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Sentencing Act 2020

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Section 173

SCHEDULE 6E+WYouth rehabilitation orders: requirements

PART 1E+WActivity requirement

Activity requirement: types of requirementE+W

1(1)In this Code “activity requirement”, in relation to a youth rehabilitation order, is a requirement consisting of one or more of the following—E+W

(a)a specified place obligation (see paragraph 3),

(b)a specified activities obligation (see paragraph 4),

(c)a specified residential exercise obligation (see paragraph 5),

(d)an obligation under paragraph 6 to engage in activities as instructed by the responsible officer.

(2)A youth rehabilitation order that imposes an activity requirement may specify—

(a)obligations of more than one of those kinds, or

(b)more than one obligation of any of those kinds.

(3)The aggregate number of days specified in a youth rehabilitation order under paragraphs 3, 4, 5 and 6 must not exceed 90 unless the activity requirement is an extended activity requirement (see paragraph 2).

Commencement Information

I1Sch. 6 para. 1 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Extended activity requirementE+W

2(1)An extended activity requirement is an activity requirement for which the aggregate number of days specified in the youth rehabilitation order under paragraphs 3, 4, 5 and 6 is greater than 90.E+W

(2)Where a youth rehabilitation order imposes an extended activity requirement, the aggregate number of days specified in the order under those paragraphs must not exceed 180.

(3)For restrictions on making a youth rehabilitation order with intensive supervision and surveillance (and, accordingly, on imposing an extended activity requirement), see section 180 (as well as sections 175 and 178 (requirements and availability relating to youth rehabilitation orders with intensive supervision and surveillance)).

Commencement Information

I2Sch. 6 para. 2 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Activity requirement: specified place obligationE+W

3(1)For each specified place obligation that it imposes, a youth rehabilitation order must specify—E+W

(a)a number of days,

(b)a place or places, and

(c)for each place specified, the description of person to whom the offender is required to present himself or herself.

(2)The obligation requires the offender, in accordance with instructions of the responsible officer, on the specified number of days—

(a)to present himself or herself at a specified place to a person of the specified description, and

(b)while there, to participate in activities and comply with instructions given by, or under the authority of, the person in charge of the place.

Commencement Information

I3Sch. 6 para. 3 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Activity requirement: specified activities obligationE+W

4(1)For each specified activities obligation that it imposes, a youth rehabilitation order must specify—E+W

(a)a number of days, and

(b)an activity or activities.

(2)The obligation requires the offender, in accordance with instructions of the responsible officer, on the specified number of days—

(a)to participate in a specified activity, and

(b)to comply with instructions given by, or under the authority of, the person in charge of the activity.

(3)An activity specified under this paragraph may be one whose purpose is reparation, such as an activity involving contact between an offender and persons affected by the offending concerned.

Commencement Information

I4Sch. 6 para. 4 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Activity requirement: specified residential exercise obligationE+W

5(1)For each specified residential exercise obligation that it imposes, a youth rehabilitation order must specify—E+W

(a)a number of days, and

(b)a place or activity.

(2)The obligation requires the offender, in accordance with the instructions of the responsible officer—

(a)if a place is specified under sub-paragraph (1)(b)—

(i)to present himself or herself at that place to a person of a description specified in the instructions,

(ii)to reside there for a period consisting of the specified number of days, and

(iii)during that period, to comply with instructions given by, or under the authority of, the person in charge of that place;

(b)if an activity is specified under sub-paragraph (1)(b)—

(i)to participate in that activity for a period consisting of the specified number of days, and

(ii)during that period, to comply with instructions given by or under the authority of, the person in charge of the activity.

Commencement Information

I5Sch. 6 para. 5 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Activity requirement: obligation to engage in activities as instructed by responsible officerE+W

6(1)A youth rehabilitation order that imposes an obligation under this paragraph—E+W

(a)must specify a number of days, and

(b)may permit the responsible officer to give instructions in accordance with this paragraph requiring the offender to participate in a residential exercise.

(2)The obligation requires the offender to engage in activities in accordance with instructions of the responsible officer on that number of days.

(3)For each of those days, instructions of the responsible officer must require the offender—

(a)to present himself or herself to a person or persons of a description specified in the instructions at a place so specified, or

(b)to participate in an activity specified in the instructions.

(4)On each of those days, or while participating in any such activity, the offender is required to comply with instructions given by, or under the authority of, the person in charge of the place or the activity.

(5)An activity specified in instructions under this paragraph may be one whose purpose is reparation, such as an activity involving contact between an offender and persons affected by the offending concerned.

(6)Sub-paragraphs (7) to (9) apply where under sub-paragraph (1)(b) the youth rehabilitation order permits the responsible officer to give instructions requiring the offender to participate in a residential exercise.

(7)Instructions given by the responsible officer may require the offender to participate in a residential exercise for the period specified in the instructions, and for that purpose—

(a)to present himself or herself to a person of a description specified in the instructions at a place so specified at the beginning of that period and to reside there for that period, or

(b)to participate for that period in an activity specified in the instructions.

(8)But instructions requiring the offender to participate in a residential exercise—

(a)may not require the offender to participate in such an exercise for a period of more than 7 days;

(b)may not be given except with the consent of a parent or guardian of the offender.

(9)Where the responsible officer gives instructions requiring the offender to participate in a residential exercise, the offender is required to comply with instructions given by, or under the authority of, the person in charge of the place or activity specified in the responsible officer's instructions.

