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Criminal Justice Act 2003

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The term provision is used to describe a definable element in a piece of legislation that has legislative effect – such as a Part, Chapter or section. A version of a provision is prospective either:

  1. where the provision (Part, Chapter or section) has never come into force or;
  2. where the text of the provision is subject to change, but no date has yet been appointed by the appropriate person or body for those changes to come into force.

Commencement Orders listed in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ box as not yet applied may bring this prospective version into force.

Changes to legislation:

Criminal Justice Act 2003, Part 12 is up to date with all changes known to be in force on or before 26 October 2021. There are changes that may be brought into force at a future date. Changes that have been made appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

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Changes to Legislation

Revised legislation carried on this site may not be fully up to date. Changes and effects are recorded by our editorial team in lists which can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area. Where those effects have yet to be applied to the text of the legislation by the editorial team they are also listed alongside the legislation in the affected provisions. Use the ‘more’ link to open the changes and effects relevant to the provision you are viewing.

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Changes and effects yet to be applied to Part 12:

  • s. 142 heading words inserted by 2008 c. 4 s. 9(2)(a)
  • s. 259 cross-heading substituted by 2008 c. 4 s. 34(10)(a) (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. S. 34(2)(4)(b)(7)(10) omitted (3.12.2012) by virtue of 2012 c. 10, s. 118(4)(b); S.I. 2012/2906, art. 2(d))
  • s. 260 heading substituted by 2008 c. 4 s. 34(10)(b) (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. S. 34(2)(4)(b)(7)(10) omitted (3.12.2012) by virtue of 2012 c. 10, s. 118(4)(b); S.I. 2012/2906, art. 2(d))
  • specified provision(s) amendment to earlier commencing SI 2012/2574, Sch. by S.I. 2012/2761 art. 2

Changes and effects yet to be applied to the whole Act associated Parts and Chapters:

Whole provisions yet to be inserted into this Act (including any effects on those provisions):

Part 12U.K.Sentencing

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Pt. 12 modified (28.3.2009 for certain purposes, otherwise 31.10.2009) by Armed Forces Act 2006 (c. 52), ss. 183(4), 383 (as amended (1.4.2008) by The Offender Management Act 2007 (Consequential Amendments) Order 2008 (S.I. 2008/912), art. 3, Sch. 1 para. 23(2)(b)); S.I. 2009/812, art. 3 (with transitional provisions in S.I. 2009/1059); S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4

C2Pt. 12 (ss. 142-305) modified (4.4.2005) by The Criminal Justice Act 2003 (Sentencing) (Transitory Provisions) Order 2005 (S.I. 2005/643), art. 3 (as amended (E.W.) (3.12.2012) by The Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012 (Consequential and Saving Provisions) Regulations 2012 (S.I. 2012/2824), regs. 1, 3(1) (with reg. 3(2)) and as amended (1.12.2020 immediately before the consolidation date (see 2020 c. 9, ss. 3, 5(2)(3) and 2020 c. 17, ss. 2, 416)) by Sentencing (Pre-consolidation Amendments) Act 2020 (c. 9), s. 5(2)(3), Sch. 2 para. 139; S.I. 2012/1236, reg. 2)

Chapter 1E+WGeneral provisions about sentencing

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C3Pt. 12 Ch. 1: power to amend conferred (30.11.2009) by Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 (c. 4), ss. 4(3), 153; S.I. 2009/3074, art. 2(d)

Matters to be taken into account in sentencingE+W

F1142Purposes of sentencingE+W

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Textual Amendments

Prospective

F1142APurposes etc. of sentencing: offenders under 18E+W

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Textual Amendments

F1143Determining the seriousness of an offenceE+W

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Textual Amendments

F1144Reduction in sentences for guilty pleasE+W

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Textual Amendments

F1145Increase in sentences for racial or religious aggravationE+W

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Textual Amendments

F1146Increase in sentences for aggravation related to disability, sexual orientation or transgender identity E+W

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Textual Amendments

General restrictions on community sentencesE+W

F1147Meaning of “community sentence” etc.E+W

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Textual Amendments

F1148Restrictions on imposing community sentencesE+W

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Textual Amendments

F1149Passing of community sentence on offender remanded in custodyE+W

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Textual Amendments

F1150Community sentence not available where sentence fixed by law etc.E+W

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Textual Amendments

F1150ACommunity order available only for offences punishable with imprisonment or for persistent offenders previously finedE+W

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Textual Amendments

Prospective

F1151Community order or youth rehabilitation order for persistent offender previously finedE+W

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Textual Amendments

General restrictions on discretionary custodial sentencesE+W

F1152General restrictions on imposing discretionary custodial sentencesE+W

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Textual Amendments

F1153Length of discretionary custodial sentences: general provisionE+W

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Textual Amendments

Prospective

General limit on magistrates' court’s power to impose imprisonmentE+W

F1154General limit on magistrates' court’s power to impose imprisonmentE+W

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Textual Amendments

155Consecutive terms of imprisonmentE+W

(1)Section 133 of the Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 (consecutive terms of imprisonment) is amended as follows.

(2)In subsection (1), for “6 months” there is substituted “ 65 weeks ”.

(3)Subsection (2) is omitted.

(4)In subsection (3) for “the preceding subsections” there is substituted “ subsection (1) above ”.

Procedural requirements for imposing community sentences and discretionary custodial sentencesE+W

F2156Pre-sentence reports and other requirementsE+W

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Textual Amendments

F2157Additional requirements in case of mentally disordered offenderE+W

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Textual Amendments

F2158Meaning of “pre-sentence report”E+W

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Textual Amendments

Disclosure of pre-sentence reports etcE+W

F2159Disclosure of pre-sentence reportsE+W

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Textual Amendments

F2160Other reports of local probation boards , providers of probation services and members of youth offending teamsE+W

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Textual Amendments

Pre-sentence drug testingE+W

F2161Pre-sentence drug testingE+W

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Textual Amendments

SurchargesE+W

F2161ACourt’s duty to order payment of surchargeE+W

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Textual Amendments

F2161BAmount of surchargeE+W

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Textual Amendments

FinesE+W

F2162Powers to order statement as to offender’s financial circumstancesE+W

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Textual Amendments

F2163General power of Crown Court to fine offender convicted on indictmentE+W

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Textual Amendments

F2164Fixing of finesE+W

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Textual Amendments

F2165Remission of finesE+W

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Textual Amendments

Savings for power to mitigate etcE+W

F2166Savings for powers to mitigate sentences and deal appropriately with mentally disordered offendersE+W

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Textual Amendments

Sentencing and allocation guidelinesE+W

167The Sentencing Guidelines CouncilE+W

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Textual Amendments

168Sentencing Guidelines Council: supplementary provisionsE+W

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Textual Amendments

169The Sentencing Advisory PanelE+W

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Textual Amendments

170Guidelines relating to sentencing and allocationE+W

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Textual Amendments

171Functions of Sentencing Advisory Panel in relation to guidelinesE+W

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Textual Amendments

172Duty of court to have regard to sentencing guidelinesE+W

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Textual Amendments

173Annual report by CouncilE+W

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Textual Amendments

Duty of court to explain sentenceE+W

F10174Duty to give reasons for and to explain effect of sentenceE+W

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Textual Amendments

Publication of information by Secretary of StateE+W

175Duty to publish information about sentencingE+W

In section 95 of the Criminal Justice Act 1991 (c. 53) (information for financial and other purposes) in subsection (1) before the “or” at the end of paragraph (a) there is inserted—

(aa)enabling such persons to become aware of the relative effectiveness of different sentences—

(i)in preventing re-offending, and

(ii)in promoting public confidence in the criminal justice system;.

Commencement Information

I1S. 175 wholly in force at 4.4.2005, see s. 336(3) and S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 7 (subject to art. 2(2), Sch. 2)

Interpretation of ChapterE+W

F11176Interpretation of Chapter 1E+W

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Textual Amendments

Chapter 2U.K.Community orders: offenders aged 16 or over

F11177Community ordersE+W

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Textual Amendments

F11178Power to provide for court review of community ordersE+W

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Textual Amendments

F11179Breach, revocation or amendment of community orderE+W

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Textual Amendments

F11180Transfer of community orders to Scotland or Northern IrelandU.K.

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Textual Amendments

Chapter 3E+W[F12Suspended sentence orders]

Textual Amendments

Prison sentences of less than 12 monthsE+W

F13181Prison sentences of less than 12 monthsE+W

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F13182Licence conditionsE+W

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Intermittent custodyE+W

F13183Intermittent custodyE+W

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F13184Restrictions on power to make intermittent custody orderE+W

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F13185Intermittent custody: licence conditionsE+W

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F13186Further provisions relating to intermittent custodyE+W

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Further provision about custody plus orders and intermittent custody ordersE+W

F13187Revocation or amendment of orderE+W

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F13188Transfer of custody plus orders and intermittent custody orders to Scotland or Northern IrelandU.K.

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Suspended sentencesE+W

F14189Suspended sentences of imprisonmentE+W

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Textual Amendments

F14190Imposition of requirements by suspended sentence orderE+W

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Textual Amendments

F14191Power to provide for review of suspended sentence orderE+W

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Textual Amendments

F14192Periodic reviews of suspended sentence orderE+W

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Textual Amendments

F14193Breach, revocation or amendment of suspended sentence order, and effect of further convictionE+W

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Textual Amendments

F14194Transfer of suspended sentence orders to Scotland or Northern IrelandU.K.

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Textual Amendments

Interpretation of ChapterE+W

F14195Interpretation of Chapter 3E+W

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Textual Amendments

Chapter 4E+WFurther provisions about orders under Chapters 2 and 3

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C5Pt. 12 Ch. 4 modified (28.3.2009 for certain purposes, otherwise 31.10.2009) by Armed Forces Act 2006 (c. 52), ss. 178(3)(4), 196(1), 383; S.I. 2009/812, art. 3 (with transitional provisions in S.I. 2009/1059); S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4

Pt. 12 Ch. 4 extended (28.3.2009 for certain purposes, otherwise 31.10.2009) by Armed Forces Act 2006 (c. 52), ss. 182(4)-(6), 383 (subject to s. 183) (as amended (11.12.2013) by Crime and Courts Act 2013 (c. 22), s. 61(2), Sch. 16 para. 33(3) (with Sch. 16 para. 35); S.I. 2013/2981, art. 2(e)); S.I. 2009/812, art. 3 (with transitional provisions in S.I. 2009/1059); S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4

C6Pt. 12 Ch. 4 excluded (28.3.2009 for certain purposes, otherwise 31.10.2009) by Armed Forces Act 2006 (c. 52), ss. 201, 383; S.I. 2009/812, art. 3 (with transitional provisions in S.I. 2009/1059); S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4

IntroductoryE+W

F14196Meaning of “relevant order” etc E+W

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Textual Amendments

F14197Meaning of “the responsible officer”E+W

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Textual Amendments

F14198Duties of responsible officerE+W

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Textual Amendments

Requirements available in case of all offendersE+W

F14199Unpaid work requirementE+W

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Textual Amendments

F14200Obligations of person subject to unpaid work requirementE+W

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Textual Amendments

F14200ARehabilitation activity requirementE+W

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Textual Amendments

F14201Activity requirementE+W

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Textual Amendments

F14202Programme requirementE+W

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Textual Amendments

F14203Prohibited activity requirementE+W

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Textual Amendments

F14204Curfew requirementE+W

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Textual Amendments

F14205Exclusion requirementE+W

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Textual Amendments

F14206Residence requirementE+W

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Textual Amendments

F14206AForeign travel prohibition requirementE+W

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Textual Amendments

F14207Mental health treatment requirementE+W

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Textual Amendments

F14208Mental health treatment at place other than that specified in orderE+W

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Textual Amendments

F14209Drug rehabilitation requirementE+W

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Textual Amendments

F14210Drug rehabilitation requirement: provision for review by courtE+W

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Textual Amendments

F14211Periodic review of drug rehabilitation requirementE+W

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Textual Amendments

F14212Alcohol treatment requirementE+W

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Textual Amendments

F14212AAlcohol abstinence and monitoring requirementE+W

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Textual Amendments

F14213Supervision requirementE+W

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Textual Amendments

Requirements available only in case of offenders aged under 25E+W

F14214Attendance centre requirementE+W

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Textual Amendments

Electronic monitoringE+W

F14215Electronic monitoring requirementE+W

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Textual Amendments

F14215AData from electronic monitoring: code of practiceE+W

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Textual Amendments

Provisions applying to relevant orders generallyE+W

F14216Local justice area to be specified in relevant orderE+W

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Textual Amendments

F14217Requirement to avoid conflict with religious beliefs, etcE+W

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Textual Amendments

F14218Availability of arrangements in local areaE+W

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Textual Amendments

F14219Provision of copies of relevant ordersE+W

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Textual Amendments

F14220Duty of offender to keep in touch with responsible officerE+W

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Textual Amendments

F14220ADuty to obtain permission before changing residenceE+W

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Textual Amendments

Powers of Secretary of StateE+W

221Provision of attendance centresE+W

(1)The Secretary of State may continue to provide attendance centres.

