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The Financial Services Contracts (Transitional and Saving Provision) (EU Exit) Regulations 2019

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CHAPTER 1Persons other than those to whom regulation 8 or 11 applies

Transitional and saving provision: limited permission to carry on a regulated activity

2.  After Part 5 of the EEA Passport Rights (Amendment, etc., and Transitional Provisions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2018(1) (power to amend time limits), insert—

PART 6Transitional and saving provision: limited permission to carry on a regulated activity
CHAPTER 1Temporary limited permission to carry on a regulated activity
Deemed permission under Part 4A of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000

28.(1) A person to whom this regulation applies shall be treated as if the person has permission to carry on a regulated activity in the United Kingdom under Part 4A of the 2000 Act.

(2) The regulated activity a person is permitted to carry on by virtue of this regulation is one specified (by reference to regulations 30 to 32) in regulation 33.

(3) Reference in an enactment to a person with permission under Part 4A of the 2000 Act (however expressed) is to be read, unless the contrary intention appears, as including a person treated as having permission to carry on a regulated activity under that Part by virtue of this regulation.

(4) Accordingly, a power of a regulator under the 2000 Act is exercisable in respect of such a person, and a regulated activity the person is permitted to carry on by virtue of this regulation, as it is in respect of a person with permission under Part 4A of that Act, and a regulated activity the person is permitted to carry on by virtue of Part 4A of that Act.

(5) Such a power is exercisable in relation to, in particular—

(a)the variation or cancellation of a permission to carry on a regulated activity, or

(b)the imposition of requirements, prohibitions or restrictions on a person who has such a permission.

Application of regulation 28

29.(1) Regulation 28 applies to a person who—

(a)is authorised, under the law of the person’s home state, to carry on an activity which is regulated by the person’s home state regulator, and

(b)satisfies the conditions in regulation 30, 31 or 32.

(2) If a person satisfies the conditions in regulation 31, a regulator may direct that, nevertheless, regulation 28 does not apply to the person.

(3) Regulation 28 applies to a person for the period determined in accordance with regulation 41.

Conditions to be satisfied for regulation 28 to apply: persons who cease to be authorised on exit day

30.(1) The conditions are that the person is one—

(a)who, immediately before exit day—

(i)is authorised to carry on a regulated activity in the United Kingdom by virtue of section 31(1)(b) or (c) of the 2000 Act, and

(ii)is carrying on such an activity in the United Kingdom through an establishment in the United Kingdom,

(b)who, immediately before exit day, is not authorised to carry on a regulated activity by virtue of section 31(1)(a) of the 2000 Act,

(c)who, on exit day, is not authorised to carry on a regulated activity by virtue of section 31(1)(a) of the 2000 Act, and

(d)to whom, on exit day, regulation 8 does not apply.

(2) In this regulation—

(a)reference to carrying on a regulated activity at a particular time includes where the performance of a pre-existing contract requires, or may require, a regulated activity to be carried on at another time;

(b)reference to authorisation to carry on a regulated activity by virtue of section 31(1)(a) of the 2000 Act does not include such an authorisation by virtue of regulation 28.

Conditions to be satisfied for regulation 28 to apply: persons to whom regulation 8 ceases to apply

31.(1) The conditions are that the person is one—

(a)to whom regulation 8 ceases to apply, in accordance with regulation 17,

(b)who, immediately before that regulation ceases to apply, is carrying on a regulated activity in the United Kingdom, and

(c)who, on that regulation ceasing to apply, is not authorised to carry on a regulated activity by virtue of section 31(1)(a) of the 2000 Act.

(2) In this regulation, reference to authorisation to carry on a regulated activity by virtue of section 31(1)(a) of the 2000 Act does not include such an authorisation by virtue of regulation 28.

Conditions to be satisfied for regulation 28 to apply: persons to whom regulation 47 ceases to apply

32.(1) The conditions are that the person is one—

(a)to whom regulation 47 ceases to apply, in accordance with regulation 55,

(b)who, on that regulation ceasing to apply, is not authorised to carry on a regulated activity by virtue of section 31(1)(a) of the 2000 Act, and

(c)who is the subject of a direction under regulation 55(1)(b).

(2) In this regulation, reference to authorisation to carry on a regulated activity by virtue of section 31(1)(a) of the 2000 Act does not include such an authorisation by virtue of regulation 28.

Regulated activities to which regulation 28 applies

33.(1) A regulated activity a person is permitted to carry on by virtue of regulation 28 is one—

(a)which is necessary for the performance of a pre-existing contract,

(b)which is a carried on for the purposes of performing such a contract, and

(c)to which paragraph (2) applies.

(2) This paragraph applies to a regulated activity—

(a)in the case of a person who satisfies the conditions in regulation 30, which the person is, immediately before exit day, authorised to carry on in the United Kingdom by virtue of section 31(1)(b) or (c) of the 2000 Act;

(b)in the case of a person who satisfies the conditions in regulation 31, which the person is, immediately before the day on which regulation 8 ceases to apply, permitted to carry on in the United Kingdom by virtue of that regulation;

(c)in the case of a person who satisfies the conditions in regulation 32, in respect of which the person is, immediately before regulation 47 ceases to apply, an exempt person by virtue of that regulation.

