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U.K.

Police Act 1996

1996 CHAPTER 16

An Act to consolidate the Police Act 1964, Part IX of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984, Chapter I of Part I of the Police and Magistrates’ Courts Act 1994 and certain other enactments relating to the police.

[22nd May 1996]

Be it enacted by the Queen’s most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:—

Extent Information

E1For the extent of this Act see s.105

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Act applied (6.11.2000) by 1998 c. 32, s. 51, Sch. 3 para. 8(8); S.R. 2000/399, art. 3 (with arts. 4-5)

Act: power to modify conferred (2.4.2001) by 2000 c. 39, s. 7(2); S.I. 2001/766, art. 2(1)(a) (with art. 3)

Commencement Information

I1Act partly in force at 22.8.1996, partly prospective; see s.104; Act wholly in force at 1.4.1999 by S.I. 1999/533, arts. 2, 3

Part IE+W+S Organisation of Police Forces

[F1Police areas and police forces]E+W

Textual Amendments

1 Police areas.E+W

(1)England and Wales shall be divided into police areas.

(2)The police areas referred to in subsection (1) shall be—

(a)those listed in Schedule 1 (subject to any amendment made to that Schedule by an order under section 32 below, section 58 of the M1Local Government Act 1972, [F2section 17 of the Local Government Act 1992 or Part 1 of the Local Government and Public Involvement in Health Act 2007]),

(b)the metropolitan police district, and

(c)the City of London police area.

(3)References in Schedule 1 to any local government area are to that area as it is for the time being, F3. . .

Textual Amendments

Marginal Citations

F4...E+W+S

Textual Amendments

2 Maintenance of police forces.E+W

[F5(1)]A police force shall be maintained for every police area for the time being listed in Schedule 1.

[F6(2)For further provision about the maintenance of those police forces, see Chapter 1 of Part 1 of the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011.]

F73 Establishment of police authorities.E+W

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F74 Membership of police authorities etc.E+W

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F75 Reductions in size of police authorities.E+W

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F8...E+W

Textual Amendments

[F95A Maintenance of the metropolitan police force.E+W

[F10(1)] A police force shall be maintained for the metropolitan police district.

[F11(2)For further provision about the maintenance of the metropolitan police force, see Chapter 2 of Part 1 of the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011.]]

Textual Amendments

F9Ss. 5A-5C and heading inserted (1.1.2000 for specified purposes and otherwise on the "operative date" (as defined in art. 1(2)(c) of S.I. 2000/1095) for specified purposes and on 3.7.2000 for all other purposes) by 1999 c. 29, s. 310(1) (with Sch. 12 para. 9(1)); S.I. 1999/3271, art. 3(a); S.I. 2000/1095, arts. 4-6

F125B Establishment of the Metropolitan Police Authority.E+W

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F125C Membership etc of the Metropolitan Police Authority.E+W

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[F13The metropolitan police and forces outside London]E+W+S

Textual Amendments

F13Ss. 5A-5C and headings inserted (1.1.2000 for specified purposes and otherwise on the "operative date" (as defined in art. 1(2)(c) of S.I. 2000/1095) for specified purposes and on 3.7.2000 for all other purposes) by 1999 c. 29, s. 310(1) (with Sch. 12 para. 9(1)); S.I. 1999/3271, art. 3(a); S.I. 2000/1095, arts. 4-6

F126 General functions of police authorities.E+W

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[F14The City of London]E+W+S

Textual Amendments

[F156AZACommon Council to remain police authority for CityE+W+S

The Common Council of the City of London is to continue to be the police authority for the City of London police area.]

[F166ZAPower to confer particular functions on [F17the Common Council] E+W+S

(1)The Secretary of State may by order confer particular functions on [F18the Common Council].

(2)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), an order under this section may contain provision requiring [F19the Common Council]

(a)to monitor the performance of [F20the City of London police force] in—

(i)complying with any duty imposed on the force by or under this Act, the Human Rights Act 1998 or any other enactment;

(ii)carrying out any plan issued by virtue of section 6ZB;

(b)to secure that arrangements are made for that force to co-operate with other police forces whenever necessary or expedient;

(c)to promote diversity within that force and within [F21the Common Council].

(3)Before making an order under this section the Secretary of State must consult—

[F22(a)the Common Council,]

[F22(b)the Commissioner of Police for the City of London, and]

(c)such other persons as he thinks fit.

F23(4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(5)A statutory instrument containing an order under this section shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.]

[F246ZBPlans by [F25the Common Council] E+W+S

(1)Before the beginning of each financial year [F26the Common Council] shall issue a plan (a “policing plan”) setting out—

(a)[F27the Common Council's] objectives (“policing objectives”) for the policing of [F28the City of London police area, and for the discharge by the City of London Police of its national or international functions] during that year; and

(b)the proposed arrangements for the policing of that area for the period of three years beginning with that year.

[F29(2)In issuing a policing plan, the Common Council must have regard to the strategic policing requirement issued under section 37A.]

(3)Before determining policing objectives, [F30 the Common Council ] shall—

(a)consult the [F31Commissioner of Police for the City of London], and

(b)consider any views obtained by [F32the Common Council] in accordance with arrangements made under section 96.

(4)A draft of a policing plan required to be issued by [F33the Common Council] under this section shall be prepared by the [F34Commissioner of Police for the City of London] and submitted by him to the [F35Common Council for] it to consider.

The [F36Common Council shall] consult the [F37Commissioner of Police for the City of London] before issuing a policing plan which differs from the draft submitted by him under this subsection.

(5)The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision supplementing that made by this section.

(6)The regulations may make provision (further to that made by subsection (3)) as to persons who are to be consulted, and matters that are to be considered, before determining policing objectives.

(7)The regulations may contain provision as to—

(a)matters to be dealt with in policing plans (in addition to those mentioned in subsection (1));

(b)persons who are to be consulted, and matters that are to be considered, in preparing policing plans;

(c)modification of policing plans;

(d)persons to whom copies of policing plans are to be sent.

(8)Before making regulations under this section the Secretary of State must consult—

[F38(a)the Common Council,]

[F38(b)the Commissioner of Police for the City of London, and]

(c)such other persons as he thinks fit.

F39(9). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(10)A statutory instrument containing regulations under this section shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

F40(11). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

6ZCReports by [F41the Common Council] E+W+S

(1)The Secretary of State may by order require [F42the Common Council] to issue reports concerning the [F43discharge of the Common Council's functions].

(2)An order under this section may contain provision as to—

(a)the periods to be covered by reports, and, as regards each period, the date by which reports are to be issued;

(b)the matters to be dealt with in reports;

(c)persons to whom copies of reports are to be sent.

(3)Before making an order under this section the Secretary of State must consult—

[F44(a)the Common Council,]

[F44(b)the Commissioner of Police for the City of London, and]

(c)such other persons as he thinks fit.

F45(4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(5)A statutory instrument containing an order under this section shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.]

F466A Three-year strategy plansE+W

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F477 Local policing objectives.E+W

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F488 Local policing plans.E+W

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F498ALocal policing summariesE+W+S

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F509 Annual reports by police authorities.E+W

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F499A General functions of the Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis.E+W

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F499B Appointment of Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis.E+W

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F499C Functions of Deputy Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis.E+W

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F499D Appointment of Deputy Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis.E+W

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F499E Removal of Commissioner or Deputy Commissioner.E+W

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F499F Assistant Commissioners of Police of the Metropolis.E+W

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F499FA Appointment and removal of Deputy Assistant CommissionersE+W

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F499G Commanders.E+W

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[F51 Police ranks ]E+W+S

[F529H Other members of the metropolitan police force.E+W

(1)The ranks that may be held in the metropolitan police force shall be such as may be prescribed by regulations under section 50.

(2)The ranks so prescribed in the case of the metropolitan police force shall include, in addition to the ranks of—

(a)Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis,

(b)Deputy Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis,

(c)Assistant Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis, and

[F53(ca)Deputy Assistant Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis, and]

(d)Commander,

those of [F54chief superintendent, ]superintendent, chief inspector, inspector, sergeant and constable.

(3)In the metropolitan police force, appointments and promotions to any rank below that of Commander shall be made in accordance with regulations under section 50 by the Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis.]

Textual Amendments

F52S. 9H inserted (3.7.2000) by 1999 c. 29, s. 322 (with Sch. 12 para. 9(1)); S.I. 2000/1648, art. 2, Sch.

F53S. 9H(2)(ca) substituted (1.1.2002) for word "and" by 2001 c. 16, s. 122(2); S.I. 2001/3736, art. 3(a)

F54Words in s. 9H(2) inserted (1.1.2002) by 2001 c. 16, s. 125(1); S.I. 2001/3736, art. 3(a)

F5510 General functions of chief constables.E+W

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F5511 Appointment and removal of chief constables.E+W

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F5511A Appointment and removal of deputy chief constablesE+W

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F5512 Assistant chief constables.E+W

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F5512A Power of deputy to exercise functions of chief constableE+W

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13 Other members of police forces.E+W

(1)The ranks that may be held in a police force maintained under section 2 shall be such as may be prescribed by regulations under section 50 and the ranks so prescribed shall include, in addition to chief constable [F56, deputy chief constable] and assistant chief constable, the ranks of [F57chief superintendent ]superintendent, chief inspector, inspector, sergeant and constable.

(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(3)Appointments and promotions to any rank below that of assistant chief constable in any police force maintained under section 2 shall be made, in accordance with regulations under section 50, by the chief constable.

Textual Amendments

F56Words in s. 13(1) inserted (1.1.2002) by 2001 c. 16, s. 123(2)(a); S.I. 2001/3736, art. 3(a)

F57Words in s. 13(1) inserted (1.1.2002) by 2001 c. 16, s. 125(2); S.I. 2001/3736, art. 3(a)

F5814 Police fund.E+W

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F5815 Civilian employees.E+W

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F5816 Appointment of [F59chief executive].E+W

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Textual Amendments

F59Words in s. 16 heading substituted (1.4.2007) by Police and Justice Act 2006 (c. 48), s. 53(1), Sch. 2 para. 18(3); S.I. 2007/709, art. 3(c) (with art. 6)

F5817 Appointment of persons not employed by police authorities.E+W

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[F60City of London ]E+W+S

[F6118 Supply of goods and services.E+W

(1)Subsections (1) to (3) of section 1 of the Local Authorities (Goods and Services) Act 1970 (c. 39)(supply of goods and services by local authorities)—

F62(a). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(b)[F63shall,] in their application to the Common Council of the City of London in its capacity as the police authority for the City of London police force [F64, apply with the modification set out in subsection (2)].

(2)The modification is that references in those subsections to a public body shall be read as references to any person.

