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The Seed Potatoes (Wales) Regulations 2016

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Welsh Statutory Instruments

2016 No. 106 (W. 52)

Seeds, Wales

The Seed Potatoes (Wales) Regulations 2016

Made

2 February 2016

Laid before the National Assembly for Wales

4 February 2016

Coming into force

29 February 2016

The Welsh Ministers, in whom the powers conferred by sections 16(1) to (5) and 36 of the Plant Varieties and Seeds Act 1964(1) are now vested(2), make the following Regulations in exercise of those powers.

The Welsh Ministers have carried out a consultation in accordance with section 16(1) of that Act.

Title, application and commencement

1.—(1) The title of these Regulations is the Seed Potatoes (Wales) Regulations 2016.

(2) These Regulations apply in relation to Wales and come into force on 29 February 2016.

Interpretation: general

2.—(1) In these Regulations—

“the Act” (“y Ddeddf”) means the Plant Varieties and Seeds Act 1964;

“authorised officer” (“swyddog awdurdodedig”) means an officer of the Welsh Ministers or a person authorised by the Welsh Ministers for any purpose in connection with these Regulations;

“basic seed potatoes” (“tatws hadyd sylfaenol”) means—

(a)

in relation to seed potatoes produced in Wales, seed potatoes intended mainly for the production of certified seed potatoes and which have been certified as basic seed potatoes in accordance with regulation 10;

(b)

in relation to seed potatoes produced outside Wales, seed potatoes brought into Wales in a package or container bearing an official label in accordance with Article 13(1)(a) of the Directive stating that the potatoes were certified as basic seed potatoes and graded at a Union grade;

“category” (“category”) means the category of pre-basic seed potatoes, basic seed potatoes, or certified seed potatoes (or, in relation to seed potatoes produced in Switzerland, the categories having equivalent effect under the legislation of the Swiss Confederation in accordance with the Swiss trade agreement);

“certification” (“ardystio”), and “certified” (“ardystiedig”) is to be construed accordingly, means—

(a)

in relation to seed potatoes produced in Wales, certification in accordance with regulation 10; and

(b)

in relation to seed potatoes produced outside Wales, certification by the Certification Authority in accordance with the Directive;

“Certification Authority” (“Awdurdod Ardystio”) means the authority concerned with the certification of seed potatoes in the country or territory where the seed potatoes were produced;

“certified seed potatoes” (“tatws hadyd ardystiedig”) means—

(a)

in relation to seed potatoes produced in Wales, seed potatoes intended mainly for the production of potatoes other than seed potatoes and which have been certified (as certified seed potatoes) in accordance with regulation 10;

(b)

in relation to seed potatoes produced outside Wales, seed potatoes brought into Wales in a package or container bearing an official label in accordance with Article 13(1)(a) of the Directive stating that the potatoes were certified as certified seed potatoes and graded at a Union grade;

“Common Catalogue” (“Catalog Cyffredin”) means the common catalogue of varieties of species of agricultural plants published in the Official Journal of the European Union;

“genetically modified” (“wedi ei addasu’n enetig”) has the same meaning as in the Deliberate Release Directive;

“grade” (“gradd”) includes the Union grade;

“growing crop certificate” (“tystysgrif cnwd sy’n tyfu”) means a growing crop certificate issued by the Welsh Ministers in accordance with Schedule 1;

“lot” (“lot”) means a consignment or an identifiable part of a consignment which is recorded and listed as a separate item in an invoice, delivery note or other document provided in accordance with regulation 17;

“marketing” (“marchnata”) means—

(a)

selling, holding with a view to sale or offering for sale, or

(b)

any disposal, supply or transfer for the purpose of commercial exploitation of seed potatoes to third parties,

whether or not for consideration, and for these purposes “commercial exploitation” (“defnydd masnachol”) is not to be taken to include the supply of seed potatoes to official testing and inspection bodies, or the supply of seed potatoes to any person for the purpose of processing or packaging them provided that person does not acquire title to the seed potatoes supplied, and “market” (“marchnata”) and “marketed” (“marchnata”) are to be construed accordingly;

“National List” (“Rhestr Genedlaethol”) means a list of varieties of potato species prepared and published—

(a)

in accordance with regulation 3 of the National Lists Regulations; or

(b)

by a member State other than the United Kingdom pursuant to Article 3 of Council Directive 2002/53/EC on the common catalogue of varieties of agricultural plant species(3);

“the National Lists Regulations” (“y Rheoliadau Rhestrau Cenedlaethol”) means the Seeds (National Lists of Varieties) Regulations 2001(4);

“official document” (“dogfen swyddogol”) means—

(a)

for seed potatoes produced in Wales, a document issued or approved by the Welsh Ministers which meets the requirements of Part 2 of Schedule 2;

(b)

for seed potatoes produced outside Wales, a document issued or approved by the Certification Authority in the country or territory where the seed potatoes were produced which meets the requirements of Article 13(1)(b) of the Directive;

“official examination” (“archwiliad swyddogol”) means an examination or inspection conducted by an authorised officer, including one conducted by way of sample;

“official label” (“label swyddogol”) means—

(a)

for seed potatoes produced in Wales, a label issued or approved by the Welsh Ministers, which has not been previously used and which meets the requirements of Part 1 of Schedule 2;

(b)

for seed potatoes produced outside Wales, a label issued or approved by the Certification Authority in the country or territory where the seed potatoes were produced, which meets, as appropriate to the seed potatoes to which the label relates, the requirements of Article 13(1)(a) or 18(f) of the Directive or Article 9 of the Decision;

“package or container” (“pecyn neu gynhwysydd”) means—

(a)

any package which has not been previously used for any purpose and is capable of being closed and sealed; or

(b)

any container which has not been previously used for any purpose or which, since having been previously used, has been cleaned and disinfected, provided that the use of any container in respect of seed potatoes produced in Wales is subject to the approval of the Welsh Ministers;

“potato” (“taten”) means any tuber or part of a tuber or any plant or part of a plant of Solanum tuberosum L or other tuber-forming species or hybrids of Solanum;

“pre-basic seed potatoes” (“tatws hadyd cyn-sylfaenol”) means—

(a)

in relation to seed potatoes produced in Wales, seed potatoes intended mainly for the production of basic seed potatoes and which have been certified as pre-basic seed potatoes in accordance with regulation 10;

(b)

in relation to seed potatoes produced outside Wales, seed potatoes brought into Wales in a package or container bearing an official label in accordance with Article 18(f) of the Directive stating that the potatoes were certified as pre-basic seed potatoes and graded at a Union grade;

“seed potatoes” (“tatws hadyd”) means—

(a)

potatoes which bear that description or any description indicating their suitability for planting and propagation and which are capable of being used for planting and propagation; or

(b)

any potatoes that are intended to be used for planting and propagation;

“seed potatoes of a conservation variety” (“tatws hadyd o amrywogaeth gadwraeth”) means any variety of seed potatoes accepted by any member State into its national catalogue of varieties of agricultural plant species in accordance with Article 3 of Directive 2008/62/EC;

“seed potatoes produced outside Wales” (“tatws hadyd a gynhyrchir y tu allan i Gymru”) means—

(a)

seed potatoes produced in any part of the British Islands other than Wales;

(b)

seed potatoes produced in any member State other than the United Kingdom; or

(c)

seed potatoes produced in Switzerland;

“test and trial seed potatoes” (“tatws hadyd sydd i’w profi a’u treialu”) means—

(a)

in relation to seed potatoes produced in Wales, seed potatoes which have been authorised by the Welsh Ministers in accordance with regulation 9;

(b)

in relation to seed potatoes produced outside Wales, seed potatoes brought into Wales in a package or container which bears an official label in accordance with Article 9 of the Decision.

“Union grade” (“gradd gymwys yr Undeb”) means—

(a)

in relation to seed potatoes produced in Wales, the Union grade determined in accordance with Schedule 4 during certification, this being—

(i)

in the case of pre-basic seed potatoes, Union grade PBTC or Union grade PB;

(ii)

in the case of basic seed potatoes, Union grade S, Union grade SE or Union grade E;

(iii)

in the case of certified seed potatoes, Union grade A or Union grade B;

(b)

in relation to seed potatoes produced outside Wales—

(i)

in the case of pre-basic seed potatoes, Union grade PBTC or Union grade PB, the minimum conditions for which are set out in Articles 2 and 3 of, and the Annex to, Directive 2014/21/EU;

(ii)

in the case of basic seed potatoes, Union grade S, Union grade SE or Union grade E, the minimum conditions for which are set out in Article 1 of, and Annex I to, Directive 2014/20/EU; or

(iii)

in the case of certified seed potatoes, Union grade A or Union grade B, the minimum conditions for which are set out in Article 2 of, and Annex II to, Directive 2014/20/EU;

(2) In relation to seed potatoes produced in Switzerland, any reference in these Regulations to the Directive or the Decision or any provision of the Directive or the Decision is to be construed as a reference to the legislation of the Swiss Confederation having equivalent effect in accordance with the Swiss trade agreement.