(3) For the purposes of paragraph (1), the performance of a pre-existing contract includes the performance of an obligation under the contract which is contingent or conditional.

(4) The person is also permitted to carry on a regulated activity which is necessary—

(a)for the purposes of reducing the financial risk of—

(i)a party to a pre-existing contract, or

(ii)a third-party affected by the performance of a pre-existing contract;

(b)in order to transfer the property, rights or liabilities under a pre-existing contract to a person authorised to carry on a regulated activity by virtue of section 31(1)(a) of the 2000 Act (other than by virtue of these Regulations);

(c)in order to comply with a requirement imposed by or under an enactment.

(5) A person is only permitted to carry on a regulated activity in so far as is necessary for the purposes specified in paragraph (1) or (3).

(6) This regulation is subject to the power of a regulator to vary or cancel a permission under Part 4A of the 2000 Act.

CHAPTER 2Temporary limited variation to carry on additional regulated activity
Deemed variation under Part 4A of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000

34.(1) A person to whom this regulation applies shall be treated as if the person’s permission to carry on a regulated activity in the United Kingdom under Part 4A of the 2000 Act were varied.

(2) The variation is that the regulated activity the person is permitted to carry on includes one specified (by reference to regulations 36 to 39) in regulation 40.

(3) Reference in an enactment to a person’s permission under Part 4A of the 2000 Act (however expressed) is to be read, unless the contrary intention appears, as including a regulated activity which is included in the person’s permission by virtue of this regulation.

(4) Accordingly, a power of a regulator under the 2000 Act is exercisable in respect of such a person, and a regulated activity the person is permitted to carry on by virtue of this regulation, as it is in respect of the person, and a regulated activity the person is, immediately before exit day, permitted to carry on by virtue of Part 4A of that Act.

(5) Such a power is exercisable in relation to, in particular—

(a)the variation or cancellation of a permission to carry on a regulated activity, or

(b)the imposition of requirements, prohibitions or restrictions on a person who has such a permission.

Application of regulation 34

35.(1) Regulation 34 applies to a person who—

(a)is authorised, under the law of the person’s home state, to carry on an activity which is regulated by the person’s home state regulator, and

(b)satisfies the conditions in regulation 36, 37, 38 or 39.

(2) If a person satisfies the conditions in regulation 37, 38 or 39, a regulator may direct that, nevertheless, regulation 34 does not apply to the person.

(3) Regulation 34 applies to a person for the period determined in accordance with regulation 41.

Conditions to be satisfied for regulation 34 to apply: persons who cease to be authorised on exit day

36.(1) The conditions are that the person is one—

(a)who, immediately before exit day—

(i)is authorised to carry on a regulated activity in the United Kingdom by virtue of section 31(1)(b) or (c) of the 2000 Act, and

(ii)is carrying on such an activity in the United Kingdom, whether through an establishment in the United Kingdom or otherwise,

(b)who, immediately before exit day, is also authorised to carry on a regulated activity by virtue of section 31(1)(a) of the 2000 Act,

(c)to whom, on exit day, regulation 11 does not apply, and

(d)who, on exit day, is not authorised to carry on a regulated activity by virtue of section 31(1)(a) of the 2000 Act, in respect of the regulated activities which, immediately before that day, the person is carrying on by virtue of section 31(1)(b) or (c) of the 2000 Act.

(2) In this regulation—

(a)reference to carrying on a regulated activity at a particular time includes where the performance of a pre-existing contract requires, or may require, a regulated activity to be carried on at another time;

(b)reference to authorisation to carry on a regulated activity by virtue of section 31(1)(a) of the 2000 Act does not include such an authorisation by virtue of regulation 34.

Conditions to be satisfied for regulation 34 to apply: persons to whom regulation 8 ceases to apply

37.(1) The conditions are that the person is one—

(a)to whom regulation 8 ceases to apply, in accordance with regulation 17,

(b)who, on that regulation ceasing to apply, is not authorised to carry on a regulated activity by virtue of section 31(1)(a) of the 2000 Act that the person is, immediately before that regulation ceases to apply, permitted to carry on by virtue of that regulation,

(c)who, immediately before that regulation ceases to apply, is carrying on a regulated activity in the United Kingdom which is not, immediately after that regulation ceases to apply, a regulated activity the person is authorised to carry on by virtue of section 31(1)(a) of the 2000 Act, and

(d)who, on that regulation ceasing to apply, is authorised to carry on a regulated activity by virtue of section 31(1)(a) of the 2000 Act.

(2) In this regulation, reference to authorisation to carry on a regulated activity by virtue of section 31(1)(a) of the 2000 Act does not include such an authorisation by virtue of regulation 34.

