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Criminal Justice Act 2003

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Criminal Justice Act 2003, Chapter 3 is up to date with all changes known to be in force on or before 21 September 2020. There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date. Changes that have been made appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

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Whole provisions yet to be inserted into this Act (including any effects on those provisions):

Chapter 3E+W[F1Suspended sentence orders]

Textual Amendments

Prison sentences of less than 12 monthsE+W

F2181Prison sentences of less than 12 monthsE+W

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F2182Licence conditionsE+W

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Intermittent custodyE+W

F2183Intermittent custodyE+W

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F2184Restrictions on power to make intermittent custody orderE+W

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F2185Intermittent custody: licence conditionsE+W

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F2186Further provisions relating to intermittent custodyE+W

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Further provision about custody plus orders and intermittent custody ordersE+W

F2187Revocation or amendment of orderE+W

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F2188Transfer of custody plus orders and intermittent custody orders to Scotland or Northern IrelandU.K.

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Suspended sentencesE+W

189Suspended sentences of imprisonmentE+W

[F3(1)If a court passes a sentence of imprisonment for a term of least 14 days but not more than 2 years, it may make an order providing that the sentence of imprisonment is not to take effect unless—

(a)during a period specified in the order for the purposes of this paragraph (“the operational period”) the offender commits another offence in the United Kingdom (whether or not punishable with imprisonment), and

(b)a court having power to do so subsequently orders under paragraph 8 of Schedule 12 that the original sentence is to take effect.

(1A)An order under subsection (1) may also provide that the offender must comply during a period specified in the order for the purposes of this subsection (“the supervision period”) with one or more requirements falling within section 190(1) and specified in the order.

(1B)Where an order under subsection (1) contains provision under subsection (1A), it must provide that the sentence of imprisonment will also take effect if—

(a)during the supervision period the offender fails to comply with a requirement imposed under subsection (1A), and

(b)a court having power to do so subsequently orders under paragraph 8 of Schedule 12 that the original sentence is to take effect.]

(2)Where two or more sentences imposed on the same occasion are to be served consecutively, the power conferred by subsection (1) is not exercisable in relation to any of them unless the aggregate of the terms of the sentences [F4does not exceed 2 years].

(3)The supervision period [F5(if any)] and the operational period must each be a period of not less than six months and not more than two years beginning with the date of the order.

(4)[F6Where an order under subsection (1) imposes one or more community requirements,] the supervision period must not end later than the operational period.

(5)A court which passes a suspended sentence on any person for an offence may not impose a community sentence in his case in respect of that offence or any other offence of which he is convicted by or before the court or for which he is dealt with by the court.

(6)Subject to any provision to the contrary contained in the Criminal Justice Act 1967 (c. 80), the Sentencing Act or any other enactment passed or instrument made under any enactment after 31st December 1967, a suspended sentence which has not taken effect under paragraph 8 of Schedule 12 is to be treated as a sentence of imprisonment for the purposes of all enactments and instruments made under enactments.

(7)In this Part—

(a)suspended sentence order” means an order under subsection (1),

(b)suspended sentence” means a sentence to which a suspended sentence order relates, and

(c)community requirement”, in relation to a suspended sentence order, means a requirement imposed under subsection [F7(1A)].

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1S. 189 modified (28.3.2009 for certain purposes and otherwise 31.10.2009) by Armed Forces Act 2006 (c. 52), ss. 196(1), 383; S.I. 2009/812, art. 3 (with transitional provisions in S.I. 2009/1059); S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4

C3S. 189(1) modified (28.3.2009 for certain purposes and otherwise 31.10.2009) by Armed Forces Act 2006 (c. 52), ss. 200(2)(5), 383; S.I. 2009/812, art. 3 (with transitional provisions in S.I. 2009/1059); S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4

Commencement Information

I1S. 189 wholly in force at 4.4.2005, see s. 336(3) and S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 9 (subject to art. 2(2), Sch. 2)

190Imposition of requirements by suspended sentence orderE+W

F8(1)The requirements falling within this subsection are—

(a)an unpaid work requirement (as defined by section 199),

[F9(aa)a rehabilitation activity requirement (as defined by section 200A),]

F10(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(c)a programme requirement (as defined by section 202),

(d)a prohibited activity requirement (as defined by section 203),

(e)a curfew requirement (as defined by section 204),

(f)an exclusion requirement (as defined by section 205),

(g)a residence requirement (as defined by section 206),

[F11(ga)a foreign travel prohibition requirement (as defined by section 206A),]

(h)a mental health treatment requirement (as defined by section 207),

(i)a drug rehabilitation requirement (as defined by section 209),

(j)an alcohol treatment requirement (as defined by section 212),

[F12(ja)an alcohol abstinence and monitoring requirement (as defined by section 212A),]

F13(k). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(l)in a case where the offender is aged under 25, an attendance centre requirement (as defined by section 214)[F14, and

(m)an electronic monitoring requirement (as defined by section 215).]

