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88 Fixed penalty notices for leaving litter.E+W

(1)Where on any occasion an authorised officer of a litter authority finds a person who he has reason to believe has on that occasion committed an offence under section 87 above in the area of that authority, he may give that person a notice offering him the opportunity of discharging any liability to conviction for that offence by payment of a fixed penalty.

(2)Where a person is given a notice under this section in respect of an offence—

(a)no proceedings shall be instituted for that offence before the expiration of fourteen days following the date of the notice; and

(b)he shall not be convicted of that offence if he pays the fixed penalty before the expiration of that period.

(3)A notice under this section shall give such particulars of the circumstances alleged to constitute the offence as are necessary for giving reasonable information of the offence and shall state—

(a)the period during which, by virtue of subsection (2) above, proceedings will not be taken for the offence;

(b)the amount of the fixed penalty; and

(c)the person to whom and the address at which the fixed penalty may be paid;

and, without prejudice to payment by any other method, payment of the fixed penalty may be made by pre-paying and posting to that person at that address a letter containing the amount of the penalty (in cash or otherwise).

(4)Where a letter is sent in accordance with subsection (3) above payment shall be regarded as having been made at the time at which that letter would be delivered in the ordinary course of post.

(5)The form of notices under this section shall be such as the Secretary of State may by order prescribe.

[F1(6)The fixed penalty payable in pursuance of a notice under this section is payable to the litter authority whose authorised officer gave the notice.

(6A)The amount of a fixed penalty payable in pursuance of a notice under this section—

(a)is the amount specified by a principal litter authority in relation to its area (whether the penalty is payable to that or another authority), or

[F2(b)if no amount is so specified, is—

(i)in England, £100, or

(ii)in Wales, £75.]

(6B)The reference in subsection (6A) above to a principal litter authority does not include an English county council for an area for which there is also a district council.

(7)The litter authority to which a fixed penalty is payable under this section may make provision for treating it as having been paid if a lesser amount is paid before the end of a period specified by the authority.]

(8)In any proceedings a certificate which—

(a)purports to be signed by or on behalf of—

(i)in England and Wales, the chief finance officer of the litter authority; or

(ii)in Scotland, the proper officer; and

(b)states that payment of a fixed penalty was or was not received by a date specified in the certificate,

shall be evidence of the facts stated.

[F3(8A)If an authorised officer of a litter authority proposes to give a person a notice under this section, the officer may require the person to give him his name and address.

(8B)A person commits an offence if—

(a)he fails to give his name and address when required to do so under subsection (8A) above, or

(b)he gives a false or inaccurate name or address in response to a requirement under that subsection.

(8C)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (8B) above is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.]

(9)For the purposes of this section the following are “litter authorities”—

(a)any principal litter authority, other than [F4an English county] council [F5, a regional council] or a joint board;

(b)any [F6English] county council [F7, regional council] or joint board designated by the Secretary of State, by order, in relation to such area as is specified in the order (not being an area in a National Park);

F8(c). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F8(d). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(e)the Broads Authority.

[F9(f)a parish or community council.]

(10)In this section—

  • [F10authorised officer”, in relation to a litter authority, means—

    (a)

    an employee of the authority who is authorised in writing by the authority for the purpose of giving notices under this section;

    (b)

    any person who, in pursuance of arrangements made with the authority, has the function of giving such notices and is authorised in writing by the authority to perform that function; and

    (c)

    any employee of such a person who is authorised in writing by the authority for the purpose of giving such notices;]

  • chief finance officer”, in relation to a litter authority, means the person having responsibility for the financial affairs of the authority;

  • F11 . . .

  • F11. . .

  • proper officer” means the officer who has, as respects the authority, the responsibility mentioned in section 95 of the M1Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 (financial administration).

[F12(11)The appropriate person may by regulations prescribe conditions to be satisfied by a person before a parish or community council may authorise him in writing for the purpose of giving notices under this section.]

