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School Standards and Framework Act 1998

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Legislation Crest

U.K.

School Standards and Framework Act 1998

1998 CHAPTER 31

An Act to make new provision with respect to school education and the provision of nursery education otherwise than at school; to enable arrangements to be made for the provision of further education for young persons partly at schools and partly at further education institutions; to make provision with respect to the Education Assets Board; and for connected purposes.

[24th July 1998]

Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

Extent Information

E1Act: amendments and repeals are coextensive with the enactments affected, see s. 145(8).

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Act modified (1.10.1998) (temp.) by S.I. 1998/2248, reg.2

C2Act amended (1.9.1998) by S.I. 1998/1973, reg. 3(6)

C3Certain functions transferred (1.7.1999) by S.I. 1999/672, art. 2(1), Sch.1.

C4Act extended (1.9.1999) by S.I. 1999/704, regs.11, 12, 16, 17, 19.

C5Act excluded (26.5.1999) by S.I. 1999/1287, reg. 5(2).

C6Powers to delegate certain functions restricted (Wales) (1.9.1999) by S.I. 1999/2242, reg. 42(1)-(5)

C7Act: Certain functions of a local education authority made exercisable by authorised persons (E.) (1.4.2002) by Contracting Out (Local Education Authority Functions) (England) Order 2002 (S.I. 2002/928), art. 3, Sch. 2

C9Act modified (7.4.2005) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 96(2)

Part IU.K. Measures to raise standards of school education

Chapter IE+W Limit on infant class sizes

1 Duty to set limit on infant class sizes.E+W

(1)The Secretary of State shall by regulations—

(a)impose a limit on class sizes for infant classes at maintained schools; and

(b)specify the school years in relation to which any such limit is to have effect.

(2)Any limit imposed under this section shall specify the maximum number of pupils that a class to which the limit applies may contain while an ordinary teaching session is conducted by a single [F1school teacher].

(3)Subject to subsections (4) and (5), regulations under this section shall be so framed that—

(a)the maximum number specified in pursuance of subsection (2) is 30, and

(b)that limit has effect in relation to the 2001-02 school year and any subsequent year.

(4)Regulations under this section may—

(a)provide for any limit imposed under this section to take effect—

(i)at the same time in the case of each of the age groups into which the pupils in infant classes fall, or

(ii)at different times (which may be earlier than the beginning of the school year mentioned in subsection (3)) in the case of different such age groups;

(b)provide that, in any circumstances specified in the regulations, any such limit either is not to apply or is to operate in such manner as is so specified.

(5)The Secretary of State may by order amend subsection (3)—

(a)by substituting for “30” such other number as is specified in the order; or

(b)by substituting for the reference to the 2001-02 school year a reference to such other school year as is so specified.

(6)Where any limit imposed under this section applies to an infant class at a maintained school, the [F2local authority] and the governing body shall exercise their functions with a view to securing that that limit is complied with in relation to that class.

Textual Amendments

F1Words in s. 1 substituted (19.12.2002 for W., 1.8.2003 for E.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 21 para. 87 (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/3185, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1; S.I. 2003/1667, art. 3

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C11S. 1 applied (with modifications) (18.10.1999) by S.I. 1999/2666, reg. 8, Sch. paras. 1(c), 2-8.

S. 1 applied (with modifications) (1.9.1999) by S.I 1999/2800, reg. 7, Sch. paras. 1, 2-8.

F32 Plans by LEAs for reducing infant class sizes.E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F3S. 2 repealed (1.3.2005 for E., 1.9.2006 for W.) by Children Act 2004 (c. 31), Sch. 5 Pt. 1; S.I. 2005/394, art. 2(1)(l); S.I. 2006/885, art. 2(3)(b)

3 Payment of grant in connection with reductions in infant class sizes.E+W

[F4(1)Regulations shall make provision for the payment by the Secretary of State of grants to [F5local authorities] in respect of expenditure incurred or to be incurred by them for the purpose of securing that any limit imposed under section 1 is complied with in relation to infant classes at schools maintained by them.

(2)Regulations under this section shall provide for the Secretary of State—

(a)to withhold grants under the regulations from a [F2local authority] where no proposed arrangements by that authority have been approved by him under section 2; and

(b)when determining whether any grant (and, if so, what amount) should be paid by him under the regulations to a [F2local authority], to have regard to their proposed arrangements as so approved.

(3)Regulations under this section may provide—

(a)for the payment of grant under the regulations to be dependent on the fulfilment of such conditions as may be determined by or in accordance with the regulations, and

(b)for requiring [F5local authorities] to whom payments have been made under the regulations to comply with such requirements as may be so determined.]

4 Interpretation of Chapter I.E+W

In this Chapter—

  • class” means a group in which pupils are taught in an ordinary teaching session;

  • infant class” means a class containing pupils the majority of whom will attain the age of five, six or seven during the course of the school year;

  • ordinary teaching session” does not include a school assembly or other school activity usually conducted with large groups of pupils;

  • [F6school teacher” means a person who is a school teacher for the purposes of section 122 of the Education Act 2002 (determination of school teachers’ pay and conditions)]

Textual Amendments

F6Words in s. 4 substituted (19.12.2002 for W., 1.8.2003 for E.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 21 para. 88 (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/3185, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1; S.I. 2003/1667, art. 3

Chapter IIU.K. General responsibilities of [F5local authorities]

Duty to promote high standards of educationU.K.

F75 Duty of LEAs to promote high standards in primary and secondary education.U.K.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Education development plansU.K.

F86 Preparation of education development plans.E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F8S. 6 repealed (1.3.2005 for E., 1.9.2006 for W.) by Children Act 2004 (c. 31), Sch. 5 Pt. 1; S.I. 2005/394, art. 2(1)(l); S.I. 2006/885, art. 2(3)(b)

F97 Approval, modification and review of statement of proposals.U.K.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F9S. 7 repealed (1.3.2005 for E., 1.9.2006 for W.) by Children Act 2004 (c. 31), Sch. 5 Pt. 1; S.I. 2005/394, art. 2(1)(l); S.I. 2006/885, art. 2(3)(b)

Intervention by Secretary of StateU.K.

8 Reserve power of Secretary of State to secure proper performance of [F5local authority]'s functions.U.K.

After section 497 of the M1Education Act 1996 there shall be inserted—

497A Power to secure proper performance of LEA’s functions.

(1)This section applies to a local education authority’s functions (of whatever nature) which relate to the provision of education—

(a)for persons of compulsory school age (whether at school or otherwise), or

(b)for persons of any age above or below that age who are registered as pupils at schools maintained by the authority.

(2)If the Secretary of State is satisfied (either on a complaint by any person interested or otherwise) that a local education authority are failing in any respect to perform any function to which this section applies to an adequate standard (or at all), he may exercise his powers under subsection (3) or (4).

(3)The Secretary of State may under this subsection direct an officer of the authority to secure that that function is performed in such a way as to achieve such objectives as are specified in the direction.

(4)The Secretary of State may under this subsection give an officer of the authority such directions as the Secretary of State thinks expedient for the purpose of securing that the function—

(a)is performed, on behalf of the authority and at their expense, by such person as is specified in the direction, and

(b)is so performed in such a way as to achieve such objectives as are so specified;

and such directions may require that any contract or other arrangement made by the authority with that person contains such terms and conditions as may be so specified.

(5)Where the Secretary of State considers it expedient that the person specified in directions under subsection (4) should perform other functions to which this section applies in addition to the function to which subsection (2) applies, the directions under subsection (4) may relate to the performance of those other functions as well; and in considering whether it is expedient that that person should perform any such additional functions, the Secretary of State may have regard to financial considerations.

(6)Any direction under this section may either—

(a)have effect for an indefinite period until revoked by the Secretary of State, or

(b)have effect until any objectives specified in the direction have been achieved (as determined in accordance with the direction).

(7)Any direction given under subsection (3) or (4) shall be enforceable, on an application made on behalf of the Secretary of State, by an order of mandamus.

497B Power to secure proper performance: further provisions.

(1)Where the Secretary of State gives directions under section 497A(4) to an officer of a local education authority, the person specified in those directions shall, in the performance of the function or functions specified in the directions, be entitled to exercise the powers conferred by this section.

(2)The specified person shall have at all reasonable times—

(a)a right of entry to the premises of the authority, and

(b)a right to inspect, and take copies of, any records or other documents kept by the authority, and any other documents containing information relating to the authority, which he considers relevant to the performance of the specified function or functions.

(3)In exercising the right to inspect records or other documents under subsection (2), the specified person—

(a)shall be entitled at any reasonable time to have access to, and inspect and check the operation of, any computer and any associated apparatus or material which is or has been in use in connection with the records or other documents in question, and

(b)may require—

(i)the person by whom or on whose behalf the computer is or has been so used, or

(ii)any person having charge of, or otherwise concerned with the operation of, the computer, apparatus or material,

to afford him such assistance as he may reasonably require (including, in particular, the making of information available for inspection or copying in a legible form).

(4)Without prejudice to subsection (2), the authority shall give the specified person all assistance in connection with the performance of the specified function or functions which they are reasonably able to give.

(5)Subsection (2) shall apply in relation to any school maintained by the authority as it applies in relation to the authority; and without prejudice to that subsection (as it so applies)—

(a)the governing body of any such school shall give the specified person all assistance in connection with the exercise of his functions which they are reasonably able to give; and

(b)the governing body of any such school and the authority shall secure that all such assistance is also given by persons who work at the school.

(6)Any reference in this section to the specified person includes a reference to any person assisting him in the performance of the specified function or functions.

(7)In this section “document” and “records” each include information recorded in any form.

Marginal Citations

Parent governor representatives on education committeesU.K.

9 Education committees to include representatives of parent governors.U.K.

At the end of section 499 of the M2Education Act 1996 (power of Secretary of State to direct appointment of members of education committees) there shall be added—

(6)Regulations may require—

(a)any such committee as is mentioned in subsection (1) or (3), and

(b)any sub-committee appointed by any authorities within subsection (1) or (3), or by any committee within paragraph (a) of this subsection, for the purpose mentioned in subsection (5)(b),

to include one or more persons elected, in accordance with the regulations, as representatives of parent governors at maintained schools in relation to which the committee or sub-committee acts.

(7)Regulations may make provision for—

(a)the number of persons who are to be elected for the purposes of subsection (6) in the case of any local education authority;

(b)the procedure to be followed in connection with the election of such persons and the persons who are entitled to vote at such an election;

(c)the circumstances in which persons are qualified or disqualified for being so elected or for holding office once elected;

(d)the term of office of persons so elected and their voting rights;

(e)the application to any such committee or sub-committee, with or without any modification, of any provision made by or under any other enactment and relating to committees or (as the case may be) sub-committees of a local authority;

(f)such other matters connected with such elections or persons so elected as the Secretary of State considers appropriate.

(8)Regulations may also make provision—

(a)enabling the Secretary of State to determine, where he considers it expedient to do so in view of the small number of maintained schools in relation to which a committee or sub-committee acts, that the requirement imposed on the committee or sub-committee by virtue of subsection (6) is to have effect as if it referred to representatives of parents of registered pupils (rather than representatives of parent governors) at those schools;

(b)for any regulations under subsection (7) to have effect, where the Secretary of State makes any such determination, with such modifications as may be prescribed.

(9)In subsections (6) and (8) “maintained school” and “parent governor” have the same meaning as in the School Standards and Framework Act 1998.

Marginal Citations

Chapter IIIE+W Education action zones

10 Establishment of education action zones.E+W

(1)If the Secretary of State considers that it is expedient to do so with a view to improving standards in the provision of education at any particular [F10eligible schools], he may by order provide for those schools to constitute collectively an education action zone for the purposes of this Chapter.

[F11(1A)For the purposes of subsection (1) “eligible school” means—

(a)a maintained school;

(b)a nursery school;

(c)a pupil referral unit; or

(d)an independent school.]

(2)An education action zone shall be established in the first instance for three years; but the Secretary of State may, by an order made before the end of that period, provide for the zone to continue in existence for a further two years.

F12(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(4)No order shall be made by the Secretary of State under subsection (1) [F13or (2)] except on an application made for the purpose with the consent of the governing body of every school which it is proposed should be a participating school.

(5)Any school which ceases to be a participating school by virtue of subsection (2) may nevertheless be included in a further order under subsection (1).

(6)In this Chapter—

[F14(a)references to a governing body—

(i)in relation to an independent school (other than an Academy, city technology college or city college for the technology of the arts), are to the proprietor of the school, and

(ii)in relation to a new school, include the temporary governing body of the school;

(b)participating school”, in relation to an education action zone, means one of the schools that—

(i)for the time being is included in the order under subsection (1), or

(ii)has been added to the zone by virtue of section 11B,

other than a school that has been removed from the zone in accordance with section 11C;

(c)pupil referral unit” has the same meaning as in section 19 of the Education Act 1996 (c. 56);

(d)new school” has the meaning given in section 72(3).]

F15(7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(8)Unless the Secretary of State by order otherwise provides, nothing in this Chapter applies in relation to Wales.

Textual Amendments

F11S. 10(1A) inserted (1.10.2002 for E. for specified purposes, 1.9.2003 for E. so far as not already in force, 2.1.2008 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 15 para. 2(2) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/2439, art. 3; S.I. 2003/1667, art. 4; S.I. 2007/3611, art. 4(1), Sch. Pt. 1

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C15s. 10(1) modified (temp.) (4.8.1998) by S.I. 1998/1878, reg. 2

11 Establishment of Education Action Forum for zone.E+W

(1)An order establishing an education action zone under section 10(1) shall provide for the establishment of an Education Action Forum for the zone.

(2)An Education Action Forum shall be a body corporate F16... .

F17(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(4)Schedule 1 has effect in relation to an Education Action Forum.

(5)The Forum established for an education action zone shall be dissolved by order of the Secretary of State with effect from the time when the zone ceases to exist in accordance with section 10(2).

(6)An order under subsection (5) may make provision for the transfer of property, staff, rights and liabilities of the Forum and for the preparation of a final statement of accounts.

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C17S. 11 extended (10.3.1999) by S.I. 1999/362, reg. 2(4).

[F1811AConstitution of Education Action ForumE+W

(1)The members of an Education Action Forum must include—

(a)one person appointed by the governing body of each of the participating schools, unless the governing body of any such school choose not to make such an appointment, and

(b)one or two persons appointed by the Secretary of State, unless he chooses not to make such appointments.

