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Sentencing Act 2020

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CHAPTER 2E+WOffenders aged under 18

Detention and training ordersE+W
233Detention and training orderE+W

A detention and training order in respect of an offender is an order that the offender is subject, for the term specified in the order, to a period of detention and training followed by a period of supervision.

Commencement Information

I1S. 233 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

234Detention and training order: availabilityE+W

(1)A detention and training order is available where a court is dealing with an offender for an offence if—

(a)the offender is aged under 18, but at least 12, when convicted,

(b)the offence is an imprisonable offence, and

(c)the court is not required to pass—

(i)a sentence of detention under section 250 (see section 249(2)),

[F1(ia)a sentence of detention under section 252A,] or

(ii)a sentence of detention during Her Majesty's pleasure under section 259.

(2)For circumstances in which the court is required to impose a detention and training order, see—

(a)section 312 (minimum sentence for offences of threatening with weapon or bladed article);

(b)section 315 (minimum sentence for repeat offence involving weapon [F2or corrosive substance] or bladed article).

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I2S. 234 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

235Exercise of power to make a detention and training orderE+W

(1)This section applies where a detention and training order is available.

(2)The court may not make a detention and training order if it imposes—

(a)a sentence of detention under section 250, or

(b)an extended sentence of detention under section 254,

in respect of the offence.

(3)If the offender is aged under 15 when convicted the court may not make a detention and training order unless it is of the opinion that the offender is a persistent offender.

(4)The court's power to make a detention and training order is subject to (in particular) section 230 (threshold for imposing discretionary custodial sentence).

Commencement Information

I3S. 235 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

236Term of detention and training orderE+W

(1)The term of a detention and training order made in respect of an offence (whether by a magistrates' court or otherwise) must be [F3at least 4 months but must not exceed 24 months].

This is subject to subsection (2).

(2)The term of a detention and training order in respect of an offence may not exceed—

(a)in the case of a summary offence, the maximum sentence of imprisonment that could be imposed (in the case of an offender aged 21 or over) for the offence;

(b)in the case of any other offence, the maximum term of imprisonment that the Crown Court could impose (in the case of an offender aged 21 or over) for the offence.

(3)Section 231 (length of discretionary custodial sentences: general provision), in particular, applies in determining the term of a detention and training order.

(4)A detention and training order takes effect at the beginning of the day on which it is made, unless the court orders otherwise under section 237.

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I4S. 236 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

237Making of order where offender subject to other order or sentence of detentionE+W

(1)This section applies where a court makes a detention and training order.

(2)The court may order that the term of the detention and training order is to take effect on the expiry of any other detention and training order which it imposes on the same occasion.

This is subject to section 238(1).

(3)If the offender—

(a)is subject to another relevant detention and training order (“the existing order”), and

(b)has not at any time been released for supervision under the existing order,

the court may order that the detention and training order is to take effect on the expiry of the existing order.

This is subject to section 238(1).

(4)If the offender—

(a)is subject to a relevant sentence of detention (see section 248), and

(b)has not at any time been released under Chapter 6 of Part 12 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (release on licence of fixed-term prisoners),

the court may order that the detention and training order is to take effect at the time when the offender would otherwise be released under that Chapter.

F4(5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(6)If the offender is subject to a further period of detention imposed—

(a)under paragraph 3(2)(a) of Schedule 12 (breach of supervision requirement of existing detention and training order),

(b)under section 104(3)(a) of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000, or

(c)under either of those provisions by virtue section 213 of the Armed Forces Act 2006,

the court may order that the detention and training order is to take effect at the end of the further period of detention.

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Ss. 237-248 modified by 2006 c. 52, s. 213(1)(a) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 33(2) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C2Ss. 237-240 modified by 2006 c. 52, s. 213(2)(a) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 33(2) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I5S. 237 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

238Offender subject to more than one order: maximum overall termE+W

(1)A court may not make a detention and training order as a result of which the offender would be subject to relevant detention and training orders for a term exceeding 24 months.

(2)Where—

(a)a court makes a detention and training order, and

(b)the term of the relevant detention and training orders to which the offender would otherwise be subject exceeds 24 months,

the excess is to be treated as remitted.

