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Income Tax (Earnings and Pensions) Act 2003

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Income Tax (Earnings and Pensions) Act 2003, SCHEDULE 5 is up to date with all changes known to be in force on or before 22 April 2024. There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date. Changes that have been made appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

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Section 527

SCHEDULE 5U.K.Enterprise management incentives

This schedule has no associated Explanatory Notes

Part 1U.K.Introduction

Enterprise management incentives: qualifying optionsU.K.

1(1)This Schedule makes provision for establishing what is a qualifying option for the purposes of the EMI code.U.K.

(2)In the EMI code a “qualifying option” means (in accordance with section 527(4)) a share option—

(a)in relation to which the requirements of this Schedule are met at the time when the option is granted, and

(b)which is notified to [F1an officer of Revenue and Customs] in accordance with Part 7.

(3)The requirements of this Schedule are—

(a)the general requirements in Part 2,

(b)that the company whose shares are the subject of the option (“the relevant company”) is a qualifying company (see Part 3),

(c)that the individual to whom it is granted is an eligible employee in relation to that company (see Part 4),

(d)that the option is granted to the employee by reason of the employee’s employment—

(i)with that company, or

(ii)if that company is a parent company, with that company or another member of the group, and

(e)the requirements of Part 5 as to the terms of the option, the types of shares that may be subject to it, and other matters.

(4)In the EMI code, as it applies to a share option, “the appropriate time” means the time when the option is granted.

Meaning of “the relevant company” and “the employer company”U.K.

2U.K.In the EMI code, in relation to a share option—

  • the relevant company” means (in accordance with paragraph 1(3)(b)) the company whose shares are subject to the option;

  • the employer company” means the company by reference to which the requirement in paragraph 1(3)(d) (the employment requirement) is met.

Part 2U.K.General requirements

General requirements: introductionU.K.

3U.K.A share option is not a qualifying option unless the requirements of this Part of this Schedule as to the following are met at the appropriate time—

  • the purpose for which the option is granted (see paragraph 4),

  • the maximum entitlement of an employee (see paragraphs 5 and 6),

  • the maximum value of the relevant company’s shares in respect of which unexercised options can exist (see paragraph 7).

Purpose of granting the optionU.K.

4U.K.To be a qualifying option a share option must be granted for commercial reasons in order to recruit or retain an employee in a company, and not as part of a scheme or arrangement the main purpose (or one of the main purposes) of which is the avoidance of tax.

Maximum entitlement of employee: financial limit on unexercised optionsU.K.

5(1)An employee may not hold unexercised qualifying options which—U.K.

(a)are in respect of shares with a total value of more than [F2£250,000] , and

(b)were granted by reason of the employee’s employment—

(i)with one company, or

(ii)with two or more companies which are members of the same group of companies.

(2)A share option cannot be a qualifying option if the limit in sub-paragraph (1) is already exceeded at the time when it is granted.

(3)If the grant of a share option causes that limit to be exceeded, the option cannot be a qualifying option so far as it relates to the excess.

(4)Where, at the time when a share option is granted to an employee (“E”), E holds unexercised CSOP options granted by reason of E’s employment—

(a)with the employer company, or

(b)if it is a member of a group of companies, with any member of that group,

those options are to be treated for the purposes of this paragraph as if they were unexercised qualifying options.

(5)A “CSOP option” is an option to acquire shares under a scheme [F3which is a Schedule 4 CSOP scheme (see Schedule 4)].

(6)For the purposes of this paragraph—

(a)“the value” of shares in respect of which a particular share option is or has been granted means the market value, at the time when the option is or was granted, of issued shares of the same class as those that may be acquired by exercise of the option; and

(b)a share option is to be treated as granted in respect of the maximum number of shares that may be acquired under it.

[F4(7)For the purposes of this paragraph the market value of restricted shares is to be determined as if they were not.

(8)Shares are “restricted shares” if there is any contract, agreement, arrangement or condition which makes provision to which any of subsections (2) to (4) of section 423 (restricted securities) would apply if the references in those subsections to the employment-related securities were to the shares.]

Textual Amendments

F3Words in Sch. 5 para. 5(5) substituted (6.4.2014) by Finance Act 2014 (c. 26), Sch. 8 paras. 203, 204 (with Sch. 8 paras. 205-215)

F4Sch. 5 para. 5(7)(8) substituted (1.9.2003) by Finance Act 2003 (c. 14), Sch. 22 para. 45(2)(4); S.I. 2003/1997, art. 2

Maximum entitlement of employee: further limit of 3 yearsU.K.

6(1)Sub-paragraph (2) applies if an employee (“E”) has already been granted, by reason of E’s employment with one company, qualifying options in respect of shares with a total value of [F5£250,000] .U.K.

(2)Any further option granted by reason of E’s employment—

(a)with that company, or

(b)if it is a member of a group of companies, with any member of that group,

within the 3-year restriction period cannot be a qualifying option.

(3)Sub-paragraph (4) applies if an employee (“E”) has already been granted, by reason of E’s employment with two or more companies which are members of the same group of companies, qualifying options in respect of shares with a total value of [F6£250,000] .

(4)Any further option granted, by reason of E’s employment with any member of that group, within the 3-year restriction period cannot be a qualifying option.

(5)Sub-paragraph (2) or (4) applies whether or not the qualifying options already granted have been exercised or released.

(6)In those sub-paragraphs “the 3-year restriction period” means the period of three years after the date of the grant of the last qualifying option.

(7)Paragraph 5(6) to (8) (determination of value of shares) apply for the purposes of this paragraph as they apply for the purposes of paragraph 5.

Maximum value of options in respect of relevant company’s sharesU.K.

7(1)The total value of shares in the relevant company in respect of which unexercised qualifying options exist must not exceed £3 million.U.K.

(2)A share option cannot be a qualifying option if the limit in sub-paragraph (1) is already exceeded at the time when it is granted.

(3)If the grant of a share option causes that limit to be exceeded, the option cannot be a qualifying option so far as it relates to the excess.

(4)If the grant of two or more options at the same time causes that limit to be exceeded, sub-paragraph (5) applies.

(5)For the purpose of determining which part of each option relates to the excess, the amount of the excess is to be divided pro rata among the options according to the value of the shares in respect of which each option was granted.

(6)Paragraph 5(6) to (8) (determination of value of shares) apply for the purposes of this paragraph as they apply for the purposes of paragraph 5.

Part 3U.K.Qualifying companies

Qualifying companies: introductionU.K.

8U.K.A “qualifying company” is a company in relation to which the requirements of this Part of this Schedule as to the following are met at the appropriate time—

  • independence (see paragraph 9),

  • having only qualifying subsidiaries (see paragraphs 10 and 11),

  • [F7property managing subsidiaries (see paragraphs 11A and 11B),]

  • gross assets (see paragraph 12), F8...

  • [F9number of employees (see paragraph 12A), F10...]

  • trading activities (see paragraphs 13 and 14, read with paragraphs 15 to 23)[F11, and

  • UK permanent establishment (see paragraph 14A).]

Textual Amendments

F7Words in Sch. 5 para. 8 inserted (with effect in accordance with s. 96(6) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2004 (c. 12), s. 96(2)

F8Word in Sch. 5 para. 8 omitted (with effect in accordance with s. 33(6) of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 33(2)

F9Words in Sch. 5 para. 8 inserted (with effect in accordance with s. 33(6) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 33(2)

F10Word in Sch. 5 para. 8 omitted (with effect in accordance with s. 6(5) of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance (No. 3) Act 2010 (c. 33), s. 6(2)

F11Words in Sch. 5 para. 8 inserted (with effect in accordance with s. 6(5) of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 3) Act 2010 (c. 33), s. 6(2)

The independence requirementU.K.

9(1)The independence requirement consists of two conditions.U.K.

(2)The first condition is that the company is not—

(a)a 51% subsidiary of another company, or

(b)a company which is under the control of—

(i)another company, or

(ii)another company and any other person connected with that other company,

without being a 51% subsidiary of that other company.

(3)The second condition is that no arrangements are in existence by virtue of which the company could become such a subsidiary or fall under such control.

(4)Arrangements with a view to a qualifying exchange of shares (see paragraph 40) do not count for the purposes of the second condition.

[F12(5)But the independence requirement is treated as met if the company is subject to an employee-ownership trust (within the meaning of paragraph 27(4) to (6) of Schedule 2).]

The qualifying subsidiaries requirementU.K.

10(1)A company that has one or more subsidiaries is not a qualifying company unless every subsidiary of the company is a qualifying subsidiary (see paragraph 11).U.K.

[F13(2)In this paragraph “subsidiary” means any company which the company controls, either on its own or together with any person connected with it.

(3)For the purpose of sub-paragraph (2), the question whether a person controls a company is to be determined in accordance with [F14sections 450 and 451 of CTA 2010] (“control” in the context of close companies).]

Textual Amendments

F13Sch. 5 para. 10(2)(3) substituted for Sch. 5 para. 10(2) (with effect in accordance with s. 96(6) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2004 (c. 12), s. 96(3)

F14Words in Sch. 5 para. 10(3) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 399(2) (with Sch. 2)

Meaning of “qualifying subsidiary”U.K.

11(1)A company (“the subsidiary”) is a qualifying subsidiary of a company (“the holding company”) if the following conditions are met.U.K.

(2)The conditions are—

F15(a). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F15(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F15(c). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F16(ca)that the subsidiary is a 51% subsidiary of the holding company;]

(d)that no person other than the holding company [F17or another of its subsidiaries] has control of the subsidiary; and

(e)that no arrangements are in existence by virtue of which [F18either of the conditions in paragraphs (ca) and] (d) would cease to be met.

F19(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(4)Sub-paragraph (5) applies at a time when the subsidiary or another company is being wound up.