Extent Information

E1This version of this provision extends to England and Wales only; a separate version has been created for Scotland only

Textual Amendments

F1S. 88(6)(6A)(6B)(7) substituted (E.W.) (16.3.2006 for certain purposes for W., 6.4.2006 for E. and 15.3.2007 in so far as not already in force for W.) for s. 88(6)(7) by Clean Neighbourhoods and Environment Act 2005 (c. 16), ss. 19(2), 108; S.I. 2006/768, art. 3; S.I. 2006/795, art. 2(3), Sch. 2 (with art. 4(3)(a)); S.I. 2006/2797, art. 4(f) (with art. 10(3)(a)); S.I. 2007/739

F3S. 88(8A)-(8C) inserted (E.W.) (16.3.2006 for certain purposes for W., 6.4.2006 for E. and 15.3.2007 in so far as not already in force for W.) by Clean Neighbourhoods and Environment Act 2005 (c. 16), ss. 19(3), 108; S.I. 2006/768, art. 3; S.I. 2006/795, art. 2(3), Sch. 2 (with art. 4(3)(a)); S.I. 2006/2797, art. 4(f) (with art. 10(3)(a)); S.I. 2007/739

F4Words in s. 88(9)(a) substituted (1.4.1996) by 1994 c. 19, s. 22(3), Sch. 9 para. 17(8)(a) (with s. 54(7), Sch. 17 para. 22(1), 23(2)); S.I. 1996/396, art. 3, Sch. 1.

F5Words in s. 88(9)(a) repealed (S.) (1.4.1996) by 1994 c. 39, s. 180(1)(2), Sch. 13 para. 167(12), Sch. 14; S.I. 1996/323, art. 4(1)(c)(d), Sch. 2

F6Word in s. 88(9)(b) inserted (1.4.1996) by 1994 c. 19, s. 22(3), Sch. 9 para. 17(8)(b) (with s. 54(7), Sch. 17 para. 22(1), 23(2)); S.I. 1996/396, art. 3, Sch. 1.

F7Words in s. 88(9)(b) repealed (S.) (1.4.1996) by 1994 c. 39, s. 180(1)(2), Sch. 13 para. 167(12), Sch. 14; S.I. 1996/323, art. 4(1)(c)(d), Sch. 2

F8S. 88(9)(c)(d) repealed (1.4.1997) by 1995 c. 25, s. 120(3), Sch. 24 (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.I. 1996/2560, art. 2, Sch.

F9S. 88(9)(f) inserted (E.W.) (16.3.2006 for certain purposes for W., 6.4.2006 for E. and 15.3.2007 in so far as not already in force for W.) by Clean Neighbourhoods and Environment Act 2005 (c. 16), ss. 19(4), 108; S.I. 2006/768, art. 3; S.I. 2006/795, art. 2(3), Sch. 2 (with art. 4(3)(a)); S.I. 2006/2797, art. 4(f) (with art. 10(3)(a)); S.I. 2007/739

F10In s. 88(10) definition of "authorised officer" substituted (E.W.) (16.3.2006 for certain purposes for W., 6.4.2006 for E. and 15.3.2007 in so far as not already in force for W.) by Clean Neighbourhoods and Environment Act 2005 (c. 16), ss. 19(5), 108; S.I. 2006/768, art. 3; S.I. 2006/795, art. 2(3), Sch. 2 (with art. 4(3)(a)); S.I. 2006/2797, art. 4(f) (with art. 10(3)(a)); S.I. 2007/739

F11Definitions in s. 88(10) repealed (1.4.1997) by 1995 c. 25, s. 120(3), Sch. 24 (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.I. 1996/2560, art. 2, Sch.

F12S. 88(11) inserted (E.W.) (14.3.2006 for E., 16.3.2006 for certain purposes for W. and 15.3.2007 in so far as not already in force for W.) by Clean Neighbourhoods and Environment Act 2005 (c. 16), ss. 19(6), 108; S.I. 2006/795, art. 2(1), Sch. 1 (with art. 4(3)(a)); S.I. 2006/768, art. 3; S.I. 2006/2797, art. 4(f) (with art. 10(3)(a)); S.I. 2007/739

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C3S. 88 applied (with modifications) (19.9.2007) by London Local Authorities Act 2007 (c. ii), ss. 1(3)-(5), 31, Sch. 2 Pt. 2

C4S. 88 extended (with modifications) (E.W.) (19.9.1995) by 1995 c. 25, ss. 70, 125(3), Sch. 9 para. 12(b) (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117, Sch. 8 para. 7)

S. 88(2)-(8) applied (with modifications) (E.W.) (17.8.1996) by 1996 c. 20, ss. 4(2)(3), 8(2) (with s. 1) (as amended (1.4.2002) by S.I. 2002/425, art. 2)

Commencement Information

I1S. 88 wholly in force at 13.2.1991; s. 88 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 164(2); s. 88(7)(9)(b) in force at 14.1.1991 and s. 88(1)-(4)(6)(8)(9)(a)(c)-(e)(10) in force for E.W. at 13.2.1991 by S.I. 1991/96, arts. 2, 3; s. 88(1)-(4)(6)(8)(9)(a)(c)(d)(10) in force for S. at 1.4.1991 by S.I. 1991/1042, art. 2

Marginal Citations

88Fixed penalty notices for leaving litter.S

(1)Where F13. . .

[F14(a)]an authorised [F15person or a constable] F13. . . has reason to believe [F16that a person has] committed an offence under section 87 above F17...

F17(b). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

he may give that person a notice offering him the opportunity of discharging any liability to conviction for that offence by payment of a fixed penalty.

[F18(1A)Where a constable gives a notice under this section to a person, he shall, no later than 24 hours after the giving of the notice, send a copy of it to the litter authority in whose area the offence was committed.]

(2)Where a person is given a notice under this section in respect of an offence—

(a)no proceedings shall be instituted for that offence before the expiration of fourteen days following the date of the notice; and

(b)he shall not be convicted of that offence if he pays the fixed penalty before the expiration of that period.

(3)A notice under this section shall give such particulars of the circumstances alleged to constitute the offence as are necessary for giving reasonable information of the offence and shall state—

(a)the period during which, by virtue of subsection (2) above, proceedings will not be taken for the offence;

(b)the amount of the fixed penalty; and

(c)the person to whom and the address at which the fixed penalty may be paid;

and, without prejudice to payment by any other method, payment of the fixed penalty may be made by pre-paying and posting to that person at that address a letter containing the amount of the penalty (in cash or otherwise).

(4)Where a letter is sent in accordance with subsection (3) above payment shall be regarded as having been made at the time at which that letter would be delivered in the ordinary course of post.

(5)The form of notices under this section shall be such as the Secretary of State may by order prescribe.

[F19(5A)A fixed penalty payable in pursuance of a notice under this section shall be payable

[F20(a)where the notice is given by an officer of a litter authority authorised as mentioned in paragraph (a) of the definition of “authorised person” in subsection (10) below, to that litter authority;

(b)where the notice is given by an officer of Loch Lomond and The Trossachs National Park Authority authorised as mentioned in paragraph (b) of that definition, to that Authority.]]

F21(6)The fixed penalty payable F22. . . in pursuance of a notice under this section shall, subject to subsection (7) below, be [F23£80]; and as respects the sums received by—

[F24(a)][F25a litter] authority, those sums if received by an authority in Scotland, shall [F26accrue to the litter authority]

[F27(b)Loch Lomond and The Trossachs National Park Authority, shall accrue to that Authority.]

(7)The Secretary of State may by order substitute a different amount [F28(not exceeding level 2 on the standard scale)] for the amount for the time being specified as the amount of the fixed penalty in subsection (6) above.

(8)In any proceedings a certificate which—

(a)purports to be signed by or on behalf of—

(i)in England and Wales, the chief finance officer of the litter authority; or

(ii)in Scotland, [F29a proper officer]; and

(b)states that payment of a fixed penalty was or was not received by a date specified in the certificate,

shall be evidence of the facts stated.

[F30(8A)In subsection (8) above, “proper officer” means—

(a)in a case where a notice under this section is given as mentioned in paragraph (a) of subsection (5A) above, the officer who has, as respects the litter authority, the responsibility mentioned in section 95 of the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 (financial administration);

(b)in a case where a notice is given as mentioned in paragraph (b) of that subsection, the proper officer for that Authorityappointed under paragraph 12(3) of schedule 2 to the National Parks (Scotland) Act 2000.

(8B)If an authorised person proposes to give a person a notice under this section, the authorised person may require the person to give him his name and address.

(8C)A person commits an offence if he fails to give his name and address when required to do so under subsection (8B) above.

(8D)A person who commits an offence under subsection (8C) above is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 3 on the standard scale.]

(9)For the purposes of this section the following are “litter authorities”—

(a)any principal litter authority, other than [F4an English county] council [F5, a regional council] or a joint board;

(b)any [F6English] county council [F7, regional council] or joint board designated by the Secretary of State, by order, in relation to such area as is specified in the order (not being an area in a National Park);

F8(c). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F8(d). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(e)the Broads Authority.