Commencement Information

I6Sch. 6 para. 6 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Activity requirement: general provisionsE+W

7E+WInstructions given by, or under the authority of, a person in charge of any place under any of the following provisions—

(a)paragraph 3(2)(b) (specified place obligation),

(b)paragraph 5(2)(a)(iii) (residential exercise obligation),

(c)paragraph 6(4) (obligation at place specified by responsible officer), or

(d)paragraph 6(9) (residential exercise at place specified by responsible officer),

may require the offender to engage in activities otherwise than at that place.

Commencement Information

I7Sch. 6 para. 7 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Restrictions on imposing an activity requirementE+W

8E+WA court may not include an activity requirement in a youth rehabilitation order unless—

(a)the court has consulted—

(i)a member of a youth offending team, or

(ii)an officer of a provider of probation services,

and is satisfied that it is feasible to secure compliance with the requirement,

(b)the court is satisfied that provision can be made for the offender to participate in the activities that it proposes to specify in the order under the arrangements for persons to participate in such activities which exist in the local justice area in which the offender resides or is to reside, and

(c)if compliance with the requirement would require the co-operation of a person other than the offender and the responsible officer, that other person consents to its inclusion.

Commencement Information

I8Sch. 6 para. 8 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

PART 2E+WSupervision requirement

Supervision requirementE+W

9E+WIn this Code “supervision requirement”, in relation to a youth rehabilitation order, means a requirement that, while the order is in force, the offender must attend appointments with—

(a)the responsible officer, or

(b)another person determined by the responsible officer,

at times and places determined by the responsible officer.

Commencement Information

I9Sch. 6 para. 9 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

PART 3E+WUnpaid work requirement

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Sch. 6 Pt. 3 applied (with modifications) by 2008 c. 4, s. 39(6)(b), Sch. 7 (as amended (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 paras. 266(5), 270 (with Sch. 24 para. 447, Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

RequirementE+W

10(1)In this Code “unpaid work requirement”, in relation to a youth rehabilitation order, means a requirement that the offender must perform unpaid work in accordance with the instructions of the responsible officer as to—E+W

(a)the work to be performed, and

(b)the times, during a period of 12 months, at which the offender is to perform it.

(2)The order must specify the number of hours which the offender may be required to work under the requirement.

(3)That number must be in aggregate—

(a)not less than 40, and

(b)not more than 240.

(4)Sub-paragraphs (1)(b) and (3) are subject to paragraphs 10(7) and 19 of Schedule 7 (which make provision for different limits where an unpaid work requirement is imposed or amended in further proceedings).

Commencement Information

I10Sch. 6 para. 10 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Restriction on imposing an unpaid work requirementE+W

11(1)A court may not impose an unpaid work requirement in respect of an offender unless it is satisfied—E+W

(a)that the offender is a suitable person to perform work under an unpaid work requirement, and

(b)that provision for the offender to work under such a requirement can be made under the arrangements for persons to perform work under such a requirement which exist in the local justice area in which the offender resides or is to reside.

(2)In making a decision under sub-paragraph (1)(a) the court must (if it considers it necessary) hear—

(a)a member of a youth offending team, or

(b)an officer of a provider of probation services.

Commencement Information

I11Sch. 6 para. 11 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

PART 4E+WProgramme requirement

Programme requirementE+W

12(1)In this Code “programme requirement”, in relation to a youth rehabilitation order, means a requirement for the offender to participate in a particular systematic set of activities (a “programme”), which may have a residential component.E+W

(2)A youth rehabilitation order which imposes a programme requirement must specify—

(a)the programme,

(b)the place or places at which the offender is required to participate in it,

(c)the number of days on which the offender is required to participate in it, and

(d)if the programme has a residential component—

(i)the place where the offender is required to reside for the purposes of the residential component, and

(ii)the period for which the offender is required to reside there.

(3)For the purposes of this paragraph, a programme has “a residential component” if it is necessary to reside at a particular place for a particular period in order to participate in the programme.

(4)A programme requirement operates to require the offender, as instructed by the responsible officer—

(a)to participate in the programme on the number of days specified in the order at a place specified in the order, and

(b)while there, to comply with instructions given by, or under the authority of, the person in charge of the programme.

Commencement Information

I12Sch. 6 para. 12 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Restrictions on imposing a programme requirementE+W

13(1)A court may not include a programme requirement in a youth rehabilitation order unless—E+W

(a)the programme which the court proposes to specify has been recommended to the court by—

(i)a member of a youth offending team, or

(ii)an officer of a provider of probation services,

as being suitable for the offender, and

(b)the court is satisfied that the programme is available at the place or places it proposes to specify.

For this purpose, “programme” has the same meaning as in paragraph 12.

(2)A court may not include a programme requirement in a youth rehabilitation order if compliance with the requirement would require the co-operation of a person other than the offender and the offender's responsible officer, unless that other person consents to its inclusion.

Commencement Information

I13Sch. 6 para. 13 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

PART 5E+WAttendance centre requirement

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C2Sch. 6 Pt. 5 applied (with modifications) by 2008 c. 4, s. 39(6)(b), Sch. 7 (as amended (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 paras. 266(5), 270 (with Sch. 24 para. 447, Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Attendance centre requirementE+W

14(1)In this Code “attendance centre requirement”, in relation to a youth rehabilitation order, means a requirement that the offender must attend at a particular attendance centre for a particular number of hours.E+W

(2)A youth rehabilitation order which imposes an attendance centre requirement must specify—

(a)the attendance centre, and

(b)the aggregate number of hours for which the offender may be required to attend at the attendance centre.

(3)That number of hours must be—

(a)if the offender is aged 16 or over at the time of conviction—

(i)not less than 12, and

(ii)not more than 36;

(b)if the offender is aged 14 or 15 at the time of conviction—

(i)not less than 12, and

(ii)not more than 24;

(c)if the offender is aged under 14 at the time of conviction, not more than 12.

