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U.K.

Statutory Instruments

2001 No. 544

FINANCIAL SERVICES AND MARKETS

The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) Order 2001

Approved by both Houses of Parliament

Made

26th February 2001

Laid before Parliament

27th February 2001

Coming into force in accordance with article 2

The Treasury, in exercise of the powers conferred on them by sections 22(1) and (5), 426 and 428(3) of, and paragraph 25 of Schedule 2 to, the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000F1, hereby make the following Order:

PART IU.K. GENERAL

CitationU.K.

1.  This Order may be cited as the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) Order 2001.

CommencementU.K.

2.—(1) Except as provided by paragraph (2), this Order comes into force on the day on which section 19 of the Act comes into force.

(2) This Order comes into force—

(a)for the purposes of articles 59, 60 and 87 (funeral plan contracts) on 1st January 2002; and

(b)for the purposes of articles 61 to 63, 88, 90 and 91 (regulated mortgage contracts) [F2on such a day as the Treasury may specify].

[F3(3) Any day specified under paragraph (2)(b) must be caused to be notified in the London, Edinburgh and Belfast Gazettes published not later than one week before that day.]

InterpretationU.K.

3.—(1) In this Order—

(2) For the purposes of this Order, a transaction is entered into through a person if he enters into it as agent or arranges, in a manner constituting the carrying on of an activity of the kind specified by article 25(1) [F43, 25A(1), 25B(1) [F44, 25C(1) or 25E(1)]], for it to be entered into by another person as agent or principal.

(3) For the purposes of this Order, a contract of insurance is to be treated as falling within Part II of Schedule 1, notwithstanding the fact that it contains related and subsidiary provisions such that it might also be regarded as falling within Part I of that Schedule, if its principal object is that of a contract falling within Part II and it is effected or carried out by an authorised person who has permission to effect or carry out contracts falling within paragraph I of Part II of Schedule 1.

F4Words in art. 3(1) inserted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(2)(a)

F5Words in art. 3(1) inserted (1.7.2009 for specified purposes, 30.6.2010 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1342), arts. 1(2), 3(1)(a)

F8Words in art. 3(1) inserted (26.7.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2013 (S.I. 2013/1881), art. 1(2)(6), 3(1)

F10Words in art. 3(1) inserted (1.4.2007 for specified purposes, 1.11.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment No. 3) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/3384), arts. 1(2), 3(b)

F12Words in art. 3 inserted (26.7.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2013 (S.I. 2013/1881), art. 1(2)(6), 3(2)

F13Words in art. 3(1) substituted (9.2.2011 for specified purposes, 30.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by The Electronic Money Regulations 2011 (S.I. 2011/99), reg. 1(2), Sch. 4 para. 12(a)(ii) (with reg. 3)

F15Words in art. 3(1) inserted (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), arts. 1(2), 3(1)(a)

F171972 c. 70. The definition of “local authority" in section 270 of the 1972 Act has been amended by Sch. 17 to the Local Government Act 1985 (c. 51); and by section 1(5) of the Local Government (Wales) Act 1994 (c. 19).

F181973 c. 65. The definition of “local authority" in section 235 of the 1973 Act was substituted by para. 92(66) of Sch. 13 to the Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994 (c. 39).

F21Words in art. 3(1) substituted (1.10.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/1969), arts. 1(2), 2(2)(a)

F23Words in art. 3(1) inserted (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), arts. 1(2), 3(1)(b)(i)

F24Word in art. 3(1) inserted (1.4.2007 for specified purposes, 1.11.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment No. 3) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/3384), arts. 1(2), 3(a)

F25Word in art. 3(1) inserted (1.7.2009 for specified purposes, 30.6.2010 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1342), arts. 1(2), 3(1)(c)(i)

F26Word in art. 3(1) inserted (31.10.2004 for specified purposes, 14.1.2005 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No. 2) Order 2003 (S.I. 2003/1476), arts. 1(3), 3(1)(a)

F29Words in art. 3(1) substituted (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), arts. 1(2), 3(1)(b)(ii)

F30Word in art. 3(1) inserted (1.7.2009 for specified purposes, 30.6.2010 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1342), arts. 1(2), 3(1)(c)(ii)

F31Words in art. 3(1) substituted (1.7.2009 for specified purposes, 30.6.2010 in so far as not already in force) by virtue of The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1342), arts. 1(2), 3(1)(c)(iii)

F33Words in art. 3(1) inserted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(2)(b)

F34Words in art. 3(1) inserted (1.10.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/1969), arts. 1(2), 2(2)(b)

F35Words in art. 3(1) inserted (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), arts. 1(2), 3(1)(c)

F37Words in art. 3(1) inserted (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), arts. 1(2), 3(1)(d)

F38Words in art. 3(1) inserted (1.7.2009 for specified purposes, 30.6.2010 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1342), arts. 1(2), 3(1)(b)

F39Words in art. 3(1) inserted (31.10.2004 for specified purposes, 14.1.2005 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No. 2) Order 2003 (S.I. 2003/1476), arts. 1(3), 3(1)(b)

F40Words in art. 3(1) inserted (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), arts. 1(2), 3(1)(e)

F43Words in art. 3(2) inserted (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), arts. 1(2), 3(2)

F44Words in art. 3(2) substituted (1.7.2009 for specified purposes, 30.6.2010 in so far as not already in force) by virtue of The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1342), arts. 1(2), 3(2)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

PART IIU.K. SPECIFIED ACTIVITIES

Chapter IU.K.General

Specified activities: generalU.K.

4.—(1) The following provisions of this Part specify kinds of activity for the purposes of [F45section 22(1)] of the Act (and accordingly any activity of one of those kinds, which is carried on by way of business F46, and relates to an investment of a kind specified by any provision of Part III and applicable to that activity, is a regulated activity for the purposes of the Act).

(2) The kinds of activity specified by articles [F47[F4851ZA, 51ZB, 51ZC, 51ZD, 51ZE], 52 and 63N] are also specified for the purposes of section 22(1)(b) of the Act (and accordingly any activity of one of those kinds, when carried on by way of business, is a regulated activity when carried on in relation to property of any kind).

[F49(2A) The kinds of activity specified by Part 3A are specified for the purposes of section 22(1A)(a) of the Act (and accordingly any activity of one of those kinds, when carried on by way of business, is a regulated activity).]

(3) Subject to paragraph (4), each provision specifying a kind of activity is subject to the exclusions applicable to that provision (and accordingly any reference in this Order to an activity of the kind specified by a particular provision is to be read subject to any such exclusions).

[F50(4) Where an investment firm or credit institution—

(a)provides or performs investment services and activities on a professional basis, and

(b)in doing so would be treated as carrying on an activity of a kind specified by a provision of this Part but for an exclusion in any of articles 15, 16, 19, 22, 23, 29, 38, 67, 68, 69, 70 and 72E,

that exclusion is to be disregarded and, accordingly, the investment firm or credit institution is to be treated as carrying on an activity of the kind specified by the provision in question.]

[F51(4A) Where a person, other than a person specified by Article 1.2 of the insurance mediation directive (the text of which is set out in Part 1 of Schedule 4)—

(a)for remuneration, takes up or pursues insurance mediation or reinsurance mediation in relation to a risk or commitment located in an EEA State, and

(b)in doing so would be treated as carrying on an activity of a kind specified by a provision of this Part but for an exclusion in any of articles 30, 66 and 67,

that exclusion is to be disregarded (and accordingly that person is to be treated as carrying on an activity of the kind specified by the provision in question).]

(5) In this article—

F45Words in art. 4(1) substituted (26.7.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2013 (S.I. 2013/1881), art. 1(2)(6), 3(3)(a)

F46The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Carrying on Regulated Activities by Way of Business) Order 2001 (S.I. 2001/ ), made under section 419 of the Act, makes provision as to the circumstances in which persons are, or are not, to be regarded as carrying on activities by way of business.

F49Art. 4(2A) inserted (26.7.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2013 (S.I. 2013/1881), art. 1(2)(6), 3(3)(b)

F50Art. 4(4) substituted (1.4.2007 for specified purposes, 1.11.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment No. 3) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/3384), arts. 1(2), 4(a)

F51Art. 4(4A) inserted (31.10.2004 for specified purposes, 14.1.2005 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No. 2) Order 2003 (S.I. 2003/1476), arts. 1(3), 3(2)(a)

F52Words in art. 4(5) omitted (1.4.2007 for specified purposes, 1.11.2007 in so far as not already in force) by virtue of The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment No. 3) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/3384), arts. 1(2), 4(b)

F53Words in art. 4(5) inserted (31.10.2004 for specified purposes, 14.1.2005 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No. 2) Order 2003 (S.I. 2003/1476), arts. 1(3), 3(2)(b)(i)

F54Words in art. 4(5) inserted (31.10.2004 for specified purposes, 14.1.2005 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No. 2) Order 2003 (S.I. 2003/1476), arts. 1(3), 3(2)(b)(iii)

Chapter IIU.K.Accepting Deposits

The activityU.K.

Accepting depositsU.K.

5.—(1) Accepting deposits is a specified kind of activity if—

(a)money received by way of deposit is lent to others; or

(b)any other activity of the person accepting the deposit is financed wholly, or to a material extent, out of the capital of or interest on money received by way of deposit.

(2) In paragraph (1), “deposit" means a sum of money, other than one excluded by any of [F55articles 6 to 9A], paid on terms—

(a)under which it will be repaid, with or without interest or premium, and either on demand or at a time or in circumstances agreed by or on behalf of the person making the payment and the person receiving it; and

(b)which are not referable to the provision of property (other than currency) or services or the giving of security.

(3) For the purposes of paragraph (2), money is paid on terms which are referable to the provision of property or services or the giving of security if, and only if—

(a)it is paid by way of advance or part payment under a contract for the sale, hire or other provision of property or services, and is repayable only in the event that the property or services is or are not in fact sold, hired or otherwise provided;

(b)it is paid by way of security for the performance of a contract or by way of security in respect of loss which may result from the non-performance of a contract; or

(c)without prejudice to sub-paragraph (b), it is paid by way of security for the delivery up or return of any property, whether in a particular state of repair or otherwise.

ExclusionsU.K.

Sums paid by certain personsU.K.

6.—(1) A sum is not a deposit for the purposes of article 5 if it is—

(a)paid by any of the following persons—

(i)the Bank of England, the central bank of an EEA State other than the United Kingdom, or the European Central Bank;

(ii)an authorised person who has permission to accept deposits, or to effect or carry out contracts of insurance;

(iii)an EEA firm falling within paragraph 5(b), (c) or (d) of Schedule 3 to the Act (other than one falling within paragraph (ii) above);

(iv)the National Savings Bank;

(v)a municipal bank, that is to say a company which was, immediately before the coming into force of this article, exempt from the prohibition in section 3 of the Banking Act 1987 F56 by virtue of section 4(1) of, and paragraph 4 of Schedule 2 to, that Act;

(vi)Keesler Federal Credit Union;

(vii)a body of persons certified as a school bank by the National Savings Bank or by an authorised person who has permission to accept deposits;

(viii)a local authority;

(xi)any body which by virtue of any enactment has power to issue a precept to a local authority in England and Wales or a requisition to a local authority in Scotland, or to the expenses of which, by virtue of any enactment, a local authority in the United Kingdom is or can be required to contribute (and in this paragraph, “enactment" includes an enactment comprised in, or in an instrument made under, an Act of the Scottish Parliament);

(x)[F57the European Union or] the European Atomic Energy Community F57...;

(xi)the European Investment Bank;

(xii)the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development;

(xiii)the International Finance Corporation;

(xiv)the International Monetary Fund;

(xv)the African Development Bank;

(xvi)the Asian Development Bank;

(xvii)the Caribbean Development Bank;

(xviii)the Inter-American Development Bank;

(xix)the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development;

[F58(xx)the Council of Europe Development Bank;]

(b)paid by a person other than one mentioned in sub-paragraph (a) in the course of carrying on a business consisting wholly or to a significant extent of lending money;

(c)paid by one company to another at a time when both are members of the same group or when the same individual is a majority shareholder controller of both of them; or

(d)paid by a person who, at the time when it is paid, is a close relative of the person receiving it or who is, or is a close relative of, a director or manager of that person or who is, or is a close relative of, a controller of that person.

(2) For the purposes of paragraph (1)(c), an individual is a majority shareholder controller of a company if he is a controller of the company by virtue of paragraph (a), (c), (e) or (g) of section 422(2) of the Act, and if in his case the greatest percentage of those referred to in those paragraphs is 50 or more.

(3) In the application of sub-paragraph (d) of paragraph (1) to a sum paid by a partnership, that sub-paragraph is to have effect as if, for the reference to the person paying the sum, there were substituted a reference to each of the partners.

F561987 c. 22. Section 3 was amended by the Bank of England Act 1998 (c. 11), Sch. 5, paras 1 and 3. “Municipal bank" is defined in section 103 of the Banking Act 1987, which was amended by the Local Government Act 1992 (c. 19), Sch. 3, para. 22, and by the Local Government and Rating Act 1997 (c. 29), Sch. 3, para. 21.

F57Words in art. 6(1)(a)(x) substituted (22.4.2011) by virtue of The Treaty of Lisbon (Changes in Terminology) Order 2011 (S.I. 2011/1043), arts. 2, 3-6

Sums received by solicitors etc.U.K.

7.—(1) A sum is not a deposit for the purposes of article 5 if it is received by a practising solicitor acting in the course of his profession.

(2) In paragraph (1), “practising solicitor" means—

(a)a solicitor who is qualified to act as such under section 1 of the Solicitors Act 1974 F59, article 4 of the Solicitors (Northern Ireland) Order 1976 F60 or section 4 of the Solicitors (Scotland) Act 1980 F61;

(b)a recognised body;

(c)a registered foreign lawyer in the course of providing professional services as a member of a multi-national partnership;

(d)a registered European lawyer; or

(e)a partner of a registered European lawyer who is providing professional services in accordance with—

(i)rules made under section 31 F62 of the Solicitors Act 1974;

(ii)regulations made under article 26 of the Solicitors (Northern Ireland) Order 1976; or

(iii)rules made under section 34 of the Solicitors (Scotland) Act 1980 F63.

(3) In this article—

(a)“a recognised body" means a body corporate recognised by—

(i)the Council of the Law Society under section 9 of the Administration of Justice Act 1985 F64;

(ii)the Incorporated Law Society of Northern Ireland under article 26A of the Solicitors (Northern Ireland) Order 1976 F65; or

(iii)the Council of the Law Society of Scotland under section 34 of the Solicitors (Scotland) Act 1980;

(b)“registered foreign lawyer" has the meaning given by section 89 of the Courts and Legal Services Act 1990 F66 or, in Scotland, section 65 of the Solicitors (Scotland) Act 1980 F67;

(c)“multi-national partnership" has the meaning given by section 89 of the Courts and Legal Services Act 1990 but, in Scotland, is a reference to a “multi-national practice" within the meaning of section 60A of the Solicitors (Scotland) Act 1980 F68“registered European lawyer" has the meaning given by regulation 2(1) of the European Communities (Lawyer’s Practice) Regulations 2000 F69 or regulation 2(1) of the European Communities (Lawyer’s Practice) (Scotland) Regulation 2000 F70.

F60S.I. 1976/582 (N.I. 12); relevant amending instrument is S.I. 1989/1343 (N.I. 14).

F62Section 31 was amended by para. 10 of Sch. 17 to the Courts and Legal Services Act 1990 (c. 41), and by para. 3 of Sch. 6 to, and para. 1 of Sch. 7 to, the Access to Justice Act 1999 (c. 22).

F641985 c. 61; section 9 was amended by para. 54 of Sch. 18 to the Courts and Legal Services Act 1990, and by para. 1 of Sch. 4 to the European Communities (Lawyer's Practice) Regulations 2000 (S.I. 2000/1119), and was repealed in part by Part II of Sch. 15 to the Access to Justice Act 1999.

F70Scottish Statutory Instruments 2000 No. 121.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Sums received by persons authorised to deal etc.U.K.

8.  A sum is not a deposit for the purposes of article 5 if it is received by a person who is—

(a)an authorised person with permission to carry on an activity of the kind specified by any of articles 14, 21, 25, 37, [F7151ZA, 51ZB, 51ZC, 51ZD, 51ZE] and 52, or

(b)an exempt person in relation to any such activity,

in the course of, or for the purpose of, [F72carrying on any such activity (or any activity which would be such an activity but for any exclusion made by this Part)] with or on behalf of the person by or on behalf of whom the sum is paid.

Sums received in consideration for the issue of debt securitiesU.K.

9.—(1) Subject to paragraph (2), a sum is not a deposit for the purposes of article 5 if it is received by a person as consideration for the issue by him of any investment of the kind specified by article 77 or 78.

(2) The exclusion in paragraph (1) does not apply to the receipt by a person of a sum as consideration for the issue by him of commercial paper unless—

(a)the commercial paper is issued to persons—

(i)whose ordinary activities involve them in acquiring, holding, managing or disposing of investments (as principal or agent) for the purposes of their businesses; or

(ii)who it is reasonable to expect will acquire, hold, manage or dispose of investments (as principal or agent) for the purposes of their businesses; and

(b)the redemption value of the commercial paper is not less than £100,000 (or an amount of equivalent value denominated wholly or partly in a currency other than sterling), and no part of the commercial paper may be transferred unless the redemption value of that part is not less than £100,000 (or such an equivalent amount).

[F73(3) In paragraph (2), “commercial paper” means an investment of the kind specified by article 77 or 78 having a maturity of less than one year from the date of issue.]

[F74Sums received in exchange for electronic moneyU.K.

9A.  A sum is not a deposit for the purposes of article 5 if it is immediately exchanged for electronic money.]

[F75Information society services [F76and managers of UCITS and AIFs]U.K.

9AA.  Article 5 is subject to the [F77exclusions] in article 72A (information society services) [F78and article 72AA (managers of UCITS and AIFs).]]

[F79Funds received for payment servicesU.K.

9AB.(1) A sum is not a deposit for the purposes of article 5 if it is received by an authorised payment institution, an EEA authorised payment institution [F80, a small payment institution, an electronic money institution or an EEA authorised electronic money institution] from a payment service user with a view to the provision of payment services.

(2) For the purposes of paragraph (1), “authorised payment institution”, “EEA authorised payment institution”, “small payment institution”, “payment services” and “payment service user” have the meanings given in the Payment Services Regulations 2009 [F81and “electronic money institution” and “EEA authorised electronic money institution” have the meanings given in the Electronic Money Regulations 2011.]]

F80Words in art. 9AB(1) substituted (9.2.2011 for specified purposes, 30.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by The Electronic Money Regulations 2011 (S.I. 2011/99), reg. 1(2), Sch. 4 para. 12(b)(i) (with reg. 3)

F81Words in art. 9AB(2) inserted (9.2.2011 for specified purposes, 30.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by The Electronic Money Regulations 2011 (S.I. 2011/99), reg. 1(2), Sch. 4 para. 12(b)(ii) (with reg. 3)

[F82Local authoritiesU.K.

9AC.  Article 5 is subject to the exclusion in article 72G (local authorities).]

F82Art. 9AC inserted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(3)

[F83CHAPTER IIAU.K. ELECTRONIC MONEY

F83Pt. 2 Ch. 2A inserted (11.4.2002 for specified purposes, 27.4.2002 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2002 (S.I. 2002/682), arts. 1(2), 4 (with arts. 9, 10)

The activityU.K.

Issuing electronic moneyU.K.

9B.  Issuing electronic money [F84by—

(a)a credit institution, a credit union or a municipal bank; or

(b)a person who is deemed to have been granted authorisation under regulation 74 of the Electronic Money Regulations 2011 or who falls within regulation 76(1) of those Regulations,]

is a specified kind of activity.

F84Art. 9B(a)(b) and word inserted (9.2.2011 for specified purposes, 30.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by The Electronic Money Regulations 2011 (S.I. 2011/99), reg. 1(2), Sch. 4 para. 12(c) (with reg. 3)

[F859BA.  Articles 9C to 9I and 9K apply only in the case of a person falling within regulation 76(1) of the Electronic Money Regulations 2011.]U.K.

F85Art. 9BA inserted (9.2.2011 for specified purposes, 30.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by The Electronic Money Regulations 2011 (S.I. 2011/99), reg. 1(2), Sch. 4 para. 12(d) (with reg. 3)

ExclusionsU.K.

Persons certified as small issuers etc.U.K.

9C.(1) There is excluded from article 9B the issuing of electronic money by a person to whom [F86the FCA] has given a certificate under this article (provided the certificate has not been revoked).

(2) An application for a certificate may be made by—

(a)a body corporate, or

(b)a partnership,

(other than a credit institution as defined in [F87Article 4(1)(1) of the capital requirements regulation]) which has its head office in the United Kingdom.

(3) [F88The FCA] must, on the application of such a person (“A”), give A a certificate if it appears to [F89the FCA] that paragraph (4), (5) or (6) applies.

