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Long Leases (Scotland) Act 2012

Section 6: Subordinate real rights, reservations and pertinents

30.This section sets out the subordinate real rights and encumbrances that burden the right of ownership of the converted land from the appointed day. It also makes provision in respect of pertinents (matters belonging to the lease) and reservations (matters excluded from the lease). In this section, “converted land” is the land in which a right of ownership is created through the conversion of a qualifying lease under section 4(1)(a).

31.Subsection (2) lays down that on the appointed day subordinate real rights over the qualifying lease (such as a standard security or a mortgage) become subordinate real rights over the right of ownership.

32.Subsections (3) and (4) provide that the right of ownership created under section 4 is subject to any encumbrances and subordinate real rights, other than heritable securities, proper liferents (a right to use and enjoy a thing during life) or any superior leases, which burdened the head landlord’s ownership immediately before the appointed day. Servitudes, real burdens, and public rights of way, for example, will all continue. Subsection (4) does not affect the personal obligation of the debtor under the heritable security.

33.Subsection (5) defines the extent of the converted land by reference to pertinents and reservations of the lease. On the appointed day, a pertinent of the qualifying lease becomes a pertinent of the converted land provided that it is of a type that is recognised as a pertinent of land. Excluded from the converted land is anything reserved from the qualifying lease (or any superior lease), provided that it is capable of being held as a separate tenement in land (i.e. capable of being owned separately). If the reservation is not capable of being held as a separate tenement, it is disregarded on conversion and forms part of the converted land.

34.The main example of a reservation is a minerals reservation. Where the minerals are not already separate tenements, they become separate tenements on the appointed day when ownership of the surface is separated from ownership of the minerals. The reservation clause will continue to regulate the relationship between the owner of the minerals (the former landlord) and the owner of the surface (the former tenant).

35.Subsection (5) interacts with section 8. Under section 8 a notice may be registered converting reserved sporting rights into a separate tenement. If a notice is registered, the sporting rights will not form part of the converted land. If a notice is not registered, the converted land will include the sporting rights. If such rights have been leased out separately, the lease in question is not affected by conversion of the qualifying lease but there would be a change of landlord.

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Text created by the Scottish Government to explain what the Act sets out to achieve and to make the Act accessible to readers who are not legally qualified. Explanatory Notes were introduced in 1999 and accompany all Acts of the Scottish Parliament except those which result from Budget Bills.


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