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Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974

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1[F1 Rehabilitated] [F1Protected] persons and spent convictions.S

[F2(1)Subject to [F3subsection (2)][F3 subsections (2), (5) and (6)] below, where an individual has been convicted, whether before or after the commencement of this Act, of any offence or offences, and the following conditions are satisfied, that is to say—

(a)he did not have imposed on him in respect of that conviction a sentence which is excluded from rehabilitation under this Act; and

(b)he has not had imposed on him in respect of a subsequent conviction during the rehabilitation period applicable to the first-mentioned conviction in accordance with section 6 below a sentence which is excluded from rehabilitation under this Act;

then, after the end of the rehabilitation period so applicable (including, where appropriate, any extension under section 6(4) below of the period originally applicable to the first-mentioned conviction) or, where that rehabilitation period ended before the commencement of this Act, after the commencement of this Act, that individual shall for the purposes of this Act be treated as a rehabilitated person in respect of the first-mentioned conviction and that conviction shall for those purposes be treated as spent.]

[F2(1)Subsections (1A) and (1B) apply where—

(a)an individual has at any time been convicted of any offence, and

(b)an excluded sentence was not imposed on the individual in respect of the conviction.

(1A)After the expiry of the disclosure period applicable to the conviction in accordance with section 6 (including any extension under subsection (4) of that section)—

(a)the individual is, for the purposes of this Act, to be treated as a protected person in respect of the conviction, and

(b)the conviction is, for the purposes of this Act, to be treated as spent.

(1B)But where the disclosure period so applicable expired before commencement of this Act, the individual and conviction are to be treated as mentioned in subsection (1A) from the date of commencement of this Act.

(1C)Subsections (1) to (1B) are subject to subsections (2)[F4, (5) and (6)] [F4and (5) to (8)].]

(2)A person shall not become a [F5rehabilitated] [F5protected] person for the purposes of this Act in respect of a conviction unless he has served or otherwise undergone or complied with any sentence imposed on him in respect of that conviction; but the following shall not, by virtue of this subsection, prevent a person from becoming a [F5rehabilitated] [F5protected] person for those purposes—

(a)failure to pay a fine or other sum adjudged to be paid by or imposed on a conviction, or breach of a condition of a recognizance or of a bond of caution to keep the peace or be of good behaviour;

(b)breach of any condition or requirement applicable in relation to a sentence which renders the person to whom it applies liable to be dealt with for the offence for which the sentence was imposed, or, where the sentence was a suspended sentence of imprisonment, liable to be dealt with in respect of that sentence (whether or not, in any case, he is in fact so dealt with);

(c)failure to comply with any requirement of a suspended sentence supervision order.

[F6(2A) Where in respect of a conviction a person has been sentenced to imprisonment with an order under s. 47(1) of the M1 Criminal Law Act 1977, he is to be treated for the purposes of subsection (2) above as having served the sentence as soon as he completes service of so much of the sentence as was by that order required to be served in prison.]

[F7(2B)In subsection (2)(a) above the reference to a fine or other sum adjudged to be paid by or imposed on a conviction does not include a reference to an amount payable under a confiscation order made under Part 2 or 3 of the Proceeds of Crime Act 2002.]

(3)In this Act “sentence” includes any order made by a court in dealing with a person in respect of his conviction of any offence or offences, other than—

[F8(za)a surcharge imposed under section 161A of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 [F9or section 42 of the Sentencing Code];]

[F10(zb)a hospital direction under section 59A of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995;

(zc)a victim surcharge imposed under section 253F of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995;]

(a)an order for committal or any other order made in default of payment of any fine or other sum adjudged to be paid by or imposed on a conviction, or for want of sufficient distress to satisfy any such fine or other sum;

(b)an order dealing with a person in respect of a suspended sentence of imprisonment.

[F11(c)an order under section 21A of the Prosecution of Offences Act 1985 [F12or section 46 of the Sentencing Code] (criminal courts charge).]

[F13(3A)In subsection (3)(a), the reference to want of sufficient distress to satisfy a fine or other sum includes a reference to circumstances where—

(a)there is power to use the procedure in Schedule 12 to the Tribunals, Courts and Enforcement Act 2007 to recover the fine or other sum from a person, but

(b)it appears, after an attempt has been made to exercise the power, that the person's goods are insufficient to pay the amount outstanding (as defined by paragraph 50(3) of that Schedule).]

(4)In this Act, references to a conviction, however expressed, include references—

(a)to a conviction by or before a court outside [F14England and Wales] [F15Scotland]; and

(b) to any finding (other than a finding linked with a finding of insanity [F16or, as the case may be, a finding that a person is not criminally responsible under section 51A of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 (c.46)]) in any criminal proceedings F17. . . that a person has committed an offence or done the act or made the omission charged;

and notwithstanding anything in [F18section 247 of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 (c.46)] or [F19section 82 of the Sentencing Code] [F20or section 187 of the Armed Forces Act 2006] a conviction in respect of which an order is made [F21discharging the person concerned] absolutely or conditionally shall be treated as a conviction for the purposes of this Act and the person in question may become a [F22rehabilitated] [F22protected] person in respect of that conviction and the conviction a spent conviction for those purposes accordingly.

[F23(4A)In this Act, an “excluded sentence” is a sentence listed in section 5(1).]

[F24(5)This Act does not apply to any disregarded conviction or caution within the meaning of Chapter 4 of Part 5 of the Protection of Freedoms Act 2012.

(6)Accordingly, references in this Act to a conviction or caution do not include references to any such disregarded conviction or caution.]

[F25(7)This Act does not apply to any conviction of an offence committed when the individual was under 12 years of age.

(8)Accordingly, references in this Act to a conviction do not include references to any such conviction.]

Textual Amendments

F2S. 1(1)-(1C) substituted for s. 1(1) (S.) (30.11.2020) by Management of Offenders (Scotland) Act 2019 (asp 14), ss. 17(2), 63(2) (with s. 37); S.S.I. 2020/245, reg. 2, sch. (with reg. 3)

F3Words in s. 1(1) substituted (E.W.) (1.10.2012) by Protection of Freedoms Act 2012 (c. 9), s. 120, Sch. 9 para. 134(2) (with s. 97); S.I. 2012/2234, art. 3(o)

F16Words in s. 1(4)(b) inserted (S.) (with application in accordance with art. 3 of the commencing S.S.I.) by Criminal Justice and Licensing (Scotland) Act 2010 (asp 13), s. 206(1), sch. 7 para. 8; S.S.I. 2012/160, art. 3, sch.

F17Words in s. 1(4)(b) repealed (E.W.) (14.10.1991) by Children Act 1989 (c. 41, SIF 20), s. 108, Sch. 15; S.I. 1991/828, art. 3(2)

F20Words in s. 1(4) inserted (28.3.2009 for certain purposes and 31.10.2009 otherwise) by Armed Forces Act 2006 (c. 52), ss. 378, 383, Sch. 16 para. 63; S.I. 2009/812, art. 3; S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4 (and see savings (having effect from 24.4.2009 for specified purposes and 31.10.2009 otherwise) in S.I. 2009/1059, arts 1(2)(3), 205, Sch. 1 para. 14)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C2S. 1(2)(a) amended by Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 1987 (c. 41, SIF 39:1), ss. 45(2), 47(4)(a)

S. 1(2)(a) restricted (3.2.1995) by 1994 c. 37, ss. 65(2), 69(2)

Marginal Citations

2 [F26Rehabilitation of] persons dealt with in service disciplinary proceedings. E+W+S

(1)F27. . . For the purposes of this Act any finding that a person is guilty of an offence in respect of any act or omission which was the subject of service disciplinary proceedings shall be treated as a conviction and any punishment awarded [F28or order made by virtue of Schedule 5A to the M2Army Act 1955 or to the M3Air Force Act 1955 or Schedule 4A to the M4Naval Discipline Act 1957] in respect of any such finding shall be treated as a sentence.

F29(2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F29(3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

F29(4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(5)In this Act, “service disciplinary proceedings” means any of the following—

[F30(za)any proceedings (whether or not before a court) in respect of a service offence within the meaning of the Armed Forces Act 2006 (except proceedings before a civilian court within the meaning of that Act);]

(a)any proceedings under the M5Army Act 1955, the M6Air Force Act 1955, or the M7Naval Discipline Act 1957 whether before a court-martial or before any other court or person authorised thereunder to award a punishment in respect of any offence);

(b)any proceedings under any Act previously in force corresponding to any of the Acts mentioned in paragraph (a) above;

[F31(bb) any proceedings before a Standing Civilian Court established under the M8Armed Forces Act 1976;]

(c)any proceedings under any corresponding enactment or law applying to a force, other than a home force, to which section 4 of the M9Visiting Forces (British Commonwealth) Act 1933 applies or applied at the time of the proceedings, being proceedings in respect of a member of a home force who is or was at that time attached to the first-mentioned force under that section;

whether in any event those proceedings take place in [F32England and Wales] [F33Scotland] or elsewhere.

[F34(6) Section 376(1) to (3) of the Armed Forces Act 2006 (“conviction” and “sentence” in relation to summary hearings and the SAC) apply for the purposes of this Act as they apply for the purposes of that Act.]

Textual Amendments

F27Words in s. 2(1) repealed (1.10.1996) by 1996 c. 46, s. 35(2), Sch. 7 Pt. III; S.I. 1996/2474, art. 2, Sch.

F29S. 2(2)-(4) repealed (1.10.1996) by 1996 c. 46, ss. 13(2), 35(2), Sch. 7 Pt. III; S.I. 1996/2474, art. 2, Sch.

F30S. 2(5)(za) inserted (28.3.2009 for certain purposes and 31.10.2009 otherwise) by Armed Forces Act 2006 (c. 52), ss. 378, 383, Sch. 16 para. 64(a); S.I. 2009/812, art. 3; S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4 (and see savings (having effect from 24.4.2009 for specified purposes and 31.10.2009 otherwise) in S.I. 2009/1059, arts 1(2)(3), 205, Sch. 1 para. 14)

F34S. 2(6) inserted (28.3.2009 for certain purposes and 31.10.2009 otherwise) by Armed Forces Act 2006 (c. 52), ss. 378, 383, Sch. 16 para. 64(b); S.I. 2009/812, art. 3; S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4 (and see savings (having effect from 24.4.2009 for specified purposes and 31.10.2009 otherwise) in S.I. 2009/1059, arts 1(2)(3), 205, Sch. 1 para. 14)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Marginal Citations

3 Special provision with respect to certain disposals by children’s hearings [F35under the Social Work (Scotland) Act 1968].E+W+S

Where a ground for the referral of a child’s case to a children’s hearing under the [F36Children (Scotland) Act 1995 is that mentioned in section 52(2)

[F37(3)This section does not apply where the acts or omissions constituting the ground mentioned in subsection (1) occurred when the child was under 12 years of age.]

