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Land and Buildings Transaction Tax (Scotland) Act 2013

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SCHEDULE 10SGroup relief

(introduced by section 27)

This schedule has no associated Explanatory Notes

PART 1SIntroductory

OverviewS

1(1)This schedule provides for relief for certain transactions involving companies.S

(2)It is arranged as follows—

  • Part 2 provides for when relief is available,

  • Part 3 provides for when the relief is withdrawn,

  • [F1Part 3A provides for recovery of tax where relief is withdrawn,]

  • Part 4 defines expressions used in this schedule.

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I1 Sch. 10 para. 1 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

PART 2SThe relief

The reliefS

2SA land transaction is exempt from charge if the seller and buyer are companies that at the effective date of the transaction are members of the same group.

Commencement Information

I2 Sch. 10 para. 2 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

Restrictions on availability of reliefS

3SRelief under this schedule is not available if at the effective date of the transaction there are arrangements in existence by virtue of which, at that or some later time, a person has or could obtain, or any persons together have or could obtain, control of the buyer but not of the seller.

Commencement Information

I3 Sch. 10 para. 3 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

4SParagraph 3 does not apply to arrangements to which paragraph [F29, 10 or 10A] applies.

Textual Amendments

Commencement Information

I4 Sch. 10 para. 4 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

5SRelief under this schedule is not available if the transaction is effected in pursuance of, or in connection with, arrangements under which—

(a)the consideration, or any part of the consideration, for the transaction is to be provided or received (directly or indirectly) by a person other than a group company, or

(b)the seller and the buyer are to cease to be members of the same group by reason of the buyer ceasing to be a 75% subsidiary of the seller or a third company.

Commencement Information

I5 Sch. 10 para. 5 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

6SArrangements are within paragraph 5(a) if under them the seller or the buyer, or another group company, is to be enabled to provide any of the consideration, or is to part with any of it, by or in consequence of the carrying out of a transaction or transactions involving, or any of them involving, a payment or other disposition by a person other than a group company.

Commencement Information

I6 Sch. 10 para. 6 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

7SParagraph 5(b) does not apply to arrangements to which paragraph 10 applies.

Commencement Information

I7 Sch. 10 para. 7 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

8SRelief under this schedule is not available if the transaction—

(a)is not effected for bona fide commercial reasons, or

(b)forms part of arrangements the main purpose, or one of the main purposes, of which is the avoidance of liability to the tax.

Commencement Information

I8 Sch. 10 para. 8 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

Arrangements that do not restrict availability of reliefS

9SThis paragraph applies to arrangements entered into with a view to an acquisition of shares by a company (“the acquiring company”)—

(a)in relation to which section 75 of the Finance Act 1986 (c.41) (stamp duty: acquisition relief) will apply,

(b)in relation to which the conditions for relief under that section will be met, and

(c)as a result of which the buyer will be a member of the same group as the acquiring company.

Commencement Information

I9 Sch. 10 para. 9 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

10SThis paragraph applies to arrangements in so far as they are for the purpose of facilitating a transfer of the whole or part of the business of a company to another company in relation to which—

(a)section 96 of the Finance Act 1997 (c.16) (stamp duty relief: demutualisation of insurance companies) is intended to apply, and

(b)the conditions for relief under that section are intended to be met.

Commencement Information

I10 Sch. 10 para. 10 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

[F310A.(1)This paragraph applies to arrangements if and for so long as—S

(a)they are—

(i)a mortgage under the law of England and Wales or Northern Ireland secured by way of shares or securities in a company which, on default or the happening of any other event, allows the mortgagee to exercise its rights against the mortgagor;

(ii)an arrangement under the law of Scotland by which shares or securities in a company are transferred to a person (the “transferee”) subject to an obligation on the transferee to retransfer the shares or securities back to the transferor if certain conditions are met by the transferor but under which, on default by the transferor in meeting the conditions or the happening of any other event, the transferee is relieved of the obligation to retransfer the shares or securities back to the transferor, and

(b)the relevant circumstance described in sub-paragraph (2) applies.

