Search Legislation

Sentencing Act 2020

Changes over time for: PART 2

 Help about opening options

Changes to legislation:

Sentencing Act 2020, PART 2 is up to date with all changes known to be in force on or before 27 September 2022. There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date. Changes that have been made appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

Close

Changes to Legislation

Revised legislation carried on this site may not be fully up to date. Changes and effects are recorded by our editorial team in lists which can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area. Where those effects have yet to be applied to the text of the legislation by the editorial team they are also listed alongside the legislation in the affected provisions. Use the ‘more’ link to open the changes and effects relevant to the provision you are viewing.

View outstanding changes

Changes and effects yet to be applied to the whole Act associated Parts and Chapters:

Whole provisions yet to be inserted into this Act (including any effects on those provisions):

PART 2U.K.Breach of community requirement or conviction of further offence

Breach of community requirement: duty to give warning or refer to enforcement officerE+W

6(1)This paragraph applies where the responsible officer is of the opinion that the offender has without reasonable excuse breached a community requirement of a suspended sentence order.E+W

(2)If the offender has been given a warning under this paragraph within the previous 12 months in relation to a breach of any community requirement of the order, the officer must refer the matter to an enforcement officer.

(3)Otherwise the officer must either—

(a)give the offender a warning under this paragraph, or

(b)refer the matter to an enforcement officer.

(4)A warning under this paragraph must—

(a)describe the circumstances of the breach,

(b)state that the breach is unacceptable, and

(c)inform the offender that if the offender again breaches a requirement of the order within the next 12 months, the offender will be liable to be brought before a court.

(5)As soon as practicable after giving a warning under this paragraph, the responsible officer must record that fact.

Commencement Information

I1Sch. 16 para. 6 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Role of enforcement officerE+W

7E+WWhere a matter is referred to an enforcement officer under paragraph 6, the enforcement officer must—

(a)consider the case, and

(b)where appropriate, cause an information to be laid in respect of the offender's breach of the requirement—

(i)in the case of an order subject to magistrates' court supervision, before a justice of the peace;

(ii)in the case of a Crown Court order, before the Crown Court.

Commencement Information

I2Sch. 16 para. 7 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Order subject to magistrates' court supervision: issue of summons or warrant by justiceE+W

8(1)This paragraph applies where, during the supervision period of an order subject to magistrates' court supervision, it appears on information to a justice of the peace that the offender has breached any community requirement of the order.E+W

(2)The justice may—

(a)issue a summons requiring the offender to appear at the place and time specified in it, or

(b)if the information is in writing and on oath, issue a warrant for the offender's arrest.

(3)A summons or warrant issued under this paragraph must direct the offender to appear or be brought—

(a)in the case of a suspended sentence order which is subject to review, before the court responsible for the order;

(b)in any other case, before a magistrates' court acting in—

(i)the local justice area in which the offender resides, or

(ii)if it is not known where the offender resides, in the offender's home local justice area.

(4)Where—

(a)a summons issued under this paragraph requires the offender to appear before a magistrates' court, and

(b)the offender does not appear in answer to the summons,

the magistrates' court may issue a warrant for the arrest of the offender.

Commencement Information

I3Sch. 16 para. 8 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Crown Court order: issue of summons or warrant by Crown CourtE+W

9(1)This paragraph applies where, during the supervision period of a Crown Court order, it appears on information to the Crown Court that the offender has breached any community requirement of the order.E+W

(2)The Crown Court may—

(a)issue a summons requiring the offender to appear at the place and time specified in it, or

(b)if the information is in writing and on oath, issue a warrant for the offender's arrest.

(3)A summons or warrant issued under this paragraph must direct the offender to appear or be brought before the Crown Court.

(4)Where—

(a)a summons issued under this paragraph requires the offender to appear before the Crown Court, and

(b)the offender does not appear in answer to the summons,

the Crown Court may issue a warrant for the arrest of the offender.

Commencement Information

I4Sch. 16 para. 9 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

[F1Issue of summons or warrant after review hearing in special procedure casesU.K.

9A(1)This paragraph applies where—U.K.

(a)a suspended sentence order is subject to review in accordance with section 293A(1),

(b)on a review hearing under section 294(5) a magistrates’ court or the Crown Court (“the court”) is of the opinion that the offender has without reasonable excuse breached a community requirement of the order, and

(c)the court does not deal with the case forthwith under section 294(5).

