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U.K.

Statutory Instruments

2004 No. 1045

INSOLVENCY

COMPANIES

The Credit Institutions (Reorganisation and Winding up) Regulations 2004

Made

1st April 2004

Laid before Parliament

5th April 2004

Coming into force

5th May 2004

The Treasury, being a government department designated F1 for the purposes of section 2(2) of the European Communities Act 1972 F2 in relation to measures relating to credit and financial institutions and to the taking of deposits or other repayable funds from the public, in exercise of the powers conferred by that section, hereby make the following Regulations:

F21972 c. 68; by virtue of the amendment of section 1(2) made by section 1 of the European Economic Area Act 1993 (c. 51) regulations may be made under section 2(2) to implement obligations of the United Kingdom created or arising by or under the Agreement on the European Economic Area signed at Oporto on 2nd May 1992 (Cm 2073) and the Protocol adjusting the Agreement signed at Brussels on 17th March 1993 (Cm 2183). Section 57(1) Scotland Act 1998 (1998 c. 46) provides that despite the transfer to the Scottish Ministers of functions in relation to observing and implementing obligations under Community law, any function of a Minister of the Crown shall continue to be exercisable by him as regards Scotland for the purposes specified in section 2(2) of the European Communities Act 1972.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C2Regulations applied (with modifications) (1.1.2010) by The Northern Rock plc Transfer Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/3226), art. 8, Sch. 2

C3Regulations applied (with modifications) (8.2.2011) by The Investment Bank Special Administration Regulations 2011 (S.I. 2011/245), reg. 1, Sch. 6 Pt. 1 (with reg. 27(a))

PART 1U.K.General

Citation and commencementU.K.

1.  These Regulations may be cited as the Credit Institutions (Reorganisation and Winding up) Regulations 2004, and come into force on 5th May 2004.

InterpretationU.K.

2.—(l) In these Regulations—

F3...

the 1986 Act” means the Insolvency Act 1986 F4;

the 2000 Act” means the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 F5;

[F6“the 2006 Act” means the Companies Act 2006;]

the 1989 Order” means the Insolvency (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 F7;

administrator” has the meaning given by paragraph 13 of Schedule B1 to the 1986 Act [F8, paragraph 14 of Schedule B1 to the 1989 Order,] section 8(2) of the 1986 Act [F9or Article 21(2) of the 1989 Order] as the case may be;

F10...

F11...

F12...

branch”, in relation to an EEA or UK credit institution has the meaning given by [F13Article 4(1)(17) of the capital requirements regulation];

[F14“capital requirements directive” means Directive 2013/36/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 relating to the activity of credit institutions and the prudential supervision of credit institutions and investment firms, amending Directive 2002/87/EC and repealing Directives 2006/48/EC and 2006/49/EC;

“capital requirements regulation” means Regulation (EU) No. 575/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 June 2013 on prudential requirements for credit institutions and investment firms and amending Regulation (EU) No. 648/2012;]

claim” means a claim submitted by a creditor of a UK credit institution in the course of—

(a)

a winding up,

(b)

an administration, or

(c)

a voluntary arrangement,

with a view to recovering his debt in whole or in part, and includes [F15a proof within the meaning given in rule 1.2 of the Insolvency Rules, a proof of debt within the meaning given in Rule 4.079(4) of the Insolvency Rules (Northern Ireland) or in Scotland a claim made in accordance with rule 7.16 of the Insolvency (Scotland) (Receivership and Winding up) Rules 2018 (in relation to a winding up) or rule 3.105 of the Insolvency (Scotland) (Company Voluntary Arrangements and Administration) Rules 2018 (in relation to an administration)];

F16...

creditors' voluntary winding up” has the meaning given by section 90 of the 1986 Act or Article 76 of the 1989 Order as the case may be;

debt”—

(a)

in relation to a winding up or administration of a UK credit institution, has the meaning given by [F17rule 14.1(3)] of the Insolvency Rules or Article 5(1) of the 1989 Order except that where the credit institution is not a company, references in [F17rule 14.1(3)] or Article 5(1) to a company are to be read as references to the credit institution, and

(b)

[F18in a case where a voluntary arrangement has effect in relation to a UK credit institution, means a debt which would constitute a debt in relation to the winding up (not immediately preceded by an administration) of that credit institution, except that in paragraph (c) of the definition of “relevant date” in rule 14.1(3) of the Insolvency Rules and in paragraph (1A) of Article 5 of the 1989 Order the reference to the date on which the company went into liquidation has effect as a reference to the date on which the voluntary arrangement had effect;]

(c)

in Scotland—

(i)

[F19in relation to a winding up of a UK credit institution, shall be interpreted in accordance with rule 7.22 of the Insolvency (Scotland) (Receivership and Winding up) Rules 2018, and, in relation to an administration of a UK credit institution, has the meaning given in rule 1.2 of the Insolvency (Scotland) (Company Voluntary Arrangements and Administration) Rules 2018 and]

(ii)

[F20in a case where a voluntary arrangement has effect in relation to a UK credit institution, means a debt which would constitute a debt in relation to the winding up (not immediately preceded by an administration) of that insurer, except that references in rule 7.22 of the Insolvency (Scotland) (Receivership and Winding up) Rules 2018 to the date on which the company went into liquidation has effect as a reference to the date on which the voluntary arrangement had effect;]

[F21directive reorganisation measure” means a reorganisation measure as defined in Article 2 of the reorganisation and winding up directive which was adopted or imposed on or after the 5th May 2004, or any other measure to be given effect in or under the law of the United Kingdom pursuant to Article 66 of the recovery and resolution directive;]

directive winding-up proceedings” means winding-up proceedings as defined in Article 2 of the reorganisation and winding up directive which were opened on or after the 5th May 2004;

Disclosure Regulations” means the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Disclosure of Confidential Information) Regulations 2001 F22;

[F23“EEA credit institution” means an EEA undertaking, other than a UK credit institution, of the kind mentioned in Article 4(1)(1) and 4(1)(17) of the capital requirements regulation and subject to the exclusion of the undertakings referred to in Article 2(5)(2) to (23) of the capital requirements directive;]

EEA creditor” means a creditor of a UK credit institution who—

(a)

in the case of an individual, is ordinarily resident in an EEA State; and

(b)

in the case of a body corporate or unincorporated association of persons, has its head office in an EEA State;

[F24EEA regulator” means—

(a)

a competent authority (within the meaning given by point (40) of Article 4(1) of the capital requirements regulation) established in an EEA State; or

(b)

the resolution authority (within the meaning given by point (18) of Article 2(1) of the recovery and resolution directive) established in an EEA State;]

EEA State” means a State, other than the United Kingdom, which is a contracting party to the agreement on the European Economic Area signed at Oporto on 2 May 1992;

[F25“the FCA” means the Financial Conduct Authority;]

home state regulator”, in relation to an EEA credit institution, means the relevant EEA regulator in the EEA State where its head office is located;

[F26“the Insolvency Rules” means the Insolvency (England and Wales) Rules 2016;]

the Insolvency Rules (Northern Ireland)” means the Insolvency Rules (Northern Ireland) 1991 F27;

F28...

liquidator”, except for the purposes of regulation 4, includes any person or body appointed by the administrative or judicial authorities whose task is to administer winding-up proceedings in respect of a UK credit institution which is not a body corporate;

officer”, in relation to a company, has the meaning given by [F29section 1173(1) of the Companies Act 2006];

official language” means a language specified in Article 1 of Council Regulation No 1 of 15 April 1958 determining the languages to be used by the European Economic Community (Regulation 1/58/EEC) F30, most recently amended by paragraph (a) of Part XVIII of Annex I to the Act of Accession 1994 (194 N) F31;

[F25“the PRA” means the Prudential Regulation Authority;]

[F25PRA-authorised person” has the meaning given in section 2B of the 2000 Act;]

[F32recovery and resolution directive” means Directive 2014/59/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15th May 2014 establishing a framework for the recovery and resolution of credit institutions and investment firms;]

[F33the reorganisation and winding up directive” means Directive 2001/24/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4th April 2001 on the reorganisation and winding up of credit institutions as amended by Article 117 of the recovery and resolution directive;]

[F34“section 899 compromise or arrangement” means a compromise or arrangement sanctioned by the court in relation to a UK credit institution under section 899 of the 2006 Act but does not include a compromise or arrangement falling within section 900 (powers of court to facilitate reconstruction or amalgamation) or Part 27 (mergers and divisions of public companies) of that Act;]