(2)The relevant circumstance is that—

(a)in the case of arrangements described in sub-paragraph (1)(a)(i), the mortgagee has not exercised its rights against the mortgagor; or

(b)in the case of arrangements described in sub-paragraph (1)(a)(ii), the transferee has not exercised its right in terms of the arrangement to retain the shares or securities and refuse to transfer them back to the transferor on the conditions mentioned in that sub-paragraph not having been met.

(3)This paragraph does not apply to arrangements if the mortgagee or, as the case may be, transferee—

(a)possesses greater rights in respect of the shares or securities which are the subject of the arrangements than it requires to protect its interest as mortgagee or transferee; or

(b)could alone or together with connected persons dictate the terms or timing of the default or the happening of any event which allows it to exercise its rights against the mortgagor or to relieve it of the obligation to retransfer the shares or securities.

(4)For the purposes of sub-paragraph (3)(b) a mortgagee is not, by reason only of the mortgage, connected with a company whose shares or securities are the subject of the mortgage.

(5)In this paragraph—

  • “connected” has the same meaning as in section 1122 of the Corporation Tax Act 2010;

  • “mortgage” means any legal or equitable charge under the law of England and Wales or Northern Ireland.

(6)This paragraph applies to an arrangement under the law of a country or territory outside the United Kingdom that is analogous to either of the arrangements described in sub-paragraph (1) as it applies to the arrangement to which it is analogous and, in relation to such an arrangement, references to the mortgagor, mortgagee, transferor and transferee are to be read accordingly.]

InterpretationS

11SIn this Part of this schedule—

  • control” has the meaning given by section 1124 of the Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c.4),

  • group company” means a company that at the effective date of the transaction is a member of the same group as the seller and the buyer.

Commencement Information

I11 Sch. 10 para. 11 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

PART 3SWithdrawal of relief

OverviewS

12SThis Part of this schedule is arranged as follows—

  • paragraphs 13 to 19 provide for circumstances where relief under this schedule is withdrawn,

  • paragraphs 20 to 31 provide for circumstances in which, despite paragraphs 13 to 19, relief is not withdrawn, and

  • paragraphs 32 to 40 provide for the application of paragraphs 13 to 31 where there are successive transactions.

Commencement Information

I12 Sch. 10 para. 12 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

Withdrawal of reliefS

13SRelief under this schedule is withdrawn or partially withdrawn where—

[F4(a)paragraphs 14 and 15 apply, or

(b)paragraph 15A applies.]

Textual Amendments

F4Sch. 10 para. 13(a)(b) substituted for words in sch. 10 para. 13 (30.6.2018) by The Land and Buildings Transaction Tax (Group Relief Modification) (Scotland) Order 2018 (S.S.I. 2018/222), arts. 1(1), 2(4) (with art. 3)

Commencement Information

I13 Sch. 10 para. 13 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

14SThis paragraph applies where the buyer in the transaction which is exempt from charge by virtue of this schedule (“the relevant transaction”) ceases to be a member of the same group as the seller—

(a)before the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the effective date of the transaction, or

(b)in pursuance of, or in connection with, arrangements made before the end of that period.

Commencement Information

I14 Sch. 10 para. 14 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

15SThis paragraph applies where, at the time the buyer ceases to be a member of the same group as the seller (“the relevant time”), it or a relevant associated company holds a chargeable interest—

(a)that was acquired by the buyer under the relevant transaction, or

(b)that is derived from a chargeable interest so acquired,

and that has not subsequently been acquired at market value under a chargeable transaction for which relief under this schedule was available but not claimed.

Commencement Information

I15 Sch. 10 para. 15 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

[F515A.SThis paragraph applies where—

(a)the relief under this schedule was available solely by virtue of the application of paragraph 10A to arrangements referred to in paragraph 3, and

(b)before the end of the period of three years beginning with the effective date, paragraph 10A ceases to apply to the arrangements.]

Amount of tax chargeable where relief withdrawnS

16SWhere relief is withdrawn, the amount of tax chargeable is determined in accordance with paragraph 17.

Commencement Information

I16 Sch. 10 para. 16 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

17SThe amount chargeable is the tax that would have been chargeable in respect of the relevant transaction but for the relief if the chargeable consideration for that transaction had been an amount equal to—

(a)the market value of the subject-matter of the transaction, or

(b)if the acquisition was the grant of a lease, the rent.

