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Supply of Goods (Implied Terms) Act 1973

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U.K.

Supply of Goods (Implied Terms) Act 1973

1973 CHAPTER 13

An Act to amend the law with respect to the terms to be implied in contracts of sale of goods and hire-purchase agreements and on the exchange of goods for trading stamps, and with respect to the terms of conditional sale agreements; and for connected purposes.

[18th April 1973]

Sale of GoodsU.K.

1—7.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F1U.K.

Textual Amendments

Hire-purchase agreementsU.K.

[F28 Implied terms as to title.U.K.

(1)In every [F3relevant hire-purchase agreement], other than one to which subsection (2) below applies, there is—

(a)an implied [F4term] on the part of the creditor that he will have a right to sell the goods at the time when the property is to pass; and

(b)an implied [F4term] that—

(i)the goods are free, and will remain free until the time when the property is to pass, from any charge or encumbrance not disclosed or known to the person to whom the goods are bailed or (in Scotland) hired before the agreement is made, and

(ii)that person will enjoy quiet possession of the goods except so far as it may be disturbed by any person entitled to the benefit of any charge or encumbrance so disclosed or known.

(2)In a [F3relevant hire-purchase agreement], in the case of which there appears from the agreement or is to be inferred from the circumstances of the agreement an intention that the creditor should transfer only such title as he or a third person may have, there is—

(a)an implied [F4term] that all charges or encumbrances known to the creditor and not known to the person to whom the goods are bailed or hired have been disclosed to that person before the agreement is made; and

(b)an implied [F4term] that neither—

(i)the creditor; nor

(ii)in a case where the parties to the agreement intend that any title which may be transferred shall be only such title as a third person may have, that person; nor

(iii)anyone claiming through or under the creditor or that third person otherwise than under a charge or encumbrance disclosed or known to the person to whom the goods are bailed or hired, before the agreement is made;

will disturb the quiet possession of the person to whom the goods are bailed or hired.]

[F5(3)As regards England and Wales and Northern Ireland, the term implied by subsection (1)(a) above is a condition and the terms implied by subsections (1)(b), (2)(a) and (2)(b) above are warranties.]

Textual Amendments

F4Words in s. 8(1)(a)(b)(2)(a)(b) substituted (3.1.1995) by 1994 c. 35, ss. 7, 8(2), Sch. 2 para. 4(2)(a) (with s. 8(3))

F5S. 8(3) inserted (3.1.1995) by 1994 c. 35, ss. 7, 8(2), Sch. 2 para. 4(2)(b) (with s. 8(3))

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

[F69 Bailing or hiring by description.U.K.

(1)Where under a [F3relevant hire-purchase agreement] goods are bailed or (in Scotland) hired by description, there is an implied [F7term]that the goods will correspond with the description, and if under the agreement the goods are bailed or hired by reference to a sample as well as a description, it is not sufficient that the bulk of the goods corresponds with the sample if the goods do not also correspond with the description.

[F8(1A)As regards England and Wales and Northern Ireland, the term implied by subsection (1) above is a condition.]

(2)Goods shall not be prevented from being bailed or hired by description by reason only that, being exposed for sale, bailment or hire, they are selected by the person to whom they are bailed or hired.]

Textual Amendments

F7Word in s. 9(1) substituted (3.1.1995) by 1994 c. 35, ss. 7, 8(2), Sch. 2 para. 4(3)(a) (with s. 8(3))

F8S. 9(1A) inserted (3.1.1995) by 1994 c. 35, ss. 7, 8(2), Sch. 2 para. 4(3)(b) (with s. 8(3))

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

[F910 Implied undertakings as to quality or fitness. U.K.

(1)Except as provided by this section and section 11 below and subject to the provisions of any other enactment, including any enactment of the Parliament of Northern Ireland or the Northern Ireland Assembly, there is no implied [F10term] as to the quality or fitness for any particular purpose of goods bailed or (in Scotland) hired under a [F3relevant hire-purchase agreement].

[F11(2)Where the creditor bails or hires goods under a [F3relevant hire-purchase agreement] in the course of a business, there is an implied term that the goods supplied under the agreement are of satisfactory quality.

(2A)For the purposes of this Act, goods are of satisfactory quality if they meet the standard that a reasonable person would regard as satisfactory, taking account of any description of the goods, the price (if relevant) and all the other relevant circumstances.

(2B)For the purposes of this Act, the quality of goods includes their state and condition and the following (among others) are in appropriate cases aspects of the quality of goods—

(a)fitness for all the purposes for which goods of the kind in question are commonly supplied,

(b)appearance and finish,

(c)freedom from minor defects,

(d)safety, and

(e)durability.

