Search Legislation

Human Trafficking and Exploitation (Scotland) Act 2015

 Help about what version

What Version

 Help about advanced features

Advanced Features

Changes over time for: Cross Heading: Trafficking and exploitation prevention orders

 Help about opening options

Alternative versions:

Changes to legislation:

There are currently no known outstanding effects for the Human Trafficking and Exploitation (Scotland) Act 2015, Cross Heading: Trafficking and exploitation prevention orders. Help about Changes to Legislation

Close

Changes to Legislation

Revised legislation carried on this site may not be fully up to date. At the current time any known changes or effects made by subsequent legislation have been applied to the text of the legislation you are viewing by the editorial team. Please see ‘Frequently Asked Questions’ for details regarding the timescales for which new effects are identified and recorded on this site.

Trafficking and exploitation prevention ordersS

17Prevention orders on sentencingS

(1)This section applies where, in Scotland, an adult is—

(a)convicted of a relevant trafficking or exploitation offence,

(b)acquitted of a relevant trafficking or exploitation offence by reason of the special defence set out in section 51A of the 1995 Act (criminal responsibility of persons with mental disorder), or

(c)found to be unfit for trial under section 53F of the 1995 Act and the court determines that the adult has done the act constituting a relevant trafficking or exploitation offence.

(2)The court may, instead of or in addition to dealing with the adult in any other way, make a trafficking and exploitation prevention order against the adult.

(3)The court may make a trafficking and exploitation prevention order—

(a)at its own instance, or

(b)on the motion of the prosecutor.

(4)The court may make a trafficking and exploitation prevention order under this section only if it is satisfied that—

(a)there is a risk that the adult in respect of whom the order is to have effect may commit a relevant trafficking or exploitation offence, and

(b)each prohibition or requirement in the order is necessary for the purpose of protecting persons generally, or particular persons, from the physical or psychological harm which would be likely to occur if the adult committed such an offence.

(5)In this section “the court” means—

(a)where an indictment has been served on the adult in respect of the High Court, that court,

(b)in any other case, the sheriff.

Commencement Information

I1S. 17 in force at 30.6.2017 by S.S.I. 2017/140, reg. 2, sch.

18Prevention orders on applicationS

(1)The chief constable may apply to the sheriff for a trafficking and exploitation prevention order against an adult.

(2)The chief constable must make an application under this section to the sheriff in whose sheriffdom—

(a)the adult in respect of whom the trafficking and exploitation prevention order is sought resides,

(b)the chief constable believes that adult to be,

(c)the chief constable believes that adult intends to come to, or

(d)lies any place where it is alleged that that adult acted in a way mentioned in subsection (3)(b).

(3)The sheriff may make a trafficking and exploitation prevention order only if the sheriff is satisfied that—

(a)the adult in respect of whom the order is sought is a relevant offender,

(b)since the adult first became a relevant offender, the adult has acted in a way which means that there is a risk that the adult may commit a relevant trafficking or exploitation offence, and

(c)each prohibition or requirement in the order is necessary for the purpose of protecting persons generally, or particular persons, from the physical or psychological harm which would be likely to occur if the adult committed such an offence.

(4)The actions which the sheriff may consider for the purposes of subsection (3)(b) include those which took place before this section comes into force.

Commencement Information

I2S. 18 in force at 30.6.2017 by S.S.I. 2017/140, reg. 2, sch.

19Meaning of relevant offenderS

(1)An adult is a “relevant offender” if subsection (2) or (3) applies to that adult.

(2)This subsection applies to an adult if—

(a)the adult has been convicted of a relevant trafficking or exploitation offence,

(b)the adult has been acquitted of a relevant trafficking or exploitation offence by reason of the special defence set out in section 51A of the 1995 Act (criminal responsibility of persons with mental disorder),

(c)the adult has been acquitted of a trafficking or exploitation offence by reason of insanity,

(d)a court has made a finding that the adult is under a disability and has done the act constituting a relevant trafficking or exploitation offence, or

(e)the adult has, in England and Wales or Northern Ireland, been cautioned after admitting a relevant trafficking or exploitation offence.

(3)This subsection applies to an adult if, under the law of a country outwith the United Kingdom—

(a)the adult has been convicted of an equivalent offence,

(b)a court has made, in relation to an equivalent offence, a finding equivalent to the special defence set out in section 51A of the 1995 Act,

(c)a court has made, in relation to an equivalent offence, a finding equivalent to a finding that the adult is under a disability and has done the act constituting a relevant trafficking or exploitation offence, or

(d)the adult has admitted an equivalent offence and received a caution or other type of warning equivalent to a caution in England and Wales or Northern Ireland.

