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Education Act 1996

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Education Act 1996, Cross Heading: Educational institutions is up to date with all changes known to be in force on or before 08 March 2021. There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date. Changes that have been made appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

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Educational institutionsE+W

4 Schools: general.E+W

[F1(1)In this Act [F2(subject to [F3subsections (1A) to (1C)])]school” means an educational institution which is outside the further education sector and the [F4wider] higher education sector and is an institution for providing—

(a)primary education,

(b)secondary education, or

(c)both primary and secondary education,

whether or not the institution also provides [F5part-time education suitable to the requirements of junior pupils or] further education.]

[F6(1A)An institution which—

(a)provides only early years provision (as defined by section 96(2) of the Childcare Act 2006), and

(b)is not a maintained nursery school,

is not a school.]

[F7(1B)A 16 to 19 Academy is not a school.

(1C)An alternative provision Academy is a school.]

(2)[F8Nothing in subsection (1) shall be taken to preclude the making of arrangements under section 19(1) (exceptional educational provision) under which part-time education is to be provided at a school; and for] the purposes of this Act an educational institution that would fall within subsection (1) but for the fact that it provides part-time rather than full-time education shall nevertheless be treated as a school if that part-time education is provided under arrangements made under section 19(1) F9. . ..

(3)For the purposes of this Act an institution is outside the further education sector if it is not—

(a)an institution conducted by a further education corporation established under section 15 or 16 of the M1Further and Higher Education Act 1992, or

(b)a designated institution for the purposes of Part I of that Act (defined in section 28(4) of that Act ) [F10, or

(c)a sixth form college]

and references to institutions within that sector shall be construed accordingly.

[F11(4)For the purposes of this Act an institution is outside the wider higher education sector if —

(a)in relation to England, it is not a registered higher education provider within the meaning given by section 3(10) of the Higher Education and Research Act 2017, or

(b)in relation to Wales, it is not an institution within the higher education sector within the meaning given by section 91(5) of the Further and Higher Education Act 1992;

and references to institutions within the wider higher education sector are to be construed accordingly.]

Textual Amendments

F1S. 4(1) substituted (1.9.1997) by 1997 c. 44, s. 51; S.I. 1997/1468, art. 2, Sch. 1 Pt. II

F2Words in s. 4(1) inserted (1.9.2008) by Childcare Act 2006 (c. 21), ss. 95(2), 109(2); S.I. 2008/2261, art. 2 (with Sch. 1)

F3Words in s. 4(1) substituted (1.4.2012) by Education Act 2011 (c. 21), s. 82(3), Sch. 13 para. 9(2)(a); S.I. 2012/924, art. 2

F5Words in s. 4(1) repealed (1.10.2002 for E., 31.3.2004 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 22 Pt. 3 (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/2439, art. 3; S.I. 2004/912, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1

F6S. 4(1A) inserted (1.9.2008) by Childcare Act 2006 (c. 21), ss. 95(3), 109(2); S.I. 2008/2261, art. 2 (with Sch. 1)

F8Words in s. 4(2) substituted (1.9.1998) by 1997 c. 44, s. 57(1), Sch. 7 para. 10(a); S.I. 1998/386, art.2, Sch. 1 Pt. IV

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1S. 4(1) restricted (1.9.2000 (E.) and 1.4.2001 (W.)) by 2000 c. 21, s. 110(3) (with s. 150); S.I. 2000/2114, art. 2(3), Sch. Pt. III; S.I. 2001/1274, art. 2(1), Sch. Pt. I

Marginal Citations

5 Primary schools, secondary schools and middle schools.E+W

(1)In this Act “primary school” means (subject to regulations under subsection (4)) a school for providing primary education, whether or not it also provides [F12part-time education suitable to the requirements of junior pupils or] further education.

(2)In this Act “secondary school” means (subject to regulations under subsection (4)) a school for providing secondary education, whether or not it also provides further education.

[F13(3)In this Act “middle school” means a school which, in pursuance of proposals published under any of the enactments specified in subsection (3A), has been established as, or altered so as to become, a school for providing full-time education suitable to the requirements of pupils who—

(a)have attained a specified age below 10 years and six months, and

(b)are under a specified age above 12 years.

(3A)The enactments mentioned in subsection (3) are—

(a)in relation to England—

(i)section 28 or 28A of, or paragraph 5 of Schedule 7 to, the School Standards and Framework Act 1998,

(ii)section 66 of, or paragraph 7 of Schedule 11 to, the Education Act 2005, and

(iii)section 7, 10, 11 or 19 of the Education and Inspections Act 2006;

(b)in relation to Wales,

[F14(i)] section 28 of, or paragraph 5 of Schedule 7 to, the School Standards and Framework Act 1998[F15, and

(ii)section 48, 59 or 68 of the School Standards and Organisation (Wales) Act 2013]]

(4)The Secretary of State shall make regulations for determining, or enabling him to determine, whether a middle school is to be treated for the purposes of this Act and the other enactments relating to education as a primary school or as a secondary school.

(5)[F16The powers conferred by the enactments mentioned in subsection (3) (so far as relating to the establishment of middle schools) and the powers conferred by subsection] (4) above are exercisable—

(a)notwithstanding anything in this Act (and in particular section 1); but

(b)without prejudice to the exercise of any other power conferred by this Act.

Textual Amendments

F12Words in s. 5(1) repealed (1.10.2002 for E., 31.3.2004 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), s. 216(4), Sch. 22 Pt. 3 (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/2439, art. 3; S.I. 2004/912, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1

F16Words in s. 5(5) substituted (1.9.2006) by Education Act 2005 (c. 18), s. 125(4), Sch. 12 para. 1(3); S.I. 2006/2129, art. 4

6 Nursery schools F17... .E+W

(1)A primary school is a nursery school if it is used [F18wholly or] mainly for the purpose of providing education for children who have attained the age of two but are under [F19compulsory school age].

F20(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F17Words in s. 6 title omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 2(3); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

F18Words in s. 6(1) inserted (1.10.2002 for E., 31.3.2004 for W.) by Education Act 2002 (c. 32), ss. 156(1), 216(4) (with ss. 210(8), 214(4)); S.I. 2002/2439, art. 3; S.I. 2004/912, art. 4, Sch. Pt. 1

F19Words in s. 6(1) substituted (1.8.1998) by 1997 c. 44, s. 51(1), Sch. 7 para. 11; S.I. 1998/386, art. 2, Sch. 1 Pt. III

F20S. 6(2) omitted (1.9.2014) by virtue of Children and Families Act 2014 (c. 6), s. 139(6), Sch. 3 para. 2(2); S.I. 2014/889, art. 7(a) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2014/2270 (as amended (1.4.2015) by S.I. 2015/505)

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