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PART 9U.K.Community sentences

CHAPTER 1E+WYouth rehabilitation orders

What a youth rehabilitation order isE+W
173Youth rehabilitation orderE+W

(1)In this Code, “youth rehabilitation order” means an order imposing one or more youth rehabilitation requirements.

(2)The youth rehabilitation requirements are listed in column 1 of the youth rehabilitation requirements table (see section 174).

(3)Provision about each requirement is made by the Part of Schedule 6 mentioned in the corresponding entry in column 2 of that table.

Commencement Information

I1S. 173 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

174Youth rehabilitation requirements tableE+W

[F1(1)]The youth existing rehabilitation requirements table referred to in sections 173, 184 and 186 is—

RequirementPart of Schedule 6 relating to requirementRestrictions on availability
activity requirementPart 1
extended activity requirementPart 1section 185(1)
supervision requirementPart 2
unpaid work requirementPart 3section 185(2)
programme requirementPart 4
attendance centre requirementPart 5
prohibited activity requirementPart 6
curfew requirementPart 7
exclusion requirementPart 8
residence requirementPart 9
local authority residence requirementPart 10
fostering requirementPart 11section 175(2)(b), section 185(3)
mental health treatment requirementPart 12
drug treatment requirementPart 13
drug testing requirementPart 14
intoxicating substance treatment requirementPart 15
education requirementPart 16
[F2electronic monitoring requirement] [F2electronic compliance monitoring requirement]Part 17section 185(4)
[F3electronic whereabouts monitoring requirement Part 17section 185(5)]

[F4(2)See section 198A for provision about an electronic monitoring requirement imposed by a youth rehabilitation order made in respect of an offence of which the offender was convicted before the day on which paragraph 4 of Schedule 17 to the Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Act 2022 first came into force to any extent (ignoring, for these purposes, the coming into force of Part 2 of that Schedule for the purposes of making regulations).]

Textual Amendments

F1S. 174 renumbered as s. 174(1) (28.4.2022 for specified purposes) by Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Act 2022 (c. 32), ss. 161, 208(4)(r), Sch. 17 para. 4(2)

F2Words in s. 174(1) table substituted (28.4.2022 for specified purposes) by Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Act 2022 (c. 32), ss. 161, 208(4)(r), Sch. 17 para. 4(3)(a)

F3Words in s. 174(1) table inserted (28.4.2022 for specified purposes) by Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Act 2022 (c. 32), ss. 161, 208(4)(r), Sch. 17 para. 4(3)(b)

Commencement Information

I2S. 174 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

175Youth rehabilitation order with intensive supervision and surveillanceE+W

(1)In this Code “youth rehabilitation order with intensive supervision and surveillance” means a youth rehabilitation order which imposes—

(a)an extended activity requirement (see paragraph 2 of Schedule 6),

(b)a supervision requirement, and

(c)a curfew requirement (and, accordingly, if so required by paragraph 19(3) of Schedule 6, an [F5electronic monitoring requirement] [F5electronic compliance monitoring requirement]).

(2)A youth rehabilitation order with intensive supervision and surveillance—

(a)may impose other youth rehabilitation requirements, but

(b)may not impose a fostering requirement.

Textual Amendments

F5Words in s. 175(1)(c) substituted (28.4.2022 for specified purposes) by Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Act 2022 (c. 32), ss. 161, 208(4)(r), Sch. 17 para. 5

Commencement Information

I3S. 175 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

176Youth rehabilitation order with fosteringE+W

(1)In this Code “youth rehabilitation order with fostering” means a youth rehabilitation order which imposes—

(a)a fostering requirement (see Part 11 of Schedule 6), and

(b)a supervision requirement.

(2)A youth rehabilitation order with fostering may also impose other requirements.

But this is subject to section 175(2) (fostering requirement not available with intensive supervision and surveillance).

Commencement Information

I4S. 176 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

AvailabilityE+W
177Youth rehabilitation order: availabilityE+W

(1)A youth rehabilitation order is available to a court by or before which an offender is convicted of an offence if the offender is aged under 18 at the time of the conviction.

(2)Subsection (1) is subject to—

(a)subsection (3), and

(b)section 37(8) of the Mental Health Act 1983 (youth rehabilitation order not to be made in combination with hospital order or guardianship order in respect of same offence).

(3)A youth rehabilitation order is not available if a mandatory sentence requirement applies in relation to the offence (see section 399)—

(a)because the sentence is fixed by law, or

(b)by virtue of—

(i)section 258 [F6or 258A] (required sentence of detention for life), or

(ii)section 311 (minimum sentence for certain offences involving firearms that are prohibited weapons).

But this is subject to section 74 and Chapter 4 of Part 12 (reduction of sentence for assistance to prosecution).

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I5S. 177 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

178Youth rehabilitation order with intensive supervision and surveillance or fostering: availabilityE+W

(1)A youth rehabilitation order which is—

(a)a youth rehabilitation order with intensive supervision and surveillance, or

(b)a youth rehabilitation order with fostering,

is available only in respect of an imprisonable offence.

(2)This is subject to paragraph 11(2) of Schedule 7 (powers of court in case of wilful and persistent failure to comply with youth rehabilitation order).

Commencement Information

I6S. 178 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Exercise of power to make youth rehabilitation orderE+W
179Exercise of power to make youth rehabilitation order: general considerationsE+W

(1)This section applies where a court is dealing with an offender for an offence and a youth rehabilitation order is available.

(2)The court must not make a youth rehabilitation order unless it is of the opinion that—

(a)the offence, or

(b)the combination of the offence and one or more offences associated with it,

was serious enough to warrant the making of such an order.

(3)In forming its opinion for the purposes of subsection (2), the court must take into account all the information that is available to it about the circumstances of the offence, or of it and any associated offence or offences, including any aggravating or mitigating factors.

(4)The pre-sentence report requirements (see section 30) apply to the court in relation to forming that opinion.

(5)The fact that, by virtue of subsection (2), the court may make a youth rehabilitation order does not require it to do so.

(6)Before making a youth rehabilitation order, the court must obtain and consider information about—

(a)the offender's family circumstances, and

(b)the likely effect of a youth rehabilitation order on those circumstances.

Commencement Information

I7S. 179 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

180Making youth rehabilitation order with intensive supervision and surveillance or fosteringE+W

(1)This section applies where either of the following orders is available to a court dealing with an offender for an offence—

(a)a youth rehabilitation order with intensive supervision and surveillance;

(b)a youth rehabilitation order with fostering.

