Search Legislation

Regulation (EU) No 1215/2012 of the European Parliament and of the CouncilShow full title

Regulation (EU) No 1215/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (recast)

 Help about what version

What Version

More Resources

Close

This is a legislation item that originated from the EU

After exit day there will be three versions of this legislation to consult for different purposes. The legislation.gov.uk version is the version that applies in the UK. The EU Version currently on EUR-lex is the version that currently applies in the EU i.e you may need this if you operate a business in the EU.

The web archive version is the official version of this legislation item as it stood on exit day before being published to legislation.gov.uk and any subsequent UK changes and effects applied. The web archive also captured associated case law and other language formats from EUR-Lex.

Changes to legislation:

There are outstanding changes not yet made to Regulation (EU) No 1215/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council. Those changes will be listed when you open the content using the Table of Contents below. Any changes that have already been made to the legislation appear in the content and are referenced with annotations. Help about Changes to Legislation

Close

Changes to Legislation

Revised legislation carried on this site may not be fully up to date. Changes and effects are recorded by our editorial team in lists which can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area. Where those effects have yet to be applied to the text of the legislation by the editorial team they are also listed alongside the affected provisions when you open the content using the Table of Contents below.

  1. Introductory Text

  2. CHAPTER I SCOPE AND DEFINITIONS

    1. Article 1.(1) This Regulation shall apply in civil and commercial matters...

    2. Article 2.For the purposes of this Regulation: ‘judgment’ means any judgment...

    3. Article 3.For the purposes of this Regulation, ‘court’ includes the following...

  3. CHAPTER II JURISDICTION

    1. SECTION 1 General provisions

      1. Article 4.(1) Subject to this Regulation, persons domiciled in a Member...

      2. Article 5.(1) Persons domiciled in a Member State may be sued...

      3. Article 6.(1) If the defendant is not domiciled in a Member...

    2. SECTION 2 Special jurisdiction

      1. Article 7.A person domiciled in a Member State may be sued...

      2. Article 8.A person domiciled in a Member State may also be...

      3. Article 9.Where by virtue of this Regulation a court of a...

    3. SECTION 3 Jurisdiction in matters relating to insurance

      1. Article 10.In matters relating to insurance, jurisdiction shall be determined by...

      2. Article 11.(1) An insurer domiciled in a Member State may be...

      3. Article 12.In respect of liability insurance or insurance of immovable property,...

      4. Article 13.(1) In respect of liability insurance, the insurer may also,...

      5. Article 14.(1) Without prejudice to Article 13(3), an insurer may bring...

      6. Article 15.The provisions of this Section may be departed from only...

      7. Article 16.The following are the risks referred to in point 5...

    4. SECTION 4 Jurisdiction over consumer contracts

      1. Article 17.(1) In matters relating to a contract concluded by a...

      2. Article 18.(1) A consumer may bring proceedings against the other party...

      3. Article 19.The provisions of this Section may be departed from only...

    5. SECTION 5 Jurisdiction over individual contracts of employment

      1. Article 20.(1) In matters relating to individual contracts of employment, jurisdiction...

      2. Article 21.(1) An employer domiciled in a Member State may be...

      3. Article 22.(1) An employer may bring proceedings only in the courts...

      4. Article 23.The provisions of this Section may be departed from only...

    6. SECTION 6 Exclusive jurisdiction

      1. Article 24.The following courts of a Member State shall have exclusive...

    7. SECTION 7 Prorogation of jurisdiction

      1. Article 25.(1) If the parties, regardless of their domicile, have agreed...

      2. Article 26.(1) Apart from jurisdiction derived from other provisions of this...

    8. SECTION 8 Examination as to jurisdiction and admissibility

      1. Article 27.Where a court of a Member State is seised of...

      2. Article 28.(1) Where a defendant domiciled in one Member State is...

    9. SECTION 9 Lis pendens — related actions

      1. Article 29.(1) Without prejudice to Article 31(2), where proceedings involving the...

      2. Article 30.(1) Where related actions are pending in the courts of...

      3. Article 31.(1) Where actions come within the exclusive jurisdiction of several...

      4. Article 32.(1) For the purposes of this Section, a court shall...

      5. Article 33.(1) Where jurisdiction is based on Article 4 or on...

      6. Article 34.(1) Where jurisdiction is based on Article 4 or on...

    10. SECTION 10 Provisional, including protective, measures

      1. Article 35.Application may be made to the courts of a Member...

  4. CHAPTER III RECOGNITION AND ENFORCEMENT

    1. SECTION 1 Recognition

      1. Article 36.(1) A judgment given in a Member State shall be...

      2. Article 37.(1) A party who wishes to invoke in a Member...

      3. Article 38.The court or authority before which a judgment given in...

    2. SECTION 2 Enforcement

      1. Article 39.A judgment given in a Member State which is enforceable...

      2. Article 40.An enforceable judgment shall carry with it by operation of...

      3. Article 41.(1) Subject to the provisions of this Section, the procedure...