[F65(3)[F66The Common Council in its capacity as police authority] may not enter into an agreement with [F67another local policing body] under section 1 of the 1970 Act in respect of a matter which could be the subject of [F68force collaboration provision in a collaboration agreement ].]]

F6919 Approval of decisions about precepts.E+W

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F6920 Questions on police matters at council meetings.E+W

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F6920A Questions on metropolitan police matters at London Assembly meetings.E+W+S

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F6921 Application of certain provisions to police authorities.E+W+S

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F70...E+W+S

Textual Amendments

22 Reports by chief constables to police authorities.E+W

(1)[F71The Commissioner of Police for the City of London] shall, as soon as possible after the end of each financial year, submit to the [F72Common Council] a general report on the policing during that year of [F73the City of London police area].

(2)[F74The chief constable] shall arrange for a report submitted by him under subsection (1) to be published in such manner as appears to him to be appropriate.

(3)[F75The Commissioner of Police for the City of London] shall, whenever so required by the [F76Common Council], submit to [F77the Common Council] a report on such matters as may be specified in the requirement, being matters connected with the policing of the [F78City of London police area].

(4)A report submitted under subsection (3) shall be in such form as the [F79Common Council] may specify.

(5)If it appears to the [F80Commissioner of Police for the City of London] that a report in compliance with subsection (3) would contain information which in the public interest ought not to be disclosed, or is not needed for the discharge of the functions of the [F81Common Council], he may request [F82the Common Council] to refer the requirement to submit the report to the Secretary of State; and in any such case the requirement shall be of no effect unless it is confirmed by the Secretary of State.

(6)The [F83Common Council] may arrange, or require the [F84chief officer] to arrange, for a report submitted under subsection (3) to be published in such manner as appears to [F85the Common Council] to be appropriate.

F86(7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F84Words in s. 22(1)(2)(3)(5)(6) substituted (3.7.2000) by 1999 c. 29, s. 325, Sch. 27, para. 79(2)-(5) (with Sch. 12 para. 9(1)); S.I. 2000/1648, art. 2, Sch.

[F87General provisions]E+W+S

[F8822ACollaboration agreementsE+W+S

(1)A collaboration agreement may be made by—

(a)two or more policing bodies; or

(b)the chief officers of police of one or more police forces and two or more policing bodies.

(2)A collaboration agreement is an agreement containing one or more of the following—

(a)provision about the discharge of functions of members of a police force (“force collaboration provision”);

(b)provision about support by a policing body for another policing body (“policing body collaboration provision”);

(c)provision about support by a policing body for the police force which another policing body is responsible for maintaining (“policing body & force collaboration provision”).

(3)A collaboration agreement may not contain force collaboration provision unless the parties to the agreement consist of, or include,—

(a)the chief officer of police of each police force to which the provision relates, and

(b)the policing body that is responsible for maintaining each such police force.

(4)A collaboration agreement may not contain policing body collaboration provision unless the parties to the agreement consist of, or include, each policing body to which the provision relates.

(5)A collaboration agreement may not contain policing body & force collaboration provision unless the parties to the agreement consist of, or include—

(a)the policing body, or each policing body, to which the provision relates;

(b)the chief officer of police of the police force, or each police force, to which the provision relates; and

(c)the policing body that is responsible for maintaining each such police force.

(6)Subsection (1) does not prevent other persons from being parties to collaboration agreements.

(7)Subsection (2) does not prevent a collaboration agreement from including other kinds of provision.

(8)For the purposes of subsections (3) and (5), the circumstances in which force collaboration provision, or policing body & force collaboration provision, is to be taken to relate to a police force include the cases where provision relates—

(a)to functions of a kind which are or may be exercisable by members of that police force, or

(b)to the police area for which that police force is established.

(9)For the purposes of subsections (4) and (5), the circumstances in which policing body collaboration provision, or policing body & force collaboration provision, is to be taken to relate to a policing body include the cases where provision relates—

(a)to functions of a kind which are or may be exercisable by that policing body or members of the staff of that body, or

(b)to the police area for which that policing body is established.

22BDuty of chief officers to keep collaboration agreements under reviewE+W+S

(1)The chief officer of police of a police force must keep under consideration the ways in which the collaboration functions could be exercised by the chief officer and by one or more other persons to improve the efficiency or effectiveness of—

(a)that police force, and

(b)one or more other police forces.

(2)If the chief officer considers that there is a particular way in which the collaboration functions could be so exercised by the chief officer and by one or more other particular persons (“the proposed collaboration”), the chief officer must notify those other persons (the “proposed partners”) of the proposed collaboration.

(3)The chief officer, and the proposed partners notified under subsection (2) (the “notified proposed partners”), must consider whether to exercise the collaboration functions to give effect to the proposed collaboration.

(4)In considering whether to so exercise the collaboration functions, the chief officer and the notified proposed partners must consider whether the proposed collaboration would be in the interests of the efficiency or effectiveness of one or more police forces.

(5)Subsection (6) applies if all, or two or more, of—

(a)the chief officer, and

(b)the notified proposed partners,

(the “agreeing parties”) are of the view that the proposed collaboration would be in the interests of the efficiency or effectiveness of one or more police forces (if the agreeing parties were to exercise the collaboration functions to give effect to the proposed collaboration, or to give effect to it so far as it relates to them).

(6)The agreeing parties must exercise the collaboration functions so as to give effect to the proposed collaboration or to give effect to it so far as it relates to them.

(7)In this section “collaboration functions” means functions of chief officers of police or policing bodies under any of sections 22A to 23I (apart from this section).

22CDuty of policing bodies to keep collaboration agreements under reviewE+W+S

(1)A policing body must keep under consideration the ways in which the collaboration functions could be exercised by the policing body and by one or more other persons to improve—

(a)the efficiency or effectiveness of—

(i)that policing body,

(ii)the police force which that policing body is responsible for maintaining, or

(iii)that body and that force, and

(b)the efficiency or effectiveness of one or more other policing bodies and police forces.

(2)If the policing body considers that there is a particular way in which the collaboration functions could be so exercised by the policing body and by one or more other particular persons (“the proposed collaboration”), the policing body must notify those other persons (the “proposed partners”) of the proposed collaboration.

(3)The policing body, and the proposed partners notified under subsection (2) (the “notified proposed partners”), must consider whether to exercise the collaboration functions to give effect to the proposed collaboration.

(4)In considering whether to so exercise the collaboration functions, the policing body and the notified proposed partners must consider whether the proposed collaboration would be in the interests of the efficiency or effectiveness of one or more policing bodies or police forces.

(5)Subsection (6) applies if all, or two or more, of—

(a)the policing body, and

(b)the notified proposed partners,

(the “agreeing parties”) are of the view that the proposed collaboration would be in the interests of the efficiency or effectiveness of one or more policing bodies or police forces (if the agreeing parties were to exercise the collaboration functions to give effect to the proposed collaboration, or to give effect to it so far as it relates to them).

(6)The agreeing parties must exercise the collaboration functions so as to give effect to the proposed collaboration, or to give effect to it so far as it relates to them.

(7)In this section “collaboration functions” means functions of policing bodies or chief officers of police under any of sections 22A to 23I (apart from this section).]

[F8923 [F90Collaboration agreements involving police forces] E+W

F91(1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(2)[F92Force collaboration provision may, in particular, consist of provision—]

(a)for the joint discharge of functions by members of police forces;

(b)for members of a police force to discharge functions in another force's area;

(c)for members of a police force to be provided to another force.

F93(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(4)[F94A collaboration agreement] may provide for a member of a police force, or a civilian employee, to be under the direction and control of a chief officer specified in or determined in accordance with the agreement.

(5)A chief officer may make [F95a collaboration agreement] only if the chief officer thinks that the agreement is in the interests of the efficiency or effectiveness of one or more police forces.

F96(6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F96(7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F96(8). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

[F8923A[F97Collaboration agreements involving policing bodie]E+W

F98(1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(2)[F99Policing body collaboration provision, or policing body & force collaboration provision, may, in particular, consist of provision—]

(a)for support to be provided jointly by two or more [F100policing bodies];

(b)for support to be provided for two or more [F100policing bodies] or forces jointly;

(c)for [F101a policing body] to provide support to [F102another policing body] or to a force maintained by [F102another policing body].

(3)[F103 In relation to policing body collaboration provision, or policing body & force collaboration provision,] references to the provision of support include, in particular, the provision of—

(a)premises;

(b)equipment;

(c)staff;

(d)services;

(e)facilities.

F104(4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(5)[F105A policing body may make a collaboration agreement] only if it thinks that the agreement is in the interests of the efficiency or effectiveness of one or more [F106policing bodies] or police forces.

[F107(6)A policing body must consult the chief officer of police of the police force which the body is responsible for maintaining before making a collaboration agreement (unless that chief officer is a party to the agreement).]

F108(7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F89Ss. 23-23I substituted for s. 23 (12.3.2010) by Policing and Crime Act 2009 (c. 26), ss. 5, 116(1); S.I. 2010/507, art. 4(a)

[F10923AAForce collaboration provision about civilian employeesE+W+S

(1)This section applies to force collaboration provision, contained in a collaboration agreement, which is about the discharge of functions by designated civilian employees of one police force (the “assisting force”) for the purposes of another police force (the “assisted force”).

(2)The force collaboration provision must specify—

(a)the functions which the designated civilian employees are permitted by the collaboration agreement to discharge for the purposes of the assisted force, and

(b)any restrictions or conditions on that permission for the designated civilian employees to discharge those functions.

(3)The force collaboration provision must not permit the designated civilian employees to discharge functions for the purposes of the assisted force unless those employees are, by virtue of the relevant section 38 designation, authorised to discharge those functions for the purposes of the assisting force.

(4)The force collaboration provision does not authorise the designated civilian employees to discharge functions for the purposes of the assisted force (but see section 38B of the Police Reform Act 2002).

(5)References in this section to the discharge of functions by civilian employees of the assisting force for the purposes of the assisted force include references to—

(a)the joint discharge of functions by the civilian employees and members of the assisted police force,

(b)the discharge of functions by the civilian employees in the assisted force's area, and

(c)the provision of the civilian employees to the assisted force.

(6)In this section—

  • designated”, in relation to a civilian employee of a police force, means designated by the chief officer of police of that force by a section 38 designation;

  • relevant section 38 designation”, in relation to a designated civilian employee, means the section 38 designation relating to the employee;

  • section 38 designation” means a designation under section 38 of the Police Reform Act 2002.]

23BCollaboration agreements: paymentsE+W

(1)A collaboration agreement may provide for payments between [F110parties to the agreement].