(i)] of that Act (commission by the child of an offence) and that ground has either been accepted by the child and, where necessary, by his parent or been established [F38(or deemed established) to the satisfaction of the sheriff under section 68 or 85 of that Act, the acceptance, establishment (or deemed establishment)] of that ground shall be treated for the purposes of this Act (but not otherwise) as a conviction, and any disposal of the case thereafter by a children’s hearing shall be treated for those purposes as a sentence; and references in this Act to a person’s being charged with or prosecuted for an offence shall be construed accordingly.

Textual Amendments

F36Words in s. 3 substituted (S.) (1.4.1997) by 1995 c. 36, s. 105(4), Sch. 4 para. 23(2)(a); S.I. 1996/3201, art. 3(7)

F38Words in s. 3 substituted (S.) (1.4.1997) by 1995 c. 36, s. 105(4), Sch. 4 para. 23(2)(b); S.I. 1996/3201, art. 3(7)

4 Effect of [F39rehabilitation] [F39becoming a protected person].S

(1)Subject to sections 7 and 8 below, a person who has become a [F40rehabilitated] [F40protected] person for the purposes of this Act in respect of a conviction shall be treated for all purposes in law as a person who has not committed or been charged with or prosecuted for or convicted of or sentenced for the offence or offences which were the subject of that conviction; and, notwithstanding the provisions of any other enactment or rule of law to the contrary, but subject as aforesaid—

(a)no evidence shall be admissible in any proceedings before a judicial authority exercising its jurisdiction or functions in [F41England and Wales] [F42Scotland] to prove that any such person has committed or been charged with or prosecuted for or convicted of or sentenced for any offence which was the subject of a spent conviction; and

(b)a person shall not, in any such proceedings, be asked, and, if asked, shall not be required to answer, any question relating to his past which cannot be answered without acknowledging or referring to a spent conviction or spent convictions or any circumstances ancillary thereto.

(2)Subject to the provisions of any order made under subsection (4) below, where a question seeking information with respect to a person’s previous convictions, offences, conduct or circumstances is put to him or to any other person otherwise than in proceedings before a judicial authority—

(a)the question shall be treated as not relating to spent convictions or to any circumstances ancillary to spent convictions, and the answer thereto may be framed accordingly; and

(b)the person questioned shall not be subjected to any liability or otherwise prejudiced in law by reason of any failure to acknowledge or disclose a spent conviction or any circumstances ancillary to a spent conviction in his answer to the question.

(3)Subject to the provisions of any order made under subsection (4) below,—

(a)any obligation imposed on any person by any rule of law or by the provisions of any agreement or arrangement to disclose any matters to any other person shall not extend to requiring him to disclose a spent conviction or any circumstances ancillary to a spent conviction (whether the conviction is his own or another’s); and

(b)a conviction which has become spent or any circumstances ancillary thereto, or any failure to disclose a spent conviction or any such circumstances, shall not be a proper ground for dismissing or excluding a person from any office, profession, occupation or employment, or for prejudicing him in any way in any occupation or employment.

(4)The Secretary of State may by order—

(a)make such provision as seems to him appropriate for excluding or modifying the application of either or both of paragraphs (a) and (b) of subsection (2) above in relation to questions put in such circumstances as may be specified in the order;

(b)provide for such exceptions from the provisions of subsection (3) above as seem to him appropriate, in such cases or classes of case, and in relation to convictions of such a description, as may be specified in the order.

(5)For the purposes of this section and section 7 below any of the following are circumstances ancillary to a conviction, that is to say—

(a)the offence or offences which were the subject of that conviction;

(b)the conduct constituting that offence or those offences; and

(c)any process or proceedings preliminary to that conviction, any sentence imposed in respect of that conviction, any proceedings (whether by way of appeal or otherwise) for reviewing that conviction or any such sentence, and anything done in pursuance of or undergone in compliance with any such sentence.

(6)For the purposes of this section and section 7 below “proceedings before a judicial authority” includes, in addition to proceedings before any of the ordinary courts of law, proceedings before any tribunal, body or person having power—

(a)by virtue of any enactment, law, custom or practice;

(b)under the rules governing any association, institution, profession, occupation or employment; or

(c)under any provision of an agreement providing for arbitration with respect to questions arising thereunder;

to determine any question affecting the rights, privileges, obligations or liabilities of any person, or to receive evidence affecting the determination of any such question.

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C5S. 4 excluded in part by S.I. 1975/1023 (as amended: (E.W.) (18.12.2008) by S.I. 2008/3259; (E.W.) (7.7.2009) by S.I. 2009/1818; (E.W.) (31.3.2010) by S.I. 2010/1153)

C6S. 4 excluded (1.1.2007) by Gambling Act 2005 (c. 19), ss. 125, 358(1) (with ss. 352, 354); S.I. 2006/3272, art. 2, Sch. 1 (with Sch. 4)

C8S. 4(1)(2)(3) excluded by 2007 c. 30, s. 56A (as inserted (1.10.2012) by Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012 (c. 10), ss. 140, 151(1) (with s. 141(7)-(9)); S.I. 2012/2412, art. 2(e))

5 Rehabilitation periods for particular sentences.E+W

(1)The sentences excluded from rehabilitation under this Act are—

(a)a sentence of imprisonment for life;

(b)a sentence of imprisonment [F43youth custody] [F44detention in a young offender institution] or corrective training for a term exceeding [F45forty eight months];

(c)a sentence of preventive detention; F46. . .

(d)a sentence of detention during Her Majesty’s pleasure or for life [F47under section 90 or 91 of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000] [F48, under section 250 or 259 of the Sentencing Code] [F49or under section 209 or 218 of the Armed Forces Act 2006,] [F50or under section 205(2) or (3) of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1975,] [F51or a sentence of detention for a term exceeding [F45forty eight months] passed under section 91 of the said Act of 2000] [F52or section 250 of that Code] [F53(young offenders convicted of grave crimes) [F54or section 209 of the said Act of 2006] or under section 206 of the said Act of 1975 (detention of children convicted on indictment)] F55. . . [F56and

(e)a sentence of custody for life]; [F57and]

[F58(f)a sentence of imprisonment for public protection under section 225 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003, a sentence of detention for public protection under section 226 of that Act or an extended sentence under section [F59 226A, 226B,] 227 or 228 of that Act [F60or section 254, 266 or 279 of the Sentencing Code] [F61 (including any sentence within this paragraph passed as a result of any of sections 219 to 222 of the Armed Forces Act 2006)]]

and any other sentence is a sentence subject to rehabilitation under this Act.

[F62(1A)In [F63this section]

(a)references to section 209 of the Armed Forces Act 2006 include references to section 71A(4) of the Army Act 1955 or Air Force Act 1955 or section 43A(4) of the Naval Discipline Act 1957;

(b)the reference to section 218 of the Armed Forces Act 2006 includes a reference to section 71A(3) of the Army Act 1955 or Air Force Act 1955 or section 43A(3) of the Naval Discipline Act 1957.]

[F64(2)For the purposes of this Act and subject to subsections (3) and (4), the rehabilitation period for a sentence is the period—

(a)beginning with the date of the conviction in respect of which the sentence is imposed, and

(b)ending at the time listed in the following Table in relation to that sentence:

SentenceEnd of rehabilitation period for adult offendersEnd of rehabilitation period for offenders under 18 at date of conviction
A custodial sentence of more than 30 months and up to, or consisting of, 48 monthsThe end of the period of 7 years beginning with the day on which the sentence (including any licence period) is completedThe end of the period of 42 months beginning with the day on which the sentence (including any licence period) is completed
A custodial sentence of more than 6 months and up to, or consisting of, 30 monthsThe end of the period of 48 months beginning with the day on which the sentence (including any licence period) is completedThe end of the period of 24 months beginning with the day on which the sentence (including any licence period) is completed
A custodial sentence of 6 months or lessThe end of the period of 24 months beginning with the day on which the sentence (including any licence period) is completedThe end of the period of 18 months beginning with the day on which the sentence (including any licence period) is completed
Removal from Her Majesty's serviceThe end of the period of 12 months beginning with the date of the conviction in respect of which the sentence is imposedThe end of the period of 6 months beginning with the date of the conviction in respect of which the sentence is imposed
A sentence of service detentionThe end of the period of 12 months beginning with the day on which the sentence is completedThe end of the period of 6 months beginning with the day on which the sentence is completed
A fineThe end of the period of 12 months beginning with the date of the conviction in respect of which the sentence is imposedThe end of the period of 6 months beginning with the date of the conviction in respect of which the sentence is imposed
A compensation orderThe date on which the payment is made in fullThe date on which the payment is made in full
A community or youth rehabilitation orderThe end of the period of 12 months beginning with the day provided for by or under the order as the last day on which the order is to have effectThe end of the period of 6 months beginning with the day provided for by or under the order as the last day on which the order is to have effect
A relevant orderThe day provided for by or under the order as the last day on which the order is to have effectThe day provided for by or under the order as the last day on which the order is to have effect

(3)Where no provision is made by or under a community or youth rehabilitation order or a relevant order for the last day on which the order is to have effect, the rehabilitation period for the order is to be the period of 24 months beginning with the date of conviction.

(4)There is no rehabilitation period for—

(a)an order discharging a person absolutely for an offence, or

(b)any other sentence in respect of a conviction where the sentence is not dealt with in the Table or under subsection (3),

and, in such cases, references in this Act to any rehabilitation period are to be read as if the period of time were nil.

(5)See also—

(a)section 8AA (protection afforded to spent alternatives to prosecution), and

(b)Schedule 2 (protection for spent cautions).

(6)The Secretary of State may by order amend column 2 or 3 of the Table or the number of months for the time being specified in subsection (3).

(7)For the purposes of this section—

(a)consecutive terms of imprisonment or other custodial sentences are to be treated as a single term,

(b)terms of imprisonment or other custodial sentences which are wholly or partly concurrent (that is terms of imprisonment or other custodial sentences imposed in respect of offences of which a person was convicted in the same proceedings) are to be treated as a single term,

(c)no account is to be taken of any subsequent variation, made by a court dealing with a person in respect of a suspended sentence of imprisonment, of the term originally imposed,

(d)no account is to be taken of any subsequent variation of the day originally provided for by or under an order as the last day on which the order is to have effect,

(e)no account is to be taken of any detention or supervision ordered by a court under section 104(3) of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000 [F65or paragraph 3(2) of Schedule 12 to the Sentencing Code],

(f)a sentence imposed by a court outside England and Wales is to be treated as the sentence mentioned in this section to which it most closely corresponds.

(8)In this section—

  • community or youth rehabilitation order” means—

    (a)

    a community order under [F66Chapter 2 of Part 9 of the Sentencing Code],

    (b)

    a service community order or overseas community order under the Armed Forces Act 2006,

    (c)

    a youth rehabilitation order under [F67Chapter 1 of Part 9 of the Sentencing Code], or

    (d)

    any order of a kind superseded (whether directly or indirectly) by an order mentioned in paragraph (a), (b) or (c),

  • custodial sentence” means—

    (a)

    a sentence of imprisonment,

    (b)

    a sentence of detention in a young offender institution,

    (c)

    a sentence of Borstal training,

    (d)

    a sentence of youth custody,

    (e)

    a sentence of corrective training,

    (f)

    a sentence of detention under [F68section 250 of the Sentencing Code] or section 209 of the Armed Forces Act 2006,

    (g)

    a detention and training order [F69within the meaning given by section 233 of the Sentencing Code] or an order under section 211 of the Armed Forces Act 2006,

    (h)

    any sentence of a kind superseded (whether directly or indirectly) by a sentence mentioned in paragraph (f) or (g),

  • earlier statutory order” means—

    (a)

    an order under section 54 of the Children and Young Persons Act 1933 committing the person convicted to custody in a remand home,

    (b)

    an approved school order under section 57 of that Act, or

    (c)

    any order of a kind superseded (whether directly or indirectly) by an order mentioned in any of paragraphs (c) to (e) of the definition of “relevant order” or in paragraph (a) or (b) above,

  • relevant order” means—

    (a)

    an order discharging a person conditionally for an offence,

    (b)

    an order binding a person over to keep the peace or be of good behaviour,

    (c)

    an order under section 1(2A) of the Street Offences Act 1959,

    (d)

    a hospital order under Part 3 of the Mental Health Act 1983 (with or without a restriction order),

    (e)

    a referral order under [F70Chapter 1 of Part 6 of the Sentencing Code],

    (f)

    an earlier statutory order, or

    (g)

    any order which imposes a disqualification, disability, prohibition or other penalty and is not otherwise dealt with in the Table or under subsection (3),

    but does not include a reparation order under section 73 of the Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000 [F71or Chapter 2 of Part 6 of the Sentencing Code],

  • removal from Her Majesty's service” means a sentence of dismissal with disgrace from Her Majesty's service, a sentence of dismissal from Her Majesty's service or a sentence of cashiering or discharge with ignominy,

  • sentence of imprisonment” includes a sentence of penal servitude (and “term of imprisonment” is to be read accordingly),

  • sentence of service detention” means—

    (a)

    a sentence of service detention (within the meaning given by section 374 of the Armed Forces Act 2006), or a sentence of detention corresponding to such a sentence, in respect of a conviction in service disciplinary proceedings, or

    (b)

    any sentence of a kind superseded (whether directly or indirectly) by a sentence mentioned in paragraph (a).]

Extent Information

E1This version of this provision extends to England and Wales only; a separate version has been created for Scotland only.

Textual Amendments

F47Words in s. 5(1)(d) inserted (25.8.2000) by 2000 c. 6, ss. 165(1), 168(1), Sch. 9 para. 48(2)(a)

F48Words in s. 5(1)(d) inserted (E.W.) (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 32(1), (2)(a) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F49Words in s. 5(1)(d) inserted (28.3.2009 for certain purposes and 31.10.2009 otherwise) by Armed Forces Act 2006 (c. 52), ss. 378, 383, Sch. 16 para. 65(2)(a)(i); S.I. 2009/812, art. 3; S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4 (and see savings (having effect from 24.4.2009 for specified purposes and 31.10.2009 otherwise) in S.I. 2009/1059, arts 1(2)(3), 205, Sch. 1 para. 14)

F51Words in s. 5(1)(d) substituted (25.8.2000) by 2000 c. 6, ss. 165(1), 168(1), Sch. 9 para. 48(2)(b)

F52Words in s. 5(1)(d) inserted (E.W.) (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 32(1), (2)(b) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F54Words in s. 5(1)(d) inserted (28.3.2009 for certain purposes and 31.10.2009 otherwise) by Armed Forces Act 2006 (c. 52), ss. 378, 383, Sch. 16 para. 65(2)(a)(ii); S.I. 2009/812, art. 3; S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4 (and see savings (having effect from 24.4.2009 for specified purposes and 31.10.2009 otherwise) in S.I. 2009/1059, arts 1(2)(3), 205, Sch. 1 para. 14)

F55Words in s. 5(1)(d) omitted (28.3.2009 for certain purposes and 31.10.2009 otherwise) by virtue of Armed Forces Act 2006 (c. 52), ss. 378, 383, Sch. 16 para. 65(2)(a)(iii); S.I. 2009/812, art. 3; S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4 (and see savings (having effect from 24.4.2009 for specified purposes and 31.10.2009 otherwise) in S.I. 2009/1059, arts 1(2)(3), 205, Sch. 1 para. 14)

F60Words in s. 5(1)(f) inserted (E.W.) (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 32(1)(3) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F61Words in s. 5(1)(f) inserted (28.3.2009 for certain purposes and 31.10.2009 otherwise) by Armed Forces Act 2006 (c. 52), ss. 378, 383, Sch. 16 para. 65(2)(b); S.I. 2009/812, art. 3; S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4 (and see savings (having effect from 24.4.2009 for specified purposes and 31.10.2009 otherwise) in S.I. 2009/1059, arts 1(2)(3), 205, Sch. 1 para. 14)

F62S. 5(1A) substituted (28.3.2009 for certain purposes and 31.10.2009 otherwise) by Armed Forces Act 2006 (c. 52), ss. 378, 383, Sch. 16 para. 65(3); S.I. 2009/812, art. 3; S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4 (and see savings (having effect from 24.4.2009 for specified purposes and 31.10.2009 otherwise) in S.I. 2009/1059, arts 1(2)(3), 205, Sch. 1 para. 14)

F64 S. 5(2)-(8) substituted (E.W.) for s. 5(2)-(11) (10.3.2014) by Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012 (c. 10), ss. 139(4), 151(1) (with s. 141(1)-(6)); S.I. 2014/423, art. 2(a) (with art. 3)

F65Words in s. 5(7)(e) inserted (E.W.) (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 32(1)(4) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F66Words in s. 5(8) substituted (E.W.) (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 32(1), (5)(a) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F67Words in s. 5(8) substituted (E.W.) (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 32(1), (5)(b) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F68Words in s. 5(8) substituted (E.W.) (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 32(1), (5)(c) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F69Words in s. 5(8) substituted (E.W.) (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 32(1), (5)(d) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F70Words in s. 5(8) substituted (E.W.) (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 32(1), (5)(e) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

F71Words in s. 5(8) inserted (E.W.) (1.12.2020) by Sentencing Act 2020 (c. 17), s. 416(1), Sch. 24 para. 32(1), (5)(f) (with Sch. 27); S.I. 2020/1236, reg. 2

5 [F155Disclosure] periods for particular sentences. S

(1)The sentences [F156which are excluded sentences for the purposes of] this Act are—

(a)a sentence of imprisonment for life;

(b)a sentence of imprisonment F157... or corrective training for a term exceeding [F15848] months;

(c)a sentence of preventive detention; F159. . .

(d)a sentence of detention during Her Majesty’s pleasure or for life F160... [F49under section 209 or 218 of the Armed Forces Act 2006,] [F161under section 205(2) or (3) of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act [F1621995],] F163[or a sentence of detention for a term exceeding thirty months passed under F164...] [F165(young offenders convicted of grave crimes) F164... [F54section 209 of the said Act of 2006] F166...]

[F167(da)a sentence of detention for a term exceeding 48 months passed under section 207 (detention of young offenders) or 208 (detention of children convicted on indictment) of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995;]

[F168(e)a sentence of custody for life]; [F57and]

[F58(f)a sentence of imprisonment for public protection under section 225 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003, a sentence of detention for public protection under section 226 of that Act or an extended sentence under section [F59 226A, 226B,] 227 or 228 of that Act]

and any other sentence is a [F169disclosable sentence] .

[F62(1A)In subsection (1)(d)—

(a)references to section 209 of the Armed Forces Act 2006 include references to section 71A(4) of the Army Act 1955 or Air Force Act 1955 or section 43A(4) of the Naval Discipline Act 1957;

(b)the reference to section 218 of the Armed Forces Act 2006 includes a reference to section 71A(3) of the Army Act 1955 or Air Force Act 1955 or section 43A(3) of the Naval Discipline Act 1957.]

[F170(1B)In subsection (1), “disclosable sentence” means a sentence imposed in relation to a conviction in respect of which a person may, under this Act, become a protected person.]

[F171(2A)For the purposes of this Act, the disclosure period applicable to a sentence specified in the first column of Table A is—

(a)where the sentence was imposed on a person who was 18 years of age or older at the date of the conviction in respect of which the sentence was imposed, the period specified in the second column of Table A in relation to that sentence,

(b)where the sentence was imposed on a person who was under 18 years of age at the date of the conviction in respect of which the sentence was imposed, the period specified in the third column of Table A in relation to that sentence.

(2B)For the purposes of subsection (2A), the disclosure period applicable to a sentence is to be reckoned from the date of the conviction in respect of which the sentence was imposed.

(2C)Subsection (2A) applies to Table B as it applies to Table A.

(2D)This subsection applies to a sentence which is—

(a)not dealt with in—

(i)subsections (1) to (2C) (including in Table A or Table B), or

(ii)any of sections 5C to 5J,

(b)imposed on a person in respect of a conviction, and

(c)given by way of an order—

(i)imposing on the person any disqualification, disability, prohibition, requirement or restriction, or

(ii)which is otherwise intended to regulate the person's behaviour.

(2E)The disclosure period applicable to a sentence to which subsection (2D) applies is—

(a)in the case of an order—

(i)containing provision enabling the date on which the disqualification, disability, prohibition, requirement, restriction or regulation (as the case may be) ceases or ceased to have effect to be determined, or

(ii)containing provision for the disqualification, disability, prohibition, requirement, restriction or regulation (as the case may be) to have effect for an indefinite period (including the lifetime of a person) or without limit of time,

the period beginning with the date of the conviction and ending on the date on which the disqualification, disability, prohibition, requirement, restriction or regulation (as the case may be) ceases or ceased to have effect,

(b)in the case of any other order, a period of 2 years beginning with the date of the conviction.

(2F)For the purposes of this section—

(a)consecutive terms of—

(i)imprisonment or other custodial sentences, or

(ii)detention under section 209 of the Armed Forces Act 2006,

are to be treated as a single term,

(b)terms of imprisonment, or of detention, which are—

(i)wholly or partly concurrent, and

(ii)imposed in respect of offences of which a person was convicted in the same proceedings,

are to be treated as a single term,

(c)no account is to be taken of any subsequent variation, made by a court in dealing with a person in respect of a suspended sentence of imprisonment, of the term originally imposed, and

(d)a sentence imposed by a court outwith Scotland is to be treated as the sentence mentioned—

(i)in this section,

(ii)in Table A or Table B, or

(iii)in any of sections 5C to 5J,

to which it most closely corresponds.

(2G)References in this section, Table A, sections 5D to 5H and section 5J to a sentence provided for in a particular enactment include references to any sentence of a kind superseded (whether directly or indirectly) by such a sentence.]

F172(10A). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(11)The Secretary of State may by order—

(a)substitute different periods or terms for any of the periods or terms mentioned in subsections (1) to [F173(2E), in Table A or Table B or in any of sections 5C, 5D, 5H and 5I;] and

(b)substitute a different age for the age mentioned in subsection [F174(2A)] .

[F175(12)In this section—

  • Table A” means the table in section 5A,

  • Table B” means the table in section 5B,

  • custodial sentence” means—

    (a)

    a sentence of imprisonment,

    (b)

    a sentence of detention under section 44, 207 or 208 of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995,

    (c)

    a sentence of Borstal training,

    (d)

    a sentence of corrective training,

  • sentence of imprisonment” includes a sentence of penal servitude (and references to terms of imprisonment are to be read accordingly).]

Extent Information

E3This version of this provision extends to Scotland only; a separate version has been created for England and Wales only.

Textual Amendments

F49Words in s. 5(1)(d) inserted (28.3.2009 for certain purposes and 31.10.2009 otherwise) by Armed Forces Act 2006 (c. 52), ss. 378, 383, Sch. 16 para. 65(2)(a)(i); S.I. 2009/812, art. 3; S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4 (and see savings (having effect from 24.4.2009 for specified purposes and 31.10.2009 otherwise) in S.I. 2009/1059, arts 1(2)(3), 205, Sch. 1 para. 14)

F54Words in s. 5(1)(d) inserted (28.3.2009 for certain purposes and 31.10.2009 otherwise) by Armed Forces Act 2006 (c. 52), ss. 378, 383, Sch. 16 para. 65(2)(a)(ii); S.I. 2009/812, art. 3; S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4 (and see savings (having effect from 24.4.2009 for specified purposes and 31.10.2009 otherwise) in S.I. 2009/1059, arts 1(2)(3), 205, Sch. 1 para. 14)

F62S. 5(1A) substituted (28.3.2009 for certain purposes and 31.10.2009 otherwise) by Armed Forces Act 2006 (c. 52), ss. 378, 383, Sch. 16 para. 65(3); S.I. 2009/812, art. 3; S.I. 2009/1167, art. 4 (and see savings (having effect from 24.4.2009 for specified purposes and 31.10.2009 otherwise) in S.I. 2009/1059, arts 1(2)(3), 205, Sch. 1 para. 14)

F157Words in s. 5(1)(b) repealed (S.) (30.11.2020) by Management of Offenders (Scotland) Act 2019 (asp 14), ss. 18(2)(a)(i), 63(2) (with s. 37); S.S.I. 2020/245, reg. 2, sch. (with reg. 3)

F158Word in s. 5(1)(b) substituted (S.) (30.11.2020) by Management of Offenders (Scotland) Act 2019 (asp 14), ss. 18(2)(a)(ii), 63(2) (with s. 37); S.S.I. 2020/245, reg. 2, sch. (with reg. 3)

F160Words in s. 5(1)(d) repealed (S.) (30.11.2020) by Management of Offenders (Scotland) Act 2019 (asp 14), ss. 18(2)(b)(i), 63(2) (with s. 37); S.S.I. 2020/245, reg. 2, sch. (with reg. 3)

F162Word in s. 5(1)(d) substituted (S.) (30.11.2020) by Management of Offenders (Scotland) Act 2019 (asp 14), ss. 18(2)(b)(ii), 63(2) (with s. 37); S.S.I. 2020/245, reg. 2, sch. (with reg. 3)

F163Words in s. 5(1)(d) substituted (25.8.2000) by 2000 c. 6, ss. 165(1), 168(1), Sch. 9 para. 48(2)(b)

F164Words in s. 5(1)(d) repealed (S.) (30.11.2020) by virtue of Management of Offenders (Scotland) Act 2019 (asp 14), ss. 18(2)(b)(iii), 63(2) (with s. 37); S.S.I. 2020/245, reg. 2, sch. (with reg. 3)

F166Words in s. 5(1)(d) repealed (S.) (30.11.2020) by Management of Offenders (Scotland) Act 2019 (asp 14), ss. 18(2)(b)(iv), 63(2) (with s. 37); S.S.I. 2020/245, reg. 2, sch. (with reg. 3)

F171S. 5(2A)-(2G) substituted for s. 5(2)-(10) (S.) (30.11.2020) by Management of Offenders (Scotland) Act 2019 (asp 14), ss. 19(2), 63(2) (with s. 37); S.S.I. 2020/245, reg. 2, sch. (with reg. 3)

F173Words in s. 5(11)(a) substituted (S.) (30.11.2020) by Management of Offenders (Scotland) Act 2019 (asp 14), ss. 19(3)(a), 63(2) (with s. 37); S.S.I. 2020/245, reg. 2, sch. (with reg. 3)

F174Word in s. 5(11)(b) substituted (S.) (30.11.2020) by Management of Offenders (Scotland) Act 2019 (asp 14), ss. 19(3)(b), 63(2) (with s. 37); S.S.I. 2020/245, reg. 2, sch. (with reg. 3)

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

[F725ATable A – disclosure periods: ordinary casesS

(1)This is Table A as referred to in section 5(2A)—

TABLE A

Disclosure periods: ordinary cases

SentenceDisclosure period – aged 18 or overDisclosure period – aged under 18
A custodial sentence not exceeding 12 monthsThe term of the sentence plus 2 yearsThe term of the sentence plus 1 year
A custodial sentence exceeding 12 months but not exceeding 30 monthsThe term of the sentence plus 4 yearsThe term of the sentence plus 2 years
A custodial sentence exceeding 30 months but not exceeding 48 monthsThe term of the sentence plus 6 yearsThe term of the sentence plus 3 years
A fine12 months6 months
A compensation order under section 249 of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 199512 months6 months
An order for endorsement made by a court in relation to an offence mentioned in schedule 2 of the Road Traffic Offenders Act 19885 years2½ years

Any sentence—

(a)

not mentioned above in this Table or in Table B, or

(b)

other than one to which section 5(2D), or any of sections 5C to 5J, applies

12 months6 months

(2)In Table A, “custodial sentence” and “Table B” have the same meanings as given by section 5(12).]

Textual Amendments

[F735BTable B – disclosure periods: service disciplinary sentencesS

This is Table B as referred to in section 5(2C)—

TABLE B

Disclosure periods: service disciplinary sentences

SentenceDisclosure period – aged 18 or overDisclosure period – aged under 18
A sentence of cashiering, discharge with ignominy or dismissal with disgrace from Her Majesty's service10 years5 years
A sentence of dismissal from Her Majesty's service7 years3½ years
Any sentence of service detention within the meaning of the Armed Forces Act 2006, or any sentence of detention corresponding to such a sentence, in respect of a conviction in service disciplinary proceedings5 years2½ years
A custodial order under section 71AA of the Army Act 1955 or the Air Force Act 1955, or under section 43AA of the Naval Discipline Act 1957, where the maximum period of detention specified in the order is more than 6 months7 years7 years
A custodial order under schedule 5A of the Army Act 1955 or the Air Force Act 1955, or under schedule 4A of the Naval Discipline Act 1957, where the maximum period of detention specified in the order is more than 6 months7 years7 years
A sentence of detention for a term exceeding 6 months but not exceeding 30 months passed under section 71A(4) of the Army Act 1955 or Air Force Act 1955, section 43A(4) of the Naval Discipline Act 1957 or section 209 of the Armed Forces Act 20065 years5 years
A sentence of detention for a term not exceeding 6 months passed under section 71A(4) of the Army Act 1955 or Air Force Act 1955, section 43A(4) of the Naval Discipline Act 1957 or section 209 of the Armed Forces Act 20063 years3 years
A custodial order under any of the schedules of the Army Act 1955, the Air Force Act 1955 or the Naval Discipline Act 1957 mentioned above, where the maximum period of detention specified in the order is 6 months or less3 years3 years
A custodial order under section 71AA of the Army Act 1955 or Air Force Act 1955, or section 43AA of the Naval Discipline Act 1957, where the maximum period of detention specified in the order is 6 months or less3 years3 years]

Textual Amendments

[F745CDisclosure period: caution for good behaviourS

(1)Subsection (2) applies where, in respect of a conviction, a person was ordained to find caution for good behaviour in respect of a period (“the caution period”).

(2)The disclosure period applicable to the sentence is—

(a)where the person was 18 years of age or older at the date of the conviction, whichever is the longer of—

(i)6 months from the date of the conviction,

(ii)the length of the caution period,

(b)where the person was under 18 years of age at the date of the conviction, whichever is the longer of—

(i)3 months from the date of the conviction,

(ii)the length of the caution period.]