Commencement Information

I17 Sch. 10 para. 17 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

Amount of tax chargeable where relief partially withdrawnS

18SWhere relief is partially withdrawn, the amount of tax chargeable is an appropriate proportion of the amount determined in accordance with paragraph 17.

Commencement Information

I18 Sch. 10 para. 18 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

19SAn “appropriate proportion” means an appropriate proportion having regard to—

(a)the subject-matter of the relevant transaction, and

(b)what is held at the relevant time by the buyer or, as the case may be, by the buyer and its relevant associated companies.

Commencement Information

I19 Sch. 10 para. 19 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

Case where relief not withdrawn: winding upS

20SRelief under this schedule is not withdrawn where the buyer ceases to be a member of the same group as the seller by reason of anything done for the purposes of, or in the course of, winding up the seller or another company that is above the seller in the group structure.

Commencement Information

I20 Sch. 10 para. 20 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

Cases where relief not withdrawn: stamp duty reliefsS

21SRelief under this schedule is not withdrawn where—

(a)the buyer ceases to be a member of the same group as the seller as a result of an acquisition of shares by another company (“the acquiring company”) in relation to which—

(i)section 75 of the Finance Act 1986 (c.41) (stamp duty: acquisition relief) applies, and

(ii)the conditions for relief under that section are met, and

(b)the buyer is immediately after that acquisition a member of the same group as the acquiring company.

Commencement Information

I21 Sch. 10 para. 21 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

22SRelief under this schedule is not withdrawn where—

(a)the buyer ceases to be a member of the same group as the seller as a result of the transfer of the whole or part of the seller's business to another company (“the acquiring company”) in relation to which—

(i)section 96 of the Finance Act 1997 (c.16) (stamp duty relief: demutualisation of insurance companies) applies, and

(ii)the conditions for relief under that section are met, and

(b)the buyer is immediately after that transfer a member of the same group as the acquiring company.

Commencement Information

I22 Sch. 10 para. 22 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

23SBut where, in a case to which paragraph 21 or 22 applies—

(a)the buyer ceases to be a member of the same group as the acquiring company in the circumstances mentioned in paragraph 24, and

(b)at the time the buyer ceases to be a member of the same group as the acquiring company, it or a relevant associated company holds a chargeable interest to which paragraph 25 applies,

this schedule applies as if the buyer had then ceased to be a member of the same group as the seller.

Commencement Information

I23 Sch. 10 para. 23 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

24SThe circumstances referred to in paragraph 23(a) are that the buyer ceases to be a member of the same group as the acquiring company—

(a)before the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the effective date of the transaction which is exempt from charge by virtue of this schedule (“the relevant transaction”), or

(b)in pursuance of, or in connection with, arrangements made before the end of that period.

Commencement Information

I24 Sch. 10 para. 24 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

25SThis paragraph applies to a chargeable interest—

(a)that was acquired by the buyer under the relevant transaction, or

(b)that is derived from a chargeable interest so acquired,

and that has not subsequently been acquired at market value under a chargeable transaction for which relief under this schedule was available but not claimed.

Commencement Information

I25 Sch. 10 para. 25 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

Case where relief not withdrawn: seller leaves groupS

26SRelief under this schedule is not withdrawn where the buyer ceases to be a member of the same group as the seller because the seller leaves the group.

Commencement Information

I26 Sch. 10 para. 26 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

27SThe seller is regarded as leaving the group if the companies cease to be members of the same group by reason of a transaction relating to shares in—

(a)the seller, or

(b)another company that is above the seller in the group structure and as a result of the transaction ceases to be a member of the same group as the buyer.

Commencement Information

I27 Sch. 10 para. 27 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

28SBut if there is a change in the control of the buyer after the seller leaves the group, paragraphs 13 to 19 and 22 to 25 have effect as if the buyer had then ceased to be a member of the same group as the seller.

Commencement Information

I28 Sch. 10 para. 28 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

29SParagraph 28 does not apply where—

(a)there is a change in the control of the buyer because a loan creditor (within the meaning given by section 453 of the Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c.4)) obtains control of, or ceases to control, the buyer, and

(b)the other persons who controlled the buyer before the change continue to do so.