[F32stabilisation instrument” means any of the following—

(a)

a “mandatory reduction instrument” made under section 6B of the Banking Act 2009;

(b)

a “resolution instrument” made under section 12A of the Banking Act 2009;

(c)

a “share transfer instrument” as defined in section 15 of the Banking Act 2009;

(d)

a “share transfer order” as defined in section 16 of the Banking Act 2009;

(e)

a “property transfer instrument” as defined in section 33 of the Banking Act 2009; or

(f)

a “third country instrument” made under section 89H of the Banking Act 2009;]

supervisor” has the meaning given by section 7 of the 1986 Act or Article 20 of the 1989 Order as the case may be;

UK credit institution” means an undertaking whose head office is in the United Kingdom with permission under Part 4 of the 2000 Act to accept deposits or to issue electronic money as the case may be but does not include—

(a)

an undertaking which also has permission under Part 4 of the 2000 Act to effect or carry out contracts of insurance; or

(b)

a credit union within the meaning of section 1 of the Credit Unions Act 1979 F35;

voluntary arrangement” means a voluntary arrangement which has effect in relation to a UK credit institution in accordance with section 4A of the 1986 Act or Article 17A of the 1989 Order as the case may be; and

winding up” means—

(a)

winding up by the court, or

(b)

a creditors' voluntary winding up.

(2) In paragraph (1)—

(a)for the purposes of the definition of “directive reorganisation measure”, a reorganisation measure is adopted at the time when it is treated as adopted or imposed by the law of the relevant EEA State; and

(b)for the purposes of the definition of “directive winding-up proceedings”, winding-up proceedings are opened at the time when they are treated as opened by the law of the relevant EEA State,

and in this paragraph “relevant EEA State” means the EEA State under the law of which the reorganisation is adopted or imposed, or the winding-up proceedings are opened, as the case may be.

(3) In these Regulations, references to the law of insolvency of the United Kingdom include references to every provision made by or under the 1986 Act or the 1989 Order as the case may be; and in relation to partnerships, limited liability partnerships or building societies, references to the law of insolvency or to any provision of the 1986 Act or the 1989 Order are to that law as modified by the Insolvent Partnerships Order 1994 F36, the Insolvent Partnerships Order (Northern Ireland) 1995 F37, the Limited Liability Partnerships Regulations 2001 F38 [F39, the Limited Liability Partnerships Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2004] or the Building Societies Act 1986 F40 (as the case may be).

(4) References in these Regulations to “accepting deposits” and a “contract of insurance” must be read with—

(a)section 22 of the 2000 Act;

(b)any relevant order made under that section; and

(c)Schedule 2 to that Act.

(5) For the purposes of the 2000 Act, functions imposed or falling on the [F41FCA or the PRA] under these Regulations shall be deemed to be functions under the 2000 Act.

F41986 c. 45 as amended by the Insolvency Act 2000 (c. 39), the Enterprise Act 2002 (c. 40), S.I. 2002/1037 and S.I. 2002/1240; Part II was replaced by the Enterprise Act 2002, section 248 and Schedule 16. The provisions of Part II continue to apply by virtue of the Enterprise Act 2002 (Commencement No. 4 and Transitional Provisions and Savings) Order 2003 (S.I. 2003/2093) insofar as is necessary to give effect to the Insolvent Partnerships Order 1994 (S.I. 1994/2421) and the Limited Liability Partnerships Regulations 2001 (S.I. 2001/1090). The provisions of Part II (as modified) continue to apply to building societies by virtue of sections 249(l)(e) and 249(2) of the Enterprise Act 2002.

F22S.I. 2001/2188, as amended by the Enterprise Act 2002 (c. 40), section 2, S.I. 2001/3437, S.I. 2001/3624, S.I. 2001/3648, S.I. 2002/1775, S.I. 2003/693, S.I. 2003/1092, S.I. 2003/1473, S.I. 2003/2066, S.I. 2003/2174 and S.I. 2003/2817.

F30O.J. No. 17, 6.10.1958, p. 385/58; Special Edition, Series 1, Chapter 1952–1958, p. 0059.

F31O.J. No. C241, 29.8.94, p. 258.

PART 2U.K.Insolvency Measures and Proceedings: Jurisdiction in Relation to Credit Institutions

Prohibition against winding up etc. EEA credit institutions in the United KingdomU.K.

3.—(1) On or after the relevant date a court in the United Kingdom may not, in relation to an EEA credit institution or any branch of an EEA credit institution—

(a)make a winding-up order pursuant to section 221 of the 1986 Act or Article 185 of the 1989 Order;

(b)appoint a provisional liquidator;

(c)make an administration order.

(2) Paragraph (1)(a) does not prevent—

(a)the court from making a winding-up order on or after the relevant date in relation to an EEA credit institution if—

(i)a provisional liquidator was appointed in relation to that credit institution before the relevant date, and

(ii)that appointment continues in force until immediately before that winding-up order is made;

(b)the winding up of an EEA credit institution on or after the relevant date pursuant to a winding-up order which was made, and has not been discharged, before that date.

(3) Paragraph (1)(b) does not prevent a provisional liquidator of an EEA credit institution appointed before the relevant date from acting in relation to that credit institution on or after that date.

(4) Paragraph (1)(c) does not prevent an administrator appointed before the relevant date from acting on or after that date in a case in which the administration order under which he or his predecessor was appointed remains in force after that date.

(5) On or after the relevant date, an administrator may not, in relation to an EEA credit institution, be appointed under paragraphs 14 or 22 of Schedule B1 [F42to] the 1986 Act [F43or paragraphs 15 or 23 of Schedule B1 to the 1989 Order].

(6) A proposed voluntary arrangement shall not have effect in relation to an EEA credit institution if a decision under section 4 of the 1986 Act or Article 17 of the 1989 Order with respect to the approval of that arrangement was taken on or after the relevant date.

[F44(7) An order under section 254 of the Enterprise Act 2002 (application of insolvency law to a foreign company) or under Article 9 of the Insolvency (Northern Ireland) Order 2005 (application of insolvency law to company incorporated outside Northern Ireland) may not provide for any of the following provisions of the 1986 Act or of the 1989 Order to apply in relation to an incorporated EEA credit institution—

(a)Part 1 of the 1986 Act or Part 2 of the 1989 Order (company voluntary arrangements);

(b)Part 2 of the 1986 Act or Part 3 of the 1989 Order (administration);

(c)Chapter 4 of Part 4 of the 1986 Act or chapter 4 of Part 5 of the 1989 Order (creditors’ voluntary winding up);

(d)Chapter 6 of Part 4 of the 1986 Act (winding up by the Court).]

[F45(7A) A stabilisation instrument shall not be made in respect of an EEA credit institution.]

(8) In this regulation and regulation 4, “relevant date” means the 5th May 2004.

Schemes of arrangementU.K.

4.—(1) For the purposes of [F46section 895(2)(b) of the 2006 Act], an EEA credit institution or a branch of an EEA credit institution is to be treated as a company liable to be wound up under the 1986 Act or the 1989 Order if it would be liable to be wound up under that Act or Order but for the prohibition in regulation 3(1)(a).

(2) But a court may not make a relevant order under [F47section 899 of the 2006 Act] in relation to an EEA credit institution which is subject to a directive reorganisation measure or directive winding-up proceedings, or a branch of an EEA credit institution which is subject to such a measure or proceedings, unless the conditions set out in paragraph (3) are satisfied.

(3) Those conditions are—

(a)the person proposing [F48the section 899 compromise or arrangement] (“the proposal”) has given—

(i)the administrator or liquidator, and

(ii)the relevant administrative or judicial authority,

reasonable notice of the details of that proposal; and

(b)no person notified in accordance with sub-paragraph (a) has objected to the proposal.

(4) Nothing in this regulation invalidates a compromise or arrangement which was sanctioned by the court by an order made before the relevant date.

(5) For the purposes of paragraph (2), a relevant order means an order sanctioning a [F49a section 899 compromise or arrangement] which—

(a)is intended to enable the credit institution, and the whole or any part of its undertaking, to survive as a going concern and which affects the rights of persons other than the credit institution or its contributories; or

(b)includes among its purposes a realisation of some or all of the assets of the EEA credit institution to which the order relates and the distribution of the proceeds to creditors, with a view to terminating the whole or any part of the business of that credit institution.

