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The Health Protection (Coronavirus, Collection of Contact Details etc and Related Requirements) Regulations 2020

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Citation, commencement and applicationE+W

1.  These Regulations may be cited as the Health Protection (Coronavirus, Collection of Contact Details etc and Related Requirements) Regulations 2020.

Commencement Information

I1Reg. 1 in force at 18.9.2020, see reg. 2(1)

2.—(1) Subject to paragraph (2), these Regulations come into force on 18th September 2020.

(2) Regulations 4 (but only insofar as it defines a QR Code), 6, 7(3), 8(4), and 17(1)(a) come into force on 24th September 2020.

Commencement Information

I2Reg. 2 in force at 18.9.2020, see reg. 2(1)

3.  These Regulations apply in relation to England only.

Commencement Information

I3Reg. 3 in force at 18.9.2020, see reg. 2(1)

InterpretationE+W

4.[F1(1)] In these Regulations—

emergency responder” has the meaning given by section 153A of the Inheritance Tax Act 1984 F2;

[F3“listed service or activity” means a service or activity listed in the Schedule;]

local authority” means—

(a)

a county council in England,

(b)

a district council in England F4...,

(c)

a London borough council,

(d)

the Common Council of the City of London in its capacity as a local authority, and

(e)

the Council of the Isles of Scilly;

Public Health Officer” has the meaning given by paragraph 3(2)(a) of Schedule 21 to the Coronavirus Act 2020 F5;

QR Code” means a dynamic quick response (QR) code developed by, or on behalf of, and issued by, the Secretary of State F6;

the Schedule” means the Schedule to these Regulations;

relevant person” means—

(a)

a company, partnership, charity, corporation, unincorporated association, sole trader or other organisation having legal personality;

(b)

a person, other than one falling within paragraph (a), who has overall responsibility for the provision of a [F7listed service or activity];

F8...

[F9(2) For the purposes of these Regulations “relevant premises” are premises (whether indoors or outdoors) that are occupied or operated for the purpose of providing any listed service or activity directly to the public.

(3) But where only part of any premises is occupied or operated for the purpose of providing any such service or activity, it is that part of the premises which is the “relevant premises” for the purposes of these Regulations.

(4) In addition—

(a)where any main premises are multi-use premises, each part of those premises that is a Part 1 premises is, as well as the main premises, to be treated as “relevant premises” for the purposes of these Regulations;

(b)where more than one Part 1 service provider provides a Part 1 service from any main premises, each part of those premises from which each Part 1 service provider provides a Part 1 service is, as well as the main premises and the Part 1 premises, to be treated as “relevant premises” for the purposes of these Regulations.

(5) But paragraph (4)(b) does not apply to any part of any premises if the only areas provided for consumption of food and drink on the premises by customers of the Part 1 service provider providing a Part 1 service from that part are shared with one or more other Part 1 service providers.

(6) For the purposes of paragraphs (4) and (5)—

“main premises” means premises falling within paragraph (2) or (3);

“multi-use premises” means premises that are occupied or operated for the purposes of providing directly to the public—

(a)

any Part 1 service, and

(b)

any service or activity listed in Part 2 of the Schedule;

“Part 1 premises” means premises which are occupied or operated for the purposes of providing any Part 1 service directly to the public;

“Part 1 service” means a service or activity which is listed in Part 1 of the Schedule;

“Part 1 service provider” means a person providing a Part 1 service.]

F21984 c. 51. Section 153A was inserted by the Finance Act 2015 (c. 11), section 75.

F6A QR Code issued by the Secretary of State may be obtained from https://www.gov.uk/create-coronavirus-qr-poster.

Commencement Information

I4Reg. 4 in force at 18.9.2020 for specified purposes, see reg. 2(1)

I5Reg. 4 in force at 24.9.2020 in so far as not already in force, see reg. 2(2)

Application of requirements to certain persons or premisesE+W

5.—(1) Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3), these regulations apply to a relevant person who operates or occupies relevant premises.