(3) Any reference in these Regulations to a tolerance in relation to seed potatoes comprised in a sample is to be construed—

(a)in relation to a tolerance for any disease or pest, damage and defect specified in Schedule 3, as a reference to the proportion of the weight of seed potatoes in the sample affected by the disease or pest, damage and defect, or any combination of such disease or pest, damage and defect, in relation to the total weight of the sample, expressed as a percentage;

(b)in relation to a tolerance for dirt or other extraneous matter specified in Schedule 3, as a reference to the proportion of the weight of such matter in relation to the total weight of the sample, expressed as a percentage;

(c)in relation to a tolerance for a deviation or disease specified in the tables in Schedule 4, as a reference to the number of plants of seed potatoes affected by the deviation or disease in relation to the total number of plants in the sample, expressed as a percentage.

(4) In this regulation, “Swiss trade agreement” (“cytundeb masnach y Swistir”) means the Agreement between the European Community and the Swiss Confederation on trade in agricultural products approved by Council and Commission Decision 2002/309/EC and amended by Commission Decision 2010/724/EU(5).

Interpretation: European instruments

3.  In these Regulations—

“the Decision” (“y Penderfyniad”) means Commission Decision 2004/842/EC concerning implementing rules whereby Member States may authorise the placing on the market of seed belonging to varieties for which an application for entry in the national catalogue of varieties of agricultural plant species or vegetable species has been submitted(6);

“the Deliberate Release Directive” (“y Gyfarwyddeb Gollyngiadau Bwriadol”) means Directive 2001/18/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms(7);

“the Directive” (“y Gyfarwyddeb”) means Council Directive 2002/56/EC on the marketing of seed potatoes(8);

“Directive 2008/62/EC” (“Cyfarwyddeb 2008/62/EC”) means Commission Directive 2008/62/EC providing for certain derogations for acceptance of agricultural landraces and varieties which are naturally adapted to the local and regional conditions and threatened by genetic erosion and for marketing of seed and seed potatoes of those landraces and varieties(9);

“Directive 2014/20/EU” (“Cyfarwyddeb 2014/20/EU”) means Commission Implementing Directive 2014/20/EU determining Union grades of basic and certified seed potatoes, and the conditions and designations applicable to such grades(10);

“Directive 2014/21/EU” (“Cyfarwyddeb 2014/21/EU”) means Commission Implementing Directive 2014/21/EU determining minimum conditions and Union grades for pre-basic seed potatoes(11);

“the Food and Feed Regulation” (“y Rheoliad Bwyd a Bwyd Anifeiliaid”) means Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council on genetically modified food and feed(12).

Seed potatoes to which these Regulations do not apply

4.  These Regulations do not apply to seed potatoes intended for export to any country outside the European Union.

Marketing of seed potatoes

5.—(1) No person may market any seed potatoes other than—

(a)pre-basic seed potatoes;

(b)basic seed potatoes;

(c)certified seed potatoes;

(d)scientific and selection seed potatoes; or

(e)test and trial seed potatoes.

(2) No person may market any seed potatoes treated with a product which is produced primarily as an application for inhibiting germination.

(3) In this regulation, “scientific and selection seed potatoes” (“tatws hadyd gwyddonol a rhai i’w dethol”) means—

(a)in relation to seed potatoes produced in Wales, seed potatoes which have been authorised by the Welsh Ministers for marketing in accordance with regulation 8;

(b)in relation to seed potatoes produced outside Wales, seed potatoes which have been authorised by the Certification Authority in the country or territory where the potatoes were produced for marketing in accordance with Article 6(1)(a) of the Directive.

Marketing of conservation varieties

6.—(1) No person may market seed potatoes of a conservation variety unless—

(a)the variety is listed in the National List of varieties of potato species prepared and published in accordance with regulation 3 of the National Lists Regulations; and

(b)those seed potatoes have been produced in the United Kingdom.

(2) A person proposing to produce seed potatoes of a conservation variety must, before doing so, supply the Welsh Ministers, in such manner and form as the Welsh Ministers require, with details in writing of the size and location of the area to be used to produce that seed.

(3) For the purposes of Articles 14 and 15(2) of Directive 2008/62/EC, the Welsh Ministers may specify the maximum amount of seed potatoes of a conservation variety that may be marketed in any given production season, and may specify different maximum amounts for different persons or classes of persons.

(4) The amount of seed potatoes of a conservation variety marketed by a person must not exceed any maximum amount specified under paragraph (3) in relation to that person.

(5) Any person marketing seed potatoes of a conservation variety must supply the Welsh Ministers, if requested to do so in writing, with written details of the amount and variety of the seed potatoes placed on the market during each production season.

Size of seed potatoes

7.—(1) No person may market any seed potatoes other than pre-basic seed potatoes of grade PBTC unless the tubers have a minimum size such that they do not pass through a square mesh of 25 millimetres x 25 millimetres.

(2) No person may market any seed potatoes in a lot in which the maximum variation in size between tubers is such that the difference between the lower size limit and the upper size limit exceeds 25 millimetres.

(3) The requirements of paragraph (2) are to be treated as being met provided that no more than 3% of the total weight of tubers in the lot consist of—

(a)tubers which are smaller than the lower size limit; or

(b)tubers which are larger than the upper size limit.

(4) Where the size of seed potatoes is required to be stated in accordance with these Regulations, the following must be stated—

(a)where the lower size limit and the upper size limit are the same, the dimensions of the square mesh through which the tubers do not pass;

(b)where they are not the same, the lower size limit and the upper size limit

(5) For the purposes of paragraph (4), dimensions of more than 35 millimetres must be stated to the nearest 5 millimetres.

(6) For the purposes of this regulation—

(a)“the lower size limit” (“y maintioli lleiaf a ganiateir”) means the dimensions of the largest square mesh through which the smallest tuber does not pass;

(b)‟the upper size limitˮ (“y maintioli mwyaf a ganiateir”) means the dimensions of the largest square mesh through which the largest tuber does not pass.

Marketing of seed potatoes for scientific purposes or selection work

8.—(1) The Welsh Ministers may authorise marketing of small quantities of seed potatoes for scientific purposes or selection work in accordance with this regulation.

(2) The Welsh Ministers may not authorise marketing of seed potatoes which contain any genetically modified material unless an authorisation is in force under the Food and Feed Regulation or Part C of the Deliberate Release Directive.

(3) An application for authorisation to market seed potatoes in accordance with paragraph (1) must be made in writing to the Welsh Ministers and must be accompanied by such information as the Welsh Ministers may require.

Marketing of seed potatoes for test and trial purposes

9.—(1) The Welsh Ministers may authorise marketing of seed potatoes for tests or trials carried out at agricultural enterprises to gather information on the cultivation or use of a variety of potato species in accordance with this regulation and Schedule 5.

(2) The Welsh Ministers may not authorise marketing—

(a)of an amount of seed potatoes in excess of that permitted by Article 7 of the Decision;

(b)of seed potatoes which contain any genetically modified material unless that material is authorised under the Food and Feed Regulation or Part C of the Deliberate Release Directive.

(3) An application for authorisation or renewal of authorisation to market seed potatoes in accordance with paragraph (1) must be made in writing to the Welsh Ministers and must be accompanied by such information as the Welsh Ministers may require.

(4) Authorisation given in accordance with paragraph (1), or the renewal of such authorisation, is for a period of one year or such shorter period as the Welsh Ministers may specify.

(5) In authorising marketing in accordance with paragraph (1), the Welsh Ministers may impose such conditions as the Welsh Ministers think necessary or desirable having regard to the nature of the tests or trials and the nature of the seed potatoes to which the application relates, including a condition relating to the keeping of records in respect of the marketing of the seed potatoes.

(6) Authorisation given in accordance with paragraph (1) ceases to have effect where—

(a)the application referred to in paragraph 3(a) of Schedule 5 is withdrawn or rejected in accordance with the National Lists Regulations; or

(b)the variety of potato species to which the authorisation relates is entered in a National List or the Common Catalogue.