Conditions to be satisfied for regulation 34 to apply: persons to whom regulation 11 ceases to apply

38.(1) The conditions are that the person is one—

(a)to whom regulation 11 ceases to apply, in accordance with regulation 17,

(b)who, on that regulation ceasing to apply, is not authorised to carry on a regulated activity by virtue of section 31(1)(a) of the 2000 Act that the person is, immediately before that regulation ceases to apply, permitted to carry on by virtue of that regulation, and

(c)who, immediately before that regulation ceases to apply, is carrying on a regulated activity in the United Kingdom which is not, on that regulation ceasing to apply, a regulated activity the person is authorised to carry on by virtue of section 31(1)(a) of the 2000 Act.

(2) In this regulation, reference to authorisation to carry on a regulated activity by virtue of section 31(1)(a) of the 2000 Act does not include such an authorisation by virtue of regulation 34.

Conditions to be satisfied for regulation 34 to apply: persons to whom regulation 28 ceases to apply

39.(1) The conditions are that the person is one—

(a)to whom regulation 28 ceases to apply, in accordance with regulation 41(3),

(b)who, immediately before that regulation ceases to apply, is carrying on a regulated activity in the United Kingdom which is not, immediately after that regulation ceases to apply, a regulated activity the person is authorised to carry on by virtue of section 31(1)(a) of the 2000 Act, and

(c)who, on that regulation ceasing to apply, is not authorised to carry on a regulated activity by virtue of section 31(1)(a) of the 2000 Act that the person is, immediately before that regulation ceases to apply, permitted to carry on by virtue of that regulation.

(2) In this regulation, reference to authorisation to carry on a regulated activity by virtue of section 31(1)(a) of the 2000 Act does not include such an authorisation by virtue of regulation 34.

Regulated activities to which regulation 34 applies

40.(1) A regulated activity included in those which a person is permitted to carry on by virtue of regulation 34 is one—

(a)which is necessary for the performance of a pre-existing contract,

(b)which is a carried on for the purposes of performing such a contract,

(b)which is not a regulated activity the person is authorised to carry on by virtue of section 31(1)(a) of the 2000 Act, and

(c)to which paragraph (2) applies.

(2) This paragraph applies to a regulated activity—

(a)in the case of a person who satisfies the conditions in regulation 36, which the person is, immediately before exit day, authorised to carry on in the United Kingdom by virtue of section 31(1)(b) or (c) of the 2000 Act;

(b)in the case of a person who satisfies the conditions in regulation 37, which the person is, immediately before the day on which regulation 8 ceases to apply, permitted to carry on in the United Kingdom by virtue of that regulation;

(c)in the case of a person who satisfies the conditions in regulation 38, which the person is, immediately before the day on which regulation 11 ceases to apply, permitted to carry on in the United Kingdom by virtue of that regulation;

(d)in the case of a person who satisfies the conditions in regulation 39, which the person is, immediately before the day on which regulation 28 ceases to apply, permitted to carry on in the United Kingdom by virtue of that regulation.

(3) For the purposes of paragraph (1), the performance of a pre-existing contract includes the performance of an obligation under the contract which is contingent or conditional.

(4) The person is also permitted to carry on a regulated activity which is necessary—

(a)for the purposes of reducing the financial risk of—

(i)a party to a pre-existing contract, or

(ii)a third-party affected by the performance of a pre-existing contract;

(b)in order to transfer the property, rights or liabilities under a pre-existing contract to a person authorised to carry on a regulated activity by virtue of section 31(1)(a) of the 2000 Act (other than by virtue of these Regulations);

(c)in order to comply with a requirement imposed by or under an enactment.

(5) A person is only permitted to carry on a regulated activity in so far as is necessary for the purposes specified in paragraph (1) or (3).

(6) This regulation is subject to the power of a regulator to vary or cancel a permission under Part 4A of the 2000 Act.

CHAPTER 3Temporary limited permission and variation: duration
Period during which regulation 28 or 34 is to apply

41.(1) For the purposes of regulations 29(3) and 35(3), the period is one that begins with the relevant day and ends—

(a)in so far as a regulated activity a person is permitted to carry on by virtue of regulation 28 or 34 is carried on for—

(i)the purpose of performing a contract of insurance, after fifteen years, or

(ii)any other purpose, after five years,

beginning with the earlier of the day on which regulation 28, 34 or 47, as applicable, first applies to the person, or

(b)if earlier—

(i)for the purposes of regulation 29(3), with a day determined in accordance with paragraph (3) or (7);

(ii)for the purposes of regulation 35(3), with a day determined in accordance with paragraph (5), (7) or (9);

(iii)for the purposes of regulations 29(3) and 35(3), with the day before the day on which the person ceases to be authorised, under the law of the person’s home state, to carry on an activity which is regulated by the person’s home state regulator.

(2) Paragraph (3) applies where a regulator makes a determination under section 55V to grant an application by a person to whom regulation 28 applies, for a permission or cancellation of a permission under Part 4A of the 2000 Act.