Textual Amendments

[F755DDisclosure period: particular court ordersS

(1)Where, in respect of a conviction, an order listed in subsection (2) was imposed on a person, the disclosure period applicable to the sentence is—

(a)where the person was 18 years of age or older at the date of the conviction, whichever is the longer of—

(i)one year from the date of the conviction,

(ii)a period beginning with that date and ending when the order ceases to have effect,

(b)where the person was under 18 years of age at the date of the conviction, whichever is the longer of—

(i)six months from the date of the conviction,

(ii)a period beginning with that date and ending when the order ceases to have effect.

(2)The orders are—

(a)a community payback order under section 227A of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995,

(b)a drug treatment and testing order under section 234B of that Act,

(c)a restriction of liberty order under section 245A of that Act.

(3)In subsection (1)(a)(ii) and (b)(ii), the reference to when the order ceases to have effect is—

(a)in the case of a community payback order, a reference to when the requirement imposed by the order ceases or ceased to have effect or otherwise requires or required to be complied with,

(b)in the case of a drug treatment and testing order or restriction of liberty order, a reference to when the order ceases or ceased to have effect.]

Textual Amendments

[F765EDisclosure period: adjournment or deferralS

(1)Where, after convicting a person, a court adjourns a case under section 201 of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 or defers sentence under section 202 of that Act, the adjournment or deferral is to be treated as a sentence for the purposes of this Act.

(2)The disclosure period applicable to a sentence mentioned in subsection (1) is a period beginning with the date of the conviction and ending on the date a relevant sentence in respect of the conviction is imposed on the person.

(3)In subsection (2), a “relevant sentence” is any sentence other than an adjournment or deferral (or, where applicable, a further adjournment or deferral) imposed on the person in respect of the conviction.]

Textual Amendments

[F775FDisclosure period for certain mental health ordersS

(1)Subsection (2) applies where, further to the making of a compulsion order as mentioned in subsection (1) of section 59 of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 in relation to a person, a restriction order under that section is made in respect of the person.

(2)The disclosure period applicable to the restriction order is a period beginning with the date of the person's conviction in respect of which the compulsion order was made and ending on the date the restriction order ceases or ceased to have effect.

(3)Subsection (4) applies where, by virtue of subsection (1)(b) of section 57 of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995—

(a)a compulsion order is made under subsection (2)(a) of that section in relation to a person authorising the person's detention in a hospital, and

(b)a restriction order under subsection (2)(b) of that section is, in addition to the compulsion order, made in respect of the person.

(4)The disclosure period applicable to the restriction order is a period beginning with the date of the person's conviction in respect of which the compulsion order was made and ending on the date the restriction order ceases or ceased to have effect.

(5)Where, in respect of a conviction, an order listed in subsection (6) was made in relation to a person, the disclosure period applicable to the sentence is a period beginning with the date of the conviction and ending on the date a relevant sentence in respect of the conviction is imposed on the person.

(6)The orders are—

(a)an assessment order under section 52D or 52E of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995,

(b)a treatment order under section 52M or 52N of that Act, or

(c)an interim compulsion order—

(i)under section 53 of that Act, or

(ii)if arising by virtue of subsection (1)(b) of section 57 of that Act, under subsection (2)(bb) of that section.

(7)In subsection (5), a “relevant sentence” is any sentence other than an order mentioned in subsection (6) (or, where applicable, a further such order).]

Textual Amendments

[F785GDisclosure period: compulsion ordersS

(1)The disclosure period applicable to a compulsion order—

(a)if arising by virtue of subsection (1)(b) of section 57 of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995, under subsection (2)(a) of that section, or

(b)under section 57A of that Act,

is a period beginning with the date of the conviction in respect of which the order was made and ending on the date the order ceases or ceased to have effect.

(2)Subsection (1) is subject to sections 164A and 167A of the Mental Health (Care and Treatment) (Scotland) Act 2003.

(3)Where the Mental Health Tribunal for Scotland makes a determination under section 167A(3) of that Act in relation to a person—

(a)the person is, with effect from the date on which the disclosure period applicable to the compulsion order ends by virtue of that section, to be treated for the purposes of this Act as a protected person, and

(b)the person's conviction in respect of which the compulsion order was made is for those purposes to be treated as spent.

(4)Subsection (3) is subject to section 6(2).]

Textual Amendments

[F795HDisclosure period: orders relating to juvenile offendersS

(1)Where, in respect of a conviction, an order mentioned in subsection (2) was imposed on a person, the disclosure period applicable to the sentence is 1 year from the date of the conviction.

(2)The order is an order under section 61 of the Children and Young Persons (Scotland) Act 1937—

(a)to send the person to an approved school, or

(b)to commit the person to the care of a fit person.]

Textual Amendments

[F805IDisclosure period: service disciplinary ordersS

(1)Where, in respect of a conviction, a service community order, or an overseas community order, under the Armed Forces Act 2006 was made, the disclosure period applicable to the sentence is—

(a)where the person was 18 years of age or older at the date of the conviction, 5 years from the date of the conviction,

(b)where the person was under 18 years of age at the date of the conviction, whichever is the longer of—

(i)2½ years from the date of the conviction,

(ii)a period beginning with that date and ending when the order in question ceases or ceased to have effect.

(2)Where, in respect of a conviction, a community supervision order under schedule 5A of the Army Act 1955 or the Air Force Act 1955 or under schedule 4A of the Naval Discipline Act 1957 was imposed, the disclosure period applicable to the sentence is whichever is the longer of—

(a)1 year from the date of the conviction,

(b)a period beginning with that date and ending when the order ceases or ceased to have effect.

(3)Where, in respect of a conviction, an order under section 211 of the Armed Forces Act 2006 was made in respect of a person, the disclosure period applicable to the sentence is—

(a)where the person was 15 years of age or older at the date of the conviction—

(i)5 years if the order was for a term exceeding 6 months,

(ii)3½ years if the order was for a term of 6 months or less,

(b)where the person was under 15 years of age at the date of the conviction, a period beginning with that date and ending 1 year after the date on which the order ceases to have effect.]

Textual Amendments

[F815JSentences to which no disclosure period appliesS

(1)There is no disclosure period applicable to—

(a)an order discharging a person absolutely for an offence,

(b)the dismissal of a person with an admonition,

(c)a guardianship order—

(i)if arising by virtue of subsection (1)(b) of section 57 of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995, under subsection (2)(c) of that section, or

(ii)under section 58(1A) or (3) of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995,

(d)the discharge by a children's hearing under section 69(1)(b) and (12) of the Children (Scotland) Act 1995 of the referral of a child's case,

(e)a supervision requirement under any provision of that Act,

(f)the discharge by a children's hearing or, as the case may be, by the sheriff of the referral of a child's case to a children's hearing under section 91(3)(b), 93(2)(b) or 119(3)(b) of the Children's Hearings (Scotland) Act 2011, or

(g)a compulsory supervision order under any provision of that Act.

(2)In relation to any of the cases mentioned in subsection (1), references in this Act to any disclosure period are to be read as if the period of time were nil.]

Textual Amendments

6 The [F82rehabilitation] [F82disclosure] period applicable to a conviction.E+W+S

(1)Where only one sentence is imposed in respect of a conviction [F83(not being a sentence excluded from rehabilitation under this Act)] the [F84rehabilitation] [F84disclosure] period applicable to the conviction is, subject to the following provisions of this section, the period applicable to the sentence in accordance with [F85section 5] [F85sections 5 to 5I] above.

(2)Where more than one sentence is imposed in respect of a conviction (whether or not in the same proceedings) [F86and none of the sentences imposed is excluded from rehabilitation under this Act,] then, subject to the following provisions of this section, if the periods applicable to those sentences in accordance with [F85section 5] [F85sections 5 to 5I] above differ, the [F87rehabilitation] [F87disclosure] period applicable to the conviction shall be the longer or the longest (as the case may be) of those periods.

[F88(2A)In subsections (1) and (2), the references to sentences do not include excluded sentences.]

(3)[F89Without prejudice to subsection (2) above, where in respect of a conviction a person was conditionally discharged [F90or [F91a probation order was made]] and after the end of the rehabilitation period applicable to the conviction in accordance with subsection (1) or (2) above he is dealt with, in consequence of a breach of conditional discharge [F92[F93or a breach of the order]], for the offence for which the order for conditional discharge [F90or probation order] was made was made, then, if the rehabilitation period applicable to the conviction in accordance with subsection (2) above (taking into account any sentence imposed when he is so dealt with) ends later than the rehabilitation period previously applicable to the conviction, he shall be treated for the purposes of this Act as not having become a rehabilitated person in respect of that conviction, and the conviction shall for those purposes be treated as not having become spent, in relation to any period falling before the end of the new rehabilitation period.]

[F94(3ZA)Subsection (3ZB) applies where—

(a)an order listed in subsection (3ZC) is imposed on a person in respect of a conviction for an offence,

(b)after the expiry of the disclosure period applicable to the conviction in accordance with subsection (1) or (2) (“the original disclosure period”), a further sentence for the offence is imposed on the person in consequence of breaching the order, and

(c)by virtue of the further sentence, the disclosure period applicable to the conviction in accordance with subsection (2) (“the new disclosure period”) ends later than the original disclosure period.

(3ZB)Despite the expiry of the original disclosure period, the person is not to be treated for the purposes of this Act as a protected person in respect of the conviction until the expiry of the new disclosure period (and accordingly the conviction is not to be treated as spent until that period has expired).

(3ZC)The list is—

(a)an order for conditional discharge,

(b)a community payback order under section 227A of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995,

(c)a drug treatment and testing order under section 234B of that Act,

(d)a restriction of liberty order under section 245A of that Act.

(3ZD)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations modify the list in subsection (3ZC) by—

(a)amending an entry,

(b)removing an entry,

(c)adding an entry.

(3ZE)Regulations under subsection (3ZD) are subject to the affirmative procedure.]

[F95(3A)Without prejudice to subsection (2), where—

(a)an order is made under section 1(2A) of the Street Offences Act 1959 in respect of a conviction,

(b)after the end of the [F96rehabilitation] [F96disclosure] period applicable to the conviction the offender is dealt with again for the offence for which that order was made, and

(c)the [F96rehabilitation] [F96disclosure] period applicable to the conviction in accordance with subsection (2) (taking into account any sentence imposed when so dealing with the offender) ends later than the [F96rehabilitation] [F96disclosure] period previously applicable to the conviction,

the offender shall be treated for the purposes of this Act as not having become a [F97rehabilitated] [F97protected] person in respect of that conviction, and that conviction shall for those purposes be treated as not having become spent, in relation to any period falling before the end of the new [F96rehabilitation] [F96disclosure] period.]