Commencement Information

I29 Sch. 10 para. 29 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

30SThere is a change in the control of the buyer if—

(a)a person who controls the buyer (alone or with others) ceases to do so,

(b)a person obtains control of the buyer (alone or with others), or

(c)the buyer is wound up.

Commencement Information

I30 Sch. 10 para. 30 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

31SFor the purposes of paragraph 30 a person does not control, or obtain control of, the buyer if that person is under the control of another person or other persons.

Commencement Information

I31 Sch. 10 para. 31 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

Withdrawal of relief in certain cases involving successive transactionsS

32SWhere the following conditions are met, paragraphs 13 to 31 have effect in relation to the relevant transaction as if the seller in relation to the earliest previous transaction falling within paragraph 37 were the seller in relation to the relevant transaction.

Commencement Information

I32 Sch. 10 para. 32 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

33SThe first condition is that there is a change in control of the buyer.

Commencement Information

I33 Sch. 10 para. 33 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

34SThe second condition is that the change occurs—

(a)before the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the effective date of the transaction which is exempt from charge by virtue of this schedule (“the relevant transaction”), or

(b)in pursuance of, or in connection with, arrangements made before the end of that period.

Commencement Information

I34 Sch. 10 para. 34 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

35SThe third condition is that, apart from paragraph 32, relief under this schedule in relation to the relevant transaction would not be withdrawn under paragraph 13.

Commencement Information

I35 Sch. 10 para. 35 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

36SThe fourth condition is that any previous transaction falls within paragraph 37.

Commencement Information

I36 Sch. 10 para. 36 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

37SA previous transaction falls within this paragraph if—

(a)the previous transaction is exempt from charge by virtue of this schedule or schedule 11 (reconstruction relief and acquisition relief),

(b)the effective date of the previous transaction is less than 3 years before the date of the change mentioned in the first condition,

(c)the chargeable interest acquired under the relevant transaction by the buyer in relation to that transaction is the same as, comprises, forms part of, or is derived from, the chargeable interest acquired under the previous transaction by the buyer in relation to the previous transaction, and

(d)since the previous transaction, the chargeable interest acquired under that transaction has not been acquired by any person under a transaction that is not exempt from charge by virtue of this schedule or schedule 11 (reconstruction relief and acquisition relief).

Commencement Information

I37 Sch. 10 para. 37 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

38SParagraph 33 does not apply where—

(a)there is a change in the control of the buyer because a loan creditor (within the meaning given by section 453 of the Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c.4)) obtains control of, or ceases to control, the buyer, and

(b)the other persons who controlled the buyer before the change continue to do so.

Commencement Information

I38 Sch. 10 para. 38 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

39SIf two or more transactions effected at the same time are the earliest previous transactions falling within paragraph 37, the reference in paragraph 32 to the seller in relation to the earliest previous transaction is a reference to the persons who are the sellers in relation to the earliest previous transactions.

Commencement Information

I39 Sch. 10 para. 39 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

40SThere is a change in the control of a company if—

(a)a person who controls the company (alone or with others) ceases to do so,

(b)a person obtains control of the company (alone or with others), or

(c)the company is wound up.

Commencement Information

I40 Sch. 10 para. 40 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

InterpretationS

41SFor the purposes of paragraphs 20 and 27 a company is “above” the seller in the group structure if the seller, or another company that is above the seller in the group structure, is a 75% subsidiary of the company.

Commencement Information

I41 Sch. 10 para. 41 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

42SIn this Part of this schedule—

  • “control” is to be interpreted in accordance with sections 450 and 451 of the Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c.4) (but see paragraph 31),

  • relevant associated company”, in relation to the buyer, means a company that—

    (a)

    is a member of the same group as the buyer immediately before the buyer ceases to be a member of the same group as the seller, and

    (b)

    ceases to be a member of the same group as the seller in consequence of the buyer so ceasing.

Commencement Information

I42 Sch. 10 para. 42 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

[F6PART 3ASRecovery of relief

Textual Amendments

Recovery of reliefS

42AThis Part applies where—

(a)relief under this schedule is withdrawn or partially withdrawn and tax is chargeable,

(b)the amount so chargeable has been finally determined, and

(c)the whole or part of the amount so chargeable is unpaid 6 months after the date on which it became payable.