(3) Where this paragraph applies, the day referred to in paragraph (1)(b)(i) is the day before the date stated in the written notice (issued in accordance with section 55V(5) of the 2000 Act) as that from which permission or cancellation has effect.

(4) Paragraph (5) applies where a regulator makes a determination under section 55V to grant an application by a person to whom regulation 34 applies—

(a)for a variation of a permission under Part 4A of the 2000 Act and, as a result of the variation, there are no longer any regulated activities for which the person is treated as having permission by virtue of regulation 34, or

(b)for a cancellation of such a permission.

(5) Where this paragraph applies, the day referred to in paragraph (1)(b)(ii) is the day before the date stated in the written notice (issued in accordance with section 55V(5) of the 2000 Act) as that from which permission, variation or cancellation has effect.

(6) Paragraph (7) applies where a regulator exercises its power to cancel the Part 4A permission of a person to whom regulation 28 or 34 applies under section 55J or 55JA of the 2000 Act.

(7) Where this paragraph applies, the day referred to in paragraph (1)(b) is the day on which the person is given a decision notice (issued in accordance with section 55Z(3) of the 2000 Act).

(8) Paragraph (9) applies where—

(a)a regulator exercises its power to vary the Part 4A permission of a person to whom regulation 34 applies under section 55J of the 2000 Act, and

(b)as a result of the variation, there are no longer any regulated activities for which the person is treated as having permission by virtue of regulation 34.

(9) Where this paragraph applies, the day referred to in paragraph (1)(b)(ii) is the day before the day stated in the written notice (issued in accordance with section 55Y(4) of the 2000 Act) as that on which a variation takes effect.

(10) For the purposes of this regulation, a reference to an application for permission includes a reference to an application for a variation that is treated as an application for permission by virtue of section 55H(8) or 55I(9) of the 2000 Act.

CHAPTER 4Modifications of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000
Modifications of Part 2 of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000

42.  In respect of a person to whom regulation 28 or 34 applies, section 21 of the 2000 Act (restrictions on financial promotion) has effect as if—

(a)in subsection (2), paragraph (b), were omitted;

(b)after that subsection there were inserted—

(2A) Subsection (2)(a) only applies to a person in so far as the communication is necessary for the performance of a pre-existing contract (within the meaning of regulation 46 of the EEA Passport Rights (Amendment, etc., and Transitional Provisions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2018).

Modifications of Part 4A of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000

43.(1)  In respect of a person to whom regulation 28 or 34 applies, Part 4A of the 2000 Act (permission to carry on regulated activities)(2) is modified as follows.

(2) Section 55A (application for permission) has effect as if—

(a)in subsection (2), after “subsection (2B)” there were inserted “and to a direction of the PRA or the FCA given with the consent of the other”;

(b)in subsection (3), after “is in force” there were inserted “, other than a person who is treated as having such a permission by virtue of regulation 28 or 34 of the 2018 Regulations,”.

(3) Section 55H (variation by FCA at request of authorised person) has effect as if, after subsection (7), there were inserted—

(8) Where a person makes an application to vary the permission that the person is treated as having by virtue of regulation 28 or 34 of the 2018 Regulations, the FCA may, if it considers it appropriate to do so, treat the application as an application for permission under section 55A.

(4) Section 55I (variation by PRA at request of authorised person) has effect as if, after subsection (8), there were inserted—

(9) Where a person makes an application to vary the permission that the person is treated as having by virtue of regulation 28 or 34 of the 2018 Regulations, the PRA may, if it considers it appropriate to do so, treat the application as an application for permission under section 55A.

(5) Part 4A has effect as if, after section 55J (variation or cancellation on initiative of regulator), there were inserted—

Additional power of cancellation: persons to whom regulation 28 or 34 of the 2018 Regulations applies

55JA.(1) A regulator may, taking into account the matters specified in subsection (2), cancel the permission of a person—

(a)to whom regulation 28 or 34 of the 2018 Regulations applies, and

(b)who is carrying a regulated activity in the United Kingdom other than through an establishment in the United Kingdom,

and direct that regulation 47 of the 2018 Regulations is to apply to the person.

(2) The matters are—

(a)the person’s conduct,

(b)the practicality of supervision by a regulator,

(c)the size of the person’s undertaking, and

(d)the nature or extent of the regulated activity the person carries on.

(6) Section 55Z (cancellation of Part 4A permission: procedure) has effect as if, after subsection (2), there were inserted—

(3) If a regulator gives a decision notice under subsection (2), the notice must state the day on which regulation 28 or 34 of the 2018 Regulations ceases to apply.

(4) For the purposes of subsection (3), the day stated must be a day that falls before the end of—

(a)in so far as a regulated activity a person is permitted to carry on by virtue of regulation 28 or 34 of the 2018 Regulations is carried on for the purpose of performing a contract of insurance, fifteen years,

(b)in so far as a regulated activity a person is permitted to carry on by virtue of regulation 28 or 34 of those Regulations is carried on for any other purpose, five years,

beginning with the earlier of the day on which regulation 28, 34 or 47 of those Regulations, as applicable, first applies to the person.