(2) Regulation 16 does not apply to a relevant person where the relevant premises are operated or occupied for the purpose of providing a service or activity listed in Part 2 of the Schedule.

(3) These regulations apply to a relevant person who hires or otherwise uses relevant premises on a temporary basis for the period of time during which those premises are hired or used by that person.

Commencement Information

I6Reg. 5 in force at 18.9.2020, see reg. 2(1)

Requirement to display QR CodeE+W

6.—(1) A relevant person must in an appropriate place display and make available a QR Code at relevant premises that they occupy or operate with a view to achieving the aim in paragraph (2).

(2) The aim is to enable an individual who seeks to enter the relevant premises in a case set out in regulation 9 and has a smartphone in their possession to scan the QR code with that smartphone as, or immediately after, they enter the premises.

Commencement Information

I7Reg. 6 in force at 24.9.2020, see reg. 2(2)

Requirement to request certain details of individualsE+W

7.—(1) This regulation applies where an individual (“A”) seeks to enter relevant premises in a case set out in regulation 9.

(2) Subject to paragraphs (3) and (4), the relevant person who operates or occupies those premises must request that A provides to them the details set out in regulation 10.

(3) The requirement in paragraph (2) does not apply where A has scanned the QR Code displayed and made available in accordance with regulation 6(2).

(4) The requirement in paragraph (2) does not apply where the relevant person has reason to believe that A is—

(a)unable to provide the details set out in regulation 10 owing to a physical or mental disability or other reason related to their health, or

(b)under the age of 16.

Commencement Information

I8Reg. 7(1)(2)(4) in force at 18.9.2020, see reg. 2(1)

I9Reg. 7(3) in force at 24.9.2020, see reg. 2(2)

Requirement to request certain details of those in a groupE+W

8.—(1) This regulation applies where a group of individuals seeks to enter relevant premises together in a case set out in regulation 9.

(2) A relevant person must request that—

[F10(a)one member of the group (“M”), as the point of contact for that group, provides the information—

(i)set out in regulation 10(1)(a) to (e) (as appropriate) for M only, and

(ii)set out in regulation 10(1)(f) in relation to the group, or

(b)every member of the group provides the information set out in regulation 10(1).]

(3) Where it is lawful for a group of more than six individuals to enter the premises together as a group the relevant person must—

(a)treat that group as if it consisted of a number of smaller sub-groups of no more than six individuals in each sub-group, and

(b)make a request in accordance with paragraph (2) in respect of each such sub-group as if that sub-group were a separate group.

(4) An individual is not to be treated as being a member of a group or sub-group for the purposes of paragraphs (2) or (3) where they have scanned the QR Code displayed and made available in accordance with regulation 6(2).

(5) An individual is not to be treated as being a member of a group or sub-group for the purposes of paragraphs (2) or (3) where the relevant person has reason to believe that the individual is—

(a)unable to provide the details set out in regulation 10 owing to a physical or mental disability or other reason related to their health, or

(b)under the age of 16.

Commencement Information

I10Reg. 8(1)-(3)(5) in force at 18.9.2020, see reg. 2(1)

I11Reg. 8(4) in force at 24.9.2020, see reg. 2(2)

Cases to which requirements in regulations 6 to 8 applyE+W

9.—(1) A case falls within regulations 6(2), 7(1) and 8(1) if an individual (whether alone or as a member of a group), seeks to enter relevant premises in order to—

(a)access [F11or participate in a listed service or activity] provided by or on behalf of the relevant person,

(b)provide a [F12listed service or activity] by or on behalf of a relevant person, whether as a member of staff, as a volunteer, or otherwise, or

(c)visit those premises for any other purpose, except where the purpose is an exempt purpose.

(2) A visit is made for an exempt purpose within paragraph (1)(c) if it is made—

(a)by a constable or police community support officer acting in the course of their duty;

(b)by an emergency responder (other than a constable) acting in their capacity as an emergency responder;

(c)for the sole purpose of making postal, courier or other deliveries and collections, including of documents, food or physical goods.