(2)The court must not make an order of either of those kinds unless it is of the opinion—

(a)that the offence, or the combination of the offence and one or more offences associated with it, was so serious that, if such an order were not available, a custodial sentence—

(i)would be appropriate, or

(ii)where the offender is aged under 12 when convicted, would be appropriate if the offender were aged 12, and

(b)if the offender is aged under 15 when convicted, that the offender is a persistent offender.

(3)In forming its opinion for the purposes of subsection (2), the court must take into account all the information that is available to it about the circumstances of the offence, or of it and the associated offence or offences, including any aggravating or mitigating factors.

(4)The pre-sentence report requirements (see section 30) apply to the court in relation to forming that opinion.

Commencement Information

I8S. 180 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

181Making youth rehabilitation order where offender subject to other orderE+W
Offender subject to detention and training order

(1)Where a court makes a youth rehabilitation order in respect of an offender who is subject to a detention and training order, the court may order that the youth rehabilitation order is to take effect—

(a)when the period of supervision in respect of the detention and training order begins in accordance with section 242 (the period of supervision), or

(b)on the expiry of the detention and training order.

(2)For the purposes of subsection (1)—

(a)the references to a detention and training order include an order made under section 211 of the Armed Forces Act 2006 (detention and training orders made by service courts), and

(b)the reference to section 242 includes that provision as applied by section 213 of that Act.

(3)For those purposes, the references in subsections (1) and (2) to a detention and training order include an order under section 100 of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000 (and references to section 242 include references to section 103 of that Act).

Offender subject to youth rehabilitation order or reparation order

(4)A court must not make a youth rehabilitation order in respect of an offender when—

(a)another youth rehabilitation order, or

(b)a reparation order,

is in force in respect of the offender, unless when it makes the order it revokes the earlier order.

(5)For the purposes of subsection (4)—

(a)the reference in paragraph (a) to another youth rehabilitation order includes an order under section 1 of the Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008, and

(b)the reference in paragraph (b) to a reparation order includes an order under section 73 of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000.

Court dealing with offender for offences including one of which the offender is convicted when aged 18

(6)A court may not make a youth rehabilitation order in respect of an offence if it makes a suspended sentence order for any other offence for which it deals with the offender.

Commencement Information

I9S. 181 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

182Youth rehabilitation order: effect of remand in custodyE+W

(1)In determining the restrictions on liberty to be imposed by a youth rehabilitation order in respect of an offence, the court may have regard to any period for which the offender has been remanded in custody in connection with—

(a)the offence, or

(b)any other offence the charge for which was founded on the same facts or evidence.

(2)For this purpose a person is remanded in custody if—

(a)remanded in or committed to custody by order of a court,

(b)remanded to youth detention accommodation under section 91(4) of the Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012 (remands of children otherwise than on bail), or

(c)remanded, admitted or removed to hospital under section 35, 36, 38 or 48 of the Mental Health Act 1983.

Commencement Information

I10S. 182 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

183Concurrent and consecutive ordersE+W

(1)This section applies where a court is dealing with an offender for two or more offences.

(2)If the court makes an order of any of the following kinds in respect of one of the offences—

(a)a youth rehabilitation order with intensive supervision and surveillance,

(b)a youth rehabilitation order with fostering, or

(c)any other youth rehabilitation order,

it may not make a youth rehabilitation order of another of those kinds in respect of the other offence, or any of the other offences.

(3)If the court makes—

(a)two or more youth rehabilitation orders with intensive supervision and surveillance, or

(b)two or more youth rehabilitation orders with fostering,

those orders must take effect at the same time (in accordance with section 198).

(4)Subsections (5) to (7) apply where the court includes requirements of the same kind in two or more youth rehabilitation orders.

(5)The court must direct, for each kind of requirement—

(a)whether the requirements are to be concurrent or consecutive, or

(b)if more than two requirements of that kind are imposed, which are to be concurrent and which consecutive.

(6)But the court may not direct that two or more fostering requirements are to be consecutive.

(7)Where the court directs that two or more requirements of the same kind are to be consecutive, the numbers of hours, days or months specified in relation to each of them—

(a)are to be aggregated, but

(b)in aggregate, must not exceed the maximum number which may be specified in relation to any one of them.

(8)For the purposes of subsections (4) to (7), requirements are of the same kind if they fall within the same Part of Schedule 6.

Commencement Information

I11S. 183 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Available requirementsE+W
184Youth rehabilitation order: available requirementsE+W

(1)Any youth rehabilitation requirement imposed by a youth rehabilitation order must be a requirement that is available to the court which makes the order.

(2)A youth rehabilitation requirement is available unless a provision mentioned in column 3 of the entry for that requirement in the youth rehabilitation requirements table (see section 174) provides otherwise.

Commencement Information

I12S. 184 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

185Youth rehabilitation order: availability of particular requirementsE+W
Extended activity requirement

(1)An extended activity requirement is not available for a youth rehabilitation order other than a youth rehabilitation order with intensive supervision and surveillance.

Unpaid work requirement

(2)An unpaid work requirement is not available for a youth rehabilitation order in respect of an offence unless the offender is aged 16 or 17 when convicted of the offence.

Fostering requirement

(3)A fostering requirement is not available for a youth rehabilitation order other than a youth rehabilitation order with fostering.

Electronic monitoring [F7requirement] [F7requirements]

(4)An [F8electronic monitoring requirement] [F8electronic compliance monitoring requirement] is not available for a youth rehabilitation order unless the order imposes at least one other youth rehabilitation requirement.

[F9(5)An electronic whereabouts monitoring requirement is not available for a youth rehabilitation order in respect of an offence unless the offender was convicted of the offence on or after the day on which paragraph 6 of Schedule 17 to the Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Act 2022 first came into force to any extent (ignoring, for these purposes, the coming into force of Part 2 of that Schedule for the purposes of making regulations).]

Textual Amendments

F8Words in s. 185(4) substituted (28.4.2022 for specified purposes) by Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Act 2022 (c. 32), ss. 161, 208(4)(r), Sch. 17 para. 6(3)

Commencement Information

I13S. 185 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Exercise of power to impose particular requirementsE+W
186Youth rehabilitation order: exercise of power to impose particular requirementsE+W

(1)This section applies where a court makes a youth rehabilitation order in respect of an offence.

Restrictions and obligations relating to imposing particular requirements

(2)The power to impose a particular youth rehabilitation requirement is subject to the provisions of the Part of Schedule 6 relating to requirements of that kind (see column 2 of the table in section 174).