(4) This paragraph applies if—

(a)A does not issue electronic money except on terms that the electronic device on which the monetary value is stored is subject to a maximum storage amount of not more than 150 euro; and

(b)A’s total liabilities with respect to the issuing of electronic money do not (or will not) usually exceed 5 million euro and do not (or will not) ever exceed 6 million euro.

(5) This paragraph applies if—

(a)the condition in paragraph (4)(a) is met;

(b)A’s total liabilities with respect to the issuing of electronic money do not (or will not) exceed 10 million euro; and

(c)electronic money issued by A is accepted as a means of payment only by—

(i)subsidiaries of A which perform operational or other ancillary functions related to electronic money issued or distributed by A; or

(ii)other members of the same group as A (other than subsidiaries of A).

(6) This paragraph applies if—

(a)the conditions in paragraphs (4)(a) and (5)(b) are met; and

(b)electronic money issued by A is accepted as a means of payment, in the course of business, by not more than one hundred persons where—

(i)those persons accept such electronic money only at locations within the same premises or limited local area; or

(ii)those persons have a close financial or business relationship with A, such as a common marketing or distribution scheme.

(7) For the purposes of paragraph (6)(b)(i), locations are to be treated as situated within the same premises or limited local area if they are situated within—

(a)a shopping centre, airport, railway station, bus station, or campus of a university, polytechnic, college, school or similar educational establishment; or

(b)an area which does not exceed four square kilometres;

but sub-paragraphs (a) and (b) are illustrative only and are not to be treated as limiting the scope of paragraph (6)(b)(i).

(8) For the purposes of paragraph (6)(b)(ii), persons are not to be treated as having a close financial or business relationship with A merely because they participate in arrangements for the acceptance of electronic money issued by A.

(9) In this article, references to amounts in euro include references to equivalent amounts in sterling.

(10) A person to whom a certificate has been given under this article (and whose certificate has not been revoked) is referred to in this Chapter as a “certified person”.

Applications for certificatesU.K.

9D.  The following provisions of the Act apply to applications to [F90the FCA] for certificates under 9C (and the determination of such applications) as they apply to applications for Part IV permissions (and the determination of such applications)—

[F91(a)section 55U(1)(b) and (4) to (8);

(b)section 55V;

(c)section 55X(2) and (4)(f); and

(d)section 55Z3(1).]

Revocation of certificate on [F92FCA’s] own initiativeU.K.

9E.(1) [F93The FCA] may revoke a certificate given to a person (“A”) under article 9C if—

(a)it appears to it that A does not meet the relevant conditions, or has failed to meet the relevant conditions at any time since the certificate was given; or

(b)the person to whom the certificate was given has contravened any rule or requirement to which he is subject as a result of article 9G.

(2) For the purposes of paragraph (1), A meets the relevant conditions at any time if, at that time, paragraph (4), (5) or (6) of article 9C applies.

(3) Sections [F9455Z and 55Z3(2)] of the Act apply to the revocation of a certificate under paragraph (1) as they apply to the cancellation of a Part IV permission on [F95the FCA’s] own initiative, as if references in those sections to an authorised person were references to a certified person.

Revocation of certificate on requestU.K.

9F.(1) A certified person (“B”) may apply to [F96the FCA] for his certificate to be revoked, and [F96the FCA] must then revoke the certificate and give B written notice that it has done so.

(2) An application under paragraph (1) must be made in such manner as [F96the FCA] may direct.

(3) If—

(a)B has made an application under Part IV of the Act for permission to carry on a regulated activity of the kind specified by article 9B (or for variation of an existing permission so as to add a regulated activity of that kind), and

(b)on making an application for revocation of his certificate under paragraph (1), he requests that the revocation be conditional on the granting of his application under Part IV of the Act,

the revocation of B’s certificate is to be conditional on the granting of his application under Part IV of the Act.

Obtaining information from certified persons etc.U.K.

9G.(1) [F97The FCA] may make rules requiring certified persons to provide information to [F97the FCA] about their activities so far as relating to the issuing of electronic money, including the amount of their liabilities with respect to the issuing of electronic money.

(2) [F98Section 138A] of the Act (modification or waiver of rules) applies in relation to rules made under paragraph (1) as if references in that section to an authorised person were references to a certified person.

(3) [F99Section 138D] of the Act (actions for damages) applies in relation to a rule made under paragraph (1) as if the reference in subsection (1) of that section to an authorised person were a reference to a certified person.

(4) [F100The FCA] may, by notice in writing given to a certified person, require him—

(a)to provide specified information or information of a specified description; or

(b)to produce specified documents or documents of a specified description.

(5) Paragraph (4) applies only to information or documents reasonably required for the purposes of determining whether the certified person meets, or has met, the relevant conditions.

(6) Subsections (2), (5) and (6) of section 165 of the Act ([F101Regulator’s] power to require information) apply to a requirement imposed under paragraph (4) as they apply to a requirement imposed under that section.

(7) Section 166 of the Act (reports by skilled persons) has effect as if—

F102(a). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(b)the reference in section 166(2)(a) of the Act to an authorised person included a reference to a certified person.

(8) Subsection (4) of section 168 of the Act (appointment of persons to carry out investigations in particular cases) has effect as if it provided for subsection (5) of that section to apply if it appears to [F103the FCA] that there are circumstances suggesting that a certified person may not meet, or may not have met, the relevant conditions.

(9) Sections 175 (information and documents: supplemental provisions), 176 (entry of premises under warrant) and 177 (offences) of the Act apply to a requirement imposed under paragraph (4) as they apply to a requirement imposed under section 165 of the Act (the reference in section 176(3)(a) to an authorised person being read as a reference to a certified person).

(10) In this article—

(a)“specified”, in paragraph (4), means specified in the notice mentioned in that paragraph;

(b)a certified person (“A”) meets the relevant conditions at any time if, at that time, paragraph (4), (5) or (6) of article 9C applies.

SupplementalU.K.

Rules prohibiting the issue of electronic money at a discountU.K.

9H.(1) [F104The FCA] may make rules applying to authorised persons with permission to carry on an activity of the kind specified by article 9B, prohibiting the issue of electronic money having a monetary value greater than the funds received.

(2) [F105Section 138A] of the Act (modification or waiver of rules) applies in relation to rules made under paragraph (1).

False claims to be a certified personU.K.

9I.  A person who is not a certified person is to be treated as guilty of an offence under section 24 of the Act (false claims to be authorised or exempt) if he—

(a)describes himself (in whatever terms) as a certified person;

(b)behaves, or otherwise holds himself out, in a manner which indicates (or which is reasonably likely to be understood as indicating) that he is a certified person.

Exclusion of electronic money from the compensation schemeU.K.

9J.  The compensation scheme established under Part XV of the Act is not to provide for the compensation of persons in respect of claims made in connection with any activity of the kind specified by article 9B.

Record of certified personsU.K.

9K.  The record maintained by [F106the FCA] under section 347 of the Act (public record of authorised persons etc.) must include every certified person.]

Funds received for payment servicesU.K.

F1079L.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F107Art. 9L omitted (9.2.2011 for specified purposes, 30.4.2011 in so far as not already in force) by virtue of The Electronic Money Regulations 2011 (S.I. 2011/99), reg. 1(2), Sch. 4 para. 12(e) (with reg. 3)

Chapter IIIU.K.Insurance

The activitiesU.K.

Effecting and carrying out contracts of insuranceU.K.

10.—(1) Effecting a contract of insurance as principal is a specified kind of activity.

(2) Carrying out a contract of insurance as principal is a specified kind of activity.

ExclusionsU.K.

Community co-insurersU.K.

11.—(1) There is excluded from article 10(1) or (2) the effecting or carrying out of a contract of insurance by an EEA firm falling within paragraph 5(d) of Schedule 3 to the Act—

(a)other than through a branch in the United Kingdom; and

(b)pursuant to a Community co-insurance operation in which the firm is participating otherwise than as the leading insurer.

(2) In paragraph (1), “Community co-insurance operation" and “leading insurer" have the same meaning as in the Council Directive of 30 May 1978 on the co-ordination of laws, regulations and administrative provisions relating to Community co-insurance (No. 78/473/EEC) F108.

F108O.J. No. L151, 7.6.1978, p.25.

Breakdown insuranceU.K.

12.—(1) There is excluded from article 10(1) or (2) the effecting or carrying out, by a person who does not otherwise carry on an activity of the kind specified by that article, of a contract of insurance which—

(a)is a contract under which the benefits provided by that person (“the provider") are exclusively or primarily benefits in kind in the event of accident to or breakdown of a vehicle; and

(b)contains the terms mentioned in paragraph (2).

(2) Those terms are that—

(a)the assistance takes either or both of the forms mentioned in paragraph (3)(a) and (b);

(b)the assistance is not available outside the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland except where it is provided without the payment of additional premium by a person in the country concerned with whom the provider has entered into a reciprocal agreement; and

(c)assistance provided in the case of an accident or breakdown occurring in the United Kingdom or the Republic of Ireland is, in most circumstances, provided by the provider’s servants.

(3) The forms of assistance are—

(a)repairs to the relevant vehicle at the place where the accident or breakdown has occurred; this assistance may also include the delivery of parts, fuel, oil, water or keys to the relevant vehicle;

(b)removal of the relevant vehicle to the nearest or most appropriate place at which repairs may be carried out, or to—

(i)the home, point of departure or original destination within the United Kingdom of the driver and passengers, provided the accident or breakdown occurred within the United Kingdom;

(ii)the home, point of departure or original destination within the Republic of Ireland of the driver and passengers, provided the accident or breakdown occurred within the Republic of Ireland or within Northern Ireland;

(iii)the home, point of departure or original destination within Northern Ireland of the driver and passengers, provided the accident or breakdown occurred within the Republic of Ireland;

and this form of assistance may include the conveyance of the driver or passengers of the relevant vehicle, with the vehicle, or (where the vehicle is to be conveyed only to the nearest or most appropriate place at which repairs may be carried out) separately, to the nearest location from which they may continue their journey by other means.

(4) A contract does not fail to meet the condition in paragraph (1)(a) solely because the provider may reimburse the person entitled to the assistance for all or part of any sums paid by him in respect of assistance either because he failed to identify himself as a person entitled to the assistance or because he was unable to get in touch with the provider in order to claim the assistance.

(5) In this article—

[F109Information society services [F110and managers of UCITS and AIFs]U.K.

12A.  Article 10 is subject to the [F111exclusions] in article 72A (information society services), as qualified by paragraph (2) of that article [F112, and article 72AA (managers of UCITS and AIFs).]]

SupplementalU.K.

Application of sections 327 and 332 of the Act to insurance market activitiesU.K.

13.—(1) In sections 327(5) and (7) and 332(3)(b) of the Act (exemption from the general prohibition for members of the professions, and rules in relation to such persons), the references to “a regulated activity" and “regulated activities" do not include—

(a)any activity of the kind specified by article 10(1) or (2), where—

(i)P is a member of the Society; and

(ii)by virtue of section 316 of the Act (application of the Act to Lloyd’s underwriting), the general prohibition does not apply to the carrying on by P of that activity; or

(b)any activity of the kind specified by article 10(2), where—

(i)P is a former underwriting member; and

(ii)the contract of insurance in question is one underwritten by P at Lloyd’s.

(2) In paragraph (1)—

Chapter IVU.K.Dealing in Investments as Principal

The activityU.K.

Dealing in investments as principalU.K.

14.[F114(1)] Buying, selling, subscribing for or underwriting securities or contractually based investments (other than investments of the kind specified by article 87, or article 89 so far as relevant to that article) as principal is a specified kind of activity.

[F115(2) Paragraph (1) does not apply to a kind of activity to which article 25D applies.]

F114Art. 14(1): art. 14 renumbered as art. 14(1) (1.4.2007 for specified purposes, 1.11.2007 in so far as not already in force) by virtue of The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment No. 3) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/3384), arts. 1(2), 5(a)

F115Art. 14(2) inserted (1.4.2007 for specified purposes, 1.11.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment No. 3) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/3384), arts. 1(2), 5(b)

ExclusionsU.K.

Absence of holding out etc.U.K.

15.—(1) Subject to paragraph (3), a person (“A") does not carry on an activity of the kind specified by article 14 by entering into a transaction which relates to a security or is the assignment (or, in Scotland, the assignation) of a qualifying contract of insurance (or an investment of the kind specified by article 89, so far as relevant to such a contract), unless—

(a)A holds himself out as willing, as principal, to buy, sell or subscribe for investments of the kind to which the transaction relates at prices determined by him generally and continuously rather than in respect of each particular transaction;

(b)A holds himself out as engaging in the business of buying investments of the kind to which the transaction relates, with a view to selling them;

(c)A holds himself out as engaging in the business of underwriting investments of the kind to which the transaction relates; or

(d)A regularly solicits members of the public with the purpose of inducing them, as principals or agents, to enter into transactions constituting activities of the kind specified by article 14, and the transaction is entered into as a result of his having solicited members of the public in that manner.

(2) In paragraph (1)(d), “members of the public" means any persons other than—

(a)authorised persons or persons who are exempt persons in relation to activities of the kind specified by article 14;

(b)members of the same group as A;

(c)persons who are or who propose to become participators with A in a joint enterprise;

(d)any person who is solicited by A with a view to the acquisition by A of 20 per cent or more of the voting shares in a body corporate;

(e)if A (either alone or with members of the same group as himself) holds more than 20 per cent of the voting shares in a body corporate, any person who is solicited by A with a view to—

(i)the acquisition by A of further shares in the body corporate; or

(ii)the disposal by A of shares in the body corporate to the person solicited or to a member of the same group as the person solicited;

(f)any person who—

(i)is solicited by A with a view to the disposal by A of shares in a body corporate to the person solicited or to a member of the same group as that person; and

(ii)either alone or with members of the same group holds 20 per cent or more of the voting shares in the body corporate;

(g)any person whose head office is outside the United Kingdom, who is solicited by an approach made or directed to him at a place outside the United Kingdom and whose ordinary business involves him in carrying on activities of the kind specified by any of articles 14, 21, 25, 37, 40, 45, [F11651ZA, 51ZB, 51ZC, 51ZD, 51ZE], 52 and 53 or (so far as relevant to any of those articles) article 64, or would do so apart from any exclusion from any of those articles made by this Order.

(3) This article does not apply where A enters into the transaction as bare trustee or, in Scotland, as nominee for another person and is acting on that other person’s instructions (but the exclusion in article 66(1) applies if the conditions set out there are met).

[F117(4) This article is subject to article 4(4).]

F117Art. 15(4) inserted (1.4.2007 for specified purposes, 1.11.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment No. 3) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/3384), arts. 1(2), 6

Dealing in contractually based investmentsU.K.

16.[F118(1)] A person who is not an authorised person does not carry on an activity of the kind specified by article 14 by entering into a transaction relating to a contractually based investment—

(a)with or through an authorised person, or an exempt person acting in the course of a business comprising a regulated activity in relation to which he is exempt; or

(b)through an office outside the United Kingdom maintained by a party to the transaction, and with or through a person whose head office is situated outside the United Kingdom and whose ordinary business involves him in carrying on activities of the kind specified by any of articles 14, 21, 25, 37, 40, 45, [F11951ZA, 51ZB, 51ZC, 51ZD, 51ZE], 52 and 53 or, so far as relevant to any of those articles, article 64 (or would do so apart from any exclusion from any of those articles made by this Order).

[F120(2) This article is subject to article 4(4).]

F118Art. 16(1): art. 16 renumbered as art. 16(1) (1.4.2007 for specified purposes, 1.11.2007 in so far as not already in force) by virtue of The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment No. 3) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/3384), arts. 1(2), 7(a)

F120Art. 16(2) inserted (1.4.2007 for specified purposes, 1.11.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment No. 3) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/3384), arts. 1(2), 7(b)

Acceptance of instruments creating or acknowledging indebtednessU.K.

17.—(1) A person does not carry on an activity of the kind specified by article 14 by accepting an instrument creating or acknowledging indebtedness in respect of any loan, credit, guarantee or other similar financial accommodation or assurance which he has made, granted or provided.

(2) The reference in paragraph (1) to a person accepting an instrument includes a reference to a person becoming a party to an instrument otherwise than as a debtor or a surety.

Issue by a company of its own shares etc.U.K.

18.—(1) There is excluded from article 14 the issue by a company of its own shares or share warrants, and the issue by any person of his own debentures or debenture warrants.

(2) In this article—

(a)“company" means any body corporate other than an open-ended investment company;

(b)“shares" and “debentures" include any investment of the kind specified by article 76 [F121, 77 or 77A];

(c)“share warrants" and “debenture warrants" mean any investment of the kind specified by article 79 which relates to shares in the company concerned or, as the case may be, debentures issued by [F122the person concerned].

[F123Dealing by a company in its own sharesU.K.

18A.(1) A company does not carry on an activity of the kind specified by article 14 by purchasing its own shares where [F124section 724 of the Companies Act 2006] (Treasury shares) applies to the shares purchased.

(2) A company does not carry on an activity of the kind specified by article 14 by dealing in its own shares held as treasury shares, in accordance with [F125section 727 (Treasury shares: disposal) or 729 (Treasury shares: cancellation) of that Act].

(3) In this article “shares held as treasury shares” has the same meaning as in that Act.]

Risk managementU.K.

19.—(1) A person (“B") does not carry on an activity of the kind specified by article 14 by entering as principal into a transaction with another person (“C") if—

(a)the transaction relates to investments of the kind specified by any of articles 83 to 85 (or article 89 so far as relevant to any of those articles);

(b)neither B nor C is an individual;

(c)the sole or main purpose for which B enters into the transaction (either by itself or in combination with other such transactions) is that of limiting the extent to which a relevant business will be affected by any identifiable risk arising otherwise than as a result of the carrying on of a regulated activity; and

(d)the relevant business consists mainly of activities other than—

(i)regulated activities; or

(ii)activities which would be regulated activities but for any exclusion made by this Part.

(2) In paragraph (1), “relevant business" means a business carried on by—

(a)B;

(b)a member of the same group as B; or

(c)where B and another person are, or propose to become, participators in a joint enterprise, that other person.

[F126(3) This article is subject to article 4(4).]

F126Art. 19(3) inserted (1.4.2007 for specified purposes, 1.11.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment No. 3) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/3384), arts. 1(2), 8

Other exclusionsU.K.

20.  Article 14 is also subject to the exclusions in articles 66 (trustees etc.), 68 (sale of goods and supply of services), 69 (groups and joint enterprises), 70 (sale of body corporate), 71 (employee share schemes)[F127, 72 (overseas persons)[F128, 72A (information society services)[F129, 72AA (managers of UCITS and AIFs) and 72H (insolvency practitioners)]]].

Chapter VU.K.Dealing in Investments as Agent

The activityU.K.

Dealing in investments as agentU.K.

21.[F130(1)] Buying, selling, subscribing for or underwriting securities or [F131relevant investments] (other than investments of the kind specified by article 87, or article 89 so far as relevant to that article) as agent is a specified kind of activity.

[F132(2) Paragraph (1) does not apply to a kind of activity to which article 25D applies.]

F130Art. 21(1): art. 21 renumbered as art. 21(1) (1.4.2007 for specified purposes, 1.11.2007 in so far as not already in force) by virtue of The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment No. 3) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/3384), arts. 1(2), 9(a)

F131Words in art. 21 substituted (31.10.2004 for specified purposes, 14.1.2005 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No. 2) Order 2003 (S.I. 2003/1476), arts. 1(3), 4(1)

F132Art. 21(2) inserted (1.4.2007 for specified purposes, 1.11.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment No. 3) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/3384), arts. 1(2), 9(b)

ExclusionsU.K.

Deals with or through authorised personsU.K.

22.—(1) A person who is not an authorised person does not carry on an activity of the kind specified by article 21 by entering into a transaction as agent for another person (“the client") with or through an authorised person if—

(a)the transaction is entered into on advice given to the client by an authorised person; or

(b)it is clear, in all the circumstances, that the client, in his capacity as an investor, is not seeking and has not sought advice from the agent as to the merits of the client’s entering into the transaction (or, if the client has sought such advice, the agent has declined to give it but has recommended that the client seek such advice from an authorised person).

[F133(2) But the exclusion in paragraph (1) does not apply if—

(a)the transaction relates to a contract of insurance; or

(b)the agent receives from any person other than the client any pecuniary reward or other advantage, for which he does not account to the client, arising out of his entering into the transaction.]

[F134(3) This article is subject to article 4(4).]

Risk managementU.K.

23.—(1) A person (“B") does not carry on an activity of the kind specified by article 21 by entering as agent for a relevant person into a transaction with another person (“C") if—

(a)the transaction relates to investments of the kind specified by any of articles 83 to 85 (or article 89 so far as relevant to any of those articles);

(b)neither B nor C is an individual;

(c)the sole or main purpose for which B enters into the transaction (either by itself or in combination with other such transactions) is that of limiting the extent to which a relevant business will be affected by any identifiable risk arising otherwise than as a result of the carrying on of a regulated activity; and

(d)the relevant business consists mainly of activities other than—

(i)regulated activities; or

(ii)activities which would be regulated activities but for any exclusion made by this Part.