(4)An “equivalent offence” means an act which—

(a)constituted an offence under the law of the country concerned, and

(b)would have constituted a relevant trafficking or exploitation offence under the law of Scotland if it had been done—

(i)in the United Kingdom,

(ii)by a UK national or a person habitually resident in Scotland, or

(iii)as regards the United Kingdom.

(5)For the purposes of subsection (4), an act punishable under the law of a country outwith the United Kingdom constitutes an offence under that law, however it is described in that law.

(6)In relation to an application under section 18 where subsection (3) is alleged to apply to an adult, the condition in subsection (4)(b) is to be taken as met unless—

(a)not later than 3 working days before the hearing date for the application for the trafficking and exploitation prevention order, the adult in respect of whom the order is sought serves on the chief constable a notice which—

(i)states that in the adult's opinion the condition is not met,

(ii)shows the grounds for that opinion, and

(iii)requires the chief constable to prove that the condition is met, or

(b)the sheriff, if the sheriff thinks fit, permits the adult in respect of whom the order is sought to require the chief constable to prove that the condition is met without service of such notice.

(7)In subsection (6)(a) “working day” means any day other than a Saturday, a Sunday or a day which, under the Banking and Financial Dealings Act 1971, is a bank holiday in Scotland.

(8)References in this section to convictions, acquittals, findings and cautions include those taking place before this section comes into force.

Commencement Information

I3S. 19 in force at 30.6.2017 by S.S.I. 2017/140, reg. 2, sch.

20Contents of prevention ordersS

(1)A trafficking and exploitation prevention order may contain prohibitions or requirements (or both) in relation to the adult in respect of whom the order is to have effect.

(2)Each of the following must have an effect for a fixed period, specified in the trafficking and exploitation prevention order, of at least 5 years—

(a)a prohibition or requirement in the order,

(b)the order.

(3)Subsection (2) does not apply to a prohibition on foreign travel or to an order that contains a prohibition on foreign travel and no other prohibitions or requirements (see section 21).

(4)A trafficking and exploitation prevention order may—

(a)prohibit the adult in respect of whom the order is to have effect from doing things, or require that adult to do things, in any part of Scotland and anywhere outwith Scotland,

(b)specify different periods for different prohibitions and requirements.

(5)If the court makes a trafficking and exploitation prevention order in respect of an adult who is already subject to such an order (whether made by that court or another), the earlier order ceases to have effect.

(6)In this section “the court” means the High Court, or as the case may be, the sheriff making the order.

Commencement Information

I4S. 20 in force at 30.6.2017 by S.S.I. 2017/140, reg. 2, sch.

21Prohibitions on foreign travelS

(1)A fixed period of not more than 5 years of effect must be applied to—

(a)a prohibition on foreign travel contained in a trafficking and exploitation prevention order, and

(b)an order that contains such a prohibition and no other prohibitions or requirements.

(2)A “prohibition on foreign travel” means—

(a)a prohibition on travelling to any country outwith the United Kingdom named or described in the order,

(b)a prohibition on travelling to any country outwith the United Kingdom other than a country named or described in the order, or

(c)a prohibition on travelling to any country outwith the United Kingdom.

(3)A further period (of not more than 5 years each time) may be applied to—

(a)a prohibition mentioned in subsection (1)(a) by a variation or a renewal under section 22 or, as the case may be, section 23, and

(b)an order mentioned in subsection (1)(b) by a renewal under either of those sections.

(4)A trafficking and exploitation prevention order that contains a prohibition mentioned in subsection (2)(c) must require the adult in respect of whom the order is made to surrender each passport that the adult has at a police station specified in the order—

(a)on or before the date when the prohibition takes effect, or

(b)within a period specified in the order.

(5)Any passport surrendered must be returned as soon as reasonably practicable after the adult ceases to be subject to a prohibition mentioned in subsection (2)(c).

(6)Subsection (5) does not apply in relation to—

(a)a passport issued by or on behalf of the authorities of a country outwith the United Kingdom if the passport has been returned to those authorities,

(b)a passport issued by or on behalf of an international organisation if the passport has been returned to that organisation.

Commencement Information

I5S. 21 in force at 30.6.2017 by S.S.I. 2017/140, reg. 2, sch.

22Orders on sentencing: variation, renewal and dischargeS

(1)This section applies to a trafficking and exploitation prevention order—

(a)made under section 17, or

(b)varied or renewed following an application made under this section.

