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- Original (As made) - Welsh
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1. A farmer must complete a soil management checklist form, which he or she must lodge with the National Assembly for Wales no later than 28 February 2005.
2.—(1) If land has carried a crop of oil-seeds, grain legumes or cereals which has been harvested using a combine harvester or a mower, a farmer must ensure that, throughout the period beginning with the first day after harvest and ending on the first day of March in the following year, one of the following conditions is met on that land at all times—
(a)the stubble of the harvested crop remains in the land;
(b)the land is left with a rough surface, following ploughing, discing, tine cultivation or any other suitable agricultural method;
(c)the land is prepared as a seedbed for a crop, with the crop to be sown within a period of 10 days beginning with the day after final seedbed preparation;
(d)the land is under cultivation sequences used to create a stale seedbed; or
(e)the land is sown with a temporary cover crop, so long as, if the cover crop is grazed out or cultivated out, the condition in sub-paragraph (b) must be met on the land, as soon as is practicable without breaching the requirements in paragraph 2, and for the remainder of the period.
(2) In this paragraph, “stale seedbed” means an area of land which is subject to shallow cultivations to stimulate weed germination as part of a strategy of weed control.
3.—(1) A farmer must not carry out a mechanical field operation on waterlogged soil unless—
(a)the soil is within 20 metres of the access point to an area of soil which is not waterlogged;
(b)the soil forms part of a track to an area of soil which is not waterlogged;
(c)the mechanical field operation is necessary—
(i)to improve the drainage of the soil, or
(ii)to incorporate gypsum into the soil following an intrusion of saltwater, or
(iii)for reasons of animal welfare or human safety, or
(iv)in order to harvest a crop of fruit or vegetables—
(aa)in order to meet contractual obligations, or
(bb)where the quality of the crop would deteriorate if it was not harvested;
(d)the National Assembly has, in accordance with its obligation under sub-paragraph (2), published written directions stating, with reasons—
(i)that in its opinion an area of Wales is affected by exceptional weather conditions,
(ii)that in its opinion those weather conditions justify the suspension or variation of the requirement in this paragraph, taking into consideration the economic impact of the weather conditions and the environmental effects of any variation or suspension of the requirements,
(iii)the details of the suspension or variation, and
(iv)the period during which the suspension or variation will apply, provided that the period does not last more than two months,
in which case any farmer in the area of Wales concerned must comply with the requirement as varied in the directions, or in the case of a suspension of the requirement, need not comply with the requirement, during the period stated.
(2) The National Assembly must publish such directions, in such a way as it considers appropriate to bring in the notice of those likely to be affected by them, whenever it considers it justified in consequence of such weather conditions to do so.
(3) In this paragraph, “mechanical field operation” includes any harvesting, cultivation or spreading operation (including the spreading of manure or slurry) and all vehicle activity over the land in question.
4. A farmer must not, on agricultural land, burn any crop residue of a kind specified in Schedule 1 to the Crop Residues (Burning) Regulations 1993(1) unless the burning is for the purposes of—
(a)education or research;
(b)disease control or the elimination of plant pests where a notice has been served under article 22 of the Plant Health (Great Britain) Order 1993(2);
(c)the disposal of straw stack remains or broken bales.
5. A farmer must not, on agricultural land, burn—
(a)any crop residue of a kind specified in Schedule 1 to the Crop Residues (Burning) Regulations 1993 to which an exemption specified in paragraph 4(a) or (b) applies; or
(b)any linseed residues;
otherwise than in accordance with the restrictions and requirements set out in Schedule 2 to those Regulations.
6.—(1) If the National Assembly has given a farmer written directions concerning the management of land which is in its opinion subject to overgrazing or the use of unsuitable supplementary feeding methods, he or she must comply with those directions on any area of land specified in them.
(2) On any other land a farmer must —
(a)not allow overgrazing;
(b)not use unsuitable supplementary feeding methods;
(c)not locate within 10 metres of a watercourse, sites where supplementary feeding for livestock is provided; or
(d)regularly rotate sites where supplementary feeding for livestock is provided.
(3) In this paragraph—
“natural vegetation” means any self-seeded or self-propogated vegetation characteristic of the area in which the land is situated, the presence of which has not been influenced by human activities;
“overgrazing” means grazing with so many livestock that the growth, quality or diversity of natural or semi-natural vegetation is adversely affected;
“semi-natural vegetation” means any self-seeded or self-propogated vegetation characteristic of the area in which the land is situated, the presence of which has been influenced by human activities; and
“unsuitable supplementary feeding methods” means methods that provide supplementary feed for livestock in a way that adversely affects the quality or diversity of natural or semi-natural vegetation through trampling or poaching of land by livestock, or through rutting by vehicles used to transport feed.