(2) In paragraph (1), “relevant person" means—

(a)a member of the same group as B; or

(b)where B and another person are, or propose to become, participators in a joint enterprise, that other person;

and “relevant business" means a business carried on by a relevant person.

[F135(3) This article is subject to article 4(4).]

F135Art. 23(3) inserted (1.4.2007 for specified purposes, 1.11.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment No. 3) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/3384), arts. 1(2), 11

Other exclusionsU.K.

24.  Article 21 is also subject to the exclusions in articles 67 (profession or non-investment business), 68 (sale of goods and supply of services), 69 (groups and joint enterprises), 70 (sale of body corporate), 71 (employee share schemes)[F136, 72 (overseas persons)][F137, 72A (information society services), 72B (activities carried on by a provider of relevant goods or services)[F138, 72AA (managers of UCITS and AIFs)[F139, 72D (large risks contracts where risk situated outside the EEA), 72G (local authorities) and 72H (insolvency practitioners)]]].

F137Words in art. 24 substituted (31.10.2004 for specified purposes, 14.1.2005 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No. 2) Order 2003 (S.I. 2003/1476), arts. 1(3), 4(3)

F139Words in art. 24 substituted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(5)

[F140Chapter 5AU.K.Bidding in Emissions Auctions

The activityU.K.

Bidding in emissions auctionsU.K.

24A.(1) The reception, transmission or submission of a bid at an auction of an investment of the kind specified by article 82A conducted—

(a)on a recognised auction platform, or

(b)on any other auction platform which has been appointed under the emission allowance auctioning regulation,

is a specified kind of activity.

(2) An activity which falls within paragraph (1) (or would do so but for the exclusions in article 24B) does not form part of any other activity specified under any other article of this Order.

(3) In this article, “recognised auction platform” has the meaning given in regulation 1(3) of the Recognised Auction Platform Regulations 2011.

ExclusionsU.K.

Miscellaneous exclusionsU.K.

24B.(1) There is excluded from article 24A any activity carried on by—

(a)an operator or an aircraft operator having an operator holding account, in either case bidding on its own account, including any parent undertaking, subsidiary undertaking or affiliate undertaking forming part of the same group of undertakings as the operator or the aircraft operator;

(b)business groupings of persons listed in sub-paragraph (a) bidding on their own account or acting as an agent on behalf of their members; or

(c)public bodies or state-owned entities of the Member States that control any of the persons listed in sub-paragraph (a).

(2) There is excluded from article 24A the reception, transmission or submission of a bid by an investment firm or a credit institution on any auction platform on their own account for investments of the kind specified by article 82A which are not financial instruments.

(3) In this article, the expressions “parent undertaking”, “subsidiary undertaking”, “affiliate undertaking”, “business grouping”, “public bodies” and “state-owned entities” have the same meaning as in the emission allowance auctioning regulation.]

Chapter VIU.K.Arranging Deals in Investments

The activitiesU.K.

Arranging deals in investmentsU.K.

25.—(1) Making arrangements for another person (whether as principal or agent) to buy, sell, subscribe for or underwrite a particular investment which is—

(a)a security,

(b)a [F141relevant investment], or

(c)an investment of the kind specified by article 86, or article 89 so far as relevant to that article,

is a specified kind of activity.

(2) Making arrangements with a view to a person who participates in the arrangements buying, selling, subscribing for or underwriting investments falling within paragraph (1)(a), (b) or (c) (whether as principal or agent) is also a specified kind of activity.

[F142(3) Paragraphs (1) and (2) do not apply to a kind of activity to which article 25D applies.]

F141Words in art. 25(1) substituted (31.10.2004 for specified purposes, 14.1.2005 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No. 2) Order 2003 (S.I. 2003/1476), arts. 1(3), 5(1)

F142Art. 25(3) inserted (1.4.2007 for specified purposes, 1.11.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment No. 3) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/3384), arts. 1(2), 12

[F143Arranging regulated mortgage contractsU.K.

25A.(1) Making arrangements—

(a)for another person to enter into a regulated mortgage contract as borrower; or

(b)for another person to vary the terms of a regulated mortgage contract entered into by him as borrower after the coming into force of article 61, in such a way as to vary his obligations under that contract,

is a specified kind of activity.

(2) Making arrangements with a view to a person who participates in the arrangements entering into a regulated mortgage contract as borrower is also a specified kind of activity.

(3) In this article “borrower” has the meaning given by article 61(3)(a)(i).]

[F144Arranging regulated home reversion plansU.K.

25B.(1) Making arrangements—

(a)for another person to enter into a regulated home reversion plan as reversion seller or as plan provider; or

(b)for another person to vary the terms of a regulated home reversion plan, entered into on or after 6th April 2007 by him as reversion seller or as plan provider, in such a way as to vary his obligations under that plan,

is a specified kind of activity.

(2) Making arrangements with a view to a person who participates in the arrangements entering into a regulated home reversion plan as reversion seller or as plan provider is also a specified kind of activity.]

F144Arts. 25B, 25C inserted (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), arts. 1(2), 4

[F144Arranging regulated home purchase plansU.K.

25C.(1) Making arrangements—

(a)for another person to enter into a regulated home purchase plan as home purchaser; or

(b)for another person to vary the terms of a regulated home purchase plan, entered into on or after 6th April 2007 by him as home purchaser, in such a way as to vary his obligations under that plan,

is a specified kind of activity.

(2) Making arrangements with a view to a person who participates in the arrangements entering into a regulated home purchase plan as home purchaser is also a specified kind of activity.]

F144Arts. 25B, 25C inserted (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), arts. 1(2), 4

[F145Operating a multilateral trading facilityU.K.

25D.(1) The operation of a multilateral trading facility on which MiFID instruments are traded is a specified kind of activity.

(2) In paragraph (1), “MiFID instrument” means any investment—

(a)of the kind specified by article 76, 77, [F14677A,] 78, 79, 80, 81, 83, 84 or 85; or

(b)of the kind specified by article 89 so far as relevant to an investment falling within sub-paragraph (a),

that is a financial instrument.]

[F147Arranging regulated sale and rent back agreementsU.K.

25E.(1) Making arrangements—

(a)for another person to enter into a regulated sale and rent back agreement as an agreement seller or as an agreement provider; or

(b)for another person (“A”) to vary the terms of a regulated sale and rent back agreement, entered into on or after 1st July 2009 by A as agreement seller or agreement provider, in such a way as to vary A’s obligations under that agreement,

is a specified kind of activity.

(2) Making arrangements with a view to a person who participates in the arrangements entering into a regulated sale and rent back agreement as agreement seller or agreement provider is also a specified kind of activity.]

F147Art. 25E inserted (1.7.2009 for specified purposes, 30.6.2010 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1342), arts. 1(2), 4

ExclusionsU.K.

Arrangements not causing a dealU.K.

26.  There are excluded from [F148articles 25(1), 25A(1), 25B(1) [F149, 25C(1) and 25E(1)]] arrangements which do not or would not bring about the transaction to which the arrangements relate.

F148Words in art. 26 substituted (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), arts. 1(2), 5

F149Words in art. 26 substituted (1.7.2009 for specified purposes, 30.6.2010 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1342), arts. 1(2), 5

Enabling parties to communicateU.K.

27.  A person does not carry on an activity of the kind specified by [F150article 25(2), 25A(2), 25B(2) [F151, 25C(2) or 25 E(2)]] merely by providing means by which one party to a transaction (or potential transaction) is able to communicate with other such parties.

F150Words in art. 27 substituted (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), arts. 1(2), 6

F151Words in art. 27 substituted (1.7.2009 for specified purposes, 30.6.2010 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1342), arts. 1(2), 6

Arranging transactions to which the arranger is a partyU.K.

28.—(1) There are excluded from article 25(1) any arrangements for a transaction into which the person making the arrangements enters or is to enter as principal or as agent for some other person.

(2) There are excluded from article 25(2) any arrangements which a person makes with a view to transactions into which he enters or is to enter as principal or as agent for some other person.

[F152(3) But the exclusions in paragraphs (1) and (2) do not apply to arrangements made for or with a view to a transaction which relates to a contract of insurance, unless the person making the arrangements either—

(a)is the only policyholder; or

(b)as a result of the transaction, would become the only policyholder.]

F152Art. 28(3) inserted (31.10.2004 for specified purposes, 14.1.2005 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No. 2) Order 2003 (S.I. 2003/1476), arts. 1(3), 5(2)

[F153Arranging contracts [F154, plans or agreements] to which the arranger is a partyU.K.

28A.(1) There are excluded from [F155articles 25A(1), 25B(1) [F156, 25C(1) and 25E(1)]] any arrangements—

(a)for a [F157contract [F158, plan or agreement]] into which the person making the arrangements enters or is to enter; or

(b)for a variation of a [F157contract [F158, plan or agreement]] to which that person is (or is to become) a party.

(2) There are excluded from [F159articles 25A(2), 25B(2) [F160, 25C(2) and 25E(2)]] any arrangements which a person makes with a view to contracts [F161, plans or agreements] into which he enters or is to enter.]

F154Words in art. 28A title substituted (1.7.2009 for specified purposes, 30.6.2010 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1342), arts. 1(2), 7(1)

F155Words in art. 28A(1) substituted (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), arts. 1(2), 7(2)(a)(i)

F156Words in art. 28A(1) substituted (1.7.2009 for specified purposes, 30.6.2010 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1342), arts. 1(2), 7(2)(a)(i)

F157Words in art. 28A(1) substituted (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), arts. 1(2), 7(2)(a)(ii)

F158Words in art. 28A(1) substituted (1.7.2009 for specified purposes, 30.6.2010 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1342), arts. 1(2), 7(2)(a)(ii)

F159Words in art. 28A(2) substituted (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), arts. 1(2), 7(2)(b)(i)

F160Words in art. 28A(2) substituted (1.7.2009 for specified purposes, 30.6.2010 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1342), arts. 1(2), 7(2)(b)(i)

F161Words in art. 28A(2) substituted (1.7.2009 for specified purposes, 30.6.2010 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1342), arts. 1(2), 7(2)(b)(ii)

Arranging deals with or through authorised personsU.K.

29.—(1) There are excluded from [F162articles 25(1) and (2), 25A(1) and (2), 25B(1) and (2) [F163, 25C(1) and (2) and 25E(1) and (2)]] arrangements made by a person (“A") who is not an authorised person for or with a view to a transaction which is or is to be entered into by a person (“the client") with or though an authorised person if—

(a)the transaction is or is to be entered into on advice to the client by an authorised person; or

(b)it is clear, in all the circumstances, that the client, in his capacity as an [F164investor, borrower, reversion seller, plan provider, home purchaser, agreement provider or (as the case may be) agreement seller], is not seeking and has not sought advice from A as to the merits of the client’s entering into the transaction (or, if the client has sought such advice, A has declined to give it but has recommended that the client seek such advice from an authorised person).

[F165(2) But the exclusion in paragraph (1) does not apply if—

(a)the transaction relates, or would relate, to a contract of insurance; or

(b)A receives from any person other than the client any pecuniary reward or other advantage, for which he does not account to the client, arising out of his making the arrangements.]

[F166(3) This article is subject to article 4(4).]

F162Words in art. 29(1) substituted (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), arts. 1(2), 8(a)

F163Words in art. 29(1) substituted (1.7.2009 for specified purposes, 30.6.2010 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1342), arts. 1(2), 8(a)

F164Words in art. 29(1)(b) substituted (1.7.2009 for specified purposes, 30.6.2010 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1342), arts. 1(2), 8(b)

F165Art. 29(2) substituted (31.10.2004 for specified purposes, 14.1.2005 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No. 2) Order 2003 (S.I. 2003/1476), arts. 1(3), 5(3)

F166Art. 29(3) inserted (1.4.2007 for specified purposes, 1.11.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment No. 3) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/3384), arts. 1(2), 14

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C10Art. 29 modified (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), art. 1(2), Sch. para. 9

C12Art. 29 modified (1.7.2009 for specified purposes, 30.6.2010 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1342), art. 1(2), Sch. para. 8

[F167Arrangements made in the course of administration by authorised personU.K.

29A.[F168(1)]  A person who is not an authorised person (“A”) does not carry on an activity of the kind specified by article 25A(1)(b) as a result of—

(a)anything done by an authorised person (“B”) in relation to a regulated mortgage contract which B is administering pursuant to an arrangement of the kind mentioned in article 62(a); or

(b)anything A does in connection with the administration of a regulated mortgage contract in circumstances falling within article 62(b).

[F169(2) A person who is not an authorised person (“A”) does not carry on an activity of the kind specified by article 25B(1)(b) as a result of—

(a)anything done by an authorised person (“B”) in relation to a regulated home reversion plan which B is administering pursuant to an arrangement of the kind mentioned in article 63C(a); or

(b)anything A does in connection with the administration of a regulated home reversion plan in circumstances falling within article 63C(b).

(3) A person who is not an authorised person (“A”) does not carry on an activity of the kind specified by article 25C(1)(b) as a result of—

(a)anything done by an authorised person (“B”) in relation to a regulated home purchase plan which B is administering pursuant to an arrangement of the kind mentioned in article 63G(a); or

(b)anything A does in connection with the administration of a regulated home purchase plan in circumstances falling within article 63G(b).]

[F170(4) A person who is not an authorised person (“A”) does not carry on an activity of the kind specified by article 25E(1)(b) as a result of—

(a)anything done by an authorised person (“B”) in relation to a regulated sale and rent back agreement which B is administering pursuant to an arrangement of the kind mentioned in article 63K(a); or

(b)anything A does in connection with the administration of a regulated sale and rent back agreement in circumstances falling within article 63K(b).]]

F168Art. 29A(1): art. 29A renumbered as art. 29A(1) (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by virtue of The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), arts. 1(2), 9(a)

F169Art. 29A(2)(3) inserted (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), arts. 1(2), 9(b)

F170Art. 29A(4) inserted (1.7.2009 for specified purposes, 30.6.2010 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1342), arts. 1(2), 9

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C13Art. 29A(2)(a) applied (with modifications) (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), art. 1(2), Sch. para. 10

C14Art. 29A(3)(a) applied (with modifications) (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), art. 1(2), Sch. para. 10

C15Art. 29A(4)(a) modified (1.7.2009 for specified purposes, 30.6.2010 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1342), art. 1(2), Sch. para. 9

Arranging transactions in connection with lending on the security of insurance policiesU.K.

30.—(1) There are excluded from article 25(1) and (2) arrangements made by a money-lender under which either—

[F171(a)a relevant authorised person or a person acting on his behalf will introduce to the money-lender persons with whom the relevant authorised person has entered, or proposes to enter, into a relevant transaction, or will advise such persons to approach the money-lender, with a view to the money-lender lending money on the security of any contract effected pursuant to a relevant transaction;]

(b)a relevant authorised person gives an assurance to the money-lender as to the amount which, on the security of any contract effected pursuant to a relevant transaction, will or may be received by the money-lender should the money-lender lend money to a person introduced to him pursuant to the arrangements.

(2) In paragraph (1)—

[F175(3) This article is subject to article 4(4A).]

F173Words in art. 30(2) substituted (31.10.2004 for specified purposes, 14.1.2005 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No. 2) Order 2003 (S.I. 2003/1476), arts. 1(3), 5(4)(a)

F174Words in art. 30(2) substituted (31.10.2004 for specified purposes, 14.1.2005 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No. 2) Order 2003 (S.I. 2003/1476), arts. 1(3), 5(4)(b)

F175Art. 30(3) inserted (1.4.2007 for specified purposes, 1.11.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment No. 3) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/3384), arts. 1(2), 15

Arranging the acceptance of debentures in connection with loansU.K.

31.—(1) There are excluded from article 25(1) and (2) arrangements under which a person accepts or is to accept, whether as principal or agent, an instrument creating or acknowledging indebtedness in respect of any loan, credit, guarantee or other similar financial accommodation or assurance which is, or is to be, made, granted or provided by that person or his principal.

(2) The reference in paragraph (1) to a person accepting an instrument includes a reference to a person becoming a party to an instrument otherwise than as a debtor or a surety.

Provision of financeU.K.

32.  There are excluded from article 25(2) arrangements having as their sole purpose the provision of finance to enable a person to buy, sell, subscribe for or underwrite investments.

IntroducingU.K.

33.  There are excluded from [F176articles 25(2), 25A(2), 25B(2) [F177, 25C(2) and 25E(2)]] arrangements where—

(a)they are arrangements under which persons (“clients") will be introduced to another person;

(b)the person to whom introductions are to be made is—

(i)an authorised person;

(ii)an exempt person acting in the course of a business comprising a regulated activity in relation to which he is exempt; or

(iii)a person who is not unlawfully carrying on regulated activities in the United Kingdom and whose ordinary business involves him in engaging in an activity of the kind specified by any of articles 14, 21, 25, [F17825A,] [F17925B, 25C,] [F18025E,] 37 [F181, 39A] 40, 45, [F18251ZA, 51ZB, 51ZC, 51ZD, 51ZE], [F18352, 53][F184, 53A, 53B[F185, 53C and 53D]] (or, so far as relevant to any of those articles, article 64), or would do so apart from any exclusion from any of those articles made by this Order; F186...

(c)the introduction is made with a view to the provision of independent advice or the independent exercise of discretion in relation to investments generally or in relation to any class of investments to which the arrangements relate [F187; and

(d)the arrangements are made with a view to a person entering into a transaction which does not relate to a contract of insurance.]

F176Words in art. 33 substituted (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), arts. 1(2), 10(a)

F177Words in art. 33 substituted (1.7.2009 for specified purposes, 30.6.2010 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1342), arts. 1(2), 10(a)

F179Words in art. 33(b)(iii) inserted (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), arts. 1(2), 10(b)(i)

F180Word in art. 33(b)(iii) inserted (1.7.2009 for specified purposes, 30.6.2010 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1342), arts. 1(2), 10(b)(i)

F181Word in art. 33(b)(iii) inserted (31.10.2004 for specified purposes, 14.1.2005 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No. 2) Order 2003 (S.I. 2003/1476), arts. 1(3), 5(5)(a)

F184Words in art. 33(b)(iii) substituted (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), arts. 1(2), 10(b)(ii)

F185Words in art. 33(b)(iii) substituted (1.7.2009 for specified purposes, 30.6.2010 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1342), arts. 1(2), 10(b)(ii)

F186Word in art. 33(b)(iii) omitted (31.10.2004 for specified purposes, 14.1.2005 in so far as not already in force) by virtue of The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No. 2) Order 2003 (S.I. 2003/1476), arts. 1(3), 5(5)(b)

F187Art. 33(d) and preceding word inserted (31.10.2004 for specified purposes, 14.1.2005 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No. 2) Order 2003 (S.I. 2003/1476), arts. 1(3), 5(5)(c)

[F188Introducing to authorised persons etc.U.K.

33A(1) There are excluded from article 25A(2) arrangements where—

(a)they are arrangements under which a client is introduced to a person (“N”) who is—

(i)an authorised person who has permission to carry on a regulated activity of the kind specified by any of articles 25A, 53A, and 61(1),

(ii)an appointed representative who may carry on a regulated activity of the kind specified by either of articles 25A and 53A without contravening the general prohibition, or

(iii)an overseas person who carries on activities specified by any of articles 25A, 53A and 61(1); and

(b)the conditions mentioned in paragraph (2) are satisfied.

[F189(1A) There are excluded from article 25B(2) arrangements where—

(a)they are arrangements under which a client is introduced to a person (“N”) who is—

(i)an authorised person who has permission to carry on a regulated activity of the kind specified by any of articles 25B, 53B and 63B(1),

(ii)an appointed representative who may carry on a regulated activity of the kind specified by either of articles 25B and 53B without contravening the general prohibition, or

(iii)an overseas person who carries on activities specified by any of articles 25B, 53B and 63B(1); and

(b)the conditions mentioned in paragraph (2) are satisfied.

(1B) There are excluded from article 25C(2) arrangements where—

(a)they are arrangements under which a client is introduced to a person (“N”) who is—

(i)an authorised person who has permission to carry on a regulated activity of the kind specified by any of articles 25C, 53C and 63F(1),

(ii)an appointed representative who may carry on a regulated activity of the kind specified by either of articles 25C and 53C without contravening the general prohibition, or

(iii)an overseas person who carries on activities specified by any of articles 25C, 53C and 63F(1); and

(b)the conditions mentioned in paragraph (2) are satisfied.]

[F190(1C) There are excluded from article 25E(2) arrangements where—

(a)they are arrangements under which a client is introduced to a person (“N”) who is—

(i)an authorised person who has permission to carry on a regulated activity of the kind specified by any of articles 25E, 53D and 63J(1),

(ii)an appointed representative who may carry on a regulated activity of the kind specified by either of articles 25E or 53D without contravening the general prohibition, or

(iii)an overseas person who carries on activities specified by any of articles 25E, 53D and 63J(1); and

(b)the conditions mentioned in paragraph (2) are satisfied.]