[F13(d)where the relevant premises contain a polling station for a relevant election or referendum—

(i)for the sole purpose of voting in the election or referendum, or

(ii)if the person is required or entitled to attend at the polling station other than for the purpose of voting (for example, as a presiding officer, polling agent, companion or observer), for the sole purpose of so attending at the polling station.]

[F14(3) For the purposes of paragraph (2)(d) “relevant election or referendum” means an election or referendum which is held in accordance with provision made by or under an Act of Parliament.]

Details to be requested under regulations 7 and 8E+W

10.—(1) The following information must be requested under regulations 7 and 8—

(a)the name of the individual;

(b)a telephone number on which the individual may be contacted;

(c)an e-mail address if the individual is unable to provide a telephone number;

(d)a postal address if the individual is unable to provide an email address;

(e)the date and time that the individual entered the relevant premises;

(f)where the individual is a member of a group seeking permission to enter relevant premises together, the number of people in that group (including any member of the group that has scanned a QR Code when seeking to enter the relevant premises).

(2) Where a person is treated as being a member of a sub-group under regulation 8(3)(a), the reference to the number of people in a group in paragraph (1)(f) is to be read as a reference to the number of people in the sub-group.

(3) Until these regulations come fully into force, paragraph (1)(f) is to be read as if the words in brackets were omitted.

Commencement Information

I13Reg. 10 in force at 18.9.2020, see reg. 2(1)

Additional details to be recorded by a relevant personE+W

11.—(1) This regulation applies if an individual—

(a)seeks to enter relevant premises in a case set out in regulation 9(1)(a),

(b)provides the details set out in regulation 10, having been requested to do so in accordance with regulation 7, and

(c)is assessed by the relevant person as likely to come into contact with only one member of staff, volunteer, or other person who provides a [F15listed] service or activity by or on behalf of the relevant person who operates or occupies those premises.

(2) The relevant person must record in one place the name of that member of staff, volunteer or other person together with the name of the individual to whom the [F16listed] service or activity was provided.

Requirement to retain and disclose detailsE+W

12.  The requirements in regulations 13 and 14 apply if—

(a)the details in regulation 10 are provided by an individual following a request made by a relevant person in accordance with regulation 7 or 8, or

(b)the relevant person creates a record in accordance with regulation 11.

Commencement Information

I15Reg. 12 in force at 18.9.2020, see reg. 2(1)

13.  The relevant person must—

(a)retain, securely, the details provided to, or recorded by, them for a period of 21 days beginning with the day on which the details are provided;

(b)destroy those details as soon as reasonably practicable after the expiry of the period in paragraph (a) unless there is another basis outside these Regulations on which the details may lawfully be retained.

Commencement Information

I16Reg. 13 in force at 18.9.2020, see reg. 2(1)

14.  A relevant person who retains details in accordance with regulation 12 must disclose, as soon as reasonably practicable, some or all of those details where requested to do so, by the Secretary of State [F17or a Public Health Officer].

Commencement Information

I17Reg. 14 in force at 18.9.2020, see reg. 2(1)

15.  The Secretary of State or a Public Health Officer may make a request for the disclosure of details retained in accordance with regulation 13 where the Secretary of State or Public Health Officer considers that their disclosure is necessary for the exercise of a function relating to contact tracing as part of the public health response to coronavirus.

Commencement Information

I18Reg. 15 in force at 18.9.2020, see reg. 2(1)

Requirement to refuse entryE+W

16.—(1) Where paragraph (3) applies a relevant person must take all reasonable steps to prevent entry by an individual to the relevant premises that they occupy or operate.

(2) Where paragraph (4) applies a relevant person must take all reasonable steps to prevent entry by every member of a group which seeks to enter those premises.

(3) This paragraph applies where the relevant person becomes aware that an individual has not provided the details in regulation 10, having been requested to do so in accordance with regulation 7.

(4) This paragraph applies where the relevant person becomes aware that no member of a group has provided the details set out in regulation 10, at least one of them having been requested to do so in accordance with regulation 8.