7.—(1) Except where sub-paragraph (2) applies, and except on land which is set aside pursuant to a set aside obligation under Article 54 of the Council Regulation, on any eligible hectare which is not used for agricultural production a farmer must—
(a)cut down any scrub and cut down or graze any rank vegetation at least once every 5 years, but—
(i)where vegetation has not been cut down or grazed for 3 years, he or she must only cut down or graze 50% of the area of that vegetation in either of the next two years; and
(ii)he or she must not cut down or graze any vegetation between 15th March and 31st July in any year, unless cutting or grazing are necessary in order for the farmer to comply with paragraph 8 (control of weeds);
(b)on any land which has carried a crop of oil-seeds, grain legumes or cereals which has been harvested using a combine harvester or a mower, establish a green cover (either through sowing or self-seeding) as soon as is practicable on or after 1st March in the first year after the land has ceased to be used for agricultural production, unless the farmer can prove that he or she intends to bring the land back into agricultural production before 15th May in that year;
(c)not use the land for non-farm vehicular use;
(d)not apply any inorganic fertiliser to the land;
(e)not apply organic fertilisers to the land, except as part of seedbed preparation during a period beginning two months before the day the crop is sown.
(2) The requirements under sub-paragraph (1), or any particular requirement specified, do not apply where—
(a)the requirement in sub-paragraph (1)(a)(ii) would conflict with the farmer’s obligations under paragraph 8 or 9 of this Schedule (control of weeds);
(b)the requirements in sub-paragraphs (1)(a) and (b) would conflict with the farmer’s obligations under paragraph 24 of this Schedule (protection of scheduled monuments);
(c)any of the requirements would conflict with the farmer’s obligations under paragraphs 17 to 20 of this Schedule (sites of special scientific interest);
(d)any of the requirements would, in relation to a particular area of land, conflict with an obligation on the farmer under an agri-environment commitment; or
(e)the National Assembly has in order to enhance the environment, given the farmer written permission to manage the land in a different way.
(3) In this paragraph, “eligible hectare” has the meaning given to it by Article 44(2) of the Council Regulation.
8.—(1) If a notice has been served on a farmer under section 1 of the Weeds Act 1959(3), he or she must not unreasonably fail to comply with the requirements of that notice.
(2) A farmer must take all reasonable steps to prevent the spread of ragwort (Seneccio jacobaea), spear thistle (Cirsium vulgare), creeping or field thistle (Cirsium arvense), broad-leafed dock (Rumex obtusifolius) and curled dock (Rumex crispus) on his or her land.
(3) If, in any appeal against a determination of the National Assembly in relation to this paragraph, a code of practice providing guidance on how to prevent the spread of ragwort (Senecio jacobaea) made under section 1A(1) of the Weeds Act 1959 appears to be relevant to any question arising in the appeal, it is to be taken into account in determining that question.
9. A farmer must take all reasonable steps to prevent the spread of Rhododendron ponticum, Japanese knotweed (Reynoutria japonica), giant hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum) and Himalayan balsam (Impatiens glandulifera) on his or her land.
10.—(1) Except where sub-paragraph (2) applies, a farmer must not remove, destroy or damage stone walls, stone faced banks, hedges, earthbanks, slate fences, stone gate posts and traditional stiles which serve as boundaries to agricultural land without the prior consent of—
(a)the National Assembly,
(b)by or under any enactment, another authority as shall be notified to the farmer by the National Assembly when the farmer applies to it for consent.
(2) A farmer may remove, or remove stone from, a stone feature —
(a)to widen an existing gap in the stone feature to no more than 10 metres in order to provide access to the land for machinery or livestock, but the ends of the feature created by the widening operation must be finished with a vertical face; or
(b)if the National Assembly has given the farmer written permission to do so because it considers that the removal is necessary in the circumstances of the particular case.
(3) In this paragraph,
(a)“stone feature” includes a stone wall, a stone faced bank, a slate fence, and a stone gate post.
(b)“stone wall” means a stone wall used as a field boundary—
(i)a continuous length of 10 metres or more;
(ii)a continuous length of less than 10 metres which meets (whether by intersection or junction) another field boundary at each end; or
(iii)a continuous length of less than 10 metres which forms an enclosure.