(6) For the purposes of this regulation—

(a)administrator” means an administrator, as defined by Article 2 of the reorganisation and winding up directive, who is appointed in relation to the EEA credit institution in relation to which the proposal is made;

(b)liquidator” means a liquidator, as defined by Article 2 of the reorganisation and winding up directive, who is appointed in relation to the EEA credit institution in relation to which the proposal is made;

(c)administrative or judicial authority” means the administrative or judicial authority, as defined by Article 2 of the reorganisation and winding up directive, which is competent for the purposes of the directive reorganisation measure or directive winding-up proceedings mentioned in paragraph (2).

Reorganisation measures and winding-up proceedings in respect of EEA credit institutions effective in the United KingdomU.K.

5.—(1) An EEA insolvency measure has effect in the United Kingdom in relation to—

(a)any branch of an EEA credit institution,

(b)any property or other assets of that credit institution,

(c)any debt or liability of that credit institution,

as if it were part of the general law of insolvency of the United Kingdom.

(2) Subject to paragraph (4)—

(a)a competent officer who satisfies the condition mentioned in paragraph (3); or

(b)a qualifying agent appointed by a competent officer who satisfies the condition mentioned in paragraph (3),

may exercise in the United Kingdom, in relation to the EEA credit institution which is subject to an EEA insolvency measure, any function which, pursuant to that measure, he is entitled to exercise in relation to that credit institution in the relevant EEA State.

(3) The condition mentioned in paragraph (2) is that the appointment of the competent officer is evidenced—

(a)by a certified copy of the order or decision by a judicial or administrative authority in the relevant EEA State by or under which the competent officer was appointed; or

(b)by any other certificate issued by the judicial or administrative authority which has jurisdiction in relation to the EEA insolvency measure,

and accompanied by a certified translation of that order, decision or certificate (as the case may be).

(4) In exercising the functions of the kind mentioned in paragraph (2), the competent officer or qualifying agent—

(a)may not take any action which would constitute an unlawful use of force in the part of the United Kingdom in which he is exercising those functions;

(b)may not rule on any dispute arising from a matter falling within Part 4 of these Regulations which is justiciable by a court in the part of the United Kingdom in which he is exercising those functions; and

(c)notwithstanding the way in which functions may be exercised in the relevant EEA State, must act in accordance with relevant laws or rules as to procedure which have effect in the part of the United Kingdom in which he is exercising those functions.

(5) For the purposes of paragraph (4)(c), “relevant laws or rules as to procedure” means—

(a)requirements as to consultation with or notification of employees of an EEA credit institution;

(b)law and procedures relevant to the realisation of assets;

(c)where the competent officer is bringing or defending legal proceedings in the name of, or on behalf of an EEA credit institution, the relevant rules of court.

(6) In this regulation—

competent officer” means a person appointed under or in connection with an EEA insolvency measure for the purpose of administering that measure;

qualifying agent” means an agent validly appointed (whether in the United Kingdom or elsewhere) by a competent officer in accordance with the relevant law in the relevant EEA State;

EEA insolvency measure” means, as the case may be, a directive reorganisation measure or directive winding-up proceedings which have effect in relation to an EEA credit institution by virtue of the law of the relevant EEA State;

relevant EEA State”, in relation to an EEA credit institution, means the EEA State in which that credit institution has been authorised in accordance with [F50Article 8 of the capital requirements directive].

Confirmation by the court of a creditors' voluntary winding upU.K.

6.—(1) [F51Rule 21.4] of the Insolvency Rules or Rule 7.56 of the Insolvency Rules (Northern Ireland) applies in relation to a UK credit institution with the modification specified in paragraph (2) or (3).

[F52(2) For the purposes of this regulation, rule 21.4 of the Insolvency Rules has effect as if after paragraph (2) there were inserted—

(2A) Where the company is a UK credit institution (within the meaning given in regulation 2(1) of the Credit Institutions (Reorganisation and Winding up) Regulations 2004), paragraph (2) does not apply, but the liquidator may apply to court for an order confirming the winding up as a creditors’ voluntary winding up for the purposes of Articles 10 and 28 of directive 2001/24/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4th April 2001 on the reorganisation and winding up of credit institutions.].

(3) For the purposes of this regulation, Rule 7.56 of the Insolvency Rules (Northern Ireland) has effect as if there were substituted for paragraph (1)—

(1) Where a UK credit institution (within the meaning of the Credit Institutions (Reorganisation and Winding up) Regulations 2004) has passed a resolution for voluntary winding up, and no declaration under Article 75 has been made, the liquidator may apply to court for an order confirming the creditors' voluntary winding up for the purposes of Articles 10 and 28 of directive 2001/24/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 April 2001 on the reorganisation and winding up of credit institutions..

PART 3U.K.Modifications of the Law of Insolvency: Notification and Publication

Modifications of the law of insolvencyU.K.

7.  The general law of insolvency has effect in relation to UK credit institutions subject to the provisions of this Part.

Consultation of the [F53FCA and, if the institution is a PRA-authorised person, the PRA] prior to a voluntary winding upU.K.

8.—(1) Where, on or after 5th May 2004, a UK credit institution (“the institution”) intends to pass a resolution to wind up the institution under paragraph (b) or (c) of section 84(1) of the 1986 Act or sub-paragraph (b) or (c) of Article 70(1) of the 1989 Order, the institution must give written notice of the resolution to the [F53FCA and, if the institution is a PRA-authorised person, the PRA] before it passes the resolution.

(2) Where notice is given under paragraph (1), the resolution may be passed only after the end of the period of five business days beginning with the day on which the notice was given.

Notification of relevant decision to the [F54FCA and, if the institution is a PRA-authorised person, the PRA] U.K.

9.—(1) Where on or after 5th May 2004 the court makes a decision, order or appointment of any of the following kinds—

(a)an administration order under paragraph 13 of Schedule B1 to the 1986 Act [F55, paragraph 14 of Schedule B1 to the 1989 Order,] section 8(1) of the 1986 Act [F56or Article 21(1) of the 1989 Order];

(b)a winding-up order under section 125 of the 1986 Act or Article 105 of the 1989 Order;

(c)the appointment of a provisional liquidator under section 135(1) of the 1986 Act or Article 115(1) of the 1989 Order;

(d)the appointment of an administrator in an interim order under paragraph 13(1)(d) of Schedule B1 to the 1986 Act [F57, paragraph 14(1)(d) of Schedule B1 to the 1989 Order, section 9(4) of the 1986 Act] or Article 22(4) of the 1989 Order,

it must immediately inform the [F58FCA and, if the institution is a PRA-authorised person, the PRA], or cause the [F58FCA and, if the institution is a PRA-authorised person, the PRA] to be informed, of the order or appointment which has been made.

(2) Where a decision with respect to the approval of a voluntary arrangement has effect, and the arrangement which is the subject of that decision is a qualifying arrangement, the supervisor must forthwith inform the [F58FCA and, if the institution is a PRA-authorised person, the PRA] of the arrangement which has been approved.

(3) Where a liquidator is appointed as mentioned in section 100 of the 1986 Act, paragraph 83 of Schedule B1 to the 1986 Act [F59, paragraph 84 of Schedule B1 to the 1989 Order] or Article 86 of the 1989 Order (appointment of liquidator in a creditors' voluntary winding up), the liquidator must inform the [F58FCA and, if the institution is a PRA-authorised person, the PRA] forthwith of his appointment.

(4) Where in the case of a members' voluntary winding up, section 95 of the 1986 Act (effect of company’s insolvency) or Article 81 of the 1989 Order applies, the liquidator must inform the [F58FCA and, if the institution is a PRA-authorised person, the PRA] forthwith that he is of that opinion.

[F60(5) Paragraphs (1), (2) and (3) do not require the FCA to be informed in any case where the FCA was represented at all hearings in connection with the application in relation to which the decision, order or appointment is made.

(5A) Paragraphs (1), (2) and (3) do not require the PRA to be informed in any case where the PRA was represented at all hearings in connection with the application in relation to which the decision, order or appointment is made.]

(6) For the purposes of paragraph (2), a “qualifying arrangement” means a voluntary arrangement which—

(a)varies the rights of creditors as against the credit institution and is intended to enable the credit institution, and the whole or any part of its undertaking, to survive as a going concern; or

(b)includes a realisation of some or all of the assets of the credit institution, with a view to terminating the whole or any part of the business of that credit institution.