Suitability

(3)The particular youth rehabilitation requirement or combination of youth rehabilitation requirements imposed by the order must, in the opinion of the court, be the most suitable for the offender.

In the case of a youth rehabilitation order with intensive supervision and surveillance, this is subject to section 175 (by virtue of which the order must impose certain requirements).

(4)The pre-sentence report requirements (see section 30) apply to the court in relation to forming any opinion on whether a particular youth rehabilitation requirement or combination of youth rehabilitation requirements is suitable for the offender.

(5)In forming its opinion for the purposes of subsection (3) on which requirement or combination of requirements is the most suitable for the offender, the court may take into account any information about the offender which is before it.

Restrictions on liberty to be commensurate with seriousness

(6)The restrictions on liberty imposed by the order must be such as are in the opinion of the court commensurate with the seriousness of—

(a)the offence, or

(b)the combination of the offence and one or more offences associated with it.

In the case of a youth rehabilitation order with intensive supervision and surveillance, this is subject to section 175 (by virtue of which the order must impose certain requirements).

(7)In forming its opinion for the purposes of subsection (6), the court must take into account all the information that is available to it about the circumstances of the offence, or of it and the associated offence or offences, including any aggravating or mitigating factors.

(8)The pre-sentence report requirements (see section 30) apply to the court in relation to forming that opinion.

(9)The fact that, by virtue of subsection (6), particular restrictions on liberty may be imposed by a youth rehabilitation order does not require the court to impose those restrictions.

Compatibility with other requirements and other matters

(10)If the order imposes two or more requirements, the court must, before making the order, consider whether, in the circumstances of the case, the requirements are compatible with each other.

This is subject to sections 175 and 176 and paragraphs 19(3) and 21 of Schedule 6 (certain types of youth rehabilitation order to contain certain requirements).

(11)The court must ensure, as far as practicable, that any requirement imposed by the order is such as to avoid—

(a)any conflict with the offender's religious beliefs,

(b)any interference with the times, if any, at which the offender normally works or attends school or any other educational establishment, and

(c)any conflict with the requirements of any other court order to which the offender may be subject,

and satisfies any additional restrictions that the Secretary of State may specify in regulations.

(12)Regulations under subsection (11) are subject to the negative resolution procedure.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1S. 186(2)(10)(11) applied (with modifications) by 2008 c. 4, s. 39(6)(a), Sch. 7 (as amended (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 paras. 266(5), 270 (with Sch. 24 para. 447, Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I14S. 186 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Making a youth rehabilitation order: contentsE+W
187Youth rehabilitation order to specify end dateE+W

(1)A youth rehabilitation order must specify a date (the “end date”) by which all the requirements in it must have been complied with.

(2)The end date must be—

(a)not more than 3 years, and

(b)in the case of a youth rehabilitation order with intensive supervision and surveillance, not less than 6 months,

after the date on which the order takes effect.

(3)If a youth rehabilitation order imposes two or more different youth rehabilitation requirements—

(a)the order may also specify, for each of the requirements, a date by which the requirement must have been complied with;

(b)if it does so, the last of those dates must be the same as the end date.

Commencement Information

I15S. 187 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

188Youth rehabilitation order to specify offender's home local justice areaE+W

(1)A youth rehabilitation order must specify which local justice area is the offender's home local justice area.

(2)The area specified must be the local justice area in which the offender resides or will reside.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C2S. 188 applied (with modifications) by 2008 c. 4, s. 39(6)(a), Sch 7 (as amended (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 paras. 266(5), 270 (with Sch. 24 para. 447, Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I16S. 188 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

189Power for Crown Court to direct magistrates' court supervisionE+W

(1)This section applies where the Crown Court makes a youth rehabilitation order otherwise than on appeal from a magistrates' court.

(2)The Crown Court may include a direction that the order is to be subject to magistrates' court supervision.

For the effect of such a direction, see Schedule 7 (breach, revocation or amendment of youth rehabilitation order).

Commencement Information

I17S. 189 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

190Provision of copies of youth rehabilitation order and related documentsE+W

(1)This section applies when a court makes a youth rehabilitation order.

(2)The court must forthwith provide copies of the order—

(a)to the offender,

(b)if the offender is aged under 14, to the offender's parent or guardian,

(c)to a member of a youth offending team assigned to the court or to an officer who is acting at the court and is an officer of a provider of probation services, and

(d)if the court does not act in the offender's home local justice area, to a provider of probation services operating in that area.

(3)If the order imposes a requirement specified in column 1 of the following table, the court must also forthwith provide the person specified in the corresponding entry in column 2 with a copy of so much of the order as relates to the requirement.

RequirementPerson to whom copy of requirement is to be given
An activity requirement which comprises or includes a specified place obligationThe person in charge of each place specified under paragraph 3(1)(b) of Schedule 6
An activity requirement which comprises or includes a specified activities obligationThe person in charge of each activity specified under paragraph 4(1)(b) of Schedule 6
An activity requirement which comprises or includes a specified residential exercise obligationThe person in charge of each place or activity specified under paragraph 5(1)(b) of Schedule 6
An attendance centre requirementThe officer in charge of the attendance centre specified under paragraph 14(2)(a) of Schedule 6
An exclusion requirement imposed for the purpose (or partly for the purpose) of protecting a person from being approached by the offenderThe person intended to be protected
A residence requirement requiring residence with an individualThe individual specified under paragraph 22(2)(b) of Schedule 6
A place of residence requirement (within the meaning of paragraph 22 of Schedule 6) relating to residence in an institutionThe person in charge of the institution
A local authority residence requirementThe local authority specified under paragraph 24(3)(b) of Schedule 6
A mental health treatment requirementThe person in charge of the institution or place specified under sub-paragraph (3)(b)(i) or (ii) of paragraph 28 of Schedule 6, or the person specified under sub-paragraph (3)(b)(iii) of that paragraph
A drug treatment requirementThe treatment director specified under paragraph 31(3)(b)(i) of Schedule 6
A drug testing requirementThe treatment director specified under paragraph 31(3)(b)(i) of Schedule 6
An intoxicating substance treatment requirementThe treatment director specified under paragraph 36(3)(b)(i) of Schedule 6
An education requirementThe relevant authority specified under paragraph 39(2)(a) of Schedule 6
[F10An electronic monitoring requirement] [F10An electronic compliance monitoring requirement]Any person who by virtue of paragraph 42(1) of Schedule 6 will be responsible for the electronic monitoring
Any person without whose consent the requirement could not be included in the order.
[F11An electronic whereabouts monitoring requirement Any person who by virtue of paragraph 46 of Schedule 6 will be responsible for the electronic monitoring Any person without whose consent the requirement could not be included in the order.]