42BSThe following persons may, by notice under paragraph 42E, be required to pay the unpaid tax—

(a)the seller,

(b)any company that at any relevant time was a member of the same group as the buyer and was above it in the group structure,

(c)any person who at any relevant time was a controlling director of the buyer or a company having control of the buyer.

42CSFor the purposes of paragraph 42B(b)—

(a) a “ relevant time ” means any time between the effective date of the transaction which was exempt from charge by virtue of this schedule and the buyer ceasing to be a member of the same group as the seller, and

(b)a company (“company A”) is “above” another company (“company B”) in a group structure if company B, or another company that is above company B in the group structure, is a 75% subsidiary of company A.

42DSIn paragraph 42B(c)—

  • director ”, in relation to a company, has the meaning given by section 67(1) of the Income Tax (Earnings and Pensions) Act 2003 (c.1) (read with subsection (2) of that section) and includes a person falling within section 452(1) of the Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c.4),

  • controlling director ”, in relation to a company, means a director of the company who has control of it (construing control in accordance with sections 450 and 451 of the Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c.4)).

Recovery of relief: supplementaryS

42EThe Tax Authority may give notice to a person within paragraph 42B requiring that person within 30 days of receipt of the notice to pay the amount that remains unpaid.

42FSAny such notice must be given before the end of the period of 3 years beginning with the date of the final determination mentioned in paragraph 42A(b).

42GSThe notice must state the amount required to be paid by the person to whom the notice is given.

42HSThe notice has effect—

(a)for the purposes of the recovery from that person of the amount required to be paid and of interest on that amount, and

(b)for the purpose of appeals,

as if it were a notice of a Revenue Scotland assessment and that amount were an amount of tax due from that person.

42ISA person who has paid an amount in pursuance of a notice under paragraph 42E may recover that amount from the buyer.

42JSA payment in pursuance of a notice under paragraph 42E is not allowed as a deduction in computing any income, profits or losses for any tax purpose.

42KS In paragraph 42H, “ Revenue Scotland assessment ” has the same meaning as in section 100 of the Revenue Scotland and Tax Powers Act 2014 (asp 16). ]

PART 4SInterpretation

When are companies members of the same group?S

43SCompanies are members of the same group if one is the 75% subsidiary of the other or both are 75% subsidiaries of a third company.

Commencement Information

I43 Sch. 10 para. 43 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

When is a company a subsidiary of another company?S

44SA company (A) is the 75% subsidiary of another company (B) if B—

(a)is beneficial owner of not less than 75% of the ordinary share capital of A,

(b)is beneficially entitled to not less than 75% of any profits available for distribution to equity holders of A, and

(c)would be beneficially entitled to not less than 75% of any assets of A available for distribution to its equity holders on a winding-up.

Commencement Information

I44 Sch. 10 para. 44 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

45SFor the purposes of paragraph 44(a)—

(a)the ownership referred to is ownership either directly or through another company or companies,

(b)the amount of ordinary share capital of A owned by B through another company or companies is to be determined in accordance with sections 1155 to 1157 of the Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c.4).

Commencement Information

I45 Sch. 10 para. 45 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

46SOrdinary share capital”, in relation to a company, means all the issued share capital (by whatever name called) of the company, other than capital the holders of which have a right to a dividend at a fixed rate but have no other right to share in the profits of the company.

Commencement Information

I46 Sch. 10 para. 46 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

47SChapter 6 of Part 5 of the Corporation Tax Act 2010 (c.4) (group relief: equity holders and profits or assets available for distribution) applies for the purposes of paragraph 44(b) and (c) as it applies for the purposes of section 151(4)(a) and (b) of that Act.

Commencement Information

I47 Sch. 10 para. 47 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

48SBut sections 171(1)(b) and (3), 173, 174 and 176 to 178 of that Chapter are to be treated as omitted for the purposes of paragraph 44(b) and (c).

Commencement Information

I48 Sch. 10 para. 48 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

Other definitionsS

49SIn this schedule—

  • arrangements” includes any scheme, agreement or understanding, whether or not legally enforceable,

  • company” means a body corporate.

Commencement Information

I49 Sch. 10 para. 49 in force at 1.4.2015 by S.S.I. 2015/108 , art. 2

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