(7) A supervisor, administrator or liquidator who fails without reasonable excuse to comply with paragraph (2), (3), or (4) (as the case may be) commits an offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

Notification to EEA regulatorsU.K.

10.—(1) Where [F61the FCA or the PRA] is informed of a decision, order or appointment in accordance with regulation 9, [F62that authority] must as soon as is practicable inform the relevant person—

(a)that the decision, order or appointment has been made; and

(b)in general terms, of the possible effect of a decision, order or appointment of that kind on the business of a credit institution.

(2) Where [F61the FCA or the PRA] has been represented at all hearings in connection with the application in relation to which the decision, order or appointment has been made, [F62that authority] must inform the relevant person of the matters mentioned in paragraph (1) as soon as is practicable after that decision, order or appointment has been made.

(3) Where, on or after 5th May 2004, it appears to [F63the Bank of England,] [F64(acting otherwise than in its capacity as the Prudential Regulation Authority)] the [F65FCA or the PRA] that a directive reorganisation measure should be adopted in relation to or imposed on an EEA credit institution which has a branch in the United Kingdom, it will inform the home state regulator as soon as is practicable.

(4) In this regulation, the “relevant person” means the EEA regulator of any EEA State in which the UK credit institution has a branch.

Withdrawal of authorisationU.K.

11.—(1) For the purposes of this regulation—

(a)a qualifying decision means a decision with respect to the approval of a voluntary arrangement where the voluntary arrangement includes a realisation of some or all of the assets of the credit institution with a view to terminating the whole or any part of the business of that credit institution;

(b)a qualifying order means—

(i)a winding-up order under section 125 of the 1986 Act or Article 105 of the 1989 Order; or

(ii)an administration order under paragraph 13 of Schedule B1 to the 1986 Act [F66or paragraph 14 of Schedule B1 to the 1989 Order] in the prescribed circumstances;

(c)a qualifying appointment means—

(i)the appointment of a provisional liquidator under section 135(1) of the 1986 Act or Article 115(1) of the 1989 Order; or

(ii)the appointment of a liquidator as mentioned in section 100 of the 1986 Act, Article 86 of the 1989 Order (appointment of liquidator in a creditors' voluntary winding up) or paragraph 83 of Schedule B1 to the 1986 Act [F67or paragraph 84 of Schedule B1 to the 1989 Order] (moving from administration to creditors' voluntary liquidation).

(2) The prescribed circumstances are where, after the appointment of an administrator, the administrator concludes that it is not reasonably practicable to achieve the objective specified in paragraph 3(1)(a) of Schedule B1 to the 1986 Act [F68or paragraph 4(1)(a) of Schedule B1 to the 1989 Order].

(3) When [F69the FCA or the PRA] is informed of a qualifying decision, qualifying order or qualifying appointment, [F70that authority] will as soon as reasonably practicable exercise its power under [F71section 55J] of the 2000 Act to vary or to cancel the UK credit institution’s permission under Part 4 of that Act to accept deposits or to issue electronic money as the case may be.

Publication of voluntary arrangement, administration order, winding-up order or scheme of arrangementU.K.

12.—(1) This regulation applies where a qualifying decision is approved, or a qualifying order or qualifying appointment is made, in relation to a UK credit institution on or after 5th May 2004.

(2) For the purposes of this regulation—

(a)a qualifying decision means a decision with respect to the approval of a proposed voluntary arrangement, in accordance with section 4A of the 1986 Act or Article 17A of the 1989 Order;

(b)a qualifying order means—

(i)an administration order under paragraph 13 of Schedule B1 to the 1986 Act [F72, paragraph 14 of Schedule B1 to the 1989 Order,] section 8(1) of the 1986 Act [F73or Article 21(1) of the 1989 Order],

(ii)an order appointing a provisional liquidator in accordance with section 135 of that Act or Article 115 of that Order, or

(iii)a winding-up order made by the court under Part 4 of that Act or Part V of the 1989 Order;

(c)a qualifying appointment means the appointment of a liquidator as mentioned in section 100 of the 1986 Act or Article 86 of the 1989 Order (appointment of liquidator in a creditors' voluntary winding up).

(3) Subject to paragraph (7), as soon as is reasonably practicable after a qualifying decision has effect or a qualifying order or a qualifying appointment has been made, the relevant officer must publish, or cause to be published, in the Official Journal of the European Communities and in 2 national newspapers in each EEA State in which the UK credit institution has a branch the information mentioned in paragraph (4) and (if applicable) paragraphs (5) or (6).

(4) That information is—

(a)a summary of the terms of the qualifying decision, qualifying appointment or the provisions of the qualifying order (as the case may be);

(b)the identity of the relevant officer;

(c)the statutory provisions in accordance with which the qualifying decision has effect or the qualifying order or appointment has been made or takes effect.

(5) In the case of a qualifying appointment, that information includes the court to which an application under section 112 of the 1986 Act (reference of questions to the court) F74... or Article 98 of the 1989 Order (reference of questions to the High Court) may be made.

(6) In the case of a qualifying decision, that information includes the court to which an application under section 6 of the 1986 Act or Article 19 of the 1989 Order (challenge of decisions) may be made.

(7) Paragraph (3) does not apply where a qualifying decision or qualifying order falling within paragraph (2)(b)(i) affects the interests only of the members, or any class of members, or employees of the credit institution (in their capacity as members or employees).

(8) This regulation is without prejudice to any requirement to publish information imposed upon a relevant officer under any provision of the general law of insolvency.

(9) A relevant officer who fails to comply with paragraph (3) of this regulation commits an offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

(10) A qualifying decision, qualifying order or qualifying appointment is not invalid or ineffective if the relevant official fails to comply with paragraph (3) of this regulation.

(11) In this regulation, “relevant officer” means—

(a)in the case of a voluntary arrangement, the supervisor;

(b)in the case of an administration order, the administrator;

(c)in the case of a creditors' voluntary winding up, the liquidator;

(d)in the case of winding-up order, the liquidator; or

(e)in the case of an order appointing a provisional liquidator, the provisional liquidator.

(12) The information to be published in accordance with paragraph (3) of this regulation shall be—

(a)in the case of the Official Journal of the European Communities, in the official language or languages of each EEA State in which the UK credit institution has a branch;

(b)in the case of the national newspapers of each EEA State in which the UK credit institution has a branch, in the official language or languages of that EEA State.

Honouring of certain obligationsU.K.

13.—(1) This regulation applies where, on or after 5th May 2004, a relevant obligation has been honoured for the benefit of a relevant credit institution by a relevant person.

(2) Where a person has honoured a relevant obligation for the benefit of a relevant credit institution, he shall be deemed to have discharged that obligation if he was unaware of the winding up of that credit institution.

(3) For the purposes of this regulation—

(a)a relevant obligation is an obligation which, after the commencement of the winding up of a relevant credit institution, should have been honoured for the benefit of the liquidator of that credit institution;

(b)a relevant credit institution is a UK credit institution which—

(i)is not a body corporate; and

(ii)is the subject of a winding up;

(c)a relevant person is a person who at the time the obligation is honoured—

(i)is in the territory of an EEA State; and

(ii)is unaware of the winding up of the relevant credit institution.

(4) For the purposes of paragraph (3)(c)(ii) of this regulation—

(a)a relevant person shall be presumed, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, to have been unaware of the winding up of a relevant credit institution where the relevant obligation was honoured before date of the publication provided for in regulation 12 in relation to that winding up;

(b)a relevant person shall be presumed, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, to have been aware of the winding up of the relevant credit institution where the relevant obligation was honoured on or after the date of the publication provided for in regulation 12 in relation to that winding up.

Notification to creditors: winding-up proceedingsU.K.

14.—(1) When a relevant order or appointment is made, or a relevant decision is taken, in relation to a UK credit institution on or after 5th May 2004, the appointed officer must, as soon as is reasonably practicable, notify in writing all known creditors of that credit institution—

(a)of the matters mentioned in paragraph (4); and

(b)of the matters mentioned in paragraph (5).

(2) The appointed officer may comply with the requirement in paragraphs (1)(a) and the requirement in paragraph (1)(b) by separate notifications.

