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Sentencing Act 2020

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Sentencing Act 2020, PART 2 is up to date with all changes known to be in force on or before 30 September 2022. There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date. Changes that have been made appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

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PART 2E+WBreach of requirement of order

Duty to give warning or refer matter to enforcement officerE+W

6(1)This paragraph applies where the responsible officer is of the opinion that the offender has without reasonable excuse breached a requirement of a community order.E+W

(2)If the offender has been given a warning under this paragraph within the previous 12 months in relation to a breach of any requirement of the order, the officer must refer the matter to an enforcement officer.

(3)Otherwise the officer must either—

(a)give the offender a warning under this paragraph, or

(b)refer the matter to an enforcement officer.

(4)A warning under this paragraph must—

(a)describe the circumstances of the breach,

(b)state that the breach is unacceptable, and

(c)inform the offender that if the offender again breaches a requirement of the order within the period of 12 months beginning with the date on which the warning was given, the offender will be liable to be brought before a court.

(5)As soon as practicable after giving a warning under this paragraph, the responsible officer must record that fact.

Commencement Information

I1Sch. 10 para. 6 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Role of enforcement officerE+W

7E+WWhere a matter is referred to an enforcement officer under paragraph 6, the enforcement officer must—

(a)consider the case, and

(b)where appropriate, cause an information to be laid in respect of the offender's breach of requirement—

(i)in the case of a community order subject to magistrates' court supervision, before a justice of the peace;

(ii)in the case of a Crown Court community order, before the Crown Court.

Commencement Information

I2Sch. 10 para. 7 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Issue of summons or warrant by justice of the peaceE+W

8(1)This paragraph applies where—E+W

(a)a community order subject to magistrates' court supervision is in force, and

(b)it appears on information to a justice of the peace that the offender has breached a requirement of the order.

(2)The justice may—

(a)issue a summons requiring the offender to appear at the place and time specified in it, or

(b)if the information is in writing and on oath, issue a warrant for the offender's arrest.

(3)A summons or warrant issued under this paragraph must direct the offender to appear or be brought—

(a)in the case of a community order imposing a drug rehabilitation requirement which is subject to review, if a magistrates' court is responsible for the order, before that court, F1...

[F2(aa)in the case of a community order that qualifies for special procedures for the purposes of section 217A, before the court that made the order, or]

(b)in any other case, before a magistrates' court acting in—

(i)the local justice area in which the offender resides, or

(ii)if it is not known where the offender resides, the offender's home local justice area.

(4)Where—

(a)a summons is issued under this paragraph requiring the offender to appear before a magistrates' court, and

(b)the offender does not appear in answer to the summons,

the magistrates' court may issue a warrant for the arrest of the offender.

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I3Sch. 10 para. 8 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Issue of summons or warrant by Crown CourtE+W

9(1)This paragraph applies where—E+W

(a)a Crown Court community order is in force, and

(b)it appears on information to the Crown Court that the offender has breached a requirement of the order.

(2)The Crown Court may—

(a)issue a summons requiring the offender to appear at the place and time specified in it, or

(b)if the information is in writing and on oath, issue a warrant for the offender's arrest.

(3)A summons or warrant issued under this paragraph must direct the offender to appear or be brought before the Crown Court.

(4)Where—

(a)a summons is issued under this paragraph, and

(b)the offender does not appear in answer to the summons,

the Crown Court may issue a warrant for the arrest of the offender.

Commencement Information

I4Sch. 10 para. 9 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

[F3Issue of summons or warrant after review hearingE+W

9A(1)This paragraph applies where—E+W

(a)a community order is in force,

(b)on a review hearing under section 217B a magistrates’ court or the Crown Court (“the court”) is of the opinion that the offender has without reasonable excuse breached a community order requirement of the order, and

(c)the court does not deal with the case forthwith by virtue of section 217B(5).

(2)The court may at any time—

(a)issue a summons requiring the offender to appear at the place and time specified in it, or

(b)issue a warrant for the offender’s arrest.

(3)A summons or warrant issued under this paragraph must direct the offender to appear or be brought before the court which issued it.

(4)Where—

(a)a summons is issued under this paragraph, and

(b)the offender does not appear in answer to the summons,

the court may issue a warrant for the arrest of the offender.]

Powers of magistrates' courtE+W

10(1)This paragraph applies where—E+W

(a)an offender appears or is brought before a magistrates' court under paragraph 8 [F4or 9A or by virtue of section 217B(5)], and

(b)it is proved to the satisfaction of the court that the offender has breached a requirement of the community order without reasonable excuse.

(2)The court must deal with the case under sub-paragraph (5).

(3)But if the community order was made by the Crown Court, the court may instead—

(a)commit the offender to custody, or

(b)release the offender on bail,

until the offender can be brought or appear before the Crown Court.

(4)If the court deals with the offender's case under sub-paragraph (3), it must send the Crown Court—

(a)a certificate signed by a justice of the peace certifying that the offender has failed to comply with the requirements of the community order in the respect specified in the certificate, and

(b)such other particulars of the case as may be desirable;

and a certificate purporting to be so signed is admissible as evidence of the failure before the Crown Court.

(5)Where the court deals with the case under this sub-paragraph, it must deal with the offender in respect of the breach in any one of the following ways—

(a)by ordering the offender to pay a fine not exceeding £2,500;

(b)by amending the terms of the community order so as to impose more onerous requirements which the court could include if it had just convicted the offender of the offence in respect of which the order was made and were then making the order;

[F5(ba)if the community order qualifies for special procedures for the purposes of this paragraph, by ordering the offender to be committed to prison for such period not exceeding 28 days as the court considers appropriate (but see also paragraph 13A);]

(c)if the community order was made by a magistrates' court, by re-sentencing the offender for the offence in respect of which the order was made.