(2)The court may at any time—

(a)issue a summons requiring the offender to appear at the place and time specified in it, or

(b)issue a warrant for the offender’s arrest.

(3)A summons or warrant issued under this paragraph must direct the offender to appear or be brought before the court which issued it.

(4)Where—

(a)a summons is issued under this paragraph, and

(b)the offender does not appear in answer to the summons,

the court may issue a warrant for the arrest of the offender.]

Offender before magistrates' court: breach of community requirementE+W

10(1)This paragraph applies where—E+W

(a)the offender is before a magistrates' court (“the present court”) in relation to a suspended sentence order by virtue of—

(i)paragraph 8 [F2or 9A] (breach of community requirement), or

(ii)section 294(5) (review), and

(b)it is proved to the satisfaction of the court that the offender has breached a community requirement of the order without reasonable excuse.

(2)If the suspended sentence order was made by a magistrates' court, the present court must deal with the case under paragraph 13.

(3)If the suspended sentence order was made by the Crown Court, the present court must—

(a)deal with the case under paragraph 13, or

(b)commit the offender to custody or release the offender on bail until the offender can be brought or appear before the Crown Court.

(4)If the present court deals with the case under sub-paragraph (3)(b), it must send the Crown Court—

(a)a certificate signed by a justice of the peace certifying that the offender has breached the community requirements of the suspended sentence order in the respect specified in the certificate, and

(b)such other particulars of the case as may be desirable;

and a certificate purporting to be so signed is admissible as evidence of the breach before the Crown Court.

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I5Sch. 16 para. 10 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Offender before magistrates' court: further convictionE+W

11(1)Where—E+W

(a)an offender is convicted of an offence committed during the operational period of a suspended sentence order (and the suspended sentence has not already taken effect),

(b)the suspended sentence order was made by a magistrates' court, and

(c)the offender is before a magistrates' court (“the present court”), whether on conviction of that other offence or subsequently,

the present court must deal with the case under paragraph 13.

(2)Where an offender is convicted by a magistrates' court of any offence (“the new offence”) which the court is satisfied was committed during the operational period of a suspended sentence order made by the Crown Court, the court—

(a)may commit the offender in custody or on bail to the Crown Court, and

(b)if it does not, must give written notice of the conviction to the appropriate officer of the Crown Court.

(3)Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply to the present court if it commits the offender to the Crown Court under section 20 (which confers power for magistrates' court to commit to Crown Court in certain circumstances in respect of the suspended sentence where it commits in respect of new offence) to be dealt with in respect of the suspended sentence order.

(4)Where a magistrates' court commits a person to the Crown Court under sub-paragraph (2)(a), any duty or power which, apart from this sub-paragraph, would fall to be discharged or exercised by the magistrates' court—

(a)is not to be discharged or exercised by that court, but

(b)is instead to be discharged or may instead [F3be] exercised by the Crown Court.

This does not apply to any duty imposed on a magistrates' court by section 25(1) or (2) of the Road Traffic Offenders Act 1988 (duties relating to information).

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I6Sch. 16 para. 11 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Offender before Crown Court: breach of community requirement or further convictionE+W

12(1)Where—E+W

(a)an offender to whom a suspended sentence order relates is before the Crown Court, and

(b)sub-paragraph (2) or (3) applies,

the court must deal with the case under paragraph 13.

(2)This sub-paragraph applies where—

(a)the offender is before the Crown Court in relation to the order by virtue of—

(i)paragraph 9 [F4or 9A] (summons or warrant for breach of community requirement),

(ii)section 294(5) (review of order), or

(iii)paragraph 10(3)(b) (committal from magistrates' court), and

(b)it is proved to the satisfaction of the court that the offender has breached a community requirement of the order without reasonable excuse.

(3)This sub-paragraph applies where the offender—

(a)has been convicted of an offence committed during the operational period of the suspended sentence order, and

(b)the suspended sentence has not taken effect.

(4)In proceedings before the Crown Court under this paragraph—

(a)any question whether the offender has breached a community requirement of the suspended sentence order, and

(b)any question whether the offender has been convicted during the operational period of the suspended sentence,

is to be determined by the court and not by the verdict of a jury.