(2) Those conditions are—

(a)that the person making the introduction (“P”) does not receive any money, other than money payable to P on his own account, paid by the client for or in connection with any transaction which the client enters into with or through N as a result of the introduction; and

(b)that before making the introduction P discloses to the client such of the information mentioned in paragraph (3) as applies to P.

(3) That information is—

(a)that P is a member of the same group as N;

(b)details of any payment which P will receive from N, by way of fee or commission, for introducing the client to N;

(c)an indication of any other reward or advantage received or to be received by P that arises out of his introducing clients to N.

[F191(4) In this article, “client” means—

(a)for the purposes of paragraph (1), a borrower within the meaning given by article 61(3)(a)(i), or a person who is or may be contemplating entering into a regulated mortgage contract as such a borrower;

(b)for the purposes of paragraph (1A), a reversion seller, a plan provider or a person who is or may be contemplating entering into a regulated home reversion plan as a reversion seller or as a plan provider;

(c)for the purposes of paragraph (1B), a home purchaser or a person who is or may be contemplating entering into a regulated home purchase plan as a home purchaser[F192;

(d)for the purposes of paragraph (1C), an agreement provider, an agreement seller or a person who is or may be contemplating entering into a regulated sale and rent back agreement as an agreement provider or agreement seller.]]]

F189Art. 33A(1A)(1B) inserted (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), arts. 1(2), 11(a)

F190Art. 33A(1C) inserted (1.7.2009 for specified purposes, 30.6.2010 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1342), arts. 1(2), 11(a)

F191Art. 33A(4) substituted (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), arts. 1(2), 11(b)

F192Art. 33A(4)(d) inserted (1.7.2009 for specified purposes, 30.6.2010 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1342), arts. 1(2), 11(b)

Arrangements for the issue of shares etc.U.K.

34.—(1) There are excluded from article 25(1) and (2)—

(a)arrangements made by a company for the purposes of issuing its own shares or share warrants; and

(b)arrangements made by any person for the purposes of issuing his own debentures or debenture warrants;

and for the purposes of article 25(1) and (2), a company is not, by reason of issuing its own shares or share warrants, and a person is not, by reason of issuing his own debentures or debenture warrants, to be treated as selling them.

(2) In paragraph (1), “company", “shares", “debentures", “share warrants" and “debenture warrants" have the meanings given by article 18(2).

International securities self-regulating organisationsU.K.

35.—(1) There are excluded from article 25(1) and (2) any arrangements made for the purposes of carrying out the functions of a body or association which is approved under this article as an international securities self-regulating organisation, whether the arrangements are made by the organisation itself or by a person acting on its behalf.

(2) The Treasury may approve as an international securities self-regulating organisation any body corporate or unincorporated association with respect to which the conditions mentioned in paragraph (3) appear to them to be met if, having regard to such matters affecting international trade, overseas earnings and the balance of payments or otherwise as they consider relevant, it appears to them that to do so would be desirable and not result in any undue risk to investors.

(3) The conditions are that—

(a)the body or association does not have its head office in the United Kingdom;

(b)the body or association is not eligible for recognition under section 287 or 288 of the Act (applications by investment exchanges and clearing houses) on the ground that (whether or not it has applied, and whether or not it would be eligible on other grounds) it is unable to satisfy the requirements of one or both of paragraphs (a) and (b) of section 292(3) of the Act (requirements for overseas investment exchanges and overseas clearing houses);

[F193(ba)the body or association is also not eligible to become an EEA central counterparty (as defined in section 285(1)(c) of the Act) or a third country central counterparty (as defined in section 285(1)(d) of the Act);]

(c)the body or association is able and willing to co-operate with [F194the FCA and the PRA] by the sharing of information and in other ways;

(d)adequate arrangements exist for co-operation between [F194the FCA and the PRA] and those responsible for the supervision of the body or association in the country or territory in which its head office is situated;

(e)the body or association has a membership composed of persons falling within any of the following categories, that is to say, authorised persons, exempt persons, and persons whose head offices are outside the United Kingdom and whose ordinary business involves them in engaging in activities which are activities of a kind specified by this Order (or would be apart from any exclusion made by this Part); and

(f)the body or association facilitates and regulates the activity of its members in the conduct of international securities business.

(4) In paragraph (3)(f), “international securities business" means the business of buying, selling, subscribing for or underwriting investments (or agreeing to do so), either as principal or agent, where—

(a)the investments are securities or [F195relevant investments] and are of a kind which, by their nature, and the manner in which the business is conducted, may be expected normally to be bought or dealt in by persons sufficiently expert to understand the risks involved; and

(b)either the transaction is international or each of the parties may be expected to be indifferent to the location of the other;

and, for the purposes of this definition, it is irrelevant that the investments may ultimately be bought otherwise than in the course of such business by persons not so expert.

(5) Any approval under this article is to be given by notice in writing; and the Treasury may by a further notice in writing withdraw any such approval if for any reason it appears to them that it is not appropriate to it to continue in force.

[F196Trade repositoriesU.K.

35A.  A trade repository does not carry on an activity of the kind specified by article 25(2) by carrying on its functions of centrally collecting and maintaining records of derivatives under Regulation (EU) 648/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 July 2012 on OTC derivatives, central counterparties and trade repositories.]

Other exclusionsU.K.

36.[F197(1)] Article 25 is also subject to the exclusions in articles 66 (trustees etc.), 67 (profession or non-investment business), 68 (sale of goods and supply of services), 69 (groups and joint enterprises), 70 (sale of body corporate), 71 (employee share schemes) [F198, 72 (overseas persons) [F199, 72A (information society services), 72B (activities carried on by a provider of relevant goods or services), 72C (provision of information about contracts of insurance on an incidental basis) [F200, 72AA (managers of UCITS and AIFs)[F201, 72D (large risks contracts where risk situated outside the EEA), 72G (local authorities) and 72H (insolvency practitioners)]]]].

[F202(2) [F203Articles 25A, 25B [F204, 25C and 25E] are] also subject to the exclusions in articles 66 (trustees etc.), 67 (profession or non-investment business), 72 (overseas persons) [F205, 72A (information society services)[F206, 72AA (managers of UCITS and AIFs) and 72G (local authorities)]].]

[F207(3) Article 25D is also subject to [F208the exclusions in articles 72 (overseas persons)[F209, 72AA (managers of UCITS and AIFs) and 72H (insolvency practitioners)]].]

F199Words in art. 36(1) substituted (31.10.2004 for specified purposes, 14.1.2005 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No. 2) Order 2003 (S.I. 2003/1476), arts. 1(3), 5(7)

F201Words in art. 36(1) substituted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(6)(a)

F203Words in art. 36(2) substituted (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), arts. 1(2), 12

F204Words in art. 36(2) substituted (1.7.2009 for specified purposes, 30.6.2010 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1342), arts. 1(2), 12

F206Words in art. 36(2) substituted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(6)(b)

F209Words in art. 36(3) substituted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(6)(c)

[F210Chapter 6AU.K.Credit Broking

F210Pt. II Ch. 6A, 6B inserted (26.7.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2013 (S.I. 2013/1881), art. 1(2)(6), 4

The activityU.K.

Credit brokingU.K.

36A.(1) Each of the following is a specified kind of activity—

(a)effecting an introduction of an individual or relevant recipient of credit who wishes to enter into a credit agreement to a person (“P”) with a view to P entering into by way of business as lender a regulated credit agreement (or an agreement which would be a regulated credit agreement but for any of the relevant provisions);

(b)effecting an introduction of an individual or relevant recipient of credit who wishes to enter into a consumer hire agreement to a person (“P”) with a view to P entering into by way of business as owner a regulated consumer hire agreement or an agreement which would be a regulated consumer hire agreement but for article 60O (exempt agreements: exemptions relating to the nature of the agreement) or 60Q (exempt agreements: exemptions relating to the nature of the hirer);

(c)effecting an introduction of an individual or relevant recipient of credit who wishes to enter into a credit agreement or consumer hire agreement (as the case may be) to a person who carries on an activity of the kind specified in sub-paragraph (a) or (b) by way of business;

(d)presenting or offering an agreement which would (if entered into) be a regulated credit agreement (or an agreement which would be a regulated credit agreement but for any of the relevant provisions);

(e)assisting an individual or relevant recipient of credit by undertaking preparatory work with a view to that person entering into a regulated credit agreement (or an agreement which would be a regulated credit agreement but for any of the relevant provisions);

(f)entering into a regulated credit agreement (or an agreement which would be a regulated credit agreement but for any of the relevant provisions) on behalf of a lender.

(2) Paragraph (1) does not apply in so far as the activity is an activity of the kind specified by article 36H (operating an electronic system in relation to lending).

(3) For the purposes of paragraph (1) it is immaterial whether the credit agreement or consumer hire agreement is subject to the law of a country outside the United Kingdom.

(4) For the purposes of this article, the “relevant provisions” are the following provisions—

(a)article 60C (exempt agreements: exemptions relating to the nature of the agreement);

(b)article 60D (exempt agreements: exemptions relating to the purchase of land for non-residential purposes);

(c)article 60E (exempt agreements: exemptions relating to the nature of the lender);

(d)article 60G (exempt agreements: exemptions relating to the total charge for credit);

(e)article 60H (exempt agreements: exemptions relating to the nature of the borrower).

ExclusionsU.K.

Introducing by individuals in the course of canvassing off trade premisesU.K.

36B.(1) There are excluded from article 36A activities carried on by an individual by canvassing off trade premises—

(a)a restricted-use credit agreement used to finance a transaction between the lender or a member of the lender’s group and the borrower whether forming part of that agreement or not, or

(b)a regulated consumer hire agreement.

(2) But paragraph (1) does not apply if A carries on any other activity of a kind specified by article 36A(1)(a) to (c).

(3) A canvasses a restricted-use credit agreement or a regulated consumer hire agreement off trade premises for the purposes of this article if—

(a)A solicits the entry of an individual or relevant recipient of credit (“B”) into such an agreement by making oral representations to B during a visit by A to any place (not excluded by paragraph (4)) where B is, and

(b)that visit is made by A for the purpose of making such oral representations.

(4) A place is excluded from paragraph (3) if it is a place where a business is carried on (whether on a permanent or temporary basis) by—

(a)the lender or owner,

(b)the supplier under the restricted-use credit agreement,

(c)A,

(d)a person who employs A or has appointed A as an agent, or

(e)B.

Activities for which no fee is paidU.K.

36C.(1) There are excluded from sub-paragraphs (d), (e) and (f) of article 36A(1) activities carried on by a person for which that person does not receive a fee.

(2) For the purposes of this article, “fee” includes pecuniary consideration or any other form of financial consideration.

Transaction to which the broker is a partyU.K.

36D.  There are excluded from article 36A activities in relation to a regulated credit agreement (or an agreement which would be a regulated credit agreement but for the exclusions in articles 60C to 60H) or a regulated consumer hire agreement (or an agreement which would be a regulated consumer hire agreement but for the exclusions in articles 60O to 60Q) into which the person carrying on the activity enters or is to enter as lender or owner.

Activities in relation to certain agreements relating to landU.K.

36E.(1) There are excluded from article 36A activities carried on with a view to an individual or relevant recipient of credit entering into a regulated mortgage contract if the person carrying on the activity is an authorised person who has permission to—

(a)enter into such a contract as lender, or

(b)make an introduction to an authorised person who has permission to enter into such a contract as lender.

(2) There are excluded from article 36A activities carried on with a view to an individual or relevant recipient of credit entering into a regulated home purchase plan if the person carrying on the activity is an authorised person who has permission to—

(a)enter into such a plan as home purchase provider, or

(b)make arrangements for another person (“the client”) to enter into such a plan by introducing the client to an authorised person who has permission to enter into such a plan as home purchase provider.

Activities carried on by members of the legal profession etc.U.K.

36F.(1) There are excluded from article 36A activities carried on by—

(a)a barrister or advocate acting in that capacity;

(b)a solicitor (within the meaning of the Solicitors Act 1974) acting in the course of contentious business (as defined in section 87(1) of that Act);

(c)a solicitor within the meaning of the Solicitors (Scotland) Act 1980 engaging in business done in or for the purposes of proceedings before a court or before an arbitrator;

(d)a solicitor in Northern Ireland engaging in contentious business as defined in Article 3(2) of the Solicitors (Northern Ireland) Order 1976;

(e)a relevant person (other than a person falling within sub-paragraph (a) to (d)) acting in the course of contentious business.

(2) In sub-paragraph (e) of paragraph (1)—

“contentious business” means business done in or for the purposes of proceedings begun before a court or before an arbitrator, not being non-contentious or common form probate business (within the meaning of section 128 of the Senior Courts Act 1981);

“relevant person” means a person who, for the purposes of the Legal Services Act 2007, is an authorised person in relation to an activity which constitutes the exercise of a right of audience or the conduct of litigation (within the meaning of that Act).

[F211Other exclusions]U.K.

36G.  Article 36A is also subject to the exclusion in article 72A (information society services) [F212and the exclusion in article 72G (local authorities)].

F211Art. 36G heading substituted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(7)

F212Words in art. 36G inserted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(8)

Chapter 6BU.K.Operating an Electronic System in Relation to Lending

The activityU.K.

Operating an electronic system in relation to lendingU.K.

36H.(1) Where the [F213conditions in paragraphs (2), (2A) and (2C) are] satisfied, operating an electronic system which enables the operator (“A”) to facilitate persons (“B” and “C”) becoming the lender and borrower under an article 36H agreement is a specified kind of activity.

(2) The condition [F214in this paragraph] is that the system operated by A is capable of determining which agreements should be made available to each of B and C (whether in accordance with general instructions provided to A by B or C or otherwise).

[F215(2A) The condition in this paragraph is that A, or another person (“X”) acting under an arrangement with A or at A’s direction, undertakes to—

(a)receive payments in respect of interest and capital due under the article 36H agreement from C, and

(b)make payments in respect of interest and capital due under the article 36H agreement to B.

(2B) For the purposes of paragraph (2A)—

(a)an agreement by A to appoint X to perform the activities in that paragraph is to be treated as an undertaking by A within the meaning of that paragraph;

(b)it is immaterial that—

(i)payments may be subject to conditions;

(ii)A, or X, may be entitled to retain a portion or the entirety of any payment received from C.

(2C) The condition in this paragraph is that A, or another person (“X”) acting under an arrangement with A or at A’s direction, undertakes to perform, or A undertakes to appoint or direct another person to perform either or both of the following activities—

(a)taking steps to procure the payment of a debt under the article 36H agreement;

(b)exercising or enforcing rights under the article 36H agreement on behalf of B.]

(3) The following are specified kinds of activities if carried on by A in the course of, or in connection with, the carrying on by A of the activity specified by paragraph (1)—

(a)presenting or offering article 36H agreements to B and C with a view to B becoming the lender under the article 36H agreement and C becoming the borrower under the article 36H agreement,

(b)furnishing information relevant to the financial standing of a person (“Y”) with a view to assisting in the determination as to whether another person should—

(i)enter into, as the lender, an article 36H agreement with Y, or

(ii)assume the rights of the lender under an article 36H agreement under which Y is the borrower,

(c)taking steps to procure the payment of a debt due under an article 36H agreement,

(d)performing duties, or exercising or enforcing rights under an article 36H agreement on behalf of the lender,

(e)ascertaining whether a credit information agency (within the meaning given by article 89A(6)) holds information relevant to the financial standing of an individual or relevant person,

(f)ascertaining the contents of such information,

(g)securing the correction of, the omission of anything from, or the making of any other kind of modification of, such information, or

(h)securing that a credit information agency which holds such information—

(i)stops holding the information, or

(ii)does not provide it to any other person.

(4) An “article 36H agreement” is an agreement between one person (“the borrower”) and another person (“the lender”) by which the lender provides the borrower with credit (within the meaning given by article 60L) and in relation to which the condition in either paragraph (5) or (6) is satisfied.

(5) The condition in this paragraph is that the lender is an individual or relevant person.

(6) The condition in this paragraph is that the borrower is an individual or relevant person and—

(a)the lender provides the borrower with credit less than or equal to £25,000, or

(b)the agreement is not entered into by the borrower wholly or predominantly for the purposes of a business carried on, or intended to be carried on, by the borrower.

(7) Paragraphs (5) and (6) of article 60C (exempt agreements: exemptions relating to the nature of the agreement) apply for the purposes of paragraph (6)(b).

(8) It is immaterial for the purposes of this article whether the lender is carrying on a regulated activity.

(9) In this article, “relevant person” means—

(a)a partnership consisting of two or three persons not all of whom are bodies corporate, or

(b)an unincorporated body of persons which does not consist entirely of bodies corporate and is not a partnership.

[F216(10) For the purposes of the application of section 22(1) of the Act (regulated activities) to an activity of a kind specified by this article, article 88D (credit agreement), and article 73 (investments: general) in so far as it relates to that article, has effect as if the reference to a credit agreement in article 88D includes a reference to an article 36H agreement.]

F213Words in art. 36H(1) substituted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(9)(a)

F214Words in art. 36H(2) inserted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(9)(b)

F215Arts. 36H(2A)-(2C) inserted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(9)(c)

F216Art. 36H(10) inserted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(9)(d)

ExclusionU.K.

Information society servicesU.K.

36I.  Article 36H is subject to the exclusion in article 72A (information society services).

[F217Activities in relation to debentures and bondsU.K.

36IA.  There is excluded from article 36H (operating an electronic system in relation to lending) any activity of a kind specified by article 14 (dealing in investments as principal), 25 (arranging deals in investments), 37 (managing investments) or 53 (advising on investments).]

F217Art. 36IA inserted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(10)

SupplementalU.K.

Meaning of “consumer”U.K.

36J.(1) For the purposes of sections 1G, 404E and 425A of the Act (meaning of “consumer”), a person (“C”) is only to be regarded as a person who uses, may use, has, may have used or has or may have contemplated using, services provided by authorised persons in carrying on a regulated activity of the kind specified by article 36H or article 64 in so far as relevant to that activity if—

(a)C is, may be, has been or may have been the lender under a relevant agreement and is an individual or relevant person, or

(b)C is, may be, has been or may have been the borrower under a relevant agreement, C is an individual or relevant person and one of the conditions in paragraph (2) is satisfied, or

(c)C meets the following conditions—

(i)C is, was or would be the lender under a relevant agreement, and

(ii)C is not, was not or would not be, as a result, carrying on a regulated activity.

(2) The conditions in this paragraph are that—

(a)the lender provides, provided or would provide the borrower with credit (within the meaning given by article 60L) less than or equal to £25,000, or

(b)the agreement is not, was not or would not be entered into by the borrower wholly or predominantly for the purposes of a business carried on, or intended to be carried on, by the borrower.

(3) Paragraphs (5) and (6) of article 60C (exempt agreements: exemptions relating to the nature of the agreement) apply for the purposes of paragraph (2)(b).

(4) In paragraph (1)—

“relevant agreement” means an agreement between one person (“the borrower”) and another person (“the lender”) by which the lender provides the borrower with credit (within the meaning given by article 60L);

“relevant person” has the meaning given in article 36H.]

Chapter VIIU.K.Managing Investments

The activityU.K.

Managing investmentsU.K.

37.  Managing assets belonging to another person, in circumstances involving the exercise of discretion, is a specified kind of activity if—

(a)the assets consist of or include any investment which is a security or a contractually based investment; or

(b)the arrangements for their management are such that the assets may consist of or include such investments, and either the assets have at any time since 29th April 1988 done so, or the arrangements have at any time (whether before or after that date) been held out as arrangements under which the assets would do so.

ExclusionsU.K.

AttorneysU.K.

38.[F218(1)] A person does not carry on an activity of the kind specified by article 37 if—

(a)he is a person appointed to manage the assets in question under a power of attorney; and

(b)all routine or day-to-day decisions, so far as relating to investments of a kind mentioned in article 37(a), are taken on behalf of that person by—

(i)an authorised person with permission to carry on activities of the kind specified by article 37; F219...

(ii)a person who is an exempt person in relation to activities of that kind [F220; or

(iii)an overseas person.]

[F221(2)  This article is subject to article 4(4).]

F218Art. 38(1): art. 38 renumbered as art. 38(1) (1.4.2007 for specified purposes, 1.11.2007 in so far as not already in force) by virtue of The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment No. 3) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/3384), arts. 1(2), 17(a)

F221Art. 38(2) inserted (1.4.2007 for specified purposes, 1.11.2007 in so far as not already in force) by virtue of The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment No. 3) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/3384), arts. 1(2), 17(b)

Other exclusionsU.K.

