report) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1970), reg. 1(2)(3)11

F115428Form and contents of summary financial statement: quoted companiesU.K.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F115S. 428 omitted (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(4) of the amending S.I.) by virtue of The Companies Act 2006 (Strategic Report and Directors' Report) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1970), reg. 1(2)(3)11

F116429Summary financial statements: offencesU.K.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F116S. 429 omitted (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(4) of the amending S.I.) by virtue of The Companies Act 2006 (Strategic Report and Directors' Report) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1970), reg. 1(2)(3)13

Quoted companies [F117and traded companies]: requirements as to website publicationU.K.

430Quoted companies [F118and traded companies]: annual accounts and reports to be made available on websiteU.K.

(1)A quoted company [F119or unquoted traded company] must ensure that its annual accounts and reports—

(a)are made available on a website, and

(b)[F120subject to subsection (4ZA),] remain so available until the annual accounts and reports for the company's next financial year are made available in accordance with this section.

(2)The annual accounts and reports must be made available on a website that—

(a)is maintained by or on behalf of the company, and

(b)identifies the company in question.

[F121(2A)If the directors' remuneration policy of a quoted company [F122or unquoted traded company] is revised in accordance with section 422A [F123or amended as mentioned in section 226B(1)(b) or section 226C(1)(b),] the company must ensure that the revised [F124or amended] policy is made available on the website on which its annual accounts and reports are made available.

(2B)If a person ceases to be a director of a quoted company [F125or of an unquoted traded company], the company must ensure that the following information is made available on the website on which its annual accounts and reports are made available—

(a)the name of the person concerned,

(b)particulars of any remuneration payment (within the meaning of Chapter 4A of Part 10) made or to be made to the person after ceasing to be a director, including its amount and how it was calculated, and

(c)particulars of any payment for loss of office (within the meaning of that Chapter) made or to be made to the person, including its amount and how it was calculated.]

[F126(2C)Where the members of a quoted company or of an unquoted traded company have passed a resolution approving the relevant directors’ remuneration policy (within the meaning of section 439A(7))—

(a)the company must ensure that the following information is made available on the website on which its remuneration policy is made available as soon as reasonably practicable, and kept available for as long as that information is applicable —

(i)the date of the resolution,

(ii)the number of votes validly cast,

(iii)the proportion of the company’s issued share capital represented by those votes,

(iv)the number of votes cast in favour,

(v)the number of votes cast against, and

(vi)the number of abstentions; and

(b)for the purposes of paragraph (a)(iii), the proportion of the issued share capital must be determined by reference to the register of members as at a time (determined by the company) that is not more than 48 hours before the time for the holding of the meeting at which the resolution was passed.]

(3)Access to [F127the material made available on the website under subsections (1) to [F128(2C)]], and the ability to obtain a hard copy of [F129such material from] the website, must not be—

(a)conditional on the payment of a fee, or

(b)otherwise restricted, except so far as necessary to comply with any enactment or regulatory requirement (in the United Kingdom or elsewhere).

(4)The annual accounts and reports—

(a)must be made available as soon as reasonably practicable, and

(b)[F130subject to subsection (4ZA),] must be kept available throughout the period specified in subsection (1)(b).

[F131(4ZA)The directors’ remuneration report—

(a)must be kept available for a period of ten years beginning with the date it is first made available in accordance with this section, and

(b)may be kept available for a longer period if it does not contain personal data within the meaning of the Data Protection Act 2018 (see section 3(2) of that Act).]

[F132(4A)Where subsection (2A) or (2B) applies, the material in question—

(a)must be made available as soon as reasonably practicable, F133...

(b)must be kept available until the next directors' remuneration report of the company is made available on the website] [F134, and]

[F135(c)in a subsection (2A) case, must be kept available for at least as long as it is applicable.]

(5)A failure to make [F136material available on a website throughout the period mentioned in subsection (4) or (as the case may be) [F137(4ZA) or] (4A)] is disregarded if—

(a)[F138the material is] made available on the website for part of that period, and

(b)the failure is wholly attributable to circumstances that it would not be reasonable to have expected the company to prevent or avoid.

(6)In the event of default in complying with this section, an offence is committed by every officer of the company who is in default.

(7)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (6) is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

[F139(8)In this section “unquoted traded company” means a traded company (as defined by section 360C) that is not a quoted company.]

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C146Ss. 418-469 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

C147Ss. 430-438 applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2009/2436, Sch 1 para. 10 (as amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

Right of member or debenture holder to demand copies of accounts and reportsU.K.

431Right of member or debenture holder to copies of accounts and reports: unquoted companiesU.K.

(1)A member of, or holder of debentures of, an unquoted company is entitled to be provided, on demand and without charge, with a copy of—

(a)the company's last annual accounts,

[F140(aa)the strategic report (if any) for the last financial year,]

(b)the last directors' report, F141...

[F142(ba)the last directors’ remuneration report (if any), and]

(c)the auditor's report on those accounts (including the statement on that report [F143and (where applicable) on the strategic report] [F144and on the directors’ remuneration report]).

(2)The entitlement under this section is to a single copy of those documents, but that is in addition to any copy to which a person may be entitled under section 423.

(3)If a demand made under this section is not complied with within seven days of receipt by the company, an offence is committed by—

(a)the company, and

(b)every officer of the company who is in default.

(4)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale and, for continued contravention, a daily default fine not exceeding one-tenth of level 3 on the standard scale.

Textual Amendments

F140S. 431(1)(aa) inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(4) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies Act 2006 (Strategic Report and Directors' Report) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1970), reg. 1(2)(3), Sch. para. 4(a)

F143Words in s. 431(1)(c) inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(4) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies Act 2006 (Strategic Report and Directors' Report) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1970), reg. 1(2)(3), Sch. para. 4(b)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C147Ss. 430-438 applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2009/2436, Sch 1 para. 10 (as amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C152S. 431 applied (with modifications) (1.4.2010) by Housing and Regeneration Act 2008 (c. 17), ss. 132(1)(2), 325; S.I. 2010/862, art. 2 (with Sch.)

C153Ss. 418-469 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

432Right of member or debenture holder to copies of accounts and reports: quoted companiesU.K.

(1)A member of, or holder of debentures of, a quoted company is entitled to be provided, on demand and without charge, with a copy of—

(a)the company's last annual accounts,

(b)the last directors' remuneration report,

[F145(ba)the strategic report (if any) for the last financial year,]

(c)the last directors' report, and

(d)the auditor's report on those accounts (including the report on the directors' remuneration report[F146, on the strategic report (where this is covered by the auditor’s report)] and on the directors' report).

(2)The entitlement under this section is to a single copy of those documents, but that is in addition to any copy to which a person may be entitled under section 423.

(3)If a demand made under this section is not complied with within seven days of receipt by the company, an offence is committed by—

(a)the company, and

(b)every officer of the company who is in default.

(4)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale and, for continued contravention, a daily default fine not exceeding one-tenth of level 3 on the standard scale.

Textual Amendments

F145S. 432(1)(ba) inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(4) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies Act 2006 (Strategic Report and Directors' Report) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1970), reg. 1(2)(3), Sch. para. 5(a)

F146Words in s. 432(1)(d) inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(4) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies Act 2006 (Strategic Report and Directors' Report) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1970), reg. 1(2)(3), Sch. para. 5(b)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C147Ss. 430-438 applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2009/2436, Sch 1 para. 10 (as amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C159S. 432 applied (with modifications) (1.4.2010) by Housing and Regeneration Act 2008 (c. 17), ss. 132(1)(2), 325; S.I. 2010/862, art. 2 (with Sch.)

C160Ss. 418-469 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

Requirements in connection with publication of accounts and reportsU.K.

433Name of signatory to be stated in published copies of accounts and reportsU.K.

(1)Every copy of a document to which this section applies that is published by or on behalf of the company must state the name of the person who signed it on behalf of the board.

(2)In the case of an unquoted company [F147that is not a traded company], this section applies to copies of—

(a)the company's balance sheet, F148...

[F149(aa)the strategic report, and]

(b)the directors' report.

(3)In the case of a quoted company [F150or of a traded company (as defined by section 360C) that is not a quoted company], this section applies to copies of—

(a)the company's balance sheet,

(b)the directors' remuneration report, F151...

[F152(ba)the strategic report, and]

(c)the directors' report.

(4)If a copy is published without the required statement of the signatory's name, an offence is committed by—

(a)the company, and

(b)every officer of the company who is in default.