(4)[F98Subject to subsection (5) below, where during the rehabilitation period applicable to a conviction—

(a)the person convicted is convicted of a further offence; and

(b)no sentence excluded from rehabilitation under this Act is imposed on him in respect of the later conviction;

if the rehabilitation period applicable in accordance with this section to either of the convictions would end earlier than the period so applicable in relation to the other, the rehabilitation period which would (apart from this subsection) end the earlier shall be extended so as to end at the same time as the other rehabilitation period. ]

[F98Where—

(a)during the disclosure period applicable to a conviction, the person convicted is convicted of a further offence, and

(b)the disclosure periods applicable to the two convictions under this section would end on different dates,

the disclosure period which would end earlier is extended so as to end at the same time as the other disclosure period (but this rule is subject to subsections (4A) to (5B)).]

[F99(4A)Subsection (4B) applies where—

(a)in relation to the conviction of a person (“the first conviction”) the court adjourns the case, or defers sentence,

(b)during the disclosure period applicable to the adjournment or deferral, the person is convicted of a further offence,

(c)a relevant sentence is imposed on the person in respect of the first conviction, and

(d)there is, by virtue of section 5J, no disclosure period applicable to that sentence.

(4B)Section 4 does not operate so as to extend the disclosure period applicable to the first conviction.

(4C)In subsection (4A)—

(a)references to adjournments and deferrals are to those matters as mentioned in section 5E(1),

(b)a “relevant sentence” is any sentence other than an adjournment or deferral (as mentioned in section 5E(1)) or, where applicable, a further such adjournment or deferral.]

(5)[F100Where the rehabilitation period applicable to a conviction is the rehabilitation period applicable [F101in accordance with section 5(8) above [F101by virtue of paragraph (g) of the definition of “relevant order” in section 5(8) above]] to an order imposing on a person any disqualification, disability, prohibition or other penalty, the rehabilitation period applicable to another conviction shall not by virtue of subsection (4) above be extended by reference to that period; but if any other sentence is imposed in respect of the first-mentioned conviction for which a rehabilitation period is prescribed by any other provision of section 5 above, the rehabilitation period applicable to another conviction shall, where appropriate, be extended under subsection (4) above by reference to the rehabilitation period applicable in accordance with that section to that sentence or, where more than one such sentence is imposed, by reference to the longer or longest of the periods so applicable to those sentences, as if the period in question were the rehabilitation period applicable to the first-mentioned conviction.]

[F100A disclosure period is not extended in accordance with subsection (4) so as to end at the same time as another disclosure period if—

(a)the other disclosure period is applicable in accordance with section 5(2E) to an order—

(i)imposing on a person any disqualification, disability, prohibition, requirement or restriction, or

(ii)which is otherwise intended to regulate behaviour, and

(b)that order is the only sentence imposed in respect of the conviction to which the other disclosure period is applicable.

(5A)Subsection (5B) applies where—

(a)more than one sentence is imposed in respect of a conviction (whether or not in the same proceedings),

(b)none of the sentences is an excluded sentence, and

(c)one of the sentences is an order mentioned in subsection (5) in respect of which the disclosure period is applicable in accordance with section 5(2E).

(5B)In determining whether the disclosure period applicable to another conviction is, in accordance with subsection (4), extended by virtue of the disclosure period applicable to the conviction mentioned in subsection (5A)(a), the disclosure period applicable to the order is to be disregarded.]

[F102(6)F103 . . .[F104In subsection (4)(a), the reference to a conviction for a further offence does not include— ]

(a)any conviction in England and Wales of [F105a summary offence or of a scheduled offence (within the meaning of [F106section 22 of the Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980]) tried summarily in pursuance of subsection (2) of that section (summary trial where value involved is small);]

[F107(b)any conviction by or before a criminal court in summary proceedings;]

[F108(bb)any conviction in service disciplinary proceedings for an offence listed in [F109Schedule 1];]

(c)any conviction by or before a court outside [F110Scotland] of an offence in respect of conduct which, if it had taken place in [F111Scotland], would not have constituted an offence under the law in force in [F112Scotland].]

F113(7). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Textual Amendments

F85Words in s. 6(1)(2) substituted (S.) (30.11.2020) by Management of Offenders (Scotland) Act 2019 (asp 14), ss. 30(2), 63(2) (with s. 37); S.S.I. 2020/245, reg. 2, sch. (with reg. 3)

F91Words in s. 6(3) substituted (1.4.2001) by 2000 c. 43, s. 74, Sch. 7 Pt. II para. 50(a); S.I. 2001/919, art. 2(f)(ii)

F93Words in s. 6(3) substituted (1.4.2001) by 2000 c. 43, s. 74, Sch. 7 Pt. II para. 50(b); S.I. 2001/919, art. 2(f)(ii)

F94S. 6(3ZA)-(3ZE) inserted (S.) (30.11.2020) by Management of Offenders (Scotland) Act 2019 (asp 14), ss. 30(4), 63(2) (with s. 37); S.S.I. 2020/245, reg. 2, sch. (with reg. 3)

F99S. 6(4A)-(4C) inserted (S.) (30.11.2020) by Management of Offenders (Scotland) Act 2019 (asp 14), ss. 30(6), 63(2) (with s. 37); S.S.I. 2020/245, reg. 2, sch. (with reg. 3)

F100S. 6(5)-(5B) substituted for s. 6(5) (S.) (30.11.2020) by Management of Offenders (Scotland) Act 2019 (asp 14), ss. 30(7), 63(2) (with s. 37); S.S.I. 2020/245, reg. 2, sch. (with reg. 3)

F103Words in s. 6(6) repealed (1.10.1996) by 1996 c. 46, ss. 13(3)(a), 35(2), Sch. 7 Pt. III; S.I. 1996/2474, art. 2, Sch.

F104Words in s. 6(6) substituted (S.) (30.11.2020) by Management of Offenders (Scotland) Act 2019 (asp 14), ss. 30(8)(a), 63(2) (with s. 37); S.S.I. 2020/245, reg. 2, sch. (with reg. 3)

F108S. 6(6)(bb) inserted (1.10.1996) by 1996 c. 46, s. 13(3)(b); S.I. 1996/2474, art. 2

F110Word in s. 6(6)(c) substituted (S.) (30.11.2020) by Management of Offenders (Scotland) Act 2019 (asp 14), ss. 30(8)(c)(i), 63(2) (with s. 37); S.S.I. 2020/245, reg. 2, sch. (with reg. 3)

F111Word in s. 6(6)(c) substituted (S.) (30.11.2020) by Management of Offenders (Scotland) Act 2019 (asp 14), ss. 30(8)(c)(ii), 63(2) (with s. 37); S.S.I. 2020/245, reg. 2, sch. (with reg. 3)

F112Word in s. 6(6)(c) substituted (S.) (30.11.2020) by Management of Offenders (Scotland) Act 2019 (asp 14), ss. 30(8)(c)(iii), 63(2) (with s. 37); S.S.I. 2020/245, reg. 2, sch. (with reg. 3)

F113S. 6(7) repealed (1.10.1996) by 1996 c. 46, s. 35(2), Sch. 7 Pt. III; S.I. 1996/2474, art. 2, Sch.

7 Limitations on rehabilitation under this Act, etc.E+W

(1)Nothing in section 4(1) above shall affect—

(a)any right of Her Majesty, by virtue of Her Royal prerogative or otherwise, to grant a free pardon, to quash any conviction or sentence, or to commute any sentence;

(b)the enforcement by any process or proceedings of any fine or other sum adjudged to be paid by or imposed on a spent conviction;

(c)the issue of any process for the purpose of proceedings in respect of any breach of a condition or requirement applicable to a sentence imposed in respect of a spent conviction; or

(d)the operation of any enactment by virtue of which, in consequence of any conviction, a person is subject, otherwise than by way of sentence, to any disqualification, disability, prohibition or other penalty the period of which extends beyond the rehabilitation period applicable in accordance with section 6 above to the conviction.

(2)Nothing in section 4(1) above shall affect the determination of any issue, or prevent the admission or requirement of any evidence, relating to a person’s previous convictions or to circumstances ancillary thereto—

(a)in any criminal proceedings before a court in [F114England and Wales] (including any appeal or reference in a criminal matter);

(b)in any service disciplinary proceedings or in any proceedings on appeal from any service disciplinary proceedings;

[F115(bb)in any proceedings under Part 2 of the Sexual Offences Act 2003, or on appeal from any such proceedings;]

F116[F117(c)in any proceedings relating to adoption, the marriage of any minor, [F118or the formation of a civil partnership by any minor,] the exercise of the inherent jurisdiction of the High Court with respect to minors or the provision by any person of accommodation, care or schooling for minors;

[F117(d)in any proceedings relating to the variation or discharge of a youth rehabilitation order under [F119Chapter 1 of Part 9 of the Sentencing Code], or on appeal from any such proceedings;]

(cc)in any proceedings brought under the Children Act 1989;]

(e)in any proceedings before a children’s hearing under the M10Social Work (Scotland) Act 1968 or on appeal from any such hearing; or

(f)in any proceedings in which he is a party or a witness, provided that, on the occasion when the issue or the admission or requirement of the evidence falls to be determined, he consents to the determination of the issue or, as the case may be, the admission or requirement of the evidence notwithstanding the provisions of section 4(1).

F120(g). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[F121 or

(h) in any proceedings brought under Part 7 of the Coroners and Justice Act 2009 (criminal memoirs etc).]

F122. . . F123. . ..

(3)If at any stage in any proceedings before a judicial authority in [F124England and Wales] (not being proceedings to which, by virtue of any of paragraphs (a) to (e) of subsection (2) above or of any order for the time being in force under subsection (4) below, section 4(1) above has no application, or proceedings to which section 8 below applies) the authority is satisfied, in the light of any considerations which appear to it to be relevant (including any evidence which has been or may thereafter be put before it), that justice cannot be done in the case except by admitting or requiring evidence relating to a person’s spent convictions or to circumstances ancillary thereto, that authority may admit or, as the case may be, require the evidence in question notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (1) of section 4 above, and may determine any issue to which the evidence relates in disregard, so far as necessary, of those provisions.