(2)Provision under subsection (1) may [F111in the case of policing bodies or chief officers of police who are parties to the agreement], in particular—

(a)specify the [F112policing bodies or chief officers of police] by which and to which a payment is to be made or the manner in which those [F112policing bodies or chief officers of police] are to be determined;

(b)specify the amount of any payment or the manner in which it is to be determined.

(3)[F113A policing body or chief officer of police] must make any payments required by provision made under subsection (1).

F114(4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F114(5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

23CCollaboration agreements: consultation and supplementalE+W

F115(1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(2)A collaboration agreement must be in writing.

(3)A collaboration agreement may make different provision for different cases or circumstances.

(4)A collaboration agreement may be varied by a subsequent collaboration agreement.

(5)A collaboration agreement may be brought to an end by agreement between the parties to it; and section 23(6) or, as the case may be, section 23A(6) applies to an agreement under this subsection.

[F116(6)If circumstances are such that one or more of the parties to a collaboration agreement would not, at a particular time, have power to enter into a collaboration agreement of that description (whether because of a failure to meet the requirements of section 22A(1) or (5) or otherwise) each person who does not have that power must cease to be a party to the agreement.]

23DCollaboration agreements: accountabilityE+W

(1)Where a chief officer makes a [F117collaboration agreement], the [F118policing body] responsible for maintaining the force shall hold the chief officer to account for the discharge of functions by anyone who—

(a)is acting under the terms of the agreement, and

(b)while so acting, is under the direction and control of the chief officer.

(2)Before [F119making a collaboration agreement to which a chief officer of police is to be a party, a policing body] must notify the chief officer of the arrangements that it proposes to make for the discharge of its functions under this section in connection with the agreement.

(3)When deciding what arrangements to make, the [F120policing body] shall, in particular, [F121make] arrangements for those functions to be discharged jointly with another [F120policing body] responsible for maintaining a force whose chief officer is a party to the agreement.

(4)The functions conferred on a [F122 policing body ] under this section do not affect any other function of holding a chief officer to account.

23ECollaboration agreements: publicationE+W

(1)A person who makes a collaboration agreement must—

(a)publish the agreement, or

(b)publish the fact that the agreement has been made and such other details about it as the person thinks appropriate.

(2)[F123 In a case where information is notified to a chief officer of police under section 23D(2), that information] must be published by the chief officer with the information under subsection (1).

Textual Amendments

F89Ss. 23-23I substituted for s. 23 (12.3.2010) by Policing and Crime Act 2009 (c. 26), ss. 5, 116(1); S.I. 2010/507, art. 4(a)

23FCollaboration agreements: guidanceE+W

(1)The Secretary of State may give chief officers or [F124policing bodies] guidance about collaboration agreements or related matters.

(2)In discharging their functions, chief officers and [F124policing bodies] must have regard to the guidance.

Textual Amendments

F89Ss. 23-23I substituted for s. 23 (12.3.2010) by Policing and Crime Act 2009 (c. 26), ss. 5, 116(1); S.I. 2010/507, art. 4(a)

[F12523FA Police functions that must be the subject of force collaboration provisionE+W+S

(1)The Secretary of State may, by order, require a specified police function to be exercised in relation to—

(a)all police areas, or

(b)all police areas apart from any specified in the order,

in accordance with police collaboration provision.

(2)An order under this section may specify whether the specified police function is required to be exercised in relation to the specified police areas in accordance with police collaboration provision contained in—

(a)a single collaboration agreement which relates to all of those police areas, or

(b)a number of collaboration agreements which, between them, relate to all of those police areas.

(3)Provision under subsection (2)(b) need not specify a particular number of collaboration agreements.

(4)A statutory instrument containing an order under this section may not be made unless a draft of the instrument has been laid before, and approved by a resolution of, each House of Parliament.

(5)If, but for this subsection, an instrument containing an order under this section would be treated for the purposes of the standing orders of either House of Parliament as a hybrid instrument, it is to proceed in that House as if it were not a hybrid instrument.

(6)In this section “specified” means specified in an order under this section.]

Textual Amendments

F89Ss. 23-23I substituted for s. 23 (12.3.2010) by Policing and Crime Act 2009 (c. 26), ss. 5, 116(1); S.I. 2010/507, art. 4(a)

23GCollaboration agreements: directionsE+W

(1)The Secretary of State may give chief officers or [F126policing bodies] directions about collaboration agreements or related matters.

(2)A direction may be given to—

(a)one or more chief officers;

(b)one or more [F126policing bodies]

(3)A person to whom a direction is given must comply with it.

(4)A direction may, in particular—

(a)require two or more persons to make, or prohibit them from making, a collaboration agreement;

(b)require two or more persons to vary, or prohibit them from varying, a collaboration agreement;

(c)require two or more persons to consider making a collaboration agreement of a specified description;

(d)specify terms to be included, or not to be included, in collaboration agreements.

(5)A direction may relate to—

(a)a particular agreement,

(b)agreements of a particular description, or

(c)agreements in general.

(6)Before giving a direction under this section the Secretary of State must consult the person or persons to whom it is to be given.

Textual Amendments

F89Ss. 23-23I substituted for s. 23 (12.3.2010) by Policing and Crime Act 2009 (c. 26), ss. 5, 116(1); S.I. 2010/507, art. 4(a)

23HCollaboration agreements: termination by Secretary of StateE+W+S

(1)The Secretary of State may terminate a collaboration agreement by notice to the parties to the agreement.

(2)A notice under this section may provide for the termination of the agreement with immediate effect or at the end of a specified period.

(3)Before giving a notice under this section the Secretary of State must consult the parties to the agreement.

Textual Amendments

F89Ss. 23-23I substituted for s. 23 (12.3.2010) by Policing and Crime Act 2009 (c. 26), ss. 5, 116(1); S.I. 2010/507, art. 4(a)

[F12723HADecisions about efficiency or effectivenessE+W+S

In reaching a conclusion about whether or not a collaboration agreement is, or would be, in the interests of efficiency or effectiveness of one or more police forces (the “police forces under consideration”), a person must, in particular, consider—

(a)the existing collaboration agreements, and other arrangements for co-operation, to which the police forces under consideration are parties;

(b)the desirability of police forces taking a consistent approach in making such agreements and other arrangements; and

(c)the opportunities available to the police forces under consideration to make such agreements and other arrangements.]

23ICollaboration agreements: definitionsE+W

(1)This section has effect for the purposes of sections [F12822A] to 23H.

(2)Police force” includes—

(a)the British Transport Police Force, and

(b)the Civil Nuclear Constabulary.

(3)Chief officer” means—

(a)in relation to the British Transport Police Force, the Chief Constable of the force,

(b)in relation to the Civil Nuclear Constabulary, the chief constable of the Constabulary, and

(c)in relation to any other police force, the chief officer of police of that force.

(4)[F129“Policing body” means—]

[F129(aa)a local policing body,]

(a)the British Transport Police Authority, and

(b)the Civil Nuclear Police Authority.

[F130(5)The following expressions have the meanings given in section 22A—

  • “collaboration agreement”;

  • “force collaboration provision”;

  • “policing body collaboration provision”;

  • “policing body & force collaboration provision”.

(6)References to the police force which a policing body is responsible for maintaining include—

(a)in the case of the British Transport Police Authority, the British Transport Police, and

(b)in the case of the Civil Nuclear Police Authority, the Civil Nuclear Constabulary.

(7)References to a police force include—

(a)references to the special constables appointed by a chief officer of police, and

(b)references to the civilian employees of the police force;

and references to the members of a police force are to be read accordingly.

(8)For that purpose “civilian employee” means—

(a)in the case of a police force maintained under section 2 or 5A, the members of the civilian staff of that force;

(b)in the case of any other police force, the employees of the policing body responsible for maintaining that force who are under the direction and control of the chief officer of police of that force.]]

24 Aid of one police force by another.E+W

(1)The chief officer of police of any police force may, on the application of the chief officer of police of any other police force, provide constables or other assistance for the purpose of enabling the other force to meet any special demand on its resources.

(2)If it appears to the Secretary of State to be expedient in the interests of public safety or order that any police force should be reinforced or should receive other assistance for the purpose of enabling it to meet any special demand on its resources, and that satisfactory arrangements under subsection (1) cannot be made, or cannot be made in time, he may direct the chief officer of police of any police force to provide such constables or other assistance for that purpose as may be specified in the direction.

(3)While a constable is provided under this section for the assistance of another police force he shall, notwithstanding sections [F131sections 2 and 4 of the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 (“the 2011 Act”)], be under the direction and control of the chief officer of police of that other force.

[F132(3A)While a member of the civilian staff of a police force maintained under section 2, or a member of the civilian staff of the metropolitan police force, is provided under this section for the assistance of another police force, that member of staff is, notwithstanding section 2 or 4 of the 2011 Act, under the direction and control of the chief officer of police of that other force.]

(4)The [F133local policing body] maintaining a police force for which assistance is provided under this section shall pay to the [F133local policing body] maintaining the force from which that assistance is provided such contribution as may be agreed upon between [F134those bodies] or, in the absence of any such agreement, as may be provided by any agreement subsisting at the time between all [F135local policing bodies] generally, or, in the absence of such general agreement, as may be determined by the Secretary of State.

[F136(4A)This section shall apply in relation to the British Transport Police Authority, the British Transport Police Force and the Chief Constable of that Force as it applies to a [F137local policing body] , a police force and a chief officer of police respectively; and for that purpose the reference in subsection (3) to [F138sections 2 and 4 of the 2011 Act shall be construed as including a reference to section 24(2) of the Railways and Transport Safety Act 2003.]

F139(5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .]

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

25 Provision of special services.E+W+S

(1)The chief officer of police of a police force may provide, at the request of any person, special police services at any premises or in any locality in the police area for which the force is maintained, subject to the payment to the [F140local policing body] of charges on such scales as may be determined by [F141that body].

[F142(1A)The Chief Constable of the British Transport Police Force may provide special police services at the request of any person, subject to the payment to the [F143British Transport Police Authority] of charges on such scales as may be determined by that Authority.]

(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

26 Provision of advice and assistance to international organisations etc.E+W

(1)Subject to the provisions of this section, a [F144local policing body] may provide advice and assistance—

(a)to an international organisation or institution, or

(b)to any other person or body which is engaged outside the United Kingdom in the carrying on of activities similar to any carried on by [F145the body] or the chief officer of police for its area.

(2)The power conferred on a [F146local policing body] by subsection (1) includes a power to make arrangements under which a member of the police force maintained by [F147the body] is engaged for a period of temporary service with a person or body within paragraph (a) or (b) of that subsection.

(3)The power conferred by subsection (1) shall not be exercised except with the consent of the Secretary of State or in accordance with a general authorisation given by him.

(4)A consent or authorisation under subsection (3) may be given subject to such conditions as appear to the Secretary of State to be appropriate.