(2)In this Part “attendance centre” means a place at which offenders aged under 25 may be required to attend and be given under supervision appropriate occupation or instruction in pursuance of—

(a)attendance centre requirements of relevant orders, or

[F15(aa)attendance centre requirements of youth rehabilitation orders, within [F16the meaning given by section 173 of the Sentencing Code],]

(b)attendance centre orders under section 60 of [F17the PCC(S)A 2000],

[F18(c)default orders under section 300 of this Act, or

(d)youth default orders under section 39 of the Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008.]

(3)For the purpose of providing attendance centres, the Secretary of State may make arrangements with any local authority or [F19local policing body] for the use of premises of [F20that authority or body].

Textual Amendments

F16Words in s. 221(2)(aa) substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 217(a) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F17Words in s. 221(2)(b) substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 217(b) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Commencement Information

I2S. 221 wholly in force at 4.4.2005; s. 221 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 336(3); s. 221 in force for certain purposes at 26.1.2004 by S.I. 2003/3282, art. 2, Sch.; s. 221 in force in so far as not already in force at 4.4.2005 by S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 17 (subject to art. 2(2), Sch. 2)

F21222RulesE+W

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Textual Amendments

F21223Power to amend limitsE+W

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Textual Amendments

Chapter 5E+WDangerous offenders

InterpretationE+W

F21224Meaning of “specified offence” etc.E+W

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Textual Amendments

Life sentencesE+W

F21224ALife sentence for second listed offenceE+W

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Textual Amendments

F21225Life sentence ... for serious offencesE+W

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Textual Amendments

F21226Detention for life ... for serious offences committed by those under 18E+W

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Textual Amendments

[F22Extended sentences]E+W

Textual Amendments

F21226AExtended sentence for certain violent, sexual or terrorism offences: persons 18 or overE+W

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Textual Amendments

F21226BExtended sentence for certain violent, sexual or terrorism offences: persons under 18E+W

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Textual Amendments

F21227Extended sentence for certain violent or sexual offences: persons 18 or overE+W

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Textual Amendments

F21228Extended sentence for certain violent or sexual offences: persons under 18E+W

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Textual Amendments

F21229The assessment of dangerousnessE+W

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Textual Amendments

230Imprisonment or detention for public protection: release on licenceE+W

Schedule 18 (release of prisoners serving sentences of imprisonment or detention for public protection) shall have effect.

Commencement Information

I3S. 230 wholly in force at 4.4.2005, see s. 336(3) and S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 18 (subject to art. 2(2), Sch. 2)

SupplementaryE+W

F23231Appeals where previous convictions set asideE+W

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Textual Amendments

F23232Certificates of convictions for purposes of sections 225 and 227E+W

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Textual Amendments

F23232ACertificates of convictionE+W

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Textual Amendments

F23233Offences under service lawE+W

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Textual Amendments

F23234Determination of day when offence committedE+W

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Textual Amendments

F23235Detention under sections 226, 226B and 228E+W

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Textual Amendments

F23236Conversion of sentences of detention into sentences of imprisonmentE+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

CHAPTER 5AU.K.Other offenders of particular concern

F23236ASpecial custodial sentence for certain offenders of particular concernU.K.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

Chapter 6E+W [F24 Release, licences[F25, supervision] and recall ]

Textual Amendments

F25Word in Pt. 12 Ch. 6 heading inserted (1.2.2015) by Offender Rehabilitation Act 2014 (c. 11), s. 22(1), Sch. 3 para. 15 (with Sch. 7 para. 2); S.I. 2015/40, art. 2(u)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C7Pt. 12 Ch. 6 applied to any person serving a sentence for an offence committed before 4 April 2005 (whenever that sentence was or is imposed) by Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012 (c. 10), ss. 121(1), 151(1); S.I. 2012/2906, art. 2(d)

C10Pt. 12 Ch. 6 modified (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 244(1)(2)(c), 416(1) (with ss. 2, 244(3), 398(1), 406, Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

PreliminaryE+W

237Meaning of “fixed-term prisoner” [F26etc]E+W

(1)In this Chapter “fixed-term prisoner” means—

(a)a person serving a sentence of imprisonment for a determinate term, or

(b)a person serving a determinate sentence of detention under section 91 [F27or 96] of [F28the PCC(S)A 2000, under] section [F29226A, 226B,] [F30227 ][F31, 228 or 236A] of this Act [F32or under section 250 [F33, 252A], 254, 262, 265, [F34266 or 268A] of the Sentencing Code].

[F35and “fixed-term sentence” means a sentence falling within paragraph (a) or (b).]

[F36(1B)In this Chapter—

(a)references to a sentence of imprisonment include such a sentence passed by a service court;

(b)references to a sentence of detention under [F37section 91 of the PCC(S)A 2000 or section 250 of the Sentencing Code] include a sentence of detention under section 209 of the Armed Forces Act 2006;

[F38(ba)references to a sentence under section 226A of this Act [F39or section 266 or 279 of the Sentencing Code] include a sentence under that section passed as a result of section 219A of the Armed Forces Act 2006;

(bb)references to a sentence under section 226B of this Act [F40or section 254 of the Sentencing Code] include a sentence under that section passed as a result of section 221A of the Armed Forces Act 2006;]

(c)references to a sentence under section 227 of this Act include a sentence under that section passed as a result of section 220 of the Armed Forces Act 2006 [F41or section 240A]; F42...

(d)references to a sentence under section 228 of this Act include a sentence under that section passed as a result of section 222 of that Act[F43, and

(e)references to a sentence under section 236A of this Act [F44or section 265 or 278 of the Sentencing Code] include a sentence under that section passed as a result of section 224A of that Act.]

(1C)Nothing in subsection (1B) has the effect that [F45section 240ZA] or 265 [F46of this Act or section 225 of the Sentencing Code] (provision equivalent to which is made by the Armed Forces Act 2006) [F47or section 240A] applies to a service court.]

(2)In this Chapter, unless the context otherwise requires, “prisoner” includes a person serving a sentence falling within subsection (1)(b); and “prison” includes any place where a person serving such a sentence is liable to be detained.

[F48(3)In this Chapter, references to a sentence of detention under section 96 of [F49the PCC(S)A 2000, under] section [F50226A][F51, 227 or 236A] of this Act [F52or under section 262, 265 [F53, 266 or 268A] of the Sentencing Code] are references to a sentence of detention in a young offender institution.]

Textual Amendments

F26Word in s. 237 heading inserted (28.3.2009 for certain purposes and otherwise 31.10.2009) by Armed Forces Act 2006 (c. 52), ss. 378(1), 383, Sch. 16 para. 219; S.I. 2009/812, art. 3 (with transitional provisions in S.I. 2009/1059); S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4

F28Words in s. 237(1)(b) substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 218(2)(a) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F32Words in s. 237(1)(b) inserted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 218(2)(b) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F36S. 237(1B)(1C) inserted (28.3.2009 for certain purposes and otherwise 31.10.2009) by Armed Forces Act 2006 (c. 52), ss. 378(1), 383, Sch. 16 para. 219; S.I. 2009/812, art. 3 (with transitional provisions in S.I. 2009/1059); S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4

F37Words in s. 237(1B)(b) substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 218(3)(a) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F39Words in s. 237(1B)(ba) inserted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 218(3)(b) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F40Words in s. 237(1B)(bb) inserted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 218(3)(c) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F44Words in s. 237(1B)(e) inserted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 218(3)(d) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F46Words in s. 237(1C) inserted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 218(4) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F49Words in s. 237(3) substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 218(5)(a) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C12S. 237(1B) modified (24.4.2009 for certain purposes, otherwise 31.10.2009) by The Armed Forces Act 2006 (Transitional Provisions etc) Order 2009 (S.I. 2009/1059), arts. 1(3), 205, Sch. 1 para. 53(8)

Commencement Information

I4S. 237 wholly in force at 4.4.2005; s. 237 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 336(3); s. 237 in force for certain purposes at 26.1.2004 by S.I. 2003/3282, art. 2, Sch.; s. 237 in force in so far as not already in force at 4.4.2005 by S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 19 (subject to art. 2(2), Sch. 2)

Power of court to recommend licence conditionsE+W

F54238Power of court to recommend licence conditions for certain prisonersE+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

239The Parole BoardE+W

(1)The Parole Board is to continue to be, by that name, a body corporate and as such is—

(a)to be constituted in accordance with this Chapter, and

(b)to have the functions conferred on it by this Chapter in respect of fixed-term prisoners and by Chapter 2 of Part 2 of the Crime (Sentences) Act 1997 (c. 43) (in this Chapter referred to as “the 1997 Act”) in respect of life prisoners within the meaning of that Chapter.

(2)It is the duty of the Board to advise the Secretary of State with respect to any matter referred to it by him which is to do with the early release or recall of prisoners.

(3)The Board must, in dealing with cases as respects which it makes recommendations under this Chapter or under Chapter 2 of Part 2 of the 1997 Act, consider—

(a)any documents given to it by the Secretary of State, and

(b)any other oral or written information obtained by it;

and if in any particular case the Board thinks it necessary to interview the person to whom the case relates before reaching a decision, the Board may authorise one of its members to interview him and must consider the report of the interview made by that member.

(4)The Board must deal with cases as respects which it gives directions under this Chapter or under Chapter 2 of Part 2 of the 1997 Act on consideration of all such evidence as may be adduced before it.

(5)Without prejudice to subsections (3) and (4), the Secretary of State may make rules with respect to the proceedings of the Board, including proceedings authorising cases to be dealt with by a prescribed number of its members or requiring cases to be dealt with at prescribed times.