(2)Subject to that, an Education Action Forum—

(a)shall initially be constituted in accordance with the order under section 10(1), and

(b)may subsequently alter its membership (as set out in that order or as previously altered under this paragraph).

(3)In subsection (2) the references to altering the Forum’s membership include—

(a)altering the number of members, and

(b)altering who may appoint members.

(4)An alteration may be made under subsection (2)(b) only if it is made—

(a)in accordance with any procedural requirements specified for the purposes of this section in regulations under Schedule 1, and

(b)with the consent of the Secretary of State.]

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

[F1911B Expansion of zoneE+W

(1)An Education Action Forum established for an education action zone may add—

(a)any eligible school (within the meaning of section 10(1A)), or

(b)any new school which has a temporary governing body,

to the zone.

(2)But a school may be added under this section only if it is added—

(a)in accordance with any procedural requirements specified for the purposes of this section in regulations under Schedule 1, and

(b)with the consent of the governing body of the school and of the Secretary of State.

(3)For the purposes of this section references to a school being added to an education action zone are to it becoming one of the schools which constitute collectively the zone.

Textual Amendments

11C Removal from zoneE+W

(1)An Education Action Forum established for an education action zone may remove a participating school from the zone.

(2)But a school may be removed under this section only if it is removed—

(a)in accordance with any procedural requirements specified for the purposes of this section in regulations under Schedule 1, and

(b)with the consent of the Secretary of State.

(3)For the purposes of this section references to a school being removed from an education action zone are to it ceasing to be one of the schools which constitute collectively the zone.]

Textual Amendments

[F2011D Information relating to a Forum and its zoneE+W

(1)An Education Action Forum established for an education action zone must provide the Secretary of State with details of—

(a)any alteration made to its constitution under section 11A(2)(b),

(b)any addition of a school to the zone under section 11B, and

(c)any removal of a school from the zone under section 11C.

(2)The Forum must also, on a request being made by any person, provide him with—

(a)the name of each member of the Forum and of the person or body that appointed him,

(b)the name of any other person or body entitled to appoint a member, and

(c)the name of each participating school in relation to the zone.

(3)But the duty under subsection (2) is subject, in such circumstances as the Forum may determine, to the payment by the person concerned of a reasonable fee determined by the Forum.]

Textual Amendments

12 Functions of Education Action Forum.E+W

(1)An Education Action Forum shall have as its main object the improvement of standards in the provision of education at each of the participating schools.

[F21(1A)With the consent of the Secretary of State, a Forum may also carry on any other activities which it considers will promote the provision of, or access to, education whether in a participating school or otherwise.]

(2)A Forum may, under arrangements made by the governing body of a participating school in respect of any prescribed function of that body relating to the conduct of the school, either—

(a)discharge that function on behalf of the governing body until such time as they may specify in a request to the Forum to cease discharging the function on their behalf; or

(b)assume full responsibility for the discharge of that function during the whole of the period for which the Forum remains in existence.

(3)Regulations may make provision—

(a)as to the circumstances in which the governing body of a participating school may make arrangements under subsection (2);

(b)for the procedure to be followed by such a governing body in connection with the making of any such arrangements;

(c)for the procedure to be followed by an Education Action Forum when discharging any function by virtue of that subsection;

(d)for statutory provisions relating to governing bodies of maintained schools to apply, with any prescribed modifications, to an Education Action Forum when discharging any function by virtue of paragraph (b) of that subsection.

(4)Regulations may, in relation to the discharge by an Education Action Forum of any function of a governing body [F22under sections 35 to 37 of, or Schedule 2 to, the Education Act 2002 or under regulations made under those sections,] make any such provision as may be made by an order under section 81 (application of employment law during financial delegation).

(5)The Secretary of State may by a direction provide for any scheme under Chapter IV of Part II of this Act which relates to a participating school to have effect with such modifications as he considers appropriate in a case where an Education Action Forum is discharging any function in relation to the school by virtue of subsection (2)(b).

(6)Before giving a direction under subsection (5) the Secretary of State shall consult the [F2local authority].

13 Disapplication of pay and conditions order in relation to teachers at participating schools.E+W

[F23For section 3 of the M3School Teachers’ Pay and Conditions Act 1991 there shall be substituted—

3 Special provisions as to schools in education action zones.

(1)A pay and conditions order shall not apply to the statutory conditions of employment of the school teachers in a participating school the governing body of which—

(a)have, by notice to the Secretary of State, made an application for exemption; and

(b)pursuant to that application are for the time being exempted from subsections (6) and (7) of section 2 above by virtue of an order under subsection (4) below.

(2)Before making an application under subsection (1) above, the governing body of the participating school concerned shall consult the school teachers employed at the school with respect to the proposed application.

(3)A notice of application under subsection (1) above shall specify a date, at least three months after the date of the notice, with effect from which the governing body of the participating school concerned intend to make their own provision as to the statutory conditions of employment of the school teachers employed at the school.

(4)On receipt of a notice of application under subsection (1) above the Secretary of State may, by statutory instrument, make an order—

(a)naming the school; and

(b)specifying, as the date with effect from which, by virtue of the order, subsections (6) and (7) of section 2 above are not to apply, the date specified in the notice of application or such other date as may be agreed between the governing body and the Secretary of State.

(5)Where by virtue of an order under subsection (4) above a pay and conditions order ceases to apply in relation to any school, the statutory conditions of employment of the school teachers employed at the school shall be—

(a)such as may be determined by the governing body, or

(b)so far as the governing body have not made any determination with respect to any such conditions of employment, those having effect under the order immediately before it ceased to apply;

and (so far as necessary) the local education authority shall give effect to any such determination of the governing body.

(6)In this section “participating school” means one of the schools for the time being included in an order under section 10(1) of the School Standards and Framework Act 1998 establishing an education action zone.]

Textual Amendments

F23S. 13 ceased to have effect (1.10.2002 for E. and otherwise prosp.) by virtue of Education Act 2002 (c. 32), ss. 215(1), 216, Sch. 21 para. 91 (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/2439, art. 3 (with Sch.); S. 13 repealed (prosp) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), ss. 215(2), 216, Sch. 22 Pt. 1 (with ss. 210(8), 214(4))

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C19S. 13 excluded (1.9.1998) (temp.) by S.I. 1998/2115, reg.3

Marginal Citations

Chapter IVE+W Intervention in schools [F24in Wales] causing concern

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C20Pt. 1 Ch. 4: power to modify conferred (1.4.2003 for E., 12.4.2010 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), ss. 25(1)(a), 216(4) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2003/124, art. 4; S.I. 2010/707, art. 3(d)

Intervention by [F5local authorities] E+W

14 Powers of intervention exercisable by [F5local authorities].E+W

(1)If at any time section 15 applies to a maintained school by virtue of any of the following provisions of that section, namely—

(a)subsection (1) (school subject to formal warning),

(b)subsection (4) (school [F25requiring significant improvement]), or

(c)subsection (6) (school requiring special measures),

the provisions mentioned in subsection (2) below (which confer powers of intervention on [F5local authorities]) shall also apply to the school at that time unless excluded by subsection (3) below (intervention by [F26Assembly]).

F27(1A). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(2)Those provisions are—

(a)section 16 (power to appoint additional governors);

[F28(aa)section 16A (power to provide for governing body to consist of interim executive members);] and

(b)section 17 (power to suspend right to delegated budget).

[F29(3)Those provisions shall not apply to a school to which section 15 applies by virtue of subsection (4) or (6) of that section (school [F30requiring significant improvement] or requiring special measures) if, in connection with the same inspection falling within subsection (4)(a) or (6)(a) of that section—

(a)the [F31Assembly] has exercised in relation to the school [F31its] power under section 18 (power to appoint additional governors) and any additional governors appointed in the exercise of that power remain in office; or

(b)[F32the Assembly] has exercised in relation to the school [F32its] power under section 19 (power to direct closure of school).]

[F33(3A)In this Chapter “maintained school” means any school in Wales that is—

(a)a community, foundation or voluntary school,

(b)a community or foundation special school, or

(c)a maintained nursery school.]

[F34(4)In this Chapter—

[F35(a)Chief Inspector” means Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Education and Training in Wales,]

F36(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(c)references to special measures being, or not being, required to be taken in relation to a school are to be read in accordance with section 44(1) of [F37the Education Act 2005], and

(d)references to a school requiring, or not requiring, significant improvement are to be read in accordance with section 44(2) of that Act.]

Textual Amendments

F29S. 14(3) substituted (2.9.2002 for E., 19.12.2002 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), ss. 56(3), 216, Sch. 5 para. 1 (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/2002, art. 4; S.I. 2002/3185, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1

F30Words in s. 14(3) substituted (1.9.2005 for E., 1.9.2006 for W.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 9 para. 14(2); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 4; S.I. 2006/1338, art. 3, Sch. 1

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

15 Cases where [F2local authority] may exercise powers of intervention.E+W

(1)This section applies to a maintained school by virtue of this subsection if—

(a)the [F2local authority] have—

(i)given the governing body a warning notice in accordance with subsection (2), and

(ii)given the head teacher of the school a copy of the notice at the same time as the notice was given to the governing body;

(b)the governing body have failed to comply, or secure compliance, with the notice to the authority’s satisfaction within the compliance period; and

(c)the authority have given reasonable notice in writing to the governing body that they propose to exercise their powers under [F38any one or more of sections 16, 16A and 17] (whether or not the notice is combined with a notice under section 62(3)(c)).

(2)A [F2local authority] may give a warning notice to the governing body of a maintained school where—

(a)the authority are satisfied—

(i)that the standards of performance of pupils at the school are unacceptably low and are likely to remain so unless the authority exercise their powers under [F39any one or more of sections 16, 16A and 17], or

(ii)that there has been a serious breakdown in the way the school is managed or governed which is prejudicing, or likely to prejudice, such standards of performance, or

(iii)that the safety of pupils or staff of the school is threatened (whether by a breakdown of discipline or otherwise) [F40, or—

(iv)that the governing body have failed to comply with a provision of an order under section 122 of the Education Act 2002 (teachers' pay and conditions) that applies to a teacher at the school, or

(v)that the governing body have failed to secure that the head teacher of the school complies with such a provision]; and

(b)the authority have previously informed the governing body and the head teacher of the matters on which that conclusion is based; and

(c)those matters have not been remedied to the authority’s satisfaction within a reasonable period.

(3)For the purposes of subsections (1) and (2) a “warning notice” is a notice in writing by the [F2local authority] setting out—

(a)the matters referred to in subsection (2)(b);

(b)the action which they require the governing body to take in order to remedy those matters; and

(c)the period within which that action is to be taken by the governing body (“the compliance period”).

[F41(3A)For the purposes of subsection (2)(a) the standards of performance of pupils at a school are low if they are low by reference to any one or more of the following—

(a)the standards that the pupils might in all the circumstances reasonably be expected to attain,

(b)where relevant, the standards previously attained by them, or

(c)the standards attained by pupils at comparable schools.]

[F42(4)This section applies to a maintained school by virtue of this subsection if—

(a)following an inspection of the school under Chapter 3 of Part 1 of the Education Act 2005, the Chief Inspector has given the Assembly a notice under subsection (2) of section 37 of that Act in a case falling within subsection (1)(a)(ii) or (b)(ii) of that section (school requiring significant improvement), and

(b)where any subsequent inspection of the school has been made under that Chapter, the notice has not been superseded by—

(i)the person making the subsequent inspection making a report stating that in his opinion the school no longer requires significant improvement, or

(ii)the Chief Inspector giving the Assembly a notice under subsection (2) of section 37 of that Act in case falling within subsection (1)(a)(i) or (1)(b)(i) of that section (school requiring special measures).]

F43(5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F44(6)This section applies to a maintained school by virtue of this subsection if—

(a)following an inspection of the school under Chapter 3 of Part 1 of the Education Act 2005, the Chief Inspector has given the Assembly a notice under subsection (2) of section 37 of that Act in a case falling within subsection (1)(a)(i) or (b)(i) of that section (school requiring special measures), and

(b)where any subsequent inspection of the school has been made under that Chapter, the notice has not been superseded by the person making the subsequent inspection making a report stating that in his opinion the school no longer requires special measures.]

F45(7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C24S. 15(4) modified (E.) (2.9.2002) by The Education Act 2002 (Transitional Provisions etc.) (England) Regulations 2002 (S.I. 2002/2113 ), {reg. 4(a)}

S. 15(4) modified (W.) (19.12.2002) by The Education Act 2002 (Transitional Provisions) (Wales) Regulations 2002 (S.I. 2002/3184), reg. 3(a)

16 Power of [F2local authority] to appoint additional governors.E+W

(1)If at any time this section applies to a maintained school in accordance with section 14(1), then (subject to subsections (2) and (3)) the [F2local authority] may appoint such number of additional governors as they think fit.

(2)Where this section so applies in the case of a school falling within section 15(1) (school subject to formal warning), the power conferred by subsection (1) above is only exercisable within the period of two months following the end of the compliance period.

[F46(3)Where this section so applies in the case of a school falling within section 15(4)(school [F47requiring significant improvement]) or section 15(6)(school requiring special measures), the power conferred by subsection (1) above is exercisable only if the following conditions are satisfied, namely—

[F48(a)the Chief Inspector has given the [F2local authority] a notice under section F49... 37(2) of the Education Act 2005]

(b)a period of not less than ten days has elapsed since the date of the notice.]

(4)F50. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(5)In relation to any appointment made by the [F2local authority] by virtue of subsection (1) to the governing body of a school, the instrument of government for the school shall have effect as if [F51(despite anything in regulations under section 19 of the Education Act 2002)] it provided for the [F2local authority] to appoint such number of additional governors as they think fit.

(6)If at any time—

(a)this section applies to a voluntary aided school other than one falling within [F52section 15(4) or (6)], and

(b)the [F2local authority] have exercised their power to appoint additional governors under subsection (1),

the appropriate appointing authority may appoint such number of additional foundation governors as is equal to the number of additional governors appointed by the authority.

(7)Any additional foundation governors appointed under subsection (6)—

(a)shall cease to hold office at the time when the additional governors appointed by the authority cease to do so; and

(b)shall not be eligible for re-appointment except where, and to the extent that, those governors are re-appointed.