(3)Where—

(a)a court makes a detention and training order, and

(b)as a result the offender is subject to two or more relevant detention and training orders,

the terms of those orders are to be treated for the purposes of sections 241 to 243 and 247 and Schedule 12 as a single term.

(4)See section 248 for the meaning of “relevant detention and training order”.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Ss. 237-248 modified by 2006 c. 52, s. 213(1)(a) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 33(2) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C2Ss. 237-240 modified by 2006 c. 52, s. 213(2)(a) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 33(2) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C3S. 238(3) applied by 2006 c. 52, s. 215 (as amended (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 35 (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I6S. 238 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F5239Period on remand etc: effect on term of detention and training orderE+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F6240Period of custody awaiting extradition: effect on term of detention and training orderE+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

241The period of detention and trainingE+W

(1)An offender must serve the period of detention and training under a detention and training order in such youth detention accommodation as may be determined by the Secretary of State.

Release at half-way point

(2)Subject to subsections (3) to (5), the period of detention and training under a detention and training order is half of the term of the order.

Early release on compassionate grounds

(3)The Secretary of State may release the offender at any time if satisfied that exceptional circumstances exist which justify the offender's release on compassionate grounds.

Release before half-way point

(4)The Secretary of State may release the offender—

(a)in the case of an order for a term of—

(i)8 months or more, but

(ii)less than 18 months,

at any time during the period of 1 month ending with the half-way point of the term of the order, and

(b)in the case of an order for a term of 18 months or more, at any time during the period of 2 months ending with that point.

Release after half-way point

(5)If a youth court so orders on an application made by the Secretary of State for the purpose, the Secretary of State must release the offender—

(a)in the case of an order for a term of—

(i)8 months or more, but

(ii)less than 18 months,

1 month after the half-way point of the term of the order, and

(b)in the case of an order for a term of 18 months or more, 1 month or 2 months after that point.

[F7Consecutive detention and training order and sentence of detention

(5A)Where the offender is also subject to a sentence of any of the following kinds that is to take effect, by virtue of an order to which subsection (7) applies, when the offender would otherwise be released for supervision—

(a)a sentence of detention under section 250 or 252A,

(b)a sentence of detention under section 209 or 224A of the Armed Forces Act 2006, or

(c)an extended sentence of detention under section 254 (including one passed as a result of section 221A of the Armed Forces Act 2006),

subsection (4) is to be read as if, instead of conferring a power to release the offender, it conferred a power to determine that the Secretary of State would, but for the sentence concerned, have released the offender.]

(6)Where—

(a)the court makes an order under subsection (5), and

(b)the offender is also subject to a sentence of any of the following kinds that is to take effect, by virtue of an order to which subsection (7) applies, when the offender would otherwise be released for supervision—

(i)a sentence of detention under section 250,

[F8(ia)a sentence of detention under section 252A,]

(ii)a sentence of detention under section 209 of the Armed Forces Act 2006, or

(iii)an extended sentence of detention under section 254 (including one passed as a result of section 221A of the Armed Forces Act 2006),

the order under subsection (5) must be expressed as an order that the period of detention and training attributable to the detention and training order is to end at the time determined under that subsection.

(7)This subsection applies to orders under the following provisions (which provide for sentences of detention to take effect when an offender is released for supervision under a detention and training order)—

(a)section 253(2) (offender under 18: sentence of detention to take effect on release for supervision under detention and training order),

(b)section 257(2) (offender under 18: extended sentence of detention), or

(c)any corresponding provision relating to an order under section 209 of, or made as a result of section 221A of, the Armed Forces Act 2006.

Detention to be legal custody

(8)An offender detained under a detention and training order is deemed to be in legal custody.

