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Tribunals (Scotland) Act 2014

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PART 5 SDecision-making and composition

Decisions in First-tier TribunalS

37Decisions in the TribunalS

(1)The First-tier Tribunal's function of deciding any matter in a case before the Tribunal is to be exercised by one, or two or more, of the members of the Tribunal chamber to which the case is allocated.

(2)The member or members are to be chosen by the Chamber President of the chamber (who may choose himself or herself).

(3)The Chamber President's discretion in choosing the member or members is subject to—

(a)any relevant provisions in regulations made under section 38(1),

(b)any relevant directions given by virtue of section 47(5)(b).

(4)In this section—

  • Tribunal chamber” means chamber of the Tribunal,

  • member”, in relation to a Tribunal chamber, means ordinary, legal or judicial member of the Tribunal who is assigned to the chamber.

Commencement Information

I1S. 37 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/116, art. 2

38Composition of the TribunalS

(1)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations make provision for determining the composition of the First-tier Tribunal when convened to decide any matter in a case before the Tribunal.

(2)Where regulations under subsection (1) provide for a matter to be decided by a single member of the Tribunal, the regulations must include provision for determining whether the single member is to be an ordinary, legal or judicial member of the Tribunal.

(3)Where regulations under subsection (1) provide for a matter to be decided by two or more members of the Tribunal, the regulations must include provision for determining how many (if any) of those members are to be—

(a)an ordinary member,

(b)a legal member,

(c)a judicial member.

(4)Regulations under subsection (1) may include provision for determining what relevant criteria are to be met by an ordinary member of the Tribunal for the member's involvement in decision-making in particular types of case.

(5)In subsection (4), “relevant criteria” includes criteria as to qualifications, experience and training.

Commencement Information

I2S. 38 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/116, art. 2

Decisions in Upper TribunalS

39Decisions in the TribunalS

(1)The Upper Tribunal's function of deciding any matter in a case before the Tribunal is to be exercised by one, or two or more, of the members of the Tribunal division to which the case is allocated.

(2)The member or members are to be chosen by the Vice-President of the division (who may choose himself or herself).

(3)The Vice-President's discretion in choosing the member or members is subject to—

(a)subsection (4),

(b)any relevant provisions in regulations made under section 40(1),

(c)any relevant directions given by virtue of section 49(5)(b).

(4)Each of the Lord President and the President of Tribunals has the right to be chosen and may exercise that right as he or she considers appropriate (but this is also subject to any relevant provisions in regulations made under section 40(1)).

(5)In this section—

  • Tribunal division” means division of the Tribunal,

  • member”, in relation to a Tribunal division—

    (a)

    means ordinary, legal or judicial member of the Tribunal who is assigned to the division,

    (b)

    while assigned to the division, also includes an extra judge who is authorised to act as mentioned in section 18(4).

Commencement Information

I3S. 39 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/116, art. 2

40Composition of the TribunalS

(1)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations make provision for determining the composition of the Upper Tribunal when convened to decide any matter in a case before the Tribunal.

(2)Regulations under subsection (1) may treat separately the Tribunal's decision-making functions—

(a)at first instance,

(b)on review or appeal.

(3)Where regulations under subsection (1) provide for a matter to be decided by a single member of the Tribunal, the regulations must include provision for determining whether the single member is to be an ordinary, legal or judicial member of the Tribunal.

(4)Where regulations under subsection (1) provide for a matter to be decided by two or more members of the Tribunal, the regulations must include provision for determining how many (if any) of those members are to be—

(a)an ordinary member,

(b)a legal member,

(c)a judicial member.

(5)Regulations under subsection (1) may include provision about the involvement in decision-making of—

(a)a judicial member of a particular description,

(b)an extra judge who is authorised to act as mentioned in section 18(4).

(6)Regulations under subsection (1) may include provision for determining what relevant criteria are to be met by an ordinary member of the Tribunal for the member's involvement in decision-making in particular types of case.

(7)In subsection (6), “relevant criteria” includes criteria as to qualifications, experience and training.

Commencement Information

I4S. 40 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/116, art. 2

Voting where two or more membersS

41Voting for decisionsS

(1)The Scottish Ministers may by regulations make provision for the purposes of sections 37(1) and 39(1) in so far as a matter in a case before the First-tier Tribunal or the Upper Tribunal is to be decided by two or more members of the Tribunal, including—

(a)for a decision to be made unanimously or by majority,

(b)where a decision is to be made by majority, for the chairing member to have a casting vote in the event of a tie.

(2)Subsection (1) applies in relation to the Upper Tribunal as if an extra judge who is authorised to act as mentioned in section 18(4) were a member of the Tribunal (with section 42(1) so applying accordingly).

Commencement Information

I5S. 41 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/116, art. 2

42Chairing membersS

(1)Tribunal Rules may make provision for determining the question as to who is to be the chairing member where a matter in a case before the First-tier Tribunal or the Upper Tribunal is to be decided by two or more members of the Tribunal.

(2)Rules making provision as described in subsection (1) may (in particular)—

(a)allow the President of Tribunals to determine the question,

(b)specify criteria as against which the question is to be determined (including by reference to type of member or particular expertise).

Commencement Information

I6S. 42 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/116, art. 2

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