(2)On the application of a person mentioned in subsection (3), the appropriate court may—

(a)vary, renew or discharge a prohibition or requirement in, or add a prohibition or requirement to, the order,

(b)renew the order,

(c)discharge the order.

(3)The persons are—

(a)the adult in respect of whom the order was made,

(b)the prosecutor.

(4)The “appropriate court” means—

(a)where the application relates to an order made by the High Court, that court,

(b)where the application relates to an order made by the sheriff—

(i)in a case where the adult in respect of whom the order was made is, at the time of the application, resident in a sheriffdom other than the sheriffdom of the sheriff who made the order, any sheriff exercising criminal jurisdiction in the sheriffdom in which the adult is resident, or

(ii)in any other case, any sheriff exercising criminal jurisdiction in the sheriff court district of the sheriff who made the order.

(5)Before determining an application under this section, the court must give an opportunity to make representations to—

(a)the adult in respect of whom the order was made,

(b)the prosecutor, and

(c)the chief constable.

(6)After taking into account any such representations, the court may make such order as the court thinks appropriate.

(7)The court may—

(a)vary, renew or add a prohibition or requirement under subsection (2)(a) or renew an order under subsection (2)(b) only if it is satisfied that—

(i)there is a risk that the adult in respect of whom the order is to have effect may commit a relevant trafficking or exploitation offence, and

(ii)each prohibition or requirement in the order (as it is to have effect following the renewal, variation or addition) is necessary for the purpose of protecting persons generally, or particular persons, from the physical or psychological harm which would be likely to occur if the adult committed such an offence,

(b)discharge a prohibition or requirement under subsection (2)(a) or discharge an order under subsection (2)(c) only if it is satisfied that—

(i)there is no longer a risk that the adult in respect of whom the order was made may commit a relevant trafficking or exploitation offence, or

(ii)the prohibition or requirement or, as the case may be, the order is no longer necessary for the purpose of protecting persons generally, or particular persons, from the physical or psychological harm which would be likely to occur if the adult committed such an offence.

(8)Sections 20 and 21 apply to a trafficking and exploitation prevention order (and a prohibition or requirement in an order) as varied or renewed under this section as they apply to the making of a trafficking and exploitation prevention order.

(9)In this section “prosecutor” means Lord Advocate, Crown Counsel or procurator fiscal (and any person duly authorised to represent or act for them).

Commencement Information

I6S. 22 in force at 30.6.2017 by S.S.I. 2017/140, reg. 2, sch.

23Orders on application: variation, renewal and dischargeS

(1)This section applies to a trafficking and exploitation prevention order—

(a)made under section 18, or

(b)varied or renewed following an application made under this section.

(2)On the application of a person mentioned in subsection (3), the appropriate sheriff may—

(a)vary, renew or discharge a prohibition or requirement in, or add a prohibition or requirement to, the order,

(b)renew the order,

(c)discharge the order.

(3)The persons are—

(a)the adult in respect of whom the order was made,

(b)the chief constable.

(4)The “appropriate sheriff” means—

(a)the sheriff who made the order,

(b)a sheriff in the sheriffdom of that sheriff, or

(c)a sheriff in the sheriffdom in which—

(i)the adult in respect of whom the order was made is resident at the time of the application,

(ii)the chief constable believes that adult to be, or

(iii)the chief constable believes that adult intends to come to.

(5)Before determining an application under this section, the sheriff must give an opportunity to make representations to—

(a)the adult in respect of whom the order was made, and

(b)the chief constable.

(6)After taking into account any such representations, the sheriff may make such order as the sheriff thinks appropriate.

(7)The sheriff may—

(a)vary, renew or add a prohibition or requirement under subsection (2)(a) or renew an order under subsection (2)(b) only if the sheriff is satisfied that—

(i)since the adult in respect of whom the order was made first became a relevant offender, that adult has acted in a way which means that there is a risk that the adult may commit a relevant trafficking or exploitation offence, and

(ii)each prohibition or requirement in the order (as it is to have effect following the renewal, variation or addition) is necessary for the purpose of protecting persons generally, or particular persons, from the physical or psychological harm which would be likely to occur if the adult committed such an offence,

(b)discharge a prohibition or requirement under subsection (2)(a) or discharge an order under subsection (2)(c) only if the sheriff is satisfied that—

(i)there is no longer a risk that the adult in respect of whom the order was made may commit a relevant trafficking or exploitation offence, or

(ii)the prohibition or requirement or, as the case may be, the order is no longer necessary for the purpose of protecting persons generally, or particular persons, from the physical or psychological harm which would be likely to occur if the adult committed such an offence.