Textual Amendments

F7S. 241(5A) and cross-heading inserted (28.6.2022) by Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Act 2022 (c. 32), ss. 159(2), 208(5)(t)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Ss. 237-248 modified by 2006 c. 52, s. 213(1)(a) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 33(2) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C4S. 241 applied (with modifications) by 1997 c. 43, Sch. 1 para. 8 (as amended (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 149(3) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C5S. 241 applied (with modifications) by 1997 c. 43, Sch. 1 para. 9 (as amended (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 149(4) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I7S. 241 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

242The period of supervisionE+W

(1)The period of supervision of an offender who is subject to a detention and training order—

(a)begins when the offender is released for supervision (whether at the half-way point of the term of the order or otherwise), and

(b)ends when the term of the order ends.

(2)During the period of supervision, the offender—

(a)is to be under the supervision of—

(i)an officer of a provider of probation services, or

(ii)a member of a youth offending team, and

(b)may be required to comply with particular requirements.

(3)Any such requirements, and the category of person to supervise the offender, are to be determined from time to time by the Secretary of State.

(4)The offender must be notified by the Secretary of State of—

(a)the category of person responsible for the offender's supervision, and

(b)any requirements with which the offender must comply.

(5)A notice under subsection (4) must be given to the offender—

(a)before the period of supervision begins, and

(b)before any change in the matters mentioned in that subsection.

(6)Where the supervision is to be provided by an officer of a provider of probation services, the officer must be an officer acting in the local justice area within which the offender resides for the time being.

(7)Where the supervision is to be provided by a member of a youth offending team, the member must be a member of a youth offending team established by the local authority in whose area the offender resides for the time being.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Ss. 237-248 modified by 2006 c. 52, s. 213(1)(a) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 33(2) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C6S. 242 applied (with modifications) by 1997 c. 43, Sch. 1 para. 9 (as amended (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 149(4) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C7S. 242 applied (with modifications) by 1997 c. 43, Sch. 1 para. 8 (as amended (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 149(3) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I8S. 242 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

243Breach of supervision requirement and further offences during orderE+W

Schedule 12 makes provision about—

(a)breach of supervision requirements imposed under a detention and training order etc, and

(b)offences committed during the term of a detention and training order.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Ss. 237-248 modified by 2006 c. 52, s. 213(1)(a) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 33(2) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I9S. 243 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

244Offender subject concurrently to detention and training order and sentence of detention in a young offender institutionE+W

(1)This section applies where an offender is subject concurrently—

(a)to a relevant detention and training order (see section 248), and

(b)to a sentence of detention in a young offender institution,

at least one of which is imposed in respect of an offence of which the offender was convicted on or after [F91 December 2020].

(2)The offender is to be treated for the purposes of the following provisions as if subject only to the sentence of detention in a young offender institution—

(a)sections 241 to 243 and Schedule 12 (periods of detention and training and supervision, breach of supervision requirements and further offences);

(b)section 271 (detention in a young offender institution: place of detention);

(c)[F10with the exception of sections 240ZA and 240A,] Chapter 6 of Part 12 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (release, licences, supervision and recall).

This is subject to subsection (3).

(3)Nothing in subsection (2) requires the offender to be released in respect of either the order or the sentence unless and until the offender is required to be released in respect of each of them.

(4)In subsection (1), “sentence of detention in a young offender institution” includes any sentence of detention in a young offender institution, whether imposed under this Code or otherwise.

(5)Subsection (2) has effect in relation to an order or sentence imposed in respect of an offence of which the offender was convicted before [F111 December 2020] as if the provisions referred to in paragraphs (a) to (c) included the provisions referred to in section 106(4) of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000 (interaction of detention and training orders with sentences of detention in a young offender institution).

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Ss. 237-248 modified by 2006 c. 52, s. 213(1)(a) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 33(2) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I10S. 244 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

245Offender subject concurrently to detention and training order and other sentence of detentionE+W

(1)This section applies where an offender is subject concurrently to—

(a)a relevant detention and training order, and

(b)a relevant sentence of detention,

at least one of which is imposed in respect of an offence of which the offender was convicted on or after [F121 December 2020].

(See section 248 for the meaning of “relevant detention and training order” and “relevant sentence of detention”.)