(2)Section [F15189(1A)] has effect subject to section 218 and to the following provisions of Chapter 4 relating to particular requirements—

(a)section 199(3) (unpaid work requirement),

F16(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F17(c). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(d)section 203(2) (prohibited activity requirement),

(e)section 207(3) (mental health treatment requirement),

(f)section 209(2) (drug rehabilitation requirement), F18...

(g)section 212(2) and (3) (alcohol treatment requirement) [F19, F20...

(h)section 212A(8) to (12) (alcohol abstinence and monitoring requirement).][F21, and

(i)section 215(2) (electronic monitoring requirement).]

(3)Where the court makes a suspended sentence order imposing a curfew requirement or an exclusion requirement, it must also impose an electronic monitoring requirement [F22within section 215(1)(a) for securing the electronic monitoring of the curfew or exclusion requirement] unless—

(a)the court is prevented from doing so by section 215(2) or 218(4), or

(b)in the particular circumstances of the case, it considers it inappropriate to do so.

F23(4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(5)Before making a suspended sentence order imposing two or more different requirements falling within subsection (1), the court must consider whether, in the circumstances of the case, the requirements are compatible with each other.

Textual Amendments

F8Word in s. 190(1) omitted (17.10.2016 in relation to specified local justice areas until 30.6.2018, 13.3.2017 in relation to specified local justice areas until 12.3.2019, 1.4.2019 in so far as not already in force) by virtue of Crime and Courts Act 2013 (c. 22), s. 61(2), Sch. 16 para. 13(2)(a); S.I. 2016/962, art. 2 (with arts. 3, 4) (as amended (9.10.2017) by S.I. 2017/976, art. 2); S.I. 2017/236, art. 2 (with arts. 3, 4) (as amended (12.3.2018 at 10 p.m.) by S.I. 2018/357, arts. 1, 2); S.I. 2018/1423, art. 2(b)

F12S. 190(1)(ja) inserted (31.7.2014 only in relation to the South London local justice area for specified purposes until 31.3.2016, 1.4.2016 for specified local justice areas for all purposes other than application by the Armed Forces Act 2006 until 31.3.2018, 1.5.2017 in relation to specified local justice areas for specified purposes until the end of 30.4.2019, 19.5.2020 in so far as not already in force) by Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012 (c. 10), ss. 76(4), 77, 151(3); S.I. 2014/1777, arts. 2, 3, 4(1) (with art. 4(2)) (as amended (30.7.2015) by S.I. 2015/1480, arts. 1, 2 and (30.1.2016) by S.I. 2016/1, arts. 1, 2); S.I. 2016/286, arts. 2, 3, 4(1) (with art. 4(2)) (as amended (31.3.2017) by S.I. 2017/225, arts. 1, 2); S.I. 2017/525, arts. 2, 3, 4(1) (with art. 4(2)); S.I. 2020/478, art. 2

F14S. 190(1)(m) and word inserted (17.10.2016 in relation to specified local justice areas until 30.6.2018, 13.3.2017 in relation to specified local justice areas until 12.3.2019, 1.4.2019 in so far as not already in force) by Crime and Courts Act 2013 (c. 22), s. 61(2), Sch. 16 para. 13(2)(b); S.I. 2016/962, art. 2 (with arts. 3, 4) (as amended (9.10.2017) by S.I. 2017/976, art. 2); S.I. 2017/236, art. 2 (with arts. 3, 4) (as amended (12.3.2018 at 10 p.m.) by S.I. 2018/357, arts. 1, 2); S.I. 2018/1423, art. 2(b)