(5)The subsidiary is not to be regarded as having ceased, on account of the winding up, to be a company in relation to which the conditions in sub-paragraph (2) are met if—

(a)the conditions in that sub-paragraph would be met apart from the winding up, and

(b)the winding up is for commercial reasons and is not part of a scheme or arrangement the main purpose (or one of the main purposes) of which is the avoidance of tax.

(6)Sub-paragraph (7) applies at a time when arrangements are in existence for the disposal by—

(a)the holding company, or

(b)another subsidiary of the holding company,

of all of its interest in the subsidiary.

(7)The subsidiary is not to be regarded as having ceased, on account of those arrangements, to be a company in relation to which the conditions in sub-paragraph (2) are met if the disposal is to be for commercial reasons and is not to be part of a scheme or arrangement the main purpose (or one of the main purposes) of which is the avoidance of tax.

[F20(8)Sub-paragraph (9) applies at a time when the subsidiary or another company is in administration or receivership.

(9)The subsidiary is not to be regarded, by reason only of anything done as a consequence of the company concerned being in administration or receivership, as having ceased to be a company in relation to which the conditions in sub-paragraph (2) are met if—

(a)the entry into administration or receivership, and

(b)everything done as a consequence of the company concerned being in administration or receivership,

is for commercial reasons and is not part of a scheme or arrangement the main purpose (or one of the main purposes) of which is the avoidance of tax.

(10)[F21Section 252 of ITA 2007] (meaning of being in administration or receivership) applies for the purposes of sub-paragraphs (8) and (9) as it applies for the purposes of [F22Part 5 of ITA 2007] (enterprise investment scheme).]

Textual Amendments

F15Sch. 5 para. 11(2)(a)-(c) repealed (with effect in accordance with s. 96(6) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2004 (c. 12), s. 96(4)(a), Sch. 42 Pt. 2(13)

F16Sch. 5 para. 11(2)(ca) inserted (with effect in accordance with s. 96(6) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2004 (c. 12), s. 96(4)(b)

F17Words in Sch. 5 para. 11(2)(d) inserted (with effect in accordance with s. 96(6) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2004 (c. 12), s. 96(4)(c)

F18Words in Sch. 5 para. 11(2)(e) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 96(6) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2004 (c. 12), s. 96(4)(d)

F19Sch. 5 para. 11(3) repealed (with effect in accordance with s. 96(6) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2004 (c. 12), s. 96(4)(e), Sch. 42 Pt. 2(13)

F20Sch. 5 para. 11(8)-(10) inserted (with effect in accordance with s. 96(6) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2004 (c. 12), s. 96(4)(f)

F21Words in Sch. 5 para. 11(10) substituted (6.4.2007) by Income Tax Act 2007 (c. 3), s. 1034(1), Sch. 1 para. 450(2)(a) (with Sch. 2)

F22Words in Sch. 5 para. 11(10) substituted (6.4.2007) by Income Tax Act 2007 (c. 3), s. 1034(1), Sch. 1 para. 450(2)(b) (with Sch. 2)

[F23The property managing subsidiaries requirementU.K.

Textual Amendments

F23Sch. 5 paras. 11A, 11B and cross-headings inserted (with effect in accordance with s. 96(6) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2004 (c. 12), s. 96(5)

11A(1)A company is not a qualifying company if it has a property managing subsidiary which is not a qualifying 90% subsidiary of the company (see paragraph 11B).U.K.

(2)Property managing subsidiary” means a qualifying subsidiary of a company whose business consists wholly or mainly in the holding or managing of land or any property deriving its value from land.

[F24(3)In sub-paragraph (2) “property deriving its value from land” has the meaning given by section 188(3) of ITA 2007.]

Textual Amendments

F24Sch. 5 para. 11A(3) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 399(3) (with Sch. 2)

Meaning of “qualifying 90% subsidiary”U.K.

11B(1)A company (“the subsidiary”) is a qualifying 90% subsidiary of a company (“the holding company”) if the following conditions are met.U.K.

(2)The conditions are—

(a)that the holding company possesses not less than 90% of the issued share capital of, and not less than 90% of the voting power in, the subsidiary;

(b)that the holding company would—

(i)in the event of a winding up of the subsidiary, or

(ii)in any other circumstances,

be beneficially entitled to not less than 90% of the assets of the subsidiary which would then be available for distribution to the shareholders of the subsidiary;

(c)that the holding company is beneficially entitled to not less than 90% of any profits of the subsidiary which are available for distribution to the shareholders of the subsidiary;

(d)that no person other than the holding company has control of the subsidiary; and

(e)that no arrangements are in existence by virtue of which any of the conditions in paragraphs (a) to (d) would cease to be met.

(3)Sub-paragraphs (4) to (10) of paragraph 11 (but not sub-paragraph (6)(b)) apply in relation to the conditions in sub-paragraph (2) above as they apply in relation to the conditions in sub-paragraph (2) of that paragraph.]

The gross assets requirementU.K.

12(1)The gross assets requirement in the case of a single company is that the value of the company’s gross assets does not exceed £30 million.U.K.

(2)The gross assets requirement in the case of a parent company is that the value of the group assets does not exceed £30 million.

(3)The “value of the group assets” means the aggregate of the values of the gross assets of each of the members of the group, disregarding any that consist in rights against, or shares in or securities of, another member of the group.

[F25The number of employees requirementU.K.

Textual Amendments

F25Sch. 5 para. 12A and cross-heading inserted (with effect in accordance with s. 33(6) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 33(3)

12A(1)The number of employees requirement in the case of a single company is that the full-time equivalent employee number for it is less than 250.U.K.

(2)The number of employees requirement in the case of a parent company is that the sum of—

(a)the full-time equivalent employee number for it, and

(b)the full-time equivalent employee numbers for each of its qualifying subsidiaries,

is less than 250.

(3)The full-time equivalent employee number for a company is calculated as follows—

Step 1

Find the number of full-time employees of the company.

Step 2

Add, for each employee of the company who is not a full-time employee, such fraction as is just and reasonable.

The result is the full-time equivalent employee number.

(4)In this paragraph references to an employee—

(a)include a director, but

(b)do not include—

(i)an employee on maternity [F26, paternity [F27, shared parental or parental bereavement]] leave, or

(ii)a student on vocational training.]

Textual Amendments

F26Words in Sch. 5 para. 12A(4)(b)(i) substituted (1.12.2014) by Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 7 para. 63(2); S.I. 2014/1640, art. 5(2)(aa)

F27Words in Sch. 5 para. 12A(4)(b)(i) substituted (18.1.2020) by Parental Bereavement (Leave and Pay) Act 2018 (c. 24), s. 2(2), Sch. para. 61(1)(a); S.I. 2020/45, reg. 2

The trading activities requirement: single companyU.K.

13(1)The trading activities requirement in the case of a single company is that the company—U.K.

(a)disregarding any purposes within sub-paragraph (2), exists wholly for the purpose of carrying on one or more qualifying trades, and

(b)is carrying on a qualifying trade or preparing to do so.

(2)The purposes referred to in sub-paragraph (1)(a) are—

(a)the holding and managing of property used by the company for one or more qualifying trades carried on by it, and

(b)any purposes having no significant effect (other than in relation to incidental matters) on the extent of the company’s activities.

(3)This paragraph is supplemented by paragraph 15 (meaning of “qualifying trade”) read with paragraphs 16 to 23 (excluded activities).

The trading activities requirement: parent companyU.K.

14(1)The trading activities requirement in the case of a parent company is that—U.K.

(a)at least one group company—

(i)disregarding any purposes within sub-paragraph (4), exists wholly for the purpose of carrying on one or more qualifying trades, and

(ii)is carrying on a qualifying trade or preparing to do so, and

(b)the business of the group does not consist (either wholly or as to a substantial part) in the carrying on of non-qualifying activities.

(2)The “business of the group” means what would be the business of the group if the activities of the group companies taken together were regarded as one business.

(3)For the purpose of determining the business of a group, activities of a group company are to be disregarded to the extent that they consist in—

(a)the holding of shares in or securities of, or the making of loans to, another group company,

(b)the holding and managing of property used by a group company for the purposes of one or more qualifying trades carried on by a group company, or

(c)incidental activities of a company which meets the trading activities requirement for a single company (see paragraph 13).

(4)The purposes referred to in sub-paragraph (1)(a)(i) are—

(a)the carrying on of any activities within sub-paragraph (3), and

(b)any purposes having no significant effect (other than in relation to incidental matters) on the extent of the company’s activities.

(5)In this paragraph—

(a)group company” means any member of the group;

(b)incidental activities” means activities carried on in pursuance of purposes having no significant effect (other than in relation to incidental matters) on the extent of the company’s activities;

(c)non-qualifying activities” means—

(i)excluded activities, or

(ii)activities carried on otherwise than in the course of a trade.

(6)This paragraph is supplemented by paragraph 15 (meaning of “qualifying trade”) read with paragraphs 16 to 23 (excluded activities).

[F28 The UK permanent establishment requirement U.K.

Textual Amendments

F28Sch. 5 para. 14A and cross-heading inserted (with effect in accordance with s. 6(5) of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 3) Act 2010 (c. 33), s. 6(3)

14A(1)The UK permanent establishment requirement is met if condition A or B is met.U.K.

(2)Condition A is that the company has a permanent establishment in the United Kingdom.

(3)Condition B is that—

(a)the company is a parent company, and

(b)any other member of the group—

(i)meets the conditions in paragraph 14(1)(a) (trading activities requirement), and

(ii)has a permanent establishment in the United Kingdom.]

Meaning of “qualifying trade”U.K.

15(1)A trade is a qualifying trade if—U.K.

F29(a). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(b)it is conducted on a commercial basis and with a view to the realisation of profits, and

(c)it does not consist (either wholly or as to a substantial part) in the carrying on of excluded activities.

