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The Agricultural Holdings (Units of Production) (England) Order 2019

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Statutory Instruments

2019 No. 769

Landlord And Tenant, England

The Agricultural Holdings (Units of Production) (England) Order 2019

Made

28th March 2019

Laid before Parliament

2nd April 2019

Coming into force

23rd April 2019

The Secretary of State makes this Order in exercise of the powers conferred by paragraph 4 of Schedule 6 to the Agricultural Holdings Act 1986(1).

Citation, commencement and interpretation

1.—(1) This Order may be cited as the Agricultural Holdings (Units of Production) (England) Order 2019 and comes into force on 23rd April 2019.

(2) In this Order—

“disadvantaged land” (except in the expression “severely disadvantaged land”) means any area of land shown coloured blue on the England LFA maps;

“eligible hectare”(2) has the same meaning as in Article 32(2) of Regulation 1307/2013;

“the England LFA maps” means the four volumes of maps entitled “Less Favoured Area Map of England 2009”, each volume being marked with the number of the volume, dated 29th January 2010, signed on behalf of the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and deposited at the Intelligence Hub at the offices of the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs at Nobel House, 17 Smith Square, London SW1P 3JR;

“less favoured area” means any area of disadvantaged land or severely disadvantaged land;

“moorland” means all the land that is—

(a)

severely disadvantaged land, and

(b)

shown coloured brown in the three volumes of maps entitled “Moorland Map of England 2009”, each volume being marked with the number of the volume, dated 29th January 2010, signed on behalf of the Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and deposited at the Intelligence Hub at the offices of the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs at Nobel House, 17 Smith Square, London SW1P 3JR;

Regulation 1307/2013” means Regulation (EU) No 1307/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing rules for direct payments to farmers under support schemes within the framework of the common agricultural policy(3), as it has effect on the day this Order is made;

“severely disadvantaged land” means any area of land shown coloured pink on the England LFA maps.

Assessment of productive capacity of land

2.—(1) Paragraphs (2) and (3) have effect for the purpose of the assessment of the productive capacity of a unit of agricultural land situated in England in order to determine whether that unit is a commercial unit of agricultural land within the meaning of paragraph 3(1) of Schedule 6 to the Agricultural Holdings Act 1986.

(2) Where the land in question is capable, when farmed under competent management, of being used to produce any livestock, farm arable crop, outdoor horticultural crop or fruit as is mentioned in any of the entries 1 to 3 in Column 1 of the Schedule—

(a)the unit of production prescribed in relation to that use of the land is the unit in the corresponding entry in Column 2, and

(b)the amount determined, for the period of 12 months beginning with 23rd April 2019, as the net annual income from that unit of production in that period is the amount in the corresponding entry in Column 3, as read with any relevant note to the Schedule.

(3) Where the land in question is capable, when farmed under competent management, of producing a net annual income and was an eligible hectare in 2018 in accordance with entry 4 in Column 1 of the Schedule—

(a)the unit of production prescribed in relation to that use of the land is the unit in the corresponding entry in Column 2, and

(b)the amount determined, for the period of 12 months beginning with 23rd April 2019, as the net annual income from that unit of production in that period is the amount in the corresponding entry in Column 3.

Revocation

3.  The Agricultural Holdings (Units of Production) (England) Order 2017(4) is revoked.

Robert Goodwill

Minister of State

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

28th March 2019

Article 2

SCHEDULE

Prescribed units of production and determination of net annual income

Column 1Column 2Column 3
Farming useUnit of productionNet annual income from unit of production (£)
(1)

This is the figure for animals (irrespective of age) which are kept for 12 months. In the case of animals kept for less than 12 months, a pro-rata adjustment of this figure is to be made.

(2)

The figures given in Column 3, for a hectare of the type of land described in Column 1, are the aggregate of the BPS rate and greening rate applicable to that unit of production for the relevant farming use. The BPS rates used have been adjusted to take off average rents and 2% for cross compliance. The BPS rates, greening rates and exchange rate applied are those confirmed on the 15th November 2017 at www.gov.uk/government/collections/basic-payment-scheme.

1. Livestock
Dairy cowsCow538
Beef breeding cows:on land in a less favoured areaCow-133
on other landCow-171
Beef fattening cattle (semi-intensive)Head-85(1)
Dairy replacementsHead88(1)
Ewes:on land in a less favoured areaEwe-32
on other landEwe-8
Store lambs (including ewe-lambs sold as shearlings)Head4
Pigs:sows and gilts in pigSow or gilt299
porkerHead8.6
cutterHead11.9
baconHead14.9
Poultry:laying hensBird4.6
broilersBird0.3
point-of-lay pulletsBird0.8
Christmas turkeysBird9.6
2. Farm arable crops
BarleyHectare44
BeansHectare33
Oilseed rapeHectare33
Dried peasHectare-80
Potatoes:first earlyHectare2390
maincrop (including seed)Hectare2620
Sugar beetHectare340
WheatHectare190
3. Outdoor horticultural crops and fruit
Orchard fruitHectare2740
Soft fruitHectare9720
4. Eligible hectare
Land which was, in 2018, an eligible hectare(2) within the meaning of Regulation 1307/2013moorlandHectare-2.7
severely disadvantaged land, excluding moorlandHectare159.40
disadvantaged landHectare45.5
all other landHectare-1.8

EXPLANATORY NOTE

(This note is not part of the Order)

This Order prescribes units of production for the assessment of the productive capacity of agricultural land situated in England and sets out the amount which is to be regarded as the net annual income from each such unit for the year from 23rd April 2019 to 22nd April 2020 for certain purposes of the Agricultural Holdings Act 1986 (“the 1986 Act”).

An assessment of the productive capacity of agricultural land is required in determining whether or not the land in question is a “commercial unit of agricultural land” for the purposes of the succession provisions in the 1986 Act (in particular sections 36(3) and 50(2)). A “commercial unit of agricultural land” is a unit of agricultural land which, when farmed under competent management, is capable of producing a net annual income which is not less than the aggregate of the average annual earnings of two full-time male agricultural workers aged 20 years or over (as defined in paragraph 3 of Schedule 6 to the 1986 Act).

Article 2 of this Order provides that, in determining this annual income figure, whenever a particular farming use mentioned in Column 1 of the Schedule is relevant to the assessment of the productive capacity of the land in question, the units of production and the net annual income specified in Columns 2 and 3 respectively will form the basis of that assessment.

Article 2 also includes net annual income figures for land which was, in 2018, an eligible hectare within the meaning of Article 32(2) of Regulation (EU) No 1307/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing rules for direct payments to farmers under support schemes within the framework of the common agricultural policy (OJ No L 347, 20.12.2013, p. 608, as it has effect on the day this Order is made).

Article 3 revokes the Agricultural Holdings (Units of Production) (England) Order 2017 (S.I. 2017/977).

An impact assessment has not been produced for this instrument as no, or no significant, impact on the private, voluntary or public sector is foreseen.

(1)

1986 c.5. See section 96(1) for the definitions of “the Minister” (in relation to England) and “prescribed”.

(2)

Eligible hectares are entitled to receive direct payments made under the basic payment scheme established by Regulation 1307/2013 (BPS rates), including an additional greening component (greening rates) in relation to agricultural practices beneficial for the climate and the environment.

(3)

OJ No L 347, 20.12.2013, p. 608, as last amended by Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2018/162 (OJ No L 30, 2.2.2018, p. 6); and corrected by Corrigendum, OJ No L 130, 19.5.2016, p. 8.

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