Search Legislation

The Electronic Money Regulations 2011

Status:

Point in time view as at 13/01/2018.

Changes to legislation:

There are outstanding changes not yet made by the legislation.gov.uk editorial team to The Electronic Money Regulations 2011. Any changes that have already been made by the team appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

Close

Changes to Legislation

Changes and effects yet to be applied by the editorial team are only applicable when viewing the latest version or prospective version of legislation. They are therefore not accessible when viewing legislation as at a specific point in time. To view the ‘Changes to Legislation’ information for this provision return to the latest version view using the options provided in the ‘What Version’ box above.

PART 2U.K.Own funds

Qualifying itemsU.K.

4.  For the purposes of these Regulations “own funds” means [F1own funds as defined in Article 4(1)(18) of the capital requirements regulation, and are to be calculated in accordance with paragraphs 9 to 12.] U.K.

F1Words in Sch. 2 para. 4 substituted (13.8.2017 for specified purposes, 13.10.2017 for specified purposes, 13.1.2018 in so far as not already in force) by The Payment Services Regulations 2017 (S.I. 2017/752), reg. 1(2)(c)(iii)(3)(f)(i)(6), Sch. 8 para. 5(30)(b) (with reg. 3)

F25.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .U.K.

F2Sch. 2 paras. 5-8 and heading omitted (13.8.2017 for specified purposes, 13.10.2017 for specified purposes, 13.1.2018 in so far as not already in force) by virtue of The Payment Services Regulations 2017 (S.I. 2017/752), reg. 1(2)(c)(iii)(3)(f)(i)(6), Sch. 8 para. 5(30)(c) (with reg. 3)

F26.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .U.K.

F2Sch. 2 paras. 5-8 and heading omitted (13.8.2017 for specified purposes, 13.10.2017 for specified purposes, 13.1.2018 in so far as not already in force) by virtue of The Payment Services Regulations 2017 (S.I. 2017/752), reg. 1(2)(c)(iii)(3)(f)(i)(6), Sch. 8 para. 5(30)(c) (with reg. 3)

F2...U.K.

F27.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .U.K.

F28.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .U.K.

Limits on qualifying itemsU.K.

[F39.  For the purposes of calculating own funds—U.K.

(a)the amount of Tier 2 capital must be equal to or less than one third of the amount of Tier 1 capital;

(b)at least 75% of the amount of Tier 1 capital must be in the form of Common Equity Tier 1 capital.]

F3Sch. 2 para. 9 substituted (13.8.2017 for specified purposes, 13.10.2017 for specified purposes, 13.1.2018 in so far as not already in force) by The Payment Services Regulations 2017 (S.I. 2017/752), reg. 1(2)(c)(iii)(3)(f)(i)(6), Sch. 8 para. 5(30)(d) (with reg. 3)

10.  The Authority may in temporary and exceptional circumstances direct that an electronic money institution may exceed one or more of the limits described in paragraph 9(1).U.K.

11.  An electronic money institution must not include in its own funds calculation—U.K.

(a)any item used in an equivalent calculation of own funds by an electronic money institution, authorised payment institution, credit institution, investment firm, asset management company or insurance undertaking in the same group; or

(b)in the case of an electronic money institution which carries on activities other than electronic money issuance or the provision of payment services, any item included in an own funds calculation required by or under any other enactment.

12.  An authorised electronic money institution that carries on activities other than the issuance of electronic money and the provision of payment services related to the issuance of electronic money must not use—U.K.

(a)in its calculation of own funds in accordance with Method A, B or C, any qualifying item included in its calculation of own funds in accordance with Method D;

(b)in its calculation of own funds in accordance with Method D, any qualifying item included in its calculation of own funds in accordance with Method A, B or C.

Own funds requirementU.K.

13.  An authorised electronic money institution must calculate its own funds requirement—U.K.

(a)in accordance with such of Method A, Method B or Method C as the Authority may direct in respect of any activities carried on by the authorised electronic money institution consisting of payment services [F4specified in paragraph 1(a) to (f) of Schedule 1 of the Payment Services Regulations 2017] that are not related to the issuance of electronic money; and

(b)in accordance with Method D in respect of any activities carried on by the authorised electronic money institution that consist of the issuance of electronic money and payment services that are related to the issuance of electronic money.

F4Words in Sch. 2 para. 13(a) inserted (13.8.2017 for specified purposes, 13.10.2017 for specified purposes, 13.1.2018 in so far as not already in force) by The Payment Services Regulations 2017 (S.I. 2017/752), reg. 1(2)(c)(iii)(3)(f)(i)(6), Sch. 8 para. 5(30)(e) (with reg. 3)

14.  Where a small electronic money institution is required by regulation 19(2) to maintain own funds, it must calculate its own funds requirement as an amount equal to 2% of the average outstanding electronic money of the institution.U.K.