(4)If the court does not act in the offender's home local justice area, it must provide the magistrates' court acting in the offender's home local justice area with—

(a)a copy of the order, and

(b)such documents and information relating to the case as it considers likely to be of assistance to a court acting in that area in the exercise of its functions in relation to the order.

Textual Amendments

F10Words in s. 190(3) table substituted (28.4.2022 for specified purposes) by Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Act 2022 (c. 32), ss. 161, 208(4)(r), Sch. 17 para. 7(a)

F11Words in s. 190(3) table inserted (28.4.2022 for specified purposes) by Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Act 2022 (c. 32), ss. 161, 208(4)(r), Sch. 17 para. 7(b)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C3Ss. 190-192 applied (with modifications) by 2008 c. 4, s. 39(6)(a), Sch. 7 (as amended (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 paras. 266(5), 270 (with Sch. 24 para. 447, Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I18S. 190 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Obligations of responsible officer and offenderE+W
191The responsible officerE+W

(1)For the purposes of this Chapter, “the responsible officer”, in relation to an offender to whom a youth rehabilitation order relates, means the person identified in subsection F12... (3) or (4).

F13(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(3)If the only youth rehabilitation requirement imposed by the order is an attendance centre requirement, the responsible officer is the officer in charge of the attendance centre specified in the order.

(4)In any other case the responsible officer is the qualifying officer who, as respects the offender, is for the time being responsible for discharging the functions conferred by this Chapter on the responsible officer.

(5)In subsection (4) “qualifying officer”, means—

(a)a member of a youth offending team established by a local authority specified in the order for the purposes of this section, or

(b)an officer of a provider of probation services acting in the offender's home local justice area.

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C3Ss. 190-192 applied (with modifications) by 2008 c. 4, s. 39(6)(a), Sch. 7 (as amended (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 paras. 266(5), 270 (with Sch. 24 para. 447, Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I19S. 191 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

192Obligations of responsible officerE+W

(1)This section applies where a youth rehabilitation order is in force.

Functions of the responsible officer

(2)The responsible officer must—

(a)make any arrangements that are necessary in connection with the requirements imposed by the order,

(b)promote the offender's compliance with those requirements, and

(c)where appropriate, take steps to enforce those requirements.

F14(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Exercise of functions by responsible officer

(4)In giving instructions to the offender in pursuance of the order, the responsible officer must ensure, as far as practicable, that any instruction is such as to avoid—

(a)any conflict with the offender's religious beliefs,

(b)any interference with the times, if any, at which the offender normally works or attends school or any other educational establishment, and

(c)any conflict with the requirements of any other court order to which the offender may be subject,

and satisfies any additional restrictions that the Secretary of State may specify in regulations.

(5)Regulations under subsection (4) are subject to the negative resolution procedure.

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C3Ss. 190-192 applied (with modifications) by 2008 c. 4, s. 39(6)(a), Sch. 7 (as amended (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 paras. 266(5), 270 (with Sch. 24 para. 447, Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I20S. 192 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

193Duty of offender to keep in touch with responsible officer etcE+W

(1)This section applies where a youth rehabilitation order is in force.

(2)The offender—

(a)must keep in touch with the responsible officer in accordance with any instructions the responsible officer may give the offender from time to time, and

(b)must notify the responsible officer of any change of address.

(3)This obligation is enforceable as if it were a youth rehabilitation requirement of the youth rehabilitation order.

Commencement Information

I21S. 193 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

ReviewE+W
194Power to provide for court review of youth rehabilitation ordersE+W

(1)The Secretary of State may by regulations—

(a)enable or require a court making a youth rehabilitation order to provide for the order to be reviewed periodically by that or another court,

(b)enable a court to amend a youth rehabilitation order so as to include or remove a provision for review by a court, and

(c)make provision as to the timing and conduct of reviews and as to the powers of the court on a review.

(2)Regulations under this section may, in particular, make provision in relation to youth rehabilitation orders corresponding to any provision made by sections 293 to 295 in relation to suspended sentence orders.

(3)Regulations under this section may repeal or amend any provision of this Chapter.

(4)Regulations under this section are subject to the affirmative resolution procedure.

Commencement Information

I22S. 194 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Breach, revocation or amendment of orderE+W
195Breach, revocation or amendment of youth rehabilitation orderE+W

Schedule 7 makes provision about—

(a)failures to comply with the requirements of youth rehabilitation orders, and

(b)revocation and amendment of youth rehabilitation orders.

Commencement Information

I23S. 195 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Transferring order to Northern IrelandE+W+N.I.
196Transfer of youth rehabilitation orders to Northern IrelandE+W+N.I.

Schedule 8 makes provision about the transfer of youth rehabilitation orders to Northern Ireland.

Commencement Information

I24S. 196 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Youth rehabilitation orders: supplementaryE+W
197Youth rehabilitation orders: interpretationE+W

In this Chapter, except where the contrary intention appears—

  • end date”, in relation to a youth rehabilitation order, means the date for the time being specified in the order under—

    (a)

    section 187 (youth rehabilitation order to specify end date),

    (b)

    paragraph 10(4) of Schedule 7 (power to substitute later end date on breach), or

    (c)

    paragraph 18(1) of that Schedule (extension of order);

  • home local justice area”, in relation to a youth rehabilitation order, means the local justice area for the time being specified in the order under—

    (a)

    section 188, or

    (b)

    paragraph 15(2) of Schedule 7;

  • the responsible officer”, in relation to an offender to whom a youth rehabilitation order relates, has the meaning given by section 191;

  • youth rehabilitation requirement” has the meaning given by section 173.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C4S. 197 applied (with modifications) by 2008 c. 4, s. 39(6)(a), Sch. 7 (as amended (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 paras. 266(5), 270 (with Sch. 24 para. 447, Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I25S. 197 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

198When a youth rehabilitation order is in forceE+W

(1)A youth rehabilitation order takes effect at the beginning of the day on which it is made.

(2)But a court making a youth rehabilitation order may order that it is to take effect instead on a later date (and see, in particular, section 181(1)).

(3)A youth rehabilitation order is in force for the period—

(a)beginning when it takes effect, and

(b)ending—

(i)with the end date, or

(ii)if later, when the offender has completed any unpaid work requirement imposed by the order.

