Search Legislation

Pension Schemes Act 2021

 Help about what version

What Version

 Help about advanced features

Advanced Features

Changes over time for: Pension Schemes Act 2021

 Help about opening options

Status:

This version of this Act contains provisions that are prospective. Help about Status

Close

Status

The term provision is used to describe a definable element in a piece of legislation that has legislative effect – such as a Part, Chapter or section. A version of a provision is prospective either:

  1. where the provision (Part, Chapter or section) has never come into force or;
  2. where the text of the provision is subject to change, but no date has yet been appointed by the appropriate person or body for those changes to come into force.

Commencement Orders listed in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ box as not yet applied may bring this prospective version into force.

Changes to legislation:

There are outstanding changes not yet made by the legislation.gov.uk editorial team to Pension Schemes Act 2021. Any changes that have already been made by the team appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

Close

Changes to Legislation

Revised legislation carried on this site may not be fully up to date. Changes and effects are recorded by our editorial team in lists which can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area. Where those effects have yet to be applied to the text of the legislation by the editorial team they are also listed alongside the legislation in the affected provisions. Use the ‘more’ link to open the changes and effects relevant to the provision you are viewing.

Legislation Crest

U.K.

Pension Schemes Act 2021

2021 CHAPTER 1

An Act to make provision about pension schemes.

[11th February 2021]

Be it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

PART 1 E+W+SCollective money purchase benefits

DefinitionsE+W+S

1Collective money purchase benefits and schemesE+W+S

(1)For the purposes of this Part, a benefit provided under a pension scheme is a “collective money purchase benefit” if—

(a)the benefit is a qualifying benefit (see section 2), and

(b)the scheme is a qualifying scheme (see sections 3 and 4).

(2)In this Part “collective money purchase scheme” means—

(a)a qualifying scheme, or

(b)a section of a qualifying scheme (see sections 3(6) to (9) and 5),

under which all of the benefits that may be provided are qualifying benefits.

Commencement Information

I1S. 1 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

2Qualifying benefitsE+W+S

(1)A benefit provided under a pension scheme is a “qualifying benefit” if—

(a)the benefit is provided out of the available assets of the scheme,

(b)under the rules of the scheme, the rate or amount of the benefit is subject to periodic adjustments designed to achieve a balance between the value of the available assets of the scheme and the required amount, and

(c)the benefit is not of a description specified in regulations made by the Secretary of State.

(2)In subsection (1)—

  • the available assets of the scheme” means all the assets that—

    (a)

    arise or derive from the payments made by or in respect of members of the scheme, and

    (b)

    are available (subject to any deductions that fall to be made in respect of administration charges) for the provision of benefits to or in respect of the members of the scheme collectively;

  • the required amount” means the amount expected to be required, applying appropriate actuarial assumptions, for the purpose of providing benefits under the scheme to or in respect of the members of the scheme collectively.

(3)Regulations under subsection (1)(c) are subject to affirmative resolution procedure.

(4)Where a scheme is divided into sections, this section has effect as if—

(a)the reference to the scheme in subsection (1)(a) were a reference to a section of the scheme, and

(b)the other references to the scheme were references to that section of it.m,.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1S. 2: power to amend conferred (11.2.2021 for specified purposes) by 2011 c. 19, s. 32(1)(b) (as inserted by Pension Schemes Act 2021 (c. 1), ss. 6(2)(a)(ii), 131(1)(3)(a))

Commencement Information

I2S. 2 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

3Qualifying schemesE+W+S

(1)A pension scheme is a “qualifying scheme” if it meets the requirements in this section.

(2)The scheme must be an occupational pension scheme established under an irrevocable trust by a person or persons to whom section 1(2)(a) (employer) of the Pension Schemes Act 1993 applied when the scheme was established (without other persons).

(3)The scheme must be used, or intended to be used, only by—

(a)a single employer, or

(b)two or more employers that are connected with each other.

(4)The scheme must not be a relevant public service pension scheme (see section 4).

(5)The qualifying benefits provided under the scheme must consist of or include the payment of a pension.

(6)If the scheme provides both qualifying benefits and other benefits, there must be appropriate separation of the qualifying benefits.

(7)There is “appropriate separation” of qualifying benefits and other benefits if (and only if)—

(a)the scheme is divided into sections,

(b)none of the sections under which qualifying benefits are provided provides other types of benefit,

(c)payments made by or in respect of members of the scheme for the purpose of providing qualifying benefits under a section of the scheme are allocated to that section, and

(d)a proportion of the assets of the scheme is attributable to each section of the scheme and cannot be used for the purposes of any other section.

(8)If the scheme provides a combination of qualifying benefits with different characteristics that is described in regulations made by the Secretary of State, there must be appropriate separation of those qualifying benefits.

(9)There is “appropriate separation” of qualifying benefits with different characteristics if (and only if)—

(a)the scheme is divided into sections,

(b)each of the different types of qualifying benefit is provided under a different section,

(c)payments made by or in respect of members of the scheme for the purpose of providing qualifying benefits under a section of the scheme are allocated to that section, and

(d)a proportion of the assets of the scheme is attributable to each section of the scheme and cannot be used for the purposes of any other section.

(10)Regulations under subsection (8) are subject to negative resolution procedure.

Commencement Information

I3S. 3 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

4Qualifying schemes: supplementaryE+W+S

(1)For the purposes of section 3(4) a pension scheme is a relevant public service pension scheme if it is—

(a)a public service pension scheme within the meaning of the Pension Schemes Act 1993 (see section 1(1) of that Act),

(b)a scheme under section 1 of the Public Service Pensions Act 2013 (new public service schemes),

(c)a new public body pension scheme as defined in section 30 of that Act, or

(d)a statutory pension scheme that is connected with a scheme referred to in paragraph (b) or (c).

(2)In subsection (1)(d) “connected” and “statutory pension scheme” have the same meaning as in the Public Service Pensions Act 2013 (see sections 4(6) and 37 of that Act).

(3)The reference to a pension in section 3(5) does not include income withdrawal or dependants' income withdrawal within the meaning of paragraphs 7 and 21 of Schedule 28 to the Finance Act 2004.

Commencement Information

I4S. 4 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

5Schemes divided into sectionsE+W+S

(1)The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision about when a pension scheme is or is not divided into sections for the purposes of this Part.

(2)The Secretary of State may by regulations provide that, where a collective money purchase scheme that is not divided into sections (an “undivided scheme”) becomes a collective money purchase scheme that is divided into sections, an authorisation previously granted in respect of the undivided scheme applies to any of those sections that—

(a)is a collective money purchase scheme by reason of section 1(2)(b), and

(b)satisfies conditions specified in the regulations.

(3)For the purposes of this Part, where—

(a)a qualifying scheme is divided into sections, and

(b)each of those sections is a collective money purchase scheme by reason of section 1(2)(b),

the qualifying scheme (taken as a whole) is to be treated as if it were not a collective money purchase scheme.

(4)Regulations under subsection (1) are subject to negative resolution procedure.

(5)Regulations under subsection (2) are subject to affirmative resolution procedure.

Commencement Information

I5S. 5 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

6Amendment of definitions of “money purchase benefits” etcE+W+S

(1)Schedule 1 contains amendments of definitions of “money purchase benefits” in—

(a)Schedule 10A to the Building Societies Act 1986 (disclosures about directors, other officers and employees in notes to accounts);

(b)the Pension Schemes Act 1993;

(c)Part 1 of the Pensions Act 2008 (pension scheme membership for jobholders).

(2)In section 32 of the Pensions Act 2011 (power to amend definitions of “money purchase benefits” in certain Acts)—

(a)in subsection (1)—

(i)for “purpose the” substitute purpose—

(a)the;

(ii)at the end insert , or

(b)section 2 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021 (collective money purchase benefits: meaning of “qualifying benefits”).;

(b)in subsection (2), at the end insert “ or by Schedule 1 to the Pension Schemes Act 2021 ”.

Commencement Information

I6S. 6 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

AuthorisationE+W+S

7Authorisation of collective money purchase schemesE+W+S

(1)A person may not operate a collective money purchase scheme unless the scheme is authorised.

(2)Section 10 of the Pensions Act 1995 (civil penalties) applies to a person who breaches subsection (1).

(3)If the Pensions Regulator becomes aware that a collective money purchase scheme is being operated without authorisation, it must notify the trustees of the scheme that the scheme is not authorised.

(4)The notification must—

(a)explain that the notification is a triggering event (see section 31), and

(b)include an explanation of the trustees' duties under sections 31 to 45.

(5)For the purposes of this section a person “operates” a collective money purchase scheme if, in relation to the scheme, the person accepts—

(a)money paid by a member (or prospective member), or

(b)money paid by an employer (or prospective employer) in respect of contributions, fees, charges or anything else except—

(i)the costs of setting up the scheme, or

(ii)costs relating to obtaining authorisation for the scheme.

Commencement Information

I7S. 7 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

8Application for authorisationE+W+S

(1)The trustees of a collective money purchase scheme may apply to the Pensions Regulator for authorisation.

(2)An application must be made in the manner and form specified by the Pensions Regulator.

(3)An application must include—

(a)the scheme's viability report and viability certificate (see section 13), and

(b)the scheme's continuity strategy (see section 17).

(4)The Secretary of State may by regulations—

(a)specify other information that must be included in an application;

(b)require a fee to be paid to the Pensions Regulator in respect of an application.

(5)In considering an application, the Pensions Regulator may take into account any matters it considers appropriate, including—

(a)additional information provided by the applicant, and

(b)subsequent changes to the application or to any information provided by the applicant.

(6)Regulations under subsection (4) are subject to negative resolution procedure.

Commencement Information

I8S. 8 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

9Decision on applicationE+W+S

(1)Where an application is made for authorisation of a collective money purchase scheme under section 8, the Pensions Regulator must decide whether it is satisfied that the scheme meets the authorisation criteria.

(2)The Pensions Regulator must make that decision within the period of six months beginning with the day on which the Pensions Regulator received the application.

(3)The authorisation criteria are—

(a)that the persons involved in the scheme are fit and proper persons (see section 11),

(b)that the design of the scheme is sound (see section 12),

(c)that the scheme is financially sustainable (see section 14),

(d)that the scheme has adequate systems and processes for communicating with members and others (see section 15),

(e)that the systems and processes used in running the scheme are sufficient to ensure that it is run effectively (see section 16), and

(f)that the scheme has an adequate continuity strategy (see section 17).

(4)If the Pensions Regulator is satisfied that the collective money purchase scheme meets the authorisation criteria, it must—

(a)grant the authorisation,

(b)notify the applicant of its decision, and

(c)add the scheme to its list of authorised collective money purchase schemes (see section 26).

(5)If the Pensions Regulator is not satisfied that the collective money purchase scheme meets the authorisation criteria, it must—

(a)refuse to grant the authorisation, and

(b)notify the applicant of its decision.

(6)A notification under subsection (5)(b) must also include—

(a)the reasons for the decision, and

(b)details of the right of referral to the First-tier Tribunal or Upper Tribunal (see section 10).

Commencement Information

I9S. 9 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

10Reference to Tribunal of refusal to grant authorisationE+W+S

(1)If the Pensions Regulator refuses to grant authorisation to a collective money purchase scheme, the decision may be referred to the Tribunal by—

(a)the trustees, or

(b)any other person who appears to the Tribunal to be directly affected by the decision.

(2)In this section “the Tribunal”, in relation to a reference under subsection (1), means—

(a)the First-tier Tribunal, in any case where it is determined by or under Tribunal Procedure Rules that the First-tier Tribunal is to hear the reference;

(b)the Upper Tribunal, in any other case.

Commencement Information

I10S. 10 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Authorisation criteriaE+W+S

11Fit and proper persons requirementE+W+S

(1)This section applies for the purposes of enabling the Pensions Regulator to decide whether it is satisfied that the persons involved in a collective money purchase scheme are fit and proper persons (see section 9(3)(a)).

(2)The Pensions Regulator must assess whether each of the following is a fit and proper person to act in relation to the scheme in the capacity mentioned—

(a)a person who establishes the scheme;

(b)a trustee;

(c)a person who (alone or with others) has power to appoint or remove a trustee;

(d)a person who (alone or with others) has power to vary the provisions of the scheme;

(e)a person acting in a capacity specified in regulations made by the Secretary of State.

(3)In assessing whether a person is a fit and proper person to act in a particular capacity, the Pensions Regulator—

(a)must take into account any matters specified in regulations made by the Secretary of State, and

(b)may take into account such other matters as it considers appropriate, including matters relating to a person connected with that person.

(4)Regulations under subsection (3)(a) may include provision requiring specified information to be provided to the Pensions Regulator.

(5)For the purposes of this section, a person (“A”) is connected with another person (“B”) if—

(a)A is an associate of B;

(b)where B is a company, A is a director or shadow director of B or an associate of a director or shadow director of B;

(c)A is a trustee of an occupational pension scheme established under a trust and—

(i)the beneficiaries of the trust include B or an associate of B, or

(ii)the provisions of the scheme confer a power that may be exercised for the benefit of B or an associate of B.

(6)In this section—

  • associate” has the meaning given in section 435 of the Insolvency Act 1986;

  • “director” and “shadow director” have the meaning given in section 251 of that Act.

(7)Regulations under subsection (3)(a) are subject to affirmative resolution procedure.

(8)Regulations under subsection (2)(e) are subject to negative resolution procedure.

Commencement Information

I11S. 11 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

12Scheme design requirementE+W+S

(1)This section applies for the purposes of enabling the Pensions Regulator to decide whether it is satisfied that the design of a collective money purchase scheme is sound (see section 9(3)(b)).

(2)In deciding whether the design of a collective money purchase scheme is sound, the Pensions Regulator must take into account—

(a)the scheme's viability report and viability certificate (see section 13);

(b)any matters specified in regulations made by the Secretary of State.

(3)Regulations under subsection (2)(b) may include provision requiring specified information to be provided to the Pensions Regulator.

(4)Regulations under subsection (2)(b) are subject to affirmative resolution procedure.

Commencement Information

I12S. 12 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

13Viability reportE+W+S

(1)The trustees of a collective money purchase scheme must—

(a)prepare a document explaining the design of the scheme and the reasons that they consider the design to be sound (a “viability report”), and

(b)obtain a certificate from the scheme actuary certifying that, in the actuary's opinion, the design of the scheme is sound (a “viability certificate”).

(2)The scheme actuary may not give a viability certificate unless satisfied that the scheme has rules that meet the requirements of section 18 and any regulations under that section.

(3)The Secretary of State may by regulations—

(a)specify information that must be included in a viability report,

(b)specify other requirements with which a viability report must comply,

(c)make provision about the content of a viability certificate,

(d)specify matters to which the scheme actuary must have regard when providing a viability certificate, and

(e)make provision about additional information or documents that must be prepared or obtained in connection with a viability report.

(4)The trustees of a collective money purchase scheme must, at least once a year—

(a)review the most recent viability report,

(b)if appropriate, revise it, and

(c)obtain a new viability certificate in respect of the report (or revised report).

(5)If the most recent viability report becomes inaccurate or incomplete to any significant extent, the trustees must—

(a)revise the report, and

(b)obtain a new viability certificate in respect of the revised report.

(6)The trustees must provide the Pensions Regulator with the information and documents listed in subsection (7)—

(a)on applying for authorisation (see section 8),

(b)within three months of the viability report being revised, and

(c)at any other time, on request from the Pensions Regulator.

(7)The information and documents to be provided are—

(a)the most recent viability report;

(b)the most recent viability certificate;

(c)any additional information or documents specified or described in regulations under subsection (3)(e).

(8)Regulations under subsection (3) are subject to affirmative resolution procedure.

Commencement Information

I13S. 13 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

14Financial sustainability requirementE+W+S

(1)This section applies for the purposes of enabling the Pensions Regulator to decide whether it is satisfied that a collective money purchase scheme is financially sustainable (see section 9(3)(c)).

(2)In order to be satisfied that a collective money purchase scheme is financially sustainable, the Pensions Regulator must be satisfied that the scheme has sufficient financial resources to meet the following costs—

(a)the costs of setting up and running the scheme, and

(b)in the event of a triggering event occurring—

(i)the costs of complying with the duties under sections 31 to 45, and

(ii)the costs of continuing to run the scheme for such period (which must be at least six months and no more than two years) as the Pensions Regulator thinks appropriate for the scheme.

(3)In deciding whether it is satisfied that a scheme has sufficient financial resources to meet the costs mentioned in subsection (2), the Pensions Regulator must take into account any matters specified in regulations made by the Secretary of State.

(4)Regulations under subsection (3) may include provision—

(a)requiring specified information to be provided to the Pensions Regulator;

(b)specifying requirements to be met by the scheme relating to its financing, such as requirements relating to assets, capital or liquidity.

(5)Regulations under subsection (3) are subject to affirmative resolution procedure.

Commencement Information

I14S. 14 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

15Communication requirementE+W+S

(1)This section applies for the purposes of enabling the Pensions Regulator to decide whether it is satisfied that a collective money purchase scheme has adequate systems and processes for communicating with members and others (see section 9(3)(d)).

(2)In order to be satisfied that a scheme has adequate systems and processes for communicating with members and others, the Pensions Regulator must be satisfied that the scheme has adequate systems and processes—

(a)for providing information in relation to the scheme to persons falling within subsection (3);

(b)for securing that information provided to those persons is correct and is not misleading.

(3)A person falls within this subsection if the person is—

(a)a member or prospective member of the scheme, or

(b)a person who has survived a member of the scheme and has an entitlement to benefits, or a right to future benefits, under the scheme rules in respect of the member.

(4)In making the decision, the Pensions Regulator—

(a)must take into account any matters specified in regulations made by the Secretary of State, and

(b)may take into account any communications made using the systems and processes referred to in subsection (2).

(5)Regulations under subsection (4)(a) may among other things—

(a)make provision about systems and processes used for assessing and improving the effectiveness of communications;

(b)make provision requiring specified information to be provided to the Pensions Regulator.

(6)Regulations under subsection (4)(a) are subject to affirmative resolution procedure.

Commencement Information

I15S. 15 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

16Systems and processes requirementsE+W+S

(1)This section applies for the purposes of enabling the Pensions Regulator to decide whether it is satisfied that the systems and processes used in running a collective money purchase scheme are sufficient to ensure that it is run effectively (see section 9(3)(e)).

(2)In deciding whether it is satisfied that the systems and processes used in running the scheme are sufficient for that purpose, the Pensions Regulator must take into account any matters specified in regulations made by the Secretary of State.

(3)Regulations under subsection (2) may among other things—

(a)make provision about the matters set out in subsection (4);

(b)require specified information to be provided to the Pensions Regulator.

(4)The matters referred to in subsection (3)(a) are—

(a)features and functionality required of the IT systems used in running the scheme;

(b)standards that those IT systems must meet (for example, in relation to quality and in relation to security of data);

(c)the maintenance of those IT systems;

(d)records management, risk management and resource planning;

(e)processes relating to transactions and investment decisions;

(f)processes relating to the appointment and removal of trustees;

(g)processes relating to the professional development of trustees;

(h)processes relating to the appointment, removal, roles and responsibilities of—

(i)persons, other than the trustees, involved in running the scheme, and

(ii)persons involved in providing services in relation to the scheme.

(5)Regulations under subsection (2) are subject to affirmative resolution procedure.

Commencement Information

I16S. 16 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

17Continuity strategy requirementE+W+S

(1)This section applies for the purposes of enabling the Pensions Regulator to decide whether it is satisfied that a collective money purchase scheme has an adequate continuity strategy (see section 9(3)(f)).

(2)The trustees of a collective money purchase scheme must prepare a document addressing how the interests of members of the scheme are to be protected if a triggering event (see section 31) occurs in relation to the scheme (a “continuity strategy”).

(3)A continuity strategy must include a section setting out the levels of administration charges that apply in relation to members of the scheme.

(4)It must set out those levels of charges in the manner specified in regulations made by the Secretary of State.

(5)A continuity strategy must—

(a)contain such other information as may be specified in regulations made by the Secretary of State, and

(b)be prepared in accordance with regulations made by the Secretary of State.

(6)The trustees of a collective money purchase scheme must—

(a)keep the continuity strategy under review, and

(b)revise it if appropriate.

(7)The trustees must provide the continuity strategy to the Pensions Regulator—

(a)on application for authorisation (see section 8),

(b)within three months of the continuity strategy being revised, and

(c)at any other time, on request from the Pensions Regulator.

(8)In deciding whether a continuity strategy is adequate, the Pensions Regulator must take into account any matters specified in regulations made by the Secretary of State.

(9)Regulations under subsection (8) may include provision requiring specified information to be provided to the Pensions Regulator.

(10)Regulations under this section are subject to affirmative resolution procedure.

Commencement Information

I17S. 17 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Valuation and benefit adjustmentE+W+S

18Calculation of benefitsE+W+S

(1)A collective money purchase scheme must have rules about how the rate or amount of benefits provided under the scheme is to be determined.

(2)The rules must include—

(a)rules for determining the available assets of the scheme and their value,

(b)rules for determining the required amount, and

(c)rules about how the rate or amount of benefits provided under the scheme is to be adjusted from time to time, including rules about when adjustments are to take effect.

(3)In this section “the available assets of the scheme” and “the required amount” have the meaning given in section 2(2).

(4)The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision about the matters mentioned in subsections (1) and (2), including provision about the methods and assumptions to be used.

(5)Regulations under subsection (4) making provision about the determination of the required amount may, among other things, make provision about—

(a)how past or proposed adjustments to the rate or amount of benefits provided under the scheme are to be treated;

(b)assumptions to be made about future adjustments to the rate or amount of such benefits.

(6)Regulations under subsection (4) may, among other things—

(a)provide for alternative methods and assumptions;

(b)require or enable the trustees to decide which methods and assumptions are to be used;

(c)specify matters that the trustees must take into account, or principles they must follow, in making such decisions.

(7)Regulations under subsection (4)—

(a)may make provision applying in relation to rights under the scheme that have already accrued;

(b)override the rules of the scheme to the extent that the rules conflict with the regulations.

(8)Regulations under subsection (4) are subject to affirmative resolution procedure.

Commencement Information

I18S. 18 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

19Advice of scheme actuaryE+W+S

(1)The trustees of a collective money purchase scheme must obtain the advice of the scheme actuary before making a decision as to the methods and assumptions to be used in determining the matters mentioned in section 18(1) and (2).

(2)The Secretary of State may by regulations specify requirements with which the scheme actuary must comply when advising the trustees in accordance with subsection (1).

(3)Regulations under subsection (2) may, among other things, require the scheme actuary to have regard to guidance that is prepared, and from time to time revised, by a person specified or described in the regulations.

(4)Section 10 of the Pensions Act 1995 (civil penalties) applies to a trustee who fails to take all reasonable steps to comply with subsection (1).

(5)The first regulations under subsection (2) are subject to affirmative resolution procedure.

(6)Subsequent regulations under subsection (2) are subject to negative resolution procedure.

Commencement Information

I19S. 19 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

20Actuarial valuationsE+W+S

(1)The trustees of a collective money purchase scheme must obtain actuarial valuations in accordance with this section and regulations under subsection (5).

(2)In this Part “actuarial valuation” means a report prepared and signed by the scheme actuary setting out—

(a)the available assets of the scheme and their value;

(b)the required amount;

(c)whether an adjustment to the rate or amount of benefits provided under the scheme is required and, if so, the amount of the adjustment.

(3)In this section “the available assets of the scheme” and “the required amount” have the meaning given in section 2(2).

(4)A scheme actuary preparing an actuarial valuation in pursuance of a provision of this Part must determine the matters mentioned in subsection (2) in accordance with the scheme rules.

(5)The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision about actuarial valuations, including—

(a)provision about when actuarial valuations must be prepared;

(b)provision about the date by reference to which a determination must be made;

(c)provision about information and statements that an actuarial valuation must contain;

(d)provision requiring the trustees to obtain an actuarial valuation from the scheme actuary within a period specified or described in the regulations;

(e)provision requiring the trustees to send an actuarial valuation received by them to the Pensions Regulator within a period specified or described in the regulations.

(6)In a case that is not the subject of regulations under subsection (5)(a), the trustees must obtain—

(a)an actuarial valuation in which the date by reference to which the available assets of the scheme are determined (“the effective date”) falls within the period of one year beginning with the day on which the scheme was established, and

(b)subsequent actuarial valuations in which the effective date is not more than one year after the effective date of the previous actuarial valuation.

(7)In a case that is not the subject of regulations under subsection (5)(b), the required amount must be determined by reference to the effective date.

(8)Section 10 of the Pensions Act 1995 (civil penalties) applies to a trustee who fails to take all reasonable steps to comply with this section.

(9)Nothing in this section affects a power or duty of the trustees of a collective money purchase scheme to obtain actuarial valuations on other occasions.

(10)The first regulations under subsection (5) are subject to affirmative resolution procedure.

(11)Subsequent regulations under subsection (5) are subject to negative resolution procedure.

Commencement Information

I20S. 20 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

21Certificate that actuarial valuation prepared in accordance with scheme rulesE+W+S

A scheme actuary who prepares an actuarial valuation in pursuance of a provision of this Part must certify that the matters mentioned in section 20(2) have been determined in accordance with the scheme rules.

Commencement Information

I21S. 21 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

22Benefits adjustmentsE+W+S

(1)This section applies where an adjustment to the rate or amount of benefits provided under a collective money purchase scheme is required in accordance with the scheme rules.

(2)The trustees must as soon as is reasonably practicable report in writing to the Pensions Regulator if the adjustment—

(a)is not made in accordance with the most recent actuarial valuation, or

(b)does not take effect in accordance with the scheme rules.

(3)A report under subsection (2) must—

(a)explain why the adjustment was not made in accordance with the most recent actuarial valuation or (as the case may be) does not take effect in accordance with the scheme rules;

(b)contain such other information as the Secretary of State may specify in regulations.

(4)Section 10 of the Pensions Act 1995 (civil penalties) applies to a trustee who fails to take all reasonable steps to comply with this section.

(5)Regulations under subsection (3)(b) are subject to negative resolution procedure.

Commencement Information

I22S. 22 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

23Powers of the Pensions RegulatorE+W+S

(1)The powers conferred by this section are exercisable where it appears to the Pensions Regulator (as a result of a report made to it or otherwise) that the trustees of a collective money purchase scheme have without good reason—

(a)failed to comply with a requirement imposed by or under this Part to obtain an actuarial valuation, or

(b)failed to secure that any adjustment to the rate or amount of benefits provided under the scheme which is required in accordance with the scheme rules—

(i)is made in accordance with the most recent actuarial valuation, and

(ii)takes effect in accordance with the scheme rules.

(2)The Pensions Regulator may direct the trustees—

(a)to obtain an actuarial valuation;

(b)to take such other steps as the Pensions Regulator considers appropriate to remedy or mitigate the failure.

(3)A direction under subsection (2)(a) must—

(a)specify the period within which the valuation is to be obtained;

(b)specify the date by reference to which the matters to be set out in the actuarial valuation are to be determined;

(c)contain such other information as the Secretary of State may specify in regulations.

(4)In exercising a power conferred by this section, the Pensions Regulator must comply with any requirements specified in regulations made by the Secretary of State.

(5)Section 10 of the Pensions Act 1995 (civil penalties) applies to a trustee who fails to take all reasonable steps to comply with a direction under this section.

(6)Regulations under this section are subject to negative resolution procedure.

(7)The powers conferred by this section are in addition to any powers exercisable by the Pensions Regulator under any other enactment.

Commencement Information

I23S. 23 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Members' rightsE+W+S

24Rules about modifying schemesE+W+S

(1)The Pensions Act 1995 is amended as follows.

(2)In section 67 (the subsisting rights provisions)—

(a)after subsection (1) insert—

(1A)Any exercise of such a power to make a prohibited modification is void.;

(b)in subsection (2)(a)(i), after “if the modification is a protected modification,” insert “ or the scheme is a collective money purchase scheme within the meaning of Part 1 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021, ”;

(c)in subsection (2)(a)(ii), for “if it is not” substitute “ if sub-paragraph (i) does not apply ”;

(d)in subsection (3) omit paragraph (b) and the “or” before it;

(e)after subsection (3) insert—

(3A)Regulations may provide for cases in which the subsisting rights provisions do not apply.

(3)In section 67A (the subsisting rights provisions: interpretation), in subsection (1), before “ “regulated modification”” insert—

“prohibited modification”.

(4)After subsection (1) of that section insert—

(1A)Prohibited modification” means a modification of an occupational pension scheme which on taking effect would or might result in any subsisting right of—

(a)a member of the scheme, or

(b)a survivor of a member of the scheme,

which is not a right or entitlement to money purchase benefits becoming, or being replaced with, a right or entitlement to collective money purchase benefits under the scheme rules.

(5)In subsection (3) of that section—

(a)after “a modification” insert “ , other than a prohibited modification, ”;

(b)for paragraph (a) substitute—

(a)on taking effect would or might result in a relevant transformation of any subsisting right of a member of the scheme or a survivor of a member of the scheme (see subsection (3A)),;

(c)in paragraph (b), after “rules” insert “ , other than a pension that is a collective money purchase benefit ”;

(d)omit the words following paragraph (c).

(6)After subsection (3) of that section insert—

(3A)For the purposes of subsection (3)(a), there is a relevant transformation of a subsisting right where—

(a)a subsisting right that is not a right or entitlement to money purchase benefits becomes, or is replaced with, a right or entitlement to money purchase benefits under the scheme rules,

(b)a subsisting right that is a right or entitlement to money purchase benefits other than collective money purchase benefits becomes, or is replaced with, a right or entitlement to collective money purchase benefits under the scheme rules, or

(c)a subsisting right that is a right or entitlement to collective money purchase benefits becomes, or is replaced with, a right or entitlement to money purchase benefits other than collective money purchase benefits under the scheme rules.

(3B)For the purposes of subsection (3A), the reference in the definition of “money purchase benefits” in section 181(1) of the Pension Schemes Act 1993 to the widow, widower or surviving civil partner of a member of an occupational pension scheme is to be read as including any other survivor of the member.

(7)In subsection (4) of that section, after “a modification” insert “ , other than a prohibited modification, ”.

(8)In subsection (9) of that section—

(a)in paragraph (a), after sub-paragraph (xiii) insert—

(xiv)regulations made under section 18(4) of or paragraph 1(6) of Schedule 2 to the Pension Schemes Act 2021;

(xv)sections 34, 39, 41, 42 and 45 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021;;

(b)in paragraph (b), after sub-paragraph (xi) insert—

(xii)sections 18(7)(b), 34(5), 39(6), 41(6), 42(2) and 45(5) of and paragraph 1(7) of Schedule 2 to the Pension Schemes Act 2021.

Commencement Information

I24S. 24 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

25Transfer rightsE+W+S

(1)Chapter 1 of Part 4ZA of the Pension Schemes Act 1993 (transfer rights: general) is amended as follows.

(2)In section 93 (scope of Chapter 1)—

(a)in subsection (7) (crystallisation events), in paragraph (b), after “money purchase benefits” insert “ other than collective money purchase benefits ”;

(b)after subsection (10) insert—

(10A)Where a pension scheme is divided into sections, each section that is a collective money purchase scheme for the purposes of Part 1 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021 (see section 1(2)(b) of that Act) is to be treated as a separate scheme for the purposes of this Chapter.

(3)In section 97 (calculation of cash equivalents), after subsection (3) insert—

(3ZA)Where, in the case of an application from a member under section 95 that relates to money purchase benefits that are collective money purchase benefits, regulations under section 99(2)(c) provide for a period longer than 6 months, subsection (3)(b) is to be read as if the reference to 6 months were a reference to that longer period.

(4)In section 99 (trustees' duties after exercise of option), in subsection (2) (period in which to carry out what the member requires)—

(a)omit the “and” at the end of paragraph (a);

(b)in paragraph (b), after “money purchase benefits” insert “ other than collective money purchase benefits ”;

(c)at the end of paragraph (b) insert , and

(c)in the case of an application which relates to money purchase benefits that are collective money purchase benefits, within 6 months beginning with the date of the application or such longer period beginning with that date as may be prescribed.

(5)After section 99 insert—

99ATrustees' further duties: collective money purchase benefits

(1)If the trustees receive an application under section 95 relating to money purchase benefits that are collective money purchase benefits—

(a)they must give the member notice in writing of the cash equivalent that relates to those benefits, and

(b)they must not without the written consent of the member enter into an agreement with a third party to use the member's cash equivalent in a way specified in section 95(2) before the end of the period mentioned in subsection (2).

(2)The period referred to in subsection (1)(b) is—

(a)the period of 3 weeks beginning with the day after the day on which the notice is given, or

(b)such other period as may be specified in regulations.

(3)Any action taken in contravention of subsection (1)(b) is void.

(6)In section 100B (meaning of “scheme rules”: occupational pension schemes), in subsection (2)—

(a)in paragraph (a), at the end insert—

(xv)regulations made under section 18(4) of or paragraph 1(6) of Schedule 2 to the Pension Schemes Act 2021;

(xvi)sections 34, 39, 41, 42 and 45 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021;;

(b)in paragraph (b), at the end insert—

(xii)sections 18(7)(b), 34(5), 39(6), 41(6), 42(2) and 45(5) of and paragraph 1(7) of Schedule 2 to the Pension Schemes Act 2021.

Commencement Information

I25S. 25 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Ongoing supervisionE+W+S

26List of authorised schemesE+W+S

(1)The Pensions Regulator must maintain and publish a list of authorised collective money purchase schemes.

(2)The list—

(a)must identify each authorised collective money purchase scheme by name, and

(b)may include any other information that the Pensions Regulator considers appropriate.

