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Town and Country Planning Act 1990

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Whole provisions yet to be inserted into this Act (including any effects on those provisions):

Sections 79,175,195,208.

SCHEDULE 6E+W Determination of Certain Appeals by Person Appointed by Secretary of State

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1Sch. 6 excluded (27.5.1997) by 1997 c. 8, ss. 70(4), 278(2), Sch. 7 para. 7 (with s. 64)

Determination of appeals by appointed personE+W

1(1)The Secretary of State may by regulations prescribe classes of appeals under sections 78 106B, [F1106BC,] 174, 195 and 208, [F2of this Act, paragraph 5 of Schedule 2 to the Planning and Compensation Act 1991][F3and paragraphs 6(11) and (12) and 11(1) of Schedule 13 and paragraph 9(1) of Schedule 14 to the Environment Act 1925] which are to be determined by a person appointed by the Secretary of State for the purpose instead of by the Secretary of State.E+W

(2)Those classes of appeals shall be so determined except in such classes of case—

(a)as may for the time being be prescribed, or

(b)as may be specified in directions given by the Secretary of State.

[F4(2A)If no classes of appeals under section 106BC are prescribed by regulations under sub-paragraph (1), all appeals under that section are to be determined by a person appointed by the Secretary of State for the purpose instead of by the Secretary of State.]

(3)Regulations made for the purpose of this paragraph may provide for the giving of publicity to any directions given by the Secretary of State under this paragraph.

(4)This paragraph shall not affect any provision in this Act or [F5any other Act or any instrument made under this Act or any other Act] that an appeal shall lie to, or a notice of appeal shall be served on, the Secretary of State.

(5)A person appointed under this paragraph is referred to in this Schedule as “an appointed person”.

Textual Amendments

F1Word in Sch. 6 para. 1(1) inserted (25.4.2013) by Growth and Infrastructure Act 2013 (c. 27), s. 35(2), Sch. 2 para. 9(2)(a)

F2Words in Sch. 6 para. 1(1) inserted (6.4.2009 for E., 28.11.2014 for W.) by Planning Act 2008 (c. 29), ss. 198(2)(a), 241 (with s. 226); S.I. 2009/400, art. 5; S.I. 2014/2780, art. 2

F3Words in Sch. 6 para. 1(1) inserted (1.2.1996) by 1995 c. 25, s. 120(1), Sch. 22 para. 44 (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.I. 1996/186, art. 2

F5Words in Sch. 6 para. 1(4) substituted (6.4.2009 for E., 28.11.2014 for W.) by Planning Act 2008 (c. 29), ss. 198(2)(b), 241 (with s. 226); S.I. 2009/400, art. 5; S.I. 2014/2780, art. 2

Powers and duties of appointed personE+W

2(1)An appointed person shall have the same powers and duties—E+W

(a)in relation to an appeal under section 78, as the Secretary of State has under [F6subsections (1), (4) and (6A)] of section 79;

F7[(aa)in relation to an appeal under section 106B [F8or 106BC], as he has under that section]

(b)in relation to an appeal under section 174, as he has under sections 176(1), (2) [F9to (2A)] and (5) and 177(1) to (4);

(c)in relation to an appeal under section 195, as he has under subsections (2) and (3) of that section F10...;

(d)in relation to an appeal under section 208, as he has under subsections (7) [F11to (8A)] of that section.

[F12(e)in relation to an appeal under paragraph 5 of Schedule 2 to the Planning and Compensation Act 1991, as the Secretary of State has under paragraph 6(1) and (3) of that Schedule.]

(2)Sections 79(2) [F13106B(4)], 175(3), 196(1) and 208(5) [F14of this Act and paragraph 6(2) of Schedule 2 to the Planning and Compensation Act 1991] shall not apply to an appeal which falls to be determined by an appointed person, but before it is determined the Secretary of State shall ask the appellant and the local planning authority whether they wish to appear before and be heard by the appointed person.

(3)If both the parties express a wish not to appear and be heard the appeal may be determined without their being heard.

(4)If either of the parties expresses a wish to appear and be heard, the appointed person shall give them both an opportunity of doing so.

[F15(5)Sub-paragraph (2) does not apply—

(a)in the case of an appeal to which section 319A applies; or

(b)in the case of an appeal under section 78 if the appeal is referred to a Planning Inquiry Commission under section 101.]

[F16(5A)Sub-paragraph (2) does not apply in the case of an appeal to which section 319B applies.]

(6)Where an appeal has been determined by an appointed person, his decision shall be treated as that of the Secretary of State.

(7)Except as provided by Part XII, the validity of that decision shall not be questioned in any proceedings whatsoever.

