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Curriculum and Assessment (Wales) Act 2021

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PART 1 E+WBASIC CONCEPTS AND KEY DOCUMENTS

1IntroductionE+W

(1)This Part sets out basic concepts that have effect in relation to a curriculum for any of the following—

(a)registered pupils at maintained schools (except those over compulsory school age) and at maintained nursery schools;

(b)children for whom funded non-maintained nursery education is provided;

(c)children for whom education is provided under arrangements made by a local authority in Wales under section 19A of the Education Act 1996 (c. 56).

(2)This Part also includes provision about key documents that support a curriculum of that kind.

(3)In this Part references to a curriculum are to a curriculum of that kind; and references to pupils and children are to the pupils and children referred to in subsection (1).

Commencement Information

I1S. 1 in force at 29.9.2021 by S.I. 2021/1069, art. 2

2The four purposesE+W

(1)The four purposes of a curriculum are—

  • To enable pupils and children to develop as ambitious, capable learners, ready to learn throughout their lives;

  • To enable pupils and children to develop as enterprising, creative contributors, ready to play a full part in life and work;

  • To enable pupils and children to develop as ethical, informed citizens of Wales and the world;

  • To enable pupils and children to develop as healthy, confident individuals, ready to live fulfilling lives as valued members of society.

(2)References in this Act to the four purposes are to those purposes.

Commencement Information

I2S. 2 in force at 29.9.2021 by S.I. 2021/1069, art. 2

3The areas of learning and experienceE+W

(1)The areas of learning and experience for a curriculum are—

  • Expressive Arts

  • Health and Well-being

  • Humanities

  • Languages, Literacy and Communication

  • Mathematics and Numeracy

  • Science and Technology.

(2)Within the areas of learning and experience, the following are mandatory elements—

  • English

  • Relationships and Sexuality Education

  • Religion, Values and Ethics

  • Welsh.

(3)But English is not to be treated as a mandatory element, for the purposes of this Act, for a curriculum within subsection (4).

(4)A curriculum is within this subsection if it is—

(a)a curriculum for registered pupils at a school who have not completed the school year in which the majority of the pupils in their class attain the age of 7;

(b)a curriculum for funded non-maintained nursery education;

(c)a curriculum for education provided under section 19A of the Education Act 1996 (c. 56) (exceptional provision of education at pupil referral units or elsewhere: Wales) for pupils or children who have not attained the age of 7.

(5)References in this Act to the areas of learning and experience are to the areas listed in subsection (1).

(6)References in this Act to the mandatory elements are to be interpreted in accordance with this section.

Commencement Information

I3S. 3 in force at 29.9.2021 by S.I. 2021/1069, art. 2

4The mandatory cross-curricular skillsE+W

(1)The mandatory cross-curricular skills for a curriculum are—

  • Digital Competence

  • Literacy

  • Numeracy.

(2)References in this Act to the mandatory cross-curricular skills are to the skills listed in subsection (1).

Commencement Information

I4S. 4 in force at 29.9.2021 by S.I. 2021/1069, art. 2

5Power to amend sections 3 and 4E+W

Regulations may amend sections 3 and 4.

Commencement Information

I5S. 5 in force at 29.9.2021 by S.I. 2021/1069, art. 2

6The What Matters CodeE+W

(1)The Welsh Ministers must issue a code (the “What Matters Code”) that sets out key concepts for each area of learning and experience.

(2)A curriculum does not encompass an area of learning and experience unless it encompasses those concepts as set out in the What Matters Code.

(3)Teaching and learning does not encompass an area of learning and experience unless it encompasses those concepts as set out in the What Matters Code.

(4)The Welsh Ministers—

(a)must keep the What Matters Code under review, and

(b)may revise it.

(5)For further provision about the What Matters Code, see section 76.

Commencement Information

I6S. 6 in force at 29.9.2021 for specified purposes by S.I. 2021/1069, art. 3

7The Progression CodeE+W

(1)The Welsh Ministers must issue a code (the “Progression Code”) that sets out the way in which a curriculum is to make provision for progression by pupils and children.

(2)A curriculum does not make provision for appropriate progression unless it accords with the Progression Code.

(3)Teaching and learning does not make provision for appropriate progression unless it accords with the Progression Code.

(4)The Welsh Ministers—

(a)must keep the Progression Code under review, and

(b)may revise it.

(5)For further provision about the Progression Code, see section 76.

Commencement Information

I7S. 7 in force at 29.9.2021 for specified purposes by S.I. 2021/1069, art. 3

8The RSE CodeE+W

(1)The Welsh Ministers must issue a code (the “RSE Code”) setting out themes and matters to be encompassed by the mandatory element of Relationships and Sexuality Education.

(2)A curriculum does not encompass the mandatory element of Relationships and Sexuality Education unless it accords with the provision in the RSE Code.

(3)Teaching and learning does not encompass the mandatory element of Relationships and Sexuality Education unless it accords with the provision in the RSE Code.

(4)For further provision about the RSE Code, see section 77.

Commencement Information

I8S. 8 in force at 23.11.2021 for specified purposes by S.I. 2021/1069, art. 4

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