Search Legislation

Agriculture (Retained EU Law and Data) (Scotland) Act 2020

Part 2 – Collection and processing of data

92.Part 2 provides the legal powers for the Scottish Ministers to be able to collect information from persons in or closely connected with an ‘agri-food supply chain’, and from those carrying out an ‘agricultural activity’ (both terms as defined in that Part).

93.Although the powers in respect of agri-food supply chains and agricultural activities are related, i.e. they both relate to agricultural production, they are distinct. An agri-food supply chain captures every stage of production where agricultural products are intended for human consumption as food or drink. The farmer who grows the crop, the miller who grinds the flour, the baker who bakes the dough and the shopkeeper who sells the bread will all be part of the same agri-food supply chain. On the other hand, a person involved in the production of agricultural products will be carrying on an agricultural activity regardless of whether or not those products are destined for human consumption as food or drink. However, the definition of agricultural activity (which applies the definition used in the Basic Payment Regulation) doesn’t extend to onward supply chains. Of course, a person may be both part of an agri-food supply chain and carrying out an agricultural activity and so the Act explicitly provides that, in those circumstances, only the agri-food supply chain provision will apply to such a person.

94.The data collection powers in relation to both agri-food supply chains and agricultural activities are twofold. Firstly, a direct power for the Scottish Ministers to compel applicable persons to supply data and, secondly, a regulation-making power. The direct power allows the Scottish Ministers to compel known persons to provide data. For example, businesses that the Scottish Government can use business records to contact directly. The regulation-making power may be used to make regulations which compel the provision of data from defined categories of persons where the particular individuals or businesses who fall into that category are unknown. For example, any person who is part of a co-operative that runs a community abattoir.

95.Part 2 also provides for the purpose for which such information may be required and processed (including limitations on processing), and for a power for the Scottish Ministers to make regulations providing for the enforcement of information requirements.

Back to top


Print Options


Explanatory Notes

Text created by the Scottish Government to explain what the Act sets out to achieve and to make the Act accessible to readers who are not legally qualified. Explanatory Notes were introduced in 1999 and accompany all Acts of the Scottish Parliament except those which result from Budget Bills.


More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources