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SCHEDULES

Section 22

SCHEDULE 1U.K.The Office for Environmental Protection

MembershipU.K.

1(1)The OEP is to consist of—

(a)a Chair (who is to be a non-executive member),

[F1(aa)a Northern Ireland member (who is to be a non-executive member),]

(b)at least two, but not more than five, other non-executive members,

(c)a chief executive (who is to be the accounting officer), and

(d)at least one, but not more than three, other executive members.

(2)The members are to be appointed by the Secretary of State [F2, the Northern Ireland Department] and the OEP in accordance with paragraphs 2 and 3.

(3)[F3When exercising their functions of appointment] the Secretary of State and the OEP must ensure, so far as practicable, that the number of non-executive members [F4(including the Northern Ireland member)] is at all times greater than the number of executive members.

Appointment of non-executive membersU.K.

2[F5(1)The Chair is to be appointed by the Secretary of State acting jointly with the Northern Ireland Department, other than the first Chair who is to be appointed by the Secretary of State.

(2)The Northern Ireland member is to be appointed by the Northern Ireland Department after consulting the Secretary of State and the Chair.

(2A)The other non-executive members are to be appointed by the Secretary of State after consulting the Northern Ireland Department and the Chair.

(2B)The Northern Ireland Department must appoint as the Northern Ireland member a person with experience of—

(a)Northern Ireland environmental law (within the meaning of Part 1 of Schedule 3),

(b)environmental science in Northern Ireland, or

(c)environmental regulation in Northern Ireland.]

(3)The Secretary of State must, in appointing non-executive members, have regard to the desirability of the members (between them) having experience of—

(a)law (including international law) relating to the natural environment,

(b)environmental science,

(c)environmental policy, and

(d)investigatory and enforcement proceedings.

(4)A person may not be appointed as a non-executive member if the person is an employee of the OEP.

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I3Sch. 1 para. 2 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I4Sch. 1 para. 2 in force at 17.11.2021 by S.I. 2021/1274, reg. 2(i)

Appointment of executive membersU.K.

3(1)The chief executive is to be appointed by the non-executive members of the OEP, other than the first chief executive who is to be appointed by the Chair.

(2)The other executive members are to be appointed by the OEP.

(3)The Secretary of State [F6and the Northern Ireland Department] must be consulted before a person is appointed as chief executive.

(4)An executive member must be an employee of the OEP.

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I5Sch. 1 para. 3 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I6Sch. 1 para. 3 in force at 17.11.2021 by S.I. 2021/1274, reg. 2(i)

Interim chief executiveU.K.

4(1)The Secretary of State may appoint a person as an executive member to act as chief executive of the OEP (“an interim chief executive”) until the appointment of the first chief executive by the Chair under paragraph 3(1).

(2)Where the OEP has fewer members than are needed to hold a meeting that is quorate (see paragraph 11(2)), an interim chief executive may incur expenditure and do other things in the name and on behalf of the OEP.

(3)In exercising the power in sub-paragraph (2), an interim chief executive must act in accordance with any directions given by the Secretary of State.

(4)Neither paragraph 3(4) (requirement that executive members are employees) nor paragraph 5(2) (requirement that members are not civil servants) apply to an interim chief executive.

Commencement Information

I7Sch. 1 para. 4 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I8Sch. 1 para. 4 in force at 17.11.2021 by S.I. 2021/1274, reg. 2(i)

Terms of membershipU.K.

5(1)A member of the OEP holds and vacates office in accordance with the terms of the member’s appointment, subject to the provisions of this Schedule.

(2)A person may not hold office as a member of the OEP if the person is employed in the civil service of the State.

(3)A non-executive member must be appointed for a fixed term of no more than 5 years.

(4)The Secretary of State must, in determining the length of a non-executive member’s term, have regard to the desirability of securing that the appointments of non-executive members [F7(including the Northern Ireland member)] expire at different times.

[F8(4A)The Northern Ireland Department must, in determining the length of a Northern Ireland member’s term, have regard to the desirability of securing that the appointments of non-executive members expire at different times.]

(5)The previous appointment of a person as a non-executive member does not affect the person’s eligibility for re-appointment.

[F9(6)A non-executive member ceases to be a member of the OEP upon becoming its employee.

(7)A non-executive member, other than the Northern Ireland member—

(a)may resign from office by giving notice to the Secretary of State, and

(b)may be removed from office by notice given by the Secretary of State, after consulting the Northern Ireland Department, on the grounds that the member—

(i)has without reasonable excuse failed to discharge the member’s functions, or

(ii)is, in the opinion of the Secretary of State, unable or unfit to carry out the member’s functions.

(8)The Northern Ireland member—

(a)may resign from office by giving notice to the Northern Ireland Department, and

(b)may be removed from office by notice given by the Northern Ireland Department after consulting the Secretary of State, on the grounds that the member—

(i)has without reasonable excuse failed to discharge the member’s functions, or

(ii)is, in the opinion of the Northern Ireland Department, unable or unfit to carry out the member’s functions.]

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I9Sch. 1 para. 5 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I10Sch. 1 para. 5 in force at 17.11.2021 by S.I. 2021/1274, reg. 2(i)

Remuneration of non-executive membersU.K.

6(1)The OEP must pay its non-executive members such remuneration and allowances as the Secretary of State may determine.

(2)If a person ceases to be a non-executive member, other than by reason of their term of office expiring, and the Secretary of State determines that the person should be compensated because of special circumstances, the OEP must pay compensation of such amount as the Secretary of State may determine.

(3)The Secretary of State must consult the Chair before making a determination under this paragraph.

Commencement Information

I11Sch. 1 para. 6 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I12Sch. 1 para. 6 in force at 17.11.2021 by S.I. 2021/1274, reg. 2(i)

Staffing and remunerationU.K.

7(1)The OEP may—

(a)appoint employees on such terms as it determines, and

(b)make such other arrangements for the staffing of the OEP as it determines.

(2)The terms of the first chief executive’s appointment are to be determined by the Chair.

(3)The OEP must pay its employees such remuneration as the OEP may determine.

(4)The OEP must pay, or make provision for paying, to or in respect of a person who is or has been an employee of the OEP, such sums as the OEP may determine with the approval of the Secretary of State in respect of pensions, allowances and gratuities.

(5)In the Superannuation Act 1972 (“the 1972 Act”), in Schedule 1 (kinds of employment to which a scheme under section 1 of the 1972 Act can apply), in the list of “other Bodies”, at the appropriate place insert—

  • The Office for Environmental Protection.

(6)The OEP must pay to the Minister for the Civil Service, at such times as the Minister may direct, such sums as the Minister may determine in respect of any increase attributable to sub-paragraph (5) in the sums payable out of money provided by Parliament under the Superannuation Act 1972.

Commencement Information

I13Sch. 1 para. 7 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I14Sch. 1 para. 7 in force at 17.11.2021 by S.I. 2021/1274, reg. 2(i)

PowersU.K.

8(1)The OEP may do anything (other than something mentioned in sub-paragraph (2)) it thinks appropriate for the purposes of, or in connection with, its functions.

(2)The OEP may not—

(a)accept gifts of money, land or other property, or

(b)form, participate in forming, or invest in, a company, partnership, joint venture or other similar form of organisation.

Commencement Information

I15Sch. 1 para. 8 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I16Sch. 1 para. 8 in force at 17.11.2021 by S.I. 2021/1274, reg. 2(i)

CommitteesU.K.

9(1)The OEP may establish committees.

(2)A committee may include persons who are not members of the OEP (whether or not they are employees of the OEP).

(3)A member of a committee who is neither a member nor an employee of the OEP is not entitled to vote at meetings of that committee.

(4)The OEP may pay such allowances as it may determine to any person who—

(a)is a member of a committee, but

(b)is neither a member, nor an employee, of the OEP.

Commencement Information

I17Sch. 1 para. 9 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I18Sch. 1 para. 9 in force at 17.11.2021 by S.I. 2021/1274, reg. 2(i)

Delegation to members, committees and employeesU.K.

10(1)The OEP may delegate any of its functions (other than a function mentioned in sub-paragraph (4)) to—

(a)a member of the OEP,

(b)any of the OEP’s employees authorised for that purpose, or

(c)a committee of the OEP.

(2)The OEP must prepare a document that sets out its policy on how its functions may be appropriately delegated (a “delegation policy”).

(3)A function is delegated under this paragraph to the extent, and on the terms, that the OEP determines in accordance with its delegation policy.

(4)The OEP may not delegate the following functions—

(a)approving the strategy under section 23(3) (or a revision of it);

(b)approving a report under section 28 or 29 [F10, or a report under paragraph 1 or 2 of Schedule 3 (functions of the OEP in Northern Ireland)];

(c)approving written advice to a Minister of the Crown under section 30(1) or (3) [F11, or written advice to a Northern Ireland department under paragraph 3(1) or (3) of Schedule 3];

(d)deciding whether to give an information notice [F12or a Northern Ireland information notice];

(e)deciding whether to give a decision notice [F13or a Northern Ireland decision notice];

(f)deciding whether to apply for an environmental review (see section 38);

(g)deciding whether to apply for judicial review or a statutory review, or to intervene in proceedings that relate to a judicial review or a statutory review (see section 39);

[F14(ga)deciding whether to make a review application (see paragraph 12 of Schedule 3) or an application for judicial review by virtue of paragraph 13(1) of that Schedule or to intervene in proceedings that relate to a judicial review (see paragraph 13 of that Schedule);]

(h)approving a delegation policy under sub-paragraph (2);

(i)approving a report on the exercise of the OEP’s functions under paragraph 13(1) or a statement of accounts under paragraph 14(2).

ProcedureU.K.

11(1)The OEP may determine its own procedure, subject to sub-paragraph (2), and the procedure of its committees.

(2)A meeting of the OEP is not quorate unless—

(a)there are at least three members present, and

(b)a majority of the members present are non-executive members.

(3)The validity of any proceedings of the OEP is not affected by any vacancy among its members or by any defect in the appointment of such a member.

Commencement Information

I21Sch. 1 para. 11 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I22Sch. 1 para. 11 in force at 17.11.2021 by S.I. 2021/1274, reg. 2(i)

FundingU.K.

12(1)The Secretary of State [F15and the Northern Ireland Department] must [F16, between them,] pay to the OEP such sums as [F17they consider] are reasonably sufficient to enable the OEP to carry out its functions.

(2)The Secretary of State [F18, or the Northern Ireland Department,] may provide further financial assistance to the OEP (including by way of grants, loans, guarantees or indemnities) subject to such conditions as the Secretary of State [F19, or that department,] may determine.

Annual reportU.K.

13(1)As soon as reasonably practicable after the end of each financial year the OEP must prepare a report on the exercise of its functions during that financial year.

(2)The OEP must—

(a)arrange for its report to be laid before Parliament [F20and the Northern Ireland Assembly], and

(b)publish it.

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I25Sch. 1 para. 13 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I26Sch. 1 para. 13 in force at 17.11.2021 by S.I. 2021/1274, reg. 2(i)

Annual accountsU.K.

14(1)The OEP must keep proper accounts and proper records in relation to them.

(2)The OEP must prepare a statement of accounts in respect of each financial year in the form specified by the Secretary of State.

(3)A statement of accounts must include an assessment by the OEP of whether, in the financial year to which the statement relates, the Secretary of State [F21and the Northern Ireland Department] provided it with sufficient sums to carry out its functions.

(4)The OEP must send a copy of each statement of accounts to the Secretary of State [F22, the Northern Ireland Department] and the Comptroller and Auditor General as soon as reasonably practicable after the end of the financial year to which it relates.

(5)The Comptroller and Auditor General must—

(a)examine, certify and report on the statement of accounts, and

(b)send a copy of the certified statement and the report to the Secretary of State [F23, the Northern Ireland Department] and the OEP.

(6)The OEP must arrange for the laying before Parliament [F24and the Northern Ireland Assembly] of a copy of—

(a)its certified statement of accounts, and

(b)the Comptroller and Auditor General’s report on its statement of accounts.

Meaning of “financial year”U.K.

15In this Schedule “financial year” means—

(a)the period beginning with the date on which the OEP is established and ending with 31 March following that date, and

(b)each successive period of 12 months.

Commencement Information

I29Sch. 1 para. 15 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I30Sch. 1 para. 15 in force at 17.11.2021 by S.I. 2021/1274, reg. 2(i)

StatusU.K.

16(1)The OEP is not to be regarded—

(a)as a servant or agent of the Crown, or

(b)as enjoying any status, immunity or privilege of the Crown.

(2)The OEP’s property is not to be regarded as property of, or property held on behalf of, the Crown.

(3)Service as a member, or as an employee, of the OEP is not service in the civil service of the State.

Commencement Information

I31Sch. 1 para. 16 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I32Sch. 1 para. 16 in force at 17.11.2021 by S.I. 2021/1274, reg. 2(i)

Independence of the OEPU.K.

17In exercising functions in respect of the OEP, the Secretary of State [F25and the Northern Ireland Department] must have regard to the need to protect its independence.

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I33Sch. 1 para. 17 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I34Sch. 1 para. 17 in force at 17.11.2021 by S.I. 2021/1274, reg. 2(i)

Disqualification from membership of legislaturesU.K.

18In Part 2 of Schedule 1 to the House of Commons Disqualification Act 1975, at the appropriate place insert—

  • The Office for Environmental Protection.

Commencement Information

I35Sch. 1 para. 18 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I36Sch. 1 para. 18 in force at 17.11.2021 by S.I. 2021/1274, reg. 2(i)

19In Part 2 of Schedule 1 to the Northern Ireland Assembly Disqualification Act 1975, at the appropriate place insert—

  • The Office for Environmental Protection.

Commencement Information

I37Sch. 1 para. 19 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I38Sch. 1 para. 19 in force at 17.11.2021 by S.I. 2021/1274, reg. 2(i)

Public recordsU.K.

20In Part 2 of the Table in paragraph 3 of Schedule 1 to the Public Records Act 1958 (definition of public records), at the appropriate place insert—

  • The Office for Environmental Protection.

Commencement Information

I39Sch. 1 para. 20 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I40Sch. 1 para. 20 in force at 17.11.2021 by S.I. 2021/1274, reg. 2(i)

Freedom of InformationU.K.

21In Part 6 of Schedule 1 to the Freedom of Information Act 2000 (other public bodies), at the appropriate place insert—

  • The Office for Environmental Protection.

Commencement Information

I41Sch. 1 para. 21 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I42Sch. 1 para. 21 in force at 17.11.2021 by S.I. 2021/1274, reg. 2(i)

Investigation by the Parliamentary CommissionerU.K.

22In Schedule 2 to the Parliamentary Commissioner Act 1967 (departments subject to investigation), at the appropriate place insert—

  • The Office for Environmental Protection.

Commencement Information

I43Sch. 1 para. 22 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I44Sch. 1 para. 22 in force at 17.11.2021 by S.I. 2021/1274, reg. 2(i)

Public sector equality dutyU.K.

23In Part 1 of Schedule 19 to the Equality Act 2010 (authorities subject to the public sector equality duty), under the heading “Environment, housing and development”, at the appropriate place insert—

  • The Office for Environmental Protection.

Commencement Information

I45Sch. 1 para. 23 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I46Sch. 1 para. 23 in force at 17.11.2021 by S.I. 2021/1274, reg. 2(i)

Meaning of “the Northern Ireland Department”U.K.

[F2624In this Schedule “the Northern Ireland Department” means the Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs in Northern Ireland.]

Textual Amendments

Section 48

SCHEDULE 2N.I.Improving the natural environment: Northern Ireland

PART 1N.I.Environmental improvement plans

Environmental improvement plansN.I.

1(1)The Department must prepare an environmental improvement plan.

(2)An “environmental improvement plan” is a plan for significantly improving the natural environment.

(3)The plan may—

(a)relate to a period specified in the plan, or

(b)be of no specified duration.

(4)An environmental improvement plan must set out—

(a)the steps that the Department intends to take to improve the natural environment, and

(b)any steps that any other Northern Ireland department intends to take to improve the natural environment.

(5)It may also set out steps that any Northern Ireland department intends to take to improve people’s enjoyment of the natural environment (and if it does so references in this Schedule to improving the natural environment, in relation to that plan, include improving people’s enjoyment of it).

(6)In preparing an environmental improvement plan, the Department must consult such other Northern Ireland departments as it considers appropriate.

(7)The Department must lay before the Northern Ireland Assembly, and publish, an environmental improvement plan before the end of the 12 month period beginning with the day on which this paragraph comes into force.

(8)References in this Schedule to the current environmental improvement plan are to the environmental improvement plan for the time being in effect.

Commencement Information

I47Sch. 2 para. 1 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I48Sch. 2 para. 1 in force at 25.7.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(2)

Annual reports on environmental improvement plansN.I.

2(1)The Department must prepare annual reports on the implementation of the current environmental improvement plan.

(2)An annual report must—

(a)describe what has been done, in the period to which the report relates, to implement the environmental improvement plan, and

(b)consider, having regard to any data obtained under paragraph 5, whether the natural environment has, or particular aspects of it have, improved during that period.

(3)Annual reports on an environmental improvement plan must relate to—

(a)the 12 month period beginning with the day on which the plan is published, and

(b)each subsequent 12 month period.

(4)An annual report must be laid before the Northern Ireland Assembly before the end of the 4 month period beginning immediately after the last day of the period to which the report relates.

(5)The Department must publish annual reports laid before the Northern Ireland Assembly under this paragraph.

Commencement Information

I49Sch. 2 para. 2 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I50Sch. 2 para. 2 in force at 25.7.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(2)

Reviewing and revising environmental improvement plansN.I.

3(1)The Department must—

(a)review the current environmental improvement plan in accordance with this paragraph, and

(b)if the Department considers it appropriate as a result of the review, revise the plan.

(2)The first review of an environmental improvement plan must be completed before the end of the 5 year period beginning with—

(a)if it is the first environmental improvement plan, the day on which it is published, and

(b)otherwise, the day on which it replaces the previous plan (see paragraph 4(6)).

(3)Subsequent reviews of an environmental improvement plan must be completed before the end of the 5 year period beginning with the day on which the previous review was completed.

(4)In reviewing an environmental improvement plan, the Department must—

(a)consider what has been done to implement the plan in the period since it was published or (if it has been reviewed before) last reviewed,

(b)consider whether, having regard to data obtained under paragraph 5 [F27and reports made by the OEP under paragraph 1 of Schedule 3], the natural environment has, or particular aspects of it have, improved during that period, and

(c)consider whether any Northern Ireland department should take further or different steps to improve the natural environment (compared to those set out in the plan).

(5)In reviewing and revising an environmental improvement plan, the Department must consult such other Northern Ireland departments as it considers appropriate.

(6)If as a result of a review the Department considers it appropriate to revise the plan, the Department must lay before the Northern Ireland Assembly—

(a)a revised environmental improvement plan, and

(b)a statement explaining the revisions and the reasons for them.

(7)If as a result of a review the Department does not consider it appropriate to revise the plan, the Department must lay before the Northern Ireland Assembly a statement explaining that and the reasons for it.

(8)The Department must publish the documents laid under sub-paragraph (6) or (7).

(9)A review is completed when the Department has laid and published the documents mentioned in sub-paragraph (6) or (7).

(10)References in this Schedule to an environmental improvement plan include a revised environmental improvement plan.

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I51Sch. 2 para. 3 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I52Sch. 2 para. 3 in force at 25.7.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(2)

Renewing environmental improvement plansN.I.

4(1)This paragraph applies where an environmental improvement plan relates to a period specified in the plan.

(2)Before the end of the period to which the environmental improvement plan (the “old plan”) relates, the Department must prepare a new environmental improvement plan (the “new plan”).

(3)If the new plan relates to a period specified in the plan, that period must begin no later than immediately after the end of the period to which the old plan relates.

(4)In preparing the new plan the Department must—

(a)consider what has been done to implement the old plan,

(b)consider whether, having regard to data obtained under paragraph 5 [F28and reports made by the OEP under paragraph 1 of Schedule 3], the natural environment has improved since the beginning of the period to which the old plan relates,

(c)consider whether any Northern Ireland department should take further or different steps to improve the natural environment (compared to those set out in the old plan) after the end of that period, and

(d)consult such other Northern Ireland departments as it considers appropriate.

(5)At or before the end of the period to which the old plan relates the Department must lay before the Northern Ireland Assembly, and publish, the new plan.

(6)The new plan replaces the old plan when—

(a)it has been laid and published, and

(b)if it relates to a period specified in the new plan, that period has begun.

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I53Sch. 2 para. 4 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I54Sch. 2 para. 4 in force at 25.7.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(2)

Environmental monitoringN.I.

5(1)The Department must make arrangements for obtaining such data about the natural environment as the Department considers appropriate for the purpose of monitoring whether the natural environment is, or particular aspects of it are, improving in accordance with the current environmental improvement plan.

(2)The Department must lay before the Northern Ireland Assembly, and publish, a statement setting out the kinds of data to be obtained under sub-paragraph (1).

(3)The first statement must be laid before the end of the 4 month period beginning with the day on which this paragraph comes into force.

(4)The Department may revise the statement at any time (and sub-paragraph (2) applies to any revised statement).

(5)The Department must publish any data obtained under sub-paragraph (1).

Commencement Information

I55Sch. 2 para. 5 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I56Sch. 2 para. 5 in force at 25.7.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(2)

PART 2N.I.Policy statement on environmental principles

Policy statement on environmental principlesN.I.

6(1)The Department must prepare a policy statement on environmental principles in accordance with this paragraph and paragraph 7.

(2)A “policy statement on environmental principles” is a statement explaining how the environmental principles should be interpreted and proportionately applied—

(a)by Northern Ireland departments when making policy, and

(b)by Ministers of the Crown when making policy so far as relating to Northern Ireland.

(3)It may also explain how Northern Ireland departments and Ministers of the Crown, when interpreting and applying the environmental principles, should take into account other considerations relevant to their policy.

(4)The Department must be satisfied that the statement will, when it comes into effect, contribute to—

(a)the improvement of environmental protection, and

(b)sustainable development.

(5)In this Schedule “environmental principles” means the following principles—

(a)the principle that environmental protection should be integrated into the making of policies,

(b)the principle of preventative action to avert environmental damage,

(c)the precautionary principle, so far as relating to the environment,

(d)the principle that environmental damage should as a priority be rectified at source, and

(e)the polluter pays principle.

Commencement Information

I57Sch. 2 para. 6 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I58Sch. 2 para. 6 in force at 25.7.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(2)

Policy statement on environmental principles: processN.I.

7(1)The Department must prepare a draft of the policy statement on environmental principles.

(2)The Department must consult—

(a)the other Northern Ireland departments,

(b)the Secretary of State, and

(c)such other persons as the Department considers appropriate,

in relation to the draft statement.

(3)The Department must lay the draft statement before the Northern Ireland Assembly.

(4)If before the end of the 21 day period the Northern Ireland Assembly passes a resolution in respect of the draft statement, the Department must produce a response and lay it before the Assembly.

(5)The Department must prepare and lay before the Northern Ireland Assembly the final statement, but not before—

(a)if sub-paragraph (4) applies, the day on which the Department lays the response required by that sub-paragraph, or

(b)otherwise, the end of the 21 day period.

(6)The final statement has effect when it is laid before the Northern Ireland Assembly.

(7)The Department must publish the statement when it comes into effect.

(8)The “21 day period” is the period of 21 sitting days beginning with the first sitting day after the day on which the draft statement is laid under sub-paragraph (3).

(9)Sitting day” means a day on which the Northern Ireland Assembly sits.

(10)The requirements in sub-paragraphs (1) and (2) may be met by the preparation of a draft statement, and consultation, before this paragraph comes into force.

(11)The Department may prepare a revised policy statement on environmental principles at any time (and sub-paragraphs (1) to (9) apply in relation to any revised statement).

Commencement Information

I59Sch. 2 para. 7 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I60Sch. 2 para. 7 in force at 25.7.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(2)

Policy statement on environmental principles: effectN.I.

8(1)A Northern Ireland department must, when making policy, have due regard to the policy statement on environmental principles currently in effect.

(2)A Minister of the Crown must, when making policy so far as relating to Northern Ireland, have due regard to the policy statement on environmental principles currently in effect.

(3)Nothing in this paragraph requires a Northern Ireland department or a Minister of the Crown to do anything (or refrain from doing anything) if doing it (or refraining from doing it)—

(a)would have no significant environmental benefit, or

(b)would be in any other way disproportionate to the environmental benefit.

(4)Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply to policies so far as relating to taxation, spending or the allocation of resources within government.

(5)Sub-paragraph (2) does not apply to policies so far as relating to—

(a)the armed forces, defence or national security, or

(b)taxation, spending or the allocation of resources within government.