(7) Section 55Z4 (interpretation of Part 4A) has effect as if, at the appropriate place, there were inserted—

“the 2018 Regulations” means the EEA Passport Rights (Amendment, etc., and Transitional Provisions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2018;.

CHAPTER 5Savings
Requirements imposed by a domestic regulator

44.(1) Paragraphs (2) to (4) apply in respect of a person to whom regulation 28 or 34 applies by virtue of the conditions in regulation 30 or 36.

(2) A requirement imposed by a regulator in accordance with section 196 of the 2000 Act (power of intervention) and which has effect immediately before the relevant day continues to have effect on and after the relevant day as if it were imposed by the regulator under—

(a)section 55L (imposition of requirements by FCA) of that Act, or

(b)section 55M (imposition of requirements by PRA) of that Act.

(3) If it appears that, immediately before the relevant day, the circumstances set out in section 194(1)(a) or (b) of the 2000 Act are satisfied in respect of the person—

(a)the FCA may exercise its power under section 55L(3) of that Act, and

(b)the PRA may exercise its power under section 55M(3) of that Act.

(4) Paragraph (2) is without prejudice to section 55L(2) or 55M(2) of the 2000 Act.

(5) Paragraph (6) applies in respect of a person to whom regulation 28 or 34 applies by virtue of the conditions in regulation 31, 37, 38 or 39.

(6) A requirement imposed, or which has effect as if it were imposed, by a regulator under—

(a)section 55L (imposition of requirements by FCA) of that Act, or

(b)section 55M (imposition of requirements by PRA) of that Act,

and which has effect immediately before the relevant day, continues to have effect on and after the relevant day as if it were imposed by the regulator under that section.

Requirements imposed by a home state regulator

45.(1) This regulation applies in respect of a person to whom regulation 28 or 34 applies by virtue of the conditions in regulation 30 or 36.

(2) A requirement imposed by a home state regulator and which has effect immediately before exit day continues to have effect on and after that day as if it were imposed by a regulator under—

(a)section 55L (imposition of requirements by FCA) of the 2000 Act, or

(b)section 55M (imposition of requirements by PRA) of that Act.

(3) The requirement only has effect in so far as it could have been imposed by a regulator under those sections.

CHAPTER 6Interpretation of Part 6
Interpretation

46.  For the purpose of this Part—

“contract of insurance” has the same meaning as in article 3(1) of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) Order 2001;

“establishment” means a branch;

“home state regulator” has the meaning given by regulation 21;

“pre-existing contract” means a contract entered into before—

(a)

in the case of a person who satisfies the conditions in regulation 32 or 39, the earlier of—

(i)

the day on which regulation 47 first applies to the person, or

(ii)

where applicable, the day on which regulation 28 or 34 first applies to the person;

(b)

in any other case, the relevant day;

“regulated activity” has the same meaning as in section 22 of the 2000 Act;

“regulator” means the Financial Conduct Authority or the Prudential Regulation Authority;

“relevant day” means—

(a)

in the case of a person who satisfies the conditions in regulation 30 or 36, exit day;

(b)

in the case of a person who satisfies the conditions in regulation 31 or 37, the day on which regulation 8 ceases to apply;

(c)

in the case of a person who satisfies the conditions in regulation 32, the earlier of—

(i)

the day on which regulation 47 first applies to the person, or

(ii)

where applicable, the day on which regulation 28 or 34 first applies to the person;

(d)

in the case of a person who satisfies the conditions in regulation 38, the day on which regulation 11 ceases to apply;

(e)

in the case of a person to whom regulation 39 applies, the earlier of—

(i)

the day on which regulation 28 or 34 first applies to the person, or

(ii)

where applicable, the day on which regulation 47 first applies to the person.

Transitional and saving provision: exemption from the general prohibition

3.  After Part 6 of the EEA Passport Rights (Amendment, etc., and Transitional Provisions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2018(3) (transitional and saving provision: limited permission to carry on a regulated activity), insert—

PART 7Transitional and saving provision: exemption from the general prohibition
CHAPTER 1Exemption from the general prohibition
Exemption from the general prohibition under Part 2 of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000

47.(1) A person to whom this regulation applies is an exempt person for the purposes of section 19(1)(b) of the 2000 Act (the general prohibition).

(2) The exemption has effect only in respect of a regulated activity specified (by reference to regulations 49 to 51) in regulation 52.

Application of regulation 47

48.(1) Regulation 47 applies to a person who—

(a)is authorised, under the law of the person’s home state, to carry on an activity which is regulated by the person’s home state regulator, and

(b)satisfies the conditions in regulation 49, 50 or 51.

(2) Regulation 47 applies to such a person for the period determined in accordance with regulation 66.