(2)The offender is to be treated as if subject only to the relevant sentence of detention for the purposes of the following provisions—

(a)sections 241 to 243 and Schedule 12 (periods of detention and training and supervision, breach of supervision requirements and further offences);

(b)section 260 and section 261 (place of detention);

(c)[F13with the exception of sections 240ZA and 240A,] Chapter 6 of Part 12 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (release and supervision following release);

(d)section 210 of the Armed Forces Act 2006 (place of detention etc);

(e)section 214 of the Armed Forces Act 2006 (offences committed during a detention and training order under that Act).

This is subject to subsection (3).

(3)Nothing in subsection (2) requires the offender to be released in respect of either the order or the sentence unless and until the offender is required to be released in respect of each of them.

(4)Subsection (2) has effect in relation to a relevant detention and training order or relevant sentence of detention that is imposed in respect of an offence of which the offender was convicted before [F141 December 2020] as if the provisions referred to in paragraphs (a) to (e) included the provisions referred to in section 106A(8) of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000.

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Ss. 237-248 modified by 2006 c. 52, s. 213(1)(a) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 33(2) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I11S. 245 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

246Effect of detention and training order made where offender has reached 18E+W

(1)This section applies where—

(a)a court has power, by virtue of any enactment, to deal with a person for an offence in any way in which—

(i)a court could have dealt with the person on a previous occasion, or

(ii)a court could deal with the person if the person were the same age as when convicted,

(b)in exercise of the power, the court makes a detention and training order for any term, and

(c)the person has reached the age of 18.

(2)The person is to be treated as if sentenced to detention in a young offender institution for the same term.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Ss. 237-248 modified by 2006 c. 52, s. 213(1)(a) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 33(2) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C8S. 246 modified by 2006 c. 52, s. 213(2)(b) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 33(2) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I12S. 246 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

247Further supervision after end of term of detention and training orderE+W

(1)This section applies where a detention and training order is made in respect of an offender if—

(a)the offender is aged 18 or over at the half-way point of the term of the order,

(b)the term of the order is less than 24 months, and

(c)the order was imposed in respect of an offence committed on or after 1 February 2015.

(2)The following provisions of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (which relate to supervision after end of sentence) apply as they apply in cases described in section 256AA(1) of that Act—

(a)sections 256AA(2) to (11), 256AB and 256AC,

(b)sections 256D and 256E, and

(c)Schedule 19A,

but with the following modifications.

(3)The supervision period”, in relation to the offender, is the period which—

(a)begins on the expiry of the term of the detention and training order, and

(b)ends on the expiry of the period of 12 months beginning immediately after the half-way point of the term of the order.

(4)The supervisor”, in relation to the offender, must be—

(a)an officer of a provider of probation services, or

(b)a member of a youth offending team established by the local authority in whose area the offender resides for the time being.

(5)The power in section 256AB(4) of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (power of Secretary of State to amend requirements that may be imposed) includes power—

(a)to make provision about the supervision requirements that may be imposed under section 256AA of that Act as applied by this section, and

(b)to amend any provision of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000 or any provision of this Code derived from that Act.

(6)Subsection (7) applies where the term of the detention and training order is determined by section 238(3) (offender subject to two or more detention and training orders).

(7)The offender is subject to supervision under section 256AA of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (as applied by this section) if that section (as applied) so requires in respect of one or more of the detention and training orders.

(8)For the purposes of subsection (1), where an offence is found to have been committed—

(a)over a period of 2 or more days, or

(b)at some time during a period of 2 or more days,

it is taken to have been committed on the last of those days.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Ss. 237-248 modified by 2006 c. 52, s. 213(1)(a) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 33(2) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C9S. 247 applied (with modifications) by 1997 c. 43, Sch. 1 para. 9 (as amended (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 149(4) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C10S. 247 applied (with modifications) by 1997 c. 43, Sch. 1 para. 8 (as amended (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 149(3) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I13S. 247 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

248Detention and training orders: interpretationE+W

(1)In section 241 and Schedule 12 “youth detention accommodation” means—

(a)a secure training centre,

(b)a secure college,

[F15(ba)a secure 16 to 19 Academy,]

(c)a young offender institution,

(d)accommodation provided by or on behalf of a local authority for the purpose of restricting the liberty of children and young persons,

(e)accommodation provided for that purpose under section 82(5) of the Children Act 1989 (financial support by the Secretary of State), or

(f)such other accommodation or descriptions of accommodation as the Secretary of State may specify by regulations.