11. A farmer must not remove a hedgerow in breach of regulation 5(1) or (9) of the Hedgerows Regulations 1997(4).
12.—(1) Except where sub-paragraphs (2), (3) or (4) apply, a farmer must not cut or trim any hedgerow on his or her farm during the period beginning on 1st March and ending on 31st August .
(2) A farmer may cut or trim a hedgerow at any time if—
(a)it is necessary to cut or trim it because it—
(i)overhangs a highway or any other road or footpath to which the public has access so as to endanger or obstruct the passage of vehicles or pedestrians;
(ii)obstructs or interferes with the view of drivers of vehicles or the light from a public lamp; or
(iii)overhangs a highway so as to endanger or obstruct the passage of horse-riders.
(b)it is necessary to cut or trim it because—
(i)it is dead, diseased, damaged or insecurely rooted, and
(ii)because of its condition it, or part of it, is likely to cause danger by falling on the highway, road or footpath; or
(c)the cutting or trimming is carried out in order to maintain a ditch.
(3) A farmer may carry out hedge-laying and coppicing during the period beginning on 1 March and ending on 31st March if he or she does not disturb any birds nesting in the hedgerow.
(4) A farmer may trim a hedgerow by hand during a period of six months beginning with the first day after the hedgerow was laid.
13.—(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (3), paragraph 12 applies to any hedgerow growing in, or adjacent to, any land which forms part of the farmer’s holding, if—
(a)it has a continuous length of at least 20 metres; or
(b)it has a continuous length of less than 20 metres and, at each end, meets (whether by intersection or junction) another hedgerow.
(2) Subject to sub-paragraph (3), a hedgerow is also one to which these Regulations apply if it is a stretch of hedgerow forming part of a hedgerow such as is described in sub-paragraph (1).
(3) Paragraphs 11 and 12 do not apply to any hedgerow within the curtilage of, or marking a boundary of the curtilage of, a dwelling-house.
(4) A hedgerow which meets (whether by intersection or junction) another hedgerow is to be treated as ending at the point of intersection or junction.
(5) For the purposes of ascertaining the length of any hedgerow—
(a)any gap resulting from a contravention of the Hedgerows Regulations 1997; and
(b)any gap not exceeding 20 metres,
is treated as part of the hedgerow.
14.—(1) A farmer must not begin or carry out a project without first obtaining either a decision that the project is not a relevant project or a decision granting consent for the project in accordance with the EIA (Uncultivated Land) Regulations.
(2) A farmer must not breach a stop notice served on him or her under regulation 22(1) of the EIA (Uncultivated Land) Regulations.
(3) In this paragraph—
(a)“consent”, “project” and “relevant project” have the meanings given to them in regulation 2(1) of the EIA (Uncultivated Land) Regulations; and
(b)“the EIA (Uncultivated Land) Regulations” means the Environmental Impact Assessment (Uncultivated Land and Semi-Natural Areas) (Wales) Regulations 2002(5).
15.—(1) A farmer must not carry out, on any land, work or operations relating to a relevant project unless—
(a)consent has been granted for that project by the Commissioners or by the appropriate authority; or
(b)the project is carried out in accordance with the consent (including any conditions to which the consent is subject).
(2) A farmer must not carry out work in relation to a relevant project in contravention of a requirement to discontinue that work in an enforcement notice served in accordance with regulation 20 of the EIA (Forestry) Regulations.
(3) Subject to sub-paragraph (2) a farmer on whom an enforcement notice has been served in accordance with regulation 20 of the EIA (Forestry) Regulations must not fail, within the period specified in the enforcement notice, to carry out any measure required by the enforcement notice
(4) In this paragraph—
(a) “the appropriate authority” and “the Commissioners” have the meanings given to them by regulation 2(1) of the EIA (Forestry) Regulations, and “relevant project” has the meaning given to it by regulation 3(1) of those Regulations; and
(b)“the EIA (Forestry) Regulations” means the Environmental Impact Assessment (Forestry) (England and Wales) Regulations 1999(6).
16.—(1) A farmer must not commence burning heather, rough grass, bracken, gorse or vaccinium on any land between sunset and sunrise.
(2) A farmer must not burn heather, rough grass, bracken, gorse or vaccinium unless—
(a)there are, where the burning is taking place, sufficient persons and equipment to control and regulate the burning during the entire period of the operation;
(b)he or she takes, before commencing burning and during the entire period of the operation, all reasonable precautions to prevent injury or damage to any adjacent land, or to any person or thing whatsoever on that land; and
(c)he or she has, not less than 24 hours and not more than 7 days before commencing burning on any land, given notice in writing of the date or dates, time and place at which, and the extent of the area on which it is his or her intention to burn—
(i)to any person who has an interest in the land either as owner or occupier, and
(ii)to any person whom he or she knows, or could with reasonable diligence have discovered, to be in charge of any land adjacent to that on which the burning is to take place.
