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Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 2016

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Keeping person in custodyS

7Authorisation for keeping in custodyS

(1)Subsection (2) applies where—

(a)a person is in police custody having been arrested [F1in respect of an offence] without a warrant, and

(b)since being arrested, the person has not been charged with an offence by a constable.

(2)Authorisation to keep the person in custody must be sought as soon as reasonably practicable after the person—

(a)is arrested at a police station, or

(b)arrives at a police station, having been taken there in accordance with section 4.

(3)Authorisation may be given only by a constable who—

(a)is of the rank of sergeant or above, and

(b)has not been involved in the investigation in connection with which the person is in police custody.

(4)Authorisation may be given only if that constable is satisfied that the test in section 14 is met.

(5)If authorisation is refused, the person may continue to be held in police custody only if—

(a)a constable charges the person with an offence, or

(b)the person is detained under section 28(1A) of the 1995 Act (which allows for detention in connection with a breach of bail conditions).

Textual Amendments

Modifications etc. (not altering text)

C1S. 7(2) excluded by 1995 c. 46, s. 28A(1) (as inserted (25.1.2018) by Criminal Justice (Scotland) Act 2016 (asp 1), s. 117(2), sch. 2 para. 30; S.S.I. 2017/345, art. 3, sch.)

Commencement Information

I1S. 7 in force at 25.1.2018 by S.S.I. 2017/345, art. 3, sch. (with arts. 4, 6)

8Information to be given on authorisationS

At the time when authorisation to keep a person in custody is given under section 7, the person must be informed of—

(a)the reason that the person is being kept in custody, and

(b)the 12 hour limit arising by virtue of section 9 and the fact that the person may be kept in custody for a further 12 hours under section 11.

Commencement Information

I2S. 8 in force at 25.1.2018 by S.S.I. 2017/345, art. 3, sch. (with art. 4)

912 hour limit: general ruleS

(1)Subsection (2) applies when—

(a)a person has been held in police custody for a continuous period of 12 hours, beginning with the time at which authorisation was given under section 7, and

(b)during that period the person has not been charged with an offence by a constable.

(2)The person may continue to be held in police custody only if—

(a)a constable charges the person with an offence,

(b)authorisation to keep the person in custody has been given under section 11, or

(c)the person is detained under section 28(1A) of the 1995 Act (which allows for detention in connection with a breach of bail conditions).

Commencement Information

I3S. 9 in force at 25.1.2018 by S.S.I. 2017/345, art. 3, sch. (with art. 4)

1012 hour limit: previous periodS

(1)Subsection (2) applies where—

(a)a person is being held in police custody by virtue of authorisation given under section 7,

(b)authorisation has been given under that section to hold the person in police custody on a previous occasion, and

(c)the offence in connection with which the authorisation mentioned in paragraph (a) has been given is the same offence or arises from the same circumstances as the offence in connection with which the authorisation mentioned in paragraph (b) was given.

(2)The 12 hour period mentioned in section 9 is reduced by the length of the period during which the person was held in police custody by virtue of the authorisation mentioned in subsection (1)(b).

(3)Subsections (5) and (6) of section 15 apply for the purpose of calculating the length of the period during which the person was held in police custody by virtue of the authorisation mentioned in subsection (1)(b).

Commencement Information

I4S. 10 in force at 25.1.2018 by S.S.I. 2017/345, art. 3, sch. (with art. 4)

11Authorisation for keeping in custody beyond 12 hour limitS

(1)A constable may give authorisation for a person who is in police custody to be kept in custody for a continuous period of 12 hours, beginning when the 12 hour period mentioned in section 9 ends.

(2)Authorisation may be given only by a constable who—

(a)is of, or above, the rank of—

(i)inspector, if a constable believes the person to be 18 years of age or over,

(ii)chief inspector, if a constable believes the person to be under 18 years of age, and

(b)has not been involved in the investigation in connection with which the person is in police custody.

(3)Authorisation may be given only if—

(a)the person has not been held in police custody by virtue of authorisation given under this section in connection with—

(i)the offence in connection with which the person is in police custody, or

(ii)an offence arising from the same circumstances as that offence, and

(b)the constable is satisfied that—

(i)the test in section 14 will be met when the 12 hour period mentioned in section 9 ends,

(ii)the offence in connection with which the person is in police custody is an indictable offence, and

(iii)the investigation is being conducted diligently and expeditiously.

(4)Before deciding whether or not to give authorisation the constable must—

(a)where practicable afford a reasonable opportunity to make verbal or written representations to—

(i)the person, or

(ii)if the person so chooses, the person's solicitor, and

(b)have regard to any representations made.

(5)If authorisation is given, it is deemed to be withdrawn if the person is released from police custody before the 12 hour period mentioned in section 9 ends.