(2)The carrying on of activities of research and development from which it is intended that a connected qualifying trade will be derived or benefit counts as the carrying on of a qualifying trade.

(3)But preparing to carry on such activities does not count as preparing to carry on a qualifying trade.

(4)In sub-paragraph (2) “connected qualifying trade” means a qualifying trade carried on—

(a)by the company carrying on the activities of research and development, or

(b)if that company is a member of a group, by any other member of the group.

Textual Amendments

F29Sch. 5 para. 15(1)(a) omitted (with effect in accordance with s. 6(5) of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance (No. 3) Act 2010 (c. 33), s. 6(4)

Excluded activitiesU.K.

16U.K.The following are excluded activities—

(a)dealing in land, in commodities or futures or in shares, securities or other financial instruments;

(b)dealing in goods otherwise than in the course of an ordinary trade of wholesale or retail distribution (see also paragraph 17);

(c)banking, insurance, money-lending, debt-factoring, hire-purchase financing or other financial activities;

(d)leasing, including letting ships on charter or other assets on hire (see also paragraph 18);

(e)receiving royalties or licence fees (see also paragraph 19);

(f)providing legal or accountancy services;

(g)property development (see also paragraph 20);

(h)farming or market gardening;

(i)holding, managing or occupying woodlands, any other forestry activities or timber production;

[F30(ia)shipbuilding (see also paragraph 20A);

(ib)producing coal (see also paragraph 20B);

(ic)producing steel (see also paragraph 20C);]

(j)operating or managing hotels or comparable establishments, or managing property used as a hotel or comparable establishment (see also paragraph 21);

(k)operating or managing nursing homes or residential care homes, or managing property used as a nursing home or residential care home (see also paragraph 22);

(l)any activities which are excluded activities under paragraph 23.

Textual Amendments

F30Sch. 5 para. 16(ia)-(ic) inserted (with effect in accordance with s. 33(6) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 33(4)

Excluded activities: wholesale and retail distributionU.K.

17(1)This paragraph supplements paragraph 16(b).U.K.

(2)A trade of wholesale distribution is one in which the goods are offered for sale and sold to persons—

(a)for resale by them, or

(b)for processing and resale by them,

to members of the general public for their use or consumption.

(3)A trade of retail distribution is one in which the goods are offered for sale and sold to members of the general public for their use or consumption.

(4)A trade is not an ordinary trade of wholesale or retail distribution if—

(a)it consists, to a substantial extent—

(i)in dealing in goods of a kind which are collected or held as an investment, or

(ii)in that activity and any other excluded activity taken together, and

(b)a substantial proportion of those goods are held by the company for a period which is significantly longer than the period for which a vendor would reasonably be expected to hold them while endeavouring to dispose of them at their market value.

(5)In determining whether a trade carried on by any person (“P”) is an ordinary trade of wholesale or retail distribution, consideration must be given to the extent to which it has the following features—

(a)the goods are bought by P in quantities larger than those in which P sells them;

(b)the goods are bought and sold by P in different markets;

(c)P employs staff and incurs expenses in the trade in addition—

(i)to the cost of the goods, and

(ii)in the case of a trade carried on by a company, to any remuneration paid to any person connected with it;

(d)there are purchases or sales from or to persons who are connected with P;

(e)purchases are matched with forward sales or vice versa;

(f)the goods are held by P for longer than is normal for goods of the kind in question;

(g)the trade is carried on otherwise than at a place or places commonly used for wholesale or retail trade;

(h)P does not take physical possession of the goods.

(6)The features in sub-paragraph (5)(a) to (c) are indications that the trade is such an ordinary trade.

(7)Those in sub-paragraph (5)(d) to (h) are indications to the contrary.

Excluded activities: leasing of certain shipsU.K.

18(1)This paragraph supplements paragraph 16(d) so far as it relates to the leasing of ships other than [F31offshore installations] or pleasure craft.U.K.

(2)In the following provisions “ship” accordingly means a ship other than an [F32offshore installation] or a pleasure craft.

(3)If the requirements of sub-paragraph (4) are met, a trade is not to be regarded as consisting in the carrying on of excluded activities within paragraph 16(d) as a result only of its consisting in the letting of ships on charter.

(4)The requirements of this sub-paragraph are that—

(a)every ship let on charter by the company carrying on the trade is beneficially owned by the company;

(b)every ship beneficially owned by the company is registered in the United Kingdom;

(c)the company is solely responsible for arranging the marketing of the services of its ships; and

(d)the conditions mentioned in sub-paragraph (5) are satisfied in relation to every letting of a ship on charter by the company.

(5)The conditions are that—

(a)the letting is for a period not exceeding 12 months and no provision is made at any time (in the charterparty or otherwise) for extending it beyond that period otherwise than at the option of the charterer;

(b)during the period of the letting there is no provision in force (as a result of being contained in the charterparty or otherwise) for the grant of a new letting to end, otherwise than at the option of the charterer, more than 12 months after that provision is made;

(c)the letting is by way of a bargain made at arm’s length between the company and a person who is not connected with it;

(d)under the terms of the charter the company is responsible as principal—

(i)for taking, throughout the period of the charter, management decisions in relation to the ship, other than those of a kind generally regarded by persons engaged in trade of the kind in question as matters of husbandry, and

(ii)for defraying all expenses in connection with the ship throughout that period, or substantially all such expenses, other than those directly incidental to a particular voyage or to the employment of the ship during that period; and

(e)no arrangements exist as a result of which a person other than the company may be appointed to be responsible for the matters mentioned in paragraph (d) on behalf of the company.

(6)If in the case of a letting by the company carrying on the trade (“the letting company”) the charterer is also a company and—

(a)the charterer is a qualifying subsidiary of the letting company, or

(b)the letting company is a qualifying subsidiary of the charterer, or

(c)both companies are qualifying subsidiaries of a third company,

sub-paragraph (5) has effect with the omission of paragraph (c).

(7)Where any of the requirements in sub-paragraph (4) is not met in relation to any lettings, the trade is not, as a result, to be treated as consisting in the carrying on of excluded activities if those lettings and any other excluded activities do not, taken together, amount to a substantial part of the trade.

(8)In this paragraph—

  • F33. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  • pleasure craft” means any ship of a kind primarily used for sport or recreation.

Textual Amendments

F31Words in Sch. 5 para. 18(1) substituted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 27 para. 17(6)(7) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2004 (c. 12), Sch. 27 para. 17(2)

F32Words in Sch. 5 para. 18(2) substituted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 27 para. 17(6)(7) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2004 (c. 12), Sch. 27 para. 17(3)

F33Words in Sch. 5 para. 18(8) repealed (with effect in accordance with Sch. 27 para. 17(6)(7) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2004 (c. 12), Sch. 27 para. 17(4), Sch. 42 Pt. 2(19)

Excluded activities: receipt of royalties or licence feesU.K.

19(1)This paragraph supplements paragraph 16(e) (receipt of royalties or licence fees).U.K.

(2)If the requirement of sub-paragraph (3) is met, a trade is not to be regarded as consisting in the carrying of excluded activities within paragraph 16(e) as a result only of its consisting to a substantial extent in the receiving of royalties or licence fees.

(3)The requirement of this sub-paragraph is that the royalties or licence fees (or all of them except for a part that is not substantial in terms of value) are attributable to the exploitation of relevant intangible assets.

(4)For this purpose a “relevant intangible asset” is an intangible asset the whole or greater part of which (in terms of value) has been created—

[F34(a)by the relevant company, or

(b)by a company which was a qualifying subsidiary of the relevant company throughout a period during which it created the whole or greater part (in terms of value) of the intangible asset.]

(5)In the case of an intangible asset which is intellectual property, any reference in sub-paragraph (4) to the creation of the asset by a company is to its creation in circumstances in which the right to exploit it vests in the company (either alone or jointly with others).

(6)In sub-paragraph (5) “intellectual property” means—

(a)any patent, trade mark, registered design, copyright, design right, performer’s right or plant breeder’s right; or

(b)any rights under the law of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom which correspond or are similar to those falling within paragraph (a).

(7)In this paragraph “intangible asset” means any asset which falls to be treated as an intangible asset in accordance with generally accepted accounting practice.

[F35(8)If—

(a)the relevant company acquired all the shares (“old shares”) in another company (“the old company”) at a time when the only shares issued in the relevant company were subscriber shares, and

(b)the consideration for the old shares consisted wholly of the issue of shares in the relevant company,

references in sub-paragraph (4) to the relevant company include the old company.]

Textual Amendments

F34Sch. 5 para. 19(4)(a)(b) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 61(2)-(6) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2007 (c. 11), s. 61(1)(a)

F35Sch. 5 para. 19(8) inserted (with effect in accordance with s. 61(2)-(6) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2007 (c. 11), s. 61(1)(b)

Excluded activities: property developmentU.K.

20(1)This paragraph supplements paragraph 16(g).U.K.

(2)Property development” means the development of land—

(a)by a company which has, or at any time has had, an interest in the land, and

(b)with the sole or main object of realising a gain from the disposal of an interest in the land when it is developed.

(3)For this purpose “interest in land” means—

(a)any estate, interest or right in or over land, including any right affecting the use or disposition of land, or

(b)any right to obtain such an estate, interest or right from another which is conditional on the other’s ability to grant it.

(4)References in this paragraph to an interest in land do not, however, include—

(a)the interest of a creditor (other than a creditor in respect of a rentcharge) whose debt is secured by way of mortgage, an agreement for a mortgage or a charge of any kind over land, or

(b)in the case of land in Scotland, the interest of a creditor in a charge or security of any kind over land.

[F36Excluded activities: shipbuildingU.K.