(4)The first time at which the offender is required to attend at the attendance centre is a time notified to the offender by the responsible officer.

(5)The subsequent hours are to be fixed by the officer in charge of the centre—

(a)in accordance with arrangements made by the responsible officer, and

(b)having regard to the offender's circumstances.

(6)An offender may not be required under this paragraph to attend at an attendance centre—

(a)more than once on any day, or

(b)for more than 3 hours at a time.

(7)A requirement under this paragraph to attend at an attendance centre for any period on any occasion operates as a requirement, during that period, to engage in occupation, or receive instruction, whether at the centre or elsewhere—

(a)under the supervision of the officer in charge of the centre, and

(b)in accordance with instructions given by, or under the authority of, that officer.

Commencement Information

I14Sch. 6 para. 14 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Restriction on imposing attendance centre requirementE+W

15E+WA court may not include an attendance centre requirement in a youth rehabilitation order unless—

(a)the court has been notified by the Secretary of State that an attendance centre is available for persons of the offender's description and that provision can be made for the offender there (and the notice has not been withdrawn), and

(b)the court is satisfied that the attendance centre which it proposes to specify in the order is reasonably accessible to the offender, having regard to the means of access available to the offender and any other circumstances.

Commencement Information

I15Sch. 6 para. 15 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

PART 6E+WProhibited activity requirement

RequirementE+W

16(1)In this Code “prohibited activity requirement”, in relation to a youth rehabilitation order, means a requirement that the offender must refrain from particular activities—E+W

(a)on one or more particular days, or

(b)for a particular period.

(2)Where the court makes a youth rehabilitation order imposing a prohibited activity requirement, the order must specify—

(a)the activities from which the offender must refrain;

(b)the day or days on which, or the period for which, the offender must refrain from those activities.

(3)A prohibited activity requirement may, in particular, include a requirement that the offender does not possess, use or carry a firearm within the meaning of the Firearms Act 1968.

Commencement Information

I16Sch. 6 para. 16 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Restriction on imposing prohibited activity requirementE+W

17E+WA court may not include a prohibited activity requirement in a youth rehabilitation order unless it has consulted—

(a)a member of a youth offending team, or

(b)an officer of a provider of probation services.

Commencement Information

I17Sch. 6 para. 17 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

PART 7E+WCurfew requirement

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C3Sch. 6 Pt. 7 applied (with modifications) by 2008 c. 4, s. 39(6)(b), Sch. 7 (as amended (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 paras. 266(5), 270 (with Sch. 24 para. 447, Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Curfew requirementE+W

18(1)In this Code “curfew requirement”, in relation to a youth rehabilitation order, means a requirement that the offender must remain, for particular periods (“curfew periods”), at a particular place.E+W

(2)A youth rehabilitation order which imposes a curfew requirement must specify—

(a)the curfew periods, and

(b)the place at which the offender must remain for each curfew period.

(3)Different places or different curfew periods may be specified for different days.

(4)The curfew periods must amount to—

(a)not less than 2 hours in any day, F1...

(b)not more than [F2the relevant number of hours] in any day [F3, and

(c)not more than 112 hours in any period of 7 days beginning with the day of the week on which the requirement first takes effect.]

[F4(4A)In sub-paragraph (4)(b), “the relevant number of hours”—

(a)in relation to a youth rehabilitation order in respect of an offence of which the offender was convicted before the day on which paragraph 19 of Schedule 17 to the Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Act 2022 came into force, means 16 hours, and

(b)in relation to a youth rehabilitation order in respect of an offence of which the offender was convicted on or after that day, means 20 hours.]

(5)The specified curfew periods must fall within the period of 12 months beginning with the day on which the requirement first takes effect.

Requirements where court imposes curfew requirementE+W

19(1)Before making a youth rehabilitation order imposing a curfew requirement, the court must obtain and consider information about each place proposed to be specified under paragraph 18(2)(b).E+W

(2)That information must include information as to the attitude of persons likely to be affected by the offender's enforced presence there.

(3)Where the court makes a youth rehabilitation order which imposes a curfew requirement it must also impose an [F5electronic monitoring requirement] [F5electronic compliance monitoring requirement] (see Part 17 of this Schedule) unless—

(a)it is prevented from doing so by paragraph 44, or

(b)in the particular circumstances of the case, it considers it inappropriate to do so.

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I19Sch. 6 para. 19 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

PART 8E+WExclusion requirement

RequirementE+W

20(1)In this Code “exclusion requirement”, in relation to a youth rehabilitation order, means a provision prohibiting the offender from entering a particular place (the “prohibited place”) for a particular period (the “exclusion period”).E+W

(2)A youth rehabilitation order which imposes an exclusion requirement must specify—

(a)the prohibited place, and

(b)the exclusion period.

(3)The exclusion period must not be more than 3 months.

(4)A youth rehabilitation order may specify—

(a)more than one prohibited place;

(b)more than one exclusion period;

(c)different prohibited places for different exclusion periods or different days.

(5)A prohibited place may be an area.

Commencement Information

I20Sch. 6 para. 20 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Requirement for electronic monitoring where court imposes exclusion requirementE+W

21E+WWhere the court makes a youth rehabilitation order which imposes an exclusion requirement it must also impose an [F6electronic monitoring requirement] [F6electronic compliance monitoring requirement] (see Part 17 of this Schedule) unless—

(a)it is prevented from doing so by paragraph 44, or

(b)in the particular circumstances of the case, it considers it inappropriate to do so.