Commencement Information

I26S. 26 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

27Requirement to submit supervisory returnE+W+S

(1)The Pensions Regulator may by notice require the trustees of a collective money purchase scheme to submit a supervisory return.

(2)The Secretary of State may make regulations setting out the information that the Pensions Regulator may require in a supervisory return.

(3)The notice must specify—

(a)the information required to be included in the return,

(b)the manner and form in which the return must be submitted, and

(c)the period (of at least 28 days) within which the return must be submitted.

(4)The trustees of a collective money purchase scheme may not be required to submit a supervisory return more than once in any 12 month period.

(5)Section 10 of the Pensions Act 1995 (civil penalties) applies to a trustee who fails to submit a supervisory return when required to do so.

(6)Regulations under subsection (2) are subject to negative resolution procedure.

Commencement Information

I27S. 27 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

28Duty to notify the Pensions Regulator of significant eventsE+W+S

(1)Where a person mentioned in subsection (2) becomes aware of the fact that a significant event has occurred in relation to an authorised collective money purchase scheme, the person must (subject to subsections (6) and (7)) give notice of that fact, in writing, to the Pensions Regulator as soon as reasonably practicable.

(2)The persons are—

(a)a trustee of the scheme;

(b)an employer in relation to the scheme;

(c)a person who (alone or with others) has power to appoint or remove a trustee;

(d)a person who (alone or with others) has power to vary the provisions of the scheme;

(e)a person who provides legal, financial or actuarial advice in relation to the scheme;

(f)a person who manages the scheme administration services;

(g)a person acting in a capacity specified in regulations made by the Secretary of State.

(3)The Secretary of State must make regulations setting out the events that constitute significant events for the purposes of this section.

(4)The Secretary of State may by regulations specify further information that is to be provided by a person required to give notice under this section.

(5)Except as provided by subsections (6) and (7), the disclosure of information under this section does not breach—

(a)any obligation of confidence owed by the person making the disclosure, or

(b)any other restriction on the disclosure of information (however imposed).

(6)This section does not require a disclosure of information if the disclosure would contravene the data protection legislation (but in determining whether a disclosure of information would do so, take into account the duty imposed by this section).

(7)A person is not required by this section to disclose anything in respect of which a claim to legal professional privilege (or, in Scotland, to confidentiality of communications) could be maintained in legal proceedings.

(8)Section 10 of the Pensions Act 1995 (civil penalties) applies to a person who fails to comply with a requirement imposed by or under this section.

(9)The first regulations under subsection (3) are subject to affirmative resolution procedure.

(10)Subsequent regulations under subsection (3), and regulations under subsection (2)(g) or (4), are subject to negative resolution procedure.

Commencement Information

I28S. 28 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

29Risk noticesE+W+S

(1)The Pensions Regulator may give a risk notice to the trustees of a collective money purchase scheme if the Regulator considers that—

(a)there is an issue of concern in relation to the scheme, and

(b)the scheme will breach the authorisation criteria, or is likely to breach them, if the issue is not resolved.

(2)A risk notice is a notice that requires the trustees of the scheme to submit to the Pensions Regulator a plan (a “resolution plan”) setting out proposals for resolving the issue of concern.

(3)A risk notice must—

(a)identify the issue of concern;

(b)specify the date by which the resolution plan is to be submitted.

(4)If the Pensions Regulator is not satisfied that the proposals in a resolution plan are likely to be adequate to resolve the issue of concern, the Regulator may give a further notice to the trustees requiring them to submit a revised plan by a date specified in the notice.

(5)The trustees must implement the proposals in a resolution plan if the Pensions Regulator—

(a)is satisfied that the proposals are likely to be adequate to resolve the issue of concern, and

(b)notifies the trustees accordingly.

(6)The Pensions Regulator may direct the trustees to comply with the requirement imposed by subsection (5).

(7)Where the trustees are required by subsection (5) to implement the proposals in a resolution plan, the trustees must—

(a)submit to the Pensions Regulator, before the end of a period specified in regulations made by the Secretary of State, a report setting out what progress they are making in implementing the proposals (a “progress report”);

(b)submit further progress reports to the Pensions Regulator at intervals specified by the Pensions Regulator.

(8)Resolution plans and progress reports must be provided in the manner and form specified by the Pensions Regulator.

(9)A reference to a resolution plan in subsections (4) to (8) includes a reference to a resolution plan as revised under subsection (4).

(10)The Secretary of State may by regulations—

(a)specify information that a risk notice must contain;

(b)provide that the date referred to in subsection (3)(b) or (4) must fall before the end of a period specified in the regulations.

(11)Section 10 of the Pensions Act 1995 (civil penalties) applies to a trustee who fails to comply with—

(a)a notice under subsection (1) or (4),

(b)a direction under subsection (6), or

(c)a requirement imposed by subsection (7).

(12)Regulations under this section are subject to negative resolution procedure.

Commencement Information

I29S. 29 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

30Withdrawal of authorisationE+W+S

(1)If the Pensions Regulator stops being satisfied that an authorised collective money purchase scheme meets the authorisation criteria, it may decide to withdraw the scheme's authorisation.

(2)A warning notice under the standard procedure or a determination notice under the special procedure given in relation to a decision under subsection (1) must—

(a)explain that the issue of the notice is a triggering event (see section 31), and

(b)include an explanation of the trustees' duties under sections 31 to 45.

(3)On withdrawal of a scheme's authorisation, the Pensions Regulator must—

(a)notify the trustees that the scheme is no longer authorised, and

(b)remove the scheme from the list of authorised collective money purchase schemes.

(4)In this Part—

  • determination notice” has the meaning given in section 98(2)(a) of the Pensions Act 2004;

  • special procedure” has the meaning given in section 98 of that Act;

  • standard procedure” has the meaning given in section 96 of that Act;

  • warning notice” has the meaning given in section 96(2)(a) of that Act.

Commencement Information

I30S. 30 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Triggering events and continuity optionsE+W+S

31Triggering eventsE+W+S

(1)A triggering event occurs in relation to a collective money purchase scheme if an event within the second column of the triggering events table occurs in relation to it, subject to subsection (2).

(2)An event within any of items 4 to 9 of the triggering events table is not a triggering event in relation to a collective money purchase scheme if it occurs within an existing triggering event period for the scheme (see section 32).

(3)A triggering event occurs on the date specified in relation to the event in the third column of the triggering events table.

(4)For the purposes of this Part “the triggering events table” is—

ItemTriggering eventDate event occurs
1.The Pensions Regulator issues a warning notice under the standard procedure in respect of a decision to withdraw the scheme's authorisation.The date on which the notice is issued.
2.The Pensions Regulator issues a determination notice under the special procedure in respect of a decision to withdraw the scheme's authorisation.The date on which the notice is issued.
3.The Pensions Regulator gives a notification under section 7(3) (scheme not authorised).The date on which the notification is given.
4.An insolvency event occurs in relation to an employer or a relevant former employer.The date on which the insolvency event occurs.
5.An employer or a relevant former employer becomes unlikely to continue as a going concern, where the employer or relevant former employer is a person or body of a kind that meets the requirements prescribed under section 129(1)(b) of the Pensions Act 2004.

The earlier of—

(a)

the date on which the employer or relevant former employer notifies the Pensions Regulator of that fact, and

(b)

the date on which the trustees become aware of that fact.

6.A person who has power to do so under the provisions of the scheme decides that the scheme should be wound up.The date of the decision.
7.An event occurs that is required or permitted by the provisions of the scheme to result in the winding up of the scheme.The date on which the event occurs.
8.A person who has power to do so under the provisions of the scheme decides that the scheme should become a closed scheme.The date of the decision.
9.An event occurs that is required or permitted by the provisions of the scheme to result in the scheme becoming a closed scheme.The date on which the event occurs.

(5)In this Part—

  • item 1 triggering event” means an event falling within item 1 of the triggering events table (and similar references using other item numbers are to be read accordingly);

  • relevant former employer”, in relation to a collective money purchase scheme, means a person who has ceased to be an employer in relation to the scheme but who—

    (a)

    is subject to an actual or contingent obligation to contribute financially to the scheme, whether by making contributions towards the costs of running the scheme or otherwise, or

    (b)

    has power to take a decision about the operation of the scheme, either alone or with other persons who are or have been employers in relation to the scheme.

(6)In this section “closed”, in relation to a collective money purchase scheme, means closed to new contributions or new members (or both).

Commencement Information

I31S. 31 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

32Triggering event periodsE+W+S

(1)For the purposes of this Part, a “triggering event period” for a collective money purchase scheme is a period—

(a)starting with the date on which a triggering event occurs in relation to the scheme, and

(b)ending with the earliest of the dates given by subsection (2).

(2)The dates are—

(a)the date on which the trustees receive from the Pensions Regulator—

(i)notification under section 37(4) that the Regulator is satisfied that the triggering event has been resolved, or

(ii)notification under section 38(4) that the Regulator is satisfied that preparations for conversion to a closed scheme are complete and that the conversion will resolve the relevant events;

(b)the date on which the scheme is wound up;

(c)in the case of an item 1 or 2 triggering event (notice in respect of a decision to withdraw authorisation), the date on which it becomes clear that authorisation is not to be withdrawn.

(3)For the purposes of subsection (2)(c), it becomes clear that authorisation is not to be withdrawn—

(a)in the circumstances set out in relation to the event in the second column of the table in subsection (4), and

(b)on the date given in relation to those circumstances in the third column of that table.

(4)The table is—

Triggering eventCircumstancesDate
Item 1 (issue of warning notice under the standard procedure)

1The Pensions Regulator makes a determination not to withdraw the scheme's authorisation, and

2there is no referral of the determination to the Tribunal within the time period allowed for doing so.

The date of the Pensions Regulator's determination.
Item 2 (issue of determination notice under the special procedure)

1On a review under section 99 of the Pensions Act 2004, the Pensions Regulator makes a determination that the scheme's authorisation should not be withdrawn, and

2there is no referral of the determination to the Tribunal within the time period allowed for doing so.

The date of the Pensions Regulator's determination.
Item 1 or 2

1On a referral to the Tribunal of a determination by the Pensions Regulator, the Tribunal makes a determination the effect of which is that the scheme's authorisation should not be withdrawn, and

2either—

(a)no appeal is brought against the Tribunal's determination within the time period allowed for doing so, or

(b)an appeal is brought within that time period but is later withdrawn.

The date of the Tribunal's determination.
Item 1 or 2The effect of an appeal against a determination by the Tribunal is that the scheme's authorisation should not be withdrawn.The date on which the appeal is finally disposed of.

(5)In this section “the Tribunal” has the meaning given in—

(a)section 96(7) of the Pensions Act 2004, in a case where the standard procedure applies;

(b)section 99(13) of that Act, in a case where the special procedure applies.

Commencement Information

I32S. 32 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

33Notification of triggering eventsE+W+S

(1)If a triggering event listed in the first column of the table in subsection (2) occurs in relation to a collective money purchase scheme, each person specified in relation to the event in the second column of that table must (subject to subsections (12) and (13)) notify the Pensions Regulator of the occurrence of the event.

(2)The table is—

EventSpecified person
Item 4 triggering event (an insolvency event occurs in relation to an employer or a relevant former employer)The employer or relevant former employer.
A trustee who is aware of the event.
Item 5 triggering event (an employer or a relevant former employer becomes unlikely to continue as a going concern, where the employer or relevant former employer is a person or body of a kind that meets the requirements prescribed under section 129(1)(b) of the Pensions Act 2004)The employer or relevant former employer.
A trustee who is aware of the event.
Item 6 triggering event (a person decides that the scheme should be wound up)The person who made the decision.
A trustee who is aware of the event (if not the person who made the decision).
An employer who is aware of the event (if not the person who made the decision).
Item 7 triggering event (an event occurs that is required or permitted by the provisions of the scheme to result in the winding up of the scheme)A trustee who is aware of the event.
An employer who is aware of the event.
Item 8 triggering event (a person decides that the scheme should become a closed scheme)The person who made the decision.
A trustee who is aware of the event (if not the person who made the decision).
An employer who is aware of the event (if not the person who made the decision).
Item 9 triggering event (an event occurs that is required or permitted by the provisions of the scheme to result in the scheme becoming a closed scheme)A trustee who is aware of the event.
An employer who is aware of the event.

(3)If a triggering event occurs in relation to a collective money purchase scheme, a trustee who is aware of the event must (subject to subsections (5), (6), (12) and (13)) give the required notification to each employer or relevant former employer.

(4)In this section “the required notification”, in relation to a triggering event, means notification of—

(a)the occurrence of the event, and

(b)such other matters relating to the event as may be specified in regulations made by the Secretary of State.

(5)In the case of an item 4 or 5 triggering event, subsection (4)(a) does not apply as regards notification of the employer or relevant former employer in respect of whom the event occurs.

(6)In the case of an item 6 or 8 triggering event, subsection (4)(a) does not apply as regards notification of the person who decided that the scheme—

(a)should be wound up, or

(b)(as the case may be) should become a closed scheme.

(7)If an item 4 or 5 triggering event occurs in relation to a collective money purchase scheme, each employer or relevant former employer in respect of whom the event occurs must (subject to subsections (12) and (13)) give the required notification to the trustees.

(8)If an item 6 or 8 triggering event occurs in relation to a collective money purchase scheme, the person who decided that the scheme—

(a)should be wound up, or

(b)(as the case may be) should become a closed scheme,

must (if that person is not the trustees, and subject to subsections (12) and (13)) give the required notification to the trustees.

(9)If an item 7 or 9 triggering event occurs in relation to a collective money purchase scheme, each employer or relevant former employer who is aware of the event must (subject to subsections (12) and (13)) give the required notification to the trustees.

(10)A notification under this section must be given before the end of the period specified in regulations made by the Secretary of State.

(11)Except as provided by subsections (12) and (13), the disclosure of information under this section does not breach—

(a)any obligation of confidence owed by the person making the disclosure, or

(b)any other restriction on the disclosure of information (however imposed).

(12)This section does not require a disclosure of information if the disclosure would contravene the data protection legislation (but in determining whether a disclosure of information would do so, take into account the duty imposed by this section).

(13)A person is not required by this section to disclose anything in respect of which a claim to legal professional privilege (or, in Scotland, to confidentiality of communications) could be maintained in legal proceedings.

(14)Section 10 of the Pensions Act 1995 (civil penalties) applies to a person who fails to comply with a requirement imposed by this section.

(15)Regulations under this section are subject to negative resolution procedure.

Commencement Information

I33S. 33 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

34Continuity optionsE+W+S

(1)If a triggering event occurs in relation to a collective money purchase scheme, the trustees must pursue one of the continuity options.

(2)The continuity options are—

(a)continuity option 1 (discharge of liabilities and winding up) (see section 36);

(b)continuity option 2 (resolving triggering event) (see section 37);

(c)continuity option 3 (conversion to closed scheme) (see section 38).

(3)The trustees must pursue continuity option 1—

(a)if the triggering event is an item 1 or 2 triggering event and the decision to withdraw authorisation has become final (see section 35), or

(b)if the triggering event is an item 3 triggering event.

(4)In those cases, the trustees must pursue continuity option 1 even if—

(a)the item 1, 2 or 3 triggering event occurs within the triggering event period of an earlier triggering event, and

(b)the trustees have already decided to pursue continuity option 2 or 3 in respect of the earlier triggering event.

(5)The trustees may pursue continuity option 3 only if (or to the extent that) the provisions of the scheme allow them to do so.

Subject to that, this section overrides any provision of the collective money purchase scheme to the extent that there is a conflict.

(6)Section 10 of the Pensions Act 1995 (civil penalties) applies to a person who fails to comply with a requirement imposed by this section.

Commencement Information

I34S. 34 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

35When a decision to withdraw authorisation becomes finalE+W+S

(1)For the purposes of this Part, in relation to an item 1 or 2 triggering event, a decision to withdraw authorisation becomes final—

(a)in the circumstances set out in relation to the event in the second column of the table in subsection (2), and

(b)on the date given in relation to those circumstances in the third column of that table.

(2)The table is—

Triggering eventCircumstancesDate
Item 1 (issue of warning notice under the standard procedure)

1The Pensions Regulator makes a determination to withdraw the scheme's authorisation, and

2there is no referral of the determination to the Tribunal within the time period allowed for doing so.

The date of the Pensions Regulator's determination.
Item 2 (issue of determination notice under the special procedure)

1On a review under section 99 of the Pensions Act 2004, the Pensions Regulator makes a determination that the scheme's authorisation should be withdrawn, and

2there is no referral of the determination to the Tribunal within the time period allowed for doing so.

The date of the Pensions Regulator's determination.
Item 1 or 2

1On a referral to the Tribunal of a determination by the Pensions Regulator, the Tribunal makes a determination the effect of which is that the scheme's authorisation should be withdrawn, and

2either—

(a)no appeal is brought against the Tribunal's determination within the time period allowed for doing so, or

(b)an appeal is brought within that time period but is later withdrawn.

The date of the Tribunal's determination.
Item 1 or 2The effect of an appeal against a determination by the Tribunal is that the scheme's authorisation should be withdrawn.The date on which the appeal is finally disposed of.

(3)In this section “the Tribunal” has the meaning given in—

(a)section 96(7) of the Pensions Act 2004, in a case where the standard procedure applies;

(b)section 99(13) of that Act, in a case where the special procedure applies.

Commencement Information

I35S. 35 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

36Continuity option 1: discharge of liabilities and winding upE+W+S

(1)Where the trustees of a collective money purchase scheme are required, or decide, to pursue continuity option 1, they must—

(a)quantify, in the case of each beneficiary, the amount that represents the value of the beneficiary's accrued rights to benefits under the scheme;

(b)formulate a proposal for discharging the scheme's liability to each beneficiary in respect of those rights, in one of the ways set out in subsection (2);

(c)notify each employer and relevant former employer, and each beneficiary, of the proposal and of such other matters as may be specified in regulations made by the Secretary of State.

(2)The ways of discharging the scheme's liability referred to in subsection (1)(b) are—

(a)transferring the value of the beneficiaries' accrued rights to benefits under the scheme to a collective money purchase scheme or to a Master Trust scheme;

(b)transferring the value of those rights, in such circumstances as may be specified in regulations made by the Secretary of State, to a pension scheme that has characteristics specified in the regulations;

(c)securing, in such circumstances as may be specified in regulations made by the Secretary of State, the payment of benefits by such other means (an “alternative payment mechanism”) as may be specified in the regulations.

(3)A proposal under subsection (1)(b) may deal with the rights of different descriptions of beneficiaries in different ways.

(4)Subsections (1)(b) and (2) have effect subject to—

(a)Part 4ZA of the Pension Schemes Act 1993 (transfers and contribution refunds);

(b)provision made by regulations under subsection (6).

(5)Notification under subsection (1)(c) must be given—

(a)in the manner specified in regulations made by the Secretary of State, and

(b)before the end of the period specified in the regulations.

(6)The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision for the purposes of enabling continuity option 1 to be given effect, which may include—

(a)provision about how continuity option 1 is to be pursued by the trustees of a collective money purchase scheme;

(b)provision conferring rights on beneficiaries or employers;

(c)provision imposing duties on employers or trustees;

(d)provision conferring power on the Pensions Regulator to direct trustees to do things permitted or required by the regulations;

(e)provision deeming a beneficiary the value of whose accrued rights are to be transferred to a scheme that is not a collective money purchase scheme or a Master Trust scheme to have entered into an agreement with a person of a description specified in the regulations.

(7)Regulations under subsection (6) must include—

(a)provision about how the quantification referred to in subsection (1)(a) is to be carried out (which may be different in relation to different descriptions of beneficiaries);

(b)provision for securing that a person who has become a pensioner beneficiary (whether before or after the occurrence of the triggering event as a result of which the trustees are pursuing continuity option 1) receives a periodic income, at a rate or of an amount that is calculated by reference to the amount referred to in subsection (1)(a), until the time when the proposal under subsection (1)(b) is implemented or some other specified time;

(c)provision about how rights conferred by the regulations may be exercised (including the time periods within which they may be exercised);

(d)provision specifying requirements (which may include approval or authorisation by the Pensions Regulator in accordance with the regulations) to be met in the case of a pension scheme, or an alternative payment mechanism, by means of which it is proposed to discharge the collective money purchase scheme's liabilities to beneficiaries in one of the ways set out in subsection (2);

(e)provision requiring those responsible for a pension scheme by means of which it is proposed to discharge the collective money purchase scheme's liabilities to beneficiaries (“the receiving scheme”) to provide the Pensions Regulator with a document setting out the level of administration charges that applied in relation to members of the receiving scheme, in the manner and as at the date specified or described in the regulations;

(f)provision imposing duties on the trustees to notify all or a specified description of employers and beneficiaries of their rights under the regulations and of members' rights under Part 4ZA of the Pension Schemes Act 1993;

(g)provision about the winding up of the collective money purchase scheme in circumstances where the scheme's liabilities to beneficiaries are discharged.

(8)In this section—

  • beneficiary”, in relation to the collective money purchase scheme, means—

    (a)

    a member of the scheme, or

    (b)

    a person who has survived a member of the scheme and has an entitlement to benefits, or a right to future benefits, under the scheme rules in respect of the member;

  • pensioner beneficiary”, in relation to the collective money purchase scheme, means a person who is entitled to the present payment of pension or other benefits under the scheme;

  • specified” means specified in regulations under subsection (6).

(9)Section 10 of the Pension Act 1995 (civil penalties) applies to a person who fails to comply with a requirement imposed by this section.

(10)Regulations under this section may provide for the application of section 10 of the Pensions Act 1995 to a person who fails to comply with a requirement imposed by the regulations.

(11)Regulations under subsection (2) or (6) are subject to affirmative resolution procedure.

(12)Regulations under subsection (1)(c) or (5) are subject to negative resolution procedure.

Commencement Information

I36S. 36 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

37Continuity option 2: resolving triggering eventE+W+S

(1)Where the trustees of a collective money purchase scheme decide to pursue continuity option 2, they must attempt to resolve the triggering event.

(2)The trustees must notify the Pensions Regulator when they consider that the triggering event has been resolved.

(3)The notification must—

(a)set out how the trustees consider that the triggering event has been resolved;

(b)be given before the end of the period specified in regulations made by the Secretary of State.

(4)After receiving the notification, the Pensions Regulator must notify the trustees as to whether it is satisfied that the triggering event has been resolved.

(5)The Pensions Regulator may not form the view that a triggering event (“the relevant event”) has been resolved unless it is satisfied that any other event within the triggering events table that has occurred in relation to the scheme since the occurrence of the relevant event has also been resolved.

(6)Section 10 of the Pensions Act 1995 (civil penalties) applies to a trustee who fails to comply with a requirement imposed by this section.

(7)Regulations under subsection (3)(b) are subject to negative resolution procedure.

Commencement Information

I37S. 37 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

38Continuity option 3: conversion to closed schemeE+W+S

(1)This section applies where the trustees of a collective money purchase scheme decide to pursue continuity option 3.

(2)The trustees must notify the Pensions Regulator when they consider that preparations for the conversion of the scheme into a closed scheme are complete.

(3)The Secretary of State may by regulations require notification under subsection (2) to be given before the end of a period specified in the regulations.

(4)If the Pensions Regulator is satisfied—

(a)that preparations for the conversion of the scheme into a closed scheme are complete, and

(b)that the conversion will resolve the triggering event giving rise to the decision to pursue continuity option 3, and any other event within the triggering events table that has subsequently occurred in relation to the collective money purchase scheme,

the Regulator must notify the trustees accordingly.

(5)The conversion of the scheme into a closed scheme may be carried out only in accordance with the provisions of the scheme.

(6)The scheme may not begin operating as a closed scheme until the trustees have received notification under subsection (4).

(7)Where the trustees have pursued continuity option 3 they may not later reverse the closure of the scheme (either completely or to any extent).

(8)Section 10 of the Pensions Act 1995 (civil penalties) applies to a trustee who fails to comply with a requirement or restriction imposed by this section.

(9)Regulations under subsection (3) are subject to negative resolution procedure.

(10)In this section “closed”, in relation to a collective money purchase scheme, means closed to new contributions or new members (or both).

The reference to closure of the scheme in subsection (7) is to be read accordingly.

Commencement Information

I38S. 38 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

39Implementation strategyE+W+S

(1)If a triggering event occurs in relation to a collective money purchase scheme, the trustees must—

(a)produce a document setting out how the interests of members of the scheme are to be protected following the occurrence of the event (an “implementation strategy”), and

(b)submit it to the Pensions Regulator for approval before the end of a period specified in regulations made by the Secretary of State.

This is subject to subsections (2)(a) and (3)(a).

(2)If an item 1, 2 or 3 triggering event occurs within the triggering event period for an earlier triggering event—

(a)the trustees are not required to submit an implementation strategy in respect of the earlier triggering event;

(b)any implementation strategy approved by the Pensions Regulator in respect of the earlier triggering event ceases to have effect when the later triggering event occurs.

(3)In the case of an item 1 or 2 triggering event—

(a)the trustees are required to submit an implementation strategy only if the decision to withdraw authorisation has become final (see section 35);

(b)if it becomes clear that authorisation is not to be withdrawn, subsection (2) ceases to have effect on the date on which that becomes clear.

Subsections (3) to (5) of section 32 apply for the purposes of paragraph (b) above as they apply for the purposes of subsection (2)(c) of that section.

(4)The Pensions Regulator may direct the trustees to comply with a requirement imposed by this section.

(5)Section 10 of the Pensions Act 1995 (civil penalties) applies to a person who fails to comply with a direction under subsection (4).

(6)This section overrides any provision of the collective money purchase scheme, to the extent that there is a conflict.

(7)Regulations under subsection (1)(b) are subject to negative resolution procedure.

Commencement Information

I39S. 39 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

40Approval of implementation strategyE+W+S

(1)The Pensions Regulator may approve an implementation strategy only if it is satisfied that the strategy is adequate.

(2)Subsections (3) to (6) apply for the purposes of enabling the Pensions Regulator to decide whether it is satisfied that an implementation strategy for a collective money purchase scheme is adequate.

(3)An implementation strategy must include information about the levels of administration charges in relation to members of the scheme.

(4)The information must—

(a)relate to the levels of administration charges as at the date specified or described in regulations made by the Secretary of State, and

(b)be set out in the manner specified or described in the regulations.

(5)An implementation strategy must include information about the following matters—

(a)the continuity option that is to be pursued (see section 34);

(b)where continuity option 1 (discharge of liabilities and winding up) is to be pursued—

(i)the scheme or schemes to which it is proposed to transfer the value of accrued rights to benefits, or the alternative payment mechanism by which the payment of benefits is to be secured, if known;

(ii)when the transfer is expected to take place, or (as the case may be) when the payment of benefits is expected to be secured;

(c)where continuity option 2 (resolving the triggering event) is to be pursued, how it is proposed that the triggering event should be resolved;

(d)where continuity option 3 (conversion to closed scheme) is to be pursued—

(i)the way in which, the extent to which and the time by which it is proposed to close the scheme;

(ii)how the scheme will continue to meet the authorisation criteria;

(iii)any revisions that will be needed to the viability report and the continuity strategy (see sections 13 and 17).

(6)An implementation strategy must—

(a)include any other information specified or described in regulations made by the Secretary of State, and

(b)be prepared in accordance with regulations made by the Secretary of State.

(7)Regulations under this section are subject to negative resolution procedure.

Commencement Information

I40S. 40 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

41Trustees' duties once implementation strategy approvedE+W+S

(1)When the Pensions Regulator has notified the trustees of a collective money purchase scheme that an implementation strategy relating to the scheme is approved, the trustees must—

(a)pursue the continuity option identified in the strategy, and

(b)take such other steps as are identified in the strategy in order to carry it out.

(2)The Secretary of State may by regulations require the trustees of a collective money purchase scheme to make available an approved implementation strategy relating to the scheme, before the end of the period specified or described in the regulations, to employers or relevant former employers that are of a description specified in the regulations.

(3)If an item 1, 2 or 3 triggering event occurs within the triggering event period for an earlier triggering event—

(a)the trustees cease to be subject to the requirements of subsection (1) and regulations under subsection (2) in respect of an approved implementation strategy relating to the earlier triggering event, but

(b)in the case of an item 1 or 2 triggering event, if it becomes clear that authorisation is not to be withdrawn, the trustees are again subject to those requirements from the date on which that becomes clear.

Subsections (3) to (5) of section 32 apply for the purposes of paragraph (b) above as they apply for the purposes of subsection (2)(c) of that section.

(4)The Pensions Regulator may direct the trustees to comply with subsection (1), if they fail to do so.

(5)Section 10 of the Pensions Act 1995 (civil penalties) applies to a person who fails to comply with a direction under subsection (4).

(6)To the extent that there is a conflict, this section overrides a provision of—

(a)a collective money purchase scheme, or

(b)a contract between the trustees of a collective money purchase scheme and a person providing services in relation to the scheme.

(7)Regulations under subsection (2) are subject to negative resolution procedure.

Commencement Information

I41S. 41 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

42Prohibition on winding up except in accordance with continuity option 1E+W+S

(1)A person may wind up a collective money purchase scheme only in accordance with continuity option 1 (see section 36).

(2)Subsection (1) overrides any provision of a collective money purchase scheme to the extent that there is a conflict.

(3)Section 10 of the Pensions Act 1995 (civil penalties) applies to a person who fails to comply with subsection (1).

Commencement Information

I42S. 42 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

43Periodic reporting requirementsE+W+S

(1)During a triggering event period for a collective money purchase scheme, the trustees must submit reports to the Pensions Regulator.

(2)The first report must be submitted before the end of a period specified in regulations made by the Secretary of State.

(3)Subsequent reports must be submitted at intervals specified by the Pensions Regulator.

(4)The reports must—

(a)report on progress in carrying out the implementation strategy,

(b)record events or decisions of a description specified in regulations made by the Secretary of State,

(c)contain such other information as is specified in regulations made by the Secretary of State, and

(d)be made in the manner and form specified by the Pensions Regulator.

(5)Section 10 of the Pensions Act 1995 (civil penalties) applies to a person who fails to comply with a requirement imposed by this section.

(6)Regulations under this section are subject to negative resolution procedure.

Commencement Information

I43S. 43 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

44Pause ordersE+W+S

(1)This section applies during a triggering event period for a collective money purchase scheme.

(2)The Pensions Regulator may make a pause order in relation to the scheme if either of the following two conditions is met.

(3)Condition 1 is that the Pensions Regulator is satisfied that making a pause order will help the trustees to carry out the implementation strategy.

(4)Condition 2 is that the Pensions Regulator is satisfied that—

(a)there is, or is likely to be if a pause order is not made, an immediate risk to the interests of members of the scheme or the assets of the scheme, and

(b)it is necessary to make a pause order to protect the interests of the generality of the members of the scheme.

(5)A pause order is an order that during the period for which it has effect one or more of the following directions has effect—

(a)a direction that no new members (or no new members of a specified description) are to be admitted to the scheme;

(b)a direction that no further payments (or no further payments of a specified description) are to be made towards the scheme—

(i)by or on behalf of employers or relevant former employers (or employers or relevant former employers of a specified description), or

(ii)by or in respect of members (or members of a specified description);

(c)a direction that an amount (or specified amount) which—

(i)corresponds to a payment that would be due to be made towards the scheme in respect of a member but for a direction under paragraph (b), and

(ii)has been deducted from a payment of earnings in respect of an employment,

is to be repaid to the member in question by the employer;

(d)a direction that no benefits (or no benefits of a specified description) are to be paid to or in respect of members (or members of a specified description) under the scheme rules;

(e)a direction that—

(i)no transfers (or no transfers of a specified description) of or in respect of a member's rights under the scheme rules are to be made from the scheme,

(ii)no transfer payments (or no transfer payments of a specified description) in respect of a member's rights under the scheme rules are to be made from the scheme, or

(iii)no other steps (or no other steps of a specified description) are to be taken to discharge a liability of the scheme to or in respect of a member of the scheme in respect of pensions or other benefits.

(6)In subsection (5)(b)—

(a)a reference to payments does not include payments due to be made before the order takes effect, and

(b)a reference to payments towards a scheme includes payments in respect of pension credits where the person entitled to the credit is a member of the scheme.

(7)A direction under subsection (5)(e) may provide that—

(a)no transfers of or in respect of a member's rights under the scheme rules, or no such transfers of a specified description, may be made from the scheme, or

(b)no transfer payments in respect of such rights, or no such transfer payments of a specified description, may be made from the scheme,

unless the amounts paid out from the scheme in respect of the transfers or transfer payments are determined in a specified manner and the transfers or transfer payments satisfy such other conditions as may be specified.

(8)A pause order may also require the trustees of the scheme to obtain an actuarial valuation within a specified period.

(9)A pause order containing such a requirement must specify—

(a)the date by reference to which the matters to be set out in the valuation must be determined;

(b)the information and statements that the valuation must contain;

(c)any other requirements that the valuation must satisfy.

(10)Schedule 2 makes further provision about pause orders.

(11)In this section—

  • earnings” has the meaning given in section 181(1) of the Pension Schemes Act 1993;

  • pension credit” means a credit under section 29(1)(b) of the Welfare Reform and Pensions Act 1999 or Article 26(1)(b) of the Welfare Reform and Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1999 (S.I. 1999/3147 (N.I. 11));

  • specified” means specified in the pause order.