(3) A farmer must not burn heather, rough grass, bracken, gorse or vaccinium—
(a)on land which is within an upland area, during the period beginning on 16th April and ending on 30th September, and
(b)on land which is not within an upland area, during the period beginning on 1st April and ending on 31st October,
(4) In sub-paragraph (3), “upland area” means any area of land shaded pink on the two volumes of maps numbered 1 and 2 , each volume being marked “Volume of maps of less?favoured farming areas in Wales”, dated 20th May 1991 , signed by the Secretary of State for Wales and deposited in the Library of the National Assembly for Wales, Cathays Park, Cardiff CF10 3NQ.
(5) Regulations 8 and 9 of the Heather and Grass etc (Burning) Regulations 1986 apply to the giving of any notices under sub-paragraphs (2) and (3) .
17.—(1) A farmer who owns or occupies any land included in a site of special scientific interest other than a European site, must not, while a notification under section 28(1)(b) of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981(9) remains in force, carry out, or cause or permit to be carried out on that land any operation notified under section 28(4)(b) unless he or she meets the conditions in section 28E(1)(a) or (b) of that Act, or unless he or she has a reasonable excuse.
(2) In this paragraph, “reasonable excuse” means a reasonable excuse within the meaning of section 28P(4) of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981.
18.—(1) On land which is a site of special scientific interest other than a European site, a farmer must not, without reasonable excuse, knowing that the land concerned is within a site of special scientific interest, intentionally or recklessly destroy or damage any of the flora, fauna, or geological or physiographical features by reason of which that land is of special scientific interest, or intentionally or recklessly disturb any of that fauna.
(2) In this paragraph, “reasonable excuse” means a reasonable excuse within the meaning of section 28P(7) of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981.
19. A farmer must not, without reasonable excuse, fail to comply with a requirement of a management notice served on him or her under section 28K(1) of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981.
20. A farmer must not, without reasonable excuse, fail to comply with a restoration order made under section 31 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981.
21. In paragraphs 17 and 18—
(a)“site of special scientific interest” means an area of land which has been notified under section 28(1)(b) of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981; and
(b)“European site” has the meaning given to it by regulation 10 of the Conservation (Natural Habitats, etc) Regulations 1994(10).
22. A farmer must not, in breach of a tree preservation order made under section 198(1) of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990(11)—
(a)cut down, uproot or wilfully destroy a tree; or
(b)wilfully damage, top or lop a tree in such a manner as to be likely to destroy it.
23.—(1) A farmer must not fell a tree without the authority of a felling licence, in circumstances where a felling licence is required under section 9(1) of the Forestry Act 1967(12).
(2) A farmer must not, without reasonable excuse, fail to take any steps required by a notice given to him or her under section 24 of the Forestry Act 1967 (a notice to comply with conditions, directions or a restocking notice).
24.—(1) Subject to sub-paragraph (3), a farmer must not, without consent under section 2(3) of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979(13), execute any of the following works—
(a)any works resulting in the demolition or destruction of or any damage to a scheduled monument;
(b)any works for the purpose of removing or repairing a scheduled monument or any part of it;
(c)any works for the purpose of making any alteration or additions to a scheduled monument or any part of it;
(d)any flooding or tipping operations on land in, on or under which there is a scheduled monument.
(2) Subject to sub-paragraph (3), if a farmer executes any works to which a scheduled monument consent relates, he or she must comply with all conditions attached to that consent.
(3) If a farmer can show that—
(a)in relation to works prohibited under sub-paragraph (1)(a), he or she took all reasonable precautions and exercised all due diligence to avoid or prevent damage to the monument;
(b)in relation to works prohibited under sub-paragraph (1)(a) or (c), he or she did not know and had no reason to believe that the monument was within the area affected by the works or, as the case may be, that it was a scheduled monument; and
(c)in relation to any works under sub-paragraph (1) or (2), the works were urgently necessary in the interests of safety or health and that notice in writing of the need for the works was given to the National Assembly as soon as reasonably practicable.
In this paragraph, “scheduled monument” has the meaning given to it in section 1(11) of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 and “scheduled monument consent” is construed in accordance with sections 2(3) and 3(5) of that Act.
Licensing functions were transferred to the National Assembly by Article 2 of SI 1999/672.
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