(4)The Secretary of State may by order exclude the application of section 4(1) above in relation to any proceedings specified in the order (other than proceedings to which section 8 below applies) to such extent and for such purposes as may be so specified.

(5)No order made by a court with respect to any person otherwise than on a conviction shall be included in any list or statement of that person’s previous convictions given or made to any court which is considering how to deal with him in respect of any offence.

Extent Information

E2This version of this provision extends to England and Wales only; a separate version has been created for Scotland only.

Textual Amendments

F115S. 7(2)(bb) substituted (E.W.) (1.5.2004) by Sexual Offences Act 2003 (c. 42), ss. 139, 141, Sch. 6 para. 19; S.I. 2004/874, art. 2

F116S. 7(2)(c)(cc) substituted (E.W.) (14.10.1991) for s. 7(2)(c) by Children Act 1991 (c. 41, SIF 20), s. 108, Sch. 13 para. 35(2); S.I. 1991/828, art. 3(2)

F118Words in s. 7(2)(c) inserted (5.12.2005) by Civil Partnership Act 2004, ss. 261(1), 263(10)(b), {Sch. 27 para. 53}; S.I. 2005/3175, art. 2(2)

F122Words in s. 7(2) repealed (S.) (1.11.1996) by 1995 c. 36, s. 105(4)(5), Sch. 4 para. 23(4)(c), Sch. 5; S.I. 1996/2203, art. 3(3), Sch.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

Marginal Citations

7 Limitations on [F176protection under section 4(1) ] S

(1)Nothing in section 4(1) above shall affect—

(a)any right of Her Majesty, by virtue of Her Royal prerogative or otherwise, to grant a free pardon, to quash any conviction or sentence, or to commute any sentence;

(b)the enforcement by any process or proceedings of any fine or other sum adjudged to be paid by or imposed on a spent conviction;

(c)the issue of any process for the purpose of proceedings in respect of any breach of a condition or requirement applicable to a sentence imposed in respect of a spent conviction; or

(d)the operation of any enactment by virtue of which, in consequence of any conviction, a person is subject, otherwise than by way of sentence, to any disqualification, disability, prohibition [F177requirement, restriction or other way of regulating the person's behaviour] the period of which extends beyond the [F178disclosure] period applicable in accordance with section 6 above to the conviction.

(2)Nothing in section 4(1) above shall affect the determination of any issue, or prevent the admission or requirement of any evidence, relating to a person’s previous convictions or to circumstances ancillary thereto—

(a)in any criminal proceedings before a court in [F179Scotland] (including any appeal or reference in a criminal matter);

(b)in any service disciplinary proceedings or in any proceedings on appeal from any service disciplinary proceedings;

[F180(bb)in any proceedings on an application for [F181an order under section 2, 2A or 20] of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 or in any appeal against the making of such an order;]

[F182(bc)in any proceedings on an application under section 2, 4 or 5 of the Protection of Children and Prevention of Sexual Offences (Scotland) Act 2005 (asp 9) or in any appeal under section 6 of that Act;]

[F183(c)in any proceedings relating to parental responsibilities or parental rights (within the meaning of section 1(3) and section 2(4) respectively of the Children (Scotland) Act 1995), guardianship, adoption or the provision by any person of accommodation, care or schooling for children under the age of 18 years;

(cc)in any proceedings under Part II of the Children (Scotland) Act 1995;]

[F117(d)in any proceedings relating to the variation or discharge of a youth rehabilitation order under [F119Chapter 1 of Part 9 of the Sentencing Code], or on appeal from any such proceedings;]

F184(e). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(f)in any proceedings in which he is a party or a witness, provided that, on the occasion when the issue or the admission or requirement of the evidence falls to be determined, he consents to the determination of the issue or, as the case may be, the admission or requirement of the evidence notwithstanding the provisions of section 4(1).

F185(g). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .[F121 or

(h) in any proceedings brought under Part 7 of the Coroners and Justice Act 2009 (criminal memoirs etc).]

F122. . . F123. . ..

(3)If at any stage in any proceedings before a judicial authority in [F186Scotland] (not being proceedings to which, by virtue of any of paragraphs (a) to (e) of subsection (2) above or of any order for the time being in force under subsection (4) below, section 4(1) above has no application, or proceedings to which section 8 below applies) the authority is satisfied, in the light of any considerations which appear to it to be relevant (including any evidence which has been or may thereafter be put before it), that justice cannot be done in the case except by admitting or requiring evidence relating to a person’s spent convictions or to circumstances ancillary thereto, that authority may admit or, as the case may be, require the evidence in question notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (1) of section 4 above, and may determine any issue to which the evidence relates in disregard, so far as necessary, of those provisions.

(4)The Secretary of State may by order exclude the application of section 4(1) above in relation to any proceedings specified in the order (other than proceedings to which section 8 below applies) to such extent and for such purposes as may be so specified.

(5)No order made by a court with respect to any person otherwise than on a conviction shall be included in any list or statement of that person’s previous convictions given or made to any court which is considering how to deal with him in respect of any offence.

Extent Information

E4This version of this provision extends to Scotland only; a separate version has been created for England and Wales only.

Textual Amendments

F122Words in s. 7(2) repealed (S.) (1.11.1996) by 1995 c. 36, s. 105(4)(5), Sch. 4 para. 23(4)(c), Sch. 5; S.I. 1996/2203, art. 3(3), Sch.

F180S. 7(2)(bb) inserted (1.12.1998) by 1998 c. 37, s. 119, Sch. 8 para. 36; S.I. 1998/2327, art. 4(1)(k)

F181Words in s. 7(2)(bb) substituted (2.12.2002) by Police Reform Act 2002 (c. 30), s. 107, Sch. 7 para. 4; S.I. 2002/2750, art. 2(b)(ii)

F183S. 7(2)(c)(cc) substituted (S.) (1.11.1996) for s. 7(2)(c) by 1995 c. 36, s. 105(4), Sch. 4 para. 23(4)(a) ; S.I. 1996/2203, art. 3(3), Sch.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

8 Defamation actions.E+W+S

(1)This section applies to any action for libel or slander begun after the commencement of this Act by a [F125rehabilitated] [F125protected] person and founded upon the publication of any matter imputing that the plaintiff has committed or been charged with or prosecuted for or convicted of or sentenced for an offence which was the subject of a spent conviction.

(2)Nothing in section 4(1) above shall affect an action to which this section applies where the publication complained of took place before the conviction in question became spent, and the following provisions of this section shall not apply in any such case.

(3)Subject to subsections (5) and (6) below, nothing in section 4(1) above shall prevent the defendant in an action to which this section applies from relying on any defence [F126of justification or fair comment or][F126under section 2 or 3 of the Defamation Act 2013 which is available to him or any defence] of absolute or qualified privilege which is available to him, or restrict the matters he may establish in support of any such defence.

(4)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (3) above, where in any such action malice is alleged against a defendant who is relying on a defence of qualified privilege, nothing in section 4(1) above shall restrict the matters he may establish in rebuttal of the allegation.

(5)A defendant in any such action shall not by virtue of subsection (3) above be entitled to rely upon [F127the defence of justification][F127a defence under section 2 of the Defamation Act 2013] if the publication is proved to have been made with malice.

(6)Subject to subsection (7) below a defendant in any such action shall not, by virtue of subsection (3) above, be entitled to rely on any matter or adduce or require any evidence for the purpose of establishing (whether under [F128section 14 of the Defamation Act 1996] or otherwise) the defence that the matter published constituted a fair and accurate report of judicial proceedings if it is proved that the publication contained a reference to evidence which was ruled to be inadmissible in the proceedings by virtue of section 4(1) above.

(7)Subsection (3) above shall apply without the qualifications imposed by subsection (6) above in relation to—

(a)any report of judicial proceedings contained in any bona fide series of law reports which does not form part of any other publication and consists solely of reports of proceedings in courts of law, and

(b)any report or account of judicial proceedings published for bona fide educational, scientific or professional purposes, or given in the course of any lecture, class or discussion given or held for any of those purposes.

[F129(8)In the application of this section to Scotland—

(a)for the reference in subsection (1) to libel and slander there shall be substituted a reference to defamation;

(b)for references to the plaintiff and the defendant there shall be substituted respectively references to the pursuer and the defender; and

(c)for references to the defence of justification there shall be substituted references to the defence of veritas.]

Textual Amendments

F126Words in s. 8(3) substituted (E.W.) (1.1.2014) by Defamation Act 2013 (c. 26), ss. 16(2), 17(4); S.I. 2013/3027, art. 2

F127Words in s. 8(5) substituted (E.W.) (1.1.2014) by Defamation Act 2013 (c. 26), ss. 16(3), 17(4); S.I. 2013/3027, art. 2

F128Words in s. 8(6) substituted (1.4.1999) by 1996 c. 31, ss. 14(4), 19(3) (with s. 20(2)); S.I. 1999/817, art. 2(a)

[F1308AProtection afforded to spent cautionsE+W

(1)Schedule 2 to this Act (protection for spent cautions) shall have effect.

(2) In this Act “ caution ” means—

(a)a conditional caution, that is to say, a caution given under section 22 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 (c. 44) (conditional cautions for adults) or under section 66A of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 (c. 37) (conditional cautions for children and young persons);

(b)any other caution given to a person in England and Wales in respect of an offence which, at the time the caution is given, that person has admitted;

F131(c). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

(d) anything corresponding to a caution F132 ... falling within [F133 paragraph (a) or (b)] (however described) which is given to a person in respect of an offence under the law of a country outside England and Wales [F134 and which is not an alternative to prosecution (within the meaning of section 8AA)].]

[F1358AAProtection afforded to spent alternatives to prosecutionE+W

(1)The following provisions of this Act apply, with the modifications specified in subsection (3), to a spent alternative to prosecution as they apply to a spent caution—

(a)section 9A (unauthorised disclosure of spent cautions), and

(b)paragraphs 2 to 6 of Schedule 2 (protection relating to spent cautions and ancillary circumstances).

(2)An alternative to prosecution becomes spent for the purposes of this Act when it becomes spent under the law of Scotland.