Commencement Information

I44S. 44 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

45Prohibition on increasing charges etc during triggering event periodE+W+S

(1)During a triggering event period for a collective money purchase scheme, the trustees must not—

(a)impose administration charges on or in respect of members at levels above those set out in the implementation strategy,

(b)impose new administration charges on or in respect of members, or

(c)impose administration charges on or in respect of a member in consequence of the member leaving, or deciding to leave, the scheme during that period.

(2)The trustees of a receiving scheme that is a collective money purchase scheme or a Master Trust scheme must not—

(a)impose administration charges on or in respect of members at levels above those set out in the document provided to the Pensions Regulator by virtue of regulations under section 36(7)(e), or

(b)impose new administration charges on or in respect of members,

for the purposes of meeting any of the costs mentioned in subsection (4).

(3)The Secretary of State may by regulations—

(a)provide that subsection (1) or (2) does not apply in relation to administration charges specified or described in the regulations;

(b)make provision about how levels of administration charges are to be calculated for the purposes of this section.

(4)The costs referred to in subsection (2) are costs for which a receiving scheme is liable—

(a)which were incurred by the transferring scheme, or

(b)which relate directly to the transfer of the value of accrued rights to benefits under the transferring scheme.

(5)To the extent that there is a conflict, this section overrides a provision of—

(a)a collective money purchase scheme,

(b)a Master Trust scheme,

(c)a contract between the trustees of a collective money purchase scheme and a person providing services in relation to the scheme, or

(d)a Master Trust scheme contract within the meaning of section 39(1) of the Pension Schemes Act 2017 or any corresponding statutory provision.

(6)The Secretary of State may by regulations apply some or all of the provisions of this section to a receiving scheme that has characteristics specified in regulations under section 36(2)(b).

(7)Section 10 of the Pensions Act 1995 (civil penalties) applies to a trustee who fails to comply with this section.

(8)In this section—

  • receiving scheme” means a pension scheme that—

    (a)

    receives a transfer from a transferring scheme of the value of accrued rights to benefits under that scheme during a triggering event period for that scheme, and

    (b)

    was proposed by the trustees of the transferring scheme, or by employers in relation to that scheme, as a scheme to which the value of those rights should be transferred;

  • transferring scheme” means a collective money purchase scheme the trustees of which, following a triggering event, are pursuing continuity option 1.

(9)Regulations under subsection (3)(a) or (6), and the first regulations under subsection (3)(b), are subject to affirmative resolution procedure.

(10)Subsequent regulations under subsection (3)(b) are subject to negative resolution procedure.

Commencement Information

I45S. 45 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Publication of informationE+W+S

46Publication of informationE+W+S

(1)The Secretary of State may by regulations require the trustees of a collective money purchase scheme to publish information relating to the scheme that is specified or described in the regulations.

(2)Regulations under subsection (1) may, among other things—

(a)require the trustees to publish a document specified or described in the regulations;

(b)require information or a document to be made available free of charge;

(c)require information or a document to be provided to a person in a form or by means specified or described in the regulations;

(d)require or permit information specified or described in the regulations to be excluded from a document when it is published in accordance with the regulations.

(3)In complying with a requirement imposed by regulations under subsection (1) a trustee must have regard to any guidance prepared from time to time by the Secretary of State.

(4)Section 10 of the Pensions Act 1995 (civil penalties) applies to a trustee who fails to take all reasonable steps to comply with a requirement imposed by regulations under this section.

(5)Regulations under subsection (1) are subject to negative resolution procedure.

Commencement Information

I46S. 46 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Powers to make further provisionE+W+S

47Powers to extend definition of qualifying schemesE+W+S

(1)The Secretary of State may by regulations remove the exclusion of any of the following from the definition of “qualifying scheme” in section 3—

(a)pension schemes not established solely by one or more persons to whom section 1(2)(a) (employer) of the Pension Schemes Act 1993 applied when the scheme was established;

(b)pension schemes used, or intended to be used, by two or more employers some or all of which are not connected with each other.

(2)The Secretary of State may by regulations make further provision about collective money purchase schemes that could not be qualifying schemes, or sections of qualifying schemes, but for regulations under subsection (1) (“relevant schemes”), including—

(a)provision about the authorisation of relevant schemes by the Pensions Regulator;

(b)provision about triggering events and continuity options;

(c)provision about administration charges during triggering event periods.

(3)Regulations under subsection (2) making provision about relevant schemes used, or intended to be used, by two or more employers some or all of which are not connected with each other may among other things—

(a)make provision corresponding or similar to provision made by or under Part 1 of the Pension Schemes Act 2017;

(b)disapply any provision of that Part in relation to such schemes.

(4)The provision that may be made under subsection (1) or (2) may be made by—

(a)modifying or amending this Part;

(b)making consequential modifications or amendments of any other enactment.

(5)Regulations under this section are subject to affirmative resolution procedure.

Commencement Information

I47S. 47 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

SupplementaryE+W+S

48Minor and consequential amendmentsE+W+S

Schedule 3 makes minor and consequential amendments relating to this Part.

Commencement Information

I48S. 48 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

49Interpretation of Part 1E+W+S

(1)In this Part—

  • administration charge” has the same meaning as in paragraph 1 of Schedule 18 to the Pensions Act 2014;

  • authorisation” means authorisation under section 9 or by virtue of regulations under section 5(2) (and related expressions are to be read accordingly);

  • authorisation criteria” has the meaning given in section 9(3);

  • the data protection legislation” has the same meaning as in the Data Protection Act 2018 (see section 3 of that Act);

  • employer”, in relation to an occupational pension scheme, means a person who employs or engages persons who are, or are entitled to become, members of the scheme;

  • enactment” includes an enactment comprised in subordinate legislation;

  • implementation strategy” has the meaning given in section 39;

  • insolvency event” has the meaning given in section 121 of the Pensions Act 2004;

  • Master Trust scheme” means a Master Trust scheme within the meaning of the Pension Schemes Act 2017 or any corresponding statutory provision;

  • member” has the meaning given in section 124(1) of the Pensions Act 1995 (read with regulations made under section 125(4) of that Act);

  • occupational pension scheme” has the same meaning as in the Pension Schemes Act 1993 (see section 1(1) of that Act);

  • pension scheme” has the meaning given in section 1(5) of the Pension Schemes Act 1993;

  • the scheme actuary”, in relation to a pension scheme, means the person appointed under section 47(1)(b) of the Pensions Act 1995 (professional advisers) in relation to the scheme;

  • scheme rules” has the meaning given in section 318(2) and (3) of the Pensions Act 2004;

  • statutory provision” has the meaning given in section 1(f) of the Interpretation Act (Northern Ireland) 1954 (c. 33 (N.I.));

  • subordinate legislation” has the meaning given in section 21(1) of the Interpretation Act 1978;

  • triggering event” has the meaning given in section 31.

(2)For the purposes of this Part, an employer (“A”) is connected with another employer (“B”)—

(a)where A is, or has been, a group undertaking in relation to B within the meaning of section 1161(5) of the Companies Act 2006, or

(b)in circumstances specified in regulations made by the Secretary of State.

(3)This Part applies to a qualifying scheme—

(a)which provides both qualifying benefits and other benefits, and

(b)for which there is no power to wind up the scheme to the extent only that it provides qualifying benefits,

as if references to winding up the scheme, or to the scheme being wound up, were to ceasing to operate the scheme, or the scheme ceasing to operate, to the extent that it provides qualifying benefits.

(4)Regulations made by the Secretary of State may make provision to the effect that, for the purposes of any specified provisions of this Part, a reference in this Part to a collective money purchase scheme includes a scheme that—

(a)is in the process of being wound up, and

(b)was a collective money purchase scheme immediately before the beginning of that process.

“Specified” here means specified in the regulations.

(5)Regulations under subsection (2) or (4) are subject to affirmative resolution procedure.

Commencement Information

I49S. 49 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

50Index of defined expressionsE+W+S

The Table below lists provisions that define or otherwise explain terms defined for this Part of this Act.

actuarial valuationsection 20(2)
administration chargesection 49
affirmative resolution proceduresection 51
authorisation (and related expressions)section 49
authorisation criteriasection 49
collective money purchase benefitsection 1
collective money purchase schemesection 1
connected (in relation to employers)section 49
the data protection legislationsection 49
determination noticesection 30(4)
employersection 49
enactmentsection 49
implementation strategysection 49
insolvency eventsection 49
item 1 triggering event (and similar references)section 31(5)
Master Trust schemesection 49
membersection 49
negative resolution proceduresection 51
occupational pension schemesection 49
pension schemesection 49
qualifying benefitsection 2
qualifying schemesections 3 and 4
relevant former employersection 31(5)
the scheme actuarysection 49
scheme rulessection 49
section (of a pension scheme)regulations under section 5(1)
special proceduresection 30(4)
standard proceduresection 30(4)
statutory provisionsection 49
subordinate legislationsection 49
triggering eventsection 49
triggering event periodsection 32
triggering events tablesection 31(4)
warning noticesection 30(4)

Commencement Information

I50S. 50 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

51RegulationsE+W+S

(1)Regulations under this Part are to be made by statutory instrument.

(2)A power to make regulations under this Part may be used—

(a)to make different provision for different purposes;

(b)to make provision in relation to all or only some of the purposes for which it may be used.

(3)Regulations under this Part may—

(a)confer a discretion on a person;

(b)make consequential, supplementary or incidental provision;

(c)make transitional, transitory or saving provision.

(4)Where regulations under this Part are subject to “negative resolution procedure”, the statutory instrument containing the regulations is subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

(5)Where regulations under this Part are subject to “affirmative resolution procedure”, the regulations must not be made unless a draft of the statutory instrument containing them has been laid before Parliament and approved by a resolution of each House of Parliament.

(6)Any provision that may be made by regulations under this Part subject to negative resolution procedure may be made by regulations subject to affirmative resolution procedure.

Commencement Information

I51S. 51 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

PART 2 N.I.Collective money purchase benefits: Northern Ireland

DefinitionsN.I.

52Collective money purchase benefits and schemesN.I.

(1)For the purposes of this Part, a benefit provided under a pension scheme is a “collective money purchase benefit” if—

(a)the benefit is a qualifying benefit (see section 53), and

(b)the scheme is a qualifying scheme (see sections 54 and 55).

(2)In this Part “collective money purchase scheme” means—

(a)a qualifying scheme, or

(b)a section of a qualifying scheme (see sections 54(6) to (9) and 56),

under which all of the benefits that may be provided are qualifying benefits.

Commencement Information

I52S. 52 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

53Qualifying benefitsN.I.

(1)A benefit provided under a pension scheme is a “qualifying benefit” if—

(a)the benefit is provided out of the available assets of the scheme,

(b)under the rules of the scheme, the rate or amount of the benefit is subject to periodic adjustments designed to achieve a balance between the value of the available assets of the scheme and the required amount, and

(c)the benefit is not of a description specified in regulations made by the Department.

(2)In subsection (1)—

  • the available assets of the scheme” means all the assets that—

    (a)

    arise or derive from the payments made by or in respect of members of the scheme, and

    (b)

    are available (subject to any deductions that fall to be made in respect of administration charges) for the provision of benefits to or in respect of the members of the scheme collectively;

  • the required amount” means the amount expected to be required, applying appropriate actuarial assumptions, for the purpose of providing benefits under the scheme to or in respect of the members of the scheme collectively.

(3)Regulations under subsection (1)(c) are subject to confirmatory procedure.

(4)Where a scheme is divided into sections, this section has effect as if—

(a)the reference to the scheme in subsection (1)(a) were a reference to a section of the scheme, and

(b)the other references to the scheme were references to that section of it.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C2S. 53: power to amend conferred (11.2.2021 for specified purposes) by 2012 c. 3 (N.I.), s. 30(1)(b) (as inserted by Pension Schemes Act 2021 (c. 1), ss. 57(2)(a)(ii), 131(2)(a)(3)(a))

Commencement Information

I53S. 53 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

54Qualifying schemesN.I.

(1)A pension scheme is a “qualifying scheme” if it meets the requirements in this section.

(2)The scheme must be an occupational pension scheme established under an irrevocable trust by a person or persons to whom section 1(2)(a) (employer) of the Pension Schemes (Northern Ireland) Act 1993 applied when the scheme was established (without other persons).

(3)The scheme must be used, or intended to be used, only by—

(a)a single employer, or

(b)two or more employers that are connected with each other.

(4)The scheme must not be a relevant public service pension scheme (see section 55).

(5)The qualifying benefits provided under the scheme must consist of or include the payment of a pension.

(6)If the scheme provides both qualifying benefits and other benefits, there must be appropriate separation of the qualifying benefits.

(7)There is “appropriate separation” of qualifying benefits and other benefits if (and only if)—

(a)the scheme is divided into sections,

(b)none of the sections under which qualifying benefits are provided provides other types of benefit,

(c)payments made by or in respect of members of the scheme for the purpose of providing qualifying benefits under a section of the scheme are allocated to that section, and

(d)a proportion of the assets of the scheme is attributable to each section of the scheme and cannot be used for the purposes of any other section.

(8)If the scheme provides a combination of qualifying benefits with different characteristics that is described in regulations made by the Department, there must be appropriate separation of those qualifying benefits.

(9)There is “appropriate separation” of qualifying benefits with different characteristics if (and only if)—

(a)the scheme is divided into sections,

(b)each of the different types of qualifying benefit is provided under a different section,

(c)payments made by or in respect of members of the scheme for the purpose of providing qualifying benefits under a section of the scheme are allocated to that section, and

(d)a proportion of the assets of the scheme is attributable to each section of the scheme and cannot be used for the purposes of any other section.

(10)Regulations under subsection (8) are subject to negative resolution.

Commencement Information

I54S. 54 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

55Qualifying schemes: supplementaryN.I.

(1)For the purposes of section 54(4) a pension scheme is a relevant public service pension scheme if it is—

(a)a public service pension scheme within the meaning of the Pension Schemes (Northern Ireland) Act 1993 (see section 1(1) of that Act),

(b)a scheme under section 1 of the Public Service Pensions Act (Northern Ireland) 2014 (c. 2 (N.I.)) (new public service schemes),

(c)a new public body pension scheme as defined in section 31 of that Act, or

(d)a statutory pension scheme that is connected with a scheme referred to in paragraph (b) or (c).

(2)In subsection (1)(d), “connected” and “statutory pension scheme” have the same meaning as in the Public Service Pensions Act (Northern Ireland) 2014 (c. 2 (N.I.)) (see sections 4(6) and 34 of that Act).

(3)The reference to a pension in section 54(5) does not include income withdrawal or dependants' income withdrawal within the meaning of paragraphs 7 and 21 of Schedule 28 to the Finance Act 2004.

Commencement Information

I55S. 55 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

56Schemes divided into sectionsN.I.

(1)The Department may by regulations make provision about when a pension scheme is or is not divided into sections for the purposes of this Part.

(2)The Department may by regulations provide that, where a collective money purchase scheme that is not divided into sections (an “undivided scheme”) becomes a collective money purchase scheme that is divided into sections, an authorisation previously granted in respect of the undivided scheme applies to any of those sections that—

(a)is a collective money purchase scheme by reason of section 52(2)(b), and

(b)satisfies conditions specified in the regulations.

(3)For the purposes of this Part, where—

(a)a qualifying scheme is divided into sections, and

(b)each of those sections is a collective money purchase scheme by reason of section 52(2)(b),

the qualifying scheme (taken as a whole) is to be treated as if it were not a collective money purchase scheme.

(4)Regulations under subsection (1) are subject to negative resolution.

(5)Regulations under subsection (2) are subject to confirmatory procedure.

Commencement Information

I56S. 56 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

57Amendment of definitions of “money purchase benefits” etcN.I.

(1)Schedule 4 contains amendments of definitions of “money purchase benefits” in—

(a)Schedule 10A to the Building Societies Act 1986 (disclosures about directors, other officers and employees in notes to accounts);

(b)the Pension Schemes (Northern Ireland) Act 1993;

(c)Part 1 of the Pensions (No. 2) Act (Northern Ireland) 2008 (c. 13 (N.I.)) (pension scheme membership for jobholders).

(2)In section 30 of the Pensions Act (Northern Ireland) 2012 (c. 3 (N.I.)) (power to amend definitions of “money purchase benefits” in certain Acts)—

(a)in subsection (1)—

(i)for “purpose the” substitute purpose—

(a)the;

(ii)at the end insert , or

(b)section 53 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021 (collective money purchase benefits: meaning of “qualifying benefits”).;

(b)in subsection (2), at the end insert “ or by Schedule 4 to the Pension Schemes Act 2021 ”.

Commencement Information

I57S. 57 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

AuthorisationN.I.

58Authorisation of collective money purchase schemesN.I.

(1)A person may not operate a collective money purchase scheme unless the scheme is authorised.

(2)Article 10 of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995/3213 (N.I. 22)) (civil penalties) applies to a person who breaches subsection (1).

(3)If the Pensions Regulator becomes aware that a collective money purchase scheme is being operated without authorisation, it must notify the trustees of the scheme that the scheme is not authorised.

(4)The notification must—

(a)explain that the notification is a triggering event (see section 82), and

(b)include an explanation of the trustees' duties under sections 82 to 96.

(5)For the purposes of this section a person “operates” a collective money purchase scheme if, in relation to the scheme, the person accepts—

(a)money paid by a member (or prospective member), or

(b)money paid by an employer (or prospective employer) in respect of contributions, fees, charges or anything else except—

(i)the costs of setting up the scheme, or

(ii)costs relating to obtaining authorisation for the scheme.

Commencement Information

I58S. 58 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

59Application for authorisationN.I.

(1)The trustees of a collective money purchase scheme may apply to the Pensions Regulator for authorisation.

(2)An application must be made in the manner and form specified by the Pensions Regulator.

(3)An application must include—

(a)the scheme's viability report and viability certificate (see section 64), and

(b)the scheme's continuity strategy (see section 68).

(4)The Department may by regulations—

(a)specify other information that must be included in an application;

(b)require a fee to be paid to the Pensions Regulator in respect of an application.

(5)In considering an application, the Pensions Regulator may take into account any matters it considers appropriate, including—

(a)additional information provided by the applicant, and

(b)subsequent changes to the application or to any information provided by the applicant.

(6)Regulations under subsection (4) are subject to negative resolution.

Commencement Information

I59S. 59 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

60Decision on applicationN.I.

(1)Where an application is made for authorisation of a collective money purchase scheme under section 59, the Pensions Regulator must decide whether it is satisfied that the scheme meets the authorisation criteria.

(2)The Pensions Regulator must make that decision within the period of six months beginning with the day on which the Pensions Regulator received the application.

(3)The authorisation criteria are—

(a)that the persons involved in the scheme are fit and proper persons (see section 62),

(b)that the design of the scheme is sound (see section 63),

(c)that the scheme is financially sustainable (see section 65),

(d)that the scheme has adequate systems and processes for communicating with members and others (see section 66),

(e)that the systems and processes used in running the scheme are sufficient to ensure that it is run effectively (see section 67), and

(f)that the scheme has an adequate continuity strategy (see section 68).

(4)If the Pensions Regulator is satisfied that the collective money purchase scheme meets the authorisation criteria, it must—

(a)grant the authorisation,

(b)notify the applicant of its decision, and

(c)add the scheme to its list of authorised collective money purchase schemes (see section 77).

(5)If the Pensions Regulator is not satisfied that the collective money purchase scheme meets the authorisation criteria, it must—

(a)refuse to grant the authorisation, and

(b)notify the applicant of its decision.

(6)A notification under subsection (5)(b) must also include—

(a)the reasons for the decision, and

(b)details of the right of referral to the First-tier Tribunal or Upper Tribunal (see section 61).

Commencement Information

I60S. 60 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

61Reference to Tribunal of refusal to grant authorisationN.I.

(1)If the Pensions Regulator refuses to grant authorisation to a collective money purchase scheme, the decision may be referred to the Tribunal by—

(a)the trustees, or

(b)any other person who appears to the Tribunal to be directly affected by the decision.

(2)In this section “the Tribunal”, in relation to a reference under subsection (1), means—

(a)the First-tier Tribunal, in any case where it is determined by or under Tribunal Procedure Rules that the First-tier Tribunal is to hear the reference;

(b)the Upper Tribunal, in any other case.

Commencement Information

I61S. 61 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Authorisation criteriaN.I.

62Fit and proper persons requirementN.I.

(1)This section applies for the purposes of enabling the Pensions Regulator to decide whether it is satisfied that the persons involved in a collective money purchase scheme are fit and proper persons (see section 60(3)(a)).

(2)The Pensions Regulator must assess whether each of the following is a fit and proper person to act in relation to the scheme in the capacity mentioned—

(a)a person who establishes the scheme;

(b)a trustee;

(c)a person who (alone or with others) has power to appoint or remove a trustee;

(d)a person who (alone or with others) has power to vary the provisions of the scheme;

(e)a person acting in a capacity specified in regulations made by the Department.

(3)In assessing whether a person is a fit and proper person to act in a particular capacity, the Pensions Regulator—

(a)must take into account any matters specified in regulations made by the Department, and

(b)may take into account such other matters as it considers appropriate, including matters relating to a person connected with that person.

(4)Regulations under subsection (3)(a) may include provision requiring specified information to be provided to the Pensions Regulator.

(5)For the purposes of this section, a person (“A”) is connected with another person (“B”) if—

(a)A is an associate of B;

(b)where B is a company, A is a director or shadow director of B or an associate of a director or shadow director of B;

(c)A is a trustee of an occupational pension scheme established under a trust and—

(i)the beneficiaries of the trust include B or an associate of B, or

(ii)the provisions of the scheme confer a power that may be exercised for the benefit of B or an associate of B.

(6)In this section—

  • associate” has the meaning given in Article 4 of the Insolvency (Northern Ireland) Order 1989 (S.I. 1989/2405 (N.I. 19));

  • “director” and “shadow director” have the meaning given in Article 5 of that Order.

(7)Regulations under subsection (3)(a) are subject to confirmatory procedure.

(8)Regulations under subsection (2)(e) are subject to negative resolution.

Commencement Information

I62S. 62 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

63Scheme design requirementN.I.

(1)This section applies for the purposes of enabling the Pensions Regulator to decide whether it is satisfied that the design of a collective money purchase scheme is sound (see section 60(3)(b)).

(2)In deciding whether the design of a collective money purchase scheme is sound, the Pensions Regulator must take into account—

(a)the scheme's viability report and viability certificate (see section 64);

(b)any matters specified in regulations made by the Department.

(3)Regulations under subsection (2)(b) may include provision requiring specified information to be provided to the Pensions Regulator.

(4)Regulations under subsection (2)(b) are subject to confirmatory procedure.

Commencement Information

I63S. 63 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

64Viability reportN.I.

(1)The trustees of a collective money purchase scheme must—

(a)prepare a document explaining the design of the scheme and the reasons that they consider the design to be sound (a “viability report”), and

(b)obtain a certificate from the scheme actuary certifying that, in the actuary's opinion, the design of the scheme is sound (a “viability certificate”).

(2)The scheme actuary may not give a viability certificate unless satisfied that the scheme has rules that meet the requirements of section 69 and any regulations under that section.

(3)The Department may by regulations—

(a)specify information that must be included in a viability report,

(b)specify other requirements with which a viability report must comply,

(c)make provision about the content of a viability certificate,

(d)specify matters to which the scheme actuary must have regard when providing a viability certificate, and

(e)make provision about additional information or documents that must be prepared or obtained in connection with a viability report.

(4)The trustees of a collective money purchase scheme must, at least once a year—

(a)review the most recent viability report,

(b)if appropriate, revise it, and

(c)obtain a new viability certificate in respect of the report (or revised report).

(5)If the most recent viability report becomes inaccurate or incomplete to any significant extent, the trustees must—

(a)revise the report, and

(b)obtain a new viability certificate in respect of the revised report.

(6)The trustees must provide the Pensions Regulator with the information and documents listed in subsection (7)—

(a)on applying for authorisation (see section 59),

(b)within three months of the viability report being revised, and

(c)at any other time, on request from the Pensions Regulator.

(7)The information and documents to be provided are—

(a)the most recent viability report;

(b)the most recent viability certificate;

(c)any additional information or documents specified or described in regulations under subsection (3)(e).

(8)Regulations under subsection (3) are subject to confirmatory procedure.

Commencement Information

I64S. 64 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

65Financial sustainability requirementN.I.

(1)This section applies for the purposes of enabling the Pensions Regulator to decide whether it is satisfied that a collective money purchase scheme is financially sustainable (see section 60(3)(c)).

(2)In order to be satisfied that a collective money purchase scheme is financially sustainable, the Pensions Regulator must be satisfied that the scheme has sufficient financial resources to meet the following costs—

(a)the costs of setting up and running the scheme, and

(b)in the event of a triggering event occurring—

(i)the costs of complying with the duties under sections 82 to 96, and

(ii)the costs of continuing to run the scheme for such period (which must be at least six months and no more than two years) as the Pensions Regulator thinks appropriate for the scheme.

(3)In deciding whether it is satisfied that a scheme has sufficient financial resources to meet the costs mentioned in subsection (2), the Pensions Regulator must take into account any matters specified in regulations made by the Department.

(4)Regulations under subsection (3) may include provision—

(a)requiring specified information to be provided to the Pensions Regulator;

(b)specifying requirements to be met by the scheme relating to its financing, such as requirements relating to assets, capital or liquidity.

(5)Regulations under subsection (3) are subject to confirmatory procedure.

Commencement Information

I65S. 65 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

66Communication requirementN.I.

(1)This section applies for the purposes of enabling the Pensions Regulator to decide whether it is satisfied that a collective money purchase scheme has adequate systems and processes for communicating with members and others (see section 60(3)(d)).

(2)In order to be satisfied that a scheme has adequate systems and processes for communicating with members and others, the Pensions Regulator must be satisfied that the scheme has adequate systems and processes—

(a)for providing information in relation to the scheme to persons falling within subsection (3);

(b)for securing that information provided to those persons is correct and is not misleading.

(3)A person falls within this subsection if the person is—

(a)a member or prospective member of the scheme, or

(b)a person who has survived a member of the scheme and has an entitlement to benefits, or a right to future benefits, under the scheme rules in respect of the member.

(4)In making the decision, the Pensions Regulator—

(a)must take into account any matters specified in regulations made by the Department, and

(b)may take into account any communications made using the systems and processes referred to in subsection (2).

(5)Regulations under subsection (4)(a) may among other things—

(a)make provision about systems and processes used for assessing and improving the effectiveness of communications;

(b)make provision requiring specified information to be provided to the Pensions Regulator.

(6)Regulations under subsection (4)(a) are subject to confirmatory procedure.

Commencement Information

I66S. 66 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

67Systems and processes requirementsN.I.

(1)This section applies for the purposes of enabling the Pensions Regulator to decide whether it is satisfied that the systems and processes used in running a collective money purchase scheme are sufficient to ensure that it is run effectively (see section 60(3)(e)).

(2)In deciding whether it is satisfied that the systems and processes used in running the scheme are sufficient for that purpose, the Pensions Regulator must take into account any matters specified in regulations made by the Department.

(3)Regulations under subsection (2) may among other things—

(a)make provision about the matters set out in subsection (4);

(b)require specified information to be provided to the Pensions Regulator.

(4)The matters referred to in subsection (3)(a) are—

(a)features and functionality required of the IT systems used in running the scheme;

(b)standards that those IT systems must meet (for example, in relation to quality and in relation to security of data);

(c)the maintenance of those IT systems;

(d)records management, risk management and resource planning;

(e)processes relating to transactions and investment decisions;

(f)processes relating to the appointment and removal of trustees;

(g)processes relating to the professional development of trustees;

(h)processes relating to the appointment, removal, roles and responsibilities of—

(i)persons, other than the trustees, involved in running the scheme, and

(ii)persons involved in providing services in relation to the scheme.

(5)Regulations under subsection (2) are subject to confirmatory procedure.

Commencement Information

I67S. 67 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

68Continuity strategy requirementN.I.

(1)This section applies for the purposes of enabling the Pensions Regulator to decide whether it is satisfied that a collective money purchase scheme has an adequate continuity strategy (see section 60(3)(f)).

(2)The trustees of a collective money purchase scheme must prepare a document addressing how the interests of members of the scheme are to be protected if a triggering event (see section 82) occurs in relation to the scheme (a “continuity strategy”).

(3)A continuity strategy must include a section setting out the levels of administration charges that apply in relation to members of the scheme.

(4)It must set out those levels of charges in the manner specified in regulations made by the Department.

(5)A continuity strategy must—

(a)contain such other information as may be specified in regulations made by the Department, and

(b)be prepared in accordance with regulations made by the Department.

(6)The trustees of a collective money purchase scheme must—

(a)keep the continuity strategy under review, and

(b)revise it if appropriate.

(7)The trustees must provide the continuity strategy to the Pensions Regulator—

(a)on application for authorisation (see section 59),

(b)within three months of the continuity strategy being revised, and

(c)at any other time, on request from the Pensions Regulator.

(8)In deciding whether a continuity strategy is adequate, the Pensions Regulator must take into account any matters specified in regulations made by the Department.

(9)Regulations under subsection (8) may include provision requiring specified information to be provided to the Pensions Regulator.

(10)Regulations under this section are subject to confirmatory procedure.

Commencement Information

I68S. 68 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Valuation and benefit adjustmentN.I.

69Calculation of benefitsN.I.

(1)A collective money purchase scheme must have rules about how the rate or amount of benefits provided under the scheme is to be determined.

(2)The rules must include—

(a)rules for determining the available assets of the scheme and their value,

(b)rules for determining the required amount, and

(c)rules about how the rate or amount of benefits provided under the scheme is to be adjusted from time to time, including rules about when adjustments are to take effect.

(3)In this section “the available assets of the scheme” and “the required amount” have the meaning given in section 53(2).

(4)The Department may by regulations make provision about the matters mentioned in subsections (1) and (2), including provision about the methods and assumptions to be used.

(5)Regulations under subsection (4) making provision about the determination of the required amount may, among other things, make provision about—

(a)how past or proposed adjustments to the rate or amount of benefits provided under the scheme are to be treated;

(b)assumptions to be made about future adjustments to the rate or amount of such benefits.

(6)Regulations under subsection (4) may, among other things—

(a)provide for alternative methods and assumptions;

(b)require or enable the trustees to decide which methods and assumptions are to be used;

(c)specify matters that the trustees must take into account, or principles they must follow, in making such decisions.

(7)Regulations under subsection (4)—

(a)may make provision applying in relation to rights under the scheme that have already accrued;

(b)override the rules of the scheme to the extent that the rules conflict with the regulations.

(8)Regulations under subsection (4) are subject to confirmatory procedure.

Commencement Information

I69S. 69 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

70Advice of scheme actuaryN.I.

(1)The trustees of a collective money purchase scheme must obtain the advice of the scheme actuary before making a decision as to the methods and assumptions to be used in determining the matters mentioned in section 69(1) and (2).

(2)The Department may by regulations specify requirements with which the scheme actuary must comply when advising the trustees in accordance with subsection (1).

(3)Regulations under subsection (2) may, among other things, require the scheme actuary to have regard to guidance that is prepared, and from time to time revised, by a person specified or described in the regulations.

(4)Article 10 of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995/3213 (N.I. 22)) (civil penalties) applies to a trustee who fails to take all reasonable steps to comply with subsection (1).

(5)The first regulations under subsection (2) are subject to confirmatory procedure.

(6)Subsequent regulations under subsection (2) are subject to negative resolution.

Commencement Information

I70S. 70 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

71Actuarial valuationsN.I.

(1)The trustees of a collective money purchase scheme must obtain actuarial valuations in accordance with this section and regulations under subsection (5).

(2)In this Part “actuarial valuation” means a report prepared and signed by the scheme actuary setting out—

(a)the available assets of the scheme and their value;

(b)the required amount;

(c)whether an adjustment to the rate or amount of benefits provided under the scheme is required and, if so, the amount of the adjustment.

(3)In this section “the available assets of the scheme” and “the required amount” have the meaning given in section 53(2).

(4)A scheme actuary preparing an actuarial valuation in pursuance of a provision of this Part must determine the matters mentioned in subsection (2) in accordance with the scheme rules.

(5)The Department may by regulations make provision about actuarial valuations, including—

(a)provision about when actuarial valuations must be prepared;

(b)provision about the date by reference to which a determination must be made;

(c)provision about information and statements that an actuarial valuation must contain;

(d)provision requiring the trustees to obtain an actuarial valuation from the scheme actuary within a period specified or described in the regulations;

(e)provision requiring the trustees to send an actuarial valuation received by them to the Pensions Regulator within a period specified or described in the regulations.

(6)In a case that is not the subject of regulations under subsection (5)(a), the trustees must obtain—

(a)an actuarial valuation in which the date by reference to which the available assets of the scheme are determined (“the effective date”) falls within the period of one year beginning with the day on which the scheme was established, and

(b)subsequent actuarial valuations in which the effective date is not more than one year after the effective date of the previous actuarial valuation.

(7)In a case that is not the subject of regulations under subsection (5)(b), the required amount must be determined by reference to the effective date.

(8)Article 10 of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995/3213 (N.I. 22)) (civil penalties) applies to a trustee who fails to take all reasonable steps to comply with this section.

(9)Nothing in this section affects a power or duty of the trustees of a collective money purchase scheme to obtain actuarial valuations on other occasions.

(10)The first regulations under subsection (5) are subject to confirmatory procedure.

(11)Subsequent regulations under subsection (5) are subject to negative resolution.

Commencement Information

I71S. 71 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

72Certificate that actuarial valuation prepared in accordance with scheme rulesN.I.

A scheme actuary who prepares an actuarial valuation in pursuance of a provision of this Part must certify that the matters mentioned in section 71(2) have been determined in accordance with the scheme rules.

