Search Legislation

Treatment of Offenders Act (Northern Ireland) 1968

 Help about what version

What Version

  • Latest available (Revised)
  • Original (As enacted)
 Help about advanced features

Advanced Features

More Resources

Changes over time for: PART I

 Help about opening options

Exit from the EU:

There may be changes and effects to this Legislation not yet recorded or applied to the text

New legislation with 'EU Exit' in the title that references (and therefore may change) this legislation item:

Due to a high volume of changes being made to legislation for EU exit, we have not been able to research and record them all. More information is available about EU Legislation and UK Law. The following results are legislation items with 'EU Exit' in their title that directly reference and therefore may change this item of legislation. To understand whether or not the text of this legislation is up to date, please check those references in the following pieces of legislation.

There are currently no additional references that you need to check.

Changes to legislation:

There are currently no known outstanding effects for the Treatment of Offenders Act (Northern Ireland) 1968, PART I. Help about Changes to Legislation

Close

Changes to Legislation

Revised legislation carried on this site may not be fully up to date. At the current time any known changes or effects made by subsequent legislation have been applied to the text of the legislation you are viewing by the editorial team. Please see ‘Frequently Asked Questions’ for details regarding the timescales for which new effects are identified and recorded on this site.

PART IN.I.PROVISIONS WITH RESPECT TO SENTENCES ON AND DETENTION OF YOUNG OFFENDERS

N.I.Restrictions on imprisonment

1Restrictions on imprisonment.N.I.

(1)Subject to subsections (2) and (3), and without prejudice to any other enactment prohibiting or restricting the imprisonment of persons of or below a specified age, a court shall not pass a sentence of imprisonment on, or commit to prison for any default, a person who has not attained twenty-one years of age.

(2)Nothing in subsection (1) shall affect the power of a court to pass a sentence of imprisonment (where the court has power to pass such a sentence) for a term of[F1 more than four years].

(3)Subsection (1) shall not apply in the case of a person who is serving a sentence of imprisonment at the time when the court passes sentence …F2.

(4)Nothing in subsection (1) shall affect the power of the Minister of Home AffairsF3 (in this Act referred to as “the Minister” ) to commute to a term of imprisonment—

Para. (a) rep. by 1980 NI 10

(b)a term of detention in a young offenders centre under section 7(1)( b) of this Act.

F3Functions transf., SI 1973/2163

N.I.Institutions for offenders

2Young offenders centres and remand centres.N.I.

The powers exercisable by the Ministry of Home AffairsF4 (in this Act referred to as “the Ministry” ) under the Prison Act shall include the provision, maintenance, administration, regulation and management of—

(a)

[F5young offenders centres, that is to say, places—

(i)

in which offenders, who have been ordered to be detained therein under any enactment, may be kept for suitable training and instruction; and

(ii)

in which persons not less than[F6 fifteen] but under 21 years of age who are either remanded in custody or committed in custody for trial may be detained in accordance with any enactment.]

(b)

remand centres, that is to say, places—

(i)

for the detention of persons not less than[F6 fifteen] but under twenty-one years of age who are either remanded or committed in custody for trial; and

(ii)

for the detention for any temporary purpose, or for the purpose of providing maintenance, domestic and other services for that centre, of any persons required to be detained in an institution to which the Prison Act applies; and

(c)

facilities in remand centres for the observation of any person detained therein on whose physical or mental condition a medical report may be desirable for the assistance of the court in determining the most suitable method of dealing with his case;

and accordingly, that Act shall have effect in relation to young offenders centres and remand centres and to persons detained therein as it has effect in relation to prisons and prisoners,F7. . .

F4Functions transf., SI 1973/2163

S. 3 rep. by 2005 NI 15

4Exercise of powers of release.N.I.

Any power conferred by or under any enactment to release a person from a prison or other institution to which the Prison Act applies may be exercised notwithstanding that he is not for the time being detained in that prison or institution and a person released by virtue of this section shall, after his release, be treated in all respects as if he had been released from that prison or institution.

N.I.Young offenders centres

[F85Detention in a young offenders centre.N.I.

(1)Where—

(a)a person of not less than sixteen but under twenty-one years of age has been convicted (whether summarily or on indictment) of an offence which is punishable with imprisonment in the case of a person aged twenty-one years or over; and

(b)the court considers that he should serve a term of detention,

the court may, subject to[F9 Article 47 of the Criminal Justice (Children) (Northern Ireland) Order 1998], order him to be detained in a young offenders centre for a term which shall not exceed—

(i)the maximum term of imprisonment which the court could impose for the offence in the case of a person aged twenty-one years or over; or

(ii)four years,

whichever is the lesser.

(2)Where the court orders a person to be detained in a young offenders centre under subsection (1) for a term which exceeds—

(a)eighteen months, in the case of a person who has previously served a sentence of imprisonment or a term of detention in a young offenders centre;

(b)six months, in any other case,

it shall state the reason and cause it to be entered in the record of the proceedings along with the sentence.