Adjustment by the AuthorityU.K.

15.  The Authority may direct in respect of an authorised electronic money institution that—U.K.

(a)an amount of own funds resulting from a calculation made in accordance with paragraph 13(a) is to be up to 20% higher or up to 20% lower;

(b)an amount of own funds resulting from a calculation made in accordance with paragraph 13(b) is to be up to 20% higher or up to 20% lower; or

(c)the sum of the amounts of own funds resulting from calculations made in accordance with paragraph 13(a) and (b) is to be up to 20% higher or up to 20% lower.

16.  The Authority may direct in respect of a small electronic money institution that an amount of own funds resulting from a calculation made in accordance with paragraph 14 is to be up to 20% higher or up to 20% lower.U.K.

17.  A direction made under paragraph 15 or 16 must be on the basis of an evaluation of the relevant electronic money institution including, if available, and where the Authority considers it appropriate, any risk-management processes, risk loss database or internal control mechanisms of the electronic money institution.U.K.

18.  The Authority may make a reasonable charge for making an evaluation required under paragraph 17.U.K.

Provision for start-up electronic money institutionsU.K.

19.  If an electronic money institution has not completed a full financial year's business, references to a figure for the preceding financial year are to be read as the equivalent figure projected in the business plan provided in the electronic money institution's application for authorisation or registration, subject to any adjustment to that plan required by the Authority.U.K.

Method AU.K.

20.—(1) “Method A” means the calculation method set out in this paragraph.U.K.

(2) The own funds requirement is 10% of the authorised electronic money institution's fixed overheads for the preceding financial year.

(3) If a material change has occurred in an authorised electronic money institution's business since the preceding financial year, the Authority may direct that the own funds requirement is to be a higher or lower amount than that calculated in accordance with sub-paragraph (2).

Method BU.K.

21.—(1) “Method B” means the calculation method set out in this paragraph.U.K.

(2) The own funds requirement is the sum of the following elements multiplied by the scaling factor—

(a)4% of the first 5,000,000 euro of payment volume;

(b)2.5% of the next 5,000,000 euro of payment volume;

(c)1% of the next 90,000,000 euro of payment volume;

(d)0.5% of the next 150,000,000 euro of payment volume; and

(e)0.25% of any remaining payment volume.

(3) “Payment volume” means the total amount of payment transactions that are not related to the issuance of electronic money executed by the authorised electronic money institution in the preceding financial year divided by the number of months in that year.

(4) The “scaling factor” is—

(a)0.5 for an authorised electronic money institution providing a payment service specified in paragraph 1(f) of Schedule 1 to the Payment Services Regulations [F52017];

F6(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(c)1 for an authorised electronic money institution providing any other payment service [F7specified in paragraph 1(a) to (e) of Schedule 1 to those Regulations].

F5Word in Sch. 2 para. 21(4)(a) substituted (13.8.2017 for specified purposes, 13.10.2017 for specified purposes, 13.1.2018 in so far as not already in force) by The Payment Services Regulations 2017 (S.I. 2017/752), reg. 1(2)(c)(iii)(3)(f)(i)(6), Sch. 8 para. 5(30)(f)(i) (with reg. 3)

F6Sch. 2 para. 21(4)(b) omitted (13.8.2017 for specified purposes, 13.10.2017 for specified purposes, 13.1.2018 in so far as not already in force) by virtue of The Payment Services Regulations 2017 (S.I. 2017/752), reg. 1(2)(c)(iii)(3)(f)(i)(6), Sch. 8 para. 5(30)(f)(ii) (with reg. 3)

F7Words in Sch. 2 para. 21(4)(c) inserted (13.8.2017 for specified purposes, 13.10.2017 for specified purposes, 13.1.2018 in so far as not already in force) by The Payment Services Regulations 2017 (S.I. 2017/752), reg. 1(2)(c)(iii)(3)(f)(i)(6), Sch. 8 para. 5(30)(f)(iii) (with reg. 3)

Method CU.K.

22.—(1) “Method C” means the calculation method set out in this paragraph.U.K.

(2) The own funds requirement is the relevant indicator multiplied by—

(a)the multiplication factor; and

(b)the scaling factor;

subject to the proviso in sub-paragraph (7).

(3) The “relevant indicator” is the sum of the following elements—

(a)interest income;

(b)interest expenses;

(c)gross commissions and fees received; and

(d)gross other operating income.

(4) For the purpose of calculating the relevant indicator—

(a)each element must be included in the sum with its positive or negative sign;

(b)income from extraordinary or irregular items may not be used;

(c)expenditure on the outsourcing of services rendered by third parties may reduce the relevant indicator if the expenditure is incurred from a payment service provider;

(d)the relevant indicator is calculated on the basis of the twelve-monthly observation at the end of the previous financial year;

(e)the relevant indicator must be calculated over the previous financial year; and

(f)audited figures must be used unless they are not available in which case business estimates may be used.