Conditions to be satisfied for regulation 47 to apply: persons who cease to be authorised on exit day

49.  The conditions are that the person is one—

(a)who, immediately before exit day—

(i)is authorised to carry on a regulated activity in the United Kingdom by virtue of section 31(1)(b) or (c) of the 2000 Act, and

(ii)is carrying on such an activity in the United Kingdom other than through an establishment in the United Kingdom,

(b)who, on exit day, is not authorised to carry on a regulated activity by virtue of section 31(1)(a) of the 2000 Act, and

(c)to whom regulation 8 does not apply.

(2) In this regulation, reference to carrying on a regulated activity at a particular time includes where the performance of a pre-existing contract requires, or may require, a regulated activity to be carried on at another time.

Conditions to be satisfied for regulation 47 to apply: persons to whom regulation 28 ceases to apply

50.  The conditions are that the person is one—

(a)to whom regulation 28 ceases to apply, in accordance with regulation 41(7),

(b)who, on regulation 28 ceasing to apply, is not authorised by virtue of section 31(1)(a) of the 2000 Act to carry on a regulated activity to which, immediately before regulation 28 ceases to apply, the person is permitted to carry on by virtue of that regulation,

(c)who, immediately before regulation 28 ceases to apply, is carrying on such an activity in the United Kingdom other than through an establishment in the United Kingdom, and

(d)who is the subject of a direction under section 55JA of the 2000 Act (inserted by regulation 43 in respect of persons to whom regulation 28 or 24 applies).

Conditions to be satisfied for regulation 47 to apply: persons to whom regulation 34 ceases to apply

51.  The conditions are that the person is one—

(a)to whom regulation 34 ceases to apply, in accordance with regulation 41(5), (7) or (9),

(b)who, on regulation 34 ceasing to apply, is not authorised by virtue of section 31(1)(a) of the 2000 Act to carry on a regulated activity which, immediately before regulation 34 ceases to apply, the person is permitted to carry on by virtue of that regulation,

(c)who, immediately before regulation 34 ceases to apply, is carrying on such an activity in the United Kingdom other than through an establishment in the United Kingdom, and

(d)who is the subject of a direction under section 55JA of the 2000 Act (inserted by regulation 43 in respect of persons to whom regulation 28 or 24 applies).

Regulated activities to which regulation 47 has effect

52.(1) A regulated activity in respect of which the exemption in regulation 47 has effect is one—

(a)which is necessary for the performance of a pre-existing contract,

(b)which is a carried on for the purposes of performing such a contract,

(c)which is not a regulated activity the person is authorised to carry on by virtue of section 31(1)(a) of the 2000 Act,

(d)which is an activity which, if carried on in the person’s home state—

(i)would need authorisation by the person’s home state regulator, and

(ii)is authorised by the person’s home state regulator, and

(e)to which paragraph (2) applies.

(2) This paragraph applies to a regulated activity—

(a)in the case of a person who satisfies the conditions in regulation 49, which the person is, immediately before exit day, authorised to carry on in the United Kingdom by virtue of section 31(1)(b) or (c) of the 2000 Act;

(b)in the case of a person who satisfies the conditions in regulation 50, which the person is, immediately before the day on which regulation 28 ceases to apply, permitted to carry on in the United Kingdom by virtue of that regulation;

(c)in the case of a person who satisfies the conditions in regulation 51, which the person is, immediately before the day on which regulation 34 ceases to apply, permitted to carry on in the United Kingdom by virtue of that regulation.

(3) For the purposes of paragraph (1), the performance of a pre-existing contract includes the performance of an obligation under the contract which is contingent or conditional.

(4) The person is also exempt in respect of a regulated activity which is necessary—

(a)for the purposes of reducing the financial risk of—

(i)a party to a pre-existing contract, or

(ii)a third-party affected by the performance of a pre-existing contract;

(b)in order to transfer the property, rights or liabilities under a pre-existing contract to a person authorised to carry on a regulated activity by virtue of section 31(1)(a) of the 2000 Act (other than by virtue of these Regulations);

(c)in order to comply with a requirement imposed by or under an enactment.

(5) A person is only exempt in respect of a regulated activity in so far as is necessary for the purposes specified in paragraph (1) or (3).

CHAPTER 2Exemption from the general prohibition: procedure, etc.
Notification by a person to whom regulation 47 applies

53.(1) A person—

(a)to whom regulation 47 applies, and

(b)who satisfies the conditions in regulation 49,

must, as soon as reasonably practicable following the relevant day, notify the FCA that the person is carrying on a regulated activity in the United Kingdom.

(2) For the purposes of paragraph (1), the notification must—

(a)be made in such manner, and

(b)contain, or be accompanied by, such information,

as the FCA may direct.

Information to be supplied by a person to whom regulation 47 applies

54.(1) A person to whom regulation 47 applies must notify the relevant regulator if—

(a)an authorisation by a home state regulator is varied, or is to be varied;

(b)an authorisation by a home state regulator is to be cancelled;

(c)the person becomes the subject of a criminal investigation or criminal proceedings;

(d)the person is one in relation to whom an insolvency event occurs.

