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Regulation (EU) 2019/631 of the European Parliament and of the CouncilShow full title

Regulation (EU) 2019/631 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 April 2019 setting CO2 emission performance standards for new passenger cars and for new light commercial vehicles, and repealing Regulations (EC) No 443/2009 and (EU) No 510/2011 (recast) (Text with EEA relevance)

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[F1PART AU.K.SPECIFIC EMISSIONS TARGETS FOR PASSENGER CARS

1.For the calendar year 2020, the specific emissions of CO2 for each new passenger car shall, for the purposes of the calculations in this point and in point 2, be determined in accordance with the following formula:U.K.

Specific emissions of CO2 = 95 + a · (M – M0)

where:

M

=

Mass in running order of the vehicle in kilograms (kg)

M0

=

1 379,88

a

=

0,0333

2.The specific emissions target for a manufacturer in 2020 shall be calculated as the average of the specific emissions of CO2 determined according to point 1, of each new passenger car registered in that calendar year of which it is the manufacturer.U.K.

3.[F2Subject to points 3a to 3c,] the specific emissions reference target for a manufacturer in 2021 shall be calculated as follows:U.K.

where:

WLTPCO2

is the average specific emissions of CO2 in 2020 determined in accordance with Annex XXI to Regulation (EU) 2017/1151 [F3, as it had effect in EU law immediately before IP completion day,] and calculated in accordance with the second indent of Article 4(3) of this Regulation, without including CO2 savings resulting from the application of Articles 5 and 11 of this Regulation;

NEDCCO2

is the average specific emissions of CO2 in 2020 determined in accordance with Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/1153 [F4, as it had effect in EU law immediately before IP completion day,] and calculated in accordance with the second indent of Article 4(3) of this Regulation, without including CO2 savings resulting from the application of Articles 5 and 11 of this Regulation;

NEDC2020target

is the 2020 specific emissions target calculated in accordance with points 1 and 2.

[F53a.For a manufacturer for which WLTPCO2 or NEDCCO2 is zero, the specific emission reference target in 2021 shall be NEDC2020target as defined in point 3.U.K.

3b.For a manufacturer that is placing passenger cars on the United Kingdom market for the first time in any of the calendar years 2021 to 2024, the specific emission reference target in 2021 shall be the average of the specific emissions reference targets determined for all manufacturers in accordance with point 3, weighted according to the number of new passenger cars that were registered for those manufacturers in the United Kingdom in 2020.U.K.

3c.Notwithstanding point 3b, where in any of the calendar years 2021 to 2024, a manufacturer is placing passenger cars on the market of the United Kingdom for the first time, but that manufacturer was formed by a merger of two or more manufacturers of which at least one was responsible for new passenger cars registered in the United Kingdom in 2020, the specific emission reference target in 2021 for the new manufacturer shall be one of the following:U.K.

(a)

where two or more of the merging manufacturers were responsible for new passenger cars registered in the United Kingdom in 2020, the specific emission reference target in 2021 shall be the average of the specific emission reference targets determined for those manufacturers in accordance with point 3, weighted according to the number of new passenger cars that were registered for those manufacturers in the United Kingdom in 2020;

(b)

where only one of the merging manufacturers was responsible for new passenger cars registered in the United Kingdom in 2020, the specific emission reference target in 2021 determined in accordance with point 3 for that manufacturer.]

4.[F6Subject to points 4a and 4b,] for the calendar years 2021 to 2024, the specific emissions target for a manufacturer shall be calculated as follows:U.K.

Specific emissions target = WLTPreference target + a [(Mø – M0) – (Mø2020 – M0,2020)]

where:

WLTPreference target

is the 2021 WLTP specific emissions reference target calculated in accordance with point 3;

a

is 0,0333;

Mø

is the average of the [F7mass in running order (M) of the new NI passenger cars] of the manufacturer registered in the relevant target year in kilograms (kg);

M0

is 1 379,88 in 2021, and [F81,435.77] for the years 2022, 2023 and 2024;

Mø2020

is the average of the mass in running order (M) of the new passenger cars of the manufacturer registered in 2020 in kilograms (kg);

M0,2020

is 1 379,88.

[F94a.For a manufacturer that is placing passenger cars on the United Kingdom market for the first time in any of the calendar years 2021 to 2024, when calculating the specific emissions target in point 4, Mø2020 shall be the average of the Mø2020 values determined for all manufacturers determined in accordance with point 4, weighted according to the number of new passenger cars that were registered for those manufacturers in the United Kingdom in 2020.U.K.