(5)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

Textual Amendments

F148Word in s. 433(2)(a) omitted (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(4) of the amending S.I.) by virtue of The Companies Act 2006 (Strategic Report and Directors' Report) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1970), reg. 1(2)(3), Sch. para. 6(a)(i)

F149S. 433(2)(aa) inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(4) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies Act 2006 (Strategic Report and Directors' Report) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1970), reg. 1(2)(3), Sch. para. 6(a)(ii)

F151Word in s. 433(3)(b) omitted (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(4) of the amending S.I.) by virtue of The Companies Act 2006 (Strategic Report and Directors' Report) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1970), reg. 1(2)(3), Sch. para. 6(b)(i)

F152S. 433(3)(ba) inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(4) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies Act 2006 (Strategic Report and Directors' Report) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1970), reg. 1(2)(3), Sch. para. 6(b)(ii)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C147Ss. 430-438 applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2009/2436, Sch 1 para. 10 (as amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C163Ss. 418-469 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

434Requirements in connection with publication of statutory accountsU.K.

(1)If a company publishes any of its statutory accounts, they must be accompanied by the auditor's report on those accounts (unless the company is exempt from audit and the directors have taken advantage of that exemption).

(2)A company that prepares statutory group accounts for a financial year must not publish its statutory individual accounts for that year without also publishing with them its statutory group accounts.

(3)A company's “statutory accounts” are its accounts for a financial year as required to be delivered to the registrar under section 441.

(4)If a company contravenes any provision of this section, an offence is committed by—

(a)the company, and

(b)every officer of the company who is in default.

(5)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

F153(6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F153S. 434(6) omitted (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(4) of the amending S.I.) by virtue of The Companies Act 2006 (Strategic Report and Directors' Report) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1970), reg. 1(2)(3), Sch. para. 7

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C147Ss. 430-438 applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2009/2436, Sch 1 para. 10 (as amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C165Ss. 434-436 applied (with modifications) (6.4.2008) by 1996 c. 52, Sch. 1 para. 16D (as substituted by The Companies Act 2006 (Consequential Amendments etc) Order 2008 (S.I. 2008/948), art. 3(1), Sch. 1 para. 202(3) (with arts. 6, 11, 12))

C167Ss. 434-436 applied (with modifications) (1.4.2010) by Housing and Regeneration Act 2008 (c. 17), ss. 132(1)(2), 325; S.I. 2010/862, art. 2 (with Sch.)

C168Ss. 418-469 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

435Requirements in connection with publication of non-statutory accountsU.K.

(1)If a company publishes non-statutory accounts, it must publish with them a statement indicating—

(a)that they are not the company's statutory accounts,

(b)whether statutory accounts dealing with any financial year with which the non-statutory accounts purport to deal have been delivered to the registrar, and

(c)whether an auditor's report has been made on the company's statutory accounts for any such financial year, and if so whether the report—

(i)was qualified or unqualified, or included a reference to any matters to which the auditor drew attention by way of emphasis without qualifying the report, or

(ii)contained a statement under section 498(2) (accounting records or returns inadequate or accounts or directors' remuneration report not agreeing with records and returns), or section 498(3) (failure to obtain necessary information and explanations).

(2)The company must not publish with non-statutory accounts the auditor's report on the company's statutory accounts.

(3)References in this section to the publication by a company of “non-statutory accounts” are to the publication of—

(a)any balance sheet or profit and loss account relating to, or purporting to deal with, a financial year of the company, or

(b)an account in any form purporting to be a balance sheet or profit and loss account for a group headed by the company relating to, or purporting to deal with, a financial year of the company,

otherwise than as part of the company's statutory accounts.

(4)In subsection (3)(b) “a group headed by the company” means a group consisting of the company and any other undertaking (regardless of whether it is a subsidiary undertaking of the company) other than a parent undertaking of the company.

(5)If a company contravenes any provision of this section, an offence is committed by—

(a)the company, and

(b)every officer of the company who is in default.

(6)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

F154(7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F154S. 435(7) omitted (with effect in accordance with reg. 1(4) of the amending S.I.) by virtue of The Companies Act 2006 (Strategic Report and Directors' Report) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1970), reg. 1(2)(3), Sch. para. 8

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C147Ss. 430-438 applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2009/2436, Sch 1 para. 10 (as amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C172Ss. 434-436 applied (with modifications) (6.4.2008) by 1996 c. 52, Sch. 1 para. 16D (as substituted by The Companies Act 2006 (Consequential Amendments etc) Order 2008 (S.I. 2008/948), art. 3(1), Sch. 1 para. 202(3) (with arts. 6, 11, 12))

C174Ss. 434-436 applied (with modifications) (1.4.2010) by Housing and Regeneration Act 2008 (c. 17), ss. 132(1)(2), 325; S.I. 2010/862, art. 2 (with Sch.)