(8)If—

(a)at any time this section applies to a voluntary aided school falling within [F53section 15(4) or (6)], and

[F54(b)paragraph (a) of section 14(3) does not apply in connection with the same inspection falling within subsection (4)(a) or (6)(a) of section 15,]

the appropriate appointing authority may (subject to subsection (9)) appoint such number of additional foundation governors as they think fit.

[F55(9)The power conferred by subsection (8) is only exercisable if the following conditions are satisfied, namely—

(a)the appropriate appointing authority have received a notice in writing from the [F56Assembly] informing them that [F57it] has received from the Chief Inspector a notice under [F58section F59... 37(2) of the Education Act 2005], and

(b)a period of not less than ten days has elapsed since the date of the notice from the [F49Assembly].]

(10)In the case of any appointment made by virtue of subsection (6) or (8) to the governing body of a school, the instrument of government for the school shall have effect as if [F60(despite anything in regulations under section 19 of the Education Act 2002)] the instrument provided for the appropriate appointing authority to appoint such number of additional foundation governors as they are authorised to appoint under subsection (6) or (8) (as the case may be).

(11)Subject to subsection (12), references in this section to the appropriate appointing authority in relation to any voluntary aided school are references—

(a)to the appropriate diocesan authority, if it is a Church of England school, Church in Wales school or Roman Catholic Church school; or

(b)in any other case, to the person or persons by whom the foundation governors are appointed.

(12)Where, in the case of any voluntary aided school not falling within subsection (11)(a), there are different powers to appoint foundation governors, references in this section to the appropriate appointing authority are references—

(a)to all those persons who have any such power acting jointly, or

(b)if they are unable to agree, to such of them acting jointly, or such one of them, as the [F61Assembly] may, after consulting all those persons, determine.

[F62(12A)The [F63Assembly] may in respect of any particular school determine that subsections (3)(b) and (9)(b) shall have effect as if the reference to ten days were to such shorter period as [F64the Assembly] may determine.]

(13)F65. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F46S. 16(3) substituted (2.9.2002 for E. and 19.12.2002 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), ss. 56(3), 216, Sch. 5 para. 2(2) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/2002, art. 4; S.I. 2002/3185, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1

F51Words in s. 16(5) substituted (1.9.2003 for E., 31.10.2005 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 21 para. 93(2) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2003/1667, art. 4; S.I. 2005/2910, art. 4, Sch.

F52Words in s. 16(6)(a) substituted (2.9.2002 for E. and 19.12.2002 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), ss. 56(3), 216, Sch. 5 para. 2(4) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/2002, art. 4; S.I. 2002/3185, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1

F53Words in s. 16(8)(a) substituted (2.9.2002 for E. and 19.12.2002 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), ss. 56(3), 216, Sch. 5 para. 2(5)(a) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/2002, art. 4; S.I. 2002/3185, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1

F54S. 16(8)(b) substituted (2.9.2002 for E. and 19.12.2002 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), ss. 56(3), 216, Sch. 5 para. 2(5)(b) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/2002, art. 4; S.I. 2002/3185, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1

F55S. 16(9) substituted (2.9.2002 for E. and 19.12.2002 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), ss. 56(3), 216, Sch. 5 para. 2(6) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/2002, art. 4; S.I. 2002/3185, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1

F60Words in s. 16(10) substituted (1.9.2003 for E., 31.10.2005 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 21 para. 93(3) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2003/1667, art. 4; S.I. 2005/2910, art. 4, Sch.

F62S. 16(12A) inserted (2.9.2002 for E. and 19.12.2002 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), ss. 56(3), 216, Sch. 5 para. 2(7) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/2002, art. 4; S.I. 2002/3185, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I1S. 16 wholly in force at 1.9.1999; s. 16 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 145(3); s. 16(1)-(5) and (13) in force at 1.10.1998 by S.I. 1998/2212, art. 2, Sch. 1 Pt. I; s. 16 in force at 1.9.1999 in so far as not already in force by S.I. 1999/2323, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 (with arts. 3-5, Schs. 5-7).

[F6616APower of [F2local authority] to provide for governing body to consist of interim executive membersE+W

(1)If at any time this section applies to a maintained school in accordance with section 14(1), then (subject to subsections (2) and (3)) the [F2local authority] may, with the consent of the [F67Assembly], give the governing body a notice in writing stating that, as from a date specified in the notice, the governing body are to be constituted in accordance with Schedule 1A (governing bodies consisting of interim executive members).

(2)Where this section so applies in the case of a school falling within section 15(4)(school [F68requiring significant improvement]) or section 15(6)(school requiring special measures), the power conferred by subsection (1) above is exercisable only if the following conditions are satisfied, namely—

[F69(a)the Chief Inspector has given the [F2local authority] a notice under section F70... 37(2) of the Education Act 2005, and]

(b)a period of not less than ten days has elapsed since the date of the notice.

(3)The [F71Assembly] may in respect of any particular school determine that subsection (2)(b) shall have effect as if the reference to ten days were to such shorter period as [F72the Assembly] may determine.

(4)Before exercising the power conferred by subsection (1), the [F2local authority] shall consult—

(a)the governing body of the school,

(b)in the case of a foundation or voluntary school which is a Church of England school, a Church in Wales school or a Roman Catholic Church school, the appropriate diocesan authority, and

(c)in the case of any other foundation or voluntary school, the person or persons by whom the foundation governors are appointed.]

Textual Amendments

F68Words in s. 16A(2) substituted (1.9.2005 for E., 1.9.2006 for W.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 9 para. 17(a); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 4; S.I. 2006/1338, art. 3, Sch. 1

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

17 Power of [F2local authority] to suspend right to delegated budget.E+W

(1)If at any time—

(a)this section applies to a maintained school in accordance with section 14(1), and

(b)the school has a delegated budget within the meaning of Part II of this Act,

then (subject to subsections (2) and (3)) the [F2local authority] may, by giving the governing body of the school notice in writing of the suspension, suspend the governing body’s right to a delegated budget with effect from the receipt of the notice by the governing body.

(2)Where this section so applies in the case of a school falling within section 15(1) (school subject to formal warning), the power conferred by subsection (1) above is only exercisable within the period of two months following the end of the compliance period.

[F73(3)Where this section so applies in the case of a school falling within section 15(4)(school [F74requiring significant improvement]) or section 15(6)(school requiring special measures), the power conferred by subsection (1) above is exercisable only if the following conditions are satisfied, namely—

[F75(a)the Chief Inspector has given the [F2local authority] a notice under section F76... 37(2) of the Education Act 2005, and]

(b)a period of not less than ten days has elapsed since the date on which the copy was given.]

(4)The [F77Assembly] may in respect of any particular school determine that [F78subsection (3)(b)] shall have effect as if the reference to ten days were to such shorter period as [F79the Assembly] may determine.

(5)A copy of a notice given under subsection (1) shall be given to the head teacher of the school at the same time as the notice is given to the governing body.

(6)A suspension imposed under this section shall have effect for the purposes of Chapter IV of Part II of this Act as if made under paragraph 1 of Schedule 15 to this Act, F80....

Textual Amendments

F73S. 17(3) substituted (2.9.2002 for E. and 19.12.2002 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), ss. 56(3), 216, Sch. 5 para. 3(2) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/2002, art. 4; S.I. 2002/3185, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1

F74Words in s. 17(3) substituted (1.9.2005 for E., 1.9.2006 for W.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 9 para. 18(a); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 4; S.I. 2006/1338, art. 3, Sch. 1

F78Words in s. 17(4) substituted (2.9.2002 for E. and 19.12.2002 for W. ) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), ss. 56(3), 216, Sch. 5 para. 3(3) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/2002, art. 4; S.I. 2002/3185, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Intervention by [F81Assembly]E+W

18 Power of [F82Assembly] to appoint additional governors.E+W

[F83(1)If at any time section 15 applies to a maintained school by virtue of [F84any] of the following provisions of that section, namely—

[F85(za)subsection (1), in a case within subsection (2)(a)(iv) or (v) (school subject to teachers' pay and conditions warning),]

(a)subsection (4)(school [F86requiring significant improvement]), or

(b)subsection (6)(school requiring special measures),

[F87the Assembly] may appoint such number of additional governors as he thinks fit; and he may nominate one of those governors to be the chairman of the governing body in place of any person who has been elected as chairman of that body.]

(2)Before making any such appointment in relation to a voluntary aided school, [F87the Assembly] shall consult—

(a)in the case of a Church of England school, a Church in Wales school or a Roman Catholic Church school, the appropriate diocesan authority; or

(b)in any other case, the person who appoints the foundation governors.

(3)A governor appointed under this section—

(a)shall hold office as governor for such term, and

(b)if nominated as chairman of the governing body, shall be chairman of that body for such period,

as [F87the Assembly] may determine.

(4)[F87The Assembly] may pay to any governor appointed under this section such remuneration and allowances as [F87the Assembly] may determine.

(5)In relation to any appointment made by [F87the Assembly] by virtue of subsection (1) to the governing body of a school, the instrument of government for the school shall have effect as if [F88(despite anything in regulations under section 19 of the Education Act 2002)] it provided for [F87the Assembly] to appoint such number of additional governors as he thinks fit.

(6)Where [F87the Assembly] has exercised [F89the Assembly's] power under this section in relation to a school, then—

(a)in any such case—

(i)the [F2local authority] may not exercise their power under paragraph 1 of Schedule 15 to suspend the governing body’s right to a delegated budget, and

(ii)if they have already exercised that power or their power under section 17(1), [F87the Assembly] shall, if requested to do so by the governing body, revoke the suspension; and

(b)in the case of a voluntary aided school, nothing in [F90regulations under section 19 of the Education Act 2002] shall be read as authorising the appointment of foundation governors for the purpose of outnumbering the other governors as augmented by those appointed by [F87the Assembly] under this section.

(7)The revocation of a suspension under subsection (6)(a) shall—

(a)be notified to the [F2local authority] in writing; and

(b)take effect from such date as is specified in that notification.

Textual Amendments

F83S. 18(1) substituted (2.9.2002 for E. and 19.12.2002 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), ss. 56(1), 216 (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/2002, art. 4; S.I. 2002/3185, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1

F86Words in s. 18(1)(a) substituted (1.9.2005 for E., 1.9.2006 for W.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 9 para. 19; S.I. 2005/2034, art. 4; S.I. 2006/1338, art. 3, Sch. 1

F88Words in s. 18(5) substituted (1.9.2003 for E., 31.10.2005 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 21 para. 94(2) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2003/1667, art. 4; S.I. 2005/2910, art. 4, Sch.

F90Words in s. 18(6)(b) substituted (1.9.2003 for E., 31.10.2005 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 21 para. 94(3) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2003/1667, art. 4; S.I. 2005/2910, art. 4, Sch.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

[F9118APower of [F92Assembly] to provide for governing body to consist of interim executive membersE+W

(1)If at any time section 15 applies to a maintained school by virtue of [F93any] of the following provisions of that section, namely—

[F94(za)subsection (1), in a case within subsection (2)(a)(iv) or (v) (school subject to teachers' pay and conditions warning),]

(a)subsection (4)(school [F95requiring significant improvement]), or

(b)subsection (6)(school requiring special measures),

the [F92Assembly] may give the governing body a notice in writing stating that, as from the date specified in the notice, the governing body are to be constituted in accordance with Schedule 1A (governing bodies consisting of interim executive members).

(2)Before exercising the power conferred by subsection (1), the [F92Assembly] shall consult—

(a)the [F2local authority],

(b)the governing body of the school,

(c)in the case of a foundation or voluntary school which is a Church of England school, a Church in Wales school or a Roman Catholic Church school, the appropriate diocesan authority, and

(d)in the case of any other foundation or voluntary school, the person or persons by whom the foundation governors are appointed.

(3)The [F92Assembly] is not obliged to consult the persons mentioned in subsection (2)(b), (c) and (d) if the [F2local authority] have consulted them under subsection (4) of section 16A in relation to a proposed notice under subsection (1) of that section.]

19 Power of [F96Assembly] to direct closure of school.E+W

[F97(1)If at any time section 15 applies to a maintained school by virtue of subsection (6) of that section (school requiring special measures), the [F96Assembly] may give a direction to the [F2local authority] requiring the school to be discontinued on a date specified in the direction.]

(2)Before giving a direction under subsection (1), the [F96Assembly] shall consult—

(a)the [F2local authority] and the governing body of the school;

(b)in the case of a foundation or voluntary school which is a Church of England school, a Church in Wales school or a Roman Catholic Church school, the appropriate diocesan authority;

(c)in the case of any other foundation or voluntary school, the person who appoints the foundation governors;

F98(ca). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(d)such other persons as the [F96Assembly] considers appropriate.

(3)On giving a direction under subsection (1) the [F96Assembly] shall give notice in writing of the direction to the governing body of the school and its head teacher.

(4)Where the [F2local authority] are given a direction under subsection (1), they shall discontinue the school in question on the date specified in the direction; and nothing in sections 29 to 33 shall apply to their discontinuance of the school under this section.

(5)In this section any reference to the discontinuance of a maintained school is to the [F2local authority] ceasing to maintain it.

[F9919ZAPower of Welsh Ministers to direct [F2local authority] to give warning notice: teachers' pay and conditionsE+W

(1)This section applies if the Welsh Ministers think that the conditions in subsections (2) and (3) are met.

(2)The condition is that there are reasonable grounds for a [F2local authority] to give a warning notice to the governing body of a maintained school under section 15(2)(a)(iv) or (v) (teachers' pay and conditions warning notice).

(3)The condition is that one of the following applies in relation to those grounds—

(a)the authority have not given a warning notice to the governing body under section 15 on those grounds, or have not given a copy to the head teacher at the same time;

(b)the authority have given a warning notice to the governing body under section 15, but in inadequate terms;

(c)section 15 applies to the school on those grounds by virtue of subsection (1) of that section, but the period of two months following the end of the compliance period (as defined by section 15(3)(c)) has ended.

(4)The Welsh Ministers may direct the [F2local authority] to consider giving a warning notice to the governing body under section 15(2)(a)(iv) or (v) in the terms specified in the direction.

(5)If the Welsh Ministers give a direction under subsection (4) to a [F2local authority] in respect of a governing body, the authority must—

(a)give a copy of the direction to the governing body before the end of the period of 2 working days beginning with the day on which the direction is given,

(b)when it does so, invite the governing body to give the authority a written response before the end of the period of 7 working days beginning with the day on which the direction is given, and

(c)give the Welsh Ministers the authority's written response, and any response received from the governing body in accordance with paragraph (b), before the end of the period of 10 working days beginning with the day on which the direction is given.