Commencement Information

I61Sch. 2 para. 8 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I62Sch. 2 para. 8 in force at 25.7.2022 coming into force in accordance with art. 2(3) by S.R. 2022/54, Rule

PART 3N.I.Interpretation

Meaning of “natural environment”N.I.

9In this Schedule the “natural environment” means—

(a)plants, wild animals and other living organisms,

(b)their habitats,

(c)land (except buildings or other structures), air and water,

and the natural systems, cycles and processes through which they interact.

Commencement Information

I63Sch. 2 para. 9 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I64Sch. 2 para. 9 in force at 25.7.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(2)

Meaning of “environmental protection”N.I.

10In this Schedule “environmental protection” means any of the following—

(a)protection of the natural environment from the effects of human activity;

(b)protection of people from the effects of human activity on the natural environment;

(c)maintenance, restoration or enhancement of the natural environment;

(d)monitoring, assessing, considering, advising or reporting on anything in paragraphs (a) to (c).

Commencement Information

I65Sch. 2 para. 10 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I66Sch. 2 para. 10 in force at 25.7.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(2)

General interpretationN.I.

11(1)In this Schedule—

  • current environmental improvement plan” has the meaning given by paragraph 1(8);

  • the “Department” means the Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs in Northern Ireland;

  • environmental improvement plan” has the meaning given by paragraph 1 (and see also paragraph 3(10));

  • environmental principles” has the meaning given by paragraph 6(5);

  • improving the natural environment”, in relation to an environmental improvement plan, is to be read in accordance with paragraph 1(5);

  • “making” policy includes developing, adopting or revising policy;

  • Minister of the Crown” has the same meaning as in the Ministers of the Crown Act 1975;

  • [F29OEP” has the meaning given by section 22;]

  • policy” includes proposals for legislation, but does not include an administrative decision taken in relation to a particular person or case (for example, a decision on an application for planning permission, funding or a licence, or a decision about regulatory enforcement);

  • policy statement on environmental principles” has the meaning given by paragraph 6.

(2)Section 41(3) of the Interpretation Act (Northern Ireland) 1954 (c. 33 (N.I.)) applies in relation to the laying of a document before the Northern Ireland Assembly under this Schedule, as it applies in relation to the laying of a statutory document under an Act of the Northern Ireland Assembly.

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I67Sch. 2 para. 11 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I68Sch. 2 para. 11 in force at 25.7.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(2)

Section 49

SCHEDULE 3U.K.The Office for Environmental Protection: Northern Ireland

PART 1U.K.The OEP’s Northern Ireland functions

Monitoring and reporting on the Department’s environmental improvement plansN.I.

1(1)The OEP must monitor progress in improving the natural environment in accordance with the current environmental improvement plan.

(2)The OEP must prepare a progress report for each annual reporting period.

(3)A progress report for an annual reporting period is a report on progress made in that period in improving the natural environment in accordance with the current environmental improvement plan.

(4)An annual reporting period is a period for which the Department must prepare a report under paragraph 2 of Schedule 2 (a “Schedule 2 report”).

(5)In reporting on progress made in an annual reporting period, the OEP must consider—

(a)the Schedule 2 report for that period,

(b)the data published by the Department under paragraph 5 of Schedule 2 that relates to that period, and

(c)any other reports, documents or information it considers appropriate.

(6)A progress report for an annual reporting period may include—

(a)consideration of how progress could be improved, and

(b)consideration of the adequacy of the data published by the Department under paragraph 5 of Schedule 2.

(7)The OEP must—

(a)arrange for its reports under this paragraph to be laid before the Northern Ireland Assembly, and

(b)publish them.

(8)A progress report for an annual reporting period must be laid no later than 6 months after the Schedule 2 report for that period is laid before the Northern Ireland Assembly.

(9)The Department must—

(a)respond to a report under this paragraph, and

(b)lay before the Northern Ireland Assembly, and publish, a copy of the response.

(10)Where a report under this paragraph contains a recommendation for how progress could be improved, the response must address that recommendation.

(11)The response—

(a)must be laid no later than 12 months after the report is laid, and

(b)may be included in a Schedule 2 report.

Commencement Information

I69Sch. 3 para. 1 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(6)(7)

I70Sch. 3 para. 1 in force at 28.2.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(a)

Monitoring and reporting on environmental lawN.I.

2(1)The OEP must monitor the implementation of Northern Ireland environmental law.

(2)The OEP may report on any matter concerned with the implementation of Northern Ireland environmental law.

(3)But the OEP must not monitor the implementation of, or report on, a matter within the remit of the Committee on Climate Change.

(4)A matter is within the remit of the Committee on Climate Change if it is a matter on which the Committee is, or may be, required to advise or report under Part 1, sections 34 to 36, or section 48 of the Climate Change Act 2008.

(5)The OEP must—

(a)arrange for its reports under this paragraph to be laid before the Northern Ireland Assembly, and

(b)publish them.

(6)The Department must—

(a)respond to a report under this paragraph, and

(b)lay before the Northern Ireland Assembly, and publish, a copy of the response.

(7)The response to a report under this paragraph must be laid no later than 3 months after the report is laid.

Commencement Information

I71Sch. 3 para. 2 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(6)(7)

I72Sch. 3 para. 2 in force at 28.2.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(a)

Advising on changes to Northern Ireland environmental law etcN.I.

3(1)The OEP must give advice to any Northern Ireland department about—

(a)any proposed change to Northern Ireland environmental law, or

(b)any other matter relating to the natural environment,

on which that department requires it to give advice.

(2)The Northern Ireland department may specify matters which the OEP is to take into account in giving the required advice.

(3)The OEP may give advice to any Northern Ireland department about any changes to Northern Ireland environmental law proposed by that department.

(4)Advice under this paragraph is to be given in writing to the Northern Ireland department concerned.

(5)The OEP must publish—

(a)its advice, and

(b)if the advice is given under sub-paragraph (1), a statement of the matter on which it was required to give advice and any matters specified under sub-paragraph (2).

(6)The Northern Ireland department concerned may, if it thinks fit, lay before the Northern Ireland Assembly—

(a)the advice, and

(b)any response that department may make to the advice.

Commencement Information

I73Sch. 3 para. 3 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(6)(7)

I74Sch. 3 para. 3 in force at 28.2.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(a)

Failure of relevant public authorities to comply with environmental lawN.I.

4(1)Paragraphs 6 to 15 make provision about functions of the OEP in relation to failures by relevant public authorities to comply with relevant environmental law.

(2)For the purposes of those paragraphs, a reference to a relevant public authority failing to comply with relevant environmental law means the following conduct by that authority—

(a)unlawfully failing to take proper account of relevant environmental law when exercising its functions;

(b)unlawfully exercising, or failing to exercise, any function it has under relevant environmental law.

Commencement Information

I75Sch. 3 para. 4 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(6)(7)

I76Sch. 3 para. 4 in force at 28.2.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(a)

Meaning of relevant environmental law, relevant public authority etcN.I.

5(1)The following definitions apply for the purpose of this Part of this Schedule.

(2)Relevant environmental law” means—

(a)in relation to a Northern Ireland public authority, UK environmental law or Northern Ireland environmental law;

(b)in relation to any other relevant public authority, Northern Ireland environmental law.

(3)Relevant public authority” means—

(a)a Northern Ireland public authority, or

(b)a person, other than a Northern Ireland public authority, carrying out any function of a public nature in or as regards Northern Ireland that is not a parliamentary function or a function of any of the following persons—

(i)the OEP;

(ii)a court or tribunal;

(iii)either House of Parliament;

(iv)the Northern Ireland Assembly.

(4)Northern Ireland public authority” means—

(a)a Northern Ireland department, or

(b)a person carrying out a Northern Ireland devolved function (including an implementation body carrying out such a function) that is not a function in connection with proceedings in the Northern Ireland Assembly or a function of any of the following persons—

(i)the OEP;

(ii)a court or tribunal;

(iii)the Northern Ireland Assembly.

(5)Northern Ireland devolved function” means a function of a public nature exercisable in or as regards Northern Ireland that could be conferred by provision included in an Act of the Northern Ireland Assembly made without the consent of the Secretary of State (see sections 6 to 8 of the Northern Ireland Act 1998).

Commencement Information

I77Sch. 3 para. 5 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(6)(7)

I78Sch. 3 para. 5 in force at 28.2.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(a)

Complaints about relevant public authoritiesN.I.

6(1)A person may make a complaint to the OEP under this paragraph if the person believes that a relevant public authority has failed to comply with relevant environmental law.

(2)The OEP must prepare and publish a document which sets out the procedure by which complaints can be made.

(3)A complaint under this paragraph must be made in accordance with that procedure (as most recently published).

(4)A complaint under this paragraph may not be made by any person whose functions include functions of a public nature.

(5)A complaint about a relevant public authority may not be made under this paragraph if—

(a)the authority operates a procedure for considering complaints (“an internal complaints procedure”) under which the complaint could be considered, and

(b)that procedure has not been exhausted.

(6)A complaint under this paragraph may not be made after the later of—

(a)the end of the 1 year period beginning with the day on which the alleged failure that is the subject of the complaint last occurred, and

(b)if the substance of the complaint was subject to an internal complaints procedure, the end of the 3 month period beginning with the day on which that procedure was exhausted.

(7)The OEP may waive the time limit in sub-paragraph (6) if it considers that there are exceptional reasons for doing so.

Commencement Information

I79Sch. 3 para. 6 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(6)(7)

I80Sch. 3 para. 6 in force at 28.2.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(a)

Investigations: relevant public authoritiesN.I.

7(1)The OEP may carry out an investigation under this paragraph if it receives a complaint made under paragraph 6 that, in its view, indicates that—

(a)a relevant public authority may have failed to comply with relevant environmental law, and

(b)if it has, the failure would be a serious failure.

(2)The OEP may carry out an investigation under this paragraph without having received such a complaint if it has information that, in its view, indicates that—

(a)a relevant public authority may have failed to comply with relevant environmental law, and

(b)if it has, the failure would be a serious failure.

(3)An investigation under this paragraph is an investigation into whether the relevant public authority has failed to comply with relevant environmental law.

(4)The OEP must notify the relevant public authority of the commencement of the investigation.

(5)The OEP must prepare a report on the investigation and provide it to the relevant public authority.

(6)The OEP is not required to prepare a report until it has concluded that it intends to take no further steps under this Part of this Schedule in relation to the alleged failure to comply with relevant environmental law that is the subject of the investigation.

(7)The OEP is not required to prepare a report if it has made a review application, or an application for judicial review by virtue of paragraph 13(1), in relation to the alleged failure.

(8)The report must set out—

(a)whether the OEP considers that the relevant public authority has failed to comply with relevant environmental law,

(b)the reasons the OEP came to that conclusion, and

(c)any recommendations the OEP may have (whether generally or for the relevant public authority) in light of those conclusions.

(9)The OEP may publish the report or parts of it.

(10)If the public authority is not a Northern Ireland department, the OEP must also—

(a)notify the relevant department of the commencement of the investigation, and

(b)provide the relevant department with the report prepared under sub-paragraph (5).

(11)In this Part “the relevant department”, in relation to a failure (or alleged failure) of a relevant public authority to comply with relevant environmental law, means the Northern Ireland department that the OEP considers appropriate having regard to the nature of the authority and the nature of the failure.

Commencement Information

I81Sch. 3 para. 7 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(6)(7)

I82Sch. 3 para. 7 in force at 28.2.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(a)

Duty to keep complainants informedN.I.

8(1)Where a person makes a complaint to the OEP alleging that a relevant public authority has failed to comply with relevant environmental law, the OEP must keep the complainant informed about its handling of the complaint.

(2)In particular, the OEP must—

(a)notify the complainant if it does not intend to consider the complaint because the complaint was not made in accordance with paragraph 6;

(b)notify the complainant if it has concluded that it will not be commencing an investigation under paragraph 7 in relation to the complaint;

(c)notify the complainant if it commences an investigation under paragraph 7 in relation to the complaint;

(d)if such an investigation is commenced, notify the complainant—

(i)where it provides a report under paragraph 7(5) to the relevant public authority that is the subject of the investigation, that it has provided it;

(ii)where it makes a review application (see paragraph 12), or an application for judicial review by virtue of paragraph 13(1), in relation to the alleged failure to comply with relevant environmental law that is the subject of the investigation, that it has made such an application;

(e)provide the complainant with a copy of any document published under paragraph 7(9) in relation to any investigation in relation to the complaint.

Commencement Information

I83Sch. 3 para. 8 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(6)(7)

I84Sch. 3 para. 8 in force at 28.2.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(a)

Information noticesN.I.

9(1)The OEP may give an information notice to a relevant public authority if—

(a)the OEP has reasonable grounds for suspecting that the authority has failed to comply with relevant environmental law, and

(b)it considers that the failure, if it occurred, would be serious.

(2)An information notice is a notice which—

(a)describes an alleged failure of a relevant public authority to comply with relevant environmental law,

(b)explains why the OEP considers that the alleged failure, if it occurred, would be serious, and

(c)requests that the authority provide such information relating to the allegation as may be specified in the notice.

(3)The recipient of an information notice must—

(a)respond in writing to the notice, and

(b)so far as is reasonably practicable, provide the OEP with the information requested in the notice.

(4)The recipient of an information notice must comply with sub-paragraph (3) by—

(a)the end of the 2 month period beginning with the day on which the notice was given, or

(b)such later date as may be specified in the notice.

(5)The written response to an information notice must set out—

(a)the recipient’s response to the allegation described in the notice, and

(b)what steps (if any) the recipient intends to take in relation to the allegation.

(6)The OEP may—

(a)withdraw an information notice;

(b)give more than one information notice in respect of the same alleged failure of a relevant public authority to comply with relevant environmental law.

(7)Where the OEP intends to give an information notice to a relevant public authority in respect of an alleged failure to comply with relevant environmental law which relates to emissions of greenhouse gases (within the meaning of the Climate Change Act 2008), the OEP—

(a)must notify the Committee on Climate Change of its intention before it gives the notice to the authority, and

(b)must provide that Committee with such information relating to the alleged failure as the OEP considers appropriate.

Commencement Information

I85Sch. 3 para. 9 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(6)(7)

I86Sch. 3 para. 9 in force at 28.2.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(a)

Decision noticesN.I.

10(1)The OEP may give a decision notice to a relevant public authority if—

(a)the OEP is satisfied, on the balance of probabilities, that the authority has failed to comply with relevant environmental law, and

(b)it considers that the failure is serious.

(2)A decision notice is a notice that—

(a)describes a failure of a relevant public authority to comply with relevant environmental law,

(b)explains why the OEP considers that the failure is serious, and

(c)sets out the steps the OEP considers the authority should take in relation to the failure (which may include steps designed to remedy, mitigate or prevent reoccurrence of the failure).

(3)The recipient of a decision notice must respond in writing to that notice by—

(a)the end of the 2 month period beginning with the day on which the notice was given, or

(b)such later date as may be specified in the notice.

(4)The written response to a decision notice must set out—

(a)whether the recipient agrees that the failure described in the notice occurred,

(b)whether the recipient intends to take the steps set out in the notice, and

(c)what other steps (if any) the recipient intends to take in relation to the failure described in the notice.

(5)The OEP—

(a)may not give a decision notice to a relevant public authority unless it has first given at least one information notice relating to the failure of the authority to comply with relevant environmental law that is described in the decision notice;

(b)may withdraw a decision notice.

Commencement Information

I87Sch. 3 para. 10 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(6)(7)

I88Sch. 3 para. 10 in force at 28.2.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(a)

Linked noticesN.I.

11(1)If the OEP gives an information notice or a decision notice to more than one relevant public authority in respect of the same or similar conduct, it may determine that those notices are linked.

(2)A Northern Ireland department may request that the OEP determine that information notices or decision notices are linked and the OEP must have regard to that request.

(3)The OEP must provide the recipient of an information notice or a decision notice (a “principal notice”) with a copy of every information notice or decision notice which is linked to it (and such a notice is referred to in this section as a “linked notice”).

(4)The OEP must provide the recipient of a principal notice with a copy of any relevant correspondence, relating to a linked notice, between the OEP and the recipient of that linked notice.

(5)The OEP must provide the recipient of a principal notice with a copy of any relevant correspondence between the OEP and the relevant department that relates to a linked notice.

(6)Sub-paragraph (5) does not apply where either the recipient of the principal notice or the linked notice is a Northern Ireland department.

(7)If the OEP considers that an information notice or a decision notice relates to conduct that is the same as or similar to conduct that is the subject of a UK information notice or UK decision notice, it may determine that those notices are linked.

(8)The OEP must provide the recipient of an information notice or a decision notice with—

(a)a copy of every UK information notice or UK decision notice which is linked to it, and

(b)a copy of any relevant correspondence, relating to such a notice, between the OEP and the recipient of that notice.

(9)The obligation to provide a copy of any notice or correspondence under this paragraph does not apply where the OEP considers that in the circumstances it would not be in the public interest to do so.

(10)For the purposes of this paragraph, correspondence is relevant if—

(a)it is not correspondence in connection with a review application or any other legal proceedings, and

(b)it is not correspondence sent by virtue of paragraph 14(1)(a) or (b).

(11)In this Part of this Schedule—

  • UK decision notice” means a notice given under section 36;

  • UK information notice” means a notice given under section 35.

Commencement Information

I89Sch. 3 para. 11 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(6)(7)

I90Sch. 3 para. 11 in force at 28.2.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(a)

Review applicationN.I.

12(1)The OEP may make a review application in relation to conduct described in a decision notice given to a relevant public authority as a failure of the authority to comply with relevant environmental law, but only if—

(a)it is satisfied, on the balance of probabilities, that the authority has failed to comply with relevant environmental law, and

(b)it considers that the failure is serious.

(2)A review application is an application for judicial review in respect of conduct of a relevant public authority, and any reference in this Part of this Schedule to a review application is to an application made by virtue of sub-paragraph (1).

(3)A review application may not be made before the earlier of—

(a)the end of the period within which the authority must respond to the decision notice that precedes the application (see paragraph 10(3)), and

(b)the date on which the OEP receives the authority’s response to that notice.

(4)Subject to that, the OEP may make a review application at any time (and accordingly any time limit, that would otherwise apply to the making of a review application, does not apply).

(5)The High Court may grant a remedy on a review application only if Condition A or Condition B is met.

(6)Condition A is that the court is satisfied that granting the remedy would not—

(a)be likely to cause substantial hardship to, or substantially prejudice the rights of, any person other than the authority, or

(b)be detrimental to good administration.

(7)Condition B is that Condition A is not met but the court is satisfied that—

(a)granting the remedy is necessary in order to prevent or mitigate serious damage to the natural environment or to human health, and

(b)there is an exceptional public interest reason to grant it.

(8)If, on a review application, there is a finding that a relevant public authority has failed to comply with relevant environmental law, and the finding has not been overturned on appeal, the authority must publish a statement that sets out the steps it intends to take in light of the finding.

(9)A statement under sub-paragraph (8) must be published before the end of the 2 month period beginning with the day the proceedings relating to the review application (including any appeal) conclude.

(10)In this Part of this Schedule reference to an application for judicial review includes an application for the permission of the High Court to apply for judicial review.

Commencement Information

I91Sch. 3 para. 12 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(6)(7)

I92Sch. 3 para. 12 in force at 28.2.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(a)

Judicial review: powers to apply to prevent serious damage and to interveneN.I.

13(1)The OEP may make an application for judicial review in relation to conduct of a relevant public authority (whether or not it has given an information notice or a decision notice to the authority in respect of that conduct) if—

(a)the OEP considers that the conduct constitutes a serious failure to comply with relevant environmental law, and

(b)the urgency condition is met.

(2)The urgency condition is that making an application under sub-paragraph (1) (rather than proceeding under paragraphs 9 to 12) is necessary to prevent, or mitigate, serious damage to the natural environment or to human health.

(3)If, on an application for judicial review made by virtue of sub-paragraph (1), there is a finding that a relevant public authority has failed to comply with relevant environmental law, and the finding has not been overturned on appeal, the authority must publish a statement that sets out the steps it intends to take in light of the finding.

(4)A statement under sub-paragraph (3) must be published before the end of the 2 month period beginning with the day the proceedings relating to the application for judicial review (including any appeal) conclude.

(5)Sub-paragraph (6) applies to proceedings (including any appeal) that—

(a)are in respect of an application for judicial review, and

(b)relate to an alleged failure by a relevant public authority to comply with relevant environmental law (however the allegation is framed in those proceedings).

(6)If the OEP considers that the alleged failure, if it occurred, would be serious, it may apply to intervene in the proceedings (whether it considers that the relevant public authority has, or has not, failed to comply with relevant environmental law).

Commencement Information

I93Sch. 3 para. 13 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(6)(7)

I94Sch. 3 para. 13 in force at 28.2.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(a)

Duty of the OEP to involve the relevant departmentN.I.

14(1)Where the recipient of an information notice or a decision notice is not a Northern Ireland department, the OEP must—

(a)provide the relevant department with—

(i)a copy of the notice, and

(ii)a copy of any correspondence between the OEP and the recipient of the notice that relates to the notice (apart from correspondence sent by virtue of paragraph (b)), and

(b)provide the recipient of the notice with a copy of any correspondence between the OEP and the relevant department that relates to the notice (apart from correspondence sent by virtue of paragraph (a)).

(2)The obligation to provide a copy of any notice or correspondence under sub-paragraph (1) does not apply where the OEP considers that in the circumstances it would not be in the public interest to do so.

(3)Where the OEP makes a review application, or an application for judicial review by virtue of paragraph 13(1), in which the relevant department is not a party, it must provide the relevant department with—

(a)a copy of the application, and

(b)a statement of whether the OEP considers the relevant department should participate in the review (for example, by applying to be a party).

Commencement Information

I95Sch. 3 para. 14 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(6)(7)

I96Sch. 3 para. 14 in force at 28.2.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(a)

Public statementsN.I.

15(1)Where the OEP gives an information notice or a decision notice, makes a review application or an application for judicial review by virtue of paragraph 13(1) or applies to intervene in a judicial review, it must publish a statement that—

(a)states that the OEP has taken that step,

(b)describes the failure (or alleged failure) of a relevant public authority to comply with relevant environmental law in relation to which that step was taken, and

(c)sets out such further information as the OEP considers appropriate.

(2)Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply if the OEP considers that in the circumstances it would not be in the public interest to publish a statement.

Commencement Information

I97Sch. 3 para. 15 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(6)(7)

I98Sch. 3 para. 15 in force at 28.2.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(a)

Disclosures to the OEPU.K.

16(1)No obligation of secrecy imposed by statute or otherwise prevents a person from—

(a)in accordance with section 27(1), providing the OEP with information in connection with an investigation under paragraph 7, an information notice or a decision notice, or

(b)providing information to the OEP in accordance with paragraph 9(3)(b).

(2)But nothing in this Part of this Schedule—

(a)requires a person to provide the OEP with information that the person would be entitled to refuse to provide in civil proceedings on grounds of legal professional privilege (or, in Scotland, confidentiality of communications), or

(b)requires a person to provide the OEP with information that the person would be entitled, or required by any rule of law, to refuse to provide in civil proceedings on grounds of public interest immunity.

(3)No obligation of secrecy imposed by statute or otherwise prevents the Northern Ireland Public Services Ombudsman from providing information to the OEP—

(a)for purposes connected with the exercise of the OEP’s functions under paragraph 7;

(b)for purposes connected with the co-ordination of the OEP’s functions that relate to investigations under paragraph 7 and the Ombudsman’s functions that relate to investigations by the Ombudsman.

(4)Nothing in this Part of this Schedule requires or authorises a disclosure of information that would contravene the data protection legislation (but in determining whether a disclosure would do so, take into account the duties imposed and powers conferred by this Part of this Schedule).

(5)In this paragraph “the data protection legislation” has the same meaning as in the Data Protection Act 2018 (see section 3(9) of that Act).

Commencement Information

I99Sch. 3 para. 16 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(6)(7)

I100Sch. 3 para. 16 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(a)

Confidentiality of proceedingsU.K.

17(1)The OEP must not disclose—

(a)information obtained under paragraph 9(3)(b), or

(b)correspondence between the OEP and a relevant public authority that—

(i)relates to a particular information notice or decision notice, or

(ii)is, or contains, such a notice.