(2)In sections 241, 242 and 247 and in Schedule 12, references to the term of a detention and training order are to be read in accordance with section 238(3).

(3)In sections 237, 238, 244 and 245 and Schedule 12, “relevant detention and training order” means—

(a)a detention and training order under section 233,

(b)an order under section 211 of the Armed Forces Act 2006 (corresponding order under that Act), or

(c)an order under section 100 of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000 (detention and training order: offender convicted before Code comes into force).

(4)In sections 237 and 245, “relevant sentence of detention” means—

(a)a sentence of detention under section 250,

[F16(aa)a sentence of detention under section 252A,]

(b)a sentence of detention under section 91 of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000 (offenders under 18 convicted of certain serious offences: power to detain for specified period),

(c)a sentence of detention under section 209 of the Armed Forces Act 2006 (whether passed before or after this Code comes into force),

(d)an extended sentence of detention under section 254, including one passed as a result of section 221A of the Armed Forces Act 2006, or

(e)a sentence under section 226B or 228 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (extended sentence of detention: offenders aged under 18 convicted before this Code comes into force), including one passed as a result of section 221A or 222 of the Armed Forces Act 2006.

(5)For the purposes of this Code, an offender who is subject to a detention and training order or an order mentioned in subsection (3)(b) or (c) is released for supervision when released by virtue of—

(a)section 241(2), (3), (4) or (5), or

(b)in the case of an order to which section 102 of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000 (the “2000 Act”) applies (including one made under section 211 of the Armed Forces Act 2006), subsection (2), (3), (4) or (5) of section 102 of the 2000 Act.

(6)Regulations under subsection (1)(f) are subject to the affirmative resolution procedure.

(7)Subsection (4) of section 407 (general powers to make provision in regulations) does not apply to the power conferred by subsection (1)(f).

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Ss. 237-248 modified by 2006 c. 52, s. 213(1)(a) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 33(2) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I14S. 248 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Detention for specified periodE+W
249Sentence of detention under section 250: availabilityE+W

(1)A sentence of detention under section 250 is available where a person aged under 18 is convicted on indictment of an offence listed in the following table [F17(but the court is not required to pass a sentence of detention under section 252A)]

Offences punishable with imprisonment for at least 14 years
(a)

an offence which—

(i)

is not an offence for which the sentence is fixed by law, and

(ii)

is punishable in the case of a person aged 21 or over with imprisonment for 14 years or more;

Sexual offences
(b)

an offence under any of the following provisions of the Sexual Offences Act 2003—

(i)

section 3 (sexual assault);

(ii)

section 13 (child sex offences committed by children or young persons);

(iii)

section 25 (sexual activity with a child family member);

(iv)

section 26 (inciting a child family member to engage in sexual activity);

Offences related to firearms
(c)

an offence (other than one within paragraph (a)) which—

(i)

is listed in Schedule 20 (firearms offences to which minimum sentence applies), and

(ii)

was committed when the offender was aged 16 or over.

(2)For circumstances in which a court is required to impose a sentence of detention under section 250, see—

(a)[F18sections 258 and 258A] (required sentence of detention for life);

(b)section 311 (minimum sentence for certain offences involving firearms that are prohibited weapons).

(3)Where an offence is found to have been committed—

(a)over a period of 2 or more days, or

(b)at some time during a period of 2 or more days,

it is to be taken for the purposes of paragraph (c)(ii) of the table in subsection (1) to have been committed on the last of those days.

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C11S. 249: power to exclude conferred by 1988 c. 45, s. 1(4B) (as inserted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 94(3) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I15S. 249 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

250Sentence of detention: offender convicted of certain serious offencesE+W

A sentence of detention under this section is a sentence requiring the offender to be detained for the period specified in the sentence.

Commencement Information

I16S. 250 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

251Exercise of power to impose sentence of detention under section 250E+W

(1)Subsection (2) applies where a sentence of detention under section 250 is available by virtue of section 249(1).