Commencement Information

I72S. 72 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

73Benefits adjustmentsN.I.

(1)This section applies where an adjustment to the rate or amount of benefits provided under a collective money purchase scheme is required in accordance with the scheme rules.

(2)The trustees must as soon as is reasonably practicable report in writing to the Pensions Regulator if the adjustment—

(a)is not made in accordance with the most recent actuarial valuation, or

(b)does not take effect in accordance with the scheme rules.

(3)A report under subsection (2) must—

(a)explain why the adjustment was not made in accordance with the most recent actuarial valuation or (as the case may be) does not take effect in accordance with the scheme rules;

(b)contain such other information as the Department may specify in regulations.

(4)Article 10 of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995/3213 (N.I. 22)) (civil penalties) applies to a trustee who fails to take all reasonable steps to comply with this section.

(5)Regulations under subsection (3)(b) are subject to negative resolution.

Commencement Information

I73S. 73 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

74Powers of the Pensions RegulatorN.I.

(1)The powers conferred by this section are exercisable where it appears to the Pensions Regulator (as a result of a report made to it or otherwise) that the trustees of a collective money purchase scheme have without good reason—

(a)failed to comply with a requirement imposed by or under this Part to obtain an actuarial valuation, or

(b)failed to secure that any adjustment to the rate or amount of benefits provided under the scheme which is required in accordance with the scheme rules—

(i)is made in accordance with the most recent actuarial valuation, and

(ii)takes effect in accordance with the scheme rules.

(2)The Pensions Regulator may direct the trustees—

(a)to obtain an actuarial valuation;

(b)to take such other steps as the Pensions Regulator considers appropriate to remedy or mitigate the failure.

(3)A direction under subsection (2)(a) must—

(a)specify the period within which the valuation is to be obtained;

(b)specify the date by reference to which the matters to be set out in the actuarial valuation are to be determined;

(c)contain such other information as the Department may specify in regulations.

(4)In exercising a power conferred by this section, the Pensions Regulator must comply with any requirements specified in regulations made by the Department.

(5)Article 10 of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (civil penalties) applies to a trustee who fails to take all reasonable steps to comply with a direction under this section.

(6)Regulations under this section are subject to negative resolution.

(7)The powers conferred by this section are in addition to any powers exercisable by the Pensions Regulator under any other statutory provision.

Commencement Information

I74S. 74 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Members' rightsN.I.

75Rules about modifying schemesN.I.

(1)The Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995/3213 (N.I. 22)) is amended as follows.

(2)In Article 67 (the subsisting rights provisions)—

(a)after paragraph (1) insert—

(1A)Any exercise of such a power to make a prohibited modification is void.;

(b)in paragraph (2)(a)(i), after “if the modification is a protected modification,” insert “ or the scheme is a collective money purchase scheme within the meaning of Part 2 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021, ”;

(c)in paragraph (2)(a)(ii), for “if it is not” substitute “ if head (i) does not apply ”;

(d)in paragraph (3) omit sub-paragraph (b) and the “or” before it;

(e)after paragraph (3) insert—

(3A)Regulations may provide for cases in which the subsisting rights provisions do not apply.

(3)In Article 67A (the subsisting rights provisions: interpretation), in paragraph (1), before “ “regulated modification”” insert—

“prohibited modification”.

(4)After paragraph (1) of that Article insert—

(1A)Prohibited modification” means a modification of an occupational pension scheme which on taking effect would or might result in any subsisting right of—

(a)a member of the scheme, or

(b)a survivor of a member of the scheme,

which is not a right or entitlement to money purchase benefits becoming, or being replaced with, a right or entitlement to collective money purchase benefits under the scheme rules.

(5)In paragraph (3) of that Article—

(a)after “a modification” insert “ , other than a prohibited modification, ”;

(b)for sub-paragraph (a) substitute—

(a)on taking effect would or might result in a relevant transformation of any subsisting right of a member of the scheme or a survivor of a member of the scheme (see paragraph (3A)),;

(c)in sub-paragraph (b), after “rules” insert “ , other than a pension that is a collective money purchase benefit ”;

(d)omit the words following sub-paragraph (c).

(6)After paragraph (3) of that Article insert—

(3A)For the purposes of paragraph (3)(a), there is a relevant transformation of a subsisting right where—

(a)a subsisting right that is not a right or entitlement to money purchase benefits becomes, or is replaced with, a right or entitlement to money purchase benefits under the scheme rules,

(b)a subsisting right that is a right or entitlement to money purchase benefits other than collective money purchase benefits becomes, or is replaced with, a right or entitlement to collective money purchase benefits under the scheme rules, or

(c)a subsisting right that is a right or entitlement to collective money purchase benefits becomes, or is replaced with, a right or entitlement to money purchase benefits other than collective money purchase benefits under the scheme rules.

(3B)For the purposes of paragraph (3A), the reference in the definition of “money purchase benefits” in section 176(1) of the Pension Schemes Act to the widow, widower or surviving civil partner of a member of an occupational pension scheme is to be read as including any other survivor of the member.

(7)In paragraph (4) of that Article, after “a modification” insert “ , other than a prohibited modification, ”.

(8)In paragraph (9) of that Article—

(a)in sub-paragraph (a), after head (ix) insert—

(x)regulations made under section 69(4) of or paragraph 1(6) of Schedule 5 to the Pension Schemes Act 2021;

(xi)sections 85, 90, 92, 93 and 96 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021;;

(b)in sub-paragraph (b), after head (vii) insert—

(viii)sections 69(7)(b), 85(5), 90(6), 92(6), 93(2) and 96(5) of and paragraph 1(7) of Schedule 5 to the Pension Schemes Act 2021.

Commencement Information

I75S. 75 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

76Transfer rightsN.I.

(1)Chapter 1 of Part 4ZA of the Pension Schemes (Northern Ireland) Act 1993 (transfer rights: general) is amended as follows.

(2)In section 89 (scope of Chapter 1)—

(a)in subsection (7) (crystallisation events), in paragraph (b), after “money purchase benefits” insert “ other than collective money purchase benefits ”;

(b)after subsection (10) insert—

(10A)Where a pension scheme is divided into sections, each section that is a collective money purchase scheme for the purposes of Part 2 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021 (see section 52(2)(b) of that Act) is to be treated as a separate scheme for the purposes of this Chapter.

(3)In section 93 (calculation of cash equivalents), after subsection (3) insert—

(3ZA)Where, in the case of an application from a member under section 91 that relates to money purchase benefits that are collective money purchase benefits, regulations under section 95(2)(c) provide for a period longer than 6 months, subsection (3)(b) is to be read as if the reference to 6 months were a reference to that longer period.

(4)In section 95 (trustees' duties after exercise of option), in subsection (2) (period in which to carry out what the member requires)—

(a)omit the “and” at the end of paragraph (a);

(b)in paragraph (b), after “money purchase benefits” insert “ other than collective money purchase benefits ”;

(c)at the end of paragraph (b) insert , and

(c)in the case of an application which relates to money purchase benefits that are collective money purchase benefits, within 6 months beginning with the date of the application or such longer period beginning with that date as may be prescribed.

(5)After section 95 insert—

95ATrustees' further duties: collective money purchase benefits

(1)If the trustees receive an application under section 91 relating to money purchase benefits that are collective money purchase benefits—

(a)they must give the member notice in writing of the cash equivalent that relates to those benefits, and

(b)they must not without the written consent of the member enter into an agreement with a third party to use the member's cash equivalent in a way specified in section 91(2) before the end of the period mentioned in subsection (2).

(2)The period referred to in subsection (1)(b) is—

(a)the period of 3 weeks beginning with the day after the day on which the notice is given, or

(b)such other period as may be specified in regulations.

(3)Any action taken in contravention of subsection (1)(b) is void.

(6)In section 96B (meaning of “scheme rules”: occupational pension schemes), in subsection (2)—

(a)in paragraph (a), at the end insert—

(xiii)regulations made under section 69(4) of or paragraph 1(6) of Schedule 5 to the Pension Schemes Act 2021;

(xiv)sections 85, 90, 92, 93 and 96 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021;;

(b)in paragraph (b), at the end insert—

(x)sections 69(7)(b), 85(5), 90(6), 92(6), 93(2) and 96(5) of and paragraph 1(7) of Schedule 5 to the Pension Schemes Act 2021.

Commencement Information

I76S. 76 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Ongoing supervisionN.I.

77List of authorised schemesN.I.

(1)The Pensions Regulator must maintain and publish a list of authorised collective money purchase schemes.

(2)The list—

(a)must identify each authorised collective money purchase scheme by name, and

(b)may include any other information that the Pensions Regulator considers appropriate.

Commencement Information

I77S. 77 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

78Requirement to submit supervisory returnN.I.

(1)The Pensions Regulator may by notice require the trustees of a collective money purchase scheme to submit a supervisory return.

(2)The Department may make regulations setting out the information that the Pensions Regulator may require in a supervisory return.

(3)The notice must specify—

(a)the information required to be included in the return,

(b)the manner and form in which the return must be submitted, and

(c)the period (of at least 28 days) within which the return must be submitted.

(4)The trustees of a collective money purchase scheme may not be required to submit a supervisory return more than once in any 12 month period.

(5)Article 10 of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995/3213 (N.I. 22)) (civil penalties) applies to a trustee who fails to submit a supervisory return when required to do so.

(6)Regulations under subsection (2) are subject to negative resolution.

Commencement Information

I78S. 78 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

79Duty to notify the Pensions Regulator of significant eventsN.I.

(1)Where a person mentioned in subsection (2) becomes aware of the fact that a significant event has occurred in relation to an authorised collective money purchase scheme, the person must (subject to subsections (6) and (7)) give notice of that fact, in writing, to the Pensions Regulator as soon as reasonably practicable.

(2)The persons are—

(a)a trustee of the scheme;

(b)an employer in relation to the scheme;

(c)a person who (alone or with others) has power to appoint or remove a trustee;

(d)a person who (alone or with others) has power to vary the provisions of the scheme;

(e)a person who provides legal, financial or actuarial advice in relation to the scheme;

(f)a person who manages the scheme administration services;

(g)a person acting in a capacity specified in regulations made by the Department.

(3)The Department must make regulations setting out the events that constitute significant events for the purposes of this section.

(4)The Department may by regulations specify further information that is to be provided by a person required to give notice under this section.

(5)Except as provided by subsections (6) and (7), the disclosure of information under this section does not breach—

(a)any obligation of confidence owed by the person making the disclosure, or

(b)any other restriction on the disclosure of information (however imposed).

(6)This section does not require a disclosure of information if the disclosure would contravene the data protection legislation (but in determining whether a disclosure of information would do so, take into account the duty imposed by this section).

(7)A person is not required by this section to disclose anything in respect of which a claim to legal professional privilege could be maintained in legal proceedings.

(8)Article 10 of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995/3213 (N.I. 22)) (civil penalties) applies to a person who fails to comply with a requirement imposed by or under this section.

(9)The first regulations under subsection (3) are subject to confirmatory procedure.

(10)Subsequent regulations under subsection (3), and regulations under subsection (2)(g) or (4), are subject to negative resolution.

Commencement Information

I79S. 79 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

80Risk noticesN.I.

(1)The Pensions Regulator may give a risk notice to the trustees of a collective money purchase scheme if the Regulator considers that—

(a)there is an issue of concern in relation to the scheme, and

(b)the scheme will breach the authorisation criteria, or is likely to breach them, if the issue is not resolved.

(2)A risk notice is a notice that requires the trustees of the scheme to submit to the Pensions Regulator a plan (a “resolution plan”) setting out proposals for resolving the issue of concern.

(3)A risk notice must—

(a)identify the issue of concern;

(b)specify the date by which the resolution plan is to be submitted.

(4)If the Pensions Regulator is not satisfied that the proposals in a resolution plan are likely to be adequate to resolve the issue of concern, the Regulator may give a further notice to the trustees requiring them to submit a revised plan by a date specified in the notice.

(5)The trustees must implement the proposals in a resolution plan if the Pensions Regulator—

(a)is satisfied that the proposals are likely to be adequate to resolve the issue of concern, and

(b)notifies the trustees accordingly.

(6)The Pensions Regulator may direct the trustees to comply with the requirement imposed by subsection (5).

(7)Where the trustees are required by subsection (5) to implement the proposals in a resolution plan, the trustees must—

(a)submit to the Pensions Regulator, before the end of a period specified in regulations made by the Department, a report setting out what progress they are making in implementing the proposals (a “progress report”);

(b)submit further progress reports to the Pensions Regulator at intervals specified by the Pensions Regulator.

(8)Resolution plans and progress reports must be provided in the manner and form specified by the Pensions Regulator.

(9)A reference to a resolution plan in subsections (4) to (8) includes a reference to a resolution plan as revised under subsection (4).

(10)The Department may by regulations—

(a)specify information that a risk notice must contain;

(b)provide that the date referred to in subsection (3)(b) or (4) must fall before the end of a period specified in the regulations.

(11)Article 10 of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995/3213 (N.I. 22)) (civil penalties) applies to a trustee who fails to comply with—

(a)a notice under subsection (1) or (4),

(b)a direction under subsection (6), or

(c)a requirement imposed by subsection (7).

(12)Regulations under this section are subject to negative resolution.

Commencement Information

I80S. 80 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

81Withdrawal of authorisationN.I.

(1)If the Pensions Regulator stops being satisfied that an authorised collective money purchase scheme meets the authorisation criteria, it may decide to withdraw the scheme's authorisation.

(2)A warning notice under the standard procedure or a determination notice under the special procedure given in relation to a decision under subsection (1) must—

(a)explain that the issue of the notice is a triggering event (see section 82), and

(b)include an explanation of the trustees' duties under sections 82 to 96.

(3)On withdrawal of a scheme's authorisation, the Pensions Regulator must—

(a)notify the trustees that the scheme is no longer authorised, and

(b)remove the scheme from the list of authorised collective money purchase schemes.

(4)In this Part—

  • determination notice” has the meaning given in Article 93(2)(a) of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 2005 (S.I. 2005/255 (N.I. 1));

  • special procedure” has the meaning given in Article 93 of that Order;

  • standard procedure” has the meaning given in Article 91 of that Order;

  • warning notice” has the meaning given in Article 91(2)(a) of that Order.

Commencement Information

I81S. 81 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Triggering events and continuity optionsN.I.

82Triggering eventsN.I.

(1)A triggering event occurs in relation to a collective money purchase scheme if an event within the second column of the triggering events table occurs in relation to it, subject to subsection (2).

(2)An event within any of items 4 to 9 of the triggering events table is not a triggering event in relation to a collective money purchase scheme if it occurs within an existing triggering event period for the scheme (see section 83).

(3)A triggering event occurs on the date specified in relation to the event in the third column of the triggering events table.

(4)For the purposes of this Part “the triggering events table” is—

ItemTriggering eventDate event occurs
1.The Pensions Regulator issues a warning notice under the standard procedure in respect of a decision to withdraw the scheme's authorisation.The date on which the notice is issued.
2.The Pensions Regulator issues a determination notice under the special procedure in respect of a decision to withdraw the scheme's authorisation.The date on which the notice is issued.
3.The Pensions Regulator gives a notification under section 58(3) (scheme not authorised).The date on which the notification is given.
4.An insolvency event occurs in relation to an employer or a relevant former employer.The date on which the insolvency event occurs.
5.An employer or a relevant former employer becomes unlikely to continue as a going concern, where the employer or relevant former employer is a person or body of a kind that meets the requirements prescribed under Article 113(1)(b) of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 2005 (S.I. 2005/255 (N.I. 1)).

The earlier of—

(a)

the date on which the employer or relevant former employer notifies the Pensions Regulator of that fact, and

(b)

the date on which the trustees become aware of that fact.

6.A person who has power to do so under the provisions of the scheme decides that the scheme should be wound up.The date of the decision.
7.An event occurs that is required or permitted by the provisions of the scheme to result in the winding up of the scheme.The date on which the event occurs.
8.A person who has power to do so under the provisions of the scheme decides that the scheme should become a closed scheme.The date of the decision.
9.An event occurs that is required or permitted by the provisions of the scheme to result in the scheme becoming a closed scheme.The date on which the event occurs.

(5)In this Part—

  • item 1 triggering event” means an event falling within item 1 of the triggering events table (and similar references using other item numbers are to be read accordingly);

  • relevant former employer”, in relation to a collective money purchase scheme, means a person who has ceased to be an employer in relation to the scheme but who—

    (a)

    is subject to an actual or contingent obligation to contribute financially to the scheme, whether by making contributions towards the costs of running the scheme or otherwise, or

    (b)

    has power to take a decision about the operation of the scheme, either alone or with other persons who are or have been employers in relation to the scheme.

(6)In this section “closed”, in relation to a collective money purchase scheme, means closed to new contributions or new members (or both).

Commencement Information

I82S. 82 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

83Triggering event periodsN.I.

(1)For the purposes of this Part, a “triggering event period” for a collective money purchase scheme is a period—

(a)starting with the date on which a triggering event occurs in relation to the scheme, and

(b)ending with the earliest of the dates given by subsection (2).

(2)The dates are—

(a)the date on which the trustees receive from the Pensions Regulator—

(i)notification under section 88(4) that the Regulator is satisfied that the triggering event has been resolved, or

(ii)notification under section 89(4) that the Regulator is satisfied that preparations for conversion to a closed scheme are complete and that the conversion will resolve the relevant events;

(b)the date on which the scheme is wound up;

(c)in the case of an item 1 or 2 triggering event (notice in respect of a decision to withdraw authorisation), the date on which it becomes clear that authorisation is not to be withdrawn.

(3)For the purposes of subsection (2)(c), it becomes clear that authorisation is not to be withdrawn—

(a)in the circumstances set out in relation to the event in the second column of the table in subsection (4), and

(b)on the date given in relation to those circumstances in the third column of that table.

(4)The table is—

Triggering eventCircumstancesDate
Item 1 (issue of warning notice under the standard procedure)

1The Pensions Regulator makes a determination not to withdraw the scheme's authorisation, and

2there is no referral of the determination to the Tribunal within the time period allowed for doing so.

The date of the Pensions Regulator's determination.
Item 2 (issue of determination notice under the special procedure)

1On a review under Article 94 of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 2005 (S.I. 2005/255 (N.I. 1)), the Pensions Regulator makes a determination that the scheme's authorisation should not be withdrawn, and

2there is no referral of the determination to the Tribunal within the time period allowed for doing so.

The date of the Pensions Regulator's determination.
Item 1 or 2

1On a referral to the Tribunal of a determination by the Pensions Regulator, the Tribunal makes a determination the effect of which is that the scheme's authorisation should not be withdrawn, and

2either—

(a)no appeal is brought against the Tribunal's determination within the time period allowed for doing so, or

(b)an appeal is brought within that time period but is later withdrawn.

The date of the Tribunal's determination.
Item 1 or 2The effect of an appeal against a determination by the Tribunal is that the scheme's authorisation should not be withdrawn.The date on which the appeal is finally disposed of.

(5)In this section “the Tribunal” has the meaning given in—

(a)Article 91(7) of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 2005 (S.I. 2005/255 (N.I. 1)), in a case where the standard procedure applies;

(b)Article 94(13) of that Order, in a case where the special procedure applies.

Commencement Information

I83S. 83 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

84Notification of triggering eventsN.I.

(1)If a triggering event listed in the first column of the table in subsection (2) occurs in relation to a collective money purchase scheme, each person specified in relation to the event in the second column of that table must (subject to subsections (12) and (13)) notify the Pensions Regulator of the occurrence of the event.

(2)The table is—

EventSpecified person
Item 4 triggering event (an insolvency event occurs in relation to an employer or a relevant former employer)The employer or relevant former employer.
A trustee who is aware of the event.
Item 5 triggering event (an employer or a relevant former employer becomes unlikely to continue as a going concern, where the employer or relevant former employer is a person or body of a kind that meets the requirements prescribed under Article 113(1)(b) of the )The employer or relevant former employer.
A trustee who is aware of the event.
Item 6 triggering event (a person decides that the scheme should be wound up)The person who made the decision.
A trustee who is aware of the event (if not the person who made the decision).
An employer who is aware of the event (if not the person who made the decision).
Item 7 triggering event (an event occurs that is required or permitted by the provisions of the scheme to result in the winding up of the scheme)A trustee who is aware of the event.
An employer who is aware of the event.
Item 8 triggering event (a person decides that the scheme should become a closed scheme)The person who made the decision.
A trustee who is aware of the event (if not the person who made the decision).
An employer who is aware of the event (if not the person who made the decision).
Item 9 triggering event (an event occurs that is required or permitted by the provisions of the scheme to result in the scheme becoming a closed scheme)A trustee who is aware of the event.
An employer who is aware of the event.

(3)If a triggering event occurs in relation to a collective money purchase scheme, a trustee who is aware of the event must (subject to subsections (5), (6), (12) and (13)) give the required notification to each employer or relevant former employer.

(4)In this section “the required notification”, in relation to a triggering event, means notification of—

(a)the occurrence of the event, and

(b)such other matters relating to the event as may be specified in regulations made by the Department.

(5)In the case of an item 4 or 5 triggering event, subsection (4)(a) does not apply as regards notification of the employer or relevant former employer in respect of whom the event occurs.

(6)In the case of an item 6 or 8 triggering event, subsection (4)(a) does not apply as regards notification of the person who decided that the scheme—

(a)should be wound up, or

(b)(as the case may be) should become a closed scheme.

(7)If an item 4 or 5 triggering event occurs in relation to a collective money purchase scheme, each employer or relevant former employer in respect of whom the event occurs must (subject to subsections (12) and (13)) give the required notification to the trustees.

(8)If an item 6 or 8 triggering event occurs in relation to a collective money purchase scheme, the person who decided that the scheme—

(a)should be wound up, or

(b)(as the case may be) should become a closed scheme,

must (if that person is not the trustees, and subject to subsections (12) and (13)) give the required notification to the trustees.

(9)If an item 7 or 9 triggering event occurs in relation to a collective money purchase scheme, each employer or relevant former employer who is aware of the event must (subject to subsections (12) and (13)) give the required notification to the trustees.

(10)A notification under this section must be given before the end of the period specified in regulations made by the Department.

(11)Except as provided by subsections (12) and (13), the disclosure of information under this section does not breach—

(a)any obligation of confidence owed by the person making the disclosure, or

(b)any other restriction on the disclosure of information (however imposed).

(12)This section does not require a disclosure of information if the disclosure would contravene the data protection legislation (but in determining whether a disclosure of information would do so, take into account the duty imposed by this section).

(13)A person is not required by this section to disclose anything in respect of which a claim to legal professional privilege could be maintained in legal proceedings.

(14)Article 10 of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995/3213 (N.I. 22)) (civil penalties) applies to a person who fails to comply with a requirement imposed by this section.

(15)Regulations under this section are subject to negative resolution.

Commencement Information

I84S. 84 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

85Continuity optionsN.I.

(1)If a triggering event occurs in relation to a collective money purchase scheme, the trustees must pursue one of the continuity options.

(2)The continuity options are—

(a)continuity option 1 (discharge of liabilities and winding up) (see section 87);

(b)continuity option 2 (resolving triggering event) (see section 88);

(c)continuity option 3 (conversion to closed scheme) (see section 89).

(3)The trustees must pursue continuity option 1—

(a)if the triggering event is an item 1 or 2 triggering event and the decision to withdraw authorisation has become final (see section 86), or

(b)if the triggering event is an item 3 triggering event.

(4)In those cases, the trustees must pursue continuity option 1 even if—

(a)the item 1, 2 or 3 triggering event occurs within the triggering event period of an earlier triggering event, and

(b)the trustees have already decided to pursue continuity option 2 or 3 in respect of the earlier triggering event.

(5)The trustees may pursue continuity option 3 only if (or to the extent that) the provisions of the scheme allow them to do so.

Subject to that, this section overrides any provision of the collective money purchase scheme to the extent that there is a conflict.

(6)Article 10 of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995/3213 (N.I. 22)) (civil penalties) applies to a person who fails to comply with a requirement imposed by this section.

Commencement Information

I85S. 85 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

86When a decision to withdraw authorisation becomes finalN.I.

(1)For the purposes of this Part, in relation to an item 1 or 2 triggering event, a decision to withdraw authorisation becomes final—

(a)in the circumstances set out in relation to the event in the second column of the table in subsection (2), and

(b)on the date given in relation to those circumstances in the third column of that table.

(2)The table is—

Triggering eventCircumstancesDate
Item 1 (issue of warning notice under the standard procedure)

1The Pensions Regulator makes a determination to withdraw the scheme's authorisation, and

2there is no referral of the determination to the Tribunal within the time period allowed for doing so.

The date of the Pensions Regulator's determination.
Item 2 (issue of determination notice under the special procedure)

1On a review under Article 94 of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 2005 (S.I. 2005/255 (N.I. 1)), the Pensions Regulator makes a determination that the scheme's authorisation should be withdrawn, and

2there is no referral of the determination to the Tribunal within the time period allowed for doing so.

The date of the Pensions Regulator's determination.
Item 1 or 2

1On a referral to the Tribunal of a determination by the Pensions Regulator, the Tribunal makes a determination the effect of which is that the scheme's authorisation should be withdrawn, and

2either—

(a)no appeal is brought against the Tribunal's determination within the time period allowed for doing so, or

(b)an appeal is brought within that time period but is later withdrawn.

The date of the Tribunal's determination.
Item 1 or 2The effect of an appeal against a determination by the Tribunal is that the scheme's authorisation should be withdrawn.The date on which the appeal is finally disposed of.

(3)In this section “the Tribunal” has the meaning given in—

(a)Article 91(7) of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 2005 (S.I. 2005/255 (N.I. 1)), in a case where the standard procedure applies;

(b)Article 94(13) of that Order, in a case where the special procedure applies.

Commencement Information

I86S. 86 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

87Continuity option 1: discharge of liabilities and winding upN.I.

(1)Where the trustees of a collective money purchase scheme are required, or decide, to pursue continuity option 1, they must—

(a)quantify, in the case of each beneficiary, the amount that represents the value of the beneficiary's accrued rights to benefits under the scheme;

(b)formulate a proposal for discharging the scheme's liability to each beneficiary in respect of those rights, in one of the ways set out in subsection (2);

(c)notify each employer and relevant former employer, and each beneficiary, of the proposal and of such other matters as may be specified in regulations made by the Department.

(2)The ways of discharging the scheme's liability referred to in subsection (1)(b) are—

(a)transferring the value of the beneficiaries' accrued rights to benefits under the scheme to a collective money purchase scheme or to a Master Trust scheme;

(b)transferring the value of those rights, in such circumstances as may be specified in regulations made by the Department, to a pension scheme that has characteristics specified in the regulations;

(c)securing, in such circumstances as may be specified in regulations made by the Department, the payment of benefits by such other means (an “alternative payment mechanism”) as may be specified in the regulations.

(3)A proposal under subsection (1)(b) may deal with the rights of different descriptions of beneficiaries in different ways.

(4)Subsections (1)(b) and (2) have effect subject to—

(a)Part 4ZA of the Pension Schemes (Northern Ireland) Act 1993 (transfers and contribution refunds);

(b)provision made by regulations under subsection (6).

(5)Notification under subsection (1)(c) must be given—

(a)in the manner specified in regulations made by the Department, and

(b)before the end of the period specified in the regulations.

(6)The Department may by regulations make provision for the purposes of enabling continuity option 1 to be given effect, which may include—

(a)provision about how continuity option 1 is to be pursued by the trustees of a collective money purchase scheme;

(b)provision conferring rights on beneficiaries or employers;

(c)provision imposing duties on employers or trustees;

(d)provision conferring power on the Pensions Regulator to direct trustees to do things permitted or required by the regulations;

(e)provision deeming a beneficiary the value of whose accrued rights are to be transferred to a scheme that is not a collective money purchase scheme or a Master Trust scheme to have entered into an agreement with a person of a description specified in the regulations.

(7)Regulations under subsection (6) must include—

(a)provision about how the quantification referred to in subsection (1)(a) is to be carried out (which may be different in relation to different descriptions of beneficiaries);

(b)provision for securing that a person who has become a pensioner beneficiary (whether before or after the occurrence of the triggering event as a result of which the trustees are pursuing continuity option 1) receives a periodic income, at a rate or of an amount that is calculated by reference to the amount referred to in subsection (1)(a), until the time when the proposal under subsection (1)(b) is implemented or some other specified time;

(c)provision about how rights conferred by the regulations may be exercised (including the time periods within which they may be exercised);

(d)provision specifying requirements (which may include approval or authorisation by the Pensions Regulator in accordance with the regulations) to be met in the case of a pension scheme, or an alternative payment mechanism, by means of which it is proposed to discharge the collective money purchase scheme's liabilities to beneficiaries in one of the ways set out in subsection (2);

(e)provision requiring those responsible for a pension scheme by means of which it is proposed to discharge the collective money purchase scheme's liabilities to beneficiaries (“the receiving scheme”) to provide the Pensions Regulator with a document setting out the level of administration charges that applied in relation to members of the receiving scheme, in the manner and as at the date specified or described in the regulations;

(f)provision imposing duties on the trustees to notify all or a specified description of employers and beneficiaries of their rights under the regulations and of members' rights under Part 4ZA of the Pension Schemes (Northern Ireland) Act 1993;

(g)provision about the winding up of the collective money purchase scheme in circumstances where the scheme's liabilities to beneficiaries are discharged.

(8)In this section—

  • beneficiary”, in relation to the collective money purchase scheme, means—

    (a)

    a member of the scheme, or

    (b)

    a person who has survived a member of the scheme and has an entitlement to benefits, or a right to future benefits, under the scheme rules in respect of the member;

  • pensioner beneficiary”, in relation to the collective money purchase scheme, means a person who is entitled to the present payment of pension or other benefits under the scheme;

  • specified” means specified in regulations under subsection (6).

(9)Article 10 of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995/3213 (N.I. 22)) (civil penalties) applies to a person who fails to comply with a requirement imposed by this section.

(10)Regulations under this section may provide for the application of Article 10 of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995/3213 (N.I. 22)) to a person who fails to comply with a requirement imposed by the regulations.

(11)Regulations under subsection (2) or (6) are subject to confirmatory procedure.

(12)Regulations under subsection (1)(c) or (5) are subject to negative resolution.

Commencement Information

I87S. 87 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

88Continuity option 2: resolving triggering eventN.I.

(1)Where the trustees of a collective money purchase scheme decide to pursue continuity option 2, they must attempt to resolve the triggering event.

(2)The trustees must notify the Pensions Regulator when they consider that the triggering event has been resolved.

(3)The notification must—

(a)set out how the trustees consider that the triggering event has been resolved;

(b)be given before the end of the period specified in regulations made by the Department.

(4)After receiving the notification, the Pensions Regulator must notify the trustees as to whether it is satisfied that the triggering event has been resolved.

(5)The Pensions Regulator may not form the view that a triggering event (“the relevant event”) has been resolved unless it is satisfied that any other event within the triggering events table that has occurred in relation to the scheme since the occurrence of the relevant event has also been resolved.

(6)Article 10 of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (civil penalties) applies to a trustee who fails to comply with a requirement imposed by this section.

(7)Regulations under subsection (3)(b) are subject to negative resolution.

Commencement Information

I88S. 88 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

89Continuity option 3: conversion to closed schemeN.I.

(1)This section applies where the trustees of a collective money purchase scheme decide to pursue continuity option 3.

(2)The trustees must notify the Pensions Regulator when they consider that preparations for the conversion of the scheme into a closed scheme are complete.

(3)The Department may by regulations require notification under subsection (2) to be given before the end of a period specified in the regulations.

(4)If the Pensions Regulator is satisfied—

(a)that preparations for the conversion of the scheme into a closed scheme are complete, and

(b)that the conversion will resolve the triggering event giving rise to the decision to pursue continuity option 3, and any other event within the triggering events table that has subsequently occurred in relation to the collective money purchase scheme,

the Regulator must notify the trustees accordingly.

(5)The conversion of the scheme into a closed scheme may be carried out only in accordance with the provisions of the scheme.

(6)The scheme may not begin operating as a closed scheme until the trustees have received notification under subsection (4).

(7)Where the trustees have pursued continuity option 3 they may not later reverse the closure of the scheme (either completely or to any extent).

(8)Article 10 of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995/3213 (N.I. 22)) (civil penalties) applies to a trustee who fails to comply with a requirement or restriction imposed by this section.

(9)Regulations under subsection (3) are subject to negative resolution.

(10)In this section “closed”, in relation to a collective money purchase scheme, means closed to new contributions or new members (or both).

The reference to closure of the scheme in subsection (7) is to be read accordingly.

Commencement Information

I89S. 89 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

90Implementation strategyN.I.

(1)If a triggering event occurs in relation to a collective money purchase scheme, the trustees must—

(a)produce a document setting out how the interests of members of the scheme are to be protected following the occurrence of the event (an “implementation strategy”), and

(b)submit it to the Pensions Regulator for approval before the end of a period specified in regulations made by the Department.

This is subject to subsections (2)(a) and (3)(a).

(2)If an item 1, 2 or 3 triggering event occurs within the triggering event period for an earlier triggering event—

(a)the trustees are not required to submit an implementation strategy in respect of the earlier triggering event;

(b)any implementation strategy approved by the Pensions Regulator in respect of the earlier triggering event ceases to have effect when the later triggering event occurs.

(3)In the case of an item 1 or 2 triggering event—

(a)the trustees are required to submit an implementation strategy only if the decision to withdraw authorisation has become final (see section 86);

(b)if it becomes clear that authorisation is not to be withdrawn, subsection (2) ceases to have effect on the date on which that becomes clear.