(6)The [F2local authority]'s response to the direction must do one of the following—

(a)state that the authority have decided to give a warning notice to the governing body in the specified terms;

(b)state that the authority have decided not to give a warning notice to the governing body in those terms.

(7)If the response states that the authority have decided to give a warning notice to the governing body in the specified terms, the authority must—

(a)give the warning notice to the governing body in those terms before the end of the period of 5 working days beginning with the day on which the response is given (and withdraw any previous warning notice given to the governing body under section 15(2)(a)(iv) or (v)), and

(b)on the same day as they do so, give the Welsh Ministers a copy of the notice.

(8)If the response states that the authority have decided not to give a warning notice to the governing body in the specified terms—

(a)the response must set out the authority's reasons for the decision, and

(b)the Welsh Ministers may direct the authority to give the warning notice to the governing body in those terms (and to withdraw any previous warning notice given to the governing body under section 15(2)(a)(iv) or (v)).

(9)If the Welsh Ministers direct the authority under subsection (8)(b) to give a warning notice to the governing body in the specified terms, the authority must—

(a)comply with the direction under subsection (8)(b) before the end of the period of 5 working days beginning with the day on which that direction is given, and

(b)on the same day as they do so, give the Welsh Ministers a copy of the notice.

(10)Subsections (7)(b) and (9)(b) apply in addition to section 15(1)(a)(ii).

(11)A direction under this section must be in writing.

(12)In this section “working day” means a day other than a Saturday, a Sunday, Christmas Day, Good Friday or a day which is a bank holiday under the Banking and Financial Dealings Act 1971 in Wales.]

[F100Governing bodies consisting of interim executive membersE+W

19AGoverning bodies consisting of interim executive membersE+W

The provisions of Schedule 1A shall have effect in relation to any school in respect of which a notice has been given—

(a)under section 16A(1), by the [F2local authority], or

(b)under section 18A(1), by the [F101Assembly].]

Part IIE+W New framework for maintained schools

Chapter IE+W Introductory

The new categories of schoolsE+W

20 New categories of maintained schools.E+W

(1)Schools maintained by [F5local authorities] on or after the appointed day shall be divided into the following categories—

(a)community schools;

(b)foundation schools;

(c)voluntary schools, comprising—

(i)voluntary aided schools, and

(ii)voluntary controlled schools;

(d)community special schools; and

(e)foundation special schools.

(2)A school maintained by a [F2local authority] is a school falling within one of the categories set out in subsection (1) if—

(a)it became a school of that category on the appointed day in accordance with Schedule 2 (and has not changed its category under [F102the change of category provisions]); or

(b)it was established as a school of that category under [F103any enactment] (and has not changed its category under [F102the change of category provisions]); or

(c)it has become a school of that category in accordance with [F102the change of category provisions].

[F104(2A)In subsection (2) “the change of category provisions” means—

(a)in the case of a school in England, Schedule 8 to this Act or sections 18 to 24 of the Education and Inspections Act 2006, and

(b)in the case of a school in Wales, Schedule 8 to this Act [F105or sections 45 to 55 of, and Schedule 4 to, the School Standards and Organisation (Wales) Act 2013].]

(3)Schedule 2 makes provision for, and in connection with, the allocation to the categories set out in subsection (1) of schools which immediately before the appointed day were (within the meaning of the M4Education Act 1996)—

(a)county, voluntary or maintained special schools, or

(b)grant-maintained or grant-maintained special schools.

(4)As from the appointed day a [F2local authority] shall maintain (as a school falling within one of those categories)—

(a)any school within subsection (3)(a) which was maintained by the authority immediately before that day; and

(b)(subject to subsection (5)) any school within subsection (3)(b) which immediately before that day was situated within the authority’s area.

(5)Where a grant-maintained school within subsection (3)(b)—

(a)was, immediately before becoming such a school, maintained by a [F2local authority] (“the former maintaining authority”) other than the one within whose area it was then situated, and

(b)remains outside the area of the former maintaining authority immediately before the appointed day,

nevertheless, if an order made by the Secretary of State before that day so provides, as from that day the school shall be maintained (as a school falling within one of the categories set out in subsection (1)) by the former maintaining authority rather than the authority in whose area it is situated on that day.

(6)In this section “school” means a primary, secondary or special school, including a nursery school which is a special school but excluding—

(a)a nursery school which is not a special school; and

(b)a pupil referral unit.

(7)In this Act—

  • the appointed day” (except in Part I of Schedule 32) means such day as may be appointed for the purposes of this section by an order made by the Secretary of State;

  • maintained school” means (unless the context otherwise requires) a community, foundation or voluntary school or a community or foundation special school.

(8)Any reference in this Act to the categories set out in subsection (1) or to any such category is to be read, in its application to voluntary schools, as (or as including) a reference to the sub-categories set out in subsection (1)(c)(i) and (ii) or to any such sub-category.

21 Kinds of foundation and voluntary schools and types of foundations.E+W

(1)There may be three kinds of foundation school—

(a)those having a foundation established otherwise than under this Act;

(b)those belonging to a group of schools for which a foundation body acts under this section; and

(c)those not falling within either of paragraphs (a) and (b).

(2)There may be three kinds of voluntary controlled or voluntary aided school—

(a)those having a foundation established otherwise than under this Act;

(b)those belonging to a group of schools for which a foundation body acts under this section; and

(c)those not falling within either of paragraphs (a) and (b) but having been either of the following immediately before the appointed day, namely—

(i)a voluntary school, or

(ii)a grant-maintained school that was a voluntary school immediately before becoming grant-maintained,

within the meaning of the M5Education Act 1996.

(3)For the purposes of this Act—

(a)foundation”, in relation to a foundation or voluntary school, means—

(i)any body of persons (whether incorporated or not but excluding the governing body) which holds land on trust for the purposes of the school, or

(ii)a foundation body;

(b)a school “has” a foundation if—

(i)such a body of persons exists for holding land on trust for the purposes of the school, or

(ii)the school belongs to a group of schools for which a foundation body acts under this section; and

(c)references to land or other property held on trust, or by trustees, for the purposes of a school include references to land or other property which—

(i)is held on trust for purposes which (whether the trust deed expressly so provides or not) include the purposes of the school, and

(ii)is used for the purposes of the school.

(4)For the purposes of this Act—

(a)foundation body” means a body corporate established under this section to perform, in relation to three or more schools each of which is either a foundation or a voluntary school, the following functions, namely—

(i)to hold property of those schools for the purposes of the schools, and

(ii)to appoint foundation governors for those schools; and

(b)the group”, in relation to a foundation body, means the group of three or more schools for which the body performs those functions.

(5)The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision for and in connection with—

(a)the establishment, membership, functions and winding up of a foundation body, and

(b)the steps to be taken in connection with schools joining or leaving the group.

(6)Regulations under subsection (5) may, in particular, make provision—

(a)with respect to the transfer of property, rights and liabilities to and from a foundation body when schools join or leave the group but do not change category F106... [F107under section 19 of the Education and Inspections Act 2006] [F108or in accordance with proposals made under section 45 of the School Standards and Organisation (Wales) Act 2013];

(b)with respect to the revision or replacement of the instruments of government of schools joining or leaving the group in such circumstances and the reconstitution of their governing bodies;

(c)authorising a foundation body to appoint foundation governors to every school in the group;

(d)prescribing a model instrument of government for adoption by a foundation body subject to variations approved by the Secretary of State;

(e)for conferring functions with respect to the resolution of disputes—

(i)between schools in the group, or

(ii)between one or more such schools and a foundation body,

on such person or body as may be specified in the regulations;

(f)in connection with a school leaving the group—

(i)for requiring the publication of proposals F109... [F110under section 19 of the Education and Inspections Act 2006] [F111or under section 48 of the School Standards and Organisation (Wales) Act 2013];

(ii)for enabling the Secretary of State to require the publication under [F112either of those sections] of proposals for the school to become a school of a category specified by him;

F113(iii). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(g)for the dissolution of a foundation body by order of the Secretary of State;

(h)for enabling the Secretary of State, in the case of any land held by a foundation body immediately before its dissolution which by virtue of this Act could not be disposed of without his consent [F114or to the disposal of which paragraph A9 of Schedule 22 would apply], to determine how that land is to be dealt with on its dissolution;

(i)for conferring functions on F115... adjudicators including any functions which might otherwise be conferred on the Secretary of State.

(7)Regulations made in pursuance of subsection (6)(b) may, in connection with the making or variation of instruments of government in preparation for schools joining or leaving the group, modify paragraph 1 of Schedule 12 in its operation in relation to such instruments of government.

(8)The Secretary of State may, after consulting a foundation body, make an order modifying the instrument of government adopted by that body.

(9)Regulations may make provision for applying to foundation special schools, with or without modifications—

(a)any of the provisions of subsections (3) to (8); or

(b)any provision of Schedule 21 to this Act (transfers of land on appointed day).

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Marginal Citations

22 Maintenance and other funding of schools.E

(1)A [F2local authority] are under a duty to maintain the following schools—

(a)any maintained schools which they are required to maintain by virtue of section 20(4) or (5);

(b)any maintained schools established by themF116...;

(c)any maintained schools established in their areaF117... otherwise than by them or any other [F2local authority]; and

(d)any maintained nursery school established by them.

[F118(2)Subsection (1) has effect subject to any statutory provision authorising the discontinuance of a maintained school or maintained nursery school.]

(3)In the case of a community school, a community special school or a maintained nursery school, the [F2local authority]’s duty to maintain the school includes—

(a)the duty of defraying all the expenses of maintaining it, and

(b)the duty of making premises available to be used for the purposes of the school.

(4)In the case of a foundation, voluntary controlled or foundation special school, the [F2local authority]’s duty to maintain the school includes—

(a)the duty of defraying all the expenses of maintaining it, and

(b)the duty, [F119under any enactment of providing new premises for the school].

(5)In the case of a voluntary aided school, the [F2local authority]’s duty to maintain the school includes—

(a)the duty of defraying all the expenses of maintaining it, except any [F120expenditure that by virtue of paragraph 3 of Schedule 3 is to be met] by the governing body, and

(b)the duty, [F121under any enactment of providing new premises for the school].

(6)For the purposes of this Act the expenses of maintaining a foundation, voluntary or foundation special school include the payment of rates.

(7)Schedule 3 (which makes provision as to the functions of governing bodies, [F5local authorities] and the Secretary of State as to the funding of foundation, voluntary and foundation special schools) shall have effect.

(8)In this Act—

(a)in relation to a school maintained (or proposed to be maintained) by a [F2local authority], “the [F2local authority]” means that authority; and

(b)in relation to schools falling within subsections (3) to (6), “maintain” shall be read in accordance with those subsections.

(9)In this Act “maintained nursery school” means a nursery school which is maintained by a [F2local authority] and is not a special school.

Extent Information

E2This version of this provision extends to England only; a separate version has been created for Wales.

Textual Amendments

F116Words in s. 22(1)(b) repealed (19.12.2002 for W., 1.4.2003 for E.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 21 para. 96(2)(a), Sch. 22 Pt. 3 (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/3185, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1; S.I. 2003/124, art. 4

F117Words in s. 22(1)(c) repealed (19.12.2002 for W., 1.4.2003 for E.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 21 para. 96(2)(b), Sch. 22 Pt. 3 (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/3185, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1; S.I. 2003/124, art. 4

F119Words in s. 22(4)(b) substituted (19.12.2002 for W., 1.4.2003 for E.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 21 para. 96(3) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/3185, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1; S.I. 2003/124, art. 4

F121Words in s. 22(5)(b) substituted (19.12.2002 for W., 1.4.2003 for E.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 21 para. 96(4) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/3185, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1; S.I. 2003/124, art. 4

22 Maintenance and other funding of schools.W

(1)A [F2local authority] are under a duty to maintain the following schools—

(a)any maintained schools which they are required to maintain by virtue of section 20(4) or (5);

F1072(b)any maintained schools established by them F1073. . . ;

F1074(c)any maintained schools established in their area F1075. . . otherwise than by them or any other [F2local authority]; and

(d)any maintained nursery school established by them.

[F118(2)Subsection (1) has effect subject to any statutory provision authorising the discontinuance of a maintained school or maintained nursery school.]

(3)In the case of a community school, a community special school or a maintained nursery school, the [F2local authority]’s duty to maintain the school includes—

(a)the duty of defraying all the expenses of maintaining it, and

(b)the duty of making premises available to be used for the purposes of the school.

(4)In the case of a foundation, voluntary controlled or foundation special school, the [F2local authority]’s duty to maintain the school includes—

(a)the duty of defraying all the expenses of maintaining it, and

F1076(b)the duty, [F1077under any enactment of providing new premises for the school].

(5)In the case of a voluntary aided school, the [F2local authority]’s duty to maintain the school includes—

(a)the duty of defraying all the expenses of maintaining it, except any expenses that by virtue of paragraph 3 of Schedule 3 are payable by the governing body, and

F1078(b)the duty, [F1079under any enactment of providing new premises for the school].

(6)For the purposes of this Act the expenses of maintaining a foundation, voluntary or foundation special school include the payment of rates.

(7)Schedule 3 (which makes provision as to the functions of governing bodies, [F5local authorities] and the Secretary of State as to the funding of foundation, voluntary and foundation special schools) shall have effect.

(8)In this Act—

(a)in relation to a school maintained (or proposed to be maintained) by a [F2local authority], “the [F2local authority]” means that authority; and

(b)in relation to schools falling within subsections (3) to (6), “maintain” shall be read in accordance with those subsections.

(9)In this Act “maintained nursery school” means a nursery school which is maintained by a [F2local authority] and is not a special school.

Extent Information

E11This version of this provision extends to Wales only; a separate version has been created for England.