(6)The Secretary of State may also give to the Board directions as to the matters to be taken into account by it in discharging any functions under this Chapter or under Chapter 2 of Part 2 of the 1997 Act; and in giving any such directions the Secretary of State must have regard to—

(a)the need to protect the public from serious harm from offenders, and

(b)the desirability of preventing the commission by them of further offences and of securing their rehabilitation.

(7)Schedule 19 shall have effect with respect to the Board.

Commencement Information

I5S. 239 wholly in force at 4.4.2005; s. 239 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 336(3); s. 239 in force for certain purposes at 26.1.2004 by S.I. 2003/3282, art. 2, Sch.; s. 239(5)(6) in force at 7.3.2005 by S.I. 2005/373, art. 2; s. 239 in force in so far as not already in force at 4.4.2005 by S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 19 (subject to art. 2(2), Sch. 2)

Effect of remand in custody[F55or on bail subject to certain types of condition]E+W

Textual Amendments

F55Words in s. 240 cross-heading inserted (3.11.2008) by Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 (c. 4), ss. 21(3), 153; S.I. 2008/2712, art. 2, Sch. para. 1 (subject to arts. 3, 4)

F56240Crediting of periods of remand in custody: terms of imprisonment and detentionE+W

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[F57240ZATime remanded in custody to count as time served: terms of imprisonment and detentionE+W

(1)This section applies where—

(a)an offender is serving a term of imprisonment in respect of an offence, and

(b)the offender has been remanded in custody (within the meaning given by section 242) in connection with the offence or a related offence.

(2)It is immaterial for that purpose whether, for all or part of the period during which the offender was remanded in custody, the offender was also remanded in custody in connection with other offences (but see subsection (5)).

(3)The number of days for which the offender was remanded in custody in connection with the offence or a related offence is to count as time served by the offender as part of the sentence.

But this is subject to subsections (4) to (6).

(4)If, on any day on which the offender was remanded in custody, the offender was also detained in connection with any other matter, that day is not to count as time served.

(5)A day counts as time served—

(a)in relation to only one sentence, and

(b)only once in relation to that sentence.

(6)A day is not to count as time served as part of any [F58automatic release period served by the offender] (see section 255B(1)).

[F59(6A)Where a court has made a declaration under section 327 of the Sentencing Code in relation to the offender in respect of the offence, this section applies to days specified under subsection (3) of that section as if they were days for which the offender was remanded in custody in connection with the offence or a related offence.]

(7)For the purposes of this section a suspended sentence—

(a)is to be treated as a sentence of imprisonment when it takes effect under [F60paragraph 13(1)(a) or (b) of Schedule 16 to the Sentencing Code], and

(b)is to be treated as being imposed by the order under which it takes effect.

(8)In this section “related offence” means an offence, other than the offence for which the sentence is imposed (“offence A”), with which the offender was charged and the charge for which was founded on the same facts or evidence as offence A.

(9)For the purposes of the references in subsections (3) and (5) to the term of imprisonment to which a person has been sentenced (that is to say, the reference to the offender's “sentence”), consecutive terms and terms which are wholly or partly concurrent are to be treated as a single term if—

(a)the sentences were passed on the same occasion, or

(b)where they were passed on different occasions, the person has not been released at any time during the period beginning with the first and ending with the last of those occasions.

(10)The reference in subsection (4) to detention in connection with any other matter does not include remand in custody in connection with another offence but includes—

(a)detention pursuant to any custodial sentence;

(b)committal in default of payment of any sum of money;

(c)committal for want of sufficient distress to satisfy any sum of money;

(d)committal for failure to do or abstain from doing anything required to be done or left undone.

(11)This section applies to a determinate sentence of detention under section 91 or 96 [F61of the PCC(S)A 2000, under section 250, [F62252A,] 254, 262, 265 [F63, 266 or 268A] of the Sentencing Code or under] section [F64226A, 226B,] 227[F65, 228 or 236A] of this Act as it applies to an equivalent sentence of imprisonment.]

[F66240A [F67Time remanded on bail to count towards time served]: terms of imprisonment and detentionE+W

(1)[F68Subsection (2) applies] where—

(a)a court sentences an offender to imprisonment for a term in respect of an offence [F69of which the offender was convicted before 1 December 2020] F70... ,

(b)the offender was remanded on bail by a court in course of or in connection with proceedings for the offence, or any related offence, after the coming into force of section 21 of the Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008, and

(c)the offender's bail was subject to a qualifying curfew condition and an electronic monitoring condition (“the relevant conditions”).

(2)Subject to [F71subsections (3A) and (3B)], the court must direct that the credit period is to count as time served by the offender as part of the sentence.

F72[F73(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F74(3ZA)Subsection (3ZB) applies where—

(a)an offender is serving a term of imprisonment in respect of an offence, and

(b)the court has made a declaration under section 325 of the Sentencing Code specifying a credit period in relation to the sentence.

(3ZB)Subject to subsections (3A) and (3B), the credit period is to count as time served by the offender as part of the sentence.]

(3A)A day of the credit period counts as time served—

(a)in relation to only one sentence, and

(b)only once in relation to that sentence.

(3B)A day of the credit period is not to count as time served as part of any [F75automatic release period served by the offender] (see section 255B(1)).]

F76(8). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F77(9). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F77(10). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(11)[F78Subsections (7) to (9) and (11) of section 240ZA] apply for the purposes of this section as they apply for the purposes of that section but as if—

(a)in subsection (7)—

(i)the reference to a suspended sentence is to be read as including a reference to a sentence to which an order under section 118(1) of [F79the PCC(S)A 2000] relates;

(ii)in paragraph (a) after “Schedule 12” there were inserted or section 119(1)(a) or (b) of [F80the PCC(S)A 2000]; and

(b)[F81in subsection (9) the references to subsections (3) and (5) of section 240ZA are] to be read as a reference to [F82subsections (2) and (3ZB)] of this section and, in paragraph (b), after “Chapter” there were inserted or Part 2 of the Criminal Justice Act 1991.

(12)In this section—

  • [F83curfew requirement” means a requirement (however described) to remain at one or more specified places for a specified number of hours in any given day, provided that the requirement is imposed by a court or the Secretary of State and arises as a result of a conviction;]

  • electronic monitoring condition” means any electronic monitoring requirements imposed under section 3(6ZAA) of the Bail Act 1976 for the purpose of securing the electronic monitoring of a person's compliance with a qualifying curfew condition;

  • qualifying curfew condition” means a condition of bail which requires the person granted bail to remain at one or more specified places for a total of not less than 9 hours in any given day; F84...

  • F84. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ]

Textual Amendments

F68Words in s. 240A(1) substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 220(2)(a) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F69Words in s. 240A(1)(a) inserted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 220(2)(b) (with Sch. 27) (as amended by S.I. 2020/1236, regs. 1, 4(7)(b)); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F73S. 240A(3)-(3B) substituted for s. 240A(3)-(8) (3.12.2012) by Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012 (c. 10), ss. 109(3), 151(1) (with Sch. 15); S.I. 2012/2906, art. 2(d)

F74S. 240A(3ZA)(3ZB) inserted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 220(3) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F75Words in s. 240A(3B) substituted (1.2.2015) by Offender Rehabilitation Act 2014 (c. 11), ss. 9(7), 22(1) (with Sch. 7 para. 5); S.I. 2015/40, art. 2(i)

F79Words in s. 240A(11)(a)(i) substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 220(4) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F80Words in s. 240A(11)(a)(ii) substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 220(4) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F82Words in s. 240A(11)(b) substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 220(5) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C13S. 240A modified in part (1.12.2020 immediately before the consolidation date (see 2020 c. 9, ss. 3, 5(2)(3) and 2020 c. 17, ss. 2, 416)) by Sentencing (Pre-consolidation Amendments) Act 2020 (c. 9), ss. 1, 5(2)(3); S.I. 2012/1236, reg. 2

C14S. 240A applied (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), ss. 325(2), 416(1) (with ss. 2, 398(1), 406, Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

C15S. 240A(2) excluded (3.11.2008) by The Remand on Bail (Disapplication of Credit Period) Rules 2008 (S.I. 2008/2793), art. 2

C16S. 240A(2) excluded (3.11.2008) by The Remand on Bail (Disapplication of Credit Period) Rules 2008 (S.I. 2008/2793), art. 3

C17S. 240A(2) excluded (3.11.2008) by The Remand on Bail (Disapplication of Credit Period) Rules 2008 (S.I. 2008/2793), art. 4

241Effect of [F85section 240ZA or direction under section 240A] [F86or under section 325 of the Sentencing Code] on release on licenceE+W

(1)In determining for the purposes of this Chapter F87... whether a person [F88to whom section 240ZA applies or a direction under section 240A ] [F89or under section 325 of the Sentencing Code] relates —

(a)has served, or would (but for his release) have served, a particular proportion of his sentence, or

(b)has served a particular period,

the number of days [F90specified in section 240ZA or in the direction under section 240A] [F91or under section 325 of the Sentencing Code] are to be treated as having been served by him as part of that sentence or period.

[F92(1A)In subsection (1) the reference to [F93section 240ZA includes] section 246 of the Armed Forces Act 2006.]

F94(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F86Words in s. 241 heading inserted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 221(2) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F92S. 241(1A) inserted (28.3.2009 for certain purposes, otherwise 31.10.2009) by Armed Forces Act 2006 (c.52), ss. 378(1), 383, Sch. 16 para. 220; S.I. 2009/812, art. 3 (with transitional provisions in S.I. 2009/1059); S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I6S. 241 wholly in force 4.4.2005; s. 241 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 336(3); s. 241 in force for certain purposes at 26.1.2004 by S.I. 2003/3282, art. 2, Sch.; s. 241 in force in so far as not already in force at 4.4.2005 by S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 19 (subject to art. 2(2), Sch. 2)

242Interpretation of [F95sections 240ZA][F96, 240A] and 241E+W

(1)For the purposes of [F95sections 240ZA][F96, 240A] and 241, the definition of “sentence of imprisonment” in section 305 applies as if for the words from the beginning of the definition to the end of paragraph (a) there were substituted—

sentence of imprisonment” does not include a committal—

(a)in default of payment of any sum of money, other than one adjudged to be paid on a conviction,;

and references in those sections to sentencing an offender to imprisonment, and to an offender’s sentence, are to be read accordingly.

(2)References in [F95sections 240ZA] and 241 to an offender’s being remanded in custody are references to his being—

(a)remanded in or committed to custody by order of a court,

(b)remanded [F97to youth detention accommodation under section 91(4) of the Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012], or

(c)remanded, admitted or removed to hospital under section 35, 36, 38 or 48 of the Mental Health Act 1983 (c. 20).

F98(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C20S. 242(2)(b) modification to saving for effects of 2012 c. 10, Sch. 12 para. 51(a) by S.I. 2012/2906, art. 7(2)(3) (1.12.2020 immediately before the consolidation date (see 2020 c. 9, ss. 3, 5(2)(3) and 2020 c. 17, ss. 2, 416)) by Sentencing (Pre-consolidation Amendments) Act 2020 (c. 9), s. 5(2)(3), Sch. 2 para. 138; S.I. 2012/1236, reg. 2

C21S. 242(3) modification to saving for effects of 2012 c. 10, Sch. 12 para. 51(b) by S.I. 2012/2906, art. 7(2)(3) (1.12.2020 immediately before the consolidation date (see 2020 c. 9, ss. 3, 5(2)(3) and 2020 c. 17, ss. 2, 416)) by Sentencing (Pre-consolidation Amendments) Act 2020 (c. 9), s. 5(2)(3), Sch. 2 para. 138; S.I. 2012/1236, reg. 2

Commencement Information

I7S. 242 wholly in force at 4.4.2005, see s. 336(3) and S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 19 (subject to art. 2(2), Sch. 2)

243Persons extradited to the United KingdomE+W

(1)A fixed-term prisoner is an extradited prisoner for the purposes of this section if—

(a)he was tried for the offence in respect of which his sentence was imposed [F99or he received that sentence]

(i)after having been extradited to the United Kingdom, and

(ii)without having first been restored or had an opportunity of leaving the United Kingdom, and

(b)he was for any period kept in custody while awaiting his extradition to the United Kingdom as mentioned in paragraph (a)[F100, and

(c)the court has specified under section 327(3) of the Sentencing Code the number of days for which the prisoner was so kept in custody.]