F18Word in s. 190(2)(f) omitted (31.7.2014 only in relation to the South London local justice area for specified purposes until 31.3.2016, 1.4.2016 for specified local justice areas for all purposes other than application by the Armed Forces Act 2006 until 31.3.2018, 1.5.2017 in relation to specified local justice areas for specified purposes until the end of 30.4.2019, 19.5.2020 in so far as not already in force) by virtue of Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012 (c. 10), ss. 76(5)(a), 77, 151(3); S.I. 2014/1777, arts. 2, 3, 4(1) (with art. 4(2)) (as amended (30.7.2015) by S.I. 2015/1480, arts. 1, 2 and (30.1.2016) by S.I. 2016/1, arts. 1, 2); S.I. 2016/286, arts. 2, 3, 4(1) (with art. 4(2)) (as amended (31.3.2017) by S.I. 2017/225, arts. 1, 2); S.I. 2017/525, arts. 2, 3, 4(1) (with art. 4(2)); S.I. 2020/478, art. 2

F19S. 190(2)(h) and word inserted (31.7.2014 only in relation to the South London local justice area for specified purposes until 31.3.2016, 1.4.2016 for specified local justice areas for all purposes other than application by the Armed Forces Act 2006 until 31.3.2018, 1.5.2017 in relation to specified local justice areas for specified purposes until the end of 30.4.2019, 19.5.2020 in so far as not already in force) by Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012 (c. 10), ss. 76(5)(b), 77, 151(3); S.I. 2014/1777, arts. 2, 3, 4(1) (with art. 4(2)) (as amended (30.7.2015) by S.I. 2015/1480, arts. 1, 2 and (30.1.2016) by S.I. 2016/1, arts. 1, 2); S.I. 2016/286, arts. 2, 3, 4(1) (with art. 4(2)) (as amended (31.3.2017) by S.I. 2017/225, arts. 1, 2); S.I. 2017/525, arts. 2, 3, 4(1) (with art. 4(2)); S.I. 2020/478, art. 2

F20Word in s. 190(2) omitted (17.10.2016 in relation to specified local justice areas until 30.6.2018, 13.3.2017 in relation to specified local justice areas until 12.3.2019, 1.4.2019 in so far as not already in force) by virtue of Crime and Courts Act 2013 (c. 22), s. 61(2), Sch. 16 para. 13(3)(a); S.I. 2016/962, art. 2 (with arts. 3, 4) (as amended (9.10.2017) by S.I. 2017/976, art. 2); S.I. 2017/236, art. 2 (with arts. 3, 4) (as amended (12.3.2018 at 10 p.m.) by S.I. 2018/357, arts. 1, 2); S.I. 2018/1423, art. 2(b)

F21S. 190(2)(i) and word inserted (17.10.2016 in relation to specified local justice areas until 30.6.2018, 13.3.2017 in relation to specified local justice areas until 12.3.2019, 1.4.2019 in so far as not already in force) by Crime and Courts Act 2013 (c. 22), s. 61(2), Sch. 16 para. 13(3)(b); S.I. 2016/962, art. 2 (with arts. 3, 4) (as amended (9.10.2017) by S.I. 2017/976, art. 2); S.I. 2017/236, art. 2 (with arts. 3, 4) (as amended (12.3.2018 at 10 p.m.) by S.I. 2018/357, arts. 1, 2); S.I. 2018/1423, art. 2(b)

F22Words in s. 190(3) substituted (17.10.2016 in relation to specified local justice areas until 30.6.2018, 13.3.2017 in relation to specified local justice areas until 12.3.2019, 1.4.2019 in so far as not already in force) by Crime and Courts Act 2013 (c. 22), s. 61(2), Sch. 16 para. 13(4); S.I. 2016/962, art. 2 (with arts. 3, 4) (as amended (9.10.2017) by S.I. 2017/976, art. 2); S.I. 2017/236, art. 2 (with arts. 3, 4) (as amended (12.3.2018 at 10 p.m.) by S.I. 2018/357, arts. 1, 2); S.I. 2018/1423, art. 2(b)

F23S. 190(4) omitted (17.10.2016 in relation to specified local justice areas until 30.6.2018, 13.3.2017 in relation to specified local justice areas until 12.3.2019, 1.4.2019 in so far as not already in force) by virtue of Crime and Courts Act 2013 (c. 22), s. 61(2), Sch. 16 para. 13(5); S.I. 2016/962, art. 2 (with arts. 3, 4) (as amended (9.10.2017) by S.I. 2017/976, art. 2); S.I. 2017/236, art. 2 (with arts. 3, 4) (as amended (12.3.2018 at 10 p.m.) by S.I. 2018/357, arts. 1, 2); S.I. 2018/1423, art. 2(b)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C4S. 190 modified (28.3.2009 for certain purposes, otherwise 31.10.2009) by Armed Forces Act 2006 (c. 52), ss. 196(1), 383; S.I. 2009/812, art. 3 (with transitional provisions in S.I. 2009/1059); S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4