Textual Amendments

F1072Words in s. 22(1)(b) repealed (19.12.2002 for W., 1.4.2003 for E.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 21 para. 96(2)(a), Sch. 22 Pt. 3 (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/3185, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1; S.I. 2003/124, art. 4

F1074Words in s. 22(1)(c) repealed (19.12.2002 for W., 1.4.2003 for E.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 21 para. 96(2)(b), Sch. 22 Pt. 3 (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/3185, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1; S.I. 2003/124, art. 4

F1076Words in s. 22(4)(b) substituted (19.12.2002 for W., 1.4.2003 for E.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 21 para. 96(3) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/3185, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1; S.I. 2003/124, art. 4

F1077Words in s. 22(4)(b) substituted (19.12.2002 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), ss. 215(1), 216, Sch. 21 para. 96(3) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/3185, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1

F1078Words in s. 22(5)(b) substituted (19.12.2002 for W., 1.4.2003 for E.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 21 para. 96(4) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/3185, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1; S.I. 2003/124, art. 4

F1079Words in s. 22(5)(b) substituted (19.12.2002 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), ss. 215(1), 216, Sch. 21 para. 96(4) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/3185, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1

23 Charitable status of maintained schools, etc.E+W

(1)The following shall be charities F122...—

(a)the governing body of any foundation, voluntary or foundation special school; and

(b)any foundation body established under section 21;

but no governing body of a community or community special school shall be a charity.

[F123(1A)Any body to which subsection (1)(a) or (b) applies is, as a result of its inclusion in Schedule 3 to the Charities Act 2011, an exempt charity for the purposes of that Act.]

F124(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(3)Any foundation established otherwise than under this Act which has no property other than the premises of any school or schools falling within subsection (1)(a) shall be a charity [F125and is an institution which is to be treated for the purposes of section 31(3) of the Charities Act 2011 as if that provision applied to it.]

(4)In this section—

[F126(a)“institution” has the same meaning as in the Charities Act 2011;]

(b)premises” includes a teacher’s dwelling-house.

Textual Amendments

F122Words in s. 23(1) repealed (31.1.2009) by Charities Act 2006 (c. 50), s. 79(2), Sch. 8 para. 194(2), Sch. 9; S.I. 2008/3267, art. 2, Sch. (with arts. 3-27) (as amended: (29.9.2009) by S.I. 2009/2648, art. 3; (26.7.2010) by S.I. 2010/1942, art. 2; and (1.8.2011) by S.I. 2011/1725, arts. 1(2), 3, Sch. para. 6)

F125Words in s. 23(3) substituted (14.3.2012) by Charities Act 2011 (c. 25), s. 355, Sch. 7 para. 75(2) (with s. 20(2), Sch. 8)

F126Words in s. 23(4)(a) substituted (14.3.2012 immediately before the Charities Act 2011 (c. 25) comes into force) by The Charities (Pre-consolidation Amendments) Order 2011 (S.I. 2011/1396), art. 1, Sch. para. 46(1) and s. 23(4)(a) further substituted (14.3.2012) by Charities Act 2011 (c. 25), s. 355, Sch. 7 para. 75(3) (with s. 20(2), Sch. 8)

[F12723AFoundation and foundation special schools: requirements as to foundationsE+W

(1)This section applies to any foundation or foundation special school having a foundation if any one or more of the following conditions is met.

(2)Condition A is that the school was established as a foundation or foundation special school in pursuance of proposals falling to be implemented under Schedule 2 to the Education and Inspections Act 2006.

(3)Condition B is that the school—

(a)acquired its foundation, or

(b)became a school whose instrument of government provides for the majority of governors to be foundation governors,

in pursuance of proposals falling to be implemented under regulations under section 24 of that Act.

(4)Condition C is that the school changed category from voluntary aided school to foundation school in pursuance of proposals falling to be implemented under regulations under section 24 of that Act and has an instrument of government providing for the majority of governors to be foundation governors.

(5)No institution may act as the foundation of a school to which this section applies unless—

(a)it is a body corporate of a prescribed description,

(b)it is a charity (whether by virtue of section 23(3) or otherwise), and

(c)it has as its purpose, or one of its purposes, the advancement of the education of pupils at the school or schools in respect of which it acts as the foundation.

(6)The foundation of a school to which this section applies shall, in carrying out its functions in relation to the school, promote community cohesion.

(7)Where any members of the foundation are to be local authorities or persons appointed by local authorities, the proportion of voting rights exercisable by such members must not exceed 20 per cent. of the total voting rights exercisable by members.

(8)Where any of the charity trustees in relation to the foundation are to be appointed by local authorities—

(a)the proportion of the charity trustees who are appointed by local authorities must not exceed 20 per cent. of the total number of charity trustees, and

(b)the voting rights exercisable by the charity trustees who are appointed by local authorities must not exceed 20 per cent. of the total voting rights exercisable by charity trustees.

(9)Regulations may disqualify persons from acting as charity trustee in relation to a school to which this section applies.

(10)In this section and section 23B—

  • F128...

  • charity trustee”, in relation to a school to which this section applies, means any individual who is for the purposes of [F129the Charities Act 2011] a charity trustee in relation to the school's foundation;

  • foundation” means a foundation established otherwise than under this Act;

  • institution” has the same meaning as in the [F129the Charities Act 2011];

  • [F130“local authority” includes a non-metropolitan district council for an area for which there is a county council;]

  • purpose” includes object.

Textual Amendments

F127Ss. 23A, 23B inserted (1.4.2007 for the insertion of ss. 23A(9)(10), 23B, 25.5.2007 in so far as not already in force) by Education and Inspections Act 2006 (c. 40), ss. 33, 188(3) (with s. 33(2)); S.I. 2007/935, arts. 5(h), 7(h)

F128Words in s. 23A(10) omitted (14.3.2012 immediately before the Charities Act 2011 (c. 25) comes into force) by virtue of The Charities (Pre-consolidation Amendments) Order 2011 (S.I. 2011/1396), art. 1, Sch. paras. 40(1)(2)(d)

F129Words in s. 23A(10) substituted (14.3.2012) by Charities Act 2011 (c. 25), s. 355, Sch. 7 para. 76 (with s. 20(2), Sch. 8)

23BPowers of Secretary of State in relation to charity trustees of foundationsE+W

(1)Regulations may make provision enabling the Secretary of State in prescribed cases by direction—

(a)to remove any charity trustee of a school to which section 23A applies, even though the person is not disqualified by virtue of subsection (9) of that section;

(b)to appoint a person to be a charity trustee of such a school (whether in place of a trustee removed by him under paragraph (a) or otherwise).

(2)Regulations under subsection (1) may make provision as to the effect of a direction given by the Secretary of State under the regulations, and may in particular provide for any such direction to have the same effect as an order of the Charity Commission for England and Wales under [F131section 76 or sections 79 to 81 of the Charities Act 2011] for the removal or appointment of a charity trustee.

(3)Nothing in this section affects the powers of the Charity Commission for England and Wales under any enactment.]

Textual Amendments

F127Ss. 23A, 23B inserted (1.4.2007 for the insertion of ss. 23A(9)(10), 23B, 25.5.2007 in so far as not already in force) by Education and Inspections Act 2006 (c. 40), ss. 33, 188(3) (with s. 33(2)); S.I. 2007/935, arts. 5(h), 7(h)

F131Words in s. 23B(2) substituted (14.3.2012) by Charities Act 2011 (c. 25), s. 355, Sch. 7 para. 77 (with s. 20(2), Sch. 8)

New arrangements for organisation of schoolsE+W

F13224 School organisation committees.E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

25 Adjudicators.E+W

(1)The Secretary of State shall appoint for England such number of persons to act as adjudicators for the purposes of this Act as he considers appropriate.

(2)Any matter which by virtue of this Act [F133or Part 2 of the Education and Inspections Act 2006] is required to be referred to “the adjudicator” shall be referred to such person appointed under this section as may be determined in accordance with regulations under Schedule 5.

(3)Accordingly in this Act “the adjudicator”, in relation to any such matter, means the person mentioned in subsection (2).

[F134(3A)When asked to do so by the Secretary of State, an adjudicator must give advice to the Secretary of State on such matters relating to the admission of pupils to relevant schools as the Secretary of State may specify.

(3B)The adjudicator may, for the purposes of providing such advice to the Secretary of State, request any of the following persons to provide him with such information held by them as the adjudicator may specify—

(a)the admission authority (within the meaning of Chapter 1 of Part 3) of a community, foundation or voluntary school;

(b)the proprietor of any other relevant school.

(3C)A person so requested by the adjudicator to provide information must comply with the request.

(3D)In subsections (3A) and (3B), “relevant school” means a school in England falling within any of paragraphs (a) to (f) of section 5(2) of the Education Act 2005.]

(4)Schedule 5 has effect in relation to adjudicators.

F13526 School organisation plans.E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F135Ss. 26-26B repealed (1.3.2005 for E., 1.9.2006 for W.) by Children Act 2004 (c. 31), Sch. 5 Pt. 1; S.I. 2005/394, art. 2(1)(l); S.I. 2006/885, art. 2(3)(b)

F13526A Plans of local learning and skills councils.E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F135Ss. 26-26B repealed (1.3.2005 for E., 1.9.2006 for W.) by Children Act 2004 (c. 31), Sch. 5 Pt. 1; S.I. 2005/394, art. 2(1)(l); S.I. 2006/885, art. 2(3)(b)

F13526B Plans of National Council.E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F135Ss. 26-26B repealed (1.3.2005 for E., 1.9.2006 for W.) by Children Act 2004 (c. 31), Sch. 5 Pt. 1; S.I. 2005/394, art. 2(1)(l); S.I. 2006/885, art. 2(3)(b)

F13627 Power to require committees or adjudicators for Wales.E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Chapter IIE+W Establishment, alteration or discontinuance of schools

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C37Pt. II Chapter II modified (1.9.1999) by S.I. 1999/704, regs. 21, 22, Sch.

Mainstream schools maintained by [F5local authorities]E+W

F13828 Proposals for establishment or alteration of community, foundation or voluntary school [F137in Wales].E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F13928AProposals for establishment of community, foundation or voluntary school maintained by English LEAE+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F14129Proposals for discontinuance of community, foundation, voluntary or maintained nursery school [F140in Wales].E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

30 Notice by governing body to discontinue foundation or voluntary school [F142in England].W

(1)Subject to the following provisions of this section, the governing body of a foundation or voluntary school [F143in England] may discontinue the school by serving on the Secretary of State and the [F2local authority] at least two years’ notice of their intention to do so.

(2)If expenditure has been incurred on the school premises (otherwise than in connection with repairs)—

(a)by the Secretary of State,

(b)by the Funding Agency for Schools,

(c)by any [F2local authority], or

(d)by an authority which was a local education authority within the meaning of any enactment repealed by the M6Education Act 1944 or an earlier Act,

no such notice may be served without the consent of the Secretary of State.

(3)If discontinuing the school would affect the facilities for full-time education suitable to the requirements of persons over compulsory school age who have not attained the age of 19, the governing body shall, before serving a notice under this section, [F144consult—

(a)if the school is in England—

(i)the [F145Secretary of State], and

(ii)each local authority which has secured the provision of education for any such persons at the school;

F146(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

(4)If, while a notice under subsection (1) is in force in respect of a foundation or voluntary school, the governing body inform the [F2local authority] that they are unable or unwilling to carry on the school until the notice expires, the authority—

(a)may conduct the school for all or part of the unexpired period of the notice as if it were a community school, and

(b)shall be entitled to use the school premises free of charge for that purpose.

(5)While the school is being so conducted—

(a)the authority shall keep the school premises in good repair, and

(b)any interest in the premises which is held for the purposes of the school shall be deemed, for all purposes relating to the condition, occupation or use of the premises, or the making of alterations to them, to be vested in the authority.

(6)Despite the provisions of subsection (5) the governing body may use the premises, or any part of them, when not required for the purposes of the school to the same extent as if they had continued to carry on the school during the unexpired period of the notice.

(7)A notice served under subsection (1) may not be withdrawn without the consent of the [F2local authority].

(8)If a foundation or voluntary school is discontinued under this section, the duty of the [F2local authority] to maintain the school as a foundation or voluntary school shall cease.

[F147(9)Nothing in any of the following provisions applies in relation to the discontinuance under this section of a foundation or voluntary school—

F148(a). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(b)sections 15 and 28 of the Education and Inspections Act 2006 (which relate to England).]

(10)Where—

(a)land occupied by a foundation or voluntary school is held by any trustees for the purposes of the school, and

(b)the termination of the school’s occupation of that land would have the result that it was not reasonably practicable for the school to continue to be conducted at its existing site,

then if the trustees (being entitled to do so) give any notice to the governing body which purports to terminate the school’s occupation of the land, any such notice shall not be effective to terminate its occupation of the land unless the requirements of subsection (11) are complied with in relation to the notice (without prejudice to any other statutory or other requirements falling to be so complied with).

(11)The requirements of this subsection are—

(a)that the period of notice must—

(i)be reasonable having regard to the length of time that would be required to discontinue the school (if the governing body chose to do so), and

(ii)in any event must not be less than two years; and

(b)that a copy of the notice must be given to the Secretary of State and the [F2local authority] at the time when the notice is given to the governing body.

(12)Where trustees give, at the same (or substantially the same) time, notices purporting to terminate a foundation or voluntary school’s occupation of two or more pieces of land held by the trustees for the purposes of the school, then for the purpose of determining whether subsection (10)(b) applies in relation to any of those pieces of land, regard may be had to the combined effect of terminating the school’s occupation of both or all of them.

(13)If a question arises as to whether the termination of a school’s occupation of any land would have the result mentioned in subsection (10)(b) (including a question as to whether subsection (12) applies in any particular circumstances), it shall be determined by the Secretary of State.