(5)Nothing in this section authorises a [F148local policing body] to provide any financial assistance by—

(a)making a grant or loan,

(b)giving a guarantee or indemnity, or

(c)investing by acquiring share or loan capital.

(6)A [F148local policing body] may make charges for advice or assistance provided by it under this section.

F149(7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(8)The provisions of this section are without prejudice to the M2Police (Overseas Service) Act 1945 F150. . . .

27 Special constables.E+W

(1)The chief officer of police of the police force maintained for a police area may, in accordance with regulations under section 51, appoint special constables for that area.

(2)Subject to [F151provision included in a [F152collaboration agreement] by virtue of section 23(4),] [F153section 24(3) and] regulations under section 51, all special constables appointed for a police area shall be under the direction and control of, and subject to dismissal by, the chief officer of police.

28 Police cadets.E+W

(1)The chief officer of police of a police force may, in accordance with regulations under section 52, appoint persons as police cadets to undergo training with a view to becoming members of that police force.

(2)Subject to regulations under section 52, all police cadets shall be under the control of, and subject to dismissal by, the chief officer of police.

(3)[F154Accordingly], for the purposes of any enactment relating to the functions of employers and of any rule of law with respect to the vicarious liability of employers, [F155the chief officer of a police force] shall be treated as the employer of any police cadets undergoing training with the force.

F156(4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

29 Attestation of constables.E+W

Every member of a police force maintained for a police area and every special constable appointed for a police area shall, on appointment, be attested as a constable by making a declaration in the form set out in Schedule 4—

F157(a). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(b)F158. . . before a justice of the peace having jurisdiction within the police area.

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C4S. 29 applied (with modifications) (1.7.2004) by Railways and Transport Safety Act 2003 (c. 20), s. 24(3); S.I. 2004/1572, art. 3(g)

C5S. 29 applied (with modifications) (1.7.2004) by Railways and Transport Safety Act 2003 (c. 20), s. 25(3); S.I. 2004/1572, art. 3(h)

30 Jurisdiction of constables.E+W

(1)A member of a police force shall have all the powers and privileges of a constable throughout England and Wales and the adjacent United Kingdom waters.

[F159(2)A special constable shall have all the powers and privileges of a constable throughout England and Wales and the adjacent United Kingdom waters.]

F160(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F161(3A)A member of the British Transport Police Force who is for the time being required by virtue of [F162section 22A] to serve with a police force maintained by a [F163local policing body] shall have all the powers and privileges of a member of that police force.]

[F164(3B)Where a member of the British Transport Police Force is for the time being under the direction and control of the chief officer of another police force by virtue of a [F165collaboration agreement under section 22A], the member shall have all the powers and privileges of a member of that other force.

(3C)In subsection (3B), “police force” and “chief officer” have the meanings given by section 23I.]

F166(4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(5)In this section—

  • powers includes powers under any enactment, whenever passed or made;

  • United Kingdom waters” means the sea and other waters within the seaward limits of the territorial sea;

and this section, so far as it relates to powers under any enactment, makes them exercisable throughout the United Kingdom waters whether or not the enactment applies to those waters apart from this provision.

(6)This section is without prejudice to—

(a)sections 98 and 99 below, and

(b)any other enactment conferring powers on constables for particular purposes.

[F16731 Rewards for diligenceE+W

(1)The chief constable of a police force maintained under section 2 may grant to members of that police force rewards for exceptional diligence or other specially meritorious conduct.

(2)The Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis may grant to members of the metropolitan police force rewards for exceptional diligence or other specially meritorious conduct.

(3)The Common Council may, on the recommendation of the Commissioner of Police for the City of London, grant out of the City of London police fund to members of the City of London police force rewards for exceptional diligence or other specially meritorious conduct.]

Alteration of police areasE+W

32 Power to alter police areas by order.E+W

(1)The Secretary of State may by order make alterations in police areas in England and Wales other than the City of London police area.

(2)The alterations that may be made by an order under this section include alterations that result in a reduction or an increase in the number of police areas, but not alterations that result in the abolition of the metropolitan police district.

(3)The Secretary of State shall not exercise his power under this section to make alterations unless either—

(a)he has received a request to make the alterations from the [F168local policing body] for each of the areas F169... affected by them, or

(b)it appears to him to be expedient to make the alterations in the interests of efficiency or effectiveness.

(4)The Secretary of State shall exercise his power to make orders under this section in such a way as to ensure that [F170no police area falls partly in England and partly in Walesand that ] none of the following areas—

(a)a county in which there are no district councils,

(b)a district in any other county,

(c)a county borough in Wales, and

(d)a London borough,

is divided between two or more police areas.

F171(5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

33 Objections to alterations proposed by Secretary of State.E+W

(1)Before making an order under section 32 by virtue of subsection (3)(b) of that section, the Secretary of State shall give notice of his proposal to—

(a)the [F172local policing body] for every area F173... that he proposes to alter,

(b)the council of every county, district, county borough or London borough wholly or partly within any area (other than the metropolitan police district) that he proposes to alter,

[F174(bb)the Greater London Authority, if he proposes to alter the metropolitan police district,]

(c)the council of every London borough, county or district all or part of which would under the proposal be brought into or left out of the metropolitan police district, and

(d)such other persons as he considers appropriate.

(2)A notice under subsection (1) shall—

(a)specify the proposed alterations and describe the general nature of any related provisions proposed to be included in the order,

(b)set out the Secretary of State’s reasons for proposing the alterations, and

(c)specify a date before which any objections to the proposals are to be delivered to the Secretary of State.

(3)The date specified under subsection (2)(c) shall fall after the end of the period of four months beginning with the date of the notice.

(4)Where objections have been duly delivered to the Secretary of State by a person notified under subsection (1), the Secretary of State shall before making the order under section 32—

(a)consider the objections, and

(b)give to that person a further notice stating whether he accepts the objections and, if he does not, giving his reasons.

(5)Where the Secretary of State has given a notice under subsection (1) specifying proposed alterations, the provisions of an order making the alterations may be inconsistent with the notice so far as it describes the general nature of the provisions, and may contain provisions not referred to in the notice.

Textual Amendments

F174S. 33(1)(bb) inserted (3.7.2000) by 1999 c. 29, s. 325, Sch. 27 para. 85(3) (with Sch. 12 para. 9(1)); S.I. 2000/1648, art. 2, Sch.

34 Orders altering police areas: supplementary provisions.E+W

(1)The power to make orders under section 32 includes power to make such supplementary and transitional provision as the Secretary of State thinks necessary or expedient, including—

[F175(a)provision as to who is to be a police and crime commissioner;]

(b)provision for the transfer of property, rights and liabilities;

(c)provision for the transfer of members of police forces and other persons;

(d)provision as to pending legal proceedings.

[F176(1A)Provision falling within subsection (1)(a) includes, in particular—

(a)provision for the police and crime commissioner for a police area affected by the order to become the police and crime commissioner for a police area resulting from the order;

(b)provision for the holding of an election for the police and crime commissioner for any police area resulting from the order.]

(2)Without prejudice to subsection (1), the power to make orders under section 32 includes power—

(a)to amend Schedule 1 to this Act and section 76 of the M3London Government Act 1963 (extent of metropolitan police district), F177...

(b)to amend any other enactment, and any instrument made under any enactment, where the amendment is consequential on any provision of the order [F178and

(c)to apply (with or without modification) any provision of, or made under, Chapter 6 of Part 1 of the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011.]

[F179(2A)An order under section 32 which includes provision within subsection (1A)(b) may, in particular require the election in question to be held before the alteration of police areas takes effect.]

(3)No order shall be made under section 32 by virtue of subsection (3)(b) of that section unless a draft of the order has been laid before and approved by resolution of each House of Parliament.

(4)An order to which subsection (3) applies, and which would apart from this subsection be treated for the purposes of the standing orders of either House of Parliament as a hybrid instrument, shall proceed in that House as if it were not such an instrument.

(5)A statutory instrument containing an order made under section 32 by virtue of subsection (3)(a) of that section shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

SupplementalE+W

35 The Scilly Isles.E+W

For the purposes of the application of this Part to the Isles of Scilly—

(a)the Isles shall be treated as if they were a county, and

(b)references to the council of a county shall be construed as references to the Council of the Isles.

Part IIE+W Central Supervision, Direction and Facilities

Functions of Secretary of StateE+W

36 General duty of Secretary of State.E+W

(1)The Secretary of State shall exercise his powers under the provisions of this Act referred to in subsection (2) in such manner and to such extent as appears to him to be best calculated to promote the efficiency and effectiveness of the police.

(2)The provisions of this Act mentioned in subsection (1) are—

(a)Part I;

(b)this Part;

(c)Part III (other than sections 61 and 62);

(d)in Chapter II of Part IV, [F180sections 84 and 85] and Schedule 6; and

(e)in Part V, section 95.

Textual Amendments

F18136A National Policing PlanE+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F18237 Setting of objectives for police authorities.E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

[F18337AThe strategic policing requirementE+W

(1)The Secretary of State must, from time to time, issue a document (the “strategic policing requirement”) which sets out what, in the Secretary of State's view, are—

(a)national threats at the time the document is issued, and

(b)appropriate national policing capabilities to counter those national threats.

(2)A chief officer of police must, in exercising the functions of chief officer, have regard to the strategic policing requirement.

(3)Before issuing the strategic policing requirement, the Secretary of State—

(a)must obtain the advice of—

(i)such persons as appear to the Secretary of State to represent the views of chief officers of police, and

(ii)such persons as appear to the Secretary of State to represent the views of local policing bodies, and

(b)must consult such other persons as the Secretary of State thinks fit.

(4)The strategic policing requirement need not set out a national threat (in particular) if, in the Secretary of State's view, countering the threat would involve police forces other than England and Wales police forces (and only those other police forces).

(5)References in this section to national policing capabilities to counter a threat are references to the ability of all England and Wales police forces—

(a)to exercise one or more functions to counter that threat,

(b)to exercise one or more functions in one or more particular ways to counter that threat, or

(c)to exercise one or more functions in accordance with common operational standards to counter that threat.

(6)In this section—

  • England and Wales police force” means—

    (a)

    a police force maintained under section 2,

    (b)

    the metropolitan police force, and

    (c)

    the City of London police force;

  • national threat” means a threat (whether actual or prospective) which is—

    (a)

    a threat to national security, public safety, public order or public confidence that is of such gravity as to be of national importance, or

    (b)

    a threat which can be countered effectively or efficiently only by national policing capabilities to counter the threat.]

