## PART 1Direct taxes

### Income tax rates, allowances and limits

#### 3Main rates of income tax for tax year 2019-20

For the tax year 2019-20 the main rates of income tax are as follows—

(a)the basic rate is 20%;

(b)the higher rate is 40%;

(c)the additional rate is 45%.

#### 4Default and savings rates of income tax for tax year 2019-20

(1)For the tax year 2019-20 the default rates of income tax are as follows—

(a)the default basic rate is 20%;

(b)the default higher rate is 40%;

(c)the default additional rate is 45%.

(2)For the tax year 2019-20 the savings rates of income tax are as follows—

(a)the savings basic rate is 20%;

(b)the savings higher rate is 40%;

(c)the savings additional rate is 45%.

#### 5Basic rate limit and personal allowance

(1)For the tax years 2019-20 and 2020-21, the amount specified in section 10(5) of ITA 2007 (basic rate limit) is “£37,500”.

(2)For the tax years 2019-20 and 2020-21, the amount specified in section 35(1) of ITA 2007 (personal allowance) is “£12,500”.

(3)In consequence of the amendment made by subsection (2), omit section 4 of F(No.2)A 2015 (which has effect only if the personal allowance is less than £12,500).

(4)Omit the following (which relate to the link between the personal allowance and the national minimum wage)—

(a)sections 57(8), 57A and 1014(5)(b)(iia) of ITA 2007, and

(b)section 3 of F(No.2)A 2015.

(5)In consequence of the provision made by this section—

(a)section 21 of ITA 2007 (indexation of basic rate limit and starting rate limit for savings) does not apply in relation to the basic rate limit, and

(b)section 57 of ITA 2007 (indexation of allowances) does not apply in relation to the amount specified in section 35(1) of that Act,

for the tax years 2019-20 and 2020-21.

#### 6Starting rate limit for savings for tax year 2019-20

Section 21 of ITA 2007 (indexation) does not apply in relation to the starting rate limit for savings for the tax year 2019-20 (so that the starting rate limit for savings remains at £5,000 for that tax year).