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Marginal Citations

Special schools maintained by [F149[F5local authorities] in Wales]E+W

F15131 Proposals for establishment, alteration or discontinuance of community or foundation special school [F150in Wales].E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F15132 Direction requiring discontinuance of community or foundation special school [F152in Wales].E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Further provisions relating to establishment, alteration or discontinuance of schoolsE+W

F15133 Further provisions relating to establishment, alteration or discontinuance of schools [F153in Wales].E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Rationalisation of school placesE+W

F15134 Rationalisation of school places.E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Change of category of schoolE+W

F15135 School [F154in Wales] changing from one category to another.E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Chapter IIIE+W Government of maintained schools

Governing bodiesE+W

F15536 Governing bodies.E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F155Ss. 36-44 repealed (1.10.2002 for E. for specified purposes, 1.4.2003 for E. for specified purposes, 1.9.2003 for E. In so far as not already in force, 31.3.2004 for W. for specified purposes, 1.9.2004 for W. for specified purposes, 31.10.2005 for W. for specified purposes, 31.3.2008 for W. in so far as not already in force) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 22 Pt. 3 (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/2439, art. 3; S.I. 2003/124, art. 4; S.I. 2003/1667, art. 4 (with art. 6, Sch. para. 4); S.I. 2004/912, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1; S.I. 2004/1728, art. 5, Sch. Pt. 2; S.I. 2005/2910, art. 4, Sch.; S.I. 2007/3611, art. 4(2), Sch. Pt. 2

Instruments of governmentE+W

F15537 Instruments of government.E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F155Ss. 36-44 repealed (1.10.2002 for E. for specified purposes, 1.4.2003 for E. for specified purposes, 1.9.2003 for E. In so far as not already in force, 31.3.2004 for W. for specified purposes, 1.9.2004 for W. for specified purposes, 31.10.2005 for W. for specified purposes, 31.3.2008 for W. in so far as not already in force) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 22 Pt. 3 (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/2439, art. 3; S.I. 2003/124, art. 4; S.I. 2003/1667, art. 4 (with art. 6, Sch. para. 4); S.I. 2004/912, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1; S.I. 2004/1728, art. 5, Sch. Pt. 2; S.I. 2005/2910, art. 4, Sch.; S.I. 2007/3611, art. 4(2), Sch. Pt. 2

Functions of governing bodyE+W

F15538 General responsibility of governing body for conduct of school.E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F155Ss. 36-44 repealed (1.10.2002 for E. for specified purposes, 1.4.2003 for E. for specified purposes, 1.9.2003 for E. In so far as not already in force, 31.3.2004 for W. for specified purposes, 1.9.2004 for W. for specified purposes, 31.10.2005 for W. for specified purposes, 31.3.2008 for W. in so far as not already in force) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 22 Pt. 3 (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/2439, art. 3; S.I. 2003/124, art. 4; S.I. 2003/1667, art. 4 (with art. 6, Sch. para. 4); S.I. 2004/912, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1; S.I. 2004/1728, art. 5, Sch. Pt. 2; S.I. 2005/2910, art. 4, Sch.; S.I. 2007/3611, art. 4(2), Sch. Pt. 2

F15539 Additional functions of governing body.E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F155Ss. 36-44 repealed (1.10.2002 for E. for specified purposes, 1.4.2003 for E. for specified purposes, 1.9.2003 for E. In so far as not already in force, 31.3.2004 for W. for specified purposes, 1.9.2004 for W. for specified purposes, 31.10.2005 for W. for specified purposes, 31.3.2008 for W. in so far as not already in force) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 22 Pt. 3 (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/2439, art. 3; S.I. 2003/124, art. 4; S.I. 2003/1667, art. 4 (with art. 6, Sch. para. 4); S.I. 2004/912, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1; S.I. 2004/1728, art. 5, Sch. Pt. 2; S.I. 2005/2910, art. 4, Sch.; S.I. 2007/3611, art. 4(2), Sch. Pt. 2

Control of school premisesE+W

F15540 Control of use of school premises by governing body.E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F155Ss. 36-44 repealed (1.10.2002 for E. for specified purposes, 1.4.2003 for E. for specified purposes, 1.9.2003 for E. In so far as not already in force, 31.3.2004 for W. for specified purposes, 1.9.2004 for W. for specified purposes, 31.10.2005 for W. for specified purposes, 31.3.2008 for W. in so far as not already in force) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 22 Pt. 3 (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/2439, art. 3; S.I. 2003/124, art. 4; S.I. 2003/1667, art. 4 (with art. 6, Sch. para. 4); S.I. 2004/912, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1; S.I. 2004/1728, art. 5, Sch. Pt. 2; S.I. 2005/2910, art. 4, Sch.; S.I. 2007/3611, art. 4(2), Sch. Pt. 2

Fixing of school holidays and times of sessionsE+W

F15541 Responsibility for fixing dates of terms and holidays and times of sessions.E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F155Ss. 36-44 repealed (1.10.2002 for E. for specified purposes, 1.4.2003 for E. for specified purposes, 1.9.2003 for E. In so far as not already in force, 31.3.2004 for W. for specified purposes, 1.9.2004 for W. for specified purposes, 31.10.2005 for W. for specified purposes, 31.3.2008 for W. in so far as not already in force) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 22 Pt. 3 (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/2439, art. 3; S.I. 2003/124, art. 4; S.I. 2003/1667, art. 4 (with art. 6, Sch. para. 4); S.I. 2004/912, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1; S.I. 2004/1728, art. 5, Sch. Pt. 2; S.I. 2005/2910, art. 4, Sch.; S.I. 2007/3611, art. 4(2), Sch. Pt. 2

Reports and parents’ meetingsE+W

F15542 Governors’ reports and other information.E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F155Ss. 36-44 repealed (1.10.2002 for E. for specified purposes, 1.4.2003 for E. for specified purposes, 1.9.2003 for E. In so far as not already in force, 31.3.2004 for W. for specified purposes, 1.9.2004 for W. for specified purposes, 31.10.2005 for W. for specified purposes, 31.3.2008 for W. in so far as not already in force) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 22 Pt. 3 (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/2439, art. 3; S.I. 2003/124, art. 4; S.I. 2003/1667, art. 4 (with art. 6, Sch. para. 4); S.I. 2004/912, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1; S.I. 2004/1728, art. 5, Sch. Pt. 2; S.I. 2005/2910, art. 4, Sch.; S.I. 2007/3611, art. 4(2), Sch. Pt. 2

F15543 Annual parents’ meetings.E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F155Ss. 36-44 repealed (1.10.2002 for E. for specified purposes, 1.4.2003 for E. for specified purposes, 1.9.2003 for E. In so far as not already in force, 31.3.2004 for W. for specified purposes, 1.9.2004 for W. for specified purposes, 31.10.2005 for W. for specified purposes, 31.3.2008 for W. in so far as not already in force) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 22 Pt. 3 (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/2439, art. 3; S.I. 2003/124, art. 4; S.I. 2003/1667, art. 4 (with art. 6, Sch. para. 4); S.I. 2004/912, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1; S.I. 2004/1728, art. 5, Sch. Pt. 2; S.I. 2005/2910, art. 4, Sch.; S.I. 2007/3611, art. 4(2), Sch. Pt. 2

Government of new schoolsE+W

F15544 Arrangements for government of new schools.E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F155Ss. 36-44 repealed (1.10.2002 for E. for specified purposes, 1.4.2003 for E. for specified purposes, 1.9.2003 for E. In so far as not already in force, 31.3.2004 for W. for specified purposes, 1.9.2004 for W. for specified purposes, 31.10.2005 for W. for specified purposes, 31.3.2008 for W. in so far as not already in force) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 22 Pt. 3 (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/2439, art. 3; S.I. 2003/124, art. 4; S.I. 2003/1667, art. 4 (with art. 6, Sch. para. 4); S.I. 2004/912, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1; S.I. 2004/1728, art. 5, Sch. Pt. 2; S.I. 2005/2910, art. 4, Sch.; S.I. 2007/3611, art. 4(2), Sch. Pt. 2

Chapter IVE+W Financing of maintained schools

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C40Pt. 2 Ch. 4 (ss. 45-53) modified (20.11.1998) by S.I. 1998/2670, reg. 3(1)(3)

Budgetary frameworkE+W

45 Maintained schools to have budget shares.E+W

(1)For the purposes of the financing of maintained schools by [F5local authorities], every such school shall have, for each [F156funding period], a budget share which is allocated to it by the authority which maintains it.

[F157(1A)In this Chapter “maintained school” means—

(a)a community, foundation or voluntary school,

(b)a community or foundation special school, F158...

(c)a maintained nursery school [F159, or

(d)a pupil referral unit in England.]]

[F160(1B)In this Chapter “funding period” means a financial year or such other period as may be prescribed.]

(2)Sections [F161 45A to] 47 have effect for determining the amount of a school’s budget share for a [F162funding period].

(3)In this Chapter—

(a)references to schools maintained by a [F2local authority] do not include [F163pupil referral units] [F164in Wales];

[F165(aa)references to the governing body of a maintained school or of a school maintained by a local authority shall be read, in relation to a pupil referral unit in England, as references to the management committee for the unit (in spite of paragraph 1 of Schedule 1 to the Education Act 1996);

(ab)references to governors shall be read, in relation to a pupil referral unit in England, as references to the members of the management committee for the unit;]

(b)references, in a context referring to a [F2local authority], to a maintained school or to a school maintained by such an authority shall be read as including a new school—

(i)which on implementation of proposals under [F166any enactment] will be a community, foundation or voluntary school or a community or foundation special school maintained by the authority, and

(ii)which has a temporary governing body; and

(c)references to the governing body of a maintained school or of a school maintained by a [F2local authority] shall accordingly be read as including the temporary governing body of a new school falling within paragraph (b).

(4)In this Chapter “new school” (without more) has the meaning given by section 72(3).

Textual Amendments

F156Words in s. 45(1) substituted (1.11.2005 for E.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 16 para. 2(2) (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 8

F158Word in s. 45(1A)(b) omitted (1.9.2012 for specified purposes) by virtue of Education Act 2011 (c. 21), ss. 50(2), 82(3); S.I. 2012/1087, art. 3

F159S. 45(1A)(d) and word inserted (1.9.2012 for specified purposes) by Education Act 2011 (c. 21), ss. 50(2), 82(3); S.I. 2012/1087, art. 3

F160S. 45(1B) inserted (1.11.2005 for E.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 16 para. 2(3) (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 8

F161Words in s. 45(2) substituted (1.11.2005 for E.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 16 para. 2(4)(a) (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 8

F162Words in s. 45(2) substituted (1.11.2005 for E.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 16 para. 2(4)(b) (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 8

F163Words in s. 45(3)(a) substituted (1.9.2003 for E., 31.10.2005 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 21 para. 99(3)(a) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2003/1667, art. 4 (with art. 6, Sch. para. 5); S.I. 2005/2910, art. 4, Sch.

F164Words in s. 45(3)(a) inserted (1.9.2012 for specified purposes) by Education Act 2011 (c. 21), ss. 50(3)(a), 82(3); S.I. 2012/1087, art. 3

F166Words in s. 45(3)(b)(i) substituted (19.12.2002 for W. and 1.4.2003 for E.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), ss. 215(1), 216, Sch. 21 para. 99(3)(b) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/3185, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1; S.I. 2003/124, art. 4

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C44S. 45(3)(4) modified (20.11.1998) by S.I. 1998/2670, reg. 3(4)

[F16745ADetermination of specified budgets of [F2local authority] E+W

(1)For the purposes of this Part, a [F2local authority]’s “[F168non-schools education budget]” for a [F169relevant period] is the amount appropriated by the authority for meeting all [F170education] expenditure by the authority in [F171that period] of a class or description prescribed for the purposes of this subsection.

[F172(1A)In subsection (1) “relevant period” means a financial year or such other period as may be prescribed.]

(2)For the purposes of this Part, a [F2local authority]’s “schools budget” for a [F173funding period] is the amount appropriated by the authority for meeting all [F174education] expenditure by the authority in [F175that period] of a class or description prescribed for the purposes of this subsection (which may include expenditure incurred otherwise than in respect of schools).

[F176(2A)The amount referred to in subsection (2) includes the amount of any grant which is appropriated, for meeting the expenditure mentioned in that subsection, in accordance with a condition which—

(a)is imposed under section 16 of the Education Act 2002 (terms on which assistance under section 14 of that Act is given) or any other enactment, and

(b)requires that the grant be applied as part of the authority's schools budget for the funding period.]

(3)For the purposes of this Part, a [F2local authority]’s “individual schools budget” for a [F177funding period] is the amount remaining after deducting from the authority’s schools budget for [F178that period] such planned [F179education] expenditure by the authority in respect of [F178that period] as they may determine should be so deducted in accordance with regulations.

(4)Regulations under subsection (3) may—

(a)prescribe classes or descriptions of expenditure which are authorised or required to be deducted from an authority’s schools budget;

(b)provide, in relation to any prescribed class or description of expenditure specified in the regulations, that such expenditure may only be deducted subject to either or both of the following, namely—

(i)such limit or limits (however framed) as may be specified by or determined in accordance with the regulations, and

(ii)such other conditions as may be so specified or determined.

[F180(4A)Regulations under subsection (3) may also make provision—

(a)enabling any expenditure falling outside any classes or descriptions of expenditure prescribed by virtue of subsection (4)(a) to be deducted from the authority's schools budget if the deduction of such expenditure is authorised, on the application of the authority, by the authority's schools forum or the Secretary of State, and

(b)enabling any limit or condition that would otherwise apply by virtue of subsection (4)(b)(i) or (ii) to be varied or excluded, on the application of the authority, by the authority's schools forum or the Secretary of State.]

[F181(4B)For the purposes of this Part, the duty imposed on a local authority in England by section 7(1) of the Childcare Act 2006 (duty to secure prescribed early years provision free of charge) is to be treated as [F182an education function of the authority].]

F183(5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F183(6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F184(7)In this section “education expenditure” means expenditure incurred by a local authority in connection with the performance of their education functions.]]

Textual Amendments

F167S. 45A inserted (1.10.2002 for E., 4.12.2003 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), ss. 41(1), 216(4) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/2439, art. 3 (with art. 4, Sch. para. 1); S.I. 2003/2961, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II

F169Words in s. 45A(1) substituted (1.11.2005 for E.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 16 para. 3(2)(a) (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 8

F171Words in s. 45A(1) substituted (1.11.2005 for E.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 16 para. 3(2)(b) (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 8

F172S. 45A(1A) inserted (1.11.2005 for E.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 16 para. 3(3) (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 8

F173Words in s. 45A(2) substituted (1.11.2005 for E.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 16 para. 3(4)(a) (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 8

F175Words in s. 45A(2) substituted (1.11.2005 for E.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 16 para. 3(4)(b) (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 8

F176S. 45A(2A) inserted (1.11.2005 for E.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 16 para. 3(5) (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 8

F177Words in s. 45A(3) substituted (1.11.2005 for E.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 16 para. 3(6)(a) (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 8

F178Words in s. 45A(3) substituted (1.11.2005 for E.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 16 para. 3(6)(b) (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 8

F180S. 45A(4A) inserted (1.11.2005 for E.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 16 para. 3(7) (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 8

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

[F18545AAPower to require [F5local authorities] in England to determine schools budgetE+W

(1)Regulations may require a [F2local authority] in England, not later than the prescribed date, to make an initial determination of their schools budget for a funding period.

(2)The date prescribed for the purposes of subsection (1) may be a date falling up to 48 months before the beginning of the funding period.