4b.Notwithstanding point 4a, where in any of the calendar years 2021 to 2024 a manufacturer is placing passenger cars on the market of the United Kingdom for the first time, but that manufacturer was formed by a merger of two or more manufacturers of which at least one was responsible for new passenger cars registered in the United Kingdom in 2020, when calculating the specific emissions target in point 4, Mø2020 for the new manufacturer shall be one of the following:U.K.

(a)

where two or more of the merging manufacturers were responsible for new passenger cars registered in the United Kingdom in 2020, Mø2020 shall be the average of the Mø2020 values determined for those manufacturers in accordance with point 4, weighted according to the number of new passenger cars that were registered for those manufacturers in the United Kingdom in 2020;

(b)

where only one of the merging manufacturers was responsible for new passenger cars registered in the United Kingdom in 2020, Mø2020 shall be determined in accordance with point 4 for that manufacturer.]

5.[F10Derogation targets in accordance with Article 10(3) or 10(4)U.K.

(a)

For a manufacturer that has been granted a derogation in accordance with Article 10(3) from its NEDC based specific emissions target in calendar year 2021, or a derogation in accordance with Article 10(4) from its specific emission targets in any of the calendar years 2021 to 2024, the WLTP based derogation target for those years shall be calculated as follows:

Where:

WLTPCO2 is WLTPCO2 as defined in point 3;

[F11NEDCCO2 is NEDCCO2 as defined in point 3];

NEDCderogationtarget is the derogation target granted by the Secretary of State pursuant to Article 10(3) or 10(4) as the case may be.

(b)

Notwithstanding point (a), where a manufacturer is granted a derogation in accordance with Article 10(4) from the specific emission targets in any of the calendar years 2021 to 2024, but was not responsible for the registration of new passenger cars in the United Kingdom prior to 2021, the derogation target for any of those calendar years shall be calculated in accordance with the formula in point (a), where the following definitions shall apply:

WLTPCO2 is the average value across all individual manufacturers, weighted by the number of new passenger cars registered in 2020, of WLTPCO2 as defined in point 3;

NEDCCO2 is the average value across all individual manufacturers, weighted by the number of new passenger cars registered in 2020, of NEDCCO2 as defined in point 3;

NEDCderogationtarget is the derogation target calculated in accordance with Article 10(4), in conjunction with Article 6(3) of Commission Regulation (EU) No 63/2011 of 26 January 2011 laying down detailed provisions for the application for a derogation from the specific CO2 emission targets pursuant to Article 11 of Regulation (EC) No 443/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council.]

6.From 1 January 2025, the [F12Northern Ireland fleet-wide] targets and the specific emissions targets for a manufacturer shall be calculated as follows:U.K.

Textual Amendments

F12Annex 1 Pt. A point 6: the words "Northern Ireland fleet-wide" substituted for "United Kingdom fleet-wide" (3.1.2024) by The Vehicle Emissions Trading Schemes Order 2023 (S.I. 2023/1394), arts. 1(b), 110(12)(b)(i) (with art. 117) [Editorial note: For technical reasons the editorial team has been unable to carry out this substitution where the relevant words occur in formulas contained in image files.]

6.0. [F12Northern Ireland fleet-wide] target2021 U.K.

[F12Northern Ireland fleet-wide] target2021 is the average, weighted by the number of new passenger cars [F13registered in the United Kingdom in 2021], of the reference-values2021 determined for each individual manufacturer for which a specific emissions target applies in accordance with point 4.

The reference-value2021 shall be determined, for each manufacturer, as follows:

where:

WLTPCO2,measured

is the average, for each manufacturer, of the measured CO2 emissions combined of each new passenger car [F14registered in the United Kingdom in 2020], as determined and reported in accordance with Article 7a of Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/1153 [F15, as it had effect in EU law immediately before IP completion day];

NEDC2020,Fleet Target

is 95 g/km;

NEDCCO2

is as defined in point 3;

Mø2021

is the average of the mass in running order of the new passenger cars of the manufacturer [F13registered in the United Kingdom in 2021] in kilograms (kg);

M0,2021

is the average mass in running order in kilograms (kg) of all new passenger cars [F13registered in the United Kingdom in 2021] of those manufacturers for which a specific emissions target applies in accordance with point 4;

a

is as defined in point 4.