F18438 Setting of performance targets.E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F18539 Codes of practice.E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F18639A Codes of practice for chief officersE+W

(1)If the Secretary of State considers it necessary to do so for the purpose of promoting the efficiency and effectiveness generally of the police forces maintained for police areas in England and Wales, he may issue codes of practice relating to the discharge of their functions by the chief officers of police of those forces.

(2)The Secretary of State may from time to time revise the whole or any part of a code of practice issued under this section.

F187(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(4)Before [F188issuing or revising such a code, the Secretary of State] shall consult with—

[F189(a)such persons as appear to the Secretary of State to represent the views of police and crime commissioners;

(aa)the Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime;

(ab)the Common Council;]

[F190(b)the Association of Chief Police Officers; and]

(c)such other persons as [F191the Secretary of State] thinks fit.

(5)The Secretary of State shall lay any code of practice issued by him under this section, and any revision of any such code, before Parliament.

(6)The Secretary of State shall not be required by subsection (5) to lay before Parliament, or may exclude from what he does so lay, anything the publication of which, in his opinion—

(a)would be against the interests of national security;

(b)could prejudice the prevention or detection of crime or the apprehension or prosecution of offenders; or

(c)could jeopardise the safety of any person.

(7)In discharging any function to which a code of practice under this section relates, a chief officer of police shall have regard to the code.]

[F19240 Power to give directions in relation to police forceE+W

(1)Where the Secretary of State is satisfied that the whole or any part of a police force is failing to discharge any of its functions in an effective manner, whether generally or in particular respects, he may direct the [F193local policing body] responsible for maintaining the force to take specified measures for the purpose of remedying the failure.

(2)Where the Secretary of State is satisfied that the whole or a part of a police force will fail to discharge any of its functions in an effective manner, whether generally or in particular respects, unless remedial measures are taken, he may direct the [F193local policing body] responsible for maintaining the force to take specified measures in order to prevent such a failure occurring.

(3)The measures that may be specified in a direction under subsection (1) or (2) include the submission to the Secretary of State of an action plan setting out the measures which the person or persons submitting the plan propose to take for the purpose of remedying the failure in question or (as the case may be) preventing such a failure occurring.

(4)The Secretary of State shall not give a direction under this section in relation to any police force unless—

(a)the [F193local policing body] responsible for maintaining the force and the chief officer of police of that force have each been given such information about the Secretary of State's grounds for proposing to give that direction as he considers appropriate for enabling them to make representations or proposals under the following paragraphs of this subsection;

(b)that [F193local policing body] and chief officer have each been given an opportunity of making representations about those grounds;

(c)that [F193local policing body] and chief officer have each had an opportunity of making proposals for the taking of remedial measures that would make the giving of the direction unnecessary; and

(d)the Secretary of State has considered any such representations and any such proposals.

(5)Subsection (4) does not apply if the Secretary of State is satisfied that—

(a)the [F193local policing body] responsible for maintaining the force and the chief officer of police of that force have already been made aware of the matters constituting the Secretary of State's grounds for proposing to give a direction under this section;

(b)the information they had about those matters was sufficient to enable them to identify remedial measures that would have made the giving of the direction unnecessary; and

(c)they have each had a reasonable opportunity to take such measures.

(6)The Secretary of State shall not give a direction under this section unless Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Constabulary has been given—

(a)the same information about the grounds for proposing to give that direction as is required to be given under subsection (4)(a) (or would be so required but for subsection (5)); and

(b)an opportunity of making written observations about those grounds.

The Secretary of State shall publish any such observations in such manner as appears to him to be appropriate.

(7)A [F193local policing body] that is given a direction under this section shall comply with it.

Textual Amendments

F192Ss. 40-40B substituted for s. 40 (1.4.2007) by Police and Justice Act 2006 (c. 48), s. 53(1), Sch. 2 para. 27; S.I. 2007/709, art. 3(c) (with art. 6)

40APower to give directions in relation to [F194local policing body] E+W

(1)Where the Secretary of State is satisfied that a [F194local policing body] is failing to discharge any of its functions in an effective manner, whether generally or in particular respects, he may direct the [F194local policing body] to take specified measures for the purpose of remedying the failure.

(2)Where the Secretary of State is satisfied that a [F194local policing body] will fail to discharge any of its functions in an effective manner, whether generally or in particular respects, unless remedial measures are taken, he may direct the [F194local policing body] to take specified measures in order to prevent such a failure occurring.

(3)The measures that may be specified in a direction under subsection (1) or (2) include the submission to the Secretary of State of an action plan setting out the measures which [F195the local policing body] submitting the plan proposes to take for the purpose of remedying the failure in question or (as the case may be) preventing such a failure occurring.

(4)The Secretary of State shall not give a direction under this section in relation to a [F194local policing body] unless—

(a)the [F194local policing body] has been given such information about the Secretary of State's grounds for proposing to give that direction as he considers appropriate for enabling it to make representations or proposals under the following paragraphs of this subsection;

(b)the [F194local policing body] has been given an opportunity of making representations about those grounds;

(c)the [F194local policing body] has had an opportunity of making proposals for the taking of remedial measures that would make the giving of the direction unnecessary; and

(d)the Secretary of State has considered any such representations and any such proposals.

(5)Subsection (4) does not apply if the Secretary of State is satisfied that—

(a)the [F194local policing body] has already been made aware of the matters constituting the Secretary of State's grounds for proposing to give a direction under this section;

(b)the information [F195the local policing body] had about those matters was sufficient to enable it to identify remedial measures that would have made the giving of the direction unnecessary; and

(c)[F195the local policing body] has had a reasonable opportunity to take such measures.

(6)The Secretary of State shall not give a direction under this section unless Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Constabulary has been given—

(a)the same information about the grounds for proposing to give that direction as is required to be given under subsection (4)(a) (or would be so required but for subsection (5)); and

(b)an opportunity of making written observations about those grounds.

The Secretary of State shall publish any such observations in such manner as appears to him to be appropriate.

(7)A [F194local policing body] that is given a direction under this section shall comply with it.

(8)Nothing in this section or in section 40 prevents the Secretary of State from exercising (whether in relation to the same matter or different matters or at the same time or at different times) both his powers under this section and his powers under section 40.

40BProcedure for directions under section 40 or 40AE+W

(1)The Secretary of State may by regulations make further provision as to the procedure to be followed in cases where—

(a)a proposal is made for the giving of a direction under section 40;

(b)a proposal is made for the giving of a direction under section 40A.

(2)Before making any regulations under this section, the Secretary of State shall consult with—

[F196(a)such persons as appear to the Secretary of State to represent the views of police and crime commissioners;

(aa)the Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime;

(ab)the Common Council;]

(b)the Association of Chief Police Officers; and

(c)such other persons as he thinks fit.

(3)Regulations under this section may make different provision for different cases and circumstances.

(4)A statutory instrument containing regulations under this section shall not be made unless a draft of the regulations has been laid before Parliament and approved by a resolution of each House.

(5)On giving a direction under section 40 or section 40A to a [F197local policing body], the Secretary of State shall notify the chief officer of police of the force in question that he has given that direction.

(6)Where the Secretary of State gives a direction under section 40 or section 40A he shall lay before Parliament—

(a)a copy of the direction; and

(b)a report about it.

(7)A report under [F198subsection (6)]

(a)shall be prepared at such time as the Secretary of State considers appropriate; and

(b)may relate to more than one direction.]

Textual Amendments

F192Ss. 40-40B substituted for s. 40 (1.4.2007) by Police and Justice Act 2006 (c. 48), s. 53(1), Sch. 2 para. 27; S.I. 2007/709, art. 3(c) (with art. 6)

F196Ss. 40B(2)(a)-(ab) substituted for s. 40B(2)(a) (16.1.2012) by Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 (c. 13), ss. 91(4), 157(1); S.I. 2011/3019, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2 para. 3)

F198Words in s. 40B(7) substituted (12.1.2010) by Policing and Crime Act 2009 (c. 26), s. 116(6)(a), Sch. 7 para. 133

41 Directions as to minimum budget.E+W

(1)The power of the Secretary of State to give directions under section 40 [F199or 40A] to a [F200a police and crime commissioner] shall include power to direct [F201the commissioner] that the amount of [F202the commissioner's] [F203council tax requirement (under section 42A of the Local Government Finance Act 1992) or budget requirement (under section 43 of that Act) for any financial year] shall not be less than an amount specified in the direction.

[F204(1A)But the Secretary of State may not give a direction to the police and crime commissioner for a police area by virtue of subsection (1) unless the Secretary of State is satisfied that it is necessary to give the direction in order to prevent the safety of people in that police area from being put at risk.]

(2)The power exercisable by virtue of subsection (1), and any direction given under that power, are subject to any limitation imposed under Chapter [F2054ZA or] [F206IVA] of Part I of the Local Government Finance Act 1992.

(3)A direction shall not be given by virtue of subsection (1) in relation to a financial year at any time after the end of the preceding December.

(4)Where the Secretary of State gives a direction to [F207a police and crime commissioner] by virtue of subsection (1), any precept issued or calculation made by [F208the commissioner] under Part I of the Local Government Finance Act 1992 which is inconsistent with the direction shall be void.

F20941A Power to give directions as to action plansU.K.

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F21041B Procedure for directions under section 41AU.K.

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42[F211Metropolitan police: suspension or removal of Commissioner or Deputy Commissioner]E+W

[F212[F213(1)The Secretary of State may require the Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime to exercise the power under section 48 of the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 (the “2011 Act”) to call upon the Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis, or the Deputy Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis, to retire or resign.

(1A)The Secretary of State may also require the Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime to exercise the power under section 48 of the 2011 Act to suspend the Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis, or the Deputy Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis, if the Secretary of State considers that it is necessary for the maintenance of public confidence in the metropolitan police force for that police officer to be suspended.]

(2)[F214Before requiring the Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime to exercise its power to call upon the Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis, or the Deputy Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis, to retire or resign, the Secretary of State shall—]

(a)give the officer concerned a notice in writing—

(i)informing him of the Secretary of State’s intention to require the exercise of that power; and

(ii)explaining the Secretary of State’s grounds for requiring the exercise of that power; and

(b)give that officer an opportunity to make representations to the Secretary of State.

(2A)Where the Secretary of State gives a notice under subsection (2)(a), he shall send a copy of the [F215notice to the Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime.]

(2B)The Secretary of State shall consider any representations made to him under subsection (2).]

(3)[F216Where the Secretary of State proposes to require the exercise of a power mentioned in subsection (1), he] shall, appoint one or more persons (one at least of whom shall be a person who is not an officer of police or of a Government department) to hold an inquiry and report to him and shall consider any report made under this subsection.