C175Ss. 418-469 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

436Meaning of “publication” in relation to accounts and reportsU.K.

(1)This section has effect for the purposes of—

  • section 433 (name of signatory to be stated in published copies of accounts and reports),

  • section 434 (requirements in connection with publication of statutory accounts), and

  • section 435 (requirements in connection with publication of non-statutory accounts).

(2)For the purposes of those sections a company is regarded as publishing a document if it publishes, issues or circulates it or otherwise makes it available for public inspection in a manner calculated to invite members of the public generally, or any class of members of the public, to read it.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C147Ss. 430-438 applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2009/2436, Sch 1 para. 10 (as amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C178Ss. 434-436 applied (with modifications) (6.4.2008) by 1996 c. 52, Sch. 1 para. 16D (as substituted by The Companies Act 2006 (Consequential Amendments etc) Order 2008 (S.I. 2008/948), art. 3(1), Sch. 1 para. 202(3) (with arts. 6, 11, 12))

C179Ss. 434-436 applied (with modifications) (1.4.2010) by Housing and Regeneration Act 2008 (c. 17), ss. 132(1)(2), 325; S.I. 2010/862, art. 2 (with Sch.)

C182S. 436(2) applied (1.4.2009 with effect as noted in s. 1329(1) of the amending act) by Corporation Tax Act 2009 (c. 4), ss. 1046(3), (with Sch 2 Pts. 1, 2)

C183S. 436(2) applied (1.4.2009 with effect as noted in s. 1329(1) of the amending act) by Corporation Tax Act 2009 (c. 4), ss. 1057(5), (with Sch 2 Pts. 1, 2)

C184S. 436(2) applied (1.4.2009 with effect as noted in s. 1329(1) of the amending act) by Corporation Tax Act 2009 (c. 4), ss. 1094(3), (with Sch 2 Pts. 1, 2)

C185S. 436(2) applied (1.4.2009 with effect as noted in s. 1329(1) of the amending act) by Corporation Tax Act 2009 (c. 4), ss. 1106(5), (with Sch 2 Pts. 1, 2)

C186Ss. 418-469 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

C188S. 436(2) modified (with effect as mentioned in Sch. 9 para. 3 of the amending Act) by 2000 c. 17, s. 18A(5) (as inserted by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 28, Sch. 9 para. 1(6))

C189S. 436(2) modified (with effect as mentioned in Sch. 9 para. 3 of the amending Act) by 2000 c. 23, s. 18A(5) (as inserted by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 28, Sch. 9 para. 2(6))

Chapter 8U.K.Public companies: laying of accounts and reports before general meeting

437Public companies: laying of accounts and reports before general meetingU.K.

(1)The directors of a public company must lay before the company in general meeting copies of its annual accounts and reports.

(2)This section must be complied with not later than the end of the period for filing the accounts and reports in question.

(3)In the Companies Acts“accounts meeting”, in relation to a public company, means a general meeting of the company at which the company's annual accounts and reports are (or are to be) laid in accordance with this section.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C147Ss. 430-438 applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2009/2436, Sch 1 para. 10 (as amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C192Ss. 437, 438 applied (with modifications) (6.4.2008) by 1996 c. 52, Sch. 1 para. 16D (as substituted by The Companies Act 2006 (Consequential Amendments etc) Order 2008 (S.I. 2008/948), art. 3(1), Sch. 1 para. 202(3) (with arts. 6, 11, 12))

C194Ss. 418-469 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

438Public companies: offence of failure to lay accounts and reportsU.K.

(1)If the requirements of section 437 (public companies: laying of accounts and reports before general meeting) are not complied with before the end of the period allowed, every person who immediately before the end of that period was a director of the company commits an offence.

(2)It is a defence for a person charged with such an offence to prove that he took all reasonable steps for securing that those requirements would be complied with before the end of that period.

(3)It is not a defence to prove that the documents in question were not in fact prepared as required by this Part.

(4)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale and, for continued contravention, a daily default fine not exceeding [F155one-tenth of level 5 on the standard scale][F155one-tenth of the greater of £5,000 or level 4 on the standard scale].