(7) The Welsh Ministers may withdraw authorisation given in accordance with paragraph (1) where there is a breach of any condition referred to in paragraph (5).

(8) The Welsh Ministers may require the person to whom authorisation has been given in accordance with paragraph (1) to provide information about—

(a)the results of the tests or trials to which the authorisation relates;

(b)the quantities of seed potatoes marketed during the authorised period and the name of the member State in which the seed potatoes are intended to be marketed.

Certification of seed potatoes

10.—(1) Certification of seed potatoes produced in Wales must be in accordance with this regulation.

(2) If the requirements of paragraph (3) are satisfied, an authorised officer must certify seed potatoes produced in Wales as being—

(a)pre-basic seed potatoes;

(b)basic seed potatoes; or

(c)certified seed potatoes.

(3) The requirements are that—

(a)a growing crop certificate has been issued in relation to the seed potatoes; and

(b)on official examination the seed potatoes have been found not to exceed any of the tolerances for diseases or pests, damage or defects specified in the relevant provisions of Schedule 3.

(4) An application for certification of seed potatoes produced in Wales must be made in writing to the Welsh Ministers and must be accompanied by such information as the Welsh Ministers may require.

(5) For the purposes of paragraph (2), an official label issued in accordance with these Regulations in relation to pre-basic seed potatoes, basic seed potatoes or certified seed potatoes is sufficient evidence that an authorised officer has certified the seed potatoes to which the official label relates as being pre-basic seed potatoes, basic seed potatoes or certified seed potatoes, as the case may be.

Composition of lots of seed potatoes

11.—(1) No person may market pre-basic seed potatoes, basic seed potatoes or certified seed potatoes otherwise than in a lot consisting wholly of seed potatoes of—

(a)one category;

(b)one variety; and

(c)one grade.

(2) No person may market test and trial seed potatoes otherwise than in a lot consisting wholly of seed potatoes of one variety.

(3) For the purposes of this regulation a lot of seed potatoes is to be treated as if it consists wholly of one variety provided that—

(a)in relation to seed potatoes produced in Wales, the number of seed potatoes in the lot which are not true to variety or are of a different variety in relation to the total number of seed potatoes in the lot—

(i)in the case of pre-basic seed potatoes, is no more than 0.01%;

(ii)in the case of basic seed potatoes, is no more than 0.1%;

(iii)in the case of certified seed potatoes or test and trial seed potatoes, is no more than 0.2%;

(b)in relation to seed potatoes produced outside Wales, the lot is sufficiently homogeneous in accordance with the standards imposed by the Certification Authority pursuant to the Directive in respect of the marketing of those potatoes.

Packages and containers for seed potatoes

12.  Subject to regulation 18, no person may market any seed potatoes otherwise than in a package or container.

Labelling of packages and containers of seed potatoes

13.—(1) Subject to regulation 18, no person may market, other than in a properly labelled package or container—

(a)pre-basic seed potatoes;

(b)basic seed potatoes;

(c)certified seed potatoes; or

(d)test and trial seed potatoes.

(2) For the purposes of this regulation, a “properly labelled package or container” (“pecyn neu gynhwysydd wedi ei labelu’n briodol”) means a package or container that—

(a)has affixed to the outside an official label; and

(b)subject to paragraph (3), contains an official document.

(3) Paragraph (2)(b) does not apply where—

(a)the particulars specified in paragraph 16 of Schedule 2 are indelibly printed on the package or container; or

(b)the official label is of an adhesive or wear and tear resistant material.

(4) An application to the Welsh Ministers for an official label or official document must be made in writing and must be accompanied by such information as the Welsh Ministers may require.

(5) The Welsh Ministers may only issue an official label or official document if satisfied that—

(a)the seed potatoes are pre-basic seed potatoes, basic seed potatoes, certified seed potatoes or test and trial seed potatoes;

(b)the seed potatoes comply with the minimum size requirements specified in regulation 7 and that the maximum variation in size between tubers does not exceed that specified in regulation 7;

(c)the seed potatoes are contained in a package or container;

(d)the seed potatoes have not been treated with a product which is produced primarily as an application for inhibiting germination;

(e)the seed potatoes have been harvested, stored, transported and handled so as to minimise the risk of contamination by any of the diseases or pests specified in Schedule 3;

(f)on a sample taken in accordance with regulation 19, the seed potatoes do not exceed any of the tolerances for diseases or pests, damage or defects specified in the appropriate Part of Schedule 3; and

(g)there has been no other failure to comply with these Regulations in respect of any of the seed potatoes.

(6) If a package or container has been re-sealed by an authorised officer in accordance with regulation 14(3) the official label must state—

(a)that the package or container has been so re-sealed;

(b)the date of re-sealing; and

(c)the name of the authorised officer responsible for re-sealing.

(7) Where any pre-basic seed potatoes, basic seed potatoes, certified seed potatoes or test and trial seed potatoes have been treated with any chemical product, the type and function or the proprietary name of that product must be—

(a)stated on a label affixed to the package or container; and

(b)either—

(i)stated on a document contained in the package or container; or

(ii)indelibly printed on the package or container.

(8) For the purposes of section 16(7)(a) of the Act, information relating to a variety of seed potatoes contained in a statutory statement is not held to be false in a material particular by reason only that it is false—

(a)in the case of pre-basic seed potatoes, in respect of no more than 0.01% of the seed potatoes;

(b)in the case of basic seed potatoes, in respect of no more than 0.1% of the seed potatoes;

(c)in the case of certified seed potatoes and test and trial seed potatoes, in respect of no more than 0.2% of the seed potatoes.

(9) No person may, in connection with the marketing or the preparation for the marketing of any seed potatoes, wilfully reproduce, remove, alter, deface, conceal or misuse in any way any official label or official document, or any label affixed or document supplied in accordance with paragraph (2), except in accordance with the requirements of the Act, these Regulations or Orders made under the Plant Health Act 1967(13).

Sealing of packages and containers

14.—(1) Subject to regulation 18, no person may market, other than in a properly sealed package or container—

(a)pre-basic seed potatoes;

(b)basic seed potatoes;

(c)certified seed potatoes; or

(d)test and trial seed potatoes.

(2) For the purposes of this regulation, a “properly sealed package or container” (“pecyn neu gynhwysydd wedi ei selio’n briodol”) means—

(a)for seed potatoes produced in Wales, a closed package or container that has been sealed with an unbroken sealing device by or under the supervision of an authorised officer;

(b)for seed potatoes produced outside Wales, a closed package or container that has been sealed in accordance with Article 11(1) of the Directive.

(3) Where a sealing device on a package or container is broken, the package or container must not be re-sealed with a sealing device otherwise than by or under the supervision of an authorised officer.

(4) For the purposes of this regulation, a “sealing device” (“dyfais selio”) means a device applied in such a manner to a package or container that when the package or container is opened the device will be broken.

Identification of genetically modified seed potatoes

15.  No person may market genetically modified seed potatoes unless—

(a)it is clearly indicated in any marketing information, including any sales catalogue or other marketing representations provided by the person marketing the seed potatoes, that the seed potatoes have been genetically modified; and

(b)any official label or official document, or other label or document, affixed to, accompanying or relating to the seed potatoes clearly indicates that they have been genetically modified.

Seed potatoes from outside the European Union: information

16.  Any person marketing more than 2 kilograms of seed potatoes that have been imported into Wales from a country outside the European Union must supply the Welsh Ministers, in writing and within one month of the first marketing of the seed potatoes, with the particulars specified in Schedule 6.

Separate particulars

17.  Subject to regulation 18 a person who sells pre-basic seed potatoes, basic seed potatoes, certified seed potatoes or test and trial seed potatoes must issue to the buyer not later than 14 days after the sale or, if the seed potatoes are not delivered at the time of sale, not later than 14 days after delivery, a sale note, delivery note, invoice or similar document specifying in relation to the seed potatoes the particulars specified in Schedule 7.

Retail sales of seed potatoes

18.  Regulations 12, 13, 14 and 17 do not apply to a sale by retail of less than 50 kilograms of seed potatoes—

(a)in circumstances where at the time of sale there is displayed conspicuously on a label affixed to a package containing the seed potatoes or on a document or notice placed in close proximity to the seed potatoes a statement of the particulars specified in Schedule 7; or

(b)in containers that have not been previously used for any purpose, upon each of which has been printed or otherwise legibly and indelibly marked the particulars specified in Schedule 7, or attached to or inserted in each of which is a label marked with those particulars.

Sampling of seed potatoes

19.—(1) A sample of seed potatoes taken for any purpose in connection with these Regulations must be taken in accordance with this regulation.

