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Directive 2013/36/EU of the European Parliament and of the CouncilShow full title

Directive 2013/36/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 on access to the activity of credit institutions and the prudential supervision of credit institutions and investment firms, amending Directive 2002/87/EC and repealing Directives 2006/48/EC and 2006/49/EC (Text with EEA relevance)

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  1. Introductory Text


    1. Article 1.Subject matter

    2. Article 2.Scope

    3. Article 3.Definitions


    1. Article 4.Designation and powers of the competent authorities

    2. Article 5.Coordination within Member States

    3. Article 6.Cooperation within the European System of Financial Supervision

    4. Article 7.Union dimension of supervision


    1. CHAPTER 1 General requirements for access to the activity of credit institutions

      1. Article 8.Authorisation

      2. Article 9.Prohibition against persons or undertakings other than credit institutions from carrying out the business of taking deposits or other repayable funds from the public

      3. Article 10. Programme of operations, structural organisation and governance arrangements

      4. Article 11.Economic needs

      5. Article 12.Initial capital

      6. Article 13.Effective direction of the business and place of the head office

      7. Article 14.Shareholders and members

      8. Article 15.Refusal of authorisation

      9. Article 16.Prior consultation of the competent authorities of other Member States

      10. Article 17.Branches of credit institutions authorised in another Member State

      11. Article 18.Withdrawal of authorisation

      12. Article 19.Name of credit institutions

      13. Article 20.Notification of authorisation and withdrawal of authorisation

      14. Article 21.Waiver for credit institutions permanently affiliated to a central body

      15. Article 21a. Approval of financial holding companies and mixed financial holding companies

      16. Article 21b. Intermediate EU parent undertaking

    2. CHAPTER 2 Qualifying holding in a credit institution

      1. Article 22.Notification and assessment of proposed acquisitions

      2. Article 23.Assessment criteria

      3. Article 24.Cooperation between competent authorities

      4. Article 25.Notification in the case of a divestiture

      5. Article 26.Information obligations and penalties

      6. Article 27.Criteria for qualifying holdings


    1. Article 28.Initial capital of investment firms

    2. Article 29.Initial capital of particular types of investment firms

    3. Article 30.Initial capital of local firms

    4. Article 31.Coverage for firms not authorised to hold client money or securities

    5. Article 32.Grandfathering provision


    1. CHAPTER 1 General Principles

      1. Article 33.Credit institutions

      2. Article 34.Financial institutions

    2. CHAPTER 2 The right of establishment of credit institutions

      1. Article 35.Notification requirement and interaction between competent authorities

      2. Article 36.Commencement of activities

      3. Article 37.Information about refusals

      4. Article 38.Aggregation of branches

    3. CHAPTER 3 Exercise of the freedom to provide services

      1. Article 39.Notification procedure

    4. CHAPTER 4 Powers of the competent authorities of the host Member State

      1. Article 40.Reporting requirements

      2. Article 41.Measures taken by the competent authorities of the home Member State in relation to activities carried out in the host Member State

      3. Article 42.Reasons and communication

      4. Article 43.Precautionary measures

      5. Article 44.Powers of host Member States

      6. Article 45.Measures following withdrawal of authorisation

      7. Article 46.Advertising


    1. Article 47.Notification in relation to third-country branches and conditions of access for credit institutions with such branches