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I7Sch. 16 para. 12 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Powers of court to deal with offender on breach of requirement or subsequent convictionE+W

13(1)Where a court deals with a case under this paragraph, the court must deal with the offender in one of the following ways—E+W

(a)the court may order that the suspended sentence is to take effect with its original term unaltered;

(b)the court may order that the suspended sentence is to take effect with the substitution for the original term of a lesser term;

(c)the court may order the offender to pay a fine of an amount not exceeding £2,500;

(d)in the case of a suspended sentence order that imposes one or more community requirements, the court may amend the order by doing any one or more of the following—

(i)imposing more onerous community requirements which the court could include if the offender had just been convicted by or before it of the offence in respect of which the order was made and it were then making the order,

(ii)subject to section 288(4), extending the supervision period, or

(iii)subject to section 288(2), extending the operational period;

[F5(da)in a case where the suspended sentence order qualifies for special procedures for the purposes of this paragraph, the court is dealing with the case by virtue of paragraph 10 or 12(2) and the offender is aged 18 or over, the court may order the offender to be committed to prison for such period not exceeding 28 days as the court considers appropriate (but see also paragraph 13A);]

(e)in the case of a suspended sentence order that does not impose any community requirement, the court may, subject to section 288(2), amend the order by extending the operational period.

(2)The criminal courts charge duty (see section 46) applies where—

(a)a magistrates' court deals with an offender under this paragraph by virtue of paragraph 10 (breach of community requirement), or

(b)the Crown Court deals with an offender under this paragraph by virtue of paragraph 12(2) (breach of community requirement).

(3)Where a court deals with an offender under sub-paragraph (1) in respect of a suspended sentence, the appropriate officer of the court must notify the appropriate officer of the court which passed the sentence of the method adopted.

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I8Sch. 16 para. 13 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Exercise of power in paragraph 13: duty to make activation order where not unjustE+W

14(1)Where the court deals with the case under paragraph 13, it must make an order under paragraph 13(1)(a) or (b) (“an activation order”) unless it is of the opinion that it would be unjust to do so in view of all the circumstances, including the matters mentioned in sub-paragraph (2).E+W

Where it is of that opinion the court must state its reasons.

(2)The matters referred to in sub-paragraph (1) are—

(a)the extent to which the offender has complied with any community requirements of the suspended sentence order, F6...

(b)in a case falling within paragraph 11 or 12(3) (conviction of further offence during operational period), the facts of the subsequent offence [F7, and

(c)in a case where the suspended sentence order qualifies for special procedures for the purposes of paragraph 13(1)(da), the court is dealing with the case by virtue of paragraph 10 or 12(2) and the offender is aged 18 or over, the possibility of making an order under paragraph 13(1)(da).]

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I9Sch. 16 para. 14 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Activation orders: further provisionE+W

15(1)This paragraph applies where a court makes an activation order relating to a suspended sentence.E+W

(2)The activation order may provide for—

(a)the sentence to take effect immediately, or

(b)the term of the sentence to begin on the expiry of another custodial sentence passed on the offender.

This is subject to section 225 (restriction on consecutive sentences for released prisoners).

(3)For the purpose of any enactment conferring rights of appeal in criminal cases, each of the following orders is to be treated as a sentence passed on the offender by the court for the offence for which the suspended sentence was passed—

(a)the activation order;

(b)any order made by the court under section 46 (criminal courts charge duty) when making the activation order.

(4)In this paragraph “custodial sentence” includes a pre-Code custodial sentence (see section 222(4)).

Commencement Information

I10Sch. 16 para. 15 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Power under paragraph 13 to fine or amend community requirements: further provisionE+W

16(1)A fine imposed under paragraph 13(1)(c) is to be treated for the purposes of any enactment as being a sum adjudged to be paid by a conviction.E+W

(2)Paragraph 13(1)(d)(i) (power to impose more onerous requirements) is subject to any provision that applies to the court in making a suspended sentence order as if the court were making the order.

Commencement Information

I11Sch. 16 para. 16 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

[F8Power under paragraph 13(1)(da) to commit to prison: further provisionU.K.

16A(1)In the case of an offender under the age of 21—U.K.

(a)an order under paragraph 13(1)(da) must be for committal to a young offender institution instead of to prison, but

(b)the Secretary of State may from time to time direct that a person committed to a young offender institution by such an order is to be detained in a prison or remand centre instead.