(2) A sample must be taken by an authorised officer and may be of such quantity or number and from such part or parts of the growing or harvested crop as the authorised officer considers appropriate.

(3) Paragraph (4) applies where a sample is required other than for a purpose in connection with certification of seed potatoes produced in Wales, and the bulk consists of seed potatoes—

(a)comprising more than one consignment, or

(b)associated with more than one growing crop certificate,

(4) The seed potatoes must be divided so that each consignment or, as the case may be, the quantity of potatoes associated with each growing crop certificate, constitutes a separate lot and each lot must, if the authorised officer considers it necessary, be separately sampled.

Keeping of records

20.—(1) A person who produces seed potatoes which are intended for marketing must retain for a period of not less than two years records of purchase of the seed potatoes from which those seed potatoes were produced and particulars of the crops grown.

(2) A person who markets seed potatoes must retain for a period of not less than two years a record of the marketing of such seed potatoes.

Enforcement: powers of examination and production

21.—(1) An authorised officer may conduct an examination and take samples of seed potatoes and inspect and take copies of a relevant document for the purpose of ensuring compliance with any provision of these Regulations.

(2) For the purposes of this regulation, a person must permit, at any reasonable time, an authorised officer to—

(a)examine and take samples of seed potatoes in that person’s possession or control; and

(b)inspect and take copies of any relevant document in that person’s possession or control.

(3) For the purposes of this regulation, an authorised officer may by written notice served on a person require that person to—

(a)produce or make available for examination any seed potatoes or relevant document;

(b)provide information within that person’s knowledge or belief relating to the production, certification or marketing of the seed potatoes.

(4) A person on whom a notice is served in accordance with paragraph (3) must comply with the requirements of that notice within seven days of such service or such longer time as may be specified in the notice.

(5) For the purposes of this regulation, “relevant document” (“dogfen berthnasol”) means any growing crop certificate, official label, official document, other document or label, record or invoice relating to the planting, production, certification or marketing of seed potatoes.

Enforcement: power to withdraw official labels, official documents and growing crop certificates

22.—(1) The Welsh Ministers may withdraw an official label or official document where they are satisfied—

(a)that the seed potatoes to which the official label or official document relates—

(i)have not been harvested, stored, transported or handled so as to minimise the risk of contamination by any of the diseases or pests specified in Schedule 3;

(ii)on a sample taken in accordance with regulation 19, exceed any of the tolerances for diseases or pests, damage or defects specified in the appropriate Part of Schedule 3; or

(iii)otherwise fail to comply with these Regulations; or

(b)that the official label or official document contains any particular which is false in a material respect.

(2) The Welsh Ministers may withdraw a growing crop certificate where they are satisfied that—

(a)the requirements of Schedule 1 are not, or are no longer, complied with; or

(b)the growing crop certificate contains any particular which is false in a material respect.

(3) Where an official label or official document is withdrawn in accordance with paragraph (1)(a)(ii), the seed potatoes from which the sample was taken may be the subject of an official examination in order to determine whether any of them do not exceed the tolerances specified in Schedule 3.

(4) Where an official examination is conducted in accordance with paragraph (3), the Welsh Ministers may issue an official label or official document in relation to such seed potatoes as are found not to exceed the tolerances in Schedule 3.

(5) Where an official label, official document or growing crop certificate is withdrawn in accordance with this regulation, an authorised officer may—

(a)remove and retain the official label, official document or growing crop certificate; or

(b)require any person in possession or charge of the official label, official document or growing crop certificate to deliver it to the authorised officer within such time as the authorised officer may specify.

(6) A person in possession or charge of an official label, official document or growing crop certificate that has been withdrawn in accordance with this regulation must—

(a)permit an authorised officer to remove the official label, official document or growing crop certificate in accordance with paragraph (5)(a);

(b)comply with any requirement made in accordance with paragraph (5)(b).

Service of notices

23.—(1) For the purposes of regulation 21(3), a notice is to be treated to have been served on any person if it is delivered to that person personally or left for them at their last known place of abode or business or sent through the post in a letter addressed to them there.

(2) A notice may—

(a)in the case of a body corporate (other than a limited liability partnership), be served on the secretary or clerk of that body at the address of the registered or principal office of that body;

(b)in the case of a partnership including a Scottish partnership (other than a limited liability partnership), be served on a partner or person having the control or management of the partnership business at the address of the principal office of the partnership;

(c)in the case of a limited liability partnership, be served on a member of the partnership at the address of the registered or principal office of that partnership.

(3) For the purposes of paragraph (2), the principal office of a company registered outside the United Kingdom or of a partnership carrying on business outside the United Kingdom is its principal office within the United Kingdom.

Modification of provisions of the Act

24.—(1) In connection with the provisions of these Regulations, the operation of the following provisions of the Act is modified or excluded in accordance with the provisions of this regulation.

(2) Section 25 is modified as if for the purposes of the section any reference to “premises” were a reference to premises as defined in paragraph (6) and any reference to a subsection containing a reference to premises were a reference to that subsection as so modified.

(3) Section 25(1) is modified as if the reference to subsection (4) of that section were a reference to that subsection as modified by the provision of paragraph (4).

(4) In section 25(4) the words from “potatoes” (where it first occurs) to the end are omitted.

(5) In section 26, subsections (2) and (4) to (9) are omitted.

(6) In paragraph (2), “premises” (“mangre”) includes any land or building, other than a private dwelling house, and any fixed or moveable structure, vehicle, vessel, aircraft, hovercraft or freight container.

Revocations

25.  The following Regulations are revoked—

(a)the Seed Potatoes (Wales) Regulations 2006(14);

(b)the Seed Potatoes (Wales) (Amendment) Regulations 2008(15);

(c)the Seed Potatoes (Wales) (Amendment) Regulations 2009(16);

(d)the Seed Potatoes (Wales) (Amendment) Regulations 2010(17).

Supplementary amendment

26.  In regulation 2(1) of the National Lists Regulations, in the definition of “the Seeds Marketing Regulations”, in sub-paragraph (b)(vi), for “Seed Potatoes (Wales) Regulations 2006”, substitute “Seed Potatoes (Wales) Regulations 2016”.

Rebecca Evans

Deputy Minister for Farming and Food, under the authority of the Minister for Natural Resources, one of the Welsh Ministers

2 February 2016

Regulation 2(1)

SCHEDULE 1Growing crop certificates

PART 1General

1.  On receipt of an application for certification of any seed potatoes, an authorised officer must—

(a)allocate to the person making the application a number to be known as the “producer’s identification number” (where one does not already exist for that person);

(b)following an official examination, determine in accordance with this Schedule and Schedule 4 the categories and grades at which the seed potatoes are capable of being marketed; and

(c)subject to paragraphs 3 to 11, issue a growing crop certificate in accordance with paragraph 2.

2.—(1) A growing crop certificate must state—

(a)the name and address of the applicant;

(b)the categories and grades at which the authorised officer has determined the seed potatoes are capable of being marketed in accordance with paragraph 1(b);

(c)the name of the agricultural unit on which the crop was grown;

(d)the producer’s identification number;

(e)the date on which the growing crop was inspected;

(f)the variety of the seed potatoes;

(g)the area of the seed potatoes; and

(h)the location of the field on which the seed potatoes were grown.

(2) In sub-paragraph (1), “agricultural unit” (“uned amaethyddol”) has the meaning assigned to that expression in section 109(2) of the Agriculture Act 1947(18).

3.  A growing crop certificate may only be issued where an authorised officer is satisfied, in relation to the seed potatoes examined by that officer, that—

(a)the seed potatoes are of a variety of potato species entered in a National List or the Common Catalogue;

(b)the seed potatoes in any one crop are of a single variety;

(c)the seed potatoes are taken from a crop which is free from the following diseases or pests—

(i)Wart Disease (Synchytrium endobioticum (Schilb) Perc);

(ii)Potato Cyst Nematode (Globodera species infesting potatoes);

(iii)Ring Rot (Clavibacter michiganensis (Smith) Davis et al ssp Sepedonicus (Spieck & Kotth) Davis et al);

(iv)Brown Rot (Ralstonia solanacearum (Smith) Yabuuchi et al);

(v)Potato Spindle Tuber Viroid;

(vi)Colorado Beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say)); and

(vii)Potato Tuber Eelworm (Ditylenchus destructor (Thorne));

(d)the land on which the seed potatoes are growing or were grown is not land which is demarcated under Schedule 14 to the Plant Health (Wales) Order 2006(19) as contaminated with Wart Disease (Synchytrium endobioticum (Schilb) Perc) or is within a safety zone demarcated under that Order;

(e)blanking in any of the growing crop of the seed potatoes is not or was not excessive;

(f)the growing crop has not been over-rogued; and

(g)all reasonable husbandry practices for the prevention of the occurrence, development or spread of diseases and pests have been effectively carried out.