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C147Ss. 430-438 applied (with modifications) by S.I. 2009/2436, Sch 1 para. 10 (as amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C196Ss. 437, 438 applied (with modifications) (6.4.2008) by 1996 c. 52, Sch. 1 para. 16D (as substituted by The Companies Act 2006 (Consequential Amendments etc) Order 2008 (S.I. 2008/948), art. 3(1), Sch. 1 para. 202(3) (with arts. 6, 11, 12))

C198Ss. 418-469 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2)

Chapter 9U.K.Quoted companies [F156and traded companies]: members' approval of directors' remuneration report

439Quoted companies [F157and traded companies]: members' approval of directors' remuneration reportU.K.

(1)A [F158company to which this section applies] must, prior to the accounts meeting, give to the members of the company entitled to be sent notice of the meeting notice of the intention to move at the meeting, as an ordinary resolution, a resolution approving the directors' remuneration report for the financial year[F159other than the part containing the directors' remuneration policy (as to which see section 439A).]

[F160(1A)This section applies to—

(a)a quoted company, and

(b)a traded company (as defined by section 360C) that is not a quoted company.]

(2)The notice may be given in any manner permitted for the service on the member of notice of the meeting.

(3)The business that may be dealt with at the accounts meeting includes the resolution.

This is so notwithstanding any default in complying with subsection (1) or (2).

(4)The existing directors must ensure that the resolution is put to the vote of the meeting.

(5)No entitlement of a person to remuneration is made conditional on the resolution being passed by reason only of the provision made by this section.

(6)In this section—

  • the accounts meeting” means the general meeting of the company before which the company's annual accounts for the financial year are to be laid; and

  • existing director” means a person who is a director of the company immediately before that meeting.

[F161439AQuoted companies [F162and traded companies]: members' approval of directors' remuneration policyU.K.

(1)A quoted company [F163or unquoted traded company] must give notice of the intention to move, as an ordinary resolution, a resolution approving the relevant directors' remuneration policy—

(a)at the accounts meeting held in the first financial year which begins on or after the day on which the company becomes a quoted company [F164or (as the case may be) an unquoted traded company], and

(b)at an accounts or other general meeting held no later than the end of the period of three financial years beginning with the first financial year after the last accounts or other general meeting in relation to which notice is given under this subsection.

(2)A quoted company [F165or unquoted traded company] must give notice of the intention to move at an accounts meeting, as an ordinary resolution, a resolution approving the relevant directors' remuneration policy if—

(a)a resolution required to be put to the vote under section 439 was not passed at the last accounts meeting of the company, and

(b)no notice under this section was given in relation to that meeting or any other general meeting held before the next accounts meeting.

[F166(2A)A quoted company or unquoted traded company must give notice of the intention to move at an accounts or other general meeting, as an ordinary resolution, a resolution approving the relevant directors’ remuneration policy if—

(a)a resolution required to be put to the vote under subsection (1) or (2) or this subsection was not passed at the last accounts or other general meeting of the company, and

(b)no notice under this section was given in relation to any other general meeting held before the next accounts meeting.]

(3)Subsection (2) does not apply in relation to a quoted company [F167or unquoted traded company] before the first meeting in relation to which it gives notice under subsection (1).

(4)A notice given under subsection (2) [F168or (2A)] is to be treated as given under subsection (1) for the purpose of determining the period within which the next notice under subsection (1) must be given.

(5)Notice of the intention to move a resolution to which this section applies must be given, prior to the meeting in question, to the members of the company entitled to be sent notice of the meeting.

(6) Subsections (2) to (4) of section 439 apply for the purposes of a resolution to which this section applies as they apply for the purposes of a resolution to which section 439 applies, with the modification that, for the purposes of a resolution relating to a general meeting other than an accounts meeting, subsection (3) applies as if for “accounts meeting” there were substituted “ general meeting ” .

(7)For the purposes of this section, the relevant directors' remuneration policy is—

(a)in a case where notice is given in relation to an accounts meeting, the remuneration policy contained in the directors' remuneration report in respect of which a resolution under section 439 is required to be put to the vote at that accounts meeting;

(b)in a case where notice is given in relation to a general meeting other than an accounts meeting—

(i)the remuneration policy contained in the directors' remuneration report in respect of which such a resolution was required to be put to the vote at the last accounts meeting to be held before that other general meeting, or

(ii)where that policy has been revised in accordance with section 422A, the policy as so revised.

(8)In this section—

(a)accounts meeting ” means a general meeting of the company before which the company's annual accounts for a financial year are to be laid;

(b)“directors' remuneration policy” means the policy of the company with respect to the matters mentioned in section 421(2A);]

[F169(c)“unquoted traded company” means a traded company (as defined by section 360C) that is not a quoted company.]

