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British Nationality Act 1981

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Changes to legislation:

British Nationality Act 1981, Cross Heading: Naturalisation as a British citizen under section 6(1) is up to date with all changes known to be in force on or before 25 May 2019. There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date. Changes that have been made appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

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Naturalisation as a British citizen under section 6(1)E+W+S+N.I.

1(1)Subject to paragraph 2, the requirements for naturalisation as a British citizen under section 6(1) are, in the case of any person who applies for it—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)the requirements specified in sub-paragraph (2) of this paragraph, or the alternative requirement specified in sub-paragraph (3) of this paragraph; and

(b)that he is of good character; and

(c)that he has a sufficient knowledge of the English, Welsh or Scottish Gaelic language; and

[F1(ca)that he has sufficient knowledge about life in the United Kingdom; and]

(d)that either—

(i)his intentions are such that, in the event of a certificate of naturalisation as a British citizen being granted to him, his home or (if he has more than one) his principal home will be in the United Kingdom; or

(ii)he intends, in the event of such a certificate being granted to him, to enter into, or continue in, Crown service under the government of the United Kingdom, or service under an international organisation of which the United Kingdom or Her Majesty’s government therein is a member, or service in the employment of a company or association established in the United Kingdom.

(2)The requirements referred to in sub-paragraph (1)(a) of this paragraph are—

(a)that the applicant was in the United Kingdom at the beginning of the period of five years ending with the date of the application, and that the number of days on which he was absent from the United Kingdom in that period does not exceed 450; and

(b)that the number of days on which he was absent from the United Kingdom in the period of twelve months so ending does not exceed 90; and

(c)that he was not at any time in the period of twelve months so ending subject under the immigration laws to any restriction on the period for which he might remain in the United Kingdom; and

(d)that he was not at any time in the period of five years so ending in the United Kingdom in breach of the immigration laws.

(3)The alternative requirement referred to in sub-paragraph (1)(a) of this paragraph is that on the date of the application he is serving outside the United Kingdom in Crown service under the government of the United Kingdom.

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Amendments (Textual)

2F2(1)If in the special circumstances of any particular case the Secretary of State thinks fit, he may for the purposes of paragraph 1 do all or any of the following things, namely—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)treat the applicant as fulfilling the requirement specified in paragraph 1(2)(a) or paragraph 1(2)(b), or both, although the number of days on which he was absent from the United Kingdom in the period there mentioned exceeds the number there mentioned;

(b)treat the applicant as having been in the United Kingdom for the whole or any part of any period during which he would otherwise fall to be treated under paragraph 9(1) as having been absent;

(c)disregard any such restriction as is mentioned in paragraph 1(2)(c), not being a restriction to which the applicant was subject on the date of the application;

(d)treat the applicant as fulfilling the requirement specified in paragraph 1(2)(d) although he was in the United Kingdom in breach of the immigration laws in the period there mentioned;

(e)waive the need to fulfil [F3either or both of the requirements specified in paragraph 1(1)(c) and (ca)] if he considers that because of the applicant’s age or physical or mental condition it would be unreasonable to [F4expect him to fulfil that requirement or those requirements] .

[F5(2)Sub-paragraph (3) applies in a case where, on the date of the application, the applicant is or has been a member of the armed forces.

(3)If in the special circumstances of the particular case the Secretary of State thinks fit, he may for the purposes of paragraph 1 treat the applicant as fulfilling the requirement specified in paragraph 1(2)(a) although the applicant was not in the United Kingdom at the beginning of the period there mentioned.]

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

F2Sch. 1 para. 2 renumbered as para. 2(1) (13.5.2014) by virtue of Citizenship (Armed Forces) Act 2014 (c. 8), ss. 1(2), 2(2)

F3Words in Sch. 1 para. 2(e) substituted (1.11.2005) by Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 (c. 41), ss. 1(2), 162(1) (with s. 159); S.I. 2005/2782, art. 3(1) (subject to art. 3(2))

F4Words in Sch. 1 para. 2(e) substituted (1.11.2005) by Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 (c. 41), ss. 1(2), 162(1) (with s. 159); S.I. 2005/2782, art. 3(1) (subject to art. 3(2))

F5Sch. 1 para. 2(2)(3) inserted (13.5.2014) by Citizenship (Armed Forces) Act 2014 (c. 8), ss. 1(3), 2(2)

Prospective

[F62A(1)A person has a qualifying immigration status for the purposes of paragraph 1(2) if the person has—E+W+S+N.I.

(a)qualifying temporary residence leave;

(b)probationary citizenship leave;

(c)permanent residence leave;

(d)a qualifying CTA entitlement;

(e)a Commonwealth right of abode; or

(f)a temporary or permanent EEA entitlement.

(2)A person who is required for those purposes to have a qualifying immigration status for the whole of the qualifying period need not have the same qualifying immigration status for the whole of that period.]

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Annotations are used to give authority for changes and other effects on the legislation you are viewing and to convey editorial information. They appear at the foot of the relevant provision or under the associated heading. Annotations are categorised by annotation type, such as F-notes for textual amendments and I-notes for commencement information (a full list can be found in the Editorial Practice Guide). Each annotation is identified by a sequential reference number. For F-notes, M-notes and X-notes, the number also appears in bold superscript at the relevant location in the text. All annotations contain links to the affecting legislation.

Amendments (Textual)

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