(2) A notification under paragraph (1) must be made as soon as reasonably practicable following the day on which it comes to the person’s attention that an event referred to in that paragraph has occurred.

(3) For the purposes of paragraph (1), the notification must—

(a)be made in such manner, and during such period, and

(b)contain, or be accompanied by, such information,

as the relevant regulator may direct.

(4) In this regulation, “insolvency event” means—

(a)in respect of persons to whom Directive 2001/24/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4th April 2001 on the reorganisation and winding up of credit institutions, the commencement of winding-up proceedings (within the meaning of Article 2 of that Directive);

(b)in respect of persons to whom Directive 2009/138/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25th November 2009 on the taking-up and pursuit of the business of Insurance and Reinsurance applies, the commencement of winding-up proceedings (within the meaning of Article 268 of that Directive);

(c)in respect of other persons, the commencement of insolvency proceedings (within the meaning of Article 2 of Regulation (EU) 2015/848 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 May 2015 on insolvency proceedings).

(5) In this regulation, reference to the relevant regulator is, subject to a direction of the PRA or the FCA given with the consent of the other, a reference to—

(a)the PRA, in a case where the regulated activities to which regulation 47 has effect consist of or include a PRA-regulated activity (within the meaning of section 22A of the 2000 Act);

(b)the FCA, in any other case.

CHAPTER 3Exemption from the general prohibition: regulation
Variation and cancellation of an exemption under regulation 47

55.(1) In respect of a person to whom regulation 47 applies, a regulator may—

(a)remove a regulated activity from those in respect of which the exemption has effect,

(b)cancel the exemption and direct that regulation 28 is to apply to the person, or

(c)cancel the exemption.

(2) A regulator may only exercise the power in paragraph (1)(a) or (c), if it considers that the exercise of the power is necessary—

(a)for the prevention, detection, investigation or prosecution of a criminal offence;

(b)for the protection of consumers;

(c)in order for the regulator to advance its objectives under Part 1A of the 2000 Act.

(3) In exercising the power in paragraph (1)(b), the regulator must take into account—

(a)the person’s conduct,

(b)the practicality of supervision by a regulator,

(c)the size of the person’s undertaking, and

(d)the nature or extent of the regulated activity the person carries on.

(4) Before exercising the power in paragraph (1)—

(a)the PRA must consult the FCA;

(b)the FCA must consult the PRA if, were the person to be an authorised person (within the meaning of section 31 of the 2000 Act), the person to whom regulation 47 applies would be carrying on one or more PRA-regulated activities (within the meaning of section 22A of the 2000 Act).

Variation and cancellation: procedure

56.(1) In an urgent case, if a regulator decides to exercise the power under regulation 55(1), it must give a decision notice to the person to whom the decision relates.

(2) A decision notice under paragraph (1) must state when the decision takes effect (which may be immediately upon receipt).

(3) In any other case—

(a)if a regulator proposes to exercise the power under regulation 55(1), it must give the person a warning notice;

(b)if a regulator decides to exercise the power under regulation 55(1), it must give the person a decision notice.

(4) Part 26 of the 2000 Act (notices) applies to a notice under paragraph (3) as it applies to a notice given under that Act.

(5) For the purposes of this regulation, an urgent case is one in which the regulator reasonably considers it necessary for the decision to take effect as stated in the decision notice.

Variation and cancellation: appeal

57.(1) A person in respect of whom the power under regulation 55(1) is exercised may refer the decision to exercise the power to the Upper Tribunal.

(2) Part 9 of the 2000 Act (hearings and appeals) applies to a reference to the Upper Tribunal under paragraph (1) as it applies to a reference under that Act.

Restriction on financial promotion

58.  In respect of a person to whom regulation 47 applies, section 21 of the 2000 Act (restrictions on financial promotion) has effect as if—

(a)in subsection (2), paragraph (b) were omitted;

(b)after that subsection there were inserted—

(2A) Subsection (2)(a) only applies to a person in so far as the communication is necessary for the performance of a pre-existing contract (within the meaning of regulation 68 of the EEA Passport Rights (Amendment, etc., and Transitional Provisions) (EU Exit) Regulations 2018).

Product intervention rules

59.(1) Product intervention rules (within the meaning of section 137D of the 2000 Act) apply to a person to whom regulation 47 applies as they apply to an authorised person.

(2) A prohibition or restriction under Article 42 of Regulation (EU) No. 600/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 May 2014 on markets in financial instruments applies to a person to whom regulation 47 applies as it applies to a person to whom that Regulation applies.

(3) A prohibition or restriction under Article 17 of Regulation (EU) No. 1286/2014 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 November 2014 on key information documents for packaged retail and insurance-based investment products applies to a person to whom regulation 47 applies as it applies to a person to whom that Regulation applies.