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I21Sch. 6 para. 21 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

PART 9E+WResidence requirement

RequirementE+W

22(1)In this Code “residence requirement”, in relation to a youth rehabilitation order, means a requirement that, for a particular period (“the required period”), the offender must—E+W

(a)reside with a particular individual, or

(b)reside—

(i)at a particular place (“the required place”), or

(ii)if the order so permits, at the required place or, with the prior approval of the responsible officer, at some other place.

(2)A youth rehabilitation order which imposes a residence requirement within sub-paragraph (1)(a) must specify—

(a)the required period, and

(b)the individual with whom the offender is required to reside.

(3)A youth rehabilitation order which imposes a residence requirement within sub-paragraph (1)(b) (a “place of residence requirement”) must specify—

(a)the required period,

(b)the required place, and

(c)if the offender is to be permitted to reside at some other place with the prior approval of the responsible officer, that fact.

Commencement Information

I22Sch. 6 para. 22 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Imposing a residence requirement: restrictions and requirementsE+W

23(1)A youth rehabilitation order which imposes a residence requirement within paragraph 22(1)(a) may not specify, as the individual with whom the offender is required to reside, an individual who has not consented to the requirement.E+W

(2)A court may not include a place of residence requirement in a youth rehabilitation order unless the offender is aged 16 or over at the time of conviction.

(3)Before making a youth rehabilitation order containing a place of residence requirement, the court must consider the home surroundings of the offender.

(4)A hostel or other institution may not be specified as the required place, except on the recommendation of—

(a)a member of a youth offending team,

(b)an officer of a provider of probation services, or

(c)a social worker of a local authority.

(5)In this paragraph, “place of residence requirement” and “the required place” have the same meanings as in paragraph 22.

Commencement Information

I23Sch. 6 para. 23 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

PART 10E+WLocal authority residence requirement

RequirementE+W

24(1)In this Code “local authority residence requirement”, in relation to a youth rehabilitation order, means a requirement that, for a particular period (“the required period”), the offender must reside in accommodation provided by or on behalf of a particular local authority.E+W

(2)A youth rehabilitation order which imposes a local authority residence requirement may also stipulate that the offender is not to reside with a particular person.

(3)A youth rehabilitation order which imposes a local authority residence requirement must specify—

(a)the required period,

(b)the local authority which is to receive the offender, and

(c)any person with whom the offender is not to reside by virtue of sub-paragraph (2).

(4)The required period must—

(a)not be longer than 6 months, and

(b)end before the offender reaches the age of 18.

(5)The authority specified must be the local authority in whose area the offender resides or is to reside.

Commencement Information

I24Sch. 6 para. 24 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Restrictions on imposing local authority residence requirementE+W

25E+WA court may not include a local authority residence requirement in a youth rehabilitation order made in respect of an offence unless the requirements in A to C are met.

1The court is satisfied that—

(a)the behaviour which constituted the offence was due to a significant extent to the circumstances in which the offender was living, and

(b)imposing that requirement would assist in the offender's rehabilitation.

2The court has consulted—

(a)a parent or guardian of the offender (unless it is impracticable to do so), and

(b)the local authority which is to receive the offender.

3The offender was legally represented in court when the court was considering whether to impose the local authority residence requirement, but this does not apply if—

(a)representation was made available to the offender for the purposes of the proceedings under Part 1 of the Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012 but was withdrawn because of the offender's conduct, or

(b)the offender has been informed of the right to apply for such representation for the purposes of the proceedings and has had the opportunity to do so, but nevertheless refused or failed to apply.

For this purpose, “the proceedings” means—

  • the whole proceedings, or

  • the part of the proceedings relating to the imposition of the local authority residence requirement.

Commencement Information

I25Sch. 6 para. 25 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

PART 11E+WFostering requirement

RequirementE+W

26(1)In this Code “fostering requirement”, in relation to a youth rehabilitation order, means a requirement that, for a particular period (“the fostering period”), the offender must reside with a local authority foster parent.E+W

(2)A youth rehabilitation order which imposes a fostering requirement must specify—

(a)the fostering period, and

(b)the local authority which is to place the offender with a local authority foster parent under—

(i)section 22C of the Children Act 1989, or

(ii)section 81 of the Social Services and Well-being (Wales) Act 2014 (anaw 4).

(3)The fostering period—

(a)must end no later than the end of the period of 12 months beginning with the day on which the requirement takes effect, and

(b)must end before the offender reaches the age of 18.

This is subject to paragraphs 10(9) and (10) and 17(5) and (6) of Schedule 7 (substitute fostering requirement).

(4)The authority specified must be the local authority in whose area the offender resides or is to reside.

(5)Sub-paragraph (6) applies if during the fostering period the responsible officer notifies the offender—

(a)that no suitable local authority foster parent is available, and

(b)that the responsible officer has applied, or proposes to apply, under Part 3 or 4 of Schedule 7 for the youth rehabilitation order to be amended or revoked.

(6)The fostering requirement has effect, until the application is determined, as a requirement for the offender to reside in accommodation provided by or on behalf of a local authority.

(7)This paragraph does not affect the power of a local authority to place with a local authority foster parent an offender in respect of whom a local authority residence requirement is imposed.

Commencement Information

I26Sch. 6 para. 26 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Restrictions on imposing fostering requirementE+W

27E+WA court may not make a youth rehabilitation order which imposes a fostering requirement unless the requirements in A to D are met.

1The court is satisfied that—

(a)the behaviour which constituted the offence was due to a significant extent to the circumstances in which the offender was living, and

(b)imposing that requirement would assist in the offender's rehabilitation.