Textual Amendments

F36Sch. 5 paras. 20A-20C and cross-heading inserted (with effect in accordance with s. 33(6) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), s. 33(5)

20AU.K.In paragraph 16(ia) “shipbuilding” has the same meaning as in the Framework on state aid to shipbuilding (2003/C 317/06), published in the Official Journal on 30 December 2003.

Excluded activities: producing coalU.K.

20B(1)This paragraph supplements paragraph 16(ib).U.K.

(2)Coal” has the meaning given by Article 2 of Council Regulation (EC) No. 1407/2002 (state aid to coal industry).

(3)The production of coal includes the extraction of it.

Excluded activities: producing steelU.K.

20CU.K.In paragraph 16(ic) “steel” means any of the steel products listed in Annex 1 to the Guidelines on national regional aid (2006/C 54/08), published in the Official Journal on 4 March 2006.]

Excluded activities: hotels and comparable establishmentsU.K.

21(1)This paragraph supplements paragraph 16(j).U.K.

(2)A “comparable establishment” means a guest house, hostel or other establishment offering overnight accommodation.

(3)An establishment offers overnight accommodation if the main purpose of maintaining it is the provision of facilities for such accommodation (with or without catering services).

(4)The activities of a person are not to be taken to fall within paragraph 16(j) unless that person has an estate or interest in, or is in occupation of, the hotel or comparable establishment in question.

Excluded activities: nursing homes and residential care homesU.K.

22(1)This paragraph supplements paragraph 16(k).U.K.

(2)Nursing home” means an establishment that exists wholly or mainly for the provision of nursing care—

(a)for persons suffering from sickness, injury or infirmity, or

(b)for women who are pregnant or have given birth to children.

(3)Residential care home” means an establishment that exists wholly or mainly for the provision of residential accommodation, together with board and personal care, for persons in need of personal care by reason of—

(a)old age,

(b)mental or physical disability,

(c)past or present dependence on alcohol or drugs,

(d)any past illness, or

(e)past or present mental disorder.

(4)The activities of a person are not to be taken to fall within paragraph 16(k) unless that person has an estate or interest in, or is in occupation of, the nursing home or residential care home in question.

Excluded activities: provision of facilities for another businessU.K.

23(1)This paragraph applies where a company (“the service provider”) provides services or facilities for a business carried on by another person.U.K.

(2)Providing those services or facilities is an excluded activity if—

(a)the business consists to a substantial extent in carrying on excluded activities within any of sub-paragraphs (a) to (k) of paragraph 16, and

(b)a controlling interest in the business is held by a person (other than a company of which the service provider is a subsidiary) who also has a controlling interest in the business carried on by the service provider.

(3)Sub-paragraphs (4) to (6) explain what is meant by a controlling interest in a business for the purposes of sub-paragraph (2)(b).

(4)In the case of a business carried on by a company, a person (“P”) has a controlling interest in the business if—

(a)P controls the company,

(b)the company is a close company and P, or an associate of P's, is a director of the company and either—

(i)is the beneficial owner of more than 30% of the ordinary share capital of the company, or

(ii)is able (directly or through the medium of other companies or by any other indirect means) to control more than 30% of that share capital, or

(c)not less than half of the business could, in accordance with [F37section 942 of CTA 2010 (options for purposes of ownership condition)], be regarded as belonging to him for the purposes of [F38section 941 of that Act (trade transfers without change of ownership: ownership condition)].

(5)In any other case, a person has a controlling interest in a business if that person is entitled to not less than half—

(a)of the assets used for the business, or

(b)of the income arising from it.

(6)For the purposes of sub-paragraph (4)(a) the question whether a person controls a company is to be determined in accordance with [F39sections 450 and 451 of CTA 2010] (“control” in the context of close companies).

(7)For the purposes of this paragraph any rights or powers of a person who is an associate of another person are to be attributed to that other person.

(8)In this paragraph—

  • associate” has the meaning given [F40by section 448 of CTA 2010] (expressions relating to close companies), except that in [F41that section as it applies] for the purposes of this paragraph “relative” does not include a brother or sister;

  • business” includes any trade, profession or vocation;

  • director” is to be construed in accordance with [F42section 452 of CTA 2010] (expressions relating to close companies).

Textual Amendments

F37Words in Sch. 5 para. 23(4)(c) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 399(4)(a)(i) (with Sch. 2)

F38Words in Sch. 5 para. 23(4)(c) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 399(4)(a)(ii) (with Sch. 2)

F39Words in Sch. 5 para. 23(6) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 399(4)(b) (with Sch. 2)

F40Words in Sch. 5 para. 23(8) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 399(4)(c)(i) (with Sch. 2)

F41Words in Sch. 5 para. 23(8) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 399(4)(c)(ii) (with Sch. 2)

F42Words in Sch. 5 para. 23(8) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 399(4)(d) (with Sch. 2)

Part 4U.K.Eligible employees

Eligible employees: introductionU.K.

24U.K.An individual is an “eligible employee” in relation to the relevant company if the requirements of this Part of this Schedule as to the following are met at the appropriate time—

  • employment (see paragraph 25),

  • commitment of working time (see paragraphs 26 and 27), and

  • having no material interest (see paragraphs 28 to 33).

The employment requirementU.K.

25U.K.To be an eligible employee in relation to the relevant company an individual must be an employee—

(a)of that company, or

(b)if that company is a parent company, of that company or a qualifying subsidiary of that company.

The requirement as to commitment of working timeU.K.

26(1)For an individual (“the employee”) to be an eligible employee in relation to the relevant company the average amount per week of the employee’s committed time must equal or exceed the statutory threshold, that is—U.K.

(a)25 hours a week, or

(b)if less, 75% of the employee’s working time (see paragraph 27).

(2)The employee’s “committed time” means the time that the employee is required, as an employee in relevant employment, to spend—

(a)on the business of the relevant company, or

(b)if the relevant company is a parent company, on the business of the group.

(3)It includes any time which the employee would have been required to spend as mentioned in sub-paragraph (2) but for—

(a)injury, ill-health or disability,

(b)pregnancy, childbirth, maternity or paternity leave [F43, shared parental leave] [F44, [F45carer’s leave,] parental bereavement leave] or parental leave,

(c)reasonable holiday entitlement, or

(d)not being required to work during a period of notice of termination of employment.

(4)In this paragraph “relevant employment” means employment—

(a)by the relevant company, or

(b)where the relevant company is a parent company, by any member of the group.

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Sch. 5 para. 26 modified (temp.) (with effect in accordance with s. 107(5) of the affecting Act) by 2020 c. 14, s. 107(1)(2) (as substituted by Finance Act 2021 (c. 26), s. 24)

Meaning of “working time”U.K.

27(1)In paragraph 26 “working time” means—U.K.

(a)time spent on remunerative work as an employee or self-employed person, or

(b)time which would have been so spent but for any of the reasons set out in paragraph 26(3)(a) to (d).

(2)In sub-paragraph (1)(a) “remunerative work”, in the context of work undertaken as an employee, means work the earnings from which—

(a)are general earnings to which section 15 [F46applies (earnings for year when employee UK resident)], or

(b)would be general earnings within paragraph (a) if the employee were [F47UK resident (and none of sections 809B, 809D and 809E of ITA 2007 (remittance basis) applied to the employee).]

(3)In sub-paragraph (1)(a) “remunerative work”, in the context of work undertaken as a self-employed person, means work which is undertaken with a view to profit and the profits (if any) from which—

(a)are (or would be) chargeable to tax [F48as the profits of a trade, profession or vocation carried on wholly or partly in the United Kingdom], or

(b)would be so chargeable if the employee were resident F49... in the United Kingdom.

Textual Amendments

F46Words in Sch. 5 para. 27(2)(a) substituted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 7 para. 81 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), Sch. 7 para. 43(a)

F47Words in Sch. 5 para. 27(2)(b) substituted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 7 para. 81 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2008 (c. 9), Sch. 7 para. 43(b)

F48Words in Sch. 5 para. 27(3)(a) substituted (6.4.2005) by Income Tax (Trading and Other Income) Act 2005 (c. 5), s. 883(1), Sch. 1 para. 620(2) (with Sch. 2)

F49Words in Sch. 5 para. 27(3)(b) omitted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 46 para. 72 of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance Act 2013 (c. 29), Sch. 46 para. 42

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C2Sch. 5 para. 27 modified (temp.) (with effect in accordance with s. 107(5) of the affecting Act) by 2020 c. 14, s. 107(1)(3) (as substituted by Finance Act 2021 (c. 26), s. 24)

The “no material interest” requirementU.K.

28(1)An individual is not an eligible employee in relation to the relevant company if the individual has a material interest—U.K.

(a)in that company, or

(b)if that company is a parent company, in any member of the group.

(2)For the purposes of this paragraph an individual is to be regarded as having a material interest in a company if—

(a)the individual,

(b)the individual together with one or more of the individual’s associates, or

(c)any such associate, with or without any other such associates,

has a material interest in the company.

(3)This paragraph is supplemented—

(a)as regards the meaning of “material interest”, by paragraphs 29 and 30; and

(b)as regards the meaning of “associate” by paragraph 31 (read with paragraphs 32 and 33).

Meaning of “material interest”U.K.

29(1)In paragraph 28 (the “no material interest” requirement) references to a “material interest” in a company are to—U.K.

(a)a material interest in the share capital of the company, or

(b)where it is a close company, a material interest in its assets.

(2)A material interest in the share capital of a company means—

(a)beneficial ownership of, or

(b)the ability to control (directly or through the medium of other companies or by any other indirect means),

more than 30% of the ordinary share capital of the company.

(3)A material interest in the assets of a close company means—

(a)possession of, or

(b)an entitlement to acquire,

such rights as would, in the event of the winding up of the company or in any other circumstances, give an entitlement to receive more than 30% of the assets that would then be available for distribution among the participators.