(3) For the purposes of this regulation—

(a)relevant order” means—

(i)an administration order under paragraph 13 of Schedule B1 to the 1986 Act [F75or paragraph 14 of Schedule B1 to the 1989 Order] in the prescribed circumstances or an administration order made for the purposes set out in section 8(3)(b) or (d) of the 1986 Act [F76or Article 21(3) (b) or (d) of the 1989 Order], as the case may be,

(ii)a winding-up order under section 125 of the 1986 Act (powers of the court on hearing a petition) or Article 105 of the 1989 Order (powers of High Court on hearing of petition),

(iii)the appointment of a liquidator in accordance with section 138 of the 1986 Act (appointment of a liquidator in Scotland), or

(iv)an order appointing a provisional liquidator in accordance with section 135 of that Act or Article 115 of the 1989 Order;

(b)a “relevant appointment” means the appointment of a liquidator as mentioned in section 100 of the 1986 Act or Article 86 of the 1989 Order (appointment of liquidator in a creditors' voluntary winding up); and

(c)a “relevant decision” means a decision as a result of which a qualifying voluntary arrangement has effect.

(4) The matters which must be notified to all known creditors in accordance with paragraph (1)(a) are as follows—

(a)that a relevant order or appointment has been made, or a relevant decision taken, in relation to the UK credit institution; and

(b)the date from which that order, appointment or decision has effect.

(5) The matters which must be notified to all known creditors in accordance with paragraph (1)(b) are as follows—

(a)if applicable, the date by which a creditor must submit his claim in writing;

(b)the matters which must be stated in a creditor’s claim;

(c)details of any category of debt in relation to which a claim is not required;

(d)the person to whom any such claim or any observations on a claim must be submitted; and

(e)the consequences of any failure to submit a claim by any specified deadline.

(6) Where a creditor is notified in accordance with paragraph (1)(b), the notification must be headed with the words “Invitation to lodge a claim. Time limits to be observed”, and that heading must be given in every official language.

(7) The obligation under paragraph (1)(b) may be discharged by sending a form of proof in accordance with F77... Rule 4.080 of the Insolvency Rules (Northern Ireland) [F78in cases where those rules apply], provided that the form of proof complies with paragraph (6).

[F79(8) The prescribed circumstances are where the administrator includes in the statement required under [F80rule 3.3] of the Insolvency Rules or under Rule 2.003 of the Insolvency Rules (Northern Ireland) a statement to the effect that the objective set out in paragraph 3(1)(a) of Schedule B1 to the 1986 Act or in paragraph 4(1)(a) of Schedule B1 to the 1989 Order is not reasonably likely to be achieved]

(9) Where, after the appointment of an administrator, the administrator concludes that it is not reasonably practicable to achieve the objective specified in paragraph 3(1)(a) of Schedule B1 to the 1986 Act [F81or paragraph 4(1)(a) of Schedule B1 to the 1989 Order], he shall inform the court [F82, the FCA and, if the institution is a PRA-authorised person, the PRA] in writing of that conclusion and upon so doing the order by which he was appointed shall be a relevant order for the purposes of this regulation and the obligation under paragraph (1) shall apply as from the date on which he so informs the court and the Authority.

(10) An appointed officer commits an offence if he fails without reasonable excuse to comply with a requirement under paragraph (1) of this regulation, and is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

(11) For the purposes of this regulation—

(a)appointed officer” means—

(i)in the case of a relevant order falling within paragraph (3)(a)(i), the administrator,

(ii)in the case of a relevant order falling within paragraph (3)(a)(ii) or (iii) or a relevant appointment falling within paragraph (3)(b), the liquidator,

(iii)in the case of a relevant order falling within paragraph (3)(a)(iv), the provisional liquidator, or

(iv)in the case of a relevant decision, the supervisor; and

(b)a creditor is a “known” creditor if the appointed officer is aware of—

(i)his identity,

(ii)his claim or potential claim, and

(iii)a recent address where he is likely to receive a communication.

(12) For the purposes of paragraph (3), a voluntary arrangement is a qualifying voluntary arrangement if its purposes include a realisation of some or all of the assets of the UK credit institution to which the order relates with a view to terminating the whole or any part of the business of that credit institution.

Submission of claims by EEA creditorsU.K.

15.—(1) An EEA creditor who, on or after 5th May 2004, submits a claim or observations relating to his claim in any relevant proceedings (irrespective of when those proceedings were commenced or had effect) may do so in his domestic language, provided that the requirements in paragraphs (3) and (4) are complied with.

(2) For the purposes of this regulation, “relevant proceedings” means—

(a)a winding up;

(b)a qualifying voluntary arrangement; or

(c)administration.

(3) Where an EEA creditor submits a claim in his domestic language, the document must be headed with the words “Lodgement of claim” (in English).

(4) Where an EEA creditor submits observations on his claim (otherwise than in the document by which he submits his claim), the observations must be headed with the words “Submission of observations relating to claims” (in English).

(5) Paragraph (3) does not apply where an EEA creditor submits his claim using—

(a)in the case of a winding up, a form of proof supplied by the liquidator in accordance with F83... Rule 4.080 of the Insolvency Rules (Northern Ireland) F84...;

(b)in the case of a qualifying voluntary arrangement, a form approved by the court for that purpose.

(6) In this regulation—

(a)domestic language”, in relation to an EEA creditor, means the official language, or one of the official languages, of the EEA State in which he is ordinarily resident or, if the creditor is not an individual, in which the creditor’s head office is located; and

(b)qualifying voluntary arrangement” means a voluntary arrangement whose purposes include a realisation of some or all of the assets of the UK credit institution to which the order relates with a view to terminating the whole or any part of the business of that credit institution.

Reports to creditorsU.K.

16.—(1) This regulation applies where, on or after 5th May 2004—

(a)a liquidator is appointed in accordance with section 100 of the 1986 Act, Article 86 of [F85the 1989 Order] (creditors' voluntary winding up: appointment of liquidator) or paragraph 83 of Schedule B1 to the 1986 Act [F86or paragraph 84 of Schedule B1 to the 1989 Order] (moving from administration to creditors' voluntary liquidation);

(b)a winding-up order is made by the court;

(c)a provisional liquidator is appointed; or

[F87(d)an administrator is appointed under paragraph 13 of Schedule B1 to the 1986 Act or paragraph 14 of Schedule B1 to the 1989 Order.]

(2) The liquidator, provisional liquidator or administrator (as the case may be) must send a report to every known creditor once in every 12 months beginning with the date when his appointment has effect.

(3) The requirement in paragraph (2) does not apply where a liquidator, provisional liquidator or administrator is required by order of the court to send a report to creditors at intervals which are more frequent than those required by this regulation.

(4) This regulation is without prejudice to any requirement to send a report to creditors, imposed by the court on the liquidator, provisional liquidator or administrator, which is supplementary to the requirements of this regulation.

(5) A liquidator, provisional liquidator or administrator commits an offence if he fails without reasonable excuse to comply with an applicable requirement under this regulation, and is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

(6) For the purposes of this regulation—

(a)known creditor” means—

(i)a creditor who is known to the liquidator, provisional liquidator or administrator, and

(ii)in a case falling within paragraph (1)(b) or (c), a creditor who is specified in the credit institution’s statement of affairs (within the meaning of section 131 of the 1986 Act or Article 111 of the 1989 Order);

(b)report” means a written report setting out the position generally as regards the progress of the winding up, provisional liquidation or administration (as the case may be).

Service of notices and documentsU.K.

17.—(1) This regulation applies to any notification, report or other document which is required to be sent to a creditor of a UK credit institution by a provision of this Part (“a relevant notification”).

(2) A relevant notification may be sent to a creditor by one of the following methods—

(a)by posting it to the proper address of the creditor;

(b)by transmitting it electronically, in accordance with paragraph (4).

(3) For the purposes of paragraph (2)(a), the proper address of a creditor is any current address provided by that person as an address for service of a relevant notification and, if no such address is provided—

(a)the last known address of that creditor (whether his residence or a place where he carries on business);

(b)in the case of a body corporate, the address of its registered or principal office; or

(c)in the case of an unincorporated association, the address of its principal office.

(4) A relevant notification may be transmitted electronically only if it is sent to—

(a)an electronic address notified to the relevant officer by the creditor for this purpose; or

(b)if no such address has been notified, to an electronic address at which the relevant officer reasonably believes the creditor will receive the notification.

