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The Social Security (Northern Ireland) Order 1998

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Restrictions on entitlement to benefit in certain cases of errorN.I.

F127 .F2(1) Subject to paragraph (2), this Article applies where—

(a)the effect of the determination, whenever made, of an appeal to a Commissioner or the court ( “the relevant determination”) is that the adjudicating authority's decision out of which the appeal arose was erroneous in point of law; and

(b)after the date of the relevant determination a decision falls to be made by the Department in accordance with that determination (or would, apart from this Article, fall to be so made)—

(i)in relation to a claim for benefit;

(ii)as to whether to revise, under Article 10, a decision as to a person's entitlement to benefit; or

(iii)on an application made under Article 11 for a decision as to a person's entitlement to benefit to be superseded.

(2) This Article does not apply where the decision of the Department mentioned in paragraph (1)(b)—

(a)is one which, but for Article 25(2) or (3)(a), would have been made before the date of the relevant determination; or

(b)is one made in pursuance of Article 26(3) or (5).

(3) In so far as the decision relates to a person's entitlement to a benefit in respect of—

(a)a period before the date of the relevant determination; or

(b)in the case of a widow's payment, a death occurring before that date,

it shall be made as if the adjudicating authority's decision had been found by the Commissioner or court not to have been erroneous in point of law.

(4) In deciding whether a person is entitled to benefit in a case where his entitlement depends on his having been entitled to the same or some other benefit before attaining a particular age, paragraph (3) shall be disregarded for the purpose only of deciding whether he was so entitled before attaining that age.

(5) Paragraph (1)(a) shall be read as including a case where—

(a)the effect of the relevant determination is that part or all of a purported regulation or order is invalid; and

(b)the error of law made by the adjudicating authority was to act on the basis that the purported regulation or order (or the part held to be invalid) was valid.

(6) It is immaterial for the purposes of paragraph (1)—

(a)where such a decision as is mentioned in sub-paragraph (b)(i) falls to be made, whether the claim was made before or after the date of the relevant determination;

(b)where such a decision as is mentioned in sub-paragraph (b)(ii) or (iii) falls to be made on an application under Article 10 or (as the case may be) Article 11, whether the application was made before or after that date.

(7) In this Article—

  • “adjudicating authority” means—


    the Department;


    any former officer, tribunal or body; or


    any officer, tribunal or body in Great Britain corresponding to a former officer, tribunal or body;

  • “benefit” means—


    benefit under Parts II to V of the Contributions and Benefits Act, other than Old Cases payments;


    benefit under Part II of the [1975 c. 15.] Social Security (Northern Ireland) Act 1975 (in respect of a period before 1st July 1992 but not before 6th April 1975);


    benefit under the [1946 c. 23 (N.I.).] National Insurance Act (Northern Ireland) 1946 or [1966 c. 6 (N.I.).] 1966, or the [1946 c. 21 (N.I.).] National Insurance (Industrial Injuries) Act (Northern Ireland) 1946 or [1966 c. 9 (N.I.).] 1966 (in respect of a period before 6th April 1975);


    a jobseeker's allowance;


    [F3state pension credit;]


    [F4an employment and support allowance;]


    [F5 personal independence payment;]


    [F6bereavement support payment under section 29 of the Pensions Act (Northern Ireland) 2015;]


    [F7any benefit corresponding to a benefit mentioned in any of the foregoing paragraphs of this definition; and]


    [F8universal credit;] [F9and


    state pension or a lump sum under Part 1 of the Pensions Act (Northern Ireland) 2015.]

  • “the court” means the High Court, the Court of Appeal, the Court of Session, the High Court or Court of Appeal in England and Wales, the[F10Supreme Court] or the Court of Justice of the European Community;

  • “former officer, tribunal or body” means any of the following, that is to say—


    an adjudication officer or, in the case of a decision given on a reference under section 19(2) or 23(1) of the Administration Act, a social security appeal tribunal, a disability appeal tribunal or a medical appeal tribunal;


    an adjudicating medical practitioner appointed under section 47 of that Act or a specially qualified adjudicating medical practitioner appointed in accordance with regulations under section 60(2) of that Act; or


    the National Assistance Board for Northern Ireland, the Supplementary Benefits Commission for Northern Ireland, the Attendance Allowance Board for Northern Ireland, a benefit officer, an insurance officer or a supplement officer.

(8) For the purposes of this Article, any reference to entitlement to benefit includes a reference to entitlement—

(a)to any increase in the rate of a benefit; or

(b)to a benefit, or increase of benefit, at a particular rate.

(9) The date of the relevant determination shall, in prescribed cases, be determined for the purposes of this Article in accordance with any regulations made for that purpose.

(10) Regulations made under paragraph (9) may include provision—

(a)for a determination of a higher court to be treated as if it had been made on the date of a determination of a lower court or a Commissioner; or

(b)for a determination of a lower court or a Commissioner to be treated as if it had been made on the date of a determination of a higher court.

F1mod. by SR 1999/349, 350

F2prosp. in pt. certain functions transf. by 2002 c. 21

F4Art. 27(7): words in the definition of "benefit" inserted (27.10.2008) by Welfare Reform Act (Northern Ireland) 2007 (c. 2), ss. 28(1), 60(1), Sch. 3 para. 10(5)(a); S.R. 2008/276, art. 2(2)(d), Sch. Pt. 2

F5Words in art. 27(7) inserted (2.5.2016 for specified purposes, 20.6.2016 in so far as not already in operation) by The Welfare Reform (Northern Ireland) Order 2015 (S.I. 2015/2006), art. 2(2), Sch. 9 para. 39(a); S.R. 2016/215, arts. 2(5)(h)(vi), 3(2)

F9Art. 27(7)(g) and word inserted (6.4.2016 unless brought into operation earlier by an order under s. 53(1) of the amending Act) by Pensions Act (Northern Ireland) 2015 (c. 5), s. 53(3), Sch. 12 para. 31

F10Art. 27(7): words in the definition of "the court" substituted (1.10.2009) by Constitutional Reform Act 2005 (c. 4), ss. 40(4), 148(1), Sch. 9 para. 67; S.I. 2009/1604, art. 2(a)(d)

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