(2)Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply to a disclosure—

(a)other than a disclosure of an information notice or a decision notice, made with the consent of the person who provided the information or correspondence;

(b)made for purposes connected with an investigation under paragraph 7 or section 33;

(c)made for purposes connected with the co-ordination of the OEP’s functions that relate to investigations under paragraph 7 and the Northern Ireland Public Services Ombudsman’s functions that relate to investigations by the Ombudsman;

(d)made for purposes connected with the co-ordination of the OEP’s functions that relate to investigations under section 33 and functions of a relevant ombudsman that relate to investigations by that ombudsman;

(e)made for the purposes of any publication of a report (or part of it) on an investigation under paragraph 7 or section 33;

(f)made for purposes connected with the exercise of the OEP’s functions under paragraphs 9 to 15 or sections 35 to 41 (enforcement);

(g)made to a devolved environmental governance body for purposes connected with the exercise of a devolved environmental governance function;

(h)made for purposes connected with the protection of the natural environment in a country or territory outside the United Kingdom, to an authority of that country or territory, or an international organisation, that has functions in connection with the protection of the natural environment in that country or territory;

(i)of information, or correspondence, that relates only to a matter in relation to which the OEP has concluded that it intends to take no further steps under this Part of this Schedule or under Chapter 2 of Part 1 of this Act.

(3)A relevant public authority must not disclose correspondence between the OEP and that, or any other, relevant public authority that—

(a)relates to a particular information notice, decision notice, UK information notice or UK decision notice, or

(b)is, or contains, such a notice.

(4)Sub-paragraph (3) does not apply to a disclosure—

(a)made—

(i)in the case of a disclosure of correspondence between another relevant public authority and the OEP other than correspondence that is, or contains, an information notice, a decision notice, a UK information notice or a UK decision notice, with the consent of that authority and the OEP, or

(ii)in any other case, with the specific or general consent of the OEP;

(b)made for purposes connected with co-operating with any investigation under paragraph 7 or section 33;

(c)made for purposes connected with responding to any information notice or decision notice;

(d)made for purposes connected with any proceedings in relation to a review application, an environmental review, a judicial review or a statutory review (within the meaning given by section 39(8)(b)).

(5)The OEP may not give a person consent to disclose an information notice, a decision notice, a UK information notice or a UK decision notice unless that notice relates only to a matter in relation to which the OEP has concluded that it intends to take no further steps under this Part of this Schedule or under Chapter 2 of Part 1 of this Act.

(6)If a relevant public authority requests the consent of the OEP to disclose correspondence that relates only to a matter in relation to which the OEP has concluded that it intends to take no further steps under this Part of this Schedule or under Chapter 2 of Part 1 of this Act, the OEP may not withhold that consent.

(7)If information referred to in sub-paragraph (1) and held by the OEP, or referred to in sub-paragraph (3) and held by a relevant public authority, is environmental information for the purposes of the Environmental Information Regulations 2004 (S.I. 2004/3391) or the Environmental Information (Scotland) Regulations 2004 (S.S.I. 2004/520), it is held by that person, for the purposes of the application of those regulations to that information, in connection with confidential proceedings.

Commencement Information

I101Sch. 3 para. 17 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(6)(7)

I102Sch. 3 para. 17(1)-(6) in force at 28.2.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(a)

I103Sch. 3 para. 17(7) in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(a)

Meaning of UK environmental law and Northern Ireland environmental lawN.I.

18(1)In this Part of this Schedule “UK environmental law” means anything that is environmental law for the purposes of Part 1 of this Act (see section 46), but not anything that is environmental law only for the purposes of section 20.

(2)In this Part of this Schedule “Northern Ireland environmental law” means any Northern Ireland legislative provision that—

(a)is mainly concerned with environmental protection, and

(b)is not concerned with an excluded matter.

(3)Excluded matters are—

(a)disclosure of or access to information;

(b)taxation, spending or the allocation of resources within government.

(4)Northern Ireland legislative provision” means—

(a)legislative provision contained in, or in an instrument made under, Northern Ireland legislation, and

(b)legislative provision not within paragraph (a) which, if contained in an Act of the Northern Ireland Assembly, would be within the legislative competence of the Assembly and would not require the Secretary of State’s consent.

(5)The Department may by regulations provide that a Northern Ireland legislative provision specified in the regulations is, or is not, within the definition of “Northern Ireland environmental law” in sub-paragraph (2) (and this Part of this Schedule applies accordingly).

(6)Before making regulations under sub-paragraph (5) the Department must consult—

(a)the OEP, and

(b)any other persons the Department considers appropriate.

(7)Regulations under sub-paragraph (5) are subject to the affirmative procedure.

Commencement Information

I104Sch. 3 para. 18 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(6)(7)

I105Sch. 3 para. 18 in force at 28.2.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(a)

Interpretation of Part 1 of this Schedule: generalN.I.

19(1)In this Part of this Schedule—

  • application for judicial review” is to be read in accordance with paragraph 12(10);

  • current environmental improvement plan” has the meaning it has in Schedule 2 (see paragraph 1(8) of that Schedule);

  • decision notice” means a notice given under paragraph 10;

  • the Department” means the Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs in Northern Ireland;

  • devolved environmental governance body” has the meaning it has in Part 1 of this Act (see section 47);

  • devolved environmental governance function” has the meaning it has in Part 1 of this Act (see section 47);

  • environmental improvement plan” has the meaning it has in Schedule 2 (see paragraphs 1 and 3(10) of that Schedule);

  • environmental protection” has the meaning it has in Schedule 2 (see paragraph 10 of that Schedule);

  • environmental review” has the meaning it has in Part 1 of this Act (see section 38);

  • implementation body” has the meaning it has in section 55 of the Northern Ireland Act 1998 (see subsection (3) of that section);

  • improving the natural environment”, in relation to an environmental improvement plan, is to be read in accordance with paragraph 1(5) of Schedule 2;

  • information notice” means a notice given under paragraph 9;

  • natural environment” has the meaning it has in Schedule 2 (see paragraph 9 of that Schedule);

  • Northern Ireland devolved function” has the meaning given by paragraph 5(5);

  • OEP” has the meaning given by section 22;

  • parliamentary function” means a function in connection with proceedings in Parliament or the Northern Ireland Assembly;

  • relevant department” has the meaning given by paragraph 7(11);

  • relevant environmental law” has the meaning given by paragraph 5(2);

  • relevant ombudsman” has the meaning it has in Part 1 of this Act (see section 23);

  • relevant public authority” has the meaning given by paragraph 5(3);

  • review application” has the meaning given by paragraph 12(2);

  • UK decision notice” has the meaning given by paragraph 11(11);

  • UK information notice” has the meaning given by paragraph 11(11).

(2)Section 41(3) of the Interpretation Act (Northern Ireland) 1954 (c. 33 (N.I.)) applies in relation to the laying of a document before the Northern Ireland Assembly under this Part of this Schedule, as it applies in relation to the laying of a statutory document under an Act of the Northern Ireland Assembly.

Commencement Information

I106Sch. 3 para. 19 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(6)(7)

I107Sch. 3 para. 19 in force at 28.2.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(a)

PART 2N.I.Amendments of the OEP’s general functions

20N.I.This Act is amended in accordance with paragraphs 21 to 30.

Commencement Information

I108Sch. 3 para. 20 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(6)(7)

I109Sch. 3 para. 20 in force at 28.2.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(a)

21(1)Section 23 (principal objective of the OEP and exercise of its functions) is amended as follows.N.I.

(2)In subsection (6)

(a)after paragraph (a) insert—

(aa)how the OEP intends to determine whether failures to comply with relevant environmental law are serious for the purposes of paragraphs 7(1)(b) and (2)(b), 9(1)(b), 10(1)(b), 12(1)(b) and 13(1) and (6) of Schedule 3,;

(b)at the end of paragraph (b) insert “or paragraph 13(2) of Schedule 3,”;

(c)omit the “and” at the end of paragraph (d);

(d)after paragraph (d) insert—

(da)how the OEP intends to avoid any overlap between the exercise of its functions under paragraphs 6 to 8 of Schedule 3 (complaints) and the exercise by the Northern Ireland Public Services Ombudsman of its functions, and.

(3)In subsection (7)(c) after “environmental law” insert “or Northern Ireland environmental law”.

(4)After subsection (7) insert—

(7A)In this section “relevant environmental law” and “Northern Ireland environmental law” have the meanings they have in Part 1 of Schedule 3 (see paragraphs 5 and 18(2) of that Schedule).

(5)In subsection (8) after “sections 32 to 41” insert “and paragraphs 6 to 15 of Schedule 3”.

Commencement Information

I110Sch. 3 para. 21 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(6)(7)

I111Sch. 3 para. 21 in force at 28.2.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(a)

22N.I.In section 24 (the OEP’s strategy: process), in subsection (1)(a) after “Parliament” insert “and the Northern Ireland Assembly”.

Commencement Information

I112Sch. 3 para. 22 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(6)(7)

I113Sch. 3 para. 22 in force at 28.2.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(a)

23(1)Section 25 (guidance on the OEP’s enforcement policy and functions) is amended as follows.N.I.

(2)At the end of subsection (1) insert “, so far as relating to the OEP’s Part 1 enforcement functions.”

(3)In subsection (2)—

(a)in paragraph (a) after “policy,” insert “so far as relating to its Part 1 enforcement functions,”;

(b)in paragraph (b) for “enforcement functions” substitute “Part 1 enforcement functions”.

(4)In subsection (3) for “enforcement functions” substitute “Part 1 enforcement functions”.

Commencement Information

I114Sch. 3 para. 23 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(6)(7)

I115Sch. 3 para. 23 in force at 28.2.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(a)

24N.I.After section 25 (guidance on the OEP’s enforcement policy and functions) insert—

25AGuidance on the OEP’s Northern Ireland enforcement policy and functions

(1)The Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs in Northern Ireland may issue guidance to the OEP on the matters listed in section 23(6) (OEP’s enforcement policy), so far as relating to the OEP’s Northern Ireland enforcement functions.

(2)The OEP must have regard to the guidance in—

(a)preparing its enforcement policy, so far as relating to its Northern Ireland enforcement functions, and

(b)exercising its Northern Ireland enforcement functions.

(3)The OEP’s “Northern Ireland enforcement functions” are its functions under paragraphs 6 to 15 of Schedule 3.

(4)Before issuing the guidance, the Department must—

(a)prepare a draft, and

(b)lay the draft before the Northern Ireland Assembly.

(5)If before the end of the 21 day period the Northern Ireland Assembly passes a resolution in respect of the draft guidance, the Department must produce a response and lay it before the Assembly.

(6)The Department may prepare and lay before the Northern Ireland Assembly the final guidance, but not before—

(a)if subsection (5) applies, the day on which the Department lays the response required by that subsection, or

(b)otherwise, the end of the 21 day period.

(7)The final guidance has effect when it is laid before the Northern Ireland Assembly.

(8)The Department must publish the guidance when it comes into effect.

(9)The “21 day period” is the period of 21 sitting days beginning with the first sitting day after the day on which the draft guidance is laid under subsection (4).

(10)Sitting day” means a day on which the Northern Ireland Assembly sits.

(11)The Department may revise the guidance at any time (and subsections (4) to (10) apply in relation to any revised guidance).

Commencement Information

I116Sch. 3 para. 24 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(6)(7)

I117Sch. 3 para. 24 in force at 28.2.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(a)

25(1)Section 27 (co-operation duties of public authorities and the OEP) is amended as follows.N.I.

(2)In subsection (2)

(a)in paragraph (d) for “, the Welsh Ministers, a Northern Ireland department or a Minister within the meaning of the Northern Ireland Act 1998” substitute “or the Welsh Ministers”;

(b)in paragraph (f) for “devolved functions” substitute “Scottish devolved functions or Welsh devolved functions”.

(3)In subsection (3) for “devolved functions”, in both places it occurs, substitute “Scottish devolved functions or Welsh devolved functions”.

(4)After subsection (3) insert—

(3A)An implementation body is only required to co-operate with the OEP by virtue of subsection (1) to the extent that co-operation is in relation to functions of that body exercisable in or as regards Northern Ireland.

In this subsection “implementation body” has the meaning it has in section 55 of the Northern Ireland Act 1998 (see subsection (3) of that section).

Commencement Information

I118Sch. 3 para. 25 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(6)(7)

I119Sch. 3 para. 25 in force at 28.2.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(a)

26N.I.In section 37 (linked notices), after subsection (6) insert—

(6A)If the OEP considers that an information notice or a decision notice relates to conduct that is the same as or similar to conduct that is the subject of a Northern Ireland information notice or Northern Ireland decision notice, it may determine that those notices are linked.

(6B)The OEP must provide the recipient of an information notice or a decision notice with—

(a)a copy of every Northern Ireland information notice or Northern Ireland decision notice which is linked to it, and

(b)a copy of any relevant correspondence, relating to such a notice, between the OEP and the recipient of that notice.

Commencement Information

I120Sch. 3 para. 26 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(6)(7)

I121Sch. 3 para. 26 in force at 28.2.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(a)

27(1)Section 43 (confidentiality of proceedings) is amended as follows.N.I.

(2)In subsection (2)

(a)in paragraph (b) after “(investigations)” insert “or paragraph 7 of Schedule 3 (functions of the OEP in Northern Ireland)”;

(b)after paragraph (c) insert—

(ca)made for purposes connected with the co-ordination of the OEP’s functions that relate to investigations under paragraph 7 of Schedule 3 and the Northern Ireland Public Services Ombudsman’s functions that relate to investigations by the Ombudsman;;

(c)in paragraph (d) after “section 33” insert “or paragraph 7 of Schedule 3”;

(d)in paragraph (e) after “sections 35 to 41” insert “or paragraphs 9 to 15 of Schedule 3”;

(e)in paragraph (h) after “this Chapter” insert “or Part 1 of Schedule 3”.

(3)In subsection (3)(a) for “or decision notice” substitute “, decision notice, Northern Ireland information notice or Northern Ireland decision notice”.

(4)In subsection (4)

(a)in paragraph (a)(i) for “or a decision notice” substitute “, a decision notice, a Northern Ireland information notice or a Northern Ireland decision notice”;

(b)in paragraph (b) after “section 33” insert “or paragraph 7 of Schedule 3”;

(c)in paragraph (d) after “judicial review” insert “(which includes a review application)”.

(5)In subsection (5)

(a)for “or a decision notice” substitute “, a decision notice, a Northern Ireland information notice or a Northern Ireland decision notice”;

(b)after “this Chapter” insert “or Part 1 of Schedule 3”.

(6)In subsection (6) after “this Chapter” insert “or Part 1 of Schedule 3”.

Commencement Information

I122Sch. 3 para. 27 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(6)(7)

I123Sch. 3 para. 27 in force at 28.2.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(a)

28(1)Section 47 (interpretation of Part 1 of the Act) is amended as follows.N.I.

(2)The existing text becomes subsection (1).

(3)In that subsection—

(a)in the definition of “devolved environmental governance function”—

(i)for “devolved function” substitute “Scottish devolved function or Welsh devolved function”;

(ii)after “this Part” insert “or Part 1 of Schedule 3 (functions of the OEP in Northern Ireland)”;

(b)at the appropriate places insert—

  • Northern Ireland decision notice” means a notice given under paragraph 10 of Schedule 3 (functions of the OEP in Northern Ireland);;

  • Northern Ireland information notice” means a notice given under paragraph 9 of Schedule 3;;

  • review application” has the meaning it has in Part 1 of Schedule 3 (see paragraph 12 of that Schedule);;

  • Scottish devolved function” means a function exercisable in or as regards Scotland, the exercise of which would be within devolved competence (within the meaning of section 54 of the Scotland Act 1998);;

  • Welsh devolved function” means a function exercisable in or as regards Wales that could be conferred by provision falling within the legislative competence of Senedd Cymru (see section 108A of the Government of Wales Act 2006)..

(4)After that subsection insert—

(2)Section 41(3) of the Interpretation Act (Northern Ireland) 1954 (c. 33 (N.I.)) applies in relation to the laying of a document before the Northern Ireland Assembly under this Part, as it applies in relation to the laying of a statutory document under an Act of the Northern Ireland Assembly.

Commencement Information

I124Sch. 3 para. 28 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(6)(7)

I125Sch. 3 para. 28 in force at 28.2.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(a)

29(1)Schedule 1 is amended as follows.N.I.

(2)In paragraph 1

(a)in sub-paragraph (1), after paragraph (a) insert—

(aa)a Northern Ireland member (who is to be a non-executive member),;

(b)in sub-paragraph (2) after “Secretary of State” insert “, the Northern Ireland Department”;

(c)in sub-paragraph (3)

(i)for “In making those appointments,” substitute “When exercising their functions of appointment”;

(ii)after “non-executive members” insert “(including the Northern Ireland member)”.

(3)In paragraph 2 for sub-paragraphs (1) and (2) substitute—

(1)The Chair is to be appointed by the Secretary of State acting jointly with the Northern Ireland Department, other than the first Chair who is to be appointed by the Secretary of State.

(2)The Northern Ireland member is to be appointed by the Northern Ireland Department after consulting the Secretary of State and the Chair.

(2A)The other non-executive members are to be appointed by the Secretary of State after consulting the Northern Ireland Department and the Chair.

(2B)The Northern Ireland Department must appoint as the Northern Ireland member a person with experience of—

(a)Northern Ireland environmental law (within the meaning of Part 1 of Schedule 3),

(b)environmental science in Northern Ireland, or

(c)environmental regulation in Northern Ireland.

(4)In paragraph 3(3) after “Secretary of State” insert “and the Northern Ireland Department”.

(5)In paragraph 5

(a)in sub-paragraph (4) after “of non-executive members” insert “(including the Northern Ireland member)”;

(b)after that sub-paragraph insert—

(4A)The Northern Ireland Department must, in determining the length of a Northern Ireland member’s term, have regard to the desirability of securing that the appointments of non-executive members expire at different times.;

(c)for sub-paragraph (6) substitute—

(6)A non-executive member ceases to be a member of the OEP upon becoming its employee.

(7)A non-executive member, other than the Northern Ireland member—

(a)may resign from office by giving notice to the Secretary of State, and

(b)may be removed from office by notice given by the Secretary of State, after consulting the Northern Ireland Department, on the grounds that the member—

(i)has without reasonable excuse failed to discharge the member’s functions, or

(ii)is, in the opinion of the Secretary of State, unable or unfit to carry out the member’s functions.

(8)The Northern Ireland member—

(a)may resign from office by giving notice to the Northern Ireland Department, and

(b)may be removed from office by notice given by the Northern Ireland Department after consulting the Secretary of State, on the grounds that the member—

(i)has without reasonable excuse failed to discharge the member’s functions, or

(ii)is, in the opinion of the Northern Ireland Department, unable or unfit to carry out the member’s functions.

(6)In paragraph 10(4)

(a)in paragraph (b) after “section 28 or 29” insert “, or a report under paragraph 1 or 2 of Schedule 3 (functions of the OEP in Northern Ireland)”;

(b)in paragraph (c) after “section 30(1) or (3)” insert “, or written advice to a Northern Ireland department under paragraph 3(1) or (3) of Schedule 3”;

(c)in paragraph (d) after “information notice” insert “or a Northern Ireland information notice”;

(d)in paragraph (e) after “decision notice” insert “or a Northern Ireland decision notice”;

(e)after paragraph (g) insert—

(ga)deciding whether to make a review application (see paragraph 12 of Schedule 3) or an application for judicial review by virtue of paragraph 13(1) of that Schedule or to intervene in proceedings that relate to a judicial review (see paragraph 13 of that Schedule);.

(7)In paragraph 12

(a)in sub-paragraph (1)

(i)after “Secretary of State”, in the first place it occurs, insert “and the Northern Ireland Department”;

(ii)after “must” insert “, between them,”;

(iii)for “the Secretary of State considers” substitute “they consider”;

(b)in sub-paragraph (2)

(i)after “Secretary of State”, in the first place it occurs, insert “, or the Northern Ireland Department,”;

(ii)after “Secretary of State”, in the second place it occurs, insert “, or that department,”.

(8)In paragraph 13(2)(a) after “Parliament” insert “and the Northern Ireland Assembly”.

(9)In paragraph 14

(a)in sub-paragraph (3) after “Secretary of State” insert “and the Northern Ireland Department”;

(b)in sub-paragraph (4) after “Secretary of State” insert “, the Northern Ireland Department”;

(c)in sub-paragraph (5)(b) after “Secretary of State” insert “, the Northern Ireland Department”;

(d)in sub-paragraph (6) after “Parliament” insert “and the Northern Ireland Assembly”.

(10)In paragraph 17 after “Secretary of State” insert “and the Northern Ireland Department”.

(11)After paragraph 23 insert—

Meaning of “the Northern Ireland Department”

24In this Schedule “the Northern Ireland Department” means the Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs in Northern Ireland.

Commencement Information

I126Sch. 3 para. 29 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(6)(7)

I127Sch. 3 para. 29 in force at 28.2.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(a)

30(1)Schedule 2 (improving the natural environment: Northern Ireland) is amended as follows.N.I.

(2)In paragraph 3(4)(b) after “under paragraph 5” insert “and reports made by the OEP under paragraph 1 of Schedule 3”.

(3)In paragraph 4(4)(b) after “under paragraph 5” insert “and reports made by the OEP under paragraph 1 of Schedule 3”.

(4)In paragraph 11(1), at the appropriate place insert—

  • OEP” has the meaning given by section 22;.

Commencement Information

I128Sch. 3 para. 30 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(6)(7)

I129Sch. 3 para. 30 in force at 28.2.2022 by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(a)

Section 50

SCHEDULE 4U.K.Producer responsibility obligations

PART 1U.K.Requirements

General powerU.K.

1(1)The relevant national authority may by regulations make provision for imposing producer responsibility obligations on specified persons in respect of specified products or materials.

(2)The regulations may be made only for the purpose of—

(a)preventing a product or material becoming waste, or reducing the amount of a product or material that becomes waste;

(b)sustaining a minimum level of, or promoting or securing an increase in, the re-use, redistribution, recovery or recycling of products or materials.

(3)In this Schedule “producer responsibility obligations” means steps required to be taken, in respect of products or materials, for a purpose in sub-paragraph (2).

Commencement Information

I130Sch. 4 para. 1 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)-(6)

I131Sch. 4 para. 1 in force at 24.1.2022 for E. by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 2(q)

I132Sch. 4 para. 1 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(b)

I133Sch. 4 para. 1 in force at 7.3.2022 for W. by S.I. 2022/223, regs. 1(2), 2(d)

I134Sch. 4 para. 1 in force at 9.11.2022 for S. by S.S.I. 2022/305, reg. 2(c)

Examples of provision that may be madeU.K.

2(1)The regulations may make provision about—

(a)the persons to whom producer responsibility obligations apply;

(b)the products or materials in relation to which producer responsibility obligations apply;

(c)the obligations imposed by the regulations.

(2)The regulations may make provision about targets to be achieved in relation to the proportion of products or materials (by weight, volume or otherwise) to be re-used, redistributed, recovered or recycled (either generally or in a specified way).

(3)The regulations may make provision about circumstances in which a producer responsibility obligation is to be treated as met (in whole or in part) by payment of a sum of money, including provision about—

(a)the manner in which and persons by whom the amount of such sums is to be determined, and

(b)the persons to whom such sums are to be paid.

Commencement Information

I135Sch. 4 para. 2 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)-(6)

I136Sch. 4 para. 2 in force at 24.1.2022 for E. by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 2(q)

I137Sch. 4 para. 2 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(b)

I138Sch. 4 para. 2 in force at 7.3.2022 for W. by S.I. 2022/223, regs. 1(2), 2(d)

I139Sch. 4 para. 2 in force at 9.11.2022 for S. by S.S.I. 2022/305, reg. 2(c)

Registration of persons subject to producer responsibility obligationsU.K.

3(1)The regulations may make provision requiring the registration of persons who are subject to a producer responsibility obligation.

(2)The regulations may make provision about—

(a)applications for registration,

(b)the imposition and variation of requirements in connection with registration,

(c)the period for which registration is to remain in force, and

(d)the cancellation of registration.

(3)The regulations may require registers to be published or made available for inspection.

Commencement Information

I140Sch. 4 para. 3 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)-(6)

I141Sch. 4 para. 3 in force at 24.1.2022 for E. by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 2(q)

I142Sch. 4 para. 3 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(b)

I143Sch. 4 para. 3 in force at 7.3.2022 for W. by S.I. 2022/223, regs. 1(2), 2(d)

I144Sch. 4 para. 3 in force at 9.11.2022 for S. by S.S.I. 2022/305, reg. 2(c)

Compliance schemesU.K.

4(1)The regulations may make provision authorising or requiring persons who are subject to a producer responsibility obligation to become members of a compliance scheme.

(2)The regulations may make provision about—

(a)the approval, or withdrawal of approval, of compliance schemes by the relevant national authority,

(b)the establishment, maintenance or management of a compliance scheme by a person appointed by the relevant national authority.

(3)In this Schedule “compliance scheme” means a scheme under which producer responsibility obligations of members of the scheme are discharged by the scheme operator on their behalf.