Textual Amendments

440Quoted companies [F170and traded companies]: offences in connection with procedure for approvalU.K.

(1)In the event of default in complying with section 439(1)[F171or 439A(1)[F172, (2) or (2A)]] (notice to be given of resolution for approval of directors' remuneration report[F173or policy]), an offence is committed by every officer of the company who is in default.

(2)If the resolution is not put to the vote of [F174the meeting to which it relates], an offence is committed by each existing director.

(3)It is a defence for a person charged with an offence under subsection (2) to prove that he took all reasonable steps for securing that the resolution was put to the vote of the meeting.

(4)A person guilty of an offence under this section is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

(5)In this section—

  • F175...

  • existing director” means a person who is a director of the company immediately before that meeting.

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C200Ss. 418-469 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Unregistered Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/2436), regs. 3-5, Sch. 1 para. 10 (with transitional provisions and savings in regs. 7, 9, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

Chapter 10U.K.Filing of accounts and reports

Duty to file accounts and reportsU.K.

441Duty to file accounts and reports with the registrarU.K.

(1)The directors of a company must deliver to the registrar for each financial year the accounts and reports required by—

  • section 444 (filing obligations of companies subject to small companies regime),

  • [F176section 444A (filing obligations of companies entitled to small companies exemption in relation to directors' report),]

  • section 445 (filing obligations of medium-sized companies),

  • section 446 (filing obligations of unquoted companies), or

  • section 447 (filing obligations of quoted companies).

[F177(2)This is subject to—

  • section 448 (unlimited companies exempt from filing obligations), and

  • section 448A (dormant subsidiaries exempt from filing obligations).]

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C202Ss. 441-444 applied (with modifications) (6.4.2008) by 1996 c. 52, Sch. 1 para. 16D (as substituted by The Companies Act 2006 (Consequential Amendments etc) Order 2008 (S.I. 2008/948), art. 3(1), Sch. 1 para. 202(3) (with arts. 6, 11, 12))

C203Ss. 441-444A applied (with modifications) (1.4.2010) by Housing and Regeneration Act 2008 (c. 17), ss. 132(1)(2), 325; S.I. 2010/862, art. 2 (with Sch.)

C206S. 441 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), reg. 40 (with Sch. 8)

C207S. 441 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), reg. 55 (with Sch. 8)

C208Ss. 441-469 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C209Ss. 441-444 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2008) by The Limited Liability Partnerships (Accounts and Audit) (Application of Companies Act 2006) Regulations 2008 (S.I. 2008/1911), reg. 17 (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Limited Liability Partnerships, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/575), regs. 2(1), 12); (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(5)(a) of the amending S.I.) by The Statutory Auditors Regulations 2017 (S.I. 2017/1164), reg. 1(2)(3), Sch. 3 para. 5 (with reg. 2(6)(7)); (as amended (1.4.2019) by The Companies (Directors Report) and Limited Liability Partnerships (Energy and Carbon Report) Regulations 2018 (S.I. 2018/1155), regs. 2, 17)

442Period allowed for filing accountsU.K.

(1)This section specifies the period allowed for the directors of a company to comply with their obligation under section 441 to deliver accounts and reports for a financial year to the registrar.

This is referred to in the Companies Acts as the “period for filing” those accounts and reports.

(2)The period is—

(a)for a private company, nine months after the end of the relevant accounting reference period, and

(b)for a public company, six months after the end of that period.

This is subject to the following provisions of this section.

(3)If the relevant accounting reference period is the company's first and is a period of more than twelve months, the period is—

(a)nine months or six months, as the case may be, from the first anniversary of the incorporation of the company, or

(b)three months after the end of the accounting reference period,

whichever last expires.

(4)If the relevant accounting reference period is treated as shortened by virtue of a notice given by the company under section 392 (alteration of accounting reference date), the period is—

(a)that applicable in accordance with the above provisions, or

(b)three months from the date of the notice under that section,

whichever last expires.

(5)[F178Subject to subsection (5A),] if for any special reason the Secretary of State thinks fit he may, on an application made before the expiry of the period otherwise allowed, by notice in writing to a company extend that period by such further period as may be specified in the notice.

[F179(5A)Any such extension must not have the effect of extending the period for filing to more than twelve months after the end of the relevant accounting reference period.]

(6)Whether the period allowed is that for a private company or a public company is determined by reference to the company's status immediately before the end of the relevant accounting reference period.