F101[F102(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(2A)Section 240ZA applies to days specified under [F103section 327(3) of the Sentencing Code] as if they were days for which the prisoner was remanded in custody in connection with the offence or a related offence.]

F104(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F100S. 243(1)(c) and word inserted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 222(2) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F101S. 243(2) omitted (1.12.2020) by virtue of Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 222(3) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F103Words in s. 243(2A) substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 222(4) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I8S. 243 wholly in force at 4.4.2005, see s. 336(3) and S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 19 (subject to art. 2(2), Sch. 2)

[F105Unconditional releaseE+W

Textual Amendments

243ADuty to release [F106certain] prisoners serving less than 12 monthsE+W

[F107(1)This section applies to a fixed-term prisoner if—

(a)the prisoner is serving a sentence which is for a term of 1 day, or

(b)the prisoner—

(i)is serving a sentence which is for a term of less than 12 months, and

(ii)is aged under 18 on the last day of the requisite custodial period.

(1A)This section also applies to a fixed-term prisoner if—

(a)the prisoner is serving a sentence which is for a term of less than 12 months, and

(b)the sentence was imposed in respect of an offence committed before the day on which section 1 of the Offender Rehabilitation Act 2014 came into force.]

[F108(1B)But this section does not apply to a prisoner to whom section 247A applies.]

(2)As soon as a prisoner to whom this section applies has served the requisite custodial period for the purposes of this section, it is the duty of the Secretary of State to release that person unconditionally.

(3)For the purposes of this section “the requisite custodial period” is—

(a)[F109in relation to a person serving one sentence], one-half of the sentence, and

(b)in relation to a person serving two or more concurrent or consecutive sentences, the period determined under sections 263(2) and 264(2).

(4)This section is subject to—

(a)section 256B (supervision of young offenders after release), and

(b)paragraph 8 of Schedule 20B (transitional cases).]

Textual Amendments

F107S. 243A(1)(1A) substituted for s. 243A(1) (1.2.2015) by Offender Rehabilitation Act 2014 (c. 11), ss. 1, 22(1) (with Sch. 7 para. 2); S.I. 2015/40, art. 2(a)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C23S. 243A applied by Crime (Sentences) Act 1997 (c. 43), Sch. 1 paras. 8(2)(a), 9(2)(a) (as amended (3.12.2012) by Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012 (c. 10), s. 151(1), Sch. 14 para. 2; S.I. 2012/2906, art. 2(l))

C24S. 243A excluded by International Criminal Court Act 2001 (c. 17), Sch. 7 para. 3(1) (as amended (3.12.2012) by Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012 (c. 10), s. 151(1), Sch. 14 para. 4; S.I. 2012/2906, art. 2(l))

Release on licenceE+W

244Duty to release prisonersE+W

(1)As soon as a fixed-term prisoner, other than a prisoner to whom section [F110243A[F111, 244A][F112, 246A]][F113, 247 or 247A] applies, has served the requisite custodial period [F114for the purposes of this section], it is the duty of the Secretary of State to release him on licence under this section.

[F115(1A)Subsection (1) does not apply if the prisoner has been released on licence under section 246 [F116or 248] and recalled under section 254 (provision for the release of such persons being made by sections 255B and 255C).]

F117(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(3)[F118For the purposes of this section]the requisite custodial period” means—

(a)[F119in relation to a prisoner serving one sentence], one-half of his sentence,

F120(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F120(c). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(d)in relation to a person serving two or more concurrent or consecutive sentences F121... , the period determined under sections 263(2) and 264(2).

[F122(4)This section is subject to paragraphs 5, 6, 8, 25 and 28 of Schedule 20B (transitional cases).]

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I9S. 244 partly in force; s. 244 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 336(3); s. 244(1)(2)(3)(c)(d) in force for certain purposes at 26.1.2004 by S.I. 2003/3282, art. 2, Sch.; s. 244(1)(2)(3)(a)(d) in force at 4.4.2005 by S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 19 (subject to art. 2(2), Sch. 2)

[F123244ARelease on licence of prisoners serving sentence under [F124section 278 of the Sentencing Code etc] E+W

(1)This section applies to a prisoner (“P”) who is serving a sentence imposed under section 236A [F125or under section 265 or 278 of the Sentencing Code] [F126, other than a prisoner to whom section 247A applies].

(2)The Secretary of State must refer P's case to the Board—

(a)as soon as P has served the requisite custodial period, and

(b)where there has been a previous reference of P's case to the Board under this subsection and the Board did not direct P's release, not later than the second anniversary of the disposal of that reference.

(3)It is the duty of the Secretary of State to release P on licence under this section as soon as—

(a)P has served the requisite custodial period, and

(b)the Board has directed P's release under this section.

(4)The Board must not give a direction under subsection (3) unless—

(a)the Secretary of State has referred P's case to the Board, and

(b)the Board is satisfied that it is not necessary for the protection of the public that P should be confined.

(5)It is the duty of the Secretary of State to release P on licence under this section as soon as P has served the appropriate custodial term, unless P has previously been released on licence under this section and recalled under section 254 (provision for the release of such persons being made by sections 255A to 255C).

(6)For the purposes of this section—

  • the appropriate custodial term” means the term determined as such by the court under section 236A [F127or under section 265 or 278 of the Sentencing Code];

  • the requisite custodial period” means—

    (a)

    in relation to a person serving one sentence, one-half of the appropriate custodial term, and

    (b)

    in relation to a person serving two or more concurrent or consecutive sentences, the period determined under sections 263(2) and 264(2).]

F128245Restrictions on operation of section 244(1) in relation to intermittent custody prisonersE+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

246Power to release prisoners on licence before required to do soE+W

(1)Subject to subsections (2) to (4), the Secretary of State may—

(a)release on licence under this section a fixed-term prisonerF129... at any time during the period of 135 days ending with the day on which the prisoner will have served the requisite custodial period, F130...

F130(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(2)Subsection (1)(a) does not apply in relation to a prisoner unless—

(a)the length of the requisite custodial period is at least 6 weeks, [F131and

(b)he has served—

(i)at least 4 weeks of that period, and

(ii)at least one-half of that period.]

F132(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(4)Subsection (1) does not apply where—

(a)the sentence is imposed under section [F133226A,] 227[F134, 228 or 236A] [F135or under section 265, 266, 278 or 279 of the Sentencing Code],

[F136(aa)the sentence is for a term of 4 years or more,]

[F137(ab)the prisoner is one to whom section 247A applies,]

(b)the sentence is for an offence under section 1 of the Prisoners (Return to Custody) Act 1995 (c. 16),

(c)the prisoner is subject to a hospital order, hospital direction or transfer direction under section 37, 45A or 47 of the Mental Health Act 1983 (c. 20),

(d)the sentence was imposed by virtue of paragraph 9(1)(b) or (c) or 10(1)(b) or (c) of Schedule 8 [F138, or paragraph 10(5)(c) or (d) or 11(2)(c) or (d) of Schedule 10 to the Sentencing Code,] in a case where the prisoner has failed to comply with a curfew requirement of a community order,

(e)the prisoner is subject to the notification requirements of Part 2 of the Sexual Offences Act 2003 (c. 42),

(f)the prisoner is liable to removal from the United Kingdom,

(g)the prisoner has been released on licence under this section [F139at any time], and has been recalled to prison under section 255(1)(a) [F140(and the revocation has not been cancelled under section 255(3))],

[F141(ga)the prisoner has at any time been released on licence under section 34A of the Criminal Justice Act 1991 and has been recalled to prison under section 38A(1)(a) of that Act (and the revocation of the licence has not been cancelled under section 38A(3) of that Act);]

(h)the prisoner has been released on licence under section 248 during the currency of the sentence, and has been recalled to prison under section 254, F142...

[F143(ha)the prisoner has at any time been returned to prison under section 40 of the Criminal Justice Act 1991 or section 116 of [F144the PCC(S)A 2000], or]

(i)in the case of a prisoner [F145to whom section 240ZA applies or a direction under section 240A [F146or under section 325 of the Sentencing Code] relates], the interval between the date on which the sentence was passed and the date on which the prisoner will have served the requisite custodial period is less than 14 days F147... .

[F148(4ZA)Where subsection (4)(aa) applies to a prisoner who is serving two or more terms of imprisonment, the reference to the term of the sentence is—

(a)if the terms are partly concurrent, a reference to the period which begins when the first term begins and ends when the last term ends;

(b)if the terms are to be served consecutively, a reference to the aggregate of the terms.]

[F149(4A)In subsection (4)—

(a)the reference in paragraph (d) to a community order includes a service community order or overseas community order under the Armed Forces Act 2006; and

(b)the reference in paragraph (i) to [F150section 240ZA includes] section 246 of that Act.]

(5)The Secretary of State may by order—

(a)amend the number of days for the time being specified in subsection (1)(a) F151... or (4)(i),

(b)amend the number of weeks for the time being specified in subsection (2)(a) or (b)(i), and

(c)amend the fraction for the time being specified in subsection (2)(b)(ii) F152... .

(6)In this section—

  • F153. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  • the requisite custodial period” in relation to a person serving any sentence F154... , has the meaning given by [F155paragraph (a) or (b) of section 243A(3) or (as the case may be)] paragraph (a)F154... or (d) of section 244(3);

  • F156. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  • [F157term of imprisonment” includes a determinate sentence of detention under section 91 or 96 of [F158the PCC(S)A 2000, under section 250, 254, 262, 265, 266, 278 or 279 of the Sentencing Code] or under section [F159226A, 226B,] 227[F160, 228 or 236A] of this Act.]

Textual Amendments

F131S. 246(2)(b) and word substituted (14.7.2008) for s. 246(2)(b) by Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 (c. 4), ss. 24, 153; S.I. 2008/1586, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 11

F135Words in s. 246(4)(a) inserted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 224(2)(a) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F138Words in s. 246(4)(d) inserted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 224(2)(b) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F144Words in s. 246(4)(ha) substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 224(2)(c) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F146Words in s. 246(4)(i) inserted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 224(2)(d) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F149S. 246(4A) inserted (28.3.2009 for certain purposes, otherwise 31.10.2009) by Armed Forces Act 2006 (c. 52), ss. 378(1), 383, Sch. 16 para. 221; S.I. 2009/812, art. 3 (with transitional provisions in S.I. 2009/1059); S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4

F158Words in s. 246(6) substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 224(3) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C26S. 246 excluded (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), ss. 237(5), 416(1) (with ss. 2, 398(1), 406, Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Commencement Information

I10S. 246 wholly in force at 4.4.2005; s. 246 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 336(3); s. 246(1)(b)(3)(4)(b)-(i)(5)(6) in force for certain purposes at 26.1.2004 by S.I. 2003/3282, art. 2, Sch.; s. 246(5) in force at 7.3.2005 by S.I. 2005/373, art. 2; s. 246 in force in so far as not already in force at 4.4.2005 by S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 19 (subject to art. 2(2), Sch. 2)

[F161246ARelease on licence of prisoners serving extended sentence under [F162section 254, 266 or 279 of the Sentencing Code etc] E+W

(1)This section applies to a prisoner (“P”) who is serving an extended sentence imposed under section 226A or 226B [F163or under section 254, 266 or 279 of the Sentencing Code] [F164, other than a prisoner to whom section 247A applies].