PART 2Pre-basic seed potatoes

4.—(1) No growing crop certificate may be issued containing a statement that seed potatoes are capable of being marketed as pre-basic seed potatoes of any grade unless the authorised officer is satisfied that the land on which the seed potatoes are growing or were grown—

(a)is land which, as a result of a soil test carried out by the Welsh Ministers prior to the planting of the crop, has been found not to be contaminated with Potato Cyst Nematode (Globodera species infesting potatoes);

(b)is not demarcated under Schedule 15 to the Plant Health (Wales) Order 2006 as infested with a European population of Potato Cyst Nematode; and

(c)has not been used for growing potatoes at any time during the seven years immediately preceding the planting of the crop.

(2) But sub-paragraph (1)(a) does not apply in the case of seed potatoes grown in a soil-free medium.

5.  No growing crop certificate may be issued containing a statement that seed potatoes are capable of being marketed as pre-basic seed potatoes of Union grade PBTC unless the authorised officer is satisfied that the immediately succeeding crop produced from the seed potatoes is not likely to contain—

(a)plants of a different variety; or

(b)plants affected by mild or severe virus.

6.  No growing crop certificate may be issued containing a statement that seed potatoes are capable of being marketed as pre-basic seed potatoes of Union grade PB unless the authorised officer is satisfied that the immediately succeeding crop produced from the seed potatoes is not likely to contain—

(a)more than 0.01% by number of growing plants which deviate from variety and type or are a different variety; or

(b)more than 0.5% by number of growing plants which show symptoms of virus diseases where those symptoms are attributable to infection in the mother crop.

PART 3Basic seed potatoes

7.—(1) No growing crop certificate may be issued containing a statement that seed potatoes are capable of being marketed as basic seed potatoes of any grade unless the authorised officer is satisfied that the land on which the seed potatoes are growing or were grown—

(a)is land which, as a result of a soil test carried out by the Welsh Ministers prior to the planting of the crop, has been found not to be contaminated with Potato Cyst Nematode (Globodera species infesting potatoes);

(b)is not demarcated under Schedule 15 to the Plant Health (Wales) Order 2006 as infested with a European population of Potato Cyst Nematode; and

(c)has not been used for growing potatoes at any time during the five years immediately preceding the planting of the crop.

(2) But sub-paragraph (1)(a) does not apply in the case of seed potatoes grown in a soil-free medium.

8.  No growing crop certificate may be issued containing a statement that seed potatoes are capable of being marketed as basic seed potatoes of any grade unless the authorised officer is satisfied that the immediately succeeding crop produced from the seed potatoes is not likely to contain—

(a)more than 0.25% by number of growing plants which do not breed true to variety or are a different variety; and

(b)in the case of—

(i)Union grade S, not more than 1%,

(ii)Union grade SE, not more than 2%, and

(iii)Union grade E, not more than 4%,

by number of growing plants which show symptoms of virus diseases prevalent in Europe where those symptoms are attributable to infection in the mother crop.

PART 4Certified seed potatoes

9.—(1) No growing crop certificate may be issued containing a statement that seed potatoes are capable of being marketed as certified seed potatoes unless the authorised officer is satisfied that the land on which the seed potatoes are growing or were grown—

(a)is land which, as a result of a soil test carried out by the Welsh Ministers prior to the planting of the crop, has been found not to be contaminated with Potato Cyst Nematode (Globodera species infesting potatoes);

(b)is not demarcated under Schedule 15 to the Plant Health (Wales) Order 2006 as infested with a European population of Potato Cyst Nematode; and

(c)has not been used for growing potatoes at any time during the four years immediately preceding the planting of the crop.

(2) But sub-paragraph (1)(a) does not apply in the case of seed potatoes grown in a soil-free medium.

10.  No growing crop certificate may be issued containing a statement that seed potatoes are capable of being marketed as certified seed potatoes unless the authorised officer is satisfied that the immediately succeeding crop produced from the seed potatoes is likely to contain—

(a)in the case of—

(i)Union grade A, not more than 0.5%, and

(ii)Union grade B, not more than 0.5%,

by number of growing plants which do not breed true to variety or are a different variety; and

(b)in the case of—

(i)Union grade A, not more than 8%, and

(ii)Union grade B, not more than 10%,

by number of growing plants which show symptoms of severe virus diseases prevalent in Europe where those symptoms are attributable to infection in the mother crop.

Regulation 2(1)

SCHEDULE 2Official labels and official documents

PART 1Official labels

1.  An official label used in relation to pre-basic seed potatoes must be coloured white with a diagonal violet line.

2.  An official label used in relation to basic seed potatoes must be coloured white.

3.  An official label used in relation to certified seed potatoes must be coloured blue.

4.  An official label used in relation to test and trial seed potatoes must be coloured orange.

5.  An official label must measure not less than 110 millimetres x 67 millimetres.

6.  An official label for pre-basic seed potatoes must, in relation to the seed potatoes to which it relates, state the following particulars—

(a)the Certification Authority and member State or their distinguishing abbreviations;

(b)the producer’s identification number or a lot reference number;

(c)the month and year of sealing;

(d)the species, indicated at least in Roman characters, under its botanical name, which may be given in abridged form and without the authors’ names, or under its common name, or both;

(e)the variety, indicated at least in Roman characters;

(f)the grade; and

(g)the description “pre-basic seed potatoes”.

7.  An official label for basic seed potatoes or certified seed potatoes must—

(a)contain the statement “EU Rules and Standards”; and

(b)in relation to the seed potatoes to which it relates, state the following particulars—

(i)the Certification Authority and member State or their distinguishing abbreviations;

(ii)the producer’s identification number or a lot reference number;

(iii)the month and year of sealing;

(iv)the variety, indicated at least in Roman characters;

(v)the country of production;

(vi)the category;

(vii)the grade;

(viii)the size; and

(ix)the net weight.

8.  An official label for test and trial seed potatoes must—

(a)contain the statements “variety not yet officially listed” and “for tests and trials only”; and

(b)in relation to the seed potatoes to which it relates, state the following particulars—

(i)the Certification Authority and member State or their distinguishing abbreviations;

(ii)the producer’s identification number or a lot reference number;

(iii)the month and year of sealing;

(iv)the species;

(v)the denomination of the variety under which the seed potatoes are to be marketed (which may be the breeder’s reference, the proposed denomination or the approved denomination);

(vi)the reference number in respect of the application submitted in accordance with regulation 4(1)(a) of the National Lists Regulations for acceptance of the variety concerned on to a National List;

(vii)the size; and

(viii)the net weight.

9.  In the case of seed potatoes of a conservation variety, in addition to the requirements of paragraphs 1 to 8, an official label must contain the further information required by Article 18 of Directive 2008/62/EC.

10.  Without prejudice to paragraphs 1 to 8, an official label may contain such further statements—

(a)concerning the field generation to which the seed potatoes belong;

(b)as required or permitted to be included in an official label in accordance with any provision of these Regulations or the Plant Health (Wales) Order 2006; or

(c)as the Welsh Ministers consider appropriate.

11.  Where the field generation is not indicated on the official label, seed potatoes are deemed to belong to—

(a)in the case of pre-basic seed potatoes, the fourth generation;

(b)in the case of basic seed potatoes—

(i)of Union grade S, the fifth generation;

(ii)of Union grade SE, the sixth generation;

(iii)of Union grade E, the seventh generation;

(c)in the case of certified seed potatoes of Union grade A or Union grade B, the ninth generation.

PART 2Official documents

12.  An official document used in relation to pre-basic seed potatoes must be coloured white with a diagonal violet line.

13.  An official document used in relation to test and trial seed potatoes must be coloured orange.

14.  An official document used in relation to basic seed potatoes must be predominantly white.

15.  An official document used in relation to certified seed potatoes must be predominantly blue.

16.  An official document must, in relation to the seed potatoes to which it relates, state—

(a)the producer’s identification number or a lot reference number;

(b)the month and year of sealing; and

(c)the country of production

PART 3Language requirements

17.  An official label or official document must be in English and may also be in Welsh.

18.  In addition to the English text that must be included by virtue of paragraph 6(g), any equivalent Welsh text must include the description “tatws hadyd cyn-sylfaenol”.