Commencement Information

I145Sch. 4 para. 4 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)-(6)

I146Sch. 4 para. 4 in force at 24.1.2022 for E. by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 2(q)

I147Sch. 4 para. 4 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(b)

I148Sch. 4 para. 4 in force at 7.3.2022 for W. by S.I. 2022/223, regs. 1(2), 2(d)

I149Sch. 4 para. 4 in force at 9.11.2022 for S. by S.S.I. 2022/305, reg. 2(c)

Registration of compliance schemesU.K.

5(1)The regulations may make provision about the registration of compliance schemes, including provision about—

(a)requirements and criteria to be met before a compliance scheme may be registered,

(b)applications for registration,

(c)the imposition and variation of conditions in connection with registration,

(d)the period for which registration is to remain in force,

(e)the cancellation of registration.

(2)The regulations may make provision about—

(a)appeals against the refusal of registration, the imposition of conditions in connection with registration, or the cancellation of registration,

(b)the procedure on the appeals.

(3)The regulations may make provision about the position of persons and compliance schemes pending determination or withdrawal of an appeal, including provision about cases in which—

(a)a compliance scheme is, or is not, to be treated as registered, or

(b)a person is, or is not, to be treated as a member of a registered compliance scheme.

(4)The regulations may require registers to be published or made available for inspection.

Commencement Information

I150Sch. 4 para. 5 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)-(6)

I151Sch. 4 para. 5 in force at 24.1.2022 for E. by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 2(q)

I152Sch. 4 para. 5 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(b)

I153Sch. 4 para. 5 in force at 7.3.2022 for W. by S.I. 2022/223, regs. 1(2), 2(d)

I154Sch. 4 para. 5 in force at 9.11.2022 for S. by S.S.I. 2022/305, reg. 2(c)

Power to direct compliance scheme operatorsU.K.

6(1)If it appears to the relevant national authority that any action proposed to be taken by the operator of a compliance scheme would be incompatible with an international agreement to which the United Kingdom is a party, it may direct the operator not to take the action in question.

(2)If it appears to the relevant national authority that any action which the operator of a compliance scheme has power to take is required for the purpose of implementing an international agreement to which the United Kingdom is a party, it may direct the operator to take the action in question.

(3)A direction under this paragraph—

(a)may include consequential, supplementary, incidental, transitional or saving provision;

(b)on the application of the relevant national authority, is enforceable—

(i)by injunction, or

(ii)in Scotland, by interdict or by an order for specific performance under section 45 of the Court of Session Act 1988.

Commencement Information

I155Sch. 4 para. 6 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)-(6)

I156Sch. 4 para. 6 in force at 24.1.2022 for E. by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 2(q)

I157Sch. 4 para. 6 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(b)

I158Sch. 4 para. 6 in force at 7.3.2022 for W. by S.I. 2022/223, regs. 1(2), 2(d)

I159Sch. 4 para. 6 in force at 9.11.2022 for S. by S.S.I. 2022/305, reg. 2(c)

Certificates of complianceU.K.

7(1)The regulations may make provision about certificates of compliance.

(2)The regulations may make provision—

(a)requiring persons who are not members of compliance schemes to provide certificates of compliance to an enforcement authority;

(b)about the approval of persons by an enforcement authority for the purposes of issuing certificates of compliance.

(3)In this Schedule “certificate of compliance” means a certificate which—

(a)is issued by a person approved by an enforcement authority, and

(b)states that the person issuing the certificate is satisfied that the person to whom it relates is complying with their producer responsibility obligations.

(4)The regulations may include provision requiring an enforcement authority to give guidance to persons issuing certificates of compliance, including guidance as to matters which are, or are not, to be treated as evidence of compliance or non-compliance.

(5)In this paragraph “enforcement authority” means a person on whom functions are conferred by regulations under Part 2 of this Schedule.

Commencement Information

I160Sch. 4 para. 7 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)-(6)

I161Sch. 4 para. 7 in force at 24.1.2022 for E. by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 2(q)

I162Sch. 4 para. 7 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(b)

I163Sch. 4 para. 7 in force at 7.3.2022 for W. by S.I. 2022/223, regs. 1(2), 2(d)

I164Sch. 4 para. 7 in force at 9.11.2022 for S. by S.S.I. 2022/305, reg. 2(c)

Consultation etc requirementsU.K.

8(1)Before making regulations under this Part of this Schedule the relevant national authority must consult persons appearing to it to represent the interests of those likely to be affected.

(2)The requirement in sub-paragraph (1) may be met by consultation carried out before this paragraph comes into force.

Commencement Information

I165Sch. 4 para. 8 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)-(6)

I166Sch. 4 para. 8 in force at 24.1.2022 for E. by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 2(q)

I167Sch. 4 para. 8 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(b)

I168Sch. 4 para. 8 in force at 7.3.2022 for W. by S.I. 2022/223, regs. 1(2), 2(d)

I169Sch. 4 para. 8 in force at 9.11.2022 for S. by S.S.I. 2022/305, reg. 2(c)

9(1)Before making regulations under this Part of this Schedule the relevant national authority must be satisfied that—

(a)making the regulations would be likely to achieve one or more of the purposes in paragraph 1(2);

(b)making the regulations would produce environmental or economic benefits;

(c)those benefits are significant as against the likely costs resulting from the imposition of the producer responsibility obligations;

(d)the burdens imposed on businesses by the regulations are the minimum necessary to secure those benefits;

(e)those burdens are imposed on the persons most able to make a contribution to securing those benefits—

(i)having regard to the desirability of acting fairly between persons who manufacture, process, distribute or supply products or materials, and

(ii)taking account of the need to ensure that the proposed producer responsibility obligation is so framed as to be effective in achieving the purposes for which it is imposed.

(2)Nothing in sub-paragraph (1)(e)(i) prevents regulations imposing a producer responsibility obligation on any class or description of person to the exclusion of any others.

(3)Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply to regulations for the implementation of an international agreement to which the United Kingdom is a party.

Commencement Information

I170Sch. 4 para. 9 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)-(6)

I171Sch. 4 para. 9 in force at 24.1.2022 for E. by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 2(q)

I172Sch. 4 para. 9 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(b)

I173Sch. 4 para. 9 in force at 7.3.2022 for W. by S.I. 2022/223, regs. 1(2), 2(d)

I174Sch. 4 para. 9 in force at 9.11.2022 for S. by S.S.I. 2022/305, reg. 2(c)

10The relevant national authority must exercise the power to make regulations under this Part in the way it considers best calculated to secure that—

(a)the regulations do not have the effect of restricting, distorting or preventing competition, or

(b)if the regulations are likely to have that effect, the effect is no greater than is necessary for achieving the environmental or economic benefits mentioned in paragraph 9(1).

Commencement Information

I175Sch. 4 para. 10 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)-(6)

I176Sch. 4 para. 10 in force at 24.1.2022 for E. by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 2(q)

I177Sch. 4 para. 10 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(b)

I178Sch. 4 para. 10 in force at 7.3.2022 for W. by S.I. 2022/223, regs. 1(2), 2(d)

I179Sch. 4 para. 10 in force at 9.11.2022 for S. by S.S.I. 2022/305, reg. 2(c)

InterpretationU.K.

11(1)In this Part of this Schedule—

  • operator”, in relation to a compliance scheme, includes any person responsible for establishing, maintaining or managing the scheme;

  • “product” and “material” include a product or material at a time when it becomes, or has become, waste;

  • recovery”, in relation to products or materials, includes—

    (a)

    composting them, or any other transformation of them by biological processes, or

    (b)

    obtaining energy from them by any means;

  • specified” means specified in, or determined in accordance with, the regulations.

(2)The regulations may specify, in relation to products or materials, activities, or the activities, which are to be treated for the purposes of this Part of this Schedule and the regulations as re-use, redistribution, recovery or recycling.

Commencement Information

I180Sch. 4 para. 11 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)-(6)

I181Sch. 4 para. 11 in force at 24.1.2022 for E. by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 2(q)

I182Sch. 4 para. 11 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(b)

I183Sch. 4 para. 11 in force at 7.3.2022 for W. by S.I. 2022/223, regs. 1(2), 2(d)

I184Sch. 4 para. 11 in force at 9.11.2022 for S. by S.S.I. 2022/305, reg. 2(c)

PART 2U.K.Enforcement

General powerU.K.

12The relevant national authority may by regulations (“Part 2 regulations”) make provision about the enforcement of requirements imposed by regulations (“Part 1 regulations”) made by the authority under Part 1 of this Schedule.

Commencement Information

I185Sch. 4 para. 12 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)-(6)

I186Sch. 4 para. 12 in force at 24.1.2022 for E. by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 2(q)

I187Sch. 4 para. 12 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(b)

I188Sch. 4 para. 12 in force at 7.3.2022 for W. by S.I. 2022/223, regs. 1(2), 2(d)

I189Sch. 4 para. 12 in force at 9.11.2022 for S. by S.S.I. 2022/305, reg. 2(c)

Powers to confer functionsU.K.

13(1)Part 2 regulations may include provision conferring functions on one or more persons specified in the regulations (each of whom is an “enforcement authority” for the purposes of this Part).

(2)Part 2 regulations may include provision—

(a)conferring functions involving the exercise of discretion;

(b)for the functions of an enforcement authority to be exercised on its behalf by persons authorised in accordance with the regulations.

(3)Part 2 regulations may include provision requiring an enforcement authority to issue guidance about the exercise of its functions.

Commencement Information

I190Sch. 4 para. 13 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)-(6)

I191Sch. 4 para. 13 in force at 24.1.2022 for E. by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 2(q)

I192Sch. 4 para. 13 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(b)

I193Sch. 4 para. 13 in force at 7.3.2022 for W. by S.I. 2022/223, regs. 1(2), 2(d)

I194Sch. 4 para. 13 in force at 9.11.2022 for S. by S.S.I. 2022/305, reg. 2(c)

Monitoring complianceU.K.

14Part 2 regulations may include provision conferring on an enforcement authority the function of monitoring compliance with requirements imposed by Part 1 regulations.

Commencement Information

I195Sch. 4 para. 14 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)-(6)

I196Sch. 4 para. 14 in force at 24.1.2022 for E. by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 2(q)

I197Sch. 4 para. 14 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(b)

I198Sch. 4 para. 14 in force at 7.3.2022 for W. by S.I. 2022/223, regs. 1(2), 2(d)

I199Sch. 4 para. 14 in force at 9.11.2022 for S. by S.S.I. 2022/305, reg. 2(c)

Records and informationU.K.

15Part 2 regulations may include provision—

(a)requiring persons on whom requirements are imposed by Part 1 regulations to keep records;

(b)requiring persons on whom requirements are imposed by Part 1 regulations to provide records or other information to an enforcement authority;

(c)requiring an enforcement authority to make reports or provide information to the relevant national authority.

Commencement Information

I200Sch. 4 para. 15 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)-(6)

I201Sch. 4 para. 15 in force at 24.1.2022 for E. by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 2(q)

I202Sch. 4 para. 15 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(b)

I203Sch. 4 para. 15 in force at 7.3.2022 for W. by S.I. 2022/223, regs. 1(2), 2(d)

I204Sch. 4 para. 15 in force at 9.11.2022 for S. by S.S.I. 2022/305, reg. 2(c)

Powers of entry etcU.K.

16(1)Part 2 regulations may include provision conferring on an enforcement authority powers of entry, inspection, examination, search and seizure.

(2)Part 2 regulations may include provision—

(a)for powers to be exercisable only under the authority of a warrant issued by a justice of the peace, sheriff, summary sheriff or lay magistrate;

(b)about applications for, and the execution of, warrants.

(3)Part 2 regulations must secure that the authority of a warrant is required for the exercise of any powers conferred by the regulations to—

(a)enter premises by force;

(b)enter a private dwelling without the consent of the occupier;

(c)search and seize material.

Commencement Information

I205Sch. 4 para. 16 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)-(6)

I206Sch. 4 para. 16 in force at 24.1.2022 for E. by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 2(q)

I207Sch. 4 para. 16 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(b)

I208Sch. 4 para. 16 in force at 7.3.2022 for W. by S.I. 2022/223, regs. 1(2), 2(d)

I209Sch. 4 para. 16 in force at 9.11.2022 for S. by S.S.I. 2022/305, reg. 2(c)

SanctionsU.K.

17(1)Part 2 regulations may include provision—

(a)for, about or connected with the imposition of civil sanctions in respect of—

(i)failures to comply with Part 1 regulations or Part 2 regulations, or

(ii)the obstruction of or failure to assist an enforcement authority;

(b)for appeals against such sanctions.

(2)Part 2 regulations may include provision—

(a)creating criminal offences punishable with a fine in respect of—

(i)failures to comply with Part 1 regulations or Part 2 regulations,

(ii)failures to comply with civil sanctions imposed under Part 2 regulations, or

(iii)the obstruction of or failure to assist an enforcement authority;

(b)about such offences.

(3)In this paragraph “civil sanction” means a sanction of a kind for which provision may be made under Part 3 of the Regulatory Enforcement and Sanctions Act 2008 (fixed monetary penalties, discretionary requirements, stop notices and enforcement undertakings).

Commencement Information

I210Sch. 4 para. 17 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)-(6)

I211Sch. 4 para. 17 in force at 24.1.2022 for E. by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 2(q)

I212Sch. 4 para. 17 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(b)

I213Sch. 4 para. 17 in force at 7.3.2022 for W. by S.I. 2022/223, regs. 1(2), 2(d)

I214Sch. 4 para. 17 in force at 9.11.2022 for S. by S.S.I. 2022/305, reg. 2(c)

18Part 2 regulations may include provision for the imposition of sanctions of that kind whether or not—

(a)the conduct in respect of which the sanction is imposed constitutes an offence,

(b)the enforcement authority is a regulator for the purposes of Part 3 of the Regulatory Enforcement and Sanctions Act 2008, or

(c)the relevant national authority may make provision for the imposition of sanctions under that Part.

Commencement Information

I215Sch. 4 para. 18 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)-(6)

I216Sch. 4 para. 18 in force at 24.1.2022 for E. by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 2(q)

I217Sch. 4 para. 18 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(b)

I218Sch. 4 para. 18 in force at 7.3.2022 for W. by S.I. 2022/223, regs. 1(2), 2(d)

I219Sch. 4 para. 18 in force at 9.11.2022 for S. by S.S.I. 2022/305, reg. 2(c)

Charges and costsU.K.

19Part 2 regulations may include provision—

(a)requiring persons on whom requirements are imposed by Part 1 regulations to pay charges, as a means of recovering costs incurred by an enforcement authority in performing its functions;

(b)authorising a court or tribunal dealing with any matter under Part 1 regulations or Part 2 regulations to award to an enforcement authority costs incurred by it in performing its functions under the regulations in relation to that matter.

Commencement Information

I220Sch. 4 para. 19 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)-(6)

I221Sch. 4 para. 19 in force at 24.1.2022 for E. by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 2(q)

I222Sch. 4 para. 19 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(b)

I223Sch. 4 para. 19 in force at 7.3.2022 for W. by S.I. 2022/223, regs. 1(2), 2(d)

I224Sch. 4 para. 19 in force at 9.11.2022 for S. by S.S.I. 2022/305, reg. 2(c)

Consultation requirementU.K.

20(1)Before making Part 2 regulations the relevant national authority must consult any persons the authority considers appropriate.

(2)The requirement in sub-paragraph (1) may be met by consultation carried out before this paragraph comes into force.

Commencement Information

I225Sch. 4 para. 20 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)-(6)

I226Sch. 4 para. 20 in force at 24.1.2022 for E. by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 2(q)

I227Sch. 4 para. 20 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(b)

I228Sch. 4 para. 20 in force at 7.3.2022 for W. by S.I. 2022/223, regs. 1(2), 2(d)

I229Sch. 4 para. 20 in force at 9.11.2022 for S. by S.S.I. 2022/305, reg. 2(c)

Section 51

SCHEDULE 5U.K.Producer responsibility for disposal costs

PART 1U.K.Requirements

General powerU.K.

1(1)The relevant national authority may by regulations make provision requiring the payment of sums by specified persons, in respect of specified products or materials.

(2)The regulations may be made only for the purpose of securing that those involved in manufacturing, processing, distributing or supplying products or materials meet, or contribute to, the disposal costs of the products or materials.

Commencement Information

I230Sch. 5 para. 1 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(a)

I231Sch. 5 para. 1 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(c)

“Disposal costs” and “disposal”U.K.

2(1)In this Schedule the “disposal costs” of products or materials means such costs incurred in connection with the disposal of the products or materials as may be specified in the regulations.

(2)In this Schedule the “disposal” of products or materials includes their re-use, redistribution, recovery or recycling.

(3)Disposal costs may include the costs of—

(a)collecting and transporting products or materials for disposal,

(b)sorting and treating products or materials,

(c)other steps preparatory to disposal of products or materials, and

(d)providing public information about the disposal of products or materials.

(4)They may include costs incurred in relation to products or materials that have been disposed of unlawfully.

(5)The regulations may make provision as to how the disposal costs of products or materials are to be calculated.

Commencement Information

I232Sch. 5 para. 2 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(a)

I233Sch. 5 para. 2 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(c)

Calculation of sums payableU.K.

3(1)The regulations may make provision as to how the sums payable under the regulations are to be calculated.

(2)They may include provision for the sums payable under the regulations to vary according to the design or composition of the products or materials to which the regulations relate, the methods by which they were produced or any other factor.

Commencement Information

I234Sch. 5 para. 3 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(a)

I235Sch. 5 para. 3 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(c)

AdministrationU.K.

4(1)The regulations may appoint, or make provision for the appointment of, a person (an “administrator”) to administer provision made by the regulations.

(2)More than one person may be appointed as an administrator.

(3)The regulations may confer functions on an administrator (including functions involving the exercise of discretion).

(4)References in this Schedule to an administrator include a person appointed by an administrator or exercising functions on an administrator’s behalf.

Commencement Information

I236Sch. 5 para. 4 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(a)

I237Sch. 5 para. 4 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(c)

RegistrationU.K.

5(1)The regulations may require—

(a)persons required to pay sums under the regulations to register with an administrator;

(b)administrators to register with an enforcement authority appointed by regulations under Part 2 of this Schedule.

(2)The regulations may make provision—

(a)about applications for registration;

(b)about the period for which registration has effect;

(c)about the cancellation of registration.

(3)The regulations may require persons required to register to pay, in connection with their registration, fees of an amount determined by or in accordance with the regulations.

(4)The regulations may require registers to be published or made available for inspection.

Commencement Information

I238Sch. 5 para. 5 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(a)

I239Sch. 5 para. 5 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(c)

Payment of sumsU.K.

6(1)The regulations may make provision for the sums payable under the regulations to be payable to an administrator.

(2)The regulations may make provision as to how sums paid to the administrator are to be held by the administrator.

Commencement Information

I240Sch. 5 para. 6 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(a)

I241Sch. 5 para. 6 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(c)

Distribution of sums paidU.K.

7The regulations may make provision for sums paid to an administrator—

(a)to be distributed by the administrator, in accordance with the regulations, among persons who have incurred disposal costs in relation to products or materials to which the regulations relate, or

(b)to be paid to another administrator to be so distributed by that administrator.

Commencement Information

I242Sch. 5 para. 7 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(a)

I243Sch. 5 para. 7 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(c)

Repayment of sums paidU.K.

8(1)The regulations may make provision for sums paid to an administrator to be repayable, in whole or in part, to the persons by whom they were payable (“liable persons”).

(2)The regulations may make provision as to how sums repayable under the regulations are to be calculated.

(3)They may include provision for the sums repayable under the regulations to vary according to the extent to which, or manner in which, liable persons dispose of products or materials to which the regulations relate, or meet or contribute to their disposal costs.

Commencement Information

I244Sch. 5 para. 8 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(a)

I245Sch. 5 para. 8 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(c)

ChargesU.K.

9The regulations may include provision requiring the payment of charges to administrators, as a means of recovering costs incurred by administrators in performing functions under the regulations.

Commencement Information

I246Sch. 5 para. 9 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(a)

I247Sch. 5 para. 9 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(c)

Consultation requirementsU.K.

10(1)Before making regulations under this Part of this Schedule the relevant national authority must consult persons appearing to it to represent the interests of those likely to be affected.

(2)The requirement in sub-paragraph (1) may be met by consultation carried out before this paragraph comes into force.

Commencement Information

I248Sch. 5 para. 10 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(a)

I249Sch. 5 para. 10 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(c)

PART 2U.K.Enforcement

General powerU.K.

11The relevant national authority may by regulations (“Part 2 regulations”) make provision about the enforcement of requirements imposed by regulations (“Part 1 regulations”) made by the authority under Part 1 of this Schedule.

Commencement Information

I250Sch. 5 para. 11 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(a)

I251Sch. 5 para. 11 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(c)

Powers to confer functionsU.K.

12(1)Part 2 regulations may include provision conferring functions on one or more persons specified in the regulations (each of whom is an “enforcement authority” for the purposes of this Part).

(2)Part 2 regulations may include provision—

(a)conferring functions involving the exercise of discretion;

(b)for the functions of an enforcement authority to be exercised on its behalf by persons authorised in accordance with the regulations.

(3)Part 2 regulations may include provision requiring an enforcement authority to issue guidance about the exercise of its functions.

Commencement Information

I252Sch. 5 para. 12 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(a)

I253Sch. 5 para. 12 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(c)

Monitoring complianceU.K.

13Part 2 regulations may include provision conferring on an enforcement authority the function of monitoring compliance with requirements imposed by Part 1 regulations.

Commencement Information

I254Sch. 5 para. 13 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(a)

I255Sch. 5 para. 13 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(c)

Records and informationU.K.

14Part 2 regulations may include provision—

(a)requiring persons on whom requirements are imposed by Part 1 regulations to keep records;

(b)requiring persons on whom requirements are imposed by Part 1 regulations to provide records or other information to an enforcement authority or (where the person is not an administrator) an administrator;

(c)requiring an enforcement authority to make reports or provide information to the relevant national authority.

Commencement Information

I256Sch. 5 para. 14 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(a)

I257Sch. 5 para. 14 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(c)

Powers of entry etcU.K.

15(1)Part 2 regulations may include provision conferring on an enforcement authority powers of entry, inspection, examination, search and seizure.

(2)Part 2 regulations may include provision—

(a)for powers to be exercisable only under the authority of a warrant issued by a justice of the peace, sheriff, summary sheriff or lay magistrate;

(b)about applications for, and the execution of, warrants.

(3)Part 2 regulations must secure that the authority of a warrant is required for the exercise of any powers conferred by the regulations to—

(a)enter premises by force;

(b)enter a private dwelling without the consent of the occupier;

(c)search and seize material.

Commencement Information

I258Sch. 5 para. 15 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(a)

I259Sch. 5 para. 15 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(c)

SanctionsU.K.

16(1)Part 2 regulations may include provision—

(a)for, about or connected with the imposition of civil sanctions in respect of—

(i)failures to comply with Part 1 regulations or Part 2 regulations, or

(ii)the obstruction of or failure to assist an enforcement authority;

(b)for appeals against such sanctions.

(2)Part 2 regulations may include provision—

(a)creating criminal offences punishable with a fine in respect of—

(i)failures to comply with civil sanctions imposed under Part 2 regulations, or

(ii)the obstruction of or failure to assist an enforcement authority;

(b)about such offences.

(3)In this paragraph “civil sanction” means a sanction of a kind for which provision may be made under Part 3 of the Regulatory Enforcement and Sanctions Act 2008 (fixed monetary penalties, discretionary requirements, stop notices and enforcement undertakings).

(4)Part 2 regulations may include provision for the imposition of sanctions of that kind whether or not—

(a)the conduct in respect of which the sanction is imposed constitutes an offence,

(b)the enforcement authority is a regulator for the purposes of Part 3 of the Regulatory Enforcement and Sanctions Act 2008, or

(c)the relevant national authority may make provision for the imposition of sanctions under that Part.

Commencement Information

I260Sch. 5 para. 16 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(a)

I261Sch. 5 para. 16 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(c)

Charges and costsU.K.

17Part 2 regulations may include provision—

(a)requiring persons on whom requirements are imposed by Part 1 regulations to pay charges, as a means of recovering costs incurred by an enforcement authority in performing its functions;

(b)authorising a court or tribunal dealing with any matter under Part 1 regulations or Part 2 regulations to award to an enforcement authority costs incurred by it in performing its functions in relation to that matter.

Commencement Information

I262Sch. 5 para. 17 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(a)

I263Sch. 5 para. 17 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(c)

Consultation requirementsU.K.

18(1)Before making regulations under this Part of this Schedule the relevant national authority must consult any persons the authority considers appropriate.

(2)The requirement in sub-paragraph (1) may be met by consultation carried out before this paragraph comes into force.

Commencement Information

I264Sch. 5 para. 18 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(a)

I265Sch. 5 para. 18 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(c)

Section 52

SCHEDULE 6U.K.Resource efficiency information

PART 1U.K.Requirements

General powerU.K.