39.  Article 37 is also subject to the exclusions in articles 66 (trustees etc.), 68 (sale of goods and supply of services)[F222, 69 (groups and joint enterprises)][F223, 72A (information society services)[F224, 72AA (managers of UCITS and AIFs)[F225, 72C (provision of information about contracts of insurance on an incidental basis) and 72H (insolvency practitioners)]]].

F223Words in art. 39 substituted (31.10.2004 for specified purposes, 14.1.2005 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No. 2) Order 2003 (S.I. 2003/1476), arts. 1(3), 6

F225Words in art. 39 substituted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(11)

[F226CHAPTER VIIAU.K.Assisting in the Administration and Performance of a Contract of Insurance

F226Pt. 2 Ch. 7A inserted (31.10.2004 for specified purposes, 14.1.2005 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No. 2) Order 2003 (S.I. 2003/1476), arts. 1(3), 7

The activityU.K.

Assisting in the administration and performance of a contract of insuranceU.K.

39A.  Assisting in the administration and performance of a contract of insurance is a specified kind of activity.

ExclusionsU.K.

Claims management on behalf of an insurer etc.U.K.

39B.(1) A person does not carry on an activity of the kind specified by article 39A if he acts in the course of carrying on the activity of—

(a)expert appraisal;

(b)loss adjusting on behalf of a relevant insurer; or

(c)managing claims on behalf of a relevant insurer,

and that activity is carried on in the course of carrying on any profession or business.

(2) In this article—

(a)“relevant insurer” means—

(i)a person who has Part IV permission to carry on an activity of the kind specified by article 10;

(ii)a person to whom the general prohibition does not apply by virtue of section 316(1)(a) of the Act (members of the Society of Lloyd's);

(iii)an EEA firm falling within paragraph 5(d) of Schedule 3 to the Act (insurance undertaking); or

(iv)a relevant reinsurer;

(b)“relevant reinsurer” means a person whose main business consists of accepting risks ceded by—

(i)a person falling within sub-paragraph (i), (ii) or (iii) of the definition of “relevant insurer”; F227...

[F228(ii)an EEA firm falling within paragraph 5(da) of Schedule 3 to the Act (reinsurance undertaking); or

(iii)a person established outside the United Kingdom and not falling within paragraph (ii) who carries on an activity of the kind specified by article 10 by way of business.]

F227Word in art. 39B(2)(b)(i) omitted (10.12.2007) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Reinsurance Directive) Order 2007 (S.I. 2007/3254), arts. 1, 2(2)(a)

F228Art. 39B(2)(b)(ii)(iii) substituted for art. 39B(2)(b)(ii) (10.12.2007) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Reinsurance Directive) Order 2007 (S.I. 2007/3254), arts. 1, 2(2)(b)

Other exclusionsU.K.

39C.  Article 39A is also subject to the exclusions in articles 66 (trustees etc.), 67 (profession or non-investment business), 72A (information society services), 72B (activities carried on by a provider of relevant goods or services), 72C (provision of information about contracts of insurance on an incidental basis) [F229, 72AA (managers of UCITS and AIFs)[F230, 72D (large risks contracts where risk situated outside the EEA), 72G (local authorities) and 72H (insolvency practitioners)])].]

F230Words in art. 39C substituted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(12)

[F231Chapter 7BU.K.Activities in Relation to Debt

F231Pt. II Ch. 7B inserted (26.7.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2013 (S.I. 2013/1881), art. 1(2)(6), 5

The activitiesU.K.

Debt adjustingU.K.

39D.(1) When carried on in relation to debts due under a credit agreement—

(a)negotiating with the lender, on behalf of the borrower, terms for the discharge of a debt,

(b)taking over, in return for payments by the borrower, that person’s obligation to discharge a debt, or

(c)any similar activity concerned with the liquidation of a debt,

is a specified kind of activity.

(2) When carried on in relation to debts due under a consumer hire agreement—

(a)negotiating with the owner, on behalf of the hirer, terms for the discharge of a debt,

(b)taking over, in return for payments by the hirer, that person’s obligation to discharge a debt, or

(c)any similar activity concerned with the liquidation of a debt,

is a specified kind of activity.

Debt-counsellingU.K.

39E.(1) Giving advice to a borrower about the liquidation of a debt due under a credit agreement is a specified kind of activity.

(2) Giving advice to a hirer about the liquidation of a debt due under a consumer hire agreement is a specified kind of activity.

Debt-collectingU.K.

39F.(1) Taking steps to procure the payment of a debt due under a credit agreement or a relevant article 36H agreement is a specified kind of activity.

(2) Taking steps to procure the payment of a debt due under a consumer hire agreement is a specified kind of activity.

(3) Paragraph (1) does not apply in so far as the activity is an activity of the kind specified by article 36H (operating an electronic system in relation to lending).

(4) In this article, “relevant article 36H agreement” means an article 36H agreement (within the meaning of article 36H) which has been entered into with the facilitation of an authorised person with permission to carry on a regulated activity of the kind specified by that article.

Debt administrationU.K.

39G.(1) Subject to paragraph (3), taking steps—

(a)to perform duties under a credit agreement or relevant article 36H agreement on behalf of the lender, or

(b)to exercise or enforce rights under such an agreement on behalf of the lender,

is a specified kind of activity

(2) Subject to paragraph (3), taking steps—

(a)to perform duties under a consumer hire agreement on behalf of the owner, or

(b)to exercise or enforce rights under such an agreement on behalf of the owner,

is a specified kind of activity.

(3) Paragraphs (1) and (2) do not apply in so far as the activity is an activity of the kind specified by article 36H (operating an electronic system in relation to lending) or article 39F (debt-collecting).

(4) In this article, “relevant article 36H agreement” means an article 36H agreement (within the meaning of article 36H) which has been entered into with the facilitation of an authorised person with permission to carry on a regulated activity of the kind specified by that article.

ExclusionsU.K.

Activities where person has a connection to the agreementU.K.

39H.(1) There are excluded from articles 39D(1), 39E(1) and 39F(1) activities carried on by a person who is—

(a)the lender under the agreement,

(b)the supplier in relation to that agreement,

(c)a person carrying on an activity of the kind specified by article 36A by way of business and who has acquired the business of the person who was the supplier in relation to the agreement, or

(d)a person who would be carrying on an activity of the kind specified by article 36A by way of business but for the exclusion in article 36B where the agreement was made in consequence of an introduction (by that person or another person) to which article 36B applies.

(2) There are excluded from articles 39D(2), 39E(2) and 39F(2) activities carried on by a person who is—

(a)the owner under the consumer hire agreement, or

(b)a person who would be carrying on an activity of the kind specified by article 36A by way of business but for the exclusion in article 36B where the agreement was made in consequence of an introduction (by that person or another person) to which article 36B applies.

(3) There is excluded from article 39G(1) steps taken under or in relation to an agreement [F232by] a person who is, in relation to that agreement, a person falling within paragraph (1)(a) to (d).

(4) There is excluded from article 39G(2) steps taken under or in relation to a consumer hire agreement [F233by] a person who is, in relation to that agreement, a person falling within paragraph (2)(a) or (b).

(5) In paragraph (1), “supplier”, in relation to an agreement, means—

(a)a person, other than the lender, whose transaction with the borrower is, or is to be, financed by the agreement, or

(b)a person to whom the rights and duties of a person falling within sub-paragraph (a) have been passed by assignment or operation of law.

F232Word in art. 39H(3) substituted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(13)

F233Word in art. 39H(4) substituted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(13)

Activities carried on by certain energy suppliersU.K.

39I.(1) There are excluded from articles 39D, 39E, 39F and 39G activities carried on by a relevant energy supplier acting in that capacity in relation to debts due under a green deal plan associated with the supplier.

(2) A green deal plan is associated with a supplier if the payments under the plan are to be made to the supplier.

(3) In this article—

(a)“green deal plan” has the meaning given by section 1 of the Energy Act 2011;

(b)“relevant energy supplier” has the meaning given in regulations made for the purpose of section 2(9) of that Act.

Activities carried on in relation to a relevant agreement in relation to landU.K.

39J.  There [F234is] excluded from articles 39D, 39E, 39F and 39G [F235any activity that relates] to a regulated mortgage contract or a regulated home purchase plan [F236to the extent that the activity constitutes an activity of the kind specified by a provision of Part 2 of this Order other than articles 39D, 39E, 39F and 39G, where entering into that contract as lender constitutes an activity of the kind specified by article 61 or entering into that plan as home purchase provider constitutes an activity of the kind under article 63F].

F234Word in art. 39J substituted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(14)(a)

F235Words in art. 39J substituted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(14)(b)

F236Words in art. 39J inserted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(14)(c)

Activities carried on by members of the legal profession etc.U.K.

39K.(1) There are excluded from articles 39D, 39E, 39F and 39G activities carried on by—

(a)a barrister or advocate acting in that capacity;

(b)a solicitor (within the meaning of the Solicitors Act 1974) acting in the course of contentious business (as defined in section 87(1) of that Act);

(c)a solicitor within the meaning of the Solicitors (Scotland) Act 1980 engaging in business done in or for the purposes of proceedings before a court or before an arbitrator;

(d)a solicitor in Northern Ireland engaging in contentious business as defined in Article 3(2) of the Solicitors (Northern Ireland) Order 1976;

(e)a relevant person (other than a person falling within sub-paragraph (a) to (d)) acting in the course of contentious business.

(2) In sub-paragraph (e) of paragraph (1)—

“contentious business” means business done in or for the purposes of proceedings begun before a court or before an arbitrator, not being non-contentious or common form probate business (within the meaning of section 128 of the Senior Courts Act 1981);

“relevant person” means a person who, for the purposes of the Legal Services Act 2007, is an authorised person in relation to an activity which constitutes the exercise of a right of audience or the conduct of litigation (within the meaning of that Act).

[F237Other exclusions]U.K.

39L.  Articles 39D, 39E, 39F and 39G are also subject to the [F238exclusions] in article 72A (information society services)[F239, article 72G (local authorities) and article 72H (insolvency practitioners)].

F237Art. 39L heading substituted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(15)

F238Word in art. 39L substituted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(16)(a)

F239Words in art. 39L inserted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(16)(b)

SupplementalU.K.

Meaning of “consumer” etc.U.K.

39M.(1) For the purposes of sections 1G, 404E and 425A of the Act (meaning of “consumer”), in so far as those provisions relate to a person (“A”) carrying on a regulated activity of the kind specified by article 39F (debt-collecting) or 39G (debt administration), or article 64 (agreeing to carry on specified kinds of activity) so far as relevant to that activity the following are to be treated as a “consumer”—

(a)the borrower under the agreement or the hirer under the consumer hire agreement;

(b)someone who has been the borrower or hirer under that agreement;

(c)a person who is treated by A as a person falling within sub-paragraph (a) or (b).

(2) For the purposes of section 328(8) of the Act (meaning of “clients”) in so far as that provision relates to a person (“A”) carrying on a regulated activity of the kind specified by article 39F or 39G, the following are to be treated as a “client”—

(a)the borrower under the agreement or the hirer under the consumer hire agreement;

(b)someone who has been the borrower or hirer under that agreement;

(c)a person who is treated by A as a person falling within sub-paragraph (a) or (b).

(3) In this article, “borrower” includes (in addition to those persons included in the definition in article 60L)—

(a)any person providing a guarantee or indemnity under the agreement, and

(b)a person to whom the rights and duties of a person falling within sub-paragraph (a) have passed by assignment or operation of law.]

Chapter VIIIU.K.Safeguarding and Administering Investments

The activityU.K.

Safeguarding and administering investmentsU.K.

40.—(1) The activity consisting of both—

(a)the safeguarding of assets belonging to another, and

(b)the administration of those assets,

or arranging for one or more other persons to carry on that activity, is a specified kind of activity if the condition in sub-paragraph (a) or (b) of paragraph (2) is met.

(2) The condition is that—

(a)the assets consist of or include any investment which is a security or a contractually based investment; or

(b)the arrangements for their safeguarding and administration are such that the assets may consist of or include such investments, and either the assets have at any time since 1st June 1997 done so, or the arrangements have at any time (whether before or after that date) been held out as ones under which such investments would be safeguarded and administered.

(3) For the purposes of this article—

(a)it is immaterial that title to the assets safeguarded and administered is held in uncertificated form;

(b)it is immaterial that the assets safeguarded and administered may be transferred to another person, subject to a commitment by the person safeguarding and administering them, or arranging for their safeguarding and administration, that they will be replaced by equivalent assets at some future date or when so requested by the person to whom they belong.

ExclusionsU.K.

Acceptance of responsibility by third partyU.K.

41.—(1) There are excluded from article 40 any activities which a person carries on pursuant to arrangements which—

(a)are ones under which a qualifying custodian undertakes to the person to whom the assets belong a responsibility in respect of the assets which is no less onerous than the qualifying custodian would have if the qualifying custodian were safeguarding and administering the assets; and

(b)are operated by the qualifying custodian in the course of carrying on in the United Kingdom an activity of the kind specified by article 40.

(2) In paragraph (1), “qualifying custodian" means a person who is—

(a)an authorised person who has permission to carry on an activity of the kind specified by article 40, or

(b)an exempt person acting in the course of a business comprising a regulated activity in relation to which he is exempt.

Introduction to qualifying custodiansU.K.

42.—(1) There are excluded from article 40 any arrangements pursuant to which introductions are made by a person (“P") to a qualifying custodian with a view to the qualifying custodian providing in the United Kingdom a service comprising an activity of the kind specified by article 40, where the qualifying person (or other person who is to safeguard and administer the assets in question) is not connected with P.

(2) For the purposes of paragraph (1)—

(a)“qualifying custodian" has the meaning given by article 41(2); and

(b)a person is connected with P if either he is a member of the same group as P, or P is remunerated by him.

[F240Depositaries of UCITS and AIFsU.K.

42A.  A person does not carry on an activity of the kind specified by article 40 if the person carries on the activity in relation to—

(a)a UCITS, and the person has a Part 4A permission to carry on the activity specified in article 51ZB in respect of that UCITS; or

(b)an AIF, and the person has a Part 4A permission to carry on the activity specified in article 51ZD in respect of that AIF.]

Activities not constituting administrationU.K.

43.  The following activities do not constitute the administration of assets for the purposes of article 40—

(a)providing information as to the number of units or the value of any assets safeguarded;

(b)converting currency;

(c)receiving documents relating to an investment solely for the purpose of onward transmission to, from or at the direction of the person to whom the investment belongs.

Other exclusionsU.K.

44.  Article 40 is also subject to the exclusions in articles 66 (trustees etc.), 67 (profession or non-investment business), 68 (sale of goods and supply of services), 69 (groups and joint enterprises)[F241, 71 (employee share schemes)][F242, 72A (information society services)[F243, 72AA (managers of UCITS and AIFs)[F244, 72C (provisions of information about contracts of insurance on an incidental basis) and 72H (insolvency practitioners)]]].

F242Words in art. 44 substituted (31.10.2004 for specified purposes, 14.1.2005 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No. 2) Order 2003 (S.I. 2003/1476), arts. 1(3), 8

F244Words in art. 44 substituted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(17)

Chapter IXU.K.Sending Dematerialised Instructions

The activitiesU.K.

Sending dematerialised instructionsU.K.

45.—(1) Sending, on behalf of another person, dematerialised instructions relating to a security [F245or a contractually based investment] is a specified kind of activity, where those instructions are sent by means of a relevant system in respect of which an Operator is approved under the [F2462001] Regulations.

(2) Causing dematerialised instructions relating to a security [F247or a contractually based investment] to be sent [F248on behalf of another person] by means of such a system is also a specified kind of activity where the person causing them to be sent is a system-participant.

(3) In this Chapter—

[F249(a)“the 2001 Regulations” means the Uncertificated Securities Regulations 2001;]

(b)“dematerialised instruction", “Operator", “settlement bank" and “system-participant" have the meaning given by regulation 3 of the [F2502001] Regulations.

ExclusionsU.K.

Instructions on behalf of participating issuersU.K.

46.  There is excluded from article 45 the act of sending, or causing to be sent, a dematerialised instruction where the person on whose behalf the instruction is sent or caused to be sent is a participating issuer within the meaning of the [F2512001] Regulations.

Instructions on behalf of settlement banksU.K.

47.  There is excluded from article 45 the act of sending, or causing to be sent, a dematerialised instruction where the person on whose behalf the instruction is sent or caused to be sent is a settlement bank in its capacity as such.

Instructions in connection with takeover offersU.K.

48.—(1) There is excluded from article 45 of the act of sending, or causing to be sent, a dematerialised instruction where the person on whose behalf the instruction is sent or caused to be sent is an offeror making a takeover offer.

(2) In this article—

(a)“offeror" means, in the case of a takeover offer made by two or more persons jointly, the joint offers or any of them;

(b)“takeover offer" means—

(i)an offer to acquire shares (which in this sub-paragraph has the same meaning as in [F252section 974 of the Companies Act 2006]) in a body corporate incorporated in the United Kingdom which is a takeover offer within the meaning of [F253Chapter 3 of Part 28] of that Act (or would be such an offer if that Part of that Act applied in relation to any body corporate);

(ii)an offer to acquire all or substantially all the shares, or all the shares of a particular class, in a body corporate incorporated outside the United Kingdom; or

(iii)an offer made to all the holders of shares, or shares of a particular class, in a body corporate to acquire a specified proportion of those shares;

but in determining whether an offer falls within paragraph (ii) there are to be disregarded any shares which the offeror or any associate of his (within the meaning of [F254section 988 of the Companies Act 2006]) holds or has contracted to acquire; and in determining whether an offer falls within paragraph (iii) the offeror, any such associate and any person whose shares the offeror or any such associate has contracted to acquire is not to be regarded as a holder of shares.

Instructions in the course of providing a networkU.K.

49.  There is excluded from article 45 the act of sending, or causing to be sent, a dematerialised instruction as a necessary part of providing a network, the purpose of which is to carry dematerialised instructions which are at all time properly authenticated (within the meaning of the [F2552001] Regulations).

Other exclusionsU.K.

50.  Article 45 is also subject to the exclusions in articles 66 (trustees etc.)[F256, 69 (groups and joint enterprises)[F257, 72A (information society services)[F258, 72AA (managers of UCITS and AIFs) and 72H (insolvency practitioners)]]].

Chapter XU.K.F259Collective Investment ...

The activitiesU.K.

Establishing etc. a collective investment schemeU.K.

F26051.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F260Arts. 51ZA-51ZG substituted for arts. 51 and cross-heading (22.7.2013) by The Alternative Investment Fund Managers Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1773), reg. 1, Sch. 2 para. 1(12)

[F260Managing a UCITSU.K.

51ZA.(1) Managing a UCITS is a specified kind of activity.

(2) A person manages a UCITS when the person carries on collective portfolio management of the UCITS within the meaning of the UCITS directive, which includes the functions referred to in Annex 2 to that directive (the text of which is set out in Schedule 6) in relation to a UCITS.

(3) If a person manages a UCITS and also carries on other activities in connection with or for the purposes of the management of that UCITS, such other activities are also included in the activity specified in paragraph (1).

F260Arts. 51ZA-51ZG substituted for arts. 51 and cross-heading (22.7.2013) by The Alternative Investment Fund Managers Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1773), reg. 1, Sch. 2 para. 1(12)

Acting as trustee or depositary of a UCITSU.K.

51ZB.(1) Acting as—

(a)the trustee of an authorised unit trust scheme, or

(b)the depositary of an open-ended investment company or authorised contractual scheme,

where the scheme or company is a UCITS, is a specified kind of activity.

(2) In paragraph (1), “authorised contractual scheme”, “authorised unit trust scheme”, “trustee” and “depositary” have the meanings given by section 237 of the Act (other definitions).

F260Arts. 51ZA-51ZG substituted for arts. 51 and cross-heading (22.7.2013) by The Alternative Investment Fund Managers Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1773), reg. 1, Sch. 2 para. 1(12)

Managing an AIFU.K.

51ZC.(1) Managing an AIF is a specified kind of activity.

(2) A person manages an AIF when the person performs at least risk management or portfolio management for the AIF.

(3) A person does not manage an AIF if the functions they perform for the AIF have been delegated to it by another person, provided that such other person is not an AIFM that has delegated such functions to the extent that it is a letter-box entity.

(4) Paragraph (5) applies if a person manages an AIF, and also carries on—

(a)one or more of the additional activities listed in paragraph 2 of Annex 1 to the alternative investment fund managers directive (the text of which is set out in Schedule 7) for that AIF; or

(b)one or more other activities in connection with or for the purposes of the management of that AIF.

(5) The additional or other activities are included in the activity specified in paragraph (1).

(6) Any expression used in this article which is not defined in this Order and is used in the alternative investment fund managers directive has the same meaning as in that directive.

F260Arts. 51ZA-51ZG substituted for arts. 51 and cross-heading (22.7.2013) by The Alternative Investment Fund Managers Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1773), reg. 1, Sch. 2 para. 1(12)

Acting as trustee or depositary of an AIFU.K.