[F217(3A)At an inquiry held under subsection (3)—

(a)the Commissioner [F218or Deputy Commissioner] shall be entitled, in accordance with any regulations under section 42A, to make representations to the inquiry;

(b)the [F219Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime] shall be entitled, in accordance with any regulations made under section 42A, to make representations to the inquiry.

(3B)The entitlement of the Commissioner [F220or Deputy Commissioner] to make representations shall include the entitlement to make them in person.]

(4)The costs incurred by a [F221 the Commissioner [F222 or Deputy Commissioner ]] in respect of an inquiry under this section, taxed in such manner as the Secretary of State may direct, shall be defrayed out of the police fund.

[F223(4A)If the Secretary of State exercises the power conferred by subsection (1) to require the Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime to call upon the Commissioner to retire or resign—

(a)the requirement of section 48(1) of the 2011 Act to obtain the Secretary of State's consent does not apply, and

(b)section 48(5) of the 2011 Act does not apply.]

(4B)In this section “the Commissioner” means the Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis and “the Deputy Commissioner” means the Deputy Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis.

F224(4C). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F225(5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F212S. 42(1)-(2B) substituted for s. 42(1)(2) (1.6.2004) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), ss. 33(2), 108(2); S.I. 2004/1319, art. 2(d)

F213S. 42(1)(1A) substituted for s. 42(1)-(1B) (16.1.2012) by Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 (c. 13), ss. 82(4), 157(1); S.I. 2011/3019, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with art. 9(1)(3))

F216Words in s. 42(3) substituted (1.6.2004) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), ss. 33(3), 108(2); S.I. 2004/1319, art. 2(d)

F221Words in s. 42(4) substituted (1.6.2004) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), ss. 33(5), 108(2); S.I. 2004/1319, art. 2(d)

[F22642A Procedure in relation to [F227 exercise of powers under section 42 ] E+W

(1)The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision as to the procedure to be followed in the exercise of any power conferred or duty imposed by section F228... 42.

(2)Before making any regulations under this section, the Secretary of State shall consult with—

[F229(a)the Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime;]

(b)the Association of Chief Police Officers; and

(c)such other persons as he thinks fit.

(3)Regulations under this section may make different provision for different cases and circumstances.

(4)A statutory instrument containing regulations under this section shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.]

F23043 Reports from police authorities.E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F23144Provision of information by chief officers of policeE+W

(1)The Secretary of State may require a chief officer of police of any police force to provide the Secretary of State with information on such matters as may be specified in the requirement, being matters connected with—

(a)the policing of the police area for which that police force is maintained, or

(b)the discharge of the national or international functions of that police force.

(2)A requirement under subsection (1) may, in particular, specify information in the form of statistical data, being data connected with—

(a)the policing of that police area, or

(b)the discharge of the national or international functions of the police force for that area.

(3)A requirement under subsection (1) may specify the form in which information is to be provided.

(4)The Secretary of State may require a chief officer to publish, in such manner as appears to the Secretary of State to be appropriate, information provided in accordance with a requirement under subsection (1).

(5)The Secretary of State may cause a consolidated and classified abstract of any information in the form of statistical data that is provided in accordance with subsection (1) to be prepared and laid before Parliament.]

Textual Amendments

F23145 Criminal statistics.E+W

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

46 Police grant.E+W

(1)Subject to the following provisions of this section, the Secretary of State shall for each financial year make grants for police purposes to—

[F232(a)police and crime commissioners,]

[F232(aa)the Common Council, and]

(b)the [F233Greater London Authority];

[F234and in those provisions a reference to a grant recipient is a reference to a police and crime commissioner, the Common Council or the Greater London Authority.]

(2)For each financial year the Secretary of State shall with the approval of the Treasury determine—

(a)the aggregate amount of grants to be made under this section, and

(b)the amount of the grant to be made to each [F235grant recipient];

and any determination may be varied by further determinations under this subsection.

(3)The Secretary of State shall prepare a report setting out any determination under subsection (2), and stating the considerations which he took into account in making the determination.

(4)In determining the allocation among [F236grant recipients] of the whole or any part of the aggregate amount of grants, the Secretary of State may exercise his discretion by applying such formulae or other rules as he considers appropriate.

(5)The considerations which the Secretary of State takes into account in making a determination under subsection (2), and the formulae and other rules referred to in subsection (4), may be different for [F237different grant recipients or different classes of grant recipient].

(6)A copy of every report prepared under subsection (3) shall be laid before the House of Commons, and no payment of grant shall be made unless the report setting out the determination of its amount has been approved by resolution of that House.

(7)A grant to a [F238grant recipient] under this section shall be paid at such time, or in instalments of such amounts and at such times, as the Secretary of State may with the approval of the Treasury determine; and any such time may fall within or after the financial year concerned.

[F239(7A)Where the Greater London Authority receives a grant under this section, it shall forthwith account for the grant to the [F240Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime] and pay it over to [F241that Office].]

(8)Where in consequence of a further determination under subsection (2) the amount of [F242a grant recipient's] grant is less than the amount already paid to it for the year concerned, a sum equal to the difference shall be paid by [F243the grant recipient] to the Secretary of State on such day as he may specify; but no sum shall be payable by [F244a grant recipient] under this subsection unless the report setting out the further determination has been approved by resolution of the House of Commons.

[F245(9)Where the Greater London Authority is required to pay a sum under subsection (8) above, the Mayor of London may direct the [F246Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime] to pay an amount not exceeding that sum to the Greater London Authority on such day as he may specify in the direction.]

Textual Amendments

F232S. 46(1)(a)(aa) substituted for s. 46(1)(a) (22.11.2012) by Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 (c. 13), ss. 24(2)(a), 157(1); S.I. 2012/2892, art. 2(a)

F233Words in s. 46(1)(b) substituted (3.7.2000) by 1999 c. 29, s. 325, Sch. 27 para. 92(2) (with Sch. 12 para. 9(1)); S.I. 2000/1648, art. 2, Sch.

47 Grants for capital expenditure.E+W

(1)The Secretary of State may make grants in respect of capital expenditure incurred (or to be incurred) for police purposes [F247by local policing bodies].

(2)Grants under this section may be made either unconditionally or subject to conditions.

(3)The Secretary of State shall exercise his powers under this section only with the approval of the Treasury.

[F248(4)Any grant [F249under subsection (1) in respect of expenditure incurred (or to be incurred) by the Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime] shall be paid to the Greater London Authority.

(5)Where the Greater London Authority receives a grant under this section, it shall forthwith account for the grant to the [F250Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime] and pay it over to [F251that Office].]

48 Grants for expenditure on safeguarding national security.E+W

(1)The Secretary of State may make grants in respect of expenditure incurred (or to be incurred) for police purposes [F252by local policing bodies in connection with safeguarding national security].

(2)Grants under this section may be made either unconditionally or subject to conditions.

(3)The Secretary of State shall exercise his powers under this section only with the approval of the Treasury.

[F253(4)Any grant [F254under subsection (1) in respect of expenditure incurred (or to be incurred) by the Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime] shall be paid to the Greater London Authority.

(5)Where the Greater London Authority receives a grant under this section, it shall forthwith account for the grant to the [F255Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime] and pay it over to [F256that Office].]

F25749 Local inquiries.E+W

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Textual Amendments

50 Regulations for police forces.E+W

(1)Subject to the provisions of this section, the Secretary of State may make regulations as to the government, administration and conditions of service of police forces.

(2)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), regulations under this section may make provision with respect to—

(a)the ranks to be held by members of police forces;

(b)the qualifications for appointment and promotion of members of police forces;

(c)periods of service on probation;

(d)voluntary retirement of members of police forces;

(e)the conduct, efficiency and effectiveness of members of police forces and the maintenance of discipline;

(f)the suspension of members of a police force from membership of that force and from their office as constable;

(g)the maintenance of personal records of members of police forces;

(h)the duties which are or are not to be performed by members of police forces;

(i)the treatment as occasions of police duty of attendance at meetings of the Police Federations and of any body recognised by the Secretary of State for the purposes of section 64;

(j)the hours of duty, leave, pay and allowances of members of police forces; and

(k)the issue, use and return of police clothing, personal equipment and accoutrements.

[F258(2A)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1) or (2), regulations under this section may make provision with respect to the procedures to be followed by police and crime commissioners, or the Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime, in exercising—

(a)powers of suspension, or

(b)powers of removal,

(whether, in the case of the Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime, on their own initiative or in compliance with a requirement imposed by the Secretary of State).

(2B)In subsection (2A)—

  • power of removal” means—

    (a)

    the power conferred on police and crime commissioners by section 38(3) of the 2011 Act to require chief constables to retire or resign;

    (b)

    the power conferred on the Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime by section 48(3) of the 2011 Act to require the Commissioner or Deputy Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis to retire or resign;

  • power of suspension” means—

    (a)

    the power conferred on police and crime commissioners by section 38(2) of the 2011 Act to suspend chief constables;

    (b)

    the power conferred on the Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime by section 48(1) of the 2011 Act to suspend the Commissioner or Deputy Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis;

and for this purpose “2011 Act” means the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011.]

[F259(3)Without prejudice to the powers conferred by this section, regulations under this section shall—

(a)establish, or

(b)make provision for the establishment of,

procedures for the taking of disciplinary proceedings in respect of the conduct, efficiency and effectiveness of members of police forces, including procedures for cases in which such persons may be dealt with by dismissal.]

(4)In relation to any matter as to which provision may be made by regulations under this section, the regulations mayF260... —

(a)authorise or require provision to be made by, or confer discretionary powers on, the Secretary of State, [F261local policing bodies], chief officers of police or other persons, or

(b)authorise or require the delegation by any person of functions conferred on that person by or under the regulations.

(5)Regulations under this section for regulating pay and allowances may be made with retrospective effect to any date specified in the regulations, but nothing in this subsection shall be construed as authorising pay or allowances payable to any person to be reduced retrospectively.

(6)Regulations under this section as to conditions of service shall secure that appointments for fixed terms are not made except where the person appointed holds the rank of superintendent or a higher rank.

[F262(6A)Without prejudice to the powers conferred by this section, regulations under this section may make provision with respect to—

(a)steps to be taken in connection with the appointment of senior officers;

(b)payments to senior officers who cease to hold office before the end of a fixed term appointment.

(6B)In subsection (6A) “senior officer” means—

(a)a member of a police force holding a rank above that of chief superintendent;

(b)the Commissioner of Police for the City of London.]

(7)Regulations under this section may make different provision for different cases and circumstances.