1(1)The relevant national authority may by regulations make provision for the purposes of requiring specified persons, in specified circumstances, to provide specified information about the resource efficiency of specified products.

(2)The regulations may not make such provision in relation to a product which is—

(a)a medicinal product, within the meaning of the Human Medicines Regulations 2012 (S.I. 2012/1916);

(b)a veterinary medicinal product, within the meaning of the Veterinary Medicines Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/2033);

(c)food, within the meaning of article 2 of Regulation (EC) No. 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 28 January 2002 laying down the general principles and requirements of food law, establishing the European Food Safety Authority and laying down procedures in matters of food safety.

(3)Sub-paragraph (2) does not prevent the regulations making provision in relation to a product which is not within that sub-paragraph, but is packaging for a product which is within that sub-paragraph.

Commencement Information

I266Sch. 6 para. 1 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(b)

I267Sch. 6 para. 1 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(d)

Meaning of “information about resource efficiency”U.K.

2(1)Information about resource efficiency, in relation to a product, means information which—

(a)is within sub-paragraph (2) or (3), and

(b)is relevant to the product’s impact on the natural environment.

(2)The information within this sub-paragraph is information about—

(a)the expected life of the product;

(b)aspects of the product’s design which affect its expected life;

(c)the availability or cost of component parts, tools, or anything else required to repair or maintain the product;

(d)whether the product can be upgraded, and the availability or cost of upgrades;

(e)any other matter relevant to repairing, maintaining, remanufacturing or otherwise prolonging the expected life of, the product;

(f)the ways in which the product can be disposed of at the end of its life (including whether and to what extent it can be recycled, and whether materials used in it can be extracted and reused or recycled).

(3)The information within this sub-paragraph is information about—

(a)the materials from which the product is manufactured;

(b)the techniques used in its manufacture;

(c)the resources consumed during its production or use;

(d)the pollutants (including greenhouse gases within the meaning of section 92 of the Climate Change Act 2008) released or emitted at any stage of the product’s production, use or disposal.

Commencement Information

I268Sch. 6 para. 2 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(b)

I269Sch. 6 para. 2 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(d)

Persons on whom requirements may be imposedU.K.

3The regulations may impose requirements to provide information in relation to a product on a person only if the person is a person connected with the manufacture, import, distribution, sale or supply of the product.

Commencement Information

I270Sch. 6 para. 3 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(b)

I271Sch. 6 para. 3 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(d)

Examples of provision that may be madeU.K.

4The regulations may include provision—

(a)about how information about a product is to be provided (for example, by affixing a label to the product);

(b)conferring on specified persons the function of determining whether specified products or materials have specified properties or characteristics (for example, whether they can be recycled) and publishing the results of such determinations;

(c)specifying a scheme for classifying products by reference to matters about which resource efficiency information must be provided;

(d)requiring information provided about a product to be determined according to specified criteria (for example, according to results published by virtue of paragraph (b) or classification schemes under paragraph (c)).

Commencement Information

I272Sch. 6 para. 4 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(b)

I273Sch. 6 para. 4 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(d)

Consultation etc requirementsU.K.

5(1)Before making regulations under this Part of this Schedule the relevant national authority must—

(a)consult any persons the authority considers appropriate, and

(b)have regard to the matters in sub-paragraph (2).

(2)The matters are—

(a)the extent to which the proposed regulations are likely to reduce the product’s impact on the natural environment at any stage of its production, use or disposal;

(b)the environmental, social, economic or other costs of complying with the regulations;

(c)whether exemptions should be given, or other special provision made, for smaller businesses.

(3)The requirement in sub-paragraph (1)(a) may be met by consultation carried out before this paragraph comes into force.

Commencement Information

I274Sch. 6 para. 5 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(b)

I275Sch. 6 para. 5 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(d)

InterpretationU.K.

6In this Part of this Schedule—

  • natural environment” has the same meaning as in Part 1 of this Act (see section 44);

  • product” includes a product which is a component part of, or packaging for, another product;

  • specified” means specified in, or determined in accordance with, the regulations.

Commencement Information

I276Sch. 6 para. 6 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(b)

I277Sch. 6 para. 6 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(d)

PART 2U.K.Enforcement

General powerU.K.

7The relevant national authority may by regulations (“Part 2 regulations”) make provision about the enforcement of requirements imposed by regulations (“Part 1 regulations”) made by the authority under Part 1 of this Schedule.

Commencement Information

I278Sch. 6 para. 7 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(b)

I279Sch. 6 para. 7 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(d)

Powers to confer functionsU.K.

8(1)Part 2 regulations may include provision conferring functions on one or more persons specified in the regulations (each of whom is an “enforcement authority” for the purposes of this Part).

(2)Part 2 regulations may include provision—

(a)conferring functions involving the exercise of discretion;

(b)for the functions of an enforcement authority to be exercised on its behalf by persons authorised in accordance with the regulations.

(3)Part 2 regulations may include provision requiring an enforcement authority to issue guidance about the exercise of its functions.

Commencement Information

I280Sch. 6 para. 8 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(b)

I281Sch. 6 para. 8 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(d)

Monitoring complianceU.K.

9Part 2 regulations may include provision conferring on an enforcement authority the function of monitoring compliance with requirements imposed by Part 1 regulations (which may include the function of testing or assessing products).

Commencement Information

I282Sch. 6 para. 9 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(b)

I283Sch. 6 para. 9 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(d)

Records and informationU.K.

10Part 2 regulations may include provision—

(a)requiring persons on whom requirements are imposed by Part 1 regulations to keep records;

(b)requiring persons on whom requirements are imposed by Part 1 regulations to provide records or other information to an enforcement authority;

(c)requiring an enforcement authority to make reports or provide information to the relevant national authority.

Commencement Information

I284Sch. 6 para. 10 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(b)

I285Sch. 6 para. 10 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(d)

Powers of entry etcU.K.

11(1)Part 2 regulations may include provision conferring on an enforcement authority powers of entry, inspection, examination, search and seizure.

(2)Part 2 regulations may include provision—

(a)for powers to be exercisable only under the authority of a warrant issued by a justice of the peace, sheriff, summary sheriff or lay magistrate;

(b)about applications for, and the execution of, warrants.

(3)Part 2 regulations must secure that the authority of a warrant is required for the exercise of any powers conferred by the regulations to—

(a)enter premises by force;

(b)enter a private dwelling without the consent of the occupier;

(c)search and seize material.

Commencement Information

I286Sch. 6 para. 11 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(b)

I287Sch. 6 para. 11 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(d)

SanctionsU.K.

12(1)Part 2 regulations may include provision—

(a)for, about or connected with the imposition of civil sanctions in respect of—

(i)failures to comply with Part 1 regulations or Part 2 regulations, or

(ii)the obstruction of or failure to assist an enforcement authority;

(b)for appeals against such sanctions.

(2)Part 2 regulations may include provision—

(a)creating criminal offences punishable with a fine in respect of—

(i)failures to comply with civil sanctions imposed under Part 2 regulations, or

(ii)the obstruction of or failure to assist an enforcement authority;

(b)about such offences.

(3)In this paragraph “civil sanction” means a sanction of a kind for which provision may be made under Part 3 of the Regulatory Enforcement and Sanctions Act 2008 (fixed monetary penalties, discretionary requirements, stop notices and enforcement undertakings).

(4)Part 2 regulations may include provision for the imposition of sanctions of that kind whether or not—

(a)the conduct in respect of which the sanction is imposed constitutes an offence,

(b)the enforcement authority is a regulator for the purposes of Part 3 of the Regulatory Enforcement and Sanctions Act 2008, or

(c)the relevant national authority may make provision for the imposition of sanctions under that Part.

Commencement Information

I288Sch. 6 para. 12 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(b)

I289Sch. 6 para. 12 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(d)

CostsU.K.

13Part 2 regulations may include provision—

(a)requiring persons on whom requirements are imposed by Part 1 regulations to pay costs incurred by an enforcement authority in performing its functions;

(b)authorising a court or tribunal dealing with any matter under Part 1 regulations or Part 2 regulations to award to an enforcement authority costs incurred by it in performing its functions in relation to that matter.

Commencement Information

I290Sch. 6 para. 13 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(b)

I291Sch. 6 para. 13 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(d)

Consultation requirementU.K.

14(1)Before making Part 2 regulations the relevant national authority must consult any persons the authority considers appropriate.

(2)The requirement in sub-paragraph (1) may be met by consultation carried out before this paragraph comes into force.

Commencement Information

I292Sch. 6 para. 14 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(b)

I293Sch. 6 para. 14 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(d)

Section 53

SCHEDULE 7U.K.Resource efficiency requirements

PART 1U.K.Requirements

General powerU.K.

1(1)The relevant national authority may by regulations make provision for the purposes of requiring specified products, in specified circumstances, to meet specified resource efficiency requirements.

(2)The regulations may not make such provision in relation to a product which is—

(a)an energy-related product, within the meaning of the Ecodesign for Energy-Related Products Regulations 2010 (S.I. 2010/2617);

(b)a medicinal product, within the meaning of the Human Medicines Regulations 2012 (S.I. 2012/1916);

(c)a veterinary medicinal product, within the meaning of the Veterinary Medicines Regulations 2013 (S.I. 2013/2033);

(d)food, within the meaning of article 2 of Regulation (EC) No. 178/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 28 January 2002 laying down the general principles and requirements of food law, establishing the European Food Safety Authority and laying down procedures in matters of food safety.

(3)Sub-paragraph (2) does not prevent the regulations making provision in relation to a product which is not within that sub-paragraph, but is packaging for a product which is within that sub-paragraph.

Commencement Information

I294Sch. 7 para. 1 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(c)

I295Sch. 7 para. 1 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(e)

Meaning of “resource efficiency requirements”U.K.

2(1)Resource efficiency requirements”, in relation to a product, means requirements which—

(a)are within sub-paragraph (2) or (3), and

(b)are relevant to the product’s impact on the natural environment.

(2)The requirements within this sub-paragraph are requirements relating to—

(a)aspects of the product’s design which affect its expected life;

(b)the availability or cost of component parts, tools, or anything else required to repair or maintain the product;

(c)whether the product can be upgraded, and the availability or cost of upgrades;

(d)any other matter relevant to repairing, maintaining, remanufacturing or otherwise prolonging the expected life of, the product;

(e)the ways in which the product can be disposed of at the end of its life (including whether and to what extent it can be recycled, and whether materials used in it can be extracted and reused or recycled).

(3)The requirements within this sub-paragraph are requirements relating to—

(a)the materials from which the product is manufactured;

(b)the techniques used in its manufacture;

(c)the resources consumed during its production or use;

(d)the pollutants (including greenhouse gases within the meaning of section 92 of the Climate Change Act 2008) released or emitted at any stage of the product’s production, use or disposal.

(4)Resource efficiency requirements may be specified by reference to standards prepared by a specified person.

Commencement Information

I296Sch. 7 para. 2 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(c)

I297Sch. 7 para. 2 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(e)

Persons on whom requirements may be imposedU.K.

3The regulations may impose resource efficiency requirements on a person only if the person is connected with the manufacture, import, distribution, sale or supply of the product.

Commencement Information

I298Sch. 7 para. 3 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(c)

I299Sch. 7 para. 3 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(e)

Examples of provision that may be madeU.K.

4(1)The regulations may include provision—

(a)prohibiting a product being distributed, sold or supplied unless it meets resource efficiency requirements;

(b)requiring persons connected with the manufacture, import, distribution, sale or supply of a product to provide information to other such persons.

(2)The regulations may include provision—

(a)about how and by whom a product’s compliance with resource efficiency requirements is to be determined;

(b)for appeals against such determinations;

(c)about how a product’s compliance with resource efficiency requirements is to be evidenced (for example, by affixing a label or applying a marking to a product).

Commencement Information

I300Sch. 7 para. 4 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(c)

I301Sch. 7 para. 4 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(e)

Consultation etc requirementsU.K.

5(1)Before making regulations under this Part of this Schedule the relevant national authority must—

(a)consult such persons as the authority considers appropriate, and

(b)where sub-paragraph (3) or (4) applies, publish for the purposes of the consultation—

(i)the authority’s assessment of the matters it must be satisfied of, and

(ii)a draft of the regulations.

(2)The requirements in sub-paragraph (1) may be met by consultation carried out, and assessments and draft regulations published, before this paragraph comes into force.

(3)Before making regulations under this Part of this Schedule in relation to a new product, the relevant national authority must be satisfied that—

(a)the product has a significant impact on the natural environment at any stage of its production, use or disposal,

(b)the proposed regulations would be likely to reduce the product’s impact on the natural environment,

(c)the benefit of that would be significant as against the likely environmental, social, economic or other costs of the proposed regulations, and

(d)a reduction in the product’s impact on the natural environment could not be achieved as effectively without making the regulations.

(4)Before making regulations under this Part of this Schedule which—

(a)specify additional resource efficiency requirements in relation to a product, or

(b)specify additional persons who must meet resource efficiency requirements in relation to a product,

the relevant national authority must be satisfied of the matters in sub-paragraph (3)(b) to (d).

(5)A “new product” means a product in relation to which there are no existing regulations made by the relevant national authority under this Part of this Schedule.

(6)Before making regulations under this Part of this Schedule the relevant national authority must consider whether exemptions should be given, or other special provision made, for smaller businesses.

Commencement Information

I302Sch. 7 para. 5 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(c)

I303Sch. 7 para. 5 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(e)

InterpretationU.K.

6In this Part of this Schedule—

  • natural environment” has the same meaning as in Part 1 of this Act (see section 44);

  • product” includes a product which is a component part of, or packaging for, another product;

  • specified” means specified in, or determined in accordance with, the regulations.

Commencement Information

I304Sch. 7 para. 6 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(c)

I305Sch. 7 para. 6 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(e)

PART 2U.K.Enforcement

General powerU.K.

7The relevant national authority may by regulations (“Part 2 regulations”) make provision about the enforcement of requirements imposed by regulations (“Part 1 regulations”) made by the authority under Part 1 of this Schedule.

Commencement Information

I306Sch. 7 para. 7 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(c)

I307Sch. 7 para. 7 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(e)

Powers to confer functionsU.K.

8(1)Part 2 regulations may include provision conferring functions on one or more persons specified in the regulations (each of whom is an “enforcement authority” for the purposes of this Part).

(2)Part 2 regulations may include provision—

(a)conferring functions involving the exercise of discretion;

(b)for the functions of an enforcement authority to be exercised on its behalf by persons authorised in accordance with the regulations.

(3)Part 2 regulations may include provision requiring an enforcement authority to issue guidance about the exercise of its functions.

Commencement Information

I308Sch. 7 para. 8 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(c)

I309Sch. 7 para. 8 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(e)

Monitoring complianceU.K.

9Part 2 regulations may include provision conferring on an enforcement authority the function of monitoring compliance with requirements imposed by Part 1 regulations (which may include the function of testing or assessing products).

Commencement Information

I310Sch. 7 para. 9 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(c)

I311Sch. 7 para. 9 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(e)

Records and informationU.K.

10Part 2 regulations may include provision—

(a)requiring persons on whom requirements are imposed by Part 1 regulations to keep records;

(b)requiring persons on whom requirements are imposed by Part 1 regulations to provide records or other information to an enforcement authority;

(c)requiring an enforcement authority to make reports or provide information to the relevant national authority.

Commencement Information

I312Sch. 7 para. 10 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(c)

I313Sch. 7 para. 10 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(e)

Powers of entry etcU.K.

11(1)Part 2 regulations may include provision conferring on an enforcement authority powers of entry, inspection, examination, search and seizure.

(2)Part 2 regulations may include provision—

(a)for powers to be exercisable only under the authority of a warrant issued by a justice of the peace, sheriff, summary sheriff or lay magistrate;

(b)about applications for, and the execution of, warrants.

(3)Part 2 regulations must secure that the authority of a warrant is required for the exercise of any powers conferred by the regulations to—

(a)enter premises by force;

(b)enter a private dwelling without the consent of the occupier;

(c)search and seize material.

Commencement Information

I314Sch. 7 para. 11 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(c)

I315Sch. 7 para. 11 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(e)

SanctionsU.K.

12(1)Part 2 regulations may include provision—

(a)for, about or connected with the imposition of civil sanctions in respect of—

(i)failures to comply with Part 1 regulations or Part 2 regulations, or

(ii)the obstruction of or failure to assist an enforcement authority;

(b)for appeals against such sanctions.

(2)Part 2 regulations may include provision—

(a)creating criminal offences punishable with a fine in respect of—

(i)failures to comply with civil sanctions imposed under Part 2 regulations, or

(ii)the obstruction of or failure to assist an enforcement authority;

(b)about such offences.

(3)In this paragraph “civil sanction” means a sanction of a kind for which provision may be made under Part 3 of the Regulatory Enforcement and Sanctions Act 2008 (fixed monetary penalties, discretionary requirements, stop notices and enforcement undertakings).

(4)Part 2 regulations may include provision for the imposition of sanctions of that kind whether or not—

(a)the conduct in respect of which the sanction is imposed constitutes an offence,

(b)the enforcement authority is a regulator for the purposes of Part 3 of the Regulatory Enforcement and Sanctions Act 2008, or

(c)the relevant national authority may make provision for the imposition of sanctions under that Part.

Commencement Information

I316Sch. 7 para. 12 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(c)

I317Sch. 7 para. 12 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(e)

CostsU.K.

13Part 2 regulations may include provision—

(a)requiring persons on whom requirements are imposed by Part 1 regulations to pay costs incurred by an enforcement authority in performing its functions;

(b)authorising a court or tribunal dealing with any matter under Part 1 regulations or Part 2 regulations to award to an enforcement authority costs incurred by it in performing its functions under the regulations in relation to that matter.

Commencement Information

I318Sch. 7 para. 13 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(c)

I319Sch. 7 para. 13 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(e)

Consultation requirementU.K.

14(1)Before making Part 2 regulations the relevant national authority must consult any persons the authority considers appropriate.

(2)The requirement in sub-paragraph (1) may be met by consultation carried out before this paragraph comes into force.

Commencement Information

I320Sch. 7 para. 14 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W.S., see s. 147(2)(c)

I321Sch. 7 para. 14 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(e)

Section 54

SCHEDULE 8E+W+N.I.Deposit schemes

Power to establish deposit schemesE+W+N.I.

1(1)The relevant national authority may by regulations establish deposit schemes for any of the following purposes—

(a)sustaining, promoting or securing an increase in the recycling or reuse of materials;

(b)reducing the incidence of littering or fly-tipping.

(2)A deposit scheme is a scheme under which—

(a)a person supplied with a deposit item by a scheme supplier pays the supplier an amount (a “deposit”), and

(b)a person who provides a deposit item to a scheme collector is entitled to be paid an amount (a “refund”) in respect of that item by the collector.

(3)A “deposit item” is a specified item that is supplied—

(a)by way of sale, or

(b)in connection with the supply of goods or services.

(4)A deposit scheme may make provision about the circumstances in which a deposit or refund is to be paid in respect of a deposit item.

(5)A person may be specified—

(a)as a scheme supplier if the person is a supplier or producer of deposit items;

(b)as a scheme collector if the person is a supplier or producer of deposit items or is a scheme administrator (see paragraph 4).

(6)A deposit scheme may provide that the amount of the deposit or refund in respect of a deposit item is—

(a)an amount specified,

(b)an amount determined and published by the relevant national authority in accordance with the scheme, or

(c)an amount determined by a scheme administrator in accordance with the scheme.

(7)In this paragraph “specified” means specified or described in a deposit scheme.

Commencement Information

I322Sch. 8 para. 1 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W., see s. 147(2)(d)

I323Sch. 8 para. 1 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(f)

Scheme suppliersE+W+N.I.

2(1)A deposit scheme may impose requirements on a scheme supplier in connection with the scheme, including requirements—

(a)to take steps to ensure deposits are paid in respect of deposit items in accordance with the scheme (which may include a requirement to include the amount of the deposit in the sale price of the item, or in the price of goods or services the item was supplied in connection with);

(b)as to the marking of deposit items to identify them as such;

(c)as to the retention of deposits;

(d)to pay amounts received as deposits to other scheme suppliers, scheme collectors or to a scheme administrator;

(e)in connection with securing that a specified proportion of deposit items supplied by scheme suppliers, or by individual scheme suppliers, are returned to scheme collectors;

(f)to keep records in connection with the scheme;

(g)to provide those records or other information in connection with the scheme to a scheme administrator.

(2)A deposit scheme may impose different requirements on different scheme suppliers.

(3)In this paragraph “specified” means specified in a deposit scheme.

Commencement Information

I324Sch. 8 para. 2 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W., see s. 147(2)(d)

I325Sch. 8 para. 2 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(f)

Scheme collectorsE+W+N.I.

3(1)A deposit scheme may impose requirements on a scheme collector in connection with the scheme, including requirements—

(a)to pay a person who provides a deposit item a refund in accordance with the scheme;

(b)to pay a person who provides a deposit item under another deposit scheme an amount determined in accordance with the scheme (and the scheme may provide for that amount to be determined by reference to the other deposit scheme);

(c)to pay a person who provides articles or packaging that are the subject of a Scottish deposit and return scheme an amount determined in accordance with the scheme (and the scheme may provide for that amount to be determined by reference to the Scottish deposit and return scheme);

(d)to recycle, re-use, or arrange or facilitate the recycling or re-use of any item provided to them in accordance with the scheme (which may include articles or packaging that are the subject of a Scottish deposit and return scheme);

(e)to otherwise dispose of such items in accordance with the scheme;

(f)where a scheme collector receives any payment in connection with the recycling or disposal of such an item, to retain that amount or to pay it, or a part of it, to a scheme administrator;

(g)as to the retention of any amounts received from scheme suppliers, other scheme collectors or a scheme administrator;

(h)to pay such amounts received to scheme suppliers, other scheme collectors or a scheme administrator;

(i)in connection with securing that a specified proportion of deposit items supplied by scheme suppliers, or by individual scheme suppliers, are returned to scheme collectors;

(j)to keep records in connection with the scheme;

(k)to provide those records or other information in connection with the scheme to a scheme administrator.

(2)A deposit scheme may impose different requirements on different scheme collectors.

(3)In this paragraph “specified” means specified in a deposit scheme.

Commencement Information

I326Sch. 8 para. 3 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W., see s. 147(2)(d)

I327Sch. 8 para. 3 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(f)

Deposit scheme administratorsE+W+N.I.

4(1)A person may be appointed as a scheme administrator of a deposit scheme by, or in accordance with, that scheme.

(2)A deposit scheme may confer functions (including functions involving the exercise of discretion) on a scheme administrator, including—

(a)any requirement that could be imposed on a scheme collector by virtue of paragraph 3(1)(a) to (e);

(b)functions relating to the registration of scheme suppliers and scheme collectors;

(c)a power to charge fees for registration (the amounts of which may be such as to recover the costs referred to in paragraphs (d) and (e));

(d)a power to use such fees to meet the costs of exercising its functions under, or in connection with, the scheme;

(e)requirements to pay such fees to persons exercising functions conferred by virtue of paragraph 5 for the purpose of meeting the costs of the exercise of those functions;

(f)a power to give general or specific directions to scheme suppliers and scheme collectors as to the matters mentioned in paragraphs 2(1) and 3(1);

(g)a power to make payments to scheme collectors to reimburse them in respect of the payment of refunds or payments made by virtue of a requirement under paragraph 3(1)(a), (b) or (c);

(h)a power to make payments to another scheme administrator of the deposit scheme;

(i)a power to make payments to a scheme administrator of another deposit scheme in connection with the operation of the scheme, or the operation of the other scheme;

(j)a power to make payments to a Scottish deposit administrator in connection with the operation of the scheme, or the operation of the Scottish deposit and return scheme in relation to which the Scottish deposit administrator is exercising functions;

(k)requirements to retain amounts received by it under or by virtue of the scheme;

(l)a power to use such amounts, or to pay such amounts to another person, for purposes connected with the scheme, or other deposit schemes;

(m)a power to use such amounts for purposes connected with the protection of the environment;

(n)requirements to pay such amounts to the relevant national authority;

(o)functions relating to securing compliance by scheme suppliers and scheme collectors with their obligations under the scheme;

(p)requirements in connection with securing that a specified proportion of deposit items supplied by scheme suppliers, or by individual scheme suppliers, are returned to scheme collectors;

(q)requirements to keep records in connection with the scheme;

(r)requirements to provide any such records or other information in connection with the scheme to the relevant national authority;

(s)requirements as to the exercise of the administrator’s functions.

(3)Where there is more than one scheme administrator, a deposit scheme may confer different functions on different scheme administrators.