51ZD.(1) Acting as—

(a)the depositary of an AIF falling within paragraph (2),

(b)the trustee of an authorised unit trust scheme which is an AIF that does not fall within paragraph (2), or

(c)the depositary of an open-ended investment company or authorised contractual scheme which is an AIF that does not fall within paragraph (2),

is a specified kind of activity.

(2) An AIF falls within this paragraph if it is—

(a)an AIF managed by a full-scope UK AIFM; or

(b)a UK AIF managed by an EEA AIFM.

(3) In paragraph (1)(a) “depositary” means—

(a)a person appointed in compliance with the requirement for the AIFM to appoint a depositary at Article 21.1 of the alternative investment fund managers directive; or

(b)an Article 36 custodian as defined in regulation 57(5)(a) of the Alternative Investment Fund Managers Regulations 2013.

(4) In paragraph (1)(b) “authorised unit trust scheme” and “trustee” have the meanings given by section 237 of the Act.

(5) In paragraph (1)(c) “authorised contractual scheme” and “depositary” have the meanings given by section 237 of the Act.

(6) Until 22nd July 2017, an AIF also falls within paragraph (2) if the FCA or an authority in another EEA State has permitted a person with its registered office or a branch in the United Kingdom to be appointed as a depositary of the AIF in accordance with Article 61.5 of the alternative investment fund managers directive.

F260Arts. 51ZA-51ZG substituted for arts. 51 and cross-heading (22.7.2013) by The Alternative Investment Fund Managers Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1773), reg. 1, Sch. 2 para. 1(12)

Establishing etc. a collective investment schemeU.K.

51ZE.  Establishing, operating or winding up a collective investment scheme is a specified kind of activity.

F260Arts. 51ZA-51ZG substituted for arts. 51 and cross-heading (22.7.2013) by The Alternative Investment Fund Managers Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1773), reg. 1, Sch. 2 para. 1(12)

ExclusionsU.K.

Persons excluded from managing an AIFU.K.

51ZF.  There is excluded from article 51ZC the activity of managing an AIF if the person carrying on the activity is listed or described in Schedule 8.

Operating a collective investment scheme in relation to a UCITS or an AIFU.K.

51ZG.(1) A person does not carry on an activity of the kind specified by article 51ZE if the person carries on the activity—

(a)in relation to a UCITS, and—

(i)at the time the person carries on the activity, the UCITS is managed by a person with a Part 4A permission to carry on the activity specified by article 51ZA in respect of that UCITS; or

(ii)no more than the permitted period has passed since the UCITS was managed by a person with such a Part 4A permission; or

(b)in relation to an AIF, and—

(i)at the time the person carries on the activity, the AIF is managed by—

(aa)a person with a Part 4A permission to carry on the activity specified by article 51ZC in respect of that AIF; or

(bb)a person registered as a small registered UK AIFM because the conditions in regulation 10(4) of the Alternative Investment Fund Managers Regulations 2013 are met in respect of that AIF; or

(ii)no more than the permitted period has passed since the AIF was managed by a person with such a Part 4A permission or registration.

(2) In this article “the permitted period” means a period calculated as follows—

(a)subject to sub-paragraphs (b) and (c), the period is 30 days;

(b)if, before the end of the period, the FCA receives notice of the action being taken to appoint a person with a Part 4A permission or registration to manage the UCITS or AIF, the period is extended by a further 30 days, and may be so extended a second time;

(c)if, before the end of the period calculated in accordance with sub-paragraphs (a) and (b), the FCA receives notice of a proposal in respect of the UCITS or AIF for a new manager under section 251(3) of the Act, a new operator under section 261Q(5) of the Act or a new director under regulation 21(1)(e) of the Open-Ended Investment Company Regulations 2001, the period is further extended until the earlier of—

(i)the date on which the FCA gives written notice of its approval to the proposal;

(ii)the date on which the FCA gives a decision notice refusing the proposal; or

(iii)one month after the date on which notice of the proposal was given.]

F260 ...U.K.

[F261[F262Other exclusions]U.K.

51A.  [F263Articles 51ZA, 51ZB, 51ZC, 51ZD, and 51ZE are also] subject to the [F264exclusions] in article 72A (information society services)[F265, 72AA (managers of UCITS and AIFs) and 72H (insolvency practitioners)].]

F262Art. 51A heading substituted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(19)

F263Words in art. 51A substituted (22.7.2013) by The Alternative Investment Fund Managers Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1773), reg. 1, Sch. 2 para. 1(13)

F264Word in art. 51A substituted (22.7.2013) by The Alternative Investment Fund Managers Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/1773), reg. 1, Sch. 2 para. 1(4)(b)

F265Words in art. 51A substituted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by virtue of The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(20)

Chapter XIU.K.F266... Pension Schemes

F266Word in Pt. 2 Ch. 11 title omitted (1.10.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by virtue of The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/1969), arts. 1(2), 2(3)

The activitiesU.K.

[F267Establishing etc. a pension schemeU.K.

52.  The following are specified kinds of activity—

(a)establishing, operating or winding up a stakeholder pension scheme;

(b)establishing, operating or winding up a personal pension scheme.]

F267Art. 52 substituted (1.10.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/1969), arts. 1(2), 2(4)

[F268ExclusionU.K.

[F269Other exclusions]U.K.

52A.  Article 52 is subject to the [F270exclusions] in article 72A (information society services)[F271, 72AA (managers of UCITS and AIFs) and 72H (insolvency practitioners)].]

F269Art. 52A heading substituted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(21)

F271Words in art. 52A substituted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by virtue of The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(22)

[F272CHAPTER XIAU.K.Providing Basic Advice On Stakeholder Products

The activityU.K.

Providing basic advice on stakeholder productsU.K.

52B.(1) Providing basic advice to a retail consumer on a stakeholder product is a specified kind of activity.

(2) For the purposes of paragraph (1), a person (“P”) provides basic advice when—

(a)he asks a retail consumer questions to enable him to assess whether a stakeholder product is appropriate for that consumer; and

(b)relying on the information provided by the retail consumer P assesses that a stakeholder product is appropriate for the retail consumer and—

(i)describes that product to that consumer;

(ii)gives a recommendation of that product to that consumer; and

(c)the retail consumer has indicated to P that he has understood the description and the recommendation in sub-paragraph (b).

(3) In this article—

“retail consumer” means any person who is advised by P on the merits of opening or buying a stakeholder product in the course of a business carried on by P and who does not receive the advice in the course of a business carried on by him;

“stakeholder product” means—

(a)

an account which qualifies as a stakeholder child trust fund within the meaning given by the Child Trust Funds Regulations 2004;

(b)

[F273rights under a stakeholder pension scheme;]

“relevant stakeholder pension scheme” means a stakeholder pension scheme within the meaning given by section 1 of the Welfare Reform and Pensions Act 1999 and which is subject to lifestyling, and

“lifestyling” means the process, applied from a date at least five years before the member’s retirement date, or, in the case of a member who joins the scheme less than five years before his retirement date, immediately after he becomes a member, and continuing until the member’s retirement date, by which an investment strategy is adopted by the trustees or manager which aims progressively to minimise the variation or potential variation in the value of the member’s rights caused by market conditions from time to time, and the words “member” and “scheme” have the same meaning as they have in the Welfare Reform and Pensions Act 1999;

(c)

an investment of a kind specified in regulations made by the Treasury.]

Chapter XIIU.K.Advising on Investments

The activityU.K.

Advising on investmentsU.K.

53.  Advising a person is a specified kind of activity if the advice is—

(a)given to the person in his capacity as an investor or potential investor, or in his capacity as agent for an investor or a potential investor; and

(b)advice on the merits of his doing any of the following (whether as principal or agent)—

(i)buying, selling, subscribing for or underwriting a particular investment which is a security or a [F274relevant investment], or

(ii)exercising any right conferred by such an investment to buy, sell, subscribe for or underwrite such an investment.

F274Words in art. 53(b)(i) substituted (31.10.2004 for specified purposes, 14.1.2005 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No. 2) Order 2003 (S.I. 2003/1476), arts. 1(3), 9(1)

[F275Advising on regulated mortgage contractsU.K.

53A.(1) Advising a person is a specified kind of activity if the advice—

(a)is given to the person in his capacity as a borrower or potential borrower; and

(b)is advice on the merits of his doing any of the following—

(i)entering into a particular regulated mortgage contract, or

(ii)varying the terms of a regulated mortgage contract entered into by him after the coming into force of article 61 in such a way as to vary his obligations under that contract.

(2) In this article, “borrower” has the meaning given by article 61(3)(a)(i).]

[F276Advising on regulated home reversion plansU.K.

53B.  Advising a person is a specified kind of activity if the advice—

(a)is given to the person in his capacity as—

(i)a reversion seller or potential reversion seller, or

(ii)a plan provider or potential plan provider; and

(b)is advice on the merits of his doing either of the following—

(i)entering into a particular regulated home reversion plan, or

(ii)varying the terms of a regulated home reversion plan, entered into on or after 6th April 2007 by him, in such a way as to vary his obligations under that plan.]

F276Arts. 53B, 53C inserted (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), arts. 1(2), 13

[F276Advising on regulated home purchase plansU.K.

53C.  Advising a person is a specified kind of activity if the advice—

(a)is given to the person in his capacity as a home purchaser or potential home purchaser; and

(b)is advice on the merits of his doing either of the following—

(i)entering into a particular regulated home purchase plan, or

(ii)varying the terms of a regulated home purchase plan, entered into on or after 6th April 2007 by him, in such a way as to vary his obligations under that plan.]

F276Arts. 53B, 53C inserted (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), arts. 1(2), 13

[F277Advising on regulated sale and rent back agreementsU.K.

53D.  Advising a person is a specified kind of activity if the advice—

(a)is given to the person (“A”) in A’s capacity as—

(i)an agreement seller or potential agreement seller, or

(ii)an agreement provider or potential agreement provider; and

(b)is advice on the merits of A doing either of the following—

(i)entering into a particular regulated sale and rent back agreement; or

(ii)varying the terms of a regulated sale and rent back agreement entered into on or after 1st July 2009 by A as agreement seller or agreement provider, in such a way so as to vary A’s obligations under that agreement.]

F277Art. 53D inserted (1.7.2009 for specified purposes, 30.6.2010 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1342), arts. 1(2), 13

ExclusionsU.K.

Advice given in newspapers etc.U.K.

54.—(1) There is excluded from [F278articles 53, 53A, 53B [F279, 53C and 53D]] the giving of advice in writing or other legible form if the advice is contained in a newspaper, journal, magazine, or other periodical publication, or is given by way of a service comprising regularly updated news or information, if the principal purpose of the publication or service, taken as a whole and including any advertisements or other promotional material contained in it, is neither—

(a)that of giving advice of a kind mentioned in article 53 [F280, 53A, 53B [F281, 53C or 53D,] as the case may be]; nor

[F282(b)that of leading or enabling persons—

(i)to buy, sell, subscribe for or underwrite securities or [F283relevant investments], or (as the case may be),

(ii)to enter as borrower into regulated mortgage contracts, or vary the terms of regulated mortgage contracts entered into by them as borrower[F284;

(iii)to enter as reversion seller or plan provider into regulated home reversion plans, or vary the terms of regulated home reversion plans entered into by them as reversion seller or plan provider,

(iv)to enter as home purchaser into regulated home purchase plans, or vary the terms of regulated home purchase plans entered into by them as home purchaser] [F285;

(v)to enter as agreement seller or agreement provider into regulated sale and rent back agreements, or vary the terms of regulated sale and rent back agreements entered into by them as agreement seller or agreement provider].]

(2) There is also excluded from [F286articles 53, 53A, 53B [F287, 53C and 53D]] the giving of advice in any service consisting of the broadcast or transmission of television or radio programmes, if the principal purpose of the service, taken as a whole and including any advertisements or other promotional material contained in it, is neither of those mentioned in paragraph (1)(a) and (b).

(3) [F288The FCA] may, on the application of the proprietor of any such publication or service as is mentioned in paragraph (1) or (2), certify that it is of the nature described in that paragraph, and may revoke any such certificate if it considers that it is no longer justified.

(4) A certificate given under paragraph (3) and not revoked is conclusive evidence of the matters certified.

F278Words in art. 54(1) substituted (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), arts. 1(2), 14(a)(i)

F279Words in art. 54(1) substituted (1.7.2009 for specified purposes, 30.6.2010 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1342), arts. 1(2), 14(a)

F280Words in art. 54(1)(a) substituted (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), arts. 1(2), 14(a)(ii)

F281Words in art. 54(1)(a) substituted (1.7.2009 for specified purposes, 30.6.2010 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1342), arts. 1(2), 14(b)

F283Words in art. 54(1)(b) substituted (31.10.2004 for specified purposes, 14.1.2005 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No. 2) Order 2003 (S.I. 2003/1476), arts. 1(3), 9(2)

F284Art. 54(1)(b)(iii)(iv) inserted (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), arts. 1(2), 14(a)(iii)

F285Art. 54(1)(b)(v) inserted (1.7.2009 for specified purposes, 30.6.2010 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1342), arts. 1(2), 14(c)

F286Words in art. 54(2) substituted (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), arts. 1(2), 14(b)

F287Words in art. 54(2) substituted (1.7.2009 for specified purposes, 30.6.2010 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1342), arts. 1(2), 14(d)

[F289Advice given in the course of administration by authorised personU.K.

54A.[F290(1)] A person who is not an authorised person (“A”) does not carry on an activity of the kind specified by article 53A by reason of—

(a)anything done by an authorised person (“B”) in relation to a regulated mortgage contract which B is administering pursuant to arrangements of the kind mentioned in article 62(a); or

(b)anything A does in connection with the administration of a regulated mortgage contract in circumstances falling within article 62(b).

[F291(2) A person who is not an authorised person (“A”) does not carry on an activity of the kind specified by article 53B by reason of—

(a)anything done by an authorised person (“B”) in relation to a regulated home reversion plan which B is administering pursuant to arrangements of the kind mentioned in article 63C(a); or

(b)anything A does in connection with the administration of a regulated home reversion plan in circumstances falling within article 63C(b).

(3) A person who is not an authorised person (“A”) does not carry on an activity of the kind specified by article 53C by reason of—

(a)anything done by an authorised person (“B”) in relation to a regulated home purchase plan which B is administering pursuant to arrangements of the kind mentioned in article 63G(a); or

(b)anything A does in connection with the administration of a regulated home purchase plan in circumstances falling within article 63G(b).]

[F292(4) A person who is not an authorised person (“A”) does not carry on an activity of the kind specified by article 53D by reason of

(a)anything done by an authorised person (“B”) in relation to a regulated sale and rent back agreement which B is administering pursuant to arrangements of the kind mentioned in article 63K(a); or

(b)anything A does in connection with the administration of a regulated sale and rent back agreement in circumstances falling within article 63K(b).]]

F290Art. 54A(1): art. 54A renumbered as art. 54A(1) (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by virtue of The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), arts. 1(2), 15(a)

F291Art. 54A(2)(3) inserted (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), arts. 1(2), 15(b)

F292Art. 54A(4) inserted (1.7.2009 for specified purposes, 30.6.2010 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1342), arts. 1(2), 15

Other exclusionsU.K.

55.[F293(1)] Article 53 is also subject to the exclusions in articles 66 (trustees etc.), 67, (profession or non-investment business), 68 (sale of goods and supply of services), 69 (groups and joint enterprises), 70 (sale of body corporate) [F294, 72 (overseas persons)][F295, 72A (information society services), 72B (activities carried on by a provider of relevant goods or services) [F296, 72AA (managers of UCITS and AIFs)[F297, 72D (large risks contracts where risk situated outside the EEA), 72G (local authorities) and 72H (insolvency practitioners)]]].

[F298(2) [F299Articles 53A, 53B [F300, 53C and 53D] are] also subject to the exclusions in articles 66 (trustees etc.), 67 (profession or non-investment business) [F301, 72A (information society services)[F302, 72AA (managers of UCITS and AIFs) and 72G (local authorities)]].]

F295Words in art. 55(1) substituted (31.10.2004 for specified purposes, 14.1.2005 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No. 2) Order 2003 (S.I. 2003/1476), arts. 1(3), 9(3)

F297Words in art. 55(1) substituted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(23)(a)

F299Words in art. 55(2) substituted (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), arts. 1(2), 16

F300Words in art. 55(2) substituted (1.7.2009 for specified purposes, 30.6.2010 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1342), arts. 1(2), 16

F302Words in art. 55(2) substituted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(23)(b)

Chapter XIIIU.K.Lloyd’s

The activitiesU.K.

Advice on syndicate participation at Lloyd’sU.K.

56.  Advising a person to become, or continue or cease to be, a member of a particular Lloyd’s syndicate is a specified kind of activity.

Managing the underwriting capacity of a Lloyd’s syndicateU.K.

57.  Managing the underwriting capacity of a Lloyd’s syndicate as a managing agent at Lloyd’s is a specified kind of activity.

Arranging deals in contracts of insurance written at Lloyd’sU.K.

58.  The arranging, by the society incorporated by Lloyd’s Act 1871 F303 by the name of Lloyd’s, of deals in contracts of insurance written at Lloyd’s, is a specified kind of activity.

[F304ExclusionU.K.

Information society services [F305and managers of UCITS and AIFs]U.K.

58A.  Articles 56 to 58 are subject to the [F306exclusions] in article 72A (information society services) [F307and article 72AA (managers of UCITS and AIFs).]]

Chapter XIVU.K.Funeral Plan Contracts

The activityU.K.

Funeral plan contractsU.K.

59.—(1) Entering as provider into a funeral plan contract is a specified kind of activity.

(2) A “funeral plan contract" is a contract (other than one excluded by article 60) under which—

(a)a person (“the customer") makes one or more payments to another person (“the provider"); and

(b)the provider undertakes to provide, or secure that another person provides, a funeral in the United Kingdom for the customer (or some other person who is living at the date when the contract is entered into) on his death;

unless, at the time of entering into the contract, the customer and the provider intend or expect the funeral to occur within one month.

Commencement Information

I1Art. 59 in force at 1.1.2002, see art. 2(2)(a)

[F308Exclusions]U.K.

Plans covered by insurance or trust arrangementsU.K.

60.—(1) There is excluded from article 59 any contract under which—

(a)the provider undertakes to secure that sums paid by the customer under the contract will be applied towards a contract of whole life insurance on the life of the customer (or other person for whom the funeral is to be provided), effected and carried out by an authorised person who has permission to effect and carry out such contracts of insurance, for the purpose of providing the funeral; or

(b)the provider undertakes to secure that sums paid by the customer under the contract will be held on trust for the purpose of providing the funeral, and that the following requirements are or will be met with respect to the trust—

(i)the trust must be established by a written instrument;

(ii)more than half of the trustees must be unconnected with the provider;

(iii)the trustees must appoint, or have appointed, an independent fund manager who is an authorised person who has permission to carry on an activity of the kind specified by article 37, and who is a person who is unconnected with the provider, to manage the assets of the trust;

(iv)annual accounts must be prepared, and audited by a person who is eligible for appointment as a [F309statutory auditor under Part 42 of the Companies Act 2006], with respect to the assets and liabilities of the trust; and

(v)the assets and liabilities of the trust must, at least once every three years, be determined, calculated and verified by an actuary who is a Fellow of the Institute of Actuaries or of the Faculty of Actuaries.

(2) For the purposes of paragraph (1)(b)(ii) and (iii), a person is unconnected with the provider if he is a person other than—

(a)the provider;

(b)a member of the same group as the provider;

(c)a director, other officer or employee of the provider, or of any member of the same group as the provider;

(d)a partner of the provider;

(e)a close relative of a person falling within sub-paragraph (a), (c) or (d); or

(f)an agent of any person falling within sub-paragraphs (a) to (e).

Commencement Information

I2Art. 60 in force at 1.1.2002, see art. 2(2)(a)

[F310Information society services [F311and managers of UCITS and AIFs]U.K.

60A.  Article 59 is subject to the [F312exclusions] in article 72A (information society services) [F313and article 72AA (managers of UCITS and AIFs).]]

[F314Chapter 14AU.K.Regulated Credit Agreements

F314Pt. II Ch. 14A, 14B inserted (26.7.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2013 (S.I. 2013/1881), art. 1(2)(6), 6

The activitiesU.K.

Regulated credit agreementsU.K.

60B.(1) Entering into a regulated credit agreement as lender is a specified kind of activity.

(2) It is a specified kind of activity for the lender or another person to exercise, or to have the right to exercise, the lender’s rights and duties under a regulated credit agreement.

(3) In this article—

“credit agreement” means an agreement between an individual or relevant recipient of credit (“A”) and any other person (“B”) under which B provides A with credit of any amount;

“exempt agreement” means a credit agreement which is an exempt agreement under articles 60C to 60H;

“regulated credit agreement” means any credit agreement which is not an exempt agreement.

Exempt agreements: exemptions relating to the nature of the agreementU.K.

60C.(1) A credit agreement is an exempt agreement for the purposes of this Chapter in the following cases.