(8)The actions which the sheriff may consider for the purposes of subsection (7)(a)(i) include those which took place before this section comes into force.

(9)Sections 20 and 21 apply to a trafficking and exploitation prevention order (and a prohibition or requirement in an order) as varied or renewed under this section as they apply to the making of a trafficking and exploitation prevention order.

Commencement Information

I7S. 23 in force at 30.6.2017 by S.S.I. 2017/140, reg. 2, sch.

24Interim prevention ordersS

(1)The sheriff may, after receiving an application under section 18, make an interim trafficking and exploitation prevention order if the sheriff considers it just to do so.

(2)An interim trafficking and exploitation prevention order may contain prohibitions or requirements (or both) in relation to the adult in respect of whom the order is to have effect.

(3)An interim trafficking and exploitation prevention order may prohibit the adult in respect of whom the order is to have effect from doing things, or require that adult to do things, in any part of Scotland and anywhere outwith Scotland.

(4)An interim trafficking and exploitation prevention order—

(a)has effect only for a fixed period, specified in the order, and

(b)ceases to have effect, if it has not already done so, on the determination of the application under section 18.

(5)A person mentioned in subsection (6) may apply to a sheriff in the sheriffdom of the sheriff who made the interim trafficking and exploitation prevention order to vary or discharge the order (or a requirement or prohibition in the order).

(6)The persons are—

(a)the adult in respect of whom the order was made,

(b)the chief constable.

Commencement Information

I8S. 24 in force at 30.6.2017 by S.S.I. 2017/140, reg. 2, sch.

25Appeals: prevention ordersS

(1)A trafficking and exploitation prevention order is taken to be a sentence for the purposes of any appeal if it is—

(a)made under section 17, or

(b)varied or renewed in accordance with section 22.

(2)A person mentioned in subsection (3) may appeal against—

(a)a trafficking and exploitation prevention order—

(i)made under section 18,

(ii)varied or renewed in accordance with section 23,

(b)the making, variation or discharge of an interim trafficking and exploitation prevention order.

(3)The persons are—

(a)the adult in respect of whom the order was made,

(b)the chief constable.

(4)Where an appeal mentioned in subsection (2) is made, the court may, in the appeal proceedings, suspend the decision appealed against pending the disposal of the appeal.

Commencement Information

I9S. 25 in force at 30.6.2017 by S.S.I. 2017/140, reg. 2, sch.

Back to top

Options/Help

Print Options

Close

Legislation is available in different versions:

Latest Available (revised):The latest available updated version of the legislation incorporating changes made by subsequent legislation and applied by our editorial team. Changes we have not yet applied to the text, can be found in the ‘Changes to Legislation’ area.

Original (As Enacted or Made): The original version of the legislation as it stood when it was enacted or made. No changes have been applied to the text.

Close

See additional information alongside the content

Geographical Extent: Indicates the geographical area that this provision applies to. For further information see ‘Frequently Asked Questions’.

Show Timeline of Changes: See how this legislation has or could change over time. Turning this feature on will show extra navigation options to go to these specific points in time. Return to the latest available version by using the controls above in the What Version box.

Close

Opening Options

Different options to open legislation in order to view more content on screen at once

Close

Explanatory Notes

Text created by the Scottish Government to explain what the Act sets out to achieve and to make the Act accessible to readers who are not legally qualified. Explanatory Notes were introduced in 1999 and accompany all Acts of the Scottish Parliament except those which result from Budget Bills.

Close

More Resources

Access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item from this tab. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • correction slips
  • links to related legislation and further information resources
Close

Timeline of Changes

This timeline shows the different points in time where a change occurred. The dates will coincide with the earliest date on which the change (e.g an insertion, a repeal or a substitution) that was applied came into force. The first date in the timeline will usually be the earliest date when the provision came into force. In some cases the first date is 01/02/1991 (or for Northern Ireland legislation 01/01/2006). This date is our basedate. No versions before this date are available. For further information see the Editorial Practice Guide and Glossary under Help.

Close

More Resources

Use this menu to access essential accompanying documents and information for this legislation item. Dependent on the legislation item being viewed this may include:

  • the original print PDF of the as enacted version that was used for the print copy
  • correction slips

Click 'View More' or select 'More Resources' tab for additional information including:

  • lists of changes made by and/or affecting this legislation item
  • confers power and blanket amendment details
  • all formats of all associated documents
  • links to related legislation and further information resources