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Town and Country Planning Act 1990

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91 General condition limiting duration of planning permission.E+W

(1)Subject to the provisions of this section, every planning permission granted or deemed to be granted shall be granted or, as the case may be, be deemed to be granted, subject to the condition that the development to which it relates must be begun not later than the expiration of—

(a)[F1the applicable period,] beginning with the date on which the permission is granted or, as the case may be, deemed to be granted; or

(b)such other period (whether longer or shorter) beginning with that date as the authority concerned with the terms of planning permission may direct.

(2)The period mentioned in subsection (1)(b) shall be a period which the authority consider appropriate having regard to the provisions of the development plan and to any other material considerations.

(3)If planning permission is granted without the condition required by subsection (1), it shall [F2(subject to subsections (3ZA) and (3ZB))] be deemed to have been granted subject to the condition that the development to which it relates must be begun not later than the [F3expiration of the applicable period, beginning with the date of the grant].

[F4(3ZA)Subsection (3ZB) applies if—

(a)a section 73 permission is granted for the development of land in Wales, but without the condition required by subsection (1), and

(b)the previous permission was granted, or deemed to have been granted (whether by virtue of this section or otherwise) subject to a condition as to the time within which development was to be begun.

(3ZB)The section 73 permission shall be deemed to have been granted subject to the condition that the development to which it relates must be begun not later than the date on or before which the previous permission required development to be begun.

(3ZC)The previous permission, in relation to a section 73 permission, is the previous planning permission referred to in section 73(1).

(3ZD)References in subsections (3ZA) to (3ZC) to a section 73 permission are to a planning permission granted under section 73.]

[F5(3A)Subsection (3B) applies if any proceedings are begun to challenge the validity[F6, in respect of the development of land in England,] of a grant of planning permission or of a deemed grant of planning permission.

(3B)The period before the end of which the development to which the planning permission relates is required to be begun in pursuance of subsection (1) or (3) must be taken to be extended by one year.

(3C)Nothing in this section prevents the development being begun from the time the permission is granted or deemed to be granted.]

(4)Nothing in this section applies—

(a)to any planning permission granted by a development order [F7, a local development order or a neighbourhood development order];

(b)to any planning permission [F8granted for development carried out before the grant of that permission];

(c)to any planning permission granted for a limited period;

F9[(d)to any planning permission for development consisting of the winning and working of minerals or involving the depositing of mineral waste which is granted (or deemed to be granted) subject to a condition that the development to which it relates must be begun before the expiration of a specified period after—

(i)the completion of other development consisting of the winning and working of minerals already being carried out by the applicant for the planning permission; or

(ii)the cessation of depositing of mineral waste already being carried out by the applicant for the planning permission;]

(e)to any planning permission granted by an enterprise zone scheme;

(f)to any planning permission granted by a simplified planning zone scheme; or

(g)to any outline planning permission, as defined by section 92.

[F10(5)The applicable period—

(a)in relation to England, is three years;

(b)in relation to Wales, is five years.]

Textual Amendments

F1Words in s. 91(1)(a) substituted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 16.3.2016 in so far as not already in force) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), ss. 35(2), 58(2)(b)(4)(b); S.I. 2016/52, art. 5(b) (with art. 13)

F2Words in s. 91(3) inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 16.3.2016 in so far as not already in force) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), ss. 35(3)(a), 58(2)(b)(4)(b); S.I. 2016/52, art. 5(b) (with art. 13)

F3Words in s. 91(3) substituted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 16.3.2016 in so far as not already in force) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), ss. 35(3)(b), 58(2)(b)(4)(b); S.I. 2016/52, art. 5(b) (with art. 13)

F4S. 91(3ZA)-(3ZD) inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 16.3.2016 in so far as not already in force) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), ss. 35(4), 58(2)(b)(4)(b); S.I. 2016/52, art. 5(b) (with art. 13)

F5S. 91(3A)-(3C) inserted (24.8.2005 for E., 22.6.2015 for W. for specified purposes) by Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 (c. 5), s. 51(1)(b), s. 121(1)-(3) (with ss. 51(6), 111); S.I. 2005/2081, art. 2(c); S.I. 2015/340, art. 3

F6Words in s. 91(3A) inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 16.3.2016 in so far as not already in force) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), ss. 35(5), 58(2)(b)(4)(b); S.I. 2016/52, art. 5(b) (with art. 13)

F7Words in s. 91(4)(a) substituted (15.11.2011 for specified purposes, 15.1.2012 for specified purposes, 6.4.2012 for specified purposes, 3.8.2012 for specified purposes, 6.4.2013 in so far as not already in force) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), s. 240(5)(j), Sch. 12 para. 13; S.I. 2012/57, art. 4(1)(h) (with arts. 6, 7, 9-11); S.I. 2012/628, art. 8(a) (with arts. 9, 12, 13, 16, 18-20) (as amended (3.8.2012) by S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 4); S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 3(a) (with art. 5) (as amended (6.4.2013) by S.I. 2013/797, art. 4); S.I. 2013/797, arts. 1(2), 2

F10S. 91(5) inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 16.3.2016 in so far as not already in force) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), ss. 35(6), 58(2)(b)(4)(b); S.I. 2016/52, art. 5(b) (with art. 13)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1S. 91 excluded (5.11.1993) by 1993 c. 42, s. 24(2) (with ss. 2, 30(1), Sch. 2 para.9)

S. 91 excluded (18.12.1996) by 1996 c. 61, s. 10(4)

C2S. 91 excluded (22.7.2008) by Crossrail Act 2008 (c. 18), ss. 11(4)

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