      4. Article 42.(1) For the purposes of enforcement in a Member State...

      5. Article 43.(1) Where enforcement is sought of a judgment given in...

      6. Article 44.(1) In the event of an application for refusal of...

    3. SECTION 3 Refusal of recognition and enforcement

      1. Subsection 1 Refusal of recognition

        1. Article 45.(1) On the application of any interested party, the recognition...

      2. Subsection 2 Refusal of enforcement

        1. Article 46.On the application of the person against whom enforcement is...

        2. Article 47.(1) The application for refusal of enforcement shall be submitted...

        3. Article 48.The court shall decide on the application for refusal of...

        4. Article 49.(1) The decision on the application for refusal of enforcement...

        5. Article 50.The decision given on the appeal may only be contested...

        6. Article 51.(1) The court to which an application for refusal of...

    4. SECTION 4 Common provisions

      1. Article 52.Under no circumstances may a judgment given in a Member...

      2. Article 53.The court of origin shall, at the request of any...

      3. Article 54.(1) If a judgment contains a measure or an order...

      4. Article 55.A judgment given in a Member State which orders a...

      5. Article 56.No security, bond or deposit, however described, shall be required...

      6. Article 57.(1) When a translation or a transliteration is required under...

  5. CHAPTER IV AUTHENTIC INSTRUMENTS AND COURT SETTLEMENTS

    1. Article 58.(1) An authentic instrument which is enforceable in the Member...

    2. Article 59.A court settlement which is enforceable in the Member State...

    3. Article 60.The competent authority or court of the Member State of...

  6. CHAPTER V GENERAL PROVISIONS

    1. Article 61.No legalisation or other similar formality shall be required for...

    2. Article 62.(1) In order to determine whether a party is domiciled...

    3. Article 63.(1) For the purposes of this Regulation, a company or...

    4. Article 64.Without prejudice to any more favourable provisions of national laws,...

    5. Article 65.(1) The jurisdiction specified in point 2 of Article 8...

  7. CHAPTER VI TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

    1. Article 66.(1) This Regulation shall apply only to legal proceedings instituted,...

  8. CHAPTER VII RELATIONSHIP WITH OTHER INSTRUMENTS

    1. Article 67.This Regulation shall not prejudice the application of provisions governing...

    2. Article 68.(1) This Regulation shall, as between the Member States, supersede...

    3. Article 69.Subject to Articles 70 and 71, this Regulation shall, as...

    4. Article 70.(1) The conventions referred to in Article 69 shall continue...

    5. Article 71.(1) This Regulation shall not affect any conventions to which...

    6. Article 71a.(1) For the purposes of this Regulation, a court common...

    7. Article 71b.The jurisdiction of a common court shall be determined as...

    8. Article 71c.(1) Articles 29 to 32 shall apply where proceedings are...

    9. Article 71d.This Regulation shall apply to the recognition and enforcement of:...

    10. Article 72.This Regulation shall not affect agreements by which Member States,...

    11. Article 73.(1) This Regulation shall not affect the application of the...

  9. CHAPTER VIII FINAL PROVISIONS

    1. Article 74.The Member States shall provide, within the framework of the...

    2. Article 75.By 10 January 2014, the Member States shall communicate to...

    3. Article 76.(1) The Member States shall notify the Commission of:

    4. Article 77.The Commission shall be empowered to adopt delegated acts in...

    5. Article 78.(1) The power to adopt delegated acts is conferred on...

    6. Article 79.By 11 January 2022 the Commission shall present a report...

    7. Article 80.This Regulation shall repeal Regulation (EC) No 44/2001. References to...

    8. Article 81.This Regulation shall enter into force on the twentieth day...

  10. Signature

    1. ANNEX I

    2. ANNEX II

    3. ANNEX III

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

Close

Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As adopted by EU): The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was first adopted in the EU. No changes have been applied to the text.

Close

Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as adopted version that was used for the EU Official Journal
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources
Close

Timeline of Changes

This timeline shows the different versions taken from EUR-Lex before exit day and during the implementation period as well as any subsequent versions created after the implementation period as a result of changes made by UK legislation.

The dates for the EU versions are taken from the document dates on EUR-Lex and may not always coincide with when the changes came into force for the document.

For any versions created after the implementation period as a result of changes made by UK legislation the date will coincide with the earliest date on which the change (e.g an insertion, a repeal or a substitution) that was applied came into force. For further information see our guide to revised legislation on Understanding Legislation.

Close

More Resources

Use this menu to access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as adopted version that was used for the print copy
  • correction slips

Click 'View More' or select 'More Resources' tab for additional information including:

  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • links to related legislation and further information resources