Subsections (3) to (5) of section 83 apply for the purposes of paragraph (b) above as they apply for the purposes of subsection (2)(c) of that section.

(4)The Pensions Regulator may direct the trustees to comply with a requirement imposed by this section.

(5)Article 10 of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (civil penalties) applies to a person who fails to comply with a direction under subsection (4).

(6)This section overrides any provision of the collective money purchase scheme, to the extent that there is a conflict.

(7)Regulations under subsection (1)(b) are subject to negative resolution.

Commencement Information

I90S. 90 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

91Approval of implementation strategyN.I.

(1)The Pensions Regulator may approve an implementation strategy only if it is satisfied that the strategy is adequate.

(2)Subsections (3) to (6) apply for the purposes of enabling the Pensions Regulator to decide whether it is satisfied that an implementation strategy for a collective money purchase scheme is adequate.

(3)An implementation strategy must include information about the levels of administration charges in relation to members of the scheme.

(4)The information must—

(a)relate to the levels of administration charges as at the date specified or described in regulations made by the Department, and

(b)be set out in the manner specified or described in the regulations.

(5)An implementation strategy must include information about the following matters—

(a)the continuity option that is to be pursued (see section 85);

(b)where continuity option 1 (discharge of liabilities and winding up) is to be pursued—

(i)the scheme or schemes to which it is proposed to transfer the value of accrued rights to benefits, or the alternative payment mechanism by which the payment of benefits is to be secured, if known;

(ii)when the transfer is expected to take place, or (as the case may be) when the payment of benefits is expected to be secured;

(c)where continuity option 2 (resolving the triggering event) is to be pursued, how it is proposed that the triggering event should be resolved;

(d)where continuity option 3 (conversion to closed scheme) is to be pursued—

(i)the way in which, the extent to which and the time by which it is proposed to close the scheme;

(ii)how the scheme will continue to meet the authorisation criteria;

(iii)any revisions that will be needed to the viability report and the continuity strategy (see sections 64 and 68).

(6)An implementation strategy must—

(a)include any other information specified or described in regulations made by the Department, and

(b)be prepared in accordance with regulations made by the Department.

(7)Regulations under this section are subject to negative resolution.

Commencement Information

I91S. 91 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

92Trustees' duties once implementation strategy approvedN.I.

(1)When the Pensions Regulator has notified the trustees of a collective money purchase scheme that an implementation strategy relating to the scheme is approved, the trustees must—

(a)pursue the continuity option identified in the strategy, and

(b)take such other steps as are identified in the strategy in order to carry it out.

(2)The Department may by regulations require the trustees of a collective money purchase scheme to make available an approved implementation strategy relating to the scheme, before the end of the period specified or described in the regulations, to employers or relevant former employers that are of a description specified in the regulations.

(3)If an item 1, 2 or 3 triggering event occurs within the triggering event period for an earlier triggering event—

(a)the trustees cease to be subject to the requirements of subsection (1) and regulations under subsection (2) in respect of an approved implementation strategy relating to the earlier triggering event, but

(b)in the case of an item 1 or 2 triggering event, if it becomes clear that authorisation is not to be withdrawn, the trustees are again subject to those requirements from the date on which that becomes clear.

Subsections (3) to (5) of section 83 apply for the purposes of paragraph (b) above as they apply for the purposes of subsection (2)(c) of that section.

(4)The Pensions Regulator may direct the trustees to comply with subsection (1), if they fail to do so.

(5)Article 10 of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995/3213 (N.I. 22)) (civil penalties) applies to a person who fails to comply with a direction under subsection (4).

(6)To the extent that there is a conflict, this section overrides a provision of—

(a)a collective money purchase scheme, or

(b)a contract between the trustees of a collective money purchase scheme and a person providing services in relation to the scheme.

(7)Regulations under subsection (2) are subject to negative resolution.

Commencement Information

I92S. 92 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

93Prohibition on winding up except in accordance with continuity option 1N.I.

(1)A person may wind up a collective money purchase scheme only in accordance with continuity option 1 (see section 87).

(2)Subsection (1) overrides any provision of a collective money purchase scheme to the extent that there is a conflict.

(3)Article 10 of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (civil penalties) applies to a person who fails to comply with subsection (1).

Commencement Information

I93S. 93 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

94Periodic reporting requirementsN.I.

(1)During a triggering event period for a collective money purchase scheme, the trustees must submit reports to the Pensions Regulator.

(2)The first report must be submitted before the end of a period specified in regulations made by the Department.

(3)Subsequent reports must be submitted at intervals specified by the Pensions Regulator.

(4)The reports must—

(a)report on progress in carrying out the implementation strategy,

(b)record events or decisions of a description specified in regulations made by the Department,

(c)contain such other information as is specified in regulations made by the Department, and

(d)be made in the manner and form specified by the Pensions Regulator.

(5)Article 10 of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995/3213 (N.I. 22)) (civil penalties) applies to a person who fails to comply with a requirement imposed by this section.

(6)Regulations under this section are subject to negative resolution.

Commencement Information

I94S. 94 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

95Pause ordersN.I.

(1)This section applies during a triggering event period for a collective money purchase scheme.

(2)The Pensions Regulator may make a pause order in relation to the scheme if either of the following two conditions is met.

(3)Condition 1 is that the Pensions Regulator is satisfied that making a pause order will help the trustees to carry out the implementation strategy.

(4)Condition 2 is that the Pensions Regulator is satisfied that—

(a)there is, or is likely to be if a pause order is not made, an immediate risk to the interests of members of the scheme or the assets of the scheme, and

(b)it is necessary to make a pause order to protect the interests of the generality of the members of the scheme.

(5)A pause order is an order that during the period for which it has effect one or more of the following directions has effect—

(a)a direction that no new members (or no new members of a specified description) are to be admitted to the scheme;

(b)a direction that no further payments (or no further payments of a specified description) are to be made towards the scheme—

(i)by or on behalf of employers or relevant former employers (or employers or relevant former employers of a specified description), or

(ii)by or in respect of members (or members of a specified description);

(c)a direction that an amount (or specified amount) which—

(i)corresponds to a payment that would be due to be made towards the scheme in respect of a member but for a direction under paragraph (b), and

(ii)has been deducted from a payment of earnings in respect of an employment,

is to be repaid to the member in question by the employer;

(d)a direction that no benefits (or no benefits of a specified description) are to be paid to or in respect of members (or members of a specified description) under the scheme rules;

(e)a direction that—

(i)no transfers (or no transfers of a specified description) of or in respect of a member's rights under the scheme rules are to be made from the scheme,

(ii)no transfer payments (or no transfer payments of a specified description) in respect of a member's rights under the scheme rules are to be made from the scheme, or

(iii)no other steps (or no other steps of a specified description) are to be taken to discharge a liability of the scheme to or in respect of a member of the scheme in respect of pensions or other benefits.

(6)In subsection (5)(b)—

(a)a reference to payments does not include payments due to be made before the order takes effect, and

(b)a reference to payments towards a scheme includes payments in respect of pension credits where the person entitled to the credit is a member of the scheme.

(7)A direction under subsection (5)(e) may provide that—

(a)no transfers of or in respect of a member's rights under the scheme rules, or no such transfers of a specified description, may be made from the scheme, or

(b)no transfer payments in respect of such rights, or no such transfer payments of a specified description, may be made from the scheme,

unless the amounts paid out from the scheme in respect of the transfers or transfer payments are determined in a specified manner and the transfers or transfer payments satisfy such other conditions as may be specified.

(8)A pause order may also require the trustees of the scheme to obtain an actuarial valuation within a specified period.

(9)A pause order containing such a requirement must specify—

(a)the date by reference to which the matters to be set out in the valuation must be determined;

(b)the information and statements that the valuation must contain;

(c)any other requirements that the valuation must satisfy.

(10)Schedule 5 makes further provision about pause orders.

(11)In this section—

  • earnings” has the meaning given in section 176(1) of the Pension Schemes (Northern Ireland) Act 1993;

  • pension credit” means a credit under Article 26(1)(b) of the Welfare Reform and Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1999 (S.I. 1999/3147 (N.I. 11)) or section 29(1)(b) of the Welfare Reform and Pensions Act 1999;

  • specified” means specified in the pause order.

Commencement Information

I95S. 95 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

96Prohibition on increasing charges etc during triggering event periodN.I.

(1)During a triggering event period for a collective money purchase scheme, the trustees must not—

(a)impose administration charges on or in respect of members at levels above those set out in the implementation strategy,

(b)impose new administration charges on or in respect of members, or

(c)impose administration charges on or in respect of a member in consequence of the member leaving, or deciding to leave, the scheme during that period.

(2)The trustees of a receiving scheme that is a collective money purchase scheme or a Master Trust scheme must not—

(a)impose administration charges on or in respect of members at levels above those set out in the document provided to the Pensions Regulator by virtue of regulations under section 87(7)(e), or

(b)impose new administration charges on or in respect of members,

for the purposes of meeting any of the costs mentioned in subsection (4).

(3)The Department may by regulations—

(a)provide that subsection (1) or (2) does not apply in relation to administration charges specified or described in the regulations;

(b)make provision about how levels of administration charges are to be calculated for the purposes of this section.

(4)The costs referred to in subsection (2) are costs for which a receiving scheme is liable—

(a)which were incurred by the transferring scheme, or

(b)which relate directly to the transfer of the value of accrued rights to benefits under the transferring scheme.

(5)To the extent that there is a conflict, this section overrides a provision of—

(a)a collective money purchase scheme,

(b)a Master Trust scheme,

(c)a contract between the trustees of a collective money purchase scheme and a person providing services in relation to the scheme, or

(d)a Master Trust scheme contract within the meaning of section 39(1) of the Pension Schemes Act 2017 or any corresponding statutory provision.

(6)The Department may by regulations apply some or all of the provisions of this section to a receiving scheme that has characteristics specified in regulations under section 87(2)(b).

(7)Article 10 of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995/3213 (N.I. 22)) (civil penalties) applies to a trustee who fails to comply with this section.

(8)In this section—

  • receiving scheme” means a pension scheme that—

    (a)

    receives a transfer from a transferring scheme of the value of accrued rights to benefits under that scheme during a triggering event period for that scheme, and

    (b)

    was proposed by the trustees of that transferring scheme, or by employers in relation to that scheme, as a scheme to which the value of those rights should be transferred;

  • transferring scheme” means a collective money purchase scheme the trustees of which, following a triggering event, are pursuing continuity option 1.

(9)Regulations under subsection (3)(a) or (6), and the first regulations under subsection (3)(b), are subject to confirmatory procedure.

(10)Subsequent regulations under subsection (3)(b) are subject to negative resolution.

Commencement Information

I96S. 96 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Publication of informationN.I.

97Publication of informationN.I.

(1)The Department may by regulations require the trustees of a collective money purchase scheme to publish information relating to the scheme that is specified or described in the regulations.

(2)Regulations under subsection (1) may, among other things—

(a)require the trustees to publish a document specified or described in the regulations;

(b)require information or a document to be made available free of charge;

(c)require information or a document to be provided to a person in a form or by means specified or described in the regulations;

(d)require or permit information specified or described in the regulations to be excluded from a document when it is published in accordance with the regulations.

(3)In complying with a requirement imposed by regulations under subsection (1) a trustee must have regard to any guidance prepared from time to time by the Department.

(4)Article 10 of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995/3213 (N.I. 22)) (civil penalties) applies to a trustee who fails to take all reasonable steps to comply with a requirement imposed by regulations under this section.

(5)Regulations under subsection (1) are subject to negative resolution.

Commencement Information

I97S. 97 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Powers to make further provisionN.I.

98Powers to extend definition of qualifying schemesN.I.

(1)The Department may by regulations remove the exclusion of any of the following from the definition of “qualifying scheme” in section 54—

(a)pension schemes not established solely by one or more persons to whom section 1(2)(a) (employer) of the Pension Schemes (Northern Ireland) Act 1993 applied when the scheme was established;

(b)pension schemes used, or intended to be used, by two or more employers some or all of which are not connected with each other.

(2)The Department may by regulations make further provision about collective money purchase schemes that could not be qualifying schemes, or sections of qualifying schemes, but for regulations under subsection (1) (“relevant schemes”), including—

(a)provision about the authorisation of relevant schemes by the Pensions Regulator;

(b)provision about triggering events and continuity options;

(c)provision about administration charges during triggering event periods.

(3)Regulations under subsection (2) making provision about relevant schemes used, or intended to be used, by two or more employers some or all of which are not connected with each other may among other things—

(a)make provision corresponding or similar to provision made by or under Part 1 of the Pension Schemes Act 2017;

(b)disapply, in relation to such schemes, any statutory provision corresponding to anything in that Part.

(4)The provision that may be made under subsection (1) or (2) may be made by—

(a)modifying or amending this Part;

(b)making consequential modifications or amendments of any other statutory provision.

(5)Regulations under this section are subject to confirmatory procedure.

Commencement Information

I98S. 98 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

SupplementaryN.I.

99Minor and consequential amendmentsN.I.

Schedule 6 makes minor and consequential amendments relating to this Part.

Commencement Information

I99S. 99 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

100Interpretation of Part 2N.I.

(1)In this Part—

  • administration charge” has the same meaning as in paragraph 1 of Schedule 18 to the Pensions Act (Northern Ireland) 2015 (c. 5 (N.I.));

  • authorisation” means authorisation under section 60 or by virtue of regulations under section 56(2) (and related expressions are to be read accordingly);

  • authorisation criteria” has the meaning given in section 60(3);

  • the data protection legislation” has the same meaning as in the Data Protection Act 2018 (see section 3 of that Act);

  • the Department” means the Department for Communities in Northern Ireland;

  • employer”, in relation to an occupational pension scheme, means a person who employs or engages persons who are, or are entitled to become, members of the scheme;

  • implementation strategy” has the meaning given in section 90;

  • insolvency event” has the meaning given in Article 105 of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 2005 (S.I. 2005/255 (N.I. 1));

  • Master Trust scheme” means a Master Trust scheme within the meaning of the Pension Schemes Act 2017 or any corresponding statutory provision;

  • member” has the meaning given in Article 121(1) of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995/3213 (N.I. 22)) (read with regulations made under Article 122(4) of that Order);

  • occupational pension scheme” has the same meaning as in the Pension Schemes (Northern Ireland) Act 1993 (see section 1(1) of that Act);

  • pension scheme” has the meaning given in section 1(5) of the Pension Schemes (Northern Ireland) Act 1993;

  • the scheme actuary”, in relation to a pension scheme, means the person appointed under Article 47(1)(b) of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995/3213 (N.I. 22)) (professional advisers) in relation to the scheme;

  • scheme rules” has the meaning given in Article 2(3) and (4) of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 2005 (S.I. 2005/255 (N.I. 1));

  • statutory provision” has the meaning given in section 1(f) of the Interpretation Act (Northern Ireland) 1954 (c. 33 (N.I.));

  • triggering event” has the meaning given in section 82.

(2)For the purposes of this Part, an employer (“A”) is connected with another employer (“B”)—

(a)where A is, or has been, a group undertaking in relation to B within the meaning of section 1161(5) of the Companies Act 2006, or

(b)in circumstances specified in regulations made by the Department.

(3)This Part applies to a qualifying scheme—

(a)which provides both qualifying benefits and other benefits, and

(b)for which there is no power to wind up the scheme to the extent only that it provides qualifying benefits,

as if references to winding up the scheme, or to the scheme being wound up, were to ceasing to operate the scheme, or the scheme ceasing to operate, to the extent that it provides qualifying benefits.

(4)Regulations made by the Department may make provision to the effect that, for the purposes of any specified provisions of this Part, a reference in this Part to a collective money purchase scheme includes a scheme that—

(a)is in the process of being wound up, and

(b)was a collective money purchase scheme immediately before the beginning of that process.

“Specified” here means specified in the regulations.

(5)Regulations under subsection (2) or (4) are subject to confirmatory procedure.

Commencement Information

I100S. 100 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

101Index of defined expressionsN.I.

The Table below lists provisions which define or otherwise explain terms defined for this Part of this Act.

actuarial valuationsection 71(2)
administration chargesection 100
authorisation (and related expressions)section 100
authorisation criteriasection 100
collective money purchase benefitsection 52
collective money purchase schemesection 52
confirmatory proceduresection 102
connected (in relation to employers)section 100
the data protection legislationsection 100
the Departmentsection 100
determination noticesection 81(4)
employersection 100
implementation strategysection 100
insolvency eventsection 100
item 1 triggering event (and similar references)section 82(5)
Master Trust schemesection 100
membersection 100
negative resolutionsection 102
occupational pension schemesection 100
pension schemesection 100
qualifying benefitsection 53
qualifying schemesections 54 and 55
relevant former employersection 82(5)
the scheme actuarysection 100
scheme rulessection 100
section (of a pension scheme)regulations under section 56(1)
special proceduresection 81(4)
standard proceduresection 81(4)
statutory provisionsection 100
triggering eventsection 100
triggering event periodsection 83
triggering events tablesection 82(4)
warning noticesection 81(4)

Commencement Information

I101S. 101 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

102RegulationsN.I.

(1)A power of the Department to make regulations under this Part is exercisable by statutory rule for the purposes of the Statutory Rules (Northern Ireland) Order 1979 (S.I. 1979/1573 (N.I. 12)).

(2)A power to make regulations under this Part may be used—

(a)to make different provision for different purposes;

(b)to make provision in relation to all or only some of the purposes for which it may be used.

(3)Regulations under this Part may—

(a)confer a discretion on a person;

(b)make consequential, supplementary or incidental provision;

(c)make transitional, transitory or saving provision.

(4)Where regulations under this Part are subject to “negative resolution”, they are subject to negative resolution within the meaning given in section 41(6) of the Interpretation Act (Northern Ireland) 1954 (c. 33 (N.I.)).

(5)Where regulations under this Part are subject to “confirmatory procedure”—

(a)they must be laid before the Northern Ireland Assembly after being made, and

(b)they take effect on such date as may be specified in the regulations, but (without prejudice to the validity of anything done under the regulations or to the making of new regulations) cease to have effect on the expiration of the period of six months beginning with that date unless at some time before the expiration of that period the regulations are approved by resolution of the Northern Ireland Assembly.

(6)Section 41(3) of the Interpretation Act (Northern Ireland) 1954 applies in relation to the laying of regulations under this Part as it applies in relation to the laying of a statutory document under an enactment.

(7)Any provision that may be made by regulations under this Part subject to negative resolution may be made by regulations subject to confirmatory procedure.

Commencement Information

I102S. 102 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

PART 3 U.K.The Pensions Regulator

Contribution notices where avoidance of employer debt etcE+W+S

103Grounds for issuing a section 38 contribution noticeE+W+S

(1)The Pensions Act 2004 is amended as follows.

(2)In section 38 (contribution notices where avoidance of employer debt)—

(a)in subsection (5)(a)—

(i)after “test” insert “ , the employer insolvency test or the employer resources test ”;

(ii)for “section 38A)” substitute “ sections 38A, 38C and 38E) ”;

(b)in subsection (12)(c), after “test” insert “ , the employer insolvency test or the employer resources test ”.

(3)After section 38B insert—

38CSection 38 contribution notice: meaning of “employer insolvency test”

(1)For the purposes of section 38 the employer insolvency test is met in relation to an act or failure to act if the Regulator is of the opinion that—

(a)immediately after the relevant time, the value of the assets of the scheme was less than the amount of the liabilities of the scheme, and

(b)if a debt under section 75(4) of the Pensions Act 1995 (deficiencies in scheme assets: employer insolvency etc) had fallen due from the employer to the scheme immediately after the relevant time, the act or failure would have materially reduced the amount of the debt likely to be recovered by the scheme.

(2)For the purposes of subsection (1)—

(a)the value of the assets of the scheme immediately after the relevant time is the value which the Regulator estimates to be their value,

(b)the amount of the liabilities of the scheme immediately after the relevant time is the amount which the Regulator estimates to be the amount of those liabilities, and

(c)the amount of the debt is the amount which the Regulator estimates to be the amount of the debt under section 75(4) of the Pensions Act 1995 that would have fallen due immediately after the relevant time.

(3)When estimating the value and the amounts referred to in subsection (2), the Regulator must take into account how assets and liabilities, and their value or amount, are determined and calculated for the purposes of section 75(4) of the Pensions Act 1995.

(4)When estimating—

(a)the value of the assets of the scheme immediately after the relevant time, and

(b)the amount of the debt under section 75(4) of the Pensions Act 1995 falling due immediately after the relevant time,

the Regulator must disregard the amount of any debt due immediately after the relevant time from the employer under section 75 of the Pensions Act 1995.

(5)In this section “the relevant time” means—

(a)in the case of an act, the time of the act, or

(b)in the case of a failure to act—

(i)the time when the failure occurred, or

(ii)where the failure continued for a period of time, the time which the Regulator determines and which falls within that period;

and, in the case of acts or failures to act forming part of a series, any reference in this subsection to an act or failure to act is a reference to the last of the acts or failures in that series.

38DSection 38 contribution notice issued by reference to employer insolvency test: defence

(1)This section applies where—

(a)a warning notice is given to any person (“P”) in respect of a contribution notice under section 38, and

(b)the contribution notice under consideration would be issued wholly or partly by reference to the Regulator's opinion that the employer insolvency test is met in relation to an act or deliberate failure to act to which P was a party.

(2)If the Regulator is satisfied that P has shown that—

(a)conditions A and C are met, and

(b)where applicable, condition B is met,

the Regulator must not issue the contribution notice by reference to its being of the opinion mentioned in subsection (1)(b).

(3)If the Regulator is satisfied that P or another person has shown that condition D is met, the Regulator must not issue the contribution notice by reference to its being of the opinion mentioned in subsection (1)(b).

(4)Condition A is that, before becoming a party to the act or failure, P gave due consideration to the extent to which, if a debt under section 75(4) of the Pensions Act 1995 were to fall due from the employer to the scheme—

(a)immediately after the act or failure, or

(b)where the failure might continue for a period of time, at any time within that period,

the act or failure might materially reduce the amount of the debt likely to be recovered by the scheme.

(5)Condition B is that, in any case where as a result of that consideration P considered that the act or failure might have such an effect, P took all reasonable steps to eliminate or minimise the potential for the act or failure to have such an effect.

(6)Condition C is that, having regard to all relevant circumstances prevailing at the time of the act or at the time when the failure to act first occurred, it was reasonable for P to conclude that, if a debt under section 75(4) of the Pensions Act 1995 were to fall due from the employer to the scheme—

(a)immediately after the act or failure, or

(b)where the failure might continue for a period of time, at any time within that period,

the act or failure would not materially reduce the amount of the debt likely to be recovered by the scheme.

(7)Condition D is that, immediately after the relevant time, the value of the assets of the scheme equalled or was more than the amount at that time of the liabilities of the scheme.

(8)P is to be regarded as giving the consideration mentioned in condition A only if P has made the enquiries, and done the other acts, that a reasonably diligent person would have made or done in the circumstances.

(9)For the purposes of condition C the reference to the circumstances mentioned in that condition is a reference to those circumstances of which P was aware, or ought reasonably to have been aware, at the time of the act or the time when the failure to act first occurred (including acts or failures to act which have occurred before that time and P's expectation at that time of other acts or failures to act occurring).

(10)For the purposes of conditions A, C and D the amount of any debt due at the time in question from the employer under section 75 of the Pensions Act 1995 is to be disregarded.

(11)In the case of acts or failures to act forming part of a series, P is to be regarded as having shown the matters mentioned in subsection (2) if P shows in the case of each of the acts or failures in the series that—

(a)conditions A and C are met, and (where applicable) condition B is met, in relation to the act or failure, or

(b)the act or failure was one of a number of acts or failures (a “group” of acts or failures) selected by P in relation to which the following matters are shown.

(12)The matters to be shown are that—

(a)before becoming a party to the first of the acts or failures in the group, condition A is met in relation to the effect of the acts or failures in the group taken together,

(b)condition B is (where applicable) met in relation to that effect, and

(c)condition C is then met in relation to each of the acts or failures in the group (determined at the time at which each act or failure concerned occurred or first occurred).

(13)If at any time P considers that condition C will not be met in relation to any particular act or failure in the group—

(a)the previous acts or failures in the group are to be regarded as a separate group for the purposes of subsection (11), and

(b)P may then select another group consisting of the particular act or failure concerned, and any subsequent act or failure, in relation to which P shows the matters mentioned in subsection (12).

Nothing in paragraph (b) is to be read as preventing P from showing the matters mentioned in subsection (11)(a).

(14)If—

(a)P is unable to show in the case of each of the acts or failures in the series that the matters set out in subsection (11)(a) or (b) are met, but

(b)does show in the case of some of them that those matters are met,

the acts or failures within paragraph (b) are not to count for the purposes of section 38C as acts or failures to act in the series.

(15)In this section—

(a)the relevant time” has the meaning given by section 38C;

(b)a warning notice” means a notice given as mentioned in section 96(2)(a);

(c)a reference to a party to an act or failure to act includes a reference to a person who knowingly assists in the act or failure.

(4)After section 38D (inserted by subsection (3)) insert—

38ESection 38 contribution notice: meaning of “employer resources test”

(1)For the purposes of section 38 the employer resources test is met in relation to an act or failure to act if the Regulator is of the opinion that—

(a)the act or failure reduced the value of the resources of the employer, and

(b)that reduction was a material reduction relative to the estimated section 75 debt in relation to the scheme.

(2)For the purposes of this section—

(a)what constitutes the resources of the employer is to be determined in accordance with regulations;

(b)the value of the resources of the employer is to be determined, calculated and verified in a prescribed manner.

(3)In this section the “estimated section 75 debt” means the amount which the Regulator estimates to be the amount of the debt which would become due from the employer to the trustees or managers of the scheme under section 75 of the Pensions Act 1995 (deficiencies in the scheme assets) if—

(a)section 75(2) applied, and

(b)the time designated by the trustees or managers of the scheme for the purposes of section 75(2) were the relevant time.

(4)When calculating the estimated section 75 debt under subsection (3), the amount of any debt due at the relevant time from the employer under section 75 of the Pensions Act 1995 is to be disregarded.

(5)In this section “the relevant time” means—

(a)in a case where the act or failure to act forms part of a series of acts or failures to act, the time immediately before the first of the acts occurred or the first of the failures to act first occurred;

(b)in any other case, the time immediately before the act occurred or the failure to act first occurred.

38FSection 38 contribution notice issued by reference to employer resources test: defence

(1)This section applies where—

(a)a warning notice is given to any person (“P”) in respect of a contribution notice under section 38, and

(b)the contribution notice under consideration would be issued wholly or partly by reference to the Regulator's opinion that the employer resources test is met in relation to an act or deliberate failure to act to which P was a party.

(2)If the Regulator is satisfied that P has shown that—

(a)conditions A and C are met, and

(b)where applicable, condition B is met,

the Regulator must not issue the contribution notice by reference to its being of the opinion mentioned in subsection (1)(b).

(3)Condition A is that, before becoming a party to the act or failure, P gave due consideration to the extent to which the act or failure might reduce the value of the resources of the employer relative to the estimated section 75 debt in relation to the scheme.

(4)Condition B is that, in any case where as a result of that consideration P considered that the act or failure might have such an effect, P took all reasonable steps to eliminate or minimise the potential for the act or failure to have such an effect.

(5)Condition C is that, having regard to all relevant circumstances prevailing at the time of the act or at the time when the failure to act first occurred, it was reasonable for P to conclude that the act or failure would not bring about a reduction in the value of the resources of the employer that would be a material reduction relative to the estimated section 75 debt in relation to the scheme.

(6)P is to be regarded as giving the consideration mentioned in condition A only if P has made the enquiries, and done the other acts, that a reasonably diligent person would have made or done in the circumstances.

(7)For the purposes of condition C the reference to the circumstances mentioned in that condition is a reference to those circumstances of which P was aware, or ought reasonably to have been aware, at the time of the act or the time when the failure to act first occurred (including acts or failures to act which have occurred before that time and P's expectation at that time of other acts or failures to act occurring).

(8)For the purposes of conditions A and C—

(a)the “estimated section 75 debt” means the amount which is a reasonable estimate of the amount of the debt which would become due from the employer to the trustees or managers of the scheme under section 75 of the Pensions Act 1995 (deficiencies in the scheme assets) if—

(i)section 75(2) applied, and

(ii)the time designated by the trustees or managers of the scheme for the purposes of section 75(2) were the time immediately before the act occurred or the failure to act first occurred;

(b)the amount of any debt due at the time in question from the employer under section 75 of the Pensions Act 1995 is to be disregarded.

(9)In the case of acts or failures to act forming part of a series, P is to be regarded as having shown the matters mentioned in subsection (2) if P shows in the case of each of the acts or failures in the series that—

(a)conditions A and C are met, and (where applicable) condition B is met, in relation to the act or failure, or

(b)the act or failure was one of a number of acts or failures (a “group” of acts or failures) selected by P in relation to which the following matters are shown.

(10)The matters to be shown are that—

(a)before becoming a party to the first of the acts or failures in the group, condition A is met in relation to the effect of the acts or failures in the group taken together,

(b)condition B is (where applicable) met in relation to that effect, and

(c)condition C is then met in relation to each of the acts or failures in the group (determined at the time at which each act or failure concerned occurred or first occurred).

(11)If at any time P considers that condition C will not be met in relation to any particular act or failure in the group—

(a)the previous acts or failures in the group are to be regarded as a separate group for the purposes of subsection (9), and

(b)P may then select another group consisting of the particular act or failure concerned, and any subsequent act or failure, in relation to which P shows the matters mentioned in subsection (10).

Nothing in paragraph (b) is to be read as preventing P from showing the matters mentioned in subsection (9)(a).

(12)If—

(a)P is unable to show in the case of each of the acts or failures in the series that the matters set out in subsection (9)(a) or (b) are met, but

(b)does show in the case of some of them that those matters are met,

the acts or failures within paragraph (b) are not to count for the purposes of section 38E as acts or failures to act in the series.

(13)In this section—

(a)section 38E(2) (the resources of the employer and their value) has effect for the purpose of this section as it has effect for the purposes of section 38E;

(b)a warning notice” means a notice given as mentioned in section 96(2)(a);

(c)a reference to a party to an act or failure to act includes a reference to a person who knowingly assists in the act or failure.

Commencement Information

I103S. 103(4) in force at 31.5.2021 for specified purposes by S.I. 2021/620, reg. 2(1)(a)

Prospective

104Reasonableness of issuing a contribution noticeE+W+S

(1)Section 38 of the Pensions Act 2004 (contribution notices where avoidance of employer debt) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (7) (matters that may be relevant to imposing liability), after paragraph (d) insert—

(da)if the act or failure to act was a notifiable event for the purposes of section 69A (duty to give notices and statements to the Regulator in respect of certain events), any failure by the person to comply with any obligation imposed on the person by section 69A,.

(3)In subsection (7), after paragraph (eb) insert—

(ec)the effect of the act or failure to act on the value of the assets or liabilities of the scheme or any relevant transferee scheme,.

(4)After subsection (7A) insert—

(7B)In subsection (7)(ec) “relevant transferee scheme” and the reference to the assets or liabilities of any relevant transferee scheme have the same meaning as in section 38A.

Prospective

105Determination of sum specified in a contribution noticeE+W+S

(1)Section 39 of the Pensions Act 2004 (the sum specified in a section 38 contribution notice) is amended as follows.

(2)For subsection (4) substitute—

(4)For the purposes of this section “the relevant time” means the end of the scheme year which ended most recently before the day on which the Regulator gives a determination notice under section 96(2)(d) in respect of an intended contribution notice under section 38.

(3)Omit subsection (4A).

Prospective

106Sanctions for failure to comply with a contribution noticeE+W+S

(1)The Pensions Act 2004 is amended as follows.

(2)In section 40 (content and effect of a section 38 contribution notice)—

(a)after subsection (2) insert—

(2A)Without prejudice to subsections (3) and (7), the contribution notice must also specify a date for the purposes of sections 42A(2) and 42B(2) (sanctions for failure to comply with a contribution notice).;

(b)in subsection (9), after paragraph (b) (and before the “and”) insert—

(ba)specifies the same date for the purposes of sections 42A(2) and 42B(2) as is specified in P's contribution notice,.

(3)In section 41 (section 38 contribution notice: relationship with employer debt)—

(a)after subsection (8) insert—

(8A)An application under subsection (7) may not be made after—

(a)the date specified under section 40(2A) for the purposes of sections 42A(2) and 42B(2) (sanctions for failure to comply with a contribution notice), or

(b)if a different date has effect instead of that date (see subsections (10A) and (11B)), that different date.;

(b)after subsection (10) insert—

(10A)Where an application under subsection (7) is made to the Regulator, the Regulator may, if it is of the opinion that it is appropriate to do so—

(a)change the date that has effect for the purposes of sections 42A(2) and 42B(2) (whether specified in the contribution notice or an earlier revised contribution notice), and

(b)specify the revised date in the revised contribution notice issued under subsection (9)(b) or, if the Regulator does not issue a revised contribution notice under subsection (9)(b), issue a revised contribution notice specifying the revised date.;

(c)after subsection (11) insert—

(11A)Subsection (11B) applies where—

(a)P's contribution notice specifies that P is jointly and severally liable for the debt with other persons, and

(b)the Regulator issues a revised contribution notice to P under subsection (9)(b) or (10A)(b) specifying a revised date for the purposes of sections 42A(2) and 42B(2).

