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Youth Justice and Criminal Evidence Act 1999

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38 Defence representation for purposes of cross-examination.E+W
This section has no associated Explanatory Notes

(1)This section applies where an accused is prevented from cross-examining a witness in person by virtue of section 34, 35 or 36.

(2)Where it appears to the court that this section applies, it must—

(a)invite the accused to arrange for a legal representative to act for him for the purpose of cross-examining the witness; and

(b)require the accused to notify the court, by the end of such period as it may specify, whether a legal representative is to act for him for that purpose.

(3)If by the end of the period mentioned in subsection (2)(b) either—

(a)the accused has notified the court that no legal representative is to act for him for the purpose of cross-examining the witness, or

(b)no notification has been received by the court and it appears to the court that no legal representative is to so act,

the court must consider whether it is necessary in the interests of justice for the witness to be cross-examined by a legal representative appointed to represent the interests of the accused.

(4)If the court decides that it is necessary in the interests of justice for the witness to be so cross-examined, the court must appoint a qualified legal representative (chosen by the court) to cross-examine the witness in the interests of the accused.

(5)A person so appointed shall not be responsible to the accused.

(6)[F1Criminal Procedure Rules] may make provision—

(a)as to the time when, and the manner in which, subsection (2) is to be complied with;

(b)in connection with the appointment of a legal representative under subsection (4), and in particular for securing that a person so appointed is provided with evidence or other material relating to the proceedings.

(7)[F1Criminal Procedure Rules] made in pursuance of subsection (6)(b) may make provision for the application, with such modifications as are specified in the rules, of any of the provisions of—

(a)Part I of the M1Criminal Procedure and Investigations Act 1996 (disclosure of material in connection with criminal proceedings), or

(b)the M2Sexual Offences (Protected Material) Act 1997.

(8)For the purposes of this section—

(a)any reference to cross-examination includes (in a case where a direction is given under section 36 after the accused has begun cross-examining the witness) a reference to further cross-examination; and

(b)qualified legal representative” means a legal representative who has a right of audience (within the meaning of the M3Courts and Legal Services Act 1990) in relation to the proceedings before the court.

Textual Amendments

F1Words in s. 38(6)(7) substituted (1.9.2004) by Courts Act 2003 (c. 39), s. 110(1), Sch. 8 para. 384(f); S.I. 2004/2066, art. 2(c)(xix) (with art. 3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Commencement Information

I1S. 38 wholly in force at 4.9.2000; Pt. II Chs. 1-4 (ss. 16-52) in force for certain purposes at Royal Assent, see s. 68(4); s. 38 in force at 4.9.2000 by S.I. 2000/2091, art. 2(c)

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