19.  In addition to the English text that must be included by virtue of paragraph 7(a), any equivalent Welsh text must contain the statement “Rheolau a Safonau’r UE”;

20.  In addition to the English text that must be included by virtue of paragraph 8(a), any equivalent Welsh text must contain the statement “amrywogaeth nas rhestrwyd yn swyddogol eto” and “ar gyfer profi a threialu’n unig”.

Regulation 2(3)

SCHEDULE 3Specified diseases or pests, damage and defects and tolerances

PART 1Pre-basic seed potatoes of Union grade PBTC produced in Wales

Column 1

Specified diseases or pests, damage and defects

Column 2

Individual tolerances

Group 1
Wart Disease (Synchytrium endobioticum (Schilb) Perc)Nil
Potato Tuber Eelworm (Ditylenchus destructor Thorne)Nil
Potato Cyst Nematode (Globodera species infesting potatoes)Nil
Ring Rot (Clavibacter michiganensis (Smith) Davis et al spp sepedonicus (Spieck & Kotth) Davis et al)Nil
Brown Rot (Ralstonia solanacearum (Smith) Yabuuchi et al)Nil
Potato Spindle Tuber ViroidNil
Colorado Beetle (Lepinotarsa decemlineata (Say))Nil
Group II
Blight (Phytophthora infestans) (Mont) de Bary)Nil
Blackleg (Erwinia carotovora (Jones) Bergey et al spp) atroseptica (Hellmers & Dowson) Dye or Erwinia chrysanthemi Burkholder et al or bothNil
Soft Rots including: Watery Wound Rot (Pythium ultimum Trow)Nil
Pink Rot (Phytophthora erythroseptica Pethybridge) and Pit RotNil
Dry Rot (Fusarium species)Nil
Gangrene (Phoma species)Nil
Frost damaged tubersNil
Group III
Skin spot (Polyscytalum pustulans (Owen & Wakefield) M B EllisNil
Group IV
Black Scurf (Rhizoctonia solani Kuhn)Nil
Common Scab (Streptomyces species)Nil
Group V
Powdery scab (Spongospora subterranea (Wallr) Legerh)Nil
Group VI
External blemishes, including damaged tubers or tubers other than diseased tubers whose shape is atypical for the varietyNil
Superficial necrosis caused by potato virus YNil
Shrivelled tubers due to excessive dehydration or dehydration caused by silver scurf (Helminthosporium solani)Nil
Group VII
Dirt or other extraneous matter1.0%

PART 2Pre-basic seed potatoes of Union grade PB produced in Wales

Column 1

Specified diseases or pests, damage and defects

Column 2

Individual tolerances

Column 3

Group tolerances

Column 4

Collective group tolerances

Group I
Wart Disease (Synchytrium endobioticum (Schilb) Perc)Nil
Potato Tuber Eelworm (Ditylenchus destructor Thorne)Nil
Potato Cyst Nematode (Globodera species infest-ing potatoes)Nil
Ring Rot (Clavibacter michiganensis (Smith) Davis et al spp sepedonicus (Spieck & Kotth) Davis et al)Nil
Brown Rot (Ralstonia solanacearum (Smith) Yabuuchi et al)Nil
Potato Spindle Tuber ViroidNil
Colorado Beetle (Lepinotarsa decemlineata (Say))Nil
Group II
Blight (Phytophthora infestans (Mont) de Bary)0.2%))
Blackleg (Erwinia carotovora (Jones) Bergey et al spp) atroseptica (Hellmers & Dowson) Dye or Erwinia chrysanthemi Burkholder et al or both0.2%))
Soft Rots including: Watery Wound Rot (Pythium ultimumTrow)0.2%))
Pink Rot (Phytophthora erythroseptica Pethybridge) and Pit Rot0.2%) 0.2%)
Dry Rot (Fusarium species)0.2%))
Gangrene (Phoma species)0.2%))
Frost damaged tubers0.2%))
Group III
Skin spot (Polyscytalum pustulans (Owen & Wakefield)) M B Ellis0.2%)) 6.0%
Group IV
Black Scurf (Rhizoctonia solani Kuhn)1.0%) 5.0%)
Provided that seed potatoes which have at least two eyes at the rose end that are wholly unaffected and less than one-tenth of whose surface area has been affected are deemed to be unaffected by the disease
Common Scab (Streptomyces species)5.0%))
Provided that seed potatoes which have at least two eyes at the rose end that are wholly unaffected and less than one-third of whose surface area has been affected are deemed to be unaffected by the disease
Group V
Powdery scab (Spongospora subterranea (Wallr) Legerh)1.0%))
Provided that seed potatoes which have at least two eyes at the rose end that are wholly unaffected and less than one-tenth of whose surface area has been affected are deemed to be unaffected by the disease
Group VI
External blemishes including damaged tubers or tubers other than diseased tubers whose shape is atypical for the variety3.0%)
Superficial necrosis caused by potato virus YNil) 3.0%
Shrivelled tubers due to excessive dehydration or dehydration caused by silver scurf (Helminthosporium solani)0.5%)
Group VII
Dirt or other extraneous matter1.0%

PART 3Basic seed potatoes and certified seed potatoes produced in Wales

Column 1

Specified diseases or pests, damage and defects

Column 2

Individual tolerances

Column 3

Group tolerances

Column 4

Collective group tolerances

Group I
Wart Disease (Synchytrium endobioticum (Schilb) Perc)Nil
Potato Tuber Eelworm (Ditylenchus destructor Thorne)Nil
Potato Cyst Nematode (Globodera species infesting potatoes)Nil
Ring Rot (Clavibacter michiganensis (Smith) Davis et al spp sepedonicus (Spieck & Kotth) Davis et al)Nil
Brown Rot (Ralstonia solanacearum (Smith) Yabuuchi et al)Nil
Potato Spindle Tuber ViroidNil
Colorado Beetle (Lepinotarsa decemlineata (Say))Nil
Group II
Blight (Phytophthora infestans (Mont) de Bary)0.5%))
Blackleg (Erwinia carotovora (Jones) Bergey et al spp) atroseptica (Hellmers & Dowson) Dye or Erwinia chrysanthemi Burkholder et al or both0.5%))
Soft Rots including Watery Wound Rot (Pythium ultimumTrow)0.5%) 0.5%)
Pink Rot (Phytophthora erythroseptica Pethybridge) and Pit Rot0.5%))
Dry Rot (Fusarium species)0.5%))
Gangrene (Phoma species)0.5%))
Frost damaged tubers0.5%))
Any of these Group II defects that present as a wet rot symptom0.2%))
Group III
Skin spot (Polyscytalum pustulans (Owen & Wakefield) M B Ellis)

0.5% except Union grade E, Union grade A and Union grade B grades;

2.0% for Union grade E, Union grade A and Union grade B grades only

))

Powdery scab (Spongospora subterranea (Wallr) Legerh)

Provided that seed potatoes which have at least two eyes at the rose end that are wholly unaffected and less than one-tenth of whose surface area has been affected are deemed to be unaffected by the disease (except where powdery scab takes its cankerous form)

3.0%) 5.0%6.0% for basic seed potatoes and 8.0% for certified seed potatoes
Group IV
Black Scurf (Rhizoctonia solani Kuhn)5.0%))
Provided that seed potatoes which have at least two eyes at the rose end that are wholly unaffected and less than one-tenth of whose surface area has been affected are deemed to be unaffected by the disease
Common Scab (Streptomyces species)5.0%))
Provided that seed potatoes which have at least two eyes at the rose end that are wholly unaffected and less than one-third of whose surface area has been affected are deemed to be unaffected by the disease
Group V
External blemishes including damaged tubers or tubers other than diseased tubers whose shape is atypical for the variety3.0%)
Shrivelled tubers due to excessive dehydration or dehydration caused by silver scurf (Helminthosporium solani)1.0%) 3.0%
Superficial necrosis caused by strains of potato virus Y0.1%)
Group VI
Dirt or other extraneous matter1.0%

PART 4Test and trial seed potatoes

Column 1

Specified diseases or pests, damage and defects

Column 2

Individual tolerances

Column 3

Collective tolerances

Potato Tuber Eelworm (Ditylenchus destructor Thorne)Nil
Potato Cyst Nematode (Globodera species infesting potatoes)Nil
Ring Rot (Clavibacter michiganensis (Smith) Davis et al spp. sepedonicus (Spieck & Kotth) Davis et al)Nil
Brown Rot (Ralstonia solanacearum (Smith) Yabuuchi et al)Nil
Potato Spindle Tuber ViroidNil
Colorado Beetle (Lepinotarsa decemlineata (Say))Nil
Wart Disease (Synchytrium endobioticum (Schilb) Perc)Nil
Potato Cyst Nematode (Globodera species infesting potatoes)Nil
Ring Rot (Clavibacter michiganensis (Smith) Davis et al spp sepedonicus (Spieck & Kotth) Davis et al)Nil
Brown Rot (Ralstonia solanacearum (Smith) Yabuuchi et al)Nil
Earth or other extraneous matter2.0%
Dry and wet rot, except if caused by Synchytrium endobioticum, Clavibacter michiganensis (Smith) Davis et al ssp Sepedonicus (Spieck & Kotth) Davis et al) or Ralstonia solanacearum (Smith) Yabuuchi et al)1.0%)
External blemishes including damaged tubers or tubers other than diseased tubers whose shape is atypical for the variety3.0%) 6.0%
Common Scab: tubers affected over more than one-third of their surface5.0%)

(1) The diseases, pests, damages and defects that are to be aggregated for a relevant group tolerance; collective group tolerance or collective tolerance are indicated by “)”.