(10)In this section—

  • [F31authorised person” means—

    (a)

    an officer of a litter authority who is authorised in writing by the authority for the purpose of issuing notices under this section in relation to an offence under section 87 above committed in the area of the authority;

    (b)

    an officer of Loch Lomond and The Trossachs National Park Authority who is authorised in writing by the Authority for the purpose of issuing notices under this section in relation to an offence under section 87 above committed in the area designated as the National Park for which the Authority is established; or

    (c)

    such other persons as may be specified by order made by the Scottish Ministers.]

  • chief finance officer”, in relation to a litter authority, means the person having responsibility for the financial affairs of the authority;

  • F11. . .

  • F11. . .

  • F32...

[F33(10A)The Scottish Ministers may by order make such modifications of this section as they consider necessary or expedient in connection with the specification of a person by an order under paragraph (c) of the definition of “authorised person” in subsection (10) above.

(10B)An order under subsection (10A) above may include—

(a)provision applying any provision of this section to such a person with such modifications as may be specified in the order;

(b)provision for any such provision not to apply in relation to such a person.]

Extent Information

E2This version of this provision extends to Scotland only; a separate version has been created for England and Wales only

Textual Amendments

F4Words in s. 88(9)(a) substituted (1.4.1996) by 1994 c. 19, s. 22(3), Sch. 9 para. 17(8)(a) (with s. 54(7), Sch. 17 para. 22(1), 23(2)); S.I. 1996/396, art. 3, Sch. 1.

F5Words in s. 88(9)(a) repealed (S.) (1.4.1996) by 1994 c. 39, s. 180(1)(2), Sch. 13 para. 167(12), Sch. 14; S.I. 1996/323, art. 4(1)(c)(d), Sch. 2

F6Word in s. 88(9)(b) inserted (1.4.1996) by 1994 c. 19, s. 22(3), Sch. 9 para. 17(8)(b) (with s. 54(7), Sch. 17 para. 22(1), 23(2)); S.I. 1996/396, art. 3, Sch. 1.

F7Words in s. 88(9)(b) repealed (S.) (1.4.1996) by 1994 c. 39, s. 180(1)(2), Sch. 13 para. 167(12), Sch. 14; S.I. 1996/323, art. 4(1)(c)(d), Sch. 2

F8S. 88(9)(c)(d) repealed (1.4.1997) by 1995 c. 25, s. 120(3), Sch. 24 (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.I. 1996/2560, art. 2, Sch.

F11Definitions in s. 88(10) repealed (1.4.1997) by 1995 c. 25, s. 120(3), Sch. 24 (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117); S.I. 1996/2560, art. 2, Sch.

F14Words in s. 88(1) renumbered (S.) (28.10.2004) as s. 88(1)(a) by Antisocial Behaviour etc. (Scotland) Act 2004 (asp 8), ss. 56(2)(c), 145(2); S.S.I. 2004/420, art. 3, Sch. 1

F21By The Litter and Dog Fouling (Fixed Penalty) (Wales) Order 2004 (S.I. 2004/909), art. 2(b), it is provided (W.) (1.4.2004) that any surviving reference to £25 in s. 88(6) is hereby repealed

F24Words in s. 88(6) renumbered as s. 88(6)(a) (S.) (1.4.2015) by Regulatory Reform (Scotland) Act 2014 (asp 3), s. 61(2), sch. 3 para. 11(4)(c)(i); S.S.I. 2014/160, art. 2(3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C3S. 88 applied (with modifications) (19.9.2007) by London Local Authorities Act 2007 (c. ii), ss. 1(3)-(5), 31, Sch. 2 Pt. 2

C4S. 88 extended (with modifications) (E.W.) (19.9.1995) by 1995 c. 25, ss. 70, 125(3), Sch. 9 para. 12(b) (with ss. 7(6), 115, 117, Sch. 8 para. 7)

S. 88(2)-(8) applied (with modifications) (E.W.) (17.8.1996) by 1996 c. 20, ss. 4(2)(3), 8(2) (with s. 1) (as amended (1.4.2002) by S.I. 2002/425, art. 2)

Commencement Information

I1S. 88 wholly in force at 13.2.1991; s. 88 not in force at Royal Assent, see s. 164(2); s. 88(7)(9)(b) in force at 14.1.1991 and s. 88(1)-(4)(6)(8)(9)(a)(c)-(e)(10) in force for E.W. at 13.2.1991 by S.I. 1991/96, arts. 2, 3; s. 88(1)-(4)(6)(8)(9)(a)(c)(d)(10) in force for S. at 1.4.1991 by S.I. 1991/1042, art. 2

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