(2)It is the duty of the Secretary of State to release P on licence under this section as soon as P has served the requisite custodial period for the purposes of this section [F165if—

(a)the sentence was imposed before the coming into force of section 4 of the Criminal Justice and Courts Act 2015,

(b)the appropriate custodial term is less than 10 years, and

(c)the sentence was not imposed in respect of an offence listed in Parts 1 to 3 of Schedule 15B or in respect of offences that include one or more offences listed in those Parts of that Schedule.]

(3)[F166In any other case], it is the duty of the Secretary of State to release P on licence in accordance with subsections (4) to (7).

(4)The Secretary of State must refer P's case to the Board—

(a)as soon as P has served the requisite custodial period, and

(b)where there has been a previous reference of P's case to the Board under this subsection and the Board did not direct P's release, not later than the second anniversary of the disposal of that reference.

(5)It is the duty of the Secretary of State to release P on licence under this section as soon as—

(a)P has served the requisite custodial period, and

(b)the Board has directed P's release under this section.

(6)The Board must not give a direction under subsection (5) unless—

(a)the Secretary of State has referred P's case to the Board, and

(b)the Board is satisfied that it is no longer necessary for the protection of the public that P should be confined.

[F167(6A)Sections 246B and 246C contain provision that relates to the Board's function of giving directions under subsection (5) for the release of P.]

(7)It is the duty of the Secretary of State to release P on licence under this section as soon as P has served the appropriate custodial term, unless P has previously been released on licence under this section and recalled under section 254 (provision for the release of such persons being made by section 255C).

(8)For the purposes of this section—

  • appropriate custodial term” means the term determined as such by the court under section 226A or 226B [F168or under section 254, 266 or 279 of the Sentencing Code] (as appropriate);

  • the requisite custodial period” means—

    (a)

    in relation to a person serving one sentence, two-thirds of the appropriate custodial term, and

    (b)

    in relation to a person serving two or more concurrent or consecutive sentences, the period determined under sections 263(2) and 264(2).]

[F169246BManslaughter: prisoner's non-disclosure of informationE+W

(1)The Board must comply with this section when making a public protection decision about a prisoner if—

(a)the prisoner's sentence was passed for manslaughter;

(b)the Board does not know where and how the victim's remains were disposed of; and

(c)the Board believes that the prisoner has information about where, or how, the victim's remains were disposed of (whether the information relates to the actions of the prisoner or any other individual) which the prisoner has not disclosed to the Board (“the prisoner's non-disclosure”).

(2)When making the public protection decision about the prisoner, the Board must take into account—

(a)the prisoner's non-disclosure; and

(b)the reasons, in the Board's view, for the prisoner's non-disclosure.

(3)This section does not limit the matters which the Board must or may take into account when making a public protection decision.

(4)In subsection (1)(a) the reference to a sentence includes a sentence passed before the coming into force of section 2 of the Prisoners (Disclosure of Information About Victims) Act 2020.

(5)In this section, in relation to a prisoner—

  • public protection decision” means the decision, made under section 246A(6)(b) for the purposes of section 246A(5), as to whether the Board is satisfied that it is no longer necessary for the protection of the public that the prisoner should be confined;

  • victim” means the victim of the offence for which the prisoner's sentence was passed;

and a reference to the victim's remains being disposed of includes the remains being left at the location where the victim died.]

[F169246CIndecent images: prisoner's non-disclosure of informationE+W

(1)The Board must comply with this section when making a public protection decision about a prisoner if—

(a)the prisoner's sentence was passed for—

(i)an offence of taking an indecent photograph of a child, or

(ii)a relevant offence of making an indecent pseudo-photograph of a child;

(b)the Board does not know the identity of the child who is the subject of the relevant indecent image; and

(c)the Board believes that the prisoner has information about the identity of the child who is the subject of the relevant indecent image which the prisoner has not disclosed to the Board (“the prisoner's non-disclosure”).

(2)When making the public protection decision about the prisoner, the Board must take into account—

(a)the prisoner's non-disclosure; and

(b)the reasons, in the Board's view, for the prisoner's non-disclosure.

(3)This section does not limit the matters which the Board must or may take into account when making a public protection decision.

(4)In subsection (1)(a), the reference to a sentence includes a sentence passed before the coming into force of section 2 of the Prisoners (Disclosure of Information About Victims) Act 2020.

(5)For the purposes of this section, an offence is—

(a)an “offence of taking an indecent photograph of a child” if it is an offence under section 1(1)(a) of the Protection of Children Act 1978 of taking an indecent photograph of a child;

(b)a “relevant offence of making an indecent pseudo-photograph of a child” if—

(i)it is an offence under section 1(1)(a) of the Protection of Children Act 1978 of making an indecent pseudo-photograph of a child, and

(ii)the Board believes that an image of a real child was or may have been used in the making of the pseudo-photograph;

and, in the application of this section to a relevant offence of making an indecent pseudo-photograph of a child, the references in subsection (1)(b) and (c) to the child who is the subject of the relevant indecent image are references to the real child.

(6)In this section—

  • public protection decision”, in relation to a prisoner, means the decision, made under section 246A(6)(b) for the purposes of section 246A(5), as to whether the Board is satisfied that it is no longer necessary for the protection of the public that the prisoner should be confined;

  • relevant indecent image” means—

    (a)

    the photograph to which an offence of taking an indecent photograph of a child relates, or

    (b)

    the pseudo-photograph to which a relevant offence of making an indecent pseudo-photograph of a child relates.]

247Release on licence of prisoner serving extended sentence under section 227 or 228E+W

(1)This section applies to a prisoner who is serving an extended sentence imposed under section 227 or 228[F170, other than a prisoner to whom section 247A applies].

(2)As soon as—

(a)a prisoner to whom this section applies has served [F171the requisite custodial period], F172. . .

(b)F173. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

it is the duty of the Secretary of State to release him on licence.

(3)F174. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(4)F175. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(5)F176. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(6)F177. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F178(7)In this section—

  • the appropriate custodial term” means the period determined by the court as the appropriate custodial term under section 227 or 228;

  • the requisite custodial period” means—

    (a)

    in relation to a person serving one sentence, one-half of the appropriate custodial term, and

    (b)

    in relation to a person serving two or more concurrent or consecutive sentences, the period determined under sections 263(2) and 264(2).]

[F179(8)In its application to a person serving a sentence imposed before 14 July 2008, this section is subject to the modifications set out in paragraph 15 of Schedule 20B (transitional cases).]

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I11S. 247 wholly in force at 4.4.2005, see s. 336(3) and S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 19 (subject to art. 2(2), Sch. 2)

[F180247ARestricted eligibility for release on licence of terrorist prisonersE+W

(1)This section applies to a prisoner (a “terrorist prisoner”) who—

(a)is serving a fixed-term sentence imposed (whether before or after this section comes into force) in respect of an offence within subsection (2), and

(b)has not been released on licence.

(2)An offence is within this subsection ([F181whenever it was committed]) if—

[F182(a)it is specified in Part 1 or 2 of Schedule 19ZA (terrorism offences punishable with imprisonment for life or for more than two years),]

[F183(b)it is a service offence as respects which the corresponding civil offence is so specified, or

(c)it was determined to have a terrorist connection.]

[F184(2A)Subsections (3) to (5) apply unless the terrorist prisoner's sentence was imposed—

(a)under section 226A or 226B or under section 254, 266, 268A, 279 or 282A of the Sentencing Code (extended sentence or serious terrorism sentence for dangerous offenders),

(b)on or after the day on which section 27 of the Counter-Terrorism and Sentencing Act 2021 comes into force, and

(c)in respect of an offence that—

(i)is specified in Part 1 of Schedule 19ZA (terrorism offences punishable with imprisonment for life),

(ii)is a service offence as respects which the corresponding civil offence is so specified,

(iii)is specified in Part 3 of that Schedule (other offences punishable with imprisonment for life) and was determined to have a terrorist connection, or

(iv)is a service offence as respects which the corresponding civil offence is so specified, and was determined to have a terrorist connection.]

(3)It is the duty of the Secretary of State to refer the case of a terrorist prisoner to the Board—

(a)as soon as the prisoner has served the requisite custodial period, and

(b)where there has been a previous reference of the prisoner's case to the Board under this subsection and the Board did not direct the prisoner's release, no later than the second anniversary of the disposal of that reference.

(4)It is the duty of the Secretary of State to release a terrorist prisoner on licence as soon as—

(a)the prisoner has served the requisite custodial period, and

(b)the Board has directed the release of the prisoner under this section.

(5)The Board must not give a direction under subsection (4) unless—

(a)the Secretary of State has referred the terrorist prisoner's case to the Board, and

(b)the Board is satisfied that it is no longer necessary for the protection of the public that the prisoner should be confined.

(6)Subsection (7) applies where the terrorist prisoner is serving a sentence imposed under section 226A, 226B, 227, 228 or 236A [F185or under section [F186252A,] 254, 265, 266, [F187268A, 278, 279 or 282A] of the Sentencing Code].

(7)It is the duty of the Secretary of State to release the terrorist prisoner on licence under this section as soon as the prisoner has served the appropriate custodial term (see sections 255B and 255C for provision about the re-release of a person who has been recalled under section 254).

[F188(7A)For the purposes of this section, an offence was determined to have a terrorist connection if it was—

(a)determined to have a terrorist connection under—

(i)section 69 of the Sentencing Code (including as applied by section 238(6) of the Armed Forces Act 2006),

(ii)section 30 of the Counter-Terrorism Act 2008 (in the case of an offender sentenced in England and Wales before the Sentencing Code applied, or an offender sentenced in Northern Ireland but now subject to the provisions of this Chapter), or

(iii)section 32 of that Act (in the case of a person sentenced for a service offence before the Sentencing Code applied), or

(b)proved to have been aggravated by reason of having a terrorist connection under section 31 of the Counter-Terrorism Act 2008 (in the case of an offender sentenced in Scotland but now subject to the provisions of this Chapter).]

(8)For the purposes of this section—

  • the appropriate custodial term”, in relation to a sentence imposed under section 226A, 226B, 227, 228 or 236A, [F189or under section [F190252A,] 254, 265, 266, [F191268A, 278, 279 or 282A] of the Sentencing Code,] means the term determined as such by the court under that provision;

  • the requisite custodial period” means—

    (a)

    in relation to a person serving one sentence imposed under section 226A, 226B, 227, 228, or 236A, [F189or under section [F190252A,] 254, 265, 266, 278 or 279 of the Sentencing Code,] two-thirds of the appropriate custodial term,

    (b)

    in relation to a person serving one sentence of any other kind, two-thirds of the sentence, and

    (c)

    in relation to a person serving two or more concurrent or consecutive sentences, the period determined under sections 263(2) and 264(2);

  • service offence”, [F192and “corresponding civil offence”] have the same meanings as in the Counter-Terrorism Act 2008 (see section 95 of that Act).