(8)Any statutory instrument containing regulations under this section shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

Textual Amendments

F259S. 50(3) substituted (3.11.2008 for specified purposes, 1.12.2008 in so far as not already in force) by Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 (c. 4), s. 153(7), Sch. 22 para. 3(2); S.I. 2008/2712, art. 2, Sch. para. 16(b) (with art. 4); S.I. 2008/2993, art. 2(1)(h)(i) (with art. 3)

F260Words in s. 50(4) repealed (3.11.2008 for specified purposes, 1.12.2008 in so far as not already in force) by Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 (c. 4), s. 153(7), Sch. 22 para. 3(3), Sch. 28 Pt. 8; S.I. 2008/2712, art. 2, Sch. para. 16(b) (with art. 4); S.I. 2008/2993, art. 2(1)(h)(i) (with art. 3)

Commencement Information

I2S. 50 wholly in force at 1.4.1999; s. 50(1)(2)(4)-(8) in force at 23.8.1996, see s. 104(1)(2); s. 50(3) in force at 1.4.1999 by S.I. 1999/533, art. 2

51 Regulations for special constables.E+W

(1)The Secretary of State may make regulations as to the government, administration and conditions of service of special constables.

(2)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), regulations under this section may make provision with respect to—

(a)the qualifications for appointment of special constables;

(b)the retirement of special constables;

[F263(ba)the conduct [F264, efficiency and effectiveness] of special constables and the maintenance of discipline;]

(c)the suspension of special constables from their office as constable;

(d)the allowances payable to special constables; and

(e)the application to special constables, subject to such modifications as may be prescribed by the regulations, of any provisions made by or under any enactment relating to the pensions payable to or in respect of members of police forces.

[F265(2A)Without prejudice to the powers conferred by this section, regulations under this section shall—

(a)establish, or

(b)make provision for the establishment of,

procedures for the taking of disciplinary proceedings in respect of the conduct, efficiency and effectiveness of special constables, including procedures for cases in which such persons may be dealt with by dismissal.]

(3)If regulations under this section provide for the calculation of any pension payable to or in respect of special constables by reference to a scale of notional remuneration specified in the regulations, regulations under this section increasing any such notional remuneration may be made with retrospective effect to any date specified in the regulations.

[F266(3A)In relation to any matter as to which provision may be made by regulations under this section, the regulations may—

(a)authorise or require provision to be made by, or confer discretionary powers on, the Secretary of State, [F267local policing bodies], chief officers of police or other persons, or

(b)authorise or require the delegation by any person of functions conferred on that person by or under the regulations.]

(4)Subsections (7) and (8) of section 50 shall apply to regulations under this section.

Textual Amendments

F264Words in s. 51(2)(ba) inserted (3.11.2008 for specified purposes, 1.12.2008 in so far as not already in force) by Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 (c. 4), s. 153(7), Sch. 22 para. 4(2); S.I. 2008/2712, art. 2, Sch. para. 16(b) (with art. 4); S.I. 2008/2993, art. 2(1)(h)(i) (with art. 3)

F265S. 51(2A) inserted (3.11.2008 for specified purposes, 1.12.2008 in so far as not already in force) by Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 (c. 4), s. 153(7), Sch. 22 para. 4(3); S.I. 2008/2712, art. 2, Sch. para. 16(b) (with art. 4); S.I. 2008/2993, art. 2(1)(h)(i) (with art. 3)

F266S. 51(3A) inserted (25.6.1997) by 1997 c. 50, s. 128(1); S.I. 1997/1377, art. 2(2)(h)

52 Regulations for police cadets.E+W

(1)The Secretary of State may make regulations as to the government, administration and conditions of service of police cadets.

[F268(1A)In relation to any matter as to which provision may be made by regulations under this section, the regulations may—

(a)authorise or require provision to be made by, or confer discretionary powers on, the Secretary of State, [F269local policing bodies], chief officers of police or other persons, or

(b)authorise or require the delegation by any person of functions conferred on that person by or under the regulations.]

(2)Subsections (5), (7) and (8) of section 50 shall apply to regulations under this section.

Textual Amendments

F268S. 52(1A) inserted (25.6.1997) by 1997 c. 50, s. 128(2); S.I. 1997/1377, art. 2(2)(h)

53 Regulations as to standard [F270and provision] of equipment.E+W

[F271(1)]The Secretary of State may make regulations requiring equipment provided or used for police purposes to satisfy such requirements as to design and performance as may be prescribed in the regulations.

[F272(1A)The Secretary of State may by regulations make any or all of the following provisions—

(a)provision requiring [F273one or more police forces], when using equipment for the purposes specified in the regulations to use only—

(i)the equipment which is specified in the regulations;

(ii)equipment which is of a description so specified; or

(iii)equipment which is of a type approved by the Secretary of State in accordance with the regulations;

(b)provision requiring [F274one or more police forces] to keep available for use the equipment falling within paragraph (a)(i) to (iii) which is specified or described in, or approved in accordance with, the regulations;

(c)provision prohibiting [F275one or more police forces] from using equipment of a type approved as mentioned in paragraph (a)(iii) except—

(i)where the conditions subject to which the approval was given are satisfied; and

(ii)in accordance with the other terms of that approval;

(d)provision requiring equipment used by [F276one or more police forces] to comply, in the case of all police forces, with such conditions as may be specified in the regulations, or as may be approved by the Secretary of State in accordance with the regulations;

(e)provision prohibiting [F277one or more police forces] from using equipment specified in the regulations, or any equipment of a description so specified.

[F278(1AA)The Secretary of State may, by regulations, make provision about the arrangements which must be, may be, or must not be, used for the provision of equipment for use for police purposes.

(1AB)The regulations may, in particular—

(a)make provision about the nature or terms of such arrangements, or

(b)prescribe arrangements which may be, or must be, used.]

(1B)The Secretary of State shall not make any regulations under subsection (1A) [F279or (1AA)] unless he considers it necessary to do so for the purpose of promoting the efficiency and effectiveness [F280of one or more police forces].

(2)Before making any regulations under this section, the Secretary of State shall consult with—

[F281(a)such persons as appear to the Secretary of State to represent the views of police and crime commissioners;

(aa)the Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime;

(ab)the Common Council;]

(b)the Association of Chief Police Officers; and

(c)such other persons as he thinks fit.

(2A)Regulations under this section may make different provision for different cases and circumstances.

(2B)A statutory instrument containing any regulations under this section shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

(2C)In this section “equipment” includes—

[F282(za)software;]

(a)vehicles; and

(b)headgear and protective and other clothing.]

Textual Amendments

F271S. 53 renumbered as s. 53(1) (1.4.1998) by 1997 c. 50, s. 134(1), Sch. 9 para. 75; S.I. 1997/354, art. 2(2)(ay)

F272S. 53(1A)-(2C) substituted for s. 53(2)(3) (1.10.2002) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), ss. 6, 108(2)-(5); S.I. 2002/2306, art. 2(a)

F273Words in s. 53(1A)(a) substituted (29.1.2010) by Policing and Crime Act 2009 (c. 26), ss. 11(2)(a), 116(1); S.I. 2010/125, art. 2(b)

F274Words in s. 53(1A)(b) substituted (29.1.2010) by Policing and Crime Act 2009 (c. 26), ss. 11(2)(a), 116(1); S.I. 2010/125, art. 2(b)

F275Words in s. 53(1A)(c) substituted (29.1.2010) by Policing and Crime Act 2009 (c. 26), ss. 11(2)(a), 116(1); S.I. 2010/125, art. 2(b)

F276Words in s. 53(1A)(d) substituted (29.1.2010) by Policing and Crime Act 2009 (c. 26), ss. 11(2)(b), 116(1); S.I. 2010/125, art. 2(b)

F277Words in s. 53(1A)(e) substituted (29.1.2010) by Policing and Crime Act 2009 (c. 26), ss. 11(2)(a), 116(1); S.I. 2010/125, art. 2(b)

F280Words in s. 53(1B) substituted (29.1.2010) by Policing and Crime Act 2009 (c. 26), ss. 11(3), 116(1); S.I. 2010/125, art. 2(b)

F281S. 53(2)(a)-(ab) substituted for s. 53(2)(a) (16.1.2012) by Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 (c. 13), ss. 93(5), 157(1); S.I. 2011/3019, art. 3, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 2 para. 4)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

[F28353A Regulation of procedures and practicesE+W

(1)The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision requiring [F284one or more police forces]

(a)to adopt particular procedures or practices; or

(b)to adopt procedures or practices of a particular description.

(2)Before making any regulations under this section, the Secretary of State shall seek advice from—

(a)the chief inspector of constabulary; and

F285(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(3)Before seeking advice under subsection (2) the Secretary of State shall consult about his proposal to do so with—

[F286(a)such persons as appear to the Secretary of State to represent the views of police and crime commissioners;

(aa)the Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime;

(ab)the Common Council;]

(b)the Association of Chief Police Officers.

(4)A request for the purposes of subsection (2) may specify a period within which the requested advice is to be provided; and, if a period is so specified, the requested advice must be provided within it.

F287(5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(6)The Secretary of State shall not make any regulations under this section requiring the adoption of any procedure or practice unless—

F288(a). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(b)the advice of the chief inspector of constabulary states that that inspector is satisfied as to the matters mentioned in subsection (7); and

(c)the Secretary of State himself is satisfied as to those matters.

(7)Those matters are—

(a)that the adoption of that procedure or practice is necessary in order to [F289

(i)promote the efficiency and effectiveness of a police force, or

(ii)] facilitate the carrying out by members of any two or more police forces of joint or co-ordinated operations;

(b)that the making of regulations is necessary for securing the adoption of that procedure or practice; and

(c)that securing the adoption of that procedure or practice is in the national interest.

(8)Regulations under this section may make different provision for different cases and circumstances.

(9)A statutory instrument containing the first regulations to be made under this section shall not be made unless a draft of the regulations has been laid before Parliament and approved by a resolution of each House.

(10)A statutory instrument containing any other regulations under this section shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.]

Inspectors of constabularyE+W

54 Appointment and functions of inspectors of constabulary.E+W

(1)Her Majesty may appoint such number of inspectors (to be known as Her Majesty’s Inspectors of Constabulary as the Secretary of State may with the consent of the Treasury determine, and of the persons so appointed one may be appointed as chief inspector of constabulary.

(2)The inspectors of constabulary shall inspect, and report F290... on the efficiency and effectiveness of, every police force maintained for a police area F291... F292... F293....

F294(2A). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F295(2B)The Secretary of State may at any time require the inspectors of constabulary to carry out an inspection under this section of a police force maintained for any police area; and a requirement under this subsection may include a requirement for the inspection to be confined to a particular part of the force in question, to particular matters or to particular activities of that force.]

[F296(2BA)The local policing body for a police area may at any time request the inspectors of constabulary to carry out an inspection under this section of a police force maintained for that police area; and a request under this subsection may include a request for the inspection to be confined to a particular part of the force in question, to particular matters or to particular activities of that force.