    2. Article 48.Cooperation with supervisory authorities of third countries regarding supervision on a consolidated basis


    1. CHAPTER 1 Principles of prudential supervision

      1. Section I Competence and duties of home and host Member States

        1. Article 49.Competence of the competent authorities of the home and host Member States

        2. Article 50.Collaboration concerning supervision

        3. Article 51.Significant branches

        4. Article 52.On-the-spot checking and inspection of branches established in another Member State

      2. Section II Exchange of information and professional secrecy

        1. Article 53.Professional secrecy

        2. Article 54.Use of confidential information

        3. Article 54a.Articles 53 and 54 shall be without prejudice to the...

        4. Article 55.Cooperation agreements

        5. Article 56.Exchange of information between authorities

        6. Article 57.Exchange of information with oversight bodies

        7. Article 58.Transmission of information concerning monetary, deposit protection, systemic and payment aspects

        8. Article 58a. Transmission of information to international bodies

        9. Article 59.Transmission of information to other entities

        10. Article 60.Disclosure of information obtained by on-the-spot checks and inspections

        11. Article 61.Disclosure of information concerning clearing and settlement services

        12. Article 62.Processing of personal data

      3. Section III Duty of persons responsible for the legal control of annual and consolidated accounts

        1. Article 63.Duty of persons responsible for the legal control of annual and consolidated accounts

      4. Section IV Supervisory powers, powers to impose penalties and right of appeal

        1. Article 64.Supervisory powers and powers to impose penalties

        2. Article 65.Administrative penalties and other administrative measures

        3. Article 66.Administrative penalties and other administrative measures for breaches of authorisation requirements and requirements for acquisitions of qualifying holdings