(11B)Where this subsection applies, the Regulator must—

(a)change the date that has effect for the purposes of sections 42A(2) and 42B(2) in the case of the contribution notices or revised contribution notices issued in respect of the debt to those other persons, and

(b)specify the revised date in the revised contribution notices issued to those other persons under subsection (11) or, if the Regulator does not issue revised contribution notices under subsection (11), issue revised contribution notices to those other persons specifying the revised date.

(4)After section 42 insert—

42AOffence of failing to comply with a section 38 contribution notice

(1)This section applies where a contribution notice is issued to a person under section 38.

(2)If the person, without reasonable excuse, fails to pay the debt due by virtue of the contribution notice to—

(a)the trustees or managers of the scheme, or

(b)the Board of the Pension Protection Fund (as the case may be),

before the date specified in the contribution notice for the purposes of this subsection (see section 40(2A)), the person is guilty of an offence.

(3)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (2) is liable—

(a)on summary conviction in England and Wales, to a fine;

(b)on summary conviction in Scotland, to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale.

(4)Proceedings for an offence under subsection (2) may not be instituted if an application under section 41(7) has been made—

(a)in relation to the contribution notice, or

(b)in relation to a contribution notice which is a corresponding contribution notice for the purposes of section 40(8),

and the application has not been determined, withdrawn or abandoned.

(5)Proceedings for an offence under subsection (2) may be instituted in England and Wales only—

(a)by the Regulator or the Secretary of State, or

(b)by or with the consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions.

(5)After section 42A (inserted by subsection (4)) insert—

42BFinancial penalty for failure to comply with a section 38 contribution notice

(1)This section applies where a contribution notice is issued to a person under section 38.

(2)Section 88A (financial penalties) applies to the person if the person, without reasonable excuse, fails to pay the debt due by virtue of the contribution notice to—

(a)the trustees or managers of the scheme, or

(b)the Board of the Pension Protection Fund (as the case may be),

before the date specified in the contribution notice for the purposes of this subsection (see section 40(2A)).

(3)The Regulator may not issue a warning notice to the person in respect of the imposition of a penalty under section 88A as it applies by virtue of subsection (2) if an application under section 41(7) has been made—

(a)in relation to the contribution notice, or

(b)in relation to a contribution notice which is a corresponding contribution notice for the purposes of section 40(8),

and the application has not been determined, withdrawn or abandoned.

(4)In this section “warning notice” means a notice given as mentioned in section 96(2)(a).

Prospective

Sanctions for avoidance of employer debt etcE+W+S

107Sanctions for avoidance of employer debt etcE+W+S

(1)The Pensions Act 2004 is amended as follows.

(2)After section 58 insert—

Sanctions for avoidance of employer debt etcE+W+S
58AOffence of avoidance of employer debt

(1)This section applies in relation to an occupational pension scheme other than—

(a)a money purchase scheme, or

(b)a prescribed scheme or a scheme of a prescribed description.

(2)A person commits an offence only if—

(a)the person does an act or engages in a course of conduct that—

(i)prevents the recovery of the whole or any part of a debt which is due from the employer in relation to the scheme under section 75 of the Pensions Act 1995 (deficiencies in the scheme assets),

(ii)prevents such a debt becoming due,

(iii)compromises or otherwise settles such a debt, or

(iv)reduces the amount of such a debt which would otherwise become due,

(b)the person intended the act or course of conduct to have such an effect, and

(c)the person did not have a reasonable excuse for doing the act or engaging in the course of conduct.

(3)A reference in this section to an act or course of conduct includes a failure to act.

(4)This section does not apply to a person if the act done, or course of conduct engaged in, by the person is in accordance with the person's functions as an insolvency practitioner in relation to another person.

(5)For the purposes of this section a reference to a debt due under section 75 of the Pensions Act 1995 includes a contingent debt under that section.

(6)Accordingly, in the case of such a contingent debt, the reference in subsection (2)(a) to preventing a debt becoming due is to be read as including a reference to preventing the occurrence of any of the events specified in section 75(4C)(a) or (b) of the Pensions Act 1995 upon which the debt is contingent.

(7)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (2) is liable—

(a)on summary conviction in England and Wales, to a fine;

(b)on summary conviction in Scotland, to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum;

(c)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding seven years or a fine, or both.

(8)Proceedings for an offence under subsection (2) may be instituted in England and Wales only—

(a)by the Regulator or the Secretary of State, or

(b)by or with the consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions.

(9)For the purposes of this section and sections 58B to 58D “insolvency practitioner”, in relation to a person, means—

(a)a person acting as an insolvency practitioner, in relation to that person, in accordance with section 388 of the Insolvency Act 1986, or

(b)an insolvency practitioner within the meaning of section 121(9)(b) (persons of a prescribed description).

58BOffence of conduct risking accrued scheme benefits

(1)This section applies in relation to an occupational pension scheme other than—

(a)a money purchase scheme, or

(b)a prescribed scheme or a scheme of a prescribed description.

(2)A person commits an offence only if—

(a)the person does an act or engages in a course of conduct that detrimentally affects in a material way the likelihood of accrued scheme benefits being received (whether the benefits are to be received as benefits under the scheme or otherwise),

(b)the person knew or ought to have known that the act or course of conduct would have that effect, and

(c)the person did not have a reasonable excuse for doing the act or engaging in the course of conduct.

(3)A reference in this section to an act or a course of conduct includes a failure to act.

(4)A reference in this section to accrued scheme benefits being received is a reference to benefits the rights to which have accrued by the relevant time being received by, or in respect of, the persons who were members of the scheme before that time.

(5)In this section “the relevant time” means—

(a)in the case of an act, the time of the act,

(b)in the case of a failure to act—

(i)the time when the failure occurred, or

(ii)where the failure continued for a period of time, the end of that period, or

(c)in the case of a course of conduct, the time when the course of conduct ended.

(6)A reference in this section to rights which have accrued is to be read in accordance with section 67A(6) and (7) of the Pensions Act 1995 (reading any reference in those subsections to a subsisting right as a reference to a right which has accrued).

(7)For the purposes of this section the benefits that may be received under the following provisions of this Act are to be disregarded—

(a)Chapter 3 of Part 2 (the Board of the Pension Protection Fund: pension protection), and

(b)section 286 (the financial assistance scheme for members of certain pension schemes).

(8)This section does not apply to a person if the act done, or course of conduct engaged in, by the person is in accordance with the person's functions as an insolvency practitioner in relation to another person (see section 58A(9)).

(9)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (2) is liable—

(a)on summary conviction in England and Wales, to a fine;

(b)on summary conviction in Scotland, to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum;

(c)on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding seven years or a fine, or both.

(10)Proceedings for an offence under subsection (2) may be instituted in England and Wales only—

(a)by the Regulator or the Secretary of State, or

(b)by or with the consent of the Director of Public Prosecutions.

(3)After section 58B (inserted by subsection (2)) insert—

58CFinancial penalty for avoidance of employer debt

(1)This section applies in relation to an occupational pension scheme other than—

(a)a money purchase scheme, or

(b)a prescribed scheme or a scheme of a prescribed description.

(2)Section 88A (financial penalties) applies to a person who was party to an act or deliberate failure to act the main purpose or one of the main purposes of which was—

(a)to prevent the recovery of the whole or any part of a debt which is due from the employer in relation to the scheme under section 75 of the Pensions Act 1995 (deficiencies in the scheme assets),

(b)to prevent such a debt becoming due,

(c)to compromise or otherwise settle such a debt, or

(d)to reduce the amount of such a debt which would otherwise become due,

if it was not reasonable for the person to act or fail to act in the way that the person did.

(3)This section does not apply where the Regulator is of the opinion that the person, in being a party to the act or failure, was acting in accordance with the person's functions as an insolvency practitioner in relation to another person (see section 58A(9)).

(4)For the purposes of this section a reference to a debt due under section 75 of the Pensions Act 1995 includes a contingent debt under that section.

(5)Accordingly, in the case of such a contingent debt, the reference in subsection (2) to preventing a debt becoming due is to be read as including a reference to preventing the occurrence of any of the events specified in section 75(4C)(a) or (b) of the Pensions Act 1995 upon which the debt is contingent.

(6)For the purposes of this section the parties to an act or deliberate failure to act include those persons who knowingly assist in the act or failure.

(7)If the Regulator is of the opinion that—

(a)a person was party to a series of acts or deliberate failures to act, and

(b)the requirements of subsection (2) are met in relation to the series,

the series of acts or failures to act is to be regarded as an act or failure to act in relation to which the requirements of subsection (2) are met.

58DFinancial penalty for conduct risking accrued scheme benefits

(1)This section applies in relation to an occupational pension scheme other than—

(a)a money purchase scheme, or

(b)a prescribed scheme or a scheme of a prescribed description.

(2)Section 88A (financial penalties) applies to a person who was party to an act or deliberate failure to act that detrimentally affected in a material way the likelihood of accrued scheme benefits being received (whether the benefits are to be received as benefits under the scheme or otherwise), if—

(a)the person knew or ought to have known that the act or failure to act would have that effect, and

(b)it was not reasonable for the person to act or fail to act in the way that the person did.

(3)This section does not apply where the Regulator is of the opinion that the person, in being a party to the act or failure, was acting in accordance with the person's functions as an insolvency practitioner in relation to another person (see section 58A(9)).

(4)In this section a reference to accrued scheme benefits being received is a reference to benefits the rights to which have accrued by the relevant time being received by, or in respect of, the persons who were members of the scheme before that time.

(5)In this section “the relevant time” means—

(a)in the case of an act, the time of the act;

(b)in the case of a failure to act—

(i)the time when the failure to act occurred, or

(ii)where the failure continued for a period of time, the end of that period;

and, in the case of acts or failures to act forming part of a series, any reference in this subsection to an act or failure to act is a reference to the last of the acts or failures in that series.

(6)A reference in this section to rights which have accrued is to be read in accordance with section 67A(6) and (7) of the Pensions Act 1995 (reading any reference in those subsections to a subsisting right as a reference to a right which has accrued).

(7)In determining for the purposes of this section whether an act or failure to act has detrimentally affected in a material way the likelihood of accrued scheme benefits being received, the following provisions of this Act are to be disregarded—

(a)Chapter 3 of Part 2 (the Board of the Pension Protection Fund: pension protection), and

(b)section 286 (the financial assistance scheme for members of certain pension schemes).

(8)For the purposes of this section the parties to an act or deliberate failure to act include those persons who knowingly assist in the act or failure.

(9)If the Regulator is of the opinion that—

(a)a person was party to a series of acts or deliberate failures to act, and

(b)the requirements of subsection (2) are met in relation to the series,

the series of acts or failures to act is to be regarded as an act or failure to act in relation to which the requirements of subsection (2) are met.

Collecting informationE+W+S

Prospective

108Duty to notify the Regulator of certain eventsE+W+S

(1)The Pensions Act 2004 is amended as follows.

(2)In section 69 (duty to notify the Regulator of certain events)—

(a)in subsection (7), for “section 10 of the Pensions Act 1995 (c. 26) (civil penalties)” substitute “ section 88A (financial penalties) ”;

(b)in subsection (8), for “That section” substitute “ Section 88A ”.

(3)In section 80 (offences of providing false or misleading information to the Regulator), in subsection (1)(a), after sub-paragraph (ii) insert—

(iia)section 69 (duty to notify the Regulator of certain events),.

109Duty to give notices and statements to the Regulator in respect of certain eventsE+W+S

(1)The Pensions Act 2004 is amended as follows.

(2)After section 69 insert—

69ADuty to give notices and statements to the Regulator in respect of certain events

(1)Except where the Regulator otherwise directs, the appropriate person must—

(a)give notice to the Regulator of any notifiable event;

(b)give notice to the Regulator of any material change in, or in the expected effects of, a notifiable event;

(c)give notice to the Regulator if a notifiable event is not going to, or does not, take place.

(2)In subsection (1) “notifiable event” means a prescribed event in respect of the employer in relation to an eligible scheme.

(3)For the purposes of subsection (1) each of the following is “the appropriate person”—

(a)the employer in relation to the scheme,

(b)a person connected with the employer,

(c)an associate of the employer, and

(d)a person of a prescribed description.

(4)Regulations may make provision about the meaning of a “material change” for the purposes of this section.

(5)A notice under subsection (1) must be given to the Regulator—

(a)in the case of a notice under subsection (1)(a), as soon as reasonably practicable after the person giving it becomes aware of the notifiable event, subject to subsection (6),

(b)in the case of a notice under subsection (1)(b), as soon as reasonably practicable after the person giving it becomes aware of the material change, subject to subsection (6), or

(c)in the case of a notice under subsection (1)(c), as soon as reasonably practicable after the person giving it becomes aware that the notifiable event is not going to take place or (as the case may be) did not take place.

(6)Regulations may require a notice under subsection (1)(a) or (b) to be given before the beginning of the prescribed period ending with—

(a)the notifiable event in question, or

(b)the material change in question.

(7)A notice under subsection (1)(a) or (b) must be accompanied by a statement (an “accompanying statement”).

(8)An accompanying statement must contain prescribed information.

(9)The information that may be prescribed under subsection (8) includes, in particular—

(a)a description of the event,

(b)a description of any adverse effects of the event on the eligible scheme,

(c)a description of any steps taken to mitigate those adverse effects, and

(d)a description of any communication with the trustees or managers of the eligible scheme about the event.

(10)Where a person gives the Regulator a notice under subsection (1), the person must give a copy of the notice and any accompanying statement to the trustees or managers of the eligible scheme at the same time.

(11)A notice or accompanying statement under this section must be in writing.

(12)No duty to which a person is subject is to be regarded as contravened merely because of any information or opinion contained in a notice or accompanying statement under this section.

This is subject to section 311 (protected items).

(13)Section 88A (financial penalties) applies to a person who, without reasonable excuse, fails to comply with an obligation imposed on the person by this section.

(14)For the purposes of this section—

(a)section 249 of the Insolvency Act 1986 (connected persons) applies as it applies for the purposes of any provision of the first Group of Parts of that Act,

(b)section 435 of the Insolvency Act 1986 (associated persons) applies as it applies for the purposes of that Act, and

(c)section 229 of the Bankruptcy (Scotland) Act 2016 (associated persons) applies as it applies for the purposes of that Act.

(15)In this section—

  • eligible scheme” has the meaning given by section 126;

  • event” includes a failure to act.

(3)In section 80 (offences of providing false or misleading information to the Regulator), after subsection (1)(a)(iia) (inserted by section 108) insert—

(iib)section 69A (duty to give notices and statements to the Regulator in respect of certain events),.

Commencement Information

I104S. 109(2) in force at 31.5.2021 for specified purposes by S.I. 2021/620, reg. 2(1)(b)

Gathering informationE+W+S

110InterviewsE+W+S

(1)The Pensions Act 2004 is amended as follows.

(2)After section 72 insert—

72AInterviews

(1)The Regulator may, by notice in writing, require any person to whom section 72(2) applies to attend before the Regulator, at a time and place specified in the notice, to answer questions and provide explanations on one or more matters specified in the notice that are relevant to the exercise of any of the Regulator's functions.

(2)A notice under subsection (1) must contain such other information as may be prescribed.

(3)In section 72 (provision of information), omit subsections (1A) and (1B).

(4)In section 77 (penalties relating to sections 72 to 75)—

(a)after subsection (1) insert—

(1A)A person who, without reasonable excuse, neglects or refuses—

(a)to attend before the Regulator as required under section 72A(1), or

(b)to answer a question or provide an explanation on a matter specified in the notice under section 72A(1), when so attending before the Regulator,

is guilty of an offence.;

(b)in subsection (3), after “subsection (1)” insert “ , (1A) ”;

(c)in subsection (4), after “subsection (1)” insert “ , (1A) ”.

Commencement Information

I105S. 110(2) in force at 31.5.2021 for specified purposes by S.I. 2021/620, reg. 2(1)(c)

Prospective

111Inspection of premisesE+W+S

(1)Section 73 of the Pensions Act 2004 (inspection of premises) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (2)—

(a)after paragraph (da) insert—

(db)the Pension Schemes Act 2017;

(dc)Part 1 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021;;

(b)in paragraph (e), for “(da)” substitute “ (dc) ”.

(3)After subsection (2) insert—

(2A)An inspector may, for the purposes of investigating whether the Regulator has grounds in the case of an occupational pension scheme for issuing—

(a)a contribution notice under section 38 (contribution notices where avoidance of employer debt),

(b)a financial support direction under section 43 (financial support directions),

(c)a contribution notice under section 47 (contribution notices where non-compliance with financial support direction),

(d)a restoration order under section 52 (restoration orders where transactions at an undervalue),

(e)a contribution notice under section 55 (contribution notice where failure to comply with restoration order), or

(f)a notice, direction or order under any corresponding provision in force in Northern Ireland,

at any reasonable time enter premises liable to inspection.

(4)After subsection (5) insert—

(5A)An inspector may, for the purposes of investigating whether the relevant provisions are being, or have been, complied with in the case of a scheme, at any reasonable time enter premises liable to inspection.

(5B)In subsection (5A), “the relevant provisions” means provisions contained in or made by virtue of—

(a)such provisions of the pensions legislation as may be prescribed;

(b)any provisions in force in Northern Ireland corresponding to the provisions so prescribed.

(5)In subsection (6) (premises liable to inspection)—

(a)in paragraph (b), omit the “or” at the end;

(b)after paragraph (c) insert—

(d)documents relevant to the administration of the business of the employer in relation to the scheme are being kept there,

(e)the administration of the business of the employer in relation to the scheme, or work connected with that administration, is being carried out there, or

(f)in the case of an occupational pension scheme other than a money purchase scheme, a prescribed scheme or a scheme of a prescribed description, documents relevant to a change in the ownership of the employer or of a significant asset of the employer are being kept there.

(6)After subsection (6) insert—

(6A)In the application of this section in relation to a provision mentioned in subsection (1), (2A), (3), (4) or (5A), references in this section to “employer” are to be read as having the meaning that it has for the purposes of the provision in question.

(6B)In this section a reference to an employer in relation to an occupational pension scheme includes a reference to a person who has been the employer in relation to the scheme.

(7)In subsection (7), for “this section,” substitute this section—

the pensions legislation” means any enactment contained in or made by virtue of—

(a)the Pension Schemes Act 1993,

(b)Part 1 or section 33 or 45 of the Welfare Reform and Pensions Act 1999,

(c)this Act,

(d)Schedule 18 to the Pensions Act 2014, or

(e)section 48 or 49 of the Pension Schemes Act 2015;.

112Fixed penalty notices and escalating penalty noticesE+W+S

After section 77 of the Pensions Act 2004 (penalties relating to sections 72 to 75) insert—

77AFixed penalty notices

(1)The Regulator may issue a fixed penalty notice to a person if it considers that the person—

(a)has failed to comply with a notice under section 72 or 72A,

(b)has failed to comply with a requirement under section 75, or

(c)has prevented or hindered an inspector exercising any power under section 73, 74 or 75.

(2)A fixed penalty notice is a notice requiring the person to whom it is issued to pay a penalty within the period specified in the notice.

(3)The penalty—

(a)is to be determined in accordance with regulations, and

(b)must not exceed £50,000.

(4)A fixed penalty notice must—

(a)state the amount of the penalty;

(b)state the date by which the penalty must be paid, which must be at least 28 days after the date on which the notice is issued;

(c)state the period to which the penalty relates;

(d)specify the failure or conduct to which the penalty relates;

(e)state that the Regulator may issue an escalating penalty notice under section 77B if the person fails to comply with a notice under section 72 or 72A;

(f)notify the person to whom the notice is issued of the review process under section 43 of the Pensions Act 2008 and the right of referral to a tribunal under section 44 of that Act (as applied by subsection (5)).

(5)The following sections of the Pensions Act 2008 apply to a penalty notice under this section as they apply to a penalty notice under section 40 of that Act—

(a)section 42 (penalty notices: recovery);

(b)section 43 (review of penalty notices);

(c)section 44 (references to First-tier Tribunal or Upper Tribunal).

(6)This section does not apply in a case where section 40 of the Pensions Act 2008 or section 17 of the Pension Schemes Act 2017 applies.

77BEscalating penalty notices

(1)The Regulator may issue an escalating penalty notice to a person if it considers that the person has failed to comply with a notice under section 72 or 72A.

(2)But the Regulator may not issue an escalating penalty notice to a person if—

(a)the person has exercised the right of referral to a tribunal under section 44 of the Pensions Act 2008 (as applied by section 77A(5)) in respect of a fixed penalty notice issued under section 77A in relation to that notice under section 72 or 72A, and

(b)the reference has not been determined.

(3)An escalating penalty notice is a notice requiring a person to pay an escalating penalty if the person fails to comply with a notice under section 72 or 72A before a specified date.

(4)An escalating penalty is a penalty which is calculated by reference to a daily rate.

(5)The daily rate—

(a)is to be determined in accordance with regulations, and

(b)must not exceed £10,000.

(6)An escalating penalty notice must—

(a)specify the failure to which the penalty relates;

(b)state that, if the person fails to comply with the notice under section 72 or 72A before a specified date, the person will be liable to pay an escalating penalty;

(c)state the daily rate of the escalating penalty and the way in which the penalty is calculated;

(d)state the date from which the escalating penalty will be payable, which must not be earlier than the date specified in the fixed penalty notice under section 77A(4)(b);

(e)state that the escalating penalty will continue to be payable at the daily rate until the date on which the person complies with the notice under section 72 or 72A or such earlier date as the Regulator may determine;

(f)notify the person to whom the notice is issued of the review process under section 43 of the Pensions Act 2008 and the right of referral to a tribunal under section 44 of that Act (as applied by subsection (7)).

(7)The following sections of the Pensions Act 2008 apply to an escalating penalty notice under this section as they apply to an escalating penalty notice under section 41 of that Act—

(a)section 42 (penalty notices: recovery);

(b)section 43 (review of penalty notices);

(c)section 44 (references to First-tier Tribunal or Upper Tribunal).

(8)This section does not apply in a case where section 41 of the Pensions Act 2008 or section 18 of the Pension Schemes Act 2017 applies.

Commencement Information

I106S. 112 in force at 31.5.2021 for specified purposes by S.I. 2021/620, reg. 2(1)(d)

Prospective

Provision of false or misleading informationE+W+S

113Provision of false or misleading information to RegulatorE+W+S

After section 80 of the Pensions Act 2004 (offences of providing false or misleading information) insert—

80AFinancial penalty for providing false or misleading information to Regulator

(1)Section 88A (financial penalties) applies to a person who has knowingly or recklessly provided the Regulator with information which is false or misleading in a material particular, if the information was provided to the Regulator in the circumstances mentioned in subsection (2)(a), (b) or (c).

(2)The circumstances referred to in subsection (1) are—

(a)that the information was provided in purported compliance with a requirement under—

(i)section 62 (the register: duties of trustees or managers),

(ii)section 64 (duty of trustees or managers to provide scheme return),

(iii)section 69 (duty to notify the Regulator of certain events),

(iv)section 69A (duty to give notices and statements to the Regulator in respect of certain events),

(v)section 72 (provision of information),

(vi)section 72A (interviews),

(vii)section 75 (inspection of premises: powers of inspectors), or

(viii)regulations under section 11 of the Pensions Act 2008 (information about employers' duties to be given to the Regulator);

(b)that the information was provided in applying for registration of a pension scheme under section 2 of the Welfare Reform and Pensions Act 1999 (registration of stakeholder pension schemes);

(c)that the information was provided otherwise than as mentioned in paragraph (a) or (b) but in circumstances in which the person providing the information intends, or could reasonably be expected to know, that it would be used by the Regulator for the purpose of exercising its functions under—

(i)the Pensions Act 1995,

(ii)this Act,

(iii)the Pensions Act 2008,

(iv)Schedule 18 to the Pensions Act 2014,

(v)the Pension Schemes Act 2017, or

(vi)Part 1 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021.

114Provision of false or misleading information to trustees or managersE+W+S

After section 80A of the Pensions Act 2004 (inserted by section 113) insert—

80BFinancial penalty for providing false or misleading information to trustees or managers

(1)This section applies in relation to an occupational pension scheme other than—

(a)a money purchase scheme, or

(b)a prescribed scheme or a scheme of a prescribed description.

(2)Section 88A (financial penalties) applies to a person who has knowingly or recklessly provided a trustee or manager of the scheme with information which is false or misleading in a material particular, if the information was provided to the trustee or manager of the scheme in the circumstances mentioned in subsection (3)(a) or (b).

(3)The circumstances referred to in subsection (2) are—

(a)that the information was provided in purported compliance with a requirement under—

(i)regulations under section 7 of the Superannuation Act 1972 (superannuation of persons employed in local government service and other persons selected by the Secretary of State),

(ii)regulations under section 113A of the Pension Schemes Act 1993 (power to require disclosure of information about transfers from one scheme to another),

(iii)section 22(2B)(c) of the Pensions Act 1995 (insolvency practitioner or official receiver to give notice of certain events to trustees of scheme),

(iv)section 26 of that Act (insolvency practitioner or official receiver to give information to trustees),

(v)regulations under section 47(9) of that Act (power to impose duties on employers, auditors and actuaries to disclose information), or

(vi)a direction under section 72B of that Act (directions by Regulator for facilitating winding up of scheme);

(b)that the information was provided otherwise than as mentioned in paragraph (a) but in circumstances in which the person providing the information intends, or could reasonably be expected to know, that it would be used by the trustee or manager who receives it in that person's capacity as a trustee or manager of the scheme.

Prospective

Financial penaltiesE+W+S

115Financial penaltiesE+W+S

After section 88 of the Pensions Act 2004 insert—

Financial penaltiesE+W+S
88AFinancial penalties

(1)Where the Regulator is satisfied that by reason of an act this section applies to a person, the Regulator may issue a notice to the person requiring the person to pay a penalty in respect of that act of an amount specified in the notice within a period specified in the notice.

(2)The amount of the penalty is to be an amount, not exceeding £1 million, determined by the Regulator.

(3)Regulations may amend subsection (2) by substituting a higher amount for the amount for the time being specified in subsection (2).

(4)The date on which the period specified in the notice ends must be at least 28 days after the date on which the notice is issued.

(5)The notice must specify the provision by virtue of which the penalty is imposed.

(6)Where—

(a)a penalty under this section may, apart from this subsection, be imposed on a body corporate, and

(b)the act in question was done with the consent or connivance of a director, manager, secretary or other similar officer of the body or a person purporting to act in any such capacity,

this section applies to that person.

(7)Where the affairs of a body corporate are managed by its members, subsection (6) applies in relation to the acts of a member in connection with the member's functions of management as to a director of a body corporate.

(8)Where—

(a)a penalty under this section may, apart from this subsection, be imposed on a Scottish partnership, and

(b)the act in question was done with the consent or connivance of a partner,

this section applies to that person.

(9)If the Regulator requires a person to pay a penalty under this section by virtue of subsection (6) or (8), it may not also require the body corporate or the Scottish partnership to pay a penalty under this section in respect of the same act.

(10)The Regulator may not issue a notice under this section to a person in relation to an act if—

(a)the person has been convicted of an offence in respect of the same act, or

(b)criminal proceedings for the offence have been instituted against the person in respect of the act and the proceedings have not been concluded.

(11)The Regulator may not issue a notice under this section to a person in respect of an act if the Regulator has required the person to pay a penalty under section 10 of the Pensions Act 1995 (civil penalties) in respect of the same act.

(12)In this section “act” includes omission.

88BFinancial penalties: time for recovery

(1)Subsection (3) applies where—

(a)the Regulator is satisfied that section 88A applies to a person by virtue of section 58C or 58D (financial penalty for avoidance of employer debt etc),

(b)the Regulator issues a notice under section 88A requiring the person to pay a penalty in respect of the act or failure to act in question, and

(c)when the notice under section 88A is issued, the person is subject to one or more contribution notices issued under section 38 (contribution notices where avoidance of employer debt).

(2)Subsection (3) does not apply if, when the notice under section 88A is issued, a qualifying insolvency event has occurred in relation to the employer in relation to the scheme by reference to which the penalty under section 88A is imposed.

(3)The Regulator may not take any step to recover the penalty specified in the notice under section 88A (including accepting an amount offered in payment or part payment of the penalty) until after—

(a)the relevant date relating to the contribution notice or (as the case may be) the latest of the relevant dates relating to the contribution notices, or

(b)if sooner, the date on which a qualifying insolvency event occurs in relation to the employer in relation to the scheme by reference to which the penalty under section 88A is imposed.

(4)In this section—

  • qualifying insolvency event” has the meaning given by section 127(3);

  • the relevant date” means, in relation to a contribution notice issued under section 38—

    (a)

    the date specified under section 40(2A) for the purposes of sections 42A(2) and 42B(2), disregarding any date that has effect instead of that date by virtue of section 41(10A) or (11B), or

    (b)

    if sooner, the date on which the sum specified in the contribution notice is paid.

88CFinancial penalties: recovery

(1)A penalty under section 88A is recoverable by the Regulator.

(2)In England and Wales, such a penalty is, if the county court so orders, recoverable under section 85 of the County Courts Act 1984 or otherwise as if it were payable under an order of that court.

(3)In Scotland, a notice to pay such a penalty is enforceable as if it were an extract registered decree arbitral bearing a warrant for execution issued by the sheriff court of any sheriffdom in Scotland.

(4)The Regulator must pay into the Consolidated Fund a penalty recovered under this section.

SupplementaryE+W+S

116Minor and consequential amendmentsE+W+S

Schedule 7 contains minor and consequential amendments.

Commencement Information

I107S. 116 in force at 31.5.2021 for specified purposes by S.I. 2021/620, reg. 2(2)(a)

Prospective

Northern IrelandN.I.

117The Pensions Regulator: Northern IrelandN.I.

In Schedule 8—

(a)Part 1 makes provision for Northern Ireland which corresponds to that made by sections 103 to 115;

(b)Part 2 contains minor and consequential amendments.

PART 4 U.K.Pensions dashboards

118Qualifying pensions dashboard serviceE+W+S

(1)The Pensions Act 2004 is amended as follows.

(2)After section 238 insert—

Pensions dashboardsE+W+S

238AQualifying pensions dashboard service

(1)A pensions dashboard service is an electronic communications service by means of which information about pensions may be requested by, and provided to, an individual or a person authorised by the individual.

(2)Qualifying pensions dashboard service” means a pensions dashboard service in relation to which prescribed requirements are satisfied.

(3)Requirements prescribed under subsection (2) may, in particular, relate to—

(a)what relevant and other information is to be provided, how it is to be provided and the circumstances in which it is to be provided;

(b)how the pensions dashboard service is to be established, maintained and operated.

(4)In subsection (3)(a) “relevant information” means—

(a)information of a prescribed description about—

(i)state pensions;

(ii)basic or additional retirement pensions;

(b)state pension information relating to the individual in question of such description as may be prescribed;

(c)information of a prescribed description about occupational or personal pension schemes or a prescribed description of occupational or personal pension schemes;

(d)information relating to the individual in question and particular occupational or personal pension schemes of such description as may be prescribed.

(5)Requirements prescribed under subsection (2) may, in particular—

(a)require the pensions dashboard service to comply with standards, specifications or technical requirements published from time to time by—

(i)the Secretary of State,

(ii)the Money and Pensions Service, or

(iii)a person specified or of a description specified in the regulations;

(b)require the provider of the pensions dashboard service to satisfy prescribed conditions;

(c)require the provider of the pensions dashboard service to be a person approved from time to time by—

(i)the Secretary of State,

(ii)the Money and Pensions Service, or

(iii)a person specified or of a description specified in the regulations;

(d)require the provider of the pensions dashboard service to provide, or not to provide, information, facilities or services specified or of a description specified in connection with the pensions dashboard service.

(6)Requirements prescribed under subsection (2) may include provision under which a determination may fall to be made by—

(a)the Secretary of State,

(b)the Money and Pensions Service, or

(c)a person specified or of a description specified in the regulations.

238BQualifying pension dashboard service: further provision

(1)Requirements prescribed under section 238A(2) may make provision about—

(a)dealing with requests for information about pensions, including provision about the use of intermediaries;

(b)the involvement of the provider of a pensions dashboard service in the arrangements for dealing with requests for information about pensions.

(2)The provision made by virtue of subsection (1) may, in particular, require—

(a)the use of electronic communications;

(b)the use of facilities or services specified or of a description specified in the regulations;

(c)the provision of assistance in connection with the establishment, maintenance or management of such facilities or services;

(d)participation in, or compliance with, arrangements for establishing, maintaining or managing such facilities or services.

(3)The facilities and services for which provision may be made by virtue of subsection (2)(b) may include facilities or services with functions relating to—

(a)the transmission of information,

(b)verifying the identity of a person,

(c)identifying the occupational or personal pension scheme or schemes under which pensions are payable to or in respect of a particular individual,

(d)authenticating information transmitted by means of electronic communications, or

(e)ensuring the security of information transmitted by means of electronic communications.

(4)Regulations under subsection (2)(b) may impose requirements as regards a facility or service, including requirements about—

(a)compliance with standards, specifications or technical requirements published from time to time by—

(i)the Secretary of State,

(ii)the Money and Pensions Service, or

(iii)a person specified or of a description specified in the regulations;

(b)the provider of the facility or service being a person approved from time to time by—

(i)the Secretary of State,

(ii)the Money and Pensions Service, or

(iii)a person specified or of a description specified in the regulations.

(5)Regulations under subsection (2)(d) may, in particular, require the provider of the pensions dashboard service—

(a)to cooperate with the Money and Pensions Service or a person specified or of a description specified in the regulations;

(b)to coordinate activities with the Money and Pensions Service or a person specified or of a description specified in the regulations;

(c)to enable the Money and Pensions Service or a person specified or of a description specified in the regulations to monitor or audit compliance by the provider.