(4)A deposit scheme may confer a power on the relevant national authority to give directions to a scheme administrator of the scheme as to the exercise of the administrator’s functions under the scheme.

(5)In this paragraph “specified” means specified in a deposit scheme.

Commencement Information

I328Sch. 8 para. 4 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W., see s. 147(2)(d)

I329Sch. 8 para. 4 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(f)

EnforcementE+W+N.I.

5(1)The relevant national authority may by regulations make provision about the enforcement of requirements under deposit schemes.

(2)The provision that may be made under sub-paragraph (1) includes provision—

(a)conferring functions (including functions involving the exercise of discretion) in connection with the enforcement of requirements under deposit schemes on specified persons (which may include scheme administrators);

(b)for such functions of such a person to be exercised on the person’s behalf by persons authorised in accordance with the regulations;

(c)requiring scheme suppliers, scheme collectors or scheme administrators to provide records and other information relating to deposit schemes to specified persons;

(d)for, about or connected with the imposition of civil sanctions in respect of failures to comply with relevant requirements, or the obstruction of or failure to assist a person having functions in connection with the enforcement of relevant requirements;

(e)for appeals against such sanctions;

(f)creating criminal offences punishable with a fine in respect of failures to comply with civil sanctions, or the obstruction of or failure to assist a person having functions in connection with the enforcement of relevant requirements;

(g)about such offences.

(3)For the purposes of this paragraph “civil sanction” means a sanction of a kind for which provision may be made under Part 3 of the Regulatory Enforcement and Sanctions Act 2008 (fixed monetary penalties, discretionary requirements, stop notices and enforcement undertakings).

(4)Regulations under sub-paragraph (1) may include provision for the imposition of sanctions of that kind whether or not—

(a)the conduct in respect of which the sanction is imposed constitutes an offence,

(b)the person imposing them is a regulator for the purposes of Part 3 of the Regulatory Enforcement and Sanctions Act 2008, or

(c)the relevant national authority may make provision for the imposition of sanctions under that Part.

(5)In this paragraph—

  • relevant requirement” means any requirement imposed by or under a deposit scheme or regulations under sub-paragraph (1);

  • specified” means specified in, or determined in accordance with, regulations under sub-paragraph (1).

Commencement Information

I330Sch. 8 para. 5 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W., see s. 147(2)(d)

I331Sch. 8 para. 5 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(f)

InterpretationE+W+N.I.

6In this Schedule—

  • deposit” has the meaning it has in paragraph 1(2)(a);

  • deposit item” has the meaning it has in paragraph 1(3);

  • deposit scheme” has the meaning it has in paragraph 1(2);

  • refund” has the meaning it has in paragraph 1(2)(b);

  • scheme administrator”, in relation to a deposit scheme, means a person appointed as a scheme administrator of the scheme;

  • “scheme supplier” or “scheme collector” means a person specified as such (see paragraph 1(5));

  • Scottish deposit administrator” means a person exercising the functions of a scheme administrator in relation to a Scottish deposit and return scheme;

  • Scottish deposit and return scheme” means a deposit and return scheme under section 84 of the Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009 (asp 12).

Commencement Information

I332Sch. 8 para. 6 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W., see s. 147(2)(d)

I333Sch. 8 para. 6 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(f)

Section 55

SCHEDULE 9E+W+N.I.Charges for single use items

General powerE+W+N.I.

1(1)The relevant national authority may by regulations make provision about charging by sellers of goods or services for items specified in the regulations.

(2)Regulations made by the Secretary of State or the Welsh Ministers may specify only items which—

(a)are single use items, and

(b)are supplied in connection with goods or services.

(3)Regulations made by the Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs in Northern Ireland may specify only items which—

(a)are single use items,

(b)are made wholly or partly of plastic, and

(c)are supplied in connection with goods or services.

(4)A “single use item” is a manufactured item which is likely to be used only once, or used only for a short period of time, before being disposed of.

(5)An item is supplied in connection with goods or services if it is supplied—

(a)at the place the goods or services are sold or provided, for the purpose of enabling the goods to be taken away, used or consumed, or enabling the services to be received, or

(b)for the purpose of enabling goods to be delivered.

(6)In particular, a container or other packaging into which goods are placed at the point of sale is supplied in connection with goods.

Commencement Information

I334Sch. 9 para. 1 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W., see s. 147(2)(e)

I335Sch. 9 para. 1 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(g)

Requirement to chargeE+W+N.I.

2The regulations may make provision requiring sellers of goods or services to charge for items specified in the regulations.

Commencement Information

I336Sch. 9 para. 2 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W., see s. 147(2)(e)

I337Sch. 9 para. 2 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(g)

Sellers of goods and servicesE+W+N.I.

3(1)Seller”, in relation to goods or services, has the meaning given by the regulations.

(2)The regulations may define that term by reference (in particular) to—

(a)a person’s involvement in selling the goods or services,

(b)a person’s interest in goods or services, or

(c)a person’s interest in the place at or from which the goods or services are sold or provided,

or any combination of those factors.

(3)The regulations may make provision for the regulations to apply—

(a)to all sellers of goods or services, or

(b)to sellers of goods or services identified by reference to factors specified in the regulations.

(4)The factors which may be specified in the regulations include—

(a)the place or places at or from which a seller supplies goods or services,

(b)the type of goods or services that a seller supplies,

(c)the value of goods or services that a seller supplies, and

(d)a seller’s turnover or any part of that turnover.

Commencement Information

I338Sch. 9 para. 3 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W., see s. 147(2)(e)

I339Sch. 9 para. 3 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(g)

Amount of chargeE+W+N.I.

4The regulations may specify the minimum amount that a seller must charge for an item specified in the regulations, or provide for that amount to be determined in accordance with the regulations.

Commencement Information

I340Sch. 9 para. 4 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W., see s. 147(2)(e)

I341Sch. 9 para. 4 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(g)

AdministrationE+W+N.I.

5(1)The regulations may appoint a person (an “administrator”) to administer provision made by the regulations.

(2)More than one person may be appointed as an administrator.

(3)The regulations may confer functions on an administrator (including functions involving the exercise of discretion).

(4)References in this Schedule to an administrator include a person appointed by an administrator or exercising functions on an administrator’s behalf.

Commencement Information

I342Sch. 9 para. 5 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W., see s. 147(2)(e)

I343Sch. 9 para. 5 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(g)

RegistrationE+W+N.I.

6(1)The regulations may require sellers to register with an administrator.

(2)The regulations may make provision—

(a)about applications for registration;

(b)about the period for which registration has effect;

(c)about the cancellation of registration.

(3)The regulations may require sellers to pay to the administrator, in connection with their registration, fees of an amount determined by or in accordance with the regulations.

(4)The regulations may provide for the amount of the fees to be such as to recover the costs incurred by the administrator in performing its functions under the regulations.

Commencement Information

I344Sch. 9 para. 6 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W., see s. 147(2)(e)

I345Sch. 9 para. 6 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(g)

Record-keeping and publication of recordsE+W+N.I.

7(1)The regulations may require records to be kept relating to charges made for items specified in the regulations.

(2)The regulations may require the records, or such other information as may be specified—

(a)to be published at such times and in such manner as may be specified;

(b)to be supplied on request and in such manner as may be specified to—

(i)the relevant national authority,

(ii)an administrator, or

(iii)members of the public.

(3)The regulations may (in particular) require the publication or supply of records or information relating to any of the following—

(a)the amount received by a seller by way of charges for items specified in the regulations;

(b)the seller’s gross or net proceeds of the charge;

(c)the uses to which the net proceeds of the charge have been put.

(4)In this paragraph—

  • gross proceeds of the charge” means the amount received by the seller by way of charges for items specified in the regulations;

  • net proceeds of the charge” means the seller’s gross proceeds of the charge reduced by such amount as may be specified.

Commencement Information

I346Sch. 9 para. 7 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W., see s. 147(2)(e)

I347Sch. 9 para. 7 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(g)

EnforcementE+W+N.I.

8(1)The regulations may confer functions on an administrator to enforce provision made by the regulations.

(2)The regulations may (in particular) confer powers on an administrator to—

(a)require the production of documents or the provision of information, or

(b)question a seller or officers or employees of a seller.

(3)Regulation under sub-paragraph (2) must contain provision for ensuring that the power in question is exercised by a person only where the person reasonably believes there has been a failure to comply with a requirement of regulations under this Schedule.

Commencement Information

I348Sch. 9 para. 8 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W., see s. 147(2)(e)

I349Sch. 9 para. 8 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(g)

Civil sanctionsE+W+N.I.

9(1)The regulations may make provision for, about or connected with the imposition of civil sanctions in respect of failures to comply with the regulations, or the obstruction of or failure to assist a person on whom functions are conferred by the regulations.

(2)The regulations may make provision for appeals against such sanctions.

(3)In this paragraph “civil sanction” means a sanction of a kind for which provision may be made under Part 3 of the Regulatory Enforcement and Sanctions Act 2008 (fixed monetary penalties, discretionary requirements, stop notices and enforcement undertakings).

(4)The regulations may include provision for the imposition of sanctions of that kind whether or not—

(a)the conduct in respect of which the sanction is imposed constitutes an offence,

(b)the enforcement authority is a regulator for the purposes of Part 3 of the Regulatory Enforcement and Sanctions Act 2008, or

(c)the relevant national authority may make provision for the imposition of sanctions under that Part.

Commencement Information

I350Sch. 9 para. 9 in force at 9.1.2022 for E.W., see s. 147(2)(e)

I351Sch. 9 para. 9 in force at 28.2.2022 for N.I. by S.R. 2022/54, art. 2(1)(g)

Section 66

SCHEDULE 10E+WEnforcement powers

Powers to search and seize vehicles in connection with waste offencesE+W

1In section 5(6) of the Control of Pollution (Amendment) Act 1989 (constable’s power to seize vehicles and contents)—

(a)in paragraph (b) after “presence of” insert “or at the request of”;

(b)in paragraph (c) for “without such an officer present” substitute “in any other case”.

Commencement Information

I352Sch. 10 para. 1 in force at 9.1.2022, see s. 147(2)(h)

2In section 34B(6) of the Environmental Protection Act 1990 (constable’s power to seize vehicles and contents)—

(a)in paragraph (b) after “presence of” insert “or at the request of”;

(b)in paragraph (c) for “without such an officer present” substitute “in any other case”.

Commencement Information

I353Sch. 10 para. 2 in force at 9.1.2022, see s. 147(2)(h)

Powers of direction in relation to wasteE+W

3(1)Section 57 of the Environmental Protection Act 1990 (power to give directions) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (2) omit the words from “with a view” to the end.

(3)After subsection (2) insert—

(2A)The appropriate Minister may, by notice in writing—

(a)direct a registered waste carrier to collect waste which is being kept on specified land and deliver it to a specified person on specified terms;

(b)direct any person who—

(i)is keeping waste on any land, or

(ii)owns or occupies land on which waste is being kept,

to facilitate collection of the waste by a specified registered waste carrier to whom a direction in respect of the waste is given under paragraph (a).

(4)In subsection (4), for “of treating or disposing of” substitute “in relation to”.

(5)After subsection (4) insert—

(4A)A direction under subsection (2A)(b) may require the person to whom it is given—

(a)to pay to the specified registered waste carrier the reasonable costs of collecting and delivering the waste;

(b)to pay to the specified person to whom the waste is delivered (“P”) the reasonable costs incurred by P in relation to the waste (including any costs P is required by a direction under this section to pay to another person).

(6)In subsection (7) for the words from “, where” to the end substitute “pay any costs mentioned in subsection (4).”

(7)After subsection (7) insert—

(7A)The appropriate Minister may pay any costs mentioned in subsection (4A).

(8)In subsection (8), before the definition of “specified” insert—

  • appropriate Minister” means—

    (a)

    the Secretary of State, in relation to waste being kept on land in England, and

    (b)

    the Welsh Ministers, in relation to waste being kept on land in Wales;

  • registered waste carrier” means a person registered under the Control of Pollution (Amendment) Act 1989 as a carrier of controlled waste;.

Commencement Information

I354Sch. 10 para. 3 in force at 9.1.2022, see s. 147(2)(h)

Powers of entry in relation to pollution control etcE+W

4The Environment Act 1995 is amended as follows.

Commencement Information

I355Sch. 10 para. 4 in force at 9.1.2022, see s. 147(2)(h)

5(1)Section 108 (powers of enforcing authorities and their authorised officers) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (4), after paragraph (k) insert—

(ka)as regards any premises which an English or Welsh authorised person has power to enter by virtue of paragraph (a), for the purposes of an examination or investigation under paragraph (c)—

(i)to search the premises;

(ii)to seize and remove documents or anything else found on the premises (other than an article or substance within paragraph (g));

(iii)to require any information which is stored in electronic form and is accessible from the premises to be produced in a form in which it can be removed and—

(a)in which it is visible and legible, or

(b)from which it can readily be produced in a visible and legible form;

(iv)to operate any equipment found on the premises for the purposes of producing such information in such a form;.

(3)In subsection (6), omit paragraph (a).

(4)After subsection (7) insert—

(7A)An English or Welsh authorised person may not exercise the powers in subsection (4)(ka) without—

(a)the consent of a person entitled to grant access to material on or accessible from the premises, or

(b)the authority of a warrant by virtue of Schedule 18 to this Act.

This is subject to subsections (7B) and (7C).

(7B)An English or Welsh authorised person may exercise a power in subsection (4)(ka)(ii) to (ka)(iv) in relation to a thing without consent or the authority of a warrant if the person has reasonable grounds for believing that—

(a)it is evidence of a failure to comply with any provision of the pollution control enactments or flood risk activity enactments, and

(b)exercising the power is necessary to prevent it being concealed, lost, altered or destroyed.

(7C)Subsection (7A) does not require consent or the authority of a warrant for doing something within the powers in subsection (4)(ka) if, and so far as, it may be done without them in exercise of another power conferred by subsection (4).

(7D)Where anything seized or removed from premises under subsection (4)(ka) contains protected material, that material—

(a)may not be used for the purposes of an examination or investigation under subsection (4)(c), and

(b)must be returned to the premises from which it was removed, or to the person who had possession or control of it immediately before it was removed, as soon as reasonably practicable after it is identified as protected material.

(7E)Subsection (7D) does not prevent any part of a thing containing protected material which is not protected material being used for the purposes of an examination or investigation, retained or copied.

(7F)Protected material” means—

(a)material subject to legal professional privilege,

(b)excluded material within the meaning of section 11 of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984, or

(c)journalistic material, within the meaning of section 13 of that Act, which is not excluded material.

(5)After subsection (12) insert—

(12A)Subject to subsection (7D), anything seized or removed under subsection (4)(ka) may be retained for so long as is necessary in all the circumstances.

(6)In subsection (15)—

(a)after the definition of “authorised person” insert—

  • document” includes anything in which information of any description is recorded (by any means) and any part of such a thing;;

(b)after the definition of “enforcing authority” insert—

  • English or Welsh authorised person” means a person authorised under subsection (1) or (2) by the Secretary of State, the Welsh Ministers, the Agency, the Natural Resources Body for Wales, a waste collection authority or a local enforcing authority in England or Wales;;

(c)in the definition of “pollution control functions” in relation to a waste collection authority, in paragraph (a) after “46” insert “to 46D”.

Commencement Information

I356Sch. 10 para. 5 in force at 9.1.2022, see s. 147(2)(h)

6(1)Schedule 18 (supplemental provision about powers of entry) is amended as follows.

(2)In paragraph 2—

(a)after sub-paragraph (2) insert—

(2A)A justice of the peace may by warrant authorise an English or Welsh authorised person, designated for the purpose by the person who authorised them, to exercise the powers in section 108(4)(ka) in accordance with the warrant and, if need be, by force.

(2B)The justice may do so only if satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for believing that—

(a)there is material on or accessible from the premises in question which is likely to be of substantial value (by itself or together with other material) to an examination or investigation under section 108(4)(c), and

(b)it is impracticable to communicate with a person entitled to grant access to it, or access to it is unlikely to be granted unless a warrant is produced.;

(b)omit sub-paragraph (3).

(3)In paragraph 3 after “shall” insert “, if so required,”.

Commencement Information

I357Sch. 10 para. 6 in force at 9.1.2022, see s. 147(2)(h)

Section 72

SCHEDULE 11U.K.Local air quality management framework

1U.K.The Environment Act 1995 is amended as follows.

Commencement Information

I358Sch. 11 para. 1 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I359Sch. 11 para. 1 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(c)

2(1)Section 80 (national air quality strategy) is amended as follows.U.K.

(2)Omit subsection (3).

(3)After subsection (4) insert—

(4A)The strategy must be reviewed, and if appropriate modified—

(a)within the period of 12 months beginning with the day on which this subsection comes into force, and

(b)within each period of 5 years beginning with the day on which the person carrying out the review completed their most recent review under this subsection.

Commencement Information

I360Sch. 11 para. 2 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I361Sch. 11 para. 2 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(c)

3U.K.After that section insert—

80ADuty to report on air quality in England

As soon as reasonably practicable after the end of each financial year, beginning with the financial year in which this section comes into force, the Secretary of State must lay a statement before Parliament that sets out—

(a)the Secretary of State’s assessment of the progress made in meeting air quality objectives, and air quality standards, in relation to England, and

(b)the steps the Secretary of State has taken in that year in support of the meeting of those objectives and standards.

Commencement Information

I362Sch. 11 para. 3 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I363Sch. 11 para. 3 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(c)

4U.K.After section 81 insert—

81AFunctions of relevant public authorities etc

(1)The following persons must have regard to the strategy when exercising any function of a public nature that could affect the quality of air—

(a)relevant public authorities;

(b)local authorities in England;

(c)county councils for areas in England for which there are district councils.

(2)In this Part, “relevant public authority” means a person designated in accordance with subsection (3) as a relevant public authority in relation to an area in England.

(3)The Secretary of State may by regulations designate a person as a relevant public authority in relation to an area in England if the person’s functions include functions of a public nature in relation to that area.

(4)Before making regulations under subsection (3) the Secretary of State must consult—

(a)the person that is proposed to be designated, and

(b)such other persons as the Secretary of State considers appropriate.

(5)The requirement in subsection (4) may be met by consultation carried out before this section comes into force.

(6)For the purposes of subsections (2) and (3), reference to England includes the territorial sea adjacent to England, which for this purpose does not include—

(a)any part of the territorial sea which is adjacent to Wales for the purposes of the Government of Wales Act 2006 (see section 158 of that Act), or

(b)any part of the territorial sea which is adjacent to Scotland for the purposes of the Scotland Act 1998 (see section 126 of that Act).

Commencement Information

I364Sch. 11 para. 4 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I365Sch. 11 para. 4 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(c)

5(1)Section 82 (local authority reviews) is amended as follows.U.K.

(2)In subsection (3)—

(a)for “If” substitute “This subsection applies to a local authority where”;

(b)omit the words from “, the local authority shall” to the end.

(3)After subsection (3) insert—

(4)Where subsection (3) applies to a local authority, it must identify any parts of its area in which it appears that air quality standards or objectives are not likely to be achieved within the relevant period.

(5)Where subsection (3) applies to a local authority in England, it must also—

(a)identify relevant sources of emissions that it considers are, or will be, responsible (in whole or in part) for any failure to achieve air quality standards or objectives in its area,

(b)in the case of a relevant source within the area of a neighbouring authority, identify that authority, and

(c)in the case of a relevant source within an area in relation to which a relevant public authority or the Agency has functions of a public nature, identify that person in relation to that source.

(6)For the purposes of subsection (5), a source is “relevant” if—

(a)it is within the area of the local authority,

(b)it is within the area of a neighbouring authority in England, or

(c)it is within an area in relation to which a relevant public authority or the Agency has functions of a public nature and the local authority considers that the exercise of those functions is relevant to the source of the emissions.

Commencement Information

I366Sch. 11 para. 5 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I367Sch. 11 para. 5 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(c)

6U.K.After section 83 insert—

83ADuties of English local authorities in relation to designated areas

(1)This section applies in relation to a local authority in England.

(2)A local authority must, for the purpose of securing that air quality standards and objectives are achieved in an air quality management area designated by that authority, prepare an action plan in relation to that area.

(3)An action plan is a written plan that sets out how the local authority will exercise its functions in order to secure that air quality standards and objectives are achieved in the area to which the plan relates.

(4)An action plan must also set out how the local authority will exercise its functions to secure that air quality standards and objectives are maintained after they have been achieved in the area to which the plan relates.

(5)An action plan must set out particular measures the local authority will take to secure the achievement, and maintenance, of air quality standards and objectives in the area to which the plan relates, and must in relation to each measure specify a date by which it will be carried out.

(6)A local authority may revise an action plan at any time, and must revise an action plan if it considers that there is a need for further or different measures to be taken to secure that air quality standards and objectives are achieved or maintained in the area to which the plan relates.

(7)Subsections (8) to (10) apply where a district council in an area for which there is a county council is preparing an action plan, or a revision of an action plan.

(8)Where the county council disagrees with the contents of the proposed plan, or the proposed revision of a plan, a referral of the matter may be made to the Secretary of State by—

(a)the county council;

(b)the district council preparing the plan or revision.

(9)The Secretary of State may, on a reference made under subsection (8), confirm (with or without modifications) or reject the proposed action plan, or revision of an action plan.

(10)Where a reference has been made under subsection (8), the district council may not finally determine the proposed action plan or revision of an action plan, except in accordance with the decision of the Secretary of State on the reference or in pursuance of a direction made by the Secretary of State under section 85.

Commencement Information

I368Sch. 11 para. 6 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I369Sch. 11 para. 6 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(c)

7(1)Section 84 (duties of local authorities in relation to designated areas) is amended as follows.U.K.

(2)In the heading, after “of” insert “Scottish and Welsh”.

(3)Before subsection (2) insert—

(1A)This section applies in relation to a local authority in Scotland or Wales.

(4)Omit subsection (5).

Commencement Information

I370Sch. 11 para. 7 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I371Sch. 11 para. 7 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(c)

8U.K.After section 85 insert—

85ADuty of air quality partners to co-operate

(1)For the purposes of this Part, an “air quality partner” of a local authority means a person identified by that authority in accordance with section 82(5)(b) or (c).

(2)An air quality partner of a local authority must provide the authority with such assistance in connection with the carrying out of any of the authority’s functions under this Part as the authority requests.

(3)An air quality partner may refuse a request under subsection (2) to the extent it considers the request unreasonable.

85BRole of air quality partners in relation to action plans

(1)Where a local authority in England intends to prepare an action plan it must notify each of its air quality partners that it intends to do so.

(2)Where an air quality partner of a local authority has been given a notification under subsection (1) it must, before the end of the relevant period, provide the authority with proposals for particular measures the partner will take to contribute to the achievement, and maintenance, of air quality standards and objectives in the area to which the plan relates.

(3)An air quality partner that provides proposals under subsection (2) must—

(a)in those proposals, specify a date for each particular measure by which it will be carried out, and

(b)as far as is reasonably practicable, carry out those measures by those dates.

(4)An action plan prepared by a local authority in England must set out any proposals provided to it by its air quality partners under subsection (2) (including the dates specified by those partners by virtue of subsection (3)(a)).

(5)The Secretary of State may direct an air quality partner to make further proposals under subsection (2) by a date specified in the direction where the Secretary of State considers the proposals made by the partner under that subsection are insufficient or otherwise inappropriate.

(6)A direction under subsection (5) may make provision about the extent to which the further proposals are to supplement or replace any other proposals made under subsection (2) by the air quality partner.

(7)An air quality partner must comply with any direction given to it under this section.

Commencement Information

I372Sch. 11 para. 8 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I373Sch. 11 para. 8 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(c)

9(1)Section 86 (functions of county councils for areas for which there are district councils) is amended as follows.U.K.

(2)Omit subsection (1).

(3)In subsection (2), for the words before paragraph (a) substitute “A county council for an area in England for which there are district councils may make recommendations to any of those district councils with respect to the carrying out of—”.

(4)After subsection (2) insert—

(2A)Where a district council of a district in England for which there is a county council intends to prepare an action plan it must notify the county council that it intends to do so.

(5)For subsections (3) to (5) substitute—

(3)Where a county council has been given a notification by a district council under subsection (2A) it must, before the end of the relevant period, provide the district council with proposals for particular measures the county council will take to contribute to the achievement, and maintenance, of air quality standards and objectives in the area to which the plan relates.

(4)A county council that provides proposals under subsection (3) must—

(a)in those proposals, specify a date for each particular measure by which it will be carried out, and

(b)as far as is reasonably practicable, carry out those measures by those dates.

(5)An action plan prepared by a district council of a district in England for which there is a county council must set out any proposals provided to it by the county council under subsection (3) (including the dates specified by the county council by virtue of subsection (4)(a)).

(6)In subsection (6), in paragraph (a), after “district council” insert “of a district in England for which there is a county council”.

