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Land Registration Act 2002

Section 49: Tacking and further advances

96.Section 49 deals with the existing legal doctrine of tacking. The effect of this doctrine is that a chargee who has granted more than one mortgage to a borrower may sometimes gain the same priority for a later charge as he has for the earlier one. This section provides that a chargee may make a further advance on the security of an existing charge if in the meantime he has not received notice from another chargee that a subsequent charge has been created. Rules will govern when a notice is treated as having been received. This is a change from the current legislation but reflects how the lending industry currently works in practice. Additionally, as now, the chargee can obtain the same priority for two charges if the original charge contains an obligation for the further sum to be paid and that fact is recorded on the title register. The section also provides a third and novel method of achieving the same priority for two advances by recording a maximum figure for the total money lent. As long as the sums due to the first chargee do not exceed the figure specified, and have been entered in the register in accordance with rules at the time of the creation of the competing charge, the charges will take the same priority over any subsequent charge. Rules may limit the circumstances in which the third method is available and impose conditions for its use. Unless one of these three methods is used, the first chargee must get the consent of any subsequent chargee to obtain priority for his further charge over any subsequent charge.

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