(6)Except as provided by subsection (7), regulations under section 238A(2) may provide for the processing of personal data in accordance with the regulations not to be in breach of—

(a)any obligation of confidence owed by the person processing the personal data, or

(b)any other restriction on the processing of personal data (however imposed).

(7)Regulations under section 238A(2) are not to be read as authorising or requiring such processing of personal data as would contravene the data protection legislation (but in determining whether particular processing of data would do so, take into account the power conferred or duty imposed by the provision of regulations in question).

238CSections 238A and 238B: interpretation

(1)This section applies for the purposes of sections 238A and 238B.

(2)A reference to state pension information, in relation to an individual, is a reference to the information about that individual specified in—

(a)section 42(7) of the Child Support, Pensions and Social Security Act 2000, or

(b)section 38(7) of the Child Support, Pensions and Social Security Act (Northern Ireland) 2000.

(3)A reference to the Money and Pensions Service includes a reference to a person with whom arrangements are made under section 5(1), (2) or (3) of the Financial Guidance and Claims Act 2018.

(4)In sections 238A and 238B—

  • additional retirement pension” means—

    (a)

    any additional pension or shared additional pension under—

    (i)

    the Social Security Contributions and Benefits Act 1992, or

    (ii)

    the Social Security Contributions and Benefits (Northern Ireland) Act 1992, or

    (b)

    any graduated retirement benefit under—

    (i)

    sections 36 and 37 of the National Insurance Act 1965, or

    (ii)

    sections 35 and 36 of the National Insurance Act (Northern Ireland) 1966;

  • basic retirement pension” means any basic pension under—

    (a)

    the Social Security Contributions and Benefits Act 1992, or

    (b)

    the Social Security Contributions and Benefits (Northern Ireland) Act 1992;

  • the data protection legislation” has the same meaning as in the Data Protection Act 2018 (see section 3 of that Act);

  • electronic communications service” has the meaning given by section 32 of the Communications Act 2003;

  • personal data” has the same meaning as in the Data Protection Act 2018 (see section 3 of that Act);

  • state pension” means any state pension under—

    (a)

    Part 1 of the Pensions Act 2014, or

    (b)

    Part 1 of the Pensions Act (Northern Ireland) 2015.

(3)In section 316 (Parliamentary control of subordinate legislation), in subsection (2) (affirmative resolution procedure), after paragraph (k) insert—

(ka)regulations under section 238A (qualifying pensions dashboard service);.

Commencement Information

I108S. 118 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

119Information from occupational pension schemesE+W+S

(1)The Pensions Act 2004 is amended as follows.

(2)After section 238C of the Pensions Act 2004 (inserted by section 118) insert—

238DInformation from occupational pension schemes

(1)Regulations may impose requirements on the trustees or managers of a relevant occupational pension scheme with respect to—

(a)providing pensions information by means of—

(i)a qualifying pensions dashboard service, or

(ii)the pensions dashboard service provided by the Money and Pensions Service;

(b)facilitating the provision of pensions information by means of—

(i)a qualifying pensions dashboard service, or

(ii)the pensions dashboard service provided by the Money and Pensions Service.

(2)In this section “pensions information” means, in relation to a relevant occupational pension scheme, such information as may be prescribed, which may include in particular—

(a)information relating to—

(i)the constitution of the scheme,

(ii)the administration and finances of the scheme,

(iii)the rights and obligations that arise or may arise under the scheme,

(iv)the pensions and other benefits an entitlement to which would be likely to accrue to a member, or be capable of being secured by a member, in respect of the rights that may arise under the scheme, and

(v)other matters relevant to occupational pension schemes in general or to occupational pension schemes of a description to which the scheme belongs;

(b)information as regards the position of an individual in relation to the scheme.

(3)Regulations under subsection (1) may, in particular, impose requirements about—

(a)the persons to whom pensions information must be provided;

(b)the circumstances in which pensions information must be provided;

(c)the steps to be taken before pensions information may be provided;

(d)the manner and form in which pensions information must be provided;

(e)the time within which pensions information must be provided;

(f)the way in which pensions information must be held.

(4)Regulations under subsection (1) may require the trustees or managers of a scheme to comply with standards, specifications or technical requirements published from time to time by—

(a)the Secretary of State,

(b)the Money and Pensions Service, or

(c)a person specified or of a description specified in the regulations.

(5)Regulations under subsection (1) may include provision under which a determination may fall to be made by—

(a)the Secretary of State,

(b)the Money and Pensions Service, or

(c)a person specified or of a description specified in the regulations.

(6)Regulations under subsection (1) may require the trustees or managers to provide prescribed information about their carrying out of requirements prescribed under this section to—

(a)the Regulator,

(b)the Money and Pensions Service, or

(c)a person specified or of a description specified in the regulations.

(7)In complying with requirements prescribed under this section, a trustee or manager of an occupational pension scheme must have regard to guidance issued from time to time by—

(a)the Secretary of State, or

(b)a person specified or of a description specified in the regulations.

238EInformation from occupational pension schemes: further provision

(1)Regulations under section 238D(1) may make provision about—

(a)how pensions information is to be provided, including provision about the use of intermediaries;

(b)the involvement of the trustees or managers of a scheme in the arrangements for dealing with requests for information about pensions.

(2)The provision made by virtue of subsection (1) may, in particular, require—

(a)the use of electronic communications;

(b)the use of facilities or services specified or of a description specified in the regulations;

(c)the provision of assistance in connection with the establishment, maintenance or management of such facilities or services;

(d)participation in, or compliance with, arrangements for establishing, maintaining or managing such facilities or services.

(3)The facilities and services for which provision may be made by virtue of subsection (2)(b) may include facilities or services with functions relating to—

(a)the transmission of information,

(b)verifying the identity of a person,

(c)identifying the occupational or personal pension scheme or schemes under which pensions are payable to or in respect of a particular individual,

(d)authenticating information transmitted by means of electronic communications, or

(e)ensuring the security of information transmitted by means of electronic communications.

(4)Regulations under subsection (2)(b) may impose requirements as regards a facility or service, including requirements about—

(a)compliance with standards, specifications or technical requirements published from time to time by—

(i)the Secretary of State,

(ii)the Money and Pensions Service, or

(iii)a person specified or of a description specified in the regulations;

(b)the provider of the facility or service being a person approved from time to time by—

(i)the Secretary of State,

(ii)the Money and Pensions Service, or

(iii)a person specified or of a description specified in the regulations.

(5)Regulations under subsection (2)(d) may, in particular, require the trustees or managers—

(a)to cooperate with the Money and Pensions Service or other persons specified or of a description specified in the regulations;

(b)to coordinate activities with the Money and Pensions Service or other persons specified or of a description specified in the regulations.

(6)Except as provided by subsection (7), regulations under section 238D(1) may provide for the processing of personal data in accordance with the regulations not to be in breach of—

(a)any obligation of confidence owed by the person processing the personal data, or

(b)any other restriction on the processing of personal data (however imposed).

(7)Regulations under section 238D(1) are not to be read as authorising or requiring such processing of personal data as would contravene the data protection legislation (but in determining whether particular processing of data would do so, take into account the power conferred or duty imposed by the provision of regulations in question).

238FSections 238D and 238E: interpretation

(1)This section has effect for the purposes of sections 238D and 238E.

(2)A reference to the Money and Pensions Service includes a reference to a person with whom arrangements are made under section 5(1), (2) or (3) of the Financial Guidance and Claims Act 2018.

(3)In sections 238D and 238E—

  • the data protection legislation” has the same meaning as in the Data Protection Act 2018 (see section 3 of that Act);

  • pensions dashboard service” means—

    (a)

    a pensions dashboard service within the meaning of section 238A, or

    (b)

    a pensions dashboard service within the meaning of Article 215A of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 2005 (S.I. 2005/255 (N.I. 1));

  • personal data” has the same meaning as in the Data Protection Act 2018 (see section 3 of that Act);

  • qualifying pensions dashboard service” means a pensions dashboard service that satisfies—

    (a)

    such requirements as may be prescribed by regulations under section 238A, or

    (b)

    such requirements as may be prescribed by regulations under Article 215A of the ;

  • relevant occupational pension scheme” means an occupational pension scheme which is not a stakeholder pension scheme (as defined in section 1 of the Welfare Reform and Pensions Act 1999).

238GCompliance

(1)Regulations may make provision with a view to securing that the trustees or managers of a relevant occupational pension scheme comply with a provision of regulations under section 238D.

(2)The regulations may, among other things—

(a)provide for the Regulator to issue a notice (a “compliance notice”) to a person with a view to ensuring the person's compliance with a provision of regulations under section 238D;

(b)provide for the Regulator to issue a notice (a “third party compliance notice”) to a person with a view to ensuring another person's compliance with a provision of the regulations;

(c)provide for the Regulator to issue a notice (a “penalty notice”) imposing a penalty on a person where the Regulator is of the opinion that the person—

(i)has failed to comply with a compliance notice or third party compliance notice, or

(ii)has contravened a provision of regulations under section 238D;

(d)provide for the making of a reference to the First-tier Tribunal or Upper Tribunal in respect of the issue of a penalty notice or the amount of a penalty;

(e)confer other functions on the Regulator.

(3)The regulations may make provision for determining the amount, or the maximum amount, of a penalty in respect of a failure or contravention.

(4)But the amount of a penalty imposed under the regulations in respect of a failure or contravention must not exceed—

(a)£5,000, in the case of an individual, and

(b)£50,000, in any other case.

(5)In this section “relevant occupational pension scheme” has the meaning given by section 238F.

(3)In section 310 (admissibility of statements), in subsection (3)(b), after sub-paragraph (ai) (inserted by paragraph 11 of Schedule 7) insert—

(bi)section 238G (penalties for contravention of regulations under section 238D),.

(4)In section 316 (Parliamentary control of subordinate legislation), in subsection (2) (affirmative resolution procedure), after paragraph (ka) (inserted by section 118) insert—

(kb)regulations under section 238D (information from occupational pension schemes);

(kc)regulations under section 238G (compliance with regulations under section 238D);.

(5)In Schedule 1 (the Pensions Regulator), in Part 4 (proceedings and delegation etc), in paragraph 21(2), after paragraph (e) insert—

(ea)the power to issue a compliance notice under regulations under section 238G;

(eb)the power to issue a third party compliance notice under regulations under section 238G;

(ec)the power to issue a penalty notice under regulations under section 238G;.

Commencement Information

I109S. 119 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

120Pensions dashboards: Northern IrelandN.I.

Schedule 9 contains provision for Northern Ireland corresponding to the provision made for England and Wales and Scotland in sections 118 and 119.

Commencement Information

I110S. 120 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

121Information from personal and stakeholder pension schemesE+W+S

(1)The Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 is amended as follows.

(2)After section 137FA insert—

137FAAFCA general rules: pensions dashboards

(1)The FCA must make general rules imposing requirements on specified authorised persons with respect to—

(a)providing pensions information by means of—

(i)a qualifying pensions dashboard service;

(ii)the pensions dashboard service provided by the Money and Pensions Service;

(b)facilitating the provision of pensions information by means of—

(i)a qualifying pensions dashboard service;

(ii)the pensions dashboard service provided by the Money and Pensions Service.

(2)In this section “pensions information” means, in relation to a personal or stakeholder pension scheme, information of a description specified in rules made by virtue of subsection (1), which may include in particular—

(a)information relating to—

(i)the constitution of the scheme,

(ii)the administration and finances of the scheme,

(iii)the rights and obligations that arise or may arise under the scheme,

(iv)the pensions and other benefits an entitlement to which would be likely to accrue to a member, or be capable of being secured by a member, in respect of the rights that may arise under the scheme, and

(v)other matters relevant to personal or stakeholder pension schemes in general or to personal or stakeholder pension schemes of a description to which the scheme belongs;

(b)information as regards the position of an individual in relation to the scheme.

(3)Rules made by virtue of subsection (1) may, in particular, impose requirements about—

(a)the persons to whom pensions information must be provided;

(b)the circumstances in which pensions information must be provided;

(c)the steps to be taken before pensions information may be provided;

(d)the manner and form in which pensions information must be provided;

(e)the time within which pensions information must be provided;

(f)the way in which pensions information must be held.

(4)Rules made by virtue of subsection (1) may require specified authorised persons to comply with standards, specifications or technical requirements published from time to time by—

(a)the Secretary of State,

(b)the Money and Pensions Service, or

(c)a person specified or of a description specified in the rules.

(5)Rules made by virtue of subsection (1) may include provision under which a determination may fall to be made by—

(a)the Secretary of State,

(b)the Money and Pensions Service, or

(c)a person specified or of a description specified in the rules.

(6)Rules made by virtue of subsection (1) may require specified authorised persons to provide information specified in the rules about their carrying out of requirements specified in the rules to—

(a)the FCA,

(b)the Money and Pensions Service, or

(c)a person specified or of a description specified in the rules.

(7)Rules made by virtue of subsection (1) may require specified authorised persons to have regard, in complying with requirements specified in the rules, to guidance issued from time to time by a person specified or of a description specified in the rules.

(8)In determining what provision to include in the rules, the FCA must have regard to any regulations that are for the time being in force under—

(a)section 238D of the Pensions Act 2004, or

(b)Article 215D of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 2005 (S.I. 2005/255 (N.I. 1)).

137FABPensions dashboards: further provision

(1)General rules made by virtue of section 137FAA(1) may make provision about—

(a)how pensions information is to be provided, including provision about the use of intermediaries;

(b)the involvement of specified authorised persons in the arrangements for dealing with requests for information about pensions.

(2)The provision made by virtue of subsection (1) may, in particular, require—

(a)the use of electronic communications;

(b)the use of facilities or services specified or of a description specified in the rules;

(c)the provision of assistance in connection with the establishment, maintenance or management of such facilities or services;

(d)participation in, or compliance with, arrangements for establishing, maintaining or managing such facilities or services.

(3)The facilities and services for which provision may be made by virtue of subsection (2)(b) may include facilities or services with functions relating to—

(a)the transmission of information,

(b)verifying the identity of a person,

(c)identifying the occupational or personal pension scheme or schemes (as defined in section 1 of the Pension Schemes Act 1993 or the Pension Schemes (Northern Ireland) Act 1993) under which pensions are payable to or in respect of a particular individual,

(d)authenticating information transmitted by means of electronic communications, or

(e)ensuring the security of information transmitted by means of electronic communications.

(4)Rules made by virtue of subsection (2)(b) may impose requirements as regards a facility or service, including requirements about—

(a)compliance with standards, specifications or technical requirements published from time to time by—

(i)the Secretary of State,

(ii)the Money and Pensions Service, or

(iii)a person specified or of a description specified in the rules;

(b)the provider of the facility or service being a person approved from time to time by—

(i)the Secretary of State,

(ii)the Money and Pensions Service, or

(iii)a person specified or of a description specified in the rules.

(5)Rules made by virtue of subsection (2)(d) may, in particular, require specified authorised persons—

(a)to cooperate with the Money and Pensions Service or a person specified or of a description specified in the rules;

(b)to coordinate activities with the Money and Pensions Service or a person specified or of a description specified in the rules.

(6)Except as provided by subsection (7), general rules made by virtue of section 137FAA(1) may provide for the processing of personal data in accordance with the rules not to be in breach of—

(a)any obligation of confidence owed by the person processing the personal data, or

(b)any other restriction on the processing of personal data (however imposed).

(7)General rules made by virtue of section 137FAA(1) are not to be read as authorising or requiring such processing of personal data as would contravene the data protection legislation (but in determining whether particular processing of data would do so, take into account the power conferred or duty imposed by the provision of the rules in question).

137FACSections 137FAA and 137FAB: supplementary

(1)Before the FCA publishes a draft of any general rules to be made by virtue of section 137FAA, it must consult—

(a)the Secretary of State, and

(b)the Treasury.

(2)Section 137FAA is not to be treated as requiring the FCA to make general rules by virtue of section 137FAA that come into force before regulations made under section 238D of the Pensions Act 2004 come into force.

(3)Section 137FAA is not to be treated as requiring the FCA to exercise the power to make general rules by virtue of section 137FAA in relation to every case to which the power extends.

(4)A reference in sections 137FAA and 137FAB to the Money and Pensions Service includes a reference to a person with whom arrangements are made under section 5(1), (2) or (3) of the Financial Guidance and Claims Act 2018.

(5)In sections 137FAA and 137FAB—

  • the data protection legislation” has the same meaning as in the Data Protection Act 2018 (see section 3 of that Act);

  • pensions dashboard service” means—

    (a)

    a pensions dashboard service within the meaning of section 238A of the Pensions Act 2004, or

    (b)

    a pensions dashboard service within the meaning of Article 215A of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 2005 (S.I. 2005/255 (N.I. 1));

  • personal data” has the same meaning as in the Data Protection Act 2018 (see section 3 of that Act);

  • personal pension scheme” means a personal pension scheme within the meaning of an order under section 22 (except in section 137FAB(3)(c));

  • qualifying pensions dashboard service” means a pensions dashboard service that satisfies—

    (a)

    such requirements as may be prescribed by regulations under section 238A of the Pensions Act 2004, or

    (b)

    such requirements as may be prescribed by regulations under Article 215A of the ;

  • specified authorised person” means an authorised person of a description specified in general rules made by virtue of section 137FAA;

  • stakeholder pension scheme” has the meaning given by—

    (a)

    section 1 of the Welfare Reform and Pensions Act 1999, in relation to England and Wales and Scotland;

    (b)

    Article 3 of the Welfare Reform and Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1999 (S.I. 1999/3147 (N.I. 11)), in relation to Northern Ireland.

(3)In section 138F (notification of rules), in subsection (2) (rules not to be notified to the Bank of England), after “section” insert “ 137FAA, ”.

Commencement Information

I111S. 121 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

122The Money and Pensions Service: the pensions guidance functionE+W+S

In the Financial Guidance and Claims Act 2018, after section 4 (specific requirements as to the pensions guidance function) insert—

4ASpecific functions included in the pensions guidance function

(1)The single financial guidance body must provide a pensions dashboard service by means of which—

(a)information that the trustees or managers of a relevant occupational pension scheme are required to provide by—

(i)regulations under section 238D(1)(a)(ii) of the Pensions Act 2004, or

(ii)regulations under Article 215D(1)(a)(ii) of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 2005 (S.I. 2005/255 (N.I. 1)), and

(b)information that specified authorised persons are required to provide by general rules under section 137FAA(1)(a)(ii) of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000,

may be requested by, and provided to, an individual or a person authorised by the individual.

(2)The single financial guidance body may, by means of its pensions dashboard service, provide information about—

(a)state pensions,

(b)basic and additional retirement pensions, and

(c)state pension information relating to an individual.

(3)The single financial guidance body may carry out other functions relating to pensions dashboard services, including functions for which provision is made by—

(a)regulations under section 238A of the Pensions Act 2004 or Article 215A of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 2005 (qualifying pensions dashboard services),

(b)regulations under section 238D of the Pensions Act 2004 or Article 215D of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 2005 (information from occupational pension schemes), or

(c)general rules under section 137FAA of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (information from personal or stakeholder pension schemes).

(4)The functions of the single financial guidance body referred to in subsections (1) to (3) are part of its pensions guidance function.

(5)Subsections (1) to (4) are without prejudice to sections 3(4) and (8) and 4.

(6)In this section—

  • pensions dashboard service” means—

    (a)

    a pensions dashboard service within the meaning of section 238A of the Pensions Act 2004, or

    (b)

    a pensions dashboard service within the meaning of Article 215A of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 2005 (S.I. 2005/255 (N.I. 1));

  • relevant occupational pension scheme” has the meaning given by—

    (a)

    section 238F of the Pensions Act 2004, in relation to England and Wales and Scotland, and

    (b)

    Article 215F of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 2005, in relation to Northern Ireland;

  • specified authorised person” has the meaning given by section 137FAC of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000;

  • “state pension”, “basic retirement pension”, “additional retirement pension” and “state pension information” have the meaning given by section 238C of the Pensions Act 2004.

Commencement Information

I112S. 122 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

PART 5 U.K.Further provision relating to pension schemes

Prospective

Scheme fundingE+W+S

123Funding of defined benefit schemesE+W+S

Schedule 10 contains—

(a)in Part 1, amendments of Part 3 of the Pensions Act 2004 (scheme funding), and

(b)in Part 2, minor and consequential amendments relating to the amendments mentioned in paragraph (a).

Climate change riskE+W+S

124Climate change riskE+W+S

(1)The Pensions Act 1995 is amended as follows.

(2)After section 41 insert—

41AClimate change risk

(1)Regulations may impose requirements on the trustees or managers of an occupational pension scheme of a prescribed description with a view to securing that there is effective governance of the scheme with respect to the effects of climate change.

(2)The effects of climate change in relation to which provision may be made under subsection (1) include, in particular—

(a)risks arising from steps taken because of climate change (whether by governments or otherwise), and

(b)opportunities relating to climate change.

(3)The requirements which may be imposed by the regulations include, in particular, requirements about—

(a)reviewing the exposure of the scheme to risks of a prescribed description;

(b)assessing the assets of the scheme in a prescribed manner;

(c)determining, reviewing and (if necessary) revising a strategy for managing the scheme's exposure to risks of a prescribed description;

(d)determining, reviewing and (if necessary) revising targets relating to the scheme's exposure to risks of a prescribed description;

(e)measuring performance against such targets;

(f)preparing documents containing information of a prescribed description.

(4)Regulations under subsection (3)(b) may, in particular, require—

(a)that assets are assessed by reference to their exposure to risks of a prescribed description, and

(b)that an assessment includes determining the contribution of the assets of the scheme to climate change.

(5)The regulations may require the trustees or managers of the scheme to take into account—

(a)different ways in which the climate might change, and

(b)different steps that might be taken because of climate change.

(6)Regulations under subsection (5) may require the trustees or managers of the scheme to adopt prescribed assumptions as to future events, including assumptions about—

(a)the steps that might be taken for the purpose of achieving the Paris Agreement goal or other climate change goal, or

(b)the achievement of the Paris Agreement goal or other climate change goal.

(7)In complying with requirements imposed by the regulations, a trustee or manager must have regard to guidance prepared from time to time by the Secretary of State.

(8)In this section “the Paris Agreement goal” means the goal of holding the increase in the average global temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels referred to in Article 2(1)(a) of the agreement done at Paris on 12 December 2015.

41BClimate change risk: publication of information

(1)Regulations may require the trustees or managers of an occupational pension scheme of a prescribed description to publish information of a prescribed description relating to the effects of climate change on the scheme (which may include information about matters to which regulations under section 41A may relate).

(2)Regulations under subsection (1) may, among other things—

(a)require the trustees or managers to publish a document of a prescribed description;

(b)require information or a document to be made available free of charge;

(c)require information or a document to be provided in a form that is or by means that are prescribed or of a prescribed description.

(3)In complying with requirements imposed by the regulations, a trustee or manager must have regard to guidance prepared from time to time by the Secretary of State.

41CSections 41A and 41B: compliance

(1)Regulations may make provision with a view to ensuring compliance with a provision of regulations under section 41A or 41B.

(2)The regulations may in particular—

(a)provide for the Authority to issue a notice (a “compliance notice”) to a person with a view to ensuring the person's compliance with a provision of regulations under section 41A or 41B;

(b)provide for the Authority to issue a notice (a “third party compliance notice”) to a person with a view to ensuring another person's compliance with a provision of regulations under section 41A or 41B;

(c)provide for the Authority to issue a notice (a “penalty notice”) imposing a penalty on a person where the Authority are of the opinion that the person—

(i)has failed to comply with a compliance notice or third party compliance notice, or

(ii)has contravened a provision of regulations under section 41A or 41B;

(d)provide for the making of a reference to the First-tier Tribunal or Upper Tribunal in respect of the issue of a penalty notice or the amount of a penalty;

(e)confer other functions on the Authority.

(3)The regulations may make provision for determining the amount, or the maximum amount, of a penalty in respect of a failure or contravention.

(4)But the amount of a penalty imposed under the regulations in respect of a failure or contravention must not exceed—

(a)£5,000, in the case of an individual, and

(b)£50,000, in any other case.

(3)In section 116 (breach of regulations), in subsection (3)(b), after “10” insert “ or under provision contained in regulations made by virtue of section 41C ”.

(4)In section 175 (Parliamentary control of orders and regulations)—

(a)in subsection (1), after “(2)” insert “ , (2A) ”;

(b)after subsection (2) insert—

(2A)A statutory instrument which contains the first regulations made by virtue of section 41A or 41C must not be made unless a draft of the instrument has been laid before and approved by a resolution of each House of Parliament.

Commencement Information

I113S. 124 in force at 31.5.2021 by S.I. 2021/620, reg. 2(2)(b)

Transfer rightsE+W+S

125Exercise of right to cash equivalentE+W+S

(1)The Pension Schemes Act 1993 is amended as follows.

(2)In section 95 (ways of taking right to cash equivalent), after subsection (6) insert—

(6ZA)The trustees or managers of the scheme may not use the cash equivalent in a way specified in subsection (2)(a), (b) or (d), (2A)(a), (b) or (d) or (3) unless prescribed conditions are satisfied.

(6ZB)The conditions that may be prescribed by regulations under subsection (6ZA) include (but are not limited to) conditions about—

(a)the member's employment or place of residence;

(b)providing the trustees or managers with information or evidence about the member's employment or place of residence;

(c)the member obtaining information or guidance about exercising the option conferred by subsection (1) from a prescribed person in a prescribed case;

(d)providing the trustees or managers with evidence that—

(i)the member has complied with a prescribed condition about obtaining such information or guidance from a prescribed person, or

(ii)the member is not subject to such a prescribed condition.

(6ZC)Regulations may make provision requiring the trustees or managers of a pension scheme to notify a member who makes an application under subsection (1) of conditions prescribed under subsection (6ZA).

(3)In section 98 (loss of right to cash equivalent), in subsection (2), for “99(2A)” substitute “ 99(2ZA) or (2A) ”.

(4)In section 99 (trustees' duties after exercise of option), after subsection (2) insert—

(2ZA)Subsection (2) does not apply if the trustees or managers have been unable to carry out what the member requires because a condition prescribed by regulations under section 95(6ZA) has not been satisfied.

(5)In section 99, after subsection (2ZA) (inserted by subsection (4))—

(2ZB)Subsection (2) does not apply if—

(a)the member was required by section 96(4) to give a transfer notice under section 101F(1) in addition to making an application, and

(b)the trustees or managers have been unable to carry out what the member required in the transfer notice under section 101F(1) because a condition prescribed by regulations under section 101F(5A) has not been satisfied.

(6)In section 101F (power to give transfer notice), after subsection (5) insert—

(5A)The trustees or managers of the scheme may not use the amount equal to the cash equivalent for an authorised purpose under subsection (2)(a) or (c) or (3) unless prescribed conditions are satisfied.

(5B)The conditions that may be prescribed by regulations under subsection (5A) include (but are not limited to) conditions about—

(a)the member's employment or place of residence;

(b)providing the trustees or managers with information or evidence about the member's employment or place of residence;

(c)the member obtaining information or guidance about exercising the right under subsection (1) from a prescribed person in a prescribed case;

(d)providing the trustees or managers with evidence that—

(i)the member has complied with a prescribed condition about obtaining such information or guidance from a prescribed person, or

(ii)the member is not subject to such a prescribed condition.

(5C)Regulations may make provision requiring the trustees or managers of a qualifying scheme to notify an eligible member who gives a transfer notice of conditions prescribed under subsection (5A).

(7)In section 101J (time for compliance with transfer notice), after subsection (2A) insert—

(2AA)Subsection (1) does not apply if the trustees or managers have been unable to carry out what the member requires because a condition prescribed by regulations under section 101F(5A) has not been satisfied.

(8)In section 101J, after subsection (2AA) (inserted by subsection (7))—

(2AB)Subsection (1) does not apply if—

(a)the member was required by section 101G(4) to make an application under section 95(1) in addition to giving a transfer notice, and

(b)the trustees or managers have been unable to carry out what the member required in the application under section 95(1) because a condition prescribed by regulations under section 95(6ZA) has not been satisfied.

Commencement Information

I114S. 125(2)(6) in force at 31.5.2021 for specified purposes by S.I. 2021/620, reg. 2(1)(e)

The Pension Protection FundU.K.

126Modification of provisions relating to pensionable serviceU.K.

(1)The amendments of the Pension Protection Fund (Compensation) Regulations 2005 (S.I. 2005/670) made by regulation 2(2) and (3) of the Pension Protection Fund (Pensionable Service) and Occupational Pension Schemes (Investment and Disclosure) (Amendment and Modification) Regulations 2018 (S.I. 2018/988) (“the 2018 Regulations”) are to be deemed always to have had effect.

(2)The amendment of the Pension Protection Fund (Multi-employer Schemes) (Modification) Regulations 2005 (S.I. 2005/441) made by regulation 3 of the 2018 Regulations is to be deemed always to have had effect.

Commencement Information

I115S. 126 in force at 31.5.2021 for E.W.S. by S.I. 2021/620, reg. 2(2)(c)

Prospective

Administration chargesE+W+S

127Administration chargesE+W+S

(1)In section 1 of the Welfare Reform and Pensions Act 1999 (meaning of “stakeholder pension scheme”), in subsection (5) (fourth condition: charge cap)—

(a)for “result in” substitute “ constitute ”;

(b)after “members” insert “ or the making of transfer payments with a view to acquiring rights or entitlements to pension benefits under different pension schemes ”.

(2)In Schedule 18 to the Pensions Act 2014 (power to restrict charges or impose requirements in relation to schemes), in paragraph 1(5), in the definition of “administration charge”—

(a)for “result in” substitute “ constitute ”;

(b)after “members” insert “ or the making of transfer payments with a view to acquiring rights or entitlements to pension benefits under different pension schemes ”.

(3)In section 113 of the Pension Schemes Act 1993 (disclosure of information about schemes to members etc)—

(a)in subsection (6)(b), after “the” insert “ other ”;

(b)in subsection (7), after “or” insert “ other ”.

(4)In section 137FA of the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (FCA general rules: disclosure of information about pension scheme transaction costs etc)—

(a)in subsection (3)(b), after “the” insert “ other ”;

(b)in subsection (4), after “or” insert “ other ”;

(c)in subsection (7), after “costs or” insert “ other ”.

Prospective

Categories of pension schemesE+W+S

128Pension Schemes Act 2015: repealsE+W+S

In the Pension Schemes Act 2015, omit—

(a)sections 1 to 7 (Part 1: categories of pension scheme);

(b)sections 8 to 35 (Part 2: pension schemes providing collective benefits);

(c)sections 36, 37, 38(2), (3) and (5) to (7) and 39 to 45 (general changes to legislation about pension schemes);

(d)Schedule 1 (early leavers: revaluation of accrued benefits);

(e)in Schedule 2 (other amendments to do with Parts 1 and 2)—

(i)paragraphs 1 to 22;

(ii)paragraphs 25 to 29;

(iii)paragraphs 31 and 32;

(iv)paragraphs 34 and 35;

(v)paragraphs 37 to 51.

Prospective

Northern IrelandN.I.

129Further provision relating to pension schemes: Northern IrelandN.I.

Schedule 11 contains—

(a)in Part 1, provision for Northern Ireland corresponding to the provision made for England and Wales and Scotland in Schedule 10, and

(b)in Part 2, provision for Northern Ireland corresponding to the provision made for England and Wales and Scotland in sections 124 to 128.

PART 6 U.K.Final

130ExtentU.K.

(1)This Act extends to England and Wales and Scotland only, subject as follows.

(2)Subject to subsection (4), the following provisions extend to Northern Ireland only—

(a)Part 2;

(b)section 117 and Schedule 8;

(c)section 120 and Schedule 9;

(d)section 129 and Schedule 11.

(3)The following provisions extend to England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland—

(a)section 126(2);

(b)this section and sections 131 and 132.

(4)An amendment or repeal contained in this Act has the same extent as the enactment to which it relates.

131CommencementU.K.

(1)This Act comes into force on such day as the Secretary of State may by regulations appoint, subject to subsections (2) and (3).

(2)Subject to subsection (3), the following provisions come into force on such day as the Department for Communities in Northern Ireland may by order appoint—

(a)Part 2;

(b)section 117 and Schedule 8;

(c)section 120 and Schedule 9;

(d)section 129 and Schedule 11.

(3)The following provisions come into force on the day on which this Act is passed—

(a)any provision of Part 1, 2 or 4 so far as it confers power to make regulations or is otherwise necessary for enabling the exercise of such a power on or after the day on which this Act is passed;

(b)any provision of Schedule 10 so far as it confers power to make regulations or is otherwise necessary for enabling the exercise of such a power on or after the day on which this Act is passed and section 123 so far as relating to that provision;

(c)any provision of Part 1 of Schedule 11 so far as it confers power to make regulations or is otherwise necessary for enabling the exercise of such a power on or after the day on which this Act is passed and section 129 so far as relating to that provision;

(d)section 130;

(e)this section;

(f)section 132.

(4)Regulations or orders under this section may appoint different days for different purposes.

(5)The Secretary of State may by regulations make transitional, transitory or saving provision in connection with the coming into force of a provision of this Act, other than a provision mentioned in subsection (2).

(6)The Department for Communities in Northern Ireland may by order make transitional, transitory or saving provision in connection with the coming into force of a provision mentioned in subsection (2).

(7)Regulations made by the Secretary of State under this section are to be made by statutory instrument.