(3)Regulations under subsection (1) may—

(a)authorise or require [F5local authorities] in England to take account of matters arising after the initial determination of their schools budgets for any funding period but before the beginning of the funding period, by redetermining their schools budgets for the period in accordance with the regulations, and

(b)require notice of any initial determination or revised determination to be given in accordance with the regulations to the governing bodies of schools maintained by the [F2local authority].

F18645ABDuty of [F5local authorities] in Wales to determine schools budgetE+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

45ACPower to require [F5local authorities] in Wales to determine schools budgetE+W

(1)Regulations may require a [F2local authority] in Wales, not later than the prescribed date, to make an initial determination of their schools budget for a funding period.

(2)The date prescribed for the purposes of subsection (1) may be a date falling up to 48 months before the beginning of the funding period.

(3)Regulations under subsection (1) may—

(a)authorise or require [F5local authorities] in Wales to take account of matters arising after the initial determination of their schools budgets for the funding period but before the beginning of the funding period, by redetermining their schools budgets for the period in accordance with the regulations, and

(b)require notice of any initial determination or revised determination to be given in accordance with the regulations to the Assembly and to the governing bodies of schools maintained by the [F2local authority].

F187(4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

[F18845BPower of Assembly to set minimum schools budget for [F2local authority] in WalesE+W

(1)If it appears to the National Assembly for Wales that, in all the circumstances, the proposed amount of a [F2local authority]'s schools budget for a funding period is inadequate, the Assembly may, within the period of fourteen days beginning with the schools budget deadline in the funding period preceding that funding period, give the authority a notice under subsection (6) or (7).

(2)In subsection (1), the reference to the proposed amount of a [F2local authority]'s schools budget for a funding period is—

(a)if section 45AB is in force in relation to that funding period, a reference to the amount specified in a notice under section 45AB(1)(b), or

(b)if regulations under section 45AC(1) are in force in relation to that funding period, a reference to such amount, determined by the authority in accordance with those regulations and specified in a notice required by those regulations to be given to the Assembly, as may be prescribed.

(3)If at the schools budget deadline in any funding period, a [F2local authority] in Wales have failed to give the Assembly a notice under section 45AB(1)(b) or a notice required as mentioned in subsection (2)(b), the Assembly may, at any time after that deadline, give the authority a notice under subsection (6) or (7).

(4)In this section “the schools budget deadline”—

(a)in a case falling within subsection (2)(a), has the same meaning as in section 45AB, and

(b)in a case falling within subsection (2)(b), means the time in the funding period preceding the funding period to which the schools budget relates by which regulations under section 45AC(1) require notice of a revised determination of the schools budget to be given to the Assembly.

(5)In this section and section 45C “the period under consideration” means the funding period to which the notice mentioned in subsection (2)(a) or (b) relates or, in a case falling within subsection (3), the funding period in relation to which such a notice ought to have been given.

(6)A notice under this subsection is a notice determining the minimum amount of the authority's schools budget for the period under consideration.

(7)A notice under this subsection is a notice which—

(a)specifies the amount which the Assembly would have determined as the minimum amount of the authority's schools budget for the period under consideration if the Assembly had acted under subsection (4), and

(b)states the Assembly's intention to determine the minimum amount of the authority's schools budget for the following funding period.

(8)A notice under subsection (6) or (7) must include a statement of the Assembly's reasons for giving the notice.

(9)The Assembly may act under different subsections in relation to different authorities.]

[F18845CEffect of notice under section 45B(6)E+W

(1)The [F2local authority] may, within the period of fourteen days beginning with the date of a notice under section 45B(6), give the National Assembly for Wales notice of their objection to the Assembly's determination, giving reasons for their objection.

(2)Where the [F2local authority] have given notice of their objection under subsection (1), the notice under section 45B(6) shall cease to have effect, but the Assembly may by order prescribe the minimum amount of the authority's schools budget for the period under consideration.

(3)The amount prescribed under subsection (2) must not be greater than the amount specified in the notice under section 45B(6).

(4)An order under subsection (2) may relate to two or more authorities.

(5)Where—

(a)a notice under section 45B(6) has been given to a [F2local authority] and no notice of objection has been given during the period specified in subsection (1), or

(b)an order has been made under subsection (2),

the [F2local authority] shall determine a schools budget for the period under consideration which is not less than the amount specified in relation to the authority in the notice or order.]

[F18845DPower of Assembly to repeal Wales-only school funding provisionsE+W

The Assembly may by order—

(a)repeal any of the following provisions—

  • section 45AB,

  • section 45AC(4), and

  • sections 45B and 45C, and

(b)make any amendments of the other provisions of this Chapter which appear to the Assembly to be necessary or expedient in consequence of any repeal made by virtue of paragraph (a).]

Textual Amendments

F188Ss. 45B-45D substituted for ss. 45B, 45C (1.11.2005 for E., 1.4.2010 for W.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 16 para. 5 (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 8; S.I. 2010/735, art. 2(d)

F18946Determination of LEA’s local schools budget and individual schools budget.E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

47 Determination of school’s budget share.E+W

(1)For the purposes of this Part a maintained school’s budget share for a [F190funding period] is such amount as the [F2local authority] may determine, in accordance with regulations, to allocate to the school out of the authority’s individual schools budget for [F191that period].

(2)Regulations under this section may, in particular, make provision—

(a)as to the time when schools’ budget shares are to be initially determined by [F5local authorities];

(b)specifying—

(i)factors or criteria which such authorities are to take into account, or

(ii)requirements as to other matters with which such authorities are to comply,

in determining such shares, whether generally or in such cases as are specified in the regulations;

(c)requiring adjustments to be made to such shares by such authorities in respect of—

(i)pupils permanently excluded from schools maintained by them, or

(ii)pupils admitted to schools maintained by them who have been permanently excluded from other maintained schools;

(d)as to the treatment of new schools, including provision authorising the determination of nil amounts as the budget shares of such schools;

[F192(dd)authorising or requiring such authorities to take account of matters arising after the initial determination of budget shares for a funding period but before the beginning of the funding period, by redetermining budget shares for that period in accordance with the regulations, and requiring them in that connection to disregard such matters as may be specified in the regulations;]

(e)authorising or requiring such authorities to take account of matters arising during the course of a [F193funding period]

(i)by redetermining budget shares for that [F194funding period], or

(ii)by making adjustments to such shares for the following [F194funding period],

in accordance with the regulations, and requiring them in that connection to disregard such matters as may be specified in the regulations;

(f)requiring consultation to be carried out by such authorities in relation to the factors or criteria which are to be taken into account in determining such shares and as to the time and manner of such consultation;

[F195(ff)requiring notice of any initial determination or revised determination to be given in accordance with the regulations to the governing bodies of schools maintained by the authority in question;]

[F196(g)authorising [F5local authorities] in prescribed cases to determine (or redetermine) budget shares, to such extent as may be prescribed, in accordance with arrangements approved by the authority's schools forum or the Secretary of State in accordance with the regulations (in place of the arrangements provided for by the regulations);]

[F197(2A)The time by which regulations made in pursuance of subsection (2)(a) require an initial determination of schools' budget shares for a funding period to be made may be up to 48 months before the beginning of the funding period.]

(3)Regulations made in pursuance of subsection (2)(c) may provide for the adjustments to be made on such basis as may be prescribed, which may involve the deduction from one school’s budget share of an amount which is greater or less than that allocated to another school’s budget share in respect of the excluded pupil.

Textual Amendments

F190Words in s. 47(1) substituted (1.11.2005 for E.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 16 para. 6(2)(a) (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 8

F191Words in s. 47(1) substituted (1.11.2005 for E.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 16 para. 6(2)(b) (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 8

F192S. 47(2)(dd) inserted (1.11.2005 for E.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 16 para. 6(3)(a) (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 8

F193Words in s. 47(2)(e) substituted (1.11.2005 for E.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 16 para. 6(3)(b) (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 8

F194Words in s. 47(2)(e)(i)(ii) substituted (1.11.2005 for E.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 16 para. 6(3)(b) (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 8

F195S. 47(2)(ff) inserted (1.11.2005 for E.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 16 para. 6(3)(c) (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 8

F196S. 47(2)(g) substituted (1.11.2005 for E.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 16 para. 6(3)(d) (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 8 (with Sch. paras. 34)

F197S. 47(2A) inserted (1.11.2005 for E.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 16 para. 6(4) (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 8

[F19847ZAFree of charge early years provision outside a maintained school: budgetary framework: EnglandE+W

(1)This section applies where a local authority in England propose to allocate an amount of relevant financial assistance to a relevant childcare provider for a funding period out of the authority's individual schools budget for the period.

(2)The amount to be allocated is to be determined in accordance with regulations.

(3)Financial assistance provided by a local authority in England to a childcare provider is “relevant” financial assistance if it is provided—

(a)for the purpose of the discharge of the authority's duty under section 7 of the Childcare Act 2006, and

(b)in respect of the provision of childcare.

(4)Regulations under this section may, in particular—

(a)specify factors or criteria which an authority are to take into account in determining the amount of any relevant financial assistance to be provided by them to a relevant childcare provider;

(b)specify factors or criteria which an authority are to disregard in determining such an amount;

(c)specify requirements as to other matters with which an authority are to comply in determining such an amount;

(d)make provision about consultation to be carried out by an authority in connection with determining such an amount;

(e)authorise an authority, in prescribed circumstances and to a prescribed extent, to determine such an amount in accordance with arrangements approved by the Secretary of State (instead of in accordance with arrangements provided for by the regulations);

(f)require an authority to provide relevant childcare providers with prescribed information relating to their determination of such an amount;

(g)make provision about the circumstances in which an authority are required to redetermine such an amount;

(h)specify a time by which an authority's determination of such an amount is to take place.

(5)For the purposes of this section—

(a)childcare” has the meaning given in section 18 of the Childcare Act 2006;

(b)relevant childcare provider” means a provider of childcare other than the governing body of a maintained school;

(c)a reference to an authority's determination of the amount of any relevant financial assistance includes a reference to the authority's redetermination of such an amount.]

[F199Schools forums]E+W

Textual Amendments

F199S. 47A and cross-heading inserted (2.9.2002 for E., 1.11.2003 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), ss. 43, 216(4) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/2002, art. 4; S.I. 2003/1718, art. 6, Sch. Pt. III

[F19947A Schools forumsE+W

(1)[F200Every [F2local authority] shall in accordance with regulations establish for their area before such date as may be prescribed a body, to be known as a schools forum, representing the governing bodies and head teachers of schools maintained by the authority and, if the authority so determine, also representing such bodies as the authority may from time to time in accordance with regulations determine.]

[F200Every [F2local authority] must, in accordance with regulations, establish for their area a body to be known as a schools forum.]

(2)Subsection (1) does not apply in relation to the Common Council of the City of London or the Council of the Isles of Scilly.

[F201(3)The purpose of a schools forum is—

(a)to advise the relevant authority on such matters relating to the authority's schools budget as may be prescribed by regulations under section 45A(3) or by regulations under this subsection, and

(b)to exercise any [F202other function that may be imposed on the schools forum by or under this Chapter].]

[F203(3A)In exercising its functions, a schools forum is to have regard to any children and young people's plan prepared by the local Children's Trust Board.]

(4)Regulations under section 45A(3) or under subsection (3) may include provision requiring a relevant authority to have regard to advice given by their schools forum, or requiring a relevant authority to consult their schools forum in relation to prescribed matters or before taking prescribed decisions.

[F204(4A)Regulations must provide for a schools forum to include—

(a)members representing governing bodies of schools maintained by the relevant authority, and

(b)members representing head teachers of such schools.

(4B)Regulations may provide for a schools forum to include—

(a)members representing such other persons—

(i)as may be prescribed, or

(ii)as the relevant authority may from time to time, in accordance with regulations, determine, and

(b)other members,

and may make further provision as to the constitution of a schools forum.]

(5)Regulations may make provision as to [F205the constitution], meetings and proceedings of a schools forum.

F206(6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(7)Regulations may make provision with respect to expenses of a schools forum.

(8)Except as provided by regulations, the expenses of a schools forum shall be defrayed by the relevant authority.

[F207(9)In this section “relevant authority”, in relation to a schools forum, means the [F2local authority] by whom the forum is established.]

[F208(10)In this section—

(a)a “children and young people's plan” means a plan published by a Children's Trust Board under section 17 of the Children Act 2004;

(b)the local Children's Trust Board”, in relation to a schools forum, is the Children's Trust Board established by arrangements made under section 10 of that Act by the relevant authority F209....]]

Textual Amendments

F202Words in s. 47A(3)(b) substituted (8.2.2007 for E., 2.4.2010 for W.) by Education and Inspections Act 2006 (c. 40), s. 188(3), Sch. 5 para. 2(2); S.I. 2006/3400, art. 4(c); S.I. 2010/736, art. 3(c)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

[F2Local authority] schemesE+W

48 [F5Local authorities]’ financial schemes.E+W

(1)Each [F2local authority] shall [F210maintain] a scheme dealing with such matters connected with the financing of the schools maintained by the authority [F211or the exercise by the governing bodies of those schools of the power conferred by section 27 of the Education Act 2002 (power of governing body to provide community facilities etc.)] as are required to be dealt with in the scheme by or by virtue of—

(a)regulations made by the Secretary of State; or

(b)any provision of this Part.

(2)Regulations under subsection (1) may, in particular, require a scheme to deal with—

(a)the carrying forward from one [F212funding period] to another of surpluses and deficits arising in relation to schools’ budget shares;

(b)amounts which may be charged against schools’ budget shares;

(c)amounts received by schools which may be retained by their governing bodies and the purposes for which such amounts may be used;

(d)the imposition, by or under the scheme, of conditions which must be complied with by schools in relation to the management of their delegated budgets, including conditions prescribing financial controls and procedures;

[F213(dd)the imposition, by or under the scheme, of conditions which must be complied with by schools in relation to the exercise of the power mentioned in subsection (1), including conditions prescribing financial controls and procedures;]

(e)terms on which services and facilities are provided by the authority for schools maintained by them.

(3)Where there is any inconsistency between a scheme [F214maintained] by a [F2local authority] under subsection (1) and any other rules or regulations made by the authority which relate to the funding or financial management of schools which they maintain, the terms of the scheme shall prevail.

(4)Schedule 14 (which provides for F215... the revision of schemes) shall have effect.