2The court has been notified by the Secretary of State that arrangements for implementing such a requirement are available in the area of the local authority which is to place the offender with a local authority foster parent (and the notice has not been withdrawn).

3The court has consulted—

(a)the offender's parents or guardians (unless it is impracticable to do so), and

(b)the local authority which is to place the offender with a local authority foster parent.

4The offender was legally represented in court when the court was considering whether to impose the fostering requirement, but this does not apply if—

(a)representation was made available to the offender for the purposes of the proceedings under Part 1 of the Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012 but was withdrawn because of the offender's conduct, or

(b)the offender has been informed of the right to apply for such representation for the purposes of the proceedings and has had the opportunity to do so, but nevertheless refused or failed to apply.

For this purpose, “the proceedings” means—

  • the whole proceedings, or

  • the part of the proceedings relating to the imposition of the fostering requirement.

Commencement Information

I27Sch. 6 para. 27 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

PART 12E+WMental health treatment requirement

Mental health treatment requirementE+W

28(1)In this Code “mental health treatment requirement”, in relation to a youth rehabilitation order, means a requirement that the offender must submit, during a particular period or particular periods, to mental health treatment, which may be—E+W

(a)in-patient treatment,

(b)institution-based out-patient treatment, or

(c)practitioner-based treatment.

(2)For this purpose—

  • mental health treatment”, in relation to an offender, means treatment which is—

    (a)

    by or under the direction of a registered medical practitioner or registered psychologist, and

    (b)

    with a view to improvement of the offender's mental condition;

  • in-patient treatment” means treatment as a resident patient in—

    (a)

    a care home,

    (b)

    an independent hospital, or

    (c)

    a hospital within the meaning of the Mental Health Act 1983,

    but not in hospital premises where high security psychiatric services are provided;

  • institution-based out-patient treatment” means treatment as a non-resident patient at a particular institution or place;

  • practitioner-based treatment” means treatment by or under the direction of a particular registered medical practitioner or registered psychologist (or both).

(3)A youth rehabilitation order which imposes a mental health treatment requirement must specify—

(a)the period or periods during which the offender is required to submit to mental health treatment, and

(b)for each such period—

(i)if the mental health treatment is to be in-patient treatment, the care home or hospital where it is to be provided;

(ii)if it is to be institution-based out-patient treatment, the institution or place where it is to be provided;

(iii)if it is to be practitioner-based treatment, the registered medical practitioner or registered psychologist (or both) by whom or under whose direction it is to be provided;

but may not otherwise specify the nature of the treatment.

(4)In this paragraph—

  • care home” means—

    (a)

    a care home in England within the meaning of the Care Standards Act 2000, or

    (b)

    a place in Wales at which a care home service (within the meaning of Part 1 of the Regulation and Inspection of Social Care (Wales) Act 2016 (anaw 2)) is provided;

  • high security psychiatric services” has the same meaning as in the Mental Health Act 1983;

  • “independent hospital”—

    (a)

    in relation to England, means a hospital as defined by section 275 of the National Health Service Act 2006 that is not a health service hospital as defined by that section;

    (b)

    in relation to Wales, has the same meaning as in the Care Standards Act 2000;

  • registered psychologist” means a person for the time being registered in the part of the register maintained under the Health Professions Order 2001 (S.I. 2002/254) which relates to practitioner psychologists.

(5)While the offender is under treatment which is in-patient treatment in pursuance of a mental health treatment requirement of a youth rehabilitation order, the responsible officer is to carry out the supervision of the offender only to the extent necessary for the purpose of the revocation or amendment of the order.

Commencement Information

I28Sch. 6 para. 28 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Restrictions on imposing mental health treatment requirementE+W

29(1)A court may not include a mental health treatment requirement in a youth rehabilitation order unless the following conditions are met—E+W

(a)the need for treatment condition,

(b)the arrangements condition, and

(c)the consent condition.

(2)The need for treatment condition is that the court is satisfied that the mental condition of the offender—

(a)requires treatment,

(b)may be susceptible to treatment, and

(c)does not warrant the making of a hospital order or guardianship order within the meaning of the Mental Health Act 1983.

(3)The arrangements condition is that the court is satisfied that arrangements—

(a)have been made, or

(b)can be made,

for the treatment intended to be specified in the order.

Those arrangements include arrangements for the reception of the offender, if that treatment is, or includes, in-patient treatment (see paragraph 28(2)).

(4)The consent condition is that the offender has expressed willingness to comply with the requirement.

Commencement Information

I29Sch. 6 para. 29 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Alternative arrangements for mental health treatmentE+W

30(1)Where—E+W

(a)an offender is being treated in pursuance of a mental health treatment requirement, and

(b)the treatment practitioner is of the opinion that part of the treatment can be better or more conveniently given in an institution or at a place—

(i)which is not specified in the youth rehabilitation order, and

(ii)where the treatment of the offender will be given by or under the direction of a registered medical practitioner or registered psychologist,

the treatment practitioner may make arrangements (“alternative arrangements”) for the offender to be treated accordingly.

(2)Alternative arrangements may be made only if the offender has expressed willingness for the treatment to be given under those arrangements.

(3)Alternative arrangements may provide for the offender to receive part of the treatment as a resident patient in an institution or place which could not have been specified for that purpose in the youth rehabilitation order.

(4)Where alternative arrangements are made—

(a)the treatment for which the alternative arrangements provide is to be deemed to be treatment to which the offender is required to submit in pursuance of the mental health treatment requirement, and

(b)the treatment practitioner must give a notice in writing to the offender's responsible officer, specifying the institution or place where that treatment is to be carried out.