(4)But a youth rehabilitation order ceases to be in force when it is revoked.

(5)An unpaid work requirement is completed when the offender has worked under it for the number of hours specified in the order.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C5S. 198(3)-(5) applied (with modifications) by 2008 c. 4, s. 39(6)(a), Sch. 7 (as amended (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 paras. 266(5), 270 (with Sch. 24 para. 447, Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I26S. 198 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

[F15198AElectronic monitoring requirement previously imposedE+W

(1)This section applies where an electronic monitoring requirement was imposed by a youth rehabilitation order in respect of an offence of which the offender was convicted before the day on which paragraph 4 of Schedule 17 to the Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Act 2022 first came into force to any extent (ignoring, for these purposes, the coming into force of Part 2 of that Schedule for the purposes of making regulations).

(2)In this section “electronic monitoring requirement” has the meaning given by paragraph 41 of Schedule 6 as it had effect before the day mentioned in subsection (1).

(3)The electronic monitoring requirement is not affected by the renaming of electronic monitoring requirements as electronic compliance monitoring requirements by that Act.

(4)This Chapter applies in relation to the youth rehabilitation order as if any reference to an electronic compliance monitoring requirement were to an electronic monitoring requirement.]

Textual Amendments

199Youth rehabilitation orders: Isles of ScillyE+W

(1)This Chapter has effect in relation to the Isles of Scilly with such exceptions, adaptations and modifications as the Secretary of State may by regulations specify.

(2)Regulations under this section are subject to the negative resolution procedure.

Commencement Information

I27S. 199 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

CHAPTER 2E+WCommunity orders

What a community order isE+W
200Community orderE+W

(1)In this Code “community order” means an order imposing one or more community order requirements.

(2)The community order requirements are listed in column 1 of the community order requirements table (see section 201).

(3)Provision about each requirement is made by the Part of Schedule 9 mentioned in the corresponding entry in column 2 of that table.

Commencement Information

I28S. 200 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

201Community order requirements tableE+W

The community order requirements table referred to in sections 200, 206 and 208 is—

RequirementPart of Schedule 9 relating to requirementRestrictions on availability
unpaid work requirementPart 1
rehabilitation activity requirementPart 2
programme requirementPart 3
prohibited activity requirementPart 4
curfew requirementPart 5
exclusion requirementPart 6
residence requirementPart 7
foreign travel prohibition requirementPart 8
mental health treatment requirementPart 9
drug rehabilitation requirementPart 10
[F16drug testing requirement Part 10Asection 207(3A)]
alcohol treatment requirementPart 11
alcohol abstinence and monitoring requirementPart 12section 207(1) or (2)
attendance centre requirementPart 13section 207(3)
electronic compliance monitoring requirementPart 14section 207(4)
electronic whereabouts monitoring requirementPart 14

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I29S. 201 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

AvailabilityE+W
202Community order: availabilityE+W

(1)A community order is available to a court by or before which an offender is convicted of an offence if—

(a)the offender is aged 18 or over when convicted, and

(b)the offence is punishable with imprisonment by that court.

(2)Subsection (1) is subject to—

(a)subsection (3),

(b)section 203 (restriction on making both community order and suspended sentence order), and

(c)section 37(8) of the Mental Health Act 1983 (community order not to be made in combination with hospital order or guardianship order in respect of same offence).

(3)A community order is not available in respect of an offence in relation to which a mandatory sentence requirement applies (see section 399).

But this is subject to section 74 and Chapter 4 of Part 12 (reduction of sentence for assistance to prosecution).

Commencement Information

I30S. 202 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

203Restriction on making both community order and suspended sentence orderE+W

A court may not make a community order in respect of an offence if it makes a suspended sentence order in respect of—

(a)the offence,

(b)any other offence of which the offender is convicted by or before it, or

(c)any other offence for which it deals with the offender.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6S. 203 applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 182(3)-(5) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 7(5) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C7S. 203 applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 178(2)-(4) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 3(3) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C8S. 203 applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 183 (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 8 (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I31S. 203 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Exercise of power to make community orderE+W
204Exercise of power to impose community order: general considerationsE+W

(1)This section applies where a community order is available.

(2)The court must not make a community order unless it is of the opinion that—

(a)the offence, or

(b)the combination of the offence and one or more offences associated with it,

was serious enough to warrant the making of such an order.

(3)In forming its opinion for the purposes of subsection (2), the court must take into account all the information that is available to it about the circumstances of the offence, or of it and the associated offence or offences, including any aggravating or mitigating factors.

(4)The pre-sentence report requirements (see section 30) apply to the court in relation to forming that opinion.

(5)The fact that, by virtue of subsection (2), the court may make a community order does not require it to do so.

Commencement Information

I32S. 204 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

205Community order: effect of remand in custodyE+W

(1)In determining the restrictions on liberty to be imposed by a community order in respect of an offence, the court may have regard to any period for which the offender has been remanded in custody in connection with—

(a)the offence, or

(b)any other offence the charge for which was founded on the same facts or evidence.

(2)For this purpose, a person is remanded in custody if—

(a)remanded in or committed to custody by order of a court,

(b)remanded to youth detention accommodation (see subsection (3)), or

(c)remanded, admitted or removed to hospital under section 35, 36, 38 or 48 of the Mental Health Act 1983.

(3)The reference in subsection (2)(b) to being remanded to youth detention accommodation—

(a)has the same meaning as in Chapter 3 of Part 3 of the Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012 (remands of children otherwise than on bail): see, in particular, section 91 of that Act, but

(b)also includes a reference to being remanded or committed before 3 December 2012 to local authority accommodation under section 23 of the Children and Young Persons Act 1969 and—

(i)kept in secure accommodation (within the meaning of that section), or

(ii)detained in a secure training centre pursuant to arrangements under subsection (7A) of that section.

Commencement Information

I33S. 205 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Available requirementsE+W
206Community order: available requirementsE+W

(1)A court may not make a community order which imposes a community order requirement that is not an available requirement.

(2)A community order requirement is an available requirement unless a provision mentioned in column 3 of the entry for that requirement in the community order requirements table (see section 201) provides otherwise.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C9S. 206 applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 178(2)-(4) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 3(3) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C10S. 206 applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 182(3)-(5) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 7(5) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C11S. 206 applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 183 (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 8 (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I34S. 206 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

207Community order: availability of particular requirementsE+W
Alcohol abstinence and monitoring requirement

(1)An alcohol abstinence and monitoring requirement is not an available requirement unless regulations are in force under paragraph 25(7)(c) of Schedule 9 (prescribed arrangements for monitoring).