6.1. [F12Northern Ireland fleet-wide] targets for 2025 and 2030U.K.

6.1.1. [F12Northern Ireland fleet-wide] target for 2025 to 2029U.K.

[F12Northern Ireland fleet-wide] target2025 = [F12Northern Ireland fleet-wide] target2021 · (1 – reduction factor2025)

where:

[F12Northern Ireland fleet-wide] target2021

is as defined in point 6.0;

reduction factor2025

is the reduction specified in point (a) of Article 1(4).

6.1.2. [F12Northern Ireland fleet-wide] target for 2030 onwardsU.K.

[F12Northern Ireland fleet-wide] target2030 = [F12Northern Ireland fleet-wide] target2021 · (1 – reduction factor2030)

where:

[F12Northern Ireland fleet-wide] target2021

is as defined in point 6.0;

reduction factor2030

is the reduction specified in point (a) of Article 1(5).

6.2.Specific emissions reference targets from 2025 onwardsU.K.

6.2.1.Specific emissions reference targets for 2025 to 2029U.K.

The specific emissions reference target = [F12Northern Ireland fleet-wide] target2025 + a2025 · (TM – TM0)

where:

[F12Northern Ireland fleet-wide] target2025

is as determined in accordance with point 6.1.1;

a2025

isF16F12F17

Textual Amendments

F16Annex 1 Pt. A Point 6: the words “Great Britain fleet-wide” substituted for “EU fleet-wide” (31.12.2020) by The Road Vehicle Carbon Dioxide Emission Performance Standards (Cars and Vans) (Amendment) (EU Exit) Regulations 2020 (S.I. 2020/1418), regs. 1(3), 3(22)(b)(i) [Editorial note: For technical reasons the editorial team has been unable to carry out this substitution where the relevant words occur in formulas contained in image files.]

F17Annex 1 Pt. A Point 6: the words "United Kingdom fleet-wide" substituted for "Great Britain fleet-wide" (1.9.2021) by The Road Vehicle Carbon Dioxide Emission Performance Standards (Cars and Vans) (Amendment) (EU Exit) Regulations 2021 (S.I. 2021/898), regs. 1(2), 2(10)(a) [Editorial note: For technical reasons the editorial team has been unable to carry out this substitution where the relevant words occur in formulas contained in image files.]

where:

a2021

is the slope of the best fitting straight line established by applying the linear least squares fitting method to the test mass (independent variable) and the specific emissions of CO2 (dependent variable) of each new passenger car [F13registered in the United Kingdom in 2021];

average emissions2021

is the average of the specific emissions of CO2 of all new passenger cars [F13registered in the United Kingdom in 2021] of those manufacturers for which a specific emissions target is calculated in accordance with point 4;

TM

is the average test mass in kilograms (kg) of all new passenger cars of the manufacturer registered in the relevant calendar year;

TM0

is the value in kilograms (kg) determined in accordance with point (d) of Article 14(1).

6.2.2.Specific emissions reference targets for 2030 onwardsU.K.

The specific emissions reference target = [F12Northern Ireland fleet-wide] target2030 + a2030 · (TM – TM0)

where:

[F12Northern Ireland fleet-wide] target2030

is as determined in accordance with point 6.1.2;

a2030

isF16F12F17

where:

a2021

is as defined in point 6.2.1;

average emissions2021

is as defined in point 6.2.1;

TM

is as defined in point 6.2.1;

TM0

is as defined in point 6.2.1.

6.3.Specific emissions targets from 2025 onwardsU.K.

Specific emissions target = specific emissions reference target · ZLEV factor

where:

specific emissions reference target

is the specific emissions reference target of CO2 determined in accordance with point 6.2.1 for the period 2025 to 2029 and point 6.2.2 for 2030 onwards;

ZLEV factor

is (1 + y – x), unless this sum is larger than 1,05 or lower than 1,0 in which case the ZLEV factor shall be set to 1,05 or 1,0, as the case may be;

where:

y

is the share of zero- and low-emission vehicles in the manufacturer's fleet of new passenger cars calculated as the total number of new zero- and low-emission vehicles, where each of them is counted as ZLEVspecific in accordance with the following formula, divided by the total number of [F18new NI passenger cars registered in the relevant calendar year]:

F19. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

x

is 15 % in the years 2025 to 2029 and 35 % from 2030 onwards.]

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