(4)In this paragraph—

  • close company” includes a company that would be a close company but for—

    (a)

    [F50section 442(a) of CTA 2010] (exclusion of companies not resident in the United Kingdom), or

    (b)

    [F51sections 446 and 447 of CTA 2010] (exclusion of certain quoted companies);

  • participator” has the meaning given by [F52section 454 of CTA 2010] (expressions relating to close companies).

(5)This paragraph is supplemented by paragraph 30 (options and interests in SIPs).

Textual Amendments

F50Words in Sch. 5 para. 29(4) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 399(5)(a)(i) (with Sch. 2)

F51Words in Sch. 5 para. 29(4) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 399(5)(a)(ii) (with Sch. 2)

F52Words in Sch. 5 para. 29(4) substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 399(5)(b) (with Sch. 2)

Material interest: options and interests in SIPsU.K.

30(1)This paragraph applies for the purposes of paragraph 29 (meaning of “material interest”).U.K.

(2)A right to acquire shares (however arising) is to be treated as a right to control them.

(3)However, shares that an individual may acquire under a qualifying option are to be left out of account until such time as they are actually acquired.

(4)Sub-paragraph (5) applies in a case where—

(a)the shares to be attributed to an individual consist of or include shares which the individual or another person has a right to acquire, and

(b)the circumstances are such that, if that right were to be exercised, the shares acquired would be shares which were previously unissued and which the company would be contractually bound to issue in the event of the exercise of the right.

(5)In determining at any time prior to the exercise of the right whether the number of shares to be attributed to the individual exceeds 30% of the ordinary share capital of the company, that ordinary share capital is to be treated as increased by the number of unissued shares referred to in sub-paragraph (4)(b).

(6)The references in sub-paragraphs (4) and (5) to the shares to be attributed to an individual are to the shares which—

(a)for the purposes of paragraph 29(2) (material interest in share capital), and

(b)in accordance with paragraph 28(2) (material interest can consist of or include that of individual’s associates),

fall to be brought into account in the individual’s case so that it can be determined whether their number exceeds 30% of the company’s ordinary share capital.

(7)In applying paragraph 29 the following are to be disregarded—

(a)the interest of the trustees of any [F53Schedule 2 SIP (see Schedule 2)] in any shares which are held by them in accordance with the plan but which have not been appropriated to, or acquired on behalf of, an individual, and

(b)any rights exercisable by the trustees as a result of that interest.

Textual Amendments

Meaning of “associate”U.K.

31(1)In paragraph 28(2) (the “no material interest” requirement) “associate”, in relation to an individual, means—U.K.

(a)any relative or partner of that individual,

(b)the trustee or trustees of any settlement in relation to which that individual, or any of that individual’s relatives (living or dead), is or was a settlor, and

(c)where that individual is interested in any shares or obligations of the company mentioned in paragraph 28(2) which are subject to any trust, or are part of the estate of a deceased person—

(i)the trustee or trustees of the settlement concerned, or

(ii)the personal representatives of the deceased,

as the case may be.

(2)Sub-paragraph (1)(c) needs to be read with paragraphs 32 and 33 (which relate to employee benefit trusts and discretionary trusts).

(3)In this paragraph—

  • relative” means—

    (a)

    spouse [F54or civil partner], or

    (b)

    parent, child or remoter relation in the direct line;

  • settlor” and “settlement” have the same meaning as in [F55Chapter 5 of Part 5 of ITTOIA 2005 (see section 620 of that Act)].

Textual Amendments

F54Words in Sch. 5 para. 31(3) inserted (5.12.2005) by The Tax and Civil Partnership Regulations 2005 (S.I. 2005/3229), regs. 1(1), 173

F55Words in Sch. 5 para. 31(3) substituted (6.4.2005) by Income Tax (Trading and Other Income) Act 2005 (c. 5), s. 883(1), Sch. 1 para. 620(3) (with Sch. 2)

Meaning of “associate”: trustees of employee benefit trustU.K.

32(1)This paragraph applies for the purposes of paragraph 31(1)(c) (meaning of “associate”: trustees of settlement) where the individual is interested as a beneficiary of an employee benefit trust in shares or obligations of the company mentioned in paragraph 28(2).U.K.

(2)The trustees of the employee benefit trust are not to be regarded as associates of the beneficiary by reason only of the individual’s being so interested if neither—

(a)the individual, nor

(b)the individual together with one or more of the individual’s associates, nor

(c)any such associate, with or without any other such associates,

has at any time after 13th March 1989 been the beneficial owner of, or able (directly or through the medium of other companies or by any other indirect means) to control, more than 30% of the ordinary share capital of the company.

(3)In sub-paragraph (2)(b) and (c) “associate” has the meaning given by paragraph 31(1), but does not include the trustees of an employee benefit trust as a result only of the individual’s having an interest in shares or obligations of the trust.

(4)Chapter 11 of Part 7 of this Act (which deals with the attribution of interests in companies to beneficiaries of employee benefit trusts) applies for the purposes of sub-paragraph (2).

(5)In this paragraph “employee benefit trust” has the same meaning as in that Chapter (see sections 550 and 551).

Meaning of “associate”: trustees of discretionary trustU.K.

33(1)This paragraph applies for the purposes of paragraph 31(1)(c) (meaning of “associate”: trustees of settlement) where—U.K.

(a)the individual (“the beneficiary”) is one of the objects of a discretionary trust,

(b)the property subject to the trust has at any time consisted of or included shares or obligations of the company mentioned in paragraph 28(2),

(c)the beneficiary has ceased to be eligible to benefit under the trust as a result of—

(i)an irrevocable disclaimer or release executed by the beneficiary, or

(ii)the irrevocable exercise by the trustees of a power to exclude the beneficiary from the objects of the trust,

(d)immediately after the beneficiary ceased to be so eligible, no associate of the beneficiary was interested in the shares or obligations of the company which were subject to the trust, and

(e)during the period of 12 months ending with the date on which the beneficiary ceased to be so eligible, neither the beneficiary nor any associate of the beneficiary received any benefit under the trust.

(2)The beneficiary is not, as a result only of the matters mentioned in sub-paragraph (1)(a) and (b), to be regarded as having been interested in the shares or obligations of the company at any time during that period of 12 months.

(3)In sub-paragraph (1) “associate” has the meaning given by paragraph 31, but with the omission of sub-paragraph (1)(c) of that paragraph (trusts and estates).

Part 5U.K.Requirements relating to options

Requirements relating to options: introductionU.K.

34U.K.A share option is not a qualifying option unless the requirements of this Part of this Schedule as to the following are met at the appropriate time—

  • the type of shares that may be acquired (see paragraph 35),

  • when the option is capable of being exercised (see paragraph 36),

  • the terms being agreed in writing (see paragraph 37), and

  • the non-assignability of rights (see paragraph 38).

Type of shares that may be acquiredU.K.

35(1)The option must confer a right to acquire shares that—U.K.

(a)form part of the ordinary share capital of the relevant company,

(b)are fully paid up, and

(c)are not redeemable.

(2)Shares are not fully paid up for the purposes of sub-paragraph (1)(b) if there is any undertaking to pay cash to the relevant company at a future date.

(3)For the purposes of sub-paragraph (1)(c) “redeemable” shares include shares that may become redeemable at a future date.

Option to be capable of exercise within 10 yearsU.K.

36(1)The option must be capable of being exercised within the period of 10 years beginning with the date on which it is granted.U.K.

(2)Where the exercise of the option is dependent on the fulfilment of conditions, the option is to be taken to be capable of being exercised within the period mentioned in sub-paragraph (1) if the conditions may be fulfilled within that period.

Terms of option to be agreed in writingU.K.

37(1)The option must take the form of a written agreement between the person granting the option and the employee which meets the following requirements.U.K.

(2)The agreement must state—

(a)the date on which the option is granted;

(b)that it is granted under the provisions of this Schedule;

(c)the number, or maximum number, of shares that may be acquired;

(d)the price (if any) payable by the employee to acquire them, or the method by which that price is to be determined; and

(e)when and how the option may be exercised.

(3)The agreement must set out any conditions, such as performance conditions, affecting the terms or extent of the employee’s entitlement.

F56(4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F57(5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F56Sch. 5 para. 37(4) omitted (with effect in accordance with s. 17(5)-(9) of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance (No. 2) Act 2023 (c. 30), s. 17(2)

F57Sch. 5 para. 37(5) omitted (with effect in accordance with s. 17(5)-(9) of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance (No. 2) Act 2023 (c. 30), s. 17(2)

Non-assignability of rightsU.K.

38U.K.The terms on which the option is granted—

(a)must prohibit the person to whom it is granted from transferring any of that person’s rights under it, and

(b)if they permit it to be exercised after that person’s death, must not permit it to be exercised more than one year after the date of the death.

Part 6U.K.Company reorganisations

Company reorganisations: introductionU.K.

39(1)This Part applies in connection with company reorganisations.U.K.

(2)For the purposes of this Part there is a “company reorganisation” where a company (“the acquiring company”)—

(a)obtains control of a company whose shares are subject to an outstanding qualifying option—

(i)as a result of making a general offer to acquire the whole of the issued share capital of that company which is made on a condition such that, if it is met, the person making the offer will have control of the company, or

(ii)as a result of making a general offer to acquire all the shares in the company which are of the same class as those to which the option relates;

[F58(b)obtains control of such a company as a result of a compromise or arrangement sanctioned by the court under section 899 [F59or 901F] of the Companies Act 2006 (court sanction for compromise or arrangement);]

[F60(c)becomes bound or entitled to acquire shares in the scheme company under sections 979 to 982 [F61or 983 to 985] of the Companies Act 2006 (takeover offers: right of offeror to buy out minority shareholder).]

(d)obtains all the shares of a company whose shares are subject to an outstanding qualifying option as a result of a qualifying exchange of shares (see paragraph 40).