(9)For the purposes of this section, a reference of a terrorist prisoner's case to the Board disposed of before the day on which this section comes into force is to be treated as if it was made (and disposed of) under subsection (3) if—

(a)it was made under section 244A(2)(b) and disposed of at a time when the prisoner had served the requisite custodial [F193period] (within the meaning of this section, not section 244A), or

(b)it was made under section 246A(4).

(10)Nothing in this section affects the duty of the Secretary of State to release a person whose release has been directed by the Board before this section comes into force.

[F194(10A)In the case of a prisoner to whom this section applies as a result of the amendments made by sub-paragraph (2) of paragraph 45 of Schedule 13 to the Counter-Terrorism and Sentencing Act 2021, the references in subsections (9) and (10) to the date on which this section comes into force are to be read as references to the date on which that sub-paragraph comes into force.]

(11)This section is subject to paragraphs 5, 17 and 19 of Schedule 20B (transitional cases).]

Textual Amendments

F185Words in s. 247A(6) inserted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 226(3) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F189Words in s. 247A(8) inserted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 226(4) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

248Power to release prisoners on compassionate groundsE+W

(1)The Secretary of State may at any time release a fixed-term prisoner on licence if he is satisfied that exceptional circumstances exist which justify the prisoner’s release on compassionate grounds.

F195(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I12S. 248 wholly in force at 4.4.2005; s. 248 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 336(3); s. 248(1) in force for certain purposes at 26.1.2004 by S.I. 2003/3282, art. 2, Sch.; s. 248 in force in so far as not already in force at 4.4.2005 by S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 19 (subject to art. 2(2), Sch. 2)

249Duration of licenceE+W

(1)Subject to [F196subsection (3)], where a fixed-term prisoner[F197, other than one to whom section 243A applies,] is released on licence, the licence shall, subject to any revocation under section 254 or 255, remain in force for the remainder of his sentence.

[F198(1A)Where a prisoner to whom section 243A applies is released on licence, the licence shall, subject to any revocation under section 254 or 255, remain in force until the date on which, but for the release, the prisoner would have served one-half of the sentence.

This is subject to subsection (3).]

F199(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(3)[F200Subsections (1) and (1A) have] effect subject to [F201section] 263(2) (concurrent terms) [F202and sections 264(3C)(a) and 264B] F203... (consecutive terms) F204... .

F205(4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F206(5)This section is subject to paragraphs 17, 19 and 26 of Schedule 20B (transitional cases).]

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I13S. 249 wholly in force at 4.4.2005; s. 249 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 336(3); s. 249 in force for certain purposes at 26.1.2004 by S.I. 2003/3282, art. 2, Sch.; s. 249 in force in so far as not already in force at 4.4.2005 by S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1) Sch. 1 para. 19 (subject to art. 2(2), Sch. 2)

250Licence conditionsE+W

(1)In this section—

(a)the standard conditions” means such conditions as may be prescribed for the purposes of this section as standard conditions, and

(b)prescribed” means prescribed by the Secretary of State by order.

F207(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F208(2A). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F209(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(4)Any licence under this Chapter in respect of a prisoner serving a sentence of imprisonment F210... (including F210... a sentence imposed under section [F211226A][F212, 227 or 236A] [F213or under section 278 [F214, 279 or 282A] of the Sentencing Code]) or any sentence of detention under section 91 [F215or 96] of [F216the PCC(S)A 2000, under section 250, [F217252A,] 254, 262, 265 [F218, 266 or 268A] of the Sentencing Code or under] section [F219226A, 226B,] [F220227 ][F221, 228 or 236A] of this Act—

(a)must include the standard conditions,

[F222(aa)must include any electronic monitoring conditions required by an order under section 62A of the Criminal Justice and Court Services Act 2000,] and

(b)may include—

(i)any [F223other] condition authorised by section 62[F224, 64 or 64A] of the Criminal Justice and Court Services Act 2000 [F225or section 28 of the Offender Management Act 2007], and

(ii)such other conditions of a kind prescribed by the Secretary of State for the purposes of this paragraph as the Secretary of State may for the time being specify in the licence.

[F226(4A)In exercising any power under subsection (4)(b) in respect of an offender, the Secretary of State must have regard to any recommendation under section 328 of the Sentencing Code (power of court to recommend licence conditions where adult is sentenced to term of 12 months or more).]

(5)A licence under section 246 must also include a curfew condition complying with section 253.

[F227(5A)Subsection (5B) applies to a licence granted, either on initial release or after recall to prison, [F228to—

(a)a prisoner [F229, other than a terrorist prisoner,]] serving an extended sentence imposed under section 226A or 226B [F230or under section 254, 266 or 279 of the Sentencing Code], other than a sentence that meets the conditions in section 246A(2) (release without direction of the Board)[F231, or

(b)a prisoner [F232, other than a terrorist prisoner,] serving a sentence imposed under section 236A [F233or under section [F234252A,] 265 or 278 of the Sentencing Code].]

[F235(5AA)Subsection (5B) also applies to a licence granted, either on initial release or after recall to prison, to a terrorist prisoner in a case where the licence is granted following a direction of the Board for the prisoner’s release.]

(5B)The Secretary of State must not—

(a)include a condition referred to in subsection (4)(b)(ii) in the licence, either on release or subsequently, or

(b)vary or cancel any such condition included in the licence,

unless the Board directs the Secretary of State to do so.]

F236(5BA). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F237(6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F238(7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(8)In exercising his powers to prescribe standard conditions or the other conditions referred to in subsection (4)(b)(ii), the Secretary of State must have regard to the following purposes of the supervision of offenders while on licence under this Chapter—

(a)the protection of the public,

(b)the prevention of re-offending, and

(c)securing the successful re-integration of the prisoner into the community.

[F239(9)In this section “terrorist prisoner” means a prisoner to whom section 247A applies, or would apply but for the prisoner’s having been released on licence.]

Textual Amendments

F216Words in s. 250(4) substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 227(2)(b) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F224Words in s. 250(4)(b)(i) substituted (1.2.2015) by Offender Rehabilitation Act 2014 (c. 11), ss. 12(2), 22(1) (with Sch. 7 para. 6); S.I. 2015/40, art. 2(k)

F225Words in s. 250(4)(b)(i) inserted (for specified purposes and with effect in accordance with art. 5 of the commencing S.I., 6.1.2014 in so far as not already in force) by Offender Management Act 2007 (c. 21), ss. 28(5), 41(1); S.I. 2009/32, arts. 3(a), 4; S.I. 2013/1963, art. 2(1)

F227S. 250(5A)(5B) substituted for s. 250(5A) (13.4.2015) by Criminal Justice and Courts Act 2015 (c. 2), ss. 15(5), 95(1); S.I. 2015/778, art. 3, Sch. 1 para. 11

F230Words in s. 250(5A)(a) inserted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 227(4)(a) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F233Words in s. 250(5A)(b) inserted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 227(4)(b) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Commencement Information

I14S. 250 partly in force; s. 250 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 336(3); s. 250(1)-(3)(5)-(8) in force for certain purposes at 26.1.2004 by S.I. 2003/3282, art. 2, Sch.; s. 250(1)(2)(b)(ii)(4)(b)(ii)(8) in force at 7.3.2005 by S.I. 2005/373, art. 2; s. 250(1)(4)-(7) in force at 4.4.2005 by S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 19 (subject to art. 2(2), Sch. 2)

F240251Licence conditions on re-release of prisoner serving sentence of less than 12 monthsE+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I15S. 251 partly in force; s. 251 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 336(3); s. 251 in force for certain purposes at 26.1.2004 by S.I. 2003/3282, art. 2, Sch.

252Duty to comply with licence conditionsE+W

[F241(1)]A person subject to a licence under this Chapter must comply with such conditions as may for the time being be specified in the licence.

[F242(2)But where—

(a)the licence relates to a sentence of imprisonment passed by a service court, [F243and]

F244(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(c)the person is residing outside the British Islands,

the conditions specified in the licence apply to him only so far as it is practicable for him to comply with them where he is residing.]

Textual Amendments

F241S. 252 renumbered (28.3.2009 for certain purposes, otherwise 31.10.2009) as s. 252(1) by Armed Forces Act 2006 (c. 52), ss. 378(1), 383, Sch. 16 para. 224(1); S.I. 2009/812, art. 3 (with transitional provisions in S.I. 2009/1059); S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4

F242S. 252(2) inserted (28.3.2009 for certain purposes, otherwise 31.10.2009) by Armed Forces Act 2006 (c. 52), ss. 378(1), 383, Sch. 16 para. 224(2); S.I. 2009/812, art. 3 (with transitional provisions in S.I. 2009/1059); S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4

Commencement Information

I16S. 252 wholly in force at 4.4.2005; s. 252 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 336(3); s. 252 in force for certain purposes at 26.1.2004 by S.I. 2003/3282, art. 2, Sch.; s. 252 in force in so far as not already in force at 4.4.2005 by S.I 2005/950, {art. 2(1)}, Sch. 1 para. 19 (subject to art. 2(2), Sch. 2)

253Curfew condition to be included in licence under section 246[F245, 255B or 255C] E+W

(1)For the purposes of this Chapter, a curfew condition is a condition which—

(a)requires the released person to remain, for periods for the time being specified in the condition, at a place for the time being so specified (which may be premises approved by the Secretary of State under [F246section 13 of the Offender Management Act 2007 (c.21)]), and

(b)includes [F247a requirement, imposed under section 62 of the Criminal Justice and Court Services Act 2000, to submit to] electronic monitoring of his whereabouts during the periods for the time being so specified.

(2)The curfew condition may specify different places or different periods for different days, but may not specify periods which amount to less than 9 hours in any one day (excluding for this purpose the first and last days of the period for which the condition is in force).

(3)The curfew condition is to remain in force until the date when the released person would (but for his release) fall to be released [F248unconditionally under section 243A or] on licence under section 244.

F249(4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F250(5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(6)Nothing in this section is to be taken to require the Secretary of State to ensure that arrangements are made for the electronic monitoring of released persons' whereabouts in any particular part of England and Wales.

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I17S. 253 wholly in force at 4.4.2005; s. 253 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 336(3); s. 253 in force for certain purposes at 26.1.2004 by S.I. 2003/3282, art. 2, Sch.; s. 253(5) in force at 7.3.2005 by S.I. 2005/373, art. 2; s. 253 in force in so far as not already in force at 4.4.2005 by S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 19 (subject to art. 2(2), Sch. 2)

Recall after releaseE+W

254Recall of prisoners while on licenceE+W

(1)The Secretary of State may, in the case of any prisoner who has been released on licence under this Chapter, revoke his licence and recall him to prison.

(2)A person recalled to prison under subsection (1)—

(a)may make representations in writing with respect to his recall, and

(b)on his return to prison, must be informed of the reasons for his recall and of his right to make representations.

[F251(2A)The Secretary of State, after considering any representations under subsection (2)(a) or any other matters, may cancel a revocation under this section.

(2B)The Secretary of State may cancel a revocation under subsection (2A) only if satisfied that the person recalled has complied with all the conditions specified in the licence.

(2C)Where the revocation of a person's licence is cancelled under subsection (2A), the person is to be treated as if the recall under subsection (1) had not happened.]

F252(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F252(4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F252(5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(6)On the revocation of the licence of any person under this section, he shall be liable to be detained in pursuance of his sentence and, if at large, is to be treated as being unlawfully at large.