(2)A person committed to prison or a young offender institution by an order under paragraph 13(1)(da) is to be regarded as being in legal custody.

(3)No more than three orders under paragraph 13(1)(da) may be made in relation to the same suspended sentence order.]

Treatment requirement: reasonable refusal to undergo certain treatmentE+W

17(1)Sub-paragraph (2) applies where the offender—E+W

(a)is required by a treatment requirement of a suspended sentence order to submit to treatment, and

(b)has refused to undergo any surgical, electrical or other treatment.

(2)The offender is not to be treated for the purposes of paragraph 10(1)(b) or 12(2)(b) as having breached that requirement on the ground only of that refusal if, in the opinion of the court, the refusal was reasonable having regard to all the circumstances.

(3)In this paragraph, “treatment requirement” means—

(a)a mental health treatment requirement,

(b)a drug rehabilitation requirement, or

(c)an alcohol treatment requirement.

Commencement Information

I12Sch. 16 para. 17 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Duty of court in Scotland or Northern Ireland when informed of suspended sentenceU.K.

18U.K.Where—

(a)an offender is convicted in Scotland or Northern Ireland of an offence, and

(b)the court is informed that the offence was committed during the operational period of a suspended sentence passed in England or Wales,

the court must give written notice of the conviction to the appropriate officer of the court by which the suspended sentence was passed.

Commencement Information

I13Sch. 16 para. 18 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Issue of summons or warrant where court convicting of further offence does not deal with suspended sentenceE+W

19(1)This paragraph applies where it appears to the Crown Court that an offender—E+W

(a)has been convicted in the United Kingdom of an offence committed during the operational period of a suspended sentence order passed by the Crown Court, and

(b)has not been dealt with in respect of the suspended sentence.

(2)The Crown Court may issue—

(a)a summons requiring the offender to appear at the place and time specified in it, or

(b)a warrant for the offender's arrest.

(3)A summons or warrant issued under this paragraph must direct the offender to appear or be brought before the Crown Court.

Commencement Information

I14Sch. 16 para. 19 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

20(1)This paragraph applies where it appears to a justice of the peace that an offender—E+W

(a)has been convicted in the United Kingdom of an offence committed during the operational period of a suspended sentence passed by a magistrates' court acting in the same local justice area as the justice, and

(b)has not been dealt with in respect of the suspended sentence.

(2)The justice may issue—

(a)a summons requiring the offender to appear at the place and time specified in it, or

(b)a warrant for the offender's arrest.

This is subject to sub-paragraphs (3) and (4).

(3)Unless acting in consequence of a notice under paragraph 18 (conviction in Scotland or Northern Ireland), a justice—

(a)may not issue a summons under this paragraph except on information, and

(b)may not issue a warrant under this paragraph except on information in writing and on oath.

(4)A summons or warrant issued under this paragraph must direct the offender to appear or be brought before the court by which the suspended sentence was passed.

Commencement Information

I15Sch. 16 para. 20 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

You have chosen to open The Whole Act

The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open The Whole Act as a PDF

The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open the Whole Act

The Whole Act you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open the Whole Act without Schedules

The Whole Act without Schedules you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

You have chosen to open Schedules only

The Schedules you have selected contains over 200 provisions and might take some time to download. You may also experience some issues with your browser, such as an alert box that a script is taking a long time to run.

Would you like to continue?

Close

Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As Enacted or Made): The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.

Close

See additional information alongside the content

Geographical Extent: Indicates the geographical area that this provision applies to. For further information see ‘Frequently Asked Questions’.

Show Timeline of Changes: See how this legislation has or could change over time. Turning this feature on will show extra navigation options to go to these specific points in time. Return to the latest available version by using the controls above in the What Version box.

Close

Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources
Close

Timeline of Changes

This timeline shows the different points in time where a change occurred. The dates will coincide with the earliest date on which the change (e.g an insertion, a repeal or a substitution) that was applied came into force. The first date in the timeline will usually be the earliest date when the provision came into force. In some cases the first date is 01/02/1991 (or for Northern Ireland legislation 01/01/2006). This date is our basedate. No versions before this date are available. For further information see the Editorial Practice Guide and Glossary under Help.

Close

More Resources

Use this menu to access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • correction slips

Click 'View More' or select 'More Resources' tab for additional information including:

  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • links to related legislation and further information resources