(3)In sub-paragraph (2) “outstanding qualifying option” means a qualifying option that has yet to be exercised.

[F62(4)In sub-paragraph (2)(a)(i) the reference to the issued share capital of the company does not include any capital already held by the person making the offer or a person connected with that person and in sub-paragraph (2)(a)(ii) the reference to the shares in the company does not include any shares already held by the person making the offer or a person connected with that person.

(5)For the purposes of sub-paragraph (2)(a)(i) and (ii) it does not matter if the general offer is made to different shareholders by different means.]

Meaning of “qualifying exchange of shares”U.K.

40(1)For the purposes of the EMI code there is a “qualifying exchange of shares” where—U.K.

(a)arrangements are made in accordance with which a company (“the new company”) acquires all the shares (“old shares”) in another company (“the old company”), and

(b)the following conditions are met.

(2)The conditions are that—

(a)the consideration for the old shares consists wholly of the issue of shares (“new shares”) in the new company;

(b)new shares are issued in consideration of old shares only at times when there are no issued shares in the new company other than—

(i)subscriber shares, and

(ii)new shares previously issued in consideration of old shares;

(c)the consideration for new shares of each description consists wholly of old shares of the corresponding description;

(d)new shares of each description are issued to holders of old shares of the corresponding description in respect of, and in proportion to, their holdings; and

(e)by virtue of the CGT capital reorganisation provisions, the exchange of shares is not treated as involving a disposal of the old shares or an acquisition of the new shares.

(3)For the purposes of this paragraph old shares and new shares are of a corresponding description if, on the assumption that they were shares in the same company, they would be of the same class and carry the same rights.

(4)In this paragraph—

(a)references to “shares”, except in the expression “subscriber shares”, include securities; and

(b)the CGT capital reorganisation provisions” means section 127 of TCGA 1992, as applied by section 135(3) of that Act (exchange of securities).

Grant of replacement optionU.K.

41(1)This paragraph applies if both of the following conditions are met in connection with a company reorganisation.U.K.

(2)The first condition is that the holder of a qualifying option, by agreement with the acquiring company, releases the holder’s rights under that option (“the old option”) in consideration of the granting to him of rights (“the new option”) which are equivalent but relate to shares in the acquiring company.

(3)The second condition is that the requirements of the following paragraphs are met—

  • paragraph 42 (period within which replacement option must be granted), and

  • paragraph 43 (further requirements to be met as to replacement option).

(4)If this paragraph applies, the new option is to be treated for the purposes of the EMI code as a “replacement option”.

(5)Except where the contrary is indicated—

(a)references in the EMI code to a qualifying option include a replacement option, and

(b)a replacement option is to be treated for the purposes of the EMI code as if it had been granted on the date on which the old option was granted.

(6)For the purposes of any of paragraphs 5 to 7 or section 536(1)(e), the total value of the shares in the acquiring company that are subject to the replacement option is to be taken to be equal to—

(a)the total value (as calculated in accordance with paragraph 5(6) to (8)) of the shares that were subject to the old option immediately before the release of rights under that option, or

(b)if the replacement option has been partially exercised, the proportion of that total value which corresponds to the proportion which the number of shares that remain subject to the option bears to the number of shares that were subject to it at the time when it was granted as a new option (see sub-paragraph (2) above).

(7)In the EMI code references to “the old option” or “the new option” are to be construed in accordance with this paragraph.

Period within which replacement option must be grantedU.K.

42(1)To qualify as a replacement option the new option must be granted within the required period (see sub-paragraphs (2) to (4)).U.K.

(2)If the company reorganisation falls within paragraph 39(2)(a), the required period is the period of 6 months after the date on which—

(a)the person making the offer has obtained control of the company, and

(b)any condition subject to which the offer is made is met.

(3)If the company reorganisation falls within paragraph 39(2)(b) or (d), the required period is the period of 6 months after the date on which the acquiring company obtains control of the company whose shares are subject to the old option.

(4)If the company reorganisation falls within paragraph 39(2)(c), the required period is the period during which the acquiring company remains bound or entitled as mentioned in that provision.

Further requirements to be met as to replacement optionU.K.

43(1)For the new option to qualify as a replacement option the following requirements must also be met.U.K.

(2)The new option must be granted to the holder of the old option by reason of the holder’s employment—

(a)with the acquiring company, or

(b)if that company is a parent company, with that company or another member of the group.

(3)The requirements of—

(a)paragraph 4 (purpose of granting option),

(b)paragraph 7 (maximum value of options in respect of relevant company) (as it has effect under sub-paragraph (4)), and

(c)Part 5 (requirements as to options),

must be met in relation to the new option at the time of the release of rights under the old option (“the relevant time”).

(4)For the purposes of paragraph 7 (as applied by sub-paragraph (3)(b)) the total value of the shares in the acquiring company that are subject to the new option is to be taken to be equal to the total value (as calculated in accordance with paragraph 5(6) to (8)) of the shares that were subject to the old option immediately before the relevant time.

(5)In addition to the requirements mentioned in sub-paragraph (3)—

(a)the independence requirement and the trading activities requirement must be met in relation to the acquiring company at the relevant time, and

(b)the individual to whom the new option is granted must be an eligible employee in relation to the acquiring company at that time.

(6)The total market value, immediately before the relevant time, of the shares which were subject to the old option must be equal to the total market value, immediately after the grant of the new option, of the shares in respect of which that option is granted.

(7)The total amount payable by the employee for the acquisition of the shares under the new option must be equal to the total amount that would have been payable for the acquisition of shares under the old option.

Part 7U.K.Notification of option to inland revenue

Notice of option to be given to Inland Revenue U.K.

44(1)For a share option to be a qualifying option, notice of the option must be given to [F1an officer of Revenue and Customs] within 92 days after the date of the grant of the option.U.K.

(2)The notice must—

(a)be given by the employer company, F63...

F63(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(3)The notice must contain, or be supported by, such information as [F1an officer of Revenue and Customs] may require for the purpose of determining whether the requirements of this Schedule are met.

(4)The notice must also contain a declaration within [F64sub-paragraph (5)].

(5)A declaration within this sub-paragraph is a declaration by a director, or the secretary, of the employer company—

(a)that in the opinion of that person the requirements of this Schedule are met in relation to the option, F65... [F66and]

(b)that the information provided is, to the best of that person’s knowledge, correct and complete F67...

F67(c). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F68(5A). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F69(6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(7)Any reference in this Part of this Schedule to the requirements (or any of the requirements) of this Schedule being met in relation to a share option is a reference to the requirements or requirement being met in relation to it at the appropriate time.

[F70(8)The notice, and any information supporting it, must be given electronically.

(9)But, if an officer of Revenue and Customs considers it appropriate to do so, the officer may allow the employer company to give the notice or any supporting information in another way; and, if the officer does so, the notice or information must be given in that other way.

(10)The Commissioners for Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs—

(a)must prescribe how notices and supporting information are to be given electronically;

(b)may make different provision for different cases or circumstances.]

Textual Amendments

F63Sch. 5 para. 44(2)(b) and word omitted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 223 of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance Act 2014 (c. 26), Sch. 8 paras. 217(2), 222

F64Words in Sch. 5 para. 44(4) substituted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 223 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2014 (c. 26), Sch. 8 paras. 217(3), 222

F65Word in Sch. 5 para. 44(5) omitted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 223 of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance Act 2014 (c. 26), Sch. 8 paras. 217(4)(a), 222

F66Word in Sch. 5 para. 44(5) inserted (with effect in accordance with s. 17(5)-(9) of the amending Act) by Finance (No. 2) Act 2023 (c. 30), s. 17(3)(a)(i)

F67Sch. 5 para. 44(5)(c) and word omitted (with effect in accordance with s. 17(5)-(9) of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance (No. 2) Act 2023 (c. 30), s. 17(3)(a)(ii)

F68Sch. 5 para. 44(5A) omitted (with effect in accordance with s. 17(5)-(9) of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance (No. 2) Act 2023 (c. 30), s. 17(3)(b)

F69Sch. 5 para. 44(6) omitted (with effect in accordance with s. 17(5)-(9) of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance (No. 2) Act 2023 (c. 30), s. 17(3)(b)

F70Sch. 5 para. 44(8)-(10) inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 223 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2014 (c. 26), Sch. 8 paras. 217(6), 222

Correction of notice by Inland Revenue U.K.

45(1)[F1An officer of Revenue and Customs] may amend a notice given under paragraph 44 so as to correct obvious errors or omissions in the notice.U.K.

(2)A correction under this paragraph must be made by a notice given to the employer company.

(3)No correction may be made under this paragraph more than 9 months after the day on which the notice under paragraph 44 was given to [F1an officer of Revenue and Customs].

(4)A correction under this paragraph is of no effect if the employer company, within 3 months after the date of issue of the notice of correction, gives notice to [F1an officer of Revenue and Customs] rejecting the correction.

Notice of enquiryU.K.

46(1)This paragraph applies where notice of a share option is given under paragraph 44.U.K.

(2)[F1An officer of Revenue and Customs] may enquire into the option if [F71the officer] [F72gives] notice to the employer company of [F73the officer's] intention to do so in accordance with this paragraph.

(3)[F1An officer of Revenue and Customs] may enquire into whether the requirement of paragraph 26 (commitment of working time) is met in relation to the option by the individual to whom it has been granted if [F74the officer] [F72gives] that individual notice of [F73the officer's] intention to do so in accordance with this paragraph.

(4)[F1An officer of Revenue and Customs] must give a copy of a notice under sub-paragraph (3) to the employer company.

(5)Unless given by virtue of sub-paragraph (6), a notice of enquiry may not be given more than 12 months after the end of the period of 92 days mentioned in paragraph 44(1) (the period within which a notice under that paragraph must be given).