Information gathering

60.  The following provisions of the 2000 Act apply in respect of a person to whom regulation 47 applies, as they apply in respect of an authorised person (within the meaning of section 31 of that Act)—

(a)section 165 (regulators’ power to require information: authorised persons etc.);

(b)section 166 (reports by skilled persons);

(c)section 175 (information and documents: supplemental provisions);

(d)section 177 (offences).

Publication of information provided under regulation 54 or 55

61.(1) A regulator may, if it considers it is appropriate to do so, publish information provided under regulation 53 or 54.

(2) Publication under this regulation is to be in such manner as the regulator considers appropriate.

Public censure

62.(1) If a regulator considers that—

(a)a person has not notified the FCA in accordance with regulation 53 or 54, or

(b)a person to whom regulation 47 applies has acted in a manner which the regulator considers contrary to the advancement of its objectives under Part 1A of the 2000 Act,

the regulator may publish a statement to that effect.

(2) If a regulator proposes to publish a statement under paragraph (1), it must give the person a warning notice.

(3) The warning notice about a proposal to publish a statement must set out the terms of the statement.

(4) If, having considered any representations made in response to a warning notice, the regulator decides to publish a statement under paragraph (1) (whether or not in the terms proposed), it must without delay give the person a decision notice.

(5) The decision notice must set out the terms of the statement.

(6) Section 393 of the 2000 Act (third party rights) applies in respect of the giving of notices under this regulation as it applies in respect of the giving of notices under that Act.

CHAPTER 4Exemption from the general prohibition: fees
Power to charge fees

63.(1) A regulator may make rules providing for the payment to it of fees in connection with the discharge of a function under this Part.

(2) Rules under paragraph (1) may not provide for the payment of a fee greater than an amount equal to the expenses incurred, or expected to be incurred, in the discharge of the function.

(3) Sections 138F to 138O of the 2000 Act (procedural provisions) apply to rules made by a regulator under paragraph (1) as they apply to rules made by a regulator under that Act.

CHAPTER 5Exemption from the general prohibition: regulator functions
Disapplication of supervision, etc., requirements

64.  Section 1L(2) and (3) of the 2000 Act (supervision, monitoring and enforcement) does not apply in respect of a person to whom regulation 47 applies.

Exemption from liability in damages

65.  A function of a regulator under this Part, not being a function under the 2000 Act which the regulator is treated as having by virtue of this Part, is to be treated—

(a)where the regulator is the FCA, as if it were a function of the FCA for the purposes of paragraph 25 of Schedule 1ZA of the 2000 Act (exemption from liability in damages);

(b)where the regulator is the PRA, as if it were a function of the PRA for the purposes of paragraph 33 of Schedule 1ZB of that Act (exemption from liability in damages).

CHAPTER 6Exemption from the general prohibition: duration
Period during which regulation 47 is to apply

66.  For the purposes of regulation 48(2), the period is one that begins with the relevant day and ends—

(a)in so far as a regulated activity in respect of which the exemption in regulation 47 has effect is carried on for—

(i)the purpose of performing a contract of insurance, after fifteen years, or

(ii)any other purpose, after five years,

beginning with the earlier of the day on which regulation 28, 34 or 47, as applicable, first applies to the person, or

(b)if earlier, with the day—

(i)on which a person to whom regulation 47 applies is given a decision notice in respect of a decision under regulation 55(1)(b) or (c);

(ii)before the day on which the person ceases to be authorised, under the law of the person’s home state, to carry on an activity which is regulated by the person’s home state regulator.

CHAPTER 7General provision
Directions

67.  The power to give directions under this Part includes the power—

(a)to give different directions in relation to different persons or categories of person;

(b)to vary or revoke a previous direction.

Interpretation of Part 7

68.  For the purposes of this Part—

“contract of insurance” has the same meaning as in article 3(1) of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) Order 2001;

“establishment” means a branch;

“the FCA” means the Financial Conduct Authority;

“home state regulator” has the meaning given by regulation 21;

“the PRA” means the Prudential Regulation Authority;

“pre-existing contract”—

(a)

in the case of a person who satisfies the conditions in regulation 49, means a contract entered into before exit day;

(b)

in the case of a person who satisfies the conditions in regulation 50 or 51, has the same meaning, in respect of the person, as in Part 6;

“regulated activity” has the same meaning as in section 22 of the 2000 Act;

“regulator” means the FCA or the PRA;

“relevant day” means—

(a)

in the case of a person who satisfies the conditions in regulation 49, exit day;

(b)

in the case of a person who satisfies the conditions in regulation 50, the earlier of—

(i)

the day on which regulation 28 first applies to the person, or

(ii)

where applicable, the day on which regulation 47 first applies to the person;

(c)

in the case of a person who satisfies the conditions in regulation 51, the earlier of—

(i)

the day on which regulation 34 first applies to the person, or

(ii)

where applicable, the day on which regulation 47 first applies to the person.

(2)

Part 4A is inserted by section 11(2) of the Financial Services Act 2012 (c. 21).

(3)

Inserted by regulation 2.

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