(2BB)Where a local policing body requests the inspectors to carry out an inspection under subsection (2BA), the body must pay to the inspectors such reasonable costs incurred or to be incurred in connection with the inspection as the inspectors may require.]

F297(2C). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

[F298(2D)It shall be the duty of the chief inspector of constabulary—

(a)to enter into arrangements with the Independent Police Complaints Commission for the purpose of securing cooperation, in the carrying out of their respective functions, between the inspectors of constabulary and that Commission; and

(b)to ensure that inspectors of constabulary provide that Commission with all such assistance and co-operation as may be required by those arrangements or as otherwise appears to the chief inspector to be appropriate for facilitating the carrying out by that Commission of its functions.]

(3)The inspectors of constabulary shall carry out such other duties for the purpose of furthering police efficiency and effectiveness as the Secretary of State may from time to time direct.

F299(3A). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(4)The chief inspector of constabulary shall in each year submit to the Secretary of State a report [F300on the carrying out of inspections under this section], and the [F301chief inspector] shall lay a copy of that report before Parliament.

[F302(4A)A report under subsection (4) must include the chief inspector's assessment of the efficiency and effectiveness of policing in England and Wales for the year in respect of which the report is prepared.]

(5)The inspectors of constabulary shall be paid such salary and allowances as the Secretary of State may with the consent of the Treasury determine.

[F303(6)Schedule 4A (which makes further provision about the inspectors of constabulary) has effect.]

Textual Amendments

F291Word in s. 54(2) repealed (1.4.2002) by 2001 c. 16, ss. 137, 138(2), Sch. 7 Pt. 3; S.I. 2002/533, art. 2(e)

F299S. 54(3A) repealed (19.4.2010) by Policing and Crime Act 2009 (c. 26), ss. 2(2), 116(1), Sch. 8 Pt. 1; S.I. 2010/999, arts. 2(d), 4 (as amended by S.I. 2010/1986, art. 3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C9S. 54 applied (1.4.2002) by 2001 c. 16, ss. 93(1), 138(2); S.I. 2002/533, art. 2(a)

C11Ss. 54-56: power to apply conferred (21.7.2009) by Borders, Citizenship and Immigration Act 2009 (c. 11), ss. 29(2)(a), 58(1) (with s. 36(4))

55 Publication of reports.E+W

[F304(1)The inspectors of constabulary must arrange for any report prepared under section 54 to be published in such manner as appears to the inspectors to be appropriate.]

[F305(2)But the inspectors of constabulary must exclude from publication under subsection (1) anything that the inspectors consider—

(a)would be against the interests of national security, or

(b)might jeopardise the safety of any person.]

[F305(2A)The inspectors must disclose to the Secretary of State anything excluded from publication by virtue of subsection (2).]

[F306(3)The inspectors of constabulary must send a copy of the published report to—

(a)the Secretary of State,

(b)the local policing body maintaining the police force to which the report relates,

(c)the chief officer of police of that police force, and

(d)any police and crime panel established under section 28 of the Police Reform and Social Responsibility Act 2011 for the police area of that police force.]

(4)The [F307local policing body] shall invite the chief officer of police to submit comments on the published report to the [F308body] before such date as it may specify.

(5)The [F309local policing body] shall prepare comments on the published report and shall arrange for—

(a)its comments,

(b)any comments submitted by the chief officer of police in accordance with subsection (4), and

(c)any response which the [F310body] has to the comments submitted by the chief officer of police,

to be published in such manner as appears to the [F310body] to be appropriate.

(6)The [F311local policing body] F312 ... shall send a copy of any document published under subsection (5) to the Secretary of State.

F313(7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F314(8). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F312Words in s. 55(6) repealed (3.7.2000) by virtue of 1999 c. 29, ss. 325, 423, Sch. 27 para. 96, Sch. 34 Pt. VII (with Sch. 12 para. 9(1)) which provides that the words “(except where he is himself the police authority)" shall be repealed; S.I. 2000/1648, art. 2, Sch.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C11Ss. 54-56: power to apply conferred (21.7.2009) by Borders, Citizenship and Immigration Act 2009 (c. 11), ss. 29(2)(a), 58(1) (with s. 36(4))

C13S. 55 applied (with modifications) (1.7.2004) by Railways and Transport Safety Act 2003 (c. 20), s. 63(6); S.I. 2004/1572, art. 3(tt)

56 Assistant inspectors and staff officers.E+W

(1)The Secretary of State may appoint assistant inspectors of constabulary.

(2)Members of a police force may be appointed by the Secretary of State to be assistant inspectors of constabulary or to be staff officers to the inspectors of constabulary.

(3)Persons appointed under this section shall be paid such salary and allowances as the Secretary of State may with the consent of the Treasury determine.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C11Ss. 54-56: power to apply conferred (21.7.2009) by Borders, Citizenship and Immigration Act 2009 (c. 11), ss. 29(2)(a), 58(1) (with s. 36(4))

Central servicesE+W

57 Common services.E+W

(1)The Secretary of State may provide and maintain, or may contribute to the provision or maintenance of, such organisations, facilities and services as he considers necessary or expedient for promoting the efficiency or effectiveness of the police.

[F315(1A)The power conferred by subsection (1) includes power to give financial assistance to any person in connection with the provision or maintenance of such organisations, facilities and services as are mentioned in that subsection.

(1B)Financial assistance under subsection (1)—

(a)may, in particular, be given in the form of a grant, loan or guarantee or investment in a body corporate; and

(b)may be given subject to terms and conditions determined by the Secretary of State;

but any financial assistance under that subsection other than a grant requires the consent of the Treasury.

(1C)Terms and conditions imposed under subsection (1B)(b) may include terms and conditions as to repayment with or without interest.

(1D)Any sums received by the Secretary of State by virtue of terms and conditions imposed under that subsection are to be paid into the Consolidated Fund.]

(2)Charges may be made for the use of facilities and services provided by the Secretary of State (or by organisations provided or maintained by him) under subsection (1).

(3)The Secretary of State may by regulations make provision for requiring [F316one or more police forces] to use specified facilities or services, or facilities or services of a specified description, (whether or not provided under subsection (1)) if he considers that it would be in the interests of the efficiency or effectiveness of the police for them to do so.

[F317(3A)Regulations under this section relating to all police forces may also require the [F318Serious Organised Crime Agency] to use the specified facilities or services, or the facilities or services of a specified description, if the Secretary of State considers that it would be in the interests of the efficiency or effectiveness of the [F319Agency for the Agency ] to do so.]

(4)Before making regulations under this section, the Secretary of State shall consult—

[F320(a)such persons as appear to the Secretary of State to represent the views of police and crime commissioners,

(aa)the Mayor's Office for Policing and Crime,

(ab)the Common Council,]

(b)the Association of Chief Police Officers; and

[F321(c)if the regulations relate to the Serious Organised Crime Agency, that Agency.]

F322(5). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F322(6). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

58 Research.E+W

The Secretary of State may set up such bodies and take such other steps as appear to him to be necessary or expedient for the purpose of undertaking research into matters affecting the efficiency or effectiveness of the police.

Part IIIU.K. Police Representative Institutions

59 Police Federations.E+W+S

(1)There shall continue to be a Police Federation for England and Wales and a Police Federation for Scotland for the purpose of representing members of the police forces in those countries respectively in all matters affecting their welfare and efficiency, except for—

(a)questions of promotion affecting individuals, and

(b)(subject to subsection (2)) questions of discipline affecting individuals.

(2)A Police Federation may represent a member of a police force at any proceedings brought under regulations made in accordance with section 50(3) above or [F323under section 48 of the Police and Fire Reform (Scotland) Act 2012 in so far as relating to the matters described in section 52 of that Act,] or on an appeal from any such proceedings.

(3)Except on an appeal to a police appeals tribunal or as [F324provided in regulations made in accordance with] section 84, a member of a police force may only be represented under subsection (2) by another member of a police force.

(4)The Police Federations shall act through local and central representative bodies.

(5)The Police Federations and every branch of a Federation shall be entirely independent of, and subject to subsection (6) unassociated with, any body or person outside the police service, but may employ persons outside the police service in an administrative or advisory capacity.

(6)The Secretary of State—

(a)may authorise a Police Federation or a branch of a Federation to be associated with a person or body outside the police service in such cases and manner, and subject to such conditions and restrictions, as he may specify, and

(b)may vary or withdraw an authorisation previously given;

and anything for the time being so authorised shall not be precluded by subsection (5).

(7)This section applies to police cadets as it applies to members of police forces, and references to the police service shall be construed accordingly.

[F325(7A)For the purposes of subsection (1), a member of the staff of the National Policing Improvement Agency who is—

(a)a constable, and

(b)an employee of the Agency,

shall be treated as a member of a police force in England and Wales, and references in this section to police service shall be construed accordingly.]

F326(8). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C15S. 59 modified (S.) (temp. from 22.8.1996 to 22.8.1996) and (E.W.) (temp. from 22.8.1996) by virtue of 1996 c. 16, s. 103, Sch. 8 Pt. III para. 11; S.I. 1996/2146, art. 2

60 Regulations for Police Federations.E+W+S

(1)The Secretary of State may by regulations—

(a)prescribe the constitution and proceedings of the Police Federations, or

(b)authorise the Federations to make rules concerning such matters relating to their constitution and proceedings as may be specified in the regulations.

(2)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1), regulations under this section may make provision—

(a)with respect to the membership of the Federations;

(b)with respect to the raising of funds by the Federations by voluntary subscription and the use and management of funds derived from such subscriptions;

(c)with respect to the manner in which representations may be made by committees or bodies of the Federations to [F327local policing bodies,] [F328the Scottish Police Authority], chief officers of police and the Secretary of State;

(d)for the payment by the Secretary of State of expenses incurred in connection with the Federations and for the use by the Federations of premises provided by [F329local policing bodies or] [F330the Scottish Police Authority] for police purposes; and

(e)for modifying any regulations under the M4Police Pensions Act 1976, section 50 above or section [F33148 of the Police and Fire Reform (Scotland) Act 2012] in relation to any member of a police force who is the secretary or an officer of a Police Federation and for requiring the appropriate Federation to make contributions in respect of the pay, pension or allowances payable to or in respect of any such person.

F332(2A). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(3)Regulations under this section may contain such supplementary and transitional provisions as appear to the Secretary of State to be appropriate, including provisions adapting references in any enactment (including this Act) to committees or other bodies of the Federations.

(4)Before making any regulations under this section the Secretary of State shall consult the three Central Committees of the Police Federation to which the regulations will relate, sitting together as a Joint Committee.

(5)A statutory instrument containing regulations under this section shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of either House of Parliament.

(6)This section applies to police cadets as it applies to members of police forces.

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1