(2)The court may impose such a sentence if it is of the opinion that neither a youth rehabilitation order nor a detention and training order is suitable.

(3)This is subject to (in particular) section 230 (threshold for imposing discretionary custodial sentence) and section 231 (length of discretionary custodial sentences: general provision).

Commencement Information

I17S. 251 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

252Maximum sentenceE+W

(1)This section applies where the court imposes a sentence of detention under section 250 by virtue of—

(a)section 251, or

(b)section 311 (minimum sentence for certain offences involving firearms that are prohibited weapons).

(2)The period of detention specified in the sentence must not exceed—

(a)the maximum term of imprisonment with which the offence is punishable in the case of a person aged 21 or over, or

(b)life, if the offence is punishable with imprisonment for life in the case of a person aged 21 or over.

Commencement Information

I18S. 252 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

[F19Special custodial sentence for terrorist offendersE+W

Textual Amendments

F19S. 252A and cross-heading inserted (30.4.2021) by Counter-Terrorism and Sentencing Act 2021 (c. 11), ss. 22(2), 50(1)(c)

252ARequired special sentence of detention for terrorist offenders of particular concernE+W

(1)Subsections (3) to (5) apply where—

(a)a person aged under 18 is convicted of an offence listed in Part 1 of Schedule 13 (offences involving or connected with terrorism),

(b)the offence was committed on or after the day on which section 22 of the Counter-Terrorism and Sentencing Act 2021 came into force,

(c)the court does not impose either of the following for the offence (or for an offence associated with it)—

(i)a sentence of detention for life under section 250, or

(ii)an extended sentence of detention under section 254, and

(d)the court would, apart from this section, impose a custodial sentence (see, in particular, section 230(2)).

(2)In determining for the purposes of subsection (1)(d) whether it would impose a custodial sentence, the court must disregard any restriction on its power to impose such a sentence by reference to the age of the offender.

(3)The court must impose a sentence of detention under this section.

(4)The term of the sentence must be equal to the aggregate of—

(a)the appropriate custodial term, and

(b)a further period of 1 year for which the offender is to be subject to a licence,

and must not exceed the maximum term of imprisonment with which the offence is punishable in the case of a person aged 21 or over.

(5)For the purposes of subsection (4), the “appropriate custodial term” is the term that, in the opinion of the court, ensures that the sentence is appropriate.

(6)Where an offence is found to have been committed over a period of 2 or more days, or at some time during a period of 2 or more days, it must be taken for the purposes of subsection (1) to have been committed on the last of those days.]

[F20Sentences of detention passed during detention and training order]E+W

Textual Amendments

253Sentence of detention passed on offender subject to detention and training orderE+W

(1)This section applies where a court imposes a sentence of detention under section 250 [F21or 252A] in the case of an offender who is subject to a relevant detention and training order.

(2)If the offender has not at any time been released for supervision under the relevant detention and training order, the court may order that the sentence of detention is to take effect at the time when the offender would otherwise be released for supervision under the relevant detention and training order (see section 248(5)).

(3)Otherwise, the sentence of detention takes effect at the beginning of the day on which it is passed.

(4)In this section “relevant detention and training order” means—

(a)a detention and training order under section 233,

(b)an order under section 211 of the Armed Forces Act 2006 (corresponding order under that Act), or

(c)an order under section 100 of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000 (detention and training order: offender convicted before the commencement of this Act).

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C12S. 253 modified by 2006 c. 52, s. 213(3A) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 33(2) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I19S. 253 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Extended sentencesE+W
254Extended sentence for certain violent, sexual or terrorism offencesE+W

An extended sentence of detention under this section is a sentence of detention the term of which is equal to the aggregate of—

(a)the appropriate custodial term (see section 256), and

(b)a further period (the “extension period”) for which the offender is to be subject to a licence.