(7)In this section “the relevant accounting reference period” means the accounting reference period by reference to which the financial year for the accounts in question was determined.

Textual Amendments

F178Words in s. 442(5) inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 8(2)(a) (with reg. 3)

F179S. 442(5A) inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 8(2)(b) (with reg. 3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C209Ss. 441-444 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2008) by The Limited Liability Partnerships (Accounts and Audit) (Application of Companies Act 2006) Regulations 2008 (S.I. 2008/1911), reg. 17 (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Limited Liability Partnerships, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/575), regs. 2(1), 12); (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(5)(a) of the amending S.I.) by The Statutory Auditors Regulations 2017 (S.I. 2017/1164), reg. 1(2)(3), Sch. 3 para. 5 (with reg. 2(6)(7)); (as amended (1.4.2019) by The Companies (Directors Report) and Limited Liability Partnerships (Energy and Carbon Report) Regulations 2018 (S.I. 2018/1155), regs. 2, 17)

C211Ss. 441-444 applied (with modifications) (6.4.2008) by 1996 c. 52, Sch. 1 para. 16D (as substituted by The Companies Act 2006 (Consequential Amendments etc) Order 2008 (S.I. 2008/948), art. 3(1), Sch. 1 para. 202(3) (with arts. 6, 11, 12))

C212Ss. 441-444A applied (with modifications) (1.4.2010) by Housing and Regeneration Act 2008 (c. 17), ss. 132(1)(2), 325; S.I. 2010/862, art. 2 (with Sch.)

C213S. 442 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), reg. 40 (with Sch. 8)

C214S. 442 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by The Overseas Companies Regulations 2009 (S.I. 2009/1801), reg. 55 (with Sch. 8)

.443Calculation of period allowedU.K.

(1)This section applies for the purposes of calculating the period for filing a company's accounts and reports which is expressed as a specified number of months from a specified date or after the end of a specified previous period.

(2)Subject to the following provisions, the period ends with the date in the appropriate month corresponding to the specified date or the last day of the specified previous period.

(3)If the specified date, or the last day of the specified previous period, is the last day of a month, the period ends with the last day of the appropriate month (whether or not that is the corresponding date).

(4)If—

(a)the specified date, or the last day of the specified previous period, is not the last day of a month but is the 29th or 30th, and

(b)the appropriate month is February,

the period ends with the last day of February.

(5)The appropriate month” means the month that is the specified number of months after the month in which the specified date, or the end of the specified previous period, falls.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C208Ss. 441-469 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2009) by S.I. 2009/2436, regs. 3-5, Sch 1 para. 10 (with reg. 7, Sch. 2) (and the said Sch. 1 para. 10 is amended (with application in accordance with reg. 1(3) of the amending S.I.) by The Unregistered Companies (Amendment) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1972), regs. 1(2), 2(2)(a))

C209Ss. 441-444 applied (with modifications) (1.10.2008) by The Limited Liability Partnerships (Accounts and Audit) (Application of Companies Act 2006) Regulations 2008 (S.I. 2008/1911), reg. 17 (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Limited Liability Partnerships, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Audit) Regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016/575), regs. 2(1), 12); (as amended (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(5)(a) of the amending S.I.) by The Statutory Auditors Regulations 2017 (S.I. 2017/1164), reg. 1(2)(3), Sch. 3 para. 5 (with reg. 2(6)(7)); (as amended (1.4.2019) by The Companies (Directors Report) and Limited Liability Partnerships (Energy and Carbon Report) Regulations 2018 (S.I. 2018/1155), regs. 2, 17)

C216Ss. 441-444 applied (with modifications) (6.4.2008) by 1996 c. 52, Sch. 1 para. 16D (as substituted by The Companies Act 2006 (Consequential Amendments etc) Order 2008 (S.I. 2008/948), art. 3(1), Sch. 1 para. 202(3) (with arts. 6, 11, 12))

C217Ss. 441-444A applied (with modifications) (1.4.2010) by Housing and Regeneration Act 2008 (c. 17), ss. 132(1)(2), 325; S.I. 2010/862, art. 2 (with Sch.)

C218S. 443 applied (with modifications) (6.4.2008) by The Companies (Late Filing Penalties) and Limited Liability Partnerships (Filing Periods and Late Filing Penalties) Regulations 2008 (S.I. 2008/497, reg. 6(1), Sch. Pt. 1

Filing obligations of different descriptions of companyU.K.