(5) The “multiplication factor” is the sum of—

(a)10% of the first 2,500,000 euro of the relevant indicator;

(b)8% of the next 2,500,000 euro of the relevant indicator;

(c)6% of the next 20,000,000 euro of the relevant indicator;

(d)3% of the next 25,000,000 euro of the relevant indicator; and

(e)1.5% of any remaining amount of the relevant indicator.

(6) “Scaling factor” has the meaning given in paragraph 21(4).

(7) The proviso is that the own funds requirement must not be less than 80% of the average of the previous three financial years for the relevant indicator.

23.—(1) “Method D” means the calculation method set out in this paragraph.U.K.

(2) The own funds requirement in respect of the activity of issuing electronic money and providing payment services that are related to the issuance of electronic money is an amount equal to 2% of the average outstanding electronic money of the authorised electronic money institution.

24.—(1) Where—U.K.

(a)an electronic money institution provides payment services that are not related to the issuance of electronic money or carries out any of the activities referred to in regulation 32(1)(b) to (d) and (2); and

(b)the amount of outstanding electronic money is unknown in advance,

the institution may calculate its own funds requirement on the basis of a representative portion assumed to be used for the issuance of electronic money and payment services related to the issuance of electronic money, provided that such representative portion can be reasonably estimated on the basis of historical data and to the satisfaction of the Authority.

(2) Where an electronic money institution has not completed a sufficiently long period of business to compile historical data adequate to make the calculation under sub-paragraph (1), it must make an estimate on the basis of projected outstanding electronic money as evidenced by its business plan, subject to any adjustments to that plan which are, or have been, required by the Authority.

Application of accounting standardsU.K.

25.  Except where this Schedule provides for a different method of recognition, measurement or valuation, whenever a provision in this Schedule refers to an asset, liability, equity or income statement item, an electronic money institution must, for the purpose of that provision, recognise the asset, liability, equity or income statement item and measure its value in accordance with whichever of the following are applicable for the purpose of the institution's external financial reporting—U.K.

(a)Financial Reporting Standards and Statements of Standard Accounting Practice issued or adopted by [F8the Financial Reporting Council Limited];

(b)Statements of Recommended Practice, issued by industry or sectoral bodies recognised for this purpose by [F8the Financial Reporting Council Limited];

(c)International Financial Reporting Standards and International Accounting Standards issued or adopted by the International Accounting Standards Board;

(d)International Standards on Auditing (United Kingdom and Ireland) issued by the [F9Financial Reporting Council Limited or a predecessor body]; and

(e)the Companies Act 2006.

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

Close

Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As Enacted or Made): The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.

Point in Time: This becomes available after navigating to view revised legislation as it stood at a certain point in time via Advanced Features > Show Timeline of Changes or via a point in time advanced search.

Close

See additional information alongside the content

Geographical Extent: Indicates the geographical area that this provision applies to. For further information see ‘Frequently Asked Questions’.

Show Timeline of Changes: See how this legislation has or could change over time. Turning this feature on will show extra navigation options to go to these specific points in time. Return to the latest available version by using the controls above in the What Version box.

Close

Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once

Close

Explanatory Memorandum

Explanatory Memorandum sets out a brief statement of the purpose of a Statutory Instrument and provides information about its policy objective and policy implications. They aim to make the Statutory Instrument accessible to readers who are not legally qualified and accompany any Statutory Instrument or Draft Statutory Instrument laid before Parliament from June 2004 onwards.

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources
Close

Impact Assessments

Impact Assessments generally accompany all UK Government interventions of a regulatory nature that affect the private sector, civil society organisations and public services. They apply regardless of whether the regulation originates from a domestic or international source and can accompany primary (Acts etc) and secondary legislation (SIs). An Impact Assessment allows those with an interest in the policy area to understand:

  • Why the government is proposing to intervene;
  • The main options the government is considering, and which one is preferred;
  • How and to what extent new policies may impact on them; and,
  • The estimated costs and benefits of proposed measures.
Close

Timeline of Changes

This timeline shows the different points in time where a change occurred. The dates will coincide with the earliest date on which the change (e.g an insertion, a repeal or a substitution) that was applied came into force. The first date in the timeline will usually be the earliest date when the provision came into force. In some cases the first date is 01/02/1991 (or for Northern Ireland legislation 01/01/2006). This date is our basedate. No versions before this date are available. For further information see the Editorial Practice Guide and Glossary under Help.

Close

More Resources

Use this menu to access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as made version that was used for the print copy
  • correction slips

Click 'View More' or select 'More Resources' tab for additional information including:

  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • links to related legislation and further information resources