Commencement Information

I20S. 254 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

255Extended sentence of detention: availabilityE+W

(1)An extended sentence of detention under section 254 is available where a court is dealing with an offender for an offence if—

(a)the offence—

(i)is a specified offence (see section 306(1)), and

[F22(ii)is one for which a sentence of detention is available under section 250 or 252A (see the table in section 249(1) and section 252A(1)(a) and (b)),]

(b)the offender is aged under 18 when convicted,

(c)the court is of the opinion that there is a significant risk to members of the public of serious harm occasioned by the commission by the offender of further specified offences (see section 308),

(d)the court is not required by section 258(2) [F23or 258A(2)] to impose a sentence of detention for life under section 250, and

(e)if the court were to impose an extended sentence, the term that it would specify as the appropriate custodial term (see section 256) would be at least 4 years.

(2)The pre-sentence report requirements (see section 30) apply to the court in relation to forming the opinion referred to in subsection (1)(c).

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I21S. 255 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

256Term of extended sentence of detention under section 254E+W

(1)This section applies where a court is determining—

(a)the appropriate custodial term, and

(b)the extension period,

of an extended sentence of detention under section 254 to be imposed on an offender in respect of an offence.

(2)The appropriate custodial term is the term of detention that would be imposed in respect of the offence in compliance with section 231(2) (length of discretionary custodial sentences: general provision) if the court did not impose an extended sentence.

(3)The extension period must be a period of such length as the court considers necessary for the purpose of protecting members of the public from serious harm occasioned by the commission by the offender of further specified offences.

This is subject to subsections (4) and (5).

(4)The extension period must—

(a)be at least 1 year, and

(b)not exceed—

(i)5 years in the case of a specified violent offence [F24(unless sub-paragraph (iii) applies)];

(ii)8 years in the case of a specified sexual offence or a specified terrorism offence [F25(unless sub-paragraph (iii) applies)];

[F26(iii)10 years in the case of a serious terrorism offence for which the sentence is imposed on or after the day on which section 16 of the Counter-Terrorism and Sentencing Act 2021 comes into force.]

See section 306(2) for the meanings of “specified violent offence”, “specified sexual offence” [F27and “specified terrorism offence”] [F27, “specified terrorism offence” and “serious terrorism offence”].

(5)The term of the extended sentence of detention under section 254 must not exceed the maximum term of imprisonment with which the offence is punishable in the case of a person aged 21 or over.

Textual Amendments

F24Words in s. 256(4)(b)(i) inserted (29.6.2021 for specified purposes) by Counter-Terrorism and Sentencing Act 2021 (c. 11), ss. 16(2)(a), 50(2)(i)(3)(d)

F25Words in s. 256(4)(b)(ii) inserted (29.6.2021 for specified purposes) by Counter-Terrorism and Sentencing Act 2021 (c. 11), ss. 16(2)(b), 50(2)(i)(3)(d)

F26S. 256(4)(b)(iii) inserted (29.6.2021 for specified purposes) by Counter-Terrorism and Sentencing Act 2021 (c. 11), ss. 16(2)(c), 50(2)(i)(3)(d)

F27Words in s. 256(4) substituted (29.6.2021 for specified purposes) by Counter-Terrorism and Sentencing Act 2021 (c. 11), ss. 16(3), 50(2)(i)(3)(d)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C14S. 256(2)-(5) applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 221A(3)(4) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 42(3) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I22S. 256 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

257Extended sentence under section 254 where offender subject to detention and training orderE+W

(1)This section applies where the court imposes an extended sentence of detention under section 254 in the case of an offender who is subject to a relevant detention and training order.

(2)If the offender has not at any time been released for supervision under the relevant detention and training order, the court may order that the extended sentence of detention is to take effect at the time when the offender would otherwise be released for supervision under the relevant detention and training order (see section 248(5)).

(3)Otherwise, the extended sentence of detention takes effect at the beginning of the day on which it is passed.

(4)In this section “relevant detention and training order” means—

(a)a detention and training order under section 233,

(b)an order under section 211 of the Armed Forces Act 2006 (corresponding order under that Act), or

(c)an order under section 100 of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000 (detention and training order: offender convicted before the commencement of this Act).