(6)Subsection (7) applies when—

(a)by virtue of authorisation given under this section, a person has been held in police custody for a continuous period of 12 hours (beginning with the time at which the 12 hour period mentioned in section 9 ended), and

(b)during that period the person has not been charged with an offence by a constable.

(7)The person may continue to be held in police custody only if—

(a)a constable charges the person with an offence, or

(b)the person is detained under section 28(1A) of the 1995 Act (which allows for detention in connection with a breach of bail conditions).

Commencement Information

I5S. 11 in force at 25.1.2018 by S.S.I. 2017/345, art. 3, sch. (with art. 4)

12Information to be given on authorisation under section 11S

(1)This section applies when authorisation to keep a person in custody is given under section 11.

(2)The person must be informed—

(a)that the authorisation has been given, and

(b)of the grounds on which it has been given.

(3)The person—

(a)has the right to have the information mentioned in subsection (2) intimated to a solicitor, and

(b)must be informed of that right.

(4)The person must be reminded about any right which the person has under Chapter 5.

(5)Subsection (4) does not require that a person be reminded about a right to have intimation sent under either of the following sections if the person has exercised the right already—

(a)section 38,

(b)section 43.

(6)Information to be given under subsections (2), (3)(b) and (4) must be given to the person as soon as reasonably practicable after the authorisation is given.

(7)Where the person requests that intimation be sent under subsection (3)(a), the intimation must be sent as soon as reasonably practicable.

Commencement Information

I6S. 12 in force at 25.1.2018 by S.S.I. 2017/345, art. 3, sch. (with art. 4)

13Custody reviewS

(1)A custody review must be carried out—

(a)when a person has been held in police custody for a continuous period of 6 hours by virtue of authorisation given under section 7, and

(b)again, if authorisation to keep the person in police custody is given under section 11, when the person has been held in custody for a continuous period of 6 hours by virtue of that authorisation.

(2)A custody review entails the consideration by a constable of whether the test in section 14 is met.

(3)A custody review must be carried out by a constable who—

(a)is of the rank of inspector or above, and

(b)has not been involved in the investigation in connection with which the person is in police custody.

(4)If the constable is not satisfied that the test in section 14 is met, the person may continue to be held in police custody only if—

(a)a constable charges the person with an offence, or

(b)the person is detained under section 28(1A) of the 1995 Act (which allows for detention in connection with a breach of bail conditions).

Commencement Information

I7S. 13 in force at 25.1.2018 by S.S.I. 2017/345, art. 3, sch. (with art. 4)

14Test for sections 7, 11 and 13S

(1)For the purposes of sections 7(4), 11(3)(b) and 13(2), the test is that—

(a)there are reasonable grounds for suspecting that the person has committed an offence, and

(b)keeping the person in custody is necessary and proportionate for the purposes of bringing the person before a court or otherwise dealing with the person in accordance with the law.

(2)Without prejudice to the generality of subsection (1)(b), in considering what is necessary and proportionate for the purpose mentioned in that subsection regard may be had to—

(a)whether the person's presence is reasonably required to enable the offence to be investigated fully,

(b)whether the person (if liberated) would be likely to interfere with witnesses or evidence, or otherwise obstruct the course of justice,

(c)the nature and seriousness of the offence.

Commencement Information

I8S. 14 in force at 25.1.2018 by S.S.I. 2017/345, art. 3, sch. (with art. 4)

15Medical treatmentS

(1)Subsection (2) applies when—

(a)a person is in police custody having been arrested without a warrant,

(b)since being arrested, the person has not been charged with an offence by a constable, and

(c)the person is at a hospital for the purpose of receiving medical treatment.

(2)If authorisation to keep the person in custody has not been given under section 7, that section has effect as if—

(a)each reference in subsection (2) of that section to a police station were a reference to the hospital, and

(b)the words after the reference to a police station in paragraph (b) of that subsection were omitted.

(3)Where authorisation is given under section 7 when a person is at a hospital, authorisation under that section need not be sought again if, while still in custody, the person is taken to a police station in accordance with section 4.

(4)Subsections (5) and (6) apply for the purpose of calculating the 12 hours mentioned in sections 9 and 11.

(5)Except as provided for in subsection (6), no account is to be taken of any period during which a person is—

(a)at a hospital for the purpose of receiving medical treatment, or

(b)being taken as quickly as is reasonably practicable—

(i)to a hospital for the purpose of receiving medical treatment, or

(ii)to a police station from a hospital to which the person was taken for the purpose of receiving medical treatment.

(6)Account is to be taken of any period during which a person is both—

(a)at a hospital, or being taken to or from one, and

(b)being interviewed by a constable in relation to an offence which the constable has reasonable grounds to suspect the person of committing.

Commencement Information

I9S. 15 in force at 25.1.2018 by S.S.I. 2017/345, art. 3, sch. (with art. 4)

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