(7)Nothing in [F253this section] applies in relation to a person recalled under section 255.

Textual Amendments

F252S. 254(3)-(5) repealed (14.7.2008 for certain purposes, otherwise 31.10.2009) by Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 (c. 4), ss. 29(1)(a), 149, 153, Sch. 28 Pt. 2; S.I. 2008/1586, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 paras. 15, 50(2)(c) (subject to Sch. 2 para. 3); S.I. 2009/2606, art. 3(c)

F253Words in s. 254(7) substituted (14.7.2008 for certain purposes, otherwise 31.10.2009 ) by Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 (c. 4), ss. 29(1)(b), 153; S.I. 2008/1586, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 15 (subject to Sch. 2 para. 3); S.I. 2009/2606 {art. 3(c)}

Commencement Information

I18S. 254 wholly in force at 4.4.2005; s. 254 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 336(3); s. 254 in force for certain purposes at 26.1.2004 by S.I. 2003/3282, art. 2, Sch.; s. 254 in force in so far as not already in force at 4.4.2005 by S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 19 (subject to art. 2(2), Sch. 2 (as amended by S.I. 2005/2122, art. 2))

255Recall of prisoners released early under section 246E+W

(1)If it appears to the Secretary of State, as regards a person released on licence under section 246—

(a)that he has failed to comply with [F254the curfew condition included in the licence], or

(b)that his whereabouts can no longer be electronically monitored at the place for the time being specified in the curfew condition included in his licence,

the Secretary of State may, if the curfew condition is still in force, revoke the licence and recall the person to prison under this section.

(2)A person whose licence under section 246 is revoked under this section—

(a)may make representations in writing with respect to the revocation, and

(b)on his return to prison, must be informed of the reasons for the revocation and of his right to make representations.

(3)The Secretary of State, after considering any representations under [F255subsection (2)(a)] or any other matters, may cancel a revocation under this section.

(4)Where the revocation of a person’s licence is cancelled under subsection (3), the person is to be treated for the purposes of section 246 as if he had not been recalled to prison under this section.

(5)On the revocation of a person’s licence under section 246, he is liable to be detained in pursuance of his sentence and, if at large, is to be treated as being unlawfully at large.

Textual Amendments

F254Words in s. 255(1)(a) substituted (1.2.2015) by Offender Rehabilitation Act 2014 (c. 11), ss. 9(3), 22(1) (with Sch. 7 para. 5); S.I. 2015/40, art. 2(i)

Commencement Information

I19S. 255 wholly in force at 4.4.2005; s. 255 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 336(3); s. 255 in force for certain purposes at 26.1.2004 by S.I. 2003/3282, art. 2, Sch.; s. 255 in force in so far as not already in force at 4.4.2005 by S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 19 (subject to art. 2(2), Sch. 2)

[F256255ZAOffence of remaining unlawfully at large after recallE+W

(1)A person recalled to prison under section 254 or 255 commits an offence if the person—

(a)has been notified of the recall orally or in writing, and

(b)while unlawfully at large fails, without reasonable excuse, to take all necessary steps to return to prison as soon as possible.

(2)A person is to be treated for the purposes of subsection (1)(a) as having been notified of the recall if—

(a)written notice of the recall has been delivered to an appropriate address, and

(b)a period specified in the notice has elapsed.

(3)In subsection (2) “an appropriate address” means—

(a)an address at which, under the person's licence, the person is permitted to reside or stay, or

(b)an address nominated, in accordance with the person's licence, for the purposes of this section.

(4)A person is also to be treated for the purposes of subsection (1)(a) as having been notified of the recall if—

(a)the person's licence requires the person to keep in touch in accordance with any instructions given by an officer of a provider of probation services,

(b)the person has failed to comply with such an instruction, and

(c)the person has not complied with such an instruction for at least 6 months.

(5)A person who is guilty of an offence under this section is liable—

(a)on conviction on indictment to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 2 years or a fine (or both);

(b)on summary conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 12 months or a fine (or both).

(6)In relation to an offence committed before [F257paragraph 24(2) of Schedule 22 to the Sentencing Act 2020] comes into force, the reference in subsection (5)(b) to 12 months is to be read as a reference to 6 months.

(7)In relation to an offence committed before section 85 of the Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012 comes into force, the reference in subsection (5)(b) to a fine is to be read as a reference to a fine not exceeding the statutory maximum.]

[F258Further release after recall]E+W

Textual Amendments

F258S. 255A-255C and crossheading substituted for s. 255A-255D (3.12.2012) by Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012 (c. 10), ss. 114(1), 151(1) (with Sch. 15); S.I. 2012/2906, art. 2(d)

[F258255AFurther release after recall: introductoryE+W

(1)This section applies for the purpose of identifying which of sections 255B and 255C governs the further release of a person who has been recalled under section 254.

(2)The Secretary of State must, on recalling a person other than an extended sentence prisoner [F259or a serious terrorism prisoner], consider whether the person is suitable for automatic release.

F260(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(4)A person is suitable for automatic release only if the Secretary of State is satisfied that the person will not present a risk of serious harm to members of the public if released at the end of [F261the automatic release period].

(5)The person must be dealt with—

(a)in accordance with section 255B if suitable for automatic release;

(b)in accordance with section 255C otherwise.

[F262but that is subject, where applicable, to section 243A(2) (unconditional release).]

(6)For the purposes of this section, a person returns to custody when that person, having been recalled, is detained (whether or not in prison) in pursuance of the sentence.

(7)An “extended sentence prisoner” is a prisoner serving an extended sentence imposed under—

(a)section [F263226A, 226B,] 227 or 228 of this Act, F264...

[F265(aa)section 254, 266 or 279 of the Sentencing Code, or]

(b)section 85 of [F266the PCC(S)A 2000];

and paragraph (b) includes (in accordance with paragraph 1(3) of Schedule 11 to [F266the PCC(S)A 2000]) a reference to section 58 of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998.]

[F267(7A)A “serious terrorism prisoner” is a prisoner serving a serious terrorism sentence imposed under section 268A or 282A of the Sentencing Code.]

[F268(8)Automatic release” means release at the end of the automatic release period.

(9)In the case of a person recalled under section 254 while on licence under a provision of this Chapter other than section 246, “the automatic release period” means—

(a)where the person is serving a sentence of less than 12 months, the period of 14 days beginning with the day on which the person returns to custody;

(b)where the person is serving a sentence of 12 months or more, the period of 28 days beginning with that day.

(10)In the case of a person recalled under section 254 while on licence under section 246, “the automatic release period” means whichever of the following ends later—

(a)the period described in subsection (9)(a) or (b) (as appropriate);

(b)the requisite custodial period which the person would have served under section 243A or 244 but for the earlier release.]

Textual Amendments

F264Word in s. 255A(7)(a) omitted (1.12.2020) by virtue of Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 228(a) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F266Words in s. 255A(7) substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 228(c) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C27S. 255A(7) modified (1.12.2020 immediately before the consolidation date (see 2020 c. 9, ss. 3, 5(2)(3) and 2020 c. 17, ss. 2, 416)) by Sentencing (Pre-consolidation Amendments) Act 2020 (c. 9), ss. 1, 5(2)(3); S.I. 2012/1236, reg. 2

[F258255BAutomatic releaseE+W

(1)A prisoner who is suitable for automatic release (“P”) must—

(a)on return to prison, be informed that he or she will be released under this section (subject to subsections (8) and (9)), and

(b)at the end of [F269the automatic release period (as defined in section 255A(9) and (10))], be released by the Secretary of State on licence under this Chapter (unless P is released before that date under subsection (2) or (5)).

(2)The Secretary of State may, at any time after P is returned to prison, release P again on licence under this Chapter.

(3)The Secretary of State must not release P under subsection (2) unless the Secretary of State is satisfied that it is not necessary for the protection of the public that P should remain in prison until the end of the period mentioned in subsection (1)(b).

(4)If P makes representations under section 254(2) before the end of that period, the Secretary of State must refer P's case to the Board on the making of those representations.

(5)Where on a reference under subsection (4) the Board directs P's immediate release on licence under this Chapter, the Secretary of State must give effect to the direction.

(6)Subsection (7) applies if P is recalled before the date on which P would (but for the earlier release) have served the requisite custodial period for the purposes of section 243A or (as the case may be) section 244.

(7)Where this subsection applies—

(a)if P is released under this section before that date, P's licence must include a curfew condition complying with section 253, and

(b)P is not to be so released (despite subsections (1)(b) and (5)) unless the Secretary of State is satisfied that arrangements are in place to enable that condition to be complied with.

(8)Subsection (9) applies if, after P has been informed that he or she will be released under this section, the Secretary of State receives further information about P (whether or not relating to any time before P was recalled).

(9)If the Secretary of State determines, having regard to that and any other relevant information, that P is not suitable for automatic release—

(a)the Secretary of State must inform P that he or she will not be released under this section, and

(b)section 255C applies to P as if the Secretary of State had determined, on P's recall, that P was not suitable for automatic release.]

Textual Amendments

F269Words in s. 255B(1)(b) substituted (1.2.2015) by Offender Rehabilitation Act 2014 (c. 11), ss. 9(5), 22(1) (with Sch. 7 para. 5); S.I. 2015/40, art. 2(i)

[F258255C[F270Prisoners not suitable for automatic release]E+W

(1)This section applies to a prisoner (“P”) who—

(a)is an extended sentence prisoner [F271or a serious terrorism prisoner (see section 255A(7) and (7A))], or

(b)is not considered to be suitable for automatic release.

(2)The Secretary of State may, at any time after P is returned to prison, release P again on licence under this Chapter.

(3)The Secretary of State must not release P under subsection (2) unless the Secretary of State is satisfied that it is not necessary for the protection of the public that P should remain in prison.

(4)The Secretary of State must refer P's case to the Board—

(a)if P makes representations under section 254(2) before the end of the period of 28 days beginning with the date on which P returns to custody, on the making of those representations, or

(b)if, at the end of that period, P has not been released under subsection (2) and has not made such representations, at that time.

(5)Where on a reference under subsection (4) the Board directs P's immediate release on licence under this Chapter, the Secretary of State must give effect to the direction.

(6)Subsection (7) applies if P is recalled before the date on which P would (but for the earlier release) have served the requisite custodial period for the purposes of section 243A or (as the case may be) section 244.

(7)Where this subsection applies—

(a)if P is released under this section before that date, P's licence must include a curfew condition complying with section 253, and

(b)P is not to be so released (despite subsection (5)) unless the Secretary of State is satisfied that arrangements are in place to enable that condition to be complied with.

(8)For the purposes of this section, P returns to custody when P, having been recalled, is detained (whether or not in prison) in pursuance of the sentence.]

256[F272Review by the Board]E+W

(1)Where on a reference under [F273section 255B(4) or 255C(4)] in relation to any person, the Board does not [F274direct] his immediate release on licence under this Chapter, the Board must either—

(a)fix a date for the person’s release on licence, or

[F275(b)determine the reference by making no [F276direction] as to his release.]

(2)Any date fixed under subsection (1)(a) F277. . . must not be later than the first anniversary of the date on which the decision is taken.

F278(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(4)Where the Board has fixed a date under subsection (1)(a), it is the duty of the Secretary of State to release him on licence on that date.