(5) For the purposes of paragraphs (3) and (4), a case in which the details set out in regulation 10 are to be treated as not having been provided includes one where the details provided are incomplete or the relevant person has reason to believe that the details provided are inaccurate.

(6) A reference in this regulation to a “group” includes a “sub-group” as referred to in regulation 8(3).

Commencement Information

I19Reg. 16 in force at 18.9.2020, see reg. 2(1)

Offences and PenaltiesE+W

17.—(1) A relevant person commits an offence if they contravene, without reasonable excuse, a requirement imposed upon them by—

(a)regulation 6;

(b)regulation 7;

(c)regulation 8;

(d)regulation 10;

(e)regulation 11;

(f)regulation 13;

(g)[F18regulation 14] [F19;

(h)regulation 16].

(2) An offence under this regulation is punishable on summary conviction by a fine.

(3) If an offence under this regulation committed by a body corporate is proved—

(a)to have been committed with the consent or connivance of an officer of the body, or

(b)to be attributable to any neglect on the part of such an officer,

the officer (as well as the body corporate) is guilty of the offence and liable to be prosecuted accordingly.

(4) In paragraph (3), “officer”, in relation to a body corporate, means a director, manager, secretary or other similar officer of the body corporate.

(5) Section 24 of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 F20 applies in relation to an offence under this regulation as if the reasons in subsection (5) of that section included—

(a)to maintain public health;

(b)to maintain public order.

F201984 c. 60. Section 24 was substituted by section 110(1) of the Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005 (c. 15).

Commencement Information

I20Reg. 17(1)(a) in force at 24.9.2020, see reg. 2(2)

I21Reg. 17(1)(b)-(g)(2)-(5) in force at 18.9.2020, see reg. 2(1)

Fixed penalty noticesE+W

18.[F21(1) An authorised person may issue a fixed penalty notice to any person that the authorised person reasonably believes—

(a)has committed an offence under these Regulations, and

(b)is (in the case of an individual) aged 18 or over.]

(2) A fixed penalty notice is a notice offering the person to whom it is issued the opportunity of discharging any liability to conviction for the offence by payment of a fixed penalty to an authority specified in the notice.

(3) The authority in the notice must be—

(a)the local authority, (or as the case may be, any of the local authorities), in whose area the offence is alleged to have been committed (“the relevant local authority”), or

(b)an officer designated by the Secretary of State, or by the relevant local authority, for the purposes of this regulation (“the designated officer”).

(4) If a person is issued with a notice under this regulation in respect of an offence—

(a)no proceedings may be taken for the offence before the end of the period of 28 days beginning with the day after the date of the notice;

(b)the person may not be convicted of the offence if the person pays the fixed penalty before the end of that period.

(5) A fixed penalty notice must—

(a)give reasonably detailed particulars of the circumstances alleged to constitute the offence,

(b)state the period during which (because of paragraph (4)(a)) proceedings will not be taken for the offence,

(c)specify the amount of the fixed penalty (as to which, see paragraphs (6) and (7)),

(d)state the name and address of the person to whom the fixed penalty may be paid, and

(e)specify permissible methods of payment.

(6) If the fixed penalty notice is the first issued to the person, the amount of the fixed penalty is—

(a)£500, if that amount is paid before the end of the period of 14 days following the date of the notice, and

(b)otherwise, £1000.

(7) If the fixed penalty notice is not the first fixed penalty notice issued to the person, the amount of the fixed penalty is as follows—

(a)if it is the second fixed penalty notice so issued, £2000,

(b)if it is the third fixed penalty notice so issued, [F22£4000],

(c)if it is the fourth fixed penalty notice so issued, and for any subsequent fixed penalty notice so issued, [F23£10,000].