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C15S. 257 modified by 2006 c. 52, s. 213(2)(c) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 33(2) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

C16S. 257 modified by 2006 c. 52, s. 213(3B) (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 33(2) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I23S. 257 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Detention for life etcE+W
258Required sentence of detention for life for offence carrying life sentenceE+W

(1)This section applies where—

(a)a person aged under 18 is convicted of a Schedule 19 offence (see section 307),

(b)the court considers that the seriousness of—

(i)the offence, or

(ii)the offence and one or more offences associated with it,

is such as to justify the imposition of a sentence of detention for life, and

(c)the court is of the opinion that there is a significant risk to members of the public of serious harm occasioned by the commission by the offender of further specified offences (see sections 306(1) and 308).

(2)The court must impose a sentence of detention for life under section 250.

(3)The pre-sentence report requirements (see section 30) apply to the court in relation to forming the opinion mentioned in subsection (1)(c).

(4)An offence the sentence for which is imposed under this section is not to be regarded as an offence the sentence for which is fixed by law.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C17S. 258(2) applied (with modifications) by 2006 c. 52, s. 221(2)(3)(6) (as amended (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 41(3)(4)(6) (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I24S. 258 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

[F28258ARequired sentence of detention for life for manslaughter of emergency workerE+W

(1)This section applies where—

(a)a person aged under 18 is convicted of a relevant offence,

(b)the offence was committed—

(i)when the person was aged 16 or over, and

(ii)on or after the relevant commencement date, and

(c)the offence was committed against an emergency worker acting in the exercise of functions as such a worker.

(2)The court must impose a sentence of detention for life under section 250 unless the court is of the opinion that there are exceptional circumstances which—

(a)relate to the offence or the offender, and

(b)justify not doing so.

(3)For the purposes of subsection (1)(c) the circumstances in which an offence is to be taken as committed against a person acting in the exercise of functions as an emergency worker include circumstances where the offence takes place at a time when the person is not at work but is carrying out functions which, if done in work time, would have been in the exercise of functions as an emergency worker.

(4)In this section “relevant offence” means the offence of manslaughter, but does not include—

(a)manslaughter by gross negligence, or

(b)manslaughter mentioned in section 2(3) or 4(1) of the Homicide Act 1957 or section 54(7) of the Coroners and Justice Act 2009 (partial defences to murder).

(5)In this section—

  • emergency worker” has the meaning given by section 68;

  • relevant commencement date” means the date on which section 3 of the Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Act 2022 (required life sentence for manslaughter of emergency worker) comes into force.

(6)An offence the sentence for which is imposed under this section is not to be regarded as an offence the sentence for which is fixed by law.

(7)Where an offence is found to have been committed over a period of 2 or more days, or at some time during a period of 2 or more days, it must be taken for the purposes of subsection (1)(b) to have been committed on the last of those days.]

259Offenders who commit murder etc when under 18: duty to detain at Her Majesty's pleasureE+W

(1)This section applies where—

(a)a court is dealing with a person convicted of—

(i)murder, or

(ii)any other offence the sentence for which is fixed by law as life imprisonment, and

(b)the person appears to the court to have been aged under 18 at the time the offence was committed.

(2)The court must sentence the offender to be detained during Her Majesty's pleasure.

(3)Subsection (2) applies notwithstanding anything in this or any other Act.

Commencement Information

I25S. 259 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Detention under this ChapterE+W
260Detention under section 250 [F29, 252A] or 259E+W

(1)Detention under section 250 [F30 , 252A] or 259 is to be in such place and under such conditions—

(a)as the Secretary of State may direct, or

(b)as the Secretary of State may arrange with any person.

(2)A person detained pursuant to directions or arrangements made by the Secretary of State under this section is deemed to be in legal custody.

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I26S. 260 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

261Detention in pursuance of extended sentenceE+W

Detention under section 254 (extended sentence of detention) is to be in a place and under conditions determined by, or by a person authorised for the purpose by, the Secretary of State.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C18S. 261 applied by 2006 c. 52, s. 224 (as substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 25 para. 44 (with s. 416(7), Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2)

Commencement Information

I27S. 261 in force at 1.12.2020 by S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

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