Search Legislation

Justice (Sexual Offences and Trafficking Victims) Act (Northern Ireland) 2022

Section 2: Sending unwanted sexual image (Cyber-flashing)

This section amends the Sexual Offences (Northern Ireland) Order 2008 to add a new Article 72A (Sending etc. an unwanted sexual image).

Under Article 72A a person (A) commits an offence if they intentionally send or give a sexual image to another person (B), without the consent of B and where they reasonably know B had not consented; with the intention that B will look at the image and be humiliated, alarmed or distressed by it or; for the purpose of obtaining sexual gratification and are reckless as to whether B is humiliated, alarmed or distressed.

A sexual image means a photograph or film of any person engaging in sexual activity or of any person’s genitals. References to a photograph or film include an image made by computer graphics, or in any other way, which appears to be a photograph or film or; a copy of the image. Data stored by any means which is capable of conversion into a photograph or film is also included.

References to sending or giving include sending by any means whether electronically or otherwise; sending it to another person and; placing it for another person to find.

The penalties proposed for offences committed under Article 72A are: for summary conviction, imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum or both; and on indictment, imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years.

Back to top


Print Options


Explanatory Notes

Text created by the Northern Ireland Assembly department responsible for the subject matter of the Act to explain what the Act sets out to achieve and to make the Act accessible to readers who are not legally qualified. Explanatory Notes accompany all Acts of the Northern Ireland Assembly.


More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources