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Adoption and Children Act 2002

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Whole provisions yet to be inserted into this Act (including any effects on those provisions):

  • s. 4A inserted by 2014 c. 6 s. 5
  • s. 141(7) inserted by 2010 c. 26 Sch. 3 para. 13 (This amendment not applied to legislation.gov.uk. Sch. 3 Pt. 2 repealed (4.9.2013) without ever being in force by 2013 c. 22, s. 17(4) ; S.I. 2013/2200 art. 2(a))

69 Rules of interpretation for instruments concerning propertyU.K.

This section has no associated Explanatory Notes

(1)The rules of interpretation contained in this section apply (subject to any contrary indication and to Schedule 4) to any instrument so far as it contains a disposition of property.

(2)In applying section 67(1) and (2) to a disposition which depends on the date of birth of a child or children of the adoptive parent or parents, the disposition is to be interpreted as if—

(a)the adopted person had been born on the date of adoption,

(b)two or more people adopted on the same date had been born on that date in the order of their actual births;

but this does not affect any reference to a person’s age.

(3)Examples of phrases in wills on which subsection (2) can operate are—

  • 1. Children of A “living at my death or born afterwards”.

  • 2. Children of A “living at my death or born afterwards before any one of such children for the time being in existence attains a vested interest and who attain the age of 21 years”.

  • 3. As in example 1 or 2, but referring to grandchildren of A instead of children of A.

  • 4. A for life “until he has a child”, and then to his child or children.

  • Note. Subsection (2) will not affect the reference to the age of 21 years in example 2.

(4)Section 67(3) does not prejudice—

(a)any qualifying interest, F1...

(b)any interest expectant (whether immediately or not) upon a qualifying interest[F2, or

(c)any contingent interest (other than a contingent interest in remainder) which the adopted person has immediately before the adoption in the estate of a deceased parent, whether testate or intestate.]

Qualifying interest” means an interest vested in possession in the adopted person before the adoption.

(5)Where it is necessary to determine for the purposes of a disposition of property effected by an instrument whether a woman can have a child—

(a)it must be presumed that once a woman has attained the age of 55 years she will not adopt a person after execution of the instrument, and

(b)if she does so, then (in spite of section 67) that person is not to be treated as her child or (if she does so as one of a couple) as the child of the other one of the couple for the purposes of the instrument.

(6)In this section, “instrument” includes a private Act settling property, but not any other enactment.

Textual Amendments

F1Word in s. 69(4) omitted (1.10.2014) by virtue of Inheritance and Trustees' Powers Act 2014 (c. 16), ss. 4(1)(a), 12(2) (with s. 4(2)); S.I. 2014/2039, art. 2

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I1S. 69 in force at 30.12.2005 by S.I. 2005/2213, art. 2(d) (with savings and transitional provisions in S.I. 2005/2897, arts. 3-16)

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