(5) Any requirement in this Part to send a relevant notification to a creditor shall also be treated as satisfied if the conditions set out in paragraph (6) are satisfied.

(6) The conditions of this paragraph are satisfied in the case of a relevant notification if—

(a)the creditor has agreed with—

(i)the UK credit institution which is liable under the creditor’s claim, or

(ii)the relevant officer,

that information which is required to be sent to him (whether pursuant to a statutory or contractual obligation, or otherwise) may instead be accessed by him on a web site;

(b)the agreement applies to the relevant notification in question;

(c)the creditor is notified of—

(i)the publication of the relevant notification on a web site,

(ii)the address of that web site,

(iii)the place on that web site where the relevant notification may be accessed, and how it may be accessed; and

(d)the relevant notification is published on that web site throughout a period of at least one month beginning with the date on which the creditor is notified in accordance with sub-paragraph (c).

(7) Where, in a case in which paragraph (5) is relied on for compliance with a requirement of regulation 14 or 16—

(a)a relevant notification is published for a part, but not all, of the period mentioned in paragraph (6)(d) but

(b)the failure to publish it throughout that period is wholly attributable to circumstances which it would not be reasonable to have expected the relevant officer to prevent or avoid,

no offence is committed under regulation 14(10) or regulation 16(5) (as the case may be) by reason of that failure.

(8) In this regulation—

(a)electronic address” includes any number or address used for the purposes of receiving electronic communications which are sent electronically;

(b)electronic communication” means an electronic communication within the meaning of the Electronic Communications Act 2000 F88 the processing of which on receipt is intended to produce writing; and

(c)relevant officer” means (as the case may be) an administrator, liquidator, provisional liquidator or supervisor who is required to send a relevant notification to a creditor by a provision of this Part.

Disclosure of confidential information received from an EEA regulatorU.K.

18.—(1) This regulation applies to information (“insolvency information”) which—

(a)relates to the business or affairs of any other person; and

(b)is supplied to the [F89FCA or the PRA] by an EEA regulator acting in accordance with Articles 4, 5, 9, or 11 of the reorganisation and winding up directive.

(2) Subject to paragraphs [F90(3), (4) and (5) ], sections 348, 349 and 352 of the 2000 Act apply in relation to insolvency information as they apply in relation to confidential information within the meaning of section 348(2) of the 2000 Act.

(3) Insolvency information is not subject to the restrictions on disclosure imposed by section 348(1) of the 2000 Act (as it applies by virtue of paragraph (2)) if it satisfies any of the criteria set out in section 348(4) of the 2000 Act.

(4) The Disclosure Regulations apply in relation to insolvency information as they apply in relation to single market F91... information (within the meaning of those Regulations).

[F92(5) The sections of the 2000 Act specified in paragraph (2) apply with the modifications set out in section 89L of the Banking Act 2009 where that section applies.]

PART 4U.K.Reorganisation or Winding up of UK Credit Institutions: Recognition of EEA Rights

Application of this PartU.K.

19.—(1) This Part applies as follows—

(a)where a decision with respect to the approval of a proposed voluntary arrangement having a qualifying purpose is made under section 4A of the 1986 Act or Article 17A of the 1989 Order on or after 5th May 2004 in relation to a UK credit institution;

(b)where an administration order made under paragraph 13 of Schedule B1 to the 1986 Act[F93, paragraph 14 of Schedule B1 to the 1989 Order,] section 8(1) of the 1986 Act [F94or Article 21(1) of the 1989 Order] on or after 5th May 2004 is in force in relation to a UK credit institution;

(c)where a UK credit institution is subject to a relevant winding up; F95...

(d)where a provisional liquidator is appointed in relation to a UK credit institution on or after 5th May 2004; [F96or

(e)where a stabilisation instrument is made in respect of a UK credit institution.]

(2) For the purposes of paragraph (1)(a), a voluntary arrangement has a qualifying purpose if it—

(a)varies the rights of the creditors as against the credit institution and is intended to enable the credit institution, and the whole or any part of its undertaking, to survive as a going concern; or

(b)includes a realisation of some or all of the assets of the credit institution to which the compromise or arrangement relates, with a view to terminating the whole or any part of the business of that credit institution.

(3) For the purposes of paragraph (1)(c), a winding up is a relevant winding up if—

(a)in the case of a winding up by the court, the winding-up order is made on or after 5th May 2004; or

(b)in the case of a creditors' voluntary winding up, the liquidator is appointed in accordance with section 100 of the 1986 Act, Article 86 of the 1989 Order or paragraph 83 of Schedule B1 to the 1986 Act [F97or paragraph 84 of Schedule B1 to the 1989 Order] on or after 5th May 2004.

Application of this Part: [F98certain assets excluded from insolvent estate of UK credit institution] U.K.

20.—(1) For the purposes of this Part, the insolvent estate of a UK credit institution shall not include any assets which at the commencement date are subject to [F99a relevant compromise or arrangement].

(2) In this regulation—

(a)assets” has the same meaning as “property” in section 436 of the 1986 Act or Article 2(2) of the 1989 Order;

(b)commencement date” means the date when a UK credit institution goes into liquidation within the meaning given by section 247(2) of the 1986 Act or Article 6(2) of the 1989 Order;

(c)insolvent estate” has the meaning given by [F100rule 1.2] of the Insolvency Rules or Rule 0.2 of the Insolvency Rules (Northern Ireland) and in Scotland means the company’s assets;

[F101(d)“relevant compromise or arrangement” means—

(i)a compromise or arrangement sanctioned by the court before 5th May 2004 under—

(aa)section 425 of the Companies Act 1985 (excluding a compromise or arrangement falling within section 427 or 427A of that Act), or

(bb)Article 418 of the Companies (Northern Ireland) Order 1986 (excluding a compromise or arrangement falling within Article 420 or 420A of that Order); or

(ii)any subsequent compromise or arrangement sanctioned by the court to amend or replace a compromise or arrangement of a kind mentioned in paragraph (i) which is—

(aa)itself of a kind mentioned in sub-paragraph (aa) or (bb) of paragraph (i) (whether sanctioned before, on or after 5th May 2004), or

(bb)a section 899 compromise or arrangement.]

Interpretation of this PartU.K.

21.—(1) For the purposes of this Part—

(a)affected credit institution” means a UK credit institution which is the subject of a relevant reorganisation or winding up;

(b)relevant reorganisation” or “relevant winding up” means any voluntary arrangement, administration, winding up, [F102making of a stabilisation instrument] or order referred to in regulation 19(1) to which this Part applies; and

(c)relevant time” means the date of the opening of a relevant reorganisation or a relevant winding up;

(2) In this Part, references to the opening of a relevant reorganisation or a relevant winding up mean—

(a)in the case of winding-up proceedings—

(i)in the case of a winding up by the court, the date on which the winding-up order is made, or

(ii)in the case of a creditors' voluntary winding up, the date on which the liquidator is appointed in accordance with section 100 of the 1986 Act, Article 86 of the 1989 Order or paragraph 83 of Schedule B1 to the 1986 Act [F103or paragraph 84 of Schedule B1 to the 1989 Order];

(b)in the case of a voluntary arrangement, the date when a decision with respect to the approval of that voluntary arrangement has effect in accordance with section 4A(2) of the 1986 Act or Article 17A(2) of the 1989 Order;

(c)in a case where an administration order under paragraph 13 of Schedule B1 to the 1986 Act[F104, paragraph 14 of Schedule B1 to the 1989 Order,] section 8(1) of the 1986 Act [F105or Article 21(1) of the 1989 Order] is in force, the date of the making of that order; F106...

(d)in a case where a provisional liquidator has been appointed, the date of that appointment, [F107and

(e)in a case where a stabilisation instrument is made, the date on which that instrument is made,]

and references to the time of an opening must be construed accordingly.

EEA rights: applicable law in the winding up of a UK credit institutionU.K.

22.—(1) This regulation is subject to the provisions of regulations 23 to 35.

(2) In a relevant winding up, the matters mentioned in paragraph (3) are to be determined in accordance with the general law of insolvency of the United Kingdom.

