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Town and Country Planning Act 1990

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174 Appeal against enforcement notice. E+W

(1)A person having an interest in the land to which an enforcement notice relates or a relevant occupier may appeal to the Secretary of State against the notice, whether or not a copy of it has been served on him.

F1[F2(2)An appeal may be brought on any of the following grounds—

(a)that, in respect of any breach of planning control which may be constituted by the matters stated in the notice, planning permission ought to be granted or, as the case may be, the condition or limitation concerned ought to be discharged;

(b)that those matters have not occurred;

(c)that those matters (if they occurred) do not constitute a breach of planning control;

(d)that, at the date when the notice was issued, no enforcement action could be taken in respect of any breach of planning control which may be constituted by those matters;

(e)that copies of the enforcement notice were not served as required by section 172;

(f)that the steps required by the notice to be taken, or the activities required by the notice to cease, exceed what is necessary to remedy any breach of planning control which may be constituted by those matters or, as the case may be, to remedy any injury to amenity which has been caused by any such breach;

(g)that any period specified in the notice in accordance with section 173(9) falls short of what should reasonably be allowed.

[F3(2A)An appeal may not be brought on the ground specified in subsection (2)(a) if—

(a)the land to which the enforcement notice relates is in England, and

(b)the enforcement notice was issued at a time—

(i)after the making of a related application for planning permission, but

(ii)before the end of the period applicable under section 78(2) in the case of that application.

(2B)An application for planning permission for the development of any land is, for the purposes of subsection (2A), related to an enforcement notice if granting planning permission for the development would involve granting planning permission in respect of the matters specified in the enforcement notice as constituting a breach of planning control.]

[F4(2C)Where any breach of planning control constituted by the matters stated in the notice relates to relevant demolition (within the meaning of section 196D), an appeal may also be brought on the grounds that—

(a)the relevant demolition was urgently necessary in the interests of safety or health;

(b)it was not practicable to secure safety or health by works of repair or works for affording temporary support or shelter; and

(c)the relevant demolition was the minimum measure necessary.]

[F5(2D)An appeal against an enforcement notice may not be brought on the ground that planning permission ought to be granted in respect of a breach of planning control constituted by a matter stated in the notice, as specified in subsection (2)(a), if—

(a)the land to which the enforcement notice relates is in Wales, and

(b)the enforcement notice was issued after a decision to refuse planning permission for a related development was upheld on an appeal under section 78 (and for this purpose development is “related” if granting planning permission for it would involve granting planning permission in respect of the matter concerned).

(2E)An appeal may not be brought on the ground that a condition or limitation ought to be discharged, as specified in subsection (2)(a), if—

(a)the land to which the enforcement notice relates is in Wales, and

(b)the enforcement notice was issued after a decision to grant planning permission subject to the condition or limitation was upheld on an appeal under section 78.

(2F)For the purposes of subsections (2D) and (2E), references to a decision that has been upheld on an appeal include references to a decision in respect of which—

(a)the Welsh Ministers have, under section 79(6), declined to determine an appeal or to proceed with the determination of an appeal;

(b)an appeal has been dismissed under section 79(6A).]

F1(3)An appeal under this section shall be made F6. . . —

(a)by giving written notice of the appeal to the Secretary of State before the date specified in the enforcement notice as the date on which it is to take effect; or

(b)by sending such notice to him in a properly addressed and pre-paid letter posted to him at such time that, in the ordinary course of post, it would be delivered to him before that date[F2; or

(c)by sending such notice to him using electronic communications at such time that, in the ordinary course of transmission, it would be delivered to him before that date.]]

(4)A person who gives notice under subsection (3) shall submit to the Secretary of State, either when giving the notice or within the prescribed time, a statement in writing—

(a)specifying the grounds on which he is appealing against the enforcement notice; and

(b)giving such further information as may be prescribed.

(5)If, where more than one ground is specified in that statement, the appellant does not give information required under subsection (4)(b) in relation to each of those grounds within the prescribed time, the Secretary of State may determine the appeal without considering any ground as to which the appellant has failed to give such information within that time.

(6)In this section “relevant occupier” means a person who—

(a)on the date on which the enforcement notice is issued occupies the land to which the notice relates by virtue of a licence [F7. . .; and

(b)continues so to occupy the land when the appeal is brought.

Textual Amendments

F1S. 174(2)(3) substituted (2.1.1992) by Planning and Compensation Act 1991 (c. 34, SIF 123:1), s. 6(1) (with s. 84(5)); S.I. 1991/2905, art.3 (subject to art. 5)

F3S. 174(2A)(2B) inserted (6.4.2012) by Localism Act 2011 (c. 20), ss. 123(4), 240(2) (with s. 144); S.I. 2012/628, art. 8(b) (with arts. 9, 12, 13, 16, 18-20) (as amended (3.8.2012) by S.I. 2012/2029, arts. 2, 4)

F5S. 174(2D)-(2F) inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 16.3.2016 in so far as not already in force) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), ss. 46, 58(2)(b)(4)(b); S.I. 2016/52, art. 5(c) (with art. 14)

F7Words in s. 174(6) omitted (2.1.1992) by virtue of Planning and Compensation Act 1991 (c. 34, SIF 123:1),s. 32, Sch. 7 para. 22 (with s. 84(5)); S.I. 1991/2905, art.3, Sch. 1 (subject to art. 5)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1S. 174: power to apply conferred (11.3.1992 so far as to confer on the Secretary of State a power or impose on him a duty to make regulations, or make provision with respect to the exercise of any such power or duty, 1.6.1992 so far not already in force) by Planning (Hazardous Substances) Act 1990 (c. 10, SIF 123:1), s. 25(1)(b); S.I. 1992/725, arts. 2, 3

C2S. 174 applied (with modifications) (1.6.1992) by S.I. 1992/656, reg. 18(1), Sch. 4 Pt. I

S. 174: power to apply conferred (10.11.1993) by 1993 c. 28, s. 171(4)(a); S.I. 1993/2762, art. 3

C3S. 174 applied (with modifications) (E.) (1.6.2015) by The Planning (Hazardous Substances) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/627), regs. 1(1), 15, Sch. 4 Pt. 1 (with reg. 34)

C4S. 174(1)(2) applied (with modifications) (W.) (4.9.2015) by The Planning (Hazardous Substances) (Wales) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/1597), regs. 1(1), 16, Sch. 4 Pt. 1 (with reg. 36)

C5S. 174(2C) transitional provisions for effects of 2003 c. 24, s. 63, Sch. 17 paras. 1-6 (2.10.2013) by The Town and Country Planning (Isles of Scilly) Order 2013 (S.I. 2013/2148), arts. 1(1), 5(4)(b)

C6S. 174(3)-(6) applied (with modifications) (W.) (4.9.2015) by The Planning (Hazardous Substances) (Wales) Regulations 2015 (S.I. 2015/1597), regs. 1(1), 16, Sch. 4 Pt. 1 (with reg. 36)

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