(2C)The term implied by subsection (2) above does not extend to any matter making the quality of goods unsatisfactory—

(a)which is specifically drawn to the attention of the person to whom the goods are bailed or hired before the agreement is made,

(b)where that person examines the goods before the agreement is made, which that examination ought to reveal, or

(c)where the goods are bailed or hired by reference to a sample, which would have been apparent on a reasonable examination of the sample]

F12( 2D ). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F12( 2E ). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F12( 2F ). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(3)Where the creditor bails or hires goods under a [F3relevant hire-purchase agreement] in the course of a business and the person to whom the goods are bailed or hired, expressly or by implication, makes known—

(a)to the creditor in the course of negotiations conducted by the creditor in relation to the making of the [F3relevant hire-purchase agreement], or

(b)to a credit-broker in the course of negotiations conducted by that broker in relation to goods sold by him to the creditor before forming the subject matter of the [F3relevant hire-purchase agreement],

any particular purpose for which the goods are being bailed or hired, there is an implied [F13term] that the goods supplied under the agreement are reasonably fit for that purpose, whether or not that is a purpose for which such goods are commonly supplied, except where the circumstances show that the person to whom the goods are bailed or hired does not rely, or that it is unreasonable for him to rely, on the skill or judgment of the creditor or credit-broker.

(4)An implied condition or warranty as to quality or fitness for a particular purpose may be annexed to a [F3relevant hire-purchase agreement] by usage.

(5)The preceding provisions of this section apply to a [F3relevant hire-purchase agreement] made by a person who in the course of a business is acting as agent for the creditor as they apply to an agreement made by the creditor in the course of a business, except where the creditor is not bailing or hiring in the course of a business and either the person to whom the goods are bailed or hired knows that fact or reasonable steps are taken to bring it to the notice of that person before the agreement is made.

(6)In subsection (3) above and this subsection—

(a)credit-broker ” means a person acting in the course of a business of credit brokerage;

(b)credit brokerage ” means the effecting of introductions of individuals desiring to obtain credit—

(i)to persons carrying on any business so far as it relates to the provision of credit, or

(ii)to other persons engaged in credit brokerage.]

[F14(7)As regards England and Wales and Northern Ireland, the terms implied by subsections (2) and (3) above are conditions.]

F15( 8 ). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F10Words in s. 10(1)(4) substituted (3.1.1995) by 1994 c. 35, ss. 7, 8(2), Sch. 2 para. 4(4)(b) (with s. 8(3))

F11S. 10(2)(2A)-(2C) substituted (3.1.1995) for s. 10(2)(a)(b) by 1994 c. 35, ss. 7,8(2), Sch. 2 para. 4(4)(a) (with s. 8(3))

F12S. 10(2D)-(2F) omitted (1.10.2015) by virtue of Consumer Rights Act 2015 (c. 15), s. 100(5), Sch. 1 para. 3(2); S.I. 2015/1630, art. 3(g) (with art. 6(1))

F13Word in s. 10(4) substituted (3.1.1995) by 1994 c. 35, ss. 7, 8(2), Sch. 2 para. 4(4)(b) (with s. 8(3))

F14S. 10(7) inserted (3.1.1995) by 1994 c. 35, ss. 7, 8(2), Sch. 2 para. 4(4)(c) (with s. 8(3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

[F1611 Samples. U.K.

[F17(1)]Where under a [F3relevant hire-purchase agreement] goods are bailed or (in Scotland) hired by reference to a sample, there is an implied [F18term]

(a)that the bulk will correspond with the sample in quality; and

(b)that the person to whom the goods are bailed or hired will have a reasonable opportunity of comparing the bulk with the sample; and

(c)that the goods will be free from any defect, [F19making their quality unsatisfactory], which would not be apparent on reasonable examination of the sample.]

[F20(2)As regards England and Wales and Northern Ireland, the term implied by subsection (1) above is a condition.]

Textual Amendments

F17Word in s. 11 inserted (3.1.1995) by 1994 c. 35, ss. 7, 8(2), Sch.2 para. 4(5)(a) (with s. 8(3))

F18Word in s. 11 inserted (3.1.1995) by 1994 c. 35, ss. 7, 8(2), Sch. 2 para. 4(5)(b) (with s. 8(3))

F19Words in s. 11(1)(c) substituted (3.1.1995) by 1994 c. 35, ss. 7, 8(2), Sch. 2 para. 4(5)(c) (with s. 8(3))

F20S. 11(2) inserted (3.1.1995) by 1994 c. 35, ss. 7, 8(2), Sch. 2 para. 4(5)(d) (with s. 8(3))

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

[11A F21 Modification of remedies for breach of statutory condition in non-consumer cases. E+W+N.I.

(1)Where in the case of a [F3relevant hire-purchase agreement]

(a)the person to whom goods are bailed would, apart from this subsection, have the right to reject them by reason of a breach on the part of the creditor of a term implied by section 9, 10 or 11(1)(a) or (c) above, but

(b)the breach is so slight that it would be unreasonable for him to reject them,

F22... the breach is not to be treated as a breach of condition but may be treated as a breach of warranty.

(2)This section applies unless a contrary intention appears in, or is to be implied from, the agreement.

(3)It is for the creditor to show—

(a)that a breach fell within subsection (1)(b) above, and

[F23(b)that the agreement was a relevant hire-purchase agreement.]

F24(4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(5)This section does not apply to Scotland.]

[12F25 Exclusion of implied terms.U.K.

An express term does not negative a term implied by this Act unless inconsistent with it.]

