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Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Act 2022

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Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Act 2022, Section 200 is up to date with all changes known to be in force on or before 28 November 2022. There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date. Changes that have been made appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

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  • s. 25(1)(b) and word omitted by 2021 c. 22, Sch. 8 para. 20(2) (as inserted) by 2022 c. 23 s. 83

200Expansion of use of video and audio links in criminal proceedingsE+W

This section has no associated Explanatory Notes

(1)In the Criminal Justice Act 2003, for section 51 substitute—

51Directions for live links in criminal proceedings

(1)The court may, by a direction, require or permit a person to take part in eligible criminal proceedings through—

(a)a live audio link, or

(b)a live video link.

(2)A direction under this section may be given in relation to a member of a jury only if the direction requires all members of the jury to take part through a live video link while present at the same place.

(3)In this Part “eligible criminal proceedings” means—

(a)a preliminary hearing (see section 56(1)),

(b)a summary trial,

(c)a criminal appeal to the Crown Court and any proceedings that are preliminary or incidental to such an appeal,

(d)a trial on indictment or any other trial in the Crown Court for an offence,

(e)proceedings under section 4A or 5 of the Criminal Procedure (Insanity) Act 1964,

(f)proceedings under Part 3 of the Mental Health Act 1983,

(g)proceedings under—

(i)section 11 of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000, or

(ii)section 81(1)(g) of the Senior Courts Act 1981 or section 16 of this Act in respect of a person who has been remanded by a magistrates’ court on adjourning a case under that section of the 2000 Act,

(h)an appeal to the criminal division of the Court of Appeal and any proceedings that are preliminary or incidental to such an appeal,

(i)a reference to the Court of Appeal by the Attorney General under Part 4 of the Criminal Justice Act 1988 and any proceedings that are preliminary or incidental to such a reference,

(j)the hearing of a reference under section 9 or 11 of the Criminal Appeal Act 1995 and any proceedings that are preliminary or incidental to such a hearing,

(k)a hearing before a magistrates’ court or the Crown Court which is held after the defendant has entered a plea of guilty,

(l)a hearing under section 142(1) or (2) of the Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980,

(m)a hearing before the Court of Appeal under section 80 of this Act and any proceedings that are preliminary or incidental to such a hearing,

(n)any hearing following conviction held for the purpose of making a decision about bail in respect of the person convicted,

(o)a sentencing hearing (see section 56(1)), or

(p)an enforcement hearing (see section 56(1)).

(4)The court may not give a direction under this section unless—

(a)the court is satisfied that it is in the interests of justice for the person to whom the direction relates to take part in the proceedings in accordance with the direction through the live audio link or live video link,

(b)the parties to the proceedings have been given the opportunity to make representations, and

(c)if so required by section 52(9), the relevant youth offending team has been given the opportunity to make representations.

(5)In deciding whether to give a direction under this section, the court must consider—

(a)any guidance given by the Lord Chief Justice, and

(b)all the circumstances of the case.

(6)Those circumstances include in particular—

(a)the availability of the person to whom the direction would relate,

(b)any need for that person to attend in person,

(c)the views of that person,

(d)the suitability of the facilities at the place where that person would take part in the proceedings in accordance with the direction,

(e)whether that person would be able to take part in the proceedings effectively if the person took part in accordance with the direction,

(f)in the case of a direction relating to a witness—

(i)the importance of the witness’s evidence to the proceedings, and

(ii)whether the direction might tend to inhibit any party to the proceedings from effectively testing the witness’s evidence, and

(g)the arrangements that would or could be put in place for members of the public to see or hear the proceedings as conducted in accordance with the direction.

(2)In the Crime and Disorder Act 1998, omit Part 3A (live links in preliminary, sentencing and enforcement hearings).

(3)Schedule 20 makes further provision in connection with the provision made by subsections (1) and (2).

Commencement Information

I1S. 200 in force at 28.6.2022, see s. 208(5)(y)

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