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PART IIDECISIONS AND APPEALS

CHAPTER IISOCIAL SECURITY DECISIONS AND APPEALS

Cases of error

Restrictions on entitlement to benefit in certain cases of error

27.—(1) Subject to paragraph (2), this Article applies where—

(a)the effect of the determination, whenever made, of an appeal to a Commissioner or the court (“the relevant determination”) is that the adjudicating authority’s decision out of which the appeal arose was erroneous in point of law; and

(b)after the date of the relevant determination a decision falls to be made by the Department in accordance with that determination (or would, apart from this Article, fall to be so made)—

(i)in relation to a claim for benefit;

(ii)as to whether to revise, under Article 10, a decision as to a person’s entitlement to benefit; or

(iii)on an application made under Article 11 for a decision as to a person’s entitlement to benefit to be superseded.

(2) This Article does not apply where the decision of the Department mentioned in paragraph (1)(b)—

(a)is one which, but for Article 25(2) or (3)(a), would have been made before the date of the relevant determination; or

(b)is one made in pursuance of Article 26(3) or (5).

(3) In so far as the decision relates to a person’s entitlement to a benefit in respect of—

(a)a period before the date of the relevant determination; or

(b)in the case of a widow’s payment, a death occurring before that date,

it shall be made as if the adjudicating authority’s decision had been found by the Commissioner or court not to have been erroneous in point of law.

(4) In deciding whether a person is entitled to benefit in a case where his entitlement depends on his having been entitled to the same or some other benefit before attaining a particular age, paragraph (3) shall be disregarded for the purpose only of deciding whether he was so entitled before attaining that age.

(5) Paragraph (1)(a) shall be read as including a case where—

(a)the effect of the relevant determination is that part or all of a purported regulation or order is invalid; and

(b)the error of law made by the adjudicating authority was to act on the basis that the purported regulation or order (or the part held to be invalid) was valid.

(6) It is immaterial for the purposes of paragraph (1)—

(a)where such a decision as is mentioned in sub-paragraph (b)(i) falls to be made, whether the claim was made before or after the date of the relevant determination;

(b)where such a decision as is mentioned in sub-paragraph (b)(ii) or (iii) falls to be made on an application under Article 10 or (as the case may be) Article 11, whether the application was made before or after that date.

(7) In this Article—

(8) For the purposes of this Article, any reference to entitlement to benefit includes a reference to entitlement—

(a)to any increase in the rate of a benefit; or

(b)to a benefit, or increase of benefit, at a particular rate.

(9) The date of the relevant determination shall, in prescribed cases, be determined for the purposes of this Article in accordance with any regulations made for that purpose.

(10) Regulations made under paragraph (9) may include provision—

(a)for a determination of a higher court to be treated as if it had been made on the date of a determination of a lower court or a Commissioner; or

(b)for a determination of a lower court or a Commissioner to be treated as if it had been made on the date of a determination of a higher court.

Correction of errors and setting aside of decisions

28.—(1) Regulations may make provision with respect to—

(a)the correction of accidental errors in any decision or record of a decision made under any relevant statutory provision; and

(b)the setting aside of any such decision in a case where it appears just to set the decision aside on the ground that—

(i)a document relating to the proceedings in which the decision was given was not sent to, or was not received at an appropriate time by, a party to the proceedings or a party’s representative or was not received at an appropriate time by the person who gave the decision; or

(ii)a party to the proceedings or a party’s representative was not present at a hearing related to the proceedings.

(2) Nothing in paragraph (1) shall be construed as derogating from any power to correct errors or set aside decisions which is exercisable apart from regulations made by virtue of that paragraph.

(3) In this Article “relevant statutory provision” means any statutory provision contained in—

(a)this Chapter;

(b)the Contributions and Benefits Act;

(c)the [1993 c. 49.] Pension Schemes (Northern Ireland) Act 1993;

(d)the Jobseekers Order; or

(e)the Recovery of Benefits Order.