(2)An alcohol abstinence and monitoring requirement imposing a requirement within paragraph 25(1)(a)(ii) of Schedule 9 (alcohol level to be kept below specified level) is not an available requirement unless regulations are in force under 25(7)(b) of that Schedule (prescribed alcohol level).

Attendance centre requirement

(3)An attendance centre requirement is not an available requirement unless [F17

(a)the offender was convicted of the offence before the day on which section 152 of the Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Act 2022 came into force, and

(b)the offender was aged under 25 when convicted of the offence.]

[F18Drug testing requirement

(3A)A drug testing requirement is not an available requirement if the offender was convicted of the offence before the day on which section 154 of the Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Act 2022 came into force.]

Electronic compliance monitoring requirement

(4)An electronic compliance monitoring requirement is not an available requirement in relation to a community order unless the community order imposes at least one other available requirement, other than—

(a)an alcohol abstinence and monitoring requirement;

(b)an electronic whereabouts monitoring requirement.

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C12S. 207 applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 178(2)-(4) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 3(3) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C13S. 207(3) applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 182(3)-(5) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 7(5) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C14S. 207(3) applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 183 (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 8 (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I35S. 207 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Exercise of power to impose requirementsE+W
208Community order: exercise of power to impose particular requirementsE+W

(1)This section applies where a court makes a community order in respect of an offence.

Restrictions and obligations relating to imposing particular requirements

(2)The power to impose a particular community order requirement is subject to the provisions of the Part of Schedule 9 relating to requirements of that kind (see column 2 of the table in section 201).

Suitability of requirements

(3)The particular community order requirement or community order requirements imposed by the order must, in the opinion of the court, be the most suitable for the offender.

This is subject to subsection (10).

(4)The pre-sentence report requirements (see section 30) apply to the court in relation to forming any opinion on whether a particular requirement or combination of requirements is suitable for the offender.

(5)In forming its opinion for the purposes of subsection (3) on which requirement or combination of requirements is most suitable for the offender, the court may take into account any information about the offender which is before it.

Considerations of seriousness and punishment etc

(6)The restrictions on liberty imposed by the order must be such as are in the opinion of the court commensurate with the seriousness of—

(a)the offence, or

(b)the combination of the offence and one or more offences associated with it.

This is subject to subsection (10).

(7)In forming its opinion for the purposes of subsection (6), the court must take into account all the information that is available to it about the circumstances of the offence, or of it and the associated offence or offences, including any aggravating or mitigating factors.

(8)The pre-sentence report requirements (see section 30) apply to the court in relation to forming that opinion.

(9)The fact that, by virtue of subsection (6), particular restrictions on liberty may be imposed by a community order does not require the court to impose those restrictions.

(10)The order must include at least one community order requirement imposed for the purpose of punishment.

(11)Subsection (10) does not apply where—

(a)the court also imposes a fine, or

(b)there are exceptional circumstances relating to the offence or to the offender which—

(i)would make it unjust in all the circumstances for the court to impose a requirement for the purpose of punishment in the particular case, and

(ii)would make it unjust in all the circumstances for the court to impose a fine for the offence concerned.

Compatibility with other matters

(12)If the order imposes two or more different community order requirements, the court must, before making the order, consider whether, in the circumstances of the case, the requirements are compatible with each other.

(13)The court must ensure, so far as practicable, that any community order requirement imposed by the order is such as to avoid—

(a)any conflict with the offender's religious beliefs,

(b)any conflict with the requirements of any other court order to which the offender may be subject, and

(c)any interference with the times, if any, at which the offender normally—

(i)works, or

(ii)attends any educational establishment,

and satisfies any additional restrictions that the Secretary of State may specify in regulations.

(14)Regulations under subsection (13) are subject to the negative resolution procedure.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C15S. 208(2) (10)-(14) applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 183 (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 8 (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2; S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C16S. 208(2) (10)-(14) applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 182(3)-(5) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 7(5) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2; S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C17S. 208(2) (10)-(14) applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 178(2)-(4) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 3(3) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2; S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C18S. 208(13) applied (with modifications) by 2003 c. 44, Sch. 19A paras. 1-3 (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 248(2) (with Sch. 24 para. 447, Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C19S. 208(13) applied (with modifications) by 2003 c. 44, s. 300(6), Sch. 31 (as amended (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 paras. 241(5), 249 (with Sch. 24 para. 447, Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I36S. 208 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Making a community orderE+W
209Community order to specify end date etcE+W

(1)A community order must specify a date (the “end date”) by which all the requirements in it must have been complied with.

(2)The end date must not be more than 3 years after the date of the order.

(3)If a community order imposes two or more different community order requirements—

(a)the order may also specify, for each of the requirements, a date by which the requirement must have been complied with;

(b)if it does so, the last of those dates must be the same as the end date.

(4)Section 220 sets out the effect of the end date.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C20S. 209 applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 178(2)-(4) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 3(3) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C21S. 209 applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 183 (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 8 (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C22S. 209 applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 182(3)-(5) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 7(5) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I37S. 209 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

210Community order to specify offender's home local justice areaE+W

(1)A community order must specify which local justice area is the offender's home local justice area.

(2)The area specified must be the local justice area in which the offender resides or will reside.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C23S. 210 applied (with modifications) by 2003 c. 44, s. 300(6), Sch. 31 (as amended (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 paras. 241(5), 249 (with Sch. 24 para. 447, Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C24S. 210 applied (with modifications) by 2003 c. 44, Sch. 19A paras. 1-3 (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 248(2) (with Sch. 24 para. 447, Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C25S. 210 applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 178(2)-(4) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 3(3) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I38S. 210 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

211Power for Crown Court to direct magistrates' court supervisionE+W

[F19(1)] Where the Crown Court makes a community order, it may include a direction that the order is to be subject to magistrates' court supervision.

[F20(2)Subsection (1) does not apply to a community order that qualifies for special procedures for the purposes of section 217A.]

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I39S. 211 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

212Provision of copies of community order and related documentsE+W

(1)This section applies when a court makes a community order.

(2)The court must forthwith provide copies of the order—

(a)to the offender,

(b)to the responsible officer,

(c)to an officer of a provider of probation services that is a public sector provider who is acting at the court, and

(d)if the court does not act in the offender's home local justice area, to a provider of probation services that is a public sector provider and is operating in that area.