(3) Those matters are—

(a)the assets which form part of the estate of the affected credit institution;

(b)the treatment of assets acquired by the affected credit institution after the opening of the relevant winding up;

(c)the respective powers of the affected credit institution and the liquidator or provisional liquidator;

(d)the conditions under which set-off may be invoked;

(e)the effects of the relevant winding up on current contracts to which the affected credit institution is a party;

(f)the effects of the relevant winding up on proceedings brought by creditors;

(g)the claims which are to be lodged against the estate of the affected credit institution;

(h)the treatment of claims against the affected credit institution arising after the opening of the relevant winding up;

(i)the rules governing—

(i)the lodging, verification and admission of claims,

(ii)the distribution of proceeds from the realisation of assets,

(iii)the ranking of claims,

(iv)the rights of creditors who have obtained partial satisfaction after the opening of the relevant winding up by virtue of a right in rem or through set-off;

(j)the conditions for and the effects of the closure of the relevant winding up, in particular by composition;

(k)the rights of creditors after the closure of the relevant winding up;

(1)who is to bear the cost and expenses incurred in the relevant winding up;

(m)the rules relating to the voidness, voidability or unenforceability of legal acts detrimental to all the creditors.

Employment contracts and relationshipsU.K.

23.—(1) The effects of a relevant reorganisation or a relevant winding up on EEA employment contracts and EEA employment relationships are to be determined in accordance with the law of the EEA State to which that contract or that relationship is subject.

(2) In this regulation, an employment contract is an EEA employment contract, and an employment relationship is an EEA employment relationship if it is subject to the law of an EEA State.

Contracts in connection with immovable propertyU.K.

24.—(1) The effects of a relevant reorganisation or a relevant winding up on a contract conferring the right to make use of or acquire immovable property situated within the territory of an EEA State shall be determined in accordance with the law of that State.

(2) The law of the EEA State in whose territory the property is situated shall determine whether the property is movable or immovable.

Registrable rightsU.K.

25.  The effects of a relevant reorganisation or a relevant winding up on rights of the affected UK credit institution with respect to—

(a)immovable property,

(b)a ship, or

(c)an aircraft

which is subject to registration in a public register kept under the authority of an EEA State are to be determined in accordance with the law of that State.

Third parties' rights in remU.K.

26.—(1) A relevant reorganisation or a relevant winding up shall not affect the rights in rem of creditors or third parties in respect of tangible or intangible, movable or immovable assets (including both specific assets and collections of indefinite assets as a whole which change from time to time) belonging to the affected credit institution which are situated within the territory of an EEA State at the relevant time.

(2) The rights in rem referred to in paragraph (1) shall mean—

(a)the right to dispose of assets or have them disposed of and to obtain satisfaction from the proceeds of or the income from those assets, in particular by virtue of a lien or a mortgage;

(b)the exclusive right to have a claim met, in particular a right guaranteed by a lien in respect of the claim or by assignment of the claim by way of guarantee;

(c)the right to demand the assets from, or to require restitution by, any person having possession or use of them contrary to the wishes of the party so entitled;

(d)a right in rem to the beneficial use of assets.

(3) A right, recorded in a public register and enforceable against third parties, under which a right in rem within the meaning of paragraph (1) may be obtained, is also to be treated as a right in rem for the purposes of this regulation.

(4) Paragraph (1) does not preclude actions for voidness, voidability or unenforceability of legal acts detrimental to creditors under the general law of insolvency of the United Kingdom.

Reservation of title agreements etc.U.K.

27.—(1) The adoption of a relevant reorganisation or opening of a relevant winding up in relation to a credit institution purchasing an asset shall not affect the seller’s rights based on a reservation of title where at the time of that adoption or opening the asset is situated within the territory of an EEA State.

(2) The adoption of a relevant reorganisation or opening of a relevant winding up in relation to a credit institution selling an asset, after delivery of the asset, shall not constitute grounds for rescinding or terminating the sale and shall not prevent the purchaser from acquiring title where at the time of that adoption or opening the asset sold is situated within the territory of an EEA State.

(3) Paragraphs (1) and (2) do not preclude actions for voidness, voidability or unenforceability of legal acts detrimental to creditors under the general law of insolvency of the United Kingdom.

Creditors' rights to set offU.K.

28.—(1) A relevant reorganisation or a relevant winding up shall not affect the right of creditors to demand the set-off of their claims against the claims of the affected credit institution, where such a set-off is permitted by the law applicable to the affected credit institution’s claim.

(2) Paragraph (1) does not preclude actions for voidness, voidability or unenforceability of legal acts detrimental to creditors under the general law of insolvency of the United Kingdom.

Regulated marketsU.K.

29.—(1) Subject to regulation 33, the effects of a relevant reorganisation or winding up on transactions carried out in the context of a regulated market operating in an EEA State must be determined in accordance with the law applicable to those transactions.

[F108(2) For the purposes of this regulation “regulated market” has the meaning given by point (21) of Article 4(1) of Directive 2014/65/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council on markets in financial instruments.]

Detrimental acts pursuant to the law of an EEA StateU.K.

30.—(1) In a relevant reorganisation or a relevant winding up, the rules relating to detrimental transactions shall not apply where a person who has benefited from a legal act detrimental to all the creditors provides proof that—

(a)the said act is subject to the law of an EEA State; and

(b)that law does not allow any means of challenging that act in the relevant case.

(2) For the purposes of paragraph (1), “the rules relating to detrimental transactions” means any provision of the general law of insolvency relating to the voidness, voidability or unenforceability of legal acts detrimental to all the creditors.

Protection of third party purchasersU.K.

31.—(1) This regulation applies where, by an act concluded after the adoption of a relevant reorganisation or opening of a relevant winding up, an affected credit institution disposes for a consideration of—

(a)an immovable asset situated within the territory of an EEA State;

(b)a ship or an aircraft subject to registration in a public register kept under the authority of an EEA State;

(c)relevant instruments or rights in relevant instruments whose existence or transfer presupposes entry into a register or account laid down by the law of an EEA State or which are placed in a central deposit system governed by the law of an EEA State.

(2) The validity of that act is to be determined in accordance with the law of the EEA State within whose territory the immoveable asset is situated or under whose authority the register, account or system is kept, as the case may be.

(3) In this regulation, “relevant instruments” means the instruments referred to in [F109Section C of Annex I to Directive [F1102014/65/EU] of the European Parliament and of the Council of [F11115 May 2014] on markets in financial instruments].

F110Word in reg. 31(3) substituted (29.6.2017 for specified purposes, 3.7.2017 for specified purposes, 31.7.2017 for specified purposes, 3.1.2018 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Markets in Financial Instruments) Regulations 2017 (S.I. 2017/701), reg. 1(2)(3)(4)(6), Sch. 5 para. 5(a) (with reg. 7)

F111Words in reg. 31(3) substituted (29.6.2017 for specified purposes, 3.7.2017 for specified purposes, 31.7.2017 for specified purposes, 3.1.2018 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Markets in Financial Instruments) Regulations 2017 (S.I. 2017/701), reg. 1(2)(3)(4)(6), Sch. 5 para. 5(b) (with reg. 7)

Lawsuits pendingU.K.

32.—(1) The effects of a relevant reorganisation or a relevant winding up on a relevant lawsuit pending in an EEA State shall be determined solely in accordance with the law of that EEA State.

(2) In paragraph (1), “relevant lawsuit” means a lawsuit concerning an asset or right of which the affected credit institution has been divested.

Lex rei sitaeU.K.

33.—(1) The effects of a relevant reorganisation or a relevant winding up on the enforcement of a relevant proprietary right shall be determined by the law of the relevant EEA State.

(2) In this regulation—

relevant proprietary right” means proprietary rights in relevant instruments or other rights in relevant instruments the existence or transfer of which is recorded in a register, an account or a centralised deposit system held or located in an EEA state;

relevant EEA State” means the Member State where the register, account or centralised deposit system in which the relevant proprietary right is recorded is held or located;

relevant instrument” has the meaning given by regulation 31(3).

Netting agreementsU.K.

[F11234.(1) The effects of a relevant reorganisation or a relevant winding up on a netting agreement shall be determined in accordance with the law applicable to that agreement.

(2) Nothing in paragraph (1) affects the application of—

(a)section 48Z of the Banking Act 2009 ;

(b)section 70C of the Banking Act 2009 ;

(c)Articles 68 and 71 of the recovery and resolution directive or the law of any EEA State (other than the United Kingdom) transposing these provisions; or

(d)any instrument made under the provisions referred to in sub-paragraph (a) or (b).]

Repurchase agreementsU.K.