(2) The diseases, pests, damages and defects that should not be aggregated for a relevant group tolerance; collective group tolerance or collective tolerance are indicated by “–”.

(3) Horizontal lines within a column indicate the extent of a relevant group tolerance; collective group tolerance or collective tolerance.

Regulation 2(3)

SCHEDULE 4Grading of seed potatoes

PART 1Seed potatoes capable of being marketed as pre-basic seed potatoes

In the course of making a determination for the purposes of paragraph 1(b) of Schedule 1, where an authorised officer determines that seed potatoes are capable of being marketed as pre-basic seed potatoes, that officer may grade them as being seed potatoes of any of the Union grades specified in column 1 of Table 1 where that officer is satisfied following inspection that the requirements specified in column 2 in relation to that grade have been met and that the tolerances specified in column 3 have not been exceeded in respect of those seed potatoes.

Table 1

Column 1

Union Grade

Column 2

Requirements

Column 3

Tolerances

PBTC(1) The seed potatoes must—Nil
(a) be derived from nuclear stock or tested tubers—
(i) that are free from Pectobacterium spp., Dickeya spp., potato viruses A, M, S X, Y, leaf roll, potato mop top virus, tobacco rattle virus and tobacco venial necrosis or any other significant virus; and
(ii) supplied by a source acceptable to the Welsh Ministers, which have been grown on a unit where no material of the species Solanaceae or other material, other than that derived from nuclear stock or tested tubers from a source acceptable to the Welsh Ministers, has been grown;
(b) have been kept free from—
(i) potato viruses A, M, S, X, Y, leaf roll, potato mop top virus, tobacco rattle virus and tobacco veinal necrosis or any other significant virus;
(ii) witches’ broom and backleg;
(iii) deviations of variety and type; and
(iv) groundkeepers;
(c) have been produced (in the case of plants and tubers) through micro-propagation in a protected facility and in a growing medium that is free from pests; and
(d) (in the case of tubers) not been multiplied beyond the first generation.
PB(1) The seed potatoes must be derived from—
(a) nuclear stock or tested tubers—
(i) supplied by a source acceptable to the Welsh Ministers, which have been grown on a unit where no material of the species Solanaceae or other material, other than that derived from nuclear stock or tested tubers from a source acceptable to the Welsh Ministers, has been grown; and(i) Blackleg - nil
(ii) that are free from Pectobacterium spp., Dickeya spp., potato viruses A, M, S X, Y, leaf roll, potato mop top virus, tobacco rattle virus and tobacco venial necrosis or any other significant virus; or(ii) Not true to type or of a different variety, including groundkeepers 0.01%
(b) a stock graded as Union grade PB of a previous field generation in the year preceding the planting of the crop; or(iii) Potato viruses Y, A and leaf roll - nil
(c) such other seed potatoes as are notified in writing by the Welsh Ministers as being acceptable to the Welsh Ministers;(iv) Other mosaic viruses 0.1%
(2)The seed potatoes must have been kept free from—
(i) potato viruses A, M, S, X, Y, leaf roll, potato mop top virus, tobacco rattle virus and tobacco veinal necrosis or any other significant virus;
(ii) witches’ broom and blackleg;
(iii) deviations of variety and type;
(iv) groundkeepers;
(v) plants of a different variety.
(3) The maximum number of field generations is four

PART 2Seed potatoes capable of being marketed as basic seed potatoes

In the course of making a determination for the purposes of paragraph 1(b) of Schedule 1, where an authorised officer determines that seed potatoes are capable of being marketed as basic seed potatoes, that officer may grade them as being seed potatoes of any of the Union grades specified in column 1 of Table 2 where that officer is satisfied following inspection that the requirements specified in column 2 in relation to that grade have been met and that the tolerances specified in column 3 have not been exceeded in respect of those seed potatoes.

Table 2

Column 1Column 2Column 3
Union gradeRequirementsTolerances
S(1) The seed potatoes must be derived from—(i) Deviations from variety and type or different variety, including groundkeepers - 0.1%
(a) a stock of pre-basic seed potatoes or a stock which was graded as Union grade S of field generation four or less in the year preceding the planting of the crop; or
(b) such other seed potatoes as are notified in writing by the Welsh Ministers as being acceptable to the Welsh Ministers(ii) Potato viruses Y, A and leaf roll either individually or in combination - 0.02%
(2) The maximum number of field generations, including previous generations at pre-basic grade, is five.(iii) Total virus including other mosaic viruses and potato viruses Y, A and leaf roll – 0.2%
(iv) Blackleg – 0.1%
SE(1) The seed potatoes must be derived from—(i) Deviations from variety and type or different variety, including groundkeepers -0.1%
(a) a stock of pre-basic seed potatoes or a stock which was graded Union grade S or Union grade SE field generation five or less in the year preceding the planting of the crop; or
(b) such other seed potatoes as are notified in writing by the Welsh Ministers as being acceptable to the Welsh Ministers(ii) Potato viruses Y, A and leaf roll either individually or in combination - 0.1%
(2) The maximum field generations, including previous generations at pre-basic or basic grade, is six.(iii) total virus including other mosaic viruses and potato viruses Y, A and leaf roll – 0.5%
(iv) Blackleg – 0.5%
E(1) The seed potatoes must be derived from—(i) Deviations from variety and type or different variety, including groundkeepers - 0.1%
(a) a stock of pre-basic seed potatoes or a stock which was graded as Union grade S or Union grade SE in the year preceding the planting of the crop;
(b) a stock of pre-basic seed potatoes or a stock which was graded as Union grade S, Union grade SE or Union grade E field generation six or less in the year preceding the planting of the crop; or(ii) Potato viruses Y, A and leaf roll either individually or in combination - 0.4%
(c) such other seed potatoes as are notified in writing by the Welsh Ministers as being acceptable to the Welsh Ministers.(iii) Total virus including other mosaic viruses and potato viruses Y, A and leaf roll - 0.8%
(2) The maximum field generations, including previous generations at pre-basic or basic grade, is seven.(iv) Blackleg – 1.0%

PART 3Seed potatoes capable of being marketed as certified seed potatoes

In the course of making a determination for the purposes of paragraph 1(b) of Schedule 1, where an authorised officer determines that seed potatoes are capable of being marketed as certified seed potatoes, that officer may grade them as seed potatoes of any of the grades specified in column 1 of Table 3 where that officer is satisfied following inspection that the requirements specified in column 2 in relation to that grade have been met and that the tolerances specified in column 3 have not been exceeded in respect of those seed potatoes.

Table 3

Column 1Column2Column3
Union gradeRequirementsTolerances
AThe seed potatoes must be produced—
(a) directly from pre-basic seed potatoes, basic seed potatoes or certified seed potatoes that have been graded Union grade A field generation eight; or(i) Potato viruses Y, A and leaf roll either individually or in combination – 2.0%
(b) from a crop grown with the authority of or in circumstances notified in writing by the Welsh Ministers as being acceptable to the Welsh Ministers.(ii) Other viruses - 2.0%
(iii) Combination of potato viruses Y, A and leaf roll and other viruses - 2.0%
(iv) Blackleg - 2.0%
(v) Deviations from variety and type or different variety, including groundkeepers -0.2%
BThe seed potatoes must be produced—
(a) directly from pre-basic seed potatoes, basic seed potatoes, certified seed potatoes that have been graded Union grade A field generation eight or certified seed potatoes that have been graded Union grade B field generation eight; or(i) Potato viruses Y, A and leaf roll either individually or in combination - 6.0%
(b) from a crop grown with the authority of or in circumstances notified in writing by the Welsh Ministers as being acceptable to the Welsh Ministers.(ii) Other viruses - 6.0%
(iii) Combination of potato viruses Y, A and leaf roll and other viruses - 6.0%
(iv) Blackleg - 4.0%
(v) Deviations from variety and type or different variety, including groundkeepers -0.5%

Regulation 9

SCHEDULE 5Authorisation for marketing seed potatoes for test and trial purposes

1.  On receipt of an application for authorisation made in accordance with regulation 9, an authorised officer must—

(a)allocate to the person making the application a number to be known as the “producer’s identification number” (where one does not already exist for that person);

(b)conduct an official examination of the seed potatoes in order to determine whether the requirements of this Schedule and Part 4 of Schedule 3 have been met; and

(c)subject to paragraph 3 and regulation 9, issue an authorisation to market seed potatoes for test and trial purposes.