(3)If the order imposes any requirement specified in column 1 of the following table, the court must also forthwith provide the person specified in the corresponding entry in column 2 with a copy of so much of the order as relates to the requirement.

The requirementThe person to whom a copy must be provided
An exclusion requirement imposed for the purpose (or partly for the purpose) of protecting a person from being approached by the offenderThe person intended to be protected
A residence requirement relating to residence in an institutionThe person in charge of the institution
A mental health treatment requirementThe person specified under paragraph 16(3)(b)(iii) of Schedule 9 or the person in charge of the institution or place specified under paragraph 16(3)(b)(i) or (ii) of that Schedule
A drug rehabilitation requirementThe person in charge of the institution or place specified under paragraph 19(5)(b) or (c) of Schedule 9
An alcohol treatment requirementThe person in charge of the institution or place specified under paragraph 23(5)(c) or (d) of Schedule 9 or, in the case of practitioner-based treatment, the person specified under paragraph 23(5)(a) of that Schedule
An electronic monitoring requirementAny person who by virtue of paragraph 31(1) of Schedule 9 will be responsible for the electronic monitoring
Any person without whose consent the requirement could not be included in the order.

(4)If the court does not act in the offender's home local justice area, it must provide the magistrates' court acting in that area with—

(a)a copy of the order, and

(b)such documents and information relating to the case as it considers likely to be of assistance to a court acting in that area in the exercise of its functions in relation to the order.

(5)In subsection (2) “public sector provider” means—

(a)a probation trust or other public body, or

(b)the Secretary of State.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C26Ss. 212-216 applied (with modifications) by 2003 c. 44, s. 300(6), Sch. 31 (as amended (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 paras. 241(5), 249 (with Sch. 24 para. 447, Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C27S. 212(1)-(3) (5) applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 182(3)-(5) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 7(5) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2; S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C28S. 212(1)-(3) (5) applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 178(2)-(4) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 3(3) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2; S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C29S. 212(1)-(3) (5) applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 183 (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 8 (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2; S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C30S. 212(2)(a)(b)(3) applied (with modifications) by 2003 c. 44, Sch. 19A paras. 1-3 (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 248(2) (with Sch. 24 para. 447, Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I40S. 212 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Obligations of responsible officer and offenderE+W
213The responsible officerE+W

(1)For the purposes of this Chapter, “the responsible officer”, in relation to an offender to whom a community order relates, means the person who is for the time being responsible for discharging the functions conferred by this Code on the responsible officer in accordance with arrangements made by the Secretary of State.

(2)The responsible officer must be—

(a)an officer of a provider of probation services, or

(b)a person responsible for monitoring the offender in accordance with an electronic monitoring requirement imposed by the community order.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C26Ss. 212-216 applied (with modifications) by 2003 c. 44, s. 300(6), Sch. 31 (as amended (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 paras. 241(5), 249 (with Sch. 24 para. 447, Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C31Ss. 213-216 applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 182(3)-(5) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 7(5) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C32Ss. 213-216 applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 178(2)-(4) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 3(3) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C33Ss. 213-216 applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 183 (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 8 (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I41S. 213 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

214Obligations of responsible officerE+W

(1)This section applies where a community order is in force.

Functions of the responsible officer

(2)The responsible officer must—

(a)make any arrangements that are necessary in connection with the requirements imposed by the order, and

(b)promote the offender's compliance with those requirements.

(3)This is subject to paragraph 16(6) of Schedule 9 (in-patient treatment under mental health treatment requirement).

Exercise of functions by responsible officer

(4)The responsible officer must ensure, as far as practicable, that any instruction given by the responsible officer is such as to avoid—

(a)any conflict with the offender's religious beliefs,

(b)any conflict with the requirements of any other court order to which the offender may be subject, and

(c)any interference with the times, if any, at which the offender normally—

(i)works, or

(ii)attends any educational establishment,

and satisfies any additional restrictions that the Secretary of State may specify in regulations.

(5)Regulations under subsection (4) are subject to the negative resolution procedure.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C26Ss. 212-216 applied (with modifications) by 2003 c. 44, s. 300(6), Sch. 31 (as amended (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 paras. 241(5), 249 (with Sch. 24 para. 447, Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C31Ss. 213-216 applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 182(3)-(5) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 7(5) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C32Ss. 213-216 applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 178(2)-(4) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 3(3) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C33Ss. 213-216 applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 183 (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 8 (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C34S. 214(4) applied (with modifications) by 2003 c. 44, Sch. 19A paras. 1-3 (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 248(2) (with Sch. 24 para. 447, Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C35S. 214(4) extended by 2003 c. 44, Sch. 19A para. 4 (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 248(2) (with Sch. 24 para. 447, Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I42S. 214 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

215Duty of offender to keep in touch with responsible officerE+W

(1)This section applies where a community order is in force.

(2)The offender must keep in touch with the responsible officer in accordance with any instructions the responsible officer may give the offender from time to time.

(3)This obligation is enforceable as if it were a community order requirement of the community order.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C26Ss. 212-216 applied (with modifications) by 2003 c. 44, s. 300(6), Sch. 31 (as amended (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 paras. 241(5), 249 (with Sch. 24 para. 447, Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C31Ss. 213-216 applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 182(3)-(5) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 7(5) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C32Ss. 213-216 applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 178(2)-(4) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 3(3) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C33Ss. 213-216 applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 183 (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 8 (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I43S. 215 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

216Duty of offender to obtain permission before changing residenceE+W

(1)This section applies where a community order—

(a)is in force, and

(b)does not include a residence requirement imposed under paragraph 13 of Schedule 9.

(2)The offender must not change residence except with permission given in accordance with this section by—

(a)the responsible officer, or

(b)a court.

(3)This obligation has effect as if it were a community order requirement of the community order.

(4)The appropriate court may, on an application made by the offender, give permission in a case in which the responsible officer has refused.

For this purpose, “appropriate court” has the same meaning as in Schedule 10 (see paragraph 1 of that Schedule).

(5)A court may also give permission in any proceedings before it under Schedule 10 (breach or amendment of order etc).

(6)The grounds on which the responsible officer or court may refuse an application for permission are that, in the opinion of the officer or court, the change in residence—

(a)is likely to prevent the offender complying with a requirement imposed by the community order, or

(b)would hinder the offender's rehabilitation.

(7)The responsible officer must refuse an application for permission if—

(a)the offender's present residence is in England or Wales, and

(b)the offender's proposed residence is outside England and Wales.