(6)Where the court deals with the case under sub-paragraph (5), the criminal courts charge duty (see section 46) applies to the court.

(7)In dealing with the offender under sub-paragraph (5), the court must take into account the extent to which the offender has complied with the requirements of the community order.

(8)A fine imposed under sub-paragraph (5)(a) is to be treated for the purposes of any enactment as being a sum adjudged to be paid by a conviction.

(9)Where—

(a)the offender has wilfully and persistently breached the requirements of the community order, and

(b)the court is dealing with the offender under sub-paragraph (5)(c),

the court may impose a custodial sentence even if it is not of the opinion mentioned in section 230(2) (general restriction on imposing discretionary custodial sentences).

(10)Where the court deals with the offender under sub-paragraph (5)(c), it must revoke the community order if it is still in force.

(11)A person sentenced under sub-paragraph (5)(c) for an offence may appeal to the Crown Court against—

(a)the sentence, and

(b)a criminal courts charge order made when imposing that sentence.

Powers of Crown CourtE+W

11(1)This paragraph applies where—E+W

(a)an offender appears or is brought before the Crown Court under paragraph 9 [F6or 9A] or by virtue of paragraph 10(3) [F7or section 217B(5)], and

(b)it is proved to the satisfaction of that court that the offender has breached a requirement of the community order without reasonable excuse.

(2)The Crown Court must deal with the offender in respect of the breach in any one of the following ways—

(a)by ordering the offender to pay a fine of an amount not exceeding £2,500;

(b)by amending the terms of the community order so as to impose more onerous requirements which the Crown Court could include if the offender had just been convicted of the offence in respect of which the order was made and it were then making the order;

[F8(ba)if the community order qualifies for special procedures for the purposes of this paragraph, by ordering the offender to be committed to prison for such period not exceeding 28 days as the court considers appropriate (but see also paragraph 13A);]

(c)by re-sentencing the offender for the offence in respect of which the order was made.

(3)Where the court deals with the case under sub-paragraph (2), the criminal courts charge duty (see section 46) applies to the court.

(4)In dealing with the offender under sub-paragraph (2), the Crown Court must take into account the extent to which the offender has complied with the requirements of the community order.

(5)A fine imposed under sub-paragraph (2)(a) is to be treated for the purposes of any enactment as being a sum adjudged to be paid by a conviction.

(6)Where—

(a)the offender has wilfully and persistently breached the requirements of the community order, and

(b)the court is dealing with the offender under sub-paragraph (2)(c),

the court may impose a custodial sentence even if it is not of the opinion mentioned in section 230(2) (general restriction on imposing discretionary custodial sentences).

(7)Where the Crown Court deals with the offender under sub-paragraph (2)(c), it must revoke the community order if it is still in force.

(8)In proceedings before the Crown Court under this paragraph any question whether the offender has breached a requirement of the community order is to be determined by the court and not by the verdict of a jury.

Treatment requirement: reasonable refusal to undergo treatmentE+W

12(1)Sub-paragraph (2) applies where the offender—E+W

(a)is required by a treatment requirement of the community order to submit to treatment, and

(b)has refused to undergo any surgical, electrical or other treatment.

(2)The offender is not to be treated for the purposes of paragraph 10 or 11 as having breached the requirement on the ground only of that refusal if, in the opinion of the court, the refusal was reasonable having regard to all the circumstances.

Commencement Information

I7Sch. 10 para. 12 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Powers in paragraphs 10 and 11 to impose more onerous requirements: further provisionE+W

13(1)In dealing with an offender under paragraph 10(5)(b) or 11(2)(b), the court may—E+W

(a)extend the duration of particular requirements, subject to any limit imposed by Schedule 9;

(b)substitute a later date for the end date.

(2)A date substituted under sub-paragraph (1)(b)—

(a)must not be more than 6 months after the end date;

(b)subject to that, may be more than 3 years after the date of the order.

(3)Once the power in sub-paragraph (1)(b) has been exercised in relation to the order, it may not be exercised again in relation to it by any court.

(4)Where—

(a)a community order does not contain an unpaid work requirement, and

(b)in dealing with the offender under paragraph 10(5)(b) or 11(2)(b), the court imposes an unpaid work requirement,

the number of hours for which the offender may be required to work under the requirement (see paragraph 2(1) of Schedule 9) must not, in aggregate, be less than 20.

(5)Paragraphs 10(5)(b) and 11(2)(b) (power to impose more onerous requirements) have effect subject to any provision that applies to the court in making a community order as if the court were imposing the requirements on making the order.

Commencement Information

I8Sch. 10 para. 13 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

[F9Power under paragraphs 10 and 11 to commit to prison: further provisionE+W

13A(1)In the case of a person under the age of 21—E+W

(a)an order under paragraph 10(5)(ba) or 11(2)(ba) must be for committal to a young offender institution instead of to prison, but

(b)the Secretary of State may from time to time direct that a person committed to a young offender institution by such an order is to be detained in a prison or remand centre instead.

(2)A person committed to prison or a young offender institution by an order under paragraph 10(5)(ba) or 11(2)(ba) is to be regarded as being in legal custody.

(3)No more than three orders under paragraph 10(5)(ba) or 11(2)(ba) may be made in relation to the same community order.]

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