(7)In subsection (7)—

(a)in paragraph (a), omit the words from “above or” to the end;

(b)in paragraph (b)—

(i)omit “or statement”;

(ii)omit “or (4) above”;

(c)in paragraph (c)—

(i)omit “or statement”;

(ii)omit “or (4) above”.

Commencement Information

I374Sch. 11 para. 9 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I375Sch. 11 para. 9 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(c)

10U.K.For section 86A substitute—

86ARole of the Mayor of London in relation to action plans

(1)Where a local authority in London intends to prepare an action plan it must notify the Mayor of London (referred to in this section as “the Mayor”).

(2)Where the Mayor has been given a notification under subsection (1) by a local authority in London the Mayor must, before the end of the relevant period, provide the authority with proposals for particular measures the Mayor will take to contribute to the achievement, and maintenance, of air quality standards and objectives in the area to which the plan relates.

(3)Where the Mayor provides proposals under subsection (2), the Mayor must—

(a)in those proposals, specify a date for each particular measure by which it will be carried out, and

(b)as far as is reasonably practicable, carry out those measures by those dates.

(4)An action plan prepared by a local authority in London must set out any proposals provided to it by the Mayor under subsection (2) (including the dates specified by the Mayor by virtue of subsection (3)(a)).

86BRole of combined authorities in relation to action plans

(1)Where a local authority in the area of a combined authority intends to prepare an action plan it must notify the combined authority.

(2)Where a combined authority has been given a notification under subsection (1) by a local authority, the combined authority must, before the end of the relevant period, provide the local authority with proposals for particular measures the combined authority will take to contribute to the achievement, and maintenance, of air quality standards and objectives in the area to which the plan relates.

(3)Where a combined authority provides proposals under subsection (2), the combined authority must—

(a)in those proposals, specify a date for each particular measure by which it will be carried out, and

(b)as far as is reasonably practicable, carry out those measures by those dates.

(4)An action plan prepared by a local authority in the area of a combined authority must set out any proposals provided to it under subsection (2) (including the dates specified by virtue of subsection (3)(a)).

(5)In this section “combined authority” has the meaning it has in Part 6 of the Local Democracy, Economic Development and Construction Act 2009 (see section 120 of that Act).

Commencement Information

I376Sch. 11 para. 10 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I377Sch. 11 para. 10 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(c)

11(1)Section 87 (regulations) is amended as follows.U.K.

(2)In subsection (2)—

(a)in paragraph (c), after “authorities” insert “, relevant county councils, relevant public authorities or the Agency”;

(b)in paragraph (j), after “otherwise)” insert “, relevant county councils, relevant public authorities, the Agency”;

(c)in paragraph (l), after “authorities” insert “, relevant county councils, relevant public authorities or the Agency”;

(d)in paragraph (m)—

(i)after “local authority” insert “, a relevant county council, a relevant public authority or the Agency”;

(ii)after “the authority”, in both places it occurs, insert “, council or Agency”.

(3)After that subsection insert—

(2A)In subsection (2) “relevant county council” means a county council for an area in England for which there are district councils.

Commencement Information

I378Sch. 11 para. 11 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I379Sch. 11 para. 11 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(c)

12U.K.In section 88, in subsection (3), after “district councils” insert “, relevant public authorities and the Agency”.

Commencement Information

I380Sch. 11 para. 12 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I381Sch. 11 para. 12 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(c)

13U.K.In section 91 (interpretation), in subsection (1)—

(a)for the definition of “action plan” substitute—

  • action plan” is to be construed—

    (a)

    in relation to England, in accordance with section 83A;

    (b)

    otherwise, in accordance with section 84(2);;

(b)at the appropriate places insert—

  • air quality partner” has the meaning given by section 85A(1);;

  • neighbouring authority”, in relation to a local authority (“the principal authority”), means another local authority whose area is contiguous with the area of the principal authority;;

  • relevant public authority” has the meaning given by section 81A(2);.

Commencement Information

I382Sch. 11 para. 13 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I383Sch. 11 para. 13 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(c)

14U.K.In Schedule 11 (air quality: supplemental provisions), in paragraph 1(2), for paragraph (d) substitute—

(d)every neighbouring authority;.

Commencement Information

I384Sch. 11 para. 14 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I385Sch. 11 para. 14 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(c)

Section 73

SCHEDULE 12E+WSmoke control in England and Wales

PART 1E+WPrincipal amendments to the Clean Air Act 1993: England

1E+WThe Clean Air Act 1993 is amended as follows.

Commencement Information

I386Sch. 12 para. 1 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I387Sch. 12 para. 1 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(d)

2E+WAfter section 19 insert—

Regulation of smoke and fuel in smoke control areas in EnglandE+W

19APenalty for emission of smoke in smoke control area in England

Schedule 1A makes provision for financial penalties in relation to the emission of smoke in smoke control areas in England.

Commencement Information

I388Sch. 12 para. 2 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I389Sch. 12 para. 2 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(d)

3E+WAfter Schedule 1 insert—

SCHEDULE 1AE+WPenalty for emission of smoke in smoke control area in England

Key definitions

1In this Schedule—

  • relevant chimney” means—

    (a)

    a chimney of a building to which a smoke control order in England applies, or

    (b)

    a chimney which serves the furnace of any fixed boiler or industrial plant to which a smoke control order in England applies;

  • person liable”, in relation to a relevant chimney, means—

    (a)

    if the chimney is the chimney of a building, the occupier of the building, or

    (b)

    if the chimney serves the furnace of any fixed boiler or industrial plant, the person having possession of the boiler or plant.

Notice of intent

2(1)This paragraph applies where a local authority is satisfied, on the balance of probabilities, that on a particular occasion smoke has been emitted from a relevant chimney within a smoke control area declared by that authority.

(2)The local authority may give to the person liable a notice under this paragraph (a “notice of intent”).

(3)A notice of intent must—

(a)inform the person that the local authority is satisfied as specified in sub-paragraph (1),

(b)specify the occasion referred to in sub-paragraph (1),

(c)inform the person that the local authority proposes to impose a financial penalty under this Schedule (including the proposed amount of the penalty), and

(d)give details regarding the person’s right to object to the imposition of a financial penalty.

Amount of penalty

3(1)The minimum amount of a financial penalty that may be imposed under this Schedule is £175.

(2)The maximum amount of a financial penalty that may be imposed under this Schedule is £300.

(3)The Secretary of State may by regulations amend sub-paragraph (1) or (2) so as to substitute a different amount for the amount specified there.

(4)Regulations under sub-paragraph (3) may not be made unless a draft of the regulations has been laid before, and approved by resolution of, each House of Parliament.

Right to object to proposed financial penalty

4(1)A person to whom a notice of intent is given may, within the period of 28 days beginning with the day after that on which the notice was given—

(a)object in writing to the local authority on a ground specified in sub-paragraph (2), and

(b)provide evidence that supports the objection.

(2)The grounds of objection referred to in sub-paragraph (1) are—

(a)that there was no emission of smoke from the chimney on the occasion specified in the notice of intent;

(b)that the chimney was not a chimney to which a smoke control order applied on the occasion specified in the notice of intent;

(c)that the person to whom the notice of intent was given was not a person liable in relation to the chimney on the occasion specified in the notice of intent;

(d)that there are other compelling reasons why the financial penalty should not be imposed.

(3)Where a person objects on the ground specified in sub-paragraph (2)(c), the objection must include the name and address of the person who was the person liable on the occasion specified in the notice of intent (if known).

(4)The Secretary of State may by regulations amend this paragraph so as to amend the grounds of objection listed in sub-paragraph (2).

(5)Before making regulations under sub-paragraph (4) the Secretary of State must consult anyone that the Secretary of State considers may have an interest in the proposed regulations.

(6)Regulations under sub-paragraph (4) may not be made unless a draft of the regulations has been laid before, and approved by resolution of, each House of Parliament.

Decision regarding a final notice

5(1)Where a local authority in England has given a notice of intent to a person, the authority may impose a financial penalty on the person if the local authority so decides within—

(a)the period of 56 days beginning with the day on which an objection is made under paragraph 4, or

(b)if no such objection is made, the period of 56 days beginning with the day after the day on which the period mentioned in paragraph 4(1) ended.

(2)If the local authority decides not to impose a financial penalty on a person, or does not decide to impose a financial penalty on the person within the period specified in sub-paragraph (1), the authority must give a notice to that person that informs the person that a financial penalty will not be imposed.

Final notice

6(1)This paragraph applies where a local authority in England decides to impose a financial penalty on a person who was given a notice of intent.

(2)The local authority may impose a financial penalty by a notice given to that person (a “final notice”).

(3)A final notice must specify—

(a)the amount of the financial penalty,

(b)the reasons for imposing the penalty,

(c)information about how to pay the penalty,

(d)the period for payment of the penalty, and

(e)information about rights of appeal.

(4)The final notice must require the financial penalty to be paid within the period of 28 days beginning with the day after that on which the notice was given.

Withdrawal or amendment of notices

7(1)A local authority may at any time—

(a)withdraw a notice of intent or a final notice, or

(b)reduce the amount of the financial penalty specified in a final notice.

(2)The power in sub-paragraph (1) is to be exercised by giving notice to the person to whom the notice of intent or final notice was given.

Appeals

8(1)A person on whom a financial penalty is imposed by a final notice may, within the period of 28 days beginning with the day after that on which the notice was given, appeal against the notice to the First-tier Tribunal.

(2)The grounds for an appeal under this paragraph are that the decision to impose the financial penalty was—

(a)based on an error of fact,

(b)wrong in law, or

(c)unreasonable.

(3)If a person appeals under this paragraph, the final notice is suspended until the appeal is finally determined or withdrawn.

(4)On an appeal under this paragraph the First-tier Tribunal may—

(a)quash the final notice,

(b)confirm the final notice,

(c)vary the final notice by reducing the amount of the financial penalty, or

(d)remit to the local authority the decision whether to—

(i)withdraw or confirm the final notice, or

(ii)vary the final notice by reducing the amount of the financial penalty.

Recovery of penalties

9A financial penalty is recoverable as a civil debt due to the local authority that imposed the penalty.

Delegation

10(1)A local authority may delegate to a person the exercise of any of the authority’s functions under this Schedule.

(2)A delegation under this paragraph must be made by giving notice to the person.

Notices

11(1)A notice under this Schedule must be in writing.

(2)A notice under this Schedule may be given to a person by—

(a)handing it to the person,

(b)leaving it at the person’s address,

(c)sending it by post to the person at their address, or

(d)with the person’s consent, sending it to them electronically.

Notices: vessels which are moored

12(1)This paragraph applies in relation to a vessel which is moored in a smoke control area in England and is subject to the operation of this Schedule (see section 44).

(2)If the local authority is unable to give a notice of intent to the occupier of the vessel who is not the registered owner of the vessel, the local authority may give the notice to the registered owner of the vessel instead.

(3)In such a case, the ground for objecting to the proposed financial penalty mentioned in paragraph 4(2)(c) does not apply.

(4)Where a notice of intent is given to a person in respect of a vessel, that person may object under paragraph 4 on the further ground that, on the occasion specified in the notice, the emission of smoke was solely due to the use of the vessel’s engine to propel the vessel or to provide electric power to the vessel.

Commencement Information

I390Sch. 12 para. 3 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I391Sch. 12 para. 3 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(d)

4E+WAfter section 19A (as inserted by paragraph 2 above)—

19BAcquisition and sale of controlled solid fuel in England

(1)A person who acquires in England any controlled solid fuel for use in—

(a)a building to which a smoke control order in England applies,

(b)a fireplace to which such an order applies, or

(c)a fixed boiler or industrial plant to which such an order applies,

is guilty of an offence.

(2)Where a smoke control order in England applies to a moored vessel (see section 44), subsection (1)(a) does not apply in relation to the acquisition of controlled solid fuel for use in the propulsion of the vessel or to provide electric power to the vessel.

(3)Subsection (1)(b) does not apply where the fireplace was an approved fireplace at the time of the acquisition.

(4)A person who—

(a)offers controlled solid fuel for sale by retail in England where the fuel is to be taken away by a purchaser, and

(b)fails to take reasonable steps to notify potential purchasers that it is an offence to acquire that fuel for any of the uses mentioned in subsection (1),

is guilty of an offence.

(5)A person who sells any controlled solid fuel by retail in England for delivery by that person, or on that person’s behalf, to—

(a)a building to which a smoke control order in England applies, or

(b)premises in which there is any fixed boiler or industrial plant to which such an order applies,

is guilty of an offence.

(6)In proceedings for an offence under subsection (5) it is a defence for the person accused to prove that the person believed and had reasonable grounds for believing that—

(a)the building referred to in subsection (5)(a) was not one to which the smoke control order in question applied, or

(b)the fuel was acquired for use in—

(i)a fireplace that was, at the time of the delivery, an approved fireplace, or

(ii)a boiler or plant to which the smoke control order did not apply.

(7)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (1) is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.

(8)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (4) or (5) is liable on summary conviction to a fine.

19CExemptions relating to particular areas in England

(1)The Secretary of State may, if it appears to the Secretary of State to be necessary or expedient to do so, by order suspend or relax the operation of—

(a)Schedule 1A (penalty for emission of smoke), or

(b)section 19B(1), (4) or (5) (offences relating to acquisition and sale of fuel),

in relation to the whole or part of a smoke control area in England.

(2)Before making an order under subsection (1) the Secretary of State must consult the local authority that declared the smoke control area in question unless satisfied that, on account of urgency, such consultation is impracticable.

(3)As soon as practicable after the making of such an order the local authority must take such steps as appear to them suitable for bringing the effect of the order to the notice of persons affected.

19DInterpretation: “approved fireplace” and “controlled solid fuel”

(1)In section 19B, “approved fireplace” means a fireplace of a type specified in a list published by the Secretary of State.

(2)The Secretary of State may only specify a type of fireplace in the list if satisfied that such a fireplace can, if used in compliance with any conditions specified in the list, be used for burning controlled solid fuel without producing any smoke or a substantial quantity of smoke.

(3)In section 19B and this section, “controlled solid fuel” means any solid fuel other than an approved fuel.

(4)In subsection (3), “approved fuel” means a solid fuel specified in a list which has been published by the Secretary of State for the purposes of this section.

Commencement Information

I392Sch. 12 para. 4 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I393Sch. 12 para. 4 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(d)

5E+WAfter section 26 insert—

26ADuty of local authority to reimburse for adaptations of vessels in England

(1)This section applies where—

(a)a local authority in England makes a smoke control order,

(b)as a result of the order a vessel will, when the order comes into operation, be within a smoke control area and subject to the operation of Schedule 1A,

(c)the owner or occupier of the vessel has a right to moor the vessel at a single mooring place within that area for the period which—

(i)begins on the day on which the smoke control order is made, and

(ii)ends six months after it comes into operation, and

(d)the owner or occupier does not have access to a mains electricity or gas supply at the mooring place.

(2)If—

(a)before the coming into operation of the order, the owner or occupier incurs expenditure on adaptations to or in connection with the vessel to avoid the imposition of a penalty under Schedule 1A,

(b)the expenditure is incurred with the approval of the local authority given for the purpose of this section, and

(c)the adaptations are completed to the satisfaction of the local authority,

the authority must pay to the owner or occupier of the vessel 70% of the expenditure.

(3)That amount must be paid in equal instalments every month for a period of six months.

(4)But the duty to pay instalments under this section ceases if, at any time after the coming into operation of the smoke control order—

(a)the owner or occupier of the vessel ceases to have the right to moor the vessel at the single mooring place mentioned in subsection (1)(c), or

(b)the vessel is absent from the smoke control area for a period of, or periods together totalling, three months.

Commencement Information

I394Sch. 12 para. 5 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I395Sch. 12 para. 5 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(d)

6E+WAfter section 28 insert—

28AGuidance for local authorities in England

A local authority in England must have regard to any guidance published by the Secretary of State about the exercise of the authority’s functions under this Part.

Commencement Information

I396Sch. 12 para. 6 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I397Sch. 12 para. 6 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(d)

7E+WIn section 44 (vessels), after subsection (2) insert—

(2A)A smoke control order made under section 18 by a local authority in England may provide for vessels which are moored in the smoke control area to be subject to the operation of Schedule 1A.

(2B)For the purposes of a smoke control order which so provides—

(a)any reference in Part 3 and in section 54 to a building is to be read with any necessary modifications as a reference to such a vessel, but

(b)references in sections 24 and 25 to dwellings do not include such vessels.

(2C)In subsection (2A) the reference to vessels which are moored includes a vessel which is unmoored but which is stationary at a mooring place in circumstances where it might reasonably be moored.

Commencement Information

I398Sch. 12 para. 7 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I399Sch. 12 para. 7 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(d)

8E+WIn section 56 (rights of entry and inspection etc), for subsection (2) substitute—

(2)Subsection (1) does not apply in relation to a private dwelling except in relation to—

(a)a private dwelling in relation to which adaptations are required under section 24(1), or

(b)a private dwelling that is a vessel in relation to which there is a duty to make payments under section 26A(3).

Commencement Information

I400Sch. 12 para. 8 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I401Sch. 12 para. 8 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(d)

Prospective

PART 2E+WPrincipal amendments to the Clean Air Act 1993: Wales

9E+WThe Clean Air Act 1993 is amended as follows.

Commencement Information

I402Sch. 12 para. 9 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(4)

10(1)Section 20 (prohibition on emission of smoke in smoke control area) is amended as follows.E+W

(2)After subsection (5C) insert—

(5D)In the application of this Part to Wales, “authorised fuel” means a fuel included in a list of authorised fuels kept by the Welsh Ministers for the purposes of this Part.

(5E)The Welsh Ministers must—

(a)publish the list of authorised fuels, and

(b)publish a revised copy of the list as soon as is reasonably practicable after any change is made to it.

(5F)The list must be published in such manner as the Welsh Ministers consider appropriate.

(3)Omit subsection (6).

Commencement Information

I403Sch. 12 para. 10 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(4)

11(1)Section 21 (power to exempt certain fireplaces) is amended as follows.E+W

(2)After subsection (4) insert—

(4A)For the purposes of the application of this Part to Wales, the Welsh Ministers may exempt any class of fireplace from the provisions of section 20 (prohibition of smoke emissions in smoke control area) if they are satisfied that such fireplaces can be used for burning fuel other than authorised fuels without producing any smoke or a substantial quantity of smoke.

(4B)An exemption under subsection (4A) may be made subject to such conditions as the Welsh Ministers consider appropriate.

(4C)The Welsh Ministers must—

(a)publish a list of those classes of fireplace that are exempt under subsection (4A) including details of any conditions to which an exemption is subject;

(b)publish a revised copy of the list as soon as is reasonably practicable after any change is made to the classes of fireplace that are so exempt or to the conditions to which an exemption is subject.

(4D)The list must be published in such manner as the Welsh Ministers consider appropriate.

(3)Omit subsection (5).

Commencement Information

I404Sch. 12 para. 11 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(4)

PART 3E+WMinor and consequential amendments

Minor and consequential amendments to the Clean Air Act 1993E+W

12The Clean Air Act 1993 is amended as follows.

Commencement Information

I405Sch. 12 para. 12 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I406Sch. 12 para. 12 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(d)

13(1)Section 18 (declaration of smoke control area by local authority) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (2)—

(a)in paragraph (b)—

(i)after “smoke” insert “in Wales”;

(ii)before “to” insert “or Schedule 1A (penalty for emission of smoke in England)”;

(b)in paragraph (c), after “section” insert “or Schedule”.

(3)After subsection (2) insert—

(2A)For the purposes of this Part a smoke control order in England “applies” to a building, fireplace, fixed boiler or industrial plant if the operation of Schedule 1A is not excluded in relation to it by virtue of subsection (2)(b) or (c).

Commencement Information

I407Sch. 12 para. 13 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I408Sch. 12 para. 13 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(d)

14(1)Section 20 (prohibition on emission of smoke in smoke control area) is amended as follows.

(2)In the heading, at the end insert “in Wales”.

(3)In subsections (1) and (2), after “area” insert “in Wales”.

(4)Omit subsections (5ZA) to (5ZC).

(5)If at the time of the coming into force of this paragraph Part 2 of this Schedule is not in force, in subsection (6)—

(a)omit “Except as provided by subsection (5ZA),”;

(b)for “Secretary of State” substitute “Welsh Ministers”.

Commencement Information

I409Sch. 12 para. 14 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I410Sch. 12 para. 14 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(d)

15(1)Section 21 (power to exempt certain fireplaces) is amended as follows.

(2)In the heading, at the end insert “in Wales”.

(3)Omit subsections (A1) to (A4).

(4)If at the time of the coming into force of this paragraph Part 2 of this Schedule is not in force, in subsection (5)—

(a)omit “Except where subsection (A1) applies,”;

(b)for “Secretary of State” substitute “Welsh Ministers”;

(c)for “he is” substitute “they are”.

Commencement Information

I411Sch. 12 para. 15 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I412Sch. 12 para. 15 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(d)

16(1)Section 22 (exemptions relating to particular areas) is amended as follows.

(2)In the heading, at the end insert “in Wales”.

(3)In subsection (1)—

(a)for “Secretary of State” substitute “Welsh Ministers”;

(b)for “him” substitute “them”;

(c)after “area”, in both places, insert “in Wales”.

(4)In subsection (2)—

(a)for “Secretary of State” substitute “Welsh Ministers”;

(b)for “he is” substitute “they are”.

Commencement Information

I413Sch. 12 para. 16 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I414Sch. 12 para. 16 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(d)

17(1)Section 23 (acquisition and sale of unauthorised fuel in a smoke control area) is amended as follows.

(2)In the heading, at the end insert “in Wales”.

(3)In subsection (1)—

(a)in paragraph (a), after “area” in both places insert “in Wales”;

(b)in paragraph (b), after “area” insert “in Wales”;

(c)in paragraph (c)—

(i)after “fuel” insert “in Wales”;

(ii)in sub-paragraph (i), after “area” insert “in Wales”.

(4)In subsection (3), after “area” insert “in Wales”.

(5)In subsection (4)—

(a)for “Secretary of State” substitute “Welsh Ministers”;

(b)after first “area” insert “in Wales”.

(6)In subsection (5)—

(a)after first “fuel” insert “in Wales”;

(b)after “premises” insert “in Wales”.

Commencement Information

I415Sch. 12 para. 17 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I416Sch. 12 para. 17 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(d)

18In section 24 (power to require adaptations of fireplaces), in subsection (1)—

(a)after second “area” insert “in Wales”;

(b)at the end insert “or the imposition of a financial penalty under Schedule 1A (penalty for emission of smoke in England)”.

Commencement Information

I417Sch. 12 para. 18 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I418Sch. 12 para. 18 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(d)

19In section 26 (power to make grants for fireplaces in churches etc)—

(a)in subsection (1)—

(i)after second “area” insert “in Wales”;

(ii)before “, the local authority” insert “or the imposition of a financial penalty under Schedule 1A (penalty for emission of smoke in England)”;

(b)after subsection (2) insert—

(3)Where a smoke control order in England applies to a vessel which is moored (see section 44), subsection (2)(c) applies to the vessel as it applies in relation to premises.

Commencement Information

I419Sch. 12 para. 19 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I420Sch. 12 para. 19 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(d)

20In section 27 (references to adaptations)—

(a)in the heading, at the end insert “or Schedule 1A”;

(b)in subsection (1)—

(i)after “area” insert “in Wales”;

(ii)before “shall be read” insert “or the imposition of a financial penalty under Schedule 1A (penalty for emission of smoke in England)”;

(iii)at the end insert “or incurring liability under Schedule 1A”;

(c)in subsection (3), after “Act” insert “or liability under Schedule 1A to this Act”;

(d)in subsection (4), at the end insert “, and to any vessel to which section 26 or 26A (adaptations of vessels in England) applies”.

Commencement Information

I421Sch. 12 para. 20 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I422Sch. 12 para. 20 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(d)

21In section 28 (expenditure on execution of works), in subsection (3), at the end insert “, and to any vessel to which section 26 or section 26A (adaptations of vessels in England) applies”.

Commencement Information

I423Sch. 12 para. 21 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I424Sch. 12 para. 21 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(d)

22In section 29 (interpretation)—

(a)in the definition of “old private dwelling”, omit the final “and”;

(b)in the definition of “smoke control order”, at the end insert “and”;

(c)after that definition insert—

  • smoke control order in England” means a smoke control order made by a local authority in England.

Commencement Information

I425Sch. 12 para. 22 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I426Sch. 12 para. 22 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(d)

23In section 63 (orders and regulations)—

(a)in subsection (2), after “47(2)” insert “or paragraph 3(4) or 4(6) of Schedule 1A”;

(b)in subsection (3), after “section” insert “19C,”.