(8)For cases in which a community order has to be amended because of permission given under this section, see paragraph 16 of Schedule 10 (amendment to reflect change in local justice area).

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C26Ss. 212-216 applied (with modifications) by 2003 c. 44, s. 300(6), Sch. 31 (as amended (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 paras. 241(5), 249 (with Sch. 24 para. 447, Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C31Ss. 213-216 applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 182(3)-(5) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 7(5) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C32Ss. 213-216 applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 178(2)-(4) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 3(3) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C33Ss. 213-216 applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 183 (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 8 (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I44S. 216 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

ReviewE+W
217Power to provide for court review of community ordersE+W

(1)The Secretary of State may by regulations—

(a)enable or require a court making a community order to provide for the community order to be reviewed periodically by that or another court,

(b)enable a court to amend a community order so as to include or remove a provision for review by a court, and

(c)make provision as to the timing and conduct of reviews and as to the powers of the court on a review.

(2)Regulations under this section may, in particular, make provision in relation to community orders corresponding to any provision made by sections 293 to 295 in relation to suspended sentence orders.

[F21(2A)Regulations under this section may not make provision in respect of community orders which for the purposes of section 217A qualify for special procedures.]

(3)Regulations under this section may repeal or amend any provision of this Chapter.

(4)Regulations under this section are subject to the affirmative resolution procedure.

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C36S. 217 applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 178(2)-(4) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 3(3) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I45S. 217 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

[F22217AReview of community order qualifying for special proceduresE+W

(1)A community order that—

(a)imposes one or more community order requirements, and

(b)qualifies for special procedures for the purposes of this section,

may make provision for the order to be reviewed periodically (“provision for review”).

(2)Where a community order contains provision for review under this section, it must—

(a)specify the intervals at which the order is to be reviewed,

(b)provide for each review to be made, subject to section 217B, at a hearing held for the purpose by the responsible court (a “review hearing”),

(c)require the offender to attend each review hearing, and

(d)provide for a report by an officer of a provider of probation services on the offender’s progress in complying with the community order requirements of the order (a “progress report”) to be made to the responsible court before each review.

(3)In this section “the responsible court”, in relation to a community order, means the court by which the order is made.

(4)For more about community orders that qualify for special procedures, see section 395A.

217BPowers on reviewE+W

(1)This section applies where a review hearing is held on a review of a community order by virtue of section 217A.

(2)The court may, after considering the progress report, amend—

(a)the community order requirements of the order, or

(b)any provision of the order which relates to those requirements.

(3)But the court—

(a)may not amend the community order requirements of the order so as to impose a requirement of a different kind unless the offender expresses willingness to comply with that requirement,

(b)may not amend—

(i)a mental health treatment requirement,

(ii)a drug rehabilitation requirement, or

(iii)an alcohol treatment requirement,

unless the offender expresses willingness to comply with the requirement as amended, and

(c)except with the consent of the offender, may not amend the order while an appeal against the order is pending.

(4)For the purposes of subsection (3)(a)—

(a)a community order requirement of a kind within any entry in the table in section 201 is of the same kind as any other community requirement within that entry, and

(b)an electronic compliance monitoring requirement is a requirement of the same kind as any requirement within that table to which it relates.

(5)If the court is of the opinion that the offender has without reasonable excuse breached a community order requirement of the order, the court may adjourn the hearing so that the court can deal with the case forthwith under paragraph 10 or 11 of Schedule 10 (powers of court to deal with offender on breach of requirement).

(6)For some powers available where the court is of the opinion referred to in subsection (5) but does not deal with the case forthwith, see paragraph 9A of Schedule 10.

(7)In this section—

  • “review hearing”, and

  • “progress report”,

have the same meanings as in section 217A.

217CAlteration of review arrangementsE+W

(1)Subsections (2) and (3) apply where a court—

(a)considers the progress report relating to a review under section 217A (the “current review”), and

(b)forms the opinion that the offender’s progress in complying with the community order requirements of the community order is satisfactory.

(2)If the court forms that opinion before a review hearing is held at the current review—

(a)it may order that no review hearing is to be held at the current review, and

(b)it may amend the community order so as to provide for each subsequent review to be held without a review hearing.

(3)If a review hearing is held at the current review, the court may at the hearing amend the community order so as to provide for each subsequent review to be held without a review hearing.

(4)If at a review held without a review hearing the court—

(a)considers the progress report, and

(b)forms the opinion that the offender’s progress under the order is no longer satisfactory,

it may require the offender to attend a hearing of the court at a specified time and place.

(5)At a review hearing the court may amend the community order so as to vary the intervals specified under section 217A(2)(a).

(6)The functions of a court under this section that are exercisable in relation to a review without a hearing are to be exercised—

(a)where the court is the Crown Court, by a judge of the court, and

(b)where the court is a magistrates’ court, by a justice of the peace.

(7)In this section—

  • “review hearing”, and

  • “progress report”,

have the same meanings as in section 217A.]

Breach, revocation or amendment of community orderE+W
218Breach, revocation or amendment of community orderE+W

Schedule 10 makes provision about—

(a)failures to comply with the requirements of community orders;

(b)revocation of community orders;

(c)amendment of community orders.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C37S. 218 applied by 2006 c. 52, s. 178(2) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 3(3) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C38S. 218 applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 182(3)-(5) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 7(5) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C39S. 218 applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 183 (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 8 (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I46S. 218 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Transferring order to Scotland or Northern IrelandU.K.
219Transfer of community orders to Scotland or Northern IrelandU.K.

Schedule 11 makes provision about transfers of community orders to Scotland or Northern Ireland.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C40S. 219 applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 178(2)(3) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 3(3) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I47S. 219 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Community orders: supplementaryE+W
220When a community order ceases to be in forceE+W

(1)A community order ceases to be in force—

(a)at the end of the end date (see section 209), or

(b)if later, when the offender has completed any unpaid work requirement imposed by the order.

(2)But a community order ceases to be in force when it is revoked.

(3)An unpaid work requirement is completed when the offender has worked under it for the number of hours specified in the order.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C41S. 220 applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 182(3)-(5) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 7(5) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C42S. 220 applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 183 (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 8 (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C43S. 220 applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 178(2)-(4) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 3(3) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C44S. 220(1)(b)(2)(3) applied (with modifications) by 2003 c. 44, Sch. 19A paras. 1-3 (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 248(2) (with Sch. 24 para. 447, Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I48S. 220 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

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