(3)The modifications mentioned in subsection (1) are—

(a)references to cautions are to be read as references to alternatives to prosecution (and references to cautioned are to be read accordingly),

(b)references to the offence which was the subject of the caution are to be read as references to the offence in respect of which the alternative to prosecution was given,

(c)paragraphs (e) and (f) of paragraph 2(1) of Schedule 2 are to be read as if they were—

(e)anything done or undergone in pursuance of the terms of the alternative to prosecution,,

(d)references to cautions for an offence are to be read as references to alternatives to prosecution in respect of an offence, and

(e)the reference in paragraph 5 of Schedule 2 to the rehabilitation period applicable to the caution is to be read as a reference to the time at which the alternative to prosecution becomes spent.

(4) In this section “alternative to prosecution” has the same meaning as in section 8B as that section has effect in the law of Scotland but disregarding subsection (1)(f) of that section.]

[F1368BProtection afforded to spent alternatives to prosecution: ScotlandS

(1)For the purposes of this Act, a person has been given an alternative to prosecution in respect of an offence if the person (whether before or after the commencement of this section)—

(a)has been given a warning in respect of the offence by—

(i)a constable in Scotland, or

(ii)a procurator fiscal,

(b)has accepted, or is deemed to have accepted—

(i)a conditional offer issued in respect of the offence under section 302 of the Criminal Procedure (Scotland) Act 1995 (c.46), or

(ii)a compensation offer issued in respect of the offence under section 302A of that Act,

(c)has had a work order made against the person in respect of the offence under section 303ZA of that Act,

[F137(ca)has, under subsection (5) of section 20A of the Nature Conservation (Scotland) Act 2004 (asp 6), given notice of intention to comply with a restoration notice given under subsection (4) of that section,]

(d) has been given a fixed penalty notice in respect of the offence under section 129 of the Antisocial Behaviour etc. (Scotland) Act 2004 (asp 8),

(e)has accepted an offer made by a procurator fiscal in respect of the offence to undertake an activity or treatment or to receive services or do any other thing as an alternative to prosecution, or

(f)in respect of an offence under the law of a country or territory outside Scotland, has been given, or has accepted or is deemed to have accepted, anything corresponding to a warning, offer, order or notice falling within paragraphs (a) to (e) under the law of that country or territory.

(2)In this Act, references to an “alternative to prosecution” are to be read in accordance with subsection (1).

[F138(2A)This section does not apply where the acts or omissions constituting the offence mentioned in subsection (1) occurred when the person was under 12 years of age.]

(3)Schedule 3 to this Act (protection for spent alternatives to prosecution: Scotland) has effect.]

[F1398CModification of section 8B and schedule 3: ScotlandS

(1)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations modify the list of circumstances in section 8B(1) in which a person is given an alternative to prosecution by—

(a)amending an entry,

(b)removing an entry,

(c)adding an entry.

(2)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations modify paragraph 1 of schedule 3 by—

(a)amending provision specifying when an alternative to prosecution becomes spent,

(b)removing provision specifying when an alternative to prosecution becomes spent,

(c)adding provision specifying when an alternative to prosecution becomes spent.

(3)Regulations under this section—

(a)may make different provision for different purposes,

(b)are subject to the affirmative procedure.]

Textual Amendments

9 Unauthorized disclosure of spent convictions.E+W+S

(1)In this section—

  • official record” means a record kept for the purposes of its functions by any court, police force, Government department, local or other public authority in Great Britain, or a record kept, in Great Britain or elsewhere, for the purposes of any of Her Majesty’s forces, being in either case a record containing information about persons convicted of offences; and

  • specified information” means information imputing that a named or otherwise identifiable [F140rehabilitated living person] [F140living protected person] has committed or been charged with or prosecuted for or convicted of or sentenced for any offence which is the subject of a spent conviction.

(2)Subject to the provisions of any order made under subsection (5) below, any person who, in the course of his official duties, has or at any time has had custody of or access to any official record or the information contained therein, shall be guilty of an offence if, knowing or having reasonable cause to suspect that any specified information he has obtained in the course of those duties is specified information, he discloses it, otherwise than in the course of those duties, to another person.

(3)In any proceedings for an offence under subsection (2) above it shall be a defence for the [F141defendant F142...][F141accused person] to show that the disclosure was made—

(a)to the [F143rehabilitated] [F143protected] person or to another person at the express request of the [F143rehabilitated] [F143protected] person; or

(b)to a person whom he reasonably believed to be the [F144rehabilitated] [F144protected] person or to another person at the express request of a person whom he reasonably believed to be the [F144rehabilitated] [F144protected] person.

(4)Any person who obtains any specified information from any official record by means of any fraud, dishonesty or bribe shall be guilty of an offence.

(5)The Secretary of State may by order make such provision as appears to him to be appropriate for excepting the disclosure of specified information derived from an official record from the provisions of subsection (2) above in such cases or classes of case as may be specified in the order.

(6)Any person guilty of an offence under subsection (2) above shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding [F145level 4 on the standard scale].

(7)Any person guilty of an offence under subsection (4) above shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding [F146level 5 on the standard scale] or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months, or to both.

[F147(8)Proceedings for an offence under subsection (2) above shall not [F148, in England and Wales,] be instituted except by or on behalf of the Director of Public Prosecutions.]

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

[F1499AUnauthorised disclosure of spent cautionsE+W

(1)In this section—

(a)official record ” means a record which—

(i)contains information about persons given a caution for any offence or offences; and

(ii)is kept for the purposes of its functions by any court, police force, Government department or other public authority in England and Wales;

(b)caution information ” means information imputing that a named or otherwise identifiable living person (“the named person”) has committed, been charged with or prosecuted or cautioned for any offence which is the subject of a spent caution; and

(c)relevant person ” means any person who, in the course of his official duties (anywhere in the United Kingdom), has or at any time has had custody of or access to any official record or the information contained in it.

(2)Subject to the terms of any order made under subsection (5), a relevant person shall be guilty of an offence if, knowing or having reasonable cause to suspect that any caution information he has obtained in the course of his official duties is caution information, he discloses it, otherwise than in the course of those duties, to another person.

(3)In any proceedings for an offence under subsection (2) it shall be a defence for the defendant to show that the disclosure was made—

(a)to the named person or to another person at the express request of the named person;

(b)to a person whom he reasonably believed to be the named person or to another person at the express request of a person whom he reasonably believed to be the named person.

(4)Any person who obtains any caution information from any official record by means of any fraud, dishonesty or bribe shall be guilty of an offence.

(5)The Secretary of State may by order make such provision as appears to him to be appropriate for excepting the disclosure of caution information derived from an official record from the provisions of subsection (2) in such cases or classes of case as may be specified in the order.

(6)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (2) is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 4 on the standard scale.

(7)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (4) is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale, or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 51 weeks, or to both.

(8)Proceedings for an offence under subsection (2) shall not be instituted except by or on behalf of the Director of Public Prosecutions.]

[F1509BUnauthorised disclosure of spent alternatives to prosecution: ScotlandS

(1)In this section—

(a)official record” means a record that—

(i)contains information about persons given an alternative to prosecution in respect of an offence, and

(ii)is kept for the purposes of its functions by a court, [F151the Police Service of Scotland or another] police force, Government department, part of the Scottish Administration or other local or public authority in Scotland,

(b)relevant information” means information imputing that a named or otherwise identifiable living person has committed, been charged with, prosecuted for or given an alternative to prosecution in respect of an offence which is the subject of an alternative to prosecution which has become spent,

(c)subject of the information”, in relation to relevant information, means the named or otherwise identifiable living person to whom the information relates.

(2)Subsection (3) applies to a person who, in the course of the person's official duties (anywhere in the United Kingdom), has or has had custody of or access to an official record or the information contained in an official record.

(3)The person commits an offence if the person—

(a)obtains relevant information in the course of the person's official duties,

(b)knows or has reasonable cause to suspect that the information is relevant information, and

(c)discloses the information to another person otherwise than in the course of the person's official duties.

(4)Subsection (3) is subject to the terms of an order under subsection (6).

(5)In proceedings for an offence under subsection (3), it is a defence for the accused to show that the disclosure was made—

(a)to the subject of the information or to a person whom the accused reasonably believed to be the subject of the information, or

(b)to another person at the express request of the subject of the information or of a person whom the accused reasonably believed to be the subject of the information.

(6)The Scottish Ministers may by order provide for the disclosure of relevant information derived from an official record to be excepted from the provisions of subsection (3) in cases or classes of cases specified in the order.

(7)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (3) is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 4 on the standard scale.

(8)A person commits an offence if the person obtains relevant information from an official record by means of fraud, dishonesty or bribery.

(9)A person guilty of an offence under subsection (8) is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding level 5 on the standard scale, or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months, or to both.]

[F152(10)This section does not apply where the acts or omissions constituting the offence mentioned in subsection (1)(b) occurred when the person was under 12 years of age.]

10 Orders.E+W+S

(1)Any power of the Secretary of State to make an order under any provision of this Act shall be exercisable by statutory instrument, and an order made under any provision of this Act except section 11 below may be varied or revoked by a subsequent order made under that provision.

[F153(1A)Any power of the Secretary of State to make an order under any provision of this Act includes power—

(a)to make different provision for different purposes, and

(b)to make incidental, consequential, supplementary, transitional, transitory or saving provision.

(1B)The power of the Secretary of State to make an order under section 5(6) includes power to make consequential provision which amends or repeals any provision of this Act or any other enactment.]

(2)No order shall be made by the Secretary of State under any provision of this Act other than section 11 below unless a draft of it has been laid before, and approved by resolution of, each House of Parliament.

[F15410AOrder-making powers: Scottish MinistersS

(1)Any power exercisable by the Scottish Ministers to make an order under this Act includes power—

(a)to make different provision for different purposes,

(b)to make incidental, supplementary, consequential, transitional, transitory or saving provision.

(2)To the extent that the power to make an order under section 5(11) is exercisable by the Scottish Ministers, that power includes power exercisable by the Scottish Ministers to make consequential provision modifying any enactment (including this Act).]

Textual Amendments

11 Citation, commencement and extent.E+W+S

(1)This Act may be cited as the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974.

(2)This Act shall come into force on 1st July 1975 or such earlier day as the Secretary of State may by order appoint.

(3)This Act shall not apply to Northern Ireland.

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C17Power conferred by s. 11(2) to bring Act into operation before 1.7.1975 was not exercised

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