(5)In this paragraph—

  • registered psychologist” means a person for the time being registered in the part of the register maintained under the Health Professions Order 2001 (S.I. 2002/254) which relates to practitioner psychologists;

  • treatment practitioner” means the medical practitioner or registered psychologist by or under whose direction the offender is being treated in pursuance of the mental health treatment requirement.

Commencement Information

I30Sch. 6 para. 30 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

PART 13E+WDrug treatment requirement

RequirementE+W

31(1)In this Code “drug treatment requirement”, in relation to a youth rehabilitation order, means a requirement that the offender must submit, during a period or periods (each, a “treatment period”), to drug rehabilitation treatment.E+W

Such treatment may be resident treatment or non-resident treatment.

(2)In this paragraph—

  • drug rehabilitation treatment”, in relation to an offender, means treatment which is—

    (a)

    by or under the direction of a person having the necessary qualifications or experience, and

    (b)

    with a view to the reduction or elimination of the offender's dependency on, or propensity to misuse, drugs;

  • resident treatment” means treatment as a resident in a particular institution or place;

  • non-resident treatment” means treatment as a non-resident at a particular institution or place;

  • the treatment director” means the person by or under whose direction the treatment is to be provided.

(3)A youth rehabilitation order which imposes a drug treatment requirement must specify—

(a)the treatment period or treatment periods, and

(b)for each treatment period—

(i)the treatment director;

(ii)if the treatment is to be resident treatment, the institution or place where it is to be provided;

(iii)if it is to be non-resident treatment, the institution or place where, and the intervals at which, it is to be provided;

but must not otherwise specify the nature of the treatment.

Commencement Information

I31Sch. 6 para. 31 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Restrictions on imposing drug treatment requirementE+W

32(1)A court may not include a drug treatment requirement in a youth rehabilitation order unless the following conditions are met—E+W

(a)the need for treatment condition,

(b)the availability condition,

(c)the arrangements condition,

(d)the suitability condition, and

(e)the consent condition.

(2)The need for treatment condition is that the court is satisfied—

(a)that the offender—

(i)is dependent on drugs, or

(ii)has a propensity to misuse drugs, and

(b)that the offender's dependency or propensity—

(i)requires treatment, and

(ii)may be susceptible to treatment.

(3)The availability condition is that the court has been notified by the Secretary of State that arrangements for implementing drug treatment requirements are in force in the local justice area in which the offender resides or is to reside (and the notice has not been withdrawn).

(4)The arrangements condition is that the court is satisfied that arrangements—

(a)have been made, or

(b)can be made,

for the treatment intended to be specified in the order.

Those arrangements include arrangements for the reception of the offender if that treatment is, or includes, resident treatment (within the meaning given in paragraph 31(2)).

(5)The suitability condition is that the requirement has been recommended to the court as suitable for the offender by—

(a)a member of a youth offending team, or

(b)an officer of a provider of probation services.

(6)The consent condition is that the offender has expressed willingness to comply with the requirement.

Commencement Information

I32Sch. 6 para. 32 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Meaning of “drug”E+W

33E+WIn this Part of this Schedule, “drug” means a controlled drug as defined by section 2 of the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971.

Commencement Information

I33Sch. 6 para. 33 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

PART 14E+WDrug testing requirement

RequirementE+W

34(1)In this Code “drug testing requirement”, in relation to a youth rehabilitation order, means a requirement that, during any treatment period, the offender must, for the purpose of ascertaining whether there is any drug in the offender's body during that period, provide samples in accordance with instructions given by—E+W

(a)the responsible officer, or

(b)the treatment director.

(2)A youth rehabilitation order which imposes a drug testing requirement—

(a)must specify, for each month, the minimum number of occasions when samples are to be provided, and

(b)may specify—

(i)when and in what circumstances the responsible officer or treatment director may require the offender to provide samples, and

(ii)the kinds of sample which may be required.

(3)A youth rehabilitation order which imposes a drug testing requirement must provide for the results of tests on samples provided by the offender in pursuance of the requirement to be communicated to the responsible officer, if they are not carried out by the responsible officer.

(4)In this paragraph—

(a)drug” has the meaning given by paragraph 33;

(b)treatment director” and “treatment period” have the same meanings as in paragraph 31.

Commencement Information

I34Sch. 6 para. 34 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Restrictions on imposing drug testing requirementE+W

35(1)A youth rehabilitation order may impose a drug testing requirement only if it also imposes a drug treatment requirement.E+W

(2)A court may not include a drug testing requirement in a youth rehabilitation order unless the following conditions are met—

(a)the availability condition, and

(b)the consent condition.

(3)The availability condition is that the court has been notified by the Secretary of State that arrangements for implementing drug testing requirements are in force in the local justice area in which the offender resides or is to reside (and the notice has not been withdrawn).

(4)The consent condition is that the offender has expressed willingness to comply with the requirement.

Commencement Information

I35Sch. 6 para. 35 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

PART 15E+WIntoxicating substance treatment requirement

RequirementE+W

36(1)In this Code “intoxicating substance treatment requirement”, in relation to a youth rehabilitation order, means a requirement that the offender must submit, during a period or periods (each, a “treatment period”) to substance abuse treatment.E+W

Such treatment may be resident treatment or non-resident treatment.

(2)In this paragraph—

  • substance abuse treatment” means treatment which is—

    (a)

    by or under the direction of a person having the necessary qualifications or experience, and

    (b)

    with a view to the reduction or elimination of the offender's dependency on or propensity to misuse intoxicating substances;

  • resident treatment” means treatment as a resident in a particular institution or place;

  • non-resident treatment” means treatment as a non-resident at a particular institution or place;

  • the treatment director” means the person by or under whose direction the treatment is to be provided.