Textual Amendments

F25S. 12 substituted (3.1.1995) by 1994 c. 35, ss. 7, 8(2), Sch. 2 para.4(7) (with s. 8(3))

[12A F26 Remedies for breach of [F3 relevant hire-purchase agreement ] as respects Scotland. S

(1)Where in a [F3relevant hire-purchase agreement] the creditor is in breach of any term of the agreement (express or implied), the person to whom the goods are hired shall be entitled—

(a)to claim damages, and

(b)if the breach is material, to reject any goods delivered under the agreement and treat it as repudiated.

F27(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F27(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(4)This section applies to Scotland only.]

Textual Amendments

F26S. 12A inserted (s.) (3.1.1995) by 1994 c. 35, ss. 7,8(2), Sch. 2 para. 4(8) (with s. 8(3))

13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F28U.K.

Textual Amendments

F28S. 12(2)–(9) (both as originally enacted and as substituted by Consumer Credit Act 1974 (c. 39)), and s. 13 repealed by Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977 (c. 50), Sch. 4

F29 14 Special provisions as to conditional sale agreements.U.K.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

[F3015 Supplementary.U.K.

(1)In sections 8 to 14 above and this section—

  • business ” includes a profession and the activities of any government department (including a Northern Ireland department), [F31 or local or public authority ] ;

  • buyer ” and “ seller ” includes a person to whom rights and duties under a conditional sale agreement have passed by assignment or operation of law;

  • F32 . . .

  • conditional sale agreement ” means an agreement for the sale of goods under which the purchase price or part of it is payable by instalments, and the property in the goods is to remain in the seller (notwithstanding that the buyer is to be in possession of the goods) until such conditions as to the payment of instalments or otherwise as may be specified in the agreement are fulfilled;

  • [F33consumer sale ”has the same meaning as in section 55 of the Sale of Goods Act 1979 (as set out in paragraph 11 of Schedule 1 to that Act) ]

  • creditor ” means the person by whom the goods are bailed or (in Scotland) hired under a [F3 relevant hire-purchase agreement ] or the person to whom his rights and duties under the agreement have passed by assignment or operation of law; and

  • hire-purchase agreement ” means an agreement, other than conditional sale agreement, under which—

(a)goods are bailed or (in Scotland) hired in return for periodical payments by the person to whom they are bailed or hired, and

(b)the property in the goods will pass to that person if the terms of the agreement are complied with and one or more of the following occurs—

(i)the exercise of an option to purchase by that person,

(ii)the doing of any other specified act by any party to the agreement,

(iii)the happening of any other specified event.

[F34and a hire-purchase agreement is relevant if it is not a contract to which Chapter 2 of Part 1 of the Consumer Rights Act 2015 applies;]

(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F36( 3 ). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(4)Nothing in sections 8 to 13 above shall prejudice the operation of any other enactment including any enactment of the Parliament of Northern Ireland or the Northern Ireland Assembly or any rule of law whereby any [F37term], other than one relating to quality or fitness, is to be implied in any [F3relevant hire-purchase agreement].]

Textual Amendments

F32Words in s. 15(1) repealed (3.1.1995) by 1994 c. 35, ss. 7, 8(2), Sch. 2 para. 4(9)(a), Sch. 3 (with s. 8(3))

F33Definition of “consumer sale” substituted by Sale of Goods Act 1979 (c. 54, SIF 109:1), s. 63, Sch. 2 para. 17

F35Words in s. 15(1) omitted (1.10.2015) by virtue of Consumer Rights Act 2015 (c. 15), s. 100(5), Sch. 1 para. 7(2)(b); S.I. 2015/1630, art. 3(g) (with art. 6(1))

F37Word in s. 15(4) substituted (3.1.1995) by 1994 c. 35, ss. 7, 8(2), Sch. 2 para. 4(9)(c) (with s. 8(3))

Trading StampsU.K.

F3816 Terms to be Implied on redemption of trading stamps for goods.U.K.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

MiscellaneousU.K.

17 Northern Ireland.U.K.

(1)It is hereby declared that this Act extends to Northern Ireland.

(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F39

Textual Amendments

18 Short title, citation, interpretation, commencement, repeal and saving.U.K.

(1)This Act may be cited as the Supply of Goods (Implied Terms) Act 1973.

(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F40

(3)This Act shall come operation at the expiration of a period of one month beginning with the date on which it is passed.

(4)Sections 17 to 20 and 29 of each of the following Acts, that is to say, the M1 Hire-Purchase Act 1965, the M2 Hire-Purchase (Scotland) Act 1965 and the M3 Hire- Purchase Act (Northern Ireland) 1966 (provisions as to conditions, warranties and stipulations in hire-purchase agreements) shall cease to have effect.

(5)This Act does not apply to contracts of sale or hire-purchase agreements made before its commencement.

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C5The text of ss. 16(1)(2), 18(4) is in the form in which it was originally enacted: it was not reproduced in Statutes in Force and does not reflect any amendments or repeals which may have been made prior to 1.2.1991.

Marginal Citations

M31966 c. 42. (N.I.).

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