444Filing obligations of companies subject to small companies regimeU.K.

(1)The directors of a company subject to the small companies regime—

(a)must deliver to the registrar for each financial year a copy of [F180the balance sheet] drawn up as at the last day of that year, and

(b)may also deliver to the registrar—

(i)a copy of the company's profit and loss account for that year, and

(ii)a copy of the directors' report for that year.

(2)[F181Where the directors deliver to the registrar a copy of the company’s profit and loss account under subsection (1)(b)(i),] the directors must also deliver to the registrar a copy of the auditor's report on [F182the accounts (and any directors' report) that it delivers].

This does not apply if the company is exempt from audit and the directors have taken advantage of that exemption.

[F183(2A) Where the balance sheet or profit and loss account is abridged pursuant to paragraph 1A of Schedule 1 to the Small Companies and Groups (Accounts and Directors’ Report) Regulations ( S.I. 2008/409 ) , the directors must also deliver to the registrar a statement by the company that all the members of the company have consented to the abridgement. ]

[F184(3)F185 ... the copies of accounts and reports delivered to the registrar must be copies of the company’s annual accounts and reports. ]

F186(3A). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F186(3B). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F187(4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(5)Where the directors of a company subject to the small companies regime F188...—

(a)do not deliver to the registrar a copy of the company's profit and loss account, or

(b)do not deliver to the registrar a copy of the directors' report,

the copy of the balance sheet delivered to the registrar must contain in a prominent position a statement that the company's annual accounts and reports have been delivered in accordance with the provisions applicable to companies subject to the small companies regime.

[F189(5A)Subject to subsection (5C), where the directors of a company subject to the small companies regime do not deliver to the registrar a copy of the company’s profit and loss account—

(a)the copy of the balance sheet delivered to the registrar must disclose that fact, and

(b)unless the company is exempt from audit and the directors have taken advantage of that exemption, the notes to the balance sheet delivered must satisfy the requirements in subsection (5B).

(5B)Those requirements are that the notes to the balance sheet must—

(a)state whether the auditor’s report was qualified or unqualified,

(b)where that report was qualified, disclose the basis of the qualification (reproducing any statement under section 498(2)(a) or (b) or section 498(3), if applicable),

(c)where that report was unqualified, include a reference to any matters to which the auditor drew attention by way of emphasis, and

(d)state—

(i)the name of the auditor and (where the auditor is a firm) the name of the person who signed the auditor’s report as senior statutory auditor, or

(ii)if the conditions in section 506 (circumstances in which names may be omitted) are met, that a resolution has been passed and notified to the Secretary of State in accordance with that section.

(5C)Subsection (5A) does not apply in relation to a company if—

(a)the company qualifies as a micro-entity (see sections 384A and 384B) in relation to a financial year, and

(b)the company’s accounts are prepared for that year in accordance with any of the micro-entity provisions.]

(6)The copies of the balance sheet and any directors' report delivered to the registrar under this section must state the name of the person who signed it on behalf of the board.

(7)The copy of the auditor's report delivered to the registrar under this section must—

(a)state the name of the auditor and (where the auditor is a firm) the name of the person who signed it as senior statutory auditor, or

(b)if the conditions in section 506 (circumstances in which names may be omitted) are met, state that a resolution has been passed and notified to the Secretary of State in accordance with that section.

[F190(8)If more than one person is appointed as auditor, the references in subsections (5B)(d)(i) and (7)(a) to the name of the auditor are to be read as references to the names of all the auditors.]

Textual Amendments

F180Words in s. 444(1)(a) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 8(3)(a) (with reg. 3)

F181Words in s. 444(2) inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 8(3)(b) (with reg. 3)

F183S. 444(2A) inserted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 8(3)(c) (with reg. 3)

F184S. 444(3) substituted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2) of the amending S.I.) by The Small Companies (Micro-Entities' Accounts) Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/3008), regs. 2(1), 6(a) (with reg. 3)

F185Words in s. 444(3) omitted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by virtue of The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 8(3)(d) (with reg. 3)

F186S. 444(3A)(3B) omitted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by virtue of The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 8(3)(e) (with reg. 3)

F187S. 444(4) omitted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by virtue of The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 8(3)(e) (with reg. 3)

F188Words in s. 444(5) omitted (with effect in accordance with reg. 2(2)-(5) of the amending S.I.) by virtue of The Companies, Partnerships and Groups (Accounts and Reports) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/980), regs. 2(1), 8(3)(f) (with