        4. Article 67.Other provisions

        5. Article 68.Publication of administrative penalties

        6. Article 69.Exchange of information on penalties and maintenance of a central database by EBA

        7. Article 70.Effective application of penalties and exercise of powers to impose penalties by competent authorities

        8. Article 71.Reporting of breaches

        9. Article 72.Right of appeal

    2. CHAPTER 2 Review Processes

      1. Section I Internal capital adequacy assessment process

        1. Article 73.Internal Capital

      2. Section II Arrangements, processes and mechanisms of institutions

        1. Sub-Section 1 General principles

          1. Article 74. Internal governance and recovery and resolution plans

          2. Article 75.Oversight of remuneration policies

        2. Sub-Section 2 Technical criteria concerning the organisation and treatment of risks

          1. Article 76.Treatment of risks

          2. Article 77.Internal Approaches for calculating own funds requirements

          3. Article 78.Supervisory benchmarking of internal approaches for calculating own funds requirements

          4. Article 79.Credit and counterparty risk

          5. Article 80.Residual risk

          6. Article 81.Concentration risk

          7. Article 82.Securitisation risk

          8. Article 83.Market risk

          9. Article 84.Interest risk arising from non-trading book activities

          10. Article 85.Operational risk

          11. Article 86.Liquidity risk

          12. Article 87.Risk of excessive leverage

        3. Sub-Section 3 Governance

          1. Article 88.Governance arrangements

          2. Article 89.Country-by-country reporting

          3. Article 90.Public disclosure of return on assets

          4. Article 91.Management body

          5. Article 92.Remuneration policies

          6. Article 93.Institutions that benefit from government intervention

          7. Article 94.Variable elements of remuneration

          8. Article 95.Remuneration Committee

          9. Article 96.Maintenance of a website on corporate governance and remuneration

      3. Section III Supervisory review and evaluation process

        1. Article 97.Supervisory review and evaluation

        2. Article 98.Technical criteria for the supervisory review and evaluation

        3. Article 99.Supervisory examination programme

        4. Article 100.Supervisory stress testing

        5. Article 101.Ongoing review of the permission to use internal approaches

      4. Section IV Supervisory measures and powers

        1. Article 102.Supervisory measures

        2. Article 103. Application of supervisory measures to institutions with similar risk profiles

        3. Article 104.Supervisory powers

        4. Article 104a. Additional own funds requirement

        5. Article 104b. Guidance on additional own funds

        6. Article 104c. Cooperation with resolution authorities

        7. Article 105.Specific liquidity requirements

        8. Article 106.Specific publication requirements

        9. Article 107.Consistency of supervisory reviews, evaluations and supervisory measures

      5. Section V Level of application

        1. Article 108.Internal capital adequacy assessment process

        2. Article 109.Institutions' arrangements, processes and mechanisms

        3. Article 110.Review and evaluation and supervisory measures

    3. CHAPTER 3 Supervision on a consolidated basis

      1. Section I Principles for conducting supervision on a consolidated basis

        1. Article 111. Determination of the consolidating supervisor

        2. Article 112.Coordination of supervisory activities by the consolidating supervisor

        3. Article 113. Joint decisions on institution-specific prudential requirements

        4. Article 114.Information requirements in emergency situations

        5. Article 115.Coordination and cooperation arrangements

        6. Article 116.Colleges of supervisors

        7. Article 117.Cooperation obligations

        8. Article 118.Checking information concerning entities in other Member States

      2. Section II Financial holding companies, mixed financial holding companies and mixed-activity holding companies

        1. Article 119.Inclusion of holding companies in consolidated supervision

        2. Article 120.Supervision of mixed financial holding companies

        3. Article 121.Qualification of directors

        4. Article 122.Requests for information and inspections

        5. Article 123.Supervision

        6. Article 124.Exchange of information

        7. Article 125.Cooperation

        8. Article 126.Penalties

        9. Article 127.Assessment of equivalence of third countries' consolidated supervision

    4. CHAPTER 4 Capital Buffers

      1. Section I Buffers

        1. Article 128.Definitions

        2. Article 129. Requirement to maintain a capital conservation buffer

        3. Article 130. Requirement to maintain an institution-specific countercyclical capital buffer

        4. Article 131.Global and other systemically important institutions

        5. Article 132. Reporting

        6. Article 133. Requirement to maintain a systemic risk buffer

        7. Article 134. Recognition of a systemic risk buffer rate

      2. Section II Setting and calculating countercyclical capital buffers

        1. Article 135.ESRB guidance on setting countercyclical buffer rates

        2. Article 136.Setting countercyclical buffer rates

        3. Article 137.Recognition of countercyclical buffer rates in excess of 2,5 %

        4. Article 138.ESRB recommendation on third country countercyclical buffer rates

        5. Article 139.Decision by designated authorities on third country countercyclical buffer rates

        6. Article 140.Calculation of institution-specific countercyclical capital buffer rates

      3. Section III Capital conservation measures

        1. Article 141.Restrictions on distributions

        2. Article 141a. Failure to meet the combined buffer requirement

        3. Article 142.Capital Conservation Plan


    1. Article 143.General disclosure requirements

    2. Article 144.Specific disclosure requirements


    1. Article 145.Delegated Acts

    2. Article 146. Implementing acts

    3. Article 147.European Banking Committee

    4. Article 148.Exercise of the delegation

    5. Article 149.Objections to regulatory technical standards


    1. Article 150.Amendments of Directive 2002/87/EC


    1. CHAPTER 1 Transitional provisions on the supervision of institutions exercising the freedom of establishment and the freedom to provide services

      1. Article 151.Scope

      2. Article 152.Reporting requirements

      3. Article 153.Measures taken by the competent authorities of the home Member State in relation to activities carried out in the host Member State

      4. Article 154.Precautionary measures

      5. Article 155.Responsibility

      6. Article 156.Liquidity supervision

      7. Article 157.Collaboration concerning supervision

      8. Article 158.Significant branches

      9. Article 159.On-the-spot checks

    2. CHAPTER 1A Transitional provisions on financial holding companies and mixed financial holding companies

      1. Article 159a. Transitional provisions on approval of financial holding companies and mixed financial holding companies

    3. CHAPTER 2 Transitional provisions for capital buffers

      1. Article 160.Transitional provisions for capital buffers

    4. CHAPTER 3 Final provisions

      1. Article 161.Review and report

      2. Article 162.Transposition

      3. Article 163.Repeal

      4. Article 164.Entry into force

      5. Article 165.Addressees

    1. ANNEX I


      1. Taking deposits and other repayable funds. Lending including, inter alia:...

      2. The services and activities provided for in Sections A and...

    2. ANNEX II

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