(3)A youth rehabilitation order which imposes an intoxicating substance treatment requirement must specify—

(a)the treatment period or treatment periods, and

(b)for each treatment period—

(i)the treatment director;

(ii)if the treatment is to be resident treatment, the institution or place where it is to be provided;

(iii)if it is to be non-resident treatment, the institution or place where, and the intervals at which, it is to be provided;

but must not otherwise specify the nature of the treatment.

Commencement Information

I36Sch. 6 para. 36 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Restrictions on imposing intoxicating substance treatment requirementE+W

37(1)A court may not include an intoxicating substance treatment requirement in a youth rehabilitation order unless the following conditions are met—E+W

(a)the need for treatment condition,

(b)the arrangements condition,

(c)the suitability condition, and

(d)the consent condition.

(2)The need for treatment condition is that the court is satisfied—

(a)that the offender—

(i)is dependent on intoxicating substances, or

(ii)has a propensity to misuse intoxicating substances, and

(b)that the offender's dependency or propensity—

(i)requires treatment, and

(ii)may be susceptible to treatment.

(3)The arrangements condition is that the court is satisfied that arrangements—

(a)have been made, or

(b)can be made,

for the treatment intended to be specified in the order.

Those arrangements include arrangements for the reception of the offender if that treatment is, or includes, resident treatment (within the meaning given in paragraph 36(2)).

(4)The suitability condition is that the requirement has been recommended to the court as suitable for the offender by—

(a)a member of a youth offending team, or

(b)an officer of a provider of probation services.

(5)The consent condition is that the offender has expressed willingness to comply with the requirement.

Commencement Information

I37Sch. 6 para. 37 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Meaning of “intoxicating substance”E+W

38E+WIn this Part of this Schedule “intoxicating substance” means—

(a)alcohol, or

(b)any other substance or product which—

(i)can be used for the purpose of causing intoxication (whether through inhaling it or its fumes or otherwise), and

(ii)is not a controlled drug as defined by section 2 of the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971.

Commencement Information

I38Sch. 6 para. 38 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

PART 16E+WEducation requirement

RequirementE+W

39(1)In this Code “education requirement”, in relation to a youth rehabilitation order, means a requirement that the offender must comply, during a particular period or particular periods, with arrangements for the offender's education—E+W

(a)made for the time being by the offender's parent or guardian, and

(b)approved by a relevant authority.

(2)A youth rehabilitation order which imposes an education requirement must specify—

(a)the relevant authority for the purposes of the requirement, and

(b)the period or periods during which the offender must comply with the education arrangements.

(3)The authority specified as the relevant authority must be the local authority (within the meaning of the Education Act 1996) for the area in which the offender resides or is to reside.

(4)Any period specified must end [F7by the relevant time].

[F8(4A)In sub-paragraph (4) “the relevant time” in relation to a youth rehabilitation order made in respect of—

(a)an offence of which the offender was convicted before the day on which paragraph 21 of Schedule 17 to the Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Act 2022 came into force, or

(b)an offender who, when the order was made, was not resident in England within the meaning of Part 1 of the Education and Skills Act 2008 (duty to participate in education or training after compulsory school age),

means the time the offender ceases to be of compulsory school age.

(4B)In sub-paragraph (4) “the relevant time” in relation to a youth rehabilitation order made in respect of—

(a)an offence of which the offender was convicted on or after the day on which paragraph 21 of Schedule 17 to the Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Act 2022 came into force, and

(b)an offender who, when the order was made, was resident in England within the meaning of Part 1 of the Education and Skills Act 2008 (duty to participate in education or training after compulsory school age),

means the time at which the offender ceases to be a person to whom that Part applies or, if later, ceases to be of compulsory school age.]

(5)In this paragraph, “parent” has the same meaning as in the Education Act 1996.

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I39Sch. 6 para. 39 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Restriction on imposing education requirementE+W

40E+WA court may not include an education requirement in a youth rehabilitation order unless—

(a)it has consulted the authority which is to be specified as the relevant authority (within the meaning of paragraph 39), and

(b)it is satisfied—

(i)that, in the view of that authority, arrangements exist for the offender to receive efficient full-time education suitable to the offender's age, ability, aptitude and special educational needs (if any), and

(ii)that, having regard to the circumstances of the case, it is necessary to include the education requirement in order to secure the good conduct of the offender or to prevent the commission of further offences.

Commencement Information

I40Sch. 6 para. 40 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

PART 17E+WElectronic monitoring [F9requirement]

Textual Amendments

F9Word in Sch. 6 Pt. 17 heading omitted (28.4.2022 for specified purposes) by virtue of Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Act 2022 (c. 32), ss. 161, 208(4)(r), Sch. 17 para. 12(2)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C4Sch. 6 Pt. 17 applied (with modifications) by 2008 c. 4, s. 39(6)(b), Sch. 7 (as amended (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 paras. 266(5), 270 (with Sch. 24 para. 447, Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

[F10Requirement][F10Electronic compliance monitoring requirement]E+W

41E+WIn this Code “[F11electronic monitoring requirement] [F11electronic compliance monitoring requirement]”, in relation to a youth rehabilitation order, means a requirement for securing the electronic monitoring of the offender's compliance with other requirements imposed by the order during a particular period (“the monitoring period”).

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I41Sch. 6 para. 41 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Person responsible for electronic monitoring [F12: electronic compliance monitoring requirement] E+W

Textual Amendments

42(1)A youth rehabilitation order which imposes an [F13electronic monitoring requirement][F13electronic compliance monitoring requirement] must include provision for making a person responsible for the monitoring.E+W

(2)The person who is made responsible for the monitoring must be of a description specified in regulations made by the Secretary of State.

