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The Civil Partnership (Scotland) Act 2020 (Commencement No. 3, Saving and Transitional Provision) Regulations 2021

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Citation, commencement and interpretation

1.—(1) These Regulations may be cited as the Civil Partnership (Scotland) Act 2020 (Commencement No. 3, Saving and Transitional Provision) Regulations 2021.

(2) With the exception of those provisions mentioned in paragraph (3), these Regulations come into force on 1 February 2021.

(3) Regulations 2 and 3 and the schedule come into force on 1 June 2021.

(4) In these Regulations—

(a)unless otherwise stated, a reference to a numbered provision is to the provision so numbered in the Civil Partnership (Scotland) Act 2020,

(b)“the 2004 Act” means the Civil Partnership Act 2004(1).

Provisions coming into force on 1 June 2021

2.—(1) 1 June 2021 is the day appointed for the coming into force of the provisions of the Civil Partnership (Scotland) Act 2020 specified in column 1 of the table in the schedule of these Regulations, the subject matter of which is described in column 2 of the table.

(2) Where a purpose is specified in column 3 of the table in relation to any provision, the provision comes into force on 1 June 2021 for that purpose only.

Saving and transitional provision: end of interim recognition of different sex relationships

3.—(1) The cessation of the interim treatment of different sex relationships formed outwith Scotland by section 3(4) does not affect—

(a)anything done prior to 1 June 2021 by one or both of the deemed spouses—

(i)in relation to a deemed marriage, or

(ii)otherwise as a deemed spouse or as deemed spouses,

(b)anything done prior to 1 June 2021 by any other person in relation to—

(i)a deemed marriage, or

(ii)one or both of the deemed spouses (as a deemed spouse or as deemed spouses), or

(c)any relevant court proceedings which have concluded prior to 1 June 2021.

(2) Anything done prior to 1 June 2021 by a person as a deemed spouse is to be treated on or after 1 June 2021 as if it had been done by that person as a civil partner.

(3) Anything done prior to 1 June 2021 by any other person in relation to a deemed marriage, or in relation to one or both of the deemed spouses (as a deemed spouse or as deemed spouses), is to be treated on or after 1 June 2021 as if it had been done by the other person in relation to a civil partnership, or in relation to that person or those persons as a civil partner or as civil partners.

(4) Paragraph (5) has effect, subject to paragraph (6), in relation to any relevant court proceedings which have not concluded prior to 1 June 2021.

(5) In the proceedings—

(a)a reference to a deemed marriage has effect on or after 1 June 2021 as, or as including, a reference to a civil partnership between the same parties, and

(b)a reference to a person as a deemed spouse has effect on or after 1 June 2021 as, or as including, a reference to that person as a civil partner.

(6) Where, before 1 June 2021, section 3(2) applies to the determination of an application for an ancillary order, by virtue of regulation 3(2) and (3) of the Civil Partnership (Scotland) Act 2020 (Commencement No. 1 and Interim Recognition of Different Sex Relationships) Regulations 2020(2), section 3(4) does not affect the continued treatment of the parties to the deemed marriage as spouses for the purpose of the determination of the application.

(7) Unless the contrary intention appears, in any document executed prior to 1 June 2021—

(a)a reference to a deemed marriage has effect on or after 1 June 2021 as, or as including, a reference to a civil partnership between the same parties, and

(b)a reference to a person as a deemed spouse has effect on or after 1 June 2021 as, or as including, a reference to that person as a civil partner.

(8) In this regulation—

(a)“ancillary order” means an order relating to children, aliment, financial provision or the regulation of occupancy rights in an action for—

(i)the dissolution of a civil partnership,

(ii)the separation of civil partners, or

(iii)declarator of nullity of a civil partnership,

(b)“deemed marriage” means a relationship treated as a marriage in accordance with section 3(2), and “deemed spouse” is to be construed accordingly,

(c)“relevant court proceedings” means any proceedings in a court or tribunal commenced prior to 1 June 2021 to which either or both of the following is or are relevant for any purpose—

(i)a deemed marriage, or

(ii)the status of one or both of the deemed spouses as a deemed spouse or as deemed spouses,

(d)a reference to anything done includes a reference to anything not done.

Transitional provision: overseas relationships

4.—(1) Section 212 of the 2004 Act (meaning of “overseas relationship”)(3) applies for the purpose of determining whether a relationship between persons of different sexes entered into before 1 February 2021(4) is an overseas relationship as though for subsection (1)(b)(ii) there were substituted—

(ii)neither of whom was already a civil partner or lawfully married on the date the relationship concerned was entered into, and

(iii)neither of whom was a civil partner or lawfully married—

(aa)immediately before 1 February 2021, or

(bb)in the case of a relationship that was dissolved or annulled before that date, immediately before the date of dissolution or annulment..

(2) Paragraph (1) has effect in place of article 3 of the Civil Partnership (Overseas Relationships) (Scotland) Order 2005(5) in relation to any case where a relationship referred to in that paragraph was entered into before 5 December 2005.

SHIRLEY-ANNE SOMERVILLE

A member of the Scottish Government

St Andrew’s House,

Edinburgh

At 1.40 p.m. on 18th January 2021

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