(6)A notice of enquiry may be given at any time if [F1an officer of Revenue and Customs] [F75discovers] that any of the information provided in or in connection with the notice under paragraph 44 was false or misleading in a material respect.

(7)An option that has been the subject of one notice of enquiry under sub-paragraph (2) or (3) may not be the subject of another notice under that sub-paragraph, unless the notice is given by virtue of sub-paragraph (6).

(8)In this paragraph a “notice of enquiry” means a notice given under sub-paragraph (2) or (3).

Completion of enquiry: closure noticesU.K.

47(1)An enquiry under paragraph 46(2) is completed when [F1an officer of Revenue and Customs] [F76gives] the employer company a notice—U.K.

(a)informing the company that [F77the officer] [F76has] completed [F78the] enquiry, and

(b)stating [F79the officer's] decision as to whether the requirements of this Schedule are met in relation to the option.

(2)If [F1an officer of Revenue and Customs] [F80concludes] that the requirements of this Schedule are not so met, [F77the officer] must also give notice of that decision to the person to whom the option has been granted.

(3)An enquiry under paragraph 46(3) is completed when [F1an officer of Revenue and Customs] [F81gives] the individual concerned and the employer company a notice—

(a)informing the recipients that [F77the officer] [F81has] completed [F82the] enquiry, and

(b)stating [F83the officer's] decision as to whether the requirement of paragraph 26 (commitment of working time) is met by that individual in relation to the option.

(4)References in the EMI code to a “closure notice” are to a notice under sub-paragraph (1) or (3).

(5)A closure notice takes effect when it is issued.

Textual Amendments

Completion of enquiry: application for closure notice to be givenU.K.

48(1)An application may be made [F84to the tribunal] under this paragraph for a direction requiring [F1an officer of Revenue and Customs] to give a closure notice within a specified period.U.K.

(2)The application may be made—

(a)by the employer company, or

(b)in a case within paragraph 46(3), by the individual concerned.

F85(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F86(4)Any such application is to be subject to the relevant provisions of Part 5 of TMA 1970 (see, in particular, section 48(2)(b) of that Act).]

(5)[F87The tribunal] must give a direction unless F88... satisfied that [F1an officer of Revenue and Customs] [F89has] reasonable grounds for not giving a closure notice within a specified period.

Effect of enquiryU.K.

49(1)If [F1an officer of Revenue and Customs] [F90does] not give a notice of enquiry, the requirements of this Schedule are taken to be met in relation to the option.U.K.

(2)If [F1an officer of Revenue and Customs] [F90does] give a notice of enquiry, [F91the officer's] decision stated in the closure notice is conclusive as to whether the requirements of this Schedule are met in relation to the option.

(3)But this is subject—

(a)if [F91the officer's] decision is that the requirements are not met, to the outcome of any appeal against that decision under paragraph 50;

(b)if their decision is that the requirements are met, to the outcome of any subsequent enquiry under paragraph 46(6) (enquiry arising from discovery of false or misleading information).

(4)This paragraph does not affect the provisions of sections 532 to 539 (which relate to disqualifying events).

AppealsU.K.

50(1)The employer company may appeal against a decision of [F1an officer of Revenue and Customs]U.K.

(a)that notice of the grant of the option was not given in accordance with paragraph 44, or

(b)that the requirements of this Schedule are not met in relation to the option.

(2)An individual may appeal against a decision of [F1an officer of Revenue and Customs] that the individual does not meet the requirement of paragraph 26 (commitment of working time).

(3)Notice of the appeal must be given to [F1an officer of Revenue and Customs] within 30 days after the date when the closure notice is given to the appellant.

F92(4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Part 8U.K.Supplementary provisions

Power to require informationU.K.

51(1)[F1An officer of Revenue and Customs] may by notice require a person to provide [F93the officer] with information—U.K.

(a)which [F93the officer] reasonably [F94requires] for the performance of [F95the officer's] functions under the EMI code, and

(b)which the person to whom the notice is addressed has or can reasonably obtain.

(2)The power conferred by this paragraph extends, in particular, to information to enable [F1an officer of Revenue and Customs]

(a)to decide whether a share option is a qualifying option, or

(b)to determine the liability to tax, including capital gains tax, of any person who has been granted a qualifying option.

(3)The notice must require the information to be provided within a specified period, which must not end earlier than 3 months after the date when the notice is given.

Annual returnsU.K.

[F9652(1)This paragraph applies in relation to a company whose shares are (or have been) subject to qualifying options.U.K.

(2)The company must give to Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs (“HMRC”) a return for each tax year falling (wholly or partly) in the company's qualifying option period.

(3)The company's “qualifying option period” is the period—

(a)beginning when the first qualifying option to which the company's shares are subject is granted, and

(b)ending when the termination condition is met.

(4)“The termination condition” is met when the company's shares—

(a)are no longer subject to qualifying options, and

(b)will no longer become subject to qualifying options.

(5)The return for a tax year must—

(a)contain, or be accompanied by, such information as HMRC may require, and

(b)be given on or before 6 July in the following tax year.

(6)The information which may be required under sub-paragraph (5)(a) includes (in particular) information to enable HMRC to determine the liability to tax, including capital gains tax, of any person who has been granted a qualifying option to which the company's shares are subject.

(7)If the company becomes aware that—

(a)anything which should have been included in, or should have accompanied, a return for a tax year was not included in, or did not accompany, the return,

(b)anything which should not have been included in, or should not have accompanied, a return for a tax year was included in, or accompanied, the return, or

(c)any other error or inaccuracy has occurred in relation to a return for a tax year,

the company must give an amended return correcting the position to HMRC without delay.]

Textual Amendments

F96 Sch. 5 paras. 52, 52A substituted for Sch. 5 para. 52 (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 224 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2014 (c. 26), Sch. 8 paras. 218, 222

[F9652A(1)A return under paragraph 52, and any information accompanying the return, must be given electronically.U.K.

(2)But, if HMRC consider it appropriate to do so, HMRC may allow a company to give a return or any accompanying information in another way; and, if HMRC do so, the return or information must be given in that other way.

(3)The Commissioners for Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs—

(a)must prescribe how returns and accompanying information are to be given electronically;

(b)may make different provision for different cases or circumstances.]

Textual Amendments

F96 Sch. 5 paras. 52, 52A substituted for Sch. 5 para. 52 (with effect in accordance with Sch. 8 para. 224 of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2014 (c. 26), Sch. 8 paras. 218, 222

Compliance with time limitsU.K.

53(1)For the purposes of this Part and Part 7 a person [F97(“P”)] is not to be regarded as having failed to do anything required to be done within a particular period of time if—U.K.

(a)[F98P] had a reasonable excuse for not doing it within that period, and

(b)if the excuse ceased to exist, [F98P] did it without unreasonable delay after the excuse ceased to exist.

(2)Where sub-paragraph (1)(b) applies, any further time limit running from the end of the period concerned is instead to run from the time when the thing in question was actually done.

[F99(3)For the purposes of sub-paragraph (1)—

(a)an insufficiency of funds is not a reasonable excuse, unless attributable to events outside P's control, and

(b)where P relies on any other person to do anything, that is not a reasonable excuse unless P took reasonable care to avoid the failure.]

Power to amend by Treasury orderU.K.

54(1)The Treasury may by order amend the EMI code—U.K.

(a)to make such amendments of paragraphs 13 to 23 (the trading activities requirement and related provisions) as they consider expedient;

(b)to substitute different sums of money for those for the time being specified in—

(i)paragraphs 5(1) and 6(1) and (3) (maximum entitlement of employee);

(ii)paragraph 12(1) and (2) (the gross assets requirement).

(2)An order under sub-paragraph (1)(b) which amends paragraphs 5(1) and 6(1) and (3) may amend section 536(1)(e) (other disqualifying events) so as to substitute the same sum for the one that is for the time being specified there.

Meaning of “market value” of sharesU.K.

55(1)For the purposes of the EMI code the “market value” of shares has the same meaning as it has for the purposes of TCGA 1992 by virtue of Part 8 of that Act.U.K.

(2)Sub-paragraph (1) is subject to paragraph 5(7) (valuation of shares subject to restriction or risk of forfeiture) as it applies for the purposes of any provision of the EMI code.

Determination of market value of sharesU.K.

56(1)This paragraph applies to the determination of the market value of shares for the purposes of the EMI code.U.K.

(2)Unless—

(a)it is agreed between the employer company and [F1an officer of Revenue and Customs], or

(b)a reference is made under sub-paragraph (4),

the market value of shares is to be determined by [F1an officer of Revenue and Customs].

(3)Where the market value of shares on any date needs to be determined for the purposes of the EMI code, [F1an officer of Revenue and Customs] and the employer company may agree that it is to be determined by reference to a date or dates, or to the average of the values on a number of dates, stated in the agreement.

(4)At any time before notice of [F1an officer of Revenue and Customs] determination has been given to the employer company, [F100the company may apply to the tribunal for the question of the market value of the shares to be determined].

F101(5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F102(6)Any such application is to be subject to the relevant provisions of Part 5 of TMA 1970 (see, in particular, section 48(2)(b) of that Act).]

Appeal against determination of market value of sharesU.K.

57(1)The employer company may appeal against any determination by [F1an officer of Revenue and Customs] under paragraph 56.U.K.

(2)Notice of appeal must be given to [F1an officer of Revenue and Customs] within 30 days after the date when notice of their determination is given to the employer company.

F103(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F104PenaltiesU.K.

Textual Amendments

F104Sch. 5 paras. 57A-57E and cross-heading inserted (6.4.2014) by Finance Act 2014 (c. 26), Sch. 8 paras. 220, 222

F10557AU.K.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F105Sch. 5 para. 57A omitted (with effect in accordance with s. 17(5)-(9) of the amending Act) by virtue of Finance (No. 2) Act 2023 (c. 30), s. 17(4)

57B(1)This paragraph applies if a company fails to give a return for a tax year (containing, or accompanied by, all required information) on or before the date mentioned in paragraph 52(5)(b) (“the date for delivery”).U.K.