(2) A credit agreement is an exempt agreement if it is a regulated mortgage contract or a regulated home purchase plan.

(3) A credit agreement is an exempt agreement if—

(a)the lender provides the borrower with credit exceeding £25,000, and

(b)the agreement is entered into by the borrower wholly or predominantly for the purposes of a business carried on, or intended to be carried on, by the borrower.

(4) A credit agreement is an exempt agreement if—

(a)the lender provides the borrower with credit of £25,000 or less,

(b)the agreement is entered into by the borrower wholly for the purposes of a business carried on, or intended to be carried on, by the borrower, and

(c)the agreement is a green deal plan (within the meaning of section 1 of the Energy Act 2011).

(5) For the purposes of paragraph (3), if an agreement includes a declaration which—

(a)is made by the borrower,

(b)provides that the agreement is entered into by the borrower wholly or predominantly for the purposes of a business carried on, or intended to be carried on, by the borrower, and

(c)complies with rules made by the FCA for the purpose of this article,

the agreement is to be presumed to have been entered into by the borrower wholly or predominantly for the purposes specified in sub-paragraph (b) unless paragraph (6) applies.

(6) This paragraph applies if, when the agreement is entered into—

(a)the lender (or, if there is more than one lender, any of the lenders), or

(b)any person who has acted on behalf of the lender (or, if there is more than one lender, any of the lenders) in connection with the entering into of the agreement,

knows or has reasonable cause to suspect that the agreement is not entered into by the borrower wholly or predominantly for the purposes of a business carried on, or intended to be carried on, by the borrower.

(7) Paragraphs (5) and (6) also apply for the purposes of paragraph (4) but with the omission of the words “or predominantly”.

(8) A credit agreement is an exempt agreement if it is made in connection with trade in goods or services—

(a)between the United Kingdom and a country outside the United Kingdom,

(b)within a country [F315outside the United Kingdom], or

(c)between countries outside the United Kingdom, and

the credit is provided to the borrower in the course of a business carried on by the borrower.

F315Words in art. 60C(8)(b) inserted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(24)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C18Art. 60C(5)(6) applied by S.I. 2005/1529, Sch. 1 para. 4C(7) (as inserted (26.7.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2013 (S.I. 2013/1881), art. 1(2)(6), 17(6)(a))

C19Art. 60C(5)(6) applied by 1974 c. 39, s. 55C(5) (as substituted (26.7.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2013 (S.I. 2013/1881), arts. 1(2), 20(23))

C20Art. 60C(5)(6) applied by 1974 c. 39, s. 60(6) (as substituted (26.7.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2013 (S.I. 2013/1881), art. 1(2)(6), 20(24))

C21Art. 60C(5)(6) applied by 1974 c. 39, s. 61A(7) (as substituted (26.7.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2013 (S.I. 2013/1881), art. 1(2)(6), 20(25))

C22Art. 60C(5)(6) applied by 1974 c. 39, s. 75A(7) (as substituted (26.7.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2013 (S.I. 2013/1881), arts. 1(2), 20(28))

C23Art. 60C(5)(6) applied by 1974 c. 39, s. 77B(10) (as substituted (26.7.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2013 (S.I. 2013/1881), arts. 1(2), 20(29))

C24Art. 60C(5)(6) applied by S.I. 1983/1553, reg. 8(1B) (as substituted (26.7.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2013 (S.I. 2013/1881), art. 1(2)(6), 23(4))

C25Art. 60C(5)(6) applied by S.I. 2010/1013, reg. 2(6) (as substituted (26.7.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2013 (S.I. 2013/1881), art. 1(2)(6), 26(4))

C26Art. 60C(5)(6) applied by S.I. 2010/1013, reg. 6(3) (as substituted (26.7.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2013 (S.I. 2013/1881), art. 1(2)(6), 26(6))

C27Art. 60C(5)(6) applied by S.I. 2010/1014, reg. 2(6) (as substituted (26.7.2013 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2013 (S.I. 2013/1881), art. 1(2)(6), 27(4))

Exempt agreements: exemption relating to the purchase of land for non-residential purposesU.K.

60D.(1) A credit agreement is an exempt agreement for the purposes of this Chapter if, at the time it is entered into, any sums due under it are secured by a legal [F316or equitable] mortgage on land and the condition in paragraph (2) is satisfied.

(2) The condition is that less than 40% of the land is used, or is intended to be used, as or in connection with a dwelling—

(a)by the borrower or a related person of the borrower, or

(b)in the case of credit provided to trustees, by an individual who is a beneficiary of the trust or a related person of a beneficiary.

(3) For the purposes of paragraph (2)—

(a)the area of any land which comprises a building or other structure containing two or more storeys is to be taken to be the aggregate of the floor areas of each of those stories;

(b)“related person” in relation to a person (“B”) who is the borrower or (in the case of credit provided to trustees) a beneficiary of the trust, means—

(i)B’s spouse or civil partner,

(ii)a person (whether or not of the opposite sex) whose relationship with B has the characteristics of the relationship between husband and wife, or

(iii)B’s parent, brother, sister, child, grandparent or grandchild.

F316Words in art. 60D(1) inserted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(25)

Exempt agreements: exemptions relating to the nature of the lenderU.K.

60E.(1) A credit agreement is an exempt agreement for the purposes of this Chapter in the following cases.

(2) A relevant credit agreement relating to the purchase of land is an exempt agreement if the lender is—

(a)specified, or of a description specified, in rules made by the FCA under paragraph (3), or

(b)a local authority.

(3) The FCA may make rules specifying any of the following for the purpose of paragraph (2)—

(a)an authorised person with permission to effect or carry out contracts of insurance;

(b)a friendly society;

(c)an organisation of employers or organisation of workers;

(d)a charity;

(e)an improvement company (within the meaning given by section 7 of the Improvement of Land Act 1899);

(f)a body corporate named or specifically referred to in any public general Act;

(g)a body corporate named or specifically referred to in, or in an order made under, a relevant housing provision;

(h)a building society (within the meaning of the Building Societies Act 1986);

(i)an authorised person with permission to accept deposits.

(4) Rules under paragraph (3) may—

(a)specify a particular person or class of persons;

(b)be limited so as to apply only to agreements or classes of agreement specified in the rules.

(5) A credit agreement is an exempt agreement if it is—

(a)secured by a legal [F317or equitable] mortgage on land,

(b)that land is used or is intended to be used as or in connection with a dwelling, and

(c)the lender is a housing authority.

(6) A credit agreement is an exempt agreement if—

(a)the lender is an investment firm or a credit institution, and

(b)the agreement is entered into for the purpose of allowing the borrower to carry out a transaction relating to one or more financial instruments.

(7) In this article—

“housing authority” means—

(a)

in England and Wales, the Homes and Communities Agency, the Welsh Ministers or a private registered provider (within the meaning of Part 2 of the Housing and Regeneration Act 2008);

(b)

in Scotland, the Scottish Ministers or a registered social landlord (within the meaning of the Housing (Scotland) Act 2010;

(c)

in Northern Ireland, the Northern Ireland Housing Executive;

“relevant credit agreement relating to the purchase of land” means—

(a)

a borrower-lender-supplier agreement financing—

(i)

the purchase of land, or

(ii)

provision of dwellings on land,

and secured by a legal [F318or equitable] mortgage on that land,

(b)

a borrower-lender agreement secured by a legal [F318or equitable] mortgage on land, or

(c)

a borrower-lender-supplier agreement financing a transaction which is a linked transaction in relation to—

(i)

an agreement falling within sub-paragraph (a), or

(ii)

an agreement falling within sub-paragraph (b) financing—

(aa)

the purchase of land,

(bb)

the provision of dwellings on land,

and secured by a legal [F318or equitable] mortgage on the land referred to in sub-paragraph (a) or the land referred to in paragraph (ii);

“relevant housing provision” means any of the following—

(a)

section 156(4) or 447(2)(a) of the Housing Act 1985,

(b)

section 156(4) of that Act as it has effect by virtue of section 17 of the Housing Act 1996 (the right to acquire), or

(c)

article 154(1)(a) of the Housing (Northern Ireland) Order 1981.

(8) For the purposes of the definition of “relevant credit agreement relating to the purchase of land”, a transaction is, unless paragraph (9) applies, a “linked transaction” in relation to a credit agreement (“the principal agreement”) if—

(a)it is (or will be) entered into by the borrower under the principal agreement or by a relative of the borrower,

(b)it does not relate to the provision of security,

(c)it does not form part of the principal agreement, and

(d)one of the following conditions is satisfied—

(i)the transaction is entered into in compliance with a term of the principal agreement;

(ii)the principal agreement is a borrower-lender-supplier agreement and the transaction is financed, or to be financed, by the principal agreement;

(iii)the following conditions are met—

(aa)the other party is a person to whom paragraph (10) applies,

(bb)the other party initiated the transaction by suggesting it to the borrower or the relative of the borrower, and

(cc)the borrower or the relative of the borrower enters into the transaction to induce the lender to enter into the principal agreement or for another purpose related to the principal agreement or to a transaction financed or to be financed by the principal agreement.

(9) This paragraph applies if the transaction is—

(a)a contract of insurance,

(b)a contract which contains a guarantee of goods, or

(c)a transaction which comprises, or is effected under—

(i)an agreement for the operation of an account (including any savings account) for the deposit of money, or

(ii)an agreement for the operation of a current account, under which the customer (“C”) may, by means of cheques or similar orders payable to C or to any other person, obtain or have the use of money held or made available by the person with whom the account is kept.

(10) The persons to whom this paragraph applies are—

(a)the lender;

(b)the lender’s associate;

(c)a person who, in the negotiation of the transaction, is represented by a person who carries on an activity of the kind specified by article 36A (credit broking) by way of business who is or was also a negotiator in negotiations for the principal agreement;

(d)a person who, at the time the transaction is initiated, knows that the principal agreement has been made or contemplates that it might be made.

F317Words in art. 60E(5)(a) inserted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(26)

F318Words in art. 60E(7) inserted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(26)

Exempt agreements: exemptions relating to number of repayments to be madeU.K.

60F.(1) A credit agreement is an exempt agreement for the purposes of this Chapter in the following cases.

(2) A credit agreement is an exempt agreement if—

(a)the agreement is a borrower-lender-supplier agreement for fixed-sum credit,

(b)the number of payments to be made by the borrower is not more than four,

(c)those payments are required to be made within a period of 12 months or less (beginning on the date of the agreement),

(d)the credit is—

(i)secured on land, or

(ii)provided without interest or other F319... charges, and

(e)paragraph (7) does not apply to the agreement.

(3) A credit agreement is an exempt agreement if—

(a)the agreement is a borrower-lender-supplier agreement for running-account credit,

(b)the borrower is to make payments in relation to specified periods which must be, unless the agreement is secured on land, of 3 months or less,

(c)the number of payments to be made by the borrower in repayment of the whole amount of credit provided in each such period is not more than one,

(d)the credit is—

(i)secured on land, or

(ii)provided without interest or other significant charges, and

(e)paragraph (7) does not apply to the agreement.

(4) A credit agreement is an exempt agreement if—

(a)the agreement is a borrower-lender-supplier agreement financing the purchase of land,

(b)the number of payments to be made by the borrower is not more than four, and

(c)the credit is—

(i)secured on land, or

(ii)provided without interest or other charges.

(5) A credit agreement is an exempt agreement if—

(a)the agreement is a borrower-lender-supplier agreement for fixed-sum credit,

(b)the credit is to finance a premium under a contract of insurance relating to land or anything on land,

(c)the lender is the lender under a credit agreement secured by a legal [F320or equitable] mortgage on that land,

(d)the credit is to be repaid within the period (which must be 12 months or less) to which the premium relates,

(e)in the case of an agreement secured on land, there is no charge forming part of the total charge for credit under the agreement other than interest at a rate not exceeding the rate of interest from time to time payable under the agreement mentioned at sub-paragraph (c),

(f)in the case of an agreement which is not secured on land, the credit is provided without interest or other charges, and

(g)the number of payments to be made by the borrower is not more than twelve.

(6) A credit agreement is an exempt agreement if—

(a)the agreement is a borrower-lender-supplier agreement for fixed-sum credit,

(b)the lender is the lender under a credit agreement secured by a legal [F321or equitable] mortgage on land,

(c)the agreement is to finance a premium under a contract of whole life insurance which provides, in the event of the death of the person on whose life the contract is effected before the credit referred to in sub-paragraph (b) has been repaid, for payment of a sum not exceeding the amount sufficient to meet the amount which, immediately after that credit has been advanced, would be payable to the lender in respect of that credit (including interest from time to time payable under that agreement),

(d)in the case of an agreement secured on land, there is no charge forming part of the total charge for credit under the agreement other than interest at a rate not exceeding the rate of interest from time to time payable under the agreement mentioned at sub-paragraph (b),

(e)in the case of an agreement which is not secured on land, the credit is provided without interest or other charges, and

(f)the number of payments to be made by the borrower is not more than twelve.

(7) This paragraph applies to—

(a)agreements financing the purchase of land;

(b)agreements which are conditional sale agreements or hire-purchase agreements;

(c)agreements secured by a pledge (other than a pledge of documents of title or of bearer bonds).

(8) In this article, “payment” means a payment comprising an amount in respect of credit with or without any other amount.

F319Word in art. 60F(2) omitted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by virtue of The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(27)(a)

F320Words in art. 60F(5)(c) inserted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(27)(b)

F321Words in art. 60F(6)(b) inserted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(27)(b)

Exempt agreements: exemptions relating to the total charge for creditU.K.

60G.(1) A credit agreement is an exempt agreement for the purposes of this Chapter in the following cases.

(2) A credit agreement is an exempt agreement if—

(a)it is a borrower-lender agreement, and

(b)the lender is a credit union and the rate of the total charge for credit does not exceed 42.6 per cent.

(3) A credit agreement is an exempt agreement if—

(a)it is a borrower-lender agreement,

(b)it is an agreement of a kind offered to a particular class of individual or relevant recipient of credit and not offered to the public generally,

(c)it provides that the only charge included in the total charge for credit is interest,

(d)interest under the agreement may not at any time be more than the sum of one per cent and the highest of the base rates published by the banks specified in paragraph (7) on the date 28 days before the date on which the interest is charged, and

(e)paragraph (5) does not apply to the agreement.

(4) A credit agreement is an exempt agreement if—

(a)it is a borrower-lender agreement,

(b)it is an agreement of a kind offered to a particular class of individual or relevant recipient of credit and not offered to the public generally,

(c)it does not provide for or permit an increase in the rate or amount of any item which is included in the total charge for credit,

(d)the total charge for credit under the agreement is not more than the sum of one per cent and the highest of the base rates published by the banks specified in paragraph (7) on the date 28 days before the date on which the charge is imposed, and

(e)paragraph (5) does not apply to the agreement.

(5) This paragraph applies to an agreement if—

(a)the total amount to be repaid by the borrower to discharge the borrower’s indebtedness may vary according to a formula which is specified in the agreement and which has effect by reference to movements in the level of any index or other factor, or

[F322(b)the agreement—

(i)is not—

(aa)secured on land, or

(bb)offered by a lender to a borrower as an incident of employment with the lender; and

(ii)does not meet the general interest test.]

(6) For the purposes of paragraph (5), an agreement meets the general interest test if—

(a)the agreement is offered under an enactment with a general interest purpose, and

(b)the terms on which the credit is provided are more favourable to the borrower than those prevailing on the market, either because the rate of interest is lower than that prevailing on the market, or because the rate of interest is no higher than that prevailing on the market but the other terms on which credit is provided are more favourable to the borrower.

(7) The banks specified in this paragraph are—

(a)the Bank of England;

(b)Bank of Scotland;

(c)Barclays Bank plc;

(d)Clydesdale Bank plc;

(e)Co-operative Bank Public Limited Company;

(f)Coutts & Co;

(g)National Westminster Bank Public Limited Company;

(h)the Royal Bank of Scotland plc.

F322Art. 60G(5)(b) substituted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(28)

Exempt agreements: exemptions relating to the nature of the borrowerU.K.

60H.  A credit agreement is an exempt agreement for the purposes of this Chapter if—

(a)the borrower is an individual,

(b)the agreement is either—

(i)secured on land, or

(ii)for credit which exceeds £60,260,

(c)the agreement includes a declaration made by the borrower which provides that the borrower agrees to forgo the protection and remedies that would be available to the borrower if the agreement were a regulated credit agreement and which complies with rules made by the FCA for the purposes of this paragraph,

(d)a statement has been made in relation to the income or assets of the borrower which complies with rules made by the FCA for the purposes of this paragraph,

(e)the connection between the statement and the agreement complies with any rules made by the FCA for the purposes of this paragraph (including as to the period of time between the making of the statement and the agreement being entered into), and

(f)a copy of the statement was provided to the lender before the agreement was entered into.

ExclusionsU.K.

Arranging administration by authorised personU.K.

60I.  A person (“A”) who is not an authorised person does not carry on an activity of the kind specified by article 60B(2) in relation to a regulated credit agreement where A—

(a)arranges for another person, who is an authorised person with permission to carry on an activity of that kind, to exercise or to have the right to exercise the lender’s rights and duties under the agreement, or

(b)exercises or has the right to exercise the lender’s rights and duties under the agreement during a period of not more than one month beginning with the day on which any such arrangement comes to an end.

Administration pursuant to agreement with authorised personU.K.

60J.  A person who is not an authorised person does not carry on an activity of the kind specified by article 60B(2) in relation to regulated credit agreement if that person exercises or has the right to exercise the lender’s rights and duties under the agreement pursuant to an agreement with an authorised person who has permission to carry on an activity of the kind specified by article 60B(2).

[F323Payment institutionsU.K.

60JA.(1) There are excluded from article 60B activities carried on by a person who is an EEA authorised payment institution exercising passport rights in the United Kingdom in accordance with Article 16(3) of the payment services directive.

(2) Terms used in this article have the meanings given in Payment Services Regulations 2009.

F323Arts. 60JA, 60JB inserted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(29)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C28Art. 60JA excluded by S.I. 2009/209, Sch. 4A para. 1(13) (as inserted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 12(4))

Electronic money institutionsU.K.

60JB.(1) There are excluded from article 60B activities carried on by a person who is an EEA authorised electronic money institution exercising passport rights in the United Kingdom in accordance with Article 16(3) of the payment services directive as applied by Article 6 of the electronic money directive.

(2) Terms used in this article have the meanings given in the Electronic Money Regulations 2011.]

F323Arts. 60JA, 60JB inserted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(29)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C29Art. 60JB excluded by S.I. 2011/99, Sch. 2A para. 1(13) (as inserted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 18(3))

[F324Other exclusions]U.K.

60K.  Article 60B is also subject to the exclusion in article 72A (information society services) [F325and the exclusion in article 72G (local authorities)].

F324Art. 60K heading substituted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(30)

F325Words in art. 60K inserted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(31)

SupplementalU.K.

Interpretation of Chapter 14A etc.U.K.