(3)Where—

(a)a person of not less than sixteen but under twenty-one years of age has been guilty of any default for which the court could, if he were aged twenty-one years or over, commit him to prison; and

(b)the court considers that he should serve a term of detention,

the court may, subject to [F9[F10Article 46C] of the Criminal Justice (Children) (Northern Ireland) Order 1998], order him to be detained in a young offenders centre for a term not exceeding that for which, if he were aged twenty-one years or over, he could be committed to prison.

(4)Where a court orders a person to be detained in a young offenders centre, it may order that the term of that detention shall commence on the expiration of any other term of detention ordered by that or any other court.

(5)Where the Crown Court orders a person to be detained in a young offenders centre for two or more terms of detention to run consecutively, the aggregate of those terms shall not exceed four years.

(6)Where a magistrates' court orders a person to be detained in a young offenders centre for two or more terms of detention to run consecutively, the aggregate of those terms shall not exceed—

(a)except as provided by paragraph (b) or any other enactment, twelve months;

(b)in the case of terms of detention in respect of indictable offences tried summarily, eighteen months.]

S. 6 rep. by 1976 NI 4

7Transfer of young offenders between institutions.N.I.

(1)The Minister may direct that a person under twenty-one years of age detained in a young offenders centre—

Para. (a) rep. by 1980 NI 10

(b)be transferred to a prison, where[F11 it appears to the Secretary of State that that person is incorrigible or is] exercising a bad influence on the other inmates of the centre; and the Minister may commute the unexpired part of the term for which that person is then liable to be so detained to a term of imprisonment equivalent to the said unexpired part, and for the purposes of the Prison Act and this Act that person shall be treated as if he had been sentenced to imprisonment or committed to prison and detained in prison from the date on which his sentence began to run or, as the case may be, of his committal.

Subs. (2) rep. by 1980 NI 10

(3)The Minister may, in the case of any person who is under twenty-one years of age and who is serving a sentence of imprisonment under which he would not normally be released within the three months then next following or who has been committed to prison, transfer that person to a young offenders centre and upon such transfer such person may be detained for a term equal to the unexpired part of his sentence or, as the case may be, of his committal; and for the purposes of the Prison Act and this Act, he shall be treated as if he had been ordered to be detained in a young offenders centre and detained in such centre from the date on which his period of detention began to run.

Subs. (4) rep. by 1980 NI 10

8Transfer to prison of persons over twenty-one and maximum age for detention in a young offenders centre.N.I.

(1)Subject to the provisions of this section, where a person ordered to be detained in a young offenders centre has attained the age of twenty-one years, the Minister may transfer him to prison.

(2)No person shall be detained in a young offenders centre after he has attained the age of[F12 twenty-four], and accordingly any person so detained shall, not later than the day immediately preceding his[F12 twenty-fourth] birthday, be transferred to prison; but this subsection shall not apply to any person who is detained in a young offenders centre—

Para. (a) rep. by 1976 NI 4; 1980 NI 10

(b)in pursuance of an order made by a court under …F13 [F14F13 Article 3 of the Treatment of Offenders (Northern Ireland) Order 1976 [1976 NI 4] ].

(3)Where a person has been transferred to prison under this section, he shall be treated for the purposes of the Prison Act and this Act as if the order for detention made in relation to him were a sentence of imprisonment or an order of committal, and as if he had been detained in prison from the date on which his sentence began to run or, as the case may be, of his committal.

N.I.Remand centres

9Remand and committal of persons under twenty-one.N.I.

(1)Where a court either remands or commits for trial a person[F15 not being less than seventeen but] under twenty-one years of age who is charged with or convicted of an offence and is not released on bail,F15. . . he shall be committed to a remand centre instead of being committed to prison;

Para. (b) rep. by 1998 NI 9

  • Subs. (2) rep. by 1980 NI 10

  • Subs. (3) rep. by 1998 NI 9

Ss. 10‐13 rep. by SLR 1980; 1980 NI 10

S. 14(1)(2) rep. by SLR 1980; subs. (3) rep. by 1980 NI 10; subs. (4) spent; subs. (5) rep. by 1980 NI 10

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

Close

Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As Enacted or Made): The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.

Close

See additional information alongside the content

Geographical Extent: Indicates the geographical area that this provision applies to. For further information see ‘Frequently Asked Questions’.

Show Timeline of Changes: See how this legislation has or could change over time. Turning this feature on will show extra navigation options to go to these specific points in time. Return to the latest available version by using the controls above in the What Version box.

Close

Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources
Close

Timeline of Changes

This timeline shows the different points in time where a change occurred. The dates will coincide with the earliest date on which the change (e.g an insertion, a repeal or a substitution) that was applied came into force. The first date in the timeline will usually be the earliest date when the provision came into force. In some cases the first date is 01/02/1991 (or for Northern Ireland legislation 01/01/2006). This date is our basedate. No versions before this date are available. For further information see the Editorial Practice Guide and Glossary under Help.