(8)It shall not be a ground of application to the High Court under section 288, or of appeal to the High Court under section 289 F17..., that an appeal ought to have been determined by the Secretary of State and not by an appointed person, unless the appellant or the local planning authority challenge the appointed person’s power to determine the appeal before his decision on the appeal is given.

(9)Where in any enactment (including this Act) there is a reference to the Secretary of State in a context relating or capable of relating to an appeal to which this Schedule applies or to anything done or authorised or required to be done by, to or before the Secretary of State on or in connection with any such appeal, then so far as the context permits it shall be construed, in relation to an appeal determined or falling to be determined by an appointed person, as a reference to him.

[F18(10)Sub-paragraph (9) does not apply to references to the Secretary of State in section 319A (powers and duties of the Secretary of State in relation to the determination of procedure for certain proceedings).]

[F19(10A)Sub-paragraph (9) does not apply to references to the Welsh Ministers in section 319B (determination of procedure for certain proceedings: Wales).]

[F20(11)The Secretary of State may, if he thinks fit, direct that anything in connection with an appeal in England to which this Schedule applies which would otherwise fall to be done by an appointed person shall instead be done by the Secretary of State.]

Textual Amendments

F6Words in Sch. 6 para. 2(1)(a) substituted (25.9.1991) by Planning and Compensation Act 1991 (c. 34, SIF 123:1), s. 32, Sch. 7 para. 54(3)(a) (with s. 84(5)); S.I. 1991/2067, art. 3 (subject to art. 4)

F8Words in Sch. 6 para. 2(1)(aa) inserted (25.4.2013) by Growth and Infrastructure Act 2013 (c. 27), s. 35(2), Sch. 2 para. 9(3)

F9Words in Sch. 6 para. 2(1)(b) inserted (2.1.1992) by Planning and Compensation Act 1991 (c. 34, SIF 123:1), s. 32, Sch. 7 para. 54(3)(c) (with s. 84(5)); S.I. 1991/2905, art. 3, Sch. 1 (subject to art. 5)

F11Words in Sch. 6 para. 2(1)(d) substituted (2.1.1992) by Planning and Compensation Act 1991 (c. 34, SIF 123:1), s. 32, Sch. 7 para. 54(3)(e)(with s. 84(5)); S.I. 1991/2905, art. 3, Sch. 1 (subject to art. 5)

F12Sch. 6 para. 2(1)(e) inserted (6.4.2009 for E., 28.11.2014 for W.) by Planning Act 2008 (c. 29), ss. 198(3)(a), 241 (with s. 226); S.I. 2009/400, art. 5; S.I. 2014/2780, art. 2

F14Words in Sch. 6 para. 2(2) inserted (6.4.2009 for E., 28.11.2014 for W.) by Planning Act 2008 (c. 29), ss. 198(3)(b), 241 (with s. 226); S.I. 2009/400, art. 5; S.I. 2014/2780, art. 2

F15Sch. 6 para. 2(5) substituted (6.4.2009 for certain purposes and otherwise prosp.) by Planning Act 2008 (c. 29), ss. 196, 241, Sch. 10 para. 14(2) (with s. 226); S.I. 2009/400, art. 3

F18Sch. 6 para. 2(10) inserted (6.4.2009 for certain purposes and otherwise prosp.) by Planning Act 2008 (c. 29), ss. 196, 241, Sch. 10 para. 14(3) (with s. 226); S.I. 2009/400, art. 3

Determination of appeals by Secretary of StateE+W

3(1)The Secretary of State may, if he thinks fit, direct that an appeal which would otherwise fall to be determined by an appointed person shall instead be determined by the Secretary of State.E+W

(2)Such a direction shall state the reasons for which it is given and shall be served on the person, if any, so appointed, the appellant, the local planning authority and any person who has made representations relating to the subject matter of the appeal which the authority are required to take into account under [F21any provision of a development order made by virtue of] section 71(2)(a).

(3)Where in consequence of such a direction an appeal falls to be determined by the Secretary of State, the provisions of this Act which are relevant to the appeal shall, subject to the following provisions of this paragraph, apply to the appeal as if this Schedule had never applied to it.

(4)The Secretary of State shall give the appellant, the local planning authority and any person who has made any such representations as mentioned in sub-paragraph (2) an opportunity of appearing before and being heard by a person appointed by the Secretary of State for that purpose if—

(a)the reasons for the direction raise matters with respect to which any of those persons have not made representations; or

(b)in the case of the appellant or the local planning authority, either of them was not asked in pursuance of paragraph 2(2) whether they wished to appear before and be heard by the appointed person, or expressed no wish in answer to that question, or expressed a wish to appear and be heard, but was not given an opportunity of doing so.