C5Ss. 190-192 excluded (28.3.2009 for certain purposes, otherwise 31.10.2009) by Armed Forces Act 2006 (c. 52), ss. 201, 383; S.I. 2009/812, art. 3 (with transitional provisions in S.I. 2009/1059); S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4

Commencement Information

I2S. 190 wholly in force at 4.4.2005, see s. 336(3) and S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 9 (subject to art. 2(2), Sch. 2)

191Power to provide for review of suspended sentence orderE+W

(1)A suspended sentence order [F24that imposes one or more community requirements] may—

(a)provide for the order to be reviewed periodically at specified intervals,

(b)provide for each review to be made, subject to section 192(4), at a hearing held for the purpose by the court responsible for the order (a “review hearing”),

(c)require the offender to attend each review hearing, and

(d)provide for [F25an officer of a provider of probation services] to make to the court responsible for the order, before each review, a report on the offender’s progress in complying with the community requirements of the order.

(2)Subsection (1) does not apply in the case of an order imposing a drug rehabilitation requirement (provision for such a requirement to be subject to review being made by section 210).

(3)In this section references to the court responsible for a suspended sentence order are references—

(a)where a court is specified in the order in accordance with subsection (4), to that court;

(b)in any other case, to the court by which the order is made.

(4)Where the area specified in a suspended sentence order made by a magistrates' court is not the area for which the court acts, the court may, if it thinks fit, include in the order provision specifying for the purpose of subsection (3) a magistrates' court which acts for the area specified in the order.

(5)Where a suspended sentence order has been made on an appeal brought from the Crown Court or from the criminal division of the Court of Appeal, it is to be taken for the purposes of subsection (3)(b) to have been made by the Crown Court.

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C6Ss. 190-192 excluded (28.3.2009 for certain purposes, otherwise 31.10.2009) by Armed Forces Act 2006 (c. 52), ss. 201, 383; S.I. 2009/812, art. 3 (with transitional provisions in S.I. 2009/1059); S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4

C7S. 191 modified (28.3.2009 for certain purposes, otherwise 31.10.2009) by Armed Forces Act 2006 (c. 52), ss. 203(1), 383; S.I. 2009/812, art. 3 (with transitional provisions in S.I. 2009/1059); S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4

Commencement Information

I3S. 191 wholly in force at 4.4.2005, see s. 336(3) and S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 9 (subject to art. 2(2), Sch. 2)

192Periodic reviews of suspended sentence orderE+W

(1)At a review hearing (within the meaning of subsection (1) of section 191) the court may, after considering the F26... officer’s report referred to in that subsection [F27(“the review officer's report”)], amend the community requirements of the suspended sentence order, or any provision of the order which relates to those requirements.

(2)The court—

(a)may not amend the community requirements of the order so as to impose a requirement of a different kind unless the offender expresses his willingness to comply with that requirement,

(b)may not amend a mental health treatment requirement, a drug rehabilitation requirement or an alcohol treatment requirement unless the offender expresses his willingness to comply with the requirement as amended,

(c)may amend the supervision period only if the period as amended complies with section 189(3) and (4),

(d)may not amend the operational period of the suspended sentence, and

(e)except with the consent of the offender, may not amend the order while an appeal against the order is pending.

(3)For the purposes of subsection (2)(a)—

(a)a community requirement falling within any paragraph of section 190(1) is of the same kind as any other community requirement falling within that paragraph, and

(b)an electronic monitoring requirement [F28within section 215(1)(a)] is a community requirement of the same kind as any requirement falling within section [F29190(1)(a) to (l)] to which it relates.

(4)If before a review hearing is held at any review the court, after considering the [F30review] officer’s report, is of the opinion that the offender’s progress in complying with the community requirements of the order is satisfactory, it may order that no review hearing is to be held at that review; and if before a review hearing is held at any review, or at a review hearing, the court, after considering that report, is of that opinion, it may amend the suspended sentence order so as to provide for each subsequent review to be held without a hearing.