F279(5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I20S. 256 wholly in force at 4.4.2005; s. 256 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 336(3); s. 256 in force for certain purposes at 26.1.2004 by S.I. 2003/3282, art. 2, Sch.; s. 256 in force in so far as not already in force at 4.4.2005 by S.I. 2005/950, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 para. 19 (subject to art. 2(2), Sch. 2)

[F280256AFurther reviewE+W

(1)The Secretary of State must, not later than the first anniversary of a determination by the Board under section 256(1) or subsection (4) below, refer the person's case to the Board.

(2)The Secretary of State may, at any time before that anniversary, refer the person's case to the Board.

(3)The Board may at any time recommend to the Secretary of State that a person's case be referred under subsection (2).

(4)On a reference under subsection (1) or (2), the Board must determine the reference by—

(a)[F281directing] the person's immediate release on licence under this Chapter,

(b)fixing a date for his release on licence, or

(c)making no [F282direction] as to his release.

(5)The Secretary of State—

(a)where the Board makes a [F283direction] under subsection (4)(a) for the person's immediate release on licence, must give effect to the [F283direction]; and

(b)where the Board fixes a release date under subsection (4)(b), must release the person on licence on that date.]

[F284Supervision of offendersE+W

Textual Amendments

F284S. 256AA and cross-heading inserted (1.2.2015) by Offender Rehabilitation Act 2014 (c. 11), ss. 2(2), 22(1) (with Sch. 7 para. 2); S.I. 2015/40, art. 2(b)

256AASupervision after end of sentence of prisoners serving less than 2 yearsE+W

(1)This section applies where a person (“the offender”) has served a fixed-term sentence which was for a term of more than 1 day but less than 2 years, except where—

(a)the offender was aged under 18 on the last day of the requisite custodial period (as defined in section 243A(3)),

(b)the sentence was an extended sentence imposed under [F285section 254, 266 or 279 of the Sentencing Code],

[F286(ba)the sentence was imposed under [F287section 265 or 278 of that Code],]

[F288(bb)section 247A applied to the offender in respect of the sentence,] or

(c)the sentence was imposed in respect of an offence committed before the day on which section 2(2) of the Offender Rehabilitation Act 2014 came into force.

(2)The offender must comply with the supervision requirements during the supervision period, except at any time when the offender is—

(a)in legal custody,

(b)subject to a licence under this Chapter or Chapter 2 of Part 2 of the 1997 Act, or

(c)subject to DTO supervision.

(3)The supervision requirements are the requirements for the time being specified in a notice given to the offender by the Secretary of State (but see the restrictions in section 256AB).

(4)“The supervision period” is the period which—

(a)begins on the expiry of the sentence, and

(b)ends on the expiry of the period of 12 months beginning immediately after the offender has served the requisite custodial period (as defined in section 244(3)).

(5)The purpose of the supervision period is the rehabilitation of the offender.

(6)The Secretary of State must have regard to that purpose when specifying requirements under this section.

(7)The supervisor must have regard to that purpose when carrying out functions in relation to the requirements.

(8)In this Chapter, “the supervisor”, in relation to a person subject to supervision requirements under this section, means a person who is for the time being responsible for discharging the functions conferred by this Chapter on the supervisor in accordance with arrangements made by the Secretary of State.

(9)In relation to a person subject to supervision requirements under this section following a sentence of detention under [F289section 250 of the Sentencing Code], the supervisor must be—

(a)an officer of a provider of probation services, or

(b)a member of the youth offending team established by the local authority in whose area the offender resides for the time being.

(10)In relation to any other person, the supervisor must be an officer of a provider of probation services.

(11)In this section “DTO supervision” means supervision under—

(a)a detention and training order (including an order under section 211 of the Armed Forces Act 2006), or

(b)an order under [F290paragraph 3(2)(b) of Schedule 12 to the Sentencing Code] (breach of supervision requirements of detention and training order).

(12)This section has effect subject to section 264(3C)(b) and (3D).]

Textual Amendments

F290Words in s. 256AA(11)(b) substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 229(4) (with Sch. 24 para. 447, Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C28Ss. 256AA-256E applied (with modifications) by 1997 c. 43, Sch. 1 para. 8(2)(4)(8)-(12) (as amended (1.2.2015) by Offender Rehabilitation Act 2014 (c. 11), para. 3(3), (5), s. 22(1), Sch. 3 para. 3(2) (with Sch. 7 para. 2)); S.I. 2015/40, art. 2(u))

C29Ss. 256AA-256AC applied (with modifications) by 1997 c. 43, Sch. 1 para. 9(2)(4)(9)-(12) (as amended (1.2.2015) by Offender Rehabilitation Act 2014 (c. 11), s. 22(1), Sch. 3 para. 5(5) (with Sch. 7 para. 2); S.I. 2015/40, art. 2(u))

C30S. 256AA(2)-(11) applied (with modifications) by 2000 c. 6, s. 106B(2)-(7) (as inserted (1.2.2015) by Offender Rehabilitation Act 2014 (c. 11), ss. 6(4), 22(1) (with Sch. 7 para. 2); S.I. 2015/40, art. 2(f))

C31Ss. 256AA(2)-(11) applied (with modifications) (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 247(2)(a)(3)(4)(7), 416(1) (with ss. 2, 398(1), 406, Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

[F291256ABSupervision requirements under section 256AAE+W

(1)The only requirements that the Secretary of State may specify in a notice under section 256AA are—

(a)a requirement to be of good behaviour and not to behave in a way which undermines the purpose of the supervision period;

(b)a requirement not to commit any offence;

(c)a requirement to keep in touch with the supervisor in accordance with instructions given by the supervisor;

(d)a requirement to receive visits from the supervisor in accordance with instructions given by the supervisor;

(e)a requirement to reside permanently at an address approved by the supervisor and to obtain the prior permission of the supervisor for any stay of one or more nights at a different address;

(f)a requirement not to undertake work, or a particular type of work, unless it is approved by the supervisor and to notify the supervisor in advance of any proposal to undertake work or a particular type of work;

(g)a requirement not to travel outside the British Islands, except with the prior permission of the supervisor or in order to comply with a legal obligation (whether or not arising under the law of any part of the British Islands);

(h)a requirement to participate in activities in accordance with any instructions given by the supervisor;

(i)a drug testing requirement (see section 256D);

(j)a drug appointment requirement (see section 256E).

(2)Where a requirement is imposed under subsection (1)(h), [F292paragraph 5(4) to (9) of Schedule 9 to the Sentencing Code applies] in relation to the requirement (reading references to the responsible officer as references to the supervisor).

(3)Paragraphs (i) and (j) of subsection (1) have effect subject to the restrictions in sections 256D(2) and 256E(2).

(4)The Secretary of State may by order—

(a)add requirements that may be specified in a notice under section 256AA,

(b)remove or amend such requirements,

(c)make provision about such requirements, including about the circumstances in which they may be imposed, and

(d)make provision about instructions given for the purposes of such requirements.

(5)An order under subsection (4) may amend this Act.

(6)In this section “work” includes paid and unpaid work.]

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C28Ss. 256AA-256E applied (with modifications) by 1997 c. 43, Sch. 1 para. 8(2)(4)(8)-(12) (as amended (1.2.2015) by Offender Rehabilitation Act 2014 (c. 11), para. 3(3), (5), s. 22(1), Sch. 3 para. 3(2) (with Sch. 7 para. 2)); S.I. 2015/40, art. 2(u))

C29Ss. 256AA-256AC applied (with modifications) by 1997 c. 43, Sch. 1 para. 9(2)(4)(9)-(12) (as amended (1.2.2015) by Offender Rehabilitation Act 2014 (c. 11), s. 22(1), Sch. 3 para. 5(5) (with Sch. 7 para. 2); S.I. 2015/40, art. 2(u))

C32S. 256AB applied (with modifications) by 2000 c. 6, s. 106B(2)-(7) (as inserted (1.2.2015) by Offender Rehabilitation Act 2014 (c. 11), ss. 6(4), 22(1) (with Sch. 7 para. 2); S.I. 2015/40, art. 2(f))

C33S. 256AB applied (with modifications) (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 247(2)(a)(3)(4), 416(1) (with ss. 2, 398(1), 406, Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

C34S. 256AB(4) extended (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), ss. 247(5), 416(1) (with ss. 2, 398(1), 406, Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

[F293256ACBreach of supervision requirements imposed under section 256AAE+W

(1)Where it appears on information to a justice of the peace that a person has failed to comply with a supervision requirement imposed under section 256AA, the justice may—

(a)issue a summons requiring the offender to appear at the place and time specified in the summons, or

(b)if the information is in writing and on oath, issue a warrant for the offender's arrest.

(2)Any summons or warrant issued under this section must direct the person to appear or be brought—

(a)before a magistrates' court acting for the local justice area in which the offender resides, or

(b)if it is not known where the person resides, before a magistrates' court acting for the same local justice area as the justice who issued the summons or warrant.

(3)Where the person does not appear in answer to a summons issued under subsection (1)(a), the court may issue a warrant for the person's arrest.

(4)If it is proved to the satisfaction of the court that the person has failed without reasonable excuse to comply with a supervision requirement imposed under section 256AA, the court may—

(a)order the person to be committed to prison for a period not exceeding 14 days (subject to subsection (7)),

(b)order the person to pay a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale, or

(c)make an order (a “supervision default order”) imposing on the person—

(i)an unpaid work requirement (as defined by [F294paragraph 1 of Schedule 9 to the Sentencing Code]), or

(ii)a curfew requirement (as defined by [F295paragraph 9 of that Schedule]).

(5)[F296Paragraph 10(3) of Schedule 9 to the Sentencing Code] (obligation to impose electronic monitoring requirement) applies in relation to a supervision default order that imposes a curfew requirement as it applies in relation to a community order that imposes such a requirement.

(6)If the court deals with the person under subsection (4), it must revoke any supervision default order which is in force at that time in respect of that person.

(7)Where the person is under the age of 21—

(a)an order under subsection (4)(a) in respect of the person must be for committal to a young offender institution instead of to prison, but

(b)the Secretary of State may from time to time direct that a person committed to a young offender institution by such an order is to be detained in a prison or remand centre instead.

(8)A person committed to prison or a young offender institution by an order under subsection (4)(a) is to be regarded as being in legal custody.

(9)A fine imposed under subsection (4)(b) is to be treated, for the purposes of any enactment, as being a sum adjudged to be paid by a conviction.

(10)In Schedule 19A (supervision default orders)—

(a)Part 1 makes provision about requirements of supervision default orders, and

(b)Part 2 makes provision about the breach, revocation and amendment of supervision default orders.

[F297(10A)Where a court deals with a person under this section, the criminal courts charge duty (see section 46 of the Sentencing Code) applies to the court.]

(11)A person dealt with under this section may appeal to the Crown Court against[F298

(a)]the order made by the court [F299under this section, and

(b)an order made by the court under [F300section 46 of the Sentencing Code] (criminal courts charge) when dealing with the person under this section.]]

Textual Amendments

F294Words in s. 256AC(4)(c)(i) substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 231(2)(a) (with Sch. 24 para. 447, Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F295Words in s. 256AC(4)(c)(ii) substituted (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 231(2)(b) (with Sch. 24 para. 447, Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F298Words in s. 256AC(11) renumbered as s. 256AC(11)(a) (13.4.2015) by Criminal Justice and Courts Act 2015 (c. 2), s. 95(1), Sch. 12 para. 14(a); S.I. 2015/778, art. 3, Sch. 1 para. 78

F299S. 256AC(11)(b) and words inserted (13.4.2015) by