[F22(5)Sub-paragraph (4) does not apply—

(a)in the case of an appeal to which section 319A applies; or

(b)in the case of an appeal under section 78 if the appeal is referred to a Planning Inquiry Commission under section 101.]

[F23(5ZA)Sub-paragraph (4) does not apply in the case of an appeal to which section 319B applies.]

[F24(5A)In the case of an appeal to which section 319A applies, the Secretary of State must give the appellant, the local planning authority and any person who has made any representations mentioned in sub-paragraph (2) an opportunity to make further representations if the reasons for the direction raise matters with respect to which any of those persons have not made representations.]

[F25(5B)In the case of an appeal to which section 319B applies, the Welsh Ministers must give the appellant, the local planning authority and any person who has made any representations mentioned in sub-paragraph (2) an opportunity to make further representations if the reasons for the direction raise matters with respect to which any of those persons have not made representations.]

(6)Except as provided by sub-paragraph (4) [F26or (5A)] [F27or (5B)], the Secretary of State need not give any person an opportunity of appearing before and being heard by a person appointed for the purpose, or of making fresh representations or making or withdrawing any representations already made.

(7)In determining the appeal the Secretary of State may take into account any report made to him by any person previously appointed to determine it.

Textual Amendments

F22Sch. 6 para. 3(5)(5A) substituted (6.4.2009 for certain purposes and otherwise prosp.) for Sch. 6 para. 3(5) by Planning Act 2008 (c. 29), ss. 196, 241, Sch. 10 para. 14(4) (with s. 226); S.I. 2009/400, art. 3

F24Sch. 6 para. 3(5)(5A) substituted (6.4.2009 for certain purposes and otherwise prosp.) for Sch. 6 para. 3(5) by Planning Act 2008 (c. 29), ss. 196, 241, Sch. 10 para. 14(4) (with s. 226); S.I. 2009/400, art. 3

F26Words in Sch. 6 para. 3(6) inserted (6.4.2009 for certain purposes and otherwise prosp.) by Planning Act 2008 (c. 29), ss. 196, 241, Sch. 10 para. 14(5) (with s. 226); S.I. 2009/400, art. 3

4(1)The Secretary of State may by a further direction revoke a direction under paragraph 3 at any time before the determination of the appeal.E+W

(2)Such a further direction shall state the reasons for which it is given and shall be served on the person, if any, previously appointed to determine the appeal, the appellant, the local planning authority and any person who has made representations relating to the subject matter of the appeal which the authority are required to take into account under [F28any provision of a development order made by virtue of] section 71(2)(a).

(3)Where such a further direction has been given, the provisions of this Schedule relevant to the appeal shall apply, subject to sub-paragraph (4), as if no direction under paragraph 3 had been given.

(4)Anything done by or on behalf of the Secretary of State in connection with the appeal which might have been done by the appointed person (including any arrangements made for the holding of a hearing or local inquiry) shall, unless that person directs otherwise, be treated as having been done by him.

Textual Amendments

Appointment of another person to determine appealE+W

5(1)At any time before the appointed person has determined the appeal the Secretary of State may—E+W

(a)revoke his appointment; and

(b)appoint another person under paragraph 1 to determine the appeal instead.

(2)Where such a new appointment is made the consideration of the appeal or any inquiry or other hearing in connection with it shall be begun afresh.

(3)Nothing in sub-paragraph (2) shall require—

(a)the question referred to in paragraph 2(2) to be asked again with reference to the new appointed person if before his appointment it was asked with reference to the previous appointed person (any answers being treated as given with reference to the new appointed person); or

(b)any person to be given an opportunity of making fresh representations or modifying or withdrawing any representations already made.

Local inquiries and hearingsE+W

6(1)Whether or not the parties to an appeal have asked for an opportunity to appear and be heard, an appointed person—E+W

(a)may hold a local inquiry in connection with the appeal; and

(b)shall do so if the Secretary of State so directs.

[F29(1A)Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply in the case of an appeal to which section 319A applies; but an appointed person may hold a hearing or local inquiry in connection with such an appeal pursuant to a determination under that section.]

[F30(1B)Sub-paragraph (1) does not apply in the case of an appeal to which section 319B applies; but an appointed person may hold a hearing or local inquiry in connection with such an appeal pursuant to a determination under that section.]

(2)Where an appointed person—

(a)holds a hearing by virtue of paragraph 2(4) [F31or this paragraph]; or

(b)holds an inquiry by virtue of this paragraph,

an assessor may be appointed by the Secretary of State to sit with the appointed person at the hearing or inquiry to advise him on any matters arising, notwithstanding that the appointed person is to determine the appeal.