60L.(1) In this Chapter

“assignment”, in relation to Scotland, means assignation;

“associate” means, in relation to a person (“P”)—

(a)

where P is an individual, any person who is or who has been—

(i)

P’s spouse or P’s civil partner;

(ii)

a relative of P, of P’s spouse or of P’s civil partner;

(iii)

the spouse or civil partner of a relative of P or P’s spouse or civil partner;

(iv)

if P is a member of a partnership, any of P’s partners and the spouse or civil partner of any such person;

(b)

where P is a body corporate—

(i)

any person who is a controller (“C”) of P, and

(ii)

any other person for whom C is a controller;

“borrower” means a person who receives credit under a credit agreement or a person to whom the rights and duties of a borrower under a credit agreement have passed by assignment or operation of law;

“borrower-lender agreement” means—

(a)

a credit agreement—

(i)

to finance a transaction between the borrower and a person (“the supplier”) other than the lender, and

(ii)

which is not made by the lender under pre-existing arrangements, or in contemplation of future arrangements, between the lender and the supplier,

(b)

a credit agreement to refinance any existing indebtedness of the borrower, whether to the lender or another person, or

(c)

a credit agreement which is—

(i)

an unrestricted-use credit agreement, and

(ii)

not made by the lender—

(aa)

under pre-existing arrangements between the lender and a person other than the borrower (“the supplier”), and

(bb)

in the knowledge that the credit is to be used to finance a transaction between the borrower and the supplier;

“borrower-lender-supplier agreement” means—

(a)

a credit agreement to finance a transaction between the borrower and the lender, whether forming part of that agreement or not;

(b)

a credit agreement—

(i)

to finance a transaction between the borrower and a person (“the supplier”) other than the lender, and

(ii)

which is made by the lender under pre-existing arrangements, or in contemplation of future arrangements, between the lender and the supplier, or

(c)

a credit agreement which is—

(i)

an unrestricted-use credit agreement, and

(ii)

made by the lender under pre-existing arrangements between the lender and a person (“the supplier”) other than the borrower in the knowledge that the credit is to be used to finance a transaction between the borrower and the supplier;

“conditional sale agreement” means an agreement for the sale of goods or land under which the purchase price or part of it is payable by instalments, and the property in the goods or land is to remain with the seller (notwithstanding that the buyer is to be in possession of the goods or land) until such conditions as to the payment of instalments or otherwise as may be specified in the agreement are fulfilled;

“credit” includes a cash loan and any other form of financial accommodation;

“credit agreement” has the meaning given by article 60B;

“credit union” means a credit union within the meaning of—

(a)

the Credit Unions Act 1979;

(b)

the Credit Unions (Northern Ireland) Order 1985;

“deposit” (except where specified otherwise) means any sum payable by a borrower by way of deposit or down-payment, or credited or to be credited to the borrower on account of any deposit or down-payment, whether the sum is to be or has been paid to the lender or any other person, or is to be or has been discharged by a payment of money or a transfer or delivery of goods or other means;

“exempt agreement” has the meaning given by article 60B;

“finance” includes financing in whole or in part, and “refinance” is to be read accordingly;

“fixed-sum credit” means a facility under a credit agreement whereby the borrower is enabled to receive credit (whether in one amount or by instalments) but which is not running-account credit;

“hire-purchase agreement” means an agreement—

(a)

which is not a conditional sale agreement,

(b)

under which goods are bailed or (in Scotland) hired to a person (“P”) in return for periodical payments by P, and

(c)

the property in the goods will pass to P if the terms of the agreement are complied with and one or more of the following occurs—

(i)

the exercise by P of an option to purchase the goods;

(ii)

the doing by any party to the agreement of any other act specified in the agreement;

(iii)

the happening of any event specified in the agreement;

“legal [F326or equitable] mortgage” includes [F327a legal or equitable] charge and, in Scotland, a heritable security;

“lender” means—

(a)

the person providing credit under a credit agreement, or

(b)

a person who exercises or has the right to exercise the rights and duties of a person who provided credit under such an agreement;

“payment” (except in article 60F) means a payment comprising or including an amount in respect of credit;

“regulated credit agreement” has the meaning given by article 60B;

“relative” means brother, sister, uncle, aunt, nephew, niece, lineal ancestor or lineal descendent;

“relevant recipient of credit” means—

(a)

a partnership consisting of two or three persons not all of whom are bodies corporate, or

(b)

an unincorporated body of persons which does not consist entirely of bodies corporate and is not a partnership;

“restricted-use credit agreement” means a credit agreement—

(a)

to finance a transaction between the borrower and the lender, whether forming part of that agreement or not,

(b)

to finance a transaction between the borrower and a person (“the supplier”) other than the lender, or

(c)

to refinance any existing indebtedness of the borrower’s, whether to the lender or another person;

“running-account credit” means a facility under a credit agreement under which the borrower or another person is enabled to receive from time to time from the lender or a third party cash, goods or services to an amount or value such that, taking into account payments made by or to the credit of the borrower, the credit limit (if any) is not at any time exceeded;

“security” in relation to a credit agreement, means a mortgage, charge, pledge, bond, debenture, indemnity, guarantee, bill, note or other right provided by the borrower or at the implied or express request of the borrower to secure the carrying out of the obligations of the borrower under the agreement;

“total charge for credit” has the meaning given in rules made by the FCA under article 60M;

“total price” means the total sum payable by the debtor under a hire-purchase agreement, including any sum payable on the exercise of an option to purchase but excluding any sum payable as a penalty or as compensation or damages for a breach of the agreement;

“unrestricted-use credit agreement” means a credit agreement which is not a restricted-use credit agreement.

(2) For the purposes of the definition of “restricted-use credit agreement”—

(a)a credit agreement does not fall within the definition if the credit is in fact provided in such a way as to leave the borrower free to use it as the borrower chooses, even though certain uses would contravene that or any other agreement; and

(b)an agreement may fall within paragraph (b) of the definition even though the identity of the supplier is unknown at the time the agreement is made.

(3) For the purposes of the definition of “borrower-lender agreement” [F328and the definition of “borrower-lender-supplier agreement”], a credit agreement is, subject to paragraph (6), entered into under pre-existing arrangements between a lender and a supplier if it is entered into in accordance with, or in connection with, arrangements previously made between the lender (or the lender’s associate) and the supplier (or the supplier’s associate) unless the arrangements fall within paragraph (5).

(4) For the purposes of the definition of “borrower-lender agreement” [F329and the definition of “borrower-lender-supplier agreement”], a credit agreement is entered into in contemplation of future arrangements between a lender and a supplier if it is entered into in the expectation that arrangements will subsequently be made between the lender (or the lender’s associate) and the supplier (or the supplier’s associate) for the supply of cash, goods or services to be financed by the credit agreement unless the arrangements fall within paragraph (5).

(5) Arrangements fall within this paragraph if they are—

(a)for the making, in circumstances specified in the credit agreement, of payments to the supplier by the lender (“L”) and L indicates that L is willing to make, in such circumstances, payments of the kind to suppliers generally, or

(b)for the electronic transfer of funds from a current account held with an authorised person with permission to accept deposits (within the meaning given by article 3).

(6) If a lender is an associate of the supplier’s, the credit agreement is to be treated as entered into under pre-existing arrangements between the lender and the supplier unless the lender can show that this is not the case.

(7) For the purposes of the definition of “running-account credit”, “credit limit” means, as respects any period, the maximum debit balance which, under a credit agreement, is allowed to stand on the account during that period, disregarding any term of the agreement allowing that maximum to be exceeded on a temporary basis.

(8) For the purposes of this Chapter, a person by whom goods are bailed or (in Scotland) hired to an individual or relevant recipient of credit under a hire-purchase agreement is to be taken to be providing that individual or person with fixed-sum credit to finance the transaction of an amount equal to the total price of the goods less the aggregate of the deposit (if any) and the total charge for credit.

(9) For the purposes of this Chapter, where credit is provided otherwise than in sterling, it is to be treated as provided in sterling of an equivalent amount.

F326Words in art. 60L(1) inserted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(32)(a)(i)

F327Words in art. 60L(1) inserted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(32)(a)(ii)

F328Words in art. 60L(3) inserted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(32)(b)

F329Words in art. 60L(4) inserted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(32)(b)

[F330Meaning of consumer etc.U.K.

60LA.(1) For the purposes of sections 1G, 404E and 425A of the Act (meaning of “consumer”), in so far as those provisions relate to a person (“A”) carrying on a regulated activity of the kind specified by—

(a)article 60B (regulated credit agreements), or

(b)article 64 (agreeing to carry on specified kinds of activity) in so far as that article relates to article 60B,

a person who is treated by A as a person who is or has been the borrower under a regulated credit agreement is to be treated as a “consumer”.

(2) For the purposes of section 328(8) of the Act (meaning of “clients”) in so far as that provision relates to a person (“A”) carrying on a regulated activity of the kind specified by—

(a)article 60B (regulated credit agreements), or

(b)article 64 (agreeing to carry on specified kinds of activity) in so far as that article relates to article 60B,

a person who is treated by A as a person who is or has been the borrower under a regulated credit agreement is to be treated as a “client”.

(3) In this article, “borrower” includes (in addition to those persons included in the definition in article 60L)—

(a)any person providing a guarantee or indemnity under a regulated credit agreement, and

(b)a person to whom the rights and duties of a person falling within sub-paragraph (a) have passed by assignment or operation of law.]

F330Art. 60LA inserted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(33)

Total charge for creditU.K.

60M.(1) The FCA may make rules specifying how the total charge for credit to the borrower under a credit agreement is to be determined for the purposes of this Chapter.

(2) Rules made under paragraph (1) may in particular—

(a)specify how the total charge for credit to a person who is, or is to become, the borrower under a credit agreement is to be determined;

(b)specify what items are to be included in determining the total charge for credit and how the value of those items is to be determined;

(c)specify the method of calculating the rate of the total charge for credit;

(d)provide for the whole or part of the amount payable by the borrower or a relative of the borrower under a linked transaction (within the meaning given by article 60E(8)) to be included in the total charge for credit, whether or not the lender is a party to the transaction or derives a benefit from it.

Chapter 14BU.K.Regulated Consumer Hire Agreements

The activitiesU.K.

Regulated consumer hire agreementsU.K.

60N.(1) Entering into a regulated consumer hire agreement as owner is a specified kind of activity.

(2) It is a specified kind of activity for the owner or another person to exercise, or to have the right to exercise, the owner’s rights and duties under a regulated consumer hire agreement.

(3) In this Chapter—

“consumer hire agreement” means an agreement between a person (“the owner”) and an individual or relevant recipient of credit (“the hirer”) for the bailment or, in Scotland, the hiring, of goods to the hirer which—

(a)

is not a hire-purchase agreement, and

(b)

is capable of subsisting for more than three months;

“exempt agreement” means a consumer hire agreement which is an exempt agreement under articles 60O to 60Q;

“owner” means—

(a)

the person who bails or, in Scotland, hires, goods under a F331... consumer hire agreement, or

(b)

a person who exercises or has the right to exercise the rights and duties of a person who bailed or, in Scotland, hired, goods under such an agreement;

“regulated consumer hire agreement” means a consumer hire agreement which is not an exempt agreement.

F331Word in art. 60N(3) omitted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by virtue of The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(34)

Exempt agreements: exemptions relating to nature of agreementU.K.

60O.(1) An agreement is an exempt agreement for the purposes of this Chapter if—

(a)the hirer is required by the agreement to make payments exceeding £25,000, and

(b)the agreement is entered into by the hirer wholly or predominantly for the purposes of a business carried on, or intended to be carried on, by the hirer.

(2) For the purposes of paragraph (1), if an agreement includes a declaration which—

(a)is made by the hirer,

(b)provides that the agreement is entered into by the hirer wholly or predominantly for the purposes of a business carried on, or intended to be carried on, by the hirer, and

(c)complies with rules made by the FCA for the purposes of this article,

the agreement is to be presumed to have been entered into by the hirer wholly or predominantly for the purpose in sub-paragraph (b) unless paragraph (3) applies.

(3) This paragraph applies if, when the agreement is entered into—

(a)the owner (or, if there is more than one owner, any of the owners), or

(b)any person who has acted on behalf of the owner (or, if there is more than one owner, any of the owners), in connection with the entering into of the agreement,

knows or has reasonable cause to suspect that the agreement is not entered into by the hirer wholly or predominantly for the purposes of a business carried on, or intended to be carried on, by the hirer.

(4) For the purposes of this article, where credit is provided otherwise than in sterling, it is to be treated as provided in sterling of an equivalent amount.

Exempt agreements: exemptions relating to supply of essential servicesU.K.

60P.  An agreement is an exempt agreement for the purposes of this Chapter if—

(a)the owner is a body corporate which is authorised by or under an enactment to supply gas, electricity or water, and

(b)the subject of the agreement is a meter or metering equipment which is used (or is to be used) in connection with the supply of gas, electricity or water.

Exempt agreements: exemptions relating to the nature of the hirerU.K.

60Q.  An agreement is an exempt agreement for the purposes of this Chapter if—

(a)the hirer is an individual,

(b)the agreement includes a declaration made by the hirer which provides that the hirer agrees to forgo the protection and remedies that would be available to the hirer if the agreement were a regulated consumer hire agreement and which complies with rules made by the FCA for the purposes of this paragraph,

(c)a statement has been made in relation to the income or assets of the hirer which complies with rules made by the FCA for the purposes of this paragraph,

(d)the connection between the statement and the agreement complies with any rules made by the FCA for the purposes of this paragraph (including as to the period of time between the making of the statement and the agreement being entered into), and

(e)a copy of the statement was provided to the owner before the agreement was entered into.

ExclusionU.K.

[F332Other exclusions]U.K.

60R.  Article 60N is subject to the exclusion in article 72A (information society services) [F333and the exclusion in article 72G (local authorities)].

F332Art. 60R heading substituted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(35)

F333Words in art. 60R inserted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(36)

[F334SupplementalU.K.

F334Art. 60S and cross-heading inserted (14.2.2014 for specified purposes, 1.4.2014 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) Order 2014 (S.I. 2014/366), art. 1(3)(4), 2(37)

Meaning of consumer etc.U.K.

60S.(1) For the purposes of sections 1G, 404E and 425A of the Act (meaning of “consumer”), in so far as those provisions relate to a person (“A”) carrying on a regulated activity of the kind specified by—

(a)article 60N (regulated consumer hire agreements), or

(b)article 64 (agreeing to carry on specified kinds of activity) in so far as that article relates to article 60N,

a person who is treated by A as a person who is or has been the hirer under a regulated consumer hire agreement is to be treated as a “consumer”.

(2) For the purposes of section 328(8) of the Act (meaning of “clients”) in so far as that provision relates to a person (“A”) carrying on a regulated activity of the kind specified by—

(a)article 60N (regulated consumer hire agreements), or

(b)article 64 (agreeing to carry on specified kinds of activity) in so far as that article relates to article 60N,

a person who is treated by A as a person who is or has been the hirer under a regulated consumer hire agreement is to be treated as a “client”.

(3) In this article, “hirer” includes (in addition to those persons defined as “the hirer” in the definition of “consumer hire agreement” in article 60N(3))—

(a)any person providing a guarantee or indemnity under a consumer hire agreement, and

(b)a person to whom the rights and duties of a person falling within sub-paragraph (a) have passed by assignment or operation of law.]]

Chapter XVU.K.Regulated Mortgage Contracts

The activitiesU.K.

Regulated mortgage contractsU.K.

61.—(1) Entering into a regulated mortgage contract as lender is a specified kind of activity.

(2) Administering a regulated mortgage contract is also a specified kind of activity, where the contract was entered into [F335by way of business] after the coming into force of this article.

(3) In this Chapter—

[F336(a)a contract is a “regulated mortgage contract” if, at the time it is entered into, the following conditions are met—

(i)the contract is one under which a person (“the lender”) provides credit to an individual or to trustees (“the borrower”);

(ii)the contract provides for the obligation of the borrower to repay to be secured by a first legal mortgage on land (other than timeshare accommodation) in the United Kingdom;

(iii)at least 40% of that land is used, or is intended to be used, as or in connection with a dwelling by the borrower or (in the case of credit provided to trustees) by an individual who is a beneficiary of the trust, or by a related person;

[F337but such a contract is not a regulated mortgage contract if it is a regulated home purchase plan;]]

(b)“administering" a regulated mortgage contract means either or both of—

(i)notifying the borrower of changes in interest rates or payments due under the contract, or of other matters of which the contract requires him to be notified; and

(ii)taking any necessary steps for the purposes of collecting or recovering payments due under the contract from the borrower;

but a person is not to be treated as administering a regulated mortgage contract merely because he has, or exercises, a right to take action for the purposes of enforcing the contract (or to require that such action is or is not taken);

(c)“credit" includes a cash loan, and any other form of financial accommodation.

(4) For the purposes of [F338paragraph 3(a)]

(a)a “first legal mortgage" means a legal mortgage ranking in priority ahead of all other mortgages (if any) affecting the land in question, where “mortgage" includes charge and (in Scotland) a heritable security;

(b)the area of any land which comprises a building or other structure containing two or more storeys is to be taken to be the aggregate of the floor areas of each of those storeys;

(c)“related person", in relation to the borrower or (in the case of credit provided to trustees) a beneficiary of the trust, means—

(i)that person’s spouse [F339or civil partner];

(ii)a person (whether or not of the opposite sex) whose relationship with that person has the characteristics of the relationship between husband and wife; or

(iii)that person’s parent, brother, sister, child, grandparent or grandchild; and

[F340(d)timeshare accommodation” means overnight accommodation which is the subject of a timeshare contract within the meaning of the Timeshare, Holiday Products, Resale and Exchange Contracts Regulations 2010.]

ExclusionsU.K.

Arranging administration by authorised personU.K.

62.  A person who is not an authorised person does not carry on an activity of the kind specified by article 61(2) in relation to a regulated mortgage contract where he—

(a)arranges for another person, being an authorised person with permission to carry on an activity of that kind, to administer the contract; or

(b)administers the contract himself during a period of not more than one month beginning with the day on which any such arrangement comes to an end.

Commencement Information

I4Art. 62 in force at 31.10.2004, see art. 1(2)(b) (as read with Treasury notice dated 9.7.2003)

Administration pursuant to agreement with authorised personU.K.

63.  A person who is not an authorised person does not carry on an activity of the kind specified by article 61(2) in relation to a regulated mortgage contract where he administers the contract pursuant to an agreement with an authorised person who has permission to carry on an activity of that kind.

Commencement Information

I5Art. 63 in force at 31.10.2004, see art. 1(2)(b) (as read with Treasury notice dated 9.7.2003)

[F341Other exclusionsU.K.

63A.  Article 61 is also subject to the exclusions in articles 66 (trustees etc.), 72 (overseas persons) [F342, 72A (information society services)[F343, 72AA (managers of UCITS and AIFs) and 72G (local authorities)]].]

[F344Chapter XVAU.K.Regulated Home Reversion Plans

F344Pt. 2 Chs. 15A, 15B inserted (6.11.2006 for specified purposes, 6.4.2007 in so far as not already in force) by The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (Regulated Activities) (Amendment) (No.2) Order 2006 (S.I. 2006/2383), arts. 1(2), 18

The activitiesU.K.

Entering into and administering regulated home reversion plansU.K.

63B.(1) Entering into a regulated home reversion plan as plan provider is a specified kind of activity.

(2) Administering a regulated home reversion plan is also a specified kind of activity where the plan was entered into on or after 6th April 2007.

(3) In this Chapter—

(a)a “regulated home reversion plan” is an arrangement comprised in one or more instruments or agreements, in relation to which the following conditions are met at the time it is entered into—

(i)the arrangement is one under which a person (the “plan provider”) buys all or part of a qualifying interest in land (other than timeshare accommodation) in the United Kingdom from an individual or trustees (the “reversion seller”);

(ii)the reversion seller (if he is an individual) or an individual who is a beneficiary of the trust (if the reversion seller is a trustee), or a related person, is entitled under the arrangement to occupy at least 40% of the land in question as or in connection with a dwelling, and intends to do so; and

(iii)the arrangement specifies one or more qualifying termination events, on the occurrence of which that entitlement will end;

(b)“administering” a regulated home reversion plan means any of—

(i)notifying the reversion seller of changes in payments due under the plan, or of other matters of which the plan requires him to be notified;

(ii)taking any necessary steps for the purposes of making payments to the reversion seller under the plan; and

(iii)taking any necessary steps for the purposes of collecting or recovering payments due under the plan from the reversion seller,

but a person is not to be treated as administering a regulated home reversion plan merely because he has, or exercises, a right to take action for the purposes of enforcing the plan (or to require that such action is or is not taken).

(4) For the purposes of paragraph (3)—

(a)the reference to a “qualifying interest” in land—

(i)in relation to land in England or Wales, is to an estate in fee simple absolute or a term of years absolute, whether subsisting at law or in equity;

(ii)in relation to land in Scotland, is to the interest of an owner in land or the tenant’s right over or interest in a property subject to a lease;

(iii)in relation to land in Northern Ireland, is to any freehold estate or any leasehold estate, whether subsisting at law or in equity;

(b)“timeshare accommodation” has the meaning given by section 1 of the Timeshare Act 1992;

(c)“related person” in relation to the reversion seller or, where the reversion seller is a trustee, a beneficiary of the trust, means—

(i)that person’s spouse or civil partner;

(ii)a person (whether or not of the opposite sex) whose relationship with that person has the characteristics of the relationship between husband and wife; or

(iii)that person’s parent, brother, sister, child, grandparent or grandchild; and

(d)“qualifying termination event”, in relation to a person’s entitlement to occupy land, means—

(i)the person becomes a resident of a care home;

(ii)the person dies;

(iii)the end of a specified period of at least twenty years beginning with the day on which the reversion seller entered into the arrangement.

(5) For the purposes of paragraph (3)(a)(ii), the area of any land which comprises a building or other structure containing two or more storeys is to be taken to be the aggregate of the floor areas of each of those storeys.

(6) For the purposes of the definition of “qualifying termination event” in paragraph (4), “care home”—

(a)in relation to England and Wales, has the meaning given by section 3 of the Care Standards Act 2000;

(b)in relation to Scotland, means accommodation provided by a [F345“care home service” within the meaning of paragraph 2 of schedule 12 to the Public Services Reform (Scotland) Act 2010];

(c)in relation to Northern Ireland, means—

(i)a residential care home within the meaning of article 10 of the Health and Personal Social Services (Quality, Improvement and Regulation) (Northern Ireland) Order 2003; or

(ii)a nursing home within the meaning of article 11 of that Order.

(7) In this Order—

(a)references to entering into a regulated home reversion plan as plan provider include acquiring any obligations or rights (including his interest in land) of the plan provider, under such a plan; but

(b)in relation to a person who acquires any such obligations or rights, an activity is a specified kind of activity for the purposes of articles 25B(1)(b) and 53B(b)(ii) and paragra