[F24(7A) In determining how many fixed penalty notices a person has received, fixed penalty notices issued to that person under the following Regulations are to be taken into account—

(a)the Health Protection (Coronavirus, Restrictions) (No. 2) (England) Regulations 2020 [F25, where the fixed penalty notice relates to an offence of contravening a requirement in regulation 4A or 4B of those Regulations];

(b)the Health Protection (Coronavirus, Restrictions) (Obligations of Undertakings) (England) Regulations 2020.

[F26(c)the Health Protection (Coronavirus, Restrictions) (England) (No. 3) Regulations 2020, where the fixed penalty notice relates to a business restriction offence, as defined by regulation 14(7D) of those Regulations, committed on or after 14th October 2020;

(d)the Health Protection (Coronavirus, Local COVID-19 Alert Level) (Medium) (England) Regulations 2020, where the fixed penalty notice relates to a business restriction offence as defined by regulation 6(12) of those Regulations;]

[F27(e)the Health Protection (Coronavirus, Local COVID-19 Alert Level) (High) (England) Regulations 2020, where the fixed penalty notice relates to a business restriction offence as defined by regulation 6(12) of those Regulations;]

[F28(f)the Health Protection (Coronavirus, Local COVID-19 Alert Level) (Very High) (England) Regulations 2020, where the fixed penalty notice relates to a business restriction offence as defined by regulation 6(12) of those Regulations.]

[F29(g)the Health Protection (Coronavirus, Restrictions) (England) (No. 4) Regulations 2020.]

[F30(h)the Health Protection (Coronavirus, Restrictions) (All Tiers) (England) Regulations 2020, where the fixed penalty notice relates to a business restriction offence as defined by regulation 12(7) of those Regulations.]]

(8) Whatever other method may be [F31specified] under paragraph (5)(e) payment of a fixed penalty may be made by pre-paying and posting to the person whose name is stated under paragraph (5)(d), at the stated address, a letter containing the amount of the penalty (in cash or otherwise).

(9) If a letter is sent as mentioned in paragraph (8), payment is regarded as having been made at the time at which that letter would be delivered in the ordinary course of post.

(10) In any proceedings, a certificate that—

(a)purports to be signed by or on behalf of—

(i)the chief finance officer of the local authority, where the authority to which payment is made is a local authority, or

(ii)the officer referred to in paragraph (3)(b), where that officer is the authority to which payment is made, and

(b)states that the payment of a fixed penalty was, or was not, received by the date relevant in the certificate,

is evidence of the facts stated.

(11) In this regulation—

(a)authorised person” means

(i)a constable;

(ii)a police community support officer;

(iii)a person designated by the Secretary of State for the purposes of this regulation;

(iv)a person designated by the relevant local authority for the purposes of this regulation;

(b)a “chief finance officer”, in relation to a local authority, means the person with responsibility for the authority's financial affairs.

Commencement Information

I22Reg. 18 in force at 18.9.2020, see reg. 2(1)

[F32DesignationsE+W

18A.  A designation made, or treated as made, in exercise of the powers conferred by regulation 11(3)(b) or 11(9)(a) of the Health Protection (Coronavirus, Restrictions) (All Tiers) (England) Regulations 2020 is to be treated as if it had been made in exercise of the powers conferred by regulation 18(3)(b) or (11)(a), as appropriate, of these Regulations.]

ProsecutionsE+W

19.  Proceedings for an offence under these Regulations may be brought by a local authority and the Crown Prosecution Service.

Commencement Information

I23Reg. 19 in force at 18.9.2020, see reg. 2(1)

ReviewE+W

20.  The Secretary of State must review the need for the requirements imposed by these Regulations before the end of the period of six months beginning with the day on which they come fully into force.

Commencement Information

I24Reg. 20 in force at 18.9.2020, see reg. 2(1)

ExpiryE+W

21.—(1) These Regulations expire at the end of the period of 12 months beginning with the day on which they come fully into force.

(2) This regulation does not affect the validity of anything done pursuant to these Regulations before they expire.

Commencement Information

I25Reg. 21 in force at 18.9.2020, see reg. 2(1)

Matt Hancock

Secretary of State,

Department of Health and Social Care

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