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I42Sch. 6 para. 42 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Monitoring period [F14: electronic compliance monitoring requirement] E+W

Textual Amendments

43(1)A youth rehabilitation order which imposes an [F15electronic monitoring requirement] [F15electronic compliance monitoring requirement] must—E+W

(a)specify the monitoring period, or

(b)provide for the responsible officer to determine the monitoring period in accordance with the order.

(2)Sub-paragraph (3) applies where the responsible officer is to determine the monitoring period in accordance with the order.

(3)Before it begins, the responsible officer must notify the following people of when the monitoring period is to begin—

(a)the offender,

(b)the person responsible for the monitoring, and

(c)any person (other than the offender) without whose co-operation it will not be practicable to secure the monitoring.

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I43Sch. 6 para. 43 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

[F16[F17Electronic compliance monitoring requirement] : generalE+W

Textual Amendments

F17Words in Sch. 6 para. 43A cross-heading substituted (28.6.2022 for specified purposes) by Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Act 2022 (c. 32), ss. 161, 208(4)(r), Sch. 17 para. 12(9)

43AE+WWhere a youth rehabilitation order made on or after the day on which paragraph 1 of Schedule 17 to the Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Act 2022 came into force imposes an [F18electronic compliance monitoring requirement] , the offender must (in particular)—

(a)submit, as required from time to time by the responsible officer or the person responsible for the monitoring, to—

(i)being fitted with, or installation of, any necessary apparatus, and

(ii)inspection or repair of any apparatus fitted or installed for the purposes of the monitoring,

(b)not interfere with, or with the working of, any apparatus fitted or installed for the purposes of the monitoring, and

(c)take any steps required by the responsible officer, or the person responsible for the monitoring, for the purpose of keeping in working order any apparatus fitted or installed for the purposes of the monitoring.]

Textual Amendments

[F19Restrictions on imposing electronic monitoring][F19Restrictions on imposing electronic compliance monitoring requirement]E+W

44(1)Where—E+W

(a)it is proposed to include an [F20electronic monitoring requirement] [F20electronic compliance monitoring requirement] in a youth rehabilitation order, but

(b)there is a person (other than the offender) without whose co-operation it will not be practicable to secure the monitoring,

the requirement may not be included in the order without that person's consent.

(2)A court may not include an [F21electronic monitoring requirement] [F21electronic compliance monitoring requirement] in a youth rehabilitation order unless—

(a)the court has been notified by the Secretary of State that arrangements for electronic monitoring of offenders are available—

(i)in the local justice area proposed to be specified in the order as the offender's home local justice area, and

(ii)for each requirement mentioned in the table in sub-paragraph (3) which the court proposes to include in the order, in the area in which the relevant place specified in the table for that requirement is situated,

(and the notice has not been withdrawn in relation to any of those areas), and

(b)the court is satisfied that the necessary provision can be made under the arrangements currently available.

(3)That table is—

Proposed requirement of youth rehabilitation orderRelevant place
Curfew requirementThe place which the court proposes to specify in the order for the purposes of that requirement.
Exclusion requirementThe prohibited place (within the meaning of paragraph 20) which the court proposes to specify in the order.
Attendance centre requirementThe attendance centre which the court proposes to specify in the order.

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I44Sch. 6 para. 44 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

[F22Electronic whereabouts monitoring requirement E+W

Textual Amendments

45E+WIn this Code “electronic whereabouts monitoring requirement”, in relation to a youth rehabilitation order, means a requirement to submit to electronic monitoring of the offender’s whereabouts (otherwise than for the purpose of monitoring the offender’s compliance with any other requirement included in the order) during a period specified in the order.

Person responsible for electronic monitoring: electronic whereabouts monitoring order E+W

46(1)A youth rehabilitation order which imposes an electronic whereabouts monitoring requirement must include provision for making a person responsible for the monitoring.E+W

(2)The person who is made responsible for the monitoring must be of a description specified in regulations made by the Secretary of State.

Electronic whereabouts monitoring requirement: general E+W

47E+WWhere a youth rehabilitation order imposes an electronic whereabouts monitoring requirement, the offender must (in particular)—

(a)submit, as required from time to time by the responsible officer or the person responsible for the monitoring, to—

(i)being fitted with, or installation of, any necessary apparatus, and

(ii)inspection or repair of any apparatus fitted or installed for the purposes of the monitoring,

(b)not interfere with, or with the working of, any apparatus fitted or installed for the purposes of the monitoring, and

(c)take any steps required by the responsible officer, or the person responsible for the monitoring, for the purpose of keeping in working order any apparatus fitted or installed for the purposes of the monitoring.

Restrictions on imposing electronic whereabouts monitoring requirement E+W

48(1)Where—E+W

(a)it is proposed to include an electronic whereabouts monitoring requirement in a youth rehabilitation order, but

(b)there is a person (other than the offender) without whose co-operation it will not be practicable to secure the monitoring,

the requirement may not be included in the order without that person’s consent.

(2)A court may not include an electronic whereabouts monitoring requirement in a youth rehabilitation order in respect of an offender unless—

(a)the court has been notified by the Secretary of State that electronic monitoring arrangements are available in the local justice area proposed to be specified in the order (and the notice has not been withdrawn),

(b)the court is satisfied that—

(i)the offender can be fitted with any necessary apparatus under the arrangements currently available, and

(ii)any other necessary provision can be made under those arrangements, and

(c)the court is satisfied that arrangements are generally operational throughout England and Wales (even if not always operational everywhere there) under which the offender’s whereabouts can be electronically monitored.]

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