(5)In this Part any reference to “the scheme”, in relation to a maintained school, is a reference to [F216the scheme for the time being maintained under this section].

Textual Amendments

F210Word in s. 48(1) substituted (8.2.2007 for E., 15.3.2010 for W. for specified purposes, 2.4.2010 for W. in so far as not already in force) by Education and Inspections Act 2006 (c. 40), s. 188(3), Sch. 5 para. 3(2); S.I. 2006/3400, art. 4(c); S.I. 2010/736, arts. 2(b), 3(c) (with art. 4)

F211Words in s. 48(1) inserted (2.9.2002 for E., 1.9.2003 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 3 para. 2(2) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/2002, art. 4; S.I. 2003/1718, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II

F212Words in s. 48(2)(a) substituted (1.11.2005 for E., 1.4.2010 for W.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 18 para. 7 (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 8; S.I. 2010/735, art. 2(e)

F213S. 48(2)(dd) inserted (2.9.2002 for E., 1.9.2003 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 3 para. 2(3) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/2002, art. 4; S.I. 2003/1718, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II

F214Word in s. 48(3) substituted (8.2.2007 for E., 15.3.2010 for W. for specified purposes, 2.4.2010 for W. in so far as not already in force) by Education and Inspections Act 2006 (c. 40), s. 188(3), Sch. 5 para. 3(3); S.I. 2006/3400, art. 4(c); S.I. 2010/736, arts. 2(b), 3(c) (with art. 4)

F215Words in s. 48(4) repealed (8.2.2007 for E., 15.3.2010 for W. for specified purposes, 2.4.2010 for W. in so far as not already in force) by Education and Inspections Act 2006 (c. 40), s. 188(3), Sch. 5 para. 3(4), Sch. 18 Pt. 6; S.I. 2006/3400, art. 4(c)(d); S.I. 2010/736, arts. 2(b), 3(c)(d) (with art. 4)

F216Words in s. 48(5) substituted (8.2.2007 for E., 15.3.2010 for W. for specified purposes, 2.4.2010 for W. in so far as not already in force) by Education and Inspections Act 2006 (c. 40), s. 188(3), Sch. 5 para. 3(5); S.I. 2006/3400, art. 4(c); S.I. 2010/736, arts. 2(b), 3(c) (with art. 4)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C47S. 48 excluded (10.3.1999) by S.I. 1999/362, reg. 6(5).

Financial delegationE+W

49 Maintained schools to have delegated budgets.E+W

(1)Every maintained school shall have a delegated budget.

[F217(2)A new school shall have a delegated budget from a date determined in accordance with regulations.

(2A)Regulations under subsection (2) may—

(a)enable the date that would otherwise apply by virtue of the regulations to be varied in accordance with the regulations, on the application of the [F2local authority], by the authority's schools forum or by the Secretary of State, and

(b)make provision about the respective powers of the schools forum and the Secretary of State in relation to any application to vary that date.]

F217(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(4)Subject to—

(a)section 50 (right of governing body to spend budget share where school has a delegated budget),

(b)paragraph 4 of Schedule 15 (power of governing body to spend amounts out of budget share where delegation of budget suspended),

(c)section 489(2) of the M7Education Act 1996 (education standards grants), and

(d)any provisions of the scheme,

a [F2local authority] may not delegate to the governing body of any maintained school the power to spend any part of the authority’s [F218[F219non-schools education budget] or schools budget].

(5)Any amount made available by a [F2local authority] to the governing body of a maintained school (whether under section 50 or otherwise)—

(a)shall remain the property of the authority until spent by the governing body or the head teacher; and

(b)when spent by the governing body or the head teacher, shall be taken to be spent by them or him as the authority’s agent.

(6)Subsection (5)(b) does not apply to any such amount where it is spent—

(a)by way of repayment of the principal of, or interest on, a loan, or

(b)(in the case of a voluntary aided school) to meet [F220expenses payable by the governing body under paragraph 3(1) or (2) of Schedule 3] [F220expenditure payable by the governing body under paragraph 3(1) of Schedule 3] [F221, F222... or paragraph 8 of Schedule 8 to the Education Act 2002] [F223section 75(2)(b) of, or paragraph 4 of Schedule 3 to, the School Standards and Organisation (Wales) Act 2013].

(7)In this Part—

(a)references to a school having a delegated budget are references to the governing body of the school being entitled to manage the school’s budget share; and

(b)where a school has a delegated budget the governing body are accordingly said to have a right to a delegated budget.

Textual Amendments

F217S. 49(2)(2A) substituted for s. 49(2)(3) (8.2.2007 for E., 15.3.2010 for W. for specified purposes, 2.4.2010 for W. in so far as not already in force) by Education and Inspections Act 2006 (c. 40), s. 188(3), Sch. 5 para. 4; S.I. 2006/3400, art. 4(c); S.I. 2010/736, arts. 2(b), 3(c) (with art. 4)

F218Words in s. 49(4) substituted (1.10.2002 for E., 4.12.2003 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 21 para. 100(2) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/2439, art. 3 (with art. 4, Sch. para. 2); S.I. 2003/2961, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II

F221Words in s. 49(6)(b) substituted (1.4.2003 for E., 1.8.2004 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 21 para. 100(3) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2003/124, art. 4; S.I. 2004/1728, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C48Ss. 49-51: power to modify conferred (1.4.2003 for E., 12.4.2010 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), ss. 25(1)(b), 216(4) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2003/124, art. 4; S.I. 2010/707, art. 3(d)

C50S. 49(4) savings for effects of 2002 c. 32, ss. 41(3), 215, Sch. 21 paras. 100(2) (W.) (19.11.2003) by The Education Act 2002 (Transitional Provisions and Consequential Amendments) (No.2) (Wales) Regulations 2003 (S.I. 2003/2959), regs. 1(1), 5

C51S. 49(6)(b) modified (20.11.1998) by S.I. 1998/2670, reg. 3(5)

Marginal Citations

50 Effect of financial delegation.E+W

(1)Where a maintained school has a delegated budget in respect of the whole or part of a [F224funding period] the [F2local authority] shall secure that in respect of [F225that period] there is available to be spent by the governing body—

(a)where the school has a delegated budget in respect of the whole of that [F226period], a sum equal to the school’s budget share for the [F226period], or

(b)where the school has a delegated budget in respect of only part of that [F227period], a sum equal to that portion of the school’s budget share for the [F227period] which has not been spent.

(2)The times at which, and the manner in which, any amounts are made available by the authority to the governing body in respect of any such sum shall be such as may be provided by or under the scheme.

(3)Subject to any provision made by or under the scheme, the governing body may spend any such amounts as they think fit—

(a)for any purposes of the school; or

(b)(subject also to any prescribed conditions) for such purposes as may be prescribed.

[F228(3A)In the case of a school in England—

(a)subject to regulations under paragraph (b) below, subsection (3)(a) has effect as if amounts spent on providing facilities or services under section 27 of the Education Act 2002 (power of governing body to provide community facilities etc) were spent for purposes of the school;

(b)regulations may impose restrictions as to the matters on which amounts may be spent under subsection (3)(a).]

(4)[F229In the case of a school in Wales, “purposes of the school” in subsection (3)] does not include purposes wholly referable to the provision of—

[F230(za)facilities and services under section 27 of the Education Act 2002 (power of governing body to provide community facilities etc.),]

(a)part-time education suitable to the requirements of persons of any age over compulsory school age, or

(b)full-time education suitable to the requirements of persons who have attained the age of 19;

but any such purposes may be prescribed by regulations under paragraph (b) of that subsection.

(5)Nothing in subsection (3) shall be read as authorising the payment of allowances to governors otherwise than in accordance with regulations [F231under section 19 of the Education Act 2002 (or, in the case of temporary governors of a new school, regulations under section 34(5) of that Act).]

(6)The governing body may delegate to the head teacher, to such extent as may be permitted by or under the scheme, their powers under subsection (3) in relation to any amount such as is mentioned in that subsection.

(7)The governors of a school shall not incur any personal liability in respect of anything done in good faith in the exercise or purported exercise of their powers under subsection (3) or (6).

Textual Amendments

F224Words in s. 50(1) substituted (1.11.2005 for E., 1.4.2010 for W.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 18 para. 8(a) (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 8; S.I. 2010/735, art. 2(e)

F225Words in s. 50(1) substituted (1.11.2005 for E., 1.4.2010 for W.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 18 para. 8(b) (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 8; S.I. 2010/735, art. 2(e)

F226Word in s. 50(1)(a) substituted (1.11.2005 for E., 1.4.2010 for W.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 18 para. 8(c) (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 8; S.I. 2010/735, art. 2(e)

F227Word in s. 50(1)(b) substituted (1.11.2005 for E., 1.4.2010 for W.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 18 para. 8(c) (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 8; S.I. 2010/735, art. 2(e)

F230S. 50(4)(za) inserted (2.9.2002 for E., 1.9.2003 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 3 para. 3 (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/2002, art. 4; S.I. 2003/1718, art. 5, Sch. Pt. II

F231Words in s. 50(5) substituted (1.9.2003 for E., 31.10.2005 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 21 para. 101 (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2003/1667, art. 4; S.I. 2005/2910, art. 4, Sch.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C48Ss. 49-51: power to modify conferred (1.4.2003 for E., 12.4.2010 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), ss. 25(1)(b), 216(4) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2003/124, art. 4; S.I. 2010/707, art. 3(d)

Commencement Information

I2S. 50 wholly in force; s. 50 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 145(3); s. 50(3) and (4) in force at 1.10.1998 by S.I. 1998/2212, art. 2, Sch. 1 Pt. I, Sch. 2 Pt. I para. 1 and s. 50 in force at 1.4.1999 (so far as it is not already in force) by Sch. 1 Pt. IV of the same S.I.

Suspension of financial delegationE+W

51 Suspension of financial delegation for mismanagement etc.E+W

Schedule 15 (which provides for the suspension by a [F2local authority] of a governing body’s right to a delegated budget in the case of failure to comply with requirements as to delegation or of financial mismanagement, etc.) shall have effect.

[F232Expenditure incurred for community purposes]E+W

Textual Amendments

F232Cross-heading and s. 51A inserted (2.9.2002 for E. otherwise prosp.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), ss. 40, 216, Sch. 3 para. 4 (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/2002, art. 4

[F23351A Expenditure incurred for community purposesE+W

(1)Expenditure incurred by the governing body of a maintained school [F234in Wales] in the exercise of the power conferred by section 27 of the Education Act 2002 (power of governing body to provide community facilities etc.) shall, as against third parties, be treated as part of the expenses of maintaining the school under section 22, but if met by the [F2local authority] may be recovered by them from the governing body.

(2)Except as provided by regulations under section 50(3)(b), no expenditure incurred by the governing body of a maintained school [F235in Wales] in the exercise of the power referred to in subsection (1) shall be met from the school’s budget share for any [F236funding period].

(3)Subsection (2) applies at a time when the school does not have a delegated budget by virtue of any suspension under section 17 or Schedule 15, as well as a time when it does have a delegated budget.]

InformationE+W

52[F237Financial statements: Wales.]E+W

(1)Before the beginning of each [F238financial year] [F238prescribed period] a [F2local authority] [F239in Wales] shall prepare a statement containing such information relating to their planned [F240education] expenditure in [F241that year] [F241that period] as may be prescribed.

[F242(1A)The periods prescribed for the purposes of subsection (1)—

(a)must consist of one or more funding periods, and

(b)may include funding periods in respect of which (by virtue of their inclusion in one or more earlier periods prescribed for the purposes of that subsection) information relating to planned [F240education] expenditure has previously been required under that subsection.]

(2)After the end of each [F243financial year] [F243prescribed period] a [F2local authority] [F244in Wales] shall prepare a statement containing such information with respect to the following matters as may be prescribed—

(a)the planned [F240education] expenditure in that [F245year] [F245period] specified in the statement prepared by the authority under subsection (1),

(b)[F240education] expenditure actually incurred, or treated by the authority as having been incurred, by them in the [F245year] [F245period], [F246and]

(c)any other resources allocated by the authority in the [F245year] [F245period] to schools maintained by them during any part of the [F245year] [F245period]. [F247and

(d)accountable resources held, received or expended in the [F245year] [F245period] by any person in relation to a school maintained by the authority.]

[F248(2A)In subsection (2)(d), “accountable resources”, in relation to a maintained school, means any resources which are not provided by the [F2local authority] but in respect of which an obligation is imposed on the governing body of the school by virtue of regulations under section 44 of the Education Act 2002 (accounts of maintained schools).]

[F249(2B)The periods prescribed for the purposes of subsection (2) must consist of one or more funding periods.]

(3)A statement under this section shall—

(a)be prepared in such form, and

(b)be published in such manner and at such times,

as may be prescribed.

(4)The authority shall furnish the governing body and head teacher of each school maintained by them with a copy of each statement prepared by the authority under this section or, if regulations so provide, with a copy of such part or parts of it as may be prescribed.

(5)A governing body provided with such a copy under subsection (4) shall secure that a copy of it is available for inspection (at all reasonable times and free of charge) at the school.

(6)Subsection (5) does not apply to a temporary governing body of a new school at any time before the school opening date.

[F250(7)In this section “education expenditure” has the same meaning as in section 45A.]

Textual Amendments

F238Words in s. 52(1) substituted (1.11.2005 for E.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 18 para. 10(2)(a) (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 8

F241Words in s. 52(1) substituted (1.11.2005 for E.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 18 para. 10(2)(b) (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 8

F242S. 52(1A) inserted (1.11.2005 for E.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 18 para. 10(3) (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 8

F243Words in s. 52(2) substituted (1.11.2005 for E.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 18 para. 10(4)(a) (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 8

F245Word in s. 52(2)(a)-(d) substituted (1.11.2005 for E.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 18 para. 10(4)(b) (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 8

F246Word in s. 52(2)(b) repealed (1.4.2003 for E.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), ss. 45(2), 216(4), Sch. 22 Pt. 3 (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2003/124, art. 4

F247S. 52(2)(d) and word inserted (1.4.2003 for E.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), ss. 45(2), 216(4) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2003/124, art. 4

F248S. 52(2A) inserted (1.4.2003 for E.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), ss. 45(3), 216(4) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2003/124, art. 4

F249S. 52(2B) inserted (1.11.2005 for E.) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 18 para. 10(5) (with s. 119); S.I. 2005/2034, art. 8

F25153 Certification of statements by Audit Commission.E+W

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[F252