(3)Subject to sub-paragraph (4), the costs of any such hearing or inquiry shall be defrayed by the Secretary of State.

(4)Subsections (2) to (5) of section 250 of the M1Local Government Act 1972 (local inquiries: evidence and costs) apply to an inquiry held under this paragraph [F32in England] with the following adaptations—

(a)with the substitution in subsection (4) (recovery of costs of holding the inquiry) for the references to the Minister causing the inquiry to be held of references to the Secretary of State; and

(b)with the substitution in subsection (5) (orders as to the costs of the parties) for the reference to the Minister causing the inquiry to be held of a reference to the appointed person or the Secretary of State.

[F33(4A)Subsections (2) and (3) of that section apply to an inquiry held under this paragraph in Wales.]

[F34(5)The appointed person or the Secretary of State has the same power to make orders under section 250(5) of that Act (orders with respect to costs of the parties) in relation to proceedings [F35in England] under this Schedule which do not give rise to an inquiry as he has in relation to such an inquiry].

Textual Amendments

F29Sch. 6 para. 6(1A) inserted (6.4.2009 for certain purposes) by Planning Act 2008 (c. 29), ss. 196, 241, Sch. 10 para. 14(6) (with s. 226); S.I. 2009/400, art. 3

F32Words in Sch. 6 para. 6(4) inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 1.3.2016 in so far as not already in force) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), s. 58(2)(b)(4)(b), Sch. 5 para. 16(2)(a); S.I. 2016/52, art. 4(b) (with art. 17)

F33Sch. 6 para. 6(4A) inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 1.3.2016 in so far as not already in force) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), s. 58(2)(b)(4)(b), Sch. 5 para. 16(2)(b); S.I. 2016/52, art. 4(b) (with art. 17)

F34Sch. 6 para. 6(5) omitted (temp.) by virtue of Planning (Consequential Provisions) Act 1990 (c. 11, SIF 123:1, 2), s. 6, Sch. 4 paras. 1, 7 (which temp. omission falls (2.1.1992 and 6.4.2009) for specified purposes only by virtue of S.I. 1991/2698, art. 3 and S.I. 2009/849, art. 2 (with art. 3))

F35Words in Sch. 6 para. 6(5) inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 1.3.2016 in so far as not already in force) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), s. 58(2)(b)(4)(b), Sch. 5 para. 16(2)(c); S.I. 2016/52, art. 4(b) (with art. 17)

Marginal Citations

Supplementary provisionsE+W

7E+WIf before or during the determination of an appeal under section 78 which is to be or is being determined in accordance with paragraph 1, the Secretary of State forms the opinion mentioned in section 79(6), he may direct that the determination shall not be begun or proceeded with.

8(1)The M2Tribunals and Inquiries Act [F361992] shall apply to a local inquiry or other hearing held [F37in England] in pursuance of this Schedule as it applies to a statutory inquiry held by the Secretary of State, but as if in [F38section 10(1)] of that Act (statement of reasons for decisions) the reference to any decision taken by the Secretary of State were a reference to a decision taken by an appointed person.E+W

F39(1A). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(2)Where an appointed person is an officer of [F40the Department for Levelling Up, Housing and Communities] or the Welsh Office the functions of determining an appeal and doing anything in connection with it conferred on him by this Schedule shall be treated for the purposes of the M3Parliamentary Commissioner Act 1967—

(a)if he was appointed by the Secretary of State for the time being having general responsibility in planning matters in relation to England, as functions of that Department; and

(b)if he was appointed by the Secretary of State for the time being having general responsibility in planning matters in relation to Wales, as functions of the Welsh Office.

Textual Amendments

F36Word in Sch. 6 para. 8(1) substituted (1.10.1992) by Tribunals and Inquiries Act 1992 (c. 53), ss. 18(1), 19(2), Sch. 3 para. 28(a)

F37Words in Sch. 6 para. 8(1) inserted (6.9.2015 for specified purposes, 5.5.2017 in so far as not already in force) by Planning (Wales) Act 2015 (anaw 4), s. 58(2)(b)(4)(b), Sch. 5 para. 16(3); S.I. 2017/546, art. 3(e)

F38Words in Sch. 6 para. 8(1) substituted (1.10.1992) by Tribunals and Inquiries Act 1992 (c. 53), ss. 18(1), 19(2), Sch. 3 para. 28(b)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C3Sch. 6 para. 8(2)(b) modified (1.7.1999) by S.I. 1999/672, art. 2, Sch. 1

Marginal Citations

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