2.  An authorisation must state—

(a)the name and address of the applicant;

(b)the producer’s identification number;

(c)the amount of seed potatoes for which marketing is authorised;

(d)the period for which marketing is authorised;

(e)the date on which the authorisation was issued; and

(f)the proposed name of the variety of the seed potatoes.

3.  No authorisation is to be issued by an authorised officer unless that officer is satisfied that—

(a)the seed potatoes are of a variety for which an application has been made under regulation 4(1)(a) of the National Lists Regulations for acceptance of the variety concerned on to a National List and that application has not been withdrawn or finally determined;

(b)the land on which the seed potatoes are growing or were grown is not land which is demarcated under Schedule 14 to the Plant Health (Wales) Order 2006(20) as contaminated with Wart Disease (Synchytrium endobioticum (Schilb) Perc) or is within a safety zone demarcated under that Order;

(c)the land on which the seed potatoes are growing or were grown is land which is not contaminated by Globodera species infesting potatoes;

(d)the seed potatoes are taken from a crop of seed potatoes free from Globodera species infesting potatoes, Synchytrium endobioticum (Schilb) Perc, Clavibacter michiganensis (Smith) Davis et al ssp Sepedonicus (Spieck & Kotth) Davis et al) and Ralstonia solanacearum (Smith) Yabuuchi et al);

(e)the number of growing plants affected by blackleg does not exceed 4%;

(f)the immediately succeeding crop produced from the seed potatoes is, in the opinion of the authorised officer, likely to contain—

(i)not more than 0.5% by number of growing plants which do not breed true to variety and not more than 0.2% by number of growing plants which are of a different variety; and

(ii)not more than 10% by number of growing plants which show symptoms, other than slight symptoms, of severe virus diseases prevalent in Europe (light mosaics causing discoloration and not leaf deformation are to be ignored); and

(g)the seed potatoes are ascertained not to be affected by any of the tolerances for diseases or pests, damage or defects specified in Part 4 of Schedule 3.

Regulation 16

SCHEDULE 6Information in respect of seed potatoes of more than 2 kilograms produced in a country other than a member State

  • Species.

  • Variety.

  • Category.

  • Country of production and Certification Authority.

  • Country of dispatch.

  • Importer.

  • Quantity of seed potatoes.

Regulation 17

SCHEDULE 7Particulars to be specified in a sale note etc.

  • Name and address of the seller.

  • Net weight (except pre-basic seed potatoes).

  • Species (except basic seed potatoes and certified seed potatoes).

  • Variety.

  • Category.

  • Grade (as appropriate).

  • Size (except pre-basic seed potatoes).

  • Producer’s identification number or (except for seed potatoes produced in Wales) seed lot reference number.

  • Particulars of any chemical treatment.

EXPLANATORY NOTE

(This note is not part of the Regulations)

These Regulations revoke and replace the Seed Potatoes (Wales) Regulations 2006 (S.I. 2006/2929 (W. 264)), which have been amended on several occasions.

The Regulations control the production with a view to marketing, the certification and the marketing of seed potatoes in Wales, other than those intended for export outside the European Union. They implement various European instruments, in particular Council Directive 2002/56/EC on the marketing of seed potatoes (OJ No L 193, 20.7.2002, p. 60).

Regulation 5 prohibits the marketing of any seed potatoes unless they have been certified as either pre-basic, basic or certified seed potatoes, or unless they have been authorised for marketing for scientific purposes or selection work or for test and trial purposes. For seed potatoes produced in Wales, certification, including the determination of the category and grade at which the potatoes must be marketed, must take place in accordance with the requirements of regulation 10.

Regulations 8 and 9 allow the Welsh Ministers to authorise the marketing of small quantities of seed potatoes for scientific purposes or selection work and seed potatoes for test and trial purposes.

Regulation 12 provides that seed potatoes (other than retail sales of small quantities of seed potatoes meeting the conditions of regulation 18) may only be marketed in packages or containers. Seed potatoes in packages or containers (other than those authorised to be marketed for scientific purposes or selection work) can only be marketed if labelled and sealed (regulations 13 and 14), the labels bearing the particulars specified in Schedule 2. Documents accompanying seed potatoes that have been genetically modified must include reference to this fact (regulation 15).

Regulation 19 provides for the taking of samples as part of the certification process or to ensure compliance with the provisions of the Regulations.

Regulation 21 provides the Welsh Ministers with powers of examination and to require production of seed potatoes and relevant documents.

Regulation 22 allows the Welsh Ministers to withdraw official labels or official documents relating to seed potatoes which are found not to comply with the requirements imposed by the Regulations.

Contravention of any provision in the Regulations is an offence under section 16(7)(b) of the Plant Varieties and Seeds Act 1964 (c. 14), incurring liability on summary conviction to a fine.

The Welsh Ministers’ Code of Practice on the carrying out of Regulatory Impact Assessments was considered in relation to these Regulations. As a result, it was not considered necessary to carry out a regulatory impact assessment as to the likely costs and benefits of complying with these Regulations.

(1)

1964 c. 14; section 16(1) was amended, and section 16(1A) was inserted, by section 4 of, and paragraph 5 of Schedule 4 to, the European Communities Act 1972 (c. 68); and section 16(3) was amended by S.I. 1977/1112. See section 38(1) for the definition of “the Minister”.

(2)

The functions of the Minister, so far as exercisable in relation to Wales, transferred to the Secretary of State by article 2 of, and Schedule 1 to, the Transfer of Functions (Wales) (No. 1) Order 1978 (S.I. 1978/272). Those functions were then transferred to the National Assembly for Wales by article 2 of, and Schedule 1 to, the National Assembly for Wales (Transfer of Functions) Order 1999 (S.I. 1999/672). The functions of the National Assembly for Wales were transferred to the Welsh Ministers by section 162 of, and paragraph 30 of Schedule 11 to, the Government of Wales Act 2006 (c. 32).

(3)

OJ No L 193, 20.7.2002, p. 1, as last amended by Regulation (EC) No 1829/2003 (OJ No L 268, 18.10.2003, p. 1).

(4)

S.I. 2001/3510; relevant amending instruments are S.I. 2004/2949, 2009/1273, 2010/1195 and 2011/464.

(5)

OJ No L 114, 30.4.2002, p. 1, as amended by Commission Decision 2010/724/EU (OJ No L 312, 27.11.2010, p. 31). This Agreement, together with six other Agreements with the Swiss Confederation, was approved by the Council and the Commission by way of Council and Commission Decision 2002/309/EC, Euratom (OJ No L 114, 30.4.2002, p. 1).

(6)

OJ No L 362, 9.12.2004, p. 21.

(7)

OJ No L 106, 17.4.2001, p. 1, as last amended by Directive (EU) 2015/412 (OJ No L 68, 13.3.2015, p. 1).

(8)

OJ No L 193, 20.7.2002, p. 60, as last amended by Commission Implementing Decision 2014/367/EU (OJ No L 178, 18.6.2014, p. 26).

(9)

OJ No L 162, 21.6.2008, p. 13.

(10)

OJ No L 38, 7.2.2014, p. 32.

(11)

OJ No L 38, 7.2.2014, p. 39.

(12)

OJ No L 268, 18.10.2003, p. 1, as last amended by Regulation (EC) No 298/2008 (OJ No L 97, 9.4.2008, p. 64).

(13)

1967 c. 8.

(19)

S.I. 2006/1643 (W. 158), amended by S.I. 2010/1795 (W. 171); there are other amending instruments but none is relevant.

(20)

S.I. 2006/1643 (W. 158), amended by S.I. 2010/1795 (W. 171); there are other amending instruments but none is relevant.

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