(8)The power of the Department for Communities in Northern Ireland to make an order under subsection (2) or (6) is exercisable by statutory rule for the purposes of the Statutory Rules (Northern Ireland) Order 1979 (S.I. 1979/1573 (N.I. 12)).

132Short titleU.K.

This Act may be cited as the Pension Schemes Act 2021.

SCHEDULES

Section 6

SCHEDULE 1E+W+SMoney purchase benefits

Building Societies Act 1986 (c. 53)E+W+S

1(1)Schedule 10A to the Building Societies Act 1986 (disclosures about directors, other officers and employees in notes to accounts) is amended as follows.E+W+S

(2)In paragraph 1(2) (aggregate amount of director's remuneration), at the appropriate place insert—

collective money purchase benefit” has the meaning given in section 1 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021;.

(3)In that provision, in the definition of “money purchase benefits”—

(a)for “means retirement benefits” substitute means—

(a)retirement benefits;

(b)at the end insert , and

(b)collective money purchase benefits;.

(4)In paragraph 1A(1) (money purchase benefits), for “the definition” substitute “ paragraph (a) of the definition ”.

Commencement Information

I116Sch. 1 para. 1 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Pension Schemes Act 1993 (c. 48)E+W+S

2E+W+SThe Pension Schemes Act 1993 is amended as follows.

Commencement Information

I117Sch. 1 para. 2 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

3(1)Section 181(1) (general interpretation) is amended as follows.E+W+S

(2)At the appropriate place insert—

collective money purchase benefit” has the meaning given by section 1 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021;.

(3)In the definition of “money purchase benefits”—

(a)for “means benefits” substitute means—

(a)benefits;

(b)at the end insert , and

(b)collective money purchase benefits;.

Commencement Information

I118Sch. 1 para. 3 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

4E+W+SIn section 181B(1) (money purchase benefits: supplementary), for “the definition” substitute “ paragraph (a) of the definition ”.

Commencement Information

I119Sch. 1 para. 4 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Pensions Act 2008 (c. 30)E+W+S

5E+W+SThe Pensions Act 2008 is amended as follows.

Commencement Information

I120Sch. 1 para. 5 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

6(1)Section 99 (interpretation of Part 1: pension scheme membership for jobholders) is amended as follows.E+W+S

(2)At the appropriate place insert—

collective money purchase benefit” has the meaning given by section 1 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021;.

(3)In the definition of “money purchase benefits”—

(a)for “means benefits” substitute means—

(a)benefits;

(b)at the end insert , and

(b)collective money purchase benefits;.

Commencement Information

I121Sch. 1 para. 6 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

7E+W+SIn section 99A(1) (money purchase benefits: supplementary), for “the definition” substitute “ paragraph (a) of the definition ”.

Commencement Information

I122Sch. 1 para. 7 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Section 44

SCHEDULE 2E+W+SPause orders

Consequences of a pause orderE+W+S

1(1)If a pause order is made in relation to a collective money purchase scheme, any action taken in contravention of the order is void, except to the extent that the action is validated by an order under paragraph 3.E+W+S

(2)If a pause order contains a direction under section 44(5)(b) that no further payments (or no further payments of a specified description) are to be made towards a scheme during the period for which the order has effect—

(a)any payments that are the subject of the direction and would otherwise be due to be made towards the scheme during that period are to be treated as if they do not fall due, and

(b)any obligation to make those payments (including any obligation under section 49(8) of the Pensions Act 1995 to pay amounts deducted corresponding to such payments) is to be treated as if it does not arise.

(3)If a pause order contains a direction under section 44(5)(d) (no payment of benefits or benefits of a specified description under the scheme rules) and an amount of benefit under the scheme rules was not paid as a result of the direction—

(a)the direction does not affect any entitlement to that benefit, and

(b)any benefit to which a member, or a person in respect of a member, remains entitled at the end of the period for which the pause order had effect is an amount that falls due to the member or (as the case may be) the person at the end of that period.

(4)If a pause order contains a direction under section 44(5)(e) (no transfers etc of members' rights) it does not prevent—

(a)a pension sharing order or provision having effect, or

(b)a pension earmarking order having effect in a case where—

(i)the order requires a payment to be made if a payment in respect of any benefits under the scheme becomes due to a person, and

(ii)a direction under section 44(5)(d) does not prevent the payment becoming due.

(5)In sub-paragraph (4)—

  • pension sharing order or provision” means an order or provision falling within section 28(1) of the Welfare Reform and Pensions Act 1999 (activation of pension sharing);

  • pension earmarking order” means—

    (a)

    an order under section 23 of the Matrimonial Causes Act 1973 (financial provision orders in connection with divorce etc) so far as it includes provision made by virtue of section 25B or 25C of that Act (powers to include provision about pensions),

    (b)

    an order under Part 1 of Schedule 5 to the Civil Partnership Act 2004 (financial provision in connection with dissolution, nullity or separation) so far as it includes provision made by virtue of paragraphs 25 and 26 of Part 6 of that Schedule (powers to include provision about pensions),

    (c)

    an order under section 12A(2) or (3) of the Family Law (Scotland) Act 1985 (powers in relation to pension lump sums when making a capital sum order),

    (d)

    an order under Article 25 of the Matrimonial Causes (Northern Ireland) Order 1978 (S.I. 1978/1045 (N.I. 15)) so far as it includes provision made by virtue of Article 27B or 27C of that Order (Northern Ireland powers corresponding to those mentioned in paragraph (a)), or

    (e)

    an order under Part 1 of Schedule 15 to the Civil Partnership Act 2004 (financial provision in connection with dissolution, nullity or separation: Northern Ireland) so far as it includes provision made by virtue of paragraphs 20 and 21 of Part 5 of that Schedule (powers to include provision about pensions).

(6)The Secretary of State may make regulations modifying any provision of—

(a)Chapter 1 of Part 4ZA of the Pension Schemes Act 1993 (transfer rights: general), or

(b)Chapter 2 of that Part (early leavers: cash transfer sums and contribution refunds),

in their application to a collective money purchase scheme in relation to which a pause order has effect containing a direction under section 44(5)(e) (no transfers etc of members' rights).

(7)Regulations under sub-paragraph (6) override any provision of the collective money purchase scheme, to the extent that there is a conflict.

(8)Disregarding sub-paragraph (1), if a pause order made in relation to a collective money purchase scheme is not complied with, section 10 of the Pensions Act 1995 (civil penalties) applies to any trustee of the scheme who has failed to take all reasonable steps to secure compliance.

(9)Sub-paragraph (8) does not apply in the case of non-compliance with a direction under section 44(5)(c) (direction that certain deducted payments are to be repaid by employer).

(10)In such a case, section 10 of the Pensions Act 1995 (civil penalties) applies to an employer who, without reasonable excuse, fails to repay an amount as required by the direction.

(11)Regulations under sub-paragraph (6) are subject to negative resolution procedure.

Commencement Information

I123Sch. 2 para. 1 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Period of effect etc of pause orderE+W+S

2(1)A pause order must specify the period for which it has effect, which must not exceed three months.E+W+S

(2)The Pensions Regulator may on one or more occasions by order extend the period for which the pause order has effect for a further three months.

(3)A pause order that is in effect at the end of the triggering event period ceases to have effect at the end of that period.

Commencement Information

I124Sch. 2 para. 2 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Validation of action in contravention of pause orderE+W+S

3(1)If a pause order is made in relation to a collective money purchase scheme, the Pensions Regulator may by order validate action taken in contravention of the order.E+W+S

(2)Any of the following persons may apply to the Regulator for an order under this paragraph validating particular action—

(a)the trustees of the scheme;

(b)any person directly affected by the action.

Commencement Information

I125Sch. 2 para. 3 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Notification of trustees, employers and membersE+W+S

4(1)This paragraph applies where—E+W+S

(a)a pause order is made in relation to a collective money purchase scheme,

(b)an order is made under paragraph 2(2) extending the period for which a pause order made in relation to a collective money purchase scheme has effect, or

(c)an order is made under paragraph 3 validating action taken in contravention of a pause order made in relation to a collective money purchase scheme.

(2)The Pensions Regulator must, as soon as reasonably practicable after the order has been made, notify the trustees of the scheme of the fact that the order has been made and of its effect.

(3)The Pensions Regulator may by order direct the trustees of the scheme to notify the following persons of the fact that the order has been made and of its effect—

(a)all of the members of the scheme or such members as are of a description specified in the order;

(b)all employers by which the scheme is used, or such employers as are of a description specified in the order;

(c)all relevant former employers who, but for the pause order, would be liable to make payments towards the scheme, or such of them as are of a description specified in the order.

(4)The trustees must give the notification within the period and in the manner specified in the order under sub-paragraph (3).

(5)If the trustees of a scheme fail to comply with a direction to them contained in an order under sub-paragraph (3), section 10 of the Pensions Act 1995 (civil penalties) applies to a trustee who has failed to take all reasonable steps to secure compliance.

Commencement Information

I126Sch. 2 para. 4 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

SupplementaryE+W+S

5(1)A pause order, or an order made under any of paragraphs 2, 3 and 4, may be made in relation to a collective money purchase scheme—E+W+S

(a)in spite of any enactment or rule of law, or any rule of the scheme, that would otherwise operate to prevent the order being made, and

(b)without regard to any enactment, rule of law or rule of the scheme that would otherwise require, or might otherwise be taken to require, the implementation of any procedure or the obtaining of any consent, with a view to making the order.

(2)Sub-paragraph (1) does not have effect to authorise the Pensions Regulator to make an order as mentioned in that sub-paragraph if its doing so would be unlawful as a result of section 6(1) of the Human Rights Act 1998 (unlawful for public authority to act in contravention of a Convention right).

Commencement Information

I127Sch. 2 para. 5 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Section 48

SCHEDULE 3E+W+SCollective money purchase benefits: minor and consequential amendments

Pension Schemes Act 1993 (c. 48)E+W+S

1E+W+SThe Pension Schemes Act 1993 is amended as follows.

Commencement Information

I128Sch. 3 para. 1 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

2(1)Section 84 (basis of revaluation of accrued benefits) is amended as follows.E+W+S

(2)In subsection (3), after “money purchase benefit” insert “ other than a collective money purchase benefit ”.

(3)After subsection (3A) insert—

(3AA)If any such benefit as is mentioned in section 83(1)(a) is a collective money purchase benefit, the benefit shall be revalued using the cash balance method.

Commencement Information

I129Sch. 3 para. 2 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

3E+W+SIn section 101AI (right to cash transfer sum and contribution refund: further provisions), in subsection (8)—

(a)in paragraph (a), at the end insert—

(xiii)regulations made under section 18(4) of or paragraph 1(6) of Schedule 2 to the Pension Schemes Act 2021;

(xiv)sections 34, 39, 41, 42 and 45 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021;;

(b)in paragraph (b), at the end insert—

(xi)sections 18(7)(b), 34(5), 39(6), 41(6), 42(2) and 45(5) of and paragraph 1(7) of Schedule 2 to the Pension Schemes Act 2021.

Commencement Information

I130Sch. 3 para. 3 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

4E+W+SIn section 186 (Parliamentary control of orders and regulations), in subsection (3) (statutory instruments subject to affirmative resolution procedure), after paragraph (f) insert , or

(g)regulations under section 99(2)(c), or

(h)regulations under section 99A(2)(b),.

Commencement Information

I131Sch. 3 para. 4 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

5E+W+SIn Schedule 3 (methods of revaluing accrued pension benefits), in paragraph 3A (the cash balance method), for “cash balance benefit” substitute “ benefit ”.

Commencement Information

I132Sch. 3 para. 5 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Pensions Act 1995 (c. 26)E+W+S

6E+W+SThe Pensions Act 1995 is amended as follows.

Commencement Information

I133Sch. 3 para. 6 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

7E+W+SIn section 51 (annual increase in rate of pension), after subsection (1) insert—

(1A)Where a pension scheme is divided into sections, each section that is a collective money purchase scheme for the purposes of Part 1 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021 (see section 1(2)(b) of that Act) is to be treated for the purposes of this section as a separate occupational pension scheme which is a money purchase scheme.

Commencement Information

I134Sch. 3 para. 7 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

8E+W+SIn section 75 (deficiencies in the assets of certain occupational pension schemes), after subsection (1) insert—

(1A)Where a pension scheme is divided into sections, each section that is a collective money purchase scheme for the purposes of Part 1 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021 (see section 1(2)(b) of that Act) is to be treated for the purposes of this section as a separate occupational pension scheme which is a money purchase scheme.

Commencement Information

I135Sch. 3 para. 8 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

9E+W+SIn section 87 (schedules of payments to money purchase schemes), after subsection (1) insert—

(1A)Where a pension scheme is divided into sections, each section that is a collective money purchase scheme for the purposes of Part 1 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021 (see section 1(2)(b) of that Act) is to be treated for the purposes of this section and section 88 as an occupational pension scheme which is a money purchase scheme.

Commencement Information

I136Sch. 3 para. 9 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

10E+W+SIn section 89 (application of further provisions to money purchase schemes), at the end insert—

(3)Where a pension scheme is divided into sections, each section that is a collective money purchase scheme for the purposes of Part 1 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021 (see section 1(2)(b) of that Act) is to be treated for the purposes of this section as a separate money purchase scheme.

Commencement Information

I137Sch. 3 para. 10 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Pensions Act 2004 (c. 35)E+W+S

11E+W+SThe Pensions Act 2004 is amended as follows.

Commencement Information

I138Sch. 3 para. 11 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

12E+W+SIn section 13 (improvement notices), in subsection (7), after paragraph (h) insert—

(i)Part 1 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021.

Commencement Information

I139Sch. 3 para. 12 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

13(1)Section 90 (codes of practice) is amended as follows.E+W+S

(2)In subsection (2) (matters on which the Pensions Regulator must issue codes of practice), after paragraph (jb) insert—

(jc)the process for making an application under Part 1 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021 for authorisation of a collective money purchase scheme;

(jd)the matters that the Pensions Regulator expects to take into account in deciding whether it is satisfied that a pension scheme meets the authorisation criteria under that Part (see section 9 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021);.

(3)In subsection (6), in the definition of “the pensions legislation”—

(a)omit the “or” at the end of paragraph (f);

(b)after paragraph (g) insert , or

(h)Part 1 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021.

Commencement Information

I140Sch. 3 para. 13 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

14(1)Section 93(2) (regulatory functions of the Pensions Regulator) is amended as follows.E+W+S

(2)In paragraph (pa)—

(a)after “strategy” insert “ for Master Trust scheme ”;

(b)omit the “and” at the end.

(3)After paragraph (pa) insert—

(pb)the power to give a direction under section 23(2) of the Pension Schemes Act 2021 (direction to obtain actuarial valuation or take other steps to remedy or mitigate failure in relation to a collective money purchase scheme),

(pc)the power to give a notice under section 29(1) or (4) of that Act (risk notices),

(pd)the power to give a direction under section 29(6) of that Act (direction to implement proposals in a resolution plan),

(pe)the power to give a direction under section 39(4) of that Act (direction to submit implementation strategy), and.

Commencement Information

I141Sch. 3 para. 14 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

15E+W+SIn section 97(5) (special procedure: applicable cases), after paragraph (tf) insert—

(tg)the power under section 30 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021 to withdraw authorisation of a collective money purchase scheme;

(th)the power to make a pause order under section 44 of that Act;

(ti)the power to make an order under paragraph 2(2) of Schedule 2 to that Act extending the period for which a pause order has effect;

(tj)the power to make an order under paragraph 3 of that Schedule validating action taken in contravention of a pause order;

(tk)the power to make an order under paragraph 4(3) of that Schedule directing the notification of members or employers;.

Commencement Information

I142Sch. 3 para. 15 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

16E+W+SIn section 126 (schemes eligible for pension protection), after subsection (1) insert—

(1A)Where a scheme is divided into sections, each section that is a collective money purchase scheme for the purposes of Part 1 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021 (see section 1(2)(b) of that Act) is to be treated for the purposes of this Part as a separate money purchase scheme.

Commencement Information

I143Sch. 3 para. 16 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

17E+W+SIn section 249A (requirement for an effective system of governance), in subsection (3) (exceptions), after paragraph (e) insert—

(f)an authorised collective money purchase scheme within the meaning of Part 1 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021.

Commencement Information

I144Sch. 3 para. 17 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

18E+W+SIn section 254 (representative of non-European scheme to be treated as trustee), in subsection (3)—

(a)omit the “or” at the end of paragraph (d);

(b)after paragraph (e) insert , or

(f)Part 1 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021.

Commencement Information

I145Sch. 3 para. 18 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

19E+W+SIn section 291 (duty of trustees or managers to act consistently with law of host member State), in subsection (4)—

(a)omit the “or” at the end of paragraph (d);

(b)after paragraph (e) insert , or

(f)Part 1 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021.

Commencement Information

I146Sch. 3 para. 19 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

20E+W+SIn section 318 (general interpretation), in subsection (3)—

(a)in paragraph (a), after sub-paragraph (xiii) insert—

(xiv)regulations under section 18(4) of or paragraph 1(6) of Schedule 2 to the Pension Schemes Act 2021;

(xv)sections 34, 39, 41, 42 and 45 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021;;

(b)in paragraph (b), after sub-paragraph (xi) insert—

(xii)sections 18(7)(b), 34(5), 39(6), 41(6), 42(2) and 45(5) of and paragraph 1(7) of Schedule 2 to the Pension Schemes Act 2021.

Commencement Information

I147Sch. 3 para. 20 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

21E+W+SIn Schedule 2 (the reserved regulatory functions), after Part 4A insert—

PART 4B E+W+SFunctions under Part 1 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021

44HThe power to give a direction under section 23(2) (direction to obtain actuarial valuation or take other steps to remedy or mitigate failure in relation to a collective money purchase scheme).

44IThe power to give a direction under section 29(6) (direction to implement proposals in a resolution plan).

44JThe power under section 30 to withdraw authorisation of a collective money purchase scheme.

44KThe power to give a direction under section 41(4) (direction to pursue a continuity option).

44LThe power to make a pause order under section 44.

44MThe power to make an order under paragraph 2(2) of Schedule 2 extending the period for which a pause order has effect.

44NThe power to make an order under paragraph 3 of Schedule 2 validating action taken in contravention of a pause order.

44OThe power to make an order under paragraph 4(3) of Schedule 2 directing the notification of members or employers.

Commencement Information

I148Sch. 3 para. 21 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Pensions Act 2008 (c. 30)E+W+S

22E+W+SIn section 31 of the Pensions Act 2008 (effect of freezing order, assessment period or pause order: qualifying schemes), in subsection (3) (meaning of “freezing event” and “relevant provision”)—

(a)in the definition of “freezing event”—

(i)omit the “or” at the end of each of paragraphs (a) and (b);

(ii)at the end of paragraph (c) insert , or

(d)the making of a pause order under section 44 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021;;

(b)in the definition of “relevant provision”, in paragraph (c), after “2017” insert “ or (as the case may be) section 44 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021 ”.

Commencement Information

I149Sch. 3 para. 22 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Pensions Act 2014 (c. 19)E+W+S

23E+W+SThe Pensions Act 2014 is amended as follows.

Commencement Information

I150Sch. 3 para. 23 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

24E+W+SIn section 54(2) (regulations subject to affirmative procedure), omit the “or” after paragraph (e) and at the end of paragraph (f) insert , or

(g)the first regulations under paragraph 1 or 3 of that Schedule that make provision in relation to collective money purchase schemes within the meaning of Part 1 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021 (see section 1 of that Act).

Commencement Information

I151Sch. 3 para. 24 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

25(1)Schedule 18 (power to restrict charges or impose requirements in relation to schemes) is amended as follows.E+W+S

(2)In paragraph 1(1) (power to restrict charges), in each of paragraphs (a) and (b), for “a member” substitute “ members ”.

(3)In paragraph 4 (interpretation), after sub-paragraph (2) insert—

(3)Where a pension scheme is divided into sections, each section that is a collective money purchase scheme for the purposes of Part 1 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021 (see section 1(2)(b) of that Act) is to be treated for the purposes of this Schedule as a separate scheme.

Commencement Information

I152Sch. 3 para. 25 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Section 57

SCHEDULE 4N.I.Money purchase benefits: Northern Ireland

Building Societies Act 1986 (c. 53)N.I.

1N.I.In Schedule 10A to the Building Societies Act 1986 (disclosures about directors, other officers and employees in notes to accounts), in paragraph 1(2), in the definition of “collective money purchase benefit” (inserted by Schedule 1 to this Act), after “section 1” insert “ or 52 ”.

Commencement Information

I153Sch. 4 para. 1 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Pension Schemes (Northern Ireland) Act 1993 (c. 49)N.I.

2N.I.The Pension Schemes (Northern Ireland) Act 1993 is amended as follows.

Commencement Information

I154Sch. 4 para. 2 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

3(1)Section 176(1) (general interpretation) is amended as follows.N.I.

(2)At the appropriate place insert—

collective money purchase benefit” has the meaning given by section 52 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021;.

(3)In the definition of “money purchase benefits”—

(a)for “means benefits” substitute means—

(a)benefits;

(b)at the end insert , and

(b)collective money purchase benefits;.

Commencement Information

I155Sch. 4 para. 3 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

4N.I.In section 176B(1) (money purchase benefits: supplementary), for “the definition” substitute “ paragraph (a) of the definition ”.

Commencement Information

I156Sch. 4 para. 4 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Pensions (No. 2) Act (Northern Ireland) 2008 (c. 13 (N.I.))N.I.

5N.I.The Pensions (No. 2) Act (Northern Ireland) 2008 is amended as follows.

Commencement Information

I157Sch. 4 para. 5 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

6(1)Section 78 (interpretation of Part 1: pension scheme membership for jobholders) is amended as follows.N.I.

(2)At the appropriate place insert—

collective money purchase benefit” has the meaning given by section 52 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021;.

(3)In the definition of “money purchase benefits”—

(a)for “means benefits” substitute means—

(a)benefits;

(b)at the end insert , and

(b)collective money purchase benefits;.

Commencement Information

I158Sch. 4 para. 6 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

7N.I.In section 78A(1) (money purchase benefits: supplementary), for “the definition” substitute “ paragraph (a) of the definition ”.

Commencement Information

I159Sch. 4 para. 7 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Section 95

SCHEDULE 5N.I.Pause orders: Northern Ireland

Consequences of a pause orderN.I.

1(1)If a pause order is made in relation to a collective money purchase scheme, any action taken in contravention of the order is void, except to the extent that the action is validated by an order under paragraph 3.N.I.

(2)If a pause order contains a direction under section 95(5)(b) that no further payments (or no further payments of a specified description) are to be made towards a scheme during the period for which the order has effect—

(a)any payments that are the subject of the direction and would otherwise be due to be made towards the scheme during that period are to be treated as if they do not fall due, and

(b)any obligation to make those payments (including any obligation under Article 49(8) of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995/3213 (N.I. 22)) to pay amounts deducted corresponding to such payments) is to be treated as if it does not arise.

(3)If a pause order contains a direction under section 95(5)(d) (no payment of benefits or benefits of a specified description under the scheme rules) and an amount of benefit under the scheme rules was not paid as a result of the direction—

(a)the direction does not affect any entitlement to that benefit, and

(b)any benefit to which a member, or a person in respect of a member, remains entitled at the end of the period for which the pause order had effect is an amount that falls due to the member or (as the case may be) the person at the end of that period.

(4)If a pause order contains a direction under section 95(5)(e) (no transfers etc of members' rights) it does not prevent—

(a)a pension sharing order or provision having effect, or

(b)a pension earmarking order having effect in a case where—

(i)the order requires a payment to be made if a payment in respect of any benefits under the scheme becomes due to a person, and

(ii)a direction under section 95(5)(d) does not prevent the payment becoming due.

(5)In sub-paragraph (4)—

  • pension sharing order or provision” means an order or provision falling within Article 25(1) of the Welfare Reform and Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1999 (S.I. 1999/3147 (N.I. 11)) (activation of pension sharing);

  • pension earmarking order” means—

    (a)

    an order under Article 25 of the Matrimonial Causes (Northern Ireland) Order 1978 (S.I. 1978/1045 (N.I. 15)) so far as it includes provision made by virtue of Article 27B or 27C of that Order (powers to include provision about pensions),

    (b)

    an order under Part 1 of Schedule 15 to the Civil Partnership Act 2004 (financial provision in connection with dissolution, nullity or separation: Northern Ireland) so far as it includes provision made by virtue of paragraphs 20 and 21 of Part 5 of that Schedule (powers to include provision about pensions),

    (c)

    an order under section 23 of the Matrimonial Causes Act 1973 (financial provision orders in connection with divorce etc) so far as it includes provision made by virtue of section 25B or 25C of that Act (powers to include provision about pensions),

    (d)

    an order under Part 1 of Schedule 5 to the Civil Partnership Act 2004 (financial provision in connection with dissolution, nullity or separation) so far as it includes provision made by virtue of paragraphs 25 and 26 of Part 6 of that Schedule (powers to include provision about pensions), or

    (e)

    an order under section 12A(2) or (3) of the Family Law (Scotland) Act 1985 (powers in relation to pension lump sums when making a capital sum order).

(6)The Department may make regulations modifying any provision of—

(a)Chapter 1 of Part 4ZA of the Pension Schemes (Northern Ireland) Act 1993 (transfer rights: general), or

(b)Chapter 2 of that Part (early leavers: cash transfer sums and contribution refunds),

in their application to a collective money purchase scheme in relation to which a pause order has effect containing a direction under section 95(5)(e) (no transfers etc of members' rights).

(7)Regulations under sub-paragraph (6) override any provision of the collective money purchase scheme, to the extent that there is a conflict.

(8)Disregarding sub-paragraph (1), if a pause order made in relation to a collective money purchase scheme is not complied with, Article 10 of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995/3213 (N.I. 22)) (civil penalties) applies to any trustee of the scheme who has failed to take all reasonable steps to secure compliance.

(9)Sub-paragraph (8) does not apply in the case of non-compliance with a direction under section 95(5)(c) (direction that certain deducted payments are to be repaid by employer).

(10)In such a case, Article 10 of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (civil penalties) applies to an employer who, without reasonable excuse, fails to repay an amount as required by the direction.

(11)Regulations under sub-paragraph (6) are subject to negative resolution.

Commencement Information

I160Sch. 5 para. 1 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Period of effect etc of pause orderN.I.

2(1)A pause order must specify the period for which it has effect, which must not exceed three months.N.I.

(2)The Pensions Regulator may on one or more occasions by order extend the period for which the pause order has effect for a further three months.

(3)A pause order that is in effect at the end of the triggering event period ceases to have effect at the end of that period.

Commencement Information

I161Sch. 5 para. 2 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Validation of action in contravention of pause orderN.I.

3(1)If a pause order is made in relation to a collective money purchase scheme, the Pensions Regulator may by order validate action taken in contravention of the order.N.I.

(2)Any of the following persons may apply to the Regulator for an order under this paragraph validating particular action—

(a)the trustees of the scheme;

(b)any person directly affected by the action.

Commencement Information

I162Sch. 5 para. 3 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Notification of trustees, employers and membersN.I.

4(1)This paragraph applies where—N.I.

(a)a pause order is made in relation to a collective money purchase scheme,

(b)an order is made under paragraph 2(2) extending the period for which a pause order made in relation to a collective money purchase scheme has effect, or

(c)an order is made under paragraph 3 validating action taken in contravention of a pause order made in relation to a collective money purchase scheme.

(2)The Pensions Regulator must, as soon as reasonably practicable after the order has been made, notify the trustees of the scheme of the fact that the order has been made and of its effect.

(3)The Pensions Regulator may by order direct the trustees of the scheme to notify the following persons of the fact that the order has been made and of its effect—

(a)all of the members of the scheme or such members as are of a description specified in the order;

(b)all employers by which the scheme is used, or such employers as are of a description specified in the order;

(c)all relevant former employers who, but for the pause order, would be liable to make payments towards the scheme, or such of them as are of a description specified in the order.

(4)The trustees must give the notification within the period and in the manner specified in the order under sub-paragraph (3).

(5)If the trustees of a scheme fail to comply with a direction to them contained in an order under sub-paragraph (3), Article 10 of the Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995/3213 (N.I. 22)) (civil penalties) applies to a trustee who has failed to take all reasonable steps to secure compliance.

Commencement Information

I163Sch. 5 para. 4 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

SupplementaryN.I.

5(1)A pause order, or an order made under any of paragraphs 2, 3 and 4, may be made in relation to a collective money purchase scheme—N.I.

(a)in spite of any statutory provision or rule of law, or any rule of the scheme, that would otherwise operate to prevent the order being made, and

(b)without regard to any statutory provision, rule of law or rule of the scheme that would otherwise require, or might otherwise be taken to require, the implementation of any procedure or the obtaining of any consent, with a view to making the order.

(2)Sub-paragraph (1) does not have effect to authorise the Pensions Regulator to make an order as mentioned in that sub-paragraph if its doing so would be unlawful as a result of section 6(1) of the Human Rights Act 1998 (unlawful for public authority to act in contravention of a Convention right).

Commencement Information

I164Sch. 5 para. 5 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Section 99

SCHEDULE 6N.I.Collective money purchase benefits: minor and consequential amendments for Northern Ireland

Pension Schemes (Northern Ireland) Act 1993 (c. 49)N.I.

1N.I.The Pension Schemes (Northern Ireland) Act 1993 is amended as follows.

Commencement Information

I165Sch. 6 para. 1 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

2(1)Section 80 (basis of revaluation of accrued benefits) is amended as follows.N.I.

(2)In subsection (3), after “money purchase benefit” insert “ other than a collective money purchase benefit ”.

(3)After subsection (3A) insert—

(3AA)If any such benefit as is mentioned in section 79(1)(a) is a collective money purchase benefit, the benefit shall be revalued using the cash balance method.

Commencement Information

I166Sch. 6 para. 2 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

3N.I.In section 97AI (right to cash transfer sum and contribution refund: further provisions), in subsection (7)—

(a)in paragraph (a), at the end insert—

(xii)regulations made under section 69(4) of or paragraph 1(6) of Schedule 5 to the Pension Schemes Act 2021;

(xiii)sections 85, 90, 92, 93 and 96 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021;;

(b)in paragraph (b), at the end insert—

(x)sections 69(7)(b), 85(5), 90(6), 92(6), 93(2) and 96(5) of and paragraph 1(7) of Schedule 5 to the Pension Schemes Act 2021.

Commencement Information

I167Sch. 6 para. 3 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

4N.I.In section 181 (Assembly, etc. control of regulations and orders), in subsection (2) (regulations and orders subject to confirmatory procedure), after “20B(5)” insert “ , 95(2)(c), 95A(2)(b) ”.

Commencement Information

I168Sch. 6 para. 4 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

5N.I.In Schedule 2 (methods of revaluing accrued pension benefits), in paragraph 3A (the cash balance method), for “cash balance benefit” substitute “ benefit ”.

Commencement Information

I169Sch. 6 para. 5 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995/3213 (N.I. 22))N.I.

6N.I.The Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 1995 is amended as follows.

Commencement Information

I170Sch. 6 para. 6 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

7N.I.In Article 51 (annual increase in rate of pension), after paragraph (1) insert—

(1A)Where a pension scheme is divided into sections, each section that is a collective money purchase scheme for the purposes of Part 2 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021 (see section 52(2)(b) of that Act) is to be treated for the purposes of this Article as a separate occupational pension scheme which is a money purchase scheme.

Commencement Information

I171Sch. 6 para. 7 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

8N.I.In Article 75 (deficiencies in the assets of certain occupational pension schemes), after paragraph (1) insert—

(1A)Where a pension scheme is divided into sections, each section that is a collective money purchase scheme for the purposes of Part 2 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021 (see section 52(2)(b) of that Act) is to be treated for the purposes of this Article as a separate occupational pension scheme which is a money purchase scheme.

Commencement Information

I172Sch. 6 para. 8 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

9N.I.In Article 85 (schedules of payments to money purchase schemes), after paragraph (1) insert—

(1A)Where a pension scheme is divided into sections, each section that is a collective money purchase scheme for the purposes of Part 2 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021 (see section 52(2)(b) of that Act) is to be treated for the purposes of this Article and Article 86 as an occupational pension scheme which is a money purchase scheme.

Commencement Information

I173Sch. 6 para. 9 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

10N.I.In Article 87 (application of further provisions to money purchase schemes), at the end insert—

(3)Where a pension scheme is divided into sections, each section that is a collective money purchase scheme for the purposes of Part 2 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021 (see section 52(2)(b) of that Act) is to be treated for the purposes of this Article as a separate money purchase scheme.

Commencement Information

I174Sch. 6 para. 10 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 2005 (S.I. 2005/255 (N.I. 1))N.I.

11N.I.The Pensions (Northern Ireland) Order 2005 is amended as follows.

Commencement Information

I175Sch. 6 para. 11 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

12N.I.In Article 2 (general interpretation), in paragraph (4)—

(a)in sub-paragraph (a), after head (ix) insert—

(x)regulations made under section 69(4) of or paragraph 1(6) of Schedule 5 to the Pension Schemes Act 2021;

(xi)sections 85, 90, 92, 93 and 96 of the Pension Schemes Act 2021;;

(b)in sub-paragraph (b), after head (vii) insert—

(viii)sections 69(7)(b), 85(5), 90(6), 92(6), 93(2) and 96(5) of and paragraph 1(7) of Schedule 5 to the Pension Schemes Act 2021.

Commencement Information

I176Sch. 6 para. 12 in force at Royal Assent for specified purposes, see s. 131(3)(a)

13N.I.In Article 9 (improvement notices), in paragraph (7)—

(a)