(5)If at a review held without a hearing the court, after considering the [F31review] officer’s report, is of the opinion that the offender’s progress under the order is no longer satisfactory, the court may require the offender to attend a hearing of the court at a specified time and place.

(6)If at a review hearing the court is of the opinion that the offender has without reasonable excuse failed to comply with any of the community requirements of the order, the court may adjourn the hearing for the purpose of dealing with the case under paragraph 8 of Schedule 12.

(7)At a review hearing the court may amend the suspended sentence order so as to vary the intervals specified under section 191(1).

(8)In this section any reference to the court, in relation to a review without a hearing, is to be read—

(a)in the case of the Crown Court, as a reference to a judge of the court, and

(b)in the case of a magistrates' court, as a reference to a justice of the peace F32. . . .

Textual Amendments

F28Words in s. 192(3)(b) inserted (17.10.2016 in relation to specified local justice areas until 30.6.2018, 13.3.2017 in relation to specified local justice areas until 12.3.2019, 1.4.2019 in so far as not already in force) by Crime and Courts Act 2013 (c. 22), s. 61(2), Sch. 16 para. 14(a); S.I. 2016/962, art. 2 (with arts. 3, 4) (as amended (9.10.2017) by S.I. 2017/976, art. 2); S.I. 2017/236, art. 2 (with arts. 3, 4) (as amended (12.3.2018 at 10 p.m.) by S.I. 2018/357, arts. 1, 2); S.I. 2018/1423, art. 2(b)

F29Words in s. 192(3)(b) substituted (17.10.2016 in relation to specified local justice areas until 30.6.2018, 13.3.2017 in relation to specified local justice areas until 12.3.2019, 1.4.2019 in so far as not already in force) by Crime and Courts Act 2013 (c. 22), s. 61(2), Sch. 16 para. 14(b); S.I. 2016/962, art. 2 (with arts. 3, 4) (as amended (9.10.2017) by S.I. 2017/976, art. 2); S.I. 2017/236, art. 2 (with arts. 3, 4) (as amended (12.3.2018 at 10 p.m.) by S.I. 2018/357, arts. 1, 2); S.I. 2018/1423, art. 2(b)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C8Ss. 190-192 excluded (28.3.2009 for certain purposes, otherwise 31.10.2009) by Armed Forces Act 2006 (c. 52), ss. 201, 383; S.I. 2009/812, art. 3 (with transitional provisions in S.I. 2009/1059); S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4

Commencement Information

I4S. 192 wholly in force at 4.4.2005, see s. 336(3) and S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 9 (subject to art. 2(2), Sch. 2)

193Breach, revocation or amendment of suspended sentence order, and effect of further convictionE+W

Schedule 12 (which relates to the breach, revocation or amendment of the community requirements of suspended sentence orders, and to the effect of any further conviction) shall have effect.

Commencement Information

I5S. 193 wholly in force at 4.4.2005, see s. 336(3) and S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 9 (subject to art. 2(2), Sch. 2)

194Transfer of suspended sentence orders to Scotland or Northern IrelandU.K.

Schedule 13 (transfer of suspended sentence orders to Scotland or Northern Ireland) shall have effect.

Commencement Information

I6S. 194 wholly in force at 4.4.2005, see s. 336(3) and S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 9 (subject to art. 2(2), Sch. 2)

Interpretation of ChapterE+W

195Interpretation of Chapter 3E+W

In this Chapter—

  • F33. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  • F33. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  • F33. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  • [F34the operational period”, in relation to a suspended sentence, has the meaning given by section 189(1)(a);]

  • sentence of imprisonment” does not include a committal for contempt of court or any kindred offence.

  • [F35the supervision period”, in relation to a suspended sentence, has the meaning given by section 189(1A).]

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I7S. 195 wholly in force at 4.4.2005; s. 195 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 336(3); s. 195 in force for certain purposes at 26.1.2004 by S.I. 2003/3282, art. 2, Sch.; s. 195 in force in so far as not already in force at 4.4.2005 by S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 10 (subject to art. 2(2), Sch. 2)

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This timeline shows the different points in time where a change occurred. The dates will coincide with the earliest date on which the change (e.g an insertion, a repeal or a substitution) that was applied came into force. The first date in the timeline will usually be the earliest date when the provision came into force. In some cases the first date is 01/02/1991 (or for Northern Ireland legislation 01/01/2006). This date is our basedate. No versions before this date are available. For further information see the Editorial Practice Guide and Glossary under Help.

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