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Crime and Disorder Act 1998

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18 Interpretation etc. of Chapter I.E+W

(1)In this Chapter—

  • F1...

  • chief officer of police” has the meaning given by section 101(1) of the M1Police Act 1996;

  • child safety order” has the meaning given by section 11(1) above;

  • F2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  • F1...

  • F2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  • [F3local policing body” has the meaning given by section 101(1) of the Police Act 1996;]

  • [F4parental compensation order” has the meaning given by section 13A(1) above;]

  • parenting order” has the meaning given by section 8(4) above;

  • police area” has the meaning given by section 1(2) of the M2Police Act 1996;

  • F5...

  • responsible officer”—

    (za)

    F6...

    (a)

    in relation to a parenting order, has the meaning given by section 8(8) above;

    (b)

    in relation to a child safety order, has the meaning given by section 11(8) above;

  • [F7“violence”—

    (a)

    includes, in particular—

    (i)

    domestic abuse within the meaning of the Domestic Abuse Act 2021 (see section 1 of that Act),

    (ii)

    sexual offences,

    (iii)

    violence against property, and

    (iv)

    threats of violence;

    (b)

    does not include terrorism (within the meaning of the Terrorism Act 2000 (see section 1(1) to (4) of that Act)).]

  • F8...

  • F9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F10(1A)In the definition of “violence” in subsection (1) “sexual offence” means an offence under the law of England and Wales which is for the time being specified in Schedule 3 to the Sexual Offences Act 2003, other than the offence specified in paragraph 14 of that Schedule (fraudulent evasion of excise duty).

(1B)In determining for the purposes of subsection (1A) whether an offence is specified in Schedule 3 to the Sexual Offences Act 2003, any limitation in that Schedule referring to the circumstances of a particular case (including the sentence imposed) is to be disregarded.

(1C)References in this Chapter to becoming involved in serious violence include becoming a victim of serious violence.

(1D)In considering whether violence in an area amounts to serious violence for the purposes of this Chapter account must be taken in particular of the following factors—

(a)the maximum penalty which could be imposed for the offence (if any) involved in the violence,

(b)the impact of the violence on any victim,

(c)the prevalence of the violence in the area, and

(d)the impact of the violence on the community in the area.]

(2)F11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(3)Where directions under a parenting order are to be given by [F12an officer of a local probation board], [F12the officer of a local probation board] shall be an officer appointed for or assigned to the [F13local justice area] within which it appears to the court that the child or, as the case may be, the parent resides or will reside.

[F14(3A)Where directions under a parenting order are to be given by an officer of a provider of probation services, the officer of a provider of probation services shall be an officer acting in the local justice area within which it appears to the court that the child or, as the case may be, the parent resides or will reside.]

(4)Where the supervision under a child safety order is to be provided, or directions under F15... a parenting order are to be given, by—

(a)a social worker of a local authority F16. . . ; or

(b)a member of a youth offending team,

the social worker or member shall be a social worker of, or a member of a youth offending team established by, the local authority within whose area it appears to the court that [F17 the child or, as the case may be, the parent ], resides or will reside.

(5)For the purposes of this Chapter the Inner Temple and the Middle Temple form part of the City of London.

Textual Amendments

F2S. 18(1): definitions of "curfew notice" and "local child curfew scheme" repealed (12.1.2010) by Policing and Crime Act 2009 (c. 26), ss. 112(2), 116(6)(b), Sch. 8 Pt. 13

F3S. 18(1): definition of "local policing body" inserted (16.1.2012) by Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 (c. 13), ss. 99, 157(1), Sch. 16 para. 234(2); S.I. 2011/3019, art. 3, Sch. 1 para. (nnn)(iii)

F4S. 18(1): definition of "parental compensation order" inserted (20.7.2006 in relation to specified areas) by Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005 (c. 15), ss. 144, 178(8), Sch. 10 para. 4; S.I. 2006/1871, art. 2, Sch. (as amended by S.I. 2006/2182, art. 3)

F7Words in s. 18(1) inserted (28.4.2022 for specified purposes) by Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Act 2022 (c. 32), ss. 20(12)(a), 208(4)(f)

F9S. 18(1): definition of "sex offender order" repealed (8.11.2006) by Violent Crime Reduction Act 2006 (c. 38), ss. 60(3), 65, 66(2)(d), Sch. 5

F12Words in s. 18(3) substituted (1.4.2001) by 2000 c. 43, s. 74, Sch. 7 Pt. I para. 4; S.I. 2001/919, art. 2(f)(i)

F16Words in s. 18(4)(a) repealed (1.4.2005 for E. and 1.4.2006 for W.) by Children Act 2004 (c. 31), ss. 64, 67(8), Sch. 5 Pt. 4, Note; S.I. 2005/394, art. 2(2)(g); S.I. 2006/885, art. 2(2)(h)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1S. 18(1) modified in part (1.12.2020 immediately before the consolidation date (see 2020 c. 9, ss. 3, 5(2)(3) and 2020 c. 17, ss. 2, 416)) by Sentencing (Pre-consolidation Amendments) Act 2020 (c. 9), ss. 1, 5(2)(3); S.I. 2012/1236, reg. 2

Commencement Information

I1S. 18 wholly in force; s. 18 not in force at Royal Assent see s. 121; In force at 30.9.1998 by 1998/2327, art. 2(1) (subject to savings in arts. 5-8)

Marginal Citations

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