(2)The company is liable for a penalty of £100.

(3)If the company's failure continues after the end of the period of 3 months beginning with the date for delivery, the company is liable for a further penalty of £300.

(4)If the company's failure continues after the end of the period of 6 months beginning with the date for delivery, the company is liable for a further penalty of £300.

(5)The company is liable for a further penalty under this sub-paragraph if—

(a)the company's failure continues after the end of the period of 9 months beginning with the date for delivery,

(b)HMRC decide that such a penalty should be payable, and

(c)HMRC give notice to the company specifying the period in respect of which the penalty is payable.

(The company may be liable for more than one penalty under this sub-paragraph.)

(6)The penalty under sub-paragraph (5) is £10 for each day that the failure continues during the period specified in the notice under sub-paragraph (5)(c).

(7)The period specified in the notice under sub-paragraph (5)(c)—

(a)may begin earlier than the date on which the notice is given, but

(b)may not begin until after the end of the period mentioned in sub-paragraph (5)(a) or, if relevant, the end of any period specified in any previous notice under sub-paragraph (5)(c) given in relation to the failure.

57C(1)This paragraph applies if a return under paragraph 52, or any information accompanying such a return—U.K.

(a)is given otherwise than in accordance with paragraph 52A, or

(b)contains a material inaccuracy—

(i)which is careless or deliberate, or

(ii)which is not corrected as required by paragraph 52(7).

(2)The company is liable for a penalty of an amount decided by HMRC.

(3)The penalty must not exceed £5,000.

(4)For the purposes of sub-paragraph (1)(b)(i) an inaccuracy is careless if it is due to a failure by the company to take reasonable care.

57D(1)This paragraph applies if a company is liable for a penalty under this Part.U.K.

(2)HMRC must assess the penalty and notify the company of the assessment.

(3)Subject to sub-paragraph (4), the assessment must be made no later than 12 months after the date on which the company becomes liable for the penalty.

(4)In the case of a penalty under paragraph 57C(1)(b), the assessment must be made no later than—

(a)12 months after the date on which HMRC become aware of the inaccuracy, and

(b)6 years after the date on which the company becomes liable for the penalty.

(5)A penalty payable under this Part must be paid—

(a)no later than 30 days after the date on which the notice under sub-paragraph (2) is given to the company, or

(b)if notice of appeal is given against the penalty under paragraph 57E(1) or (2), no later than 30 days after the date on which the appeal is determined or withdrawn.

(6)The penalty may be enforced as if it were corporation tax or, if the company is not within the charge to corporation tax, income tax charged in an assessment and due and payable.

(7)Sections 100 to 103 of TMA 1970 do not apply to a penalty under this Part.

57E(1)A company may appeal against a decision of HMRC that the company is liable for a penalty under this Part.U.K.

(2)A company may appeal against a decision of HMRC as to the amount of a penalty payable by the company under this Part.

(3)Notice of appeal must be given to HMRC no later than 30 days after the date on which the notice under paragraph 57D(2) is given to the company.

(4)On an appeal under sub-paragraph (1) which is notified to the tribunal, the tribunal may affirm or cancel the decision.

(5)On an appeal under sub-paragraph (2) which is notified to the tribunal, the tribunal may—

(a)affirm the amount of the penalty decided, or

(b)substitute another amount for that amount.

(6)Subject to this paragraph and paragraph 57D, the provisions of Part 5 of TMA 1970 relating to appeals have effect in relation to an appeal under this paragraph as they have effect in relation to an appeal against an assessment to corporation tax or, if the company is not within the charge to corporation tax, income tax.]

Minor definitionsU.K.

58U.K.In the EMI code—

  • arrangements” includes any scheme, agreement or understanding, whether it is legally enforceable or not;

  • company” means a body corporate;

  • group of companies” means a parent company and its 51% subsidiaries;

  • the group”, in relation to a parent company, means that company and its 51% subsidiaries;

  • parent company” means a company that has one or more 51% subsidiaries and “single company” means a company that does not;

  • research and development” has the meaning given by [F106section 1006 of ITA 2007];

  • shares” includes stock.

Textual Amendments

F106Words in Sch. 5 para. 58 substituted (6.4.2007) by Income Tax Act 2007 (c. 3), s. 1034(1), Sch. 1 para. 450(3) (with Sch. 2)

Index of defined expressionsU.K.

59U.K.In the EMI code the following expressions are defined or otherwise explained by the provisions indicated below:

the appropriate timeparagraph 1(4)
arrangementsparagraph 58(1)
child [F107section 721(6)]
close company [F108section 989 of ITA 2007], (and see paragraph 29(4))
closure noticeparagraph 47(4)
companyparagraph 58
company reorganisation (in Part 6 of this Schedule)paragraph 39(2)
connected personsection 718
controlsection 719 (and see paragraphs 10(2) and 23(6))
disqualifying eventsee sections 532 to 539
distribution [F109section 989 of ITA 2007]
earningssection 62 and see section 721(7)
the EMI codesection 527(3)
employee and employmentsection 4
eligible employeeparagraph 24
employer companyparagraph 2
excluded activitiesparagraph 16
farming [F110section 996 of ITA 2007]
F111. . .F111. . .
generally accepted accounting practice [F112section 997 of ITA 2007]
group of companiesparagraph 58
the groupparagraph 58
F113. . .F113...
market valueparagraph 55 (and see paragraph 5(7))
met (in Part 7 of this Schedule)paragraph 44(7)
new optionparagraph 41(7)
notice [F114section 989 of ITA 2007]
[F115offshore installation] [F116sections 1001 and 1002 of ITA 2007]
old optionparagraph 41(7)
ordinary share capital [F117section 989 of ITA 2007]
original optionsection 529(3)
parent companyparagraph 58
personal representative [F118section 989 of ITA 2007]
qualifying companyparagraph 8
qualifying optionsection 527(4) (and see paragraph 41(5))
qualifying subsidiaryparagraph 11
qualifying tradeparagraph 15
relevant companyparagraph 2
replacement optionsection 527(4)
the requirements of this Schedulesection 527(4)
research and developmentparagraph 58
share optionsection 527(4)
sharesparagraph 58 (and see paragraph 40(4)(a))
single companyparagraph 58
F119. . .F119. . .
51% subsidiary [F120section 989 of ITA 2007]
tax [F121section 989 of ITA 2007]
tax year [F122section 4(2) of ITA 2007 (as applied by section 989 of that Act)]
trade [F123section 989 of ITA 2007]
[F124tribunal section 989 of ITA 2007]
United Kingdom [F125section 1013 of ITA 2007]

Textual Amendments

F107Words in Sch. 5 para. 59 Table substituted (6.4.2007) by Income Tax Act 2007 (c. 3), s. 1034(1), Sch. 1 para. 450(4)(a) (with Sch. 2)

F108Words in Sch. 5 para. 59 Table substituted (6.4.2007) by Income Tax Act 2007 (c. 3), s. 1034(1), Sch. 1 para. 450(4)(b) (with Sch. 2)

F109Words in Sch. 5 para. 59 Table substituted (6.4.2007) by Income Tax Act 2007 (c. 3), s. 1034(1), Sch. 1 para. 450(4)(c) (with Sch. 2)

F110Words in Sch. 5 para. 59 Table substituted (6.4.2007) by Income Tax Act 2007 (c. 3), s. 1034(1), Sch. 1 para. 450(4)(d) (with Sch. 2)

F112Words in Sch. 5 para. 59 Table substituted (6.4.2007) by Income Tax Act 2007 (c. 3), s. 1034(1), Sch. 1 para. 450(4)(e) (with Sch. 2)

F114Words in Sch. 5 para. 59 Table substituted (6.4.2007) by Income Tax Act 2007 (c. 3), s. 1034(1), Sch. 1 para. 450(4)(f) (with Sch. 2)

F115Words in Sch. 5 para. 59 inserted (with effect in accordance with Sch. 27 para. 17(6)(7) of the amending Act) by Finance Act 2004 (c. 12), Sch. 27 para. 17(5)

F116Words in Sch. 5 para. 59 Table substituted (6.4.2007) by Income Tax Act 2007 (c. 3), s. 1034(1), Sch. 1 para. 450(4)(g) (with Sch. 2)

F117Words in Sch. 5 para. 59 Table substituted (6.4.2007) by Income Tax Act 2007 (c. 3), s. 1034(1), Sch. 1 para. 450(4)(h) (with Sch. 2)

F118Words in Sch. 5 para. 59 Table substituted (6.4.2007) by Income Tax Act 2007 (c. 3), s. 1034(1), Sch. 1 para. 450(4)(i) (with Sch. 2)

F120Words in Sch. 5 para. 59 Table substituted (6.4.2007) by Income Tax Act 2007 (c. 3), s. 1034(1), Sch. 1 para. 450(4)(j) (with Sch. 2)

F121Words in Sch. 5 para. 59 substituted (with effect in accordance with s. 1184(1) of the amending Act) by Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c. 4), s. 1184(1), Sch. 1 para. 399(6) (with Sch. 2)

F122Words in Sch. 5 para. 59 Table substituted (6.4.2007) by Income Tax Act 2007 (c. 3), s. 1034(1), Sch. 1 para. 450(4)(l) (with Sch. 2)

F123Words in Sch. 5 para. 59 Table substituted (6.4.2007) by Income Tax Act 2007 (c. 3), s. 1034(1), Sch. 1 para. 450(4)(m) (with Sch. 2)

F125Words in Sch. 5 para. 59 Table substituted (6.4.2007) by Income Tax Act 2007 (c. 3), s. 1034(1), Sch. 1 para. 450(4)(n) (with Sch. 2)

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