Commencement Information

I427Sch. 12 para. 23 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I428Sch. 12 para. 23 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(d)

24(1)Schedule 1 (coming into operation of smoke control orders) is amended as follows.

(2)In paragraph 5—

(a)after “area” insert “in Wales”;

(b)before “may” insert “or Schedule 1A (penalty for emission of smoke in England)”.

(3)After paragraph 6 insert—

6AWhen a local authority in England has made an order, the authority must—

(a)inform the Secretary of State that it has done so, and

(b)provide the date on which the order is to come, or came, into operation.

Commencement Information

I429Sch. 12 para. 24 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I430Sch. 12 para. 24 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(d)

Minor amendments to other legislationE+W

25In section 79 of the Environmental Protection Act 1990 (statutory nuisances), in subsection (3)(i), insert “in Wales”.

Commencement Information

I431Sch. 12 para. 25 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I432Sch. 12 para. 25 in force at 1.5.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 4(d)

PART 4E+WSmoke control areas in England: transitional provision

26E+WWhere a local authority in England has made a smoke control order under section 18 of the Clean Air Act 1993, any limitations or exemptions from the operation of section 20 of that Act (prohibition of emissions of smoke) made by that order under section 18(2)(b) or (c) of that Act that apply immediately before the commencement of Parts 1 and 3 of this Schedule continue to apply as if they were limitations or exemptions from the operation of Schedule 1A to that Act (penalty for emission of smoke), as inserted by paragraph 3 of this Schedule.

Commencement Information

I433Sch. 12 para. 26 in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147

Section 86

SCHEDULE 13U.K.Modifying water and sewerage undertakers’ appointments: procedure for appeals

Commencement Information

I434Sch. 13 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I435Sch. 13 in force at 24.1.2022 by S.I. 2022/48, reg. 2(r)

Section 12E

SCHEDULE 2ZAU.K.Procedure for appeals under section 12D

Application for permission to bring appeal

1(1)An application for permission to bring an appeal may be made only by sending a notice to the CMA requesting the permission.

(2)Only a person entitled under section 12D to bring the appeal if permission is granted may apply for permission.

(3)Where the Authority publishes a decision to modify the conditions of any appointment under section 12A(9), any application for permission to appeal is not to be made after the end of 20 working days beginning with the first working day after the day on which the decision is published.

(4)An application for permission to appeal must be accompanied by all such information as may be required by appeal rules.

(5)Appeal rules may require information contained in an application for permission to appeal to be verified by a statement of truth.

(6)A person who applies for permission to bring an appeal in accordance with this paragraph is referred to in this Schedule as the appellant.

(7)The appellant must send the Authority—

(a)a copy of the application for permission to appeal at the same time as it is sent to the CMA, and

(b)such other information as may be required by appeal rules.

(8)The CMA’s decision whether to grant permission to appeal is to be taken by an authorised member of the CMA.

(9)Before the authorised member decides whether to grant permission under this paragraph, the Authority must be given an opportunity of making representations or observations, in accordance with paragraph 3(2).

(10)The CMA’s decision on an application for permission to appeal must be made—

(a)where the Authority makes representations or observations in accordance with paragraph 3(2), before the end of 10 working days beginning with the first working day after the day on which those representations or observations are received;

(b)in any other case, before the end of 14 working days beginning with the first working day after the day on which the application for permission was received.

(11)The grant of permission may be made subject to conditions, which may include—

(a)conditions which limit the matters that are to be considered on the appeal in question,

(b)conditions for the purpose of expediting the determination of the appeal, and

(c)conditions requiring that appeal to be considered together with other appeals (including appeals relating to different matters or decisions and appeals brought by different persons).

(12)Where a decision is made to grant or to refuse an application for permission, an authorised member of the CMA must notify the decision, giving reasons—

(a)to the appellant, and

(b)to the Authority.

(13)A decision of the CMA under this paragraph must be published, in a way an authorised member of the CMA considers appropriate, as soon as reasonably practicable after it is made.

(14)Section 12I(2) applies to the publication of a decision under sub-paragraph (13) as it does to the publication under section 12I of a determination by the CMA on an appeal.

Suspension of decision

2(1)The CMA may direct that, pending the determination of an appeal against a decision of the Authority—

(a)the decision is not to have effect, or

(b)the decision is not to have effect to such extent as may be specified in the direction.

(2)In the case of an appeal against a decision of the Authority which already has effect by virtue of section 12B, the CMA may direct that the modification that is the subject of the decision—

(a)ceases to have effect entirely or to such extent as may be specified in the direction, and

(b)does not have effect, or does not have effect to the specified extent, pending the determination of the appeal.

(3)The power to give a direction under this paragraph is exercisable only where—

(a)an application for its exercise has been made by the appellant at the same time the appellant made an application in accordance with paragraph 1(3) for permission to bring an appeal against a decision of the Authority,

(b)the Authority has been given an opportunity of making representations or observations, in accordance with paragraph 3(2),

(c)the appellant (or, where the appellant is within section 12D(2)(c) or (d), those represented by the appellant, or consumers, respectively) would incur significant costs if the decision were to have effect before the determination of the appeal, and

(d)the balance of convenience does not otherwise require effect to be given to the decision pending that determination.

(4)The CMA’s decision on an application for a direction under this paragraph must be made—

(a)where the Authority makes representations or observations in accordance with paragraph 3(2), before the end of 10 working days beginning with the first working day after the day on which those representations or observations are received;

(b)in any other case, before the end of 14 working days beginning with the first working day following the day on which the application under sub-paragraph (3)(a) is received.

(5)The appellant must send the Authority a copy of the application for a direction under this paragraph at the same time as it is sent to the CMA.

(6)A direction under this paragraph must be—

(a)given by an authorised member of the CMA, and

(b)published, in a way an authorised member of the CMA considers appropriate, as soon as reasonably practicable after it is given.

(7)Section 12I(2) applies to the publication of a direction under sub-paragraph (6) as it does to the publication under section 12I of a determination by the CMA on an appeal.

Time limit for representations and observations by the Authority

3(1)Sub-paragraph (2) applies where the Authority wishes to make representations or observations to the CMA in relation to—

(a)an application for permission to bring an appeal under paragraph 1;

(b)an application for a direction under paragraph 2.

(2)The Authority must make the representations or observations in writing before the end of 10 working days beginning with the first working day after the day on which it received a copy of the application under paragraph 1(7) or 2(5) as the case may be.

(3)Sub-paragraph (4) applies where an application for permission to bring an appeal has been granted and the Authority wishes to make representations or observations to the CMA in relation to—

(a)the Authority’s reasons for the decision in relation to which the appeal is being brought, and

(b)any grounds on which that appeal is being brought against that decision.

(4)The Authority must make the representations or observations in writing before the end of 15 working days beginning with the first working day after the day on which permission to bring the appeal was granted.

(5)The Authority must send a copy of the representations and observations it makes under this paragraph to the appellant.

Consideration and determination of appeal by group

4(1)A group constituted by the chair of the CMA under Schedule 4 to the Enterprise and Regulatory Reform Act 2013 for the purpose of carrying out functions of the CMA with respect to an appeal under section 12D must consist of three members of the CMA panel.

(2)A decision of the group is effective if, and only if—

(a)all the members of the group are present when it is made, and

(b)at least two members of the group are in favour of the decision.

Matters to be considered on appeal

5(1)The CMA, if it thinks it necessary to do so for the purpose of securing the determination of an appeal within the period provided for by section 12H, may disregard—

(a)any or all matters raised by an appellant that were not raised by that appellant at the time of the relevant application, and

(b)any or all matters raised by the Authority that were not contained in representations or observations made for the purposes of the appeal in accordance with paragraph 3.

(2)In this paragraph “relevant application” means an application under paragraph 1 or 2.

Production of documents etc

6(1)For the purposes of this Schedule, the CMA may, by notice, require—

(a)a person to produce to the CMA the documents specified or otherwise identified in the notice;

(b)any person who carries on a business to supply to the CMA such estimates, forecasts, returns or other information as may be specified or described in the notice in relation to that business.

(2)The power to require the production of a document, or the supply of any estimate, forecast, return or other information, is a power to require its production or, as the case may be, supply—

(a)at the time and place specified in the notice, and

(b)in a legible form.

(3)No person is to be compelled under this paragraph to produce a document or supply an estimate, forecast, return or other information that the person could not be compelled to produce in civil proceedings in the High Court.

(4)An authorised member of the CMA may, for the purpose of the exercise of the functions of the CMA, make arrangements for copies to be taken of a document produced or an estimate, forecast, return or other information supplied under this paragraph.

(5)A notice for the purposes of this paragraph—

(a)may be issued on the CMA’s behalf by an authorised member of the CMA;

(b)must include information about the possible consequences of not complying with the notice (as set out in paragraph 10).

Oral hearings

7(1)For the purposes of this Schedule an oral hearing may be held, and evidence may be taken on oath—

(a)by a person considering an application for permission to bring an appeal under paragraph 1,

(b)by a person considering an application for a direction under paragraph 2, or

(c)by a group with the function of determining an appeal,

and, for that purpose, such a person or group may administer oaths.

(2)The CMA may, by notice, require a person—

(a)to attend at a time and place specified in the notice, and

(b)at that time and place, to give evidence to a person or group mentioned in sub-paragraph (1).

(3)At any oral hearing, the person or group conducting the hearing may require—

(a)the appellant, or the Authority, if present at the hearing to give evidence or to make representations or observations, or

(b)a person attending the hearing as a representative of the appellant or of the Authority to make representations or observations.

(4)A person who gives oral evidence at the hearing may be cross-examined by or on behalf of any party to the appeal.

(5)If the appellant, the Authority, or the appellant’s or Authority’s representative is not present at a hearing—

(a)there is no requirement to give notice to that person under sub-paragraph (2), and

(b)the person or group conducting the hearing may determine the application or appeal without hearing that person’s evidence, representations or observations.

(6)No person is to be compelled under this paragraph to give evidence which that person could not be compelled to give in civil proceedings in the High Court.

(7)Where a person is required under this paragraph to attend at a place more than 10 miles from that person’s place of residence, an authorised member of the CMA must arrange for that person to be paid the necessary expenses of attendance.

(8)A notice for the purposes of this paragraph may be issued on the CMA’s behalf by an authorised member of the CMA.

Written statements

8(1)The CMA may, by notice, require a person to produce a written statement with respect to a matter specified in the notice to—

(a)a person who is considering, or is to consider, an application for a direction under paragraph 2, or

(b)a group with the function of determining an appeal.

(2)The power to require the production of a written statement includes power—

(a)to specify the time and place at which it is to be produced, and

(b)to require it to be verified by a statement of truth,

and a statement required to be so verified must be disregarded unless it is so verified.

(3)No person is to be compelled under this paragraph to produce a written statement with respect to any matter about which that person could not be compelled to give evidence in civil proceedings in the High Court.

(4)A notice for the purposes of this paragraph may be issued on the CMA’s behalf by an authorised member of the CMA.

Expert advice

9Where permission to bring an appeal is granted under paragraph 1, the CMA may commission expert advice with respect to any matter raised by a party to that appeal.

Defaults in relation to evidence

10(1)This paragraph applies if a person (“the defaulter”)—

(a)fails to comply with a notice issued or other requirement imposed under paragraph 6, 7 or 8,

(b)in complying with a notice under paragraph 8, makes a statement that is false in any material particular, or

(c)in providing information verified in accordance with a statement of truth required by appeal rules, provides information that is false in a material particular.

(2)An authorised member of the CMA may certify the failure, or the fact that such a false statement has been made or such false information has been given, to the High Court.

(3)The High Court may inquire into a matter certified to it under this paragraph and if, after having heard—

(a)any witness against or on behalf of the defaulter, and

(b)any statement in the defaulter’s defence,

it is satisfied that the defaulter, without reasonable excuse, failed to comply with the notice or other requirement, or made the false statement, or gave the false information, that court may punish that defaulter as if the person had been guilty of contempt of court.

(4)Where the High Court has power under this paragraph to punish a body corporate for contempt of court, it may so punish any director or other officer of that body (either instead of or as well as punishing the body).

(5)A person who wilfully alters, suppresses or destroys a document that the person has been required to produce under paragraph 6 is guilty of an offence and shall be liable—

(a)on summary conviction to a fine;

(b)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or to a fine, or to both.

Appeal rules

11(1)The CMA Board may make rules of procedure regulating the conduct and disposal of appeals under section 12D.

(2)Those rules may include provision supplementing the provisions of this Schedule in relation to any application, notice, hearing, power or requirement for which this Schedule provides; and that provision may, in particular, impose time limits or other restrictions on—

(a)the taking of evidence at an oral hearing, or

(b)the making of representations or observations at such a hearing.

(3)The CMA Board must publish rules made under this paragraph in a way it considers appropriate for bringing them to the attention of those likely to be affected by them.

(4)Before making rules under this paragraph, the CMA Board must consult such persons as it considers appropriate.

(5)Rules under this paragraph may make different provision for different cases.

Costs

12(1)A group that determines an appeal must make an order requiring the payment to the CMA of the costs incurred by the CMA in connection with the appeal.

(2)An order under sub-paragraph (1) must require those costs to be paid—

(a)where the appeal is allowed in full, by the Authority,

(b)where the appeal is dismissed in full, by the appellant, or

(c)where the appeal is partially allowed, by one or more parties in such proportions as the CMA considers appropriate in all the circumstances.

(3)The group that determines an appeal may also make such order as it thinks fit for requiring a party to the appeal to make payments to another party in respect of costs reasonably incurred by that other party in connection with the appeal.

(4)A person who is required by an order under this paragraph to pay a sum to another person must comply with the order before the end of the period of 28 days beginning with the day after the making of the order.

(5)Sums required to be paid by an order under this paragraph but not paid within the period mentioned in sub-paragraph (4) shall bear interest at such rate as may be determined in accordance with provision contained in the order.

(6)Any costs payable by virtue of an order under this paragraph and any interest that has not been paid may be recovered as a civil debt by the person in whose favour that order is made.

Interpretation of Schedule

13(1)In this Schedule—

  • appeal” means an appeal under section 12D;

  • appeal rules” means rules of procedure under paragraph 11;

  • “authorised member of the CMA”—

    (a)

    in relation to a power exercisable in connection with an appeal in respect of which a group has been constituted by the chair of the CMA under Schedule 4 to the Enterprise and Regulatory Reform Act 2013, means a member of that group who has been authorised by the chair of the CMA to exercise that power;

    (b)

    in relation to a power exercisable in connection with an application for permission to bring an appeal, or otherwise in connection with an appeal in respect of which a group has not been so constituted by the chair of the CMA, means—

    (i)

    any member of the CMA Board who is also a member of the CMA panel, or

    (ii)

    any member of the CMA panel authorised by the Secretary of State (whether generally or specifically) to exercise the power in question;

  • CMA Board” and “CMA panel” have the same meaning as in Schedule 4 to the Enterprise and Regulatory Reform Act 2013;

  • statement of truth”, in relation to the production of a statement or provision of information by a person, means a statement that the person believes the facts stated in the statement or information to be true;

  • working day” means any day other than—

    (a)

    Saturday or Sunday;

    (b)

    Christmas Day or Good Friday;

    (c)

    a day which is a bank holiday in England and Wales under the Banking and Financial Dealings Act 1971.

(2)References in this Schedule to a party to an appeal are references to—

(a)the appellant, or

(b)the Authority.

Section 98

SCHEDULE 14E+WBiodiversity gain as condition of planning permission

PART 1E+WBiodiversity gain condition

1E+WIn the Town and Country Planning Act 1990, after section 90 insert—

Biodiversity gainE+W

90ABiodiversity gain in England

Schedule 7A (biodiversity gain in England) has effect.

Commencement Information

I436Sch. 14 para. 1 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 147(3)

I437Sch. 14 para. 1 in force at 3.11.2023 for specified purposes by S.I. 2023/1170, reg. 2(d)

I438Sch. 14 para. 1 in force at 12.2.2024 for specified purposes by S.I. 2024/44, reg. 2(1)(d)(2) (with regs. 3, 4)

2E+WIn that Act, after Schedule 7 insert—

Section 90A

SCHEDULE 7AE+WBiodiversity gain in England

PART 1E+WOverview and interpretation
Overview

1(1)This Schedule makes provision for grants of planning permission in England to be subject to a condition to secure that the biodiversity gain objective is met.

(2)Paragraphs 2 to 12 have effect for the purposes of this Schedule.

Biodiversity gain objective

2(1)The biodiversity gain objective is met in relation to development for which planning permission is granted if the biodiversity value attributable to the development exceeds the pre-development biodiversity value of the onsite habitat by at least the relevant percentage.

(2)The biodiversity value attributable to the development is the total of—

(a)the post-development biodiversity value of the onsite habitat,

(b)the biodiversity value, in relation to the development, of any registered offsite biodiversity gain allocated to the development, and

(c)the biodiversity value of any biodiversity credits purchased for the development.

(3)The relevant percentage is 10%.

(4)The Secretary of State may by regulations amend this paragraph so as to change the relevant percentage.

Biodiversity value and the biodiversity metric

3References to the biodiversity value of any habitat or habitat enhancement are to its value as calculated in accordance with the biodiversity metric.

4(1)The biodiversity metric is a document for measuring, for the purposes of this Schedule, the biodiversity value or relative biodiversity value of habitat or habitat enhancement.

(2)The biodiversity metric is to be produced and published by the Secretary of State.

(3)The Secretary of State may from time to time revise and republish the biodiversity metric.

(4)Before publishing or republishing the biodiversity metric the Secretary of State must consult such persons as the Secretary of State considers appropriate.

(5)The Secretary of State may by regulations make transitional provision in relation to the revision and republication of the biodiversity metric.

(6)The Secretary of State must lay the biodiversity metric, and any revised biodiversity metric, before Parliament.

Pre-development biodiversity value

5(1)In relation to any development for which planning permission is granted, the pre-development biodiversity value of the onsite habitat is the biodiversity value of the onsite habitat on the relevant date.

(2)The relevant date is—

(a)in a case in which planning permission is granted on application, the date of the application, and

(b)in any other case, the date on which the planning permission is granted.

(3)But the person submitting the biodiversity gain plan for approval and the planning authority may agree that the relevant date is to be a date earlier than that specified in sub-paragraph (2)(a) or (b) (but not a date which is before the day on which this Schedule comes into force in relation to the development).

(4)This paragraph is subject to paragraphs 6 and 7.

6If—

(a)a person carries on activities on land on or after 30 January 2020 otherwise than in accordance with—

(i)planning permission, or

(ii)any other permission of a kind specified by the Secretary of State by regulations, and

(b)as a result of the activities the biodiversity value of the onsite habitat referred to in paragraph 5(1) is lower on the relevant date than it would otherwise have been,

the pre-development biodiversity value of the onsite habitat is to be taken to be its biodiversity value immediately before the carrying on of the activities.

7Where planning permission is granted in respect of land which is registered in the biodiversity gain site register under section 100 of the Environment Act 2021, the pre-development biodiversity value of the land is the total of—

(a)the biodiversity value of the onsite habitat on the relevant date, and

(b)to the extent that it is not included within that value, the biodiversity value of the habitat enhancement which is, on that date, recorded in the register as habitat enhancement to be achieved on the land.

Post-development biodiversity value

8(1)In relation to any development for which planning permission is granted, the post-development biodiversity value of the onsite habitat is the projected value of the onsite habitat as at the time the development is completed.

(2)That value is to be calculated by taking the pre-development biodiversity value and—

(a)if at the time the development is completed the development will, taken as a whole, have increased the biodiversity value of the onsite habitat, adding the amount of that increase, or

(b)if at the time the development is completed the development will, taken as a whole, have decreased the biodiversity value of the onsite habitat, subtracting the amount of that decrease.

This is subject to paragraph 9.

9(1)This paragraph applies in relation to any development for which planning permission is granted where—

(a)the person submitting the biodiversity gain plan for approval proposes to carry out works in the course of the development that increase the biodiversity value of the onsite habitat, and

(b)the planning authority considers that the increase is significant in relation to the pre-development biodiversity value.

(2)The increase in biodiversity value referred to in sub-paragraph (1) is to be taken into account in calculating the post-development biodiversity value of the onsite habitat only if the planning authority is satisfied that the condition in sub-paragraph (3) is met.

(3)The condition is that any habitat enhancement resulting from the works referred to in sub-paragraph (1)(a) will, by virtue of—

(a)a condition subject to which the planning permission is granted,

(b)a planning obligation, or

(c)a conservation covenant,

be maintained for at least 30 years after the development is completed.

(4)The Secretary of State may by regulations amend sub-paragraph (3) so as to substitute for the period for the time being specified there a different period of at least 30 years.

Registered offsite biodiversity gains

10(1)Registered offsite biodiversity gain” means any habitat enhancement, where—

(a)the enhancement is required to be carried out under a conservation covenant or planning obligation, and

(b)the enhancement is recorded in the biodiversity gain site register (as to which, see section 100 of the Environment Act 2021).

(2)References to the allocation of registered offsite biodiversity gain are to its allocation in accordance with the terms of the conservation covenant or planning obligation referred to in sub-paragraph (1)(a).

(3)The biodiversity value of registered offsite biodiversity gain is measured, under the biodiversity metric, in relation to development to which it is allocated.

Biodiversity credits

11Biodiversity credits” means credits under section 101 of the Environment Act 2021.

General

12(1)In relation to development for which planning permission is granted—

  • onsite habitat” means habitat on the land to which the planning permission relates;

  • planning authority” means the local planning authority, except that—

    (a)

    in a case where the planning permission is granted by Mayoral development order under section 61DB, “planning authority” means such of the Mayor of London or the local planning authority as may be specified in the order;

    (b)

    in a case where the planning permission is granted by the Secretary of State under section 62A, 76A or 77, “planning authority” means such of the Secretary of State or the local planning authority as the Secretary of State may determine;

    (c)

    in a case where the planning permission is granted on an appeal under section 78, “planning authority” means such of the person determining the appeal or the local planning authority as that person may direct.

(2)Habitat enhancement” means enhancement of the biodiversity of habitat.

(3)References to the grant of planning permission include the deemed grant of planning permission.

PART 2E+WCondition of planning permission relating to biodiversity gain
General condition of planning permission

13(1)Every planning permission granted for the development of land in England shall be deemed to have been granted subject to the condition in sub-paragraph (2).

(2)The condition is that the development may not be begun unless—

(a)a biodiversity gain plan has been submitted to the planning authority (see paragraph 14), and

(b)the planning authority has approved the plan (see paragraph 15).

Biodiversity gain plan

14(1)For the purposes of paragraph 13(2)(a), a biodiversity gain plan is a plan which—

(a)relates to development for which planning permission is granted, and

(b)specifies the matters referred to in sub-paragraph (2).

(2)The matters are—

(a)information about the steps taken or to be taken to minimise the adverse effect of the development on the biodiversity of the onsite habitat and any other habitat,

(b)the pre-development biodiversity value of the onsite habitat,

(c)the post-development biodiversity value of the onsite habitat,

(d)any registered offsite biodiversity gain allocated to the development and the biodiversity value of that gain in relation to the development,

(e)any biodiversity credits purchased for the development, and

(f)such other matters as the Secretary of State may by regulations specify.

(3)The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision about—

(a)any other matters to be included in a biodiversity gain plan;

(b)the form of a biodiversity gain plan;

(c)the procedure to be followed in relation to the submission of a biodiversity gain plan (including the time by which a plan must be submitted);

(d)persons who may or must submit a biodiversity gain plan.

Approval of biodiversity gain plan

15(1)For the purposes of paragraph 13(2)(b) a planning authority to which a biodiversity gain plan is submitted must approve the plan if, and only if, it is satisfied as to the matters specified in sub-paragraph (2).

(2)The matters are—

(a)that the pre-development biodiversity value of the onsite habitat is as specified in the plan,

(b)that the post-development biodiversity value of the onsite habitat is at least the value specified in the plan,

(c)that, in a case where any registered offsite biodiversity gain is specified in the plan as allocated to the development—

(i)the registered offsite biodiversity gain is so allocated (and, if the allocation is conditional, that any conditions attaching to the allocation have been met or will be met by the time the development begins), and

(ii)the registered offsite biodiversity gain has the biodiversity value specified in the plan in relation to the development,

(d)that any biodiversity credits specified in the plan as purchased for the development have been so purchased,

(e)that the biodiversity gain objective is met, and

(f)any other matters specified in the plan under paragraph 14(2)(f).

Regulations about determinations

16The Secretary of State may make regulations as to—

(a)the procedure which a planning authority is to follow in determining whether to approve a biodiversity gain plan (including the time by which a determination must be made);

(b)factors which may or must be taken into account in making such a determination;

(c)appeals relating to such a determination.

Exceptions

17Paragraph