[F11335.(1) Subject to regulation 33, the effects of a relevant reorganisation or a relevant winding up on a repurchase agreement shall be determined in accordance with the law applicable to that agreement.

(2) Nothing in paragraph (1) affects the application of—

(a)section 48Z of the Banking Act 2009;

(b)section 70C of the Banking Act 2009;

(c)Articles 68 and 71 of the recovery and resolution directive or the law of any EEA State (other than the United Kingdom) transposing these provisions; or

(d)any instrument made under the provisions referred to in sub-paragraph (a) or (b).]

PART 5U.K.Third Country Credit Institutions

Interpretation of this PartU.K.

36.—(1) In this Part—

(a)relevant measure”, in relation to a third country credit institution, means—

(i)a winding up;

(ii)a provisional liquidation; F114...

(iii)an administration order made under paragraph 13 of Schedule B1 to the 1986 Act [F115, paragraph 14 of Schedule B1 to the 1989 Order,] section 8(1) of the 1986 Act [F116or Article 21(1) of the 1989 Order] as the case may be; [F117or

(iv)the making of a stabilisation instrument.]

(b)third country credit institution” means a person—

(i)who has permission under the 2000 Act to accept deposits or to issue electronic money as the case may be; and

(ii)whose head office is not in the United Kingdom or an EEA State.

(2) In paragraph (1), the definition of “third country credit institution” must be read with—

(a)section 22 of the 2000 Act;

(b)any relevant order made under that section; and

(c)Schedule 2 to that Act.

Application of these Regulations to a third country credit institutionU.K.

37.  Regulations 9 and 10 apply where a third country credit institution is subject to a relevant measure, as if references in those regulations to a UK credit institution included a reference to a third country credit institution.

Disclosure of confidential information: third country credit institutionU.K.

38.—(1) This regulation applies to information (“insolvency practitioner information”) which—

(a)relates to the business or other affairs of any person; and

(b)is information of a kind mentioned in paragraph (2).

(2) Information falls within paragraph (1)(b) if it is supplied to—

(a)the [F118FCA or the PRA] by an EEA regulator; or

(b)an insolvency practitioner by an EEA administrator or liquidator,

in accordance with or pursuant to Articles 8 or 19 of the reorganisation and winding up directive.

(3) Subject to paragraphs [F119(4), (5), (6) and (8) ] sections 348, 349 and 352 of the 2000 Act apply in relation to insolvency practitioner information in the same way as they apply in relation to confidential information within the meaning of section 348(2) of that Act.

(4) For the purposes of this regulation, sections 348, 349 and 352 of the 2000 Act and the Disclosure Regulations have effect as if the primary recipients specified in subsection (5) of section 348 of the 2000 Act included an insolvency practitioner.

(5) Insolvency practitioner information is not subject to the restrictions on disclosure imposed by section 348(1) of the 2000 Act (as it applies by virtue of paragraph (2)) if it satisfies any of the criteria set out in section 348(4) of the 2000 Act.

(6) The Disclosure Regulations apply in relation to insolvency practitioner information as they apply in relation to single market F120... information (within the meaning of those Regulations).

(7) In this regulation—

EEA administrator” and “EEA liquidator” mean an administrator or liquidator of a third country credit institution as the case may be within the meaning of the reorganisation and winding up directive;

insolvency practitioner” means an insolvency practitioner, within the meaning of section 388 of the 1986 Act or Article 3 of the 1989 Order, who is appointed or acts in relation to a third country credit institution.

[F121(8) The sections of the 2000 Act specified in paragraph (3) apply with the additional modifications set out in section 89L of the Banking Act 2009 where that section applies.]

[F122PART 6U.K.Application to Investment Firms

Interpretation of this PartU.K.

39.  In this Part—

(a)EEA investment firm” means an investment firm as defined in point (2) of Article 4(1) of the capital requirements regulation whose head office is in an EEA State other than the United Kingdom; and

(b)UK investment firm” means an investment firm as defined in subsections (1) and (2)(a) of section 258A of the Banking Act 2009.

Application to UK investment firmsU.K.

40.  These Regulations apply to UK investment firms as if such firms were UK credit institutions, subject to the modifications set out in this Part.

Application to EEA investment firmsU.K.

41.  These Regulations apply to EEA investment firms as if such firms were EEA credit institutions, subject to the modifications set out in this Part.

Withdrawal of authorisationU.K.

42.  Paragraph (3) of regulation 11 (withdrawal of authorisation) applies to UK investment firms as if the reference in that paragraph to section 55J of the 2000 Act included a reference to any other power of the FCA or PRA under that Act to vary or cancel any permission of a body or firm.

Reorganisation measures and winding-up proceedings in respect of EEA investment firms effective in the United KingdomU.K.

43.  Regulation 5 (reorganisation measures and winding-up proceedings in respect of EEA credit institutions effective in the United Kingdom) applies to EEA investment firms as if, in paragraph (6), the phrase “relevant EEA State” meant the EEA State under the law of which the reorganisation is adopted or imposed, or the winding-up proceedings are opened, as the case may be.]

[F122PART 7U.K.Application to Group Companies

Interpretation of this PartU.K.

44.  In this Part—

(a)EEA group company” means—

(i)a financial institution as defined in point (26) of Article 4(1) of the capital requirements regulation,

(ii)a parent undertaking as defined in point (15)(a) of Article 4(1) of the capital requirements regulation, or

(iii)any other firm within the scope of Article 1(1) of the recovery and resolution directive,

the head office of which is in an EEA State other than the United Kingdom and which is not otherwise subject to these Regulations; and

(b)UK group company” means—

(i)a financial institution as defined in point (26) of Article 4(1) of the capital requirements regulation that is authorised by the PRA or FCA,

(ii)a parent undertaking as defined in Article 4(1)(15)(a) of the capital requirements regulation, or

(iii)any other firm within the scope of Article 1(1) of the recovery and resolution directive,

the head office of which is in the United Kingdom and which is not otherwise subject to these Regulations.

Application to UK group companiesU.K.

45.  These Regulations apply to UK group companies with respect to which a stabilisation instrument has been made, as if they were UK credit institutions.

Application to EEA group companiesU.K.

46.  These Regulations apply to EEA group companies with respect to which one or more of the resolution tools or resolution powers provided for in the recovery and resolution directive have been applied, as if they were EEA credit institutions, subject to the modifications set out in this Part.

Reorganisation measures and winding-up proceedings in respect of EEA group companies effective in the United KingdomU.K.

47.  Regulation 5 (reorganisation measures and winding-up proceedings in respect of EEA group companies effective in the United Kingdom) applies to EEA group companies as if, in paragraph (6), the phrase “relevant EEA State” meant the EEA State under the law of which the reorganisation is adopted or imposed, or the winding-up proceedings are opened, as the case may be.]

[F122PART 8U.K.Application to Third Country Investment Firms

Interpretation of this PartU.K.

48.  In this Part “third country investment firm” means an investment firm as defined in point (2) of Article 4(1) of the capital requirements regulation whose head office is not in an EEA State.

Application to third country investment firmsU.K.

49.  Part 5 of these Regulations applies to third country investment firms as if such firms were third country credit institutions (within the meaning given by regulation 36(1)(b) (interpretation of Part 5)).]

Nick Ainger

Jim Murphy

Two of the Lords Commissioners of Her Majesty’s Treasury

Explanatory Note

(This note is not part of the Order)

These Regulations implement the directive of the Parliament and the Council on the reorganisation and winding up of credit institutions (2001/24/EC) for all UK credit institutions.

These Regulations provide that as from 5th May 2004, no winding-up proceedings or reorganisation measures in respect of EEA credit institutions can be undertaken in the UK except in the circumstances permitted by the Regulations. EEA reorganisation measures and winding-up proceedings are to be recognised in the UK. Provisions are made for the exercise by EEA liquidators of their functions in the UK. Provision is made for the notification of reorganisation measures and winding-up proceedings to competent authorities in other EEA Member States. Modifications are made to UK insolvency law in respect of notifications of various other matters including important stages in the relevant procedures and forms in which creditors in other EEA States may enter claims, to the Financial Services Authority, EEA authorities and creditors.

The Regulations make provision for application to credit institutions whose head office is outside the UK and the EEA. Provision is made for detailed amendment of existing secondary legislation including the insolvency rules in all UK jurisdictions dealing with the reorganisation or winding up of credit institutions.

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